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The Athens post. [volume] (Athens, Tenn.) 1848-1917, April 02, 1858, Image 2

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ATHENS POST.
8. P. I VIN3, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
T tiii: 1 a T'r. parabir in a4ran.
T" No p-v' dicniiiinui antll all arrearage are
piitj, ex-cpl at uie opimnor tiie fubiiatM-r.
Aniioufitir na'oea of eandtilatef lor olBee 1-V Cah.
Obliusry Soiirea over I lines, charred at the regular
advertising rates.
All eoiaiaunicatioat Intended t promote the print
end or Ljiteres'i of Corporation!, Socieliea, School! or
lauindua. , wi 11 be enarged aa advertise mean.
Ariu:s, niiDiv. apkil 8, isss.
The April Term of the Circuit Court
for McMinn county, w ill commence on Mon
day, the lath.
ff The communication handed in this
week it too lout'. The author most reduce
iU length before we ran give it a hearing.
Save the Records. Twice since the or
ganization of this county, the Clerks" offices
have been destroyed by fire and uiany valu
able paper IomI. In view of the fact that
the same thing might occur again, we will
like the liberty of suggesting to the Wor
shipful County t'mirt lo purchase Fire Proof
S ifes lor the Clerks' offices, where the Re-
curd and other valuable papers can be pre'
a?rvei without danger of being deitroyed by
fire or oilier olefin.
Cleveland AfiD Chattaiooga Road.
We noticed as we come up last week, that
tho ivork of track-laying on this road had
commenced in the neighborhood of Cleve
land. On other portion the grading is pro-
, greasing rspidiv, and the work on the Tun.
firl w being prosecuted with energy.' With,
nil! amne eriforeseen interruption, the whole
line will be completud early in the ensuing
Fall. . ... (
3?" The vole upon the Haul passage of
iccompton, in tho United States Senate was
ns follows:
Yeas Messrs. Allen, Bayard, Denpuiin,
Biggs, Biler, Bright, Urown, C!av, Evans,
Pilch, Fitzpntrick, Green, Gwin, 1 1 .nn m nd,
Henderson, Houston, Hunter, Iveraon, Jo'm
son of Arkansas, Johnson of Tennessee,
Kennedy, Mallory, Mason, JVarce, Polk, Ke
bnsti.tD, Siidell, Thompson of Kentucky,
Thomson of New Jersey, loombs, Wright,
Ylllee 33.
Nays Messrs. Bell, Droderiek, Chandler,
Collamer, Crittenden, Dixon, Di.olitlle, Dou-
fhis, Durkee, Pesaendi-n, Foot, Foster, Hale,
i....,i: u.,,,1. ;...,... Nt
art, Sumner, Trumbull, Wade and Wilson
25.
Indignation Meetings. Some of the de
mocratic presses are suggesting indignation
meetings against John Bcll, for his vote on
tho Kansas question. We hope the sugges.
tion will be acted on. Il there is any thing
which the democracy of Tennessee (we re
fet to the leaders, of course,) have the right
to do, by pre-emption and practice, it is lo
make asses of themselves. So by all means
let nt have a whole series of indignation
meetings, beginning at Carter and running
through to Shelby. In the mean-vhile, the
discussion on "Bunks and Banking," so vex
atious and embarrassing, ran be suspended.
Chattanooga. Some years ago Chatta
nooga was regarded as a pretty hard sort of
town one of the places which the visitor'
was always anxious to leave as noon as possi
ble. But it possesses a very different char
acter and attractions new. It has at this
tluieutiuut fur thousand inhnbit-ints, severs'
large manufacturing establishments, Chuich.
es of almost every denomination the loafers
and ruffians who formerly infested the streets
and made night hideout with' their revels,
have disappeared before wholesome and rigid
municipal regnliitions, and it is now one of
the most orderly and moral towns in the
State. There are many handsome private
residences scattered about on the slopes and
hill-tides which overlook the business-streets.
And then in the vicinity is Look-Out Moun
tain LnoK.Out, with its great beetling brow
among the clouds and the majestic Tennes
see) washing its base. Another feature of
Chattanooga i,th Crttchfield House, which
has no superior as a hotel. Within the Inst
year it has been much enlarged and improv
ed, and in commndioiisness, fare, and well
ordered arrangement, approaches perfection.
Our friend, To.M, knows exactly the wants
nd requirement of the travelling public,
and meeis their expectations fully.
Like all otker places, ('hatiannoga is feel
ing the effects of the "hard times," imt w hen
wo refl et that it is the centering point and
tennitiii of some half-dozen railroads, besides
having the advantage of such n stream ns
t'i Teiir.i stee, there is no reason to doubt
t'mt it must continue to grow and rapidly
attain to be a place of large business impor
tance. Auocsta Provision Market. The Au
gusta I) spalch i notes Beef on loot at 7 a 8
cents; Hogs 7 to 8.
J.ilix I!kll. There appears just now to
be a very general disposition" to pitch into
John Hell for his vote against the "Bill for
the Admission of Kansas." While as a mat
ter of policy we would hnve been glad Mr.
Bull could have brought hit mind to Tote for
the Bill, us thereudiest way of getting rid of
the difficulty, at the tame time justice re
quires that linse who are to liberally de
nouncing him should piuse for further de
velopments. It it possible quite possible
that the fiercest of hit assailert w ill change
thuir opinions oil the subject before 18G0, if
cot within the next twelve month.
Rain! Rain! It has been raining heavily
for several days. This (Thursday) morning
the wind it from the North. About Easter
look out for frost,
"Kentucky Harvester." Persons who
hnve used this Improved Grain and Grass
Cutter, speak of it at far excelling any other
invention of the kind. There it nothing
complicated about it, it not liable to get out
of order, and ctmbinet cheapness with dura
bility. As we wish to encourage the intro
duction among our pouple of nil profitable
Jalmr-savlng machinery, we will next week
pebliah certificate or two from persons
who hare used the "Kentucky Harvester."
J. C. V ABsCB Si Co., Chattanooga, are the
Agents, and will attend promptly to any or
ders. The Growino Wheat. The growing
wheat, In every direction, lookt well and pro.
mining more to than usual at this early
season.
t if Six hundred people have been con
verted in New Red ford, Mass, during tho
resent revival ef religion there.
A NORTHERN VIEW OF SLAVERY.
Belle Brittan alias Col. IL Fuller, for ao
many yeart editor of the New York Mirror,
and of w ide literary distinction, has been for
three months traveling through the Southern
States, in company with Dr. Charles Muck .y,
of I-oodon. It appears thtt these gentlemen
have looked at the "peculiar institution" with
the eyet of calm and just observers, and have
consequently reached the conclusion that it
is any thing but what it has been represented
to be by those Abolition scribblers, wbo
know nothing in the world about it. Writing
from Savannah to the New Orleans Picayune,
Col. Fuller thus states his contictione in re
gard '. the condition of Southern slaves:
"Tims far in mv rambling notes I have not
touched upon the "peculiar institution" and
ticklish subject of slavery. But I can no
longer retrain Irom expressing the opinion 1
have long entertained, and which has now
settled into a conviction, that the mister is a
tar greater sufferer under the system than the
slave, t he latter, so far as my observations
have extended, is eterywhere well cared for,
well treated, and not overtasked. I have not
yet seen one unhappy looking negro in the
South, and have not heard but one cross
word uttered bv a master to slave. Let
Mr. Beecher Stows put this in her pipe and
smoke it.'
"I have witnessed more nnkindnest, more
suffering, more inhumanity, in the city of New
York in one day, than I have teen in the
South ic three months. In fact, 1 have teen
here no-suffering at sll; no evidences of hun-
ger, or cold, mr destitution, or wretchedness,
of any description among the blacks. I he
malignant philanthropy of the Northern Abo
liti"iiis's is utterly wasted in their dolorous
clamor over the "miseries of the poor slave.
They know nothing of the practical workings
of the system they are to noisily and so mis
chievously berating. But the rabid uboli
tionist is not a whit more contemptible than
the opposite extremist, (a specimen of whom
has been exhibiting his ears in one of the
Savannah papers, over the signature of "Cam
bridge, ) who are so madly intolerant ol tree
opinions, that they would persecute a man for
even privately entertaining theoretical an
tagonism to slavery. It is a pity that every
such Southern jscksss could not be yoked to
a Northern abolition jenny and the twain be
made to do the most menial werk of the nig
gers, and take their stripes if they "kick in
harness.
Harrison, Hamilton Count?. Having
spent a day or two recently at the flourish
ing and attractive county seat of Hamilton,
we must nek the indulgence of few re
marks in relation to the town, location, &.
And in doing so, wo are conforming to cus
tom. Modern travellers aro always writing,
giving their views and impressions. Day
nrd Taylor's smoothly moving pen has da-
guerreotyped almost every inch of ground in
the old world, throwing new beauties around
the balmy South and investing the inhotpi
table regions ef the North with an interest
thejuievef possessed before Mr.1 Mitchell it
entertaining "John Martin, Esq., Rue de La-
cepede, Paris," with "A Tour in the South-
West" the editor 'of the Krroxville Wing
writes immensely when on the wing, and
even the Cleveland Banner occasionally
grows descriptive over trip to Benton and
Decatur. Who then will deny us the privi
lege to say something about Harrison and its
surroundings? No one, of course; and there-
fore to begin:'
In some respects it it the most remarkable
place in the world. Being a County town
it mitiht be presumed to be always in commu
nication with the contiguous country. Such,
however, it not the case there are times
and seasons when the people of Harrison are
at remote from the outside world as was
Alexander Selkirk on the island of Junn Fer
nandez seasons, when the citizen rises in
the morning nothing but a wide waste of wa
ter meets the eye, and if he steps forth, like
the dove of Noah he can find no dry spot for
the sole of his foot. Situated not far from
the Tennessee, when Hint usually staid and
majestic strenm gets high and goes on a bust,
one of its first feats is to surround Harrison
and confine the inhabitant lo their domicile.
In addition to this, all the rain that falls
around there seems to be attracted to the
town. At the time of our visit, within the
corporation was a body of water about the
extent of Lake Winnepiteoga, into which in
numerable streams and rivulett continually
poured. In fact, all approach to the Tem
ple of Justice vulgarly, the Court-house
was cut off w ithout the aid of canoes; and
while his Honor was in the attie ladling out
law, the b'hoys could be seen standing on the
window-sills of the lower-rooms Cshin' for
cats. The older inhabitants have become sort
of amphibious, and don't mind it; but we
noticed that visitors and transient persons
generally had bricks in their hols to prevent
injury from the aqueous properties of the
atmosphere. Mind, we are not savin" a word
against the people for the men are kind,
clever, and hospitable, and, the women aa fair
as "water-bells," those singularly beautiful
flowers that rear their heads above the la
goonsof Venice,bloom forn few days, and die.
We are simply speaking of the locality and
its surroundings. The Arkan-taw Bottoms
sin't a priming to it. Whatever induced such
a selection fica4own we ennnot imagine.
Water it a great element, essential even to
the manufacture of whiskey, but Temper
ance man as we are we cannot help thinking
there is a possibility of being blessed with
too much of it. At least that was our im
pression while at Harrison. The thorough
fares through' Hamilton aro of the most ex
ecrable character, the people of that county
having by sumo means imbibed the notion
that it it against both law and gospel to
work the roads.
But we must close. Harrison hat good
hotel kept by Major Arnett, tome three or
four stores, a large Academy, two or three
resident iaw vert, a doctor or two, and a pret
ty considerable grave-yard. At the recent
Legislature established Courts at Chattanoo
ga, and most of the business will probnbly
be transferred to that point, if our friends at
Harrison will pardon ut the suggestion and
we make it in all respect and kindness we
would advise them at the next spring tide to
cable the to-vn to flat-boat and move it
down.
A Washington letter to the Nashville
Un ion and American applies opprobrious
epithets to John Bell and denounce! him at
traitor. Mr. Bell may hive erred In hit re
cent vote on the Kansas bill, but lie does not
approach the character of traitor half to
closely a the' writer of thtt letter does the
privilege of a blaekgwd.
THE SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD.
This Great Southern Enterprise, which
many persona supposed would be impraclic
hie and had beeD projected as a mere speed
lation, it seems is in a fair way to be built,
and that at a much earlier day than was an
ticipated bv its most enthusiastic friends.
The following article from the -Yew Oriearw
True Delta, will giYe our readers tome in
formation as ti ita pretent condition and
prospective progress: -
uTht Southern Pacific Railroad. This
great undertaking, iu which the whole coun
try is to interested, and the Sooth ao vitally ;
w hich must, at a date not far removed, be an
accomplished fact the attained .result of a
necessity; can now, by Its managers, report
gratilying progress. It is now some eleven
months since the headqaartert or its direc
lion were removed to this city, and within
that time much has been satisfactorily done
for its direct or indirect furtherance: the
New Orleans subscription has added 3'22,
782 to the sum of $2,474,79U, which was
the amount of stock taken, that the books
showed when opened here, and, when the
measures in operation have perfected, the
capital stock of the company wi.l have been
reduced 470,063, since April lust. Provi
sioo has been made to free the company from
ita floating debt, the charier has been aecur
ed, and the land grant claim of 256,000 acres
established; the lands have been located and
surveyed, and are reported to be of the most
valuable description, and are further appre
ciated by act or the lexas Legislature, rais
ing the price of hec public lands.
We presume there are few who conceive
that it is the policy of the company to de
pend upon the resource of subscription to
stock Tor the means or canying out their gi.
g.intie undertaking. The amount of ttock
issued will be comparatively small, and its
proceeds, of course, altogether inadequate;
but the immense and valuable real securities
which the land grants enable the company to
offer,- will ensure successful negotiations,
and this donated means will payoff the bonds
lor construction. Whoever takes stock in
the enterprise becomes also shareholder in
these valuable lands, ao that the stock not
only represents its own proper par value but
the immediate premium of its proportionate
share in the lands. This understanding of
the merits places the ttock in the light of its
proper credit, and gives it the commendation
in the market which is its due."
In connection with the subject, we find an
article in the Knoxville Whig, over the sig
nature of the editor of thai paper, a portion
of which we subjoin:
"The undersigned, as well ns John L.
Moses, of Knoxville, is duly authorized to
sell several thousand shares of the Five per
cent, stock of the Southern Pacific Rail
road, and for our orders certificates of stock
will be given, signed by the President, Geo.
S. Yerger, and the Secretary and Treasurer,
Geo. C. Lawrason. The land and money
grants will enable the Company to build and
equip the Road, for one half of the im
mense and valuable securities ensured
by Texas. Fivr Dollars will purchase a
share of One Hundred Dollars, nnd no
further call or assessment can or shall be
made on the stock represented by tlio said
certificate. - -
Whoever takes sloek in the enterprise be
comes also shareholder in these valuable
lands, so that the stock not only represents
its own proper par value, but the immediate
premium of Its proportionate share In the
lands. The lands of the Company can only
be bought with the construction bonds, and
hence the importance of owning stock, or
the means of purchasing the bonds of the
Company. This is no humbug, but a rich
reality, far excelling in wealth and promise
the Illinois Central Railroad, as I ahull be
able to demonstrate at such times and places
as I may conclude to address those interest
ed and desiring to hear me.
Wm. G. Browni.ow."
We hnve also an article from tho New Or
leans Picayune, which we must defer pub
lishing until next week.
As the enterprise, if carried to successful
completion, must result largely to tho inter
ests of the South, we shall refer to it occa
sionally, and endeavor lo keep our readers
posted upon its importance as a great public
enterprise, nnd of the inducements it offers
for investment in its stock and securities.
IW While nt Chattanooga we had the
pleasure of hearing two sermons, or rather
lectures, by the Rev. Mr. Graves, of Nash
villeone, on the interminable subject of
Baptism; the other, Church History. His
discourses showed a good deal of research
and investigation, and as is generally thecase
with controversial sermons, were conclusive
and satisfactory to nil who agreed with him
on the subjects and modes discussed, and not
so to those who had been educated to believe
otherwise. We doubt whether such ser
mons ever result in any very Inrge n mount of
good. There are none of us who have any
too much charity and equanimity, and it is
only the fewest number can rise from hearing
a pointed, perhnps acrimonious, denomina
tional discourse without a spark or two of un
christian and unbrotherly feeling toward the
speaker. Mr. Graves' style and manner of
addressing his hearers is interesting, and he
occasionally indulges flight of eloquence.
But poor, miserable sinner that we are, we
would rather hear over again one of the old
fashioned "peace on earth and good will to
man" sort of sermons that we used to hear
in our boyhood where the preacher, in
homely but earnest language, pointed to the
Crucifixion on the Cross, not lo the Immer-
tior. in Jordan, and dwelt on the dying
supplication, "Father, forgive them; they
know not what they do" we say, we would
rather hear ene of those good old-fashioned
sermons than to listen to the most popu
lar pulpit orator of the day, though hit head
be crammed with Etna'a fires and his lips
distil words sweet as the honey of Ilybla.
There has recently been large revival of
religion at Chattanooga, and considerable
ingathering to the different branches of the
Church.
For eign. Advices from Liverpool, 17th.
show a alight decline in Cotton. Breadstuffs
dull. General news unimportant.
Resuming. The Banks of Aur?usta and
Savannah have adopted resolution to re
sume specie payment on the first of May.
Southern Bank at Bainbridoe. The
Albany Patriot says: "A piivate letter tayt
Dr. McElveen is out of the Southern Bank,
and ita bett friends hnve forsaken it. Its bills
will not pass at all. Tm sold.
Solitary and Aloni The Boston Bee
claims to be the only paper in that city which
unqualifiedly endorse the removal of Judge
Loring. The fact it creditable te the other
papers, but not to the Bee.
lff The New York Seutte hat passed
bill prohibiting railroad companies from giv.
ing free passes to members of the Legitla
tare and the Jadieiarj.
THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE.
The Washington Union has taken occasion,
more than once, of late, to denounce the
passage of the compromise resolutions by ibe
Congress of 1820, as illegal, unconstitutional,
and prompted more by fear than any just
consideration for the welfare of the country.
It is very easy (says the Richmond Whig) to
talk in this strain at the distance of nearly
forty years from the event. It is very easy
to look back npon the acta of our fathers,
and reproach them with folly. There is no
man who has such a contempt of danger as
he who is not exposed lo it. There is no
man so wise as he whose wisdom was never
put to the trial.
We are sure, thst with our present opin
ions, hnd we been in Congress, we should
have voted against the Compromise. We
think we could have foreseen that the great
struggle between the two opposite princi
ples at work in the constitution, must one
day be brought to a crisis. We should have
preferred the buttle then, when we were com
paratively stronger, lo a postponement of it,
until oar enemies should be stronger than we.
We are in favor of the doctrine which impres
ses upon every generation the duty of doing
its own work, and we deprscate the irresolu
tion which throws upon posterity the diffi
culties which . belong to our own day. But
when we think over the great names which
gave strength to the Missouri Compromise,
we are disposed to be forbearing. We can
not believe that we should have been wiser or
better than Clay, Lowndes, Jmnes Barbour,
William Pinckncy and a host of Southern
men besides, nor do we believe the editor of
tht Union would have been. We think it
probable that these great men had as clear
views upon the subject as any editor of the
present day. We do not doubt that they
had all as thoroughly discussed the question
involved in a compromise of any principle of
the constitution as it oould be discussed.
Why, then, did they como to this conclusiont
Simply because they had not the wisdom now
to be found in every newspaper office That
age was not a fast age, as this is. Some
body says that Mrs. Somerville knew more
than Sir Isaac Newton. No doubt of it, and
every scribbler in a newspaper at this day
is qualified to lecture Clay and Pinckney up
on constitutional principles. These latter
had to get their knowledge by hard knocks!
There was no "editorial" road to constitu
tional learning in those days. They studied
the letter of the constitution, and they
thought they had ascertained its spirit. At
any rate, they had been taught by the high-
est existing authority (that of Thomas Jeffer
son,) that the safety of the whole Constitu
tion that salus republicae so often spoken
of w ould justify an infringement of a por
tion of it. The great apostle of JJemocracy
acknowledged Hint he had deliberately viola
ted it, when he? bought the territory of
Louisiana. 1 he power to buy, he express
ly said, was not to be found in il. He res
ted his justification upon the necessity of the
c-.se, disunion being otherwise inevitable.
Perhaps Mr. Clay, who proposed, and the
whole tody of Southern members w hen they
voted, for tho Missouri line, were actuated
by thoir affection for the Union, and their
fenr of its dissolution. The wiser children
of this generation ought not to be hard upon
them, since they acted only according to
their lights. It was nutural that they up
on the very field of battle should feel a
little uneasy, when Thomas Jefferson, safe at
Monticello, one hundred miles off declared
that the discussion struck upon his ear like
the angry tones of a fire-bell ut midnight.
Perhnps they thought that if the compromise
were not exactly constitutional, tl:ey might,
with the example of Jefferson before them,
venture thus far in support of the Union.
We are well aware Hint those who sup-
ported the Missouri Compromise and they
comprised the entire Southern delegation, so
far as we recollect, with the exception of
Mr. Mason and Mr. Randolph shielded
themselves behind no such apology. They
defended their course as entirely within the
constitution. We are only showing how
they might have justified themselves, even
had the acl been avowedly extra constitution
al, as the purchase of Iotiisiana was. The
memory of the illustrious patriots who voted
for that compromise, will, we think, survive
the assaults of the Union.
Mort monism in Philadelphia. The Phila-
delphians, just now, are not a little excited
by the discovery of a polygamous adventurer
there, who has been marrying an extensive
assortment of wives, some accounts say, as
many as eightl His nnme is Smith, a very
scarce nam-. He must bo some relation to
Joe Smith, the Mormon that was.
fW Judge Siidell, of Louisiana, a broth
er of the distinguished Senator Siidell, has
become hopelessly deranged in consequence
of a blow from cane, indicted by ruffian
at an election n New Orleans. The sufferer
is represented as gentleman greatly and
deservedly beloved.'
An Irish Bull. It is reported that tome
Irish laborers on ' tho vVestern railroad, hav
ing had a quarrel with the contractor, who
was a Banker, collected a Inrge number of
his Bank notes and burnt them, in order to
break the Dank, saying "how can the ould
divil get along now, and his money burnt
up."
NT" The removal of the Pennsylvania
capitol from Harrisburg to Philadelphia,
seems highly probable. A resolution to that
end has been kindly received by the present
Legislature.
l-ff" Should Brighsm Young succeed in
keeping his courage up, a decisive battle with
the Mormons is expected to take place about
Hie first of July next no sooner.
Capture or Canton. A supplement to
the London Gazette contains despatches
from Maj. General Van Straubenzee, giving
detr.i!a of the capture of Canton. Four hun.
dred and thirty guns were found in the city,
snd 800,000 pounds of powder, 8,000 rackets,
2,000 blue lights, 3,000 stink pots and six
tons of bullets. Fifteen thousand pounds
of the pewder were kept, and the rest de
stroyed. Charleston. Mnrch 30, P. M. Cotton.
Sales to day 1000 bales, at full pricea, ex
trsmt figures 12t centt. Since the Balti
more's ateolots the demand hat bete checked.
Thi Great Southern Rod ti. The New
Orleane Bulletin aaya:
The anticipation of a new and speedy com
munication between New Orleans and New
York, may now be entertained with the pros
pect of being toon realized. On the New
Orleans and Jackson Railroad, a gap of 23
miles remains to be completed between Jack
son snd New Orleans, and it it believed that
it will be closed op by the middle of this
month. This will leave only 80 miles of on
finished road between Memphis and New
Orleans. On the East Tennessee and Vir
ginia road, a gap of 18 miles remains to be
completed, which it the only bleak in the
connection between New York and Memphis,
and the work of closing that up is going
vigorously on. Thus the prospect is, that by
the 1st of April, there will remain considera
bly less than a hundred miles of road to be
constructed to complete the vast continuous
railroad line between New York and New
Orleans.
We are sorry to have to cornet the Bulle
tin in one particular. The gap on the East
Tennessee and Virginia Road is not the "only
break" between New York and Memphis
but there is another between Lynchburg and
Charlottesville, which, however, we hope
soon to see closed up. Thanks to the liber
ality of the Legislature, the means are now
nt our disposal for the early completion of
this missing link and when it is finished, the
"Great Southern Route" will be at once es
tablished. In due time it will be accom
plished. Lynchburg Virginian.
Another HAUL.-On Monday morning and
Sunday were taken from the Post Office live
hundred and forty letters, containing a large
amount of money and orders to send on jew
elry to the writers, which they had drawn as
gifts in the Gift Enterprise Concern lately
suppressed in Broome street. The proprie
tors of this speculation were parties calling
themselves C. K. Todd Si Co. About fifty
letteis were directed to Huntingdon & Co.
were also taken out. $160 were in three of
the letters to Todd, and many of them con
tained fifty dollars each.
The Mayor invited the Reporters to the
private office to view the batch and said that
reflections in a Sunday paper in relation to
his causing letters to be taken Irom the Post
Office were very ill chosen, and that he had
positive authority from the parties to whom
they were directed to take them out. Mr.
Todd even sent down n letter himself to the
Mayor, containing 90, which he had receiv
ed, and requested the Mayor to make the
same disposition of it as he had done with
the others, as Todd had promised to abandon
the business. Mayor Tiemann is of opinion
that this money in the letters should go to
wards the support of the poor of New York
or our public school fund. One of the bogus
pieces of jewelry, which was given awny at a
$15 valuation was shown; it was not worth
probnbly over 75 cents, being nothing but
the basest brass, with a gilding of Dutch
metal. Aeio York Express.
New York Politicians. Probably the
science of politics, never very comprehensi
ble nor clearly, has been reduced in New
York to as tortuous nnd dirty a labyrinth as
can be found in the known world. II is im
possible to predict, from a New York politi
cian's present status, where he will be next
year; what his principles really ore, or wheth
er he has fixed principles, or any principles
whatever upon any suhjeet. We hnd men
now riding at the head of the Southern
column in the Empire Stale, who, a short
time ago, were the active lieutenants of the
black Republican Fremont, whilst, on the
other hand, some of the conservative leaders
hnve marched us coolly to the head of the abo
lition column, and are fighting as desperately
under its standard as If they had never flung
any other In the breeze. There seems to be
but one principle among them, which, how
ever, is common to all, and that is Spoils.
New York has sadly degenerated since the
days when the Clintons, Van Nesses, Van
Reussel.iers. Livingstons, Rents, guided her
destinies, and sdorned the firmament of her
fame. One such man ns De Witt Clinton is
worth more, both to the renown nnd interests
of a State, than all the politicians between
here nnd sundown. Richmond Dispatch.
The Slave Trade. From April to De
cember, 1857, twenty vessels have been
taken by the Africnn Squadron, on proof or
suspicion of being engaged in the slave trade.
All but one of these were American vessels,
and all were captured by British cruisers.
There were 944 captured in these vessals, of
whom 162 died, and the balance wereemanci.
paled by the captors.
A Bad Speculation. A sharp and
wealthy farmer of Macoupin county, III., not
many miles from Brighton and Miles' Station,
has on hand, it is stated, 1,500 bushels of
choice wheal, the crop of 1856. Last year
he refused $1 75 per bushel for it. He held
on for $2. He has now contracted to deliv
er it at the railroad at 75 cents per bushel.
(if The watch making business in this
country, the Boston Traveller soys, is rapid
ly gaining ground, and with the experience
thus obtained the valuo and excellence of
the manufactured articlo is increased. At
tho watch factory at Wnlthnm, Mass., about
seven hundred watches nre now turned out
per month, which is said lo be fully equal to
nrticles of the same character of foreign
manufacture, while they are correct time.
keepers, and can be offered at greatly re
daced rates.
Marriage Extraordinary. The Peters.
burg Express records the marriage, In Din
widdie county, on the 17th ult of Mr.
John W. Slurdivunt, in the 22d year of his
age, to the amiable and well-to-do Miss
Marthn Oliver, aged 86 years. Maiden ladies,
who read this announcement, may take cour
age and persevere.
fj- The time for the end of the world is
again announced by the Advenlists of New
York and New Jersey 1858 being set down
as the yenr.
Neoro Thieves in Congress. In a speech
in the United States House of Representa
tives, on Tuesday last, Mr. Singleton, of
Mississippi, said he believed there were rep.
resentatives in the House who have helped
negroes to run away from their masters.
State Agricultural Bureau. The
spring session of the State Agricultural Bu
reau will be held in Ihe Senate Chamber of
the State Capitol, on the second Monday,
being the twelfth day of April.
3f Some men are very hard to please.
If they buy yard of goods of you, they ex
pect you to throw in box of buttons, a
spool of thread, sod pair of scissors to cut
the goods. If they subscribe for paper,
you must insert everything they want prin
ted.
i
New Orleans, March 24. The office nf
Henry Sheppnrd, Jr., in this eity, was lobbed
on Sunday night of 8 100,000, principally is
notes, uui paruy in money.
W We -"commend the following article
from the New Hampshire Patriot, an old
Democratic organ of that Stale, to those
Democrats who fondly hope that the Presi
dent's course on the Lecompton constitution
will not injure their party among their North
ern brethren :
The Election. Tht battle is ever, the
election yeMerday resulted in the triumph of
Black Republicanism by an increased ma
jority in the popular vote, and by nearly as
large a majority in the Legislature aa they
had last year. No one can fail
to tee the cause; all admit it. The Kansas
question hat agaio crushed ut with itt pon
dernus, blind, unreasoning power. Before
the Lecompton Constitution question wst
brought before the country, our prospects
were highly flattering; our triumph seemed
lo be certain; that matter, with the course of
the administration upon :t, fell like wet
blanket upon the rising courage and ardent
zeal of our friends, and from that day we
were doomed; our defeat was certain, and ap
parent to all well informed persons.
E2? The New York Express says: There
is no abatement of the religious interest in
this city, Boston, Philadelphia, or in any part
of the country. Every day new houses of
prayer are opened, and the numbers enlarged.
Great sobriety, and even deep solemnity,
are apparent at these meetings; and they
have finally enlisted the interest and sympa
thy of many who have hitherto rather frown
ed upon than approved of such unusual de
monstrations. Most of these meetings also
continue to awaken a spirit of religious chari
y and Christian unity not common to op-
posing sects. The secular press give a large
space lo w hat is going on, itelinir no doubt
the truth uttered by Sidney Smith, that "it
is not true thai the world hates piety. The
modest and unobtrusive piety which fills the
heart with human charities, and makes a man
gentle to others and severe to himself, is an
object of universal love and veneration."
The province of a true religion is to make
men wiser and better in all the relations of
life, and the press but discharges a duty to
its readers in giving a fair record of every
thing publicly said and done upon subject
01 to much interest.
3 We have the best authority for say
ing that there is no truth in the rumor be
lieved by so many people that the North
Carolinians usually break-fast on tar, dine on
turpentine, and sup on rosin and red her
rings. The last census informs us that there
is a good deal of meat, corn, potatoes and
whisky raised in the good old State.
Good and Kvil. It is curious to observe
how good and evil ara merely harmonious
and inharmonious qualities. Thus health is
the regular and harmonious function of every
part of the physical organization, illness is a
morbid or irregular action. Doing good is
the result of mental health, nnd in same wayt
crime arises from an inharmonious action of
the mental organs. Wickedness of all kinds
may be classed as "moral insanity," in fact,
but it is none the less deserving of punish
ment. Just Punishment. Green Martin, convic
ted at the late term of Washington (Go.)
Superior Court of whipping a little negro boy
so severely that he died from Ihe effect of it,
has been sentenced to be hung on the 7th day
of May next.
The Next Presidential Race. To the
Editors of the Express: To save this Union,
the People's candidates will be John J. Crit
tenden, 'of Kentucky, for President, and Ex
Governor Hunt, of New York, for Vice-President,
in 1800.
OLD KENTUCKV AND NEW TORE.
The Editors will please give Ihe above
start, and oblige a friend in Virginia.
We have no objections to give so good a
card a start, but it is too early by a year and
half for newspapers to make Presidents, or
for wise politicians lo talk about them.
In England they have a way of deal
ing with gentlemen, financier swindlers, that
is decidedly wholesome. We have, by the
North America, the result of the trial of the
Directors of the Royal British Bank, at Liver
pool for conspiring to defraud the sharehold
ers and the public. They were "gentlemen"
of "stunding," "position," "influence," and all
that sort of thing, yet they were all convicted
and sentenced, as follows:
Mr. Cameron, to twelve months imprison
ment with hard labor.
Mr. Brown, twelve months hard labor.
Mr. Esdule, twelvemonths hard labor.
Mr. Kennedy, nine months imprisonment.
Mr. Owen, six months imprisonment.
Mr. McLeod, three months imprisonment.
The Cash System. The Montgomery
Advertiser, in reference to the cash system
for newspapers, says :
From the credit scotched, depreciated val
ue of $5000, which we paid for the "Adver
tiser and Gazelle," eighteen months ngo, it
has already, under this system rapidly
progressing to perfection appreciated to
the healthful par value of $20,000!
Fidelity A letter writer says Mr. Har
ris has been removed to Judge Douglas's
house, as it is more comfortable than his
lodgings. He is far gone in consumption.
His absence will be severely felt in the Le
compton debate,, but his vote will not be lost,
for he means to be carried to the House when
the vote is taken, however ill he may bo.
t-W Gen. Quitman's Bill, for the employ
ment of volunteers to repress the rebellion
in Utah, has passed the House by a large
majority. It has yet to undergo the ordeal
of the Senate.
Enrouraoing to Baptists. The Baptists
of America have increased at the rate of over
three hundred and thirty-five Churches, one
hundred and ninety-two ministers, and twen
ty-six thousand five hundred nnd twenty-nine
members per year, during the past twenty-
two years having mnde a clear gain in these
years of over 7,555 churches, 4,224 ministers,
and 593,639 members. The clear gain in
the Northern Stotes, in ten yeara, is 26,808;
clear gain in the Southern States, same period,
201,105. Excess of gain in the South over
the North, in the last ten years, 174,297.
04T Dr. D. VV. Stradsr, one of the pro-
prlelors of the Pacific Hotel, recently burned
at St. Louis, and who was arrested, in con
nection with others, on tuspicjon, has receiv.
ed complimentary benefit nt the St. Louis
Museum. 8o fiiekle is popular opinion.
Washington, Msrch 25. An Imoorlsnt
fact to holders of revolutionary scrip is that
by recent decision it can now be located on
or received in whole payment for public
lands, at any State treasury adjoining railroad
grants, at par value. Holder are therefore
now able to real lis mnch better price than
formerly.
Chasing- a Hat. The Worcester r?
State draws the following life-like piclur, r
dignity chaaing a hat II is capital;
"By Iht way, wh-t is there so def .
to dignity aa closing hat! e
tleoian Proceeding uo alret il.- ...i 11
o -r nil
llitr d.
a mosi wagniucroi manner. ' "
atove-pipe 'Lenry and an awful di-nii".
nnnn h.i brow. Had I.. - ."i M
in
of Africa he would have been
deity, hat and all. The wind is no rL"',
of persons. It bloweth whithe,l0 "
listeth. It caught b-neath the Wel.,lrn 'I
brim of Ibe 'Leary Magnificence f ?
going, and tried to prevent it ith k.l!
hands. But 'twas gone. Awy ov bo'h
stones, gutters tnd pavements it rW
crown and brim. Magnificence imiiiedi""
gave chate. Did you ever tee the J '
with which dignified individual trie.","
run! A sort of a geenteel skip nJ , po: ,.
hop. Once or twice hi. hand w.. .m0ll
on it; but fresh breezes wafted it away t
last it met a horse drawings job wagon' dod
ged beneath the animal's fore feet, but iT
arrested by one or his hind leet sirikinuVlun!!
into it. With this novel shoe the Ua.f Z
few rods, when a vigorous kick sent it fl,
ing over Ihe driver's head, and fell into tU
ttret ta nnshapen thing, with a Venlilator in
it Ihe size of a horse's hoc'. Then it
that magnificence atood still and cussed."
Iros Mahno in North Carolisa.-TIi,
resources of North Carolina for Iron rokin
are thus set forth in Ihe American R.is"y
Times of the 6th ult., in an article n the
Iron production of the United States;
"Norlh-easterc Tennessee and North we,
tern North Carolina have nine furnaces and
forty-one bloomery forges in a enmpnet nren
Along the base of the Cumberland M0Un'
tains, five furnaces and fourteen forges uie'
the Deystone fossil, upper Silurian ore h,
the South-western corner of North Carolina
are five forges, and through the middle of
the Slate runs a belt of five furnicet and
twenty seven forges. Tho whole ceuntrr
possesses incalculable resources for iron mnk.
ing, nnd must become at some distant ds,"
one of the great centres."
How to get the Typhoid Fever. .The
Cincinnati Commercial furnishes the fellow
ing directions to gentlemen in search of the
typhoid fever :
"Take aeat with fifty-nine nnd a half In
man bipeds in a railroad c.-ir, which the man
agers of the road have carefully and judi
ciously closed ngninst the .i,niission of Ir.nh
or the escape of foul air, ride a few uiilu,
and symptoms of the approach of the diseiua
will soon manifest themselves by n lurnin"
head, freezing feet, aching bones, and disor
dered stomach. If you escape tho disease
under this treatment, it's to use for you to
hope to get it.
Bad State or Things at Washisgtos.
The New York Herald of the 23d thus pun
gently gives its idea of Ihe stale of politics
at Washington :
Mutiny, discord, treachery, defection, con
spiracies, rebellion, suspicion, mystery, strife,
bitterness, agony, stultification, artful dodg
ing, wrath, revenge, gall and wormwood,
shuffling, squirming, and all sorts of tricker
ies, are worse confounded than ever among
the factious, sectional, plotting snd unscru
pulous demagogues of Congress. Yel.tfter
the lapse of another day or two, we shall
know what they are driving at. We are for
warned of an impending explosion.
Jim Lane Courting the Border Ruffi
ans. Gen. Jim Lane made a railroad speech
at Elmore, in Kansas, a few weeks ago, in the
course of which he denied that he was in
Abolitionist, and declared his readiness to
assist in arresting and returning runawa;
niggers. He expressed great anxiety to get
on good terms with the Border Rufli.un;
hoped they would let by gones be by-gonea.
I he St. Louis News thinks Jim is swing
ing round, and would not be surprised If "in
six months Lane became n favorite with
President Buchanan, and one of the sliinin;
lights in the Administration party."
Mew Orleans, March 29. MaUmoru
was declared free port on the 21st. Vi
daiirr e issued a proclamation demanding py.
ment of 25 per cent, on nil money due for
church property.
Tarnpico has not yet been altnckd. A
battle is expected near San Louis Fotosi, be
tween the adherents of Garza and Zulu.igo.
St. Louis, March 29. Col. JoIidsod, in liii
official dispatches, says ho thinks lint '.lit
Mormons desire to fight and recommends that
they be gratified.
Washington, March 26. House Smith
of Virginia, charged that the Anti-Lecomp-ton
movement was got up by Douglas to se
cure his re-election. Marshall of III., denied
it. Several participated. Some confusion
and the House adjourned.
Treasury receipts of the week sre nearly
four million. Amount on deposit eight foil
a half million, subject to draft upwards of
eight million.
f3?In the Louisiana Senate, on tlio I5tb,
the House bill for the introduction of free
negroes from Africa, to be opprentiiei f'
fifteen years, was indefinitely postponed, 1;
a majority of two.
Washington, March 29. The Senale l
day was principally engaged In ths discus
sion oT the Minnesota bill. Mr. Witam
amendment allowing one represent"!"
Minnesota, until a census is taken and inn'
population entitles Ihem to t greater numM'i
was passed by very close vote.
In the House, several Kansas iF"1'
were delivered, each an hour long.
I3T An old toper was induced lo P
tho temperance pledge, which he kept
gioualy for some weeks. A last, he g0''
cidedly balmy, and one or his friends rem""
strated with him fcr his faithlessness to hit
obligation. He answered, "To be ,
signed the pledge, but I was tremenduiialy
dry, and all signs fail in a dry time."
Always suspect a man who h '
ved at the age of thirty and isn't attached to
a piece of calico.
if A newspaper, once a week, fifty
weeks, for two dollars, is the cheapest M
any man can buy.
Washington, March 29.-H i.nf er'' y
here thst the Lecompton and Anli-L t i
ton Democrats hove appointed a
committee of ten each to report on a
plan for the ad mission of Kansas udik"
Lecompton Constitution.
Goino it Strong. A Germ m Blrl '"'"
In aervice at Cleveland, Ohio, Inst e jj
birth lo four children at once. T
boys and two were girls. On of
was still-born, but the other two are
This Is piling on rather fast f,,r.Jf"Bf.i
has not yel found a husband. na if(,
if an; man can be found to Inks her to

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