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S. P. IVlNe, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Jrm: 1 jar, tiayahle in advance. l?aV No p.per tliaoiitiuuvii nmil all arrearata are paiti, escept at the option of the Publiaher. Announcing nainea of candidatea for office A, Cah Obituary No ticca over It linea, charged at the regular advertising ratea. A If coramuuicatlona InlrojSed to promote the private nua or Uitaraata of CorjxieViions, Societies, Schools or Individuala, lll be charged aa advertisementa. ATIIl:,S, t lllUAY, APlIILgj. 158. t3f The following are tbe time fur hold ing the Chancery Court! in the Fifth Chance ry Division of Tenneuee : Benton lat Mondays of February and Anguat. Athanit 8d do .do do . Cleveland, tt do do do Harrison, 1't do March September. Jai)er do do do Pikeville, d do do do Pparta 4th do do do Uvinaaton 1't do April October. Jameelown, . ...Sd do do do llnntaville, Thursday after id Mondays of April A Oct. Montgomery, ...Ad Mondays do do Klngitoii,Thuralay after 8d Mondays do . do tirestnr, 4th Mondays ' do " do Waihluirton, Thursdays after 4th Mondays do do' Maryville 4th Mondaya of May and November. Aladleouvllle,...lat do June and December. t3T We cannot publinh the communica tion from Fountain Hill except as na adver tisement, to be paid for as other advertise, mentsaro. Our friends ought not to expect us to publish matters of strictly individual interest upon any other conditions. VS" Circuit Court for Meigs county will commence next Monday, 2Gth. ' - Kucxvillk Branch. The' Brunch Bonk of.Tenaessee, at Knoxville, . organized on Monday last, by .the election of John II. Ciiozier as President;' M. B. McMahon, Cashier; nnd B. R. Stiioko, Clerk. Athens Female College. The work on the College building is progressing rapidly towards completion. We learn that the Agent Appointed by Conference, Rev. Mr. Phillips, has been successful in procuring and collecting subscriptions, that the payment of twelvo hundred dollars due last week nrss promptly met, nnd that the building, ono of the best structures in the country, will be ready for use in n short time. No point fur nishes more advantages, or could be more desirable for n Female School of a I'igh and Urge character, than Athens, and we trust the effort will not be relaxed until it is crown ed with full success. The enterprise is one in which we nre nil largely interested, and is entitled to our earnest and united exer tions. . ' Fountain Him.. The name of the post ofHuo at Mouse Creek Depot has been chang ed to "Fountain Hill" for what purpose we are unable to state. trf We nre requested to give notice to persons wishing to write to Cnpt. John Shields, formerly of Polk county, that his post office at present is, "McKlnney, Cal houn county, Texas." E3f As usual, the defeat of the Lecomp ton Constitution in tliti House of Represen lives is being laid upon somebody else than the really culpable partius. ,,The democracy firs' responsible for Its defeat, as they have beer, for every wrong inflicted on the South since the organization of that party. The democrats have a majority of twenty-five in the House, and no ono can be misled by tho silly charge that the Know Nothings d footed the measure. Alarmino Intelligence. Drighani Young threatens if the President does not back out, that ho will send his destroying angels on a mission of incendiarism, to burn down St. Louis, New York, (,'lticngn, and even tVnsli ington city itself, Capitol, White House nnd all! This is terrible news, truly. It must raise the premium on insurance policies at least fifty per cent. It is to be hoped that the President will "buck nut." Inviting Invasion. A despatch from New Orleans, with news from Tnmpico, says: "Garza had fired at nn American vessel, and attempted to extort the payment of dou ble duties.'1 Garza must be in favor of "annexation" to the United States. Our manifest destiny men, lie ought to know, are but waiting for a plausible pretext to pay their respects to Mexico, and such outrages as these are likely to supply it. t : The Philadelphia Enquirer says: Al though Co, Benton went through the usual formalities of making a will, he nevertheless died very poor. The creditors of his estate aro not likely, however, to press their claims unpleasantly, and if n project on foot in refer ence to n certain disposition of his latest lite, rary labors Is successfully carried out his debts will probably be puid in full. Anti-Administration Movement. A dis patch to tliu Baltimore papers, says that a meeting of the opponents of the Adminis tration was held on Tuesday evening, at which a series of resolutions were adopted for the establishment of a national ' party, composed of the "friends of the rights of the jeoplsj Col. Benton. The Washington eorres pondent of tho Charleston Courier, writes under date of the 11th: "There appears in the New York Times, of Yesterday, a biographical sketch of Col. Benton, which was prepared for the second volume of the new American Encyclopedia), and was submitted to ("ol. Benton's revision. From this it appears that though Col. Ben ton favored the election of Mr. Buchanan, for reasons which he had given, he has since changed his mind, and had taken part w ith the republicans against his policy in regard to Kansas. " The nrtinle admits that it was Mr. Ben ton's feud with Mr. Calhoun that had led to hia discomfiture in Missouri, throwing him out of public life. "It was the defeat of Mr. Van Buren in 1840, and the annexation of Texas under Mr. Calhoun's administration of the State De partment, that first threw Mr. Benton out of the lino of precendenlal succession which Gen. Jackson had arranged. That arrange ment was that Mr. Van Bnren should follow him, end next Benton in 1844, and then Silas Wright in 1848, uud Mr. Polk in 1853. This fact does not appear In the biographical sketch, but it was mentioned, since the death of President Polk, by hie relative, Bishop Polk." i hF" Sehoru & Hornsby loom pretty large ly this week. See advertisement next page. -f" Robeson, Sartnin Si Co. have a tre mendous pile cf Fine and Seasonable Goods, nnd there Is no telling how cheap they sell until jou give them a call. WASIHNGTON CORRESPONDENCE." , Washington, April 15. Thinking an occasional letter from Na tional Head Quarters may interest the read readers of the "Post," you can count me as "tn". while I remain here, which will proba bly be until mii'-summer. As you sre aware, "Lecompton has been the absorbing aud paramount subject through the session, In and out of Congress. A committee of conference has been appointed by the two houses to try to hit upon some plan for an adjustment of tho measure, and persons professing to be well posted believe the effort will be successful. hope so. While I have no sympathy with the demo cratic party nd but little confidence in either the wisdom or integrity of the men -who manage it, I believe that Congress ought to have accepted the "Lecompton Constitution," aa the easiest method .of getting rid of an embarrassing and troublesome question. At the same time, I auioot disposed to damn uli who differ with rue, or classify Southern men who voted against "Lecompton" as ene mies ef their section. On the contrary, I think it probable they are quite as patriotic arid as ardent in' their attachment to the South and Southern institutions as the nois es, of their opponent.;' For Illustration, I would as soon risk the rights Of the South with John J. Crittenden,,. pf Kentucky, as any man in the Union, yet he; voted against "lecompton," and I wpaldivote for it were I a member of either tfi .'Sfcnate; or House. I have no taste for that eecliotml fanaticism, whether it reside in Massachusetts or South Carolina, which requires riiy neighbor to see things in precisely the same light that I do, and denounces him as a tmitor because he cannot so see them, Such intolerance is worse than the chains which despotism . forges for the limbs of its debteed subjecU. There has been aa immense amount of po litical villainy mixed up. with the Kansas business from its inception to the present time, and the end is not yet, though it is be lieved the committee of conference may sue ceed in ridding Congresi of the question. The Administration has failed in several of . its measures, and the President has no doubt been much annoyed. Still, you must place but little reliance in the many reports, put forth by letter-writers, about dissensions 1. 1 r- l ' . .. 1 1 1. i i.i. r 1 1 n : ill mu onuiiiBfc auu mo ucuiiii oi me i resi dent giving Way under the continually accu mulating cares nnd troubles of his position Your professional letter-writer generally is a man of words, of fancy," not of facts, and his statements should at all times be taken with many giains of allowance. My oppor tunities for information are pretty good. I assure you there are no serious dissensions among the members of the Cabinet, and that old Buck looks hearty and robust enough for a second term a contingency, that, accord ing to some of those who study the ever ehiftiogpoliticnl horizon, may possibly oc cur. Another subject you hiay oaten the appre hensions of your readers about: Dissolution of the Union. No one her of influence and position dreams of such : a catastrophe hU though allusions to it are occasionally heard in both branches of Congress. Calm your fears on that score, if yon have any. ' The time for dismemberment and division has not arrived yet; and God forbid that it ever should. . -i There is said to be a prospect now of set tling up the "Mormon .War" without much bloodshed. Tho difficulty ms given the Ad ministration no little uneasiness, and the policy is to avoid n conflict as long as possi ble, with the hope that the deluded people of Utah will finally succumb to the United States authorities without a resort to force U Minors have been rife recently that the President would shortly send in a message in reference to Fpnnish agressions, with a squint at Cuba, nnd that we shall soon have Stirling times. - I do not place much reli ance in them, and shall wait the appearance of the message with all the equanimity lean command. You will have received intelligence of the death of that extraordinary mnn.THOs. Hart Benton. In many respects, he had' no supe rior. Thus one. after another the 'mighty men who succeeded the Conscript: Fathers nnd sustained and perfected the, structure which they reared, are passing from our sphere, and, judging from the majority that now find their way to place and station, a race of pigmies are springing in their stead. May the memory of their greatness and la bors ever keep us faithful to the Union! The member from the Second District of your State, Mr. Maynard, has made a favor uble impression in . the House, and, unless he should full into a habit fatal to so many that of speaking too oftenbe promisee to take rank among iu ablest hid most useful members. Washington is, pfcrlinps'i ju its' municipal regulations, the worst governed city in the Union. Murders and-robberies are almost of nightly occurrence. ThWpVfie frequently consort with the perpetrators! of these out rages, nnd there seems to be no longer safe ty for life or property. Uulesi efficient mea sures are speedily adopted to bring about a different condition of things, the peoplo will have to take the punishment of the outlaws into their own hands. Should you think my scrawls worth pub lishing, I will write you again ae i find leisure and inclination. J. G. I. Trains Running Through th(t Blue Ridge Tunnel. Tho passenger train on the Central Rail Road for Stanton, Va., ran through the Blue Ridge Tunnel, on Tuesday, and hereafter the trains on the road will run through it regularly. , i. Polite. The N. Y. Herald Is very com plimc utnry to the Democratic editors. For instance, it snys: The Democratic journals in New Hamp shire, from the Concord Patriot down, are conducted by blockheads and nincompoops. Bacon Is selling here at 8g cents hog round. Wheat, red, 60 cents per bushel. tf The Nashville papers quote Bacon at 8n8J, with declining tendency. Augusta Provision Market. Beef on foot 7a8 cents; Hogs 7)a8. Beef, retail, 10 al3i; Mutton 9a 10; Pork 1013; Veal 10a 13 per ! - RAILROAD CONVENTION. . Mr. E. A. Goodwyn, the efficient Gen'l Agent of the South-Side Railroad, has just returned, says the Petersburg Express, from the Convention of Railroad officers held In Chattanooga, last week, for the purpose of arranging a schedule for the through line from this city, Richmond, Washington and New York, to Memphis and New Orleans. Wo learn from him that the design of the Convention was fully and admirably carried out, and ample and liberal arrangements agreed upon for the accommodation of travel lers. The roads represented were the South Side," Orange & Alexandria, Richmond Si Danville, Virginia Si Tennessee, East Ten nessee Si Virginia, East Tennessee Si Geor gia, Nashville & Chattanooga, Memphis Si Charleston. The schedule adopted by th Convention makes the entire line direct with. out detention. From Memphis to Petersburg and Rich mond, or vice versa, the time required will be 58 hours, to or from New York, three days and eighteen hours. From Memphis to New Orleans, the passengers will have the choice of travelling eit'ier by railway or by steam boat, full arrangements being effected on both sides. Tickets will be issued from all intermediate points, and in fact everything arrnnged complete. The schedule will take effect on the nth of May . next, at which time the staging on tho East Tennessee and Virginia road w ill be obviated, and the entire route one continuous line of railway. An Unhappy Editor. Our neighbor of the Cleveland Banner, who was up here last week, seems to have met w ith some disturb ing and unpleasant incident! before he reach ed home. Tho following is the account of his trip as published in his paper of the 16th "We have been at Athens b part of the present wcex, w hicii accounts lor the more than usually interesting character of our edi torial columns. Athens, though not us large as somo oilier places, is one ol llie plensnnt- est of villages; and notwithstanding we have heretofore lied a good deal about it, we be lieve it will be in a few years, in a business point of view, as it is now in every other re spect, the best town on the inilroad. "After knocking round a couple of days, collecting more money than we ever collect in the samu time in our own eounty, and be ins refreshed by an hour or two's conversa tion with the pleasant and clever editor of the Post, we concluded to make tracks for home. On reaching tho depot, which is about the same distance Irnm town as that at Cleve land, but more accessible in bad weather, we entered the oflice to wait for the down train Being somewhat fatigued, after purchasing a ticket we reclined on one of the benches, when w-e were roughly ordered out by a rail road official with the polite information that they didn't furnish lodgings for strangers. Hardly h aa we passed through the "hole 'h carpenter hod made," w hen a chap hailed us with "I say, feller, help ni to carry this trunk! We meeKlv passed to the extreme east part of the depot, and took hold of the end of a large trunk, which we assisted to place in the desired location and were di charged without the customary dime. Sadly pondering on our hard fate we passed slowly along, nnd stumbled in among a pile of bag gage, when we were, greeted with, "d n you get out of this!" adding in an under tone, "wonder what tho d I you expect to steal here." just at this moment the train arrived, and Conductor Urocius called out to us: "here, get into the cars and go home be fore thH cows eat you up!" . We crawled in to the car like n whipped hound and threw ourself recklessly into a sent. Smash! we squatted on a lady's bnnd-bnx. She seeing the damage we d none, squalled out: " There, you great gander-legs, you've spiled mv new bonnet!" Concealing our shame nnd confu sion as well as we could, we subsided into the smallest possible dimensions until we were dumped out of the curs nt the Cleve land depot. "Upon the whole, it was the most interest ing trip we ever made, and if we are ever treated that wsy again, somebody will be apt to catch It. Close Voting. At one o'clock, on the 14th, Mr. Stephens, of Ga moved that the message of the Senate, asking a conference with the House upon the bill for the admis sion of Kansas into the Union, be taken up. Mr. Montgomery, (Dem.) of Pennsylvania, moved that the House insist upon its amend ment, nnd on this motion demanded the pre vinus question. The vote upon ordering the previous question was: Yeas, 108 Noes,107 the Speaker voted in the negative, making it a tie, and me onject ot air. Montgomery was defeated. Mr. English, (Dem.) of Indiana, then mov ed that the sor.ference asked for by the Sen ate be granted, and upon that motion de manded the previous question. The previous question being sustuined, the motion was then carried, the vote being yens, 108; nays, 108, nnd the Speaker voting in the affirma tive! The fate of both propositions to insist, nnd to grant the proposed conference were determined, it will be observed, by the vote of the Speaker, Fire. About 2 o'clock, A. M., yesterday, the dry goods store of W. SI. & J. Camp bell, situated on Market street, below Church, was discovered to be on fire. It burnt rapid ly, and, together with the entire stock of poods, was soon destroyed. The house of H. & J. Metz adjoining, north, became in volved and was partially burnt, with n por tion of the stock of ready made clothing contained. The grocery store of Robert King, next door above, together with the slock on hand, also sustained some dnmagp. The Messrs. Campbell, we learn, had no in surance; the Messrs. Metz were partially in sured. .The firemen, as usual, did tlieirdmy faithfully and effectual ly. Xashville Patriot, 20i. . Aint A Caring. The Livingston (Ala.) Messenger answers an interrogatory from one of its democratic cotemporaries in rela tion to Kansas, as follows: . "Well, to be ser'wut and answer you plain ly, we do not care one continental darn w he ther Kansas is ever admitted or not! That country is filled up principally by rogues nnd rascals, and if they are not nil hoio abolitionists they will be in a few year to keep up with the present Aatwnal Demo cratic Administration." The Senators and the Saints. A me morial from the Legislature of Utah, couched in Brigham Young's customary insolence of tone, was presented in the United States Senate on Wednesday, and luid on the table, by a vote of 13 to 33. These polygamous rebels will probably be persuaded, by nnd by, that Congress has no mind to put up with their insults forever, and that forbearance, nt Washington, ia rupidly ceasing to be virtue. tW That man who is afraid to make nn enemy, or afraid of his enemies when they come ready made as come they will is not made of quite the metal to cat his way thro' this world. WASHINGTON NEWS. Washington, April 14. An address from the people of Salt Lake City was read in the Senate to day. They ask a redress of their grievances nnd complain of the utter con tempt with which the acts of their Governor and Assembly have been treated. They point to conflicts between the United States troops and the States as indicative of the decay of the Union, adding that riots occur even in Congress. They recount their trials and ex pulsion from the western States, and speak of the Utah expedition aa unwelcome, saving that no officer protected by the Administra tion shall exercise dominion over them while the army remains in the Territory. They vow to uphold Brigham Young and hia poli cy, and by the help of God, to maintain their religion, &c. Washington, April 15. The Senate on yettslerdny passed a resolution to adjourn on .Monday tho 7lh of June. To dny in the Senate the Consular appro priation bill was passed, and the Pacific Rail way bill was discussed. .. In the House the conference committee appointed consists of Win. II. English, of Indiana, A. I J. otephens, ol tiuorgta, and Wm. A. Howard, ol Michigan. This committee is to cooler with the com mittee of the Senate in relation to the differ ences of the two branches of Congress on the bill tor the admission or Kansas. The Committee on commerce reported to day in a bill appropriating 81.600,000 to con tinue the river and harbor improvements; and only recommended -three new works. . . -F . I . I I. Washington, April 17. In the Senuto to- duy the Pacific railway bill was postponed until next Dec -mber, by a vote of 25 to 32. The Deficiency bill comes up on Monday. In the House, to-day, privute bills -vere considered. The Conference Committee on the Kansas bill have had two meetings, but as yet have not agreed upon any course to recommend Congress to pursue. The final meeting of the committee will take place on Monday, and in case of continued disagree ment, the Senate will probably request the House to appoint another committee. Washington, April 17. A gentleman has just reached this city from Camp Scott, who expresses the opinion that Colonel Johnston is perfectly able to cope with any Mormon force which he may meet; and that the offi cers and nen are all anxious to commence active operations. Wasiiiigton. April 19. In the Senate to day the deficiency bill was discussed. In the House the Washington police bill was under consideration. No notion was taken in either branch. The House Committee on Foreign Aff.irs will report in favor of the abrogation of the Clayton Bulwer treaty. Tho Kansas conference committees failed to agree at their meeting this morning. It is understood that at the next meeting a substi tute for tho Lecompton bill will be presented in the form of an ordinance, which will be referred to the vote of the people of Kansas; and if they approvo of it, then that Territo ry will be admitted into tho Union by the proclamation of the President, but if rejected by the people then n new Constitution will be required to be formed, and the Territory admitted when it is known by census returns that Kansas has a- sufficient representative population. ' It is understood that the original policy of tho administration has uidergone no change in respect to Utah. Powell and McCulloch nre not sent as peace commissioners, but ns agents for counsel and alvice during the pro gress of the army. Col.' Johnston has not been ordered to await their arrival. G- ii. Harney has received his final instruc tions, and leaves to-morrov. Flunketism. I he Washington corres pondent of the New York Times informs the "good society" readers of that journal, that "The Saturdoy receptions nt the White House ore the more agreeable from the fact that both the clerks mid trades-people of Wash ington are unable to attend them." The mnn who writes thus must be one of those miserable jxtrvenues with which society in this country is so greatly cursed. The "trades-people" are the bone and sinew of our country, the fabricators of its greatness, the pillars of its prosperity; and no man of good breeding, or with a particle of brains, will affect to despite them. Mexican Affairs. Zulsoga is reducing the Mexic.m people generally into submission to his government. Only Vera Cruz sti'l holdsoutfortheComonfortparty. By timely compromises with the Church authorities, which ore ail powerful there, and by prompt ly restoring to them the property confiscated by Comonfort, he is giving his power an ap pearance of stability at home; while, by ma king friends with Spain, he has secured him self from danger from abroad. By these two mat-tor strokes of policy he has also given the Santa Anna party Usi quietus for the present. This is Zuloagus brief hour of sunshine. The showers writ follow. The political skies of Mexico know only April weather. Bridging the Mississippi. The people of St. Paul, Minnesota, have recently voted to raise a loan of one hundred thousand dollars to complete the bridge now in course of con struction across the Mississippi at that place. The estimated cost is one hundred and forty thousand dollars, and the structure ii to be completed during the coming summer. IriT" Mr. Trippe, of Georgia, in his speech last Wednesday iu the House of Representa tives, said: "The Kansas question had created such a sectional excitement, that the Amer ican party fell between Democrats and Repub licans, like a righteout man between thiecet." A Capital Fellow. An editor at the East says: "Our stock in trade consists of industry, economy and untiring perseverance. Our industry we consider worth to us at least fifteen thousand dollars, economy fifteen thousand dollars, perseverance fifteen thou sand dollars, making in all an active capital of forty-five thousand dollars." Foreign. The steamship Arsgo arrived at New York on the 30th, with four days later advices. The Liverpool Cotton market had advanced 1 8d and was sclive and firm. Breadstuff reported dull. In London money is abundant. The mammoth iron steamship, the Levia than, hsd got adrift from her moorings, but had been secured without being In the slight est degree injured. " REPUDIATION. There seems to be no doubt that Mr. Jef ferson waa the father of Repudiation. Ilia biographer, Mr. Randall, not only admits the fact, but glories in it. Ha first broached the subject in a letter, from France, to Mr. Madi son. Mr. Madison dissented. The biogra pher says: -Ninety-nine out of nearly everv hundred well educated persons in fie Uuitrd States, we doubt not, would have concurred w ith the conclusions of Mr. Madison at the period wnen inese letters were written. iny, we can readily fancy thuhard names" that would hnve beeu showered upon J. fferson then, had his views found publication. But it has hap pened in this instance ns with most of his political 'radicalisms.' But little over half century has p issed away, and they are now adopted ana practiced theories nmonir men. constantly spreading over and controlling inrjjnr portions 01 nuionn society anc wnere they huve not been adopted by the majority. they are no longer met ns frightful innova tions, but as open questions where men have a nutit to doubt and discuss. Hie principal practical application which Al r. Jefferson pro posed to make of the above theory the limi tation of power of goternmenls to contract debts beyond the life of a generation, and a provision, in all instances, simultaneous with the contracting for the payment of annual in terest has been engrafted with the happiest ellecia into the constitution ot several Amen can States. The radicalism of the eighteenth century becomes conservatism in tho nine teenth." We hope ninety-nine out of every hundred would have repudiated this odious doctrine at that day we hope the whole hundred would repudiate it now. It is nothing more or less, as for as we can see, than the incul cation of downright robbery. Several loco loco States acted it out, but we do not think their example is likely to be followed in i hurry. Pennsylvania tried it, and her "drab colored men" will never get over the stiir'na as long ss she remains a State. Sidney Smith consigned them to immortal infamy. Mississippi tried it under the lead of Gover nor McNutt, nnd Mississippi will never re cover from the stench of the transaction, until it repudiates locofocoism, nnd pays its debts, This system of plunder, so quaintly termed "political radicalism" by Mr. Randall, does not suit our people yet a while, thank Meav en, whatever may be their feelings towards it a few years hence. There are certain other little "radicalisms" which, although they re ceived the sanction of Mr. Jefferson's name, are not likely to be much admired, by South ern people at least. One of these is aboli tionism, and the other infidelity. These are "nut adopted nnd practiced theories" among men in the South, nnd though they are not regarded as "frightful innovations" they are looked upon as something fully as bad. Richmond Whig. Times at Leavenworth. A leaven worth, (Kansas) letter published in the Bos ton Post, says : "A general complaint of 'hard times' is heard upon every hand. An unusual and un collected scarcity ol money is experienced in consequence of tho inability of the Govern ment to pay the liabilities incurred in the purchase of mules, horses, forage, grain and produce. The purchases have been unusuul- ly large this year, and faith in the solvency of the Government has given them almost tlfb monopoly of the market. Drafts drawn bv the Quartermaster al the tort payable 'five days alter the passage of the Appropriation bill are selling at a tremendous shave. The universal outcry is one of indignation at the neglect of Congress to provide for its inevi table expenses, aud very little gratitude is felt toward those philanthropic friends of Kansas w ho insist upon postponing its ma terial interests to indulge themselves in high falutin comparisons between Topuk.i and Le compton. 1 he taste for this sort of thing is rapidly becoming satiated, and 'bleeding Kan sas' is becoming as offensive in the nostrils of its own people as elsewhere. UTThe Memphis Avalanche of the 13th insl., has a severe phillipio againt Bolton, who was acquitted last week at Covington, of the murder of McMillan. It charges th-.t the trial was a most shameful mockery, a miserable burlesque upen justice. Then-suit has surprised no one. 1 he Judge did his duty, the prosecution wan ably conducted, but the pleadings ot justice was lost mid the silvery ring of the almighty dollar. From all we can learn, a more diabolical murder was never committed, but the assassin had money, and hence escaped unwhipt of justice. Bul lous acquittal fully vermes what the poet said centuries ago: " Plate sin with gold, And the itrons lance or Justice hurtle" breaks; Clothe it In rars, a pigmy straw Doth pierce It." When this scandalous butchery was first committed, justice cried so loud for the mur derer's Mood, that an indignant public could scarcely wait for tho slow nnd tardy process of law. But the accused has gone through the mockerv of a trial, and triumphantly ac quitted of the murder of McMillan. This is l-a-w lLfauu JS'eivt. The Flood. A despatch from St. Louis dated Wednesday, 14th, says thut frightful consequences are apprehended to lower Mis sissippi, by the combined floods now coming from the upper rivers. The Mississippi is rising from St. Paul down. The Missouri nod Illinois are both high and rising. All their tributaries are at flood height, occasion ed solely by the hesvy rains through the whole western and north-western country. Should the usual spring mountain rise, now occur, Immense devastation will necessarily follow. Rumored Slave Insurrection at St. Croix. Captain Ward, of the bark Hyperion, from Trinidad (Port Spain,) arrived at New York Monday, reports having touched at West End br St. Croix, about 3d inst., and that a schooner had just arrived at thut place full of passengers, fleeing from an Insurrec tion that had taken place on that Island. An English wur steamer lying at West End, im mediately got under wsy and proceeded to Antigua. No further particulars are given. A Green Old Age. The "Stuyvesant Pear Tree," w hich stands on the corner of Third avenue and Thirteenth street, New York, is again in bud. It -"as planted in 1547 two hundred and eleven years ago. IjfT Some little progress in manufacturing enterprise hue been made In Miaisippi. The Mississippi Mniifscturing Company has factory In Choctaw county, about forty-five miles from Grenada. Its capital is (80,000. It wna established In 1848. Its clear profits for the last four year have not been less than thirty per cent, per annum on the capital invested, lis chief operationa are in making cotton yarn, eotton osnaburgs and linseya. The only things you can safely put off till to-morrow are idleness and vice. SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD. Attention is invited to the annexed article in relation to the Southern Pacific Railroad It is copied from the New Orleans Creole one of the best snd most reliable newspaper prims in Louisiana: Tho "logic of dollars," presented by the Bulletin of last week upon this subject, elicit ed so much interest that we propose to ex tend this line of argument, to uulo'd the sub ject of its pecuniary aspect. We huve, here tofore, viewed it politically, socially and com mercially, and now to the dollars. It is pro posed to sell only I2,000,OdO of five per cent, stock six millions of this amount be ing sold. This amount of stock sold, w i furnish the means, ample and abundant, with the assets of the company, to construct at least fifty miles of the road: when this done, the company will be entitled to receivn from the State of Texas 513,000 acres of land, and a loan of six thousand dollars per mile, making 8300,000. The rights of the company will then be complete nnd fixed- subject to no forfeitures. J he company may issue, we think sale I y, $3,000,000 of its bonds upon 513,000 acres of laud, and a road in full operation of fifty miles, with fair, yea certain assurance of n ready sale. This amount could be expended in slaves, and, at Itfl.SOU each, would purchase, if sold at par, 3,000 hands. They, together with the land, would constantly add, by finishing sec tion alter section or the rond, additional lai;ds to the property of thecompnny for, it is be lieved, 3,000 hands can construct two hun dred miles per annum. The loan of six thousand dollars pr aiile is almoat sufficient to purchase the iron nnd equip the road. The money acquired by -the issue of bonds upon the 512,000 iicibs of land for the first fifty miles of road, being invested in property, becomes, in addition to. the road and the lands, security of the fullest, most unbounded character for the protection and payment of the bonds oi ttie company. There can be no difficulty in selling bonds which are so per fectly secured. It will thus be seen how the pittance of five per cent paid upon the SCO, 000,000 of stock Is ample to construct tho rond ihroti.'b the State of Texas, because its expenditure brings the company in full pos session of property, rihts and franchise nnd neh section thereafter supplies addition al resources to the company as the work pro giesies. Three millions p dd upon the sixty millions of stock, constitute nil that can be required of its stockholders. If more be needed, it will nut be raised by additiunal or further calls or assessments upon this stock, but from the sale of more stock. It is, how ever, believed no more will b- needed. Then, it will be seen that three millions constitute the capital, by stockholders; and the Stnte of Texas supplies the remainder of the means to construct the road. The lowest estimates placed upon the hinds which this company will acquire, is rive dollars per acre. We believe they will yield, if well selected and wisely disposed of, the price of the lands belonging to the Illinois Central Railroad, and more, selling at about fifteen dollars per acre. Al the lowest prices they will give the company g 10,000,000. The estimated cost of the road, by able and competent engineers, fixes it nt less than 15 000,000. lt us, however, assume the cost at $30,000,000. Now w ho nets the sur plus 830,000,000? The 3,000,000 of stock subscribed nnd paid for, which will be $33, 334; for every $5 paid by stnckholde t. This the stockholders will receive as a fund for distribution, or else expend it in building the road from El I'uso to the Pacific Ocean. Who then, receives the dividends from the road itself, which is believed, by calc tinting men, will not fall short of twenty or twenty five per en t. upon its. actual cost? The three millions of capital paid in by stockhol ders must receive annually and forever, the dividends. It will thus be seen the most en ormous results which ever came from so pal try nn investment must and will inevitably be realized with a faithful administration of this work. Let us assume the Illinois Central lands ns a basis of calculation and we think even this below the reality and what have we t The vast sum of one hundred nnd twenty millions of dollnrs. Twenty million expend ed upon the mud, leaves $100,000,000 for distribution. Who gets it? The $3,000,000 of cnpiiul stock of the company must be the basis of its distribution I For every $5 paid in bv stockholders, they then have upward of $160 for distribution; nnd tho annual profits of the road which has cost the sum of $20,000,000. Kansas in the South. The New Orleans True Delta, in referring to the Green-Pugh amendment to the Kansas bill, says: "South ern men may aupport, in the House of Rep resentatives, as they have done in the Senate of the United States, propositions so trans parently unsound and incompatible with their professed principles at home; but such aup port will neither deceive or mislead the peo ple, who, upon this Kunsaa humbug, In all its aspects, are neither to be frightened into alarm dangerous to the stability of their deep rooted principles, merely to ward off from themselves an imaginary danger, to enable their servants to enrich themselves and their connections by the spoils of place. Delegates from the South may vote to admit Kansas into the Union on the Lecompton programme, which hits passed the Senate, and the will of the people of that interesting Territory may be thus set at nuught and defied; but the mnn or men who do it will look In vuiu to their constituents for their npproval." Col. Benton's Will.-j-CoI. Benton's will( it is stated, places his esile in the hands of Mr. Jones, Mr. Jacob, and Col. Freemont, (sons-in-luw,) Mr. Montgomery Blair and Capt. Lee, ns trustees. Kl'he house in Wash ington, where he passed the lust portion of his life, Is bequeathed to Mrs. Jones, and his library to her husband. The remaiuder of the estuteis equally divided. T A young man wus lately rode on a rail and driven out of the neighborhood at Madison, Monroe county, by the citizens fur shamefully deserting sn orphan girl, whom he hud married fur her property. A circuit judge at a late session of hia court in one of the western counties, highly complimented the people upon the fact that not a single Indictment had been returned. It is sincerely to be hoped that the compli ment thus puid to the community, was not more properly due to the Grand Jury. (r A new play ia announced in Boston under the title of "An Editor with $5,000." The Providence Journal wonders whether ho was a Government officer or had been rob bing a bank. HP" The Supreme Court of California has decided the case of Biddle Boggs vs. the, Merced Mining Company reversing the judg ment of the Court below. The question In volves the title of Fremont to the mineral wealth of his Mariposa claim. The Court decides againat Fremont, and that a fee sim ple to land doea not carry with it the title to the gold extracted therefrom. This is eun si'lertd a greet triumph for, the miners. Sound Views. The New York Express, in an article rebuking the spirit nf Free Love lam, which is manifesting itself in Western Ohio, gives utterance to the following sound views: "When once a people diverge, or are en couraged from the true paths of conserva tism, there is no foretelling where they will end or, in other words, w hen a man catchta one ism, he ia almost sure lo catch soother. The New England people have been led ot lute years to such a high pressure upon the subject of sluvery and kindred topics, that w hile some have denied the Bible, because the Patriarchs were slaveholders and even Christ, because he did not, when in the midst nf Roman slavery, rebuke it, as they would have tbe Tract Society do now others have, there, gone off into nil sorts of extremes, snd many into infidelities, licentiousness, ilc. The mind can be kept sane in a free country like ours, where free discussion is universal, only by adhering atrictly and rigidly, in reli gion, to auch conservatism as the Bible teaches, and in politics to such conservatism as is luid down in the great charter of the Federal Constitution, as illustrated and ex pounded by its Fathers and Frumeis, snd by their acts. When once we cut loose front these charts, we voyage npon unknonn seas, in unknown regions, without compass, lesd. or polar star to guide us, or holm to steer ns." Spiritualism in the U.S. Senate. The correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer says : Hon. N. P. Tullmadp-e. formerly a mamhar of the United States Senate, in a letter de fending modern spiritualism from a recent at-1 Lick unon it h Gen. Shield inlimnti a that a number of our Dinnt Senator ara belie. ers in the doctrine, and that the political his tory of 1860 will be greatly effected if not controled by it. That the former assertion is entirely true, I happen to know; but that the hitter will prove eo. I prefer to entertain some doubts. Land Wasuants in Kansas. The Lawrence Republican of the 19th ult., hse the following ou Lend Warrants in Ksnsss: We have received a number of letter making inquiry with regard to tbe location of land warrants in Kansas. We will state that no lands in this territory are subject to an entry by warrants, except by pre-emptere. who may uae them in payment for their claims. For this purpose a large demand now existe for land warrants, 160 aere war rants selling best, as the office deeided that but one warrant can bo laid on each claim. Thus, a pre emptor cannot use two 80 aere- warrente in payment of 160 acres of lsnd. but can use one 40, 80 or 120 aore warrant ir -payment for a coi respondent number of acres of bis claim, and the remaining portion must ue paid lor in specie at fl, 'it per acre. Tbe re-enintor pays at tbe land ottice one dollar lor eaoli lorry acres paid lor by warrant Most claims are paid for at the land offices by warrants, ae the pre-emptore esve thereby from (20 to 1 50, depending upon the cost of the warrants. There is conquently no small demand for 160 sere land warrants in tbe territory. Owing to the extreme ecareity of money many warrants are sold to pre emptore on from three to twelve months time at an advance on New York prices, and at from S to 6 per cent, per month interest, with security on the land pre empted. This offers to those having land warranta an excellent opportunity to invest them at an advance on eastern quotations, where they will pay a large per eeutage on the invest ment, and be secured on the real estate that ie rapidly rising in value. The Position or tui I'sesidint. There ia eotne misapprehension as to the supposed po sition of the President, in regard to the Crit tenden amendment, which deserves to be cor rected. My information ie that ha has aerer Y gone farther than to assert it was clearly within the province of Congress to authorise the submission of the Lecompton constitution to the people, if they saw lit, but in regard to the latter clause of the amendment, which provide, in the event of its rejection, that a new constitution may be framed, and Kansas be admitted by proclamation of the President, -he considers it unconstitutional, snd trourf not $ign th bill, if patted in the pretent form. More thsn this, it is well understood that the President was consulted before the reeent speeches cf Mr. Bigier and Mr. 1'ugh against the amendment, so that their declarations may be regarded as quasi reflections of the views entertained at tbe While House. Philadelphia Enquirer. Boston, April 14. The twenty thousand dollars lately taken from the Grafton Bank has been recovered. Stock well, the yonng lad previously arrested on suspicion, on being examined relative to the robbery, confessed that a clerk of the bank nrrangtd with him to be absent while he (the lad) should take the money nnd hide it iu a box in the bank build ing, which he did. Upon the clerk's return ing he went to the box and removed the . money to a spot near his house. On these facts being known officers waited upon the clerk and demanded the money, the whole of which he returned w ith the exception of eight dollars. New York, April 17. The United State steam frigate Susquehanna, Joshua R. Sands commander, arrived at quarantine, lower Byr yesterday, from San Juan. She has on hun dred nnd fifty-five esses of yellow fever en board, and there were seventeen deatha oo her passage here. Eighty-five patients were left at Kingston Jamaica, including six of her officers. Mnrine Officer, First Lieutenant, Henry VV. Queen, (a native of Maryland, but appointed to the service from the D'wtriet ef Columbia on the 14th March, 1841) ie ta only officer of 4he frigate whose death ie an nounced. New York, April 19. Coiuonfott write to the Herald, denying auy connection with Walker or any other filibuster, and snys he has no knowledge of their plans r sympathy With them. The Black Warrior has arrive with Ha vana dates of the Nth. Sugar firm; Eighteen British guu-boats hsve been atutionti along Cuba to prevent I We landing of slaves. Taey have boarded and searched several Aanerisen vessels. Mobile, April 30. Sales of eotton yester day 1,200 bales at rather aliffer prices, but quotations are uuchnnged. The receipts sinus Saturday morning are 9,370 bales. Nsw Orleans, April SO. Hales of cotton yesterday 6,500 bales at unchanged prices. Sugar firm aud Flour active. Savannah, April 19. Sales of Cotton to day 3,150 bales. The market is firm at full prices, and with a good demand. Good Mid dling 13t cents. Charleston, April ID. Sales of cotton to day 1,700 bales, at advancing prices. Mid dling Fair 13 cents. New Yoiik, April 19. Sales of cotton to day 300 Imles, snd the market very dull. Flour firm, w ith sales or 14,500 barrels, at an advance of 5c. per. barrel on Ohio grades. Wl,u,.t huuo. -l ,.r n nun hnJieTs: red $1 13 a $1 30, and while 1 37 a SI 45. Corn firm; bales 43,000 bushels; while ivt" and yellow Ttt cents. n . a ...ii iu I'ntiiinsslee to day, 800 bales, at 13 to I3 cents. There ia a fair demand al full and stiffening price1.