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The Athens post. [volume] (Athens, Tenn.) 1848-1917, July 23, 1858, Image 2

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ATHENS POST.
B. P. 1VISS, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Tmrmui M a rear, payable in adranee.
tif No paper discontinued until all arrearages art
BiiJ, except at tha option of the PublUher.
Announcing names or candidates for olllce Caah.
Ohituarr Notices oerli I'oes, charged at the regular
advertising ratca.
All communications Intended to promote the prirata
nda or intcresta of Corporation, Societies, Schools or
Bdiriduala, will be charged as adroniMiucuts.
ATIIKMS. FItlDAY, JII.V 83. 1858.
Commercial lelter from Savannah
failed this week.
Stockholders' Meetins. The Annual
Meeting of the Stockholder East Te nnessee
nod Georgia Railroad, will be held at the
Company' Office, Athens, on Vednesday,
1st day of September. See Notice next
Iagc
fjy The Report of the Examining Com
mittee at Mrs. Cookk's School, handed in
Thursday morning, too late for this week.
It shall appear next. .
Athens Literart Association. The
Stockholders of the Athens Literary Asso
ciation are requested to meet at the Court
house on to-morrow Saturday evening, nt
8 o'clock. ' W. D. Van Uvke, Sec'y.
A Don. If there is any one thing per
taining to our business that we dislike, it is
that of dunning those who occupy the atti
tude of jialrtm$ toward us, and we always
avoid it when possible. But necessity leaves
no alternative; and we are compelled to ask
yea, to urgo all who know themselves in
debted to the office, either for advertising,
job work, or subscriptions, and who can pos
sibly do so, either to fall and pay or send
their respective dues by mail. We are ad.
vised fully that there afe many good men
good, as the preachers say, in a wordly sense
who hnve no ready cash on hand; but
there are hundred of others, whose names are
recorded on the debit side of our books,
who could easily pay if they ivould. It is to
this last uamcd-class we are talking, and we
earnestly urge them to do the clean thing for
once in their lives. The office is doing a
. larger business than at any forinor period of
its existence, while the Cash leceipts are not
more than equal to half the actual weekly
expenditures. And this with thousunds due
upon our books. How long we shall bo
able to keep moving under such circum
stances, requires no large amount of finan
cial sagacity to determine. ' We might en
large here on the rascally manner in which
all newspaper offices aro treated by about
one half their ytlront, so culled the labor
they nre required to perform without any
consideration whatever for thut monstrous
ass, The Public and the immonso obligation
some men think they lire laying them under
by subscribing for the paper, intending to
pay for it, if ever, nt some period way off
yonder in the future. Out the subject is not
ill pleasant one, and we leave it, trusting that
all who owe us, and are able, will pay at
least a portion of their indebtedness imme
diately and without further solicitation.
The MohmoNh. A despatch fiom Wash.
Ington City says that the Utah peace coin.
: missionera have settled the Mormon diflicul
tics. , v
Revival. Wo understand there is a Pro
tracted meeting going on at Cedar Spring
Camp Ground, in tho neighborhood of this
place, under charge of Rev. Carroll Long
and Rev. David Sullins. A number have
already professed religion, while backsliders
lave been recalled, and the lukewarm awak
ened to a sense of thoir failing condition.
' Coin. On Friday Inst $150,000 in coin,
from New York for the Planter's Bunk, Nash
ville, passed down the railroad in charge of
no Express agent. The Planlcis' Bank is
one of the few really safe and solvent insti
tutions in the Stiile the statement' of Juno
30 showing an excess of means over liabili
ties of 55,798,356,33. This speaks well for
the .financial ability and fidelity of the offi
ccrs'having charge of the Pareut Bank aud
Branches. .
"Southern Homestead." An article
from this valuable paper on "Rnst.ln Oats,"
will be found on onr first page. The "Home
stead" is the best agricullnral paper we know
of, and every farmer in the Stale should take
it. Weekly, at $2,00 in advance. Address
L. P. Williams &. Co., Nnshville.
I" Will our correspondent, Vox Populi
read and ponder carofully the propositions in
the letter of Hon. Micajah Bulloch, in ano
ther part of our paper.
"Chattanooga (Vruette." I'liis venerable
sheet comes to us in a new dress, enlarged
nnd looking as neat as a new pin. We con
gratulate fiiend Parhain upon such evidunccs
of prosperity, and hope that his efforts may
be crowned with nbur.dant success.
Death ok Hon. John A. Quitman. A
despatch from Jackson, Mississippi, of the
nth inst, says:
The lion. John A. Quitman died near this
city this morning, from a disease contracted
In Washington, at the time o! the occurrence
of the disease, which proved so fatal lo so
many persons; and from the effects of which
Hen. Quitman never recovered.
3f" We rcgrol to learn, that Maj. IIenrt
11. Stephens, of Monroe county, died sud
denly at Loudon a few days since.
lfT" Caneemi, the murderer of the po
liceninn Anderson, in New York, has been
'sentenced to bo hung on the 2d day of Sep
tember. ' k
Wheat. As yet there is little demand for
Wheat. Sixty cents pet' bushel, wo learn
from ' Mr. Henderson, isall that Is offering at
this place.
r" Wa are Indebted lu Robeson, Sar
tin &. Co. for a wimple of a very superior
article of Chewing Tobacco. Lovers of the
- noxious weed are notified where to call.
New Orleans. Attention is invitod to
the Card of Pattnn, Smith, Sl Putnam, Cot
ton nnd Tebaccu Factors and Commission
Merchants, New Orleans. Our young friend
nd former fellow-townsmnn, John P. Mur.
rclt, Is member of the Finn, and we can',
therefore: confidently commend It to all hav.
lug orders or consignments fr that direction J
7" The July dividends of twontysix tf
. Jhe NewYurk City Hanks excoed $1,400,000.
The I lowest dividend by any Bnuk was 4 J and
th lilghcBt 6 per
Another Bust. The Citizens' Bank,
Memphis, has turned out to be a bad eeg,
and, like Dooliltle's locomotive, has busted
all to eternal smash. Thus, one by one, dear
friends depart. Which goes next!
We always have been, aud still are, dead
out atrainsl a hard money, Tom Benton ex
clusive metallic currency we have regarded
the proposition at an arrant humbug a trap
to catch gulls and flats with and that the
idea of conducting the business of this great
country, embracing within its boundaries, in
terests and Influence an entire continent, with
such a currency never obtained a lodgment
in the mind, of any sane man. Siiil it is be
coming more evident every day that our
banking system is defective rotten ' from
bottom to top, root, body and branch, inside
arid out that it has not even the semblance
of an honest exterior. Not but there are
solvsnt institutions in the country, which are
honestly conducted we know we have sev
eral such in our own State. But we are
speaking of the system, which is fruitful of
so much depreciation, imposition and swind
ling. Aud unless it is changed, corrected and
improved, it will not be long before the peo
ple the bone, flesh, muscle and nerve of the
country will begin to think that a metallic
currency the yellow boys which Mr. Ben
tou in his vision taw flowing up the Missis
sippi in great long silken purses is the thing
after all and that although under such a
currency they would never get hold of much
money, still what t!icy did get would be of a
character in which there would be no risk or
loss. They are already beginning to talk
about it men whoa short time ago laughed
at the proposition as preposterous. And if
we are to be greeted every two or three
weeks witbthe news of a Bank failue, with
the assets in the pockets of the operators
and their emissions to remain dead loss in
the hands of the indu&tral aud producing
chsses, we repeat it will not be long until
these classes will take hold of the subject
and wind up the whole baRk business the
few solvent institutions having to suffer on
account of the rascalities of the many and
the facilities for frauds and corruptions which
the system furnishes.
This is no idle talk, got up to eke out a
paragraph. We hear just such expressions
all around us, from whigs, democrats and
know nothings, rnd they indicate as truly
tho course the public mind is taking on the
subject as the pointer on the Church steeple
does the direction of the wind. Within the
last three years, in East Tennessee alone,
the losses of the people, through broken
banks and depreciated paper, will reach near
ly a million of dollars. Does anybody ex
pect such immense impositions will be quietly
submitted to, or that the people to prevent
their recurrence will hesitate to strike out of
existence n system which yields such bitter
fruits?
G hover and Maker's Sewing Machines.
The capacity nnd merits of one of these
machines, have been under rigid test for more
thnn three weeks, in tho family of the
Editor of Ibis paper, by one who is
entirely competent to the undertaking, and
the following is the result we commend it
to the special attention of our readers, with
tho assurance, that they may implicitly rely
on it, as a statement of truths which livo
been practically demonstrated:
The amount of labor saved varies accor
ding to the nature of the work nnd the ex
perience acquired in the use. of the machine.
When m iking garments in which the seams
aro short and intricate, one machine will do
the work of eight or ten women in a given
time, whiU', with long seams or hems as in
sheets, towels, table linen, etc. the time
saved is ns fifty or more,
Thongh the machinery works on the same
principle, there is n vnrietv of these Grover
and Baker machines. Bagging machines for
mills, tome heavy nnd strong, tor large plan
tations, where there is much coarse clothing
to be made; and the ordinary family machine,
which does every kind of work that would
generally bo desired, ranging from the thick
est woolen goods worn by men and boys, to
thread, cambric and swiss. Bands can be
stitched on, and fells made in linen and cnt
ton, iu nn incredible quick time, and more
neatly than by hand. Applique work inny
be put on caps, collars, or handerchiefs in
cambric and muslin. The stitch is made with
two threads, giving greater strength than in
ordinary sewing; therefore a finer thread may
be used. The cord formed by the under
thread is sometimes objected to, but where it
is necessary on very fif.e work,ctltnn nsline
as 200 may be used, and tightened so as to
make tho cord scarcely perceptible to the
touch. By tightening a coarser thread, n
hard cord is niado which may bo advantage
ously used in the collars, shirt bosoms, &c,
and a coarse ih road white or colored, cotton
or silk, put on loosely, forms a chain-Htitch,
useful in ornnmenting children's clothes
or the flouncet of dresses barage or
muslin. ,
Grover nnd Baker's machine does not require
the thread to be rewound, but sews from a
common spool. It also fastens its own ends,
which is a great saving of time, as otherwise
a needle must be threaded twice at the end
of every Benin, Coat's, or any good thread
may be used, but Brook's glace is prefer
able. Tho machinery la simple, and easily kept
in order, requiring merely to bo kept clean
from dust, by brushing with a bit of rag,
and oiled slightly once a day,' when in con
stant use.
The management of the machine is soon
learned. Plain sewing niny be done the first
day or two, aud improvement comes with
practice. "
l-ST" The above is from tho Nashville Dai.
ly News. Mr. Ilarlwell, an agent for the sale
of Grover & Baker's Machines, hat been in
our town, with two Machines, fivoorBix days.
We have seen them in operation, and take
pleasure in bearing testimony to all that is
said in their favor by onr Nashville cotempo
rury. Mr. Hartwell left on Thursday for
Cleveland, nnd we commend him to our
friends nt that place and vicinity.
Any orders addressed to Hartwell &
Chafman, Agents, Knoxville, will be prompt
ly attended to.
The Little Giant. Stephen A. Dou.
glass, it seems,- Is nut near so dead as, the
papers of hit party would hnve the ceuntry
believe. Seine four or five thousand people
turned out to greet him on his return to Chi
cago, and wherever ho has appeared since
the adjournment of Congress he hat been
received with the most hearty demonstra
tions of regard. The probability it daily
growing ttronger that Stephen will be the
next democratic candidate for President,
l-jP'Jrequent preaching has rendered the
pulpit nearly as inefficient us the warmest
enemy of religion i ju desire.
AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION.
The following correspondence between a
gentleman of this county and Hon. Micajah
Uollock, in regard to amending the Consti
tution of the State, will be read with inter
est at this time:
River II ill, MuMinx Co.. Juns 9th, 1358.
Huii. ST. Bullock: Dear Sir. I learn from
a correspondence between you and the Edi
tors of the West Tennessee Whig, '".bat you
are tbe author of the act of the lost Legisla
ture, directing an election to be held in tbe
several eounties of tbe State, in the coming
month of September, to ascertain the sense
of tbe people of Tennessee, in regard to hold
ing a Convention for the purpose of "Amend
ing, revising, and forming a new Constitu
tion." This is a questiou of grave importance
to the fremen of Tennessee, and one that
demands serious meditation and profound in
vestigation. Not having been able to ascer
tain in what particular it is designed or in
tended to changi or revii tbe Constitution,
will you please communicate the desired In
formation, for publication in the "Athens
Tost." Yours Respectfully,
"W. C Vaoguan.
Jackson, Tknn., 21st June, 1858.
W. C. Vaughan, Fsj:X)er Sin Your
letter of the 0th iost. was received some time
since, but circumstances over whioh I had no
control have hitherto prevented a reply.
I agree with you that the qnestioo of
"Amending, revising, or forming anew Con
stitution" is of "grave importance to the people
of Tenneuee, and one that demandt leriout
meditation and profound inveitigalion."
Without, at present, entering into an argu
gnment in favor of the Amendments that oc
cur to me as being necessary und proper to
the Constitution, I shall content myself with
a brief outline of some of the Amendments
which, in my judgement, should be made:
First. Tbe mode of appointing the Judges
of tbe different Courts, should, in my opinion,
be changed, and the appointment power ves
ted in the Governor and fitate Senate in the
manner prescribed by the Constitution of the
United States. The wisdom of that provis
ion of the Constitution of the United States,
in regard to the appointment of Judges, has,
I believe, never been questioned, and tiie on
ly proposition to change tbe mode of appoint
ment prescribed by tbe Constitution of the
United States, seems to me to be tbe produc
tion of the distempered brain of some disor
ganizing demagogue.
That a virtuous, independent, upright and
enlightened Judioiary it the great bulwark
of protection to the lives, liberties, property
and reputations of a free people, is a propos
ition, the truth of which, it seems to me, can
not be denied, or disputed. If this proposi
tion be conceded, then it fo flows as a neces
sary consequence that the best mode of seou.
ring such a Judiciary should be ascertained
and secured.
If the mode of appointment here indicated
was provided, the Governor and Senate would
be responsible to the people directiy for a
bad appointment, and could be held account
able for an improper or faithless discharge of
so responsible and important a duty and trust.
Under the present mode of appointment of
Judges, there is in effect, no individual re
sponsibility resting on any one for a bad ap
pointment. Secondly. The Secretary of Slate, tbe
Comptroller of the Treasury, and State Treas
urer, should, in my opinion, be appointed by
the Governor and Senate, in the manner be
fore indicated for the appointment of Judges.
The Secretary, Comptroller and Treasurer
constitute a part of the Executive depart
ment of the government, for the faithful ad
ministration of which the Governor is direct
ly responsible to tbe people, and being thus
responsible it would seem but just and prop,
er that ho should be allowed to select these
officers for whose official conduct be is re
sponsible. If he makes a bad selection, lie
is amenable to the people, and they can hold
him aooountable at the next election.
Thirdly. The Courts should be Constitu
tional Courts, and not subject to be made, or
unmade, or changed at any session of tbe leg
islature, according to the whim or caprice of
that body.
Fourthly. There should not be regular ses
sions of the Legislature beld often er than
once in three years. The Governor should
have power to convene the legislative body
on extraordinary occasions, ns is now the
ease if required by the publio interest. The
sessioniof the Legislature should be restrict
ed to ninety days, at most.
Fifthly. The power of the legislature to
create State indebtedness, if not wholly abol
ished, should be greatly modified and restrict
ed. If this were done, it could not well be
doubted that the vulue of the bonds already
issued, and authorized by existing laws to be
issued by the State, in aid of Railroad com
panies, and for other purposes, would be
greatly enhanced by such a provision.
Sixthly. The power of the legislature to
pass local laws, or laws creating municipal
corporations of a purely local character for
manufacturing, mining, do., ought to be pro
hibited by the Constitution. It is competent
for a convention to make a Constitutional
provision for erecting all such corporations
without any legislation on the subject, other
than some general law, prescribing the man
ner in which such corporations may be form
ed. The history of the legislation of Tennes
nessee, for the last ten years, ought to con
vince the most casual observer that this pow
er of local legislation, and of creating muni
eipal and other corporations, such as are here
specified, ought to be, if not entirely prohib
ited by the Constitution, so limited and re
stricted, as to prevent the legislature from
eueouraging such corporations to the preju
dice and injury of the people not directly in
terested in Client.
Seventhly. The power of creating Banks
ought to be to restricted that all Banks
should be required at all times te have in their
vaults, at least, one dollar in gold aud silver
for every three dollars of liabilities of all
descriptions against them. And no Bank
should be allowed to issue any note of a less
denomination than twenty dollars. Sueb
provision in regard to Bank issues, .would
have the effect of keeping In circulation a
sufficiency of gold aad silver, in the hands of
tht laboring olasses.'lncluding small farmers
and mechanic, to prevent them from suffer
ing losses by t suspension of speoie payments
by Banks, wiiioh past experience shows will
occasionally ocour, so long at Banks exist in
the country. And the Banking system is
too firmly engrafted oil tht policy of the
country for us to entertain any reasonable hope
that it co-ild autuely be dispensed with iu
any reasonable length of tiisB. even if it wye
thought desirable to do so. I
Sightly. Then State Seniors should be
classified so at to have one ailf or one third
out of office after the first sesion of tbe leg
islature, so that we might always have some
part of the Senate eomposetjof men possess
ing some practical knowledjs and experience
in legislation.
These constitute the priuopal amendments
which I think should be ma'e to tbe Consti
tution ; they are my indf'idual opinions,
wbat my fellow citizens may think of them I
cannot tell. '
I can only say that they a;e the result of
the reflections of one havinj no interest in
the subject, beyond a desire to promote, in
the highest possible degree, lb 9 interest, the
prosperity, the honor, the gbry, and the hap
piness of tbe people of his alopted State.
I am very Bespectfully,
Mh.wab Bullock.
The News. At last we have tidings of
the Atlantic telegraph fleet The 'British
steamtug Bluejacket arrivtd at St. Johns,
Newfoundland, 17th inst., afar n passage of
twenty eight days from Liverpool, and re
ports seeing, on the 24tli ult., in latitude
51 32 north, longitude 33 vest, a large and
a smaller British steamer doubtless the
Agamemnon and her tender; and the same
evening saw a large steamer the Niagara,
no doubt bearing down upon the others.
The Blue Jacket reports the weather on the
25th ult., as hazy with a westerly swell, and
that the wuaiher continued moderate but
thick till the morning of ti e 3d inst., a pe
riod of eight days when there were strong
gales from southwest by west with a high
sea. At the time tin fleet was seen by the
Bluejacket it had not reached latitude 32 02
north, longitude 33 13 west, the spot where
the splicing of the cible was to be effected
and the paying out Commenced. The arri
val of the Niagara cannot, therefore, be
reasonably expected pofore the last of the
present week. .
The Secretary of the Treasury, says
the Washington correspondent of the New
York Tribune, is iiiijhtily encouraged be
cause the receipts from customs nt New York
have exceeded 100,030 daily for the past
week. If this should continue through the
wholo year, with n jelative gnin nt other
ports, the deficit would slill bo over $25,000,
000 annually on the basis of the ordinary ex
penditures. Throw Overboard. The Democracy
of his District in Indiana have thrown over
board the Hon. Mr. Foley, who wrote that
foolish ond ungrammalical lelter which was
published in all the papers some few weeks
ago. That letter ruined him.
An Item worth Saving. It is stated
that the London Times is about to be print
ed on beet root paper, it a saving of some
thing like $100,000 per annum. This is the
invention of Dr. Collyer, who is so woll
known in this country. 1
Remarkable. A romnrknble phenome
non was developed last week on the farm of
Hon. John G. Davis, near Montezuma, Indi
ana. Two large springs have burst forth
from the earth where there was no appear
ance of the kind before, and they continue
to throw off such volumes of water, that
large fields in the neighborhood hnve been
covered with standing pools and ponds of
water.
Crops in England. The reports by the
English country papers respeuting the grow
ing crops are uniformly favorable. Last year
tho crop was considerably above an average,
and there is nn equally good prospect the
present season. There is generally a suc-ce-sion
of two or three years in that country
wherein the crops are above or below aver
age, nnd judging from the past, we are now
in the series of favorablo years. The pota
to crop is very large nnd generally look well,
though in a few instances the disease has
made its appearance.
Good. The Planter' Bank have just Issu
ed new bills of the denomination of 5'sand
10's, exceedingly well executed notes.
What will more strongly recommend them
to the public is, Hint they are good for the
specie. Aash. Gat.
Queer Banking. Queer Banking opern
liens ore not confined to Tennessee The
Indianapolis, lud., Sentinel, says: "We un
derstand that the Free Banks of the State
refuse to redeem their currency in anything
but American Silver coin, which is worth 1J
per cent less than gold or Eastern Exchange.
If this system of redemption is persisted in
it must result in a general discredit of Free
Batik paper."
Pettt Chime In High Life. A widow
lady in Chicago, moving in the best circles,
and reputed to be wealthy was detected a
few days since in "lifting" a parasol nud a
piece ot lace from a store where elie had
been accustomed to tradev She was charged
with previous thefts, owned up, nnd com
promised by paying $300.
Oregon not a State. We perceive that
mnny of ourcoteuipornries, did not wutch the
proceedings of Congress very closely, are of
the impression that Oregon wasadmitted into
the Union ns a State, ut the hist session
This is a mistake. The bill for admission,
we believe, passed the Senate, but was not
finally acted upon by the House.
ij"Tbe Memphis Eagle understands that
the Citizens' Bank redeemed all its notes
held by the Banks nnd Brokers up to the
time of its failure, and closed the doors on
the people. One was paid in full the other
not a cent. ',
liT There it now in tho banks nnd sub
treasury of New York near forty two mill
ions of dollars in specie.
One of the euhjectt of Parisian gos
sip just now, is a rare case, lately brought to
light, of amun one hundred and twenty years
years. Four years ago he married a wife
who was his junior by just a hundred years,
and by w hoin he hat three children I
A Pleasant Invitation. Thurlov Weed,
in the Albeny Evening Journal, suyt thut
"the door of the republican party it wide
oprn. Whoever it attracted by its principle!
und itt purposes will find it a very easy mat
ter to gain admission." How ubout the
spoils! Are they wide open, toot
MORMONS BROUGHT TO TERMS.
Our reader have been informed of the,
substantial pacification of the Mormons
that they have consented to a full submis
sion to the' federal authorities, and to the en
trance of the army into Suit Lake Valley, in
consideration of the general amnesty grant
ed for their past offences. We give the offi
cial despatches detailing the newt in auother
column. Very well. The question now re
curs, having submitted will the Mormons re
main in their Utah settlements, or will they
decamp?
We incline to the belief that they will re
main Iu their present settlements, at least
till the next summer, and perhaps for all
time. The idea of moving off en maste into
a new country does not appeal, as yet, to
have assumed anything like a definite shape
among them. Their general retreat, with
their numerous families, from their Northern
into their Southern settlements, on the arri
val of Governor Cumming, was partly to get
their women beyond the immediate reach of
the army, and partly a stroke of policy of
Brighum Young. Should the army remain
at a safe distance from the Mormon hnrems,
there will probably be no mure trouble with
the Saints for some months to come, provid
ed they are not disturbed in the ingathering
of their crops. Nor do we presume that
they will meet with any obstacles from the
United States military or civil authorities in
this important work of subsistence. The
army is well supplied from its own resources,
and cau well ufford to let the Mormons mo
nopolize their limited harvests.
The ultimate designs of Brigham Young
have yet to appear. His present submission
is his necessity, no less than his policy. A
few months henee his movements may indi
cate the policy of evacuation; but before he
can move a body of seventy or eighty thou
sand souls from one country to another, he
must know their destination and provide the
means of transport und subsistence. We
do not suppose that in nny event, except un
der the pressure of a cruel war or famine, he
would move the whole body of his people at
once, but that having selected a new land of
promise, he would first send out a detach
ment to prepare the means of reception of
another instalment, and so on to the end.
For the present we may consider the Mor
mon trouble quieted, and lor the future we
must await the developementB of coming
events.
Railroad Fare. We copy the follow
ing paragraph from an article in a lute num
ber of the Abingdon Virgiuian, over the
signnture of "Common Sense:"
"If the Company's Directory, by reducing
the fare of through passengers to 2 cents a
mile, can gain something for its stock
holders by winning travel from competing
lines, it is not only their right, but also their
pruise to do it. Now we do not say that 4
cents a mile is the most profitable rate to
charge 'way' passengers. Perhaps, by reduc
ing the fare, the increase of travel incident
thereto might enhance tho profits of the
Compnny. Perhaps, however, nn increase of
the fare to five cents a mile would be more
profitable, and we insist that it is the busi
ness of the Directory of the road to raise or
lower the charges by the consideration of
profits, irrespective of newspapers or popu
lar clamors. Demands are apt to be made
upon the Railroad, ns if it was a mere churi.
table corporation. People not the stock
holders receive so numerous nnd so im
mense benefits from the Ruilroad, that they
come to think that the Railroad was made
for them only, and spout spiteful denuncia
tions against the commendable efforts of the
Directory to benefit the stockholders, to
whom the road belong. I pity the small
souls that do not think the stockholders suf
fer enough without sacrificing the control of
the road to public caprice, and their last dol
lar to the broiler of that 'horse leech' "
I llinois Politics. A dispatch from Chi
sago says that Mr. Lincoln, the rival candi
date of Judge Douglas for the U. S. Senate,
nddressed a large concourse of people on
Saturday night, in reply to Mr. Douglas'
speech, delivered the night before. The
number of persons in attendance is estima
ted at 6,000, nnd considerable enthusiasm
was manifested. .
The First Victim. The New York Ex
press, in reporting a sermon by the Rev. John
Mills, Chaplain of the "Albany Bethel," New
York, remarks:
"It is worthy of observation that the
preacher on this occasion, who is an English
man by birth, was the fust who ever met
with a railroad accident, having hnd his chin
mangled in England mnny years since, short
ly after the establishment of railroads as a
means of modern locomotion."
The first fatal nccidont of any note by
railroads waa that resulting in the death of
Mr. Huskisson, M. P.
$f There are tribes of Indians on the ,
Upper Amazon, who have never yet come in
contract with civilization; and nono of the
tribes South of the equator seem, when
first visited, to have had the faintest concep
tion of the 'Grunt Spirit.'
Doino Up a Bank Bill. Some hard,
money rascal recently perpetrated the follow,
ing upon the back of a one dollar bill Bank
of Tennessee:
"Thou art at best the ghost of cash,
The spirit of a specie duller,
Thy paper fabrio is but trash,
And all thy promises are holler."
If ''Undo Cave" gets hold of that chap
wont he give him fits!
For the Past.
A rewnrd of 1 lb. of candy, or 1 bushel of
good mellow apples will be given to any per
son who will find the law allowing Common
School Commissioners any compensation,
(except exempting them from working on
roads,) since the School Lauds have been
sold ill the lliwasaeeand Ocnee Districts.
Polk Countt.
fjr-A boarder at a hotel in Chicago miss
ed $50. A servant named Abraham was ar
rested on suspicion. The money (we Bay it
without Irreverence) was fouud in Abraham's
bosom.
5ffIt is tuid that Prof. Morse returnt to
this country with $80,000 in hit pockets,
awarded him by ten continental powers, who
have adopted his telegraph system.
tf Certainly the handsomest hnir wo
ever saw was of silvery whiteness, and the
sweetest face had been sixty years in the
family. And at for voices, of co'jrso we
like the birdliko tones of the young, but then
how do they compare with tho utterance of
ago, tromulout and low, liko the uiuruiir of
a hulf-forgotteu tune
MILK-SICK.
For the "Athens Post."
Mr. Editor: Tho assertion made by Mr.
Walker in the "Chicago Farmer," that Co
bult is the canse, nnd Sulphuric Acid the
cure of "Milk-sick," deserves at least a pass
ing notice.
There seems to be some unanimity of
opinion inthis: that milk is poisoned by food
taken iu the stomach and dispersed through
the system of the cow. But as there is great
diversity of opinion as to the cause, nnd the
process by which it is communicated to the
animal, pormit me to give the result of my
personal observation.. On the line of the
transition aeries, laying along the Southern
border of the limestone formation which I
have examined from Talladega, Alabama, to
Wythe county, Virginia I found many lo
calities fenced up to prevent the euttjo from
grazing on them. . And, after fourteen years
of research and examination in those pois
oned regions, I have become satisfied that
the rattle are not poisoned by Cobalt; for
very little can bo found in this formation,
but by a gnss or vapor which escapes from
lead orea heavily charged with arsenic
These Milk-sick regions are uniformly, and,
eo far us 1 know, without a single exception,
found in the viciuity of lead bearing rocks;
and at one point the arsenic was found so
diffused through the formation, that hands
could not blast in rock without keeping the
holes full of water, as the dust from dry
drillings could not be inhaled for five min
utes without prostrating the stoutest man.
The simple process by which this, ufllictive
and often fatal disease is produced, is, iu my
opinion, this: The gnss or vapoi, before al
luded to, upon coming in contact with the
atmosphere, precipitates and depositee upon
the herbage un impalpable powder or dust,
in appearance much resembling fine (lour, or
chalk, nnd this when entcn by the cattlejro
duces consequences with which all nre more
or less tnmiliar. And if Mr. Wulker would
accompany me to some of thesu ventilating
points, where the herbage hag been permitted
to mature untouched, and analyze this dust
or powder, that can be found upon the grass
and weeds, I think he would be prepared to
withdraw his charge against Cobalt, and re
port that he had found enough of this poi
son upon a few rods square to kill twenty
head of cattle. J. C.
Signs of Revolution in Cuba. We have
for some time been aware that movements
were going on among the people of Cuba
having ultimately in view a revolution in Hint
island; and a fact detailed from Havana goes
to show that the Spanish government there
is impressed with the same idea. The recent
arrest of Don Miguel Embil, a wealthy bank
er, indicates nn intense selfishuess on the
part of the Spanish officials. There is no
reason to suppose that Mr. Embil has any
connection whatever with the movements to
which we refer; but the fact that he entertain
ed the opinion that the course of the gov
ernment in Cuba is oppressive and ruinous,
nnd Hint he dared to express his opinions iu
a respectful memorial to the government, is
considered sufficient grouud to hold him as a
dangerous character. In this proceeding the
government of Cuba it only giving wider
currency to the opinions expressed by Mr.
Embil, and conferring upon him a higher
character as a representative man of the lib
eral opinions iu Cubn. The calm that seems
to prevail in the political atmosphere of that
island is treacherous in the extreme. It may
result in a tempest or tornado that will do
much harm to all and good to no one. But
if the elements that are gathering there are
mouaged with prudence and discretion, a ben
eficial chuuge will lake place ntan early day.
The period of Spaiu'a dominion in Cuba is
rapidly drawing to a close.
Unsound or the Nigger Question.
The Washington Union says the "nigger
question" has been raised in the Court of
Claims. Recently the Solicitor received a
letter from a well known "darkey," com
plaining that one of the negros employed by
the judges wut nut "sound on the nigger
question." ,
Leaven wonTii, July 6. A fire occurred
at midnight on the fourteenth, destroying
thirty buildings in the block bounded by
Cherokee, Shawnee, Second nnd Third
streets. Loss 100,000 Insurance trilling.
Charlesron, July 19. Sales of cotton
on Saturday 600 bales ul full pi ices.
New York, July 17. Cotton firm, with
sales of 3,500 bale. Flour firm, with sales
13,000 barrels. Wheat firm, with sales of
40,000 bushels. Corn buoyant, sales 22,000
bushels. Sugar advanced ic
grOn Saturday evening while the Rev.
Mr. Gnlbraith's congregation, (United Pres
byterian,) of Freeport, Armstrong county,
Pa., was engaged in prayer, Hie church edi
fice was struck by lightning instantly killing
a Mrs. Rnninly, and seriously though not
dangerously injuring her two brothers, Isrool
nnd George Wutson, and her sister, Jane
Watson.
Crinoline and the Contribution Box.
The Churchman comes out with tremendous
fulminations against female extravagance in
dress, which u denounced as "the great tin,
tho robber sin." This accounts, we nre told,
for "the prevalence of three cent pieces in the
offertory over coins." The ladies are, earn,
estly exhorted to spend less money nt Stew
art's and give more to the church. The
Lord's treasury suffers fram the grent sproad
of crinoline.
The article about the terrible lynch
ing nffuir ut Tampn, Florida, turns out to be
a hoax. As the old lady remarked when in
formed that old brindle hnd swallowed the
giiudstone, we thought soi
Western LoNUEVtTrTlie Chicago Times
of the 9tb Inst., chronicles the death of "an
old nnd well known resident of Chicago,"
nud adds "He was thirty two years old."
Our Old Enemy Again on the Walk.
The Asiatic cholera has re-nppeared in Lon
don. It may reasonably bo expected to
make Its appearance in the United Statet bs
fore a great while.
New York, July 16. An nccident attend,
ed with a fatal and serious results, occurred
to-day on the Erie Itnilrond. Two passen
ger can were smashed up. ' Louis Liv, wife
and child, of New Orleans, nud two others
wr-rw killed, nud forty-seven others) wound
ed,
TIIE LATE H. II. STEPHENS.
Mauisoxvillk, Tinn., July so, 1858.
At a meeting of the members of the Bar and
Officers of Monroe county, Tenn., at the
Court-bouse in the town of Madisonville, the
following proceedings were had:
On motion of George Brown, Esq., J, j
WniouT, Esq., was called to the Chair, aud J.
E. HocsTON, Clerk of tbe Circuit Court, and
A. T. IIicks, Clerk of the County Court of
Monroe, appointed Secretaries. Tbe Chair
man, in a few brief remarks, explained tbe
object of the meeting alluding to the un
timely and much lamented death of our es
teemed friend, neighbor and brother, Maj. II.
II. STEPHENS, and spoke at torn length of
his many virtues, bis high character in legal
attainments, as well also as bis affable man
ner in the social and family circles.
( The Chairman appointed George Brown,
Wni. M. Brown, and W. J. Hicks, Esqt., a
Committee to draft and report resolutions
suitable to the occasion, who, having retired
for a short time, returned and repoited tht
following:
Gentlemen of the Legal Fraternity : We art
assembled upon a most melancholy occasion I
Death has selected from our midst one of our
number as its victim 1 and it is as members of
that fraternity or brotherhood we have come
together to pay tbe last respect to the memo
ry of a deceased brother. 'T is not tbe young
est uor tbe oldest, but the middle-aged of the
brotherhood. II. II. Stxi'Iikm it no morel
He died at his residence in Loudon, Roane
county, Tenn., on the 13th inst He was with
us only a few davs ago, but is now gone the
wny o'f the earth but his virtues still and
ever will survive him, foe our admonition and
respect. Maj. Stephens was a native of Ten
nexsee, and studied his profession under the
vigilant eye of our late aud lamented Judge
John O. Cannon. His means of an early edu
cation were somewhat limited, and be en
gaged in his profession without tbe benefit of
a Collegiate course; yet by the power of hit
native iutellect, his fine discrimination, his
almost unequalled knowledge of human na
ture, he, as an advocate and jurist, stood at
the head and among the leading men of hit
native State. His social and conversational
qualities of the heart aud head were unsur
passed, if not unequalled, in his day and time.
His name will ever stand high as a politician
in his native State, Tennessee for the last
eighteen or twenty years fulfilling the trusts
reposed in him by his fellow-citizens, aud ex
emplifying that integrity of character which
belongs only to tbe truly great leaving be
hind a monument to his memory erected in
the hearts of his countrymen, and of which
they may justly feel proud. With the family
and friends of the deceased, we sincerely and
deeply sympathise in this their day of afflic
tion. Maj. Stephens in the midst of life was
in death, and in him we have another proof
that ''It is appointed unto all men once to
die," and must and does solemnly admonish
us "What shadows we are and what shadows
we pursue." Therefore,
Retolvtd, That we bear and cherish a high
respect, for the memory, talents and attain
meuts of Maj. II. II. Stephens, and deeply re
gret and lament his untimely death,
llesolved, That we deeply and sincerely
sympathise with the family and friends of the
deceased, in this the day of their affliction
and bereavement.
Jieiohed, That a cony of these proceedings
be furnished tbe family of the deceased, and
that a copy of the same be furnished the
Athens Post for publication; and that the
Knoxville and Cleveland papers are hereby
also requested to publish the same.
GxonuE Brown,
Wm. M. Brown,
' : W. J. 11 less.
On motion, the above resolutions were
unanimously adopted..
After which, George Brown spoke at some
length in eulogy of the deceased.
J. I. WRIGHT, Chairman.
J. E. nousTON, )a
A. T. Uioks,
St. Louis, July lrj, 1858. The Indepen
dence mail, with dates of the 15th ult., from
Santa Fe, has arrived. ' Tho newt it unim
portant. A difficulty lad occurred growing
out of the persistence of the Indians in dri
ving cattle and horses upon the hay grounds
known as Ewell Cnmp, near Fort Defiance.
Major Brooks had been obliged to send a
company of soldiers to drive the herds off,
and protect the grounds from encroachments.
Several cattle and ponies were killed by tht
Boldiers, nnd a skirmish occurred between tht
troops nnd Indians, but none of either party
were killed or wounded.
Letters from Fort Kearny, June 30, say
that General Harney's headquarters had been
encamped there six days, in expectation of
the arrival of new instructions from the War
Department. '
St. Louis, July 16, 1858. We havedet
palchca from Leavenworth to the 13th inst.,
per United States express to Booneville, sty
ing thnt an express arrived here to day from
Gen. Harney, who was on the 6th inst. en
camped seventy-five miles beyond Fort Kear
ny. Colonel Monroe's column was beyond
the south fork or the Platte, and Colonel
May was a short distance in the rear. . Tbe
headquarters and all the column were well
nnd in splendid condition.
A despatch dated Nebraska City, 5th inst.,
savs trains just arrived from Fort Kearny re
port that tho officers at the fort hnd received
tbe intelligence that General Johnston had
entered Salt Lake City with his troops.
This, however, is probably a mistake.
Washington, July, 16, 1858. Ills report
ed thut a special messenger, left yesterday for
Mexico, carrying despatches to Minister For
sylh from Washington, approving hissuspen.
slon of diplomatic intereourse with that
country, nnd directing the withdrawal of the
lecntion and its return to the United Statea.
Information received hero is that Gen. De
golludo, communing tht constitutional forces
in Mexico, had been defentcd in the vWnlly
of Guadalajara by Gen. Mirnmon.oommaoder
of Zuloago's forces since the denth of Osollo;
1..., '..!,.... UJ . t,r .if nhout four
thousaniLnt Salinas, within thirty mils or
. a f. - la flank
the roaa to 'jundaiajnrn, iu position w -
Miramon, the reported victory would proba
bly bo without substantial results.
Elmira, N. Y., July 16, 1858.-Dr. O. D.
Wilcox committed suicide hero to-dnj. H
had amputated a leg for a man by the
of lluinmond, In the town of Chemung, who
toon iifterwardt "died. Dr. W. wet then
charged with mnl -practice, nnd criminal pro
nnu,r,. inutit ni.rl airninat him. and iuiiDeui
ately after the Sheriff served the papers en
him Una morning, lie Iook someueaui
on, and died in half an hour. TheUroncra
nre now holding nu Inquest over hi boay.
A Grand MrscALCULATioN.-On' Suni''
Inst, during a shower, we saw two 'al110"
bly dressed ladies trying to get under o
umbiella ! They might us well have rua w
cover two large houses with one bed blanati.
Coi. Eng. "
tgrWhynre there so fewconvlola io-lis
Michigan Penitentiary this year! ,
San.', friend a day or two a.nce. Wy,
said Sum, "they tend them by the
Railroad nnd their time expires before WJ
get there." '
I3T The Democracy of Vermont h'
held a Convention, and m.de regular nomi
nation, for Governor and other State
Considering that Vermont wa. ' "
to elect a democratic ticket, Ihii u, M '
garded n. an exhibition of boldness al PB
uousuul nud refreshing.

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