Newspaper Page Text
8. P. IV'INS, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Trrra : i yr- payable ln ilnce. 4f So paper duconlinued until all arrearages art BiiJ, except at the option of the Fiibli.ber. Annount-in( naioei of candidate lot olnre , Cah. Obituary Nuticea over li line, charged at the regular drerttaiiig rate. All communication! Intended to promote the prirate coda or intercut! of Corporations. 8oeltlet, School! eT Bd!rtdu!, "ill h chir.'fd aa adrertUementi. ATIIi:.VS fit I MAY, JII.V 30. 1858. Wheat. Thu price offering at this place ia 63 cent for prime Red, and 70 cents for While, Corn, 40 cents per bushel. Bacon, do demand, as we are in funned. 3fThe Protracted Meeting al Cedar Spring Camp Ground, which had been In ses sion nine days, closed on Sunday livening last. We understand there were forty pro fessions of religion. Camp Meetixg. Camp Meeting at Cedar Springs Camp Ground will commence on Friday, the 20ih of August. Utah. We have been favored with some interesting extracts from letters written by II. Mel). McElratii, now on a business visit to Utah, giving uu account of his trip in that direction. We will publish them next week. 3?" Next Monday is the time prescribed by act of assembly for holding Circuit Court at Pikcville, and it is thought the term will commence there at that time. 3F" "W. L. S.," Turtlutown, N. C, writes to know why hit paper does not come. lie owes the office three dollars for subscription, and the paper was stopped "at our option" because of non-payment. When we have faith enough in human flesh to risk sending a paper to a stranger for a year or eighteen months, and ho dont respond, we -think it about time to let him slide. He says he wants the paper continued to his address we shall be pleased to send it to him when ever he pays up the old score. His is not a Bolitnry case we erased the names of some twenty-five others from our books at the same time. Application for Injunction. By an act passed by tho last Legi luture to "enforce the resumption of specie payments by the suspended banks, and to offer for their ac ceptance certain amenilmunts to thoir char, tors," in the event of any b'nik refusing to accept said amendments, it is made the duty of the Attorney General of the Judicial Cir cuit In which said hank so refusing is located, to institute legal proceedings to have such bank's charter forfeited and annulled for vio lation of its charter. In accordance with tho provisions of that act, Attorney General Bridges filed fin application foi Injunction against the Dranclt of the Planters' Bank at Athens, and the application came up for hearing, al Chambers, before Chancellor Van Dyke on Saturday and Monday last. Af ter argument on both sides Mr. Fogg, of Nashville, appearing for the Bank the Chan cellur refused to grant the Injunction. Without a disposition to be censoiions or an effort to penetrate the tliotiVes .viieh in' duced the adoption of the provision of the act in question, upon which the application for injunction was based, it will nt mi -to every reflecting mind that the Legislature could not have hit upon a step, provided thero was do constitutional bar to arrest the niieshicf, better calculated to embarrass the few really solvent institutions in the State, and to destroy our credit ubroad, already badly crippled. Discussion of tho question is, however, uot legitimate in the columns of a newspaper at least would bo without a result as it must go to tho Supreme Court for final adjudication. ISut it is not impro per to remark that wo have heard a num. ber of gentlemen of high legal attainments, express the opinion that the provisions of the act alluded to, deerurmg bank charters for feited in a certain contingency, are wrong, inoperative, and void of effect. We some times hear legislatures styled the "congre gated wisdom of the Stale."' If the Inst can lay claim to the far-fetched distinction tlwir "acts" afford but little evidence of it, and if wisdom plays such fantastic trieks let us hope that but few of her offspring may find their way into lite nevl General Assembly. Kkoxville. Wo understand there is some excitement at Knoxvillo on tho subject of ''Railroad Management." If the gentle men in that direction who are giving them selves so much unnecessary, and, we may add, fruitless Iroublo nnd pain ubout the lilies al ready built and' in operation, would lorn their attention, energy and means to the Knoxville and Danville road an enterprise without which that city will never be able to recover fully from its present depressed coudition people would suspect them of being actuat. cd by other than captious or selfish motives. Lamar House, Knoxville. Wo should have noticed earlier that this large and com modious hotel has been leased by our friend' and former townsman, Jas. W. Bridges, and will in future bounder his management. We know 'Jim" like a book he is every inch a gentleman, and the very prince of clever fel lows. Ho understands the business he has engaged in, and we know he w ill win for the Lamar House a reputation for good fare nnd substantial accommodations it never enjoyed before Ve hope his success in obtaining custom may bo equal to the full capacity of the establishment. H Wo learn that the Union and Plan ters' Hunks of this city ate issuing at present Done but counter notes, nnd are destroying tho old issues as fast as they are taken up. This is n step in the right direction, and we trust it will never be reversed AasA, Pat. National Bark The West Tennessee Whig says: "We have had a number of dem ocrats to come into our office lately, and sub cribe for our paper, and say to us that they vere now convinced that a Rational Hank waa absolutely indispensable to a safe and well regulated currency." A Heavy Draw. The Memphis Av latiuhe learns that a wealthy planter of Hay. wood cminty, drew upon the Union Bank a few days ago for sixty thousand dollars la gold. -fl)ming tho last year the government expoiided about $19,000,000 for military purposes. AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION. For the Poll. Mr. Editor: In consideration of the man valuable Kailioads that have been made, and are making, and for other eattses, Tennessee has become largely indebted; nnd as Tonnes see will never repudiate her debts, her it hna rkAi.fimn ttia in, rM.rimll dutv of the citi Zens of the State to devise the best means of liquidating the same. And as onitormity and quality in taxnlion is very ninch to be de sired, your last Legislature, being fully con vinced of the propriety and practicability of our Constitution being so nmenoeu as to ti led that nud other ends, they in their wis dom have authorized a Convention to be called. There are but few who will have the hardihood to deny the justness of the ud to loYeih principle f taxation, It is certainly not rigtit for one species of property to be taxed higher than another ot tnesame value consequently I oppose the present tax upon "Prtvileget." The men-hani ana siocugrow er should not. in justice, nay more taxes up on their merchandize and stock than is paid Cor other Drouertv of the same value. I am furthermore in favor of every negro in the State, regardless nf srm to bo taxed accord 'ms to their Value. If the Constitution could be amended so as to tax al! the slave proper ty of tho State a considerable revenue would be raised thereby. I ask tho clever editor of the Post, if the citizens of the State of I en nessee cannot, in the spirit of loyalty and in the exercise of "inherent rights" or popular sovereignty, vote for a Convention Without subjecting them to the chnrg6 of "Jacobin ism" I contend that ours is a day of rapid improvement in the arts and sciences. steam, telegraphs, and newspapers. Perhaps 1 might not be chargable with understanding the term "progress ' arigni in reierenee to newspapers; nevertheless, your irieno corn screw's "physical vision to tho contrary not withstanding. I will say that I am for amend ing and enlarging the size and circulation of the Athens Post. Kevising or amending a Constitution need not alarm any one, for bet ler men than you or I are for revising our present translation 01 the Holy Uiule. I am vours in the best bonds, V, Wot Populi. We have another commu mention this week from our Constitution- Amending correspondent, which we shall pass with a few remarks. He says, among other thlngs,thnt "I am for amending and enlarging tho cir culation and size of the Athens Post. Bevond doubt. But even hero we have the misfortune to differ with our correspon dent. The circulation of the Athens Post is already sufficiently large, unless its patrons, as is the case with our correspondent, were paying ones. It now takes all our financial ability to keep the machine in motion if the circulation was much heavier, we should like the Bank of Tennessee, be compelled to suspend indefinitely. As to its size, we are of the opinion decidedly that, like the old ladv's coffee, the Post is very food what there is of it, and plenty of it such as it is an opinion in which a majority of its readers will readily coucur. - The allusion to revising the translation of the Bible the Westminster or King James edition does not present an annlayous case. There may be better men than our correspondent in favor of a revision of that work, but we respectfully submit that there is a slight difference between revising or re viewing a translation, sua amending, cliang ing, altering, striking out nnd correcting au original paper, book or document. (We use the terms in their common acceptation and aiinni.MJic.y ouivij uur curresporiuent would not consider that person good Who would propose to ahlend, change, alter, im prove, take from or add to the Holy Bible man's guide through life, tho lamp that lights his pathway to the tomb and makes its dark portals bright as the chambers of the East that book, conceived by inspi ration, delivered through revelation, nnd sealed with the Divine Presenee on the Burning Mount ! Why this is Worse than the Wood Red Republicanism of Frunce in the days of Danton, Robespierre, and other names of fearful memory. But it is a waste of time and words to discuss the subject of a Convention, and we only allude to it to keep the erratic feet of our correspondent from wandering too far from the safer paths of conservatism. We know tftut this is a go-ahead age in steam, etc.; but there is such a thing as getting up too much of that powerful agent, and ex plosions and blow-ups occur, with all their concomitants of evils. If tho Constitution is faulty in any important particular, it can be remedied" w ithout the expense of a Conven tion (450,000 at least.) The mode of elect ing the Judiciary was changed without the trouble and expense of a Convention; and as availability, not capacity, is the controlling motive with all parlies inselectingcandidates, we are not sore that such a body would be much Improvement, upon our Legislatures, To treat the matter seriously, the Country has just met with one of those prostrating reverses which ever follow long and inflated seasons of prosperity, and which are as in. evituble as the andcrtow that follows the wave upon the beach and sweeps the victim back to his doom at the very moment he thinks he is- landing high and dry busi ness and monetary a (lairs are in a disordered condition leading commercial houses and banks have been swept away by the storm pecuniary embarrassment Is general, nud the public mind no little excited, and, perhaps, partially incapacitated for making a fair and discriminating investigation into the causes which have induced the almost' universal'ca lamity. Under such circumstances, we should earnestly deprecate the assembling of a body clothed with power to alter, change, and per haps mutilate our Stnte Constitution, already sufficiently broad and democratic. (We use the term democratic in its true, and not in its party meaning.) We know what the "in herent rights of the people" nnd "popular sovereignty" mean. We have great respect for both, but none for the politicians and oth ers who are eternally persuading the people that they, through their representatives, cau do no wrong. Hon ever, we must close fi r the present, hoping to hear from our corres pondent again at his earliest convenience. We shall afford him eveiy facility for keep ing the subject before the people till Sep. tembor, when we expect it will disappear, like a bright exhalation in the eveuiug, and never be heard of more. HT A New York coWmporary says, in re. lotion to the British in Hindustan, "to under stand the pending Indian war, one must fancy the Florldu war magnified ten thou sand limes." The comparison hits tho unil upon thu head. THE PACIFIC RAILROAD. While we in this country have been ma king the question of a great railroad to our Pacific possessions a political question, just as we do everything else, our great rivals in trade and enterprise have been preparing to give vitality to the same idea on their own territory. English capitalists have had then attention turned to the subject, and not diverted by dirty politics have gone practi cally to work to find out the route for the line. Already their surveyors are in the field, mapping nut a line from the western shores of Lake Superior through the territories of the Hudson Day Company, to Vancouver's Island, on the Pacific Ocean. The recent discoveries of gold on Frazer river will give a fresh impetus to the enterprise, by con vincing English capitalists that it will pay and we may, therefore, expect, while our sec tionul politicians and party schemers are mu tually blocking up the game on each other, to hear of the organization of an English company, with an immense capital paid ready to go to work, build the road, colonize tho now solitary tracts of Rupert's Land and gain to themselves and their country nil the advantages for such a liuo that should have accrued to us. There is little doubt that such will be the case. We areola the habit of deriding Brit ishers and vaunting our superior progress and enterprise ; but one thing is certain that whatever great public work English men undertake they carry out well and thor oughly. No lack of capital is ever allowed to stand in the way of its completion. The readiness with which two nnd a half millions of dollars was subscribed to the Atlantic telegraph enterprise the success of which was so doubtful is au evidence of it. Another evidence of it is the building of the Great Eastern equally problematical as paying speculation nt a cost of two or three times of that amount.. Then there is be sides the great trunk railway of Cauadat built chiefly by English capital, and trnvers ing the Upper and Lower provinces. These are proofs of liberality, forethought und en terprise of the moneyed men of England and the Pacific Kailroud will now come us the completing link in this chain. When Jefferson Davis discoursed to the people of Portland, the oilier day, ou his great hobby the Pacific Railroad and spok of its being not a sectional but a national matter, he littlo thought, we dare say, of the position which that town was so soon to oc cupy in connection with it. The Great East eru is to be run to Portland as being the nearest suitable port to Canada. From Port land there is a splendid line of railroad to Montreal. The Grand Trunk line extend from thero across the two provinces ; nud with it will be connected the British Pacific line. Thus the trade of the great East will have to pass through the British possessions, and thus will they secure to themselves the monoply of that magnificent commerce which it has been the aim and object of all powerful nations, ancient and modern, to ob tarn; A Harmonious Partv. The Richmond Enquirer last week said thut ''the Democracy of Virginia, so far as we can lodge, have ueeii uuoui equally annua on in.e question of Lecompton or nnlr-Lecompton. So, it is evident, may it be said of Mis souri, another slave State. In Illinois, pro bably, nine-tenths of the Democratic party are opposed to lecompton; even the Augus ta Constitutionalist is foiced to udmit that the Lecompton Democracy there are a "mere taction. In Indiana nnd Pennsylvania, too tlicre are indications llial llie Douglas win" is stronger than that of tho Administration in View of these divisions among them selves, how ridiculous und hypocritical K is for Southern Democratic presses to henp da nuuciuliuns on n few faithless Americans in Maryland and Kentucky! The beam in their own eye is a much more, serious" nnd.dunger- ous matter,- because their deserters ore not only morenumerous, but there is no knowing wliut alliances lliey are going to make or to strengthen. Nearly all the influential Abo lition demagogues in Congress were once National Democrats. Columbus Enquirer. Reinforcements for Oregon. The Washington Union confirms the report that additional reinforcements for Col. Steptoe, in Oregon, were to sail from New York on Thursday, and says that in addition to the troops to bo sent, thu department has pur chased n large number of Sharpe's best ri fles, and an abundant supply of ammunition It is thought thut if the force under Col Steptoe had been equipped with this formi dable weapon, the result of tire right would have beeu totally different. ISBTho Memphis Avalanche of 23rd inst., says that the firm of Old & Co., liquor deal ers, on Howard s now in that city, nnd who were the agents in that city of the bxchurge Bank of Georgia, after doing all in their power to put the money of thut Bunk into circulation, nnd who subsequently complain ed that injustice had been done them in re gard to the mutter, have absconded, leaving their creditors the bug to hold. A lurge number ot barrels supposed to be liquor were found upon opening then house) und attachment's were sued out, and a good many barrels druyed oil by creditors for safe keep ing, when upon investigation thu barrels were found to contain nrer water ! The people there have recently hud enough of that, wiltiou. liavntg to pay draynge upou it! The Electoral Vote of I860. The electoral volo of 1866 consisted of two hun dred and ninety-six votes. The admission of Minnesota will increase that number to three hundred, and should Kansas and Ore gon be admitted, the entire Vote will bu three hundred and six, requiring one hundred and fifty-four for a choice of President. Of this three hnndred-nnd six there will be ouu hun dred and twenty from the slave holding Slates, and one hundred and eighty-six from the non-slaveholdi'ng States. In the Charles ton (Democratic) Convention, under the two thirds rule, it will require two hundered and four votes to make a nomination. It will require eighty four northern votes, even Willi the united South, to make a nomination. Our notion is thut an editor is resnonsiblo to God, as well as to society, for the motal bearing or Ins paper, and that if thu rending matter in it has a tendency to blunt the mo ral sensibility of his readers, he is guilty of a sin against God. Indrpentlent Press. If the Independent is correct, several loco- foco editors thut we wot of are booked for the lower deep beyond contingency. They have an artesian well in Nor folk, Va., eighty fe.jt deep, the wuler from which is CJ degrees cold us ice water. U. & BANK. A few days since, says the Murfreesboro Telegraph, six men of Rnlherford county three democrats and three old line whigs entered into an agreement not to vote for any man for any office unless he shall be in favor of a re-establish merit of the United States Bank, and they unanimously resolved that they would not listen to any man speak ten minutes who Was opposed to that insti tution. This may have been a jest. But the question is beginning to be seriously dis cussed again, in another quarter. The Rich mond Whig in a recent article, shows what becomes of a small portion of the money wasted by the federal government iu the fol lowing summary : At Niagara 19 men are employed at an ex pense of $12,000 to collect 38,000; atOswe. go 33 men at $18,000 to collect $6,005; at liull'alo 20 men at SI7.000 to collect $10, 000; at Plattsburg 27 men at $14,000 to col lect 18,000; at Burlington 33 men at $I6 000 to collect $8,500; atTwiscasset 8 men at $7,000 to collect $130; al Portsmouth 21 men at $11,000 to collect $5,500; at New buryport 12 men 6,200 to collect 9,900; at Marblehead 9 men ut 2,200 to collect 250; at New Bedford 14 men nt 7,500 to collect 5,800 at Perth Ainboy. 13 men at 4,500 to collect 1,500; atOcrncoke7 men at 2,000 to collect 82; ut Toledo 7 men til 4,400 to col lect 567; at Detroit 10 men at 36,000 to col led 495; nt Sun Han Francisco 134 men at 402 000 to collect 1,530,000; at Beniciu 3 men 4,500 to collect 2,300; at Stockton 1 man at 3,100 to collect 143; at Sacramento 1 man at 3,600 to collect 402, ut San Diego 4 men at 7,600 to collect 30; ut Monterey 3 men at 7,050 to collect 49; ut Sun Pedro b men ut 4,200 to collect 304. The Whig argues very ably for a re-establishment of a United States Bank, and says Uiat the collection of revenue during the existence did not cost the goveruineut a cent. Toe Washington Uuion, a few weeks ago, published an article to show that the sub-treasury system does no succeed as well as could be desired, and that it was necessa ry to a Complete sjccesaof that scheme, thut something similar should bu adopted by the States. While ou of the leading Whig pa pers of the south it demonstrating thu prac tical utility of a U. S. Bank, the organ of the democratic party is exhibiting the defects of the sub-treasury system. It is probable therefore thut un isnue will soon be made up. bet ween the political parties on a prop osition to re-establish the National Bank. iVasfc. Banner. England and the United States. The London Times, in a lengthy editorial article, argues that England must give up thu right of search. It says: "We see no protpect whatever of the Americans mending their ways in tho course of the next century, and as have observed above, the day must arrive befoie the expira tion of thut century when the question will be settled by the immense growth of the Union. It is not that ' shall decrease, but the States must increase. The st rippling, now our equal, must one day be a giant." The Times adds: "We don't convert A merica by our present sourse. We do not compel her to thu vir tue she has not. Before very long in thu mere attempt must bring on a tearful wur. Is there no such thing as giving up a crusade (searching vessels for sluves,) which begun with being optional, and is found to be inef fectual? Is nothing to be surrendered ex cept unci me toss of ttmtj iliuusaud lives on both sides, and thirty millions of money? Is there no other use, equally benevolent, to which we could put the half million of mon ey and the valuable live annually sunk in those (African) squadroni. The SIarvelous Wialth of Sonora. The Santa Fe Gazette, f a late date, says: We had nn interesting conversation with Ma jor Stein, from Fort Buchanan, during his few days' stay in this city; He seems well posted up in the ufiuirs tf the State of So nora. The statements he gives of the amount of precious metals mined there nro utmost fubulous. He expresses thu opinion that Sonora is more prolific of gold and sil vcr thun California, and, if a Territory of the United States, would yield ten million of dollars annually. He sars he has seen single lumps of gold taken from tho mines worth from three thousand to five thousand dollars He likewiso informed us that he had seen a "cord" of silver lit bars, and all mined with out machinery. Democratic Tests. The Chicago Times states thut William Filch, a clerk in the Post Office of thut City was discharged because he spoke to Senator Douglas. The St. Louis News gives another as fol lows: President Buchanan has removed Cautain Duvis Embree from the office of Supervising Inspector at this port. Copt. Embree is a veteran in the steamboat interest he is "houest, faithful and capable;" but lie voted lor a sober man tor Governor of Missouri, last August, nr.d hence his removal, lie was misled by the rule of his profession, which loruius nun to licensu a drunken mar. to run a steamboat. He did nut know that a drunk en man could safely pilot the ship of State, no win oe wiser. , HyThe old and erroneous ideas that the whole region of the Rocky Mountains North of the fortieth parallel is a sterile region presenting an almost unbroken Ice-field, is completely refuted by Gov. Steven's explo rations. One of the officers of his partv, Lieut 'Saxlun, says in his report: "I find thut my previous ideas of this Rocky Moun tain range are, so fur ns this section is con cerned, entirely erroneous. Jnstetid ot a vast pilu of rock and mountains, almost im passible, f find n fine country, well watered by steams of clear cold water, and interspers ed with meadows covered with a most luxu riant grass." The Whole Story. A young man named James Powers wns hung at Wash ington, on Saturday, for murder. Just be fore mounting the scaffold he bade his broth er farewell, and said: "Remember what I told you; let the liquor alone." The same counsel has gone forth from a thousand scaffolds in this country, and Its echoes are heard iu ma ny a prison cell. Fatal Remedv. A man iu Jackson coun ty was recently bitten by a rattlesnake. He took the usual remedy, a half gallon of whis- ey. Death ensued; but whether from the bite of the snake, or the bite of the "bust head," tho Inquest was uhablo to determine, Thy It. The way to obtain sound re freshing sleep, is to put a receipt for a prin ter's bill in your pocket. This is a never failing opiate. Presidential. The New York Herald suggests Simon Cameron, of Pennsylvania, as the strongest man the opposition could, select fur thu Preni lential race of ISo'O. After which it discourses as follows: But, having shown the existing necessities lor a new opposition candidate in lobo, ana having indicated a man for the purpose, what can e say lor the democracy ! Jlr. Uuctian an will return to the grateful retirement of W heatland with the expiration of Ins otnciul term. The field is open on the democratic side to all aspirants. The President is not a candidate, and has not, as old Hickory had an anointed heir for the succession. What democratic candidates, then, hnvu we from which to make a selection t First and fore most, all Northern candidates must be set' rs'de, for the cool and sufficient reason that the last three democratic candi dates Cass, Pierce and Buchanan were all from the North. The South, then, will claim, and will In all probability be allowed, the candidate in I860, But where are we to find him? Not in Vii ginia, for thero an intestine fund between tho Wise men and the Hunter men threatens to tear the local party nil to flinders; and the selection of either Hunter or Wise would be un experiment too dangerous to be atteinpt ted. How is it in Georgia t Why there we fear that between thu rival claims of Cobb and Stephens, und others, a choice is out of the question. But there is Mr. Speaker Orr, of South Carolina, Jefferson Davis of Mis sippi, and Aaaron V. Brown of Tennessee, who are available men. The conservative and statesman-like character of Mr. Speaker Orr has been fully developed in Congress. He is a man of national principles. Jeffer son Davis, too, has of late proved himself en tilled to the same distinction. The adminis tration at the late session had not a more use ful, earnest and consistent supporter in the Senate, upon the great issues of the day, than Jefferson Davis. As for the Postmas ter General an able and capable man he was a favorite of Old Hickory, is a favorite of the Tennessee conservative democracy, und stands in a Very favorable position, local and general,' among the prominent Conserva tive chiefs of the party in reference to the succession. Before, however, we can determine any thing in regard to parties, or sections, or frac tions, or party candidates for 1860, we must nwuit the upshot of the approaching elections for the next Congress. In the interval, pur ties, cliques, candidates and platforms remain like ships and shallops in a shallow harbor at dead low water, awuiting the return of the tide. Very True. Some wicked persons hare been charging the Democratic party with fa voring the extension of slavery, and the ed itor of thu Cincinnati Enquirer, who was but recently appointed Post Muster nt Cincinnati, by James Buchanan, Iu s heard fiat charge preferred, too, and publishes in the Enquirer, the following very truthful remarks.' "The remark is threadbare that the Demo cratic purty is in favor ot' extending negro slavery. Tho men who repeal it know they are guilty of unqualified slander. Thu De mocracy have been in power almost from the foundation of the Government, and every in telligent uum knows there would not be a single foot of free territory in thu Union to day but for the labors of the democratic par ty. Democrats should everywhere nail the obsolete charge of their enemies, that they are in furor of extending slavery, to the counter; fjBf Newspaper reporters should not drink. Here is a story handed in by one of the craft, which shows in very strong colors the mariner iu which things become distor ted, jj Tictrin tiicui tinougn me bottom of a tumbler: "Yesterday morning, about 4 o'clock P. M., a man with a heel in the whole of his slocking, committed arsenic by swallowing a dose of suicide. The verdict of the inquest returned a jury that the deceased came to the facts in accordance with his death. He leaves a child und six small wives to lament the end of his untimely loss. In dentil we are iu thu midst of life. what fools we are. it is a sad com menlary upon the folly of man, that a conn t.f .. ... . try so great and glorious as this, should be threatened with destruction by her own iu nabitaiiis. i tie history o! the world pre sents us no account of any nation whose con stitution and laws are equal to onrs in secur ing to man the liberties which the God of nature designed he should enjoy, yc-t there is a spirit of fanaticism that would involve her in sudden ruin, though liberty depart- and the night of woe settle upon us. T signs are at present ominous, and we oppre hend that we ure approaching the period when the dormant patriotism of the Repub lie will nwuke for her sulvution, or the reck less fanaticism which now prevails complete her overthrow; The Next Congress. Within a month the series of elections will commence w hich are to determine the political character of the next Congress. The choice of delegations to the House of Representatives will take place in the following order,' according to the Triburti Almanac: 1858. August, 1st Monday Alabama, Arkansas, iven lucky, Missouri and Texas. August, 1st Thursday North Caro iua. September, 1st Tuesday Vermont. " " Thursday California. " 2nd Monday Maine. October, .1st Monday Florida and Geor gia. October, 2nd Monday South Carolina, " "1 uesday Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, (Jlilo una i'eniylvnnia. November, 1st Tuesday Delaware, llli nois, Massachusetts, M ichigiio, New Jersey, M l' . -1 Ill': J ivew i ors IIIIU ISCOIIBIII. November, 1st Wednesday Maryland. 1859 March, 2ud Tuesday New Ilauip shire. April, 1st Monday Connecticut. h Wednesday Rhode Island. May, 4th ThursdHy Virginia. August, 1st Thursday Tennessee. October, 1st Monday Mississippi. November, 1st Monday Louisiana. t-STThe Shelbyville Constitutionalist, of the 22d inst. says: "Beware of altered notes on the Bank of Tennessee, raised from 2's to lo's. One of thut kind was presented to the Bunk nt this placo. The altered note is easily detected. Keep on the lookout for altered notes." Tf K Bank of Tennessee. The Shelby ville Constitutionalist, of the 22d says: "We learn Irom good authority that the Branch BanK of Tennessee ut Shelbyville, is paying specie unlimited on her issues when demand ed. Lend Your Paper. By all means lend your pupr. Vo not sutler a man who is too mean to buy it go without it. He borrows it every week. Do lend it to him. Don't give him a hint to take it himself. He won't do it. Be kind nnd lend it to him before you have red it, nnd nsk him if he wouldn't like to borrovt your cup of hot coffee. Bank of Tennessee. For the purpose of letting our readers know what is thought of the Bunk or Tennesse abroad, we copy thu following articlo from Uie Banker nnd Tra der published at Louisville, Ky. We regret that our State institution will not come up to the mark, more from whnl ia saiJ of her by outsiders than the opinions expressed about her condition at home: Bank of Tennessee. On the 10th of this month tho telegraph announced the startling intelligence that the notes of the old "Slate Bank" were thrown out by the banks and brokers of Memphis. One or more of the banks of Nashville. also refused to receive thetu. Such movements upon the part of several of the most respectable in stitutions of the State are certainly ominous; but we view the matter in this way : "that it is only an effort to bring the old creature 'to her milk.'" They think she lias been dry long enough and so do we. The Union and Planter' Bunks, two of the soundest, and safest and most reliable insti tutions in the United States have recently re sumed spocio payments, and will, doubtless, continue todo a legitimate businefc. The Bank of Tennessee being a Statu affair, en dorsed ui.d sustained by tho credit of the State, is, of course, more indt-iieudent than ull other banks in the State. But, notwith standing, she will have to fay hi order to compete with her neighbors. The policy of Mr. Weaver is highly commendable, and ws hope to hear that all other banks of the S'.ate have adopted his plan. Continue to refuso the notes of the old concern till she comes to terms. The Fuyetterillu (Tenn.) Journal, states thut a ludy in a neighboring county has urged a new nud novel reason for a di vorce from her husband. In her petition to thu Court, thu following language is employ ed: "Complainant further charges that, as she is informed, the defendant (her hushaud) is now in Cheatham county, and has recently opened a grocery or retail shop iu Ashlund, and that no man who will condescend to sell mean whisky by the drink, lias soul enough to entitle him to the enjoyment of thu warm affections of a confiding wife." Miasma in the American Bottom. Tho Waterloo (IU.) Patriot states thut thu stench prevailing iu the American Bottom, caused by decaying vegetation and the decomposi tion of animal matter deposited by the late flood, is uneiidurubly noisome. It has crea ted nn epidemic disease among the hogs, which is carrying them off by scores, and it is feared that much sickness will prevail amongst the inhabitants this summer. Several sick persons have already gone to Waterloo from thu Bottom, Wing unable to live in the midst of the unhealthy effluvia. Ctf The Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune, writing on the 18th says; "The articles now being published in the Union against Judge Douglas are written under thu Special direction of the President, if not with his own hand. The same state ments und language are held commonly among the friends of the Administration, and it is geneinl'y rccogijzed that a personal war is intended, at every hazard, and the Federal officers ufe notified! that every refusal to eu list will be followed by a removal, ns was recently done in Chicago." The Chances in the West. A letter iu the Salem (Mass.) Register from St. Louis, says: "those young inun who give up a cer tainty in the East, with tho hope of improv ing their condition by removing West, had better stick the fore plane and plough huudle in Iew England; or it they should come West, must come prepared to shove the one or hold the other; for both clerks and specu lators are already here iu droves, and must either Starve or go to farming." Tus Srinit of '76. When the news of the full of liconderogs reached Exeter, John Langdon, who was the speaker of the pro vincial legislalut-e of New Hampshire, then in seasioD, seeing the public, credit exhausted, aud his Compatriots discouraged, rose aud said: "I have a thousand dollars in bard money; I will pledge my plate of three thous and more ; I have seventy hogsheads of Tuba rum, which will be lold for the moot it will bring. These are at the service of the Stale. If we succeed in defending our firesides and homes, I may be remunerated ; if ws do not then the property will be of no value to mo. Our friend Stork, who so nobly maintained the honor of out State at Bunker Hill, may safely be entrusted with the honor of the en terprise aud we willcheck the progress of Bur goyne." It is well known thut from this no ble offer spraug the gallant little army of Stark's that covered itself with glory at Ben nington. These were the deeds that make oor history venerable, and consecrate the rev olution. Yocstf man, pat Attention I Don't be a loafer, don't call yourself a loafer, don't keep a loafers company, dou't hang about loafing plaees. Better work hard for nothing and board yourself than sit around day after day Or stand at corners with your hands iu your pockets. Better for your own mind, better for your own prospects. Bustle about means to have anything to bustle about for. Many a poor physician has obtained a real patient by riding hard to attend on an imaginary one. A quire of blank paper tied up with red tape errrried under a lawyer's arm may procure Itim his first case aud make his fortune. Such it the world to him that hath shall be giv en, (jmt droning and complaining, keep busy and mind your chances. CI?" The old U. S. Frigate Constitution has just been turned out of Portsmouth thorough. ly repaired and coppered. "Old Ironsides" is as good as new, as when first launched at Uiarloston sixty years ago. She will be fitted with a heavier battery than the bus hitherto carried. tW Wm. A. Brainier has resigned the Cashiership of the Dandridge Bank, on ao count of ill health, aud is suoceeded by Wiu Harris. A Modil Town. It is stated, upon the au thority of the orator of the day, for the 6th inst., for the town of Teru a town of about 1000 inhabitants, ou the Green Mountains, in the Southern part of Vermont that within the last ten years, there ha aot beeu a crim inal prosecution in that town ; nor a law suit of any kiud within two years that there ia not now a pauper or a drunkard iu the town and that during the festivities of the 4th, not a person was teen at all, to far as could l. discovered, under the influence of liquor. It it just to add that a prohibitory liquor law has force there. 1 tW A gentleman in Cjnciunsti Iiai a cams cook, two and a half years old, which hat been victor of tweuty one battles: and the anonnt of mouey netted from his buttles it about 7,000. Frazer River. "Ion," the Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Sun, Ims the following remarks in relation to Frazer Riv er. It were to be wished that the boundary had beeen fixed before the settlements on that river are likely to lend importance to these regions: "It is not yet ascertained that the mouth of Frazer' river is not South of the parallel of forty-nine. It may be within tho United States. Duun, the EuglUh au thor, who personully examined (hat region, says that it is in latitude forty-nine degree and seven minutes. Again, the islands in the straits and gulf, (South of forty-nine degrees)are all claimed by the United States, though we concede, by treaty, the whole of Vancouver's Island to England. The pos session of thuse islands becomes a matter of great importance to the United States." Bank of America. The Memphis Ava lanche of the 21st says a run has been made on tho Bank of America at th .t place. We do not suppose it will be of long continu ance. That institution has been subjected to that ordeal several times und has come out in every instance unscathed. The Bank of America paid specie ull through the lust panic, and w have no doubt of its sbil. ty to meet all demands thut may be made' upoc it. What Does it Mean? U s see the fol lowing notice in the last Griffin Empire Slute. It may be understood in thut locality, Lut we at a distuncu ure left in the dark as to its meaning: Louk Out! If Mr and Mrs. dou't quit winking ut each other every Sunday in Church, they wili be discovered by persons who might get jealous. The Bank of America. The notes of this institution were touched with great can lion in business circles yesterday, nud as it doubtless exists through the indulgence of the public confidence, and us thut confidence is rather questionable ut present, our readers need not be surprised to hear of a spesdy crush about the locality of the Bank of America. If the institution is safe, it would be policy un the part of tho directory to Iny their claims to public confidence fairiv before thu people. Memphis Acalanche. Liverpool, July 7. The Atlantic cuWe parted one thousand miles from Ireland. The Niagara und the Gorgon arrived on the 5th. The Agamuieiion and the Vulores have not yet arrived. In the first attempt to Iny the cable, ten miles of the cable was lost. In the second attempt about one hundred and twenty miles was lost. Ou (he 28th Ih ca ble was again joined, and about two hundrsd and fifty miles Has paid out, when commu nication ceased to be received, the cable was parted und the Niagara nnd Gorgou returned. Rsportohial Fact. Al ToMo, Ohio, "the Fourth," a reporter, specially engaged to report the oration, took down the Declara tion of Independence, as it was read, instead) When the reading commenced the reporter began likewise to ply his pencil most vigor ously, nnd under the impression that it waa "tho greatest oration, by jingo, that he ever hud heard," became exceedingly zealous to report it fully. When lie wrote it off frum his notes, it was so highly embellished that the editor scarcely recognized it, till he emiD to the "names of the signers," reported aa thu "committee of arrangements." Rail Road Safety. L. Bull writes to thu New York Express in view of the late disaster on the Erie Rail Road: . . All Rail Ruiid Companies should adopt double flanged Rail Road vt heels, upon ull passenger enrs, to protect human life. Doub le Hanged wheels, in connection with com pound rails, will prevent cars from running olf the track, in any case of accident, unless the two rails in the road aru gone from the truck. Attempt to raise a Moo. The Mam phis Eaglu nnd Enquirer of the 20th says! "A great many inflammatory circulars were distributed throughout the city yesterday calling upon the citizens to meet at Odd Fel. lows' Hal! ut 5 o'clock to take measures fulf punishing tho authors of the Citizens' Bank swindle. A mob was evidently the design 6T those who published the advertisement; but we nre happy to say it failed in attaining its object. Thu meeting called .'or1 was not held." Republican Nominations in Onto. The following ticket was nominated by tne Re publican Slate Convention, held at Colum bus, on the 13th inst.: For Supreme Judge, Wm. Y. Peck, of Scioto; for Attorney Gen. erul, C. P. Wolcolt, of Summit, by nccliima tion; Comptroller, Wm. B. Thrall, of Frank lin; Board of Public Works, John L. Martin, of Butler. Great haruouy nud good feeling prevailed. Self Possession. A correspondent uf the Lynchburg Virginian, writing from New Murket, JclTcrson county, Tumi., givss Ike subjoined item: A lady neur this place was bitten the oth er day by a rattlesnake, after which the un done her apron string and tied it over the bile. She killed the snake, cut off a piece nud applied it to the wound, and drunk a 3uurl of h hiskey. At lust accounts the was oing well. This was some spunk. We should say it was. ln these timet, when w hisky tins so much strychnine in it, we believe we would rather risk Ihe sotke bite tlinu the qunrt of whisky. New Orleans, July 35. Late advices from Mexico, nnnounce that San Louis has been captured by the forsee under Gen. Vcdurri. it was rumored that Zoloaga had aban doned the city ot Mexico. J he Liberals nre ubout to unite nguinsi io city. IW The urresl of a luriner, Uuuied Jalllfi Messinger, nt Sinking Spring, Ohio, fur patt ing counterfeit money, reveuled his connec tion with thu ".Mystic Circle of Alchemy."-" This is a regularly organized gang of coun terfeiters who infested Philadelphia. l-ir The "Southern Georgian" says Democracy has lived its day, nud done Its work. And so it lint; but the children of America can never rise up nnd call it blessed. IJAF TIim mniiiritv fif llm N..w York swill , . ... ..j milk committee make u favorable report of the "stump tail" cows, and give it as theil opinion that swill milk is good enve.h f New Yorkers. -f A gentleman was speaking the other day of the kindness of his friends iu visiting him. One old nunl in particular, vititid hiin twice a year, nnd stayed six uiunths catb time. NT Eating one's maot with a tilvcr fork uhilu the butcher's bill bus nut been pud, culled genteel.