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t. r. ITINS, EDITOt AND PROPRIETOR. Trnai X II a Tear. pavaM ia advance. V N paper ciaeoutlaued antil all arrearages art paid, ezecpt ai tac epiioa or trie ruDiuner. Aaaoaacina aaaies of candidates for olnca 15. Cash. Obituary Nuicet over It lines, charged at U regular advertliiDf rates. AU oooiBaQicaUoBi Intended to promote the print ads or interests of Corporations, Societies, Schools or dirtdaala, will M charged as adrertUementa. ATHEilS, FRIDAY. .4.1 C, 8 18&8. RELIGIOUS NOTICE. Mr. Editor Pleaie permit toe to say that the time of holding the Cam?-Meeting at Can Creek it changed from the 3d fas the 17th September. C. LONG. Aug. 8d, 1838. Aa Address. We are requested lo state that the Rer. Mr. Hoffaier ban contented to deliver an Address before the Athena Lit erary Association, at the Court House, at 8 o'clock, on this Frifrty evening. Circuit Court Will commence here next week. We hope our friends who may happen to be in attendance, and who are in arrears to this office, will make it convenient to call and pay op. Job Work. Oar office has been overrun with Job Work for the last four or five weeks, and some that shonld have been executed be fore now is still in the office. We hope to bave it all finished in a short time. Thb Convention. The Memphis Eagle nd Enquirer opposes the call for a Conven tion to amend the Constitution. We dont recollect to have met with a solitary paper that advocates the cnll. New Advertisements. We are rather Crowded with New Advertisements this week. But the reader will perhaps find it profitable to peruse them. Sooar Mills and Kettles. Persons in went of Sugar Mills and Boiling Kettles, will find nn excellent article of both at the Athens Foundry and Machine Shop. See advertise ment next page. RtTTEMiousB Academy. The Winter Session of this Institution is advertised to commence on the 6th riny of September. Kingston is a pleasant location, tb School la under the charge of nn nccouiplislied Prin cipal and Assistants, and we are gratified to learn that it ia in a flntirishingcondilion. "Railroad Management." Tlie render who takes nay special interest in snch mat ters, will find, in another part of .this paper, letter from Knoxville or. Railroad Man agement. We are not right certain that we understand precisely what the writer of that letter ia driving at, as wo have been within the last few days in a slightly "depressed condition" ourself, the natural result perhaps of previous elevation; bnt if he means what hi tayi, that the Railroad (or Railroads) was built expressly to benefit Knoxville, or the interests of any particular portion or class of the citizens thereof, we beg leave to dissent from the conclusion in toto. We have al ways understood that railroads were de signed to open up facilities for travel, furnish outlets to marketsand "fiord opportu nities for commerce, induce a spirit of manu facturing and devclope the natural resources of the eoantry nnd when towns along lines f transit are benefitted, as they always are, through the benefitscnnfer'ed upon the coun try generally, tliat Is nil tliey have a right to expect and if men who wish lo realize fortunes by rapid and wild speculation overcrop thtmselves, the fault locates not with the railroads nor the policy that directs and controls them. We pitched our camp in this county ten years ago and commenced the publication of a paper mainly to advocate th building of the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad; and nil we have said on the subject was induced by the belief that the enterprise Wortld result, not to the bene fit of Dalton, Cleveland, Charleston, Athens, Loudon, or Knoxville particularly, but to the whole country penetrated and contiguous lo the lme, But ii We had believed that Knoxville was to be tho sole beneficiary of the Road, as some of our friends Dp that way teem to think, we should, have left the work of advocating and defendingaltogether with the "City Editors," some uf whom have supported it with much real and ability, and others of them fought it with the fiat of wickedness from the word go, down to the present time, and perhaps not done yet. The efforts of (he last, however, have amount' ed to nothing. The road has been built in despite of such efforts and1 in the face of greater difficulties and under more embarrass, ing circumstances than those who now as sail its management eonld have overcome. It is an important link m the great chain reaching from New York to New Orleans, via Knoxville, and without it even the large speculations in real estate would never bee made,nd Knoxville would now be what it was fifteen years ago, respectable little vil lage, of twelve hundred 1b habitants, with not even sCustom-I louse In it. It now boasts an aggregate of six thousand inhabitants. And yet the Railroad has done nothing for Knoxville! But why say any thing more! Every one must see at glance that Knox ville bat been more largely benefitted than all the towns on the Road, and if Jl has crip pled Itself by a wild system of speculation and an unnatural expansion, in the name of justice dont hold the railroad management responsible for the result! Again, if there had been no railroad, where would the Gat Works ba now "Answer us that, Master Brooks!" or forever hold yeur psaee. But after all It mny be that our Knoxville letter-Writer Is col In earnest, but only prac ticing upon our aimplio'rty. It Is hard to be lieve that any sans man would require pas sengers to be brought there at sundown and detained until next morning, in order that they might have an opportunity to visit the city and its beautiful environs. Out whether serious" of not, it It too absurd to merit dis cussion, and we therefore drop it, as a learned lawyer of .this neighborhood did his case af ter he had been talking on it two hours and three quarters, with Infinite disgust. Welw Posted. The New York Herald has ptibl railed twies within the last two weeks that Tennessee was to have an election in August for memberu to the Legislature. Tennessee held an election hist August, and her Legislature only meets once In two years -often enough in all conscience. " KNOXVILLE"" RAILROAD MAN AGEMENT," Su. Editor the Pott : My attention has been directed to a paragraph in your last week's issue, in which yoo see proper to inform your readers that there is some excitement at Knoxville on the subject of Railroad man sgement;" and you further take occasion to volunteer the suggestion that if certain per sons in this city would turn their attention, energy and means lo the Knoxville and Dan ville Road, people would suspect theru of be ing actuated by other thin captious or sel fish motives. Such is ytiQr gratuitous coun sel. Now, sir, without desiring to be thought either "captious" or "selfish," and yet not fearing to be ao considered by those whose peculiar personal and local interests I do not fsvor, I wish briefly to express through your columns a few of the reatons why I am dissatisfied with the present "manage. menfof the East Tennessee -and Georgia Railroad, for I presume I am one of the gentlemen here, whom you seem to regard as particularly needing the benefit of your advice.. It ia too true nnd it affords me no pleasure to confess it that Knoxville is at present in "a depressed condition." With all her natu ral advantages that point her out as the site of a great city, it ia lamentably true that her prospects do not look as hopeful now as they did before' the East Tennettee and Georgia Road reached thit point. Her population has not increased, her 'trade has not expanded and her property has not advanced in price, in a manner to meet the expectations of ma ny of us who had relied upon the ruilroad as a great feeder to our commercial wealth. This ia all true, and did it never occur to you that this "depressed condition" of Knoxville is in some manner attributable to the policy adopted by the ruilroad company! It seems to have never been thought of by the present Board of Officers that the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad was built, in a large degree, for the benefit of Knoxville, and not for the advantage of the small county towns along its lines which have presumed to rival her interests and which even now affect to "laugh at her Calamity." The present board seem to have atudiously disregarded the in terests of real-estate owners in Knoxvillcj in shaping their policy. Of what advantage has the road been to many persons here( who havo made large investments in real estate, if property is to advance here no faster and to no higher rate, than in Cleveland, and Athens, and Loudon, add 'Charleston, and other towns whose positions givo them com paratively but little claims upon the policy of a great public enterprise? None, positively none; and Knoxville, if the present policy of the Company is to be perpetuated, will nev er be any geater beneficiary of the road than otnr towns, of less importance, throngh which the road may have chanced to pass between Dillon and this point and I pre sume you will hardly deny that Knoxville, by reason of her position and aggregate wealth, should have preponderating influence in de termining the road's policy. The energy and enterprise of her titizens projected, and her meant in a large degree, built it; yet, though situated at its terminus, the road is to her only what it ia JLo other towns s convenient way for people to pass rapidly through! The stoppage of passengers here for twenty-four hours, or even one night, would give new life to the place, and be but a slight mark of deference on the part of the Directory to the paramount interests of the city. That this is a reasonable view of the case you will hardly dispute, and that entertainir.g snch a view, I should oppose the present Board; will hardly surprise yoo. I need not tell you that I have invested much in expectation. of the Railroad's benefits, and you are probably aware to what extent I aided in the con struction, and am now interested in the stock of the road if not the stock-books, to which you are convenient, will show you. That others here, similarly interested both in the town and the road, are influenced by the same considerations and feeling as myself, is quite true. Like the, they sympathize with the movement to place the management of the road in other hands, and, for one, I trust the effort will be successful. I know it ought to be I do not design referring, unless it should become necessary, hereafter, to the variant points of poliey to, which I object, in the present management of the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad, but hate written to simply and briefly jastiiy the feeling and conduct of the "gentlemen" here, at whom ou seem to tufte a msfieious pleasure in di recting yotrr squibs, t hope you will do them and me the justice of giving this a place in your paper. FaUk Plat. ' Knoxville, Aug. 3d, 1 858. BARBFeBB add pic Nic The citizens 6f Franklin county propose to give a Barbecne and Pie Nic. at J'Sewannes" on the lfth in stant, to which all the world1 arid his wife are invited.' It will be remembered that "Se wannee" it the seat of the proposed South ern University, tnd was rendered famous by the discussions in the newspapers about its elligibility. We have no doubt the affair of tne Ulh will he i grand one, and do credit to the hospitality of the citizens of Frank lin county. ' IST" A cotemporary says the report of the Committee to investigate the Citizens' Bank, sums up as follows: Nothing from nothing, and uothing remains. 1ST Ws understand that Gen. F. K. Zolli. coffer has been appointed President of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad. A good selectionist the Stale never had a more prompt and citrefa! officer than Geo. Zolli cofler proved himself white acting as Comp troller. Advertising Agency. Messrs. Dbxtmng ii Slaughter have opened, aa Advertising Agency and Literary Depot at Atlanta. Any advertisements' or orders sent us through them will be promptly attended to.. Wheat Is quoted at Naahville at 65 to 75 cents per bushel. . From Or boon. Before the Moses Taylor left San ' ?ranciscoV a rumor had gotten abroad that another battle had been fought with ludians in Oregon, DEMOCRATIC PRODIGALITY AN OTHER TABLE FROM OFFICIAL SOURCES. The Baltimore Patriot publishes a table of the appropriations made during the first ses sion of. the 3511) Congress, giving circumstan tially the items and objects of each. It shows the amount to be, exclusive of the Post Of- ffice account, $67,067,672 78. The expenses of the P. O. Department, together with the permanent appropriations which are over looked in the ordinary computation of the amount placed at the disposal of the Ad ministration and the probable "deficiencies" make a grand total of something over a hun dred mi. lions at the command of the Presi dent for the fiscal vear ending the 30th of next June. The table goes further, and aets forth the amount proposed to be appropriated by the respective Houses, which shows that the sum of $83,177,905 57 was sought to be appropriated bv the Senate, When it is remembered that the Senate is overwhelm ingly democratic, the argument that any com bination mny have run the amount beyond the desires of the democratic party falls to the ground. We have not space, just now, tor ine entire lame, but subjoin the com ments of our Baltimore coteinporarv, in which the whole subject is pointedly brought to view, ji Bays: "The people of Baltimore in these hard times are sufficiently alive to the necessity of economy, we avail ourselves or the occa sion to show them what the National Ad ministration has cost and is costing; and this we do exclusively from official docu ments.' We invite their attention to n table pre pared from official sources nnd by hands nlor.e competent to do it, exhibiting the course nnd results of the finnncia! legislation of the last session of Congress which, with the addition of the permanent appropriations, and the indefinite appropriations carefully estimated, and the amounts by former appro priation bills left at the disposal of the gov ernment, will show the actual gross means placed at tho disposal of the government. These last items are usually overlooked or kept out of sight in such estimates, are touched only cursorily by official documents and seldom laid before the public. The peo ple thns almost always have an inaccurate idea of the actual aggregate cost of the gov ernment. Another important topic necessary to a fair appreciation of the conduct of the Gov ernment, is the objects of appropriation; and that is especially necessarv now to bo considered, because the present administra tion, while greatly ex"irolin!r tome, have greatly reduced or entirely expunged others; and l. is important lo know that these taller are thoso in which the actual industrial inter ests of the country are most deeply inter ested. - ' The wriggling of the administration nndor tiie enormity of its expenditures is quite sig nificant. Thev try to withdraw this, that and the other item from the list; they construe words sharply to deceive people; they distinguish current and permanent appropriations; they shut tlieir eyes to ine rosl-Ultice charges, and wince under the expenditure fof public build ings; but still these are money expended, the Democrats and the Democratic Whim have the fingering of the money; the people hnve to pay the money, and it ia quite as well that the people, should know it. 1. We propose simply what is the actual amount of money placed at the disposal of the Administration by the appropriation laws. 2. What amount was appropriated for the fiscal vear 1858-'50. 3. How Hint compares with former appro priations for other years. 4. The character of the appropriations. The Report of the Secretary of the Treas ury shows that President Buchanan, in his first year, tptnt that is, took from the peo ple and pnid awsy about $75,000,000, or, as the Secretary puts it, actual and estimated, $74,963,058 41; but that estimate omits about $14,000,000 paid by the people for the mail service, which would bring up the cost of that first year tonbout $88,963,058 41. Mow, with this fust year to start with, ns a sample, how much hna been placed nt the disposal of the Administration by liiV two democratic Houses of Congress for the ex penses of tho Government. 1 he 'resident approved bills appropriating the following sums, according to the table, viz: Sums specified in the bills, ' $ 07,067,7 C2 78 Indefinite appropriations care fully estimated from official sources 3,382,237 22 Mnkinir. 870.4 50.000 nn Sums in which permnnentlnws plnce at the disposal or the Government, omitting cost of collecting revenues per former laws. 4.715.224 49 Sums appropriated by former laws applicable to the ex penses of 1849. 16,586.588 35 Sums appropriated by perms- manunt laws the use of the post office debt, 14,415,520 00 Aggregnte lonns appropriated lor the use or the Admini stration, and placed at their disposal by the last sesw sioo, $106,167,332 84 Pretty good work for one session and both Houses largely democratic 1 How much of this enormous aggregate of $106,167,332 84 is for-the use of the year ending June 30, 1859. The only items which can nt all be proper ly deducted are the various deficiency bills applicable toserviee of the year 1858. The only items of this sort are in the ta ble.. No. 13, deficiency general for 1858, . $9,669,302 89 But of that sum $7,910,500 is for the ar my; nnd the Qusrterinnster General. said in his-estimate, by way of apology for this enor mous deficiency, thnt as to $3,007,9)1 35, " a large portion are for necessary outfits, which though they muot be provided in this present fiscal yenr (1858) will be used princi pally in nnd therefore properly belong to the next fiscal year," (I8fiif.) They are in fact for the use of the Utah expedition now progressing. If therefore we change one-half to to 1-859, we shall have tlio following result; The whole deficiency bill is Deduct the part calkd defi $9;069,i02 89 ciency, but properly belong ing to 1849, viz: And it gives the sum to be de - ducted from the aggregate as really applicable to a for mer year, nnd hot to 1859, The other items of deficiency are No. 7, printing deficien cy, . No. 69; Indian deficiency, For Investigating Committees and Treasury notes, 1,803,955 67 8,165,347 32 341.189 48 339:595 00 67,000 00 Aggregate deduction, $8,913,131 80 The whole amount appropria- . ted being, 106,167,333 84 The deficiency being, ' 8,913,131 0 Unvcs, - $97,254,201 04 at the amount actually appropriated for the use of the Administration for the one year, 1859. .. - So we are new actually within .$2,245, 789 96 of an annual appropriation of 8 100, 000,000. But the deficiency bills have in the last two Democratic administrations become a permanent institution, the standing mark of incompetent management, want of foresight, want of financial information, and want of honelt economy. The first year of Mr. Buchanan hat largely added to their amount, and we are entitled to foreaee that the next session of Congress will be asked to add to the above aggregate almost as much for denciencics as the last session nad lo g in;. We are therefore enabled to say that the actual appropriations for the year 1859 of 7,254,20I 04 ' Will be augmented by at least for deficiencies, 8,000,000 00 i $105,254,201 04 So thnt the agsresate eost of the govern meht for the year 1859 may fairly be set down nt $105,254,201 04. We shall recur to this topic in relation to the other heads suggested at a future time Disunion. Andrew Fuirservice was a re markable man in many particulars, but we have always thought his views of politics a little ultra. He attributed all the ills of life, even to the casting of a shoe by his horse on a rough road, to the ill-starred Union be twee England and Scotland. We think we shall be sustained in the opinion that An drew was a narrow-minded man of strong prejudices. ' Andrew was not the so!e man of his tribe. When he died, he left many heirs to his opinions.' We' see not a few of them every day in this country, far removed at it is from the scene of honest Andrew's la bors and trials. The only difference consists in the object against which the American Fairservice mils. The Scotchman's hostility was excited by the British Union; his image in this country rails against the union of these Stales. Political unions, it seems, let them exist where they may, is an object of loathing to all the Fuirservices, Scotch or American. We have not heard that they openly attribute the chinchbug.nnd the joint worm, and tie army worm and the thousand other ills that wheat is heir to, to the Union, but doubtless) in their secret hearts, they think them thus attributable. Rich. Whig. Slavert is Virginia. The Richmond South, replying to' an article in tho New York Herald, in which the writer predicts the early extinction of slavery in Virginia, soys '"To-d;y slavery stands upon a stron ger basis in Virginia than at any former pe riod of its history. It may not," says the South, "be generally known, but it is never theless true, that tiro, tobacco planters of this State realize agreater profit on tjjeir invest ments than tht cotton growers of Alabama. In the production of Wheat, the other chief staple of Virginia agriculture, the labor of the negro shire is scarcely less remunerative. What is the consequence? The very reverse of the stnteirent in the Herald's article. So far from relating its grasp upon the soil of Virginia, slarery is daily enlarging its basis and strengtking its foundations. The tide of Southwaid exportation has been checked, and instead of converting their slave property into money, our farmert are actually embark ratting tliemtehet to increate their tupply of labor." Newspapers. According lo a Philadel phia journal, the Bulletin, there are supposed to be about three thousand newspapers and periodicals published in the United States, with a circulation - amounting in the aggre gnte to nearly six millions, and for the year probably to five hundred millions. This in cludes not only the daily press, but also the tri-weekly, semi-weekly, weekly, monthly, quarterly nnd nil other descriptioss coming under tho head of periodicals. All the rest of the nations of the earth united, do not publish nt many periodicals as do the United States, nor does tlieir aggregate circulation amount to nearly so much. There nre no morning papers in London or elsewhere that circulate so many copies an do the papers of the largest circulation in Philadelphia and New York. t-W The Austin State Gazette of the 17th ult., says: Several gentlemen hnve called this week to inform us of the crops in various sections of the State. We never before heard such uniformly cheering accounts. We might well say that Texas will make a lar ger crop this season, of every staple, than ever before, even allowing for nil tho in' erease of eultivuted lands. Murder iff Chattanooga. Three men, named W. Maher, Chas. Pearce and Richard 0'Donald,got into a fight on Monday night of last week, in which Maher drew a knife and stabbed O'Donald to the heart; who died instnnllv.' He stabbed Pearce in the left thigh, who, it is thought, will recover. Bank Note Reporters. We havo often wondered, says the Augusta Dispatch, at the extraordinary number of these publications that have made their appearance in the nor thern cities for a year or two past, evidently far beyond anything like the public demand for such information as they contain. The secret is beginning lo leak out. The Philadelphia North American ol the 22d ult., publishes a long official report of the legislative investigating Committee on the affairs of the Tioga, Crawford, Phaenixt ville.Shnmokin and Octarara banks. ' It tayi, among other things: A startling revelation is mnde by the com-" mittee relntive tn the bank note reporters. Proof seems lo have been nffbrded that some of these publications ars blackmail sheets, which quote banks in good or bad standing according as the conductors nre fed. Letters and circulars nre described as being sent to bank 8; requiring immediate correspondence or a personal visit, to make eertuin arrange ments, on pain of disagreeable consequences. t3f" A country editor, speaking of a mem ber of Assembly, tays. "Tho first year he went to Albany, he was to conscientious ss to utterly refuse to receive his allotment of stealings, in the shape of books and station ary. The next yenr he did not hesitate, nnd finally came home unnble to- tell the truth imder the most fnvornble circamstnnccs. (ET A wife sacked her husband1 in Hnr risburg on the 25th ult. She tied him up in a sack when he was drunk, and whipped him when he got sober. SrjOAH. At NashyiUe, by the hhd, N. O., 8 a 9 J; by the bbl, 9 a 10 ccntt per lb. A Glod Resolution. The "American General Committee of New York," by vote of 29 yeas to 13 nays, have resolved not to unite, in the fall election, with any other party, "especially with the Republican par, ty," but to nominate and support candidates of their own. As the Click Republicans I we been industriously courting an alliance with them, we suppose that this resolution will convince Southern Democratic papers that a portion of the Northern Americans are not willing to make common cause with the Freesoilers. Mr. J. T. Phillips, the Secreta ry of the committee, writes to the N. Y. Ex press: In political circles it is generally under stood that the Committee has invariably heretofore maintained a character and stand of diametrical hostility to anything in the shape ol a lusion, union compromise or coa lition of the "American" party with any pnrty, end especially itilh the "Republican" pnrty, at the ensuing municipal election; or at any eluction, or nt any tiino or under any circum stances, or for any consideration or cause whatever. . And I venture to say, will con tinue to do so. Practices in Nicaragua. Representa tions came to the State Department by the Moses Taylor from the American Commer cial Agent at San Juan del 'Norte, through our Counsul nt Aspinwall, ccmplaining that nil the correspondence of Gen. Lamar, our Minister at Nicaragua, is opened nnd rend in its passage up the Sun Juan river, either by the officials of the Nicaraguan government or the agents of the conflicting transit cmpa nies. Not only are all public dispatches thus violated, but Gen. Lamar's private correspon dence ns well. . The evil has reached such a point that the Minister is compelled to lay the case before the Secretary of Stale at Washington. Texas Senator. It is said that Gov Rnnnells will probably appoint the Hon. Mutt Ward as United States Senator from Texas, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Gen. J. Pinckney Henderson. Matt Ward of Texas, it will bereccollected, is not the Matt Ward of Kentucky. Statr Roao Mokthlt Returns. The Columbus Times of the 31st uli'.', savs: "Thursday Inst (July 29th) the popular Treas urer of the State Road, Mr. Benjamin Mny, foiwarded to Milledgeville the sum of $25, 000 as the nett earnings of the State Road for the month of July. Thus it will be seen that this road pnys a handsome dividend to the State, and from whnt we can learn, is kept in most excellent condition. The pay ment into the Treasury of the round sum of 8300,000 for one year as the nett earnings of the Road, will not be overlooked by the people, whose tax is to onerrus and heavy. Railroads in Europe. In a year from to day, says the Paris correspondent of the New York Commercial Advertiser, it is ex pected thnt Paris and Madrid will be connec ted by a continuous railway. This result is due to the activity of the brothers Pereire, and then will be accomplished the celebrated words of Napoleon: "The Pyrenees no longer exist." fgf" Letters have been received from India, dated at Calcutta on the 4th, nnd Madras on the 10th June. When Sir Hugh Rose took Calpee he got nn immensa store -of war muritions and a large number of ex cellent guns, held there for the use of the rebels. But it appears they loso little by this, as they now work in the foundries which they garrison and cast cannon with amazing rapidity. The Sepoy triumph at Gwnlior, nnd the movements in Oude, the Punjab, snd Central India, show thnt the insurgents are united, active, and full of courage, meanwhile small pox, dysentery nnd sun stroke, cut off a large proportion of the English soldiers, whilst many others fall dead on the inarches in consequence of the weight of the heavy coarse clothing worn by them. Savannah, July 31. It is rumored here and perhaps only rumor, thnt the bark u. A. Rawlins has landed 450 Africans somewhere on tho coast. - We clip the above dispatch says the Ss vannuh News, from the Augusta papers. The rumor was current in our community all day Saturday and, as such things always do, gave rise to s hundred different stories. The bark E. A. Rawlins is at our quarantine ground, and will, we understand, come up to the city to-day. She is without papers, and reports herself from the coast of Africa. It is ru morcd that she has landed A cargo of 650 slaves some say in Cuba, others in Texas, Nobody seems to doubt that she has landed them somewhere. New Cotton. A New Orleans despatch announces the teecipt of two bales of new cotton, nt thnt city, on Monday 26th oil., from the same source was received on the 19th day of August. The first bale heard of last year was received in ' Richmond, Texas, on the 7th of August. - The President has appointed John Nugent, editor of the San Franeiseo Herald, U. S. agent to Frazer river, to prevent dis turbances between our citizens and the au thorities there, being satisfied that the Brit ish government will pursue liberal policy fSFThe Boston !edger, speaking of rail roads, says that losses sustained in their building and depreciation, in New England are estimated ntover twenty millions. Washington, July 30. Official advices say that the Emperor of China has appointed an official to confer with the Pence Commis sioners. Il is considered st Hong Kong ns nn important step towards a settlement of difficulties. The contract tn carry the mail from New York to New Orleans has failed, partly fur want of means of transportation, and partly on account of 75 miles of unfinished rail road in Mississippi, where mail matter has largely accumulated and has been directed to be sent to New Orleans via the Mississippi river. flf" Harrison county, Ohio, is one of the greatest wool-growing counties in the Union; The Cadiz Sentinel estimates the crop In that county at four hundred thousand pounds, which will sell for one hundred and seventy two thousand dollars. . f-ff" Ait "empty sound a railroad whistle when you are too lute for the train. ! .f'rrT7CK' TtAKa tftyvnit Tha Mm. phia and Nashville papers contain the Re port of the Committee appointed to investi gate the causes which led to the lata bust up in the Citizens' Bank. The Report is too long for publication this week, nor is il necessary that we should give it a place. The extracts below from a couple of Mem phis papers, contain the substance of what the Committee aet forth: Statement of the Bank Committee. We publish this morning the statement made by the committee who were appointed by a pub lic meeting, and permitted by the owners of the Citizens liank to examine into its con dition. The lute hour at which it was re ceived precludes me propriety or any re marks from ns. We may, however, venture to fiy that if the. classification of the assets of the Bank made by the committee, and their recommendation assented to by Mes srs. Turner and Walker, the bill holder will be saved from any serious loss, although he may be subjected to some delay. We can not permit ourselves lo doubt that the small deficit will be made good by the present and lute ownera of the Bunk, and an asmrnrice by them to this effect would soon give quiet to the public mind,and go far to reinstate the parlies who have been so severely eejisored, to the confidence which they once enjoyed in so eminent a degree. Memphit Appeal, July 31. The Eagle and Enqnlrvr of the same date says: The committee only state what appears from the books and records. They give the assets ns they find them, but there ia another view of the ense which the note holder should not lose tight of.. Can the bills receivable be collected? We understand the law to be well settled that a corporation cannot main tain a suit in court, without a substantial compliance with its charter. Beings creature of the Statute, it must proceed in conformi ty thereto. Such being the case, the note holders will have to look to the stockholders in their individual capacity. We learn from n member of the commit tee that Captain Turner and W. A. Jonea are not indebted to the Bank, but that Mr. S. P. Walker is largely in arrears. This fact, in justice to the parlies, should have appear ed in the report. (9 Mr. Ten Broeck has been once again successful on the English turf; his horse Mimosa beat Mr. Dawson's Budsworth in a match for $1,000 nt Newmarket. Badsworth was the favorite at two to one, and kept the leod until near tho winning post, when Mr. Ten Broeck's horse shot past him and won by two lengths. Marriage of J-.ckle and Mrs. Cunning ham. The New York Sunday Atlas says that the famous (or infamous) John J. Eckel has married the Mrs. Cunningham, and that they are now living together as of old, in New York City. Eckel is the proprietor of a fut melting establishment, which has recent ly been indicted as a nuisance. Both parties lorg ago became moral nuisances. Another Demonstration at Grettown Our naval correspondent at Pensacola, whose letter will be lutrnd in tc-dav s Her- aid, sends us the important intelligence that Ihe squadron at hey West, which includes the frigates Wabash and Colorado, the razee Macedonian nnd the sloop Plymouth, had been ordered to Greytown. This imposing force is probably sent to enforce upon the Nicnrngunn government the absurdity of further juggling with us in relation to the Coss-Ynssari treaty, and likewine to pul in a caveat against Jhe French, English and Sar dinian protocol. Th gordian knot of Cen tral American diplomacy may yet be cut with round ahot. JV. Y. Herald. Cuba Coming. Our dispatches from Washington to duy announce ns a certainty that the Administration hns all its plans laid for the ncqnisition of Cuba, and volunteera the impression, predicated upon assumnces from official sources, that there is every rea son to believe that those plans will be crowned with success JV. V. Alias. The Mississippi at St. Louis was slowly falling Tuesday, having attained its highest point. I9ET" The Memphis Eagle and Enquirer says: If any reliance can be placed upon the rumors which are circulated to the effect that the Citizena' Bank ought not to hnve stopped, nnd that it has assets to indemnify the oote holders, some of the officers occupy the po sition of the Sptnish priest, who, after ter ribly frightening his auditors with the certain prospect of endless torments, concluded by saying, "but be not so much cast down, my friends, perhaps what I bave -been telling vou is not all true." The Harvest Moor. This yesr the har- vest moon occurs in August, rising for six successive nights nt nearly the same hour. The July moon will also be one of unusual interest, and scarcely inferior to the harvest moon in those particulars which give to the latter its distinction, being retarded only 23 minutes in the averace for six risings after the full. Albany Journal. Hon. John Slidell The Hon. John Sit- dell, United States Senator from Louisiana, arrived in Chicago on Tuesday last. Yester day he was the guest of the federal office holders in this city. We understand that no ess thnn fifty persona Yesterday proffered themselves as Slidell delegates to Charleston in I860. Chicago Timet. l-W We never have been exactlv able to understand why il is that the American peo ple have been so nervonsly anxious about thia Atlantic telegraph project. Both ends of it are to rest upon British territory; old Eng land in case ot war, ai the very tune when it would bo valuable, would have the exclusive control of the whole concern und could use it to her own advantage. Yet we have sen-l American ships of war, nt an enormous ex pense, to assist in tho .undertaking. Ve shall grow wiser perhaps ns we grow ol der. Philadelphia Evening Argus. ISP The editor of the Washington Union pretends lo "understand perfectly" whnt he says. 1'ity he can't make himself equally intelligible to his readers.- ' Tn Put Tsadi. Who eould dream of the magnitude such an undertaking as tht manu facture of a Purgative Pill assumes when it eomet into general use. : And how painfully do the following numbers speak of the amount of human sicknast and suffering, that little morcel of remedy goes forth to combat and tiibdus. Dr. J. C. Aver, of Lowell, manufaa. tures in bis laboratory forty groat per diem f hit Cathartic Pills, through all they tar. This ciuk i u ics a minuie or one aose a teeond, We thus find over 48.000 persons swallowing this pill every dav. or 1.208.000 a month! rhvtieiant. think of that! 4S.000 nati.nt. a day who seek relief from tht mediaal skill of one man. Surely that man ihould be, at bt it in this ease, one of tht first intlliir.nn and of tht highest character. Ilit occupation en tails upon him a fcarfnl responsibility for the r woo oi ma ieiiow-map. raintvmt Courier. . . H? Lightninu rods take the mischief out of Ihe clouds hickory rods take it out out of bad boys. ' Nrw York, Aug. 1. The ttetmihin V. derbill has arrived, with Liverpool advie 7,1 Wednesday, July 21.1. n ,0 The steam frigsle Niagara, wit Cape Clear and the steamship Ag.men,in was seen off Kinsale (on the Irbh eoasi) the 18th July, op their way to midn make another i-flbrt to lay tht Atlantic eib. There had been some interesting debatei in the English Parliament on tht Juddah Massacre, on the Hudson Bay Campanr md New Caledonia bills, and on the official re turns from the frigates that weretngieea j. Ihe cruize of Cuba for Ihe suppression of ih. slave trade. ' The government of Turks h.j . . general officer to Juddah, entrusted with po-vers of life or death, growing out of tha recent massacres. England and F ranee were concerting tntas ures against Juddah. The Dutch Trading Company are engaged in efforts to raise a loan or 5,000,000 florins to increase Ihe Company's transaction! in the markets of the world. The financial affairs of the Great Eastern or Leviathan steamship are said to be tuibir raising. It it believed that the vessel will be sold. - There has been mother movement to in augurate a Cotton Supply Association. Niw York, July 31. The steamship Granada, from Greytown, has arrived with dates from that port to the 20lk July. Among the passengers is Maximo Jarex, in the place of Yrisaari, as Minister to thia country from Nicaragua. He brings tht Cass-Yrissarri treaty ss modified and ratified by Nicaragua; also the complete negotiation for Ihe transit route with Vanderbilt. Nicaragua is much excited at the rumors' of another invasion by Gen. Walker. Martinez hna placed Castillo in a ilati of defence. Memphis Amusement. An inqnett was held over an Infant that had died of neg lect, baring been deserted by its parents whilst il waa sick with teething and inflam v- tion of the bowels. Capt. Smith, of Wetmore't Ferry boat was dangerously stabbed by James Herod. James Hester shot John Childs with a pis tol, inflicting a bad wound in the fact mar the right eye. EST" Returnt of the election in Oregon thow that the democrats have a majority of twen ly-nine n joint ballot in tht Legislstnrt of that 1 erntory. The Legislature wat to have met on the Cth ult, when so election for United States' Senator would takt place, in view of Oregon being admitted as a Stats at the next meeting of Congress. Tht flec tion of Genersl Lane was deemed ceitain. (ST Speaking of the photographic copy of the Declaration of Independence taken upon a surface no larger than a pin's head, which mny now be seen in Salem, Mast., and can be rend with a powerful microscope, the Salem Gazette says: "When aueh auceets in reducing the size of documents and like ness has been attnined by the photographic art, it is easy to imagine what might be ac complished in the time of war by the ute of the microscope. The most important offi cial document could be contained in sn or dinary vest button, snd worn with impunity by a spy on nn enemy's camp, or by traitor eager to injure an active army of his own country.' fT- The Ritfht of Stureh question is reching France. The Pntrie says that sever al French ships on the coast of Africa having been sesrehed by Portuguese cruisers, who suspected them of being slevers, the Marquis de Lisle, French minister at Lisbon, inform ed the government thnt if the Portuguets ships searched any more French vessels, un der sny pretence whntever, or molested them in their "operations" north of the rivtr Con. go, the French cruisers would link them. This mennnce is said by the Potrie, to hire terrified the Lisbon Cabinet into compli ance. Bad for a Patriot. The Wythetilfe (Va.) Telegraph says that Ex-PreiidentConv onfort, of Mexico, diaed at that plate in patting through on Sunday, and was nutted from Ihe Uble by the landlord for "conduct unbecoming a a gentleman." Witchcraft. The Monitowae (Mich.) Herald states thst the house of farmer, re siding in thd southwest part of that county was burned to the ground on Saturday wttk by company of pc-rsons, under the belief that the occupants had bewitched all the ctt tie in the neighborhood. The re-rolling of old raila is exten sively and successfully carried on in Detroit, Cleveland, and either now is, or soon will be, by extensive works st Chicago. Dysentery. This scourge is prevailing in several parts of Smyth county, Va and is very fatal. There is slmott s pinic on ths , subject as nearly all who take il dii. A Lively Boy. Matter John Murray, of Detroit, a nice boy, has been sent lo jail for sixty -days, for whipping hit mother. Hi wat in the habit1 of beating her upon Ihe smallest provocation, and few dsyt tince, while at the table, he became offended wim his sister, snd cut her severely with a knife, flT About the only show of "bristles." in the Gulf, was when the United Stales sloop Macedonian encountered the British lcm DovnaUlinn. Roth Vtssels beat tO quarters, but concluded not to beat each other. They "kept company" for about aa hour. New York, July 30. The sfesmthrp. Hommonia, from Hamburg has arrived. She aniled on Sunday, the 18ih July, and bring London papers of Saturday afternoon 17th. . The latest accounts from London report no chnnge in the rates for money or in the Value of Consols. , Hostilities had commenced between v Musselmen snd Rajahs of Bosnia. It was roported at Warsaw, that there would soon be a general up-riaing in '"The Ruttians have been beaten by Circassians, wUh a loss, of 1,800 sasn snd eight gunfc St. Johns, Aug. 1. A stesmship f" Liverpool was boarded offCape Re r by the steam yacht belonging to the Asso ciated Press. The diipatoh does oot gt the name of the steamer. . Advices from Liverpool, by this srnval are two days later then those brought by " Vanderbilt, snd ere op to Friday, JuT 33d. . Gualior had been retaken by the Enfc"' Chinese fort snd 3 8" hti W captured by the allied force.