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The Athens post. [volume] (Athens, Tenn.) 1848-1917, August 06, 1858, Image 2

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Trnai X II a Tear. pavaM ia advance.
V N paper ciaeoutlaued antil all arrearages art
paid, ezecpt ai tac epiioa or trie ruDiuner.
Aaaoaacina aaaies of candidates for olnca 15. Cash.
Obituary Nuicet over It lines, charged at U regular
advertliiDf rates.
AU oooiBaQicaUoBi Intended to promote the print
ads or interests of Corporations, Societies, Schools or
dirtdaala, will M charged as adrertUementa.
ATHEilS, FRIDAY. .4.1 C, 8 18&8.
Mr. Editor Pleaie permit toe to say that
the time of holding the Cam?-Meeting at
Can Creek it changed from the 3d fas the
17th September. C. LONG.
Aug. 8d, 1838.
Aa Address. We are requested lo state
that the Rer. Mr. Hoffaier ban contented
to deliver an Address before the Athena Lit
erary Association, at the Court House, at 8
o'clock, on this Frifrty evening.
Circuit Court Will commence here
next week. We hope our friends who may
happen to be in attendance, and who are in
arrears to this office, will make it convenient
to call and pay op.
Job Work. Oar office has been overrun
with Job Work for the last four or five weeks,
and some that shonld have been executed be
fore now is still in the office. We hope to
bave it all finished in a short time.
Thb Convention. The Memphis Eagle
nd Enquirer opposes the call for a Conven
tion to amend the Constitution. We dont
recollect to have met with a solitary paper
that advocates the cnll.
New Advertisements. We are rather
Crowded with New Advertisements this week.
But the reader will perhaps find it profitable
to peruse them.
Sooar Mills and Kettles. Persons in
went of Sugar Mills and Boiling Kettles, will
find nn excellent article of both at the Athens
Foundry and Machine Shop. See advertise
ment next page.
RtTTEMiousB Academy. The Winter
Session of this Institution is advertised to
commence on the 6th riny of September.
Kingston is a pleasant location, tb School
la under the charge of nn nccouiplislied Prin
cipal and Assistants, and we are gratified to
learn that it ia in a flntirishingcondilion.
"Railroad Management." Tlie render
who takes nay special interest in snch mat
ters, will find, in another part of .this paper,
letter from Knoxville or. Railroad Man
agement. We are not right certain that we
understand precisely what the writer of that
letter ia driving at, as wo have been within
the last few days in a slightly "depressed
condition" ourself, the natural result perhaps
of previous elevation; bnt if he means what
hi tayi, that the Railroad (or Railroads) was
built expressly to benefit Knoxville, or the
interests of any particular portion or class of
the citizens thereof, we beg leave to dissent
from the conclusion in toto. We have al
ways understood that railroads were de
signed to open up facilities for travel,
furnish outlets to marketsand "fiord opportu
nities for commerce, induce a spirit of manu
facturing and devclope the natural resources
of the eoantry nnd when towns along lines
f transit are benefitted, as they always are,
through the benefitscnnfer'ed upon the coun
try generally, tliat Is nil tliey have a right to
expect and if men who wish lo realize
fortunes by rapid and wild speculation
overcrop thtmselves, the fault locates not
with the railroads nor the policy that directs
and controls them. We pitched our camp in
this county ten years ago and commenced
the publication of a paper mainly to advocate
th building of the East Tennessee and
Georgia Railroad; and nil we have said on
the subject was induced by the belief that
the enterprise Wortld result, not to the bene
fit of Dalton, Cleveland, Charleston, Athens,
Loudon, or Knoxville particularly, but to
the whole country penetrated and contiguous
lo the lme, But ii We had believed that
Knoxville was to be tho sole beneficiary of
the Road, as some of our friends Dp that
way teem to think, we should, have left the
work of advocating and defendingaltogether
with the "City Editors," some uf whom have
supported it with much real and ability, and
others of them fought it with the fiat of
wickedness from the word go, down to the
present time, and perhaps not done yet.
The efforts of (he last, however, have amount'
ed to nothing. The road has been built in
despite of such efforts and1 in the face of
greater difficulties and under more embarrass,
ing circumstances than those who now as
sail its management eonld have overcome.
It is an important link m the great chain
reaching from New York to New Orleans, via
Knoxville, and without it even the large
speculations in real estate would never bee
made,nd Knoxville would now be what it
was fifteen years ago, respectable little vil
lage, of twelve hundred 1b habitants, with not
even sCustom-I louse In it. It now boasts
an aggregate of six thousand inhabitants.
And yet the Railroad has done nothing for
Knoxville! But why say any thing more!
Every one must see at glance that Knox
ville bat been more largely benefitted than
all the towns on the Road, and if Jl has crip
pled Itself by a wild system of speculation
and an unnatural expansion, in the name of
justice dont hold the railroad management
responsible for the result! Again, if there
had been no railroad, where would the Gat
Works ba now "Answer us that, Master
Brooks!" or forever hold yeur psaee.
But after all It mny be that our Knoxville
letter-Writer Is col In earnest, but only prac
ticing upon our aimplio'rty. It Is hard to be
lieve that any sans man would require pas
sengers to be brought there at sundown and
detained until next morning, in order that
they might have an opportunity to visit the
city and its beautiful environs. Out whether
serious" of not, it It too absurd to merit dis
cussion, and we therefore drop it, as a learned
lawyer of .this neighborhood did his case af
ter he had been talking on it two hours and
three quarters, with Infinite disgust.
Welw Posted. The New York Herald
has ptibl railed twies within the last two
weeks that Tennessee was to have an election
in August for memberu to the Legislature.
Tennessee held an election hist August, and
her Legislature only meets once In two years
-often enough in all conscience.
Editor the Pott : My attention has been
directed to a paragraph in your last week's
issue, in which yoo see proper to inform your
readers that there is some excitement at
Knoxville on the subject of Railroad man
sgement;" and you further take occasion to
volunteer the suggestion that if certain per
sons in this city would turn their attention,
energy and means lo the Knoxville and Dan
ville Road, people would suspect theru of be
ing actuated by other thin captious or sel
fish motives. Such is ytiQr gratuitous coun
Now, sir, without desiring to be thought
either "captious" or "selfish," and yet not
fearing to be ao considered by those whose
peculiar personal and local interests I do not
fsvor, I wish briefly to express through
your columns a few of the reatons why I
am dissatisfied with the present "manage.
menfof the East Tennessee -and Georgia
Railroad, for I presume I am one of the
gentlemen here, whom you seem to regard
as particularly needing the benefit of your
It ia too true nnd it affords me no pleasure
to confess it that Knoxville is at present in
"a depressed condition." With all her natu
ral advantages that point her out as the site
of a great city, it ia lamentably true that her
prospects do not look as hopeful now as they
did before' the East Tennettee and Georgia
Road reached thit point. Her population has
not increased, her 'trade has not expanded
and her property has not advanced in price,
in a manner to meet the expectations of ma
ny of us who had relied upon the ruilroad as
a great feeder to our commercial wealth.
This ia all true, and did it never occur to you
that this "depressed condition" of Knoxville
is in some manner attributable to the policy
adopted by the ruilroad company! It seems
to have never been thought of by the present
Board of Officers that the East Tennessee
and Georgia Railroad was built, in a large
degree, for the benefit of Knoxville, and not
for the advantage of the small county towns
along its lines which have presumed to rival
her interests and which even now affect to
"laugh at her Calamity." The present board
seem to have atudiously disregarded the in
terests of real-estate owners in Knoxvillcj in
shaping their policy. Of what advantage has
the road been to many persons here( who
havo made large investments in real estate,
if property is to advance here no faster and
to no higher rate, than in Cleveland, and
Athens, and Loudon, add 'Charleston, and
other towns whose positions givo them com
paratively but little claims upon the policy of
a great public enterprise? None, positively
none; and Knoxville, if the present policy of
the Company is to be perpetuated, will nev
er be any geater beneficiary of the road than
otnr towns, of less importance, throngh
which the road may have chanced to pass
between Dillon and this point and I pre
sume you will hardly deny that Knoxville, by
reason of her position and aggregate wealth,
should have preponderating influence in de
termining the road's policy. The energy and
enterprise of her titizens projected, and her
meant in a large degree, built it; yet, though
situated at its terminus, the road is to her
only what it ia JLo other towns s convenient
way for people to pass rapidly through! The
stoppage of passengers here for twenty-four
hours, or even one night, would give new
life to the place, and be but a slight mark of
deference on the part of the Directory to the
paramount interests of the city. That this
is a reasonable view of the case you will
hardly dispute, and that entertainir.g snch a
view, I should oppose the present Board; will
hardly surprise yoo. I need not tell you that
I have invested much in expectation. of the
Railroad's benefits, and you are probably
aware to what extent I aided in the con
struction, and am now interested in the stock
of the road if not the stock-books, to which
you are convenient, will show you. That
others here, similarly interested both in the
town and the road, are influenced by the
same considerations and feeling as myself, is
quite true. Like the, they sympathize with
the movement to place the management of
the road in other hands, and, for one, I trust
the effort will be successful. I know it ought
to be
I do not design referring, unless it should
become necessary, hereafter, to the variant
points of poliey to, which I object, in the
present management of the East Tennessee
and Georgia Railroad, but hate written to
simply and briefly jastiiy the feeling and
conduct of the "gentlemen" here, at whom
ou seem to tufte a msfieious pleasure in di
recting yotrr squibs, t hope you will do
them and me the justice of giving this a
place in your paper. FaUk Plat.
' Knoxville, Aug. 3d, 1 858.
BARBFeBB add pic Nic The citizens 6f
Franklin county propose to give a Barbecne
and Pie Nic. at J'Sewannes" on the lfth in
stant, to which all the world1 arid his wife are
invited.' It will be remembered that "Se
wannee" it the seat of the proposed South
ern University, tnd was rendered famous by
the discussions in the newspapers about its
elligibility. We have no doubt the affair of
tne Ulh will he i grand one, and do credit
to the hospitality of the citizens of Frank
lin county.
IST" A cotemporary says the report of the
Committee to investigate the Citizens' Bank,
sums up as follows: Nothing from nothing,
and uothing remains.
1ST Ws understand that Gen. F. K. Zolli.
coffer has been appointed President of the
Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad. A good
selectionist the Stale never had a more
prompt and citrefa! officer than Geo. Zolli
cofler proved himself white acting as Comp
troller. Advertising Agency. Messrs. Dbxtmng
ii Slaughter have opened, aa Advertising
Agency and Literary Depot at Atlanta. Any
advertisements' or orders sent us through
them will be promptly attended to..
Wheat Is quoted at Naahville at 65 to
75 cents per bushel. .
From Or boon. Before the Moses Taylor
left San ' ?ranciscoV a rumor had gotten
abroad that another battle had been fought
with ludians in Oregon,
The Baltimore Patriot publishes a table of
the appropriations made during the first ses
sion of. the 3511) Congress, giving circumstan
tially the items and objects of each. It shows
the amount to be, exclusive of the Post Of-
ffice account, $67,067,672 78. The expenses
of the P. O. Department, together with the
permanent appropriations which are over
looked in the ordinary computation of the
amount placed at the disposal of the Ad
ministration and the probable "deficiencies"
make a grand total of something over a hun
dred mi. lions at the command of the Presi
dent for the fiscal vear ending the 30th of
next June. The table goes further, and aets
forth the amount proposed to be appropriated
by the respective Houses, which shows that
the sum of $83,177,905 57 was sought to
be appropriated bv the Senate, When it is
remembered that the Senate is overwhelm
ingly democratic, the argument that any com
bination mny have run the amount beyond
the desires of the democratic party falls to
the ground. We have not space, just now,
tor ine entire lame, but subjoin the com
ments of our Baltimore coteinporarv, in
which the whole subject is pointedly brought
to view, ji Bays:
"The people of Baltimore in these hard
times are sufficiently alive to the necessity of
economy, we avail ourselves or the occa
sion to show them what the National Ad
ministration has cost and is costing; and
this we do exclusively from official docu
ments.' We invite their attention to n table pre
pared from official sources nnd by hands
nlor.e competent to do it, exhibiting the
course nnd results of the finnncia! legislation
of the last session of Congress which, with
the addition of the permanent appropriations,
and the indefinite appropriations carefully
estimated, and the amounts by former appro
priation bills left at the disposal of the gov
ernment, will show the actual gross means
placed at tho disposal of the government.
These last items are usually overlooked or
kept out of sight in such estimates, are
touched only cursorily by official documents
and seldom laid before the public. The peo
ple thns almost always have an inaccurate
idea of the actual aggregate cost of the gov
Another important topic necessary to a
fair appreciation of the conduct of the Gov
ernment, is the objects of appropriation;
and that is especially necessarv now to bo
considered, because the present administra
tion, while greatly ex"irolin!r tome, have
greatly reduced or entirely expunged others;
and l. is important lo know that these taller
are thoso in which the actual industrial inter
ests of the country are most deeply inter
ested. - '
The wriggling of the administration nndor
tiie enormity of its expenditures is quite sig
nificant. Thev try to withdraw this, that and the
other item from the list; they construe words
sharply to deceive people; they distinguish
current and permanent appropriations; they
shut tlieir eyes to ine rosl-Ultice charges, and
wince under the expenditure fof public build
ings; but still these are money expended, the
Democrats and the Democratic Whim have
the fingering of the money; the people hnve
to pay the money, and it ia quite as well that
the people, should know it.
1. We propose simply what is the actual
amount of money placed at the disposal of
the Administration by the appropriation
2. What amount was appropriated for the
fiscal vear 1858-'50.
3. How Hint compares with former appro
priations for other years.
4. The character of the appropriations.
The Report of the Secretary of the Treas
ury shows that President Buchanan, in his
first year, tptnt that is, took from the peo
ple and pnid awsy about $75,000,000, or, as
the Secretary puts it, actual and estimated,
$74,963,058 41; but that estimate omits
about $14,000,000 paid by the people for the
mail service, which would bring up the cost
of that first year tonbout $88,963,058 41.
Mow, with this fust year to start with, ns
a sample, how much hna been placed nt the
disposal of the Administration by liiV two
democratic Houses of Congress for the ex
penses of tho Government.
1 he 'resident approved bills appropriating
the following sums, according to the table,
Sums specified in the bills, ' $ 07,067,7 C2 78
Indefinite appropriations care
fully estimated from official
sources 3,382,237 22
Mnkinir. 870.4 50.000 nn
Sums in which permnnentlnws
plnce at the disposal or the
Government, omitting cost
of collecting revenues per
former laws. 4.715.224 49
Sums appropriated by former
laws applicable to the ex
penses of 1849. 16,586.588 35
Sums appropriated by perms-
manunt laws the use of the
post office debt, 14,415,520 00
Aggregnte lonns appropriated
lor the use or the Admini
stration, and placed at their
disposal by the last sesw
sioo, $106,167,332 84
Pretty good work for one session and both
Houses largely democratic 1
How much of this enormous aggregate of
$106,167,332 84 is for-the use of the year
ending June 30, 1859.
The only items which can nt all be proper
ly deducted are the various deficiency bills
applicable toserviee of the year 1858.
The only items of this sort are in the ta
ble.. No. 13, deficiency general for
1858, . $9,669,302 89
But of that sum $7,910,500 is for the ar
my; nnd the Qusrterinnster General. said in
his-estimate, by way of apology for this enor
mous deficiency, thnt as to $3,007,9)1 35,
" a large portion are for necessary outfits,
which though they muot be provided in this
present fiscal yenr (1858) will be used princi
pally in nnd therefore properly belong to the
next fiscal year," (I8fiif.)
They are in fact for the use of the Utah
expedition now progressing. If therefore
we change one-half to to 1-859, we shall have
tlio following result;
The whole deficiency bill is
Deduct the part calkd defi
$9;069,i02 89
ciency, but properly belong
ing to 1849, viz:
And it gives the sum to be de
- ducted from the aggregate
as really applicable to a for
mer year, nnd hot to 1859,
The other items of deficiency
are No. 7, printing deficien
cy, .
No. 69; Indian deficiency,
For Investigating Committees
and Treasury notes,
1,803,955 67
8,165,347 32
341.189 48
339:595 00
67,000 00
Aggregate deduction, $8,913,131 80
The whole amount appropria- .
ted being, 106,167,333 84
The deficiency being, ' 8,913,131 0
Unvcs, - $97,254,201 04
at the amount actually appropriated for the
use of the Administration for the one year,
1859. .. -
So we are new actually within .$2,245,
789 96 of an annual appropriation of 8 100,
000,000. But the deficiency bills have in the last
two Democratic administrations become a
permanent institution, the standing mark of
incompetent management, want of foresight,
want of financial information, and want of
honelt economy. The first year of Mr.
Buchanan hat largely added to their amount,
and we are entitled to foreaee that the next
session of Congress will be asked to add to
the above aggregate almost as much for
denciencics as the last session nad lo g in;.
We are therefore enabled to say that the
actual appropriations for the year 1859 of
7,254,20I 04 '
Will be augmented by at least
for deficiencies, 8,000,000 00
i $105,254,201 04
So thnt the agsresate eost of the govern
meht for the year 1859 may fairly be set
down nt $105,254,201 04.
We shall recur to this topic in relation to
the other heads suggested at a future time
Disunion. Andrew Fuirservice was a re
markable man in many particulars, but we
have always thought his views of politics a
little ultra. He attributed all the ills of life,
even to the casting of a shoe by his horse on
a rough road, to the ill-starred Union be
twee England and Scotland. We think we
shall be sustained in the opinion that An
drew was a narrow-minded man of strong
prejudices. '
Andrew was not the so!e man of his tribe.
When he died, he left many heirs to his
opinions.' We' see not a few of them every
day in this country, far removed at it is
from the scene of honest Andrew's la
bors and trials. The only difference consists
in the object against which the American
Fairservice mils. The Scotchman's hostility
was excited by the British Union; his image
in this country rails against the union of
these Stales. Political unions, it seems, let
them exist where they may, is an object of
loathing to all the Fuirservices, Scotch or
American. We have not heard that they
openly attribute the chinchbug.nnd the joint
worm, and tie army worm and the thousand
other ills that wheat is heir to, to the Union,
but doubtless) in their secret hearts, they
think them thus attributable. Rich. Whig.
Slavert is Virginia. The Richmond
South, replying to' an article in tho New
York Herald, in which the writer predicts
the early extinction of slavery in Virginia,
soys '"To-d;y slavery stands upon a stron
ger basis in Virginia than at any former pe
riod of its history. It may not," says the
South, "be generally known, but it is never
theless true, that tiro, tobacco planters of this
State realize agreater profit on tjjeir invest
ments than tht cotton growers of Alabama.
In the production of Wheat, the other chief
staple of Virginia agriculture, the labor of
the negro shire is scarcely less remunerative.
What is the consequence? The very reverse
of the stnteirent in the Herald's article. So
far from relating its grasp upon the soil of
Virginia, slarery is daily enlarging its basis
and strengtking its foundations. The tide
of Southwaid exportation has been checked,
and instead of converting their slave property
into money, our farmert are actually embark
ratting tliemtehet to increate their tupply of
Newspapers. According lo a Philadel
phia journal, the Bulletin, there are supposed
to be about three thousand newspapers and
periodicals published in the United States,
with a circulation - amounting in the aggre
gnte to nearly six millions, and for the year
probably to five hundred millions. This in
cludes not only the daily press, but also the
tri-weekly, semi-weekly, weekly, monthly,
quarterly nnd nil other descriptioss coming
under tho head of periodicals. All the rest
of the nations of the earth united, do not
publish nt many periodicals as do the United
States, nor does tlieir aggregate circulation
amount to nearly so much. There nre no
morning papers in London or elsewhere that
circulate so many copies an do the papers of
the largest circulation in Philadelphia and
New York.
t-W The Austin State Gazette of the 17th
ult., says: Several gentlemen hnve called
this week to inform us of the crops in various
sections of the State. We never before heard
such uniformly cheering accounts. We
might well say that Texas will make a lar
ger crop this season, of every staple, than
ever before, even allowing for nil tho in'
erease of eultivuted lands.
Murder iff Chattanooga. Three men,
named W. Maher, Chas. Pearce and Richard
0'Donald,got into a fight on Monday night
of last week, in which Maher drew a knife
and stabbed O'Donald to the heart; who
died instnnllv.' He stabbed Pearce in the
left thigh, who, it is thought, will recover.
Bank Note Reporters. We havo often
wondered, says the Augusta Dispatch, at the
extraordinary number of these publications
that have made their appearance in the nor
thern cities for a year or two past, evidently
far beyond anything like the public demand
for such information as they contain. The
secret is beginning lo leak out.
The Philadelphia North American ol the
22d ult., publishes a long official report of
the legislative investigating Committee on
the affairs of the Tioga, Crawford, Phaenixt
ville.Shnmokin and Octarara banks. ' It tayi,
among other things:
A startling revelation is mnde by the com-"
mittee relntive tn the bank note reporters.
Proof seems lo have been nffbrded that some
of these publications ars blackmail sheets,
which quote banks in good or bad standing
according as the conductors nre fed. Letters
and circulars nre described as being sent to
bank 8; requiring immediate correspondence
or a personal visit, to make eertuin arrange
ments, on pain of disagreeable consequences.
t3f" A country editor, speaking of a mem
ber of Assembly, tays. "Tho first year he
went to Albany, he was to conscientious ss
to utterly refuse to receive his allotment of
stealings, in the shape of books and station
ary. The next yenr he did not hesitate, nnd
finally came home unnble to- tell the truth
imder the most fnvornble circamstnnccs.
(ET A wife sacked her husband1 in Hnr
risburg on the 25th ult. She tied him up in
a sack when he was drunk, and whipped him
when he got sober.
SrjOAH. At NashyiUe, by the hhd, N. O.,
8 a 9 J; by the bbl, 9 a 10 ccntt per lb.
A Glod Resolution. The "American
General Committee of New York," by
vote of 29 yeas to 13 nays, have resolved not
to unite, in the fall election, with any other
party, "especially with the Republican par,
ty," but to nominate and support candidates
of their own. As the Click Republicans
I we been industriously courting an alliance
with them, we suppose that this resolution
will convince Southern Democratic papers
that a portion of the Northern Americans are
not willing to make common cause with the
Freesoilers. Mr. J. T. Phillips, the Secreta
ry of the committee, writes to the N. Y. Ex
In political circles it is generally under
stood that the Committee has invariably
heretofore maintained a character and stand
of diametrical hostility to anything in the
shape ol a lusion, union compromise or coa
lition of the "American" party with any pnrty,
end especially itilh the "Republican" pnrty, at
the ensuing municipal election; or at any
eluction, or nt any tiino or under any circum
stances, or for any consideration or cause
whatever. . And I venture to say, will con
tinue to do so.
Practices in Nicaragua. Representa
tions came to the State Department by the
Moses Taylor from the American Commer
cial Agent at San Juan del 'Norte, through
our Counsul nt Aspinwall, ccmplaining that
nil the correspondence of Gen. Lamar, our
Minister at Nicaragua, is opened nnd rend in
its passage up the Sun Juan river, either by
the officials of the Nicaraguan government
or the agents of the conflicting transit cmpa
nies. Not only are all public dispatches thus
violated, but Gen. Lamar's private correspon
dence ns well. . The evil has reached such a
point that the Minister is compelled to lay
the case before the Secretary of Stale at
Texas Senator. It is said that Gov
Rnnnells will probably appoint the Hon.
Mutt Ward as United States Senator from
Texas, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the
death of Gen. J. Pinckney Henderson. Matt
Ward of Texas, it will bereccollected, is not
the Matt Ward of Kentucky.
Statr Roao Mokthlt Returns. The
Columbus Times of the 31st uli'.', savs:
"Thursday Inst (July 29th) the popular Treas
urer of the State Road, Mr. Benjamin Mny,
foiwarded to Milledgeville the sum of $25,
000 as the nett earnings of the State Road
for the month of July. Thus it will be seen
that this road pnys a handsome dividend to
the State, and from whnt we can learn, is
kept in most excellent condition. The pay
ment into the Treasury of the round sum of
8300,000 for one year as the nett earnings of
the Road, will not be overlooked by the
people, whose tax is to onerrus and heavy.
Railroads in Europe. In a year from to
day, says the Paris correspondent of the
New York Commercial Advertiser, it is ex
pected thnt Paris and Madrid will be connec
ted by a continuous railway. This result is
due to the activity of the brothers Pereire,
and then will be accomplished the celebrated
words of Napoleon: "The Pyrenees no
longer exist."
fgf" Letters have been received from
India, dated at Calcutta on the 4th, nnd
Madras on the 10th June. When Sir Hugh
Rose took Calpee he got nn immensa store
-of war muritions and a large number of ex
cellent guns, held there for the use of the
rebels. But it appears they loso little by
this, as they now work in the foundries
which they garrison and cast cannon with
amazing rapidity. The Sepoy triumph at
Gwnlior, nnd the movements in Oude, the
Punjab, snd Central India, show thnt the
insurgents are united, active, and full of
courage, meanwhile small pox, dysentery
nnd sun stroke, cut off a large proportion of
the English soldiers, whilst many others fall
dead on the inarches in consequence of the
weight of the heavy coarse clothing worn by
Savannah, July 31. It is rumored here
and perhaps only rumor, thnt the bark u. A.
Rawlins has landed 450 Africans somewhere
on tho coast.
- We clip the above dispatch says the Ss
vannuh News, from the Augusta papers. The
rumor was current in our community all day
Saturday and, as such things always do, gave
rise to s hundred different stories. The bark
E. A. Rawlins is at our quarantine ground,
and will, we understand, come up to the city
to-day. She is without papers, and reports
herself from the coast of Africa. It is ru
morcd that she has landed A cargo of 650
slaves some say in Cuba, others in Texas,
Nobody seems to doubt that she has landed
them somewhere.
New Cotton. A New Orleans despatch
announces the teecipt of two bales of new
cotton, nt thnt city, on Monday 26th oil.,
from the same source was received on the
19th day of August. The first bale heard of
last year was received in ' Richmond, Texas,
on the 7th of August. -
The President has appointed John
Nugent, editor of the San Franeiseo Herald,
U. S. agent to Frazer river, to prevent dis
turbances between our citizens and the au
thorities there, being satisfied that the Brit
ish government will pursue liberal policy
fSFThe Boston !edger, speaking of rail
roads, says that losses sustained in their
building and depreciation, in New England
are estimated ntover twenty millions.
Washington, July 30. Official advices say
that the Emperor of China has appointed an
official to confer with the Pence Commis
sioners. Il is considered st Hong Kong ns
nn important step towards a settlement of
The contract tn carry the mail from New
York to New Orleans has failed, partly fur
want of means of transportation, and partly
on account of 75 miles of unfinished rail
road in Mississippi, where mail matter has
largely accumulated and has been directed to
be sent to New Orleans via the Mississippi
flf" Harrison county, Ohio, is one of the
greatest wool-growing counties in the Union;
The Cadiz Sentinel estimates the crop In
that county at four hundred thousand pounds,
which will sell for one hundred and seventy
two thousand dollars.
. f-ff" Ait "empty sound a railroad whistle
when you are too lute for the train.
! .f'rrT7CK' TtAKa tftyvnit Tha Mm.
phia and Nashville papers contain the Re
port of the Committee appointed to investi
gate the causes which led to the lata bust
up in the Citizens' Bank. The Report is too
long for publication this week, nor is il
necessary that we should give it a place.
The extracts below from a couple of Mem
phis papers, contain the substance of what
the Committee aet forth:
Statement of the Bank Committee. We
publish this morning the statement made by
the committee who were appointed by a pub
lic meeting, and permitted by the owners of
the Citizens liank to examine into its con
dition. The lute hour at which it was re
ceived precludes me propriety or any re
marks from ns. We may, however, venture
to fiy that if the. classification of the assets
of the Bank made by the committee, and
their recommendation assented to by Mes
srs. Turner and Walker, the bill holder will
be saved from any serious loss, although he
may be subjected to some delay. We can
not permit ourselves lo doubt that the small
deficit will be made good by the present and
lute ownera of the Bunk, and an asmrnrice
by them to this effect would soon give quiet
to the public mind,and go far to reinstate the
parlies who have been so severely eejisored,
to the confidence which they once enjoyed
in so eminent a degree. Memphit Appeal,
July 31.
The Eagle and Enqnlrvr of the same date
The committee only state what appears
from the books and records. They give the
assets ns they find them, but there ia another
view of the ense which the note holder should
not lose tight of.. Can the bills receivable
be collected? We understand the law to be
well settled that a corporation cannot main
tain a suit in court, without a substantial
compliance with its charter. Beings creature
of the Statute, it must proceed in conformi
ty thereto. Such being the case, the note
holders will have to look to the stockholders
in their individual capacity.
We learn from n member of the commit
tee that Captain Turner and W. A. Jonea
are not indebted to the Bank, but that Mr.
S. P. Walker is largely in arrears. This fact,
in justice to the parlies, should have appear
ed in the report.
(9 Mr. Ten Broeck has been once again
successful on the English turf; his horse
Mimosa beat Mr. Dawson's Budsworth in a
match for $1,000 nt Newmarket. Badsworth
was the favorite at two to one, and kept the
leod until near tho winning post, when Mr.
Ten Broeck's horse shot past him and won
by two lengths.
Marriage of J-.ckle and Mrs. Cunning
ham. The New York Sunday Atlas says
that the famous (or infamous) John J. Eckel
has married the Mrs. Cunningham, and that
they are now living together as of old, in
New York City. Eckel is the proprietor of
a fut melting establishment, which has recent
ly been indicted as a nuisance. Both parties
lorg ago became moral nuisances.
Another Demonstration at Grettown
Our naval correspondent at Pensacola,
whose letter will be lutrnd in tc-dav s Her-
aid, sends us the important intelligence that
Ihe squadron at hey West, which includes
the frigates Wabash and Colorado, the razee
Macedonian nnd the sloop Plymouth, had
been ordered to Greytown. This imposing
force is probably sent to enforce upon the
Nicnrngunn government the absurdity of
further juggling with us in relation to the
Coss-Ynssari treaty, and likewine to pul in a
caveat against Jhe French, English and Sar
dinian protocol. Th gordian knot of Cen
tral American diplomacy may yet be cut
with round ahot. JV. Y. Herald.
Cuba Coming. Our dispatches from
Washington to duy announce ns a certainty
that the Administration hns all its plans laid
for the ncqnisition of Cuba, and volunteera
the impression, predicated upon assumnces
from official sources, that there is every rea
son to believe that those plans will be
crowned with success JV. V. Alias.
The Mississippi at St. Louis was
slowly falling Tuesday, having attained its
highest point.
I9ET" The Memphis Eagle and Enquirer
says: If any reliance can be placed upon the
rumors which are circulated to the effect that
the Citizena' Bank ought not to hnve stopped,
nnd that it has assets to indemnify the oote
holders, some of the officers occupy the po
sition of the Sptnish priest, who, after ter
ribly frightening his auditors with the certain
prospect of endless torments, concluded by
saying, "but be not so much cast down, my
friends, perhaps what I bave -been telling
vou is not all true."
The Harvest Moor. This yesr the har-
vest moon occurs in August, rising for six
successive nights nt nearly the same hour.
The July moon will also be one of unusual
interest, and scarcely inferior to the harvest
moon in those particulars which give to the
latter its distinction, being retarded only 23
minutes in the averace for six risings after
the full. Albany Journal.
Hon. John Slidell The Hon. John Sit-
dell, United States Senator from Louisiana,
arrived in Chicago on Tuesday last. Yester
day he was the guest of the federal office
holders in this city. We understand that no
ess thnn fifty persona Yesterday proffered
themselves as Slidell delegates to Charleston
in I860. Chicago Timet.
l-W We never have been exactlv able to
understand why il is that the American peo
ple have been so nervonsly anxious about thia
Atlantic telegraph project. Both ends of it
are to rest upon British territory; old Eng
land in case ot war, ai the very tune when it
would bo valuable, would have the exclusive
control of the whole concern und could use
it to her own advantage. Yet we have sen-l
American ships of war, nt an enormous ex
pense, to assist in tho .undertaking. Ve
shall grow wiser perhaps ns we grow ol
der. Philadelphia Evening Argus.
ISP The editor of the Washington Union
pretends lo "understand perfectly" whnt he
says. 1'ity he can't make himself equally
intelligible to his readers.- '
Tn Put Tsadi. Who eould dream of the
magnitude such an undertaking as tht manu
facture of a Purgative Pill assumes when it
eomet into general use. : And how painfully
do the following numbers speak of the amount
of human sicknast and suffering, that little
morcel of remedy goes forth to combat and
tiibdus. Dr. J. C. Aver, of Lowell, manufaa.
tures in bis laboratory forty groat per diem f
hit Cathartic Pills, through all they tar. This
ciuk i u ics a minuie or one aose a teeond,
We thus find over 48.000 persons swallowing
this pill every dav. or 1.208.000 a month!
rhvtieiant. think of that! 4S.000 nati.nt. a
day who seek relief from tht mediaal skill of
one man. Surely that man ihould be, at bt
it in this ease, one of tht first intlliir.nn and
of tht highest character. Ilit occupation en
tails upon him a fcarfnl responsibility for the
r woo oi ma ieiiow-map. raintvmt
Courier. . .
H? Lightninu rods take the mischief
out of Ihe clouds hickory rods take it out
out of bad boys. '
Nrw York, Aug. 1. The ttetmihin V.
derbill has arrived, with Liverpool advie 7,1
Wednesday, July 21.1. n ,0
The steam frigsle Niagara, wit
Cape Clear and the steamship Ag.men,in
was seen off Kinsale (on the Irbh eoasi)
the 18th July, op their way to midn
make another i-flbrt to lay tht Atlantic eib.
There had been some interesting debatei
in the English Parliament on tht Juddah
Massacre, on the Hudson Bay Campanr md
New Caledonia bills, and on the official re
turns from the frigates that weretngieea j.
Ihe cruize of Cuba for Ihe suppression of ih.
slave trade. '
The government of Turks h.j . .
general officer to Juddah, entrusted with
po-vers of life or death, growing out of tha
recent massacres.
England and F ranee were concerting tntas
ures against Juddah.
The Dutch Trading Company are engaged
in efforts to raise a loan or 5,000,000 florins
to increase Ihe Company's transaction! in
the markets of the world.
The financial affairs of the Great Eastern
or Leviathan steamship are said to be tuibir
raising. It it believed that the vessel will
be sold.
- There has been mother movement to in
augurate a Cotton Supply Association.
Niw York, July 31. The steamship
Granada, from Greytown, has arrived with
dates from that port to the 20lk July.
Among the passengers is Maximo Jarex,
in the place of Yrisaari, as Minister to thia
country from Nicaragua. He brings tht
Cass-Yrissarri treaty ss modified and ratified
by Nicaragua; also the complete negotiation
for Ihe transit route with Vanderbilt.
Nicaragua is much excited at the rumors'
of another invasion by Gen. Walker.
Martinez hna placed Castillo in a ilati of
Memphis Amusement. An inqnett was
held over an Infant that had died of neg
lect, baring been deserted by its parents
whilst il waa sick with teething and inflam v-
tion of the bowels.
Capt. Smith, of Wetmore't Ferry boat was
dangerously stabbed by James Herod.
James Hester shot John Childs with a pis
tol, inflicting a bad wound in the fact mar
the right eye.
EST" Returnt of the election in Oregon
thow that the democrats have a majority of
twen ly-nine n joint ballot in tht Legislstnrt
of that 1 erntory. The Legislature wat to
have met on the Cth ult, when so election
for United States' Senator would takt place,
in view of Oregon being admitted as a Stats
at the next meeting of Congress. Tht flec
tion of Genersl Lane was deemed ceitain.
(ST Speaking of the photographic copy
of the Declaration of Independence taken
upon a surface no larger than a pin's head,
which mny now be seen in Salem, Mast., and
can be rend with a powerful microscope, the
Salem Gazette says: "When aueh auceets
in reducing the size of documents and like
ness has been attnined by the photographic
art, it is easy to imagine what might be ac
complished in the time of war by the ute of
the microscope. The most important offi
cial document could be contained in sn or
dinary vest button, snd worn with impunity
by a spy on nn enemy's camp, or by traitor
eager to injure an active army of his own
fT- The Ritfht of Stureh question is
reching France. The Pntrie says that sever
al French ships on the coast of Africa having
been sesrehed by Portuguese cruisers, who
suspected them of being slevers, the Marquis
de Lisle, French minister at Lisbon, inform
ed the government thnt if the Portuguets
ships searched any more French vessels, un
der sny pretence whntever, or molested them
in their "operations" north of the rivtr Con.
go, the French cruisers would link them.
This mennnce is said by the Potrie, to hire
terrified the Lisbon Cabinet into compli
ance. Bad for a Patriot. The Wythetilfe
(Va.) Telegraph says that Ex-PreiidentConv
onfort, of Mexico, diaed at that plate in
patting through on Sunday, and was nutted
from Ihe Uble by the landlord for "conduct
unbecoming a a gentleman."
Witchcraft. The Monitowae (Mich.)
Herald states thst the house of farmer, re
siding in thd southwest part of that county
was burned to the ground on Saturday wttk
by company of pc-rsons, under the belief
that the occupants had bewitched all the ctt
tie in the neighborhood.
The re-rolling of old raila is exten
sively and successfully carried on in Detroit,
Cleveland, and either now is, or soon will
be, by extensive works st Chicago.
Dysentery. This scourge is prevailing
in several parts of Smyth county, Va and
is very fatal. There is slmott s pinic on ths ,
subject as nearly all who take il dii.
A Lively Boy. Matter John Murray, of
Detroit, a nice boy, has been sent lo jail for
sixty -days, for whipping hit mother. Hi
wat in the habit1 of beating her upon Ihe
smallest provocation, and few dsyt tince,
while at the table, he became offended wim
his sister, snd cut her severely with a knife,
flT About the only show of "bristles."
in the Gulf, was when the United Stales
sloop Macedonian encountered the British
lcm DovnaUlinn. Roth Vtssels beat tO
quarters, but concluded not to beat each
other. They "kept company" for about aa
New York, July 30. The sfesmthrp.
Hommonia, from Hamburg has arrived. She
aniled on Sunday, the 18ih July, and bring
London papers of Saturday afternoon
17th. .
The latest accounts from London report
no chnnge in the rates for money or in the
Value of Consols. ,
Hostilities had commenced between v
Musselmen snd Rajahs of Bosnia.
It was roported at Warsaw, that there
would soon be a general up-riaing in
'"The Ruttians have been beaten by
Circassians, wUh a loss, of 1,800 sasn snd
eight gunfc
St. Johns, Aug. 1. A stesmship f"
Liverpool was boarded offCape Re r
by the steam yacht belonging to the Asso
ciated Press. The diipatoh does oot gt
the name of the steamer. .
Advices from Liverpool, by this srnval are
two days later then those brought by "
Vanderbilt, snd ere op to Friday, JuT 33d. .
Gualior had been retaken by the Enfc"'
Chinese fort snd 3 8" hti W
captured by the allied force.

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