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8. P. IV1XS, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Tf rm:- rear, pinblf in advance. t4F No aper sifcnntinaed nntil all arrearage are paid, except at the option of the Publisher. Annouucinr name of eanlitlates for office $5, Cash. Obituary Notice over 11 Hum, charged at the regular advertising ratea. All communication! Intended to promote the prlrata ndi or lnteresta or Corporations, Societies, Schools or ndividuals, will be charg?d as advertisements. ATIIi:.N, aiAV, SEPT. IT, 1858. H?" Circuit Court lor Polk counlyeoir indices next Monday, Ihe 20th. CiMmnnsD PevrKu!i Synod. We are requested to stale that delegateilo this Synod, which meet nt Greeneville on Friday before the 4th Sabbath in October, will be passed erer the East Tennessee and Georgia Rail road, at half fare that i, full fare one way and return tickets free. State Dibbctois. The following is a, liet of the Directori appointed by the Governor, on the part of the State, in the East Tennes aee and Georgia Kail Road Company, to serve for the next twelve mouths: D. II. Ccmui.no, Clinton. John Williams, Klioxville, i. A. Mabbt, - i r J. Hurra Smith, London,. Jo. I. Wiiuiit, Madisonville. John L. liniuoks, Athens. J. 11. Cook a, " Y. J. R. Kdwakos, Cleveland. Kobmt Csavkns, Chattanooga. The new Itoni-d of Directors will meet at Knoxvillaon Friday, lt October next, for the purpose of organizing. Eleventh Volume. The present num ber commence! tliu lltli volume of this pa per. Tlio circulation nt present is about thir teen hundred, nnd the advertising nnd job custom larger than ever before. The only drnwbnck to our business is, the carelessness of a good many of our patrons about paying up. Our subscription book shows too much "dead timber. mid we must ged rid of it. We will about tliu 1st of October publish a list of tlio names of nil who lire in arrears for more than twelve months with the re spective amounts due, so that each may know what he owes, and all who do not pay up at onuo will bu crimed. Hereafter we will ac cept no Club subscribers if any one wants our paper he can have it at two dollars o year, nnd we will nut in futuro send a paper to any one without the money, unless we know the party or some friend vouches for the solvency of the same. For job-work the money must be paid on delivery those who want it executed on oilier terms will please end their custom to some other office. We certainly feel duly grateful to those who have encouraged mid sustained the pa per, and shall labor to make it more wor thy their patronage. We are making arrange ments for the purchase of new materials, nnd in a month or two will bring out the pa per in a new dress, and we hope otherwise improved. Monroe County. Owing to the sickness of Judge Welckeh, and his inability to pro- curs any one to preside In his place, there was no Court nt Mailisonville this week. There was, however, u goodly number of people In attendance Monday nnd Tuesday, nnd the lawyers were nil on hand, "cocked and primed" for business. We had the plea sure of meeting many of our friends nnd of proving thut money still circulates among the ".Monroe Boys," notwithstanding the very general complaint of "hard timos." Tiik Comet. If nny one will tnke Iho (rouble to risti before 4 o'clock in the morn' ing, and look about two nnd n half miles eaat of sunrise, they can get n view of the Comet. Some eontend that it is the real old fire-eater t lint caused Charles V. to nbdicuto mid frightened one of the successors of St. l'eter out of his pontifical boots; nnd that it has a tail billions of miles in length, w ith n curl at the end like unto that which some times graces the caudal termination of well fed members of the cunino family. It hits been in view from tliu Observatory at Wash ington City for several days, nnd has created some alarm among the democratic politicians, the President believing that its Appearance just at this time augurs the success of Dou glas and the final dissolution of the Demo cratlc parly. For the last few days "Family Prayers" have been a regular institution nt the Whito House. J3f There are n few papers very few and a few rascally politicians nt the South who are so alarmed at tin growing dispoai tion in the now States to abandon their fa nationl abuse of the institution of slavery, that their fears slick out in every thing they write ami any, nnd they are doing their level best to keep np the exoitument and prevent the cultivation of a better and more liar moniotis feeling between the two sections. If we may be pardoned the irreverence of the expression, it would be a blessing, a great blessing, to society if the good Lord would fall in love with all such political hypocrites and knaves and suddenly remove them out of this world of sin and sorrow. Ths tnnit who encourages the cultivation of seetional ani mosilics from prljish motives is a knave be yond the power of language to describe. Annual Stats: Fair. We are indebted to E. G. Eahtihn, Secretary, for a ticket to the Annual State Fair, wliieh will commence at the Fair Grounds, in the vicinity of Nashville, on the 11th of Ootobir. An advertisement in relation to the Fair will be found in our paper to-day. Carmagm and Waoons. J. C. A S. O. Ab ernathy, two miles Pouth-eaat of Madison ville, Monroe county, are engaged in macn faottiring Wigons and Cnrringas of all de aoriptions. They use the best material, and employ none but good workmen We have seen a Buggy ol their manufacture, of very superior fiuih. Tsi.turtAi'iiuv The wires are up as far as Athens, and we yesterday evening reoeivsd a dispatch direct from her Majesty at Windsor Castle. Albert is well, ana so are the chil dren. Nothing special as Is the next eceiti. YsllowKivku at New Orleans. Ths num ber of deaths in the tity tines the disease commenced its rnvages approximates 1600. New York. The Republicans nnd Amer icans hnve not fused hi New York. The Americana demanded t'unl ths former should drop tlio nigger nnd cease sectional agitation. This the Republicans refused, and the conse quence was, no fusion, nnd the nomination of two tickets i'or Sl.ilu ollicvis. TUB AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE. We publish an article on the first page of our paper, on this subject, copied from the Charlrslon Courier, to which we invite the reader's attention. The Courier is among the ablest and highest-toned papers ir. the Union, nnd its views, aside from its location, are entitled to more than ordinary weight. For ourself, ns we believe the men who ad vocate a dissolution of the Union are guilty of treason ns black as that Arnold contem plated, so do we believe the advocacy of the revival of the African Slave Trade contem plate a consummation fatal to the institu tion of slavery, nnd the prosperity nnd pence of the South. We know thut Abolitionism is an absurdity as well ns a wrong, as we know from our own observation that slavery, as it exists here, is mutually advantageous to both races, and that they must continue to occupy their present relative condition, ar.d can never occupy any oilier in the same coun try. At the same time, we can see no differ ence between stealing niggers on the const of Africa nnd stealing them on the coast of Caro lina. The men who encourage the fust would not hesitate, under change of location, to pat ronize the last thnt is, if they encourage steal ing niggers on the eoast of Africa for impor tation into the United States, under the same pecuniary inducements, and no greater risk of detection and punishment, they would not hesitate to encourage stealing them on the const of Carolina, Virginia, or Louisiana, for importation into Cuba or any where else where the operation would pay handsomely. This is plain talk but honesty can see no nice, wire-spun distinctions and declines to avail itself of the sophistries w hich bad men employ to concent the wrong. The subject is one thnt ought not to be discussed nt this time, but there nro a few reckless spirits at work, determined to force it upon the pub lic. Some of them may bo honest, but they are the worst enemies of the South, and in speaking ol them nnd their schemes, there is no language, consistent with self-respect, too strong to be employed in disnpprobating them. t2T" Frank Leslie, who showed up the Swill-Milk business in New York, was expell ed from the Municipal Dinner given at the Metropolitan Hole!. It seems that the gr?at est outrage a press can commit against the municipal officers of Modern Sodom is to ex pose frauds and villainies. Virtue and hon esty may be kicked and cuffed to any extent, without attracting the least attention or sym pathy, but level a lance at fraud and vice and the city fathers gather to the rescue as the vultures gather to their natural food. Indeed, it is aid that in York city they send the lenst vicious to the State Prison and the Penitentiary, and fill the municipal and city offices with the biggest criminals. This last may be a slander, but if honest men adminis ter the laws we can't see how so many crimi nals go tin whipped of justice. Moiik Thkasury Plunder. The Washington States says certain facts have come into its possession which will enable it, before the meeting of Congress, to show up, in its true light, the monstrous claim ou the Treasury of the United States, amounting is over $ 5.0U0, 000 fur ths war debt In Oregon. The States adds: "A combination of men, in high and low positions, composed of bankers, and, it is said, Senators, and their abettors, are getting, or have already got, the control of this im mense claim, and will attempt to force it through Congress at the next session. These speculators, we understand, have had their agents at work in Oregon, buying up the dif ferent claims against the Government, based on the most extravagant rata, for a few cents on a dollar. The facts before us, wa think, will enable us to show up this whole matter in its true colors, and expose one of the great est attempts to deplete Uncle Sam's treasury thnt has ever been made." tiff" w learn from the Advertiser thnt the tclegj'nphio communication between London and Chattanooga is now complete, and that dispatches between the two cities can be passed in ten hours. This must certainly prove a great matter for Chattanooga, to say nothing of the happy influences it will have upon the future growth and prosperity of Loudon. The appearance of a copy of the last issue of the Advertiser in Thread needle street will probably create a sensation. Tub Late Election As showing the light in which the connection of Judge Walker with the recent elecetion is regarded we clip the following from the Memphis Bui. Ictin, nn independent pnper.' The returns indicnlo beyond much doubt, Hint Judge v right is okeled, Ir, ii,'s con nection it is but just to the nie.norv of the departed "Sam," to statu that tlio name of Judge Walker was suggested m one or more of Iho Journals of Nashville, on the day of tne election, u not me day previous. One thing appears certain, thal'there was no gen eral concert of the masses of tin "American" Party, in the movetneut. : Everythinrr consid ered, it looks like u badly planned joke of " the boys," perpetrated, . we supposed, to "Keep liieir nnnds in,, , , A Railroad Across the Atlantic. A Writer in the New York Tribune suggests a Railroad from America to Europe. Me pro poses to cut down tlio hills nnd mountains of Scotland nnd New England, nnd to tumble them into the sen. The truck is to be n mile wide, nnd sixty feet nbovo the level of tlio sen; the rails nro to he on a new plan, the enra two stories high.- The running time is to be twelve horns, with a reasonable slop for dinner. 1 he fare is not stated, but it no doubt will be before the road is fin ished. Kansas. -(iovernoi Denver, of Kansas, has published a letter, by way of reply to various petitions presented to him, by residents of that territory, requesting him to oonvene an extra session of the Legislature. The Governor declines to call this extra session, showing that at the present time there are no members of the Legislature whose official terms have not expired. He also expresses the opinion that the next election should be held under the Inst apportionment, accord ing to the act of February 20th, 1857. He concludes by saying thnt he had eousulted the President and the Attorney General of th United States en this point, and both agreed that the next election should be ihild under this apportionment. y A Havnnnnh- dispatch of tho 13tli Inst., says Iho physicians report four eases of yellow fever of n mild type, but that there is no epidemic. There has beun one dealh. AMERICAN AND ENGLISH RAILROADS. Considerable discussion has arisen of late years, with regard to the comparative cost of English and American railroads, and accord ing to all the information thus far gathered, the account preponderates sadly against the latter. The New York Eveuing Post bar a very able and analytical editorial upon the subject, and for equal lengths of mileage, gives the subjoined relative eost of the rail way 8) stems of the two nations: Annual expense of American railways, ....1120,01,000 Annual expense of English railaara, lams mileage, bO.OOO.OnO Annual difference . ... iM,oti,000 Averare annual expense for maintenance of way of American lines 83,000,0Od Average annual txpense of English lines, same mileage, Ij.sno.ftOO Annual difference i 40,500,000 Average annual cost of fuel for American lines, 13,000,000 Average annual cost of fuel for English lines, same mileage, 700,000 Annual difference, $ ln,BwU,OVO Total annual expense of American railways, lTl,oaa,(in Total annual expensa of English railways, lno.oiMi.ouo Total annual difference, 171,000,000 So that for the same mileage, there is a dif ference agninst the American system of $71, 000,000 in the total expenses, whilst in the consumption of fuel alone there is in the European system, less thnn 68 per cent, of the quantity burned in our locomotives. Obviously, the basis of any comparison of European and American railways, must be their relative economical results. Hers is a tabular statement of the receipts and ex penses of certain lices in Europe and America: TVron ( pMrtpt fcrptnurt of ntfwKHf per mile run. per mils run. m receipts. England (1836 ) 1,44 u,63f 44 France (1855.) 2,03 0,87$ 43 N. York (1855,) 1,76 1,00 87 Mass. (1855,) 1,69 1,05 62 Miibs. (1856.,) 1,83 1,08 59 With regard to time, it is said the, average speed On English railways is 25 per cent, faster than that of American trains. The Great Western was the fastest road in the world, and its express ran regularly 11 miles in precisely two hours, or 69.5 miles per hour. In New York State, iu 1855, the average rate of trains was 24 miles per hour. In Massa chiisetts, in 1851, the average rate was 23.99 miles per hour, anil in 1847 the average sunk to 22 i miles. In other States the speed does not average so high. We have only publish ed a few albeit the most important items from the document before us yet thero is sufficient to suggest ideas of railroad reform in many leading particulars. Tom Coiiwin's Canvass. The Wash ington correspondent of the Philadelphia Press writes to that pnper of Saturday thus: "The most extraordinary canvass of the day is that now making by tlio well-known "Tom Corwiu" in Ohio. He is said to be over sixty, but still full of vigor of body nnd muni. While strongly opposing the l.e complon policy oi air. IMicn.innn, lie takes high grounds against sectionalism, rebuking Abolitionism with much lerocity, and terrify ing the factions by his fearless rhetoric. As yet ho hns no opponent in his district, nnd is expected to be elected almost by nomina tion. The most dangerous phase the oppo sition of the Democracy can nssumo is un questionably that of nationality. It may be III e best, in llii) long run, lor the coutitrv when such ideas as ''no more slave States" are given up; but the Democracy must close up ranks, and Irown down nil proscription beforo such it transformation of their oid ad versary." It will bo seen thnt the Locos nre lecom Ing considerably alarmed in consequence of the fact that tliu opposition nt the North nre growing wiser ns they grow older, nnd nre settling down upon strictly ijntinnal 'ground And they may well bo scared for Corwin's Intu Bpeech, so full of just, national idea, is having immense effect upon the Northern mind nnd will perhaps result in thoroughly mid speedily naturalizing nearly nil the Op position element in the North. Richmond Whig. Ground and Loftv Tumbi.ino. On tho 8th inst., Spulding &. Rogers' circus company performed in Carliiiville, Illinois, nnd on the same day was held the Democratic meeting for the reception of Senator Douglas. The large show bills announcing ench event w ere in numerous places in the town posted one nbovo the other. Some wag, where tho bills thus placed occupied a most sonBpicuous po sition, by a little cutting out nnd repasting made them read ns follows: The forty horso wagon. Largest travelling show in lliu world. Ground ami lofty tumbling by The Hon. Stephen A. Douglas,' The only mnn who performs everything On the bills. The Captain of tiik Slavb Ship. The special reporter of the New York Tribune says thnt Captain Townsend, the Captain of the slave ship Echo, or rntiinm, is n native of Rhode Island, nnd has a wife, nnd three chi'dren residing in Providence. Ho is tall, well formed, hns preposessing features, is about thirty three years of age, and is a mini of superior address and education, lie had bucn unfortunate iu legitimate commerce, nnd was driven into the slave trudu by the hopes of adequate reward. Dad ron BiieckenriduB. The Vicksburg Southron throws cold wntcr upon the pre tensions of Mr. Breckcnridge for the Presi dency. Says thnt pnper: The fnUs have not decided that ho slinll be Ihe President of these United States. Mr. Druckenridge is higher now than hv ever will bu ngnin higher than his intellectual Calibre entitles him to be, nnd lie should be content. Luck has dono much for him. Let him not, liku n desperate gambler, press it, lest he shouhl lose all nta single throw. Tub Bank or AMKiircA. The Clnrks ville Jefl'ersoninn of the 8th, announces, what wns known before, that the Bmk of America hud suspended specie payment on Monday last. That pnper thinks (he Dank will be able to pay, in a very short time, every dol lar of Its liabilities, and therefore it would be hnd poliey for persons holding its notes to ncrirk'e nnythtng in disposing of them. Ansa. Mews, ith inst. l-if The fullowing gentleman have been elected Directors of tho Memphis nnd Charleston Railrond Company for the ensu ing years 8 mi Tate, G. P. Brien, J. J. Done- gan, Win. Lchols, R. M. Pntt.in, Win. Dick son, Chas. W. Hunt, R. C. Brinkloy, Q. C. Atkinson. St. Louis. Sent. 6. The Ilelliivill... III.. Democrat is authorized to sny that Judge llreeso i trot nnd will not be n candid . f .. l,,e United States Senator in opposition to Doug las. New Ohlranm, Sent. 11. Dentin from I yellow fever yesterday, 85. TUrM KMPLST l A TEAPOT. I V' (rraintbeMcw York IVra'd.J e aupct the Clirvulier Pryor, of the Richmond South, is in a passion. He has written a long and litre itening rigmarole to the editor of the Richmond Whig about a telegraph despatch which appeared in the New York Herald, concerning certain dif ferences bet we n himself and a Mr. Yunccyv In this letter he is glibly abusive of our cor respondent, upon whom he pours such cpU thets as "malicious ealumnintor," "infamous falsehood,""mendacity,",Hkulking assailant," "felonious exertions," and winds up with the magniloquent announcement that in a few days he will "institute proceedings, with a view to Ihe full development of ait the facts in this somewhat singular alTair." Institute proceedings is good. We are glad thnt the Chevalier Pryor has d- termined to institue proceedings. We hope he will commence nt once, and we will help him in getting full developeilieiils. Wo shall subjoann before the Supreme Court of the United States all these fire-en ling secession patriots Tooml s, Wise, Yancey, Jeff Davis, W:n. Wnlker, nnd the w hole batch nnd get out ofthem rievcl opcmenls in regard to nil their ridiculous schemes nnd nonsense, from the nullification folly' of Calhoun down to the wondrous quarrel between Yancey nnd tho Chevalier Pryor. , '. Tho secession ehevaTrers have dwindled down to nn abstraction of ths most empty kind. Their only resource for nn excitement lies in getting up a theatrical combat between Yancey nnd Pryor on a difference of opinion. This opinion dispute hns about as much re lation to the living questions of the day ns the disputes between the Monnphysites and the Monullielites in the early nges of the church had to the greut truths of Christianity. Thesu theorists fought, however, formally ynars, and mucli blood wus shed. So we shnll nut be surprised to Bee a fierce feud among the secessionists the parties being Ynncryites nnd i'ryorites. The fact is, that there Is a set of these fools who believe that tho sun only rises and sets for Virginia, and that the rest of the world lives in Cimmerian darkness. But the question is, did the Chevalier Pryor back out of bis promises? Let us have some developements on that, Mr. Pryor. Another Submaiunb Cable Route. A writer in the National Intelligencer recom mends the connection of Burmudn with Fay al ns the main part of the route for another Atlantic Telegraph. He thus states the ad vantages of the route: "Tho distance from Btirmuda to Fnynl is less than from Ireland to Newfoundland. These islands stand invitingly off the cousts of Europe and America. They stand ns herculean pillars on which to rest the cable. If a lino was laid between them, shorterones could bu carried to the shores ol the Oid nnd the New World. Ono wire between these islands would serve all practical purposes for a long time to come. The route by Fnynl would accommodate England witli one wire, Trance with one wire, Spain and Portugal with one, and Madeira and Africa with one. On our side, the Bermuda route would be convenient for one wire to New England, one lor tho Middle States mid Ihe West, and one lor tne oouinern dates -una Uuiiiornin, one for Cuba and Mexico, nnd one for the West Indies add South America. In limo of war, with the batteries ou these islands, we could all depend upon tho main trunk or big gun placed between them, nnd find available some of the small arms pointed at so many nations. Tub Baptist. Tho Baptist Almanac for 1859 hag just been issued by the American Baptist Publication Ssciety. We gather from it the following summary of the Baptists in the United States: Associations 505; churches 11,000; ordain ed ministers 7,144, licentiates 1,925; baptized in 1857, 63,600; total members 623,191. Be sides thesu there nre tho Anti-Mission Bap tists 8,000; nnd the Freewill B iptists 50,5 lu; nnd of Disciples and other denominations that practice immersion, about 400,000. The increase iu the last ten years has been 144 associates, 3,395 churches, 2,191 ordaiued ministers, arid 225,418 membets. The PitiLotoi'iiy of Playing Low. At the recent reception of a new engine by the Boydon Engine Company, Wallham, Mass., Rev. Thus. Hill of that tow n, who was una ble to bo present, Bent in n speech, in which is the following paragraph, which cud lain a a valunblo hint: "When tho sad fire nt tho corner of Cen tral and Newton streets wns raging, some years ago, I went with n friend from another Stale, nn old tiremnn, to look on. He re marked that those who held tho pipe seemed to him not sufficiently governed by the great principle which is Ihe secret of all success in battling with fire. This principle is expressed in the most important precept, play low. Throw your water not on Ihe lop ot tho lire, where it will bu turned aside by roofs, ilores, nnd other obstructions, or, touching the lire, will rly off in useless vapor hut throw it nt the lowest burning point, that the steam generated may at unco ascend through ihe lire nnd smother it tlirow the water nt the lowest burning point, which is by Its ascending healoiicoofagmg the whole lire destroy first the ringleader of the riot. . l-if The Trenton Independent Journal, in speaking of tliu electhm 'of n Judge of the Supreme Court of this State, says, that there wns very little turn out. I lint has been the case in nil the Judicial elections sinco the matter was forced upon the people. The same paper, hi speaking of the persons voted lor, says Judge Wright is n IA-rfftrcrat,- nnd. if it is not misinformed, those w ho voted for Judge Walker would not have bettered themselves poliliclly, if they had succeeded; for it learns that he Um I a deillOCliit, .ash. Daily Acws. IIavti. The Emperor of Hayti, it is stated in some of the papers, has a commis sion traveling in the United States to lunrn tliu disposition of the free negro population in regard to emigrating to llaytl. Dissolving the Union. Tom Corwin, In his speech nccepling ,0 nomination to Con gress said t "I have seen about three dissolutions of tho Union. Laughter. When I wns in the Senate, an honorable gentleman solemn ly assured us that if n certain bill was not passed the Union would be dissolved the next Thursday, about 6 o'clock in tliu evning. Renewed laughter. Well, Thursday nnd 6 o'clock came ami went, and ther bill wns not passed,- nnd tho Union was dissolved I suppose, but it camu together again the next minute, nnd was more firmly cemented than ever before." I if' Banks hns been nominated by tho Republican convention, ns n rnudidnto for I Governor of Massachusetts. COMET OF I85S. This remarkable comet (says the Albany Argns) is now visible to the naked eye, ns predicted by Dr. G'ould some weeks ago. It is now only one hundred and forty millions of miles distant and already shows through a common opera-glass n well defined tail. We nre told that during the first week in October the comet will be most striking brightness, possibly tho largest of the centu ry, nnd at that time will be seen near Arctu rus, perhaps even surpassing that brilliant star in splendor. It is now visible for about an hour after sunset and an hour before sun rise in a line with the two stars Called the Pointers, and forming nearly a right angle between these and Arcturus. It is now best seen at four o, 'clock in the morning. Dr. Gould also suggested in the last nuin ber of his Journal that from the similarity of the elements it was possible thnt this comet wns identical with the first comet of 1827, nnd nlso that of 17G4. This fact seems now, from the recent obsei vations, almost ceitnin, affording a reasonnble presumption that it is a periodic comet whose period is about thirty ono years. Habvard College Observatory, ) September 6, 1858. f Two faint telescopic comets were discov ered nt this Observatory durincr Inst nicht by Mr. II. P. Tuttle one a degree south of Ihe star inpelln nml another twenty degrees to the east of It. The first is Conjectured to be the return of aye s periodical comets, if so, its computed place differs very considerably from its actual position, rtccuraie observations ol it were obtained. The light of early dawn, howev er, prevented similar observations being made upon the other. It is a fact of unusual occurrence that there are now visible in the heavens Jarre comets, tho brightest of which, Donnti's, can he distinctly seen with the linked eye about ten degr es above the horizon in the north west vbout H P. M. It shows n tail of two uegrees in length, nnd is rapidly increas ing in brightness nnd rising higher above the horizon nt that hour. W. C. Bond Arrest of a Forger. John O. Bishop, snid to be nn nble lawyer, committed frauds in Chicago to the amount of $100,000, nnd successfully eluded capture since April Inst A large reward wns offered for his arrest, nnd he was taken on the 15th ull., while crossing un Iowa prnirie. He was on foot, lendiug a horse on Which wns strapped a large bundle containing papers. Ho wss miserably dress ed, his feet being encased in ragged mocnsins tied up with thongs of bnrk. His clothes were dilapidated, and tied nnd sewed up with the same material; had upon his head nn old palm-leaf hat. His benrd nnd hair were very long, showing that he had avoided settle ments,nnd hnd probably been endeavoring to escape detection by wandering upon the fron. tier for a longtime. A Train Stuffed sr Grasshoppers. It is stated that a freight train on the New- burg (N. Y.) Branch road was stopped by grasshoppers a few days since. A large number of grasshoppers had alighted upon it, literally covering the rail. The train pass ed over sevcrnl thousand of them, w hich made the track so slippery the wheels turned round without going forward. Sand wnB procured nnd poured upon the rail, when the train resumed its accustomed motion and proceed w ithout nny further delay. The New Yoiik Cattle Market. The New York Journal of Commerce, of Thurs day last, Bays: Tho cattle report for tho present week shows arrivals of live stock, which nre be lieved to be larger thnn ever before known in this market. Over 5,800 head have been yarded this week, causing a further decline in prices of beeves of ntnrly ono cent pel pound. St. I.OUI3, Sept. 10, 1858. The Salt Lake mail hns arrived nt lavcnwurth, Kansas, and wns twenty-one days en route. The .Mormons and iho traders nnd government officers were attending to their business. As soon as the associate Judges arrived the trials for treason would be commenced. No arrests hnd yet been made. The Indians were very troublesome about the city, nnd hnd killed several of the Mor mons. One family wan massacred while moving south. Dr. Forney, Indian agent, was out among (he tribes making treaties, and has thus fur been successful. Engineers were nut locating the four posts en the wes tern division of the mail route. A German importing house nt New York lately received nn invoice of fino Ha vana eegars, which were appraised at the custom house at three dollars per thousand. The importers thought this too high, nnd un der their onth tho segnrs were admitted at one dollar nnd a half. Their evidence was that not n particle of tobacco entered into thccomposiliori of said segars, but that they wero wholly composed of oak and other leaves, soaked in strong tobneco ley. t-if Al Cleveland', Ohio, n lawyer noted for defending burglars nnd counterfeiters, had Ids' horse stolen from a stable a few nights since. On learning, by advertise ment, vi-lio owned the horse, the thief immedi ately returned it, without claiming the re ward. -?An Alabama cotemporary in speaking of n member of Congress, who is n candi date for re election says, "He came all the way from Washington city home for instruc tions how to vote ou the Kansas question, and then went back nnd voted wrong." Fon Scolding Wives. A enrpenter hnd been for seme lime rcpniring a dwelling whose mistress is a reputed termagant. Lis tening to her wrath on her good nntured "old man," the other day, Shavings turned to us and seriously said: "If I hnd such a wife ns that, I'd 'point her fun'ral to-morrow, 'two o'clock, nnd, by J-o c-k-s-, the corpse u oull be ready!" -fTThe Lebnmm Herald man is inclined to joke nbontthe Into election for Supreme Judge. Wear him: "From the appearance of (he election re turns it is evident thnt the democrats have mado the nltempt to defeat our man Wnlker by voting for n secret candidate a fellow' by the name of Wright, of Memphis. It wns a sharp trick nnd mis probably succeed ed." CRors. The Pnyettevillu, N. C, Observer says: Our letters from nil the surrounding counties give deplorable accounts of the drought and its effects. Tho low lands on Cape Pear nrs the only erccptions their crops, it is said, nre better than for some years past. Political Ksaverv. What will those Southern Democrats who sustained tiie ap plication of Kansas for admission into the Union with the Ucninptou Constitution, say to the following extracts from the Washing ton Union? Did Ihey support the npplca- tion us the shortest way to secure the admis sion of Kansas ns a Free State? Or did they do it with a view to add one more to the list of Slate States If tho latter, will they not only join us in denouncing the Union for this base attempt to create the im pression that the bill for Ihe admission of Kansas, supporleiiby the South, was really a trick to add another to the already prepon derating free States? ATaxA. Patriot. From the Washington Uulon. "To have come into the Union under the f jecnniptoo constitution, would have been to invest herself immediately wiih the power to abolish slavery a power which she does not now possess and which Congress cannot o -ercise for her. "It is not n fact that the ndmiasior. of Kan sas under the Lecompton constitution would have resulted iu favor of slavery there. Not only was it impossible that this wns the ope ration of the bill, but it was as imwssiblf. that this could haie been the intention of its authors." "The Know-Nothing council admit thut the majority of the people of Kansas were opposed to slavery. They know thnt, theo retically, under the Dred Scott d- rision, slit very existed in the Territory, nnd that admis sion into the Union under the l.ecuinitpn con stitution ictis the qukkest process by which they could prohibit that relation in Kansas. That being admitted, the people hud sovereign power nt once to change their constitution, mid thus give effect to their opinions as the subject of slavery; In other word', the lecompton constitution wns presented to Congress early last w inter. Had the State been admitted, long eru this 29th of August, she could have framed anew constitution, and been a free Stale de facto el dbjnre. The Khow-Molhinrrs and Republicans were fully advised of these matters, opposed admis sion, and thus prevented the people of Kansas from making a free Slate constitution. They did this, knowing nil the while lhat under the Federal Constitution slavery was permis sible in the Territory." t3ST A traveled London liidy gives the following incident, among others, to n circle of admiring friends, on her return from America: "I was dinin hnbonrd a first-class steam boat on the lloeigho river. The gentleman next me, on my right, was a Southerner, nnd the gentleman on my lelt was a Northener, Well, they gets into a kind of discussion on the hnbbolition question, when some 'big words hanz: " 'Please to retract, sir,' said the South ener. " Won't do it,' said the Northener. " 'Pray ma'am,' said the Southcner 'will you have the goodness to lenn back in your cliiiirr "With the greatest of pleasure, said I, not knowi' what was n cumin.' When what does my gentleman do but whips out a 'oss pistil ns long ns my hnrm, nnd shoots my left 'and neighbor dead, lint thutwnsu t hail! for the bullet, comin' out of the left temple, wound ed n lady in the side. She hutteied nn 'or rifick scream. " 'Pon my word, ma'am,' said the South erner, 'you neenn l maKe so much noise about it, for I did it b mistake.' " "Afi J wns justice done the murderer?" nsk ed a hornlied listener. "llinstantly, dear iiu'dam," answered Miss L . "The cabin passengers set right to worK nnd lynched nun. J ney uug nn in the lamp chains, right hover the dinin' table, nnd then finished the desert. But for my part, it quite spoiled my happetite. A Slander Refuted. A clergyman was charged with having violently dragged his fe from n revival meeting, nnd compelled her to go homo with him. The clergyman let the story travel along until ho had n fair opportunity to give it n broadside. Upon be ing charged with the offence he replied ns follows: "In the first place, I never hnve attempted to influence my wile in her views, nor choice of a meeting. Secondly, my wife has not attended nny or the revival meetings in Lowell. In the third plnce, I have not ever atterded nny ot the meetings fur nny pur pose whatever, lo conclude, neither my wile nor myself hnve nny inclination to these meetings, f inally, never hnd a wife. More Rich Diogins in North Carolina. TheSailsbury (North Carolina) Wntchmnn s.iys thnt a gold mine hns been discovered in that vicinity, which, worked by four hands, yielded twenty-five pounds of pure gold in ten days. l-if The nomination of Thomas Corwin, of Ohio, for Congress, in his district, is very distnsteflil to n1arge portion of his party. I'hey nre assailing him fiercely; because he says ho will not refusu lo admit a State into the Union on account of slavery. We are very much afraid they will drivu the said I homns into the Democratic party. Lou, Democrat. ' How Pady Got Rid of the Mosquitoes, He inised the mosquito net up nil around, then lay temptingly on his bod till every mosquito in the room wns down on him. He suddenly pulled down the net, senred al the mosquitoes inside, and then crept out nnd slept on the floor. ' ' .; tif The U. S. Treasury is in n bnd wny, It has "shelled out" till nothing is left but a Cobb. Delightful Scenerv. The Kansas City Journal describes the Missouri river scenery in n few lines, thus: "On one side of the river there nre immense bottomlands, cov ered with cotton woods, on the other side, tall cotton woods statnding upon immense bottoms." -if" A newspaper correspondent writcs( thnt while traveling in the North, he atten ded n negro meeting, when the sable prench- or offered nn eurnest prayer for "de white element in our population." One or thb Propositions. A hand bill hns been circulated in New York,' proposing to hnve n grnmf fancy nnd masquerade bnll nt Nevesink in the Highlands, to raise funds to build a chuicht Crots ir West Tennessee. The Boli var Democrat, of the 8th, says: We hnve been Informed by Severn! of our most Intelligent farmers thnt the present cot ton crop will bo the heaviest that hns been raised (nt several years. Tho staple is said to bo very line; and from the present prospect we expect a good time mid a plonty of money in n few weeks. HyThe Bonrd of Hoalth of Mobile re- port two eases of yellow fever In that ci'jr one occurring on Monday nnd Iho other on Tuesday Inst, The Union of the Opposition. ,. t ,. mil.; tide to-day from the lonisti ,- (Ki ) Journal, nan an Ameilran, iuil ,., Ct. "t leaning Whig journal of the West, j ),;,,, is urged the revivification of II, e Wh' . p rv as the only pronnd for the onion of the position. The Whig Party w.ij g,, denl stronger than Ihe America p,riv or Ihe Republican Pnrty disconnected;. i, I.Vnr, as there is very little hope, in ih;, M,le' at least, of mingling fire ai.d Hater, u, ier the full force of the hints, suL'.-t-ali i a , J argnmcuts of the journal, which, Weipmle. The recent American 1'onventn.n held in Albany shows a great deal more atniiti jn the American Party of this Slnle, Ihuilt hns been credited with having; but though it h confessedly in the minority here, it slums n intent of embedding itself in, ,r embody'intf itself upon, tiie Republican Party, Ua!i ,t Republican Pnrty will come over lo iu views. The Republican Purly of New York, if not in a like minority, is yet in Ihnt minority snd ran do nothing against the Democratic Party, without the ro oper.il on of 1 1, Americans. In this condition of thin ns there now seems to be but little hope' ut union, may there not be some hope of re viving the old Whig Parly, which, mid, r the Whig name, would startle thousands from their slumbers, nnd make men. Ihoujh now sleeping, most active throughout the St.-.t? It wns a great -error but, we h pe, r.nt an irreparable one, lo abandon the Whig Party and the Whig organizations. Thr wns music in Ihe old name, nnd dignitv in the principle. Great names had imuiort.-i!. ized it, and its great deeds had engraven themselves upon Ihe history of the country. uut read lliu Miuisville Journal, and see if anything can be done. The "ninchiiien " of the existing parlies but plays into the hands of the minority of ihe country, which calls itself iho Democracy. A. Y. xp-ess. Lawyers Ekgagfd in the Rkvival R," the very excellent correspondent of the Savannah Mornins News, writlrt" from a - Athens on the 2Gth ull., says: It la worthy of note, that the law yers of this (western) circuit nre now carrying una most extrordinary revival nt Jcffers'on'in the adjoining county of Jackson Superim Coiul oeing in session inero. I he most prominent movers nre Hon. James Jackson, Ihe repre sentative from this Conrrressional DislnVl: l'hos. R. R. Cobb, Eq., 11. II. Overhv. E-o . former candidate for Governor; Hon. J urn s P. Simmons, former enndidat" for Congress tins oisinci; nml w. J. Teenies. Ea . of Jjtwrenceville. These gentlemen ore all active nnd nrdent cliun h member--, and are exerting their utmost efforts in c irri ing on the great religious work hich seems" to" ho pervading this whole country. J.ist such a work wns commenced bv the same in'eiubcrs of the bar, Inst week, in Walton county, winch is now going on, I learn, in the hands of Ihe regular ministry. Before I dismiss this subject, it will not be out of place to mention, ns n remnrknble fact, Ihnt nenrly every member of Ihe bar, in this circuit, is a professor of religion, and most of them are active and enthusiastic Christians. Mad. John Abel is raving mud in jail with delirium tremtns. He has long been drinking to excess, and the sudden and com plete stoppage of stimulating drinks iu jail has brought upon him this fearful disease. He raves of Everson, whom he killed, nnd thinks he is ngain pursued by the moh, w ho were so near lynching him. This is n sad but striking testimony to the power of con science. Man cannot dare the vonge:ncu of heaven, with impunity "Vengeance is mine; I will repay, snilh the Lord." M mphis Ap peal. St. Louis, Sept. 6. About twenty thou sand persons nre here to-day, nt the opening of the Agricultural Fair. The display of horses, cuttle, &c, is unsurpassed. Washington, Sept. 7. A dispntrh has been received here, from St. L mis, w kicfi states that the Hon. W. A. Rich irdsmi has resigned the office of Governor of Nebraska, for the purpose of slumping Ihe Stale of Illinois in luvor of the lion. S. A. Douglas. It is reported in this city thnt Mr. K. resigned from domestic causes. Piiiladelpaia, Sept. 9. The slavery dis cussion between Urownlow and Pry he is pro gressing. There is considerable excitoment, but no details are received worth reporting. NewOrlhans, Sept. Deaths from yellow fever yesterday, 49. Wasiiinoton, Sept. 0. The Treasury re. ceipts for the last week nre nearly 8I.68J, 000, which is nn Increase of $263,000 over the previous week. - The nmoiint now on deposit is over f 14, 500,000. The Secretary of tho Tronsury has issued orders that no custom house subordinate, shall be removed or appointed without his previous sanction. Claims fur the return of duties nnd illegal exactions must bo mado direct lo the Treas ury Department. Tho Secretary directs the va'uo of sugar imported from Cuba to be apprdsed. New Yokk, Sept. 11. De Santy, Ihe Electrician at Trinity Bay, says that the dif ficulties on the Cable are temporary and electrical. The Cable has not p.iried. Louisville, Sept. 11. At the tncctPrrg of the Railroad Presidents il was delermiiifd to advance passenger faro fo the old rates, also to advance the rates on treighl. Washing ton, Sept. ll Mr. Forsyth, our Minister to Mexico, is now on his return from Mexico, in Ihe Plymouth. Charleston. Scot. 13. The Health offi cer publishes in the morning papers that 1 ... . . i 1 .1, .... l I.. mere weru iuj uoauis uy ibhow rci this city during Ihe lust week, including Sat urday. Wasiiinoton, Sent. 13. Thomas Rainejr, of New York, hns been appointed a spcciar Agent to transfer the capture,! Africans t the Liberinn authorities. Wasiiinuton. Sent. 14 Mr. Korsytll will not return to the United Stales till October, on account of unfinished business ami the prevalence of yellow fever nt Vera Cruft Gen. Denver has resigned the ellice el Governor of Kansas. Mr. Reiiiiinrirr declines tliu nvi 10 Spain. Portland. Maine. September 14. "I' rtonolilienna hnvu lirohnblv carried hV6 U the six Congressional districts of the Pi"1' -tTA Boston paper company rectnJl" threshed 13.000 nounds of clear sand frorrr sixty bales of rags importel from f.gjfU being 22 per cent, of tho whole wcigni. - rags were lakon from the muiiiinir n catacombs, nnd the sand was sifietl n VJ the Egyptian sharpers, to- increase Un-'" weight. -rA man from Canada e died ' 'J0' Ion merchant A few days ngo, ami alter eim llnir over their old business transactions, re minded the IJostonian that h h 'd i'v,,r n turner! a no..bt handkerchief which I" l)nr' rowed at his house, in Canada, "llr,'"'f yean ngo. Soventy-fivi. nents imid.i W matter nil straight, nnd the Canadian dcpnn- cd, a wealthier, if imt a manner man. i.Jf Mi .ttta u-ril.ir aiivi that the word would ill Riifus Choalu'a hand w riting, resembles mall gridiron struvk by lightning.