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BY SAM. P. IVINS.
ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 18G0.
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Athena, Friday. Nvplember , 180O.
JVX JEJXJTXJSTO- t
At Memphis, Tenn.
Th frlendi of BELL and EVERETT will hold
grand Notional Uniun Kill Meeting in the city
of Memphis, Tcnn., commencing on Monday, the
8th of October, and eontiouing during the week.
The able.t Orutora of the country will he in at
tendance, and no expense will be spared to make
a demonstration worthy of th great Interests in
volved In the pro sent contest
All friends of
The Constitution, ana
The iVorcemenl of the Lav;
an cordially invited to be present, as ample ar
rangements will he made for their accommodation.
Arrangements will also be effected with all tho
Railroads leading to Memphis, by which persons
will be convoyed to and from the city at a great
redaction of far..
By order, Comnrrsa or Ihvitatiox.
Memphis, September X, J860.
Bailie Petto, Laxdo C. Hayxks and Ws,
II. Polk, Electors for the Stat, at Large, have
published a list of appointments, commencing at
Winchester on the 3Uth August, and ending at
Chattanooga the 2d of November. We subjoin
the appointments for East Tcnnossee :
Klugston, Roane county, Friday, October 12
Clinton, Anderson county, Saturday, " IK
Jacksboro', Cumphcll county, Monday, " lo
Tazewell, Claiborne County, Wednesday," 17
Beau's Stuliun, Grainger to., Thursday, " 18
ltugersville, llnwkius county, Friday, " 19
Kinfjiport, Sullivan county, Saturday, " 20
Bloumvillc, do do., Monday, " 22
Jonesboro', Washington CO., Tuesday, " 23
Oreeneville, Greene county, Wednesday," 24
Newport, Cock county, Thuesday, " 25
llamlrMlg-t, Jefferson county, Friday, " 26
Kuoxrille, Knox county, Saturday, " 27
Maryvillc, Blount eounty, Mondny, " 2D
Madisonrillo, Monroe county, Tuesday, " SO
Athens. MeMinn county, Wednesday," 81
Cleveland, Unolley ouunty, Thursday, Nov. 1
Chatlunuug, lluuiiltoD co., Friday, " 2
TlflKU CO.NQnESSlOMAL DISTRICT.
The undersigned will address the people of the
Third Congressional District at toe following
times and places, begiuniug exactly ut eleven
oclock, A. Jl., oaott day, vis
Saturday, Sept 22
Sulphur Springs, "
Mury villa, "
Mouse Creek, McMlnn,
Tuesday, 0 :t
D. M. KEY,
O. W. BRIDGES,
Judge Taney NoniNATED.-In pursuance
to previous announcement, the Demo
crats of St. Mary's county, Maryland, as
sembled in large numbers at Leonard
town, on the 1st inst., and successfully
nominated Judge Taney and Samuel Nel
son of Now York, for President and
Vice President of the United States.
t& A friend informs us that the vo
ters in Greensboro, Ala., in the corpora
tion, have been canvassed and ascertain
ed to stand as follows:
And just so t he vote will be found over
the whole South in November. Hurrah
for Bell and Everett and the Union.
Arkansas. Very direct and reliable
news from Arkansas, founded on the cal
culation of a gentleman actively and suc
cessfully engaged in the lute canvass in
that State, usserts that the proportions of
parties stand as 9, 4 and 3; that is, when
Bell gets nine votes, Breckinridge will get
four, and Douglas three, so that for every
nine thousand votes given to Bell, seven
thousand only will be given to both Breck
and Douglas. Arkansas is considered safe
for Bell by good judges on the ground.
, fr Hon. Henry D. Foster, the Demo
cratic candidate for Governor of PennByl
vania, in a speech at Somerset, has de
clared himself in favor of Judge Douglas'
equutter sovereignty policy and opposed
to Congressional intervention in the Ter
ritories. Hewas nominated by the united
Democracy, long before the split at
-Charleston, and has not heretofore identi
fied himsell with either wing. It remains
to be seen whether tho Breckinridge
office-holders in Pennsylvania (they have
no party worth counting) will now repu
.' Bill Auiad. A vote has been taken
for President on the oars of the Mississip
pi and Charleston Railroad, for thirty-one
.days, and twenty-seven limes out of tlnr
ty-one, Bell received a majority over all
competitor. - .
.. . JSPThe Dispatoh, published at Leaven
, worth, Kansas, has taken down the names
of Lir.ooln and Hamlin, and run up old
' "Breck and Lane." The reason was, that
Lincoln would have the Fugitive Slave
'''A Step Backward. The census of the
eity of Dubuque, Iowa, shows a deorease
in population of 4,000 within three years.
Three years ago the population was 17,'
000, now it is 13,000.
Mr. Bell and Disunion.
From the Nashville Banner.
In their desperation, the Breckinridgers
are charging that John Bell, tho Union
candidate, and the embodiment of the
Union sentiment of the country, is a dis
unionist. We have hardly thought that
such a charge was worthy of a serious re
futal. It is so manifestly absurd and ri
diculnus that no man of ordinary sense
can for a moment bo misled by it.
Every disunionist and every sympathiz
er with them will perhaps vote against
John Bull, who said in 1832, "I am no
alarmist, but when I reflect upon all I see
and hear connected with this subject,
when I look to the growing distractions of
the country, I feel myself justified in de
signating the sum of what I shall sny upon
this question as a picaor the Unionl" In
the same speech he said, "what is the first
great care of an American statesman? To
preserve our free institutions. I will not
go into an argument tcsshow thut the only
etl'ective mode of discharging this great
trust is to preserve and cherish the Union."
"But they cannot close their
eyes to the dangers which stare them in
the face, and they invoke, through me,
their brethren everywhere of every quar
ter of the country, of every party and of
every pursuit to concede something to
this greatest common interest, the safety of
Wiio said in 1850:
"So, sir, if i could dictate the course of
Congress in the pending difficulties, I
would say, let the adjustment be made in
the real spirit of compromise, concession and
Who mid in 1856, in his letter to the
Knoxvillo Muss Meeting:
It tuny be usked, in what dees the safety
ot the country consist? I answer: in Ihe
preservation qj ' the Union. 1m everf aspect
IN VUll'U 1 AM ABLE TO VIEW THE SUBJECT, 1
REUAIIO THE DISSOLUTION Or THE U.MUN AS
THE DlltEsT CALAMITY WHICH CAN BEFALL THE
fEOI'LE THE PEOPLE OF TUE SOUTH AS HELL
as of tue North. It is fashionable to flute
some exceptions to the general truth. 1
urn prepared to state none, within the
range of probable events. I admit the
possible occurrence of a state of things, in
the operation of the Federal Government,
which would be a greater evil thun the
destruction of the Union. A .'luring ty
ranny an oppressive and persistent viola
tion ut' pluin and unquestionable consti
tutional obligations, or u similar disre
gard of constitutional limitations, in the
practice of the majority, on subjects of
vital interest to the minority, would be u
virtuul abrogation of the bonds of Union
uiidjuslity a resort to revolutionary reme
dies. I Use Hit-1 (Mills, revolutionary remedies
in reference to the possible oppressions of
a majority, in wielding the Legislative and
Executive powers ol the Government, be
cause I have no faith in, the political
metaphysics of those who seek to establish
a peucelul mode of breaking up the Union,
by deducing from the Constitution a right
of secession in the States. I regard such a doc
trine as equally unsound, delusive awl mischiev
ous. Delusive, because it can hare no efficiency
in preventing civil war; and mischievous, because
it tends to m islead and seduce the people of a
State into a revolutionary measure for insuffi
dent cause, under the false idea of immunity
from the ordinary hazard oj a revolt against an
Douglas at Rochester.
Rochester, Sept. 18. Senator Douglas
arrived here from Syracuse this morning,
receiving on the way the usual demonstra
tions ot respect, l lie enthusiasm appears
to increase as he passes West. He spoke
in the afternoon to a crowd of about 20,
000 people, his speech occupying an hour
and a half. He presented no new fea
tures except the Missouri Compromise.
lie claimed that he had always supported
and upheld the Missouri Compromise so
long as the people ot the tree Mates were
willing to aliulo by it; aim in lfHn had in
troduced a bill which was passed by the
Senate, extending the line to the Pacific.
The House rejected that bill. He cluini
cd thut if passed, it would have settled
the slavery agitation forever. He charg
ed that it had been defeated by the union
of free-soilcrs and Southern fire-eaters,
who had then combined against the Mis
souri Compromise as they are now com
bining agunst t'opular sovereignty.
Philadelphia, Sept. li. An immense
Democratic mans meeting was held last
evening, for the support of the Guberna
torial candidate, without regard to party
differences, and Independence Square
wus crowded. President rraley mutie a
lengthy speech, in which he fuvored the
doctrmo ol ropuiur sovereignty in mnu
lanuuime. His arguments were applaud
ed. Among the resolutions adopted, was
one declaring that the election of the
candidate of the Republican party to the
Presidency would be dangerous to the
whole country, and the elevation of its
candidate for Governor would tend to
produce like reaultB, and every honorble
means in their power should lie adopted
to prevent the consumation of an event.
Gen. Foster, the Democratic candidate
lor Governor, was received with loud and
prolonged cheering. He made a lengthy
speech chiefly for the purpose of uniting
the dinerent party elements against the
Republicans. In the speech of Mr. Fos
ter, many complimentary remarks whore
made to Ihe Union party, which were
Giving It Up. The Breckinridge men
every where are giving up the contest for
the Presidency, und are now merely seek
ing tosuve themselves in a few (three or
four) Southern States, They are anxious
to 2i seed, und us all else is lost, to save a
few Stale for their friends and adherents.
They see pluinly enough now the folly of
their attempt to build up a party on a sin
gle idea, and that not now u practical issue,
they being the judges. The original plan
contemplated uniting the Southern Oppo
sition with the Seceders, but the true
Constitutional Union men of the South
could not be forced into any such game
forced to swallow Cincinnati platforms,
double-construction protection plat forms
and Squatter candidates on them, led and
managed by the avowed disunionists.
They would have nothing to do with such
-T Gen. Orville Clarke, of Minnesota,
a democratic orator, In a recent speech,
alluding to the settlement of this country
by our forefathers, said, "They settled on
the bleak shores of the Atlantic in a land
without laws, and solemnly resolved
that they would bi governed by th laws of
God, until they had time to mate better ones."
A Calm Statement.
The following condensed presentation
of the claims of the country upon parties
of every name is worthy of the attention
of every candid man :
To the People of the United States.
The undersigned, the Central Executive
Committee of tho Union party of the State
of Tennessee, deem it proper, under ex
isting circumstances, touddrcxs a lew con
siderations to theirlrethrenof the United
States, especially thoso of tho Northern
States, founded upon tho current progress
of the Presidential canvass.
From the results ol the recent elections,
from all the information which, from their
position, they have been able to obtain
from every indication, indeed, they are
satisfied that Bell and Everett will leceive
the electorul votes of a very large majority
of the Southern States. Nothing, us it
seems to them, short of some powerful and
unforseen reaction can disappoint this ex
pectation, in view of such a result, it be
comes a matter of gravest mom-M to con
servative Union men in the North, of all
shades of opinion, to consider whether it
is not their duty ut once to close- up in
solid column, and, by adopting this ticket,
put ah ensksco the struggle. This they
could do, under the banner of tho Consti
tution, without sny compromise of loyalty
to party, and save the country from dis
cord, from the hazard of sectional ascen
dency, and perhups from civil war. If all
the men in the North, who love the Union
and the peace of the country more than
purty, would at once give their co-opera-lion
to the friends of Bull und Everolt in
the South, there is not u doubt but they
would be triumphantly elected by the
electorul colleges. Under ordinary cir
cumstuuees, such even partial sacrifice of
purty interests und purty devotion could
not be expected, nor would it be usked.
Bui the present is uniikeuny contest in
the whole history of the Republic. Never
before wus the spirit of sectionalism in the
North und the South so strong, so threat
ening, and so utterly intolerant. There
cult he no truce or peuce between the ex
tremes. They are powerful for mischief,
but. impotent for good. To check either
or both, the Government must puss into
the hands of those who are governed by
more moderate and national counsels.
No doubt thousands ot good men ut the
Norm have been upon u balance us be
tween u choice of evils. They huve hesi
tated which side to lake 111 the war of the
sections; they have seen liu uvuuuble mid
dle ground; they have been ready lor
compromise und coiiciliuiioii, und longed
lor peucu uiid huimony, but huve looked
in vain lor the means ul their attainment;
tliey have Jell that Inc. election of Mr.
Lincoln would be revalued us un insult
by the South; tnut the election ol Mr.
iiieckini'ido would but increase the lu
natic lury ol the North; und that the elec
tion ot Mr. Douglas would not give sans
laclion to the country. Jl is to these, es
pecially, thul all uppeal is now made. Is
i not true that Air. Lincoln is u sectional
candidate, und that tne doctrines of his
purty ure repelled, uiiauiiuuusiy repelled,
by the south t luust lie not be eluded,
it ut all, wholly by tho North, and will
not. thedivisiou ilitu geouraphii.-i put tic-,
so much deprecated by the Father ol his
Country, be then complete? In such un
event il is in vuin to nope that Air. Liu
coin will havo any support from the South.
By none will his administration be more
thun tolerated. If his ru!o should be ac
quiesced in, it will be with a sullen bitter
ness prognostic of future evil. And how
would it he ut the North should Mr. Breck
inridge be elected upon the platform pro
pounded by his followers? Would the war
be at an end? The Northern sectional
party would but feel the eager thirst lor
renewed conllict, consequent upon tem
porary overthrow. They would find con
tinuous nutriment in the uclion and ex
ultation of their opponents. They would
sustuin themselves, und even grow, by up
peuls to their Northern breuthern upon
their sectionul defeat. And thus, in either
event, the evil duy would bo only post
poned, if postponement were indued
But there is good reason to believe thut
an avuiluble middle ground hits now been
found. That which first appeared us a
mustard Beed is now becoming a great
tree; that which first appeared as the
cloud of the prophet, no bigger than u
man's hand, is now covering the whole
Southern heaven. The names of Bell and
Everett have become u tower of strength
to which thousands are Hocking for ref
use. In their election there would be a
truce to sectional warfare, and peuce might
be expected once more to smile over a
now distracted and divided country.
Those ot the south who are supporting
the Union ticket are doing no upon
grounds above ull sectionalism, and thou
sands will rally to it who huve ever differ
ed from Mr. Bell on purty grounds, und
who still dillerwith him upon many ques
tions of national policy. They feel that
the Union is in imminent peril, und thul
all minor considerations should be sacri
ficed to its security. The undersigned,
expressing their own opiuions and the
opinions of ull thoughtful und considerate
men in the South, believe that the Union
is in imminent peril, und they believe
thut, with the aid of the conservutive men
ot the North, this peril may beuverted.
The South waves to the North the olive-
branch of peace. She usks to be met on
nutionul grounds. Let the Noith and the
South, in spite of the extremes, procluuu
'Ihe truce ot Uod, and may it he fol
lowed by a peace thut shall be everlasting!
EDWIN H.EW1NG, Chuiimun,
NEIL S. BROWN,
ALLEN A. HALL,
Nashville, Sept. tith, IttuO.
Shame and Disgrace. The Athens Ga,
Watchman says: "An intelligent Demo
cratic lawyer who is supporting Breckin
ridge, remarked in our presence the other
day thul it it a shame and disgrace to the
South that editors and stump speakers
cun be found in our midst so utterly lost
to all sense of truth and decency as lo
churge John Bell and John C. Breckin
ridge with being unsound on the slavery
question. Those present expressed their
agreement with him in opinion; whereup
on, warming up a little, he remarked that
every man who makes such charges
knows ha is telling ad d lie! and that be
would not hereafter reud a newspaper
which would so far degrade itself. It is
true that Breckinridge and Bell have both
made declarations which, unexplained
might look suspicious, coming from
Northern man; but who seriously doubt
the toundne of either on the slavery
The Dictator, Wo, L. Yancey.
From the Nashville Democrat
The notable Wm. L. Yancey, of Ala
bama, known as the leader of the dis
union party of the country, made a speech
at Columbia, S. C, oil the 18th of July,
1859, in which he issued a programme for
the government of his followers in the
Charleston Convention. We make an ex
tract from this speech, which will be
found below, in order that the true Demo
cracy may be warned as to the objects of
t lie leuders of the Breekinridgo party.
The game suggested ty Yancey has boon
played out by the bolters at Charleston
mid Baltimore, as fur s it could bo done,
and now only awaits the action of the
people, provided their action corresponds
with the wishes of Yunccy, to complete
Ynneey, '-J. will b t ,' ti'- ', J i 1 dct t '
mined, more thun ayei.r before the meet
ing or the National Convention ut Charles
ton, that it should be broke up, and such
u state of tilings produced thereby as
would furnish an excuse for un cll'ort on
the part ol his party to destroy the Union.
It remains to be seen how fur lie cun
succeed in his unholy purpose.
As the Seceders huve been so industri
ously engaged in circulating Wm. L. Yan
cey's Memphis speech, as a campaign doc-
umcnt for curt louds of them huve been
sent through the country would it not
be as well for them to publish and circu
late tho following as a piece of informa
tion, so that the people may leurn tho true
position which ho occupies:
To obtain the uid of the Democracy in
this contest, it is necessary to make a con
test in the Charleston Convention. In
that body, Douglas' adherents will press
his doctrine to u decision. If the Slates-
Rights men keep out of the Convention,
thut decision must inevitably be against
the South, und that, either in direct favor
of the Douglus doctrine, or by the en
dorsement of the Cincinnati platform, un
der which Douglas claims shelter lor his
principles. Ihe Stufes-Rights men should
present in that Convention their demands
lor approval, und they will obtuiu an en
dorsement of their demands, or a denial.
If endorsed, we shall have greater hope ol
riuiiiph within the Union. It denied, in
my opinion, the .Mutes-Rights wing should
secede from the Convention, and appeal
lo the people ol the south, without dis-
iiictiou ot parties, und organize another
Convention upon tho basis of their prin
ciples, und go into the election with a
candidate nominated bv it, us a grund
Constitutional purty. lint in the Presi
dential contest a Black Republican may
be elected. It this dire event should Imp
pen, in my opinion the only hope of safely
lor the South is a withdrawal lrom the
Union before he shall be inaugurated, and
the sword und theTrevsury ol the Federal
Government shall be placed in tin) keep-
ina t t i'i' imriv. j t iijd , uii-stLkat
the several Legislature-' should, by law,
equire their governments, when it shall
be made luaiiitest that the Black Repub-
icun candidate for the Presidency will re
ceive a majority of the electoral votes, to
cull a convention of the peoplo of each
Mute, to assemble in ample tune to pro
vide for their safety, before the 4th of
March, 18U1. If, however, a Bluck Re
publican should not be elected, then, in
pursuance of the policv of making this
contest within the Union, we should ini
tiate measures in Congress which should
lead to a repeal of all the unconstitutional
ucts uguinst shivery. If we should fail to
obtuin so just a system of legislation, then
the south should seek her independence
out of the Union. Aiiplause.l
Breckinridge Aiding the Election of
Lincoln. The New York Tribune, of the
30th of August, gives its opinion of the re
sult of the election, in that State, for
President; and figures up a lnajoi ity for
Lincoln of fifty-three thousand three hun
dred; but adds, "if the Breckinridge men
resist fusion with the Hell und Douglus
men, Lincoln's majority will be fully one
This is a clpur admission, from the lead
ing Bluck Republican newspaper of the
Union, thai the running ol lireckinrulgo
in the Mate ol -NeU York will benefit Lin
coln nearly fifty thousand votes. If it will
havo that result in ieir 1 oik, what will
bo the result in other, and perhaps ull the
free States? Are the conservative people
of the South so blind, so thoughtless, und
so infatuated, as not to be able to see the
result ol running Breckinridge in the free
States? JWi. 1'al.
New York, Sept. 18. The steamer
Kangaroo has arrived.
Lindsuy arrived per Luropa.
England. The weather is fine and har-
vent prospects favorable.
The Earl of Granvillo is en route for
Madrid. It is reported that his mission
is relative to the slave trade.
Volunteers ure oll'erina so fast in Eng
land thut funds could not bo raised ac
tively enough to send them to Naples.
Garibaldi landed at Salerno on the 5th.
A battle wasconidcrtU probable between
Cloni and Salerno. Col. Daniel's brigade
is reported to have gone over to Gari
baldi. The London Times says that Naples is
as good as lost, and Rome's turn must
The Bourse was firmer. Rents 07f 90o.
It is reported that 35,0110 Austrians
have been ordered to leuve Vienna for
A great conspiracy has been discovered
at Lvine favorable to Garibaldi, Nu
merous arrests have been made.
The general meeting of the Nutionul
Union at Cobourg adopted a programme
for tho transfer of the central power to
Prussia and convene a Oermun Puruu
nient. Hickman St, Brothers, iron masters at
Bilston, have failed for 80,000.
ftojr Major Breckinridge has taken
tho stump in Kentucky, and is trying to
prove that ho is no disunionist, or the
tool of Yancey, Rhett It, Toombs,
Go it, John; and inuke things pant,
And skulu around with a sort o slant.
09 The Amherst Express says a labor
ing man in that town has a sore upon his
foot from which a worm is protrudi ig,
It has already projected twelve inches.
A few years since he had one taken from
his limbs twenty-seven feet long.
jiOjrSpeuking of a western city, a letter-
writer says: "The location is charming
superior to any on the lake. Population
eight hundred, subsisting mainly by (ell
ing lots to one another."
The Crisis-Look to It.
From tho Memphis Enquirer.
Docs anybody expect tho election of
Mr. Breckinridge? Docs anybody expect
the election of Mr. Douglas? No. In
tho broad land of these United States
nobody expects the election of either of
theo candidates. Certainly, no one who
will take the trouble to reflect on tho suo
jeet for a moment has any such expecta
tion. But mischief is abroad in the
South. What shall be done? Aro the
rank and filo of parties awaro of the
means that are employed , to accomplish
the purpose of their leaders, and of tho
scenes towards which we are all tending?
The New York Express, One of the
ablest and most reliublo conservative pa
pers in this country, says "The Southern
Breckinridge Democracy are not awaro,
pe-hi-ix, , f h -fijy-, that ff. tliH N'ovtli
crn States tho Federal patronage is being used
in a great degree to elect Lincoln." It is to
bo hoped that they are not aware of it.
We cannot believe it; for inMch case
the Southern Breckinridge wing would
vanish like an evil dream, and reappear
with patriot io determination in those
nutionul ranks against which the charge
of sectionalism and bad faitli is not even
to be imagined. But it may bo said
hero in the South, "Who is afraid? Are
we not able to defend ourselves? Let us
vote our party principles and abide the
consequences." Of course, this sounds
noble and heroic, and many circumstan
ces could be supposed in which such
resolutions and actions would really be
noble and heroic. But docs the world
need any demonstration of the intrepid
ity of the South? Does an impartial
view of John Bell's record forbid any
Southern patriot to support him for the
Presidency? Surely, party principles do
not stand in the way, and the means lie
before us by which our tranquility, as
well as our honor, can be preserved. Give
John Bell Tennessee; give him a united
South, (indeed, ho seems likely to have
so much in spite of all efforts to the
contrary) and with the generous fusion
in the North, he advances tiiumpliar.tly
to the head of the nation. Search his
record ; it bus been cast before the public
by thousands. It will do at the South as
in tho North, without amendment, be
cause it is that of u nutionul man. But
the opposing orators say, "what, give the
Stato to John Bell, your old opponent on
many a political question ?" Ah, gentle
men, he is no longer your opponent, be
cause he und you both love your countiy
in its ncijestic unity, and the political
questions that once divided you have dis-
nP'-'-biccl, ir iutve boan svjmiowou vi in
the mighty one of the country's preserva
tion. Has not everybody observed that
tha old party issues ore quito forgotten-
aro no longer discussed in the papers or
on the stump? They may even never
be revived. The advunco of our power,
territory, and national requirements will
in all probability give rise to new grounds
of parly divisions into which old animosi
ties cannot enter. But if under the
Presidency of John Bell, tho banishment
of the sectionul feuds that now harrow
tho country, should make room for, and
even invite the re-establishnient of the
old political parties, for tho sake of
amusement in those quiet times of peace
thut would follow, it would be no more
difficult for the majority to set up their
policy than formerly, noi is it likely that
the Presidential ofhec, filled by the
choice of conservative of ull parties,
would find time in four short years, to
do much moro than aBsuage, eradicate
and provide against the return of section
al usporitics. Such objections to a sup
port of the Union candidate, as ansa
from old party affiliations, should almost
seem trivial and scarcely to demand ar
gument for their removal ; yet these old
party feelings, and these ulone, we must
needs believe, are the sole obstacle to the
certain election of the Union ticket.
To these old party sentiments the Breck
inridge orators address themselves with
most confidence. Their actual assaults
on the character of John Bull, glance in
effectually from his invulnerable shield
of patriotism. But regardless of the
crisis, they persevoringly seek to awaken
old preferences, the grounds of which
have totally disappeared. This is all
wrong, and the people alone can make
Jtay The Editor of the Vicksburg
"Whig" has been presented with a "Breck
inridge boquet," by a young lady of that
city. The Editor in acknowledging its
reception, says: "It was as handsomo as
its candidate's person, but us small as his
prospects." About the size of a three cent
JQy Whenever you hear a stumpspeak
cr charging strong that John Bell favors
abolitionism, you can conclude that that
speaker contemplates emigrating to
Free State or Territory, and it will be
well enough to look to your niggers about
the time of his departure, lest some of
them come up missing. .
Atrocious. "Betsy, my dear," paid Mr.
Stubbs, eivinn his wife a pair of damaged
unmentionables, "have the goodness to
mend these trowsers; it will be as good as
eoinir to the nlav to-nisht." Mrs. Stubbs
took her needle, but oonfessed she couldn't
see the point. "How so?" said she. "Why.
my dear, you will see the wonderful ravels
in the pant-t'-mini." Mrs. Stubbs finished
the job and handing baok the trowsers,
told Stubbs, -inai s narnea gooa."
JSSyTho Chicago papers state that the
seven Northwestern States have produced
over 118,000,000 bushels of wheat, and
that the surplus that can be spared from
Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin and
Missouri, after keeping abundance for
bread and seed, will be equal to half of
their whole eroj.
Rioh, Rare and lUcy How Premi
ums are Obtained at Agricultural
We commend this to all who attend
State and County Fairs. It is from the
Rural Now Yorker, and will be found
highly beneficial to all officers who fill va
cancies in committees:
Cot,. Moore i Some years ago I got ac
quainted with one of your contributors,
who edited the Wool Grower, and he used
to put me in print. I must say my vanity
was Mattered by seeing my name printed
in the paper, with somethings I said, and
somethings 1 didn't say, and we've kept
the papers ever since. After all, every
body likes a little fame, but some are sat
isfied with a smaller amount thun others.
Well, 1 huve not the editor any more to
sot me out, so 1 have been thinking
would just try and see if you would put
me in the Rural on ny own- nook espe
cially as l v. jit to t
.yP " about my hnerit to bo iws of winning, ;.
Hir.-at Bullttio, thef oETa lRRvtuaf.
Idling to the tale
CONCLUDES TO 00.
As it was not so fur but what wo could
go with our own team, mother und I con
cluded we would hitch up und have a
week to see the Bights and some cousins
we had not seen lor a long time. Mother
(that's wife, you know,) thought we ought
to take something to the Fair. 1 tcld her
to take a tub of her butter, but she didn't
think it was good enough, but thought 1
might take some of the slock. But I
thought it would bo a great bother. How
ever, bum was pretty strong in the faith
that we could beat everybody on horses,
and wanted to take old Nance. She's a
right smart beast, is that old mare you
takes the mare.
Well, we packed off Sam, for I wus wil
ling to give the boy a holiduy. It does
the boys great good to attend these kind
of p'uirs, 1 do believe, after seeing all 1
We ijot safely to town on Monday night.
and Tuesday 1 went up to the Fuir grounds
to see whut was going on. 1 got in, hunt
ed up Sam, and found he'd got the mare
entered, and had got his card on her head,
and a good stall, und all things comforta
ble. 'I he animal arrangements were first
rate generally, and during all tho time of
the rair the supply of fodder was good.
I think that Maj. Putrick, who wus every
body in managing things, a trump sort of
As I was standing up near tho business
office in the crowd, I heard a couple of
men talking about premiums. One said
to the other :
"Are vou an exhibitor?
"So am I, and we hud better look to the
"You see the Committees aro never nil
full, and if you ure on hand at the big
tent when they are culled, it's easy to slip
in a friend, which is a mighty nice thing
"Well, I am showing a patent for mak
ing cowcumhers, and if you can can get
die pre iii.um it win ama-Jiny fortune. "
And 1 am showing a new kind of bob-
tailed hens, and a premium won't set me
Well, you pet ineon your committee,
and I will namo you for mine."
"All right, go in to win when you can.
Thinks I, perhaps if that's the wav the
thing leans, I may us well tuke care of
myself as any ono else. Everybody for
luuisell seems to be the rule on these oc
casions. o oil 1 streaked to the cattle
pens to find Smith, who is my neighbor.
you know. Smith is in tho patent bull
line. I.ur. I', evidently means "improv
ed.") Says I, "Smith, you're showing
bulls, and I am showing old Nance, and
I guess if merit counts we can win. And
that's the talk on paper." Then I told
him what I'd hoard about the committee.
"Is that so?"
"Well, 1 think old Nunco is tho best
mure in the yurd."
"And you huve got the best bull on the
Then I tdld him we must bo up at the
tent in time.
Well, sure enough, when the commit
tees were made up, I was on Smith's bull
committee, and ho was on the mare com
THE COll MITTEE DOES OUT
The head man look tho book, as had
the things in it, and we were introduced
to each other, and went down to iooK at
the bulls. We wero on the red bulls. So
we went along and looked at them, and
I didn't say much till wecume to Smith's
bull, and I looked at him pretty carefully,
pulled his tail, punched my fingers into
his ribs, and went through the motions,
as I had soon the others. Says I, "thar's
a bull that looks like it." Smith had
combed him all over with a fino toothed
comb, and brushed him with a hair brush,
und he did look slick, for he wus just as
fat us a hog. And from all 1 saw, 1 thinK
fat at Fairs, like the lawyer said about
charity covers a mutitude of sins.
OETS THE HORNS POKED AT HIM.
Just as 1 '.aid that the fellow who
had a bull in the next stall comes up to
mo pretty fierce, and says he:
'Wnat do you Know about turns.
"Well," says I, "I think 1 know what
they aro used for in my section."
ilay be," says he, "you are on the
"I have that honor," says I.
"But," says he, "that bull hain't got
"Well, says i, "ne naa lather and
mother didn't he?"
"Oil! yes, but thon nobody knows who
"Well, then, nobody knows but they
were just as likely as your bull's pa
rents. "But sir, look at my pedigree. There
it is, sir. Got by imported Shirt-tail, out
of Skim-milk, by Thunder," and he
showed a suing of nutnes as long as your
"Well," says I to tho committee, "are
we to judge the pedigree or the animal?"
And they said "the animal of course?"
"Then," said I to the fellow, "will your
bull get better stock than this?"
Of course he will," says he, "for he'i
got a pedeigree, and that bull hain't."
"Well," says I, "your bull has got some
body to brag for him, and the other
hasn't, that's certain." And that sort o'
knocked him. "But," says I, "I've known
people who felt grand over their pedigree.
and I've seen a bean of people who
couldn't no further back than their fath
er und mother that banged them all to
nieces for smartness. Handsome is thut
handsome does," says I, "and as the
hymnboo,c says, 'a man s a man for a' of
thai.' reuigroe to grass, i go in lor we
mitb's ann wine.
When we got through and looked at
out marks, theother two had Smith 'bul?
second. I had him first. So we talked it
over, and finally, as they did not care
much about it they altered the figures, '
and gave Smith the first premium, which
I think Was right.
and the old ari.
Smith had a great time over old Xanotv
It turned out that each of the other two
committeemen had friends whose marea
were to be judged, and they pretty soon
picked out their favorites. So he ketl
still end let them talk, and they soon got
into a quarrel, and then they appealed to
Smith, and he kinder sided with one, but
thought bid Nance was the best mare,
and finallf , to keep the other from get--ting
first, they eiiled with him, and he
went in for both of theirs. Smith saya
he saw some queer tilings on that com'
You see we got our premiums, but yott
don't see, perhaps, Colonel, a wall as I
tn thnt. il SfuAli annf binff more than
The State of New York is a great State,
the biggest in the Union, and the New
York State Agricultural Society is a great
institution, but if their ain't some ot the
alliredesl big humbugs crawling around .
its Annual Fuir, then I'm a tea pot. r
I want to tell you a heap more, but t
have used so much paper, I fear you
won't huve patience to print my letter.
Yours to command,
A Scene In Memphis.
In Memphis, on Wednesduy last, there
was a discussion between the Hon. Bailiar
Peyton, Bell elector, Col. Wm. H. Polk.
Douglas elector, and Col. Ilaynes, Breck
inridge elector, all able men. Col. Uaysies
made the first speech, and could give hit
political friends no encouragement except
by saying that he would bet upon Mr.
Breckinridge's luck. Whilst CoL Polk,
who followed, was speaking, some oner
handed him a slip of paper, requesting;
him to put to Col. Haynes the questions
put to Mr. Douglas at Norfolk. The Mem
phis Enquirer says:
He asked Mr. Haynes if be thought th
election of Lincoln would justify a break
ing up of the Government ? Mr. Ilaynes
was silent. "Mand up, said folk, 'and
tell these people your opinion on this
luestion." jno answer, j he storm oisnoui
and approval was here perfectly deafen'
mil', and the crowd evidently lelt that the
cause of tho Yanceyites was beyond re
The Hon. Bailie Peyton followed in a
speech described by the Enquirer as one
of tremendous power. Then Col. Haynea
rose again, and the Enquirer says ;
Mr. Haynes, in his reply, said that the
questions handed Col. Polk, as to what her
(II.) would do in the event of Lincoln'a
election, were written by un old Federal'
ist. Our fellow townsman, W. D. Fergu
son, here arose and said that he asked
them; thut he wus no Federalist; thut ha
bad fou jht and bled in two wars; one
under Jackson, and that he would fight,
bleed, and die rather than see a dissolu
tion ol this Union.
Our readers cannot conceive of the
storm of applause which this episode
Mr. Haynes said he would tell them
what he would do in the event of Lin
coln's election. He would await the first
overt net of aggression upon the rights of
the South, and then he would summon
him (Col. Ferguson) and go to Washing
ton and hung Lincoln; and, if ho (Col. F.)
relu-ed to go, be would hung hi in and all
like him with grape-vines.
This created immense excitement.
Col. Ferguson wus culled to the stand,
and the deepest passion was manifested
at such a threat towards such a citizen.
But Mr. Peyton becijed Col. F. to remuin
where he wus, and leave Mr. Haynes to
It wus done; and when Mr. Peyton cams
to reply, and to allude to this scene, lion
arable tears rolled down his cheeks. Then
and there spoke the orator and the patriot;
and the crowd wus swayed by hi in as
though it had been a reed shaken by the
Those who witnessed it will never for
Tho questions, it seems, embarrassed
Col. Haynes so miserably that he made al
most un idiot of himself. He hadn't the
courage to go witli his friends so fur as to
decluro that he would dissolve the Union
for Mr. Lincoln's election; he said he
would wait for an overt act, but, fearing that
this would mortally exasperate the fire
eaters, ho must needs proceed to say, that,
upon the commission of whut be might
deem "the first uvei i act," he, no longer
un elector but a mere pi n te citizen,
would summon Col. Ferguson, another
private citizen, and go right on to Wash
ington and proceed at once upon his own
hook to hang the President upon pioba
bly some other hook, und that be would
hang with grape vines not only Col. Fer
guson but all other private citizens who
should decline to obey his personal sum
mons und go with hiin upon his hanging
expedition to Washington.
So here we huve the response of one
Breckinridge elector to the Norfolk ques
tions. Now let us hear what the rest have
got to say. Pass the questions along.
Shoot them everywhere. Let not an op
A Repudiation, or a Protest. Colonel
Wilcox, a distinguished Democrat of
Texas, and formerly a member of Con
gress from Mississippi, lias just returned
home from a visit to the North. He went
North on a political mission, which re
quired an investigation of the strength
and temper of parties, and be returns with
a conviotion that "the Presidential strug
gle is between Bell and Lincoln." So saya
the Sao Antonio Express. That be did
not form bis judgment and does not make
this declaration as a partisan, is evident
from the fact that be still intend to vote
for Breckinridge, under protest, if a union
of all parties against Lincoln cannot be
effected. The San Antonio Herald says i
"He is in favor ot a Union ticket to de
feat Lincoln, but it such a ticket cannot
be inaugurated will vove for Breckinridge
without endorsing the disunion scheme
of the Yanoeyite
In manv counties In Virginia, the
leading friends of "Braok" hav petitioned
mm to wirnaraw irora cshtsss.