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. Our Knoxville Correspondent.
For reasons satisfactory to ouraelf, and
which will readily oecur to the author on
reflection, we mutt decline the publication
of the letter of our Knoxville correspond
ent thia wek.
OfT the Track.
By reference to the list It will be teen
that aeveral of the candidate! for County
office hare withdrawn.
Capture of Roanoke Island.
, By reference to the newt column, it
will be teen that there bat been a terrific
fight at Roanoke Island, between the
Confederate troops stationed there, 3000
strong, and the force under Bumside,
numbering tome 15,000. After two days
hard fighting the Confederates were ob
liged to tuccumb tho whole command,
except 23, being captured. We have not
full particulars, but the loss in killed and
wounded is heavy. Four Federal vessels
belonging to the expedition were sunk
Their loss is said to be over 1000. The
Federals are beginning to put in some
pretty big licks, and will no doubt inflict
an immense amount of damage along the
coast, and wherever they can penetrate
with their gun-boats.
Every thiee or four days the Memphis
Avalanche Icarus that the Federal troops
have advanced to Jimlown. Jirutown will
occupy s prominent page in the history of
this war. If there has ever been a Fede
ral soldier at Jiiutowu, or Jamestown, we
would give a preUy to see the man who
is knowing to the fact. There may be hog-
thieves and chicken stealers ranging round
that far-famed locality, but no regular
The statement in the papers that Gen.
Sterling Price was at Richmond is un
true, lie is in Missouri attending to his
. True to their Instincts.
We understand that some of our pat
riotic merchant, as soon as tho report
reached here that the Memphis and Char
leston Railroad was in danger of inter
ruption ly the Federalists, advanced the
price on Sugars. Customers should che
rish such dealers in grateful remem
The New York Herald.
The New York Ilerald'a account of the
battle of Fishing Creek beats any thing
in the way of exaggeration the war has
yet produced and that is saying a good
deal. The old sinner says the rebel army
of ten ihmnand was completely routed, and
the greater portion of them afterwards
captured. We wish tho boys who dusted
could see what only Bennett eays about
them. It would stir them for the next
encounter. According to the Herald,
Bethel, Bull Run, and Leesburg, were not
a priming to Fishing Creek.
Growing Fious about the Knees.
The Legislature has waked up to the
imminenco of tho crisis. The following
preamble and resolution have been intro
ducedwhich makes every thing safe
and snug. "Now I lay me down to
Whereas, our bordeis are beset by our
enemies seeking to enter our hlate, to
bring upon us all the horrors ot war in
their most terrible form; and whereas, in
timet of trouble like these, our fathers
were wont to call upon that God who has
declared himself the Kuler m Heaven as
in earth, and were heard by him and de
livered from their enemies; now, there
fore, to tho intent that he may interpose
in our behalf in this our clay ot trouble,
and give us deliverance from the same:
Bo it resolved by the General Assembly
of the Stnte of Tennessee, That his Ex
cellency the Governor, be requested to
appoint some day in the future for fast
ing and prayer, and call upon the people
of the whole State by proclamation to ob
We find tho following among the Leg
islative proceedings of Tuesday:
On motion of Mr. Jarnagin, Senate bill,
No. 113, granting State aid to the Cleve
land and Ducktown Railroad, was taken
up and passed on its first reading.
The stirring news of the last ten days
has had a remarkable effect upon the
House of Representatives, tho Nashville
papors stating that a quorum cannot be
kept in the Hall. Probably Die absen
tees are "fasting and praying."
The men of Nashvillo of all ages are
enrolling themselves for the defence of
Knives, Pikos, &u.
The Charleston Courier, says !
Workmen throughout the South, who
are prepared to furnih good knives,
pikes, tomahawks, lances, sworns, c.
would do good service to the public aud
thoir own interests, by making the fact
JT Tho quondiim Union men who ex
ult and joy over the recent Federal tuo-
oesses, are commended not to shed their
skins too toon. If every town and cify
on our coast was laid in ashes, the rebel,
lion would not be crushed out the wave
of revolution stayed. We think we un
derstand the spirit and temper of the
people; and the idea that such a people
and such an extent of country can be
overran and held, it prepottorout. Bow.
ard himself never seriously entertained
it. Those who Indulge such an tioipationt
are dreamers and fools, and are treading
.the brink of a precipice over which the
mxt ware may hurl them.
The Late Reverses.
Instead of depressing and discouraging
the Southern people, (he late Federal suc
cesses seem to have bad a contrary effect.
In every direction the people are rousing
up and preparing for the emergency. It
needed something of the sort to wsko
Ihvra from the false security Into which
a continued series of victories bad lulled
them. During the next six weeks the
enemy will do much harm along tbs
coast and on some of the water-eourtas.
But he will never penetrate the Interior,
or reach the "heart of the rebellion." If
the people go on in the spirit they are
now manifesting, and rouse up as one
man to repel invasion, the contest will
soon be over. We are Just at the trying
point now if true and steadfast, ultimate
success is certain:- .
"Stand fast! jroa test are as a rata!"
. While Lincoln's marauding expeditions
are pillaging and burning along the coast
In the mere spirit of wantonness, hit com
plications round and about home are
daily increasing. .'According to the New
York Herald, which is good authority in
regard to the dark side of the picture, the
old man is not only about out of money
but friends are dropping off, and enemies
increasing. The Herald says a most pow
erful conspiracy exists in the Federal
Congress, opposed to Lincoln and in favor
of breaking .up the , Union. Bennett
calls on'Lineoln to tale the responsibili
ty.' What with the. rebellion rampant,
the money-box empty, and plots and con
spiracies gathering thick and fast, it would
not surprise us in the least, if, instead of
"taking the responsibility," as the Herald
suggests, Abraham should conclude to
"take a tree." ' -A
A Macon paper complained that this
Revolution has developed in the South
em States no great leaders like Saul, i
head and shoulders taller . than their
brethren. The Savannah Republican re
plies (hat it has no uneasiness on that
scoro, being rather afraid of "groat men"
any how. The Revolution has developed
something better "a great people" who
know the blessings of freedom and are
able to uphold it.
A letter to us from Mississippi of recent
duto says i "Our State is flooded with
shinplastersas bad as in 1837. Oppose
such a system of currency in Tennessee
as obstinately at you have heretofore done
Unless we can procure an influx of gold
and silver by direct trade from England,
our finances will be in a terrible condition.
If obtained shortly, however, our people
would refuse to take anything but gold
and silver, or Confederate notes. Mis
sippi is more bitter against the Yankees
than ever, aud more determined to resist
to the death. , They do not complain in
the least of taxation, but invite it." -
New Orleans. '
' New Orleans is represented as having
been made almost impregnable. The
shell road and every avenue of approach
to the city are defended by very power
ful batteries, sweeping them for miles,
while on either side felled trees form an
impenetrable ahettls out into the swamp.
And to man the fortifications and aid in
the defense, they have a force of no less
than 50,000 men, under Maj. Gen. Lovell.
From Crittenden's Command.
The Knoxville Register has several let
ters from the camp of Gen. Crittenden at
Gainesboro', but most the news they con
tain has been snticipated. The following
is an extract from one of them:
"Carroll's brigade, with six days rations
prepared, were ordered to be ready to
march at 7 o'clock on the morning of the
otn instant, their destination was not
knowu. Quartermaster Jones '.and Com
missary Reed had arrived in camp, and
had been ordered under arrest, to await a
court-martial to investigate their expedi
tion to Knoxville after the fight at Fish'
The bill appropriating $450,000 for the
support of the families of indigent volun
teers during the present and next year,
has passed both houses of the Legislature
and is now a law.
gay Every day or two timid people are
startled with reports that the Federals are
about entering East Tennessee. We don't
think any one need be under apprehen
sions at pi esont. True, there is not much
in the way to keep them out but bad
roads and scarcity of provisions and pro
vender. There are but few troops, and
the arms gonerally have been taken rora
the people and are rusting in idleness at
Knoxville. But then we have the Leg
islative preamble and resolution to fall
back upon. While they remain of re
cord, wo are safe from Federal invasion,
though it would do no harm, perhaps, to
strengthen the guards at tho rail-road
bridges. If arms were to be had, five
hundred good and true men could, in a
few hours be, raised in this county to pro
tect the railroad, or for any other emer.
JiaJT A Nashville paper intimates that
that City hns its full complement of
spies and traitors. No doubt of it. Aud
unfortunately the Cities are not the only
placet whore specimens of the class nam
ed are to be seen. More or less of them
ate to bo found in almost evory locality,
waiting an opportunity to throw off their
temporary disguise and striko hands with
the enemy. It will do no harm to notice
their movements, although they may have
no well-defined plans. '
t&T A ootemporary suggests to South.
cm men everywhere to arm themselves
with tome sort of weapon for defence and
offense. Those who havo no fire-arms, to
procuro pikes, knives, tomahawks, or any
other weapon that may be used effective
ly in a band to bond encounter. The
tame coternporary suggests thai tbey or
ganize Into companies in every neighbor
hood, snd hold themselves ready to set at
sny moment. ' ' '
KaTGen. Lane, Senator from thia dis
trict, reached here, On a temporary visit,
on Thursday. He. reports the most so
thusieatie spirit among the people of
Naahville, to meot the foe who are on
U3 Bacon tides it quoted st yaah-
ills, at td cert.
Tall of Fort Henry.
This work aituated on the Tennessee
River, and built since the commencement
of the revolution, has fallen into the
hands oj in Federals. It was a work of
some importance, and the news of its fall
cam very near throwing some of the
quondam Union men into ecstacies.
Notwithstanding their professions, the
hearts of most of tbsm are where their
carcasses ought to ne, in the region of
Iincolndom. We copy an -article from
the Nashville Union and American, of
the 8th, In regard to the fall of Fort
Intelligence reached this office yester
day morning by a special dispatch from
Clarksville, that Fori Henry, on the Ten
nessee river, in command of Gen. Lloyd
Tilghman, of Kentucky, had fallen On
Thursday into the hands of the Federal
army, after a brisk engagement of two
hours' duration with his gunboats, lasting
from 12 o'clock M. to 2 P. M.
Further dispatches, received during the
dav. fullv confirmed this intelligence, and
announced the safe arrival of the body of
the garrison, composed or 3UUO men, at
Fort Doneison, eleven miles distant on
the Cumberland river, at 11 o'clock on
Thursday night. Gen. Tilghman, Maj.Gil
mer, Capt. Miller and eighty officers and
men, were surrendered with the Fort,
having remained in the Fort to cover the
retreat of the forces, which we are inolin
ed to believe, was inevitable from the
high water of the Tennessee, running al
most into it and threatening hourly to in
undate it, thus making it a "slaughter
nen" for the shells of the enemy, whose
boats could lake a position to completely
command 11. l ue locauop oi mis ion
was unfortunately made, during the peri?
od of Kentucky neutrality, when the
President of the Confederate States and
the Governor of Tennessee felt bound to
scrupulously respect the position of our
sister State, and before the forces of Lin
coln had begun to make camping grounds
of its soil. Under these circumstances, it
was found necessary by the Engineer who
located it to refrain from occupying an
eminence on the opposite bonk of tho
river, which lies in the State of Kentucky,
and which commands the fort. It was
deemed however sufficiently strong to re
sist any force which might probably . be
brought against it by the enemy by water,
the Lincoln Government not having then
devised the system of iron-clad trim fleets
which it has since adopted. The proper
location for our fort ought to have been
ou tho "narrows" between the Tennessee
and Cumberland rivers, where the two
rivers approach each other in their wind
ing co u roes at.a distance of only three
miles, the intervening tongue of land be
ing elevated and commanding both rivers.
The considerations we nave mentioned
prevented its location at that point. Fort
Henry is an elaborate and well construct
ed earthwork, and had it been in a com
manding position would haveexoited the
admiration of all engineers. We cannot
describe it for want of sufficient informa
tion as to its construction and approaches.
It was however generally regarded ... by
l military men, in consideration of its sit
uation, as a weak fortification which was
compelled to fall whenever it was ap
proached in sufficient force by land and
water. It was provided with some of the
best guns in the service both rifled and
smooth bore, ten 32's, one eight inch co
lumbiad and one 128-pounder rifled gun.
Fort Henry. ,
The following is the latest ire have
from Fort Henry : '
Memphi, Feb. 7, 12 o'clock. Night
The latest advices received lead to the
conclusion that the Federals did not de
stroy the Tennessee river bridge. They,
however, have possession of it. .
1 Two of the Federal gunboats were in
jured in the bombardment. ' ' ,
Most of the provisions at Fort Henry
were saved and the guns were spiked.
L i n , 4
We are indebted to the Nashville Pa
triot for the following :
We are indebted to Frank Neeley, of
the Southern Express, for the following
dispatch, received yesterday:
Dscatdr, Feb. 10, 1862.
"All quiet at this place. The gun
boats have retreated from Florence, ta
king all the government stores. No oth
er damage done. No train from Mem
phis or Chattanooga."
Another dispatch from Huntsville, of
the same date, announces that the trains
on the railroad will run as usual to-day.
It would teem from these despatches
that the reported burning of the Florence
bridge, and the railroad bridge over Bear
Creek was untrue.
Foar Donelson. The following dis
patch was received in this city yesterday:
Clarksvulk, Feb. 10, 1802.
To Roll. Luslc, Sr. Fort Donelson is
safe, and cannot be taken.
Jai. E. Bailit.
This is encouraging. We are confident
that our friend Baily does not overesti
mate the strength of the Fort
From the Tennessee River.
The Memphis Appeal, of the 11th, con
tains the following :
We learn from Capt. Ross, superintend
ent of the Memphis and Charleston rail
road, that sinoo the retreat of the Feder
al gunboats down the Tennessee, river,
which took place on the 9th inst., no fur
ther news or importance has been receiv
ed regarding their movements. It is be
lieved that they will return in force, in a
The people are flocking in numbers to
protect the railroad at exposed points,
but a commander is greatly needed so as
to give unity and concert to their efforts,
and insure discipline and order among
Every thing at present appears so se
cure that Capt. Ross feels justified in run
ning th train through toStevenaou,.AUw
to-day, cure having been taken to secure
intelligence along the route of all threat
ening movements of the enemy, in case
they again appear.
Tho Savaiinuh Republican, in noting
some unnecessary comments in regard to
one of the military commanders in that
direction, very properly remarks:
Iu these timet of publio excitement,
when croakers are abundant, timid peo
ple hardly loss so, and every other man a
Genera! of transcendent attainments and
enlarged experience, it would bo but jus
tice for the Press to pay the least possible
attention to the idle tales and opinions
that float about In every community,
thick as Ilia leaves of autumn.
The Emperor Napoleon.
The New York Herald contains the fol
lowing: , .
A letter from Thurlow Weed, dated
Paris, Jan. 21, says that Napoleon will
-announce to the Corp LeginLtiv his in
tention to Intel fore in American affairs.
fair It is suggested to all Southern men
who have arms in their possession, to put
them In order, ss they may be called on
at any moment to rally. The enemy is on
your border, snd his sympathisers are not
all subdued yet. -
jfeyTbe Louisville Journal is down on
ths Tennessee shinplasters. As long as a
shinplaster will command a drink, why
should the editor of the Journal fall out
with it f That's the question. .
Address of General Beauregard to
the Army of the Fo torn so.
A friend to whose attentions we srs fre
quently Indebted furnishes us with a
copy of the aumirabls address of General
Btn ttoAfta to tbs Army of the Fotomso,
on bis bidding them adieu for the seen
of hit future operations. ,. - v -'
Our friend, after expressing the hops
that the removal will be but temporary,
says: "The address will appeal justly and
energetically to the whole .South, and
will awaken those chords in the soldier's
heart which are never struck in vain.
We weep at his departure, yet our tears
will be turnrd into joy, by the prophotio
appeal he makes to us, and the confi
dence we have In the man as a soldier,
patriot snd experienced General. God
grant long life to defend, and decisive
victory to secure the independence of the
The following is the address:
First Corps Abut or tbs Potomac,
Near Oi.treville, Jan., 30, 1862.
Soldier of the Flint Carps Army of Potomac
My duty calls me away and to a tem
porary separation from you. I hope, how
ever, to be with you again to share your
labors and your perils, and in defence of
our homes and our right to lead you to
new battles to be crowned with signal
You are now undergoing the severest
trial of a soldier's life; the one by which
his discipline and capacity of endurance
are most thoroughly tested, ily raith in
your patriotism, your devotion and de
terminatlorr,,Rnri ii your high soldierly
qualities. tso areas, that 1 shall rest as
sured you will pass through the- ordeal
resolutely, triumphantly. Still I cannot
quit you without deep emotions; without
even deep anxiety In the moment of our
country s trials anq dangers. . Above all
I am anxious that my brave countrymen
here in amis fronting the haughty array
and muster ot jibrtnern mercenaries,
should thoroughly appreciate the exigen
cy, and hence comprehend that this is no
time for the Army of the Potomao tho
men of Munassas to stuck their arms,
and quit, even for a brief period, the
standard they have made glorious by their
manhood. , ; '
All must understand this, and feel the
magnitude of the conflict impending the
universal personal sacrifices this war has
entailed, and our duty to meet them as
promptly and unbendingly, as we have
met the enemy in line ot battle.
To the Army of the Shenandoah I de
sire to return my thanks for their endu
rance in the memorable march to my as
sistance lost July, their timely decisive
arrival, and for their conspiouous steadi
ness and gallantry on the field of battle.
Those of their comrades of both corps,
and of our arms ot the Army or the fo
tomao, not so fortunate as yet to have
been with as in conflict with our enemy,
I leave, with all oonndenco tbat on occa
sion they will show themselves fit com
rades for the men of Manassas. Bull Run.
land Ball's Blull.
' A Solemn Crisis.
- The following touching and stirring ap
peal comes through the Nashville "Ban
nerof Peace."- '
The South is now on trial before the
civilised world. The North has bent its
bow and whetted its sword, and declares
the South shall no longer exist as a na
tion of freemen, soall no longer call their
land and homes and property their own.
The South musters her brave sons to re
sistance.. Preparations are about com
plete. The clash of arms, the shock of
armies will toon be heard. It is a solemn
hour. If we rout the daik-hearted foe
now and put him to overwhelming defeat
all along our borders, he cannot rally; his
fate is sealed irrevocably. Uelore be can
rally again, we will be a recognised na
tion and win nave our ports open, cotton
gone, arms coming in, credit and money
plenty, and we will be twice as formida
ble as we ever have been. Tbat will be
"the situation" after victory. But vioto
ry must first come. Oh, let it come. Bv
every dear interest of this great land bv
every brave heart by every strong arm,
let it come. The publio cannot be too
much penetrated with the momentous
nessof the hour. The coming struggle
should Know no retreat, no repulse, no
wavering in ranks, nothing but a victor's
palm or a soldiers ferave. We adjure our
soldiery to lofty courage, to deeds of dar
ring which reck not of defeat, and we
call upon our countrymen at home to be
ready to tane the places ot the fallen.
The Augusta ConttitutionalUt, of the 30th
inst., says: " Weunderttand that at a meet
ing of the Bank Directors of this city,
held to-day, they agreed to take up the
State loan for the payment of the Con
federate tax, folO.UW, tbat being 20 per
cent, of their capital. This is doing well,
considering the very large amounts they
have heretofore taken of both the Slate
and Confederate loans."
Spies and Traitors.
The Nashville Urion and American says:
All the late movements of the enemy
disclose the fact that they have received
important information irom spies in our
midst. They would never have ventur
ed to rlorcnce, Alabama, with their gun
boats if they had not known that coun
try to bo undefended by soldiers. Let a
stricter watch be- kept upon auspicious
persons, and let them be summarily dealt
with, ir detected. '
Senator Bright, of Indiana.
This true-hearted patriot has been ex
pelled from the Federal Senate. He
showed "game to the last, A dispatch
, Bright, of Indiana, has been formally
expelled from ' the Federal Senate, by a
vote ol il to H. Urtght maintained an
air of bold. defiance to the last. He
made a stirring speech, in which he ap
pealed to his State to uphold her honor
and his name. The galleries of the Sen
ate were crowded throughout thesDeerh
and much applause was elicited by ths
n- it i o .
ouurw oi uio rxpmieu oenaior.
More Gun-Hoata. .
The Federal Congress has appropriated
ten millions of dollars for the construc
tion of twenty more gun boats.
The latest important item from abroad,
ws subjoin :
fbe Liverpool steamer Nova Scotia
brings nve aays later datesthat is, to
the 24th of January. Cotton. has de
clined. It is evident that tho European
Powers ire resolving to break up the
semi-blockade of Southern potts, in or
der to save the working people of France
and England from starvation. "
The French Government joins in the
protest of Lord John Russell against the
stone blockade. France is, if anything,
more urgent for armed intervention in
the American quarrel. Ths London
Times opposes intervention, but denoun
ces the stone blockade as vehemently as
A Frnn!i stumer hsa bon 1iinalt..f
ohh nrrfnrs ta sail for Atnariea. in a
dsys, upon a speoitl mission.
jay- umvu w igi
CJ(?f3 cts. per lb.
DcT Bacon is quoted at Knoxville, at
Movemeors of the Enemy.
The Nashville Patriot, of February 11,
contains the following under thelooal
head: -- -
We learn from a gentleman, who- ar
rived in this city last night from Clarks
ville, that it was reported in tbat place
yesterday that ths Federalists bad landed
In heavy forew below Fort Donelson. on
ths Cumberland , Eiver, and tbat rein
forcements were marching to them from
Fort Henry, having first destroyed the
railroad bridge over the Tennessee. It
was further reported that they were erect
ing oatieneson ma snore, and that nine
of our pickets wcrs killed yesterday
morning within five miles of the Fort.
The number of gunboats In the Cumber
lvnd is believed to be between twentv-
five and thirty, whilst the force on shore
it estimated aa high as forty thousand.
If there be r.o mistake in theae reports,
we may reasonably expect stirring events
at or near Fort Donelson before the close
of the week. ' " '
Of course the Confederate Generals are
not idle. They are using every exertion
to make themselves masters of ths situa
tion, and wo may rest assured they will
do all that men can do to secure a bril
liant triumph. We hear1 much about
what they have done and are doing, but
do not feel at liberty to print it. .. . i
- - The News. ' ', ! ' '
So many idle and wild rumors are cur
rent in the streets, that it is a somewhat
difficult task to arrive at the facts at they
Ths telegraph advises us of an attempt
of the Yankees to land at Roanoke
Island and an attack on our batteries,
there, which resulted in the repulse of the
enemy with serious loss snd damage of
two or three of their vessels.
After the captors of Fort Henry by the
Yankees, rive of their boats proceeded up
the lennessee as far as I lorence, Ala., a
distance of some 240 miles, stopping at
various points along the river, and send
ing troops a short distance into the inte
rior, without, however, their uo-ng any
At Florence they burned a large ware
house, and destroyed several spans of the
large bridge over the river at that place,
There wore six steamboats at the landing
two of which they captured. The other
four were set on fire and burned by the
patriot io people of Florence. Not being
able to go above Florence, or do further
damage there, the gunboats started down
the river yesterday. '
: All was quiet at Tuscumbia last even
ing. There is no truth in the report that
the Yankees had taken possession of the
We have much interesting information
of the positions and movements of our
forces which it is not proper to publish
We would caution the publio against
the wild and improbable rumors flying
through the city, not the one-hundred
part of the stories in circulation at the
street corners have any foundation in
fact, Louisville iBowlina Green) Courier of
yestcraay. ' ..
A Formidable Defense.
We find the following paragraph in the
New Orleans Deltas ,,
Speaking about the river, we desire to
state for the benefit of "the Doctor," that
the fortifications down the river are com
plete and ready for the reception of his
messengers. ' Under the superintend
ence of Mr. J. M. Reed, one of the finest
earthworks ever created, anywhere, now
stands in the way of hostile visitors from
that portion ot the country., If the en
emy desire to test the strength of one
hundred and forty-two heavy guns, inde
pendent of field artillery and infantry,
all that is necessary is to give us a trial
The land will be improved down that
way, if a Federal graveyard is . started
there some day.
The Enemy's Gunboats.
If the description of the Western gun
boat fleet, given by the Hessian newspa
pers, be at all correct, they are not as im
pregnable as they are generally supposed
to be. There are twelve of these boats in
all, carrying one hundred and twenty
guns, 32, 42, and 64 pounders. One on
the Essex throws a shell weighing 128
pounds. Neither of these boats, but the
Benton, is plated with iron on the roof.
The planks is only 24 inches thick. Of
course a shot falling on this deck, even
at an acuto angle, would go through, and
a heavy shell so entering would blow up
the boat. Though the chances of this
occuring may be small, yet it is evident
that batteries stationed on a bluff will
stand a fair chance to blow a shell or two
through their decks.
Federal and Confederate Losses.
A carfully prepared table of the Fed
eral and Confederate losses, since the
commencement of the war, gives the
following result :
Killed, 1135 4911
Wounded, 3345 7821
Prisoners, 1487 8177
Tbat we have not overrated the Feder
al loss is proved by the following extract
from the Washington correspondence of
the New York ."Times," of a late date :
By returns at the War Department up
to the 20th December, I learn that the
mortality in our army since the war broke
out will reach 22,000. The number kill
ed in battle, skirmishes, 4c, is about
11,000, the number wounded 17,000.
The number of prisoners in the South,
and deserters amount to 6.000.
Burning of Harper's Ferry.
The Federals have burned tho town of
Harper's Ferry. The following account
of it appears in the Richmond Dispatch i
From ft lady who arrived in this city
from Jefl'ereon county lust evening, we
have intelligence of the destruction of a
large portion of the town of Harper's
Ferry, by the Yankees, on Friday night
last. Our informant states that on Fri
day the guerilla company commanded by
Capt. Robt. W. Baylor, of Jefferson, went
to he Ferry with a view of capturing a
t-.aitor by the name of George Kohr, who
has been acting in the capacity or ferry
man botween the Virsiniasnd Marvland
shores and who had rendered himself Dar-
tioularly odious by giving Information of
nie movements ot our forces in that
neighborhood. Capt. Baylor tucceedod
In having Robr enticed to, the Virginia
iuo ui iua river: out linciing it Impossi
ble to capture him, he shot him in the
boat. This exasperated the Yankees to
such an extent that they came over ur
der the cover of night, and . fired tie
town. Tbs result was as stated above,
the destruction of a considerable portion
of the town. We learn that Bohr diod
soon after he was shot. .
' . Gon. Aloorn.
The Memphis papers state that Gen.
Alcorn is making-speeches -at Jackson,
Mississippi, advocating the mussling of
the press, bnd a reign of terror as ths
only msanof saving the South.' If the
South cai e saved by no other mxaus
than those proposed by Gen. Aloorn, let
itslido. Is there no tunatiir asylum at
The following exit act is frera the patri
otic address issued by the Georgia delega
tion in the Provisional Congress to the
people of their State:- . J
The foot of tb oppress- on the
oil. , He ooinea with iu.t in his eye, pov
erty In his purse snd hell in his heart.
lie cornea a robber snd a murtierer. now
shall we meet him f With ths sword at
the threshold. ; With death for him or for
yourself. But more than this let every
woman have a tors h, every child a fire
brand. Let the loved homes of our youth
be mada ashes, and the fields of our her
itage be made desolate. Let blackness
and ruin and let a, desert mora, ttniUe
than bahara welcome the andals.
"Let very city be levelled by the
flame and every village he hstiu ashes.
ityout iMiit)tut slaves share, your lor
tunes and your crust. TruH.wife and
children to the sure refuge and protection
ui uuu preierring even lor those loved
ones the enamel Uouro m . a home than
loathsome vaasalaga to a . nation - already
sunk below the eontempt of ths oivilized
worm, j uis may oe your terrible choice,
and determine at onoe and without dis
sent, as honor and patriotism and duty to
W"u.."iu'ry . J , .,. .;
What News is "Contraband" and
It will be well for our eotemporaries of
the city, as well as all others at Important
military points, to call to mind what
character of news is "contraband" and
forbidden publication, and what is not.
No law has been passed on the subject,
but the orders of our generals make the
following distinction :
The press sreTetuoeted mei to publish
news relating lo tus .movements or
Confederate troops, munitions of war,
ftunboats or batteries, descriptions and
ocationsof forts, or anything that could
afford the enemy knowledge that may be
used to the detriment of the Southern
cause. On the contrary, papert may
safely publish all movements of the ene
my, obtained from whatever source; de
scriptions of bis tortiheations and mum-
lions or war, ana an intelligence oi our
- i I. . ,i. .
own movements taiten lrom not there
papers, without giving additional authen
ticity io me s"e . j (-
The Case of Hon. Jno. M. Fleming.
1 his case came up for consideration in
the Confederate Court on Monday. Mr.
Fleming was arrested in December last
on a charge of having "harbored, secret
ed and concealed ' Dr. K. it. liodsden,
who wat -charged with trason. After a
full investigation we understand that the
Court decided i - '
1st. That Dr. Hodsden had committed
2d That the defendant (Fleming did
not harbor, secrete and conceal Dr. Hods
den. . ..
3d. That there is nothing in the con
duct of said Fleming that would warrant
the uourt in requiring any obligation on
his part to be a loyal citizen.
4th. lhatthe defendant be uncondt
tionally discharged, and that the Con
federate States pav the costs of this pros
ecution. Xash. Patriot. . " ' . j
i -4 St. Louis, r
A letter from St. Louis sayt
I am rusting out hereonly earning
about $5 per -dav: but liv-ina is cbeam
: - - ' v
bouses 12 to IIS per month tbat former
ly brought SOU: stores 55 tof oU that torm
erlv rented for $2000 per annum: land-
lords olten beg tenants to remain nee ot
. - . It V.
rent in preference to having vacated
iroperly. Produce is cheap bacon 3o.
or clear sides and 2c. for shoulders: flour
$3 20?4; corn 54c; oats 32c; potatoes
.50c.; whiskey He, wheat boo.; some ar
ticles high sugar U12o.; coffee 22
25c t. h, ' ;,. ... , . . , . .
The Tennessee Eiver Bridge.
' The authorities of the Memphis and
Ohio railroad received' information on
Sunday that the bridgo at Danville, over
the river was safe - at noon on that day
not having then been destroyed by the
enemy. The general impression is that
it will be be. burned if the Federals are
forced to retire from it. . .
The War Policy of the Government.
The Mobile Register says: Circumstan
ces and the spirit of the times seem to in
dicate that the period is at hand when
the ConfederateGovernment will lay aside
the merely defensive policy which it has
so steadily and consistently pursued, un
moved and undeterred by the protests
and appeals of the impatient valor of
the country. ,
A gentleman in Terrell county, Geor
gia, has embarked in the enterprise of
making cotton cards, a branch of indus
try never, we believe, before undertaker!
- The Bight Spirit.
At 3 o'clock, P. M., yesterday, business
houses of all kinds in ths cny were clos
ed, and ths male portion of our citizens
assembled on the square, where tbev
were formed into volunteer companies.
The old and the young, all classes of so
ciety, all trades and professions, were
represented. The very best spirit the
spirit which evinces the unconquerable
will, and the determination to be free
prevailed. After taking down the names
of the members of ths several compa
nies the crowd was dismissed, with the
understanding that the companies would
meet to-day at 3 o'clock, P. M., for drill.
It is hoped that every member will be
present punctually at ths hour. Nath.
TVe find the following In the Nashville
Patriot, of thethi' ""
We learn that Gen. Gideon J. Pillow
hat been promoted to the rank of Major
General. Hit many friends will be much
gratified with thia additional mark of the
confidence and appreciation of the gov
ernment. General Pillow is now at Fort
Donelson wheie it is probable, he will
soon have an opportunity to dintingun-.b
Hon. John J. Crlttrnden.
A dispatch from Washington to the
Northern press says i . 4. . .j
lon. John J. Criltendsn-is' deeply af
fected by the news from. Kentucky, and
has not bsen in the House- since the re
port of the battle of Somerset was receiv
ed. Altnougn ns nas two sons in uio
Union army the presenes of on in ths
rebel trmyo-h is o'dost-vstw helms him
wito.igrisft eTbs report that General
Crittenden deserted bis command at Som
erset, is not believed by any -one who
knows n ftp ."'Rebel tbougl lis be ha; is
aooouhtsd gallant and tnanly,--. m
' More tAooij Battles Expected. '
Ws are entering upon" the most Inci
ting period of the war. The real wprk is
only just commencing. The victory just
obtained by 0(1 r troops at Houierset Tias
been a moan sanguinary affair, snd will
bs followed by a succession of other -conflicts
of a similar cbaractnr. Between thit
ud Aliy we thall either have to subdue
ths raUls. todeai with them as we please.
or w thall Aars !ur'i 1i nLr 'A t) the
Capture of Fort Henry.
The Richmond Examiner, very summa
rily, snd philosophically, disposes of the
capture of Fort Henry. We ennex the
The capture of tort Henry, although
much to be regretted by ths South, was
foregone couclumon wlieuver the ene
my should think proper to bring a large
forr of men and artillery to bear upon
it. It is a structure that has been thrown
up since the beginning of the war, a
short distance within tho Tennessee line,
on lha Tennessee River. It was design
ed st first aa a defence against marauding
excursions of tho enemy, and was oever
expected to resist a heavy bombardment,
or assault from a large land force. To
have manned it with a very large lorco
of our own, and to have armed it with a
sufficient number of heavy guns to ena
ble it to be held under any assault, would
havo required too great a dissipation of
our- strength and extension of our lines.
The enemy has taken this tori, as us win
lake other points ol importance on ma
line of navigable waters. -- His great
strength In artillery and in boats give
him ths power to do to. These things
we cannot well avoid; but when he march--et
against ut on dry land, then is our
opportunity, and then our occasion for '
punishing him properly.
Ths destruction of the railroad bridge
which crossed the Tennessee river, near -Fort
Henry, though productive of somo
inconvenienco, is not a matter of any
great detriment to our Interests. The
rood without tbs bridge will still be
available for strengthening our lines on.
either side of the river, through connec
tion, except for mere convenience, being
a matter of inferior, importance. . While
it would , have been a subject of lively
gratification,' if our troops could have
held Fort Henry, its' loss is not a matter
to cause any serious euncern. , ..
The Season Why.
A Sorowet correspondent of the New
York Herald writes at follows in regard
to the movements of the Lincoln forces
there, in a letter dated Jan. 29th i
"The movements hero and at Mill
Spring are in unison, and though they
tend southward, it is not the direction of
East Tenne6ep. The idea of invading
East Tennessee to aid her loyal men, if
such an idea ever existed in the minds of
our Generals, has doubtless exploded.
If it has not, the experience of the bri
gade snd regimental Quartermasters
should be plainly snd forcibly told our
oommunders, and the explosion will fol
low. -' It is almost utterly impossible to
feed troops at this point. An idea may
be had of the state of thb country when
I say that in a trip from Stanford to be
yond -Montinello, L saw note shock of
fodder, a stack of hay, or a crib of corn.
The presenoe of a friendly army in East
Tennessee would be as devastating as
that of a rebel army, ' inasmuch ' as they
would prove guests who, would have to
be subsisted by hosts ' who, poor at all
times, are now hardly able to subsist
' Expedition from Cairo. ' '
The Memphis Appeal of the 7th inst.,
says it has information that Gen. Grant
loft Cairo on .Tuesday ' niglitV with .eigh
teen transports snd gunboats, and some
twenty thousand troops, and moved hp
tho Ohio river towards Paducah. It is
supposed in military circles that a part of
this force will proceed up the Tennessee
river to reinforce Gen. Smith, and the re
mainder to go up the Cumberland to' op -
erate against Fort Donelson.' This would
strongly indicate a'determinatlon on the
part of the enemy to move on Clarksville
or Nashville, wliich will be expedited by
the captureof Fort Henry.' ' - .. .
We Endorse It.
' The Avalanche, in speaking of the sto
ries put afloat regarding the intemperate
habita of Gen. Crittenden, says:
We hope the injustice which has been
done Gen. Crittenden may bring bis mind
to at onoo nobly resolve tbat be will, du
ring the war, if not forever, abstain from
the use of ' iutoxioating drink, and yet
win for himself a fame that shall mock
to scorn all who have fabricated state
ments to slander and degrade his name. .
Consumption of Corn.
The Richmond J)isptch says: It is un
derstood that the War Department will
shortly issue an order directing the sei
zure of the corn now held for purposes of
distillation, a step rendered necessary, not
only by the pernicious effects of the un
limited manufacture of whiakey, but by
the exhorbitant prices which Government
is thereby compelled to pay for an arti
cle indisrensable to the sustenance of the
army. Thit movement,'' following close
upon the order for the impressment of
saltpetro, will probably cause monopolists
and extortioners to open their eyes, and
may result in a purification of the moral
atmosphere so devoutly prayed for by ev
ery honest member of the community.
The Nashville Gatttte sayt in regard - to
those who are sympathizing with the Lin
colpoops: , , . .. , ', , ,
The man who to-day says he is a Union
man, or a sympathiser with the unholy
cause of Abraham Lincoln, deserves not
to live iu a Southern community. - He
would laugh with delight over tho Are
consuming Southern homes, and ' grin
with derUTon at the distress of Southern
women snd children, threatened with the
blade and torch of the invaders. How
many such infamous scoundrels are now
Citizens of ths city of Nashville f Have
we among us any sueb detestable traitors?
Do you know one such f If you do, it is
your duty to mark and name him. '. ,
,rThat Effective Blockade.
The Charleston Mteeury of the 6th in
"Ws have tbs plessant news, this morn
ing that a fine steamship hat reached one
of the Southern ports in safety, bringing
10,000 Enfield ri das, and 00,000 pounds
of gunpowder. The arms srs already in
the bands of those who know bow to use
. Doings of the Linooln Congress
Richmond, Feb. 9. The New York Her.
aid of the 7th has been received by flag
of truce at Norfolk. Ths Herald says
ths Lower House of the Fed oral Congress
has passed a bill, by a vote of 93 to 64,
authorizing the issue of $1,500,000 de
mand Treasury Notes, with the legal ten
der clause. The bill will probably pass
the Senate. .
Congress has not passed the direct tax
bill. , , ; ,. -
Latest news from Mexico roports that
a great battle was fought at the National
Bridge, which lasted five hours. The
Spaniards were dufuated.
-While the paper munufhotursrs of the
South are unahls to make paper enough
to supply their customers, those of the
North are breaking down for the want of
ouatotu. four large paper mills, which
were in operation at Newark, N. c
jf ir ago,. bars now t'lr psndf 1.