Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVI NO. 43.
BY SAM, P. IVINS. ATHENS, TENNESSEE, FHIDAY, SEPTEMBER '25, 1868. TERMS: tub post 18 runuuKi kvkiiy huday, At Two Itollnrn n. Yrar, laynllc in Advam'c. AST No attention puul to orders for the paper unless neeompnnleil by the Ciisli. Advertisements will bo rhurfroil fl.r.O per ftqmtrc of turn lines, or less, for the first Inser tion, nnd 1ft eents for ouch eonliniiunee, A liberal deduction nuulo to purtles who adver tise bv tho yeur. , Kir1 Persons semlinj; ndvertlseinents should murk tho number of times they desire them in serted, or they will bo continued until forbid nni ulttiririwl m.riliH llirl V. Transient advertisements must bo paid for at tho time of insertion. Announcing names of candidates for olllec, a AA 4-..al. I.. ..II nnyna Obituary 'notices over five lines, charged at regular iiilvertishiK rates. All communications intended to promote the private ends or interests 01 uorporai nm.. p clotles. or Individuals, will bo charged at ... I .! Jon- Work, Mich n Pamphlets. Circulars, Curds, JUanks. Hamlbllis, etc., w 11 tie exe. t.t .rr....l titvln mill tit reasonable rates. All letters addressed to tho l'roprietor will be promptly attention to. Communications, to secure insertion, must be accompanied by te name 01 ine minium. Athens, Frlln Hvpt. SS, The State Democratic Executive Coimnittce. The State Democratic Executive Com mittee of Tennessee liavo resolved up on a vigorous nnd active prosecution of the campaign for tho National Presi dential ticket for Seymour and I51.nr. Tho Hon. Emrrxn Cooper has been appointed Elector for the Stale at large, vice Hon. George AV. Jones, resigned, and has accepted the position. A Committee of Finance has been np pointed by tho committee, consisting of Ihn following named gentlemen : L. 1', Beech, Esq., Chairman ; AV. Matt Brown A. G. Adams, Samuel D. Morgan, Sam uel R. Anderson, of Davidson County John Baxter, of Knox, aud M. D. L Stewart, of Shelby. The Democrats and Conservatives of each Electoral District are requested to hold conventions and nominate candi dates for District Electors, by or be foro tho 21st of September. In the event of a failure to hold such convention in any district, the State Executive Com-1 initteo will designate a candidate. Democratic papers throughout the Stato are requested to publish this an nouncement. Guouoe.T. S-runiii.KKir.Li), Chairman Ex. Stato Committee. Aliikut Rouf.rts, ficc'y pro tvni. The Difference! Gov. Seymour pays heavy taxes on all his personal property, and because he owns no bonds ho is n "copperhead and traitor." Shirking no duty as a citizen, he is rewarded with vitupera tion and taxes ! Every where there arc richer men who sold their landed prop erty and invested in government bonds, to save taxation. Tho right to do this is not questioned, but is a result of Re publican law making. Pay taxes and you are a "Traitor." Pay no taxes and you arc a "Patriot!" Cost of tho Extra Session. Tho expense incurred by tho late spe cial Bession of tho Legislature was about $45,000 estimated on a gold basis. The General Assembly remained in scs sion fifty days at a cost of nearly $1,000 per day. Tho per diem of its members will avcrago about $350 each, while $4,410 was paid to the clerks. If such misapplication of tho public funds is not rank robbery, wo are totally at loss ,to understand the meaning of tho term. Newspaper Libel Suit. In tho libel suit brought by Einil In jneck, ex-auditor of tho Stato of Michi gan, against tho Detroit Advertiser and Tribune, in which tho damages were ;laid at $50,000, after a seven-days' trial, a verdict of six cents wns awarded to ;tho plaintiff. lie was charged with in competency as a Stato officer, and tho ,defeuso plead tho truth in justification, Tho ltecent Earthquake. Additional accounts of tho recent .earthquake in South America stato that tho shock was proeeded by a sound like ;that of a distant tempest, nnd then tho ground shook from south to north. A palm tree remains standing, untouched .and as green as ever, in tho midst of tho ., desolate country. Tho Southern Trade. General AVest, Col. Sam. Tato, Gen Beauregard, Edgar Thompson nnd oth- ,er gentlcmon, havo consummated schomo for the consolicntion of all the ,railroads connecting Paducah with Mo tbilo and New Orleans. Direct connection will bo immediate ly established between Vinccnncs, In .diana, and Paducah. Tho movement is .inaugurated by Philadelphia capitalists, With a view to controlling tho South jcrn trade. The Ohio nnd Indiana Radicals ex press alarm at tho condition of tho can vass in thoso States. They virtually con ccdotho'oloetlon of Hendricks, and tho loss of soveral Congressmen In Ohio, in cfudiug Egglcstou aud Sehcnek. Hard on Seward. Tho turners aro publishing a letter written by Hon. Jerry Black to Presi dent Johnson about Secretary Seward and tho Vela Alta business. It is pret- tv taught on tho Auburnian. Among other things, Jiulgo lHaeK wi nes mus ; Why do you not discard nun Leew ard at once and forever r ne nns brought innumernblo woes upon the connlrv, nnd all the troubles ot your unfortunate administration have sprung directly or indirectly from his crooked policv. J lo win never no milium iu mu right,' nnd ho has not ability enough to mako tho wrong seem piausi:jic. aau lawyer he would not stand fifth rate in nnv cot.nty court ; ns a politician he lias alwavs been a mere sneak ; as a slates- man there is nothing of hun ntall, ex cept a shameless disregard of tho Con stitution lie sweai-3 to support. The man who made that silly and yet atro cious boast to Lord Lyons can inspire nothing but disgust in the minds of any Christian people. Do not let your credulity be nnposei. on by his professions of faith in tho De mocratic creed, lie is a convert with out conviction; he will be a .backslider upon the firsttcniptntion. "With hisprin ciplcs, or rather his want of principles, he can lind sympathy ana namiraiiou in the party which ho served by kid napping frcc-boru Americans. But to the Dcinocrncv. with its love of liberty and law, he and his little bell are both but "sounding brass ana a uiikiing cymbal." All men in proportion us they love justice must despise, him. The Mc-lish-us Proclamation. The papers in all directions arc severe upon Governor Brownlow's proclama tion calling on the militia to organize. AVe think, in view of the real facts of the case, His Excellency has made nno ther serious mistake. The following is fmm tho. Nashville Union and Ameri can of the IStli : Scarce! v have the people had time to felicitate themselves upon the prospect of pacification n Horded by the guaran tee of the Fctleral authority to main tain the laws and preserve order, before thev arc startled with an incendiary proclamation from tho Governor, it is brute thunder only as yet, but none the less flagitious and wicked in the mo tives which inspired it; and is intend ed to lin ns widelv mischievous us pos sible. AVith the presence of Federal troops in ample numbers and at every point that they may ue uesireu io ue sent, the Governor of this Slate knows there is no necessity for the organiza tion of .a militia force., 1 lis conscience, if he has one, convicted him ns every word of Ibis proclamation fell from his pen, that ho was perpetrating a cold blooded, cruel, wanton and useless act of injustice to tho people and injury to the best interests oi me Mate. The October Elections. The Boston Post speculating upon the October elections says: Larircr results have never depended on tho fall State elections than will mako themselves visible this year. The three important, and, wo may say tho decisive elections to occur in October are thoso in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana, and they take place on the! same day, tho Bit h. Coming so very near to tho general election in Novem ber but three weeks their immediate influence on that event will tell visibly. Should they bo very closely contested, we shall witness nn increased intensity of ellbrt on both sides in every State to scourotho final triumph ; but in case the Democrats and Conservatives sweep these three great States clean of the ves tiges of radicalism, the November con clusion, in a fair and open trial, will be a foregone one. The Radical party may then consider themselves fairly embark ed on an ebb tide, to be drifted out to a sea that has no shore. The Public Debt. The public debt increased $12,8:10,018 tho last year. September 1, 1ni7, $2, 4!)2,7S3,3()5 ; September 1, 1S0M, $-2.5:15,- 011.313. Inercaso S-12.8W.US. Tins is not tho worst feature of tho statement In ISfij the public debt was $2,123,137,- 002 IS. In 181.8 it is $2,G13,25(!,28o. An increase of $210,S1!),282 82. These figures are from tho book ; they aro correct and indisputable, all denials and assertions to tho contrary notwith standing. Let 1 li m Alone. Tho Atlanta Constitution says, until somo new occasion arises, our column will bo closed to coninuinicalioiiR in ref erence to Joseph E. Brown. Ho has already been ventilated sullieiehfly to satisfy tho demands of tho most inordi nate. Tho author of liis own destruc tion, let him rest. Tho digger ot his own rravc, let it bo undisturbed, save by tho winds aud rums of lieavcn. Pent-ui) Enthusiasm. Tho New York Tribune assures its readers that thero is an ininienso a niount of "pent-up enthusiasm" in the country for Grant and Colfax. Grant is said by somo ot lus most discreet ad mircrs to havo a vast amount of "sup nressed wisdom. ' It is very nppropr . .. : .. .. .... .i. 1 1 . - . alo that the oninusiasni suuuiu ue "iieui up" for wisdom flint is "suppressed." Heavy Gal. Helen Eckcrt, a girl of sixteen, of Huston. Pennsylvania, weighs now ove five hundred pounds, ami is unable from her great weight to get out of the house. She is evidently tlie "girl ot tho period," as a full stop has been put to lier perambulations. Tlie New i York Jlu'l savs that the fashion of changing photograph is en tireiy done away with. An Important Letter from Henry AVanl Deecher. Pf.f.kskii.L, Thursday, August 30. Gkxti.v.mex : I am obliged to yon for the invitation which you have made to mo to net as Chaplain of llio Conven tion of Sailors and boldicrs nbout to conveno nt Cleveland. I cannot fitted it, but I heartily wis li it, and all other conventions, ot what party soever, suc cess, Avhose object is the restoration of nil tho States lately in rebellion to their Federal relations. Our thcorv of government lias no place for a Slate except in the Union. It is justly taken for granted that tho duties nnd responsibilities of a Stato in Federal relations tend to its political health, nnd to that of tho whole nntion. Even Territories arc hastily brought in, often before) tho prescribed conditions are fulfilled, ns if it wcro dangerous to leave the community outsido of tins great body politic. Had tho loyal Senators and Repre sentatives of Tennessee been ndniittcd nt once, on the assembling of Congress, nnd, in moderate succession, Arkansas, Georgia. Alabama. North Carolina, and A'irginia, the public mind of tho South would have been far more healthy than it is, nnd those States which lingered on probation to the last would have been under more salutary influence to good conduct than if a dozen armies watched over fliem. Refusing to admit loyal Senators nnd Representatives form flic South to Con irrcss will not help the frecdmcn. It will not secure for them tho vote. It will not protect them. It will not se cure nnv amendment ot our Lonstitu tion. however 1ut and -wise. It will only increase tho dangers and conipli cafe the diihculties. Whether we re gard the whole nation, or any section of it. or class of it, the first demand of our time is entire reunion I Once united, wo can, by schools, churches, a free press and increasing free speech, attack each evil aud secure overv L'ood. Every moment flint we delay this healthful step complicates the case. The excluded population, fcuongh unsettled before, grow more irritable; tho army becomes indispensable to local govern ment, and supersedes it ; the Govern ment at Washington is called to inter fere in one and another diiliculty, and this will be done inaptly, and sometimes with great iiiiusticc lor our Govern ment widely' adapted to its own pro per fur.ct'on'n, is utterly devoid of those i ... ' - 'i -it. .v. i habits, ami uncquippeu wan uiuiusini monts which fit a centralized govern ment to exercise authority m remote Stales over local allairs. Every attempt to perform su- li duties lias resulted in mistakes which have excited tho nation. But whatever imprudence there may be in the inetli'od tlie. ewl-i.-fcleiA.'V. -.should lie lurainst the requisition of such duties of the Federal Government. The 1'cderal Government is unfit to exercise minor police nnd local govern ment, and will inevitably blunder whc.i it attempts it. To keep a half score cf States under Federal authority, bit without national ties and responsibili ties ; lo oblige tho central authority to 'overn half the territory of tlie Union by Federal civil olliecrs and by tho ar my, is a policy not. only uncongenial to our ideas and' principles, but pre-cnii- ncnllv dangerous to the spirit ot our Government. However luvnane the ends sought and the motivef. it is. in fact, a course ot instruction, preparing our Government to be despolc and fa miliarizing the people to t stretch of authority which can never buutlicr than ana'erous to liberty. I I am aware that irood men arc with held from advocating the ponipt nnd successive admission of lio exiled States bv tho fear, chiefly o its effect upon parties and upon freedien. It is said that it admitted u uongrcss the Southern Senators and llprescnta- tives will coalesce with JSortmrn Ueni ocrats and rule the country. Is this na tion then to remain dismeibcred to serve flic ends of parties? Havo we learned no wisdom bv tho history of the past ten years, in wluo, just this courso or sacniicing me union io uic exigencies of parlies plungl us into rebellion and war Even admit that tho povcr should pass into the hands of a partf made up ot ssouiiiern men ana ine iiiuunu nn honored and misled Democncy of the N'orlh, that power could nit do used just ns they pieasea. int T.ar uas hamred. not alono instituting, but ideas. The whole country hiifadvnne cd. Public sentiment is exaltil far be vond what it has been at air former period. A new party, wou'.l, like river, be obliged to seek its cSinnels in tho already existing slopes ntd tonus .1.., i I KJl MIU UUiiuiiin. I AVo have entered a new era of liber tv. Tho style ot thought is lreo nnd nioro noble. The young nun of our times aro regenerated. The oat army lias been a school, and liuiilreds ot thousands ot men are goni homo to preach a truer nnd nobler xhw of hu man rights. All the inaustitu inter csts of society arc moving will increns od wisdom towards intellil'iice and liberty. Everywhere -in cliiches, in literature, and nature and ulurul sei ences, in physical industiie.-iin social questions, ns well ns in polilii, tho na tion leeis mat uio winter is ier, ana a new spring hangs in t ho liijizoii and works through nil mo cieimis. jn this happily changed nnd ndvjiecd con dilionot things, no party ot Bio retro grado can maintain itself, jlfycrything marches, and parties must liivh. I hear with wonder andj.4uno and scorn tho fear of a few that Lo South oiico nioro In ad. ustment wiM tho l ed eral Government will rulo llil nation I Tim North is rich never sii rich: the South is poor never before y poor. Tho population ot the iNortiiii.i nearly double Hint 01 llio muiiii. lie Indus try of tho North, in diveisil, in for Wiirdness and produclivene.'lin nil the machinery and education niiircd for manufacturing, b. hall a i ciitli v in ad vnnco of tho South'. Churches In tho North crown every hill, and schools swnrni In every neighborhood; while the South hns but scattered lights, nt long distances, like light-houses twink ling along the edge til a continent oi darkness. In tho presence of such a contrast, how mean and craven is flic fear that the South will rulo tho policy of the land? That it will have an in fluence, that it will contribute, in time, most important influences or restraints, wo nro triad to believe. But if it rises at once to llio control of tlie Govern ment it will bo beer use the North, de moralized by prosperity, nnd besotted by groveling interests, ret use to .tils- charge its share of political duty. In such a ease the South not only win con trol tho government, but it ought to do it. It is feared, with more reason, that tiie restoration of the South to her full Independence will be detrimental fo the frcedineii. The sooner wo dismiss from our minds the idea tli.it the frecdmcn can be classified, and separated from the white population, and nurseu and u fended by themselves, the better it will be tor them nnd us. The negro is part and parcel ot Southern society. Jlc cannot be prosperous while it is tin- prospered. Its evils will rebound upon him. Its happiness and rcinvigoration rcannot be kept from his participation. llio restoration ot the bout h to amica ble relations with the North, the reor ganization of ils industry, the reinspira lion of its enterprise and thrift will all redound to the lreednien s benefit, ao filing is so dangerous to the frecdmcn as an unsettled state of society in the South. On him comes all the spite nnd anger nnd caprice nnd revenge, lie will bo made the scapegoat of lawless nnd heartless men. Unless we turn the Go vernment into a vast military machine there cannot be armies enough to pro tcct the frecdmcn while Southern socie ty remains insurrectionary. If South crn society is calmed, settled and occu pied, and soothed, with new hopes nnd prosperous industries, no nrinies will be needed. Riots will subside, lawless hangers on will be driven oil or better governed, and a way will bo gradually opened up to the lrecdmen, througl education and industry, to full citizen ship, with all its honors nnd duties. Civilization is a growth. None can escape flint fortv years in the wilde ness who travel from the Egypt of ig norance to the promised laud ot civili zation. The frecdmcn must take their march. 1 have full faith in the results If they have the stamina to undergo the hardships which every civilized people has undergone in their inward progress, they will in due time take their place nong us. i hat place cannot, be bought nor bequeathed, nor gained bv slight of urn. It will come to sobriety, virtue industry and frugality. As tile nation suiiiot bo sound until the South is pro, porous, so. on the other extreme, a heal thy condition of civil society in the South is indispensable to the welfare of the frccdmen. Meanwhile, tho great chasm which re bellion made is not filled up. It grows deeper and stretches wider! Out of it rise dread spectres and threatening -oiuids. Let that gulf bo closed, and bury in it slavery, sectional animosity, and nil strifes and hatreds ! It is fit that the brave men who, on sea and land, faced death to save the na tion, should now, by their voice and vote, consummate what their swords rendered possible. l or the sake ot flic frccdmen, for the sake of tlie South and ils millions of our fellow-countrymen, for our own sake, and lor the great cause ol lree doin aud civilization, I urge tho im mediate re-union of nil tlie parts which rebellion and war have shattered. I urn truly yours, HKMiY AVAItl) BKIXIIlili. Great Earthquakes.' The New York Jfvratd, In a notice of the recent terrible earthquake in South America, says : The South American enrthqunko will take rank among the most dreadful coii-Plbin county last fall, I promised you LliTTEH FK031 TEXAS Boxiiam, Fannin Co., Texas, , August 30th, 18C8. t Mr, W. C. V'tuyliun :T'hc IleftMc- Ketiirncd i'rom Liberia. The Baltimore Ustin of Tuesday last, says tho Savannah llcpiiblican, reports the arrival at that port, of the Ameri can Colonization Society's ship Golcon- la, which sailed from Savannah early in the Summer. She had a good Irip out with tho four hundred emigrants, and a quick run home from Monrovia. Considering that the Radical blacks love polities better than work, they can not do' better than to emigrate to Libe fin, where they can enjoy political pri vileges to their heart's content, and where a whito man is not allowed to vote or take a part in public nfl'airs. Horrible Outrage. A most horrible rape was nerpef ru led by a negro, the other day, in Daviess count,'. Mo., upon a little girl whose parents reside about seven miles North of Gnl.alin. Tho fiend sought the child in tho voods, and by bruto forco satis fied his hellish lusts, then bound her to a tree and disapi eared. After a search of three days, slu was found as her de stroyer liad'left lor, but in a dying con dition, living bti.vly long enough to tell tho name of tho lend who had so brutal ly outraged aid murdered her. Tho villian has not icon heard of sinco the occurrence. rJho Gains. Tho total Vmocralio gains In fho elections thai have occurred during this year liave aiiiuinted to -1!),100 voles. The lotal ralical gains at elections that have occuircd during this year, have been 9,000 roles. If this sort of thing continues how large a majority, accord ingto iheilacobin arithmetic, will Grant get in November next? AVhoa it is.t.sked, how would Harry Clay vole wen ho nlivo, tlie answercan bo host given iu his own words: "If my suffrage is ikod for the highest civil oliicer of my country, Hie candidate must prosonf'sinie oilier title than lau rels gathered u the blood-stained bat-tle-iicld." volumes of modern times. AVlien all the details nro known it may bo found to havo been more disastrous than that at Lisbon on November 1, 1755, when sixty thousand people were- killed and the eitv laid in ruins. The present cen tury has been prolilic in such convul sions of nature. Iu 1811 the western part of this country was visited by a most severe shock, traces of which are still to be found in the region extending from tlie mouth of the Ohio river to flint of the St. Francis. On March 2'1. Isl2, another earthquake destroyed the city ofCarracas, V ene.ucla, burying nencath tlie ruins twclvo thousand of its inhabi tants. From December 10, J.w, to.Jnn uary. 1S5S. the Kingdom of Naples was visited bv violent shocks, and the loss of life is csfimatcd to have been about thirty thousand. On June 10, 1S5S, the Mexican republic met with a like late. The city of Quito, Ecuador, was like wise shaken in March 'oft, and some thousands of lives lost. But more re cently we had to chronicle the disas trous carthtiunkes in Central America and flic AVest Indies last October, and in the Sandwich Islands in the beginning of April of this year. The losses in the Vt est Indies, although severe, were lar inferior to those caused by the present earthquake. They were estimated at about twenty miilions of dollars and some hundreds of lives lost. In the Sandwich Islands the damage done was still less. Tlie reason of tins is clear tho regions traversed by flic shocks are about iu the same ratio as to extent nnd density of population as the respective losses. J ust a year previous to mis South American'earthqunke a most vio lent shock was lclt in the East Indies, and was followed in October by the West India convulsions. In each ease the direction of the enrthquake corres ponded with the mountain ranges, just as the line of tlie direction of the shocks in tho present case corresponds with the range of the Andes Mountains. It is also noticeable that the most violent earthquakes have taken place about the time when tlie periodical displays of meteors arc due that is. about the months of April, August. October, No vember and December. Ever since the earth got into the great meteoric belt, in November, liS(i7, wo have had to chronicle unusually disastrous earth quakes. Can it bi! that the electric like shocks of earthquake are generated by the contact of the metalio portion of this belt with the sulphuric emanations of tho volcanoes? ' ' Giw.t Gold IMs'-ovrry. The following extraordidary state ment conies through the Patriot, pub lished at Atchison, in tho Slate of Kan sas : AVc nro informed by Mr. J. P. Brown, of the firm of Brown' & Bier, contrac tors for building the Catholic Church iu this city, that every brick in this mam moth building contains a quantity of line gold. This fine edihco probably contains more brick than any block in the city. For a long time tho workmen and bricklayers have noticed small specks in the bricks resembling gold, but which, of course, they little thought w as in reality tlie precious metal. Yes terday Mr. llcmpler, the architect, hav ing pulverized several of tho bricks, as certained beyond a doubt, by the aid of chemicals, that they really contained gold. The bricks wero manufactured at the kilns iust below G. AV. Gillespie's & Go's saw mill, and it is supposed that gold may be found in quantities on tlie blull, just west ot the brick kiln. The Queen of Spain. Queen Isabella, of Spain, weighs tvo hundred nnd tweutytive pounds. She lias become very homely, and when she appears iu public with her two eldest daughters, both of whom are very hand some girls, the contrast is most striking. The Queens husband is the verv em bodiment of stupidity ; he looks in his gorgeous uniform like an Idiot wonder ing why they have dressed him up so nicely.' He is always head over ears in debt.' and llio Queen herself is likewise mostly short ol tund". J he better class of Madrid society look with profound and of hers that I would jfivo you a cor rect account of Texan ns far an I might be able. I have now been here one sea son, aud I have recently taken n tour of t wo hundred miles in order to examine tho country, and will give you tho re sult of my observation. Some persons aro well pleased with Texas, and over rate it; others arc displeased, and un derrate it. I will attempt to strike tho golden medium, and neither exaggerate nor extenuate. Red River county is pretty well tim bered nnd has good land. Near the river there is good timber and good land all the way up, though rather sickly, and plenty of fruit. Lamar county has large prairies in it, nnd when standing in the middle of n large prairie, you can't see any timber, nnd all the timber here is scrubby. Fannin county has black waxy nnd black sandy land, and is scarce of running water. Grayson, Denton aud Collin counties have about the same kind of land and timber, though 1 think Collin is the best water ed, and they all have large prairies. The timber is red, black and post oak; red, box, chit and slippery elm ; walnut, pe can, ash, hickory, hackbnry, bodark, and others that 1 can't namo, Bodark is a thorny, scrubby timber, aud splits pret ty well, and is very durable. There is a great deal of bodark timber' iu theso counties. AVhcn I speak of black, waxy land, I mean just what 1 say. The san dy land is more pleasant to cultivato than the wax-, but the waxy laud stands a drouth best. Dallas is the most beautiful county I ever saw ; good laud, pretty good wa ter, large prairies, though timber is scarce. Ellis and 11111 arc more broken than the other counties, with more wa ter, but not more timber till you get to the Cross Timbers. The Cross Timbers nrc post oak, black oak, and black jack. .Tohiison county has good land, and tho Cross Timbers run through it. AVaco, in McLennan county, is improving ra pidly, so is Dallas. The land on tho Brazos is as good as need be. Bosque county is broken, rocky, and no good timber. Tho land on Bosque rivor is good, though the ridges arc rocky, with scrubby cedar on theiu. In that section they build a good deal of rock fence, and it is, more subject to drouth than this portion of the State, and tho wholo State has much less rain than you havo in Tennessee. Society hero is not nsgood as in Ten nessee, though it Is improving verv much. In my late tour 1 saw many re vivals iu progress among tho Baptists, Methodists and Cumberland Presbyte rians. 1 saw many line Churches, but iu some sections schools are unhandy, as the pcoplo are too much scattered. Cabbage and beans do not grow very well here, but lettuce, beets, mustard and onions grow finely. Most of per sons here make their gardens in their fields, as they say any place is rick enough for a garden. This is a good country for poaches, and on tho Bandy land they raise fine apples. A railroad from Galveston to Califor nia is iu contemplation, aud when fin ished 1 think this will be the best money-making country in the United State for this reason : AVc can make more pro duce in this country on uu average than you can, and we only feed the stock that we use; tho balance live on tlie range. A man can generally sll ono half that he raises. 1 have seen more dissatisfied people here than in nnv country I ever saw. contenint on t he rovnl bum v. -s a proof of the Oueon's. unpopularity at Some of them move oil' and move back the capital of Spain, it is said that there is in Madrid scarcely a single girl bear ingthe name Isabella. A Slight Mistake. A merchant, who wn.s absent from his home, received a telegram inform ing him of his wile's sale delivery of a liltlo girl; at the same time a letter from liis partner advising him that a draft had been presented for Sti.OOO, nnd tho signature seemed rather doubtful. Tho merchant replied to both dispatches, but misdirected them. Tho astonish ment of the wit'o may lie imagined when shoread; "I know nothing about it; it's a swindle" The partner received hearty congratulations on his safe delivery. A notorious negro named Dr. AVoods, was shot and severely wounded by the police Tuesday night in Memphis while attempting to escape after being arrest ed. AVoods was tho leader of the party who attempted (o murder Mr. Alexan der on fho Hernando road a few days ago. It is reported that two members of tho Arkansas Legislature, a County Clerk, United States Assessor and Col lector, and two United States confrac (ors for building freedincn school-houses, have been driven from Lafayette county in Hint State. Also, that three white nnd eighteen Mack men have bet li killed. three or four times beforo they become satisfied ; but it don't cost much to move ns they feed on the grass. This coun try is more subject to chills and fever than East Tennessee, except that por tion of McMinu county below Gouldy's old mills. Mr. Allen has lived hero over twenty years, has thirteen chil dren, all nlivo and healthy, and he says thnt ho has never paid fifty dollars in doctor's bills in tho time. Upon tho whole, Texas is a good country, and if any of you conclude to move here, como by way of Memphis and Helena, Ark. Your old friend. .Tas. F. Bhsto.v. Maine. Tho joy of tho lady of 70, who at three score and ten years, gavo birth to her first and only child, illustrates the ecstaey of the Wndicals over the Maino election. "Nurso it well," said the louiiij mother, "for 1 shall never have another." Iteniictt Ihirnod Out. A New York dispatch of the 18th says .lames Gordon Bennett's house at AVnshlngton Heights, wns liurned from a defective Hue ; fully Insured. The New York paper advertise exhi bitions of (he patent safety cotlln under i llio head of ' amusements."