Newspaper Page Text
BY SAM. P. IVINS. ATHENS, TENNESSEE, Fill DAY, DECEMBER 11, 1874. VOL. XXIII NO. 367 TERMS: TRl POST (8 rUBMBHCD KVIRV PBIDAT At Tw Dollars- m Yr,Pyble In Aavaaec Advertisements will be charted ft-00 per square of tea lines or leu lor toe orst insertion mid Ml cent for etch additional Insertion. A literal deduction made to parties who odver Hm br the vear. Persons eendlDK advertisements should mark the number of times tbey desire luem interteu, or tbey will becootinued until forbid nd cbarg. Ad accordinirlv. Announcing names of candidates, fi.00 Cb In all cum. Obituary notice over five Unci charged at regular advertising rates. There will be no discount on these terms. TIME. TABLE EAST TENN. VA. k GA. R. R. PA88KNGER TRAIN No. 1.-WE8T. Leavs Bristol S.48a.M Arrive at Athens 1.42 r. u, Arrive at Chattanooga 4.60 P. M FAS9RXUKK TRAIN NO. 2.-EA8T. Leave Chattanooga 8.80 A. M Arrlveat Athens 8.47 A. m Arrive at Bristol 7.30 p. at PASSENGER TRAIN NO. 8.-WEST. Leave Bristol 4.10 p. M Arrive Athens 1.60 a. M Arrive Chattanooga 4.M a. m. PASSENGER TRAIN NO. 4. EAST. Leave Chattanooga 10.05 p. M Arrive Atbens 1.14 a. m Arrive Bristol 10.88 a. m HI. A. ICrlin. J. !H. Header!! Casbier. President FRANKLIN- ASSOCIATION SANK, (Chartered and Organitei June, 1672.) O P V 1 C K on Jackson St., one door South of Public Square ATHENS, TENNESSEE. Regular Meatings every Tuesday Night. TRANSACTS A tieneral flanking llsstjlaseoo. Discounts Daily; Buys and Sell old, Silver, Bonds, Stock, Uncurrent Bank Notes, &c, &c. In Its Savings Department, receives Deposits and Issues (;rlilii:iits mercror at speemeu rates of Interest. M. A. IIKI.M, CaHliter. Athens, Dec. 80. 187'Mr-204 II. Jnckon, J, W. I.llliird, I'rrHidrnt. Cashier, V. II. 9l:lii!iff. Vice Prcst. EAST TEffiSEE NATIONAL Ml OF KNOXVILLE. Authorised Capital, 300,004. CASH CAPITAL PAID IN $150,000. 77ke 0nly National Bank between Salem, Va and Cleveland, Tennettee. Designated Depository of the U. 8. AND SUCCESSORS TO First National Hank of Knoxville. S T O C U II O M) 12 It t Jos R Anderson, BrlHtol Rolit Love, Jnhnxnn City J II Knrneiit, Klicstown KW Taylor, r.,Rul'vla R II Barton, Morrlnto'n WinBrar.elton.N Murk't Wm llnrris, Dsndridge Geo A Kain, " J K Rabt, Cleveliiud II II Matlock, Ricevllle N Boiart. FblMd's J A Kay I, Knoxv'ie iospin Jiiques, " FHMcClung, " Sum McKlnucy, " SB llovd, " W W Woodruff" J W Lillard, " Jirifit Jaekson, " Rv Jackson, " Receives Deposits, Buys and Sells Rxchitnge, Foreign and Domestic; deals in Gold, Silver, Uncurrent Bunk Notes, United States, State, County and Corporation Bonds and Coupons, and will do a General Collecting and Bauklug Uiisiness throughout the United (states. Feb. 14, 1873-1 y-273 TIIOMAO'CDXXERA CO., WHOLESALE DEALERS IN AND MANUFACTURERS OF Saddles and Bridles of every description. Carriage & Buggy Harness & COLLARS. GAT STREET, KNOXVILLE, TENNESSEE. Jan.8,lB73.tr-'J0 J. II. Vamnkrson T. SI. Jackson VANNERSON & JACKSON, PRODUCE AND PROVISION Commis'n Merchants, 45 JACKSON ST., AIMJI'MTA, OA. Refkkknck: Win. E. Jackson, President National Bank of Augusta; George T. Jark. on A Co. March 13, lK74-Om-!U8 To My Patrons, One and All. rpiIE FIRST OF JANUARY WILL SOON JL be here, ami I now take this method of In forming yo'i that 1 shall Immediately after that time, adopt whatever cnurio may lie nec. essary, to collect what is due me. I need tbe money, or barter out of which" to iiisko It. I have extended accommodations until I am carrying notes for debts three years old, and must positively collect. I take for goods, or In discount all kinds of barter, and lose my trouble to turn It Into money, and cannot offer any other inducement. Resp'y, e.. J. A. TURLEY. Nov. 13, 1874-tlsJan.303 WIM.IAMM St CO., OANTRELL'8 X ROADS. WISH TO BUY all the seed Cotton In this section of conn try, for which highest market price will be paid. Also, keep full stock Mt. Verd Factory Thread to swap for Cotton. Nov. 13-'74 V. W. ALEXANDER, 31. 1). OFFICE AND RR8IDKNCE ON WA8II Ington Street, Athens, Tennessee. January 9,1874-ly-8l CARPENTER, ROSS k lOdEIT WHOLESALE ft R O 0 E R C AND COMM'SN MERCHANTS OAT STREET, Knoxville, Tennessee. HAVING REMOVED INTO OUR NEW and Commodious Warehouse, adjoining 6anford, Chamberland A Albert, we are now prepared to offer fjpeclal Inducement to the Trade. We will keep on hand at all times, full lines of STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES FULL LINES OP WOO DEN WARE, TOBACCOS, SNUFF AND CIGARS. GRAIN BAGS, OF ALL KINDS. MANILLA AND JUTE ROPE SOLE LEAiTIIER, Crackers, Cheese, Candies, and Raisins, Nuts of all Kinds. FINE TEAS A SPECIALITY. WE ARE WHOLESALE AGENTS FOR I.lOIIt Sc. IIRO'M COTTON YARNS, AND Holston Salt and Plaster Cos SALT. WE RECEIVE AND SELL ON COM MIS Ion the Products of the Country, and wilt endeavor at all times to get the high est market prices for same. WE SELL GOODS TO MERCHANTS ONLY. Feb. 13, 1874-ly-324 She toi5t, Athens, Friday, December 11. 1874. Incendiarism. Twenty-six gin -houses Id Georgia, nearly every one filled with cotton, bare been destroyed by Incendiary fires since tbe beginning of October. Such is tb End of Man. Tbe Washington Chronlclo ssys: "The grsve of Horace Greeley U with out a monument or any special mark of care or recognition. It seem that all tbe adulation and proposed honor to his memory has resulted in nothing, and 'be sleeps beneath tbe sod' in an unmarked grave, neglected and forgot ten." . Tbe New Postal Law. Nashville Banner: Tbe new postage law which goes into effect tbe 1st of January will hare a very good effect, inasmuch as almost all of the papers not already running on a prepayment policy have given notice that subscri bers living outside of tbe county of publication must pay in advance. This will effect a great saving to many pub lishers, and at tbe same time prepare tbe way for prepayment by all subscri bers. PeiuiiHylvaula. A fire broke out at Karris City, But ler county, oil district, and destroyed about two-thirds of the town. Seventy-five buildings wero destroyed, Se cluding two hotels and tbe post-office. Loss $100,000, on which there was but little insurance. Mr. llyland, agent of the Union Tipe Line Company, was stoppod near Karns City, by two men firing two shots from their revolvers, and was robbed of $550. Cue shot took effect in his log. The other passed through bis hat. A Note Worthy Old Couple. Press and Herald : There is now liv- ng in tho second civil district of Knox county, an old couplo worthy of a news paper paragraph. Mr. Joel Coker aud ins wito are protnlily tho oldest mar ried couple in tho State. Mr. Coker is 80 years of age, and Mrs. Coker 84. They were married in tho year 1808, sixty-six years ago, when he was 20 years old and slio was 18. They have lived happily together ever since, cele brated their golden wedding in 185S and have numerous children, grand children, and great-graud-children, to bless their living memory. If there is another such match pair iu tho land let us hear of them. Jailors' Fees. Iho Knoxville Chronicle thus calls attention to the subject of "Jailors' Fees In Tennessee : ' The amount now allow ed jailors for boarding prisoners in thi State is sixty cents per day. That is $4.20 per week. They are compelled, and actually do, give prisoners only two meals a day, and ttis of not tho most ex pensive kind. Now, thore are good boarding houses iu Knoxville, where board may bo obtained for three dollars per week. It appears to us that some thing might bo saved to the Slate aud to the counties without doing injustico to jailors by reducing their foes some what. They might very justly bo fixed at tbreo dollare per week, which, would be a saving of one dollar and twenty cents per weok, for each prisouer con fined iu the soveral jails throughout the State. This would be quite an Horn, and would save thousands of dollars eVcry year. Wo throw this out for the benefit of our uext Legislature, elected as it was on a platform pledging a re duction of excessive salaries." A Note Worthy Enterprise. We respectfully call tho attention to the following paragraph, which appear ed in a recent number of tho Pross and Ierald: Holfo S. Saunders, of this county, re ceived yesterday, the largest and finest lot of trotting stock ever brough't to this State, comprising nineteen head, includ- n !f fourteen brood marei, ana thorough bred Golddust fillies, purchased from tho eminent stock growor, L. L. Dor soy, Jr., of l'Mon Stock Farm, Jefferson county, Kentucky. Mr. Saunders in- londs going Into the business on a schIo commensurate with the demands, and commences right by solocliug tho most popular breed or trotters on tho conti nent. He has somo superb animals. Ho will add a Golddust stallion early n the spring. Mr. John Lowe, an ex- porincod trainer, joins Mr. Saunders, and wo hope to see them make a suc cess of this important branch of business. Mr. baunriers already has a two yoar old Ilambletonian stallion of great pro tniso as a trotter. There is no hotter lo cation on the continent for suecasifully breeding fine stock than Fast Tennessee and we aro gratified to soe thlsevldenco of advance made in our county. Suc cess to the enterprise! Gen. W. A. Quarlcs has printed a engthy address to tho General Assem bly of Tennessee, giving his views on national affairs, having in vlow lii ad vancement as a candidate for tbe Unit ed States Senate. To Many Newspapers, Tbe &othern Watchman, Athens, Gtorgia, las the following sensible re msrkson the sewpaper busiuess : lewpaptra are, in their place, good thltgs ; but, like many other good things of bit lire, may be "run in tbe ground." Man persons suppose that all that is necesary to insure success is to procure a pres and types and locate at some villaie, wter-tank or wood-station on a railroad; aud bence it is that weeky papers are springing op like mushooms. A little experience will teach nauy of these new beginners that it req tires, In this sparsely-settled coon try, a rger area to support a newspa per tUn blacksmilhsbop, and more capitalto buy a printing office than a shoe siop, and more money to meet weeklyexpentes than a barber shop. Of tie large number of weeklies now Usxb in this State, we venture the opinion that not oue-fourth of them are remunerative. It reauiret years of patient industry the expenditure of laree arsenate of monev. aud. above all the possession of peculiar tact, to build up a newspaper bssiuete that will pay eveu in a large unoccupied territory Many met of superior talents, learu ing and g?nins have failed as newspa per editon. Failure of this sort is no evidence cf a lack of inteltertual abili ty orculttre. but it shows a want of "tact." nut few men are qualified for tbe positioi by nature; but this is not sufficient to secure success they re quire also special training. Poets may bo "born" editors have to Do "made." Frittcriur away on a hundred weekly papers u.o support which is necessary to make tventy good ones, is just as bad policy ?u the part of the public as it is for a firmer to attempt to raise a hundred held ot bogs ou the quautily of food necessary for twenty. It. It. Butler. A Washjiirton date indicates that Mr. Butler, of tbe First District, is in trouble agalp : The spec'nl agents sent to Tennessee to investigate the celebrated Suggfort case, have, lis understood, submitted their report to Secretary Bristow, mid itisprobablt that earlv steps will be taken to rocorer tbe $24,000 paid on the 1st July last. It is understood that cor tain officials ind clerks are involved, col lusioii with Qio claimant and suppres sion of material evidence being estab lisbed. Sccietary Bristow has pusbod this iuquriy with characteristic vigor, and it is likely he will brcsk tip a ring (hat has for jears been prosecuting, and iu many cbmb succssfully, fraudulent claims agaiusUbe Government It is as serted the evidence taken seriously im plicates lion. Kodcrick Butler, of Ten uessee,of cadctsbip fame, and that an investigation of the case will be made by tbo Coamittee ou War Claims of tbe House, which rejected the claims during the lastsectlou. Judgo Lawreuce will, it is said, oiler a resolution to that effect, and endeavor to sustain theories ad vauced by him iu bis publishod letter of last sumtnor ou Iho geuoral subject of war claims. Tbo caso is likely to develop some interesting features of the claim busiuess, and show tbo workings of the dcpartmoiit lobby. Tbe Death of the Mayor. .The Herald has the following uoteof tho death of the Mayor of New York, mention of which was made last week : On tho floor of his office in the City Hall, at ten minutes past noon, yester day, the Mayo? of Now York, Hon. William F. Havemcyer, dropped sud deulv down, after rising from his chair and in a very brief time expired of apo- t exv. He had stood up no in ins seat with the evident inieutiou oi procceu . . . . ... .. .... i Inn to a lounge In the roll ring room adjacent to his office, ami advanced but a step when tbe baud of death seized him. During tho few momonts of struggling life that followed bo never uttoroda word, mere was no prcmoti- itorv warning, no wrestling for exist ence when he fell upon tbe floor. Ho passed into the other world as calmly as an infaut and death left on his loa- turet uo painful tokeu of its sting. He was exactly seventy years and leu months old, aud wantod but one month of completing his two years term as Mavorof this city, l'romtno time no fell until ho was laid upon tho lounge in his private appartmeut aud lifo pro nounced extinct ho mado but one ap parently conscious movement. Before tho face and form grew lie Id ho raised his loft hand slowly to his fouihcad for a moment ana as siowiy lam u uowu again by hissido. Double Kape aud a Lynching. On last Saturdny night, Isaan Iluffin met Melis.a Adams, both colored, in the woods near Marion, Arkansas, and, after outraging her, attempted to kill her with a knllo. in too scuiuo winch ensued, she knocked tho knifo out of his hand, aud he was unablo to find it iu the dark. Afte. beating her till ho thought sho wit dead, he went to tho house or hor rntiier, near uy, ana tout him MelUsa was waiting at tbe gale for Mitggio, her younger sister, to help hor carry the duskci. lie men leu, ami Magglo went to tuogato ana louna Uuttjii thore, who violated horo person and fled. Monday morning he was ar rested in Mcmphi', and agreed to go bark, and alter a preliminary examina tion was committed to jail to answer, proof against him boing positive On Monday night fifty or sixty armed no- groos went to me jailor ami lorcmg him lo bring jcumn out, iook mm a short distance from town and shot iiim to death, his body being literally rid dled with bullets. While county has a Congressman, a Slato Senator, a Beprescntatlve, and two candidates for Comptroller. In Paris f7l women get their living by serving ns models for patuteri and sculptors. Interesting Letter from California Hoi . AOV. lVtb, 1874. When I left my home In East Tennes see some of your readers suggested that they would like to bear from me throogh lbs columns of the Tost. I ar rived here two weeks ago after a pleas ant trip of seven da) s from Chattanooga, and have since been visiting among the numerous Tennessee families settled in the vicinity. I bavs Just returned from a trip across the Coast Range, and down Pajara Valley to Monterey Bay 30 miles west of this place, and as the road led ns through a varied region of country, presenting a succession of un dulating hills, broad valleys, rugged mountains and wild csuons, affording different varieties of Agricultural and grating lands, 1 think some account of what we saw while absent will, perhaps, be of as mocb interest as anything I could write, lloliister Is situated in the Santa Clara Valley, 40 miles below tho beautiful city of Sao Jose. It is a new place the first houso was built four years ago but it is growing rapidly. Tbe present population is 2,000, and it has many fine buildings and publio im provements it is couuected with Sag Jose by tbe Gilroy railroad and a branch road to Monterey is being surveyed. It is the centre of A flno wheat region, the average crop being 40 bushels to the acre, with comparatively small cost of production. Fruit aud vegetables are more prolific thau I bad before thought possible. A tobacco field will afford four or fire crops in a season, each more abundant than we could raise iu Kasl Tennessee. The adjacent hills give fine pastuiage to numerous hords of stork, boing uow quito green with wild oats and grass. After leaving Hollisler we traveled tbreo miles westward over perfectly level road, through fiuely cu tivated farms aud by neat homesteads with their universal adjuncts of gardens, flower yards and orchards, to San Ben! ta Kivcr, now nothing but a broad bed of sand with a little branch trickling through it ; but later in the season it be comes a rushing torrent. We now pro coedod some five miles by extensive stock Ranches, on which were grazing thousands of horses, cattle and sheep, hoof deep iu a rich, smooth sward of wild oats, grass and volunteer wheat aud barley, occasionally shaded by tho wide-spreading California oak. Ground squirrels seem to be the pest of these plaius. They burrow iu the loose soil, and as we approach their cities, hun dreds of them will rise on thoir biud legs, aud make grimaces, iu impudent socurlly, and then scamper to their holes as if defying pursuit. Quails, aud wild ducks aud gecio are also abundant, along the little lakes that sometimes dot tho landscape This brought us lo Sau Juan, ono of tho oldest towns In California, a Spanish Mission having boon established horo about tbo year 17i3. It presents mauy poiuts of inter est to the stranger, but for want of space I will leavo it for tbo present. Soon after leaving Sau Juan wo approach tho mountain, and traverse rolling foot-hills covered with grass, aud dotted with droves of stock. On a nearor view of the great Range, we find tho higher peaks covered with a low growth of oak, buckeye, chaporral, Ac, and like the deep gorges appear almost black with the dark foliage of the hugo red wood troos (something like our Mpruce,) while underneath is a luxuriant growth of ferns and grass. Among tho foot hills aro somo beautiful, silvery clear lakes, with littlo islands of tulcs(ag!ant kind of tush) covorcd with flocks of wild duck. These lakes abound in fish, particularly, trout. Wo now cuter a canon, through which moandcrs a noisy brook, quito hidden by water-cresses. To tho right, closo from tbe brink of the stream, smooth high . hills bouud the view; to tho loft a bluff rises, almost perpendicularly probably 1,000 feet. On its faco are dotacbed cliff's of rock somo of them perhaps 200 feet high, which seem ready to topple off upon tbo road and block tip the passu y. Emerging from this pass, we again Ira verso tho rolling foot-hills, which on this sido aro dotted with clumps of tiin bor, and descending a long slope, have a viow of Pajara Valloy extending to the low sand-hills on the beach, 12 miles distant. It is a very fertile ssction, thickly settled and highly cultivated. It produces, without irrigation, all the cereals, fruits and vegetables that we have In Tennessee with many others that we know nothing of, and looking over tho varlod landscape it presents, I thought I had never boforo behold so lovely a sceno. Tho dwellings and out buildings aro universally palntoJ white or straw-color, and nestle amid a bower of evergreens and flowers. The fields are regularly laid out, and fenced with pickets, while, by the way of variety, thoPsjara river, bordered with masses of deep green willows, winds its tortu ous way to the ocean. On cither side, Iha i --' - red spurs of the coast range, covered wait smooth groen turf, brakes of chsperrel. or great oiks, red wood and fir. There is a peculiarity in the atmospheie on tbe Pacific slope it Is so purs that ob jects appear closest hand, when In reali ty they are miles away. We now sped along a strait, level lane seven miles to Watsonville, where ws nude head-quarters at tbe hospitable mansion of Mr. Jas. M. Uodgers, formerly of Concord, Tennessee, Mr. !(., in paitnership with Mr. Win. M. Land rum, has gone largely Into the sheep and goat business. I never saw anything in the way of stock more beautiful than his flock of Angora goats, with their snowy, silky fleeces. They have immense herds of CoUwold sheep, and have proved wool-growing in Ctlifornla a success. Watsonville is a beautiful, growing town, containing 2,500 inhabitants, an.! many splendid buildings. It wears an air of neatness and thrift that promisee great things for its future. The adja cent ranches aro extremely fertile, and tho climate such that fruits and flowers are in season tho year round. I met many Ttnncssceans In Watsonville. All seemed to be doing well, aud declared themselves satisfied with their new homes. Everything here grows to msiu moth proportions. When I think of tho great fields of pumpkins, beets, pota toes, Ac, in Pajara Valloy, 1 am at a loss to know bow to describe them, and feel assured )ou will all accuse ma of exaggeration, to use a mild term. Nev ertheless, I proposo to state facts, for the correctness of which California is re sponsible. Wo saw acres upon acres of pumpkins, which so nearly covered the ground it looked like a sea of yellow water many of them weighing 250 lbs), each, and one acre producing from 12 to 20 tous. Beets weigh from 00 to 125 lbs. each, and return from 20 to 40 tons per aero. Potatoes weigh high as.8 lbs each, and give from 250 to 300 bushels per acre. Oats averago 125 bushels per acre; corn 50 bushels; wheat 60 bush els some ranches produce 112 bushels per acre. Apples are a sure crop, 10 bnsbels to the tree. Pears grow to the weight of 2 lbs. each. Quinces, plums, prunes, olives, apricots, peaches, necta rines, &c, are very Abundant. Grapos are a never-falling crop single bunches oftcu weighing from 2 to 4 lbs. , Beans very profitable. They are sown brood cast, cut, threshed and cleaned by ma chinery. Land costs from $30 to $2(10 per acre, according to Icrtility and vi cinity to town. Farm labor is worth $1.00 per day. At these figures, the relative cost of land aud production I much less thau with us. One hand cul tivates 100 acres everything is done by machinery. Ono ranche I was at con sists of 1000 acres, all !n cultivation for wheat. Tho owner works 12 hands and 75 horses. But this is unusual, as with the exception of the great stock ram hc, land is usually held in smaller lots, say from 100 to 300 acres. Timber I abund ant and grows (o a tremendous size, Redwoods In the mountains often mea sure 45 feet iu circumference and 2tx feet in height. There are trues in Cala varas county that measuro from IN) to 112 feet in clrcutufcrenco aud 300 feet iu height. Fencing and building is all done with this timber, which Is soft and easily worked, aud very durable. Pick et-fciiclng costs $1.25 per rod, and has 50 years without repairing. Tho strum mill near Watsonville turns out 30XU feet of lumber per day for 8 months in tho year. It has stood three years in the same placo and hauled no Umber farther than three miles. In (ho valleys the Calilorula oak Is a hugs tire. They are low, scarcely exceeding 40 fret iu height ; bat the great branches aro wide xproadiug, auJ tho trunks aro often 30 feet In circumference, turning out 21 cords of wood. Every kind of vegeta tion grows rapidly, Tho Eucalyptus (it shado tree) grows to the height of 70 feet in six years from tho seed. Tho Australian Blue Gum makes a fine shado in throe years. Theso trees all reli.iu their green leaves tho year round. While at Watsonvillo wo had a de lightful Impromptu pie nln on the bench, In which somo thirty odd participated, uoarly all of them Tcuncssocans. Thcsn pooplo evidently know how to enjoy thcmsclros. Of course this country must posses some disadvantages, (1 have heard that Eden "played out'' soveral ages ago,) but I have not been here long enough to discover thorn. It seems to be "dis tressingly hcalthly" and the climato mutt bo delightful judging from my short cxpctlencc, and what I am told about it. Money is plenty and society good. Remember all my remarks ap ply only to Santa Clara and Pajara val leys, as yet I know nothing of other sections. As far as I have seen, I am delighted with California. Yours respectfully, A k rt r T.. Law.