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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, February 10, 1886, Image 1

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The South ill to-day unite with tl
Korth insincerely mourning the death
of one ol the bravest soldiers cf the
Republic and one of its ablcdt com
manders Gen. Hancock. No man
more thoroughly exemplified the
highest qaalities of patriotism. When
civil war was precipitated upon the
country he took his place promptly
Upon the tide of the North, nnd
sheathed his sword only at the close
o! the contest. While it wgd he
knew only his duty, and was never
- for an iottint turned from it; or di
verted from his purpose to d o all that
within him lay to seenre and assure
the perpetuity of the Federal Gov
ernment. He had no reviling", no
words of hits for those who were op
posed to him. War meant fighting,
and from the first to the last of the
dreadful coot set he was to be found
"wherever the bardect knocks were to
he given or receive!. With the re
turn of peace he believed in the
reetrictiens cf taw as essential
to order, end he' furnished
n example of subordination
of the military tl the civil
authority that, at a critical juncture
in tbe affairs of the country, was
serviceable as a well-timed rebuke to
the rapacious brutality that, boo led
and spurred, bai been rough-riding
through the South, eager for tbe im
possible indictment and convic
tion of twelve millions of peo
ple. The order in which he
announced his plans and purposes
as military commander of Louisiana
must ever remein a precious memorial
of hiB rectitude and courage. It was
the glorious flame that lighted up the
darkne.'S of the fioath and brought
hope to hearts despondent and
despairing, that there "was life
in the old land yet," and
that sectional hate and animosity
had not wholly destroyed the love of
liberty in men. No other Federal
commander had the pluck or nerve
thus to declare for tbe right! of the
citizens of the Republic. Most of
tbem were the too supple tool) of
usurping and despotic power to take
any ether view than that the Fouth
had foi felted a! 1 rights by civil war,
and her coil should be plowed as
that cf Poland's had been, by tbe
"ruthlesj invader in might." It wai
something more than a mere order;
it had the ring of tbe im
mortal Declaration signed by an
other Hancock, whose bold tig
nature looks to tis even at this day s
the very incarnutioa of the spirit of
76. It staggered tbe horde forever to
be infamous in the hiftory cf the English-speaking
people wbo subordi
nated the peace and welfare of the
country t j their SflrvniW -"vie
mity and Late, and it awakened the
whole country to a realization
of the dangers that through military
satraps mocaced the life of the States
and threatened the most direful form
of centralization. To President John
son, then ft nggling with this horde
in .uetense ot a frequently vio
lated constitution, this order wa,
as the strength of na army,
and he was prompt to appreciate
it and sustain the brave soldier, "the
superb Hancock," in his manly and pa
triotic vindication of that constitut'on
and of the rights of the people. In
times of peace, he said, the civil law
tnubt be supreme. And this in the
lace of the ruffianly and brutalizing
syttsm of reconstruction that in
defiance of that constitution and
all the rights of the States wa
being enf ireed by tne Republican
CongregB. ".Superb" in battle, the
very type uf the ideal soldier, mauly
in his beauty o! form and person and
gallant to rashness in his zsal atxl
self-sacrifbe, Hancock never was so
superb as on tho day when that order
was promulgated and a despair
ing people were reawakened
to. a sense of their almost loss of liber
ty. When the future historian shall
-come to treat of those, the saddest
-days in the life of the republic, he will
dwell upon this incident as one worthy
ito be embalmed in golden words,
and he will emthrine the mime of the
soldier who-was always liret in buttle
as first niuong all his compatriots to
assert the ascendancy and potency
in times of peace of the fundamental
law, whose guarantees are the safe'
guards cf every citiien of the Union.
4ireen fjrever be the turf above his
bead, and immoral be his name as
that of one who loved his fellow men
and l'jund his duty in subordination j
U the law. j
The threatening attitude of thelxin- j
dan mob that yesterday and the day j
before held the great cilj t its mercy, j
is one of the signs of the times. It is
the rumbling that p:ecedes the
conn that may only be avoided
by timely and atnelioiating legislation
in the British Parliament. Men who
are without bread and without work
cannot be reasoned with. The Qua- !
keis in Ireland in 1S4U found that it
was necessary to till the bellies f the
starving poor before they could aroaae
their attention to their condition and
suggest a wav out of it. la al
most as bad a condition, tbe sight J
of glaring equipages must be to '
the starving po of London
as the red rag to the bull, a !
provocation to the destruction j
of the luxuries that are largely en-
-joyed at the' expense of their blood'
ard sweat. If help does not come !
soon anarchy will, and with it chaos j
and confusion and death. (
At Ills Headquarter on Governor's
Island Details of BU Last
IfW tne Kewa Was Rrcrlvtd
fYa&uington Telegram from
the President.
New Yobk, February 0. Gen. Hai
cock died a', his residence on Gover
nor's Irlod this afternoon at 2:51
o'clock. His detth was the result of
a malignant carbuncle on tbe back of
his neck, which had coefmed him to
his bed for several ('ays. No serious
alarm was felt, however, until shortly
before he expired.
Drinlla or Urn. Hnnrork'l Lnt III.
na ana) iteaib.
New Yobk, February 9 In front of
No. 8, Governor's Is'aad, an orderly
crowd this afternoon wan pacing to
and fro. It was tbe residence of Maj.
Gen. Win field Scott Hancock, who
.died therein at 2:51 o'clock. If the
general bad lived until the 14 h fay of
the preseiit month he would Lave
completed his sixty-second year, hav
ing been born in Norritt wn, Pa.,
Febiuary 14, 1824 Io the second story
front rcon, furnishei with lo'dier
like simplicity, lay the remains of tbe
general, who, as the guii'di remarked,
If d his troops to more battles than any
of his military contemporaries. The
d a'.h of Gen. Hancock was not merely
a surprise to his f imily, it was asbojk
to them, as well as to his friends.
Twenty days ago he started on busi-,
nesa connected with the Department'
of tbe At'antio to Philadelphia, where
lie remained two days, then
proceeded to Washington, wbere he
uad business. In Washington a boil
developed itself on the back of his
neck. It was lanced January 30th,
and as tbe general was much incon
venienced by iti presence be returned
lo New York several days sooner thai
he designed. During the first week in
February the boil developed into
which suppurated const intly and
prevented reet or sleep. Dr.
Janeway called, aid it ai not
until marked weakness resulted from
the presence of the carbuncle that the
surgeon discovered thit Gen. Han
cick was Biifldriiig from diabetes and
kidney t cable. Dr. Jaaeway called
in consultation Dr. Sutherland, msd
ial directw of the department, and
Dr. D. M. Ktinaon of New York. Tbe
medical men concluded that the case
W8S assuming a very serious form on
Moi.d iy. At 10 o'clock Monday night
Dr. Janeway found the pst;ent in
good spirits and able t assist himself,
and left him apparently improved. At
6:45 o'clock this morning Mrs. Han
i oak dispatched an orderly fir Dr.
Janeway, as the general was sinking
rapidly. The doctor came speedily.
and found the general in a oomat se
s$.ye, with a feeble pulse and all the -
piuitoMiroaY Byhptomj ' cV dkath
He summoned tbe two physicians
already named. Hypodermic injec
tions of brandy and etherandcarbonale
ot amm:nia and bum y were admin
istered. These, however, only allevi
ated the eufi'ering of the eo'dior, who
was giaiuaiiy sinking away until
death was touched st 2:51 as stated
In the words of Dr. Janeway, "The
tieneial went down to cl3se his life
like a perron d( spending alight cf
sta rs. when death came tne three
physicians and tbe hospital steward
ouly were preset t Mrs. Hancock
was then in an adj lining room. The
General leaves his widow and three
grandchildren, two girls and one bov
named Mora, Ada and Gwynne, issues
of the General's son, KubscII, who died
December 2a, 1881, and whose loss the
General ever since
Aiuj.-uen. vvnippU will assume
command cf tbe department, sup
ported by Lieut.Ccl. Jackson, until
ihe l'reeideut shall appoint Gen. Han-
coca s successor trorn Usds. Bcotield,
Terry or Howsrd. Orders in relation
to the lunerai ceremonies are ex
pected fioin Washington to-morrow
In the meantime the bod v will be em
balmed by the cfticcrs cf the post. In
the geneial orders to morrow will bs
pwaiulgated tbe announcement of
Gen. Hancock s death.
no arrangements for the funeral.
-S3 far as could be learned, no defl
nite arrangements fjr the funeral bad
been agreed upon up to a late hour to
night. It was fta'ed bv one o! the
Bta ft' officers that Mrs. Hancock had
eprewed herjelf as being opposed to
a militiry funeral : that it was her de'
sire that the f jneral arrangements be
as simple and unostectitous as pofsi
ble. It is also said that Mrs. Hancock
is opposed to having the body em
balmed, and to its lying in state. In
conversation with one cf the olficers
to-night that gentleman stited that
in ail probability onlv the immedi
ats re'.a'ives and most intimate friends
will be invited to attend the obequiet.
and that on y eight or 'ten officers of
his immediate ttuff and a small de
tachment cf eoldiers will accompany
the remains to tbe grave. Through
out this city to-nigLt. wherever people
were grouped, the taot cJ Gen. Han-
coca a death was a subject ol
oomtueMt, and its anneuncement,
where not known, a challenge
to surprise. Ihe (death, though
occurring late, was announced in
come of the evening yaperr, snd then
the masses were made aware of the
fact, while .at clubs and hotels the
latest here some meaifw details that
served for text of comment, anetdote
and reraicMCvence. The lit'le steam
cutter belonging to the covernment,
and which
plies between tne Battery
wad and Governor's Island, was a exit
I busy during the evening. Many miU
I tary men visited Governor's Island to
j tender their services to the offiirs sta
tioned there or to c fler condolence to
j the bereaved family. The lole
j grams came in a stream to
i the telegraph rfDce, and the operator,
with scarcely a moment's reepite, had
alt he could do to write them out ai
j fist ai they arrived. This one came
j from (ten. Sheiman:
! . , 6t. Louts, Febraarr9, 188rt.
Clan. W. D. Whipple:
Gen. Misener has been here and
says Hancock is dead. Is it possible?
I must go to the Burnet House, Cin
cinnati, tJ-nigbt. Telegraph me there
if I can do anything to manifest my
love for him or his widow.
Gen. Fitzhrgh Lee telegraphed as
Ricrvoid, Y., Febrnarj 9, 1S!6.
Commanding Officer:
All ra-ties and all classes in Vir
ginia deplore the death of Gen. Han
cock. The country mourns the loss
of a superb soldier and a noble citizsn.
I persocally grieve that a t:us fiiend
baa gone. Please let me know when
Gen. Hancock will be buried. I desire,
if potsiblo, to at' end the services.
HT.lIt'liU LKK.
eUeTjWK. Latt. The funrl. it is expected,
will take place at Noiristown, Pa,
wbere tbe geneial's body will be
buried by tbe side of his daughter
Ada, who died in 1877.
ing nooY to iib takin to st. louis.
The Tribune says: "tien. Hancock's
body will be taken t fSt. Louis for
burial, and there placed in tbe family
mausoleum. He does Dot .leave a
lugeentate. He owned some propeity
in acd about St. Louis, but little else.
His charities are said by tboso who
knew him meet intimately to have
been coat tint and much greater than
his income warranted. For some
time Gen. Hancock has been dictating
reminiscences of the war of tie Re
bellion to one of his aids, which are
said to be of greit historical im
portance. In this work he has of late
taken great irterest."
Tbe Kews at Waafcluatlon.
Washington, February 9 A tele
gram announcing tbe dangerous ill
ness of Gen. Hancock wai received
by the President at 1 o'clock to-day
and was read to the Cabinet, then in
sssaioi. Just after the Cabins' ad
journed a second telegram wus re
ceived, conveying the intelligence of
his death. The flig on tbe White-
II rase was immediately placed at half
mast, and the President soon sf er is
sued the following Executive order:
Eirci'TIVI MiNSlBN, )
Wakiuhotux, ). C, Vebruurj 9, 1880.
Tidings of tbe death of Wintiefd
Scot Hancock, tbe seninr major gen
eral of the army of the Uoited States,
have just been received. A patriot c
and valiant defender of his country,
ai able and heroic loldier, a spotlecs
and accomplished gertteman, crowned
a'ike with the laurels of military re
nown and the highest tribute of bs
fellow-countrymen to bis worth as a
citizen, he has gone to his reward. It
is fitting that every maik tf publio
respect BDOiim De pata to ms memory.
Therefore, it is now ordered by the
President that the national Rax be
displayed at half-mast upon all the
buildings of the Executive depart
ments in this city until after his fu
neral shall lave taken place.
Private Secretary.
Tbe President also seat the follow
ing telegram to Mrs. Hancock :'
ExiCl'TIVI Mansiok,
Waduixoton, I). U., February 9, 1886. 1
Mr. W. S. Ilanoock, Governor'! laland,
tia York;
Accept my heartfelt sympathy and,
condolence in your terrible bereave
ment. The heroism and worth of your
late husband have gathered to vour
side in this hour of your a Miction a
nation of mourners.
Immediately on the. receipt of the
j, Htelliiwice "f the d.nth ( Gen. Han-
to me nag on cue nrar ueoanrnent
building was placed st half ma't by
order cf the Secretary of War, and ar
rangements were made fir the pro
mulgation of a general order an
nouncing his death to tbe army,
which will be issued to-morrow. Tbe
Secretary of War a'so recalled the in
vitations he bad issued for a reception
to the officers of the army, navy and
marine corps for this evening.
The Ncwa t I'lucliinnll.
Cincinnati, O., February 8. Tbe
news of the death of Gen. Hancock
fdll with pecul a- ruiness upon the
ears of the Ohio Gimmandery of the
Loyal Legion, wl oie annual dinner
was set for to-morrow night. Gen.
Hancock was tbe btalof the order in
the Uoited Slaes. Upon the arrival
of ex-President Hayes to-night, wto
is commander ol the Oaio (Join man
ery, a meeting cf the. officers and cojb
cil wai held to decide upon a course of
of action. Subiequently an in
formal meeting of the cnraraanJ-
ery was held, at which Commander
Hayes announced the death of the
head of the older, and after a few
words cf eulogy stated tba' the officer j
bad agreed that in view of this great
bereavement all of the proposed fes
tivities oi to-mono w night should be
abandoned, but that the companions
Should meet and bear the ad'
dresses that have been prera-ed.
with others pertaining to the memo
rial occasion, t here wiil be a supper,
but no wines or liquors. Gen. Hayes
thought in this way the memory of the
ueau commander could be honored.
and the meeting be made more im
pressive tiaa if Gen., Hancock had
lived. This action wai unanimously
approved. A cjmrrif wbicb
Gen. J. D. Ccyc is chaiiuiu, as ap-
painted to prepare a suitible paper
upon the death of (Jen. Hancock to be
presented at to-morrow's nieetins.
Gen. Hayes to-night sent the follow
ing telegram:
Mm. WinfioM 8. Ilanoock, Governor! In
land, N. V. :
The sad lot illigence of the death of
your noble husband fills with stief the
companions of the Ohio Commandery
of tbe Loval Legion now assembled
here. We tender von our heartfelt
sympathy in your bereavement.
K. B. HAYES, Commander.
Fallv 300 companions and 150 ladies
will be here to-morrow and to-morrow
night. Gen. Soerman. Gen. Horatio
O. King, Gen. Lew Wallace, Gen. O.
H. Urosveuor. Oen. Wm. E. Stronir.
Gen. Lucius A. Fairchild. Gov. Foia
ker, Lieut -Gov. Kennedy and Gen.
Wm. T. Clark are among tbe gentle
men wbo will make addresses. Tbe
decorations - at the Burnett House.
where the maetint is to be held, will
be appropriately draped in mourning.
Shot. t Urn. Hancock.
WinGeld Scott Hancock was born
in Montgomery Ccmnty, Pennsylvania,
Febri ary 14, ,1824, and was therefore
in the sixty-second year of bis age. His
mother's father was a revolutionary
soldier and ws captured at sea and
confined in Dartmoor prieoo. His
great-grandfather on bis mother's side
was also a soldier under Washington
d rendered good service, dvina at
tbe close of the Revolution fiom ex
posure and hardships endured in the
field. Hancock's father served in tbe
war of 1812 and afterward became a
lawyer of distinction in Montgomery
county, Pennsylvania. At the j.e of
11 he was sent to West roint and bait
for classmates U. S. Grant, Georve B.
McClellan. J. F. Reynolds, J. L. Keno.
Burnside, Franklin and W, F, Smith.
He graduated in 1844, June SO, ard in
IS 15-4(5 served with his regiment in
tbe Indian Territory as a second-lieutenant
in the Sixth in Uutry. In 1847
he was in Mexico aad was there con
spicuous for gallantry at the Nit'tral
Bridge, San Anton:o, Coatreta", Chu
rubusco, M litis del Key and the capt
ure of the City of Mt xic. He was
breveted for galUtlry a- the bat
tles of Contreiai j end Churubus
to. In lStlt-1350 he served with
his regimenent as q iaitrmaster
and adjutant, and in, 'the fall of 1850
was married it M. liuis to MissAl
mita Kuaeell, tbe daughter of a promi
nent merchai.t ( f thtttcity. lie t(uk
part in several of the Indian caii
I a'gns in the West, and in 1.H67 was
engaged in the Southern Florida war.
He served in the expedition against
I'toh, and in 169 went to Cabfornia.
When secession was flrtt mooted he
t"ok hub ground in fdvor of the
Uii ui, aud did much in lMH to check
the moveuieLt for disunion in Cali
fornia On the breaking out of hos
tilities he appl'ed t Governor Cuttin
cf lVnnsylvaaia for a commission in
the volunteers, but the Governor
being slov in replying to his applica
tion he ol taioed a leave of abeeuce
and came List. His earnestness im
grossed General McClellan, and oi
the formal recommendation of Mc
Clellan, President Lincoln, on the 2:t.l
cf September, 1801, Cninniissoued
Hancock a Brigadier-Geneial o! vol
unteers. He was assigned to a brigade
in the division of - General fialdy
Smith and reported for duly at Chain
Bridgi, Virginia, in the Army of the
His first battle in the civil wa was
at Warwick Court-House, ntn? York
town, where be led bis brigade in per
son, driving the Uonleilerates before
him. At Williamsburg Hancock bore
a conspicuous fart. The Confederates
having repulsed Hooker and exposed
Hancock's left Hank he determined to
retire and ordered the batteries ta:k
to the elope where bis btigade then
stood. (Jen. Lee, seeing the move
met t, at oice advanced his troops aid
they came down on Hancock's right
in tiro superb lines ol battle, cheering
tremendously and calling out, "Bull
Kan! Bullltun! That Hag is ours."
Hancock sat on on his horse behind
the center of hia line, waiting with
imperturbable coolness the favorable
moment. Calling on the men loittntl
fist and keep their muskets loaded
Hancock waited until tlieCon'edera'es
were within 100 yards, then dashing
forward on his horse, w.th head bared
and swinging his hat, he shouted:
"Forward ! forward !" Tho men saw
the lowering form tf theii eeneia'
leading tbem, aud springing up with a
shout that trade the bills ring, they
precipitated themselves upon the ene
my. The great.irregular mass of (Jonfed
erttes faltered, halted for a moment,
wavered and then fell back slowly.
Every inch of ground was stubbornly
contested; still, Hancock (freed them
i II tbe field, nor did they again ad
vance until the Union reinforcemeLt
cams no uad rendered the victorv se
cure. It was ul mo jt night when Han
cock repulsed the Cjl federates, and
to pursuit could be .ordered in the
darkness. This actidn of Hancock's
rendered Williamsburg nt.t mable, aud
fiat night Lee abaijlnned it. Han
cock's name was heralded from Maine
to California, and im a few hourp, from
an unknown subordinate be had
leaped into feme and aatJined a na
tional reputation. M.-Clellan tele
graphed the President, ' Hancock was
superb to-day," an expression which
all who saw him towering above his
men leading tbem to battle knew to
be only just.
Oa the 27th cf June, 18G2,'Haticock,
wno was men at uoming'a larni, 1
tne peninsnla, received a severe attack
from the Confedeiu es. He repulsed
it. and continued the fighting far into
the night, the contending forces flrinj
at each other at close quarters, in' the
dark. This battle of Hancock's was
one of the grandest spectacles of the
war, and will never be forgotten by
the survivors of the Army tf the
roomac. On the I'rtib of June, 18(12,
Hancock was heavily engaged at Gar
nett's Hill, as he was at Savage .Station
on the 2!:h and at Whit) Oak Swamp
ontheliUtb. His troops f night f iur
Dames in as many nsys, and in every
one of them wete led by Hancock in
For his services in the peninsusl
campaign, Gen. McClellan recom
mended Hancock for promotion to
tbe rank of Mjor-General of volun
teers and the brevets of major, lion-tenant-colonel
and colonel in the regu
lar army.
In September, WBS, Hancock com
manded bis brigade in the battle of
South Mountain, and afterward at An
tietatn In this latter engagement,
when Gen. Richardson fell, liar cock
was sent to take command of that
gallant officer's division. In Novem
ber, 1862, Hancock received bis co i.
mission as major-general, and on the
13 h of December was engaged in the
desperate and hliody assault on
Mayre's Heights. His behavior on
this occasion was in keeping with the
high reputation be had achieved. He
was, with bis division, in the thickest
of the conlltct, leading his men as far
as it was possible, under the circum
stances, for men to go, and oniy fall
ing back when attempt at further ad
vance wes focdl ardy and useless. In
this fight, as, in fact, in almoit every
one in which he was engaged, be
seemed to wear a charm on his life.
He received in the "alanghter pen,''
as the iaak and file were wont to call
tbe position they occupied in this
light, a slight flesh wound, com
mg out otherwise unhaimed.
though with uniform perforated
with the enemy's bullets. In
this battle Hancock lost one-half of
his command, killed and wounded.
and all bis aids' were wounded. At
Cbancellorsville, in May, 18(i:t, lie
commanded his division, and covered
the roads leading toward Fredericks
burg, wbere, amid surroundinc disas
ter, although constantly attacked, hia
troops maintained their position to the
last, and formed the rear guard of the
army in moving oil tbe held. The
general had his feorse shot under him
in Vw tattle, hiily in June he re
lieved Geu. Couch in command of the
second corps, and later in the same
month was assigned by Mr. Lincoln to
be its permanent commander.
It was at Gettysburg Hancock airain
loomed up before the country as a
hero. He was commanding the rear
guard of the army in iti advance on
Gettysburg, and had reached Tarrv-
town, the place where his grandfather.
its) years before, had started to escort
1000 Hessian prixouera to Valley i
Forge, when Gen. Meade sent him an j
order lo hasten tJtbfl front and assume
cojnmand of all the troops there. The ;
report had reached Meade of the fill
of Gen. Reynolds and the check and
repulse of the advance, and his mind
at once turned to Gen. Hancock as
tbe man above all others best qualified
to replace ReynclJs and restore order
t) tbe head ol fie army. Hancock
was not the ranking general, hut in
the critical state of affairs Meale,
knowing him to be the heat man, did
rot hesitate tl -assign him. On bis
way fromTarrytoan to the battlefield,
Gen. Ilancoi k met t le ambulance
containing ths dead body of Gen.
Keynote's. When lie arrived on tho
hvld he found the army iu ton fusion,
and a retrckt had alresdy begun.
Planting some inljt.try and batteries
on Cemetery hill he threw bis
whole energy into the battle,
and checked the Confederate advance.
Of Geo. Haucoi-k's individual action
at Gettysburg it wou'd require a vol
ume to tell. He wai really the act'oa
of the armv, and Konnd Top, Gulp's
It'll and Cemetery 1 lights were bis
crea'icns. He sent word to n.
Meade that that was the rUce to tight,
and eeir.sd the favorable pi anions
with tbe advance until Meade brought
up the whole army aid delivered his
battle. He was severely and it was
supposed for a time dangerously
wounded a ball had pierced his thigh.
Sending a message of his mishsp to
tho commanding General, be said to
his aid, 0(1. Mitchell:
"Tell Gen. Meade that tbe troops
under my couimand have repulsed
the enemy and gained a great vic'ory.
The enemy are now flying in all di
reet onsin my front." When the aid
deli rered this message to Gen. Meade,
u id added hie general was danirerous
ly wounded, Meade said: "Say to
Gen. Hancock that 1 am sorry be is
womded, and that I thank him for
myse f and f r the coon try for the ser
vices be has rendered to-cuy. den.
Meade, afterward, in commenting on
the battle of Gtt'ysburg, said to Gen.
Drum : "Nocommanding general ever
had a better lieutenant than Hancock.
He n'waye was faithful and reliable."
Hancock did not recover from his
wound until Decmber, 1803, when,
although still quite lame, he repotted
tor duty, aud was sent Naith to recruit
his corps. He waa tendered a reception
at Independence Hall by the cttizdne
of Philadelphia, and received tbe hos
pitalities tf I toe ton, Albany aud New
York. la March, 1804, he rejoined
his corps and participated in the bat
tles c f the Wilderness with Grant. He
commanded tbe Second and parts of
the Fifth and Sixth Corp", amounting
in all to 50,000 men. He fought at
Alesop's house and tt Spo'teyivania
Court-House, cspinring ''r-toaewall''
Ja'ksou'sold brigade, 4001 prisoners
and thirty colors. He was at North
Anna, and did most cf the fighting
there. He commanded at. the bloody
a siults on Cold Harbor, and did his
best to execute Grant's orders. The
fighting was desperate, and Hancock's
loss could net have filleo far t-hott of
12.0(H). He was ou the south side ot
the James river, and made the assaults
on Petersburg. He was withMtuirit'n:!,
and attacked the enemy at Deep ltot
txn, taking four jtiec.es of ait:llery,li(J0
prisoners and three stands of colors.
He was at Petersburg and wit
nessed tbe explosion oi the mine on
the morning of July 30tti. The
advance no tbe James river, Au
gust 12, 18t4, was under his com
mand, and he tiuntlbd the second
and tenth corps of the Army t-f the
James and Gregg's division ol cavalry
with such consummate skill a.n to elicit
expressions of admitu'ion from even
General Grant, lie fought the l.a'tle
of Rsams Station, Auguet 25tb, end
had his horse alio, under hrui. He
fiugbt tbe battle of Boydtio Riad,
capturing 1000 prisoners and two
stands of co'ors. With the battle ol
Boydlon General Hancock's active
fighting in the war ceased. l'reeideut
Lincoln, who bad learned to place a
high estimi t . on Hancock's abilities,
ordered him to Washing'on, aud di
rected Lira at once to proceed with
and organic an army of ft',(H)0 veter
ans from discharged volunteers who
had served an enlistment. The use
of this army was alone prevented by
the surrender of Lee and the xnd.og
of the war. At the close o! tie war
Hauro jk commanded the Anoy ol
the Shenandoah, relieving (leueral
Sheridan. Thin army cunsisied ul
35,000 men cf alt arms, and win dee-
lined to move tfouth with lUm oi k's
60,000 veterans and j liu deiieral
Sherman, but Gen. Jos Johnston r rit
rendered bis army and so rendered the
movement unnecessary.
Gen. Hancock's career sture the war
is so well known it needs bit l.ttie
mention here. For his services dur
ing the war he was appointed u briga
dier aud afterward a major-general in
the regular armv. and a'aitrned to
command of the Middle Department.
In lHtltl be tosk command of the De
partment of Missouri, anil crndni-ted
two campaigns against hostile Indians,
taking the field in person at the head
of 1500 wen of all arms. In !H7 be
wai sent by the President to New Or
leans to command the Slat-w ol Texas
and Louisiana. It was in this f-eld of
labor that he distinguished himself by
sitting ibe example of an officer ol
the army with extraordinary powers
strenuously insisting upon the entire
subordination ot military tl ov. 1 au
thority in time of pea :e. Among the
military commanders during tlm re
construction period be was. conspicu
ous in this regard, and the positions
then laid down in bis general orders
and correspondence did more, per
haps, than anything else to rr.ake i.nn
the ideal soldier in the minils ol con
stitutional Domocrkti. Io IHhH he
was relieved, at hia own recjnoit, und
in 18lit-70 71 and '72 commanded the
Department of Dakota. Hi nee then he
bin commanded the Military Division
of the Atlantic, ro.uyoeed of the lakes,
the Dera-tment of the I'.akt and De-
paitmentof Washington, with head
quarters at Governor's la. anil, ftew
York Citv. In 1880 be was nominated
for the Presidency by the Democrat. c
Convention at Cincinnati, but wis de
feated by Oartield.
of striking and imposing ctrure. His
bigbt wan about six feet, and his weight
abont 220 pounds. His form towered
above other men, and he u'tracrtd at
tention by his mere Iroks wherever he
went. His eyes were deep blue, and
had a benicrnant and mild expression
when in repoje, but inspiring when in
oanger. ms manner
was Uicrnlitil
und knightly, and be was cotirtoey
itself. He Win a'wBTB macnetic. anil
ilrew men to him by hie kindl neoe
ana itentle interest in their af.'airs.
ilia aympathiee were cattily aroused,
nd he became intennely cencerned
for the corrows and niiafortuiiHS of
otlwirs, striving in every way to relieve
tilers, M thujxh their troubles wert
his owf. llaucock's kindneea to his
uhordirutee always woo not oo ly their
love but a'so their tout.iieij;, uaiS
caused them toretyonbim as a friend
as well aa commander. Uu gave a
man a go?d opinion cf himself, and
made each one feel he waa i f more im
portance tban he ever htfora suh
pected. It w:h this wnich causud him
to have such power over hia cllic-rs
and men in Wile, a id made tliem
pre hr rather to the tl.au forfeit the
in id opinion of t heir leuler. (ien.
fllancock bad lo children. Russell
ll.inc k a i.nd Ada Iv irn th Hauio-k.
The iuer i led in New York of
typhoid fever when eighteen years of
sge. Khe was a voting Udy of great
prnni.H Kucstii Huicock, who was
we I know.i in Mcinphie. iii,l lum
year. A vo nine would in .contain an
a c Hint id an tle hemic deeds of a
mnu like llnnio;. A glorious lo'dier,
a staadf ist friend, a useful citizen ; he
was il l that is n hie, muti'v and brave
in poor fallen humanity. I' can truly
be said id him that the w in W nat oa
mourns hie le tho North for l.ia
tide!. ty to the Ui ion and Lis superb
eolitiership, the Sou'h hecanvo he had
the foursita of hia couv-c t .one, and at
ncritua juui t jre stoid like a stone
iu a a. net the rapacity, gn-ej and
brutality of the Kadicul luffixns of
ACT , Ira at ftrnlllr, . T.
Wan if i noton, February 0. The
President has been fully advised of
the situation of att'iiratn Hiis te, V.
T., but ho far ban received no fo n.al
appeal for executive ioteiferem e. He
received a telegram from Gov, Xquires
lint evening, u.tifyiog him thac ttie
ci'yhul been placed nnder martial
law, and fiat the Governor bad called
for volunteers to rvwiHt the authorities
in preserving the piato A telegram
wai received flit icornicg saying that
ttie situation remained unchanged.
The Secretary of War and the Attorney-General
hhve alsn received several
telegrams in regard to tbn troubles.
The matter was considered st the Cab
in t meeting this evening All m for
n atiou by the government showed
that the mitt oritiea had timt'ers in
control, and it wusdecidnd n it to send
Unit id States tio ip there et present.
' Give you a muson on eompuliinn ?''
Why i f nourre I will I am cured of
rhenm ttiMii, which has kept, me en
slaved for twenty yearn, by using Sal
vation Oil, which co t me only 25
Absolutely Pure.
Tbia Dowtitir untw t r. A UiHrvel of
parity itTaiiKth Hittl uliukriouteciMifi. Mor
aooDoutiotkl tbtata tho rtl itittt kiiidnt ind
fniMit he no hi ii oouiHttuUD w.h the
multiluilo of low lent, nUuri wmvbt itluir or
thonthnln IMiWih rf . Stttii miu mf-fin. Ho AL
tiWiNO I'owtixii Co., Itt WtJl wt .NawVr.rtt.
OIL It. I'l.in)LUNUT0N,
Miiicjton i';wrihT.
:tr7 Main Ntreet. t Moiiuihlx. Tenn.
Tho" E tut ThluK In tbe World for Weak Ankles,
Atiiletio Sports and Skating t
00 P I WT 'II K ET, I K 'B 111 1 S, T liX N
Onia-rM fnr tlilH (..!, lea Inrae
- Telefhone W
lliilfli I MliE
Dry mm, Notions, Cloiiimg
Horn. Sii-:i:r HLmln 8tr.it MumpMau Teuu.
y " w II 11:0 wen-1 1" Uu nio oioa ibe
laeorahly wlui tbiio ot uny uiuilivl in
C It b E
Willi CI
Cotton lirotojre
Ami lX-mmlss!o)! Merchants
f. Or4 ADDKJI.
wr. r. DHHAi r.
A New Departure.
A Life I'd icy Ulch Will Satisfy
Everybody. Xo Burdensome Con
ditions. Cheapest Liberal
Policy Yet Issued.
No ii -Forfeiture Provisions.
Cost of Insurance Less Than fa
Any Order or Society.
Cath Aiti January 1, ISM S,UT.m Of)
Ca-h Sii'i'ln January 1, 11 2,1 '.f.,b.t1 00
Claiiun Paid in lst,1 8.1S.C112 00
Total Claim lnyaar S.RS.l.'S 00
No. o I.ifa l'uiiciei writtan to,dats, 44,800,
All Claima paid liumailiaUly oa recell.it ol
Intitartiiry ernol.
r'or further InlormaUnn apply to
Marx & Berisdorf,
1(1 IrtiiciUon Mrc-pt. loni;!i-.
1 G MP II IS LODOK No. 6. K. P.-
L'X Will ui.et in reirulnr omiran-
ti n at li-ir C-tlo IIhII Snon.d ami.'' a7
'i ,
Ailninaatvoeti, tbia OV KU.N K.8HA )V
fv.ninir, Keliruary lnih.a' 8o'clii-k,'
Inrwork In tha Ainillneil Kana. V u-
Itina Knliilill iran-rnaiiy inv lei.
Hyouler hKWIS I'KI rOUARD, 0.0.
K, L. Mimaa, K. K. and 8.
l amp TmIii, IlriirkelM, Kte , fnr A r-
iroacafa airnipiim, Iran,
TaaiBi'RY PaeA rtiiknt.
Civ if i or ma buraaviNiNu AacHirrcT,
6. i
February 1, im.
FealeJ nronuiali will be rei-elvad at thia
eOioe nut 1 1 p.m. on lha iUd day i f Kebru
ary, 1VHI, f'lraupely of, a' t l'in'oiu-Uoiie,
to. Momphia, Tonn. i Hia (II) equara Uaes
Lamp l'iimaanil Iwoil Bidel,ial!l Uranktla,
aiiinlar, reaeeotiyely, to p atna No. W4 ana
lilt. J. L. Muti'a UaUloaue, 111. The potts
and br"keta to be let in plane, with laiuin,
irl'itief ami cionnoctuma oouiplee, and to b
puntt'd three coata to harinonite wilh fenee.
lleaiana wual aocoiui'any iroioala. Hifht
to rejnrt an or all lidi reaerved.
M. K. It KLL, tiuj'orvt.inf architart.
OOhD MEDAL, PAai8, 1878.
u r rnn l til nhnnlittily imrt
Coo!, from which ihociociw ot
OJthiu Irnen riMimvoil, IthiwArw
timet th tttrfnffthvt CoroumUnl
with Hlnrrh, Arrowr(.M)torHnBr,
ami U tliervftmi far mora cconom
Inil, co it in g lra than on Cfnt a
cup. It In ck'lUMu'iii, nourlnhinit,
pitn-nttilu'iifnn, ruslly dlguxtm
uml attntlnitly inluUJ forlnvul
Mi m well iim for nt-rwon In hli h.
-""MajS (joidbyUwflrieforjrwhoro.
BAKFR & cq., Pnrchcstcr, Mass.
I) Ii. K. L. L4SKI,
PbjflcUn, Surgeon and Accnuchfsr
ai l Nalu Ntreet, Near Vnlva.
Telephrne No. IIV
PARTIES e'e warned aaalnat tradtnt for
or oiiahlnv our oheek. No. 2U drawn oa
Mconnli " llnnk, fur fltiO, payable to order
ol Jeeeun J. Wiilla.
Momphla, Tenn . Fnh'miry M, 1KHH.
mliis. Co
11 B
or Mint I nnntlllre, flllrd by
A VO., Vdtt Ji flcrsoil St.
moat ravmn
'Mtorma. Our Drii rln imimra
lb Unlit i hiatui , Upeoial InauotHieLia to Calk

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