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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, February 19, 1886, Image 2

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Tlowi of Mr. Pavla'f Cabliet
Dana'g Criticism In the "Sua"
ou Miernun.
Very recently the term, of aurren
der propofeJ by (San. Sherman to
lien. Joe Johnston, in April, 18U5,
were published, and with them the
opinions l aome member cf Mr.
JelTcrEoa Davia'a Cabinet, which have
been the subject cf Tery anima'.ed
newspaper diaciiMion. We preaent
below the remarks of the New York
Sun on the opinions of Davia'a Cabi
net, and what Gen. Sherman and Gen.
Johnston now hare ti say about it.
rHlnttlnHtintl (; Btalra
Ibe kliaallva.
From a letter t Jefleiaon Davis,
dated Aoril 21, 1865: "Gen. Johnston
is of opinion that the enemy's' forcea
now in the Hell exceed ours in num
ber by probably ten to one. Our
forces in ih Suutb, though still hold
ing the f"-iiiications at Mobile, have
been unau.'n to prevent the fall of
Bel ma aud Montgomery in Alabama,
and of Cj: n ni Ijiia and Macon in Geor
gia, with tdeir magazines', workshops
and stores of supplies. The army
west of the Miasimippi is unavailable
for the arreat of the victorious career
of the enemy eait of that river, and ia
inadequate for the defence of the
couutry west of It. The country is
worn down by a brilliant and heroic,
but exhausting and bloody stmls cf
foor years. Our poita are closed ao aa
to exclude the hops of procuring arms
nd supples from abroad ; and we are
unable to arm our people if tbey were
willing to continue- the struggle.
The supplies of quartermaster and
commissary store in the country are
very limited in imoant, and our rail
road are 10 broken and destroyed hi
to prevent, to a great exteit, the
transportation and accumulation of
those remaining. Our currency baa
lost its purchasing power, and there is
no other means of supplying the
Treasury; acd tliopotle are hostile
to impressment and endeavor t ) con
ceal such supplies in are needed for
the am y from the ollicsri charged
with their collect. on. Our armiet,
in case of a prolongation of
the etruggle, will continue to
melt nway m ttiey rttratt through t'ae
country. There in dnigar, ami 1 think
I might aay certainty, b.inl on fie
icformation w have, that a po'tion,
and probably all, o! the Mates will
make separate terms with the enemy
aa they overrun, with the char ce thit
the terms aoobttinedbe lees favora
ble to them than those contained in
the agreement under consideration.
And the despair cf our people will
prevent much longer continuation
of serious resistance unless tbey shall
be hereafter urged to it bv unendura-
Me oppression. t la alto to
be observed that the agreement con
tain! no direct reference to the ques
tion of slavery, require no cmctum
from ui in regard to if, and learnt it tub
jtcl to On CotulitiUion and Liu of the
United tZatet, and of the teveral Mates,
jiut at it teat btfert the war.
Nothing la said o! the agreement
boat the publio debt and the disposi
tion of our public property beyond
the turning over of the arms to the
fc!tte arsenals. In the final adjust
ment we should endeavor to secure
provisions for the auditing of the debt
of the Confederacy and for its pay
ment in common with the war debt of
the United States. We may ask this
on the ground tbut we did not seek
tula war, but only sought peaceful
separation to secure our people and
BUtesfroin the effects of unconstitu
tional enoroacbmentaMyMMMl4iart
Ktatee, and because on the principles
of equity, allowing that both partiea
bad acted in so id faith, and gone to
war on a misunderstanding which ad
mitted of no other solution, and now
Agree to a reconciliation and to a burial
of the past, it wonld he unjust to com
pel our people to assist in the payment
of the war debt of the United Kites,
and ior them to refuse to allow such
of the revenues as we might contrib
ute to be applied to the payment of
our creditors."
ormtoN ok jumii p. nsNjAMtit.
From a lltr dated April 22, 1805:
"The military convention made be
tween Un. Johnston and Gen. Sher
man la in substance an agreement that
if the Confederacy will cease to wage
war ior the purpose of establishing a
separate govenmient, the United
States will receive the several Slates
ba;k into the Union with their State
governments unimpaired, with all
their con(titutonai rights recognizad,
with protection for the persons aud
propeity of the people, and with a
general amnesty."
From a letter by the Coufjderale
Secretary of the Navy, dated April L'4,
1865: "The propositions signed by the
opposing genenli are more fivorable
to these great object than could Justly
havff been antiolpMsd. Upon you,
witb, a more thorough knowledge ol
the condition of our count -y, the char
actor and sentiments of our people
and of onr meana and resource, than
ia po (sensed by others, ia devolved the
responaibillty cf promptly accepting,
or of promptly njucting theoi.
The pacification cf the country should
be aa speedy aa practicable, to the end
that the authorities of the Stalee may
enter upon the ettailiahment and
maintenance of law nnd order. Nego
tiations for this purpose can more ap
propriately follow upon the over
whelming disaster of Gen. Lee than
at Mature time. The wreck of our
hopa result! immedia'ely from it,"
From a letter dated April 2, 1805:
"Taken aa a whole, the convention
amounts to this: that the States of thu
Confederacy shall re-enter ti e old
, Vnjon on the eame foo'lng upon
which they stood before seceding
tamiural r Mr. Itann, F.s-Aulal.
aC hecrctar mt Hr,
6'un'i editorial columns, February
14,1888: In these confidential com
munications made to the fugitive and
despairing head of the collapsed Con
federacy by Cabinet officers who nere
comradea of his ti ght, we have tes
timony of supreme authenticity and
- value. We have, ao to speak, the
Ueatnoea revelations' ol the rebel
The pioduction pf this pregDint
evidence means that the current his
tory of lbs clxing act cf the rehtl
lion must be rewritten, and that the
final judgment of the people on the
conduct and service of some of the
chief actors ia yet to be pronounced.
It meana that the suspected incapac
ity of the Confederacy after Lse's sur
' render to extort terms more lenient
than unconditional surrender was an
indispntib'e fact, and that for exact
ing from Geo. Johnson iaforui arably
leai than Grant required at Appomat
tox the Federal commander in North
Carolina must be held guilty either of
groeo imbecility or of a scandalous be
trayal of his trust. It means not only
Gen. Johnston but President Davia
and the attendant members of bia
Cabinet, far from being palsied by the
atroke of irreparable catastrophe,
strove to the latt moment to redeem an
tin' lest and hopeless cause, and came
within an hair's breadth of securing
more amid the shock of shipwreck
than had ever been conceded in the
flush of their success. It means that
but for the providential prescence of
a great citizen at Washington, the re
public mmt have lost nearly all that
great soldier bad won for it at Rich
mond, and that the surpassing magni
tude ol tbia country's def t to Stanton
is at last to be acknowledged.
The rebellion, in a word, waa known
to its organizsrt and directors t J be at
it s last gaapt and with the clutch of
drowning men tbey clung t ) the plank
of rescue and redemption held out to
tbem by Sherman's insensate breach
of duty. We aay Sherman's breach of
duty, for he will not dispute a general's
obligation to make the mo it of his ad
vantages; neither in' face of these
letter can it any longer be pretended
that he would have risked more by an
uncompromising treatment of Johnson
than Grant bni hazarded by his un
flinching course toward Lee. It was
preposterous for any Union com
mander to exact lesi after the prot t ra
tion ol the pablin foe at Appomattox
than bal been demanded there, and
it waa - tank lnjutt ce ti
Sheiraan's veterans to assume that
they could be put down with a
guerdon abort of their enemy's un
conditional surrender. To impose
auch rightful terms their general bad
only, aa tbe event proved.to announce
his uitimttnra; yttwith every trump
card in his hand Sherman wai in
spired by f!Iy, or a vainglorious de
sire of forestalling tbe Executive and
mimicking u atit'esman's part, to
throw the who'e stakes away. In the
field with his soldiers at bia back be
would have been invincible, but he
was a puppet in the practiced handa
of the Confaderati politicians. The
convention made by him ostensibly
with Johnston, but virtually, in the
taxt shows, with tbe Oonfjdeia'e
government, boars memorable witness
to the astuteness of the one party and
the blindueea of the other.
It has, indeed, been questioned
whether the Union general had sa
gacity enough to see the gravity c f lifer
roiioeHaionBwhether, in other words,
the man really knew what be was do
ing, liut he knew he waa transcend
ing a soldier's olliue. He knew be
waa usurping functions i ( the civil
power. He knew he had no business
to treat with any one but Johnston, or
with him upon any other sub! but
the surrender of the rebel force in
North Carolina. Sherman knew tha.
he bad no more right than the mean
est sutler in hia ramp to embarrass
and commit the government at Wash
ington. Of knowing these things and
of sinning with his eyes wide open he
can only be absolved upon the plea of
idiocy; and therefore many men felt
then, what more of us must now
acknowledge, that simple justice bad
been done had Grant used the dis
cretionary power with which Stantoa
had intrusted him, and arrested Sher
man at the hi a 1 of his army. "
Tbey saw the agreement with Sher
man ratified by the government at
Washington and now thnt Lincoln
was no more, they had good reason to
expect that civilians wou'd truckle to
the will of a successful soldier would
letve the deft a'ed rebels in absolute
control of the seceding States, masters
of every Bute government, of every
arsenal, of the militia, of the tax
levying and loan-raising power. Tkey
saw that it would leave them ready,
when time should serve and tbe Union
toldiers were disbanded, to break a
aecind time the cath which) they bad
pronounced not binding, nnd renew
conflict which was now more than
ever demonstrably irrepressible. All
of them also perceived, no doubt,
what Judge Keagan with leas caution
than his colleagues dilates upon,
namely, that the scheme of reconstruc
tion outlined in the Sherman conven
tion would ofler a basis for demanding
either tbut the Federal government
should recognise the rebel debt, or
should relieve the citizens of seceding
6tatea from sharing the burden of tax
ation needed to defray tbe cost f
placing Union armies in the field.
But we have not yet t inched upon
the who'e shame which Sherman
tiied to fasten on his country. Not
only would his reinstaterueit of tbe
rebel State Governments in their con
stitutional powers prove an insupera
ble bar tothe thirteenth amendment,
but by te fifth a tide of his mon
strous agrcenent he expressly guar
anteed the Southern slaveholders in
all tbe rights of property secured to
them by the too indulgent con -.til u
tiin of the United Ha tee, and by the
slave-hind ng organic laws of their re
spective commonwealths. No wonder
t hat the Cabinet advisers of Mr. Davis
dwell wrth unction on the inirjuit of
this Incredible concession. Tbey were
to keep, then, after nil, those human
(Iia'tils whose possession had long
been acknowledged on both aides to
be the ff til seed ol irremediable dis
cord. They bal managed hy their
shrewd diplomacy t) annul tbe call to
freedom which Lincoln had put forth.
aud which Grant bad ccuotsrtigned
arith victory. All that they deliber
ately staled and Nut upon the cast of
war was to be recovered from the
vanjty or weakness of meddlesome
commander, who,
"Uka the baaa Judtan, threw a pearl away
Richer than all hii tribe."
M'hnl Uru. Hhrrtuan II a ! Buy.
New York Tribune: Gen. W. T.
Sherman baa remained here since
Gen. Hancock's funeral, but will re
turn to St. Louis to-day. The publi
cation in the Sun regarding the con
dition of the Confederacy when Sher
man offered Johnson terms of capitu
lation which, it is said, would have
lull the South in poasaeaion cf ita
slaves and the States in the haiflU of
the existing governments, has caused
considerahle tlk. A Tributu renoitsr
aUed the general about it yesterday,
and he replied: 'I haven't seen the
i article, although my attention has
ecu iiru tun. a tuiau nci reau it.
Tbe tyranny of the preea in this conn
try is becoming simply awful. It U
wores than the old tyranny of the
tlaveho'dera. It will cause a worse
revolution than slavery did. It will
not be bloojleM eitlier. Why, the
gossip of the press haa destroyed so
cial freedom of intercourse. It haa
made men afraid of their neiohf -i.
! It has led to general suspicion and
distrust. No man can open his mouth
any more and be sure thst hia confi
dence will be respected. No man can
writ to his acquaintance and be sure
thai hia Utter will not appear in
prlut. There ia no comfoit left in the
land. I am old and cannot be hurt
by tbia condition cf things. But it
will be the bane of the rising genera
tion, and they will be obliged to rebel
against it. There will be eotne soit of
trouble and then tbe country will set
tle down again for awbile. It aeems
as tbongh the man who serves his
country mojt is the target for the
greatest amount cf abuse in the
Wait Gcb. Jo Jahnlaa mju.
Specibl Jo St. Louis OUbe-Democrat:
Gen. Johnston waa asked if in the dis
cussion of tbe terms noytbing waa
mid by himself or by Gen. Sherman
about the bearing they would bave
upon slavery and the Confedeia'e war
. "Nothing," be said, quits promptly
and emphatically, "not a word. These
subject! were not mentioned."
"The substance of these articles,"
continued Gen Johnston, p'aiinc hia
hand npoa the agreement aigned by
himself and Gen. Sherman, "that waa
the subject of discussion, nothing be
yond. vVe met about noon, on the
17th I think it was, and discussed the
terms through almost the entire af er
noon. The question ol including Mr.
Davis was almost the only subject of
discussion. Ail tbe rest of tbe terms
were agreed to between us with very
slight controversy. Gen. Sherman
waa unwilling to inclnde Mr. Davis in
the terms of the general amnesty, for
fear that would cause the rejection of
the whole agreement. He waa agreat
deal too sagacious to want to capture
Mr. Davis. He knew the government,
with Mr. Davis aa a prisoner, would
feel like that celebrated individual
who won an elephant at a rellU."
In reply tiaqueition aa to what
seemed to be the moving impulse with
(ten. Sherman in making the terms,
Gen. Johnston eaid:
''The feeling dominant with Sher
man was to reatore peace. That sen
timent war the one actuating him.
He eaid that tbe true policy cf tbe
North waa to bring about peace aa
speedily as possible. To restore pros
perity in the South would sdd greatly
to the prosperity in the Noitn. He
waa moved by what ho considered ti
be tbe mutual interests of tbe two
Speaking of Stanton's declaration
that Sherman exceeded his powers in
ofi'sring such terms, Gen. Johnston
eaid quite warmly:
"That was absurd. It is part of the
power of a general to make a skeleton
of peace witb an armistice to last un
til tbe settlement by his government
upon tbe question. There are many
precedents for such uctioa as we took.
Now, I remember in proposing to
Gen, Sherman that we should treat
for an armistice I referred to some of
these precedents. I reminded him of
the preliminaries of I.inben aud the
tarms in which Napolton, then vic'o
riom, proposed negotiations t) the
Archduke Charles."
"In tlie cotUHe of tie discussion,"
continued Gen. Johnston, "Gen. Sher
man said: 'We,' and by that Iih in
cluded all the soldiera of his army,
'have been fighting to lestorn the
Union. That baa been tha only ob
ject of the war, as hai been declared
repeatedly in resolutions by Congress
snd repeatedly in pioilama'.ions by
the government ' That win the way
he ta'ked, and it waa with that feeling
he approached the agreement. Gen.
Sherman lad juat as much right to
make those terms as Gen, Grant bad
to make tbe terms he did at the ca
pitulation of Vickaburg."
To the inquiry if at the time he
made these terms witb Gen. Sherman
be felt sanguine tbey would be rati
fied by the Federal government Gen.
Johnston replied:
"I should have been very confident
of Mr. Lincoln accepting the terms,
but we bad juat heard cf bis assassi
nation. Sherman thought that Mr.
Lincoln's Cabinet would be governed
very much by Mr, Lincoln's opinions,
nd be was very sanguine of the ac
cept luce of tbe terms."
It wan Saturday night, and a teacher aat
Alone, her Uk pumuinc
She averaied tbia, and aha avtraaed that.
Of alLher rla wan doing;
Bhc reckoned. pt-rc-enUue many hoyi.
And ao many tirla all counted.
And marked all tho tardy and absentees,
And to what nil tha abaeara amounted.
Names and renidencea wrote in full,
Over many eolurani and pigc.
Canadian, Teutonic, African, Celt,
And averuaed all their aces.
The date of admiialon of avory one,
Andeaieiol liiiaellation
And prepared a lialof graduate!
For tha ouunty anamination.
Iler weary bead aank low on her book,
And her weary heart Hill lower;
For mine of her i'ull had little braini,
And ahe rould not lurnith mora.
Bhe eleit, ahe dreamed it aeomed alio died,
And her aoirit went to linden.
And they met br there with a queation
"Sta'e what tbe ur oont. of your grade
AfM had alowly rolled away,
Leaving but partial traces.
And the tox-her'a npirit walked one day
In the old I'ttmiliar plucca.
A mound of (oaiilUed hcIiooI reports
Altraoted hur oH-ervation ;
Aa high as the State toue dme and aa
Al Uonton aince unnrx.Uion.
She ounie to the apot where they buried her
And the ground waa wpll built ovor;
But laborors digging threw a akull,
Unci planted beneath the clover.
A diaeipleof Ualeii, wandorinf by,
Pnuanil to look at the diirruril.
And, picking, tha akull up, looked through
me ere
And aaw it waa lined with Cgurea.
".hut aa I thought," aaid tbe young M J).,
"How esiiy It ia to kill 'am!
Statist ca oaaihed every fold
(if cerebrum and cerebellum."
"It a great curiosity, turn," aaid Pat;
"Hv the bonea vou can tell the creature 1'
Oh I nothing ilraa.e," aaid the doctor.
Waa a ntnateenth-centary teacher."
Tiik fund fur the willow of ticn
lbiiii'ix'k luw ulivndy roinlifd thu
hniiilruiiiio nVuiv of $100,Mi. New-
York gi'iii'roMity w ill double it.
Ml.H TtlKltKM V .InllSHoV of lill. loll
Kimhiml, Iiiih iued a elurlli nm' to
"iuiv htdv in (irout Britain, m the
C' n t i iM tit or in . Aiiii'iirii," to a (ine
niili' Mwiniiiiintriiinti'li for I'HXlto ."0O
ll Hide.
Mi.sm M vv Tin-, the tlmicldor of a
New York hunker and a pupil of Mar
i hesi, lias mm Ic a luillimit Htiei hn ut
private Hoiiven in Turin and Ciiiine,
and liax been ulletvil an eiK':i'iiKnt
at Her Majesty'aThi'Mcrin lxmdon.
orsu lo.lv cashier in a M. Imis
I iy oihIk liuiirtf I lied to L'ot uwny with
$:KHi by liidiiij; it in her IniNtle-a
plan not open to entlomnn cashiers
tor iilivimi iviimkiix. She probable
wished to have a piod liiiuneiiil bai k-
Kniish faetiuy irls will bo no
longer nlloweil to wear any "fringcM,"
ami will be rnnielleil to part their
hair in the middle. Trotty won the
poor thinpt will be prohibited from
wealing niivwhofN of a nize less than
No. 10.
M'lK. PlN'IKI. Vlj.o. rivxidfllt
tii-ex v'k "daughter, prvsidea at j;rnnd
social Kuthfriiigs at the Dlv.sce with
unite (lie nir of n Trim-ess Ijoyal, wl
tloin laying aside lift" linttgbtiiifHM nave
w hen music or art come under ilisctw
siou. Then In-r v nthuaiiiMiii ip-t tho
better of her ilijMt it y.
Si'kikimi of wivi'N wnufa.it ia men-
turned that n happy i-ouplo atfrvcil to
bear fiiiallv the c xcnse of the fam
ily. One of the children fell ill, and
a diffcrencf imw an to which should
buv medicine for the little one. Jiotli
beld out (lrnajy. The n-ault wn that
the child, ih-tting Tin riKilicino, waa
Kin well, - Ijjt'irvitlt Onii ici'-Jm'riuil.
Tbe iNsne Between tbe Senate aud
tbe rmldrnt-Kfsulutlous
M amiihoton, February 18. Senate.
Among the petitions presented in the
Senate and appropriately referred was
one by Senator Hoar from the "citiuns
cf tbe United States," citixans whosi
namea, Senator Hoar said, seemed to
indicate that they were foreign born,
piaying fir the submission by Con
grets to tbe several States of a pro
posed constitutional amendment abol
ishing the Presidency.
When reports of (ommittees wa) an
nounced to be in order, Smator Ed
munds rose and said: "Mr. Presi
dent: I am instructed by the Com
mittee on Judiciary, to whom waa re
ferred the Utter of the Attorney-General,
with authority t report with
open doorr, to make a report with
sundry resolutions, which I ask may
be placed on the calendar." 6
The President pro tem. Dosa the
Senator deeire to have them read?
Senator Edmunds No, sir; but tbe
Senator from Alabama (Senator Pugb)
desires to a ake reman.
Senator Pugh, from tbe minority of
the Committee on the Judiciary As
to the report iust made I desire to
state that they knew nothing of tbe
contents of tbe report until it was
read to the committee this mo ning.
The minority desire to prepare a re
port in which tbey .will present their
views; and to enable tbem to do so
they have until Monday week within
which to prepare the report, and it is.
understood that tbe majority report
and the resolutions accompanying it
will not be called up for consideration
until we get leave to file tbe minority
report. The time given us to do so is
not to extend beyond next Monday
Senator Dawes Can we not bave the
renolutiona real?
Ch ef Clerk Johnson then read the
resolutions as follows:
JUtolved, That the foregoing report
of the Committee ou the Judiciary be
agreed to nnd a lopted.
Hetvhed, That the tenate hereby
expreH-ei its condemnation of the re
fuaal of the Attoro'ey-General, under
whatever inlluenco, to send to tbe
Senate copies of papers called for by
its resolution of the L'5th of January,
and set f)'tn in the reports cf the
Committee on the Judiciary, aa in vio
lation of his olhcnl duty, and subver
sive of the fundamental principles of
the government, and ot a good admin
istration thereof.
Jltoolied. Thu1, it is, under these cir
cumstances, tbe duty of tbe Senate to
refuse its advice nnd consent to prc
poeed removals ot ollicers, tbe docu
ments and papers in reference to tbe
supposed official or personal miscon
duct of whom are withheld by the
Executive or any head of department
when deemed necessary by tbe Senate
aid rit'led for in considering the
Iietolvtd, That the provisions of sec
tion 1754 of the Revised Statutes, de
claring "that persons honorably dis
charged from tha military or naval
service by reason ol disability result
ing from wounds or sickness incurred
in the line of duty, shall be preferred
for appointment to civil olhces, pio
vided tbat they are found to possess
the business capacity necessary for tbe
proper diEcharge of the duties of such
office," ought to be faithfully put in
execution, and that to remove or to
propose to remove any such soldier
whose faithfulness, competency and
character are above reproach, and to
give p'a?e to another who bai not ren
dered auch service, is violation of
tbe spirit of the law and of the practi
cal gratitude the people and govern
ment of tbe United States owe to the
defenders of constitutional liberty and
tbe integrity of the government.
All of which is respectfully sub
8. i. R. MCMILLAN,
The report recites tbe fiut and cir
cums'ances of the removal of Duatin
and the appointment of his successor
as United Hia'es Attorney for the
Southern District of Altbama. It de
clares that it has been the uniform
practice of the Judiciary Committee
aince the paaaage of the tenure-of-of-fice
act to call upon the heads of de
partments for all ' papers and informa
tion" in tbe possession of the depart
ment touching the conduct and ad
ministiation of the officer proposed to
be removed, and tbe chaincter and
conduct of tbe pert on proposed t) be
appoin'ed. This haa been dcn.i with
the unanimous approval of all the
members, although tbe composition of
the committee has been daring the
period sometimes of one political ch Br
ail ar and sometimes of ano'.ber. In
no instance until this time bai the
committee met with any delay or de
nial in respect cf furnishing papers
and information with a single excep
tion, and in which exception tbe delay
and suggested denial lasted only tw o or
three days. The precedents are cited
aid discussed at great length. One of
the appendices is a list showing the
number of officials of various ranks
who were suspended or removed by
the President during the flrot thirty
dava of the present session of Congress.
Senator Butler Is this a report ao
comvanving these resolutiorji?
The President pro tsmpore Yes.
. Senator Bntler Is it to be printed ?
Senator humunds Certainly, it will
be printed nnder the rules.
Senator Butler I ask that the re
port of the commit 'eo, as well aa tbe
resolutions, be printed in tbe Rteord
The President pro tim. If there
be no objection that order wilt be
Among tbe bills introduced was one
bv Senat r Bowen to pi ovule a new
basis for the circulation for national
banks. Senator Bowen said he would
take occas'oi to address the Sanate on
the subject ot this bill at an early day.
At bis rtquest, therefore, the bill wai
for the present laid on the table,
On mo io.i of Mr. Berry, tbe bill to
grant n right cf way for a railroad
throtiah the Indian Territory to the
Kansas aud Arkansas Valley Railroad
Company waa taken up, and after de
bate went ovr.
Mr. Van Wvck entered a motion to
reconsider the vote bv which the Sen
ate passed tbe bill granting the right
of way for a railroad through the lands
of tbe Choctaw and Chickaaaw Indian
The education bill was then taken
up, debate on which continued up to
the hour ol adjournment.
The) II .
Mr. Crisp Ga., from the Committee
on Pacific Ksilioade, reported a bill
amending the 1 aciuo railroad acts a
as to eompel these railroada to pay
to the United States the amounts
paid out by it for auiveying the land,
to which tbey are entitled. House
In the morning b'o ir the Honse re
fumed the conttidttration of the bill
forfeiting tbe At'antic and Pacific
railroad land grant.
The bill waa dismftsed without any
resn't being reached until the expira
tion of the morning toar, aud ihen
tbe H oiisb wetit iot committee cf tbe
whole ( r. Sprmgnr of Illinois in tbe
chair) on tbe Fi's John Porter bill.
After a ra'her heated debate, in the
course ol wnich Mr. Bragg vVis. and
Mr. Cutcheon Mich alni'wt came ti
blowp, the bill liaal y paa:e I by a vote
of 171 to 113.
The lions then adjiurned.
In the Commllire-weoina.
Tbe Committee on Ways and Means
te-day instructed Chairman Morrison
t j request an opinion from the Secre
tiry of tbe Treasury aa to the prob
able effoct of tbe tariff ratea proposed
in tbe Morrison bill upon the govern
ment revenues npoa the baeia of last
year's cnetiras buainens. It was (t p
uhted by the low tariB members that
in the event o'. tbe failure of tbe Suc
re; ay to return an answer next Tues
day the 03sideration oi the tariff
bill will begin on tbat day.
The House Committee on Pacific
Railrcadi to-day heard an argument
by Mr. Tweed, counsel for tbe Central
Pacific Ittilroad Company, upon the
general subject of tbe indebtedness of
tie Pacific railroad companies to the
government. At the conclusion of the
argument the committee went intn
secret session, and agreed to report
ftvorably to the House the substitute
reported by a subcommittee for Mr.
Crisp's bill, amending tbe granting act
under which the Pacific railroads were
constructed, aa ag-eed upon.
The House Committee on Railways
ana Canals to day heard addresses by
Mr. U. B. Brown, of this city, and
Representative Perkins of Kansas on
the bill for there lit f of the Kansas
City, Fort Scott and Gulf Railroad
Company. Tbe committee directs a
favorable report on the bill for the
improvement of the Erie canal. The
action of tbe assuttnt treasurer at
New York, in refusing to accept de
posit) of silver until he isabU ti count
it, is in strict accordance with instruc
tions issued by the United Sta'es
Treasurer. -Similar instructions bave
been sunt to all the assistant triaiiir
ers, the object being to insure greater
proteition in tbe handling of govern
ment fundn.
Pracon Richard Smith of Cincin
nati is raid to anticipate running an
evening paper in that city.
Canon Farbar's book will be simul
taneously published in New York and
London ou Saturday, February 20ih.
Mb. Tii.den is said ta have iu his
home at Yonkers a large variety rf
Maltese cats, pugs and St. Bernard
Ma. Laubencx Hutton has prepared
for the forthcoming number of Lippin
cott a critical and historical essay on
"The American Play."
Tbomis W. Kebnb's manager, ac
cording to the New York Graphic,
says that the actoi's days are probably
numbered, -and denies tbe report tbat
he will act again this scajon.
If William E. Chandler could once
be brought to comprehend what the
people of this country think of him he
would cease reminding tbem ot bis
Mb. Rockstbo's General History of
ilutic, which has just been published
In London, deals witb tha subject
from tbe infancy of the Greek drama
to the present period.
Sknatob II aw lby is one of the moat
versatile of Congressmen. He can
make a good speech, write agood ed-
itorial, sing a good ebng, paint a good
picture, or give good music on the
Louis Kossuth, now in his eighty-
fourth year, is in excellent health and
is at work upon the fourth volume of
his Memoirs. He writes from six to
seven boura daily, which would be
reato: able limit for a much younger
Ebnbit Rbnan's Victor Hugo piece
represents dialogue in proie in which
the speakers are uorneiiie, uoiieau,
Racine, Moliere, Dideiot and Voltaire.
Tbey discuss the merits c f Victor Hngo
as a dramatitt. lbe suenn is laid in
President Cleveland, it is re
marked, biu been singularly unfortu
nata in the interruptions of bia recep
tions ti the White-House. Four times
already the death of some prominent
person lias caused a postponement of
feetivitie-8. ,
William Morris fays he "cannot
read Milton," the reason being that
be is repelled by tbe union in bis
works of coll classicalism with Puri
tanism; "the two thiDgs which I
1 u'e mofit in the world," adds Mr.
Mr. T. M. Hbaly. who so stronely
opposed Capt O'dliea, Mr. Parnell's
candidate, belongs to what is known
as the "Sullivan group" in the Irish
cartv. be having married Mr. I. u.
Sullivan's daughter. Hea'y's brother
is also in Parliament.
Sbnator Allison has had many
heavy I mictions, but has borne them
so biavelv tbat be is t-day tegaraea
as one of the brighteet and cheerieet
men in the UDDer bouse, and one of
tbe most popular. It ia remarked tbat
he mates friend ot every new ac
quaintance and never makes of any
one an enemy.
Senator Lcoan is reported as hav
ing novel in press, shoit'y to be is
sued. The advantages of tbe United
States Senate as a school of fiction
bave, perhaps, been underrated, and
we may net be surprised some day to
receive a light acting comedy from
Mr. Evartp, or society verses from
Senator Morrill of Y'ermont.
Thb treatment received by tbe Jap
anese wrestler, Matsadu Sorakichi, at
the handa e f Evan Lewis was brutal
and inexcusable Tbe Wisconsin giaut
deliberately held his opponent's ankle
and strained it by suddenly wrenching
it across his knee. If tbia style ot
wresthrgis within the limits of the
rules governing that variety of "spoit"
the code should be amended.
A wuit gorilla, with ho tail'and
without hair on ita body or limbs, tbat
drinks from a tumbler and buss and
kieees its keeper, is described in the
St.Jnmet't Ga;ttte as a new attraction
at the Koyal Aquarium at Westmin
ster, 'ibis creature so nearly ap
proaches the the human in appear
ance that its duplication for dime
museum purposes can be neither diffi
cult cor expensive.
Tub Rev. R. R. Meredith, the well
kniwn Boston pnajher, thoroughly
enjoys a gcoi cigar, and does not care
who know it. But there ia, he eays,
"a great difference between tbe use of
vile, drnjiged ciiarettes by growing
boys and the indulgence of a cigar by
a full-grown man." , And yet, are not
the boys In Mr. Meredith's congrega
tion apt to nse cigarettes and point to
his examp'e in justi fixation? It ia
human nature for them t) do so.
C'.r.CRlHlX.Prea. W. S. WlLKF.Raotf. V.-Prea. R. J. BLACK. Cash'tV
No. 39 Madison Street, Memphis, Tenn.
ZJoard of
C. C. ORA A M, PreeWent Denoto Oil Co.
W. I). BKTUEL, Prc't State National Dank
W. F. TAYLoR, i v. F. Tayl r A Co.
KiR SSOWnKN . Dirrntnr In H'k Commerce.
8. P. READ. Onahier Union A Plantera Hank
J NO. CVKRTON. J. Overton A (Iroivenor.
R. J. IJLACK. of 1
mr Anthoriicil to do a General Banking Daalneaa, Receive Depot Ita and Pay Interest there
on, Diaeount Paper, aot aa Trustee. Administrator. Kxecutor or Guardian, etc., Keceiver
lor InJIfiduale, Corporationa and LITIGANTS. Alto, bave a Safe Jjepoait Vault, wherein
valuable" ot all kindaare to be aafely kent. Kuvluna especially hollcltnl.
ar Vuaineaa to commence February 1, Isw.
Cotton Factors and Wholesale Grocers
S9G-298 Front St., glemphU. Tenn.
Cotton Factors, Commission Herchants,
Wo. lift South Main St.. Kt. laonla
WholesaleGrocers, Cot, Factor
Successors to FOSTER. TAILOR COM
Cotton Factors
WO. son TWO-NTT STBTFT. . . wt-PWTPCTtw "-r-m
Cotton FactoFSo
Liberal Advancer Mnde on Coiulgnmenta.
C. W.
Anil Coraml38ion Merchants. Hay, Corn Oats, Bran, Cbop Feed, Oil-Meal,
Llui , Cement, Fiastjr, Balldintr and Fire Brick, Etc.
Cor. Front and Union, 1 Howard's Row. MempliR
Newlv Constructed and Elaborately Furnished, Con
: talcing 225 Iiarge and Elegant Rooms.
aurTbe Bona haa Perfect Ventilation anil Natural Llfht, SUam haatinc. Elaetrio Bella,
and two 01 Hale'f Klevatora. All itreet-cari paa Main a treat eatranoe.
RATES S3. 80 to Sa per dajr, aeeordlnt to alia and eleration of rooma. Special
ratw CnmmeTclal TrT!er. Aknndant opiW of PURE CTRTKRN AND WFT.L WATKR
Cotton Factors & Commission Merchants
RpmoTed to 334 Front St.,
LOl'Is HANbh.K,
axj-Depoaita received in auma of VI and upward, and intereit allowed on aume fciemi-
i)JrVeUbu'anI aell loral Investment Bonda and Becaritiea lenorally. pay taiea, art a,
truateea, and, in general, execute any financial biisiseaa requiring a aafc andresponaibie
ageat. , , , ., , ... r r
We have a comnSodioua Vault for the
our euatoioera, rrm i
D. P. 1IAUDEN, President. EWD. (iOLOSMim, Tlce-Presldent
L D. MULLINS. of lata J. K. Godwin k Co. JAS. I0NQK. laU ol J. W. Caldwell A Co
Cotton Factors Commission Uerchants
No. 1 lloward'g Ro, Cor. Front and Union, Memphis.
B -fi
T. II. ALLEU, ofT. h. Allen . Co.
R. D1ID1.KY FRAY8ER. Frayeer A Scram.
J. R. OOIIWKV, I'reaident Mercantile Bank.
W. A. WILLI MtioN.V -P. Union A P. B'k
S. I. Mcl'OWKLL. C. A M. Chancer Court.
R. J. Black A Co.
Cor.rnlon.MempMft. Tnn.
depoait oi ealuablea, which it at the aervira of

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