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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, February 25, 1886, Image 2

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from johnsovs to irfield's
'' A Critical Terlod in the Life of the
Republic rea Portraits of Con
(pnporarf Mateemea.
Beconstrict'on and the Beoomtrac
tloi Statesmen (!) Defended A
Bitterly Partisan Work.
The Boeton Advfriiw reviews the
wood volume of Mr. Uluine'i Twenty
Year of Cogrett. It is introduced with
Uia-U'g portrait faring the portrait of
Andrew Johnson, drawn in Arm lines
in the first chaptur. This coincidence
ia one of the minor dramatic elements
which Rive this second portion of the
work its sustained Interest. The open
ing chaptvr baa mat oriel enough in
the story of Lincoln's death and burial,
and Johnson's accession and first
speeches, to mve a whole history from
dullness. Over years atUme with po
litical contests Mr. Blaine conducts his
re a lerr, and is a jtuide who moves
contldHntly and gives directions clear
ly and persuasively.
Lincoln's fuhiral.
Here la a part of the picture of Lin
coln's bnrial procession : "The splen
dor of the ceremonials which aggran
dize living royalty as much as they
florify dead Leioiem was wholly want
on; in the obsequies of Mr. Lincoln.
No part whi taken by the govern
meot ncept the provision of suit
able militury escort. All beyond whs
the spontaneous aoveroent of the
people. For 1700 miles, through eight
fireat States of the Union whose popo
ation was not less than 15,000,000, an
almoit continuous procession of
mourners attended the remains of the
beloved President. There wm no
pageautry save their presence. There
was no tribute but their tears. They
bowed before the bier of him who bad
been piophtt, priest and king to his
people.who had stiuck the shackee from
the slave, who had taught higher
seuBe of duty to Ihe free man, who had
raised the nation to a loftier concep
tion of faith and hope and charity. A
countless multitude of men, with
music and banner and cheer and the
inspiration of a great cause, presnti a
spectacle Unit engages tho eye, fills the
mind, appeals te the imagination. But
the deepont sympathy of the toul is
touched, the bight of human sublim
ity is reached, when the same multi
tude, stricken with a oramon sorrow,
stands with uncovered head, reverent
and silent"
The grand review of the armies of
the Potoirjas nnd of Sherman in Wash
ington furniahes another and closely
following scene for the historian to de
pict. Ktirn and Western troops
thus vied with tach other, though, as
Mr. Blaine points out, "the geograph
ical distinction was not altogether ac
cuinte, l.r Western troops hud always
formed a valuable part of the Army of
the Potomac, while troops from the
Kaat were Incorporated In Sherman's
army, and had shared the glories of
the Atlanta campaign and of the
march to the sea. The unlet disband
ing of the immense Union force is
described and certain ttrikirg facts
about the armies noted, as, f jr ex
ample, the youth of the Union gen
erals. In one passage the ages of the
'Chief officers ars noted. Logan was
but thirty-five when he went to the
field, (jarfield was a major-general at
' thirty-one. Urant was thirty-eight at
Denelson. Sheridan nt thirty-four
"smashed" Early, and at thirty-Ova
McUlellan succeeded Scott, and a long
list of young men did splendid service.
unooln's roi.icY or BacoNSTiucTiON.
; The chapter recounting Lincoln's
attempts at reconstruction will revive
the recollections cf those then old
enough to note whut was passing, and
will illustrate to the new generation
the extraordinary ditliculties of the
pioblem, while the account of John
son's political decline and fall is con
ciso and instructive. Mr. Neward is
given due prominence in this period.
Mr. Klaine Buys: "It uilglit well in
' deed be said of Mr. Seward as Mr.
Webster tn'd of Nimuol Heater: 'The
' enrnestnets f bis convictions wrought
conviction in others. One was con-
viuced and believed and absented be
cause it was gratifying and delightful
to think and feel and believe in unison
with au intellect of such evident supe
riority.' The opportunity given the
South by Johnson's unexpected
clemency wai misused. Leading rebels
were nominated for 'Otllce, and the
colorod man was trampled on." Of
this Mr. Blaine eays: "What was
- done during the year immediately f al
lowing the surrender of the rebel
' armies was done at Southern sugges
tion, done bv Southern men. done
under the belief that the President's
policy would protect them in It. done
with a fixed and merciless determi
nation that the gracious act of emanci
pation should not bring amelioration
to the colored race, and that the
psendo-philantbrophy, as they regard
ed the auU-alavery feeling of the North,
should be brought into cent amp t be
torn the world."
With the meeting of the Thirty,
ninth Congress in December. 1805. Mr.
Colfax in the chair and Thaddeua
Stevons, th Kspnblican leader, came
the "tug of war" in reconstruction.
"Gen. Birks resumed the seat which
he rni left to accept the Governorship
of MawauhnBetts in 1857. Ilia check
ered ami remarkable career, both civil
and military, during the eight inter
vening yearn iiad greatlv increased his
, reputation. The flm debate on
reconstruction developed the fact that
the Deinosratx in Congress would en-
. . deavor to regain the ground they had
lost by tbeii hostility to Mr. Lincoln's
r administration duriDgthewnr." Grad
ually ail hope of co-operation between
Preside: t and Republicans in Con
gress mat abandoned. The Republic
sns ctood firm. "The Whigs of 1S41
were contending only for Bystems of
finance, and they broke finally with
the President because f f his veto cf a
bill establishing a legal agency for the
use of th government merely a na
tions! bunk disguised under another
came. The Republicans of 1S00 were
contending for a vastly greater stake
for the facrednees rf tiurran rights,
forthestenre foundation of free gov
ernment. Their constancy was frrtn'er
man mat oi me w hige, because the
, rigbti of person transcend the rights
' of property."
f-' Graut'i fcrief tour ol inveatl
ln the 6kuth and that of Mr.
contorted, and the subte-
qaent cLarpes cf opinion of there
men aboot tbe South are deftly indi
cated. "Further Investigation led him
(Gen. Grant) it a thorough under
standing of the subject and to a
fundamental change of opinion. Mr.
Schnrs, on the other hand, received
new light and conviction in the op
posite direction, and from the point of
extreme Republicanism he gradually
cbangwl bis creed and became, first a
distracting element in the ranks of the
party, and afterward one cf ' its
malignant opponents in a great
national etraggle in which Gen. Grant
was the leader."
Events now moved rapidly, and cul
minated in the memorable 2 id of Feb
ruary speech of President Johnson, in
which he violently indicted his Ke
puDlican opponents ia Congress. Tbe
calm pates of hittiry can scarcely re
flect tiia angry light of that conflict,
where vetoes abounded and the Whits
UooMwas a storm center. The de
tails of various stages in the develop
ment cf reconstruction theories have
lees fascination than tba men who
made history so fair; yet no student
or citizen can afford to be ignorant of
the particulars here lucidly set forth.
The various political conventions in
1800 gave opportunities for widening
tbe breach between the administration
and a large majority of the people.
The Pittsburg convention of soldiers
and sailors bad Gen. Butler for a lead
ing spirit. Of this convention Mr.
Blaine says. "Their convention did
more to popularize the fourteenth
amendment as a political issue than
soy other instrumentality of the year.
Not even tbe members of Congress,
who repaired tj their districts with
the amendment as the leading ques
tion, could commend it to the mass of
voters with tbe strength and with the
good results which attended the
soldier orators who were inspired to
enter tbe field." The New Orleans
massacre on July 30th was another
event which stirred np the North in
hostility to the President's policy, nor
did his "swinging ronnd the circle"
fail to confirm this enmity.
ma tincbb or ovnee bill.
Ltlar on, tho tenure of office bill
was passed t restrain tbe President,
an act of vital interest at present. Re
ferring t this measure Mr. Blaine
"According to a long accepted con
struction of the constitution, the Pres
ident's power of removal was absolute
and unqualified. Appointment to
office could not be made unless the
consent of the Ben ate was given in
each and every cms but the coneent
of the Senate had not been held as re
quisite to tbe removal of an officer.
The connotation was silent upon the
subject, and the existence or non-existence
of power In the Senate to pre
vent a removal from office had been
matter of dispute from the foundation
of the government. Against
the early decision of the founders of
the government, against the ancient
and tufe rule of interpretation pre
scribed by Lord Cko, againat the re
peatedly rxpresaed judgmont of Ex
Proflidont Madison, against the equally
empbatie judgment of Chief Justice
Marshall, and above all, against the
unbroken practice of the government
for seventy-eight years, tha Republi
can leaders now determined to de
prive the President of the power of
removing Federal ofllcers."
The veto cf the bill was written by
Mr. Seward, "lie wrote as one who
felt that in this particular if sue with
Congress, whatever might be the ad
verse votes' of the Senate and Houhs,
time would be sura to vindicate tbe
position of the President. But the
message did sot arrest the action, in
deed scarcely the altention, of Con
gress, and the bill was promptly, even
hurriedly passed over tbe veto in tbe
Senata by 3T yeas to 11 nays; in the
House by 133 yeas to 37 nays."
iiotueb's advent.
The meeting of the fortieth Con
gress brought Gen. Butler to tbe
House. This is a part of Mr. Blaine's
portrait of him: "Gen. Butler had long
been regarded as a powerful antagon
ist at the bar, and he fully maintained
his repntation in the parliamentary
coo diet i in which ha became at once
Involved. ' He exhibited an extraor
dinary capacity for agitation, possess
ing in a high degree what John Ran
dolph described as the talent for tur
bulence. Ilia mind was never At reet.
While not appearing to seek contro
versies, he possessed a singular power
of throwing the 1 louse into turmoil
and disputation. The stormier the
Htoruiior the scene the greater his ap
parent enjoyment and the more strik
ing the display of his peculiar ability.
Uis readiness of repartee, his great re
sources cf information, his familarity
with all the expedients and subtleties
of logical and illogical discussion, con
tributed it make him not only promi
nent but formidable in the House for
many years."
MUNT. Philadelphia Prtts: The most dis
graceful featura cf Andrew Johnson's
administration is lelt tar blunt Zich
Chandler to touch in this fashion. It
was on a proposition to repeal a por
tion of the confiscation act of 1802,
authorising the President to grant cer
tain pardons, that the big Michigander
spoke in ths Senate, December 13,
1800. Mr. Chandler said: "It is a
notorious fact as notorious as the
recoids of a court that nardons have
been for sale around this (own, for
sale by women by more than one
woman, lhe records ot your court in
the District of Columbia show this.
Any Senator who desires this dis
graceful business to go on of course
desires that this clause shall remain.
Matters went from had to worse
with Andrew Johnson for three years,
aud when fioally, in May, 1808, the
alttmpt for his impeachment failed by
one vote, Mr. libit ne sums up ths san
ation in part as follows, alter describ
ing the progress ol tne trial:
- "The sober redaction cf later years
has persuaded many who favored im
peachment that t was not justifiable
on tbe charges made, and that its suc
cess would have resulted in greater in
jury to free Institutions than Andrew
Johnson in his utmost endeavor was
able ts In 11 let. No impartial reader
can examine the record of the plead
ings and arguments of the managers
who appeared on behalf of the House
without feeling that the President was
impeached for one series of misde
meanors and tried for another series.
In fact, there was but one
charge of any gravity against the
President that of violating the ten-ure-of-cflice
act. Perhaps
the best test as to whether tbe act of
the President in removing Mr. Stan
ton was good ground for impeach
ment, would be found in asking any
candid man if he believes a pre
cisely similar act by Mr. Lincoln, or
Gen. Grant, or any other FreefQent in
harmony with his paity in Congress
wonld cave been followed by im
f achment. or by censure, or even by
iBsent. It Is hardly conceivable, nay,
it is impossible that nnder such cir
cumstances the slightest notice would
be taken of the President's action by"
either branch of Congress, .01 the. pro
cednre in tbe trial Mr. Blaine says it
was the meat memorable attempt
made by any Engliah-epaking peo
ple to depose a sovereign ruler in
strict accordance with forms of ?aw,
and that the trial of Warren Hastings
sicks into insignificance beside it,
rightly contending that the eloqence
of J3urke has preserved Hastings and
his cotemporary friends and foes like
flies in amber.
It is as well for the canse of hittiry
that Horatio Seymour died aiter Mr.
Blaine had reached that portion of his
work which analyzes the results of ths
election of 1808. Otherwise the de
mortear sentiment in the man might
have restrained the historian from
speaking out in this vigorous fashion:
"It amounts, therefore, to a mathe
matical demonstration that neatly
one-hulf of Mr. Seymour's vote was
fraudulent, and of that fact conceal
ment ia no longer attempted from any
respectable source. It has been a mat
ter of surprise to the contemporaries
of Mr. Sevmour that sensitive as be
has shown himself on many occasions
in regard to the record of his political
life, he would consent, after an investi
gation and exposure of tbe atrocities
bad been made, to remain in hittory
without protest as tbe beneficiary of a
vote that was demonstrably fraudu
lent in its cba acter a vote that was
tainted with crime and stained with
the blood of innocent men. It is assur
edly not to be presumed that violent
acta and murderous deeds are lets re
pulsive to Mr. Seymour than to any
other refined and Chrkt'an gentleman.
But his silence in respect to the wicked
tiansactions of bis supporters in
Louisiana, when he was a candidate
for the Presidency, has persuaded
many honest-minded Democrats that
the whole narrative of crime was a
Blander, concocted in the interest of
tbe Republican party. It has served,
also, a far more deplorable purpose,
for it has in a large measure aided in
screening from public reprobation,
and possibly f om exemplary punish
ment, tbe guilty principals and the
scarcely less guilty accomplices in the
maiming and murder of American
citizens, who were only seeking to
exercise the constitutional right of suf
Boston A dverliter: With the end cf
Johnson's stormy administration and
the coming of Grant,, a new era
dawned. Tbe canvass of 1808 Isplct-
nretqutly deecribed. Grant's oppo
nent, Horttio Seymour, ia thus
sketched: "No other leader com
manded so large a share of the confi
dence and devotion of bis paity. No
other equaled him in the art of giving
a velvety touch to its coarsest and
most dangeoas blows, or of presenting
the work of its adversaries in the most
questionable guise. It was his habit to
thread tne mazes ol economic and
fiscal discussion, and he was never so
eloquent or apparently so contented
as when he was painting a vivid pict
ure of the burdens under which he
imagined the country to be sulTering.or
giving a fanciful sketch of what might
have been if Democratic rnle bad con
tinued. From the beginning of the
war be had illustrated tbe highest ac
complishments of political oratory in
bewailing, like the fabled prophetess
of old. the coming woes which never
came." With the new President came
many new men into public life, Mr.
(ieorge F. Hoar, for example, of
whom Mr. Blaiue has much to say,
and this especially: "In truth Mr.
Hoar is a Puritan, modified by the re
liglous progress of two centuries, but
still a Puritan in manners, in morals,
in deep earnestness, in untiring ener
gy, -lie is independent without eeli
assattion, courageous without bravado,
conscleot'oua without Pharisaism, in
intellectual power, amply developed
and thotoughly trained, in force as a
debat sr, both forenBio and parliament
ary, Mr. Hear Is entitled to high rank.
And his rank will steadily increase,
for bis mind is cf that type which
broadens and strengthens by conflict
in the arena of discussion." The era
of good feeling had sot in. "Gen.
Grant's tsndencies were liberal and
non-r artisan, though he recognized an
honorable allegiuaca to the Repub
lican party, which had placed him in
power. Many of his personal friends
were among the Democrats, and the
flnt f w mouths of his administration
promised peace and harmony through
out the country."
An attempt to repeal the tenure of
office act was a noteworthy feature of
this early period of Grant's adminis
tration. Of this act Grant said in his
first message: "It could not have been
the intention of the framers of the
constitution, when providing that
appointments made by the President
should receive tbe consent of the Sen
ate, that the latter should have the
power to rtUin in office persons
placed there by Federal appointment
against the will of the Preeident.
Tht law it incoiwsttnt with a faithful
and ffficient adminiitration qf tht
government. What faith can on ex
eculiee put in oflMats forced upon
him, and thote, too, whom he hat im
pended for reatont How will such
otHcisls be likely to serve n adminis
tration which they know does not
trust them?" The italics in this
passage are Mr. Blaine's In the de
bate on the repeal of the act Mr. Ed
munds said: "Owing to the peculiar
circumstances that have attended the
last administration, it ia desirable
that there should be at immediate
and general removal of the - office
holders of the country as a rule; and,
as an agency f or that removal, subject
to onr approval when we meet again
in confirmation of their successors,
these bad men being put Out, we are
willing to trust this executive with
that discretion," On this Mr.
B'ntne comments: "Oomicg from
a Senator of the United States,
this declaration was ' regarded
as extraordinary. The 'bad men'
to whom Mr. Edmunds referred
were the appointees of Preeident
Johnson, and every one of them had
been confirmed by the Senate of the
United States when the Republicans
had more than two-thirds of the body.
If those appointees were 'bad men,'
why, it was pertinently and forcibly
asked by tbe aggrieved, did not Mr.
Edmunds submit proof of the fact to
his Republican associates and procure
their rejection? He knew, the ac
cused men declared, as much about
their characters when their names
were before the Senate as he knew
now, when he sought, behind the pro
tection of his privilege, to brand them
with infamy. To permit them to be
confirmed in the silence and confi
dence oi an executive session, and
then in open Senate, when their places
were wanted for others, to describe
them as 'bad men,' seemed to them a
procedure not to be explained on the
broad principles of statesmanship, or
even on the common law oi fair deal
ing." Mr. Schura also comes in for
caustio remark. Of him Mr. Blaine
says: "It ia somewhat amusing as well
as instructive to recall that in little
more than two years from that time,
when Pearly all the appointees of
1 President Johnson had been turned
out of 'Office, Mr, Scaun began, work
sgain at 'the Ang st stable,' now lo
cating it in the Grint administration,
and demanding that it snoald be
cleansed, that 'tha rings' ehoild be
broken up, and that 'the thieves mnst
be drives out of tbe public service.'"
The story of the kuklux raids and
necessary legislation to repress them ;
the San Demingo episode, and the
main incidents in Giant's first admin
tration are duly cealt with. Of re
construction, Mr. Elains lays: 'It
was not unnatural hat the unwise ao
t on of the South should lead to no
wise actio i on the pait of the North ;
but it mutt be remembered that if
mistakes were male in the system of
reconstruction, thty were for a day
only, while the objects songht were
for all time." An important chapter
treats of tbe negotiations with Eng
land about the Alabama claims. Tory
hostility to the United States, and the
sympathy with th South during ths
civil war are smplasiz?d. Wheu Mr.
Sumner's deposition from his Senate
chairmanship ia described, Mr. Blaine
says: "Mr. Edmnpds, who was one of
the active promoUrs of Mr, Sumner's
deposition, declared that the question
was 'whether the Sennteof the United
Slates and the Republican party are
quite ready to sacriflcs their sense ot
duty to the whi ml of one single man,
whether be cornel from New England,
or from Missouri, or from Illinois, or
from anywhere else.' He described
the transaction as a business affair of
changing a member from one com
mittee to another for the convenience
of tbe Senate."
The canvass of, 1872 affords an op
portuuity to say of Horace Gretly:
"Mr. Greeley hil, moreover, weak
ened himself by showing a singular
thirst f or public office.. It is strange
that one who held a commanding sta
tion, and who wielded an Jnneqna'ed
influence, should have been ambitious
for the smaller honors of public life.
But Mr. Greeley bad craved even
minor office, from which he could
have derived uo distinction, and, in
his own phrase, bad dissolved the
firm of Seward, Weed & Greeley, be
cause, as he conceived, his claims to
official pionction were tot fairly rec
ognized. This known aspiration added
to the reasons which disciedited bis
unnatural alliance with the Democra
cy." In referring to Mr. Sumner's
death in 1874, Mr. Blaine remams:
"Whoever wasfirBt in other fields of
statesmanship, the prominence cf
Mr. Sumner on tbe s'avery question
must always be conceded. Profound
ly conversant with all subjects cf li g
ia'n'.ioD, he yet devoied himself ab
sorbingly to the one issue which ap
pealed to bis judgment and his con
science. Ha held the Republican party
to a high standard aslundard which,
but for hit courage and determina
tion, might have been lowered at sty
eral crisee in the hittory of the struggle
for liberty.! A singular intsrett was
added to the formal eulogies f Mr.
Sumner by the speech of Mr. Lamar
of Mississippi, who bad just returned
to tbe House of Kepresentatives.which
he left thirteen years before to joinhiB
State in secession. It was a mark of
positive genius in a Southern Repre
sentative to pronounce a fervid and
discriminating eulogy upon Mr. Sum
ner, and BkilKully to interweave with
it a defense of that which Mr. Sumner,
like John Wesley, believed to be the
sum of all viilianies. Only a man cf
Mr. Lamar's peculiar mental type
could have accomplished the task. He
pleased the radical anti-slavery senti
ment cf New England; he did not dis
please the radical pro-slavery senti
ment cf the South. There is a type of
mind in ths et that delights in re
fined iallacies, in the reconciling of
apparent contradiction, in the tracing
of distinctions and resemblances
where lees subtle iutellects fail to per
ceive their possibility."
The history now comes to dates so
near that recollections reinforce the
history. Especially are the several
steps in ths Battlement of the national
finances eaailv recalled, and the crown
ing act of the resumption of specie
payments. Tbe narrator tells the story
of the Republican National Conven
tion of 1876 vividly. Of the resnlt Mr.
B'nineeays: fThe ticket thus present
ed was a surprise to the country. The
candidates, like all who are nominated
again t public expectation, failed to
excite enthusiasm in the earlier part of
the canvass. jBut both were regarded
as able, judicious and prudent men,
and they steajily grew in public favor
ss the contest waxed warm. Gen.
Hayes had not been prominent during
his brief servre in Congress; but his
repeated election over the strongest
Democrats ol Ohio, and his three
terms as Governor, had made an ex
cellent impression on the country.
He was especially respected for
the firmnesi and fidelity with
which he -flaged battle for honest
money against the financial heresies
which had at that time taken deep
root in his Stlta." Here is the picture
of Tilden, the opposing candidate:
"Mr. Tilden pas been the subject of
vehement aid contradictory judg
ments. His friends have well
nigh canonited him as . represent
ing the highest type ot public
virtue; his foes have painted him as
an adept in craft and intrigue. His
partisans have hald him up as the
evangel of a new and purer dispense
tion; his opponents declare that his
ability is marred by selfishness snd
characterized by cunning. His follow
ers have exalted him as the ablest and
most high-minded statesman of the
times; his critics have described him
bbb most artful, astute and unscru
pulous politician. The truth doubt
less lies between the two extremes.
Adroit, ingenious and wary, skillful to
plan and strong to execute, cautions
In judgment and vigorous in action,
taciturn and mystsrious as a rule and
yet alrgularly open and frank on occa
sions, resting on the old traditions yet
leading in new pathways, surprising
in the force ot his blows and yet leav
ing a sense Of reserved power, Mr.
Tilden no questionably ranks among
the greatest masters ot political man
agement that our day has seen."
' Possibly tse full account of the
Electoral Commission and its issue
will attract less attention than the
chapter dealing with the silver ques
tion. . Tbe Forty-fifth Congress in its
passage of ths act for the coinage of
ailver dollars made itself memorable.
Mr. .Blaine rays: "Tbe opinions of
Senators and Representatives were of
three distinct types. The majority
believed, as tbo vote showed, in the
policy of coining silver dollars of full
legal tender, regardless of their in
trinsic equality of value with gold dol
larsthus creating two metallic cur
rencies differing in value for all pur
poses of commercial interchange with
the world, and keeping them at an
equality of value at home by the force
of law. The great mass of the Demo
cratic party and a considerable num
ber ol Uspnblicans joined in this
view. A smAll minority of both par
ties disbelieved la the use of silver as
money, except for subsidiary colas,
with tbe legal tender value limited to
ema'I soma $50 being tbs h'ghsvt
proposed, the majrity apparently fa
voring til. A iipntr ol Republic
ans and a initoriy of Democrats as
serted the neefssiy of manufacturing
silver coin at fall legal tender, bnt
npon the basis of quality in intrinsic
va'ue with the got) dollar. This class
feared the fleet ofen exclusively gold
standard, while
supply of gold,
compared with
mands of the
e commercial ue-
r!d, is relatively
and rapidly growii
lees. They bad
seen the ratio of g
i supply far be-
yond that of silver! it a aeries of years
following 18.0 andthen for a series of
years tbe ratio ol silver enpply in
exf88 cf tbe suiply of gold. Tbe
tho-y alvocated ty this class reefed
upon tbe proposition that the dollar of
commerce could lot with stfoty be
exclusively based either upon the
more plentiful mtfd. An adjustment
is acquired providing for the employ
ment of both mettls maintaining be
tween them such fair equalisation as
would not violent dittarb the value
of real property oaof annual ptoducte,
and, mo it impoiant of all, would
secure a steadiness in tbe wsgea of
labor and a souodcuriency in which
to recompense it. (The supply of both
materials for two Veriods of sixteen
years each (1860-lb65 both included
and 1800-1881 both included) in the
United States an in the world at
large may suggett! some useful les
Of the anti-Chinse movement in
the firt Congress nnder Hayes, and of
the subject in geneia', Mr. Blaine
Bays : "The argument against permit
ting Mongolian immigration to con
tinue rested upon facta that were in
disputable. The Chinese had been
steadily arriving in California fo
more than a Quarter of a century, and
they had not in the least degree be
come a component paitof tbe body
politic. On the contrary, they were
as far from any assimilation with the
peo, Is at the end of that long period
as they were on tbe first day they ap
peared on the Pacific ccast. They did
not come with the intention of re
maining. They aought no permanent
abiding place. They did not wish to
own the soil. They built no houee.
They adhered to all their peculiar
customs of dress and manners and re
ligions rite, tcok nocognizinceof the
life and growth of the United States,
and felt themselves to bs strangers
and sojourners in a country which
they wished to leave as soon as they
could acquire the pitiful sum neces
sary for the needs of old age in their
native land. They were cimply a
changing, ever-renewing foreign ele
ment in an American State."
Again, Mr. Blaine describes a can
vass, that tf 188!, wherein he was a
prominent actor. The defeat of the
third term movement and tbe nomi
nation of Garfield are told freshly, and
there is this timely estimate of Han
cock, Garfield's opponent in tbe can
vass : "Brave, gallant and patriotic, a
true soldier and a chivalrons gentle
man, he was a worthy representative
of that ftitbial and honorable class of
'war Democrats' who, in time of the
nation's peril, stood for the flag snd
for tbe integrity of their country.
There were many of that type who
allowed no political differences to
leatrain them fiom doing their full
share towards the preservation of the
Union; ana no duty is more gratetul
than that of recognising their loyal
Perhaps the wisest words in the vol
ume form its conclusion. They are as
follows: "The assassinations of two
Presidents, one inaugurated at tbe be
ginning, tne other at the close of this
period, while a cause oi protouna na
tional grief, reflects no dishonor upon
popular government. The murder of
Lincoln was the maddened and aim
lees blow of an expiring rebellion.
The murder of Garfield waa tbe t itu
ous impulse of a debauched con
science if cot a dieordeied brain,
Neither crime had its origin in the po
litical institutions or its growth in the
social organization ' of the country.
Both crimes received the execration
of all parties and all sections. In the
universal horror which they inspired,
in the majestic supremacy of law,
which they failed to disturb, may be
read the strongest proof of the ttabili
y of a government which is founded
upon the rights, f utifled by the Intel
ligence, inwionght with the virtues of
the people. For ss it was said of old,
wisdom and knowledge shall be t la
bility, and the works cf righteousness
snail be peace!
Over the shingle and down In ths lane,
rt-i l 1... .u- i:.U. U ..L
XNBwnve uiuiin war me tiHin-uuui'Divrft,
Lived tho lady they called the beauty of
siniin ;
For tbe aouth brine orrow, the vest bring
Ttnt ttt ilAarl ran nnvnr rtome baek attain.
,,Vhen the wild tea chickens begin to Hock.
Ovflrthe hltiBlp In 'Sixtv-nine.
The wave breake over the light-house rock,
Tho son came up in a bath of wine,
And the reef was ragged and jagged and
With a soowl on the ea and a Ot in the air,
And the wild leaohickena began to Hock.
The wind blew west and the rain was black,
The wive breaks over the light-linuse rock.
And a shin eame in on 'he starboard tack ;
But tbe wind turned south and the rain was
And the ship was a splinter of chips by night,
Yi hen the wild sea chiekens began to Book.
Over the shingle and over the sand,
The wave broaks over the light-house rock,
A eorpse took hold of my lady's hand.
It .said, "You have come for your salvage
ma'am, ...
The seuth brings sorrow and bare I am.
Where the wild sea obickons bogan to
She made him a shrond of her satin gown,
The wave breaks over the light-house rock,
6he brougnt him in state into light-kouse
Town ... ; j
This was ray nnsband, eruel and cross,
But tbe south brings serrow, and life is loss,
When the wild sea, ohiokens begin to lock.
Over the doad man's ship they passed.
The wave breaks over the light house rock I
They kindled the corpse candies tkrn the inaet,
But the Magdalene In its christen trough
Ilnth scoured my sin end his eorrow off.
When the wild sea chickens begin to Sock.
And he lies like a nobleman in his shroud,
The wave breaks over the light-houaerock,
And the heart within me waa giad and proud,
For this was the salvage I owe to him,
Of the keeper who lets hit lamp barn dim,
W hen the wild sea chicken begin to flock.
For death brought tha dead love back to life,
Ai the waves broke over tha light-house
rook, j
And I am the dead man's own true wife;
For the mad sea, stricken with paasion and
Ha brought me my true love back again,
When toe wild avs ohickens begin to flock.
When the winds blow Into the harbor month,
The waves break over the light-house rock.
And the rain turns white in the windy south,
Like a ghost on earth or a wraith in air,
la the song of the lady with now-whiiohair,
'The wild sea chickens begin to nock.
WM HailaitHnriKV.
The storm-rains of the troploi come In a
thick white mist. , . .
tdlobular lightning en the rigging, so
called. mmtm
Ttie DaiuUp Htl at Conao). Mlas.
To the Editors of the Appeal:
Como, Mt!s., February 23. riease
state that, sim-e losing his residpnee
by lire on the l-'Oth instant, K. 11. Dun
lap has removed to the residence of
the. late Col. N. R. Sledge, and ia pre
pared to furnish firea-claa. accommo
dations to the traveling public.
ShouH It Become a Law The De
crease ia tbe Duty on
Washiboton, February 4 Tbe
Secretary of the Trt a mry Las written
to Representative Morrison, chairman
of the Ways and Means Committee,
in regard to the probable effect the
Eassage of the Morriaoa la-ifl bill will
ave on puolio revenues. In tbe let
ter he says the net reduction computed
on the basis of last year's importatioae
would be about $12,0( 0,000. In regard
to tbe provisions limiting the maxi
mum of duties to contain ad valorem
rates, it lays it leaves room for contro
versy on values, but that the values
could be approximately asceria!ned by
the customs officers. He suggests,
bswever. that provisions be made by
which the valuation of such officers
should be made final and cot leave
this important question t) be in aftir
years sutjsctsd to the unoerttinty if a
trial in court with a contequent cost
to theptople of tbe refunds of duty.
The same remarks, he says, apply to
those clauses of the bill vhich fix the
rate . duty according to the value of
the article. He calls attention to the
necessity of making nre clear in
some cabos the exact ai titles to which
provisions apply, a (troublesome
defect in the present tariff- law.
He expresses the opinion that the
provisions in tariff acts fixing the
rate oi amy according i me compo
nent material of chief nlne, lea in to
litigation because of the uncertainty
of the meaning of thtt term when
applied to-a man's manufactured arti
cles. There are a nuoaher of such
pending bills which involve this ques
tion, and in them the Secretary fears
that the government will be defatted.
The term earthenware, hi says, is also
open to misconstruction. In a recent
case it nas been neia to mean oniy
hollow ware, or ware made on tbe
potter's wheel, and if this construc
tion should prevail glazed tile, f or il
lustration, becomes a non-enumerated
manufactured article eutject to 20 per
cent, ad valorem duty. Attention is
also called to the uncerbunty of the
term "broken or granulatid ric," ard
a suggestion is made that a maximum
size be ttated so as to avoid contro
versy. The chief cf tbe Bureau of Statistics
tays that of the 2,548,1X10.000 pounds
of sugar imported ir.to the United
S ates during tbe laot ff-T! 7' r. 74
per cent, came from Cuba. Porio K:co,
Brazil and the British West Indies.
These countries, according to latest
advices, impose an export duty cn
sugar. If such is the fact, it is proba
ble that 80 per cent, of the sugar im
noitsd f or the last ye r came from
countries imposing an export duty
thereon. This would chaDge the fig
ures in the reduction on sugar from
$10,000,000 to $2,C00,OO0, and the sg
gregets reduction of duty from $20,'
000,000 to $12,000,000.
This famous remedy most happily meeta
the demand of the age for woman s peculiar
and multiform afflictions. It is a remedy
for WOMAN ONLY, and for one 6iEolAL
CLASS of her direases. It is a sneciflo for
certain diseased conditions of the womb,
and proposes to so control the Menstrual
Funotion an to regulate all the derange
ments and Irregularities of Woman's
Its proprietors claim for it no other medical
property; and to doubt the fact that this
medicine does positively possess suoh con
trolling and regulating powers Is simply
to discredit the volun tary teati mony of thou
sands ot living witnesesa who are to-day
exulting in the restoration to sound health
and happiness.
Female Regulator
is strictly a vegetable oompound, and Is the
product of medical soienoe and practical ex
perience directed toward the benefit of
It is the studied prescription of a learned
physician, whose specialty was WOMAN,
and whose fame became enviable and bound
less because ot his wonderful success in the
treatment and cure of female oomplnints.
REMEDY known, and richly deserves its
Woman's Best Iriend
Because it controls a class of functions tbe
various derangements ot which cause more
ill health than all other causes combined,
and thus rescues her from a long train of
atHiotions which sorely embitter her life and
prematurely ond her existence. Oh, what a
multitude of living witnesses can testify to
its ohariuin effects) Wiiau, take to your
confidence this
It will relieve you of nearly all the corn
plain's peculiar to your eex. Rely upon it
as your saleguard for health, happiness and
long life. , ,
Sold by all druggists. Send for onr treat
ise on the Health and Happiness ot Woman,
mailed free, which gives all particulars.
Bog 3. Atlanta. Ha.
T r a a a-aeifaA W A Asm
uvj juu nuut, a inue, uiuuui-
ing Complexion I If so, af
few applications of Hftfran's
MAGNOLIA IIAL11 will grat
ify you to your heart's con
tent. It does away with Sal
lowness, Redness, Pimples,
Blotches, and all diseases and
imperfections of the skin. It
. overcomes the Unshed appear
ance of heat, fatigue aud ex
citement. It makes a lady of
THIRTY appear hut TWEN
TY; and so natural, gradual,
and perfect are its effects,
that it is impossible to detect
lis application.
Notice of Dissolution.
THE firm of R. S. LEK k CO., composed
of R, E. Ie and Join Reid, has this
day been dissolved by mutual consent, Mr.
John Keid retiring from the bnainess. Ihe
business of said trm will be continued
eader the same name br Mr. B. K. Lee,
who snseeeds to the una, and ejsnmes all
liabilitiea and is authorised to oelleot all
debti due (aid late irea.
Hemiehji.yeb. 17,1886. K. X. L.
V" Vr&y-'- -
Proper! with special regard to bealUk.
No Amronnia, Lime or Alum.
fiinrcn. 87. IODIC .
Flesh Producer & Tonic I
Hear the Witnesses!
A Blan or Blxty-Elaht Winters.
T am Aft a.ra nt as-a. and renrd Quinn's
Pioneer a fine tonie for the feeble. By its
use my atrength has been restored and my
weight increased ten peunds.
A r. . UAOlt or.L.1, onen win n.
Maoon, Oa., February IS, 186.
A Crippled t onfedera
I on' weighed 128 pounds when I com-
menoea Ouinn's Pion r, and nowweigh 147
pounds. 1 could hardly walk with a stick to
support me and can now wal k long aistaneea
without help. Its benefit to xai is b-yond
calculation. R. RU Oa BoBTICK,
Maoon, us. Motion iiuyer.
Mr. A. II Brambletr, Hardware Mer
chant, f Foray lb, da , Wrltear
Ttajttjiil l-ke tfthumnn mvreneral haalth.
I consider it a fine tonie. I weigh more than
I have tor 2o years. Keapectiuliy,
Mr. W. F. Jones), Macon, Boy at
My wife has regained her strength and in-ore-sed
ten pounds in weight. We reoom
mend Ouinn a Pioneer as the best tonic.
Dr. ii. W. Delbrldfre, of Atlanta, ..
Write ofdnlao's Pioneer i
Ouinn's Pioneer Blood Bonewer has been
used for years with unprecedented success.
It is entirely vegetable and duet Ihe system
no harm. It improves the appetite, diges
tion und blood luaking. stimulating, invig
orating and tvning up all th functions and
ticsoes of the system, and tout beoomes the
great blood renewor and health restorer.
"ures all Blood and t-kin Di eases, Bhenma
tiaio, 8 Toal.i.Uld bores. A perteot Spring
a eilicine.
It not in your market it will be forwarded
on receipt on trice, timall bottles, 81. U0;
large bottles, f 1.75.
Essay on Blood and Skin Dieeasoi mailed
For is years at 37 Court Place, now at
4 rreuKflT rtucntrt tod klJr outlined pltjfklM and tlM
aoiuocetuAiJ,ft hll prJiowLa P"-
Cur U foraM of PRIVjSTE,
Spermatorrhea ana Impoteiicyt
u the malt f Mlf-tbaw to yfwtt, Kml ! IB u
ytrryfw, or other otttues, od produdni DetaWCMCt. fot
lowing .sri-int: KrrvotitDcM, Bemln Kmlinow,, iLwail
intu rr dnwrni). WnioMt ot UlRht, Defective Uci .'rty-irallk-'ny.PiiijpWoa
Pm?. Avenlon UKucwty a.'farai'te,
CmrinluD of M?a, I-om of tieutl Power, midVi.nf
iniiKt lmpit)T or unhappy, re thoronjhlr and perm
IMitl) ciured. SYPHILIS PO-""1 cunC U4
V'J irUlr1 ff.ntu yntenie Gonorrhea,
GliEET. Stricture, Orctritis, Hernia, tor huplure
t'H'tt nut. other prtrtto diseewe quickly cured. .
UlnMir-evtdftu tbmt epby eicUn who patiepwrltl ittentta
to erti(i oIam of dic, cnl treating ttkovtatidt tQua
ilty, aeaiiirei f-nt rtlU. Phyiiilnn knowing ttoU fact oOeta
rrcornrneui' pen-one n7 car. Wheti It la irJUYeuVM ts
fiaitliieeltr ftr treatment, tncdiilnea oaa to Nat privawl
D'l Ffly by Ball or evpreae anywhere.
Cnres Guaranteed in all Cases
oadorfakon. . . . . .
On&Dulutioaa peraonalrr e of Irttar fr Mid tnvttn
C bargee reaeoaaUe fcod ogrwpfleyoe etrtoUy w.aJideBUai,
OfftKpft MM tO to? td--4N, MWMT
eeuia. P&ould bo read by tlL A
Cmoe hour ton A. M. too. P. M. B&.
ddreea aa arntvav
Trustee's Sale.
UNDER and br virtue ol two trutt deed
executed by D. 14 Ferguson and H. C.
Hampson to the undersigned as trustees, oa
January 4. 1884, and May 11. 1885. roirect
ive'y. and duly recorded in the office of the
Clerk of the Circuit Court of Mississippi
county. Ark., in Record Book 12, pages 4:12,
etc, an l Record Book of Trust Seeds, vol.
A, pages 275, etc, delault in the payment of
the indebtedness thereby seoured having;
been made, at the request of the beneficiaries
therein, we will, aa such trustees, on
Wednesday, Mnren 10, 1886,
at the storehouse upon the plantation known
as "Nodena," in Mississippi oounty, Ark.
and being on the Misi-8iiui river, proceed
to sell to the higho-t bidder, tor cash, ths
following personal property, to-wlt: Four
4-horse wagons, eight two-horse wagons,
seventy-one mules, six gets wagon harness,
seven sets harne8, one 40-hor.e power en
gine and boiler, two 80-saw Milburn double
roller Kins and g'n stands, two feeders and
condensers, one Coalman cotton press, ono.
grist-mill with appurtenances, bolting,
shiiftina and pulleys, three horses, two
eolts, one mule coit, four mares, four sets of
gcur; also, all plows, scraper, hi es, axes
anl all other farming utensils and imple
ments; end also, all oattlot stock hogs and
other mules and stock, and all cropror corn,
cotton, cotton-seed, nay, fodder and other
products now on or belongingt tbe planta
tions known aa "Nodena," the "'Ellis
place" and the "Lanier place" in said
county, run and operuted by said Ferguson
& llampson during the year 1885. And
under said deed, on
Saint-day, Harem SO, 1888,
in front of the court-house door in Osceola,
Mississippi oounty, Ark., we will soil to the
highest bidder, lor cash, the following de
scribed real estate, namely, all being in said
oounty and State! The Plantation known
as the "Ellis place" at Ferguson A Hamp
son's Landing In Bend 45, Mississippi river,
and described as follows; W iee. 13, ifl
aores ent of B sec. 24. and part W ?, too.
24, K S of see. 2i, and K H W X sec. 25, in
township 11 north, range 10 ea t. Also, NE
H sec. 2, 100 aores, W H NK e. 11. 71
acres, in township 11 north, range 10 east:
and the 8 fr H of NW fr sec. 30 (south of
Little river) in township 13 north, range 8
east, containing 8.07 acres. Alio, E fr H of
bKfrM sea. i;(eet of bayou), township 15
north, range 10 east, 39 19 acres. Also, the
N fr H of sec 10 (we.-t of Bay Lake) contain
ing 20-100 of an acre; and the SK M of HVf .
H of sec. 15, both in township 11 north,
range 10 east, the last deacribed containing
40 acres.
Said sales will begin at the time and place
stated, and will continue from day today
nntil completed. All runts of redemption
and exemptions ars waived. Sale absolute.
Terms cash. D. H. POST ON,
F. P. P08TON.
Cure Guaranteed
1 he I'.lfclrof3alvRnin.iihp'iitry Ite-lt ia
Voniiive lure lor ISrrvou. ifc-bllity,
of Viarnr,V-nkn-MM, I'mniitiimOld Apr.
A-r. Acv. 8:ul.uo Kttwanl mid it averv H-lt
' wn wll does not generate a jrenuine Mectrio
current, 1'rtoe rt'dmt-d to With each
elt we end a written guarantee to return
the full amount paid IX it dons not make a
CprmU-te cure. Healed particular, writ froe.
Kl.ROTKIO WAT AOVnOY, corner Flat.
ba Avenue and Htate street, Brooklyn. S. I
Insolvent Notice.
No. 5397 R. 7.-State of Tennessee, Shelby
county. Office of County Court Clerk, Mem
phis, Toon.. January SO, 1886 To Joha
Loague, Public Administrator, and as
such Administrator of .the estate of A.
Youne, deceased:
HAVINli suggested the Insolvency of the
estate of A. Young, deceased, you are
hereby ordered to give notice, by advertise
ment in some newspaper published withia
the said State, and also at the Court-Hoase
door ot Shelby oounty, for all persons having;
claims against said estate, to appear and file
the same, authenticated in the manner pre
scribed by law, on or before the 3d day of
May, 1886, and any claim not filed on or be
fore said day, or before an appropriation of
the funds ef said estate is seaae, shall be for
ever barred, both in law and eqnity. Wit
ness my hand, at offioe, this 3tXh day of Jan
nary, 1886.
H. B. CULLKN, Clerk.
By Loais Kettmann.Depaty Clerk.
Notice is hereby given aa res aired by tha
above order. January 3ft, in.
JOHN LQAOUB, Administrator.
,o( . j .

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