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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, March 03, 1886, Image 4

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T .lrlbnlor. and Cerreapend-
rvnnaiilaatloni lor tiablleatlaB
patmeauan nun
.1- w. tt&MAfil. and.
" -i i
' ith all other nattari aonnartad wita iae
nnn an on iiu
editorial darartmant, tnonia a" M.
T tbb Euitoeof ri Arnai., Mampriii.
WaeaaaoU m a nt.,.Bi.rti to rolnra
arUdM aot toana oitabia l.r P""'-"""":
Oar nail boar ara kapt poitoBoaa. aad
ot a Individual namai.
.ab aau of ranaral laur-t ""a
always aa aooomratlad br
LddriM of th. .r,i.r, a., a
tooi faith .nd raK-niibilitf. No aoUea
abaUaaa ol aaiaisioua commuiuoa-
Yloi rape" banra4 from on POt
offiTto another, tha nam! of both pe.t
offioaa nbnnld ba riTen,
6 ,rin ooptat nt tree of rtarre.
Uaiinu letter. hould ba addremed I
M C flLi.iiT. 1 Bf-nnd atreat.
j. M. KiCATIM). I
Memphii. Term.
wIoVlWaY, t l MARCH 8, 1NN0.
Tb President's message to the
Semite, published in the Aitkal yes
terday, th mid have the profound at
tention ( f every cituen. The occasion
of the mwsage is a notable one, and it
required courage and indexible devo
tion to his duty on the part of the
President to issue it. The mutter lying
back ol the questions the Senate lai
raised, and which the President dis
cusses, is that the Senate bai for some
time shown a desire to extend its own
Importance by enlargins the scope of
Its powers and the number of its
privileges. It hs nso shown a ten
dency toward a dominating nnd aristo-
! cratic spirit. Sena'or'e ivea every
I ' now and then excite all Washington
I "socUty" by their struggles for that
ariBtocta'ic abomination precedence,
t The Senators not long ago provided
. j each of themselves with a private see-
j xetary, at the expense ot the people,
t Less than a year ago it endeavored to
j exa't its dignity by encroaching
i upon the sphere of the House
of Representatives in a way taut wn
! : Intended t add to the importance,
i 1 privilege, and power of their "upper
! i house." Tho "lower house," however,
f ; properly resented the Senate's impe
! rialism and Impertinence. Its ainbi-
j ; tion curbed in this direction, has
; I taken another soaring Hight, and ia
i now engaged in a struggle to encroach
1 npon the constitutional position of the
President. But it bin no timid, Bin ink
inv. abarhed "figure-head" ti uetl
with, fortunately, but a man, a con
asientious man, patriotic and devoted
to duty, faithful D tho cocst'tntion.
and regardful of the wishes and pur
poses of the people. Sailing on a
false tiusk tbe Senate has struck upon
a rock, and without care and skill
there will be danger, ultima! aly, ot a
wreck. The "upper houses" ure cot
in good odor juat now. A great por
tion of the French people are in favor
of abolishing their Senate. England's
"upper house," the "House of Lords,"
is doomed t a complete reconstruc
tion, as many of it i own members ad
mit. And now the American
Senate, that "augaBt body," is
tempting fate by running lot 3 the
same danger. President Cleveland's
message not in terms, but in spirit,
and from the necessity the aspiring
Senators bave themselves created
calling for the Issuance of such a mcs
saga is a keen rebuke to the Senate,
iollowing the rebuke it had received
f 1 w little while ago from the House, of
' 1 i tvP resent a tives. It is nil-important
. U 1 a
a it irpuuui; ouuu no uurn, wnr"
here is no monarch to iuterpoie a
lecisive will, that the three govern
pental power, executive, legislative
! p I judicial, bo kert each ol them
trictly within the line cf their con
btutional duties. None should
Iglect what devolves upon it, none
bould allow encroachment from
..ther cf the othor nower. each
! Thnntil fnitilfullv hsml flnvn tri ita
eucceesorg what has been delivered to
itself. That one cf the three which
iorgets tbat this ia a government from
tbe people, by the people and for the
people is untrue to country, to duty,
and ti ita own position. Here lies
the wrong the Senate ia an worthily
striving to accomplish. It ia stretch
ing ita authority that it may grasp
power which does not be
long to u ; set its " upper
house" coronets with place gema and
glitter with a usurped ostentation. Iti
absurd and undignified grasping will
be in vain. The firm, calm, fearless,
intrepid President of the United
i States opposea the bulwark provided
by the constitution against the Sen
ale's foolish attempt ts increase ita
I own consequence. Supporting, ad
; miring and confiding in the President
ia the sovereign American people. Let
aspiring Senatori lower their pride
nnd sink their over-reaching ambi
tioa Tbey.are not indispensable. Une
cf them baa omparei Cleveland's
message to a communication of Charles
I. to the English Parliament. Charles,
like the Senats, was an encroacher
I upon rights not his own he got his
! rebuke, and the Cromwellian Tarlia.
j inent tau,U tbe"upper house" of that
day tbat the country could flourish
without it. Mr. Cleveland ia "ihe
right man in the right place," out he
is empba'-icajly the wrong man for the
Senate t contend with, as is shown
by the f jllowlcg concluding lines of
his metisage, lines which blats with
the ardent fire of a spirit conscious of
rectitade, and firm Ba the beetling
rocks that dajh back the waves of the
ocean in alleg'aoce to truth and
right: VXeithcr tbe discontent of
party fiieodg nor the allurements
, i ,,it . .,1,1 f cnnfirrnatJors of
appointees conditioned pon tbe
avowal that suspensions Lava been
made on party grounds alone, nor the
threat proposed In the resolution new
before tbe Senate that no confirmation
will be made onlees the demands ot
that body be complied with, are so fa
ciei t to discourage or deter me from
following in the way which I am con
vinced leads to better government for
the people "
cotebibiu res cotton.
Aa cotton ia the chief product of the
South everything that conoerne ita
production and preparation for market
is read with avidity by Southern
planters. The recent invention of
aheet iron covering for cotton bales la
attracting considerable attention
among cotton producers. According
to the specifications filed with tbe ap
plication for a patent which has been
granted, the aheeta ot i'on are it be
seventy-eight inches in length by
forty-eight in width, and there are to
be two of them to each bale, "so rolled
and prepartd at the mills aa to leave
each sheet with a rib on each end, be
bind which a small slot ia cut by
machinery for each of the two or
three short ties to be need. Tbe ends
ot each sheet are cut back from ten
to fourteen inches so aa to told down
and iound the ends cf tha bale,
secured by a alight clasp, and thus al
meet hermetically sealing them. These
sheets not being broad enough to ex
tend over and meet on the sidea of tbe
bale, at it cornea from the press of
the f irmer, there ia provided for each
side a sheet eighty-two inches
long by eighteen or twenty Inches
wide, called a ' slip," to fill this space
between the top and bottom ahetti.
This completes the covering and hides
every particle cf cotton fiotn view.
Now, when the bale is put in tbe com
cress these sheets cn tbe sides are
thrown out (which is but the work c
an instant) and tbe compressing of the
bale brings the upper and lower sheets
together again,completely covering the
bale after being compressed. The
sheets thus extruded are ready fcr use
a;ain, and there is no reaion why they
cannot be used year after year. Tbe
covering for a I ale will weigh about
twenty pounds. By improved ma
chinery the sheets are rolled ao thin
that they become very malleable, and
are not, as nioet people would suppose,
hard t3 bend or handle, but are just
the opposite." Tbe inventor, like all
others, is sanguine of success and pre
dicts that the entire ootton crop of
1887 will be wrapped in his
patent iron envelops. He says
he has consulted with the
largest iron manufacturers of the
country, and that they concur
in the opinion that tho patent tio or
envelope con be furnished at a cost ol
less than $1 a bale. Tbe inventor
also says that an unlimited amount of
capital is ready to invent ia ths ex
pertmont. If succesBful, It will be of
great value, as much cotton is burned
while in transit to the various mar
kets of the world ; that several pounds
of each bale are in various ways lost,
and tbat large amounts ol insurance
against fire are paid by the pioducer,
either directly or indirectly, which
the inventor proposes to save by a
cover which protects the cotton from
fire and watte. In view of the pres
ent low price of cotton, planters are
thinking more about inventiona that
will prevent the raising of cotton in
stead of patents fcr baling it. But
cotton will always be the principal
pioiuct of the South ' and any practi
cal plan for marketing theciop with
out the annual i, now to great, will
be welcomed by the producers and
given a fair trial.
A voice ison ST. LOl lS.
There is, perhaps, no more sure or
severe r. correction of a bad policy than
to carry it t j an extreme. The great
body ot the farmers of the South still
cling to their old superU'tion of "all
cotton." Moit of them believe that
diversified crops are necessary j some
of them even know that those who
will not diversify will have "to sell
out to those who will." Yet they try
'all cotton" one more season, leaving
their neighbora to diversify. These
are in that cowardly condition that is
'afraid ot doing right (or fear ol do
ing wrong." Spite ol warnings from
the press, of the remonstrances of in
telligent and practical men who wish
them well, these farmers of good in
tentions but of weak resolution, go
on adding tj their di ill cullies and
piling up their debti by trying, like a
desperate gambler, "all cotton" one
year more. Thla season they have got
caught. Into every cottou market aad
every seaport the bales come rolling
in like avenging spirits bound
to administer punishment. As
the bale's vast numbers vaster
grow, like Mrs. Shelley's mon
ater, they turn round upon their
creators and torment them. Up and
yet higher up go tbe array of figures
that tell of more arrivals and increa
ing rtscks, and in the fame proportion
down go prices to yet smaller insignifi
cance, until the farmer in despair liee
sleepless in the long winter night
asking what is to become of him T The
farmer's friends toe his desperate con
dition and shudder at the future that
liee before him, but the farmer him
self, entangled in tbe magic of the old
superstition, and bound hand and fojt
by invetera'e habit, sticks with pitiable
flJelily to tbe one article of his creed
all coiton. With him indeed, though
others have learned better, "cotton is
king." And the king is a tyrant. How
he taxai his subjects 1 How he slashoi
hia slaves ! Days of care and nights of
anguish, auch ia the cotton king'a re
ward to those who have given him
blind and uncalculating allegi
ance. Will the present year' wefal
experience work a change and convert
the erriugo true principles? Jack
eon h.K 1 mi li-; called out to do and
now St. L)ula has taken np the theme
aad echoed the warning not a. Tbe
Awkal yesterday told how the Cotton
Exchange there has londly summoned
the farmers of the South to flee from
"all cotton," and, as the Jackaon In-
terabits Agricultural Association did,
to provide against rnin by introducing
hog and hominy and corn and g-aises.
To proceed with the obstinati and un-
rtatonlng obatinacy that exists at pres
ent, the SL Louis merchants well see,
ia leading to bankruptcy and rain.
Tbe individual farmer must no longer
look to his neighbor to diversify while
he goes on with "all cotton." He
most repent and be converted or the
punishment ot folly and obstinacy
will be bia fate.
In no way does invention at the
present day appear to be turning its
attention aa much as toward electrici
ty. Though electricity has been long
known, ita application to practical
purposes is rega'ded as atill in its in
fincy, and inventors are of opinion
that much more wonderful things will
be accomplished by its agency than
anything that haa been done yet.
Awhile ago electricians were princi
pally engaged in the production ol
artificial light. At the present tlma
the application of electricity as a
power, giving movement tomachinery,
railway cars and otherwise, is tbe
principal aubjact of investigation. In
this way progress is made, but no re
sails of a specially starting nature
have yet been secured, but the experi
menters are encourased to expect ulti
mate success. At the annual meeting
ot the National Electric Light Asso
ciation, hill a couple cf weeks ago at
Baltimore, papers were read ahowing
what Inventors are doing. It was
stated that the distribution of electric
power fro n central atations is
going to be tbe future source
cf energy fjr light nnd other
purposes. The power which will reach
the cities will be stored at cent al sta
tions, to be there transformed for gen
eral distribution. At present elec
trical et itiona a'e opera'ed only about
six hours In the twenty-four for light
ing; it is desired to Had a'si employ
ment for the plant in distributing power
t) local centers of consumption. A
committee report stated that "the
greatest problem that can coir occupy
the mind of the electrician is tbe gen
eration of electricity directly by de
composition of tbe hydrocarbons, etc.,
without the intervention ot the dyna
mo." a discovery that will reward
someboJy with wealth and honor.
Monsieur M. Deprei and others are
devoting themselves to experiments
npon the transmission of power. Sub
Initial progress has been made, and
it is expected that before long the
transmission of power will be a com
plete success. This will workltthes,
idiir.es snd other light ma
chinery, and in the end, probably,
factories. The principal results so far
bave been in connoctioa wita rail
ways, nnd it is believed that city
tinflic will soon be carried
on by aid ot e'ectricity.
There is no expectation at present ol
being able to apply the power to the
great railways, but it can ba used in
mines and tunnels, and for hauling
ore and other materials, and proves
very successful. Electricity, it waa
stated at the convention, "will be
used to drive machinery, produce
ventilation, and for heating pur
poses." A three-mile track cf elec
trical railway, uniting Detroit with
Dearborn, running aix large railway-
cars at a speed of fifteen to twenty
miles an hour, will be in operation in
a few weeka. Another, at Appleton,
will have ton-horse power motors,
each rnr having its own independont
power, on an eight mile road, running
t3n milt-l an hour. The street rail
way cars in Montgomery, Ala., which
will be in operation in a month, have
twelve electrical motors. The Age of
Stal informs us thatthestreetrailioid
between Baltimore and Hampden,
running seventy-five miles a day, haa
electrical ptwer as a motive, and has
urod it ever since August last. The
gradient and curves are both very
unfavorable, but tbe electrical power
proves sufficient. In several severe
storms, even when the rials were cov
ered with water, the service proceeded
unchecked, trains statting every
twenty mlnutss. Here aix months'
success haa proved that electricity can
do gcoJ railway work. We have heard
nothing lately as to the results of the
project to run the New York elevated
roada bv electricity, but enough is
already done to demonstrate that
electricity "is on the move."
Incendiary riro-Attemplod Harder
r Capt. J. J. Hon.
UraoiAL to tbb arriiL.1
Jackson, TkNN., March 2. Last
night tbe stables, barn and crib ol
James A. L. Loyd & Son, ten miles
north cf this city, were burned with
about sixty bushels cf corn, bay, farm
ing tools and even bead of mules and
borees. It is thought to be inceudiary.
No insurance.
Ben Parkman, a negro man, at
tempted to kill Capt. J. J. House, one
of our livary men, this evening with a
double-barreled shot gun. Some one
caught the negro just as he was pull
ing the trigger. House knocked the
negro down and came very ner beat
ing him to death. ,
J. J. Morreli, editor of tbe Dirpalch,
and family will leave to-morrow for
New Orleans to spend several days. '
llnrleai Alive.
Ghicaoo, III , The Intir Ocean $ La
fayette, Ind., special eaya: Joseph
Hutchinaof Boawell, a little village a
lew milea from here, waa buried bun
day last. Thiity-eix ho ira afterward
he waa taken up because of a rami r
that he bad been buried alive. He
waa found to be warm about tue heait,
but was returned. He will be main
taken up. He ia subject to trances
snd has twice before been pronounced
dead, but disappointed the under-
I VwMor ct-h time.
Te the Country on the (jaestloa
Caarchliri Posllion (ieaeral
Foreign News.
LonnoN, March 2. Aa a resalt ot
tbe Coneerva'.ive meeting at the Carl
tin Club, Sir Michael Hicks-Bjach in
in the House of Commoaa last even
ing pressed Mr. Gladstoaeto allow tbe
disc ust inn of Mr. Sextons motion
against Lord Randolph Churchill to
take place Tuesday night. Mr. Glad
atone replied tbat the coureeauggested
would be most unfair; that the House
should flrtt consider tbe mct'ona that
have precedence over Mr. Sexton'a.
Mr. Gladstone waa not inclined to
yield. A strong whip haa been issued
urging the Conservative members to
be pretent on Tuesday night in the
event of a discussion cf the motion,
which the Tory leaders hope will at
tiin tbe importance ot a debate on
rhe Government's Irish policy. The
Parnellitea doubt whether the motion
will be reached on Tuesday night. In
cae it is reached, it is thought that it
will bo postponed indefinitely.
Tbe government to-day indicated,
through a ministerial nferance, that
they expect tJCill up tie Irish ques
tion. 'Die utterance was made by
Mr. Morley. Chief Secretary for Ire
land, in au address in the conference
of Liberal delegates held to--iny. Mr.
Morley was discussing the Irish aitu
nt on. He denounced Lord Kandtlph
Churchill's recent tUgi hua attempt to
itir uo civil war in Ulster, and urged
the Liberals to do their uimost to
place their party in a state cf complete
preparation for a general election;
"fo-," said the eptaker, "the govern
ment is now face to fae with tbe
Irish difficulty and will probably be
compelled to make an early appeal to
the tountry."
ba? written a letter to the Dally jYewa
describing the statement in a leading
article ol that paper to-aay, u me ei
feet that Lord Carnarvon and Lord
Ashbourne had prepared a acbeme of
home rule f r Ireland, as a l usenco j.
He eaya: "I have never departed from
the opinions exuressed in my speech
at Ediubura on December 20, 1883. It
is absolutely filae to say tbat Lord
Kalisburv's government ever wavertd
in resolute tojtility t) the repeal of
the union, or anything approaching
repeal." In coccluHon he says:
"Witlionr. cf course, expecting tha
Daily Newt to npolog'y.?, I trust it will
cease to rr maeate calumnious libeli.
In the speech refined to. Lord Kaa-
dolph said tbat the Tories would not
vield an inch on the home ml ) qaes
tion, nnd would not make any further
concession t) Mr. Parnull, either on
the land f anchise or on the local gov
ernment question, lie advocated the
advance ot punlic money on me easiest
terms, to develop to the most Irish
railways, canals and publio works.
"Eog.and," he added, 'owes Ireland
reparation. Money oureo nioet in
juriee, however deep, but the Irish
yells of repeat must be answered with
an uncharging, uncbangable Nol"
The Sew thin morning, ref-ning to
Lord Churchill's letter, admits that it
wonld be dillicuir.legaiiy, to prove tbe
assertions mada by the New yester
day, but Bays that it ia significant that
tho Irish members suppoited the Con
servatives in the election and
in the division on the medi
cal relief bill, and that the
conference between. Mr. neaiy
and Lord Randolph Churchill resulted
in tbe Parnellitea leaving the House to
avoid tpposing the Cmservatives.
Lord Raudolph, tbe New adds, refers
to an old speech, but makes no refer
ence to his utterancea aince the speech
was delivered. The, Parnellitea ac
cuse him cf treachery. It is
impofsihle to know which side
to believe. Ab a result ol the confer
ence of Conservative leaders tbe Right
Hon. Hugh Holmes, late Attorney
General for Ireland, "ill move in the
Houce of Commons to-morrow that
the House in unwilling to vote the
estimates fjr the civil service in Ire
land before the government an
nources measures for the restoration
of lojiul order in Ireland.
Crltbrali"! br an lr1ra to the Col
lege or Cardinal.
Romk, March 2 -Pope Leo XIII
celebia ed the tcventy-li'th anniver
sary of his but ti to-day and the eighth
anniversary of his coronation, which
fills to-monov, by aa aidresa to the
membetB of the tarred College. In
this liis holiness eulcg aad the union
Miitiim among the enrdina'c and
urged concord among Catholics ngftiubt
those seeking to corrupt anu woaaen
the atithoritv of the cnurch. He de-
i.l irl the oppressed condition cf tbe
Holy See as unworthy cf tbe bead of
the church nnd incompatible with his
Imtnnendence. tin tidiness spoke
with much severity concerning the
atiemnt to connect the Vatican witn
the crime ol furnishing foreign ene
mies any secret information about
its military defenses, aa was done re
cently in the case of a man on trial on
the charge ot having sold such infor
mation to a foreign power. Dnring
bia trial the proeecution wad what
purported to be a part cf a letter from
Vienna, in which the writer, whose
came was withheld, imputed the pris
oner's act to inspiration Irom the Vati
can, which waa accrued ot having a
purpose t undermine and destroy the
present kingdom ol Italy. His holi
ness repelled this imputation with in
difrnntinn and condemned the impu
nity with which vulgnr malignity ol
thia kind has been employed to excite
against the Vatican the hatred ol
The Krgalar t'ortalchtlr Meeting
at atnella.
DrrtLiN, March 2. The regular fort
nightly meeting of tbe Irish National
League waa held to-night. Michael
Dvit5 presided. The receipts since
the last meeting were announced to be
$30,1100. Mr. Davitt denied tbat out
ragea were cf frequent occurrence in
IrcNnd. If any were committed the
League waa not responsible for them.
He charged the ene miea cf home rule
with conspiring to injure the League,
and declared that the so called out
rages were inventiona of their malice.
He urged that a recora ot evictions oe
published weekly.
Attempted Aaa.iaatlon or Dr. Blo
wn a
Fabis, March 2 An attempt waa
made last night to aslnate Dr. Bio
win, the Parisian correspondent of the
London Timtt. As the d03tor was as
cending tbe etairrae cf his home, a
Bhot was tired at him by some un
known person. The bu!le missed
him, "ruck against thewft'l in front
of him and fell flattened at hie feet.
No clew to the would-be aaiasain bai
yet been.diacoTeTert.
aaaw-llaraia la rat BrltaJa.
Lokuon, March 2. Snow continues
to fall heavily in th North of England
and in Scotia id. Tialli; on mny rail
ways ia entirely b'ojked. All hopes
of saving the ateamer Missouri, from
Bw ton from Liverpool, wnich stranded
on tbe coast of the Island of Holy
Heai duringabeivy f now-j'orm.hive
been abanuoned. 11 steamer haa
capsized and liee b.'oideide to tbe eta,
and ber destruction is believed to be
only a qnett'on ot time. Tee crew left
her iust before she went over. They
rescued tbe land in safety. Her cargo
is washing out of the wrecked vessel
and boati are near ber rescuing what
portions tbey can. Two hundred and
ninety-live bead of cattle were loet.
Tbe aaow-fctorm continues nnaoated
in tbe north. The mails between
Scotland and London sra behind
twelve boars, and at least twelve
trains are at present imbedded in the
snow. Many vessels are detained in
tbe barbora along tbe coasts. Numer
ous wrecks are reported. A collision
occurred on a railway in Lithgowshire
to-day, owing to the ctogging of tbe
signals by snow. One person wai
killed and several were rnjured. Arc
tic weather prevails in Denmark. The
Cott'pa t.the sound and tbe great belt
are full of ice, and navigat on is im
possible. E'.even steamers are adrift
off Fredericka Haven. Mist of tbem
are In dangerous positions.
Srnaalluu la tue French Deputies.
Paris, March 2. M. Clemenceau
caused a sent a ion in the Chamber of
Deputies io-dy by demanding that
tliq French princes be expelled from
toe country. He denied that their ex
pulsion would be rontrary to repub
lican principles. These principle?, he
said, were based upon the right) of
man. Tbe princes claimed, by virtue
of their birth, more ruhts than other
men epjoyed, and they tli ere lore con
demned themselves by placing them
selves outeide of democratic society,
M. Clemenceau was enthusiastically
applauded. The mrjoritv of the
groups in the Chamber cf Deputies
are now in favor cf tbe expulaion of
the princes.
A KrllllHUl run.
IiONPON, March 2. Eirl Cairns gave
a brilliant ball at Cannes last evening,
in honor of hm fiance, Mis Grant.
The Prince and Pnnce&j of Wales, tbe
Duchess of Mecklenburg and other
members of nobility were present.
Miss Grant, who wore a dross of white
satin tulle, was much admired. There
were 2U0 guests.
Pnatenr'a Latent DUooverr.
Paris. Ma'ch 2. Pasteur hopes to
beatle to treat u'iphtber a and other
diseases successfully br a metnod eim'
ilar to tbat cf his treatment o' ribies
Fanny" En Monte for Anatralia.
London. March 2. The woman
known ai "Fanny," who has been
mentioned in connection with tbe
Crawford-Dilke divorce case, and who
disappeared when the suit was up fcr
hearing, it is learned, ia aboard the
mail brat now half way to Australia.
Tbe N,vt congratulates the colony
npon its latest acquisition.
Imposition or nilea on foreign
London. March 2. The Asrociatcd
Chambers of Agriculture of Great
Britain to-day adopted a resrlution
favoring the imposition of import
duties oa foreign corn.
Urautl International llnrdle Kare.
Losdon. March 2. The Grand In
ternational hurdle race was run to-day
at Croydon, and wai won by the Duke
ot Hamilton's noree Bolero; r,
Craven's mare Ciltba second and Sir
Hungcrford'amare Xsuia third. There
were twelve ttarters. Bolero won
easily by f jur lengths. The betting
waa 8 to 4 aaainst Bolero, 12 to
against Caltha and 8 to9 againtt Xema.
reaee Between Mervia and Bulgaria,
Vienna, March 2 A trea'y of peace
between Servia and Bulgaria waa
signed at Bucharest to-day.
Cardinal Jnooblnl Dead.
Rom a, March 2. Cardinal Angelo
Jasobini is dead. He was born at
fienEAGO Anral 25. 1825. and was
created a cardiral on March 27, 1882.
BhlDwreck on the Ialand of Mad'
London, March 2. The captain of
the American bark Surprise, which
was wrecked on the Island of Mad
n.iucar, has arrived at Plymouth.
The Surprise was from New York, f r
Ziuaibar and Bombay. Toe captain
eays tbat aa soon as the vessel ft auded
tbe natives launched sbo da of canoes
and boarded and looted her. The
crew escaped in boats. The Americau
consul will domand compensation.
An Important Caae.
New York, March 2. Tho action
brought by tho executors of Edward
Jo aea against the city to set aside the
settlement made by the city, through
their then corporation counsel, cow
Secretary of the Navy, Wm. C. Whit
ney, of f )0,000 as a com promise ot the
famous $2,000,000 suit to recover un
paid bills audited by Watson during
the Tweed administrat'on, was called
for trial tvday in the Supreme Court.
The counsel for the plainti ft asked for
an adjournment in order that the tes
timony of Secretary Whitney as a wit
ness in the case might be taken. Tbe
couit accordingly adjourned the case.
rira at Worcester, Maaa.
Wcbckstbb, Mass, March 2. At
midnight last night fire destroyed a
three and a half etory brick atrncture
known aa the "E'.han Allen Pistol
Shop," OMupied by the L. D. Thayer
Manufacturing Company and W. fc.
Bancroft, manufacturer of spinning
machinery. The loss on the bnilding
is i 20,000. Bancroft's loss is $20,000,
and the Thayer Company's loss is $30,
000. .
H(W York Dry Cleode Market.
tit Yore. March 2. The exports
of domestic cottons for tbe week were
6017 packages; since January ist, .,
K-R nackaues. against 33,S0tf the same
t;m it vear. 22.389 tame time in
l.DKi and 22.653 in 1883. New bual
ness Id a been of moderate proportions,
heen done in engage
ments for autumn drees goods. Cot
ton goods very steady to firm ; fine
hioo.-linrl oivhIs told ahead., Men a
ar woolena in it aly order and
request; Kentucky jeaue in improved
Brntal Treatment of a Yonnsr Cilrl.
Salim, III, March 2. County bu
riarviarti J. a. Philliiu of Iuka towo
shir, Marion county, brought to light,
at a meeting in me county uoaru
dav. a case of cruel treatment of l
vnnncr iri H named Aha Thomas by a
relative named Lewis Presgrove. On
one cf the coldest nights ol January
tha cirl. rlad nnlv In a calico dreas and
a thin co'.ton skirt, was turned out of
doors and forte i lo walk three miles.
fche froze bo'.h leg?, and is now in
preca'ious condition.
Business Almost Snc psnded at Boston
The HntlhOii River Again
Nswpobt. R. I., March 2. The har
bor is frozen over f olid and navigation
is suspended. The wind is f till bigh
for tbe fifth day, and the weather is
ccld with no prospect of a thaw.
Tba Ica-Bonnd New angland Coast,
Boston. March 2. The Eaet Boston
shore ia belted with ice, which greatly
impedes the movement cf the ferry
boats and other crafts at the docks.
Business is almost at a standstill. No
vessels bave arrived for several days.
and those that have recently dis
charged here are waiting for. tbe
weatber to moderate before railing.
The ateamship Pedro reports having
aigbted pilot boat No 2 nearly 200
miles on snore, wnitner me latter naa
been blown. Tbis morning the Sa
vannah itsamer Gate City while en
tering ber dock was forced into a col
lision with the revenue cntter Albert
Gallatin, etrikirg the cutter on hor
r.ort quarter and jamming her against
the duck, thereby starting her deck
frame and badly twisting tier, me
Gate City was cot injured.
Wigglaa Attain to tbe Front.
Ottawa. Ont . March 2 In an in-
tsrview Prof. Wiggins ta A thut in Au
gust !a:t he predicted the winter of
1883 wonld be unusual y coiu ana
stormv on account cf tbe planet Saturn
being in peiir e'ion. This planet, be
said, had forced the galf stream out ot
the course and nearer the American
Bbore, which accounted for the lack of
enow in the maritimo provinces mis
winter. He a'so predicted some
months ago a heavy storm on the me
ridian of London on March 31, which
would reach America on March 7th,
accompanied by hih tides. He fays
it will be lively in tue maritime prov
inces next Sunday, and he is curious
to know how higu Saturn will raise
tbe tides-at Quebec, Halifax and St
John. He added that in March vio
lent northweet winda across the North
American continent always precede a
dangerous storm in the Atlantic.
Heavy Wind-Storm at Baltimore.
Baltimore. Md.. March 2. A heavy
wind-storm ta prevailed here all day,
with intense cold. ise7erai nouses
were unroofed and other damage waa
done. No vest els, except a few of the
larger lUee, attemit3d to enter or
leave poit, and tbe wind on Chesa
peake bay ia reported to bave been,
almost a hurricane. There were but
three vessels arrived, one of which
was inland, and but two sailed, both
Leavy steamers.
The Bndaon Itlvcr Again Cloaed.
Naw York. March 2 The recent
cold snap has closed the Hudson river
again, and all the local steamboats
which had started l) run non l eens
ekill down have had to etop. Some of
them are frczan fait to their docks.
Tbe river is nearly frczen across at
Tarrytown. Below Tarrytown the tide
ba) broken the ice up and piled it high
along the shore, and the channel is
full of floating ice, so that it is impos
sible for t;atner.i to get throuh it.
The ice on an averago is about eight
inches thick where it has not been
diet'uhed, bat in the channel, where
it rises and falls, there is no uniform
tbicknetw. It is unusual when the
river one? opens for it to c!oe again
the same season. The sha t fisheries
which bad commenced have been sud
denly suspended.
Bnrled Beucalb I lie Know.
RiviKB.it du Lour, Qub., Match 2.
Despite ftrenuous efforts to relieve
them, the Intercolonial railway trains
are in almost the same positions they
were on Friday night. The storm has
scarcely modified iti violence for a
moment since Friday. The work of
each day has had to be recommenced
on the monow. There are cuttings
containing eighteen fee tot enow, some
of them half a mile in length.
Owing to tbe higbt of the diiftson
tbe mountain, each Bhovelful of snow
must pais through the hands ot four
men bef re it can be got clear ot the
track. Besides this, avalanches come
down occasionally. Maoy freight
trains a'e buried out of sight, lortu-
taely, all the passenger trains are at
Blockaded With Snow.
Oiikiikc. March 2. The grand trunk
railmad between Point Levi and Rich
mond is so blocked with snow thr.t
east-bound trains to-night have been
A Man Janpa l'iomaiiin-iry
, Window.
Cbicaoo, III., March 2. George
O'Hara, aBietant general superin
tendent of the i'uiimaa uar uompany,
v. hoBe headquarters are at St. Louis,
has been at the Palmer House for four
or five days, Buffering from a severe
attack of erysipelas. A day or two
ago tbe disease reached hia brain, and
since then he has been quite delirious
and bo unmanageable tbat tbe com
pany deemed it advisable to place two
colored men in his room to keep con
stant watch over him. About
9 o'clock this morning he
proved loo much for them, and, break
ing away from their grasp, jumped
through the window of his room,
which was on the sixth floor of the
hotel. It overlooked the com tin tbe
center ol the building. When he fell
he hit on some wire-work covering
the glass root of tbe reading room . The
attendants rushed down stairs in great
alarm, supposing their cbum would be
killed, bat when be was picked up and
examir ed it could be asceit jned that
no bones were broken or that he had
sustained no serious injury. I by-
cians are I opeful of hie ret ct it?.
n a Burning
Live Loai la
Fcltos, Mo., March 2. About 2
e'clock thia morning Mrs. (JuiBen
berrv's house, on Nicholas street, was
discovered to be on fire. Neighbors
hastening to the burning house heard
low criee of diatreas, and found Mrs.
Quisenberry lying in the yard, t artly
wrapped in a blanket. Water was
dashed over ber, but she was dead.
The house was wrapped in flames and
could not be saved. Mrs. Qusen
berry's two ions, aged seventeeu and
nineteen, were missing, and a aearcu
el the ruins was inatitutsd as soon as
possible, and their charred remsms
were found in the embers. lhe
mother was probably trying to save
them when ber clothes took fire.
rorrrd to Marry.
Parkernbi-bc, W. Va., February 28.
The particular of a marriage in
Cilheun county j ut at baod are excit
ing great interest here among those
familiar with the case. Tbe facta
g.ized publicity through tbe filing of
a suit for divorce by Frank Petti t. In
his bi.l be recites that about two weeks
si tee, while on a visit to toe residence
of Asa Monroe, he was taken into a
room by Asa and hia three eons. The
door waa closed and locked npon
him, and be was informed be must at
once marry a lady in an adjoining
apaitment Pettit refuaed, when the
boys covered him with revolvers
while the old man stepped outside
and returned with b's eldest daughter..
a beautif al blonde, who bore in ber
arms a fine baby. Pettit still refused
to marry the girl, when he was licked
np and left without food for three
dajs, when he weakened, and the
ceremony in performed in the apart- -ment
which had served as bis priton. . '
Blaody Culmination or a Prohibi
tion 1'oatrat In U corgi a.
MtLLEixiKviLLK, Ga , March 2. The
killing of Marshall Haygood by Mr.
Sam. Eonia, on Saturday, baa given a
bloody culmination to oae cf the bit
terest contests over prohibition ytt
conducted in Georgia. Ab explaining
the feelirg which led np to this state
cf things, both parties charge the
other with inciting to riot and blood
shed. The Prohibitiunista brought the -Rev.
Sam. Jones here. He delivered
a speech and preached a sermon. The -Anti-Prohibitionists
allege tbat he ad
vised Prohibitionists to be ready to
fight ii it ebould be found nectaary,
in order to secure the polling of their
votes, aid thtt be even recommended
tbat tbey should go to the lo'.le armed
with pistols. The Probibitionieti
admit tbat Jones made use of some
such expressions, but tbey insist that
he meant that the Prohibitionists
should stand firm for tbnir tight?, and
ncthiDg more. Immediately after the
terrlblo trsg?dy such exoressions as
these were common: "It waa Sam
Jones's work." "How will Sun Jones
feel when he hears to what his incen
diary utt -ranees have led 'f " The Pro
hibiiionisti, and even some tbat oc
cupy neutral ground, maintain that
Jones's utterances had nothing to do
with the killing.
Celebrated at tbe Hew Orleaim Ex
poalliou. New Osi.eass, La., March 2. To
day more than 20,000 persons joined
in celebrating Woman's Day at the
Exposition. The ceremonies began
with an overture by the French
marine band and ai ad drees of wel
come by Mtj E. A. Burke. Poems by
Mrs. Mary Aspley Townsend and
Mrs. Mollie Mcore Divis were read
and an oration was delivered by Judge
E. C. Fenner. Messages of sympathy
and congratulations were received
from Mies Rose Elizabeth Cleveland.
Abby Morton Diaz of Boston, Clara B.
Colby of the Woman't Tnbanc, Mrs.
D. G. Crolv ("Jennie June"), Misa
Frances Willard, Dr. Julia Holmes
Smith, Alice Freeman and Mrs. Fiaok
New York, March 2. Kidder, Fea
bedy & Co. have engaged $o00,000
gold bars for shipment.
New York, March 2.-The total ex
ports of produce from this port during
the pint week were valued at
St. Louia, Mo., March 2. The latest
news fmm Crys.al City to-nighlUthat
everything ia quiet there aud that
there is no danger o! a Btriko.
New York, March 2. A strike oc
curred to-dav among the employes of
the Drv Do"ck, Eatt Broadway and
Battsry "Railroad Comt aoy, and all the
cars stopped running.
New York, March 2. The litho
graphers continued their convention
to day. and elected 88 temporary offi
cers, W. II. Forbes of Boston presi
dent and A. A. Ficke cf Chicajo sec
retory. Racine, Wis., March 2. This morn
ing all the employes cf the J. I. Caae
Plow-Works, numbering over 100,
struck to enforce a demand fjr the
res orpt on of former wages which were
cut 10, 15 and 2" pBr cent, about a
year ago.
Galveston, Tex , March 2. To-day,
the fiftieth anniversary of the declara
tion of Texis indepnilencp, w&s gen
erally observed sh a holiday through
out the State. At eunriee tbe Galves
ton Artillery fired a salute of thirteen
guns in honor of the daj.
Hillsboro. HI., March 2-This
afternoon, while James Jecelrs was
cleaning the well ot Mm. Jamee Black
burn, a highly esteemed widow of thia
city, he wan horrified at fishing up the
body of a foil-grown infant in an ad
vanced stage of decomposition. The
matter will be investigated.
Chicago, 111., March 2 Tbe r.tVr
Ocean Milwaukee special says the nail
machines in tbe North Cbicaio Roll-ing-Mill
Company's workn at Bay
Vie jv were not started here this morn
ing, as expected, owing to tbe refusal
ol the feeders to accept the terms pro
posed tor settlement. The plate-mula
are in operation, nnd it is expected
that an agreement will be reached to
morrow. Fonr Living WlTa and No Blvoree.
Gbkknvillb, III , February 8 At
the March term of the Circuit Court,
in 1885, Alfred Dougherty.aliaa Charles
O'Conner, was convicted and sen
tenced to one year in tbe penitentiary
for forgery. He has just returned:
from serving his term, and
the prospects ot hie beirjg sen
tenced to do further time there
ia more than possible, as the
State's Attorney is in possession of
evidence which shows that Dougherty
is thrice a bigamist. He baa four liv
ing wives two in Ma. ton county, one
in Clinton and one here in Bond. He
wasmrrried four times in five year8,
and neither he nor any of his wives
bave secured adivorce. Being arable
to give bail, he is lying in jail, to await
indictment by the grand jury, which
will be Impaneled on the opening of
Circuit Court to-morrow.
Hanaaa Crop.
To'kka, Kas., March 2. The Kan
tat Farmer to-morrow will print a sum
mary tf crop reports f tbe Stat?. It
says that except in extreme Wealern
Kansas live atock came through the
winter well, although there were Borne
heavy lovies in hogs from cholera.
The condition of whtat ia almost uni
versally good. Tbe corn area will ex
ceed any previous record.
A Dlatlngnlahvd Vlallnr.
Pbiladblphia, March 2. Among
the passengers by the British Princess
at tbis port t vday ia a distinguished
Biahmin lady, Furdita liawaoai,
from Poona, India, who comes hereto
witness the graduation as doctor of
medicine of her kinswoman, Mrs.
Josbee, at tbe Woman's Medical Col
lege of Penneylvania. Both events
mark the r.rogreiB of wo.n?n'8 educa
tion in India.

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