OCR Interpretation

The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, March 31, 1886, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Tennessee

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024448/1886-03-31/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 2

Bfcldertble PmrfM Made In e
jotUUaai fr a Settlenent
j Arbitration.
k S!tnUa at the Scene of the
Trenblfi-Ulstorj of I he
IIhU of Ubor.
Smw Yobb. March 30-10:30 a.m.
Jr. Gould ia in hie office tbia morning
idy to mt the cemmtttee oi ice
Zniohta r.r Labor, tint nottrflhatand-
jif tbe fact that Mr. Powderly last
light Mkrd for a conference this
nomlng l 10 o'clock, no memberaof
he committee have aa yet appeared,
lor hae they eent any communi. a
h that Mr. Pnwdnr.
Din hu caused the delay, ind
.hat the committee of Knighte will be
m hand me time thie morning. Mr.
lonlJeiL.'i-Mes hiinselt aa perfectly
rilling ti do all he consistently ean to
oring about a eatislaclory agreement
run r. rowoerir. ........ .. .
At 11 o'clock Mr. Powderly, fteoom
ranted by Mews. Tnrner, Bailey,
ilavae aid McDowell, walked from
their hotels to Mr. Oonld'i office,
whare the met Messrs. Jay Gould,
(it once Ooold and n Vioe-Preeident
iiopkina. They are nowln confer
; The question ea to the genaral prin
ciple ol arbitration ia being thorough
ly disenseed at the conference between
, Mr. Uonld end tee committee oi toe
Knishta ef Labor to-day. The caution
' )eian at 11 o'clock, and still continut a.
Mr. lloxla at Bt. Louie ia connected
with the committee by a direct wire,
, and ia takim an active part ia the
conference. A jrant'eman who has
' been In the committee-room all morn
' iDgstatee that the outlook for an attree
: mcnt aa to the manner an1 conditions
of a settlement by arbitration are very
favnrahlii ......
' At p.m. Hi" comerennsj ami
continues, and the discnesion ie cover
ing a ti ry wide field. Congressman
O Neill's bill baa received considerable
attention, .and General Kwayne hit
been before the body giving his views
aetoita merits. Owing to the great
number of nutters that are being dis
cussed, it is not likely that the gentle
men In conference will be able to fin
inh their labora to-dny ; but op to this
time considerable proprees toward an
agreement has been made, and it is
not thought that a decision as to
v hetTier-wr not the differences can be
Bottled by arbitration will be arrived
' at to-day, but the details will have t)
bearraeg'd to-morrow.
; li.'SO o'dork p. m The conferencj
just now adjourned to meet again to
; morrow morning. It is sta'ed that
considerable progress has been mule
in nego i at ions for a fc'.t'cment by
. arbitration but the wbolo matter iain
such a crnde e'nte at present that no
- detai's if reiul'i of the day's labor
will be made public.
- In an interview just held with a
gentlemau who has been prtasnt at
ta-day's conference and it mils very
close to Mr. Uonld, It waa learned that
; the committee o! the Knight) oi Labor
j submitted a proposition for arbitra
tion, which has been referred to Mr.
,11. M. Hoiie at St. Liuis. As Mr.
; I Uonld deblUml to act without the ad
1 vice of Mr. lioile, the meeting wai
J adjourned t await its arrival. Nbould
Mr. lioxie reply this evening hie
' views will be at once snt to Mr.
' Powderly and bis associate, and,
, should they so desire, they are at lib
t erty to make the matter public Mr.
Gould and Mr. Uoxie both eiprosced
themselves as willing to receive any
: of their employee and to hear their
grievances, e These, employe! must,
: however in) eauh' casw btlong to the
class maklnjt complaint. For instance,
should toe engine m desire to arbi
lute any matter,1 tha complaint must
be presented to the company and all
negotiations oe earns a on. with tlis
em ploy is complaining, no questions
will be asked as to whether they are
Knights of Lb;r or not, bat they
must be employes tf the company and
no committee will be received which
contains any but employee.
: I The following telegram was received
' to-dy by Jay Gould from General
i Manager lioxie of the Missouri I'at ific
! railway:
: . or. bourn, aiu., March im.
; ' To Jay tlould, Now York:
The moTammit ol freight trains yes
1 ; terday was largely increased on all
' linee. One hundred and thirteen
, trains wrs moved In the ayr-tain. The
f lntt rnaliinal and Great Northern and
i tbe M'saonri, Kanaaa and Tcxa in
! Texas wore thoroughly onened, except
i at Alvarado; alo theeut re Iran Monn
: tain and rthe Miseouri Tat itlc to and
including Kaghu (.'it and Atchison,
and toecsn'ril branch'. The MiRsouri,
; Kansas and Texss is now open, except
: at Parson', Alvaiado and Hannibal,
where the authorities have not yet
curtrclled the mob. At Texarkana
: and Pa'.eetine,' two of the worst points,
the authorities have now obtained
control and protect oar trains, and the
situation, at Kansas Uity and Atcbbon
is greatly, improved, sod eo far as re
ported oar trains to-day are an
molested, " u. m. roxis,
titatral mbit Miiiourl Pacilc R. R.
Ksioirja or Ubib vkby BaTicavr.
The members of the Knishte oi La
bor i n this city are reticent about til k-
, ing about the trouble upon tbe Gould
rkmtnwestern system ot railroad j un
til eome aenoue ronciunon is ar
rived at. .
William Brown, one of the oldest
and most esteemed men in the order
N in this vicinity, expressed hltrsjlf as
follows, howevef: "It is aa abeolute
neceesity that this strike should end.
it ia not settled quickly there is no
: ing what the result will be. The
: ,1 people are excited all over
l" V untry, and ttie nneatiners and
I V'x'- trng-which bat existed in St,
! , ' a7 k-1 u lon8 tlie atrikiug roads
! . . li-' or ,atr reeuit in a colli
fLLK: the strikers and the au
,7Z. iVr,,!1 train is once fired
' ! ?ii"A"g where the trouble
r' 7 ,i riota of 1877 would
it plav ta Ki.:nt. n( r.n.
, be but
srnaentlyl ray ;,i,. " .
.v.1 ..it.Z.A ...iJ neither we nor
gether and by Tnf
mutual c-.msions, t?,?
tosnend."-, v -v thie thing
tj danger
ol Mr. Irons .ef using
l .U n.mnA Mtoi
5y tne
.-.i L-..;.. vn..A ? msn
U,. 4k. I. lw ill. wrJ
wouid ikot dare to do it"; eveVvl
in a moment, and. if tbe district
held him. its charter would be tik
awav. We can stand kicks on ems
things, bnt in a matter like this, which
affeHa not only the welfare ol tbe en
tire ordr, bat the whole foiotrv, we
could a fiord no Inanhordinat on.
AT ST. L0U8.
mmm p t.
Kt. Lovia, Mo. March 33. The (all
ni of a drlsalmi rain this morning,
th di-agreeebleneea of which is aug
mented br a cold north wind, haa
m, ved np to thie boor to keep indoor
t ie strikers, end no crowds except oi
nnll dimensions can be seen coagre
Wed within env of the railroad yards.
Oa this tide of the river no freight
trains have aa yet started out, bnt it ie
j . l . 'a . i. : i r . a -
officials will make tbelr. attempts in
that dlrec ion to day aa nsunl. Tbe
large allseourl 1'aclnc Ireigut depot, at
the corner of never t a and Poplar
streets, this morning preeetti an ap
pearance ot greater activity tban at any
time since tbe inauguration ol tbe
strike. Heavily- adentranefiT wagons
are arriving auddepositingtheirgooda
therefor shipment, and it looks sail
the company were about to reeume
freight traffic despite the h tch in the
nego'.tationa lor a settlement oi tne
this morning, to far as the strike ol
the switchmen and yardmen ia con
cerned, remaina unchanged. Tbe
Crowds congregated around the rail
road depot ro not to large and no
serious ditturbanee In that Quarter
has occurred, owing, no doubt, t5 the
fact that none of . the companies nave
attempted at yet to start out freight
t tains, for the strikers insist that Such
attempts will be strongly resisted by
them. They ray that, they will .not
return to .work, not. 1 the preliminary
negotiations looking toward a settle
ment of tbe strike by arbitration shall
have been satiefactorily arranged, and
they ordered by their local Executive
Uommittee to reeume tneir autiea.
chairman of the Executive Committee
of District Assembly No. 101, Knights
of Labor, arrived from bedaiia. Mo..
thie morning, and immediately re
paired to a mooting oi bis committee,
wntcn is now neing neia, oe presia
log. Be refuses ti make any state
ment in regard to the strike, and will
say nothing to reporters except that
the committee hai taken no action,
and will take none until the reeuit ol
the con fare nee now being held be
tween Mr. Gould and Mr. Powderly
ebau be known. ,
Threo hundred and fifty men em
ployed by the Bt. Loois Transfer Com
pany reported for duty a' the regular
hour this morning, and when about to
begin their du'les ol the day were
told by the superintendent cf the
company thet it had been decided to
furnish Ibcin protection in perform
ing tbelr tliittus bv detailing a squad
of Deputy United States Marshals to
acoompany them during the day and
guard them from molestation by tbe
turners. This was wnat tbe men were
wailirg for and they Immediately
struck, declaring that they wanted no
protection. No freight can now be
brought across the nvjr to this citv.
for the ferry is the only means of
transfer and this new strike renders it
uselese, for no teams can be procured
to do the necessary hanling from the
railway depots to the river landing?.
Three freight trains were started out
Ibis morning from the Mlisouri Pacific
.yards, guarded by a strong force ol po
lice. There were no crowds oi any
sise coogregaUd in the yards at the
time and none were afminbled at any
fioint along the route leading oat of
be city. It is stated that the company
could now run out their regular num
ber of trains ooold the necessary num
ber of men be procared to man them.
The situation in Eait Bt. Louis this
afternoon presents a marked contract
to that of yesterday. No serious dis
turbance has ai yet occurred, although
several at'empta by the railway com-
Eaoy to start out freight trains have
eon' reeiBtody the .strikers. ' An Il
linois .and.KU LduIs railway engine,
whtls engaged io making np a freght
train, was approached by a number of
stnaors, woo requested the engineer
to desert bii poet. This be rehired to
da, arid (he ruea killed the engine and
took It back to tha round bouee, On
the Vandalla tracks a similar attampt
was made to make up a freight train,
but the engineer complied with tbe
requoit of tbe strikers t) take bis en
gine back to the round-house, and the
attempt was abandoned. No opposi
tion, however, was ofl'eici to tbe ef
forts of the Wabaph ollicials to resume
frehrut tralllc, and they succeeded in
eending out a freight train. The pres
ence ol tne deputy Un,t?d States mar
shals had a restraining influence, and
the men seem much lees rgzrei-sive
to-day tban formerly, aud it Is thought
that the presence ol the mil tia will
not be required to protect the proper
ty cf any ol the rniliotd companies.
Warrants l ave been Issued lor the
a r rent ol - 'William McOonnell and
William Conroy. striking MimnirU'a
c'fic erriployes, charged with obstruct
ing the pusage oi a Missouri Pacific
pawenger train on March 23d. Judge
Advocate McUo.uy of the Knights ol
Labor, who was arrested yesterday on
the charge of trespassing on the com
pany's property, was brought before
tbe court this morning and was al
lowed to give bail pending a prelimi
nary examination ol the charges.
this mornlnjf were made tip In the
Iron Mountain yard, anit, under the
protection of a small guard ol police,
succeeded in passing thiongh the city
without any interference from the
strikers.' No crowds bad collected
any wheri about the tracks and no ex
citement attended the passage through
the city. i ! ' . . , .
The Executive Committee is still In
informal eessinn, but they are not, eo
far as can be learned, transacting any
business. They are simply waiting
the result ol tbe conference between
Gould aud Powderly in New York
None ol tbe committeemen-will talk
about the situation.
. The following dispatch was sent
this morning by 8 her Iff Kobiequet of
fcit. Clair oun y, 111,,'to Gov. Ogleeby,
but no reply bat yet been received:
East St. Lou in. III., Harok .10, lags,
To Oov. Odeabri t-rinfllil, 111, :
Your dispatch was received too late
for me to come to bpringtleld, and my
state oi health is impaired so much by
late vigils mat it is out oi tne ques
tion for me to ga far from borne.
called the : posee at East St. Louis
when the emergency occurred. , Few
oereocs responded and lew will,
There are nine yards here. There
are fullv 1500 men detei mined that
cofieight trains shall move. They
respect no authority, and eeem to
- hold the State of Illinois in contempt
t is folly to think ol moving freight
'vins here ' nnltss the sends a
!1K force. All attempts to do so
result in failure and bring tne
atthoritiee into farther contempt
Enginee have been killed tbia morn
ing, and the freight blockade ia com
pltt except aa to the roads in tbe
bands ol United Btatee Marshals. The
striker aeem to have a strong respect
for tbe Uniud States, bnt none lor the
Slate. fbid b'biiodit.
6hrif of 8t Oalr eoaatj, 111.
A Poel DimatcM tpecid from Snrina-
field, III., eaye Gov. Ogleeby has or
e'ered 8 0 men, a section r( artillery
and a Getting gun ol the Fourth and
Fifth Kegimenta of the militia to hold
themselves in instant readioeas to
proceed to Eait Lonis. it ia be
lieved tbe force will be ordered to
move this afternoon.
' Application to the Miasouri Paclfio
headquarters by aa Associated
Press reporter this afternoon elicited
the following bit of information.
Further tban this Mr. Hozie would
not tlk:
"Mr. Hoxle, having been named by
the Poird of Directors cf the Missouri
Pacific railway as its contintrnj rep
resentative in dealing with tbe strike
on its lines, will adopt no course ol ac
tion that will be inconsistent with the
position that he has heretofore
. Under the protection of United
States manthau at the Wabutth rail
road yards in North St. Ijouis, the
regular passenger and freight trains
are arriving on time without any trou
ble. No crowds of strikers have ot
tered any resistance to the regular
business of the road at this point, and
acme is expected.
"This afternoon the Chicugo, Bur
lington and Quincy started a freight
train of seventeen cars out of the rail
road yards in East St. Louis, -which
proceeded safely a short distance be
yond the relay depot. Here a num
ber ol strikers boarded the train and
succeeded in detaching the seven rear
cars. The engine, with the remain
ing cars, escaped, having succeeded in
running the blockade.
of considerable longthjwas sent by
Chairman Irons to Air. Powderly to
day, but its contents could not be
learned. Mr. Irons said , nothing
would be dono here until the result of
the conforenco in New York was
known. He gave it as his opinion
that an amicable adjustment ol the
existing troubles would be uflectod
within two or threo days.
Tho ollieiiilH of the Missouri Pacific
and Iron Mountain roads to-day made
the formal announcement that its
agents wou'd receive freight for ship
ment to all points on their respective
roads, as before the Btrike. General
Superintendent Kerrigan ol tho Mis
souri Pacific railroad, said this even
ing that biiHincMH wns progrefwing
favorably upon tho whole system.
Full trulllc was not resumed, ol
course, but every duy showed nn im
provement. Fully 150 trains had been
moved to-dny on nil the lines, and
there was leas interference than on
any previous duy. Tho men nro ap
plying for work at mnny points on the
road, and aro being engaged as Inst ns
their sorvices are requiral.
Making I'p Trains at Palestine.
Palistink, Tkx., March JO. At 10
o'clock vestnrduy morning Sheriff Da
vis, with 201) deputies, including dep-
otizod conductors, engineers and train
men, took poaae'slon ol the railway
yards, aud with Yardmaster Fanning
ana bis assistants began to make up
trains. While the force of strikers at
this plies lined Spring street from the
poetntftce corner to the Railroad Hotel,
not the slightest attempt was made to
resist the work ol making np or run
ning trains. Between 10 and 11 o'clock
yesterday three irelght treius arrived
from the couth under guard of citiz9na
from Elkhart and Sheriff Bain ol
Houston county. These sre the first
trains, with the exception ol the regu
lar passenger trains, that have arrived
here in three weeks. At 12 o'clock
the first freight train to leave here in
three weeks started out for Houston,
and since then eight long trains have
gone north, south and west. Except
lor trivial c-fl'e&ses no arrests have
been mule, and no violence is antici
pated. 1 rams are (.till temg made tip,
and yesterday it was expeoted that by
this morning the yards wou'd be en
tirely cleared. All trains are running
in charge of armed guards.
Itae Rltnalloa at Fort Worth.
Fort Wobtii, Tkx , Mah 30. Su
perintendent Herring and ' Assistant
Matt ir Mechanic Woods lnvc received
abaut 100 applications for work, moat
ly Irora men at other polcti. Ten
Knig'iti of Labor were r.t work yester
day, but none ol them have been
prominently connected withtheftriko
Ju ige Williams will oippmh of the
cawa of the persons charged with dis
obeying tbe injunction tomorrow.
AdjL-Geu. King is here.
Mono cf the strikers have gone back
to work yet. and will not until cflkial-
'y ordered to do to. All freight traius
aremained by deputy United Hates
marshals. One freisht train was scut
south without guards, and when it
reached Aivarado the erg'ns was
"killed" and tbe train stopped.
Pasaengrr Train Wieened Kear Par
aons. Pabsons, Kar., March 30. Pass
enger train No. 154, north-bound, was
ditched five miles south ol here, and
the engine, mil car, and baygge car
were thrown down the embankment
The mail car struck against a tel graph
pole and broke it.
The only one seriously hurt was
Mail Agent Moore, who has been aken
to his homo at Oiage Minion. The
track will be cleared to-day. The
wreck wai caused by the fiah plate be
ing removed and the rails spreading.
Tbe fish plate was then spiked down
so the rails could not possibly get to
their places, thereby making a wreck
inevitable. Great indignation ia mani
fested by our cltixens at the p roetrat
ors el the crime, and it la likely the
guilty ones will bs arieUed aud pun
ished as the detectives have obtained
eome clews as to who the guilty pait
ies are.
rrelsbt Train Wrtenea at Kansas
Kansas Citt, Mo., March 30. As a
freight train ol twenty cars was leav
ing Grand Avenue Depot this fore
noon, with policemen on baaid, two
men turned the switch and twelve
freight cars and the cubotse were
ditched and badly wrecked. 1 hey ar
rested one ol tbe offenders, named
Martin Scow, but the other, John
Nocuan ol Sdalia, refused to halt and
was shot in tbe hip by a Mica officer.
The shooting has caused great excite
msnt among the itrikers.
Noonan, on being taken into ens
tody, at first asserted he was a plas
terer and happened to be passing and
ran because be saw an officer chasing
him. He weakened Utr, however,
regarding his first statements. Noonan
was a car inspector on the Missouri
Pacifis before the strike. His com
panion gives tha name of Martin
Leon. He confesses his part in tbe
wi rk. When asked why they did it
he said: "Well, we conldo't stop it
any other way; all the trains being
lm.ded with Dolice." The com Dan v is
still moving its tralna as btf-ire and
without serious interference. A large
crowd of strikers congregated at the
yaras mis aiwrnoon, out Dispersed
nnder tbe pressure of the police.-
Philadelphia was the birthplace of
"Tbe Noble Order of the Knights of
Labor," and its founder waa Uriah 8.
Sevens, a tailbr, who was born in
Cape May ciunty, N. J., Anguft 3,
18-'l. In 1869 be collected together
the first body ol laboring men nnder
the above-given tills, though tbe Hist
properly organized local assembly waa
not created until 1873. It wis largely
composed ol clothing cutters. The
order spread rapidly, fur aa sxm as its
general objects wera made known to
wage-earners their sympathies were
inevitably enlisted and they taw in
the plans t-OLtimplsted by the found
ers the mennn of affecting what prob
ably could not be achieved by separ
ate trade orzanizatioos. Well enough
in their ay as they were, they were
far behind the scheme of the Knights,
which wis to knit in one common
brotherhood all be dies of wage-Mrnrrj
from the Atlantic to tbe Pacific,
so that, if necessary, the power
ol the union could be brought
to btar, through indirect inflaenoe,
with its whole weight upon the capi
tal it t, against whom his employes
were straggling even were be in tbe
most remote corner ol the land.
Whether right or wrong, this ia the
logical result of tha principles of the
order. Ita present leaders declare
that their methods are conseivative.
They believe that arbitration can set
tle most disputes between capital and
labor, and they, permit or order a
strike only when negotiations fail.
Along with tbe wsapon of theatrike
goes tha boycott; that is, tha prohibi
tion of all members of the order from
buying the goods manufactured or
old by tbe person who may be placed
under tbe boycott Tbe last resort of
the order Is the extreme form of the
boycott; that is, to pnt under the ban
not onlv the goods ol the capitalist
originally boycotted, but the goods or
business of any firm, company or per
son (not connected with the Knights)
using the goods or helping in any way
tbe busiaees ol the object ol the orig
inal beyoott. The Knights say that
this measure of coercion is not ap
plied until every other attempt to set
tle the dispute fails. Its effect was
feen when this city, at the word of
the Executive Committee cf the car
drivers' organization, was stripped ol
n'l means of surface railway communi
cation in order to enforce the sur
render ol the cross-town railways,
which had not yielded to the car
drivers' demands when the lines run
ning north and south did so. It is tho
ca'ise ol the blockade on the South
western railway system, where the sins
ol the Texas Pacific are being visited
upon all its connecting linee. From
Philadelphia the order of Knights of
Labor spread to Pittsburg, and thn it
seized a firm hold on the coal and iron
regions oi Pennsylvania. In 1878 a
convention was held for the formation
ol a General Assembly of North Amer
ica, and Mr. Stevens, who had presided
over Local Assembly No. 1, was chosen
as General Master Workman, the head
ol the order. He served a second
term. From this time on the progress
ma le by the Knights wai more rapid,
probably, tban that which hai ever
attended any similar association.
thb declaration or principles
of the order contains many demands
which ths large body of the people
would regard as just and proper. Its
aims are stated to be: "First, to make
industrial and moral worth, not wealth,
the true standard of individual and
national greatness ; second, to secure
to tbe workers the full enjoyment ol
the wealth they create, sufficient leis
ure in which to develop their intellec
tual, moral and social f Acuities ; all ot
the benefits, recreation and pleasure
of association; in a word, to enable
them to share in the gains and honors
of advanoing civilization." In order
to secure these resnlts the fol
lowing demands are made "at the
hands of tbe State:" The establish
ment of bureaus of labor statistics;
the reservation ol public lands to
actual settlors ; t'ae abrogation of all
laws that do not bear equally upon
capital and labor and the improve
ment ol the administration ol justice;
legislation to protect the health and
lives of those engaged in indtK'iei
and lor proper indemnification in case
ol Injury; the recognition ol uniorsol
laboring men; the compelling of cor
porations to pay employes "weekly,
in lawtul money, for the labor ol the
preceding week and securing to me
charjics and laborers a that lien upon
the products ol their labor to the ex
tent ol their full wages;" the total ab
olition of ibe coutrert eye em; the
establishment of compulsory arbitra
tion between employers and the era
ployed; the prohib.t'on ol the hiring
out cf contract labor, and "that a gia '
uated income tax be levied."
' officsrs op thb ordbr.
The crder is composed of local as
semblies which send delegates to the
district assemblies, aud the latter are
represented in a general assembly,
which is the supreme legislative
body. The local assemblies are com
posed as far as possible of members of
one pellicular trade. Where this is
impracticable a "mixed" assembly ia
organised. ' The local assemblies
regulate their own Initiation fees and
annual dues, but each Knight pays
24 cents a year to the General As
sembly. These contributions form
the fund from which are paid the ex
pense of the officers and organizers,
boycotting, maintaining strikes, etc.
The Goneral Assembly meets an
nually. It ehocsea officers and an
Executive Committee that is intrusted
with the direction and governmect ol
the affairs oi the order. Tbe present
General Master Workman, Tf ranee
V. Powderly, ol Sctauton, Penn. ; gen
eral worthy foreman, Kicbard Grif
fiths. Chicano: irener! fecretary
treasurer, Frederick Turner, Phila
delphia; general auditor, John
G. Caville, Brooklyn; secrttaiy ol In
eurance Association, Horner L. Mc
Gaw, Pittsburg, Ia Executive Board
Mesers. Powderly and Turner, John
W. Hays. New Brunswick, N. J.; W.
H, Bailey, Shawnee, O, ar.d T. B,
Barry, F'aet Sarins ir, Mich. Co-operative
Board John J. McCartney. Ba'-
tiuiore, president ; J. P. McGaughey,
Minneapolis, Minn.; Jonn oamuei,
St J-ouis: Peter D. Cattaoach, Troy,
N. Y.: Hnah Cameron. Lawrence.
Ka.. and Henry Mente, Ithaca, N. Y.
The headquarters of the order are
wherever the secretary may live. At
present thev are at No. 202 Sprnce
street, Philadelphia, the home of Mr.
Turner, a perfect tvre of an oia-iain
ioned three-stcry Philadelphia dwell
Inc. -
General Master Workman Powderly
receives a salary of $1500. and the
secretary-treasurer gfrts $1200. The
members oi the Executive Board are
paid like mechanics, 13 and expenses
for every day of actual work in ib
cause. Delegates and organizsrs of
new assemblies are the only other
members who receive pay, and then
they set it only when laboring.
stbixoth of thb obdir.
It is impossible ti estimste closely
the strength rf the Order of the
Knights ol Labor. Though all the
trades unions are not embraced in the
order, there are thousands of men be
longing to those separate bodies who
are members of the common brother-ho-Kl.
Naturally tbe Knights desire
t) keep their strength unknown to
outsiders, lest by a knowledge of the
full extent ol the power which would
have to be met, capital in some cases
might feel justified in meeting a con
test or in prolonging its resistance to
labor's demands- There sre said to be
about 6OC0 local assemblies of the or
der in the country, and it ia believed
thtt a modest estimate would put the
average membership at 100 to each as
sembly. Oi course many of tbe local
bodies number fewer members, bat on
the other laid there are many which
contain several hundred on their rolls.
Not less than 500,000 membes may be
credited ti Ibe order throughout tbe
country; careful inquiries lead one lo
place tbe present maximum member
ship at not over 1,OCO,000. The
st ength of the order, however, is
rapidly increasing; in fact, admission
of new assemblies baa been suspended
until Jane, first, because there is
so much to be done in writing np
the rolls of thotO recently organic to,
and, second, because the order d tes
not care to weaken itself by admitting
labor trades which might tax toe
whole organization for support in a
possible contest over Unreasonable
demands. Tbe Brotherhood ol Loco
motive Engineers and the Amal
gamated Iron and Steel Workers are
the two moat powerful unions of la
boring men ia the country, bat they
are not, as bodies, members of tbe
Knights of Labor. Tbe Knights are
believed to be strongest in the Middle
States. They are weakest, in point ol
Among the cities, New York, without
doabt, iursUbee the largest number
to the order.' i There are fully 60,000
members here, aa nearly as can be as
certained. Throughout the country
the cigarmakers furnish the largest
number of m ambers to tbe organiza
tion, and after them eome, in regular
order, tbe car drivers and anthracite
coal miners. ' In New York City the
quota of Knights furnished by the
printers undoubtedly exceeds that
supplied by any other class oi wage
earners, but tbe carpet workers a-e
alsostrongly organ;zed. Belore this ye a
is out these proportions will probably
bs changed. Tbe telegraph brother
hood is likely to be iu the organizt
ticn, and a strong effort is being made
to make the railrjad operators uniti
with their commercial brethren. Ac
tive prcsslytiBg, moreover, is going on
among the brakemen, g te men, tick et
sellere, station men aud every other
employe connected with tbe railroads.
The order embraces many other than
manual laborers. In the membership
are merchants, employers of labor in
numerous trades and caanufictories,
arch tects, clergymen, phisicians.
newspaper men and, more than might
be expected, Congressional end State
legislators and members of State and
municipal governments ere Knights cf
Labor. The only businesses which are
it-barred from admission are those of
the banker, stcck-broker, lawyer aud
iquor dealer. With regard to the last
business toe exclusion Is so wide as to
keen out all persons who derb" j&y
profit or income from the (ale otTf x
iciting drinks. Many women 'are
members of the organization, and or
of its fundamental principles is"eauai
pay for equal work." Infereotiallyithel
rignt oi sunage is conceded o women,
and the Michigan branch of the order
recently adopted rrsalutions specifical
ly favoring the extension ol the ballot
to female citizens.
The insurance department is a new
feature oi the order. Membership is
not compulsory. By the payment of
$1 25 any one between the ages of
eighteen and fifty may secure to his
heirs 1500 on his death. Tbe insur
ance paymenta are made, by assess
ment npon the members whenever a
death occurs. Tbe local assemblies
may order strikes without permission I
from the Executive Committee, but
ui: less they are authorized no awitt-
ancecan be commanded from other
assemblies or the higher bodies. Only
when the resource of the district have
been exhausted by a strike is the
financial aid ol (he whole body railed
UP Ml.
The ooperative branch ol the order
has not met with any impoitatit suc
cess in trying to introduce the co op
erative system in business, but in eou.e
of the eina'l towns aud villages co
operative stores have been established
and maintained. A great deal ol ie
crrcy Is still kept around the order,
but it is far lees mysterious than when
it wasstaitcd. Then even tho name
ol the organization wastuppresiedaml
members were forbidden to acknowl
edge their membership. To-day they
aro not permitted to say who is a mem
ber, though they may acknowledge
their own connection with the order.
Ol Congress the most important
measures demanded are the adoption
ol the fiat money system, tbe wiping
out of na'iocal b.'nks, tbe control of
railioada. telegraph and telephones by
the government and the creation ol
postal savings banks. This part of
the platform is adopted in full;
"the establishment ol a national
monetary system, in which a circulat
ing medium in necetsary quantity
shall issue direct to the people, with
out the tnterventioa ol basks; that
all the national issue shall be lu'l le
gal tender, in payment of all debts,
public and privae;aad that the gov
ernment shall not guarantee or recog
nize any private bank, or cieate any
banking corporations.
"That interest-bearing bond?, lills
of credit or notes shall never be is
sued by the government, but that,
when need arises, tbe emergencies
shall be met by issue of legal tender,
non-interest-bearing money.
"That the Importation of foreign
labor under contract be prohibited.
"That in connection with the post
office, the government sball organize
financial exchangee, safe deposits and
facilities for deposit oi the savings oi
the people in small sums.
"That ths iravernmeBt shall obtain
possession by . purchase nnder the
tight ol eminent domain ol all tele
ffranhs. teleohnnes and railroads, and
that hereafter no charter or license be
Unnad ta anv rnrnoiation for construe
tion or operation of any means of
trar sporting intelligence, passengers
or freishr. ...
"And while making the foregoing
demands upon tbe State and National
government, we will endeavor to as
sociate our own labors. .
"To establish co-operative institu
tions such as will tend to supersede
the wage system by tbe introduction
of a co-operative indof trial system.
"To secure for both sexes equal pay
for eanal work.
"To shorten tha hoars of labor by a
general refusal lo work for more tban
eight boors.
"To persasde employers to agree to
arbitrate all differences which may
arise between them and their em
ployes in O'der tha' tbe bonds of sym
pathy between them may be etrengib
ened and that strikes msy ba tender
ed nnrecesea'y." -
Sore Eyes
Hi.; cyc are always iu ympathy with
tho body, and afford an excellent index
ot its condition. When I lie even he-come
weak, and the lid inflamed and sore, it Is
an evidence that the system has become
disordered by Scrofula, for which Ayer'l
S'.irsaparllla it the bent know n remedy.
Scrofula, which produced a painful In
flanimuiioii in my eyes, canned me much
ulfuring for a number of year. By the
advice of a physician 1 commenced taking
Arer'a Suniiarilla. After Using this
medicine a short time I was completely
My evet arc'now in a plendld condition,
and 1 am an well unci strong; as ever.
Mr. William liae, Concord, X. 11.
For a number of years I was troubled
with n linmor iu my eyes, and w as unable
to olitiiiu any relief until I commenced
Ukliur Ayer's Sai-saparllla. This meiliiMno
has elfec'led a complete cure, and I believe
ft to lie the best of blood purifiers.
C. K. I'pton, Nashua, X. 11.
From childhood, and until within a few
months, 1 Iihvo been afflicted with Weak
aud !ire Eyes. I linve used for these
complaints, with beneficial results. Ayer'l
Siirnaparllla. and consider it n grout blood
purifier. Mrs. C. Phillips, Glover, Vt.
I suffered for a year wllli Inflamma
tion In my left eye. 'Three ulcers formed
on tho ball, depriving me of sight, and
causing great puin. After trying many
other remedies, to no purpose, I' waa Anally
Induced to use Ayer's Saraaparllla, and,
i By Taking !
three bottle of this medicine, have been
entirely cured, ily sight has been re
stored, and there ia no sign of Inflamma
tion, sore, or ulcer In my eye. Kendal
T. Bowen, Sugar Tree Kldge, Ohio.
My daughter, ten years old, waa afflicted
with Scrofulous Sore Eyes. During the
last two years she never anw light of any
kind. Physicians of the highest standing
exerted their skill, but with nn permanent
success. On the recommendation of a
friend I purchased a bottle of Ayer's Sar
saparllla, which my daughter commenced
taking. Before she bad used the third
bottle her sight was restored, and she ean
now look steadily at a brilliant liht with
out pain, lie r cure la complete. W. E.
Sutherland, Evangelist, Shelby City, Ky.
Ayer's Sarsaparllla,
Prepared by Dr. 3. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mast,
old by all Druggist. Trice II ; six bottles, S.
persona seeking Government Km
rloyment In any of tho departments ,
Wanhington, or any other poritions and
the Government, I willstnd lull inntruc-.ion
M to bow to irorKMl to obtain tun su e,
and Blank Forma of Aipllent nn
rocelpt ot On Dollar. A on rem JH
LZl 15 nit J- ,avvj,. .1
ll . fc I if:; la Jim Jf ..UlW
r ffl 5,5 2 . t'Jkm'mk m ,
al V ' x vav
EstablistLed 1863.
. i ... I
25fi and 258 Front
Door, Saab, mtndis Monlriliigv all kinds ol Door and
lVlndew Frames, IIra4'ketH 8orollWork, Rouen and
Dreaaed Lumber, Shingle, Lalbm Wafer Tankik
All kinds ot Wood Work Kxecuttxl at Short Xotltf.
Nos. 157 to 173 Washington St. : Memphis. Tud.
EC Fearce & Co.
Cotton Factors ti Commission Xlerch'ts
Cottwei Wa-rBiae Km. His ssajel I'aion trrroot.
To Gas Consumers
FOR all r consumed on and sfler tbe 1st
of Apr I, proximo, by ro towers of this
Comi'iny, the pio will be Two Dollar sad
Fifty Cents tier thousand eubio feet, bat
where the bills ere paid within the irit (re
business days of ch month a Discount ot
Fitty Cents per thousand feet will be made,
making- net pr ceel TWO DOLLAHe' per
thousand oubio feet.
By 8. ESSLEY, President.
Joa. OaAIO, Beeretaiy.
Memphis, renn.. Ma-en , issn.
I A book of 100 pare.
I KWiVri k t 'Iho best book fur
V"e,s . an adv.. User to eon-
lrt(seiasiMsiiakSult. be) he ener.
new paper and estimates o the eost of d-vertismaj-
The advertiser who waotr to spend
one dollar, finds In it tneinlormstion he re
quires, while for him who will inreit on
aui dred thonsand dollars in r avertisina, a
s-hene let alieated whioh will meet hi
every reuleeinent, or ean be made to do so
by slight oru.na' easily arrived at br corre
spondence. One hundred and fifty-thre
editions have been issued. Bent, postpaid,
to any address ior ten cn.s. Arply to GEO.
VERTISING BUREAU.lOS-iirueeet. (Print
In Hons. Son N'w VotW.
Exchange National Bank
KOBFOLK, VA.,Fb. 16.18M.
PROPOSALS will be received at this office
until Saturday, March Z7, 1886, for the
parches of the hereinafter mentioned prop
erty in it entirety, and also for pieces or
parcels of the same reference being bad to
descriptive list of (aid property which
lists, sutiot terms of sale, will be furnished
npon application to the andersifned. The
right to rejeot any and all bid is reserved:
Via: !
The extensive and valuable property lo
cated in Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va.,
known as the "Boaboaid Gotten Comprea
Company of Norfolk, Va.," consisting oft
1. TherancAtM, which, among eLber priv
ileaes, authorises the storage of cotton and
other merchandise, hi the Ueu ef negoti
able receipt therefor. ., ,
2. It pUtU, which consist of Three (3)
first-elas improved eottan eons presses i two
(2) steam tugs; three (3) transportation
barges. All the adjunct necessary to a weH
quipped establishment -of this character.
Its fire proof warehouses, seven (7) in num
ber, of enoaelty for storage ef 34,000 bale
uncompressed cotton.
Its four (4) frame warehouse tmstaJ roofs)
capacity, many thousand ton of fertlli
airs.ialt, eto.
Its wharves and docks, which afford ample
room for berthing at the same time ten sea
goinv, steam or sailing vessels. The area at
the warehouse and dock property in Ports
mouth is about 6 acres, together with all it
o her property, which is fully described la
the list above referred to.
WM. II. PETERS, Receiver.
A Valuable Patent.
Danajr (Bone) t ern and Pea Flan.
HAVING perfected my invention. I wi'h
i plaoe it before the puhlio. especially
UdPafaotarers. As a Corn Planter, it is a
perteot Piicoes open lb drill, dhtributes
the seed aeri rately, nniniured, and covers
the same, thereby one man performing the
work ot three. The- have been used in
this section tor over i di?cii years with per
'ect satisfaction, uan rive retpuisible testi
monials. Address
, JOHN H. DAXCY.Daneyvitle,
HiTVanr) cntinlt. 'I -
, J. -si m ', J 1 i jj;
i. .1
. ,. it. i . ; . i . i , .
St., Memphis, Terni.
,w. Water. C'oolcrb,' Bath-labs.
IVronght Steel Ranges.
. Send lor Illustrated Catalogue.
257 Main St.Memphis

xml | txt