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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, April 04, 1886, Image 5

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The TTar and Means Foil; and
Ably DiMa-sed la aa Admira
ble Paper.
Hera Lake, Wolf and Ibe Mississippi
to Be Cansldered at a Future
The Water Committee met at 2
o'clock yesterday afternoon in the
cftice of President Haddf n, the chair
man, Mr. VV. UampU n, presiding,
and Ue88. Colton Greene, Jihn
Overton, Jr., K. Lowentteia, W. M.
Bmitb, M. Gavin, R. W. Mitchell, C,
C. llein. sUo President Haddeo. En
gineer Meriwether, City-Attoiney
Walker and Dr. Thornton prestnt.
The minntee of the previous meeting
were read by Secretary Fallen, ana
The report ! the City Engineer
eonfirming Uermany's statement that
Woli river water flawed tack from the
aewtra above the water comoany'e in
take at oertaia times was adopted, sa'd
opinion being aleo entertained by Dr.
Mitchell and Gen. Greene.
The report of Gan. Greene was then
On motion ot Mr. Overlon it win ra
eeived and Sled, and the thanks of the
committee tendered Gen. Greene for
the able, exhaustive, and even enter
taining manner in which he bad treat
ed the diifieult subject. Several mem
bets of the committee toot occrxlon to
exprets their torprise that bo thor
oughly f a iif utory a report conld have
been made in m ehr rt a time, their
delight with the readable rxaoner in
which it bad been drawn up, and their
cordial concurrence in the corclnsioi s
drawn. Tho comunittte then deter
mined to take up the rrpjit seriatim.
The ditUnt sources of water unpply
Tennessee and Spring rivira, Tuscum
b!a and Ooldwnttr wire diut'iiared,
and a rpto'ntion sd.pted iiidi.rNing
tho vios cf Gen Greene that any i hn
in which eithir forme! a factor was
inir ractii ablu and must be d'nrn ssd.
The second fcipic, ground waier sup
ply, was nc-xt taken up and disposed
of in short o.der by declaring such a
plan out cf the question, as pur repoit.
. Deep seated sources of supply were
next considred. Gen. Greene read
from his report a history of the prin
ciple artesian wells in this country and
in ether paita of tho world a chapter
of disappointment and grave financial
difficulty ebowing conclusively ihat
auy effjrt to obtain a publio water
supply by such a method wou'd be a
leap in the dark and that the conse
quence might be ruin, financially, to
the city of Memphis.
Gen. Greene then called the atten
tion cf the committee to the sugges
tions he bad made in regard to the
employment of experts in to make h;s
report complete the examination of
the Uyett fl Vr, foundings of the bed
of the Mississippi above Wolf river,
and gaog;rgs of thetupply furnished
south tlorn Like by the adjacent
water nbcd. On motion President
Uadden, Gen. Greece and City Engi
neer MeriweJher were appointed a
corjomiiteeto employ experts if they
so desired. Gen. Greene ws then
asked for his opinion in a nutshell.
He replied that the Wolf river plan
was feasible beyond question, and he
wou'd bennelined to recammend it if
he were insured that tho Hyatt
filter was up ! reqniicmeLU.
He eondemumed all other plans
except the Horn.. Lako ptu,
and - -thcroglit the . committee
onght cot to art until the latter had
been thoroughly Investigated. In the
meantime, however, meetings ought
to be held frequently, the mutter
thoronghly rifted and discussed, all
supei tliious ce ions oleared away and
the deek mada realy f r action as
soon a? the experts should report.
President Hidden ws instructed to
dietribnta copies cf the report to those
who might apply for tbein, and the
committee adjoarned until nextSatur
day at 2 o'clock p.m.
In submitting this report Gen.
Greene ettttd it as hia wiBh that it
should be reeeived simply aj a con
tribution from one member of the
committee, who had thought it bis
duty to perfi rm a part of the work
that was voluntarily undertaken by
all, and who did not in anv nnnna in.
tend it as conclusive of the subject in
hand. The report, covering as it does
seventy-two elore'y-printed pages, is
too lengthy for a da ly newspapir, but
a general idea of it can be obtained
irom tne synopsis given below :
Qwawtioae for Consideration.
The first question to consider, Gen
u re one says, la tne amount of debt
which Memphis as a city, is able to as
sume tor obtamiDg a sufficient supply
cf satisfactory water; and for building
permanent wter-works, so planned
mat tne supply will be continuous,
and the wcra capable of enlargement
in the ratio cf increasing population
and area, and so adjusted from an
economic point, that the revenue to be
derived snail be adequate, not only to
meet the Exed charges and cost of
maintenance of the structures, but
yield an annual surplus for improving
them, until (he city thill have reached
a population that will enable it to
make such additions to the original
plant aa wi 1 taen meet its necessities
Second To determine upon an en
g'neering plan, or plsn, any one of
which may be sut'cesefully carried
out, within the limit) cf the conditions
imposed by the aforementioned ro
. StrictioDB.
Tn Clljr HuKt Own.
These Investigation.? wtre conduct
ed on the hypothesis that any plan
which might be recommended bv tho
committee wonld be adopted and car
ried out by the city, jmd the wtks be
ownea ai a operated by it. A water
waters corporation comix Wed of share
holders, however honorably managed,
is, by the ta'.ure of ia organization,
devoted to private gain, and for that
reason antagonises the public interest
wherever that iutarett is concerned.
Moreover, its franchises and tenure
are limited, and its manamnt is ex
posed to such factional disturbances
as to obstruct the corporation from
projecting and executing the ceceesary
plans and improvements that rnay be
requited to meet the growing Wkinteof
a city yearly increasing in population.
In a wprd, it is believed that a system
of public wafer supply should be
owned and operated by the city, for
the sole benefit of its inhabitant.
Creation of a Debt.
The members of this committee ra
too familiar with the history cf the
publio de-bt of Memphis, lately wisely
and skillfully adjusted by the authori
ties c I the Taxing District, to recom
mend any proposition leadirjg to the
creation cf a new debt, without ma
ture deliberation. Since any system
of water-'orkp, adequate to the neces
st'escf tbe city, ran be devised only
by cnating a d-bt, it ought to be de
morB'.rated that the public burden
will not be increased thereby; which
is the same as to eay that the works
shall be maintained without aid of
taxation, more than the water rate
paid to the preeent water company.
A Bonnd Million.
The mean cost per head of popula
tion is $32 77, but ai the computation
fs based on the United States census
for 1880, and tbe reports are taken for
lateir years, allowance is made for in
crease of population, which re
duces the mean cost per capita,
to $30 52. Applying this experi
ence to Memphis, and taking
its population at 60 030, other things
being equal, it would follow that the
relative ability of the city to constrnct
a system cf water-works, is f 1.831,200.
To compensate, however, for the ele
ment oi ciance trial is itinerant in
every enterprise, $1,1100,000 has been
aisnmed as the sum which might be
profitably invented, and all pUnsthat
el an cost more ttiai thtt amount will
be treated in this report as impracti
ble. And, furthor, that the queetion
may be relieved of erery reasonable
contingency, it has ben the aim and
purpose ot this study to restrict the
cost of any plan which could fairly
mtei oar case, to i,U U WU.
Bare Source) of Ktvenne.
It wi.l be found that our ability to
maintain a water debt is not jaopar
ched by the uncertainties that attend
new enterprises, because the experi
ence oi tne Mempbis Water Com
pany enables us to forec ait the revenue
that will arise from a given invent
meui. in me eariy auges oi tie his
tory of water-works, water is need by
soBmau a propouion (itheinbab t-
ants of a c;ty ai t) c-xpo?e tho venture
to failure, or t ) require publio aid for
its success, we tuve paused ih'sex-
peninental ponoJ. The daily con
sumptmn of water has a'ready reached
u.uuu.wu gallon?, a-id its increasing
use is as.-ured by force of the law
making sewer service comDulnoiv.
The number of miles cf piping c f cur
sewer sa'em has dou'ifi-d erne-etbe
completion of the work in JSSl, pnd
is extending year y.
(.oarers of Water Bujly.
The onestion cf the sonrce from
which a public water supply shall he
taken has been so fully diecussed
through the columns of the press and
in sociei cuciep, that possibly every
Echetne for its solution has be n pro
posed. In order, therefore, that each
ineory mig! i leceiva an lmuartial con.
sideration, the subject is now nie
sented and reviewed under the follow
ing hrads.which are intruded to cover
the wcole ground:
Distant sources of supply.
Supply from tLe ground water.
Deep-seated sources of supply.
The MiesisBiijpi river, above the
city, as a source of supply.
r torn Lake as a toarce of supply,
Wolf river as a source of supply.
Four I'lnns Lutlinnted.
The cojt of the Cold water
i ln, including colliding
bating, conduits, intercept
ing culverts, pumping en
gines, etc., diitritruting
reservoirs, etc., will be f2,:i75,C00
ice cost ol the ivniiessee
river plan, embracing ver
tical crgine and stand
pipe,etc, iwo lines oi force
main, distributing reser
voirs, etc., will be $8,140,000
Ihe cost of the bpnng river
plan, including pumping
engines, etc., force mains,
crossing Black Cache and
St. Franc is rivets, the Mis
sissippi river and smaller
strot me, distr Juitiiat
voirs, etc., will be 18,240,000
ine cot: i oi tne ru-scumbia
plan, including "pumping
engines, etc.-, force mains,
. etc., diB'ributing reser
voirs, etc., will be 18,520,000
Driven Weill.
That portion of the rainfall which
sinks iato the eaith and is retained id
a deposit of gravel or other porous
soil near the surface, constitutes the
ground water from which source com
mon and driven wells are supplied;
end as the depth of a source of sup
ply like this cfTira an insufficient area
for filtration, Cire should be observed
to protect it from surface impurnies
ard drainage po'.lut on. The quantity
which may be taken from this source
is dependent upon the rainfall and
the draught made on it.
It is held that Memphis can be sup
plied from driven wells, the opinion
being founded on the sue 'epsful use
ot this syttara in B-coklyn, N. Y.,
and Jackaon, Tenn. It is evident that
if the ground water-bearing deposit
and the geological conditions of Mem
phis aie timilur to those of the cities
named, the same results that bave
been reached by them ought to be ac
complished here.
The geological conditions represent
ed in these two instances do not exist
near Memphis, as far as has been dis
covered in the course of these investi
gations. It is not unlikely that ground
water may, at certain seasons, be
found in the alluvial deposit lying be
tween the Mississippi river north and
west of Wolf river, extending east to
Hatchie river nearly to the foothills;
but the whole of that torritory is peri
odically oveifiowed by the Mississippi,
.b malarial and exposed to decompos
ing vegetable substances. Certain de
pressed areas may be found some dis
tance from the citv free from thpHB
objections, hut it is not probable, in
deed it fs wholly improbable, that a
sufficient r-upp'y can be obtained from
the ground water deposits of this lo
cality, and, if obtainable at ail, theie
would be no economy in the plan,
which would involve the same ex
pensive ttructures that were provided
or in the old system.
flow. The famous well at Crenelle,
reir Paris, 18 6 feet in de-p-h, the
Dupont at Loaievil e, 20S4, the
Richer, 2HK, and Aslnm, 384.J, at
St. Louis, are all highly c! t int with
mineral aalts. These wells are in use
forminufscturirg pu'pcees In Bsto",
Chicp" end other cities, tad there are
soma 2C0 in AUbaaa. There are forty
a'tes'an wells, varying in depth from
forty ti 2 '00 feet, in Manhattan Is
land, .i.
The principal Charleston well, re
potted in Croea'a Statistical Tables of
American Water-Works for ISM, is
bordered with a bonded debt of $:(C0,
0.0, and em pties f ir consumption the
small amount of 500.0CO gl on daily,
at a cost of $t)S62 per ,000,0;X) gal
lons, estimated on the bonded debt
only, the w. rks being supported by
an annual subsidy of $11,883 paid by
the city f ir fire purposes.
Considering, therefore, our lack of
knowledge oi the tt-at tications, the
uncertainty of the quantity and quali
ty of the water, the danger of ex
baus'ing tbe supplv. the mine rl mat
ter with which it is apt to be charged,
the cost of s'ructures and pumping for
delivery, and that there does not ex
irtt one large city which takes its en
tiro public supply from subterraneous
scares, it is concluded that Mem
phis furnishes no exception to the
universal experience, aad that it
would be unwise aad hiardous to
i . . . . . . .
euopi piau oi artesian te ll lor a
public supply.
Tbe Mlaalaitppl Above tbe City
By his report mid j to the Beard of
Commissioners of the cttv. Julv 15th
1808, Charles Hi rinany cays he fount
tne atnicu ty in the way of taking the
supply from the Missies:ppi to consist
in "the re nnteness from the river at
which reliable foundations for pomp
ing machinery can be obtained," and
'the uneta'de nature of the material
th'oiiijh which a conduit or inlet pipe
wi.i nave to De onilt and maintained
in position, ai well as kept clear from
the immense deposits left by the
water. In determining upon any
plan at this point, p ovieion niut be
mado "for the contingency wh ch mny
arise from a partial or t. tal dettrut tiou
of, or rendering inoperative, i s inlt
conduit." And he rec mnrjends a a
raf guard to fieee danger, an itil-t to
permit tr:e watr being drawn from
V o I river ne ar iti moutti.
If the q uality of the water now bud
plied from olf river is coneidert d, it
is impiH''io!o to coniKctnre whet it
condition might bi decade hence.
should the contingency for itiuseariee
unner tnis plan.
In tho several interview accordrtd
ma wrier last summer ami autumn.
. . T .. ... .
mr. nermnny e.nbEtantmlly miun-
taiDe J tbe pi h tions t:ikea in hia re
port; and it is due to him to say that
the changes of the course of the river
which have taken place sinoe abun
dantly prove the correctness of the
views he held seve n'et n years sgo. If
the inlet pipe or conduit had been
located opp s:te Hatctiie lake, it would
have b"en uestioyed by the impinge
ment wmcQ tne liver baa since uia I
But it is thought by some Uia' this
impingrment would result in mxking
Jjoofa liatchie the bed cf the Missis
eipoi, and tha' the question would
thus be solved. Thia supposition can
only bo answered by a query, llow
long would tho Looea tlutohie remain
the bed of tho Mieainpippi?
into the account, in projecticg
plan for snppiving clear water a I the
year round. Tin's pokt cmaidered, i
ia believed (Fe mean rainfall) that
funng tee mon In rf V ay, J aire (now
and then varying), July, Anguat, bop
temner, uctouer and MoTemher, PM
lucid water can be sutmlitd fom
Wolf river, at or near the crossing of
ice i.ouisvu e ana a4hville railway;
in December and January tho water
win Ciekr; in reuriiiirv. March md
April, varyieg from cUar tn fairly
ciear, and at an times free o! stain
wholesome and pontile.
Ibe Artralna Well Fallaej.
The deduitiors to be drawn frnm
ecienliflc research, supported by ex
periment and experience, offer no en
couragement to i he sanenine exne. ra
tions that have been indulged bv manv
intelligent el tiz ns that tbe water quee-
uuu wosia nnn us solution through a
ilan of artiaian wells. The popular
tiieory that tbe bosom of the earth,
"tl at mycterio'ig seat of so many fan-
latnrai imi:gef, noius an luexuauati
ble supply of pure water, when put to
tbe crucial ieet of patient and exact
lnvestiga'ton, bo.omes a delusive
lancy. The laws which govern ex
haustion and replenishment, altera
tions oi level and rainfall, prevail
There are nanroua artesian wells
to be found in various parts of Ameri
ca, as well as in Europe, Asia and
North Africa. They were known in
Chiraas early as 200 B. O. In one
rrovince in Algeria tho French bave
bored large numbers, 158 of which are
flowing, but maov of them vinld
water that would be condemned for
irrigation in C dorado. In Eng'and,
where over LOCO bave been sunk, it
wav coon discovered that tbe yield de
creavd gradually, and many ceased to
Horn LnkeaeHNonrce.
The advantage to be gained bv util
izing this grea b.tsin, eatable of sior
ing nearly three year' eupp'y of
.a'er, were so apparent that a plan
for its protection against ovetflow and
the rei lunation of fio objectionable
drainage district wai projected, which,
however, docs not embiaee such coa-
nate questions as the puritv of the
wa'er that might be collected from the
Mississippi, or the eulliciency of the
watershed tributary to it. Ihees&en
ria; factors of the plan are reserved
for investigation by competent experts.
1 wo plans lor supplv ni the bai n
so reclaimed remain tt) be considered.
(1) To admit the water of the MiHsis-
sippi river in the wittsr months, when
tne volume is great and the temper
ature low, during which period, by
means of an artificial month (and
ga'ea) opening into North Lake, the
waters of tk9 Cut-Off and Horn Lake
creek would be diverted from South
Lake. When in the summer and
autumn the river becomes too low to
fljw through the pass, the aforenamed
water courses could be admitted and
dischnrg.d through the gate of the
pars, thereby inducing circulat'on.
(2) To exclude the water of the Mis
sissippi entirely, and rely on the sup
ply from the Cut-Off and Horn Lko
creek and their tributaries, together
with the branches and Bprings which
discharge their waters into the lake.
Before considering the relative ad
vantage of either tf theso plans tho
wa'er of tbe Miss fS'PDi at the month
of the Pap. twenty-six miles below
Memphis (reckoned bv tbe sinursities
of the river) ehould be analyst id to as-
cartbin whether it is polluted by the
sewage and drainage of Memphis.
An analysis of tbe water of tbe lake in
the summer months ought also to be
made, to discover the extent of ma
larial contamination, if any, from the
swamps acd ovei flowed lands. Gaug
ing" to determine the volume of flow
I Horn Lake creek end the Cut-off
should be begun at once, and contin
ued until toe M-mphis gauue reads
thirteen feet, when tha pauirlnus
should be taken at a point on the Pans
near the weet end of tbe lake, in order
that the supply to be derived fiom the
water-ehed may be resolved.
Hie general legislation that mav he
found necessary to carry out this plan
should embrace the acquisition cf til
riparian rights and a control of the
littoral of the lake, in order tbat the
public supply may be protected from
pollution and contamination.
Wolf River mm m Hooi ee.
The objections to the present point
of intake, pointed out seventeen years
ago by Mr. Hermany, have been grave
ly aggravated since by reason of in
creased population, the establishment
of adjacent iac'orics, the rue of tbe
river aa a storage basin for green legs
and the discharge cf tbe sewage of the
city so near tbe month of Wolf river
that in periods of high water the
dilated sewav.e is forced back into the
tt eam above the point of intake of
the w atT supply.
In considering Wolf river as a source
of supply it is assumed and believed,
after careful investigation, tbat tbe
waVer above Kaleigb is pure and whole
some, and when tot turbid is suitable
for rfunat-stic use.
The conclusion drawn from experi
ments ate (1) that, during periods of
intermiaiinn oi raintaii, tbe turbid
water of Wolf river, above Raleigh, is
discharged from lie bed. In lrom three
trnve,ds, a fact confirmed by the
observations of old citizens living
near the stream: (2) that when tne
tuibid water has passed below Raleigh.
the supply is maintained from Bprings
at tbe head-w&te.vs and along its course ;
(3) that the lurbi'd waters will attain.
by subsidence, a st:sfactory coadi'ion
of clearness in ten 4ays, or less. Tbe
months, however, in which tbe rain
fall is greatest aod sometimes continu
ous for several days, arO to be taken
Wolf Blver rin,
A phn for tiking the water from
Wolf K'ver, near the crossing of the
Leniev lie and Nuthville railway, and
de-hveiiogit direct to the elevated
ground already described, there to he
collected in settling ta-uns of ample
capacity to allow the water to become
clear bv subsidence, and be delivered
by gravity to the city, ia deemed prac
l)am. It is prrp -eed to build a dsm
aoroeg tlie river, n. a- this pont, of
mgtjtio raise the level ot ilia nver
in dry seasons to uvo d the neci-esity
oi lilting the waier by pumping rim
Condu'l. From the river, above tbe
darn, a hrick cniluit is to be con
structed, furnished with the reqnited
stop pa eg, etc., it aning to the pump
well in tho pumpir-e station, bv means
oiwnunine wa eristoue delivered
into it, by gravity.
Pui iping .SJVifion.-The pumping sta
tion is to te locetut near the river,
above overflow, within reach of the
railway by a si'le tracW, and the water
fiumped through a thirty-inch cast
ron ice, laid in a direct linn, err fh
country, and fo luring the contours to
tbe si'e of the settling and dintribut-
ing reservoirs (old lace court), trav
ersing a distance of Diue mile. As
in tin Horn Lake plan, the Worthicg
ton Mean) pumi ing engine ia to be
employed for delivering the water to
the basin; and, in oilier respects, the
pmiipnixsti'tion is lo bo the saaiet.s
tt e ono prcj'-cted fo' thi t purport).
Stilling and litributimj lioerroin.
In order that the water, when turbid,
may be allow ed ampin time to enlw'rK
to a condition if clearnets dcfiirabl
for doimitic crmeumpiio i, it is pro
posed to coi)"truc5 on the ufo'emen-
uoneu site tii'e iihiiis, each ot n
capii :ity tf .V-V 00,000 gullous, which
ure to serve the enrp: bo both of sett
ling ecu cnstilhuttng reservoirs.
Baeirsof the'io vo'umea will admit cf
elev n diiyi rej o.ie cf tho water ai d
furnish a supply, reckoning the dully
consumption nr u,in uoru ga'ious.
Wnjamid Nrana,
Two plans for obtaining means to
cons 'met lb? works pieaent them
selves: First, To iHue h.im'e Recnrid
on the plant, f ras'tm (iillieieut to
cover th wliolo tort ; i tcoud, t-. iseue
stock and bonds in the proportion of
or.e of stock to four of uond, a divi
dt nd of not less than ti per cent, tn be
guarantied on Uia etnek; or, theetick
uiay be owned by tho city. The Ut'e-r
pUn wculd facilitate the sale c f the
bonds and enheuce .their value, 'lhero
are no securities held in puch high
ett-ein by invcsiore, or fiat cnu be
more readily negotiated, than water
bonder, provided the s'-cority oi which
Ihe loan is founded in satisfactory,
Tbe works ehould be oned hv the
city, controlled by competent ofliuia'a
pla:'d beyonel poiit c.d ii Alienors,
and tbe p ant and all irnprovemmstn
that may he made to i', ni irtgigi d to
si cu'e the bends. Ilelio.iM hu dearly
shown that the revem o to ho deliver'
from the works wi.i be Hdhriont to
pay the cx.t f iiiaiii enanne, the
fix.d interest ehvg-n arid t rt
betterment and enlargement f
the p'n;. It rliitil he fur. her rhown
that tbe pnpu'a ion cf the city is in
creasitig a .d w likeiy to coi tirnie to
increste, ihe 'sectiiiiy of the bond
holder wi I icp vei iit a propeity of in-.
creasing value, p oJucing, yer by
year, larger revenues. Many iiutances
might be cited to illustrate tho stealy
growth in value of w. t.ir-works plain m.
ax far as it concerns tbe bondholder:
the experience of Louiuville, boweve--,
will alone be mention, d. The io t of
the water-wc rks of that city, to J. nua'y
l, ihuu, was i.uihi io. tbe bonded
debt $000,0,0. Up t) Janutry 1,
1885, $3,71)5,173 91) had been inveetjd
in ihn plant, ttin bond d debt reduced
to $840,0 0; and a surplus now rn-
mains, which, with Hie uccruirg rev.i-
cues, is found auffi.iiei t to enable tho
engineer in charce (Vfr. Hsrinany) to
undertake the uonatrnctinn of an en
tirely new aud itoitly pumping
It is afMiincd, I.owever, that the
gross e.irr.inis in 18h!, from a satis
factory water supply, will be i 120,000.
The cojt of ini.iuini'iitici) of the M-m-phis
company in 1882 was 40.33. in 11:84
'3 75 of the g ois revenue, but it will
be admitted that this cost would bu
less if the works were uwmil by tho
city. The mean cost to the
ci'ies cit"d wis. respect ively, 32 and
35 80. If tbe supeiior eh cuter of the
steam pumpi to be rmi.loyed, the bet
ter quality of the water to be served
and tbe greater economy of public
management are considered, it would
be (ate to estimate the coBt of main
tenance at 35.
Coat of Two Plans.
Tbe eoft of the South Horn
liaka plan will be 8,,W
i ... ....
any exceed the sbihtvcf the i nser t porn-
....... , . , . i
6. That the pi n i r pintd fortaking
the supply f-om Wo t river, near the
crossing of tbe l.-.tiieville nd ah
ville railway, is praeiicaUe; that the
revenue to he derived will maintain
the w: ris ai.d lay at're$t on the
plant, and tlu water supplied will be
of a deniable quality for domeetic
:'. Tbt considering tl.einanilen -d
va Uvr to be giined by n'iliimg
South Horn L b it collecting bwin,
pre-enting a htornge cipucity for icir
ly three yearn' e ui-i ly, the na!yH t f
the water, tlie jtaiuingsof the water
shed and the ea.it try ques'ions in
volved, should l e de eruiined by ex
perts rs reroniim.uded, tef re try
plun is adopted.
7. That the Hyatt me'hod of rapid
filtiaion should he invesiigt-d bv
competent hydraulic and Biecbauiial
engineers, In order thtthat ba-.ch of
tne quert.on miy be determined.
I Plare Koooa mi Pur.
The. iiiforio..ii -it cathered in N.,w
York ns to ti c legibility cf ppgotii't
Ing tho required l.:n, warrants tbn ii-
Strnr that :f I'm aforementioned
condilioca me complied w th. ll
perver t lon lc.in be plae-l at par;
etui, since th details of lugi'da'tion
and crpa-ri ii:o.) a-e wuhin our pcw r
to coiitr r). the uiieations ot reveiiu.
and ex.vtiSH alria rxituin to bu coi.-(idered.
The trOM revenue of the Sfenmhis
Water Couipsnv f.ir tho ver ei-fiiu
July !H-' wjBstMU'Oii; ill i.S8l. fH.MKH)
tsee uio-e'e R'atiB tea' tubiei.). ,u in
c ea eof 3'1 p'-r ci't t in two v.i.na.or
?u',li.u per annum.
Tbe Otlivr Mile of the tiilnrwe lu.
New lork Kmu'mi Post: A utiiec nf
liunior is uddi'd to the solemn letterH
exchiingcd lictwecii tho lUiinoHO ttii
Ihorities and tlit'reprchentativcH of the
I nited Males by iVir. John Uua-
Hcll luiini: a dcHiTintiou of bin inter
view wiin nut tiriiiul hccn-Mrv I.
while Mr. Young; wiih Anicriciiii Min
ister, in AugiiBt, 1883. Mr. Young told
bis excellency thut ho ought not to
regard the law pafweil bv IJoiilto-ih ex
1 ii li ii l; tho C Imiichc from IhiH countrv
as unfriendly, and iinsiired him that
we had Hhown to China the liiglicHt
fdiinulet-atioii in all the conlcienees
regarding this measure hefiuo it was
nmtoil. I tut tho (iriiiid Secretary did
not appear to see tho p)int, and re
plied: "America ia largo ciioiil'Ii for
all the nut ons in the world w Iioi'Ii.-iw
b) go there. Wliv is she not. laitrc
hough for the Chinese? Arc the Clii-
ncno orM than other peopl ;? Or, to
put it in other words,
It win mry well to iHnnemblo your luve.
J." ut w li y J: J uu kick rue down et.iire T
Thia wax ii line of con vernation which
Mr, ouii),'did not euro to pursue, and
the represenlativcof tho Cluisli n tui
tion informed the heathen odicial that
ho "was not Distracted to enter into
he consideration" of such (mentions
oh w ny his esteemed contemporary
nun pocn kiciiciI down the American
A Mopltl I'ropoililon.
Lancaster (Tn.) InltJIujauvr : Noll
ng quite so ludicrous was ever of
fered in tho Henate as Hour' propo
sal id noiii inqucstM under federal an
tlionty upon all parties who miirlit be
alleged to have been killed because of
their color or t.ieir politics, ll na
tional interference: in Mich onsen would
bo proper or tolerable, wliv should
Hoar stop with oo or and politico?
c reed ami nationality, sex and mio ill
million, wealth and rank are rela
tions that ot'teu incite lUKsion and
rune. If I here happen open nuissa
ro or secret nssiihsinatinn in any coni-
nuiniiv upon account ni nnv n t hest-
why should not tbe linited Stutce
government take the sanie,co),'iiiuioe
of the crime us if it. lie ascribed to tho
olor of Ihe politic of the victim?
J ho question unsworn ilso f The
State's arc to regulate) their own do
mestic concern : uiid when thev am
ncapable of doing this our whole sys
tem of tovcrnrnoiit will havo to bo
subverted. Until then such nroiK)-
sitions as Hoar's are too ludicrous to
be even impertinent.
The revenue from water ratoi
will be..... 130,000
Tho cost of miintenanoa will
ke 112 im
The intereat on the coat of the
planner annum will ba 57.610 99,511)
Tbe rerenun, in iimii of the
roat of maiDtanDo and in
terest, will be ....
KwiiBlsInn of rhe' hln'i roiu
WHiiliia;ln lerrltery,
CiucAoo. In.. April 3. fleorL'ii f).
littWHon of Taeoiim, Wash. T., is in
the city, lie is ono of tho twentv-
sevon citizens who wore indicted for
their belligerent cHorta which rcsnlt-
I in driving the Cluiieso out of Ta-
uuna in the early part of last Novoni-
mt. In speaking of the recent trouble
n Washington Territory Mr. Iawsoii
said the neoplo wore uniiiiiiuoiiH in
the doniand that thoChincso must go,
and thov acted on that principle very
eeiiieoiy. j no population oi l acoma
was about NIKM. of which 800 worn
'hincHo. The MoiijMilians invaded
very brunch of industry, hired as
omcHtics, and, in fact, would oiler to
lo anything possible for thorn lo do.
and at 4 much Ices price than white
men or while women could be expect
ed to labor for. The working classes
could not compete with this chcjin
labor, and, failing to obtain work,
were on tho vorgo of starvation, and
tho town itself was suffering from tho
continued exhaustion of its resources.
Mr. I.awnon will go to New York, and
will there engage In lecturing on the
Chinese) question, which ho regards as
a most important ono, and which must
le squarely mot by the. nation in the
very near lutnre.
Brinfeley CarWorksMannfact'ff Co
Itrluklcy, Ark., MHiinfiic'turcrM of
Duorx, Sixh, UlintfK, HresMcd Flouring, Celling, Weather-leaning;
('jprcwM Miliigle-ft, l.albH, i:to.
te-Oor tV-llitiei are unaurpvaed br anyaawmill in the South for 81 Ina oreera rruu.itly.'
loorlii, Cdio,Nnlinr, hiep Lnuiber and Ovpreaa hhintlea a epecinlir; aiao, fr uaia
uuber of all dimenaioua. We uinka the Wli,.l, Uuaineaa a i.il fratare. )-'eri
alieiled and prouiiitlr Riled.
yp. 14 Jefferson Street TVTTnphii, TonTtfrnifM
Ill pay j.i
Tltl .tlY ((Mill)
TvT ,
n n'O' ro ion ,
I'rloTH lor M()TL (Ji TALIS tin 4
ol till le'r!itliiN. Nriitl lor 4 f miliar
and IrleH 1'alil.
II. .1,
v . M.U!.
i-f'l el .
.- , Vlci-l'i-ceiiieo
Tha cost of the Wolf river
plao will be -.
The revenue from wtr ratei
will bn 1W1 nnn
Theoott of maintenance will
." H2.000
The interoat on the eoat of the
plant WU1 be 64,472 100.472
The reran ne. In exeeaa of the
eoat of ma.intana.Qce and in
terval, will be 113,528
The Coaeltuloaa KpeMibcd.
The conclusions that bave been
reached from tbe invetga'ion8 made
to this date arseummiriittd afl follows:
1. Ihat all the schemes, which have
been proposed for taking tbe supply
ftom dittiCt sources, or from any
s urce distant mare than twelve miles
from Memphis, would involve a cott
beyond oar present means.
2. That the geological conditions
necesrary for obtaintrg aa adequate
supply of wholesome water by means
of bored wells, kcown as the gang
well or Andrews's system, do not ex
ist in or near Memphis.
3. That co c-rta n reliance can le
placed on tbe i can Its obtainable from
di-ep-seated or artesian wells for public
ee rvice, Decanse tbe sources cf apply
are unknown, tbe water is likely to he
charged wilh mineral substance, the
supply in name to beoome exhanted.
end tbat the cost per million gal 'ore
wouiu db greater lean tne coat of a
surface supply.
4. lost the several schemes im-
cottd for taking the supply from tbe
Misiissippl above the mouth cf Woh
river, are ex io ed to ereitearini? ob
jections; and it at if any cf these plans
might be to projected and executed hs
to be wide permanent, the coat would
Ueniioia 1 man I am I Ion la America,
The Gorman immigration for many
years has boon more than double thut
of Ireland. The totuls for several yearn
are as iuiiows:
1873 . 422.W1X81 ; Mfl 03
ISM 2M 814 l-SI ..7ai,im
im mi.au ia.ii. ..7.w,;m9
1H7B 1 7.410 1H r.7,lt
1H77 13 ,Ml2 1HHI .4SI,3I6
i7. iM.a,7,io. xu.m
lsW 200,105! ,
Here is a very regular rise and full
with the shite of this country. Tho
effect of immigration is, of course, two
fold. It transfers so many thousands
of beings to this country to bo clothed,
fed and housed ; but it also adds to
tho labor supply a large number of la
bore re.
Non-Besident Notice.
No. 4&5S, R. D.-In tbe Chaamrr Court or
tfhelnj County, Tenn, Sue e of Tonnaaaee,
for ne, eto., va. houia tlanautr etil.
It apixmrinx lrom the aworn bill In lb la
rauie tbat tbe rt tdenee of ih defendant,
Wm. Tubf, la nnknown and rtonot bn uaor
Ui nod after dilireot Inqa ry, and that the
defendant. 0. M. rardan, la a non-reaide. t
ft ine let .le or lenne-aee: It la tlKrafcre
ordered that the? ake their appearance
nnrein, at ine t'uart-llooae ol -helby anuatT,
in Metnphia. Tai n . oo oi bfo-e tha t at
Matily in M ip. 1KH41. and blead. anaar or
dvinarto the petition ol MiDor Meriwatber
and amendment iberato ol L, Lamb, re
et lyera of Id oil of Mciar.hU. or tbe aeme
will betaken for confevaad aa to then a d
et for he.ri'd eipar'e: ami that a ropy ol
thia order be pobln had onee a week for roar
anneta-ite weekal.1 the Memahit appeal.
Tbie AXh da? of March, HUM.
A copy Atleal:
H. 1. McOUWKt.L. Clerk and Maatar.
Rt II. f. Waiah, I). 0. and li.
6. J. Shepherd aad W. A. , fcrcr, Jr.,8o
lioilora for Comiilainanl. n
.EArR UMt-Iu CAUHKH aad UI. ia,t:
MW f . .. wlio waa deaf lwenly-eiht yean
-r-ai.-J I caioatol tbe aoted aiiemaltatar
t- d y with ni benefit. CcaeDHmau.ru
thr mootha. an I tinea then hnndredaoi
orber.' br -itne pwew A plain, aimpteand
ndrae T 0.
tlrlMaaVirf ill kORl t rfc t 111 fl ti (
PAlfbaUSidutMth trt.,Mew Tork
8. M AN.SK1 KliD,
D. K. MYKI'.S. W
JOllM l,o.
OHice IO itilUiiu Hi rut, JEVmhl. Th nn
- - - - . M . '. -1 a
m'gehee & mmm
J. T. FAKOAS0N. J. A. UUNT. 0. C. 11KIN. 11. A. PAHKRR. K. b. WO'
Wholesale Grocers & Botloii Facto
XC Frw.t Street, Mcmpbi, Tenn.
Cotton eoiiiifrned to us will bv our orifu. nttnntion. Waoarry at all tiinMKv.ii-
Stable & Fanuy Groceries, Wines, Liquor8,Tobacc&Ci ; r,'
Ant will n V,nw nm rh l,iwMf.
of M"iH?tr Yonic.
KK'lliltl) I. Mc-4'IIUDV. s : t : : lrMtlenl.
AWWKTf, : : : T" 4 1 !, 000,000
Nmri'lKl.T ViiIiioh lnlrKt on nllrloa. Nit forfrllaro. lliMant
lit lhi World.
AIjEX. 1 J IT SJ 1 1 1 3J 13 , IVX . XD. . i i Bxnmln ,r.
3Vo. 2 Totlon I'mchaiiKO Itullclliia;, ItleinphiH.
37"iol3. Peas Wanted
Farming TooIh, Grass Seed, Garden Seed, Onion
Sets, IMiUet,
SlJJDtil: iiR()S.,of(kiiiio,niHH. t M. KOItFI.EKT, Kesl.lcnt I'artner.
Am fiJ ETia 23 BfJC n -'i.
iif i at I Irrir
P L I ll H 8
I Wm in Ed I
Frmnt Strwot Menmhiw Tttn.iMH
raoa. Olurh.
M. I. l l?
ioUa M. BnlltTaai.
Wliofctmle Groeera, oltoxi ij'aclf)!".'
And Commission Merchant),
m and 234 Front St., lempbis, T
Mr. I. N. RAINKY derntea hia whole time to the weltthlng and aa'e of all Cotton en;
tn our nhura1. OotUn W'trwhoMao. Wn.hinrtnn "trfflr.
Chickasaw Ironworks
v Ak 98 Seoond St. Memphis, Tentil
O 7 v "KlMew, Itollerts NawmllK
, Jlraclforil Corn and .Vlieat Mill?,
Cotton TrrM, Cotton iiiu
Manning, l'ullcj', l' !r.
NPM IAL NUTirK We arerrr pnraH to fill order,
on tA notloe, fur th oele. rtited MalMrt l'atua
Wroncl.i. .... fnllry. We oarrj In aUwk orer
Two Uundred Aaaorteil Mtra.
aiar wn. for I'ataloirna and Mca-H't.
H. U. DMiKlKH.
awiiDCtv it irt&ww
KWD. (10LD.S.fmi.
ar DerxxHte reoeired In iumi of $1 and upward, and lntereat allowed on aume SeraK
uW We bur and aell losal Inreatuient Donda and Beonritiea fenerally, par taxaa, aot a
traateae, and, In feoeraJ, exeoula any Inancial bnaineaa Mquiriai aaala and raaponalbl
mw we lata draft, la nil to ault parohaaera, on all parta of Barnp.
W Wc haTeaeommodiou Vault fur tha depoait ol Taluablea, which ll at tha aerrije ft t
ar onatomera, Kree f tjbairire.
D. P. HAD0EN, President. EWD. UOLDSXITU, TIce-Prfstdeat. I
JAMES HATHA", Cashier.

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