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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, April 15, 1886, Image 4

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fif&r..:::::.: i
Am iwor I 1
rr. (1i.i.wt, Behind street,
V Ktih, I Memphi'. Term.
THlUMinV, : : Al'KIL 15, 1886.
ARiiiruvnow is xnulikd.
With ns arbitration in labor tjues
I nix lux bad bo little practical trial
tht legislation is carried on rather on
II .(I'c u al than experimental princi-pV-.
An arbitration i likely, after
tl - it ft experience we are having,
4 l .-si no a frequent means of settling
)i'. r i!i -pates, It is wall to know under
- i oliBcations it haa been found
in ! i n -restful in Kngland, where the
pt'oirin Has bad ample trial. In the
Fiu ixi coal districts aid iron fur
nace it lir h woiked well, but probably
the iimtaiice mo-t ralcu a'.ed to be of
bum ti ti ourselves is that of the
hosiery and knitted glove department
ol the town of Nottingham. That de
partment rif trade hag been famous f jr
its s!rikip fin the opening of the pres
ent century. The readers of the poet
Pyn n's works find there a speech in
bttlm.f (if the frame-work knottdrs oi
Nottingham, in which he told the
Hours of lxirdn that when a mnasnro
to lie1 1 the eufl'ering came before
thbiu they dallied over it fnr months,
but a bill that proposed to hang men
whom hunger had driven to violence
con! J be passed in a few days. The
Nottingham arbitration system has
proved eminently succfsifal in a dis
trict that was eminently bard to deal
with. It is a voluntary organization,
bai a board of twenty-two members,
one-half workmen, the other
manufacturers; these are elected an
utility by each class. A question la
dispute is first subjected to commit
tee of inquiry, who ascertain the facta
of the cue, and sometimes are able so
to present them as at once to settle dis
pute. The secre'aiy of the board
must be notified a month in advance
of an intention to claim an
advance of wages. At the meetings
of the bo Aid the chairman has a cast
ing vote, but should it give dissatis
faction the aid of a referee is called
in. If the aid of secretaries and the
proceedings of the Committee of In
quiry have tr jught no settlement the
matter comes befere the whole board.
Here cornea in a very valuable feature
of the system. After reference In
uido to arbitration no ttrike i n tike
place on the part of the workmen, nor
any lockout by the emp'oyers, until
(lie decision is rendered. Thus time
is secured for calm and dispassionate
action. The bca'd proceedings are
conducted without stiffness or cere
mony. Workmen and employers sit
interspersed, the' discussion in con
ducted in a neighborly tone, and the
best and fairest decision is made tin
whole can arrive at An umpiie is
railed in if the twj clawea of repre
sentativea cannot otherwise agree.
The decisious of the board are
binding, except as to the fiiture
rate of wagrs, as that rate is
liable t) be afftctsd by the state
of trade. The baard can only reoom
mend. With all this strikes may oc
cur under obstinate circumstances.
but the system is very powerfulV
limiting the number of such, occur
rences. The month's ilaJay, the
fri indly effort of thesuefetaries, the
Inch ascertained by and the concilia
tory attempts of the Commit ee of In
quiry, a'l have a mollifying effect, and
if they do not of themselves settle
disputes they dispos minds coolly to
consider aud a-quiesce in the decision
of theboaid. The whoU spirit and
det.il cf the system is almirtble, and
is well worthy cf attention among our
own people at the prareat time. Much
is gained by allowing time fcr hot
blood to cool, so that renon and com
mon sense may rule rather than the
hasty Impulses of pars'on. The delay,
the of nciliitt ry preliminaries and the
9 deliberate conclusions of the boafll
are all of a character to favor the
maintenance of Mend y relations,
abate prejudice, avert violence, and to
promote justice equally on behalf of
employer and workman.
vrATiox or woman.
The influence of old cujtions, old
prejudices and old superstitions linger
and insensibly influence human ac
tion, even af er a w ider knowledge
and an increased reverence for the
suggestions of reason have become
common. We use this lingering of
the influence of exploded notions
prominent in the treatment of women.
When we buy an article tit a store, a
chair, a hat, or a walking-stick, we do
not inquire whether it ws made by a
n n or a woman. If the workman
ship displayed in the article be satis
factory, that Is all we desire to know
about it. K?ea if we know that it is
woman's workmanship we do not
claim that we should pay
leas for it on that account.
We judge the product by its
own merits, not by the s, color o:
nationality of the person whose skill
and industry made it. Why then
should the manufacturer insist upon
paying the woman whose toil he em
ploys lower wages than he would pay
a man for precisely the same work ?
I)oee reason and common secss justify
the distinction? Plainly the custom
of underpaying women is a survival
of past ages of ignorance a survival
that remains in defiance of the ad
vanced reason and intelligence of the
present dav. The contradiction 1 1 all
common sense is etill fuither mani-
f'd when women are excluded
Iioru occopa'ionj for which they are
fully competent on no other grounds
than that they are women. If
thty ran perforin the duty a)
well as a man can, why should
we make sny more objection to re
ceive their service then we make
about ketp'ng an article in a store
that woman'r bands have made?
P a nly the In gating influence of old-
world i" j i lice, and not that of
reafoo, is ibu basis that prevails over
common sense, it la singu ar thing
that the Eoglish, who are commonly
accused of narrowness and prejudice,
are spparently going beyond out
selvc, who boast of our frtejom fiom
tbe domination of mera custom and
traditionsry notions in thia matter of
woman's work. Tbe following, which
we copy from a London paper, ought
to set us thinking npon the question
of woman's availability in the linei
of service from which stupid prejudice
bas so long excluded btr. "Misi Jex
Blake, M l) , writaa in the Tint's to an
nounce that the Bcottiih Colleges
of Physicians and Burgeons of
Edinburgh and Glasgow have
Just decided it throw open
to women their conjoint examinations
and 'triple qualification' in medicine,
surgery and midwifery. Every one
interested in the subject is no doubt
aware that the Irish College cf Physi
cians opened i's examinations and
diplomas to women immediately
after the passing of the Russell-Gur-ney
Enabling Act in 1870, but it is rot
so generally known that the Irish Col
lege of Surgeons also opened its doors
last jc.tr, and that at the lu'.ter college
wc mm are now freely admitted to a'l
the medical classes, with separate ar
rangements for practical an atomy only.
Tbe University of London, the Roya1
University of Ireland and the Victoria
University have a'so opened alt their
examinations and degrees to women.
Medical education is now, therefore,
available to women both in London
and Dublin, and she hopes that daises
will within a few nionthi be n opened
in Edinburgh."
Bismarck's decisive efforts to obtain
colonies, and his seizure of various
unoccupied spots in the world for that
purpose, has exiitad much attention
and some apprehension. It haa been
supposed tbat he mey yet lay his
hands npon some p'ace on the Ameri
can continent, and as this would be
an invadon of 'our Monroe doctrine
his colonial den-ires $ra not without
interest for ourselves. What is Bie
marck's object in seeking to establish
German colonies? It is an old saying
that Great Britain hni both colonies'
and roloniste, Krarca Iiasco'onies but
no colonist;, aud Germany has colon
ics but no colonies. The numerous
German emigrants seek homes in the
United S a'.es and elsewhere, and the
usua1 supposition is that Bismarck de
sires to rstabllah German colonies in
order that the emigrants of that coun
try may still be retained under Ger
man authority. An article in the
Political Science Quarterly (hows that
such is not the case. BifnnuVs
policy, as fr.-quently and for a long
time back publicly announced,
is opposed to German emigra
tion His idea is , that by
increreing the population of the coun
try, its power and importance will in
i reaee in proportion. He finds that
the mass of emigrants como from
tbe agricultural population, the small
est proportion from the mercantile
and manufacturing. He therefore de
sir as to increase manufactures and
trade, m they are favorable to a dense
population. To colonise with a view
to aid emigration would be to obstruct
the object in view. Why does he then
establish colonies? That they may
open markets for German product',
finding employment and wealth for
those at home. They are to be outly
ing establishments engaged in finding
customer a for German merchandise.
In a speech before the Reichstag Bis
marck said he desired to found, not
provinces, but commercial enter
prises; his object was not to open sew
countries where Germans might emi
grate, but to establish entrepot for
German manufacturer, and to insure
to these manufactures access to new
markets. It is not the external em
pire he desires to extend by co'.o ,iue
and colonists, but to extend
German .trade, and by ' means
f an active commerce to
do away with the pressure that drives
so many German people to leave their
native land. Bismarck's idea is that
in proportion as the avenues of com
merce are extended the people will
Aid full employment at home, emi
gration will decrease and the popula
tion of Germany increase, and thus
the Empire extend in resources, in
wealth, in power and in grandeur.
These facta materially modify the
view that hat generally been taken of
the German grasping for new terri
tory, and for more intimate national
relations with the world at la -ge. Is
Bismarck's policy correct? It is in
genious, and the offspring of a pene
trating' mind, but the principal ob
struction to Gtrman prosperity is the
vast expense of keeping up an im
mense army, which weighs npon
the people by its expense, and
decimates them by taking so large
a proportion of the German
youth from the productive class, and
compelling tbat else s to Bnpport them.
With numerous colonies, whatever
may be the object of establishing them,
Germany must have a large navy to
protect and defend them. With a navy
added to the present army, the burden
upon the' German people would be
vattly increased. The expense would
be enormous and the number of non
producers to maintain multiplied.
Should any of the spots Germany is
appropriating prove favorable for set
tlement. Bismarck's intentions will be
I frustrated. German emigrants will
nock there, and as there would be no
new language to be learned, emigra
tion would he drawn from other lands
to that.
KnlgbU of Laber, Through (.rand
Master Powdi rly-Mr. Mould's
Nkw York, April 14. The follow
ing cxirreHpondence is self-explanatory
Bcbantox, Ph., April 11, IH'G. i
'I n'ci.oi ir.l - I
To Jay Mould, Kq ., President Missouri Pa
eiflc Railroad
Da r Sib The event of the punt
forty-uight hours must have demon
strated to you the necessity of bring
ing this terrible struggle in the South
went to a speedy termination. You
have tbe power, the authority and the
means to tiring the strike to an end.
I have done everything in my iiower
to end the strike. The gentlemen
associated with me on the General
Executive of the Knights have done
the same. Everything consistent w ith
honor and manhood has been done in
the interest of peace. Xo false notions
of pride or dignity have swayed us in
our dealings with vou or tlie gentle
men associated with you. In the con
ference with you on' Sunday, March
28th, I understood you to mean that
arbitration would be agreed to. l'lie
only method of arbitration that was
discussed was in line with that sug
gested in the letter which I sent
yr,u in the name of our board the day
previous. There was nothing particu
lar agreed n pon, as you well know.
You nuid that in arbitrating the mt-U-r
the damage sustained by theroin
pany during the strike ought to re
ceive consideration. J said to you
that it would no' be the part ol wis
dom to brirg that question up in the
settlement of the strike Wlv n I
called upon you again that evening
you had prepared, is the result of
your understanding of the morning's
interview, a letter which you in
tended to give to me. That letter in
cluded n telegram to be sent to Mr.
lloii, and in that telegram you said
that the damages which bad been
sustained by the company would
be a proer subject for the Arbitra
tion Board to discuss. The latter part
of the letter or telegram vou agreed to
strike oil' after we had talked the mat
ter over for some time, anil 1 left you
as you w ere shout to go to your room,
to rewrite the letter which you after
words placed in the , hands of Mr.
McDowell to be given to me, for I had
to leave at that time in order to keep
an appointment at the hotel wlx're I
stopped. The sta ement which you
lmve since made to the effect that you
had prepared that btter before I
culled, i
or if you did hove it prepared you
changed it after we talked the matter
over. This, 1 believe, you will admit
to be true. In the conference hold
between the members of our Execu
tive Board and the directors of the
Missouri Pacific Company, at l'.lo
Broadway, on March :!0th,you said to
me that you understood me to sav
that the men along your lines would
be ordered lmclf to work at once, they
having violated the rules of our or
ganization. I then reiterated the state
ment which I made to yon, and now
repeat it :
"The man u'ong the lines of your
railways can be ordered back to w"oik,
but if they are given to understand
that they are deserted, that we do not
take any interest in them, it will not
in any way mend matters; on tho
contrary, it will ma''e things
worse. There uro all along
the roads out there a great nianv men
w ho liave no regard for - organisation
or law men of hardy spirit, energy
and daring. Such tncii as havn left
the East and have taken up their
homes in a v ild country such as. that
is will not submit as quictlv as the
men they have left behind in the
East. They are apt to do rat-Uer
things than they would do elsewhere,
and I have no doubt that some ih onr
rrder in fact, my experience with
the men of that vast section ieads me
to think that the men on both sides
out there are more dare devilish than
they are in the East. Even the busi
ness men of that country are of that
stamp of character."
Both you and Mr. Hopkins had
heard me make that statement, and I
belii-ve the latter agreed that was his
experience. The danger of the strike
spreading was also discussed, and li
siml U) you that it woulil not spread;
that an effort had been made to have
Uie men of the I'lron Pacific take up
it part of it. but the Knights of hibor
on that road had nstanding agreement
w ith the management of the road that
tbero was to bv no trouble or strike
until the last dlort to etlect a settle
ment had failed, aavl not then until
the court of lost resort had been !
reached When I made that state
ment Mr. Hopkins remarked that thev
had better strike then, fur if they .lid
uot the Union Pacific would not inuch
longer have sufficient money to puy
their employes. The impression made
on me was that you would be pleased
to see a
This, 1 believe, covets the chief
points of discussion. I did not hear
either you or Mr. Hopkins say that
the present troubles along your road
would not be arbitrated w ttli the men
who were not at work. It was my
firm belief w hen 1 left you that night
. tbat ytm meuntto have-the entire af
fair submitted to arbitration fit the
tlrst possible moment. That belief is
also held by Mr. McDowell, a ho was
pri'jsent during the entire interview .
When you sent tho tvlegntm to Mr.
Hoxie vou seirt it us the President
of the Missouri Pacitic Railroad Com
pany. You sent it as ie chief
sends his message to his inferior olli
cer, and it meant as much to a sen
sible rinin iw the most imperative or-
: der could possibly mean. When 1, as
the chief officer of the Knights of l,a-
bo-, send a message such as that, il
is understood to lie my wishes, and
! those which are to be renHcted
i by the subordinate officer to wlioirr
j they are sent, and it is not his
place to put n different construction
Ion them and give them his own in
terpretation. His duty is t obey the
spirit of the ins ructions. Tho man
in p iwer need not be an autocrat in
ordi r to have his wishet regpocUxl.
"I would like to set1 it done," comes
with as great fores from the man in
author ty us "1 must have it done."
That was the ideu that I entertained
when 1 left your house that niuht. I
also explained to you at your house at
night that the men who had entered
iion the str.ko had not violated in
law of tbe order in so doing; that
w hile 1 thought it would have been
better if they bad laid their grievanes
before the Genera Executive Board
before striking, yet there was
to command t hem to do so. I said
tint a District Assemby of the
Kn ghtsof Libor bore tbe eame ie'n-.
tion to the General Assembly of which
I was the chief officer, tbat one of the
States of the Ui ion bore to the gen
eral government of tbe United States,
and that while I could interfere.it was
under the law which gave me juris
diction over the entire crder, and not
under any particular law. I further
more explained t j yon that the spirit
of our organization was opposed to
strikes, sod that was the rea on why
our gete al convention never enacted
any particular legislation for the gov
ernment of them. I aho said that the
occasion bad never before ca led f ir any
interference from the general officers,
but thft this strike would show the
necR3ity for tbe passage at our next
convention of laws that would place
the subject of strikes under the con
trol of the General Executive Board
of the order.
When on Monday, March 2fl:h, you
sent me the letter marked "personal,"
you at the same time told a'newspaper
correspondent that you bad done so.
What your motive was in marking
your letter "personal," and at the
same time informing a representative
of the presj tbat you had done so, I
do not know, nor I do not question
your motive. I felt it to be
my duty to ltt the public see
the letter, which contained oo'hing
of a personal ratu re whatever. There
are people who might be uncharitable
enough to say tbat your intention was
to give the impression tbat there was
something between yon and me which
would cot bear the light of public
scrutiny. I have bad no such deal
ings with any man since this trouble
began, nor previous ti that time. I
am willing to allow the fullest light
possible to shine upon my every trans
action. ' I have nothing to conceal.
Its !onger continuance rests with you
and you alone. Every act cf violence,
every drop of blood that may he shed
from this time foith, must be laid at
your door. The Knights of Labor
wtra not founded to promote or shield
wrong doing, and to-day the order of
the Knights of Labor stands between
yonr properly and men. We are
willing to absolve the men along your
railways from their allegiance to our
order. We leave tbat to themselves.
We will not allow any claims which
the order may have on them to stand
between them aud their restoration to
their former positions. Tha order of
the Knights of Labor asks no man to
remain a member if it is not to his in
terest to do so. You may deal with
them as citizens, if you will. We will
surrender our right to claim these
men as members if they wish, but we
will not eurrender our right to see
this affair thoroughly investigated.
You have la'd that the order of tbe
Knights of Labor was a conspiracy a
secret menace. I am willing, as the
chief officer, to lay everything con
nected with our order bare to the
world if you will, on the other band,
lay open to the public the means and
n.ethois whereby you have piled up
the wea'th which you control and al
low the tribunal of public opinion to
pass in judgment on the two and tay
which is the conspiracy.
Yon have instructed your legs! ad
viser to proceed against every man
connected with the Knights of Libor
for the damages sustained since tbe
etrike began. Two weeks ago I said :
"Do not do this." To-day I say begin
at once. Lay claims for damages in
every court within whose jurisdiction
a Knight exists; proceed at once, and
in every State where you can recover
damages do so, if the law will sustain
you in it. Lt the majesty of the law
oe vindicaed j it is just and right that
it should be so. We are willing to
'ace you before the law and we will
fight you with no other weapon. For
every violation of the law of State or
ra'ion we will enter suit agninst you,
and in thpf crusade agariBt you do not
nuderstatid that we mi a i to persecute.
On tbe contrary, we wish to see the
lawyv indicated. If yoa have at all
times obeyed the law in your dea'iugs
in the methods by whtch you have
acquired your immense fortune, then
it is time that the many offenses with
which you are charged Bhould be re
futed. You have remained silent un
der many a damaging charge of in
juring the State.
if you have been wronged. We will
let it be known to the world through
the medium of the courts of justice,
and let me Bay right here, that no
money will buy a verdict at the hands
of thfse courts. There are people
who lay this ttruggle is the beginning
of the war between capital and labor.
That statement is false. This certainly
means war, but it is a war between
legitimate capital, honest enterprise
and honest labor on the one hand,
and Intelligent wealth on the other
hand. This is a war in which we
uouit the fullest investigation of our
af a. Do you dare to do the
Ritmn? Tllill var mi.ana nn f.,iK-
..... .. iv alio uv Milium
strike, no shedding of blood; it is a
war in which every buainees man,
every commercial man, every pro
f ssirntl man, every working man will
be invited to enlisf. It will not be a
war upon the innocent, anH thebnttle
li.dd upon which it will be ff-m tjht out
will be for the two couiti of law, and
tbat which mnkes law public opinion.
There will be no mobs in thissuprame
hour to silence any man's opinion ; no
converts will be made by physical
force. "That ling which floats over
press or mansion at the biddirg of a
mob, disgr.iccs bo'.h victor aud vic
tim,"and under such a flag as that we
will not wage the battle; but this
against monopoly may as well be
fought out now as ten years from now.
And what field so eminently proper in
which to fight it out as befjre the
courts ? Let us know whether laws
w ere made to be obeyed or not, and if
they were njt so framed then the peo
ple must make laws that will be obeved.
No msn, whether he be rich or w neth
er he be the poorest of the poor, shall
in future shirk the responsibility of
bis acts and shield himsolf behind the
courts. 1'. was to Bee that the laws
were obeyed that the order cf the
Kn!ghtsof Labor was founJed, and
if tbe dav bun nrtma t ,ni - 41..
' - ' ' ...... j uihkd LUC
trial, so let it be so. I do not write
this letter to you either in the spirit of
angr or revenge. For you personally
1 have no dislike.! I believe that if
allowed to follow your own impulses
in this n:atteryoa would have had
the Btrike ended ere this. Those who
advise you do not mingle with the
people : they do not care for the peo
ple, oii have been warned that
Pay no attention to such talk j no
man who has the interest of his coun
iry at heart would harm a hair of vour
head, but the system which reaches
out on all sides, gathering in the mil
lions of dollars ef treasure and keep
ing them out of the legitimate chan
nel of trade and commerce, must die,
and the men whose money is invested
in the enterprise which stack gamb
ling has throt'led must make com
mon cause with those who have been
denied the right to earn enough to
provide the merest necessaries of life
for home and family. When I say to
vou that we will meet you in the courts,
I do not speak rashly or ill-advisely. I
have taken counsel from the best legal
minds of the United States. We are
prepared t3 face you before the court,
and now await your a tion in the mat
ter. This is nn threat
I speak for 600,OOOorgsn!zd meo, who
are ready ti pay out the laet farthing
in order that j uaiicd may prevail.
You have it in your power t) make
friends if these men by att;ng the part
of the man; by taking this matter in
your own bands. Will yoa do so, and
end th's strife in tbe interest of hu
manity and onr common rountry ? It
is your duty to brush aside every ob
stacle, assert your authority and tike
this mi'ter in your own hands; settle
every grievance, restore every man to
bis place, except those who have been
engaged in the destruction of proper
ty or who have broken the lairs. Will
you do this? You can then make
rules and agreements with your men
which will forev.r preclude the possi
bility of another such diea trous con
flict as this ene has proved itself to be.
I remain, very truly vours,
Q. M. W., K. ol L.
"Nnw Tori. April 14, 1H86.
T. V. Powdarly, Eiq., 0. W. M. K. ofL:
Dear Sia-At 12 o'clock today I re
ceived fiom Mr. William O. Mc
Dowell, whom you brought with you
to our recent conference, a letter in
which he says: 'By yesterday's mail
I received a letter written by Mr.
Powderly, addressed to you, inclosed
in a letter addressed to me. With
this I hand yon the letter addressed
to you by Mr. Powderly and a copy cf
Mr. Powderly'8 le'ter to me, inclosing
the tame.' The f !lowirg is a copy of
the letter Mr. McDowell cent me as
coxing from you:
(Ikmhat. Asskmri.y, )
OKDKR (IK KNinilTS ok Largr
or Axkrh 1,
Okficr or GnifiiAi. Mastrr Workman, I
Scrantos, Pa., April 13, 18i. J
My Dear Mr McDowell I inclose
you a letter which you are to reed and
deliver to the man for whom it is in
tended. I do no; care whether you
deliver it in person or through the
medium of another; I only ask that it
be placed in his bands. If you have
succeeded in effecting a set'lement
with him, do not give it to hfm. If
you think there is a prospect
of an immediate settlement do
not give it to him, but if inch
is not the case, then I want it placed
in hie bands. Allow him to either
consent or make a reply. If he con
sents to an honorable eetiement, then
the letter will never see the light of
day, bnt if he does not so act then it
will be published to the world, and
from the time he opens up the ball in
a legal way we will continue to wage
the battle with bim. His wealth
cannot save him if this fight is begun.
Lqt no one know of the existence of this
lef er until after 5 o'clock of the day
you deli var it. Then, if he makes no
reply, let it go to the world. Let him
know the limit of time allowed. I
sincerely hope that there will be no
necessity for its publiraMon. Hoping
for the best, I remain very truly
yours, t. v. powderly.
To W. 0. McDowell, Eki., Nw York.
to me, dated Scranton, Pa., April 11,
1880, at the same time and by the
same cg?ncy that I received your fore
going letter cf instructions t3 Mr. Mc
Djwell. The animus and purpose of
your letter to me cannc.t be fully un
derstood without knowing the con
tents of that one. I was peremptorily
notified at the same time that I must
answer your letter by 5 o'clock to-day,
and I was graciously given until that
hour to respond. Your htttr to me
embraces two subjects, one relating to
me personally and the other to the re
lation of the Knights tf Labor
to a railroad company .of which
I am tbe president and, in
some degree, the represen'a'.ive
of its public and private duties. I
shall refer to the first subject very
briefly. The circumstances above
given under which your letter was de
livered, aa well as its tenor at:d spirit,
place the purpose in writing it be
yond any fair doubt.' It would seem
to be an official declaration that the
Knights of Labor aad determined to
pursue me peraonaly uubsi the Mis
souri Pacific Company should yield
to its demands in that you call tbe
Btrike on that road. , In answer to
I beg to eay that I am yet an Ameri
can citizen. I am past forty-nine years
of age; was born at Roxbury, Dela
ware county, this Slate. I began life
in a lowly way, and by industry, tem
perance and attention to my own busi
ness have besn successful, perhaps
beyond tbe measure of my deserts. If,
a i you (ay, I am to be destroyed by
the Knights of Labor unless I will
sink my manhood, bo be it. For
tunately, I bava retained my
eary habits of industry. My
friends, neighbors and business asso
ciates know me well, and I am quite
content to leave my personal record in
their hands. If any of them have
aught to complain of, I will be only
tin glad to submit to any arbitration.
If such parties, or any of them, wish
to appoint the Knighto of Laber, or
you, as their attorney, such appoint
ment is quite sgreeable to me, but un
til such an election is made it will
naturally occur to you that any inter
ference on your part in my personal
aflairs is, to say the least, quite gra'.ui
ous. Since 1 was nineteen years of
ge I have been in the habit of em
ploying in my various enterprises
large numbers of persons, probably at
times as high aa 50,0C0, distributing
often $3,000,000 or $4,000,000 per
month to different pay rolls. It would
eeem a little strange that during all
these years the difficulty with the
Knights of Labor should bs my first
and only attempt to connect me per
sonally with the late strike on the
Southwestern roids, or any responsi
bility therefore, is equally gratuitous,
as you well know. It is true, I am
but when this strike occurred I was
far away on the ocean and beyond the
reach of telegrams. I went away re
lying on your promise, made to me
last Angnst, that there should be no
strike on that road, and that if any
difficulties Bhould ari-e yon would
come frankly to me with them. Mr.
Hopkins, tbe vice-president of this
company, who was president and
cognizant of this arrangement with
you, in my absence, sent yen promptly
w hen the present strike broke out the
lol. owing telegrams : .
Saw York. March 6,1886.
T. V. PowJcrlj, S?rmton, P.:
Mr. Hoxie telegraphs that tbe
Knights of Labor on our road have
struck and refuse to allow any freight
trains to tun, saying they have no
grievances, but are only striking be
cause ordered to do to. If there is
any grievance we would like to talk it
over with you. We underatood you
to promise that no strike would be
ordered without consultation.
Philadilpbu.Pa., Much 8, 1886.
A. L. Hokins. Fesreury Mittouri PaciGe
Hailway, New York:
Have telegraphed president for par
ticulars. P.,pere ey the strike was
( r tm
Cordially lavites aa iaipectiaa
Varied Spring u. Satnaur Stock oT Eagllifc,
French and German Worsted,
comprising the Latest Designa
Gentlemen't Wear.
Samples and Prices
rho hare left measures.
caused by the discharge of a man
named Hall. Can he be reinstated
pending investigation
Ktir York, March 8, 18H6.
To T. V. Powderly :
Thanks for your messages and sug
gestion. Hall was employed by the
Texas and Pacific, and not by up. That
propei ty is in the hands of the United
States, and we have no control what
ever over the receivers or the employes.
We have tarried out tbe agreement we
made last spring in every respect, and
the present strike is unjust to us and
unwise for yon. It is reported here
that th:s movement is the result of
Wall street influence on the part of
those short of the eecurities likely to
ba affected. a. l. hofkins.
You never answered. This corres
pondence places the continuance of
the strike on your shoulders. You
eat still and was silent after Mr.
Hopkins's urgent appeal and allowed
the strike to go on allowed the cr m
pany's property to be forcibly seized
and the ti izens of four States and one
Territory to be deprived of their right
ful railway facilities. Thus forced, the
Board cf Director?, pritr to my re
turn, placed the matter in Mr. Hoxie's
hands by a formal resolution, and
tbat diepoiition of it has never
been changed. Yoa knew this well,
because you bad a correspondence
with bim on this subject. Hence it
was that when Mr. Turner, secretary
of your order, wrote to me on the sub
ject, I fully advised him in my letter
of Marco 27th that the matter had
been placed by the board in the hands
of Mr. Hoxie, and that I must refer
you to him as its continuing repre
sentative; at the same time I reminded
yon that a standing advertisement of
this company was at that
moment inviting its former employes
to return to their accustcmed posts,
and that regardless of their being or
n:t being members of your order, and
regardless, also, of their individual
participation in the strike which your
order had recently inaugurated.
When, in spite of all this, you desired
to see me personally, I cordially met
you, and, having put myself in csm
munication with Mr. Hoxie, airanged
with bim for you the following, which
was widely published by you at the
Nrw York, March 30, 18S6.
To Martin Irons, St. Louis, Mo.:
Have been in conference all day,
with the result that Vice-President
Huxie agrees to the following: Will
ing to meet a committee of our em
ployes without discrimination who
are actually at work in the service of
the company at the time such commit
tee is appointed, ti adjudicate with
them any grievances that they may
have. Have your Executive Commit
tee order t ha men to return to work,
and also select a fprial committee
from the employes ti the Missouri IV
cific t wait on Mr. Hex e ti adjust
any difference. Dj this ai quickly as
po Bible. The board will leave for St.
Louis to-morrow.
has stood ready to receive any and all
persons in tbe actual employ of the
company, as a committee or otherwise,
and confer upon or arbitrate any mat
ter of difference or complaint, either
between the company and its late em
ployes, and for that matter between
the company and anybody else. No
such committee or individual employe
bas, so far as known to me, ever made
any such application. In this connec
tion it will be remembered that they
left, not because of any complaint
whatever of this company's treatment
of themselves, but only because of
this company's refusal to comply with
their demand; that this company re
fuse to do what the law requiras in the
way of interchange of business with
another company, with which same
of your order bad a quairel. In the
meantime this company has, o! neces
sity, gone on to extend employment
to such of t':03e persons who reuett'y
and without even allrged provocation
bit its service, as siwfi; to return.
These returning employes have been
very many, and in this way its
rolls are already tc.trly if not quite as
full as its ehopj and equipment, crip,
pled by acts of violerce attendant
upon the recent action of your order,
can employ. Mr. Hoxie a 1 vises me
that eveiv such person applying to be
received back has been employed, un
less believed to have taken part
in recant acts of violence. This
company still stands ready to
make good in the fullest sense
its agreement, as expressly
set forth. In the face of all this you
notify me that unless by 5 o'clock I
personally consent to something, pre
cisely what I do not see, then personal
consequences of a sort vaguely ex
pressed, but not hard to understand,
will, at the hand of your order, be vis
ited upon me. Let me again remind
you that it is an American citiaen
whom you and your order thus pro
pose to destroy. The contest is not
between your order and me, but be
tween your order and
Your order bas already defied these
laws in preventing by vitderc3 this
company fromoperatiog its road. You
held then this company should not
operate its road undar conditions pre
scribed by law, but only under condi
tions prescribed by yon. You now
declare in etlect tbat I bold my indi
vidual property and rights not as
other men held theirs, but only at the
peril of your lett'ng loose irrevocably
after 5 o'clock your order npon
me. If this is true of this
company and cf me, it is
true of all other men and companies.
If eo, yoa and your secret order are
the law, and an American cititen is
such only in name. Already for
weeks your 01 der have, in your attack
upon this company, not hesitated to
disable it by violence from rendering
its doty to the public, and from giving
work and paying wages to men at
least three times your own number,
who, working as they were by your
side, were at lesst deserving
ot your sympathy. Having
pushed this violence beyond
even the great forbearance of
the public, and found in this direc
tion cause to heeitate, you now turn
npon me and propose tha the wrongs
you have hitberti indicted on the
public shall culir ichte in an attack
ef Ida Ljtrgt, Fresh aai
Caohneres and Saltings,
aad Finest Textures In
on application to those
upon an individual. Ia tb's, as I
have said, the real issna is between
you and the laws of the land. It may
be before you are through these laws
will efficiently advise you that even I
is an individual ci'izen. am not w
yond their care. Very respectfully, j
ecu. Campbell Crgr for tbe fteua.
torwhlp The. Supreme Court.
Jaiksob, Tenn., April 14.-Strong
petitions are being numerously signed
in this city und various other adjoin
ing towns, urging Gov. Bate to appoint
our distinguished fellow-citizen, Gen
A. W. Campbell, to fill Howell E.
Jackson's place in the United States
Benate. lie is a prominent candidate
for Congress from this district, how
ever, and it is thought he would not
accept the position if tendered to him
by the Governor.
The Supreme Court is engaged 011
the Gibson county docket, and prob
ably will discontinue calling this week
and commence on the Fourteenth Cir
cuit in the order named in the statute.
How His Mother-in-law Trantnl
Too Much In Mini.
Chicaoo, 111., April 12. One of
Ferdinand Ward's rascally business
transaction?, in which his mother-in-law
was his victim, came to light to
day in a bill filed here by Mrs. Mary
Green azainst Ward and his wife.
Mrs. Gieen eiys Ward married her
daughter Eila in 1877 and became one
of tbe members ot the family. He
represented he had exceptional facili
ties for investing money, and she in
trusted larne sums to him, part oi
whicb, he said, was invested in thirty
three certificates of the New York
Produce Exchange. In May, 1881,
Ward nronosed ti Mm fJmon that w
she would convey ce. tain property in
rtnguiwoou iorme nominal consider
ation of 120,000 to his wifu, he would
advance $10,000 for a very advan
tageous investment, and his wife
would eecure the $20,000 by his wife's
not'j and mortcuce. Mm. lirtsn umK.
sequently signed an assignment cf the
luuu suu mortgage 10 James u rise
and indorsed a check of Fish to her at
Ward's re quee, but without knowing
what she signed. Soon after the con
veyance to Mrs. Ward, seine of the
land was sold iy II. C. Batcneller,
Ward's legal advisr, from which
Ward received S18 9S1.
Some ci the land is si.il! unsold, End
has been claimed by Wjrd :: 1 bis
wife to belong to .Virs. G.-eeiiV dauch-
t. r atr II lir,,a l.inl.n1a. I, S
. J MS. IV.CU. UU V.M'.l,liVJ JB
ever, has levied an attachment on theft'
prooeny on ice crouou ir a t ner.ngf
to Ward. Mrs. Green il-ius he hat
no right to the laiio, a'.u! s::c :fk--. that
it may be couvtytd tj bur, free iroui
the lien from B-cri;ier'e tM'bnirrit.
Sudileu Chnnirea.
If the body receives daily a pioper
amount of nutrition, and daily expete
the worn-out parts, health is tbe cer
tain comequenee; but, by a srjflden
change of wrather, the pir.'s of the
skin may not perform their r.flice well,
and mat'.ers are re' a'ned whicb should
have passed off by tb at avenue. Al)
causes which impede incenBible per
spiration ere fraught with danger, be
cause matters which should have
passed away through the skin are re
turned again into circulation. Brand
re th's Pil's will remove all impurities,
from whatever cause they mav come,
curing pain, inflammation and coldt
arising from above cause ;n a fen
HemorlHl Prvlr. In Honor of the
Late II orntlo Nej aionr.
Ai.banv, N. Y., April 14. A memo
rial meeting of both houses of the
State Legislature in honor of the latt
Horatio .Seymour was held to-night in
the assembly chamber, Gov. Hill pre
siding. Appropriate resolutions were
passed. Letters of regret from Presi
dent Cleveland and ex-Govs Cornel!
and Tilden were rend, nnd the Hon.
Krostlis Brooks delivered the memo
rial address on the life nnd character
and services of the illustrious dead.
A eftO.OttU Ntnlllon.
Racine, Wih., April 14. To-day J.
I. Case sold his celebrated stallion
Phallus Chief to C. C. Lvford of Min
neapolis, Minn., for ,r0,0o0.
Sayjf AtiwHiitely dim) mi WtoWrtavB
iV--' by Ur PifrtT la-Pnt Mtjjrnehr Ki-
-v iniN narrmntpo oni.t mhteic
Tnrsfl in world fcntiivlv dtffeirnt fndm
nfhT IV. T . ' .
LaKX mmm,ui n 1 bdu hnndrf-di otficrm. Funp. free
UtACNETtO ELA8. TB0S8C0. 312 N. 6th rt. St. Loufc.
Blank Book Manufacturers,
No. 272 Second Street,
vAyros Block)!
New and Latest Sljlex Hock. Sew
Type, Sew machinery.
Increwed facilities for doing al
kinds Llthogin; liing.
Prices as low as anv where, North
or East.
we i cmtu i iy ifrmutia
TtNtr U u : '.r I st rtmrttl
We have told cud
!!e, andia t.f.i, caaft
hi given ftaxiafftOkav
Uort IM,
tbxkaa. V-
Public Administrator') Notice.
1 in
NOTICE Uhereh.ve.ivn that I will, a ad
ministrator of the estate of T. Prror,
de.-eMfJ. tell at public muctinn, in the town
cf LUCY, on the C. O. and S. W. Railroad,
all of the personal prorwrty beloarinir ro de
cedent's efltate, including several valuable
hors-. Sale to com mence at 10 o'clock a.m.
on FRIDAY, April 21, 1mS
JOHN LOAUVE, fublio Admtni?trator.
jfXtiiirMtf rc"t
n 71
I To DT3.T3
Ouruhw sat Id m
f M MUM Alrtoiar. V
X Etui Chulol IV

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