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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, April 20, 1886, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024448/1886-04-20/ed-1/seq-4/

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. (onlrlbalora atad OorraapoBd
roU. C mmonieetion lor publloathin malt be
niton on an ildt of the pate only.end,
with all other natters connected with the
editorial department, ihould beaddrasaad:
To Til Euiroior iua ArniL, Memphis,
Weoannot, H a rule, ondertaae to Tatar
articles not foand suitable far pablioetion.
Oar mil books are kept by postoffloas, and
not by individual mmii.
W solicit letter and oommonloatlonj opo
soheeU of general latere!, butsoenmuit
always be eeoompatioi by tb nam and
addraM of tha writer, a a i aaraote of Ml
rood faith and reiponeibllity. No notloa
eaa ba takaa si ancajajonj oommanloa-
I a ordering papers ehaoiad from one pot
offioa to another, tha name of both poit-
S xolmaB onpte lent frao of charge,
ail letter, should bo eddred
H. C. Gill waT, I Second treet,
i. M. Khathib. I Memphis. Tenn
TCE8IUY, t I I APRIL 20, 1880.
The general Clearing-House repott
on another page chows that during
laat week the total exchanges In
creased 17.6 per cent, over the cor
responding week laat year, or outside
of New York 10.1 per cent Taking
places Memphis la interested In, we
find that Chicago a ahnre of the in
crease was 31 per cent.; Cincinnati
5 1, Kanaaa City 22.0, Mew Orleans
12 1, Lowell 28.0, Memphis 4(1.4. St.
Louis bad a decrease of 5 6, and Louis
ville oi 6.7 per cent. Notwithstaod
ing the strike disturbance, these
figures show that the tendency ol oar
trade is still upward and onward, al
though there are two cities where
the interruption ot freight transport
baa caused some decline. The
ease of money still continues,
and the ChronuU reports
tendency toward lower rates, the
average of the week in New York bo
ing under 2 per cent., extremes 1) to
2 per cent, for banking balances ; call
call loans 3 per cent. Unless gold ex
ports should have a serious increase
no advance from these rates is looked
for for some time to come, and the
supply of money is quite beyond the
cuirent demand. Bank deposits are
increasing, government disbursements
have been heavy and funds are gradu
ally coming in from the interior, whilo
the demand is restricted. In Eogland
the agitation of the Irish question
proves to bo quite a disturbing ele
ment, and both business and specula
tion approach toward a tand. Gold
continues to How from the Bank of
England, which flow may '" in-
reae the official rate to .protect
the gold reserve. France is firm, and
any apecial call would probably force
rates to the gold exporting point. Im
ports continue large, and the trade
movement this as well as lest month Is
expected to be against us. The ad
verse trade balance gives a tendency
toward farther exports of gold from
this side. In London list week silver
had a fall and touched the lowest
point on record, 46 3-ltid. This makes
the Amurican dollar worth for its sil
ver 78 3 10o , but Congress considers
that to be quite good enough for
American cltitens. There appears to
be some probability that, as a relief
measure, England may issue 1 notes;
now 5 ,re the lowest This,
u is inougnr, would ease
the etraia upon gold in
some degree. The disturbed
abor market here, the continued ex
treme depression of trade iu England,
and the strong political agitation that
exists there npon the Irish question,
re all weighing with some force
against business just now. If Con
gress would put the Mexican treaty
into operutlon the effect would be to
tnrn effort in a new direction, which
could not but put some spark of life
into the preseut quia dullness.
G rover Oleveluud bos not beou able
to escape the odiou, tax of censure
which has been levied and rigidly en
forced against the President of th
United States. He is a man of iron
nerve ; and cot scious of t he rectitude of
his purposes it was supposed he
would b impervious to criticism ; bat
it seems his philosophy bat deserted
him and he is greatly worried in paying
the panslty imposed on all who have
occupied the station he fills. Law
rence Barrett, the tragedian, speaking
of President Cleveland, is reported as
"I pent a day with him a short time aio
when I waa in W ashington, and really ha
present ft pathotie pieiure-a strong man
nrhtina atone a nieat battle to which he is
pledged, ndireled br hiseneuiiei and doubt
ad by nil (lends, lie feels hit position
keenly. He mid to me: '1 have made mis
takes: I ye them; mny ol thein, and eould
kirk mjsfelf when I think about tlu-m; hut
1 am only huuim, and I am u liable to err
another men. Ilatlet no gcnrruui sym
pathy! ard honest, patriotic counsel. All I
beat- ii bickering and strife and fault find
inn anion sehi'iuinv politicians, who have
O" nun but to ret themselves and friends in
oJioo. Hut for the occasional wave of popu
lar indorsement that break! iti way over
iihe reef of .ll.cn seeker and politician that
bcdite me akunl and Comal to uia like a sea
.v aim nf relreshing and a cry of Hod up eel
, fresh from the people, I should break down,
heartsick and ducouruged.' "
This U the wail of despair. But
Mr. Clevelaad should be consoled by
the reflection that the people are at
his back, and that the character of
Washington wa cudge'ed until the
last rarticle of dross was extracted,
ad by this purgatorial proems he was
prepared for immortality. PrefiJent
Cleve'aad is not to blame for his (arty
divisions, end k is liard for him to be
cri'.irbed by his pjrty lrieuds and de
nounced hy hin erie.mits. The woret
of all he is coudeainei?, not to much
ior the Jtrrorj as foV the mei's of his
a.liu!ni3lrVion. V is more because i.e
hm honestV and brtvelv, if not al
' ways "luccuVr. I'lI c'T cat
his pledges as civil service reformer
and to execute the civil service law
that he has been deserted and is con
tinually denounced and ridiculed by
many influential men in his own
party. The re was never a President
hose views and pssitlon cn a public
question were more e'early under
stood by all parties than were those of
President Cleveland. The very men
who are to-day denomcing him for
keeping faith with the people
utilized his statements and pledges
the civil service reform on
the stump and in the press for
the purpose of getting the people to
vote for him. Civil service reform
was "a good enough Morgan" for them
till after election. Then they expected
the President would turn out as big a
hypocrite as the worst of them. They
have been astounded to find that he
has shown some regard for his word
and his honor. Politicians and par
tisans may have turned against bim,
but the masses of tha people still
believe Mr. Cleveland, though serious
ly handicapped, is doing his beet to
give the country a clean, wise and
efficient administration. Neither the
President himself nor his friends will
claim that he has made no mistakes,
lis has been unfortunate in the choice
of some officials, but s) were Orant
and Lincoln and Jackson and others
of our Presidents. Some of his ap
pointments have been bad; but that
ought not to surprise any one when
such desperate traps are constantly
laid to mislead and deceive him. The
Democratic party was not given the
Presidency by the people merely
to parcel out the offkee, but to purify
the government by administrative re.
form. This President Cleveland is
trying to do and the people are with
him. There is a moral to be drawn
from the utterances of the President
ia his conversation with Mr. Bar
rett, which will be profitable to the
young men of the country. They
show that there is no happiness in
high official station. In Europe, "nn
easy the head that wears the crown,"
Washington's two administrations
encountered the enmity of open foes
and treacherous friends. Jackson's
career was stormy and tempestuous,
in comparison to which Cleveland's
administration has been one
of serene tranquillity. Harrison
and Taylor could not stand
the odious impost levied upon the
Presidency, and it required only a
month's labor to kill them. Lincoln
and Garfield paid a heavy penalty, for
both wore assassinated. And now w$
are told that Clevelaud "presents a
pathetio picture," "ridiculed by his
enemies and doubted by his friends,"
heartsick and discouraged at the bick
ering and fctrifo that Burrounds him
These facts should be a lesson to the
ambitious young msn of the country,
They show that high olBcial station is
like the Dead sea fruit, which turns to
anhes on the lips, and that after all
contentment and the luscious sweets
of plenty and unalloyed happiness
are only found in the life of the pri
vate citlsen.
If the Tories have not "thrown up
me sponge" tney nave come very
near doing so. Lord Salisbury and
Lord Churchill have both declared
that the Irish problem is insolvable
and its arrangement Impossible. Al
though their assertion is a general
one in terms, in fact it is
conlession by the Tory leaders
that the problem H an Ineolv
able and impossible ono to
them and to their party. Accordingly,
none of them, while objecting to Mr.
Gladstone's policy, have a policy of
their own to offer as a substitute. Mr,
Qladetone, on the contrary, declares
that what hits been dono in British
colonies in Austin-Hungary, in
Norway and Sweden and e'.si
where, shows that the problem
before the country is neither
insolvable nor impossible, for what
bai boen done elsewhere can be done
in Ireland. In proof of the substan
tial correctness of his position he in
troduces a full and sulUciont measure,
a thing the Tories are incapable of
producing. The only policy that
domineering party can recognize as
fitted for Ireland is force, drive, com
pel, coerce. Imprison, exile, hang
tttst is the trinity to which
the Tories look for deliv
ering England from being troubled
with Ireland. The policy of compul
sion has bad a long and complete
trial. It has only added to Irish dis
content by increasing Ireland's woes.
That the Tories should have got no
further than the policy used by igno
rant and brutal nations ever since
history began its record, shows what
the Tories and Tory policy are.
Not only is the force policy morally
wrong, but it is unstatesmanlike. Mil
itary domination, imprisoning and
transporting and hanging have been
tried for generations, and have not
succeeded up to this day. Yet the
narrow-minded Tory desires to con
tinue the use of brute force. This is
a discreditable exposure of Tory tac
tics and Tory moral concaption. Force
is a proved failure. Home rule offers
itself, aad the Tory, unablo to
of or anything as good or better, op
posss it passionately, furiously aad
frantically. Such a position shows
imbecility, and now, or on some other
early occasion, the good sense and the
mii;ht of the people will accomplish
what the ehorts;ghtdd Tory regard) as
unsolvable and impossible. Such an
assertion of iuolvaiii!y and itupoi
bility will prove pertutuul doom to
Tory palicy in the futurn.
The Enchanted aanmerlaid,
A book descriptive ol tlic summer
remnis of the Northwest will le mniled
to you free on npplicutiiiii t-" K. 8. Hair,
general passenger a(ent Chienm and
Northw-iitem railway, Chicago, 111.
The ElgUt-IIour Azltatlon at Chicago
Circular From the Execu
tive Committee.
Washington, April 19. A mass-
meeting was held tins evening nnuer
the atiHiiices of the Knights of Labor
and Columbia Typographical Union
for the purpose "of listening U ail
dresses delivered by members of Con-
gresn anu otuers on trie lanor question.
Representative J. M. Farquahar of
New York was elected chairman. Al
luding to the strike in the West he as
sorted, and the assembly warmly an
p'auueu the assertion, that notwiin
standing East 8t. Louis no more blood
would be shed in labor troubles in
America, The pout eomitaiu miht
murder, the workingmen would not,
but instead of the bullet, the working-
men of America would settle ineir
battles with the ballot
Mr. F. Focrtr. a representative of the
General Aaaeuihy of the Knights of
Labor, said that the workingmen were
the people and intended to run this
country. Jy Gould, W. II. Vamler
bilt and Tom Scott had taught them
communism, agrarianism, socialism,
organization, defense, and by the
eternal living ood they would prom
bv that teaching He summed up the
civilization ot the present day by
describing the men of America as
Christianized, civilized, Harvard Co -K'ge
educated cannibals.
Senator Voorhees urged the working
men to organize and promised his vote
and influence to secure such legisla
tion as thev desired.
He was followed by Representative
Warner of Ohio, who covered about
the same ground.
Resolutions were, passed indorsing
the course pursued by General Mas.
ter Workman Powderly in relation
to the strike of the Oould system
of railways; heartily commending
his appeal for aid for the strikers;
calling upon all opposed to mon
opoly to contribute liberally and
nrnmntlv : demanding of the National
government the building and improve
ment ol tne nignwavs ana water
wavs for the direct benelit of the
noonln instead of the middlemen and
h mutilators: commending tho action
of wo kinginen in sending memorials
to Congress urging an approgriation
for the construction of the Hennepin
canal; declaring their opposition to
the nassaeo of the bill to abolish com
pulsory pilotage, and urging the House
of Representatives to determine upon
a ttay m tne near iuiure lor me con.
side-ration of the different bills recom
mended bv the Committee on Labor.
Representative O'Hara X. C said
tho workingmen in their efforts to se
cure shorter hours of labor had the
svmpathv of the class he represented
.'The chairman announced that let
ters had been received from Senator
Logan and Representative O'lonnell
of Michigan, regretting their inability
to attend the meeting. Representative
Murphy said he felt prouder when he
was the janitor of n college than now
as a Representative in Congress. Ho
argued lhat the passage ol the Hen
nepin canal bill w ould bring comfort to
the fireside ot thousands ot working-
men. Ho wanted to go into the
United StaU'B Treasury and take SI,.
000 fl(H) out of it now to bring bread
and meat to tho people west of Chi
cago, and be wanted to do this in con
siaeration of labor.
Grand Master Workman Powderly
did n t arrive to-night as was ex.
The KUht-Hear Allalln.
Chicaqo, April 19. The Eight
Hour Committee of the Trade and
Labor Asmbly, to-day issued a cir
cular to all trade and labor associa
tion, tt Ch'c.tt o and vicinity, an-
nounclnn that May let had been set
apart for goneral inauguration of the
eiunt-nour system ; tnat as the Trades
Axsembly of Chicago, was the meat
influential body ot organ'zd labor
west of flew lorx city, tt was natural
that tbe working people and public
should hold it responsible in
a great measure for snccecs or
failure of the eight hour
movement ; tbat there is a uniform un
derstanding among the different
unions to accept a corresponding re
duction in wages if necessary to bring
the eight-hour system into operation.
and advising all trade" which have
not yet completed thoir arrangements
to elect suitable committee and pre
pare for a mutual solution of the ques
tion at the time mentioned.
Wm. H. Taylor, president of the In
dependent People's La'wr party of the
United Status, is inthucty and will
Boon be joined by other members of
tae party. They have ia view the Of
ganizition of workingmen into bodies
cal ed ccuncilx, and tho object is to
support candidates for office, irrespect
ive of patty, who have the interest of
the wage-workers at heart. The patty
advocates the eight-hour working day
among other thing.
New York Nireei-4'ar Strike.
Nw Yobk, April 19 With the ex
caption of Eighth and Ninth avenues
the streets ou which horse-cars usual
ly run are deserted and quiet to-day.
All the railroad men drivers, con
ductors and stable men have con
cluded to take a holiday in sympathy
with their brethren on the Third av
enue line. Alraoet the entire police
force of the city has been on duty
since 5 o'clock this morning. All the
street-car stables are guarded by de
tachments of police, and the streets
along which the lines run are filled
with "blue coats."
The employes of the Dry Dock line
state that they lef : work because they
were ordered to do so by the commit
tee, and not because they had any
f;rievaoces. The Forty-second street
ine men stepped for the same reason ;
in fact the nun on none of the lines,
with the exception of the Third ave
nuo line, have any complaints to make
in reca-d to their hours or pay. The
?enoral "tin up" was ordered so as to
orce the directors of the Third ave
nuo line to yield to the demauda of
stiikera. The men ordeied out on a
nnmbei of the lines feel very bitter
over the action of the committee in
stopping ail cars, and stats that "this
gemeral tie up business is being ruu
into the gronud."
About 4:30this afternoon the Third
aVHntiB line started the 6ret of twenty
dve curs they proposed to run. Inspec
tor Byrnes ar.d four men on the plat
form. At Sixty-fourth street a big
fellow rushed out and grasped the
horses by the bits and drew a knife to
cut tho reins. He had i;ot accom
plished his purpose when Inspector
liyrnes "put htm asleep" with his
club. The man was lettsenreleesin the
street and the car went on. The next
rar was driven by a new driver,
ami when at Fifty-ninth ttrect one ot
the hov.-es fell on the pavement. The
crowds of rtrikerH along the walks
chewed and jeered in derision. The
tumult grew greater, and fira'ly the
crowd befan huilii g biicks from n
new building on tbe corner, ine
windows were smashed and tbe car
demolished. Two officers were hurt
by missiles. Tbe police then charged
the crowd, and seventy of tbem wre
injured. Eight prieoners were taken,
and in the pockets of two of them
were found licenses as drivers cf the
Fouiti Avenue Line, the men of
which road have no trrievnce, nd
tr out because oid. red to t'e up.
Tha Tdrnram 8V8 that several ol
tbe no-towu ilubs have made up a list
of 209 fashionable young men of their
membership who will tc-mcrow take
out licenses and volunteer to drive
cars for the tied np lines without pay
on tbe proviso that the public shall be
allowed to ride fret of charge.
The Railroad Commissioners spent
the ent're dsy in a series of confer
ee lcs with the representatives of tbe
Third avenue road and tbe strikers'
committee. It is hoped that some ar
rangement will be made by wnicn tne
cars will run to-morrow.
Tbe BatoB Aaaenply mt Knlghta f
Bostow, Mass., April 19. District
Assembly M, Knights of Labor,
opened its quarterly convention to
day with 70D delegates present Ths
district comprises 300 assemblies, with
50.000 members. The convention
will last three days, and will consider
the project of forming assemblies di
rectly interested in the shoe trade into
a strictly trade district, and will also
take action on tne uontd stnxe.
Went Back to Work.
St. Louis, Mo., April 19. On the
first day ol last March the coal miners
employed at McKenna's mine went
out on a strike because cf the dis
crimination made against the Knights
of Libor and for an advance of wages.
Mr. McKenna refused to arbitrate
with the Knights until Saturday,
when he sent for a committee of the
Knights of Labor, including M 89 ter
Workman Golbvof the Gellespe As
sembly, and asreed to make no dis
rrimina ion against tbe Knights of
Labor and emrdoy all tbe old hands
at an increase of wages. The commit
tee immediately communicatod the
facts to Master Workman M. A. Sulli
van, who advised them to go back to
work, which all the mineis did this
Tbe Scottish Members Asjaiast tbe
Land Bill.
London, April 19. The defection of
Scotch Radical members of the Uousa
of Commons bos been growing since
the land bill was made known. It is
estimated that tweniy-five will vote
against Mr. G'adstone and that more
will abstain from voting.
Duncan McLaren, a former member
for Edinburgh and a prominent
Radical member since 1820, denounces
the whole scheme. He is Mr, Bright'a
Mr. Bright's hostility t) the scheme
is pronounced. He considers tbe
terms of purchare intolerable. It is
reported tuat he urges Mr. Gladstone
to appeal to the country if the home
rule bill passes by only a small major
ity. At a crowded meeting of the Glas
gow Chamber of Commerce to-day
the proposed Dublin Parliament was
denounced as dangerous to .the
commercial interests of the kingdom.
The speakers were Liberals and were
formerly Gltulitonlans. ; An active
campaign will be conducted during tbe
Faster recess, in which Mr. Chamber
lain, Mr. Trevelyn, Lord Hartington,
Mr, Morley, Mr. Goshen and Lord
Spencer will take part. The Conser
vative leaders will hold alcof, desiring
to leave the front of the oppos.tion to
the Whigs. Some of the Conserva
tive members, discontented because
their members decided not to take
part in the campaign, sent a pi o Vest to
Lord Salisbury, who, however, de
clined to change their course.
Mr. Brand's motion against the sec
ond reading of the home rule bill hss
been tabled, under an arrangement
with Lord Hsrtington, who will make
the mot' on in place of Mr. Brand.
Sir Charles Dilke has informed the
Electorate Committee that he will
make full statement at a public
meeting on May 3d if the Queen's
Proctor fails to reopen the Crawford
divorce case previously.
Traveler' dob Concert.
The Travelers' Club are making
preparations for one of the grandest
musical concerts ever witnessed in
Memphis, to be given at Estival Park
on Derby day, Wednesday, May 5'.h.
Prot. Arnold's orchestra, in conjunc
tion with Prof. Eichborn's band of
Louisville, Ky., will furnish the in
strumental music for tbe occasion,
while a chorus of seventy-five voices
under the direction of Prof. Winkler
will vocal'zs. A grand hop will con
clude the entertainment. In view
of the fact that the refresh
ment and supper tables will
be under the management of the
Woman's Exuhange, it. is safe to say
tbat the wants of the inner man will
be b.nintifully and dait.tily eupplied.
The members of the Travelers Club
have put their shoulders to the wheel
to make this aff air a brilliant success,
and is tbe hotels and leading business
houses are lending a hand, thera is no
doubt that it will prove a memorable
and brilliant occasion.
The Hoor Little One.
We often see children with red
eruptions on face and hands, rough,
scaly skin, and often sores on the
head. These things ind cite a de
praved condition of the blood. In
the growing period, children have
need of pure blood by which to bui'd
up rtrong and healthy bodies. If Dr.
1'ierce's ''Golden Medical Discovery"
is given, the blood is purged of its
bad elements, and the child's devel
opment will be healthy, and as it
should be. Scrofulous affections,
rickets, fever-sores, hip-joint disease
or other grave maladies and suflering
are sure to result from neglect and lack
ol proper attention to such coses.
BMtitH.Yonr Home.
Finish the wallsaml ceilings with
Alabostine. You can do it; inex
ensiye; try it. White and twelve
tints. Cheaper and Iwtter than paint,
kalsomine or paper. Disinfects and
prevent diseases. Beautiful sample
card free. By druggist hardware
and paint dealers. $,io0 ajYen away.
8. MANSFIELD CO., Memphli.
It la to Tonr Inlrrrat
to bear In mind that one Benron' Cni.cioe
Plaitor ii worth a doiien of any other eoroua
I'Uxler. Bennon'i p.ftiter aro a t-enuine
nietlrinat article, indorinl ana ued by tho
mo lienl pri.e?ion Iroiu Maine to California.
Th(y euro in a tow houn eilinnU whirh no
other will even relieve. Cheap and worth
ies imitations are lold bv dealer who oara
more for Urce pr. fiti on tra-h than they do
or the eweet ot an approving- ennaeivnee.
l'rware ol them, and ot the " Cipncin,"
" Capiioin." " capk'ine" and "Cai irum"
plasters which thry tell to the unwary.
Ihive name? are nuthini but mislta.V.n- va
riations on tha name " Ciipeine." Note the
difference ro o reputabla drucgiats, and
you will not be di-neive.1. '1 he renuine Hen
son's h the "Th' Seals" trade-mark and
the word "Capcina" cut in the center.
What Gen. Greene and Chairman
Hampton Have to Spj on
the SabjecU
The discussion on the water ques
tion has assumed a different shape
eince tbe report of Gen. Greene was
taken up by the committee, and eince
tbe action of that body on Friday last
an erroneous impression' has gotten
oat that it has gone back to nrst prin
ciples and declared in favor of Wolf
river, first, last and all the time. And
further, a great many pass over the
impoitant point that in no event is it
prepared to take supply from the
pumping station near the month of
that stream, but several miles above
Raleigh, where the supply is abso
lutely free from all contaminating in
fluences. Gen. Greene aid yesterday
that the Horn Lake plan had allure
ments for him of the strongest char
acter, and that he had not come to
any decision between it and Wolf
river. If observations, which were
now being taken, showed tbat the
wa'er-shed was sufficient to furnish
tbe supply, and he was correct in
other things, Gen. Greene thought
Horn Lake might be beet after all.
Chairman llamptoa Explains.
Ia a letter addressed yettrday to
tbe edit jr of this paper, Chairman
Hampton of the committee says:
In order tbat your correspondent,
'Reformer," and the; public generally
may not labor under the erroneous
belief lhat tbe Water Committee is
acting hastily or thoughtlessly in
their consideration of this all impor
tant subject, it is right and proper
that. I should thus publiclj submit
some facts as a response to the com
munication published in your paper
Sunday, and also to one that appeared
in Avalanche of same dats over the sig
nature1 of "Cit'zsn." The latter asks,
"Will Wolf river furnish an adeauate
supply of water for a large city ?" In
reply to this the following extract is
taken from a report made by skillful
engineers employed by the city to in
vestigate this very matter: "To de
termine the quantity available from
Wolf river, the stream was carefully
ganged in the month of October when
it was at its lowest stage of the sea
son, acd reported by the oldest resi
dents along its bank to be at its low
est annual fall stage. The gaugings
were made October 9th. 10th and
12th at a point four and a half miles
above Raleigh, and the average die
charge during the time of these ob
servations was found to be 8,636,775
United States gallons per hour, being
equal to nearly eight times the mini
mum discharge of Croton river, sup
plying the city of New York." So
much fr the Wolf river supply.
These gauginga have never been
disputed or question by any competent
judges. Having been made by skill
ful engineers fully capable of doing
such work corioctiy, tne Water Jom
mittee accepts them as a safe and true
basis on which to work, in so far as
the question of supply is involved;
for the estimate of Mem phis consump
tion is sixty gallons per capita daily,
or 3.000,000 per day for a population
50,000 eonls. To quote farther fiom
the same report: "The sources of
Wolf river are retorted to be about
sixty-five miles southeastwardly from
Memphis, and composed ol a compare.
tively small number of springs, dis
charging great volumes of sandstone
water. These statements are cor
roborated by the fact that for three
months last fall, during the driest
weather, the stage of the river did not
vary six inches, and also by the analy
ses showing comparatively a small
quantity of lime and a large quantity
of silicio acid (or flint) held in solu
tion by the water.
As to the relative purity of the dif
ferent supplies of water acco sible to
Memphis, there is this to beia'd:
Sealed packages ef water taken from
tbe Wolf river.the Mies ssippi, Hatchie
lake and a local well, with no mark or
designation on the packages, except a
number on eacb.were sent to Dr. John
Locke and Joseph M. Locke, eminent
analytical chemists in charge of the
laboratory of the Western Military In
stitute, near Dayton, O., and we have
their elaborate and critical report of
the analyses of these several packages
by their numbers, they themselves
being purposely kept ignoiant of the
sources whence the water was taken.
The specimens were taken from the
two rivers in the months of June,
July, August, September and October,
so as to secura the variations resulting
from tbe changes in ths rivers and
state of the water during that interval.
The result was reported as follows:
After settling and liltering, and thus
eliminating all impurities which were
merely held in suspension, it was as
certained that the two specimens from
Hatchie lake contained of solid
matter in solution 1'2J and 14 1-5
grains respectively , the three
specimens from the Mississippi con
tained 14 1-16, 10 9-10 and 9 7-10
grains per gallon respectively;
and four specimens from Wolf river
contained, respectively, 2 8-10, 4 4-10,
2 7-10 and 2 4-10 grains ptr gallon.
The specimen of well water, clear and
sparkling as it appeared to the eye,
contained the greatest number of min
eral substances of all, and showed
7 7-10 grains of eolid matter per gal
Ian. The solids thus held in solution
in clear, filtered Mississippi water
thus analyzed are lime, magnesia,
sedium, alumina, silicic acid, carbonic
acid, chlorine and organic matter.
Those in Wolf river are iime.alumina,
silicic acid and carbonic acid.
The correctness of these analyses
have never been disputed or ques
tioned by any competent authorities.
These facts show tbat the Water Com
mittee have not acted blindly or care
lessly in the steps th?y have thus far
taken. They have been eight months
considering and digesting these and
other impoitant facts, so that when
their recommendations should be
made to the city government they
would be intell gent, sensible, practic
able. Reformer" argues that agitation
purifies water. Most people prefer
that water should have a chance to
settle, to precipitate i's impurities be
fore tbey use it. Stirring don't im
prove a muddy pool, nor a muddy
lake, nor a muddy river. A running
stream that deposits impurities held
in suspension does thus become purer
by its activity. But this ib just the
thing that the Mississippi does tot do.
In thin respect it does cot possess the
merit of other rivers which get tid of
part of their impurities by precipita
tion. It has a turbulent, rolling, boil
ing chara:ter peculiar to itself Which
keeps all its impurities stirred up from
the bottom and thoroughly well
mixed. Who hHS ever seen the
mighty "Father of Wafers" and not
observed this wondeiful cha acteristic
which makes it a river if its own
kind alone in its singularity? And
this ptcutiarity which "R-formsr''
cod; Jers an udvanyigs render it only
Ho. S3 21ADI50N BTKESt,
Cordially lovitea aa imaectiaa
Varied Sprtaaj isi Umawr Stock of Cclaa,
French ana Germaa, Wonted,
Com pri ing the Latest -Designs
Gentlemen Wear.
tV Samples and Prices oa
who have left aaeanrrea.
the more objectionable as a source
of water supply for a greitcity. Im
pure, offensive ma' ter which otber
streams would deposit and cover with
gradual accumulations ol eartn tms
great stream continues to s'ir up and
roll around. A dead animal in tbe
MU siseippi is thus gradually worn into
atoms and thoroughly distributed,
many of its poisonous elements at
similating with the water and held in
solution by it only to be eliminated
when it reaches the salt sea or is
spread over tho country by oveiflow
to fertilize the land and finally to pest
into vegetation. Hence tbe Missicsip-
fit not only retains solids in solut oo,
ike all other rivers, even whn clear,
but by its turbulent, boiling peculiari
ty it retains in suspension great quan
tities of foreign impurities which
other running streams lose by precipi
tation. Here is the reason why the
great river carries in it euch a large
proportion of hurtful substances ani
nian and vegetable, organic and inor
ganicand this is tbe reason why in
telligent medical gen'leiseu consider
it a dangerous vehicle of disease, as is
the case with all impure water. With
out being authorized to speak for these
gentlemen, it may not be amiss to say
this is probably tbe reason, and a very
sound ressjn, t:o, why Drr. Mitchell
and Thornton consider the Miesiesippi
water more dangerous than Wolf river
water in time of cholera epidemic or
other pestilential visitation, for such
waa their emphatic opinion as ex
pressed before the committee. Yonr
correspondent "Reformer" also states
tbat Wolf river for many miles up
from its mouth abounds in stagnact
pools acd small lakes. Such is not tbe
information the committee has ac
quired .from intelligent sources and
from recent careful investigation.
For many miles from its source
down it is a bold stream, pass
ing through hilly, broken coun
try. Then it courses through a por
tion of Fayetta county exceptionally
free from marshy districts and stag
nant pools. But what is the Mississipi
on this score? Does it not abound in
swamps, and maishes, and stagnant
waters and s'uggish foul bayous tor
miles and hundreds of miles? For
nearly or quite 2000 miles it passes
through just such a country, with only
occasional bluffs. The soil is a rich
loam, easiiy washed, anl its current is
constantly wearing it away and wash
ing up debris which has been buried
for centuriee, decayed vegetation and
animal remains, the prolific source of
disease. It is the drcin nf a great ter
ritory, occupied by 10,000,000 to 15,
000,000 people above us, with many
grt at cities and countless towns and
villages. The sewage all finds its out
let to the Mi sissippi. And es the
jeais advance and population in
creases this tea 'u re will be aggravated.
Does sncb a stream present advan
tages for drii king water ovor a stream
that rises in springs among the hills
and is fed by tbem perennially? With
Wolf rivar below Raleigh this ait cle
has nottiog to do. The commutes
deem tbat point unwo.tby of con
sideration, and have never even re
motely entertainediheideaof a supply
from tbat part of the river. It is just
tbis water taken trom Won river near
its mouth, within reach of back-water
from the Miesiesippi and the bayou,
and receiving washings from slaughter-houses,
and other objectionable
works, that our people nave been
using for years past, and which has
given Wolf river water such a bad
name. But the people ot Memphis
will understand that tbis water is
nowise comparable with the water
taken Irom Won above Kaleign at tne
point contemplated by the com
mittee. It is this tact that
should be fully and clearly impressed
on them, so tnat tne prejudice, won n
has been so thoroughly grounded in
their minds by the use of Wolf water
trom present point ot intake, may net
influence them agau st the ample f uo
ply of pure water to be obtained
higher up.
Aside irom the quality cf the water,
the project for taking a eupp y irom
tho Mississippi above the city has
been thoughtfully coudidore.d and
earnestly diecussed, in deference to
the well-known views of many of our
cit'zens. The unreliability of the
river, it! changing banks and shifting
current, its resistless xnd destructive
power, all these presented insur
mountable obatacl's to the committee.
Engineering problems were involved
which have never yet been i olved.
Even a thorough preliminary exam
ination by competent engineers would
require a large expenditure of time
and money, and would only be ex
perimental at best. With unlimited
resources it might do to make the
trial. But, circumscribed financially,
with the public utgently demanding
better water, it seemed unwise to enter
npon experiments with the Mississip
pi, when an easier and better solution
was within reach.
Facta, Not Unewaworb.
As there seems to be a mistaken
idea on the part of come that, the cal
culations made by Gen. Colton Greene
in his report are based upon mere
guesswork calculations, the following
careful notes of analysis made by em
inent authority as to the purity, etc.,
of Wolf river water are given:
Analyses f the waters of the Missis
sippi and Wolf ri ere, made by Prof.
John Locke, M.D., in the year 1867,
showing the quantity in grains of the
substances contained in an American
gallon (o.S.72 g'a;n):
c" o o 2Er-j
r 5 t c - b -
B: b:
t 2. :
T: o: c-
si b h
unf -jioiv
i"f 71
"vsi ir
It-no J -J
tS 'jioM
qiSl "tdeg
Cri CO
.- I I tin
g u
"MIA 10
Si 3
In addition to
tbe ab ve Uie analysis
of July 15!h eho
red that the Missis-
iivBjLAr aiMitrj
f ki tjrga. Fresh and
CaaRaeres a Swtingi,
and Finest Textures in
application to those
sippi contained .401 grains of magne
sia, 1.015 grains cf sodium, a traced
sulphuric acid and 1.52.'!;grains of chlo
rine. The aoalys a of September 18th
showed that the Miesiesippi also con
tained 1 124 of rrda. The analysis of
September 7th showed an addition to
the above of 211 grains of magnesia
and 2.185 grains tf s ida in a gallon of
Mississippi watar. Traces of iron were
shown in all four of the first analyt es.
All these quantities are included in
the to'als given above and are given
eepantsly from the table to reduce its
size in the column.
Proportion of sediment in the waters
of the Mississippi and Wolf rivers:
s a 33 Be a a sac a g
sTs'5-s.S-s'3-s E-5-2.S g-;- s
5.2 2.o i-I.2i2.2!s. ;.:. 5.S 2.
o-la a(o 2.! m.l ' ;
' : ?3i ": 1
b: si ,i ! i ! i "
?j rjr-B K; B: K: S: .1 S
i !.: S !i ! est S 3
; j e- aj Bj E ; B g g.j Bj
3 3 e E 5 aa a
9 a a o ? 5"
s s 5 ft t ;
5" f ? a. m
e p to w si
o 5
s sr es
S S off s
H 10 (CfO CO
O O o
3- 52. J
-SS2 2- ?
2 5
i i.s
" a. p-5- o
5 a.
i Too
-a .a -
CO o
"Computed br sssumin the specific gravity
to be 1.9, which is nearly that oi tb natural
deposit of tbe Mississippi river.
Comparing these analyses cf tbe
waters of the Mississippi' and Wolf
rivers with the analyses of the public
supply of our leading cities, and tak
ing the Cochitnsta water of Boat on as
1, the purity t f Wolf river would be
represented as 3.06, and of the Missis
sippi as 11.68; and, while the Missis
sippi bears 15 34100 tons of sediment
to 6,000,000 gallons (prefect coneump
ion of Mempbi), Wolf river bears
2 6o-! 03 tcn.
Forty Tears a Sufferer from
" FOR POrtTY YEARS I hare been a vic
tim to CATARRH-three-fourths of the time
a sufferer from KXORUClATINfl PAINS
TRILS. The discharges were so offensive
that I hesitate to mention it, except lor tha
good it may do some other sufferer. I have
spent a young- fortune from my earnings
aurint my forty years of ufierinrto obtain
relief from the doctors. I have tried patent
medicines-every one I eould learn of trom
the four corners of the eaith, witt no relief.
And AT LAHT (57 years of sue) have met
with a remedy that has cured me entirely
made me a new man. I weighed 12S pounds,
and now weigh 146. I used thirteen bottle
of tho medicine, and the only reirret I have
is, that beinr in the humble a-a'ks of lila I
may not have influonce to prevail on all ca
tarrh sufferer to use what ha cuied me
(Jnlnn's Pioneer Blood Rencwer.
" No. 267 Second street, Macon, Oa."
" Mr. Henry Cheves. the wilter of the
above, formerly of Cra-vfoid county, now of
Macon, (la., morits the confidence nf ail in
terested in catarrh., w. A. H'-FK.
" Kx-Mayor of Macon."
Onion's rioncer Blood Rnnewer.
Cures all Blood and Shin Disease, Rheuma
tism, Sorolula, Old Sores. A perfeot Spring
If not in your market, it will be forwarded
on receipt ot price. Small bottles, tt, large,
II 75
Essay on Blood and1 Skin Disease mailed
Mats, doorgla.
Can BiMUM of
Horses, Cattle. Sheep ,
In rise for over 20 yours by Farmers, ; .
Stockbreeders, Horso It. 1L, Ao.
Used by U. S. Covcrnment.
Mounted on Roller & Book Mailed Free. -Humphreys'
Med. Co., 1 09 FuKon St., fL T. ;
?3SPFfiiF!ft4o. ifi!
V 6 MVa w fam !
Thfton!v Knccrrufnl romdT for I
Hiirvciis Debility Vila. Weakness,! :
una rroiriiuii, inuu .... -. .
i .,.. . .-i nr k v.-.l . firttl Inr-a Villi I"", Her ter arx
priC(J.(ilH,pbrT'lii'4irlRia., tui PL, m. m
Xlrldso Notice.
t OTICK Is hereby given, tht the Crvrint
XN ton and Cincinnati Elerated Railroa.
Transfar and Bricise Company, a eor-o
ration orhrnnized and existing unHor thi
luw ot t'io Stve ot Kentucky h:
Ruitlied for tne approval of th Secretary oi
War of p'.nnf 8tttniito'l for thr erection of d
Bridge between the et CM ?i met on t)-i
Cincinnati, pursuant 10 tlm rroTtsmns oi it
charter and tha to. of C'onarreaa reluim
thereto E. UMY.KKMAN.Prfridfut,

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