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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, October 06, 1886, Image 2

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Rcrlrwliig Ihn Brents of tlie Mist
Eventta! Year In the Hlstoij
of the Organlzalluu.
R.cimnKD, Va., October 5. Son
era' Worthy Foreman Giiffith cilled
thrt B?cond iestiao, KnuHH of Labor
C nvention, to order at 9 o'clock this
morning, iu ibe abwnce of Mr. Vow
dtrly, lio was detained at his hotel
by business. It was announced that
tlio Committee oa Credential was not
ready to report and nothing could be
for.e until their report was received.
While waiting, several speeches wera
ma le by del-ates to aid in idling
tmie away. Stiortly after 10 o'clock
Mr. Towderly arrived and via pre
edited by Bio'her O'Donnell with a
pud nude from the woad of an
rP(ie tree that grew on the spot
win re Gun. Pockenham was killed at
tin- tulle of New Orleans. The pre
Bei tation was made on behalf of New
O cans knight.
It w8 learned that the Committee
on Credentials would not be rosily to
rior: until 2 o'clock this nftrnoon.
Ti't o:iventim then adjourned until
t' at hour. Bifore the d!eati;H left
tlie h ill Mr. P,wdetly e'roiiKiy nrgel
tin in to avoid the nso cf str ing ilrink
vtnlo in Richmond. As individuals,
h- s-'d he lml no riidit to iticlati as
to what tuny should d r, hut they were
not hura as individmls b'H as reprp
Bi'irati vt s of a v.ist conmitnency. The
eviscftlie wi-ihl were upon them
While here and lha', con tltuency
V uM he judged hy their conduct.
It U excelled thnt the aft uno n
B.siion will hi) occupied by the cjn
si I ration of Iho rep'rt of theCom
mittue on Credentials, and that aotuul
writ wi'l not begin until t unorrow.
The convention wtnt, into seeoion
aan this afternoon a 2o'c oik TIih
repoitof the Coniuiite on Credsn
tials was thn rojdy. It whh veiy long
and Kicietary Turner Hid it would
take four hours to read it. It wes
doubtful ki thur c maiden tion of the
re on could he completed and action
on it taken this nfternoon.
Tlie Cmmrittep of Arrangement) of
o?al KirithU appointed t determine
tl e dotii of the enteitninment ta be
jrtven vHling Knight next Monday,
Imvo decided to let the question of co
mii.gling white and colored people at
the ball that evening to e ttlfl itself.
It hai been arranged to have two
dnncing pavilions at tho Hlate fair
Chairman Lynch sa'd this afternoon
that it was not the intention to assign
one to white Knight and the other to
colored Knights. This order recog
nised no such dietlnctionf, but at the
aine time the feeling here in re-ga-d
to rocial intercourse of (lie races
wa bo well underatooo my aniici
pattd no tronhU on that score. It
wsa expei tf d, of C3tisa, that the col
ored people would prefer to bps ci at a
witli their own pcop'e. If, however,
a color. d Knight ami lady should
ch( oio to dance with the while people
in the other pavilion, he know of no
intention to prevent them.
When BFkd if colored guests should
prrseat themselves at the tabloi whore
whites were seated at the binUet
wi.ut would be done, he replied that
he expected no trouble in that way,
but did ant suppose they wou'd be
prohibited from doing so.'llo intended
am aking to Mr. Powilerly ou the sub
ject in a day or so. He repented that
he expected no trouble. The funds
f or thH entertainment of guests were
rained by the local asuembles of Rich
mond, colored and white. The
Knights hera have a' pnrate Assemblies,
and the colored Knights have con
, tributed sonntliing more than the
whites to the en'ertiinmont fund.
The arrangement for Mindny next
include a pari le of the local anem
Um aud viit:ng Knights, Mr. Pow
derly, the Eiecutive Cotnniitte and
invited gui ata in CRrriaue". HparoheB
will be made by fi -nadir Klect Daniel,
Gov. Le, Mr. Pjwdeily and others.
UiciiMONi), Va., Oi tolier 5 Grand
MaHtir Wi rkuinu Powdi rly's annuul
addterswdl be presented to tie con
vention, it is expected, tomorrow of
i, rnuo i. ii haa already been made
j ublic. and is bb follows:
,To th Membeti of the (!ctiorl Aetouikly :
The mi st eventful ai d trying year
of nr exis'ence as (in ordr has end- d
and wo assemble fur the purpose of re
viewing what has been done, cnrioc.t
ing thoHM thii g that are wrong ind of
k'gila 'ing for ihn future.
I' U ieinird bv law tint the G m-
er.il Ma t r Workman (hall make out
ard submit a rep.irt of Irs c.llicUl acts
dur ng the yeir. T' report all of my
otlic a' acs pirf rmod du ins the pr.at
yar mil take moio if your time
llinn i a' ail necefsaiy : and to prop.
erly nlac ) them befo'e you 1 would
require Ht ltait four weeks' time in
wi icti to prepare them f r prsnU
I have a'l of mv correKpomlnncsand
letter books within reach, and can, on
etinrl no ice, telcr to them in mat'.era
of de'il. When the law which re
i.i'ca of the (ienenl Mas er A'ork
man to make out a report was pawed
t' at ( Ulcer ws not a meiubir of the
(line al Executive Hoard. Now that
liu is a member of that body the re-
p,nt i f til l ovd nnmt naturally con
Blitiit" a reocr' of the impo t ji t part
of the duties of the General Master
Wi rm un, f.ir my time during the
veer w is ma niv o 'cniiio l with uen
r;i! Kx 'cutiva B a d Imsiiws. I refer
vou to the lepoiti iA t!ie General hx
'iv t,ve Hoard and other ollieers and
ai;ei.tj ot the G 'iier.il A simblv,
e.ii 1 iU nddrc s vou brief
ly u n peine fnw malto'B tf
i'iip:t:iu. e and make Mich su igrs 'one
18 1 n'l H'.Oer lie ecsirv.
If we urn mi 'oil hy the exp:rence
or tlvj i t, a id net accniiltiig y, we
v i a e t e order up m a foo'ing eo
:i to ti r i . 1 Mir.i that no as'nuUs Ir.im it i
(in niieB can ini lie it. It wo lira not
I'Uiiti'd hv ll at cxpeti Mice, it wo fail
to in darit tthe einaof tlx times,
ind v ' con t lis General A sembly
i ild" nt liaviiu i npn v 'd on th'i pvt.
wo will 'a'lti p op rly renr 8;'iit tuoeo
who u! u heir.
The rap d increase in orgmizdion
'31 i.i'o t e ix minion tcsnon ol t!ie t ion
tvtil A'Hi mhly wes mi 8! marvelous
A cxmiu ition of the riporte of ths
fccner! tecntay treamror for tho
;c:r end n .lu'v 1. l'S'i, i I snow
thii' in oi o Near lOliS iiHeeinbliis have
b "n orjn z .'. 1 lie new ni Miiliera so
-lid'euiv br unlit to.c hor 'ould n'it
(m iir'teriv HfBimiletud. Th uiands
huv- b en idtrncted toward ti.e o der
;hrr.ii ,' mere enr oady; others have
; me tor purely f elli If motiv s, Whi e
ih" u u hulk Of our rewio ru tihave
j 11(1 UH lr 1119 g va lutii nicy
nlil An
() i t- a few have entered cur order
fo.- th" pnrposi nf rdre sirg x!etin(i
wio gs, ai.il, betcra wau un vj ihpiu
anything o naming Ibe duty of the
Knig'.t t the oider, have p'urged
in o rain ana in coneiutreu mto.
The trouble coming from thia direc
tion began while the last General As
sembly was in session. The car drivers
of St. Linis were organized onier
promise from the organizer that they
wonld receive aid, unstinted, in raw
of a ttrike. Even bifoie the receipt
of their charter they were on strike.
Their proceedings were characterized
by utter disregard for our laws and
tevchiogr, bo that the paid and known
agents of their employer.', the detec
tiveF, bad no dilDcnlty in sacuiing the
passage of mot'ons of a violtnt charac
ter. It is an es'ablished fact that men
who were employed bv detertiva agen
cies stood np on t e floor of that a
rembly, made inflammatorv S'eeches
urging the men to dteds of violence,
and urged that ths property of te
street cur companies Le deetioyed. It
wan only the gxid senee of the men
that prevented such outrages from
being perpetrated, although thesi
agents of a nefarious spy system in
duced some desperate men to hlow up
the ca's upoo the street). For thrss
outrages the order was in no way re
sponsible. The 8t. Lonij car trouble"
were bat the beginning of the th'al
wave of str.kes ard 'boycotts which
swept over the country, and wbic'i
strained the strength acid resources of
your general clCiers almobtbiy nil
their powers of endurance.
began wben the time and at enton of
the general odicers were taken uii with
other matters of vital impor anco. No
nr.t ce of the contemplated aition was
given to uh, and we knew nct'iin
wht'ever cenfcrning it nr the tatnea
leading to it until it had been in prog
ren several diiys.
It. hna been aa8nrtol tint I. con
demned the men while th"V were on
sir ke. Nri such statement ever es
caped my lips The only aUtoou nt of
mine that c old he made tonppcarin
the light of a condemnation w.s that
contained in my seoiet circu'ar of the
lath of March, a copy of which is hcri
with submitted. I did not nppnve ol
that strike. I could not do io, aince
confidence enough was rot repo.-ed in
the General Executive Iioatd to give
them a chance to examine into the
grievances which tho memhers of Dis
trict A-saiiibly 101 complained of. It
wa only when the threat wa mude
io stip every wheel in thu United
Btatna and engage the wholo order In
tho d IU 'Ultv that I raiwl my voice
in denial. I did that in defonse ot tha
order and the country. I am quite
willing to Resume all the reepor.H bili
tiis attichnd to the act. and would do
the fame thing again nnder similar
lha. the men of the H itilhwist suf
fered wrongs is true: they wern many
and grievous; and it ia my firm belief
that tlie railway compmiits, w.tn a
full knowledge of what there griev
ances were, precipitated the fight
themselves at a time when it would
appear to the world that the stiike
was lor au lnstgniucant cauao, i can
do no better than to submit the
reports of Uiotlura Litthmnn and Vc-
Guire. Those two members were by
me. personally, detailed to bo with the
Congressional Committee, and with
that committee examine into tho
strike and its rausis, 8) that an early
report might bo mado to the oider bv
its own representatives. If tha po-i-tion
which I took during the strike
wos wr,ing, then the entire crdiir tui
laired me in it. for when I Usmd the
appeal for aid to support thosu whom
the companies refured to treat with, I
was most generously stieta'ned, ai a
reference to the report of the general
secretary troa'uror will ehow. The
dooumenta and correspondence relat
ing to that strike are at your dispoeat.
which took place May 1st, was not sue
ceesful except in c-sea where employ
era and emp'oyes were acting in . har
mony, or where employers were will
ing to adopt the plan. Jn many caws
the old Byetrni of working long hours
has been revived The hi iNiati n of
Tra loi recommended the li t of May,
but a lopted or suggested no di finite
Ian by which the anort-nour systtm
could 1)0 ianugunttd. I cr.utionsd
our meaihersagiin't roshlng into thia
movement. 1 had the right to do it,,
and am firm in the belief had I not
done bo grant Iofb would have b?eu
eutailed upon v.ist numbera of our ss
cemblios. What I said in my secret
circular of March I.rli tiaa been
severely criticised, and I have been
accused of onpoaing the eight-iionr
movement. No Btatemont ever wrs
farther frjiu the truth. I onnoatd
the strike on May 1st b ciuse I knew
that neither woikmen noremployera
were ret ily for it, because the edura-
tton abiru muat always precede intel
ligent action had not been given to
thoHe most in need r f it, became no
dillirte, lni'ineef-!lke plan for the
Inauguration ol the etght-nour move
ment had I) sen mapped out. In fact,
no prepa a ions had been made t) put
the plan, if it can be called a plan,
Into exe, tiMon. These aie the roamus
why lopptad the mnvetnant on May
Ut, and for these time reatons do I
s' ill oppose it.
A ro'.luciion of the hours o( labor is
a neucHsity, and s joner or later must
be had, but we must not forget that in
mnny plncos the ten hour plan lias
not. been adopted yet. It may do veiy
well for an organization whiih looks
after the interests of but one ctaft or
calling ti neglect thoeo who stand
most iu used tf he'p, but a Knight of
Labor must never chse.his eyes to the
w.nti of tha humblest of his follow
The very discussion of the sudden
introduction tf the eight hour p'an
injured business, ro much so that in
many places men weie reduced to haif
timo or thrown cut of employment at
together. Mlllii iih ol dollera worth of
work wai lull undone btcause of the
uncertain'y iu regrrd to taking con
tracts or in making engagements to
perform work. Never whi it more
clearly demonstrated that "An injury
1 1 one is the concern tf all" tl au in
ti e movement I am snoaking of. The
hoiiBM bui.der, threugh unce tainty aa
to how many luura i lahi r Ins cm
ployi a would work f r him, made no
c 'iiuarU to er.ct bu ldings and the
rnrpoiiti r was turowo out i f empioy
metit; tlio man who made the wind iw
gla'H, the man who made the nails
iu tac', eveiy mau or woman engaged
in the niaiiu a.Mnre ot ariic'ea which
gotohuildor furuith a house auf
fi re 1 thr ongO tbo att unpt to enf oce
the oU-ht hour syutem o i Mav 1st.
The move was in th riii'it direction.
hut tho time and ciicumttatKes wera
net suitable. It f,ne the eight hour
p'an im adopted, the Knights of L ihor
mid tlte tru le unions f America tiui-t
lay as.de their jalousies and iliUVr-
enees, come togather, name a oay on
wlucli to put the plan into mcution,
d ipt too plan of acion, which muat
i i gradual and fin li is will no. in
flic, ii.juty upon either em
ployer or wo k nau. 'Ibe plan
pieaet.led by Mr. Norton, ot Cbld g',
to the special ses-ion of the Gem rai
ABSjmbly at 0 eve a id, is a go d ne
in tmarly tvery paiticular, aud if the
o hingnv-n's orginizations aud the
mai ulac urers'ao 'iti iiisrgr.'eupin
tho putting into practice suoh a pia'i,
it ran he done without a jar or Ire
tion. No workingnoan need s'rike,
nor need buHineB hs unsettled. Why
should it not be dona?' Either adopt
.... i
a p'an for the perfection of this idea,
or elte place it in tne bands of the in
coming General Executive Hoard, with
iostructiocs to perform the duty. If
w do not do either, let ui ct'ike the
twenty-flrst declarat:on from onr pre
aml'le.and no longer proclaim to the
world that we are in favor cf eight
hours for a day's labor.
Before a fhort honrsyetem that will
be of any benefit to mankind can be
inaugurate', the rela'ion which the
workman bra's to the labor, (avian
uRjIiine mtibt undergo a radical
change. Sr.orten the hours cf labor
under our preterit system aod toe
sneiti will not be emptied of their
id'e thoueandr. Mo:e machines will
be erected and more children called
into sarvice to feed them. The asser
tion that the advocate of shoit hours
desires to step production is false.
It is to make production gradual,
healthy, and have it keep pace with
the wants of the consumer, keeping
all men employed, so that idleness
will disappear and the producer rt
main a consumer to bis fullest capacity,
that we doore a shortening of the
hours of labor. Voit our large and
so all far torus and yoa find that the
mechanic of the pan ia but the feeder
t f the machine of the pre;ent We
a'ready hear of machines in course of
per'ec ion which will set the type and
ni'.uld the cigars la ter than human
hands can do the work ; and eh ctricity
will aoon take tne thioltle lever from
the hand ol tha man who runs tie
locomotive. The day will sion dawn
wiien theae agencies wi 1 bo doing
their woik; and when that cay doe i
c mj, the mechanic, now so proud of
niscalling, wil: stand face to f c i with
tho alternative ( f asking for charity or
tho adcnti'.n ol th calling ut ttie
rr.it scEVincer. When thut day
cuneo, the mau who now Beeki tl
array liibcr ngainet labor ill asserting
that the "i'ia day n an should not
move in the eanie eociety circles witk
the rran who woika for $1 a day"
w 11 erhur reek to r owd the SI a day
m n i ut of his place or accept the
crumb) of charity to sustain li'e. II 8
tory will repeat itee'f, and t'.e fight
for ex stenca will be waged with un
relent' ng fury.
Tli n mactdue must become the slave
of the mao, inntjed of keening the
man in attendance on and subordinate
to tha machine. Apian tf coopaia
tion through which tha woik man may
control the machine he operates must
one day supeicede the preHentsyBtam.
To properly map out such a plan re
quires more time than 1 tiave had or
am likely to have at my disposal. I
rao only co-operate with others in the
The thiito-mth article in our deel sta
tion of piinciples read", ''The prohi
bition, hy law, of the tmploymunt cf
childien under 15 yeais of age in
woikhop, mines and fec'o ies. The
end sought for inca rying this declara
tion into eflcc'. ie not that the child
mov live in 1 lionets r it is not that
m ra adults may bs emplay d. It is
that the child of the poor man may le
enabled to acquire on tducation to
equip him for the duties wnicn win in
futuie fall upon him as man and citi
an. We cannot affird to pas this
ntiesllon bv and legislate on simnle
qu-stion tf trade ditc p ine. Tha
qneetion of child labor and education
is the mobt important tuat caa come
before lis now or at any other tin e.
With an tdti a ion. all things are easy
cf accomplishment; without it, hops
1'se.lf almost du s, and liberty is a tarci.
In our organizations of labor, and it
has been so from the beginning, we
take up the woik of reform when the
subj'Ct is advnnctd in yens the new
member must be abt.ve Jo years db
f re we admit bim. We attempt to
Olive irom nia miuu inn niw iuo
gathert d in f on the workshop, or,
posuhly, ue street corner, li s
ha oits are lormed, and the work that.
should have been begun at 7 yoira
we take u at 0 or later on in life.
To attempt to se t'.e so Intricate a
qu b ion as the one we are grappling
wrh, or to sucteasfully solve the
outlet on, is a tree bo uimcuit mat i
do not wonder that men drop out of
ihe ranke f Ubor organizations dis
couraged and hopelesf. To make the
noosuiry progress, we mint I): gin
with the child and see to it thht he has
an tducation. If ihe principles ol the
Knights of Lubcr are right, and fnn
men qui etion them, we ehould tecch
t' cm to the young. It ehould ba
pait ot the duty of every as etnb'y ta
asceita'n the numb r of children who
do not attend school in its vicini y,
learn what the causes are, aud take
stei b to have them attend i chool.
1 he sword mny strike the shackles
from t' e limbs of the slaw, but it is
education and organization that make
him a tree man. He Is htill a s'ave
wrote limbs alone have been freed.
Of what avail is it to eay that we
ate laboring to fetablif-h a system of
co op ratioii, when thit which is
more essential to the success of co
operation ia lacking. A busine-s
training is nocesiary to eucctsdutly
carry on a co opera ive eu turpi is?. If
the manrgement of the large and
8 null corcerns now in operation in
thia ccuntry were turned over t i ni
todiy, we woul 1 but run them in the
ground, for we lack the husineis tiain
mg necosrary to successfully operate
them. Our vanity may prevent uj
from rcknowlo Iging this to lie true,
but we cannot deny it. It is through
no fault of ours thnt it is tru", but if
it eontinuit it will be our fault
I aek that a special Committ e on
Education bs appointed to prepare
and recommend to thia Geueral As
s nib y a plan for the bettor eduta ion
of the American youth.
The t'ouhe with trade unions iu
which cotton of our member and
nssembiies havo been engaged was
greatly ni 'gi.itied and distorted. Toe
prcceeditifts of tha Clevelind special
seesion of ihn General Aest-ni 'ly, and
the report of the General Executive
1$ ard submitted to you today, will ba
eiitlicieot. I no: d not entir into de
tail lurtber than to say that theie were
nus aki s made on both sides. S una
of our organizes have i eenso ziil ins
in their way of organizing t'jt ti.ey
have encr. ailicd upou toe preroga
tives of other asnicint:on, and on
several oicaiiors the righti ol our
members have Ik en per.ous'y inter
fered with by member ot trado
unions. Sinc the special spation cf
the Gunend Asr-e.iul.ily over rift rats
of dispute bat. ween parts of ourouL'r
a id other societies have been placed
b.forei me for adjnttmeut. li wag not
neieaary to pli-ca thow ernes before
the General Executive lliard. A few
lines io eich cue was sulli icnt, and
the trub ei tuded. To dig up pat
trouotes li nnnece-faiy, ami, in con
Hiiltatioii with promint nt men of the
trade unions, 1 was gratified to learn
that they hid no dea re to r. viva the
past. Eor the futu e, 1 rco liineud
that all matters likely to rre te a
breach ol the peace between our o der
and any ether be a' onto sohnntte I ti
the executives ot both organ's noi s
If a trade anion complain tf any
action on Ihe part of our order, let the
agrieved party suhnvt the matter to
the president ot bis union he to in
vestigate; and, failing to affect a
remely, to piece the maltsr before the
Gtre'al Mts er Workn an and Execu
tive Board. If the agrieved party is a
member of an a-teembly of the
Knighfs of Labor, let tt'esime mode
of prom dure begone through with,
and above all things, let a speedy and
impartial inveatigaon andau imma
diate Bett'em?nt be madi. This plan
ban worked well in erery new case
called to my attention since the
Cleveland fOis'on, and it is worthy cf
More trouble has been caused us by
men who profwa to be members of
the Knights of Labor tl an by raw
bBrs of tradra nnior.s. I reaped the
man who, b4rg a member of a trade
union, djes everything hono abie in
h s power to defend and perpetuate
hieorgaoizili in; bat for the Knuht
of Labor who would even attempt to
sub inlira'e r nr crdi r to any other I
have nothing but contempt. In my
e tima ion ihere is hut one place for
such a man, and that is on the ooteide
of our order.
If the representatives of the trades
uniocs and ot onr order ome together
end both are sincera in their devo ion
to their respe-tive orgen'za'iors, an
horn st and Bitiefactiry so'ution of
evjry difficulty can bs arrived a. No
sairficecf principle or regard for
either o ganizoion reeJ attend su b.
a me t'ng. liut th nun who through
fear, po'iiy, indifl'creiiie, or a e'esire
to acquire popularity, ueghcts the in
tereats cf ttie o'der he ie)ir( 8ents ii
sot honeut, an t shculd ant he allowed
to ect in ae.y capacity for any socie'y
of worki igmen.
With the fesrion "f tbo Gereral As
s. mhly only thiee il ys aay, it will
not hi po.-siblo for ni ti eay ail that I
wr uld like to upon the qw-sJioas that
ill (ouio before u. My time t'r.s ben
ertirely til en un w.t i the (h'tt il work
of the order, end I wrs forced to neg'ect
thsdutin o-d r o give ::y t me
or attention to a pn-p'-riiion for the
c niing of the Goner.-.l Aiforiib y. Il
will ourpriso ycu to hern thai, even
at this in' im'ir, when tvery ineniber
kcowi full well ihut we are as.embhd
In (to il ral couven i in, eecretarit s and
niemhe b era addressing ma at my
tfli m in the expoc-at oa of receiving
ao. iiiiiirdiate reply. Lit'erj end
tebgr nis by the i iindttd will fl w
iu upon me, even while the General
Aeeembly is in sewoa.
The duties which Cilled me away
from tome for the gr ater part of the
year that has c rs d made it impos
sible to give proper aitontion to my
corrtspondei.ce. To r.'ad each lctt-r
addressed t me would occupy every
mcment of the twenty-four hours,
leaving no time to answer or dictate
an answer to any o' t oem. I a'-teridnd
to all that I could, un I thn othe r.i will
iteve-be reached. If this is neglect
of duty, then I am guilty ; but I nave
no apo ogy 1 1 offer. I did all that I
could do more cou'd not ba expected
of me.
I have never, during the s ven
years that I havo served as General
Master Workman, made a member of
this order a euj'ct of personal or
public criticism or abuse. Such treat
ment has not bteo. accorded tome.
Whether the intention was to have me
reply through the pub ic p-e;B I do
not know, but I l ava made it a rale
never to apeak in ctiiicism, harsh or
otherwise, of a man, except when
etandiig face to fue with him. And
I have as etud.oualy lef ained from
replying to or denying attacks ( r ac
cuiaticns aaaiost mo, except in the
presence of t'irgi who' made them.
When called noon t defend the order
tr iti priniipler, 1 1 ave attempted to
do io.
I have been accused of di-playing a
"lock tf nerve," of "want of back
bone," and of bsing too "wpak a man
to lead a etrong movement." I have
nev.r replied to these charges, nor
will I do so now. I simply point back
to a record cf seven years cf service
and tsk this ouo tion: I', while hold
ing a posi ion curb as no mau living
rr dead ever held before, wim tho fall
blazsof public ecru'iny shining upon
my every action, with public opinion
as ready to cocdouin as to appfaui', I
have displayed a lack of nerve or
cacubone, why is it that a mil ion men
and women nf nerve, backbone and
common sense have gatheied around
the standard which was p'aced in my
bands seven years aeo hy the founder
of the order hunt ell ! ll l have been
proven a weak mm, why do to many
etiongmen tnpport me? I dislike to
spea'ttf thtsj ma tore, but I believe
that, in juBt'ce to yi urtolves and me,
vou should know of them. By men
who re not Knights t f Labor I have
been ta'led weak because I disconn
tenanted violence and baity, ill'
advised action. 1 have no excuse to
oiler, for it lhisiean offence let the
General Asteaib y itrelf effsr
the epolegy. My views opoa
such oueit.ons were known to
taeu Gene'al Assembly be
fore my e ection as General Ma ter
Tt'orkinan, ana laeie.t ng me tney ia
d r.-ed and made themselvea responsi
ble for these sentimea s
I will now apeak sb I. have never
snoken to a s S'ion of the General
Assemb'y before. lteprespntatives
have been inetrucid to vote for me
fur General Mas:er Woikman. I feel
complimented, but release every mem
ber from bis obligation to vo'e for me.
You are fiee to vo'e fir any other
man vou chocse, and if tou act in aa-
cordance with my wishes you wi 1 se
lect another to mi my place. This I
leave in your bards. I stand ready
to s.'ive this or.ler in any capacity,
either as General Master Workman or
in the private ranks. Ia votina for
General Matter Workman do not be
guided by tentiment or sympathy, bnt
vote for ttie besi intaresu of God's
suff ring p or and the cause of united
labor. It ia became I believe it to be
my duty that I talk thai plainly, and
hoie faca to face with labor's repre
sentative men and women is the place
to sty it.
It lies been charged that between
meiiib rs of the General Executive
hoard aud myself terioiiBdiet iri atics
have taken place; thut ruptures
have occurred of a corious char
acter. Others hove charged that
the b nrd constirut.d itselt a ring
to u annua 1.11 sirs. Tiese ptats-
men's. i n veiit'ous of the enemy, have
a damaging efT'C hen told to the
unwary. The first a strtion is utterly
false, for bstween th board and my
fe'f ihcr hasb'en no rupture nr even
a difference. If at first we did not
agree upon a quet'c n, we diecussed it
until the fulleet p s itile light shone
upon it, and when we went to the
wO'UI Willi It we went s uue ninu,
Kvniv attempt to divide us has been a
la lur-e. 7ht we have corsbtnted
ourselves, a ring to manaze affnira is
t'lie; that is what you elected us for.
W. area riag, eolid uid nnbrokeo,
a d I hope tha next board will be the
fnin... For atanoingt aether in uni'y
we havrt no apoloyies to ofler. For
myself I pay may it never be other
Heott'a I'.innlalow;
Of nnrn l)nd Liver Oil. with Htpo-
phnaibi.ee, Is a nios valuable rsmady
for ennaumnt on. scrofula, wa ting dis-
ea es of children, c ilds and chronic
couuhs. and in all conditions where
there is a loss of fl sh, s lack of nerve
power and a geneiai debility of the
OCTOBER 5, 1886.
umuiiEK u, isas.
Dliruoi, from Plmplra f Kerofula,
i urea ny uiieara.
Hundrt it nf lettum in our Botiatiion. eon-
id ot which mor he hvl bj return ot mail,
repeat thit try : X have been a torrid e of
lerer f"r yeare Irom bireruea ol ibe bkin end
Blood; have been obliged to than pulilio
E laces bv reason of my aii6frarinir bumorH;
ave hhd the bt-t ihyio inn bri ruent
hundreili of dollar! and not no relief until
I oid the Cuiicum RauauiKd, whicn t&re
curel me, and lelt my ikin and blood ai
pure aa a child'a.
CcTICl'Ki BEHKniHare th ir.ii'.nt m,li.
miei on earth, iind the worst case of bait
Rheum in to i country. My mother bud it
twenty years, and in fact died from ii. I be
litve CUTiCDaa woulj have saved her life.
My arms, breant and bend were novarnl for
three rears, whioh aotjiint relieved or cured
uutil I used tha Ciiticua Hibiilvixt, in
ternally, and Ci'Ticuaa and Cutici ra Koap,
externally. . . J. W. ADAMb.
Newark, Ohio.
I eommenced to use your CcTinnaA Rimc-
Diia last July. My head and face and some
parts ol my body were almost raw. My head
wai covered with scabs and sore, and mv
suffering- was fearful I bad tried every-
tnios; i Din neara oi in tne nasi ana Viest.
Myoarewis considered a very bad one. 1
have now not a partiola of Skin Humor
about me, ana my cae is considered won
derlul. MRS. S. K. WHIPPLE.
Decatur, Mioh.
I must extend to vou tho thanka nfnna of
my custodiers who hai been onred by usinsr
the Ciiticdua K kusuikh ot an old sire, caured
by a long fell of sickness or 'ever eight
years aeo. lie was so bud he was tearful he
would have to have his leg amputated, hut
is bappy to Bay he is now entirelv well
sound ax a dollar, lie rrquests uie to Ufe his
nniiie. willed is 11. ll. I"ahiin, merchant, of
liiU place. JO 11 .N V. Ml.NOM, Urugir t,
ainsboro, lenn.
Cl'TO'I-HA Rp.uecdirh nre sold evnrvnhnrA.
Prico: Cutiouka, 60 ots. i Havol.vi.NT, 31.0 ;
riiiAP, 25 oik. Prepared by Foitkr Dm ii and
Piiihical Co., Huston, Ms. Pienl lor
siw i lire iiim-iix-k."
fiRHR Pimples, Skin blemishes and
ulluotfl Uauv Ilumora cured bv Clti-
ci;ua Poap.
I!:iclt Acho, Kidney fains, Hip,
Side and Cit P.iins, n"d a I
Strains and Woskness rellveil
ih out ml'ulH hy the Cull-
Ill-H lii.aiil tlalr. At
druaiziste, 25 cenrs: live lor SI. (K).
Pottfr I ruRnnd Chem'-nl Co , lioston.
No. 238 Main Street.
MEMPHIS, -- - - TK1W.
THE course of studyis extended, thorough
and practical, aB'ordina superior facili
ties for obtaining a sound business education.
For Catalogue call at tho eorsolrooui or
address T. A. LKDDIN, Principal.
Reopens October 4, 1886.
TJUPILS nrenared for '"The Art Students'
-L League," of New York, or any other
nrsi class art sonool tney may ucsire to enter
DRAWING. Painting and Wood Carving
taught by the methods of the celebrated
Cincinn ati School of Design. First success
fully int'orluced here by Miss Carrie Dos
londe Dobyns, Principal School of Art, the
Uigbee School.
Mend for fipeelal Clrciilar for Art
Georgetown College, D. C.
Foni rlpil I7.
h IIOOI.x open September 9, 18S6. Apply
to President of the Co lege.
THE N1M(L if MaDIOINE opens
Sept. 2U, 1W. Apply to Prol. J. W. II.
Lovejoy, M. D., iHX) 12th street, K. W
Washington, I). C.
THK Ni llooi, 'F LAW open on the
First Wednesday in October. Apply to
Sam I. M. i"atinan. Sec'y, corner 6th and
If. streets, N. W., Ws-hington, D, C.
JAMKS A. BOON AN, S. J., Pres't.
I.EreK.SI.lfl'h St.. Washington, D. C,
opens October ISth. Prov d s a ersotically
useful bu'iness education. Terms: Lite schol
arship, 110 lioardinir, stationery, etc,
twlve weeks' car ft, 15. For circular (Iree)
address Martyn's Com in -rcinl College.
School of Drawing and
48 N. Conrt NI. U. W. Dale, Prln.
PROF. DALE, a graduate of the National
Hohnnl nf Klcntinn and Oratory. Phila
delphia, Pa , will reniMve a limited r.umborof
pupils in ursynn ana i'.isri urnwingann elo
cution, achool peii October IS.lermf
Kensonalile. Kuiillc fteailings a neeciaiiy.
The Higbee Schocl
Education of Young Ladies
Beale, Lau JerJale and Jessamine Bti.,
Incorporated with CollC"e Prlv
Fall Term Opens Monday. Sept. 20.
r-Tboronsh English and Classical Course.
Modern Languages by Foreign leachers.
Book-keeping, Suort-hand and lypa
writii g taught.
Schools of Art, Music and Elocution noted
for eiception'rl advantages.
Spooial students received In every depart-
"""nViw and elegant building will be erected
during the summer and (all, wh"re n will be
lurnished a spacious itudv hal', large pri
mary Um.l l.'P-Vi'Hl-, . t V
library, gymnasium and art gallery, which,
Wltn tne elegant unn-ion usr twi ...........
pupils and the wooded pleasure ground.
will form one ot he mot complete school
foundations in the South.
Cataloi-ua ready August 4th.
For informH tiitn address t ,
Meitphls, Tfna.
Tulane University of Louisiana.
IFormerly, 1W-18S4, the University oi
Louisiana J
TTS advantages for practical Instruction In
I .i:,..... ni thm ..i.il.Bittat .r. unrivaled.
ta low secures it sunerahundant nratori-
ats from the gn nt Charily Hospital with its
7iK) beds, and 2il,ll patients annually. Stu
dent" have no hosp tal-fces to pa and spe
cial instruction is daily given at me ueuimie
ottbesick.aa in no olhor institution, tor
Prof. S. K. CIIAILLB, M. l., Dean,
P O. Orator "lit Nr. Or'ei". I, a.
B'BtF." mtroJuotion by HeT.J H Vin-
a IV li it-. I.... anld . 0 In ft tftwn
of 674 op.tt onr3 in ftTillftse of 7iM; on
. ui. 1.. iii . ma V tmn i !
live iMki; one U) in dy i wd''!J flnt
timet MperifjnM nox DtpMiry.
atststlal.YN.N. Y. Hoard on the Bill,
M u. n n-.rrl. irt Washington
Park. Rooms large; location delighltol.
Convenient o ears to Manhattan ,
Coney Island. Long Beach and ueoirai rirai
alto toriew lorapiaoasoi iibmbisi.
For Fifty Years the great Remedy for
Blood Poison ani Skin Diseases.
For 50 Ut
Years. Pii
.7J an.-lAiA at-'--,
Interesting Treatise onBlood and Skin Diseases
mailed free to all who apply. It should be
carefully read by everybody. Address
Mill Ai IB CO
Steam Engines, Boilers and Tank Work, Cotton Gins, Coltot
Tresses, Hooa ruiieys, snauing, Agi lcuuurai
and Plantation Work,
r Wo have the LARGEST WORKS of the kind in the Vnlted Rtntos, and will moet
piices forsamo Quality of work, bond for Catalogue, Prioe-Lista
and XestimomaU.-fcu
Sneer s C
Hilling from Mulberry to St. Martin Streets
Br Insurance and Sacks free.
ssr The Largest and only Complete Gin in the city,
gar Best TTield. Best Sample.
1. B. 81 MS, Pres't, GEO. ARNOLD,
tST Conntry Stores, Dwellings and Olnlioaseg a Specialty.
86T Losses Adjusted Promptly, and Paid at Memphis.
39 Union St., Memphis, Tenn.
S. H.
And Commission Merchants,
No. 367 Front Street, : 7IemihiM, Tenn.
Or ocers & Cotton Factors,
No. 8a Main Street. Gsyooo lilock.
Woods fe Swoope,
Buggies, Wagons and Harness,
Stoam EiiKlnes, Machinery or All lescrlption),
!sft? nwr vm
All Cotton Covered by Insurance on Seaworthy Vessels CI
Ginhouse. Sacks furnished to responsible parties.
Mi Facts
29ft Front Street, Opposite Cnstom House.
' il al iievex
- 1
E3ow IIilliS-
otton Gin
V. - Prea't. W. II. KESIEB1T, Sec'y.
Chickasaw Ironworks
Seoond St. Memphis. To-
.iiKiunN, Hollers, Sawmills,
Bradford Corn and Wheat Mill J
Cotton i'reM, iwioa uinn,
KhnlltlnK, Pulleys, ..
SPI.riAI. SOT'K-W ,repri'pr(l to 11)1 orderr
on snort notioo, forth. wle rated Wwlnrt PntenC
WroiiKhi. . I'ulley. Wa oarrj in (took over
Two Hundred Assortea . inn.
- Bend for CataloKne acd Prioe-list.
nle tins

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