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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, December 19, 1886, Image 7

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low III a 7r glitiM f champtgna and
I harry
And tarn to tha bumper of winn again :
Tha Ant aaroka af midulght niaat and ui ail
lad thii be tha choral that mkf the
i ll Chrieimalli hera,
Ik best (' the year
'11 meat it with lore, u eaeh baart may
N a aorraw ihall darken
Oar raa a, u we bearkea
T th joy belli that ring io the rear'
jubilee I
let bamty ed nyety trie to the meunre
Whioh aiaaical o,donoee mark fur their
feat- ,
The maw ef the dance it a well print or
And adda ita own aiarm U this festival
Oh I Chrietmn it here,
1 he hnc of the your I
nn hail it with jollity, rreet 't with dance,
i'or auiaee are booing
And warm hard" are meeting,
While rhythm of maxiethe teneut entrance I
Of feattier aad plenty 'tia fitly the leaton,
Co (tire to the lnd:gent p irt of your ttore;
Tor he who withholds it, doet charity trea-
Aad fafla in hit duty to think of the prar.
Oh I Cbrittinat i here.
Tbe beat ol thaywr
Thehometof Ueaeedy with tftj full and
A tout far the Chrittmattidel drink it in
With pea e te the world, into all men
Her the tanthine of Joy pierce the ihadowi
of ladnm,
And Life, for ear gulfing, ebo.oe wine)
Ok 1 Cbriatmaa, it here.
The beat of the year,
The teatna ef merriment, charily, ong
Bucb metn'riea entwine it,
.Kith heart tha i eni-hrine it
Amid theaffictioni Tihioh (row green and
Lm 0. ITarlf in reoMie Mag a time.
In OH Tlrajlutn Uffore tbe War.
IwiiTTia ret
tbi afpkal
ICopyrirhbd mi kj S. S. MeClure J
Id the days that aro no more, the
legal Thanksgiving Day wan not
known in Virginia. Nor vet New
Year'i Day, as kept by the Knicker
bocker burghers. The 22J of Febru
ary wm celebrated by oollege ora
tions: tbe Fourth of July given over
to political burbcaes, Christmas time
was the reservoir into which 6V.
touched the flush tido of lamily,
social aad national rejoicing. With
lofty as with lowly, it, was a watch
tower set on a hill, tho benign light
of which, like the flaming sword
guarding Eden, flashed every way,
Backward rays from Christmas goue
met and mingled with the rays of
Christmas coming.
We began to count the days yet
Unfulfilled with the reddening of the
rock maples The opening of the
chinquapin burr, the apple harvest,
the fall of the leaf, the change from
pucker te sugar in the pulp of the
persimmon were way marks, impa-ej
tieDtly numbeied, in i he procession
of months and weeks toward the cul
minating glory of the year.
Housekeepers commenced prepara
tions for it in sober earnest by the
last week of November, specially in
the country. The traditions of our
English ancestry told mightily in
modeling our habits of life. "Christ
mas in town" was deprecated with it
dash of compassionate contempt by
planters and their families. They
kept open house at that season with
heartiness that looks to us now like
bootless extravagance. The premises
were sot in order early in December
as for royal uup'ia'a and court
banquets. Mince meat was al
ready made, moistened with peach
brandy in quantity and quality suf
ficient to season it against mud and
mould, then packed down in huge
jars and- bladders tied over tho
mouths. With the first hard frost
came "hog killing" providing bams,
spareribs, chimes and sausage of de
licicusness inimitable, and to those
who never tasted them, unimagina
ble. Pots of lurd "dried out," into
snowy harduess, wero ranged on the
store loom shelves, destined to
furnish hot baths for the
br:ods . ot summer chickens,
cooped np and fattened on outs
and Hiush. Pens wero built for
-lately turkeys and pompous Mus
covy ducks, and the tenants fed as
regularly and bountifully as were the
children who honed to eat them.
Later on came cake making, Dever
intrusted to the hands of hirelings;
fruit cake, with juit enough flour
wrought into it to hold together the
fatsnd liberal soul; pound cako, into
whose, manufacture sixteen ounces
ofeaoh ingredient was righteously
compounded; ginger cakes, war
ranted to keep for months; spice
and lemon cakes, and, in the
last days of joyous activity,
sponge cake, moulded and frosted
into snowballs as big as the fist, and
owing. their buoyant being to eggs
and elbow power, with not so much
as a dust of baking powders. En
glish plum pudding was not made in
every family. On tbe threshold of
this emprise diffident housewives
and easo loving cooks paused, dread
ing and daunted. Ouly veteran
divers, plunging into the depths of
ancestral recipes, brought up success
and established a culinary reputa
tion vaunted by children and chil
dren's ohildrcn.
As December nights grew toward
their longest aud December days
ncared the briefest uf the calendar,
feather beds were beaten for ten
minutc each, by the fiail like arms
of colored housemaids, under the
eye of her mistress or faotorum, and
provision of blanket, sheets, etc.,
made lor temporary sleeping places.
On a rainy or snowy day, an armful
of straw, fastened to the end of a
pole, was thrust up the throat of
every chimney to burn out the en
crusting soot. Ilena, incited to the
full measure of their duty by arts
peculiar to colored poultry keepers,
yielded eggs by the hundreds for
puddious and pios, with especial re
serve tor egg nogg.
ty Christmas Jive every pantry
was packed to groaning; oomels of
name aud a galaxy of sparks streamed
from tho kitchen ohiiancy; every
-eligible nook holi a bed; a dozen
young girls with attendant gallants
surrounded the drawing room fire;
the play of repartee and compliment,
and the ripple of legato faug'itcr
rose And ebbed to the piano accom
paniment responsive to the sweep of
white fingers. City guests were
always hidden and always came to
the plantation Christmas frolic.
"Company" was no trouble:
hospitality was as natural and
easy sb breathing. But tho holiday
reception was the cream of welcome
to the visitor. If eight bachelors
lent and smoked in the uilco" in
the yard, and as many girls occupied J
me one snare cn&rnber ot the homo
stead, nobody felt orowdedAThoro
fmK';k- 'C, . ... ... .TTj
were plenty, of feather bedi and
blankets, great stores of linen heir
looms that required the wear ot two
generations to make them thin, and
big fires burning all night in every
apartment for ventilations.
Supper would be served at 8
o'clock, perhaps later. A repait of
hot fried or smothered" chicken,
tewed oysters, four or five kinds of
cold meats; waffles, hot rolls, corn
bread in divers shapes, battercakes:
wafers as thin as paper, that yielded
crisply to the teeth and stimulated,
not sitibfiod, appetite damson, melon,
peach, quince, strawberry and cherry
preserves; home made cakes, tea,
coffee and great pitchers of milk with
all the cream lett on.
In spite of the luxurious abund
ance nf their menus, the Virginians
of that date were seldom gormandi
zers. There was little talk in well
bred companies of eating and drink
ing, Sumptuous fare was accepted
as a part of their daily living, and
even high faasts were never mere
"feeds. If they lingered over their
upper on this evening it was in en
joyment of social converse, not of
grosser creature comforts.
The plantation tiddler was in his
place at the top of the long drawing
room when the hilarious bevy flut
tered back thither. The portly host
usually led off the first set with the
belle of the party, and his wife was
sometimes his vis-a-vis. Churohly
elders who had scruples about dano
ing in general were coaxed into tak
ing the floor for this "once a year."
As the clock, struck, twelve they
joined hands in a wide circle and sang
"Auld Lang Syne" or quite as
often "Praise God, from whom all
blessings Jflow." They were not
ashamed to name Ilim to whom all
praise belongs in thpse brave, sim
ple days that are ao morel One
more set the Virginia reel, danced
on Christmas night in tho Mother
Country to this time, under the name
of Sir Roger de Coverly, and the
wassail bowl of egg nogg was brought
in. A toast to the health ancLhap
piness of present and absent friends
was drunk, and the girls, betook
themselves to the cheery, crowded
chambers overhead, leaving the men
to smoke aud talk politics about tho
drawing room hearth.
Before suorise, every sleeper on
the plantation was aroused by the
doafening boom of the "Christmas
gun." A heavy blast of gunpowder
was rammed into a hollow ttce and
firod a daybreak. Detonations of
lesser force followed, from Iocs rid
dled with auger hole and stuffed with
powder, guns, pistols and '-'pop crack
ers," while the outcries of v'Chris'mas
git", my marstorl" "Chris'mas git',
my mistisl" under windows and
halls, rivaled tlie "baksheesh" yells
of the Bedouin.
Nobody in that region and time
said, "Merry Christmas," but, always,
"Christmas gift." Tho strife as to
who should get it out first was, with
children and servant, a claim upon
the liberality of the later speaker.
What was undoubtedly the primal
significance of the greeting was sol
emn and beautiful, nothing less
than proclamation of the unspeakable
Gift heralded by the angels aulhem
above the plains of Bethlehem.
Breakfast was not over until 10
o'clock, dinner was served at i or 3
o'clock. Neither soup nor fish was
regarded as an essential to the feast.
Roust turkey at the head of the table
was balanced by boiled turkey with
oyster sauce at the loot, lloast goose,
midway between the two, mingled
fragrant steam with rising incense of
roast duck on the other side ot the
castor; chicken, lamb, roast bed and
"shoat 'perhaps a sucking pig
baked whole and the inevitable
boiled ham, wero separated by vege
tables, pickles, catsups and sauces.
Family silver reflected tho sunshiue
of happy faces; cut glass as old an
swered in silvery chimes the tuneful
clamor of young voices.
The country fashion of taking wine
together lent individual interest to
the revel. The urbane host was ever
on the lookout for opportunities to
send the decanter along with "Miss
A ! Mr. B. asks tho pleasure of tak
ing a glass of wine with you." Then
the graceful lifting of glasses, the
exchauge of bows across the board,
the complimentary phrase from one,
the smile of acknowledgement from
tho other it is all old 1'aNhioned now,
but it was far prettier than the cus
toms that have driven it out.
"Ladies and geutleinen!" called
out dear old Mnj. A. from the head
of the table in the floodiide of the
Christmas wassail, "1 crave leave to
offer a toast!"
His plantation skirted tho Appo
mattox river, which lies between,
Powhatan aud Amelia counties. At
his right s it his favorite neighbor,
Powhatan L , who was betrothed
to Amelia C , a Florida belle, not
preout today.
"A toast!" repeated the h"St.
rising, mautling tumbler in hand, his
eyes brimming with fun and fond
ness. "1 give you the Appomattoxl
May it cease to flow, that Powhatan
and Amelia may be forever united."
Ah! that was the sort of thing
they did in the old .Virginia days,
before war laid their pleasant places
waste. People watched for chances
to turn phrases handsomely, studied
the oapabilities.ol language to give
pleasure to their auditors. Elegant
conversation was a popular accom
plishment. Now it is subsidiary to
dancing, murdered by flirtation.
I have spoken of Christinas week.!
to limit the festival to a single day
would have been reckonod maim
ing of their ohief social rite. From
one manor house to another rolled the
gladsome party, tarrying by appoint
mcut, a day at this, a night at that,
talking, dancing, driving, walking,
singing, love making in such iuno
ocnoy of delight as is possible to none
but the young. Now and then they
danced Virginia reels, quadrilles and
cotillions (ado out of fashion now),
on the bare oaken floor of a bam like
parlor, furnished with uncushioned
chairs and thin legged tables; as the
wide, rambling house in which they
encamped for the night's frolic was
unpainted, wiudows arid doors had
shrunk from the casings, and
the blaze of the yule log
flared in draughts pouring in
from all quarters. Sometimes their
progress was made in rusty, shack
ling chariots, lurching heavily
through red mud two feet deep, and
over corduroy roads that would have
shaken old bones from the sockets.
Over all and above all, they carried
the brave, gay spirit that laughs at
external discomfort, found every
where gontlo breeding aud whole
souled hospitality, adorning Christ
mas hospitality as the flexible soravs
of their own running cedar the was
sail bowl.
NubMrribe lor the "Appeal,"
Its Climate and I's Advantage for
Health 1 he Chinese end I ulna
town Hies and Fleas the
Special Torment.
IsriouL ooBBBsroxDixci oy th trraiL.1
Loa Angeles, Cal., December
12. Les Angeles, or "the City of the
Angels," is rightly named, and will
in time beoome one ot the show
places of the country. Ot course
you have heard all about the "glo
rious" climate of California, and this
"climate" seems to reach perfection
in this, the southern metropolis ot
the State. At this writing the
weather to an Eastern mind is phe
nomenal. Flowers are in bloom,
grass is green, and everything has
tte appearance of spring. Winter,
in fact, is practically unknown here.
Very few of the houses havo fire
places, and those that havo are
mostly for show. But enouih of
climate, etc., that has already been
written to death by enthusiastio correspondents-and
visitors. So I will
endeavor to give you the plain mat
ter of fact impres-ions of an ex
Memphian after a six month s' resi
dence here. Los Angeles is cer
tainly a delightful place to live,
and will be, doubtless, an
important poirJt from a business
standpoint EODie day; The country
is rapidly filling up, real est a to is
booming and many elegant resi
dences are now in ooure of erection.
The winter "rush" is larger than
ever before. Business hero at pres
ent is mostly of a retail character,
there being comparatively few job
bing houses. There is a considerable
trade in grapes, wine, oranges and
other fruits, and this is growing
every year. The city now claims a
population of 45,000 to 55.0(H) which,
it true, is unprecedented. The cost
of living is about the same here as in
Memphis; house rent is, perhaps,
higher. All fruits'and vegetables are
cheap and very nice, l-resh meats
are about the Fame, and salt meats
much higher. Sugar used here is
mostly from the Sandwich Islands.
Wood and coal are very high, but
fortunately very little has to be used.
The coal is brought from Australia
to San Pedro, which is teally
the seaport of Lis Angelas, aad is
brought to this on the cars,
a distanco of eighteen miles.
It sells generally at about $10 to
$12 a ton at retail, and wood sells at
$10 to $15 a cord. Oasolino, how
ever, is mostly used for domcstio
Surposcs, a portion of which is pro
uccd in this country, Newhall being
tho principal point, situated about
fifty miles from Los Anceles, and the
remainder is brought from the East.
Almost every one uses gasoline both
for cooking and heating purposes,
and it sells for $1 50 per five gallon
can. Good servants are very hard to
get and wages are fery high, ranging
from $15 to $30 per month, and as a
consequence people, as a rule, do
their own work, unless they are
wealthy. The laundry business is
virtually monopolized by tho Chi
by the way, are quite a factor in Los
Angeles civilization, and deserve
moro than a passing notice. This is
essentially, a pro-Chinese town.
There are probably 3000 of them in
the city. They have their distinctive
quarter, kuown as Chinatown, with
their own theater, shops and other
places dear to the Celestial heart.
As before remarked, the laundry
business is in their hands, and they
also cut quite a figure in truck or
garden farming. They are tolerated
because no other labor can be had,
and they Uave consequently mado
themselves almost a necessity. Occa
sionally, however, the anti-Chinese
feclifg will crop out, s was evi
denced in an attempt to burn Chiua
town a week or two airo. Several
houses were destroyed before the fire
was extinguished, but the next day
the "guileless heathon" proceeded
about his usual avocations as it noth
ing had happened. Altogether t!io
Chinaman is a strange being. lie is
patient and long suffering, and is a
marvel of industry and thrift. He
is not a good citizen, however, aud it
is owly a question ol time when Joi n
wilHiave to move.
As every locality, oven tho most
favored, has its drawbacks, so has
this. It is true they are small, hut
thoy aro not the less aunoying. 1
refer to flies and fleas. There are
millions of them s,nd they are like
the poor "you have them with you
always." You know we have no
killing frost, aud as a consequence,
they grow and thrive tho year
through. There are not mauy mos
quitoes, hut what there are are quite
as voracious and pertinacious as the
mempnis article.
Los Angeles ot course ranks high.
There is something in the atmos
phere here (and it is not all imagina
tion, either,) which proves bcucfioial
to persons suffering from pulmonary
complaints. Of course people lie
here, as they do everywhere else, but
it they come soon enough they are
generally benefited and their lives
prolonged. It is remarkably healthy
lor children, too; many complaints
incidental to babyhood in the Kast
are unknown here. There are any
number of doctors, however, and
they all seem to be doing well, but
thoy say their patieuts are mostly
from the Kast.
A few words on this point will not
bo amiss. Mechanics ot all kinds are
in demand, as a general rule, and
readily secure work at remunerative
prices. Carpenters, bricklayers, and
other s illed workmen, oommand
from $3 to $4 50 per day. Ranch or
farm hands get from $1 to $1 50 a day
and board, and are eenerallv .in de
mand. This state of affairs, however,
does not apply to clerks and profes
sional men. The supply of the latter
far exceeds the demand, and wnges
are correspondingly low, ranging
from board and lodging to $75 and
$100 per month. In fact, they "size
up" a man's necessities and govern
themselves accordingly. Thus, if a
man is in a particularly tight plaoe,
his chanoes are proportionately
small. This state of anairs is brought
about by the large number of inva
lids who come from the East; people
who are not absolutely broken down,
but who aro able to do light wor,
and with whom "wages is not of so
muob importance as a good home,'
and the opportunity of breathing
this "glorious climate." There are
more lawyers, doctors, rial estate
men and insurance agents here than
any other city perhaps of its size in the
world, and how they all manage to
make a living is one of the mysteries
I have been unable to solve as yet,
For example, there are raid to be
103 insurance agents alone, and as
for real estate men, they are beyend
Another feature which strikes tho
Eastern eye is the large number of
lodging houses and restaurants. Al
most every house in the city, from
the richest to the poorest, bears the
sicn "Furnished llooins to Bent."
Elet'int mansions and humble
"adobes" are alike open to the East
ern consumptive or tourist provided,
always, he has the money to pay in
advance. Prices range from $t to
$30 per month for furnished rooms,
ajcording to locality, ' le and ac
commodations. Good rooms may bo
bad for $12 per month. Almost all
transients, and a large percentage of
the resident population eat at res
taurants, of which there are a large
nnmber, The s andard prieo is
cents per meal, but ot course it
is higher in the more fashionable
ones. Some aWo furnish wine with
dinners at the popular price of '25
cents. Boarding houses aie few and
far between. For a town of its size
Los Angeles is well provided with
hotels, there being no le-s than fit
teen laree ho?telries io full opera
tion, and they are orowded during
the winter n.onths on account of
large numbers of excursionists from
the East, whole carloads of whom
arrive almost daily.
The street car system ot Los An
geles is very cT2p!et, and a person
can go all over the city and be
brought back to the center, at tho
corner of Main and Spriivg streets,
without walking a step. There are
two cable lines by which easy access
is had to what is known as the
"Hills," which are being rapidly
built up with elegant rcsidcaces.
The horses here are very fine, and
the contrast between these splendid
animals and Mr. Barrett's, little
mules is "pvnl'ul." One lino ruus
over to East Los Angeles, a distance
of probably three and a half
miles, aud fcvoral others nre
as long, if not longer. The
fata ts only 5 cents. An elec
tric railway is now almost completed
and by tho time this letter reaohes
you, will probably be in operation,
which will open up a large amount of
property for residence purposes and
lncYeaso values along tho line. Bo
sides these, tho San Gabriel Valley
and the Santa Monica roads run
trains four or live times a day, giving
easy access to a number of beautiful
suburban resorts, the principal ones
beirg Santa Monica, San Gabriel
aud Pasadona. There tro alc nu
merous livery stables, and prices are
very reasonable, a nico double team
eosting from $5 to $G per day and
single buggies from $1 50 to $!Z 50,
according to style. So you seo that
the Los Angclese are determined
that visitors shall have no excuse
for nut seeing what they claim is the
most beautiful spot on terra tiruia.
Water, as you know, is the life of
a country, We have very little
rajn in Southern California. The
rainy season generally begins in No
vember aud continues uuiil Febru
ary. It docs not raiu coi.tiuuilly,
but when it does rain the water
comes down in solid sheets. .Fortu
nately it rains mostly atnight. After
tho rainy season is over there is no
moro rain, except very rarely a slight
shower, which causes almost as great
a r'cnsation as frost would in August
in Memphis. Water is, of course,
needed lor irrigation, and this is sup
plied by the city and private com
panies. The city supply for irrigating
purposes is conveyed through open
ditches called iii gas (pronounced
tiiukys), uu l aro under the super
vision of nn official known as tho
Zanjero. The lower part of tho city
is supplied with drinking water by
the City Water Company, t ho hource
ol' supply bjin;,' Los Angeles river.
Tho hill portion is supplied by the
Btaudry Company, its souiee ot sup
ply being a spring in the mountain,
it is by fur tho bod water to bo had.
Wa'cr, in fact, is piped almost every
where away from -tho rivers and
streams, aud cuts the principal figure
in the value of land. (
The tiity is lighted by electricity,
there being something over 100
masts, each 200 feet high, placed on
prominent, elcvatioi s about the city.
Tiie effect at niht is simply beauti
ful, The lights can be men at a
great distance, in 'act, it is the tint
sign a visitor his that tiny arc ap
proaching tho city. They look like
a number of moons clustered iti tho
heavens. In the city it is as light at
night s iu day, and the -eene Iron,
many of the higher elevations ii one
of surpassing beauty. The peculiar
light foieshortons the perspective,
wnien maKes tne mountains appear
very close, and form no admirable
background for the picture, which
more resembles a painted scene than
a real live, sure enough progressive
American city. I have never been
to Italy nnr to Switzerlnud, but 1
cannot imagine a more beautiful
sight thau Los Angeles after night
fall, with its beautitul flowers, green
foliage aud palm trees. While there
are comparatively few elegant brick
or stoue rosideuces, there are any
number of costly wooden structures,
some of them said to cost $100,
000. I cannot say thut I admire
the style of architecture, it is pecu
liar to Los Angeles, "Ginger bread"
decoration is all the rage, aud the
more seiiseless points, angles and
gables, that can be put on' a house,
the better pleased is the owner.
Mauy of the houses are beuutifully
situated on high hills, and under the
eloctric light, remind one of the olden
castles of romance. Id the .daytime
this is different, however, and the
ehange is not for the better. Then
again, somo houses are built in the
side of tho hills, presenting a one
story cottage front to the street,
while in the rear they are three and
sometimes four stories deep. Some
have no back yards at all, but end iu
an abrupt precipice, which must
keep a nervous mother with a large
family of small children in a state
bordoring on iusauity. Most of the
houses, however, in the older parts
of the city, are surrounded by beau
tiful grounds filled with, semi-tropical
dowers aud plants, prominent
among them being the beautiful
fan palms and lemon and orange
trees. There are a number of parks
in the city, including the old Mexi
can Plaza in the lower part of iown.
DECEMBER 19, 186.
Many of the views from ths hills are
very fine; ot every haid are sigai of
progress, aew streets are beiig
made, and ia some iastace sat
through bills tweaty aad thirty feet.
While sn sense of the high peiuts
elegant hotels are built, the groiads
of which are beu til ally laid tut.
All the taste and experiense of
skilled landscape gardeners being
called to the aid ol nature to make
the view pleasant to the sight ef the
Eastern tourist and invalids, and for
all ot whioh, they have te pay round
ly, and another paradox before I for
get it. Property owners here nav
for the grading of tho streets and the
oity sprinkles then.
Los Anrelcs is furrouueVd by a
cumber of besutifal little towns and
villavos, the principal onossf whith
sre 1'asid nn, Annhciai. San abrio,
Santa Ana, Sanu Motiisi, Ijong
lteauli and Wiliaington. Santa
Monica is eiiihtecx miles distant, on
the seacoflst, where splendid sort
bathitig is enjoyed during the entire
year. The luxury et a bath in the
big Paoifio in November and De
cember has to be enjoyed to be ap-
jreoiated it oanuot be described.
Ivcrybody goes to Santa Moniea
here. They havo a steata railroad,
tho round trip only eosting 75 sents.
I'asadenA is the show place of Smth
em California, and is called the
"Crown Jewel of the Hna tiahriel
Valley." It is beautifully situated,
just at the base of the mountain, and
its orauge groves are fanioas all over
the Stole. It is aaito a little oity
and has street cars, gasworks end
all modern improvements. A Hoi
ton capitalist has jost finished and
opened the largest aud costliest hetel
on the Paoifio coast, outside of San
Fra'ieisf o. Pasadena will doubtless
be heard ofJmor in the future, es
pecially in the Eastern papers, as a
large number of Bostouians will
take up their winter residonoo
there. Han Gabriel is the
site of the okl Spanish
mission, and is or.o of the eldest
settled points ou the ooist. Tho
famous vineyard of L, J. Rose,
known as Sunuy Slope, aud Bald
win's Hinta Anita ran on, aro near
this pla3o. A poin. just coming iutt
proiuincnoo as a sumuior resort is
tho Catalino Islands, about twonty
fivo miles off tho ooat nt San Pedro,
whioh are said t) afford fine ctili
water bathinc, as well an good fish
ing. Santa Barbara is situated about
twenty five miles up the toast, but
can scarcely be tailed a suburb ot
Lo.i Angeles. Thcso aro only a few
of the prominent points of interest
in this ncighboihood.
There are a lnrgo number of Mem
phians and Tennsacans here, as
well as a fair sprinkling from Missis
sippi, Arkansas and Alabama.
Among those well known iu Mom
phis are the Stevens brcthers, who
nre leading lawyers, and Albert N. is
favorably mentioned for United
States District Judge. Moyo and
Noah Wicks, sous ol the lato M. J.
Wicks, formerly prosidcut ot the
Memphis and Charleston road, aro
al o engaged in the practice ot law,
besides be in if heavily interested iu
real (Slate, and havo aeoumulated
large fortunes. Moyo was last niht
n o in i naled tor Ouy Attorney by tho
Democrats. Wultor D. 4tevonsen is
engaged in the prattice of law. Dr.
Blair is intcre-twl iu real estate.
MrTand Mrs. tlulford and their
daughters. Mrs. Tulls and Mrs.
James Mulkey, aro residing on
Washingtin street. Harry Tui'ts is
in the ins'.rnuoo biuiuoss here with
W. II. Burkt, ti.rmciiy proprietor of
tho Helena, Ark.. H'orM. Tho
lion. G. Wiley Wells, formerly Con
grossmitn from tho Secuud Missis
sippi District, aud Bradner W. Leo,
who formerly lived at Holly
Springs, Miss., are cngaod
iu the prattice ' ot law
in counoetion with Jmlgo
Van Dyke, and have tho fined law
oltioo aud library on tho coast, ('apt.
Fit Geruld.formor District Attorney
at Vicksburg, is engaged iu t he prac
tice ot law. Judec Jfeardon, well
known in Arkansas and Memphis,
also lrn out bin "bhinu'lo" as a law
yer. Mr. W. I). C'ullcii, formerly
cotton clerk at Memphis, and a cousin
of Mr. Hugh D. Cullcn, has a nice
ranch at Ansa, and" is prominent in
Democratic politios. Mr. II. D.
Coulter, formerly of Clarksville,
Tciin . is a leading dry goods mer
chant and the proprietor of the Los
Angeles woolen mills. 1 icse aro
only a few of the more prominent
members of the Southern oolony uow
located in Los Angeles oity and
country. ,
But 1 must briug thii already too
long letter to a tlosj. 1 will, atsome
future timo, writs you something
about the material progress of this
p irtion of California, iti products
and prnsprais, railroad development
and such other points that uny bo
of'interoht to the Humorous readers
of the "Old Reliable." I could write
indefinitely about this climate and
the beauties of this wonderland, but
a shrill cry from my youngest hope
ful, Hoy K., admonishes mo that I
have other duties besides lottor writ
ing, nod so 1 reluctantly lay down
my pun. L. c. T.
Wuhaih 'uuwll4ntlea.
St. Louis, Mo., Dooember 18. h
is said that overtures have been made
by a reim emulative of the senior
bondholac'S of the lines east of tke
Mississippi river, looking to a con
solidation of tbe Wabash lines East
and West, in so far as the operating
nud traffic departments are conocrne ;
or, in other words, to continue the
jurisdiction of Genera) Manager Tal
madge over the whole system, bnt to
keep the revenue of Wabash lines
East 'd West separate. Whether
such a plan is really iu operation or
not is oot sertainly known.
TIia Wtrhly flank Hmol.
New York:, Dooember 18. The
weekly bunk statement shows the fol
lowing changes: Loans, decrease, $3,
719,800; rcsorve, deoroa-s, $72 3(H)
specie, decrou.se, $1,610,800; legal
tenders, decrease, $28,600; deposit,
deorease, $6,412,400; circulation, de
crease, $lo'9t0. The bunks now hold
$o',tni3,fj50 in cxcen ot the 2j per
cent. rule.
MIdIbk Trouble.
PiTTsmuRfJ, Pa., Dooember 18.
Opinion is diversified as to whether
there will be a strike Of the uiiimn
of the Oonnellsvillo coke region next
Saturday. Tho operators ar?, it is
said, becoming exasperated st ths
repeated demands and petty strikes,
and are determined to show fight on
the ix.ue. On the contrary tho men
are f eeiinir hopeful aud confident and
believe that ..the demands will be
grauttd. ... ., ..ijjj!
Of Plttshnrff The Eevolntlon It Has
Cans ft! la the Manmfaeturl g In
terests aud Appeurauce of
the City.
aairrta ros na irruv
f wests t
PitUburg has long enjoysd tho
reputation of being the "Srstky
City." Thoso who knew it best were
awaro ot the fao' that it was the
dirtiest, as well as the smokiest, tity
m tbe Uuited Mates, in duvs isne
by it was impossible to keep one's self
in a respectably clean condition
longer than an hour. In that time
the nostrils would be lined with a
black coating, tho collars and
cuffs would have somber black
edees, the eyes woald he en
fringed with a' bcrdcr of the
same color; ia fast, there was uo
satisfaction for white men to wear
white garments and whito ladies
ditto. The gutters along the streets
were streams of blackened fUth.'and
a cloud as black as the biases f
hell hovered perpetually over head,
so that the orb of day seldom shewed
his beaming faco upon that "Hiaoky
coming intt this great muntirastur
ing center wero overe aio with op
pression, exerted by the heavy and
iBsocBctrablo atmosphere, ant! wero
in constant apprehension ol a big
term. They would actually raise
thoir umbrellas on somo eseisions
only to bo litu lied at by the inarod
Pittsbcrgcr nho thought tho day a
brilliant one.
This has all been changed, how
ever. These uisadvanuigoi) to phys
ical vein tort havo all been removed,
Nature, bv her merciful works, has
revolutionised that dir.y, smoky
city. And now, instead of dirty
sUeots, dirty faces and dirty every
thing, ull things have tho appearance
of remarkable neatness and a cleanli-
ucss that is surprising. Filth do s
ot aooumalato like it did.llie streets I
arc kept iu ft good condition, th'
wiudows ot the shops are now trans
parent, the ruddy complexions of
the peoplo are displayed to advan
tage, there is Eome cneouragcaisnt
tor Cho cicetiou of lmndoma build
ings everything is changed.
is the use of natural Kas iu nearly
every mill and factory and duelling
house in tho city and its niourtis.
This element, which has wrought
such a great uhttngo in Pittubtirir,
both as a manufacturing uud riei
dentiitl city, was first disoovorml
near tluro only two years ago, al
ih, airh it bad beun uliliaed in the
oil regions ol Western Pennsylvania
ten years before us a itsi'l, ami to
somo extent as an illuiniuating t as,
Somo shrewd fellow knowing ino
chemical composition of this luts
(beins principally carbon and hv iro
gen) sunk a well some twontj live
miles fr m the eity, getting tb. gns
at a depth ol some ISOO foot. Tl gas
lover became us eii'demio us oil did
away back in the fiiriioA, tt' 1 it
spread so rapidly that evory man who
was interested in munufsci iririg
drilled n well. The experi ments
were stijcei.slul with but few excep
tions, and uow (hey aro very co nmon
about that city.
At night the heavens are iblure
with tho reflections of the gnited
escapes ( these wells. It L mdeed
a remarkable sight from any of tho
hills surrounding Pittsbur to seo
these burning wells in ovei . direo
tiou about you us fur as tl vision
can reach. It inspires the Micotator
with awe to look from the aromi
noucc upon which bo stands iuto the
brow of the hill, with their lmadreds
of halt nude, brawny aiui I men
Hitting about capriciously i i front
of the fiery lurnaoos, like so
UK i) hot mo.f
waving, apparently in the r, and
tho ignited gas wells exudiu, their
great, long flames ot living fir i into
A thing which bus puzzled great
many strangers pasttiug throi: i the
city is the burning water. A out a
half mile from tho eity there i uy bo
seen, every now and then, i im-inon.-o
flame in the middle f the
Ohit river. It provokes 'oany
Mausing ouestions, such as ' Does
the water burn here, too?"
Well, it is nH the wutor of course,
Tho fact is, a supply pipe from one
of the wells is laid on tho bottom ol
the river. Every now and theu it
springs a leak and the gas, being of
little specific gravity bubbles up
through the water, somo hot coals
from a passing steamboat are acci
dentally thrown overboard into tho
neighborhood of the escaping gtis,
which is ii.'.niled and burns like a
mammoth bonfire until the leak is
Natural gas is supplied to eon
uinors through pipes that are con
nected, as ordinary gas is, with thoso
of a dwelling house', which convey
the fuel to the stoves and grates.
Large, perforated burners arc placed
in the bottom of the grate, which are
filled with broken piecos ol firo clay'
When the-e beeonie boated it looks
like an anthracite fire.
tho gas flame being so hot it con
sumes all ot the carbon. There is
no i.icande'eencc, con-,e(uontly the
fli si e is not luminous, but of a blue
lambout color. The heat is so in
tense that it is almost, equal to the
oxy hydroircn blow pipe flame
whioh iu tact it is the hydrogen of
the natuial gas uniting with the
oxygen of the air u akes it so
is destroyed, so to speak. There aro
no ashes, no dust, no dirt. It is per
fectly delightful, and the people now
do not seem to have any apprehen
sion about explosious. They light
the gas aud form the family circle
about the fireside with as little con
cern as our forefathers did when the
broad and open wood fire place was
in the uu ot natural gas is us
cheapness. On streets where oppo
sition oompanies have their pipes
laid, a houre ot tea rooms is sup
plied with fuel the year round for
about $40.
0.1B1RON FIRM SAVR8 OVER $200,000
a year by having a well of its own.
This gas i. .by no uieaos ooiitiucd to
Pennsylvania, Eastern Ohio abounds
in it, likewise West Virginia, and it
is also used ia Kansas.
The predominating element of tho
gas being hydrogen it is reasonable
to believe that the produot is a re- '
suit of the decomposition of water im
the bowels of the earth and it will t
last as long ss it rains upon the l
earth and that rain permeatts this
terrestrial ball; and that it can be
found anywhere, but in most place
at suoh unpracticable depths that
experiments will not be made.
Thus it can be seen that, notwith
standing the cheapness ot the msnu
fact ii ro of iron iu the South, she will
not bo able to outstrip Pennsylvania
until she, too, gets natural gas, and
there is every reason to believe she
has it.
Nc fi7, R.-i'hunrery Cnn-t uf Kholby
enmity I ouii I", aui-iet !. rj. William
eneke ot al.
BV virtu of an inlorl.iutiiry Ibltdo for
(', entered in tb atiore !'' ua tha
lciinjof Peceuibcr, lvo, Vlnuta Hook 6S,
CUKe '., I will at i iil.liu urt ,M, tv tli
mh.-i biiOler, in Croc I ,. the Clerr ni
MHiter'N fitlu'i', at tht riaia trret ii;t-ino
pi lli. nourt'bouae it t'UuUiy ooaut), Meui
ehis, Tonn., on ,
Nnlnrdny, Ja anry tt, IHWt,
within legal hour, the following deiorlbed
lri,inrty. flituuleil tmlit if and nriir the mn
'.lion line ot the o ty ot Ve,.i'i'ia, in
blielliy county, Tenn. tu-wit:
L ; l No. 3. n In d down o i Ih i a'nt er ioib
divUton of lundii p mt ti rth in tli ,Iaia
entered herxin on the liMi .day ol October,
m . in .nibiiie uook no. o, iinire 4P: ie-
mning i n noiut on tun north i de of Hen
ry ..venue 44UV, le t weit Iroin the ootWit
rornrr of the hu d conveyed by illiain
iley to Henry Itoehe by drnd dm" r. corded
in ink No. 1. Hare ?J. ol th Kei.tMi.1a
office of Mie In county, TonneMee, i'j run
tttnir thence nrntli e fcot to .soh a.ifoui
then, wo.o wurdly with mid bayou 'XI trot te
the rant li e ' f'ot o. O'l raid pint; tdenca
nuth with tho en st line ol mid lot - o. 2,
J-iO 'eat, more or Iodp, to the nort'i III e ol
Henry ar.-niie, ' hen e euat with tali! a venue
i led to the- b.': inniiiK.
Lot 4. iia hi ill down in (he midiilitt
and whicti liea iniuiedia'ely anal at .aid lot
No. 8 Hid tm a Iront ot i2 '"ft on I he north
aide of l.'cory iivsiiuc. hi d run bark nnrth-
r nl'y. liotweoa i uritllt'1 line , jsu ten t
ohya l.uyou.
Lo'a Noa. .1 and A. a laid !o n on the raid
iil-it, which lire in ftolitto, ilcai'tihed ee toi
towrt : lltiiini inir t a itrint on Ihe north aida
of Ileniy ii-ohiiia 2 I'nut wc,t iroin ihe ruth-
ea t corner ui the luno. coiitr) i"l ay W llllnia
Wile to Henry 1! eke hJ dvd re-n ed Ia
Hook No. I. I'luie'-Mi. ol tiie Hoirl.ter'foflice o i
HheUiy rounty, To.'in , aud ruaatua llienca
wcK'w.iritl:" w in tho niitu me ol Henry
avrnu Ui'fot; ihonnu t.orilio . tkii d viif
in lino ho'wocn lot t ano ft, ;u l:iid d -if n , a
tha s.iil I' I nt, -SO fret u "j.'li'l layout
thence exetwitrdiy nlo.iit ai.id iui' u ti tha
norlli:i t corner of lot No. 6: thence aouta
on Ihe dUiillna: I'.na lirtm en lot) rt ,n,i 7, ."
laid down nn ani l d tt, ilnC li e' tolliovoinl
ot lief iutiinf on Henry uronue.
tn - ok. ii, r., it, it i.i, i", una uc aorta
una dd ii:trt of lot No. 7, wli-ch are In aalido.
doacrihcd an Mlowa, '.o wt: llcinninf at
the aiiuitioa' t (vrncr of llo lund conveyo by
Willi. in WUoti HonryUoik' b" deed ra
. or iel in tiook No 1, i me Hi. ol t I Rtp
iat r' ofttco ol S'h l'y ooui.iy, icon , and
which p "nt ii about (i. icct i-.vi'waidly
from tho iuUr votioti of ' he em t n ot so.
I hva iinyou and llotirv uvcrno, us the anmv
ox ate) when a tid d -cd wu r e- u i d br A fl
il'in SVi'pv lo llii 'V II ikoi nm. running
I Ii- --oe n,.rlh it' iik i lie '" a' 1't ef 1 ol Una
V.ii fee i ihen o ton w rd y iil.inv bc north
aide of anld l.ihd -SI taot lo Ho, by hayoui
t oiice in a nouthncai. rlv direrli n wllh auiil
hit, ou lo ' ho nor h i u I ol ihu I una ot l it
N, 7 h mill dowuon aaid pint tliuuve aoutii
uo th dividing line bctweon lata 0 and 7, liS
(cut, mine or tuna; tbenoa c"t noioM lalil
lot No, 7 on a lino l irRllol wilh llcarr ave
nue; thence aouth 10 lent, more or loan, ta
the nnrlhwat corner ot (ot, S; ilinca oaat
long the nor.h line of lot H, V and 111, ai
lii.il d wn on sui t M, 41 tret to the north
weat corner o' lot St. ua Iniddnwnon laid
I'Uti thepen loath on the dividing line ba
tw.'on lota 10 ai d It, 170 feet to the north liaa
ot Henry event; thence east with Henry
aver, tie si) fort to the boulnnlnf.
Termini Site One third caahi halanoe la
three and ammo fin noiebearlm tntoreat
with aurely rciuired. nnd lion retained.
Thia Ptci mlwr In listi.
M. 1. Mc:l IOW h'LL, Clnrk and M inter.
Hy II. K. Coleman. Deputy C. and at.
L. I K. Lehman, n licitori.
connly-Hute of ienneaaea vi. ti.
W are et rtl .
HV virtue of an In -trlooutory decrae for
aale entered in tha abeva oanaa oa tha
.'',1 day ol Heceinbor, ISSli, M. It. 8A, paaa
iWf, I will ae.l at publl ) auction, to the bl.h
et bidder, in front of the Clerk and Uaater'i
offlce, oourthouaa oi tinelby county, Idem
lhia, Tonn,, on
Nnliinlnjr, Mlla rtr of Jiannary, 1MH7.
within 1 nu ill houra, tha followlni deacrlbeil
iirooerty, aituate 1 in tha oity a Idainiibif,
feholby county, Tenn.. lo-witl
An undivided S 15 inlereat In a aartala
lot, deacrlbed aa followc llcitinalnf at tha
outhweat corner of the Head lot, on tha
north aide of Union alrent, rannint thence
weatward with tha north line vf Union
atroot 4 feet, mere or leaa, to a ritake taud
Iiik 43 foot, mora or lo-a, eait of the aaat
nbutii ent of the bridire over the bayeu
thence northwardly I4sU feet, mora or leaa,
to the point where the Ii vootkeame of lha
triaiiKle lot of the llriiiklev nelra, oa tha aaat
of the tmyou, cuta tho aouth line of oid
Union il recti thnnca aitatwnrdly with tha
aouth line of old Union atroot SS fool, more
or leaa, to the woat lino of the tend loU
thence anuihwordly with anld Kuad Una to
the bevinniitK.
Teriua of Sole On a credit uf ail monlha,
Inleru'l liearina notea with good aovarity re
iiirod: lien roUlnod, redemption barred.
Ihi? Pecombor lfi, ls0.
4. 1 Mi:l)0v KLL, Clerk and Una tor.
Mr II f. Colo i.an, U. C. and M.
F. II i C. W. lleUkelljanlloitor.
I CUP.E r i i
v Hit I nmj onn s s mo mmt sn mmm "7 " -
rtrr. hvriiiUiiHetMMoi KPN KIIIJU'HI mL
I Mil UK Ik N Ct I MH0fi et n f. I warraiU uf rtsnsjsl) m
rnnrt tu w.ttit .. mmw thrf wm to wm
mMM im ,i a.. k. ntrMilut a rnrs. ftftua at mttem tYrr am
l4rallHiii1 Fr-t. rntUol tn? liiTilltMt rnrtfl itht
IpfO Slt'l ft I WW. II 04jsrt4 yatu nMMn fi trt
m4i wiiivui . in. i in a. -,fM" m t t , y.t,
SS I. A tt KM I T
So. lli.4, It -Chnienry Court of Shelby
couniy-John T. W. liii) v. Win tl. I'ra
bue et at
HY virtue uf an Interlocutory tlerreo for
artle er tored in tho uhovr nuieun (ha
7 h ity o Deccml-e-, XfM. M H. M, )e 41M,
I will aell, at public auction, to 'he b theat
bidder, in front of the Clerk and Maator't
ofQco, at the Miiin i lreet cnttHn-.ie of tha
courthoua- of h.hclt'1 - cua.-.ty, Mcnn hia. Ten
neaane, on
NnlnnlHir, kihdnrnl Jua n ra, INS7,
within lemi' houra, the full wi.K d 'iciitrd
Sroperly, ailmitcd in tho ci y of Mcmplue,
helby county, Tenn.- to-wit :
A lot heir tilling on the woat a de of Walnut
atrent, at the no lhenl ioirnr a parcol of
lund conve.ed Junnarv S. ' N.T. I y i.miiol 1'.
Wnllier In truat 1 1 (1. L. l nni-on and A. S.
McNenir, for Wr, nnd K l tlrrri I: llnnio
runnina norlhwa-d with the ni -t line of
Walnut afreet iti feel: ihcoe 'l i .') ': to
a at kn: tten t aouth 7t frol t., hv linii of
aaid trual proi erty itforoioiid ; thtrne e-.-t-witrd
l'il fei t to tha btminnliiK.
Torun of Calo Una hull carh; I ,il .noe in
aix niontha, note benntif; inierra' nt t por
cent, from date, with aiour tv reiiiirod;
lion retained. Thia tei'oiiibr 1, Ksd
B I. ViiDOV KLL, tlUrb end JKa-tar.
Ily H. F Coleiinu. l. C.and M.
C. W. Ilciakeil. aiiicitur.
No, S Mow Itnaily.
PnblWiodliv Baii-Y, BasksoV Btrw Jowears
O N LY 50 Cts. A Y E A R .
UlVio.16Cla. miaaatitieU- fklL witri porrrsi.
Public Athiunit.trator'8 Sale.
Offlca of Publle Adminiatrator. Courthc8e
HhelbvOounty.Tenn., Decaiubar IV lSt.
VfOTICB-U herebr elvontha- I wiIL aaad
IV mlniatrator of the eatate ot Vm. f.
Prror, deorsaaed, on
Mlmrtiv. Bawaibar t0. IHHS,
at the late residence of Br. Win T. Prvor,
nn tho Bi Creek ro.td, on tho () . O. and S.
W. K.R , near Frjaer Station, hhelby coun
ty, Tonn.. pro.-od to lell.at puhlio outcry,
to the helmet niddar. for ca-h, tha following
property, to witi 17 lie" d of Work Moek,
(leer, and Three Waionf, a quantity ol
Farminii Inn lementa, Plowa, II ef, elo.
Snie lo miiience at 11 o elo k a.m.
JOHN LUA'lUB, Public Adm'r.
and a' auch Adio'r of the alle ot Dr. Waj.
T. Pryer, deee uod iv.il

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