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.' t -A f . - :. . . - . .... : : r i . TT" I - 11 11 i . iwinim . 1?' 6 ti, is Mi ltt ffL. MJr Hl n r . . ; I-. . . t . - ' suit ?c m iPJ bnn 1 sf!ii(f ifCi 3- 10 .taKi MfTS'l ,i .O hi .(-li COJiSTlTUTlOX, AlfD THEJilOjil OR THE STATES THEY. MUST BE iFRESEBJED.' tbu itra i J ; I 89!) il' b it .vnJi.isit'nis j will ftt.i.'iii.rly ai.-rr ftol PCVS IW.iV. IBZ V. At-:-- VI " . - i--.v7-.. "V MS EH ft.',- .Tuf -i-lt'. . 1 -M K i Vii ItJJ I M l' IK-J.V... ;-! '.- II I J,'-'I?.V VtoVV If t4 MV5ut i sdw ' i !- - ttU r j N ,-j ' - - ' j 'III ' ' ,'I V, Of. VOLUME i. THE NORTH CAROLINA! STANDARD WILLIAM W. HOJ.0.fitX, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. t.-, t WKtT. Twa dUw peranum, JJollan, if not paid wttlna aix.rotha front we u e . ...its ' V. ti" . ' 4 ...Knikino'. " ' JPoar dollars per " J - ,!, firet month ; Four annum, in 1.1 1 a v mnhthq and Five Dollars, if noTpaid wunin u. ''The'SS will inflexibly lhcml to, ' a lJaT not exceeding fourteen ltnea will ATSBTl8Ils".,," ,iiiMr. j twentv-five be inrted one - of - ter Court ordera and JuJulidal Ad; length "n Ib;"ch!ired 25 per cent higher than the A Sa7onble redaction will be made to abore rate, n AdvertisemenU mser- to the Editor, can do ao at all times, by Mail and at his rial Sipufor all aumswill be promptly tted. Letters to the Editor must come free of poge. THE THANKLESS OFFICE. ? ' BT T. 8. ARTHUR. ? ? An object of real charity," said Andrew Lyon to his wife, as a poor woman withdrew from tha room in which they were seated. . ?fK ' If there ever was a worthy object, she one, returned Mrs. Lyon. . A widow with healti so fee ble that extraordinary exertion is too much for her yet obliged to support, with the labor ot her own hands, not only herself, but three younsf children. I do not wonder that she is behind with her reit. . Nor I," said Mr. Lyon, in a voice of synpathy. How much did she say was due to her landordli Ten dollars." . - She wi not be able to pay it. L " I fear not. How can she! I give herjill my on-.-niT. anil have obtained work for hei from laiios j but with her best efforts she car bare If obtain food and decent clothing for heraC and kDoes it not seem hard," remarked Mr Lyon " that one like Mrs. Arnold, who is so earnes n her efforts to take care of herself and family, shooa not .receive a helping hahd from some one of ihinany who could help berwithout feeling the effort. If i didn't find it so hard to make both , ends Bust, I would pay off her arrears of rent tor her, and feel hap py in so doing." , ., v 1- Ah !" exclaimed the kind-hearted, wife,J"bow much I wish that, we were able to to do thiu.f But, we are not." " I'll tell you what we can do," said Mr. Ljon, in a cheerful voice "or, rather what I can do. It will be a very- light matter for, say ten persons, to .give a dollar a-piece, in order to relieve Mrs. Arnold from her present trouble. There' are plenty who woald cheerfully contribute for this good purpose . all that is wanted is some one to- take npon himself " the business of making the. collections. That task shall be mine." . ' " How glad I am, James, to hear you say so," smil ingly replied Mrs. Lyon. "Oh! what a relief it will be to'poor Mrs. Arnold. It will make her heart as light as a feather. That rent has troubled her sadly. Old Links, her landlord, has been worrying her about it a good deal, and only a week a?o threatened to but her.thingsin the street if she didn't pay up." "I should havethoaght of this before," remarked Andrew Lyon. " There are hundreds of people who are willing enough to give if they were only certain in regard to the object. Here is one worthy enocga in every way. Be it my business' to present her claims to benevolent consideration. Let me see. To whom shall I go ? -There are Jones, Green, and Tompkins. 1 can get a dollar from each of them. That will be three dollars, and one from myself, will make four. Who else is there 1 Oh! Mal colm ! I'm sore of a dollar from him ; and, also, frtm Smith, Todd, and Perry." i - ' ' Confident in the success of his benevolent 9chete Mr. Lyon started forth early on the very next dar, for the purpose of obtaining by subscription, tie poor widow's rent. The first person he called ka was Malcolm. " ''Ah, friend Lyon," said Malcolm, smiling bland ly. "Good morning! What can 1 do for v on to day." "Nothing forme, but something for a poor wido who is behind with her rent," replied Andrew Lyoi " I just want one dollar from you, and as much mo; from some eight or nine as benevolent as yourself.' 'At tha word poor Widow, the countenance of MaU colm fell, and when his visiter ceased, .he replied iq a changed and husky voice, clearing his throat .two or three times as he spoke. ' Are you sure she is deserving, Mr. Lyon!" The man's manner had become exceedingly grave, i 'None more so," waathe prompt answer. Sfee is1 in poor health, and has three children to support with the product ot her needle. If any one need assistance it is Mrs. Arnold." " Oh ! an ! The widow of Jacob Arnold 1 " 4 "The same," Teplied Andrew Lyon. . , Malcolm s race did not brighten with a feeling of umii-waiui uciievoience. cut, ne turned slowly away, and opening his money-drawer, very tfowly toyed with his fingers amid its contents.. At lenirth he took therefrom a dollar bill, and said, as be terfc sented it to Lyon sighing, involuntarily, as he did - " I sopnose I must do my part. But, we are call d apon so often." sf The ardor of Andrew Lton'i benvnlnt fv.... uddenly cooled at this unexpected reception. He had ntered upon his work uuder the glow of a pure ' enthusiasm ; anticipating a hearty Tesponse the mo ' tnent his errand was made known. . . I . "I thank yon lq thewidow's oame,"id he, as he took the dollar. When he turned from Mr. Mal colm's store, Jt was with a pressure on his feelings as if he had asked the coldly giTen favor for himself It tvaa not without en efforvt Lyon compelled' 'himself to call upon Mr. Green, considered the 'next best man' on his list. , But he entered his place of business with far less confidence than he had felt when calling upon Malcolna. ' His story told, fereen without a jwordj or -smile," drew two half dollars from his pocket, and presented them. Thank -you," said Lyon. , ; . . . X. Welcome rtnrnAt CI roan. 4 '1 -'A Oppressed with a feelin? of embarrassment. T.ri.' stood for -a few moments. Then bowing, he eaidX ; " Good morning." , ' - .. ' r 7 . " Good -morning," was coldly and formally res ponded. '"o "tkta e alm8-8ceker anil' aims-giver parted. Better be at his shop, attending to hie work," f Muttered Green to himself; bU Tisitor reUred. 4 Men am t very apt to vet along too . jvell in the World Who 8Dend thoip limn in hatrinir fnr OOiect 01 ChantV that hannAria trt turn nn. ArtJ iK :ea vwj are plenty or such, dear knows 'He's got a dollar aUtsT me ;may U j0 Bimt pfihepoor widow hetalk- . Uold water had been poured upon the feelirjgs of v Andrew Lyoo. He bad raised two dollars for the poof w Mow,' but, at hat a sacrifice ;fof one so seasi--liva as faimselfv .Instead f keeping on ia his iwonk -orbenevobnse, he went to his shop, and entered ep '?Bi. J " ea,PloJan. . How .disappointed he ielt;--Bnd this disappointment was mingled with a ruin.aense of . humiliation, as if be bad beea.ak- 112 alma Crtr kimaoir - - Catch me at this work again Pr he said, 'half .. ' aloud, as bis thoughts dwelt pon'what had sd re cently occurred." " But this is not right,".he.added quickly " It is a weakness in me to feel so. Por Mrs. Arnold most be relieved : andjt. is my duty; to see that she gets relief.' I had no-thought of a re ception like this. People can talk' ofrWnevblence ; but potting the hand, in the pocket is anothei affair altogether.. J jaerer dreamed, that euch. men as. Mal colm and Green could be insensible to an appeal like' the one I made." ' . t" ' ' .-,.:., " Ive got-two dollars towards paying- Mrs.' Ar nold's rent," he said to himself, in a more cheerful tone, sometime afterwards ;, and it will go hard if I don't raise the whole amount for her. All are not like Green and Malcolm. Jones is a kind-hearted man, and will ' instantly respond to the call of hu- inanity. I'll go and see him." u x. Jw f .?- J So, off Andre w4Ly on started to see, this indiyidaai, ; "1 v, come, begging, . Mr. Jones,'.', said he, on meeting him. , And he spoke in a frank," pleasant' manner. ":" ' ' ' H " " '-"' h 1 ' " Then youtecome to the wrong shop; that's all I have to say,"., was the blunt answer 1 fca,, ; E.;.i "Don't say that, Mr. Jones; Hear.my story first." " I do say it, and I'm in earnest," returned Jones. " 1 feel as poor as Job's turkey to-day." ' " I only want a dollar to help a poor widow pay her rent," said Lyon.. - v. . 4 ; ; .t. .. ?... , t; "Oh, tang all the poor widows ! If.thal's your game, you'll get nothing here. I've got my hands full to pay my own Tent. ' A 'nice time I'd have in handing out a dollar to every poor widow in town to help pay. her rent! :No, no, my. friend, yon can't get anything here.?' V: - . " , ; "Just as you feel about it," said Andrew Lyon".' "There's ho compulsion in 'the matter." '-' ' No, I presume not," was rather coldly replied. Lyon retained to his shop, still more disheartened than before, . He bad undertaken a thankless office. ..Nearly two hours elapsed before his resolution to persevere in the good work he had begun came back with sufficient force to prompt to another effort. ' Then he dropt in upon his neighbor Tompkins, to w bom he made known his errand. : . ; , " Why yes, I suppose,! must do something in a case like this," said Tompkins, " with the tone and air of a wian who was cornered. ' Boythere are so many calls fox charity, that we are naturally enough led to hold on pretty ..tightly ;to our purse strings; Poor woman ! I leeJ sorry for her.. How much do you want!" - - " I am trying to get ten persons, including myself, to give a dollar each.'' . .. . . . , , " Well, here's my dollar." And Tompkins fore; ed a smile to his face, as he handed over his con tribution, but the smile did not conceal an expres sion which said very plainly - ; i " I hope you will not trouble me again in this way." ; ., ... .. . - : You mav be sure I will not,' muttered Lyon,' as he went away. ' He fully understood the meaning; 6f the expression. ' ;- ' ; ; ! ' : Only one more application- did the kind-hearted man make.'. It was successful ; but, there was some thing in the manner of the individual who gave his dollar, that Lyon felt as a rebuke. - "And poor Mrs. AraoM did not get tnewnoie of her arrears of rent paid, off," says some one who has felt an interest in her favor. ' ' .. Oh, yes she did. JVIr. Lyon begged five dollars, and added five from his own Slender purse. "Birt, he cannot be induced again to undertake the thankless office of seeking jelief from th benevolent for -a iel low creature in need . He has learned that a great many who refuse alms on the plea that the object pre sented is not worthy,' are but little more inclined to charitable eds, when On this point there is no qaestion. . ' ' " ' Haw many who read thia can sympathise with An drew Lyon. Few men who have hearts lo reel For others but "have been impelled, at some time in their lives, to seek "aid for a fellow creature in need. That their office was a thankless 'one, they have too soon become aware1. Even those who responded to their call most liberally, in too many instances gave in a way that left an unpleasant impression behind. How quickly has the first glow of gefierous feeling, -that sought to extend itself to others, that they might share -the pleasure of humanity, been chilled ; and instead of finding the tasK an easy one, n nas provea to be hard, and, too often humiliating ! Alas, that tins should b 1 ' That men should shut tneir hearts so instinctively at the voice of charity. , : We have not written this t to discourage active ef-j forts in the benevolent; -but. to bold' up a mifror in which another class may fee themselves. 'At best, the office "of him who' seeks of his fellow men aid for the suffering indigent,' js an unpleasant one. , It is all sacrifice on his part, and Abe least that can be done is to honor his" disinterested regard for others in distress, and treat him with delicacy and considera tion ' '- : " - .; ": ' I - Village Aristocracy. . Many are the follies -and weaknesses of human nature. But none are more con temptible thanthose acted out by the scrub aristocrats of our town t and villages. - These are to be found inalj rotations of life.rA younj man whose father was a hard-working mechanic, either has a moderate fortune left to him, or he "marries a few thousand dollars, and forthwith he puts on airs.nd assumes an importance perfectly disgusting to all who are ae nnaintftd with his ' rise and pro2res8J' inlthe world. Such young men regard as beneath their dignity the ocanon oi uieir paieuui uu uu, uuioju.,j Jetting it be known that they -sprang from "such and uch- sources.- We have metvwith some who even look upon the vocation of an humble mechanic as be neath the dignity of a gentleman, forgetting; mean while, that the taint of the father attaches to the son ! Pride of thiB kind never finds a Testing-place, save in aweak brain, and manifests itself only In a perverse temper. -. .' vj-- '-.rw a -!' - There are many young men in our tow.ns and villa ges, (some young ladies too,) who seem to be prOud of the wealth of their parents, while their own repu Itation would be soiled by associating with the sons of mechanics ! - tin this strange infatuation U never oc curs to them that their fathers made.all. their property. ty downright stealing,, cheating, and Tying, while their grandfathers were sold at public atrction in our seaports to pay therr passage across itbe ocean ! . See the nnmKor nf iTounor men ia our .country, who eti dowed with scarcely common sense, and no sorts of love for genuine republicanism,' resort to, the study of me learnea protesBionB, sucn a ,aw auu "1CU";,,"5 while every mark about hem declares,' in terms '"that cannot be misunderstood, that ne ,uoa oi mature in tended them for .bricklayers, .house-carpenters, and blacksmiths ' Manv of these ought now to abandon their professions for the arofiiable and equally honor able fields of labor where their" nuhers nrade money enough to educate them.and thus eieaieo luem w atauosa invh nk thAT ran never-move witD irraee or ease. God deliver us from the bastard aristocracy ot r little villages, and codiiA aristocracy of our large "Ml Amon these hateiful "funguses oh society,, sfwotabilir ia based upon the osture of a roan's Vo cation, instead of the-manner in which.- bis, duties re Derformnit Tk. nni wunrnized .sentimetit which will reguWte society is in the sound matim- "AX wclPthyXart, there ali thd hmor Vies." , , . wua J . to . . . is now about eicrht weeks since Jenny iind at- nved in thia country. IDoring that time shetigagiv-! wTOBoens which toave .prodiiced eany --awwiuui,: and contribauul in a.rina hnnAnlent obiects . about 18,255, viz.:to New York Societies,' rO,000 to tostim do., $7,255 to'the Chicago Swedisti-chureb, VIOOO. . -cfr--s?s.t iii i.i.-jo ' GlTTIWO IM Dm A California boctsr lately fought j dueU and shot -hisantagenistjnrthe th'g:b, fracturinor th hone. Ha' then nroceeded to render his wounded opponent the necessary -surgical. assistance. 1 7 CICTpP-BALEIORTHCAtWIAATURDA -SoiJTH'KRN.roTT'oM'MXKyirAel,fjBKS?JtTheifact that the Sooth can successfully, compete with- the .North in ootton manufactures is now almost -uniyersatly al lowed, Tbe manufacturer in New England himself iii u a l see. 111 e Hujeriur auvnuui;t eujuyeu uy me Southern tnanufacturer,in haVihg1 the Taw material at hand, aud the. vast difference in thenrst fcost of the article, in favor .of the latter. Manufacturing 'sites can be obtained, at the South , by the .side of the cot ton field. , There is no deficiency' of capital,' as is abundantlv 'testified bv the amount vested In worts of internal improvements, stocks and in every wa v. Vi here it is supposed that a safe and profitable invest merit may be made. There is no want of -skill or enterprise among Southern' men," and., the only re maining item an industrial class Ho be employed in .the manufacturing establishments -is abundant a:4 has been proven in the cases of several manufacto - ries already in, operation at the. South, to be most effi cient. The production of cotton goods is almttst en tirely by machinery. The looms in 'many cases are attended to by mere children,, and even negroesare found to be almost, if not entirely, as 'available in these establishment as white laborers. hi ai st't a. Had the South engaged in "the manufacture oi eot-: ton at the same, time ,that New jEngland States did We have no doubt the manufacturers, in. the last men-, tioned quarter, would long fere this' have ' been com-' pelled to withdraw rom the field of competition, or; at all events, confined themselves to the productions) Of the finer qualities of goods. , It is within the rec ollection of us all, when the first cotton manufactory 1 was established in the South, and even now, we have one quarter as many'as in all the, Eastern States. The progress of Southern manufactures hat gone on with but little noise, but still 6teadily and rapidly. It is estimated that,tbere are .175,000 spindles now running in the cotton States,"' requiring not lftss 'than 100,000bales, or about one-fourth of the consumption of New England. - In; 1847, 4he four State of ,Ten . nessee, .Alabama, South Carolina and Georgia, had 93 factories which" number has been much increased within the present year. Taking all the Southern States into account, North Carolina having 20 manu factories, and Virginia, Florida an4 Mississippi each a small number, the sum total may reasonably be put down at froro 140 to 150. ' '' . ' r . is a gratifying fact," that among all the Southern States, Georgia stands foremost in the number of cot ton manufacturing establishments. . . Within a. few, years, more than 40 factories have been erected with in her borders, at a cost of one million and a half sf dollars. - About fifty thousand bales are now annually consumed in these establishments, affording profitable employment t a large number of industrious opera tives. ..The manufactories, most of them experiments, and built at greater expense tlian will hereafter be the case, are found to be exceedingly profitable the div idends in most instances, being from twenty to thirty percent.""" ' v '': -' r" -!" . Capitalists, in the South have everything to encour-age-theni lo undertake the erection of cotton,. mills. The successful operation of those already established and the profits arising from thU source, are'ao longer matters of doubt. "The efTect they have npon the'geiT eral prosperity of' the section in which they are erec ted is felt in the unusual stimulus fluey give to home enterprise of every description!, Agricultural products are in greater demand, and every species bf labor is required at increased rate. rThe "price of cottorr to6 will iit lima b? . increased vboth on account- of the qnaitity. consumed at home, and he force taken from the cotton field to be employed ;in its manufacture. And above all, the South will be made" independent of the looms and skill of distant sections. ' ' .: i i - . - ' .-. ! Jiugusia Republic. Adultkratios f-MkdH5ink8. The adulteration of medicme appears , to be carried on in a systematic mode. ' We give an extract from a foreign writer on the subject : ' : ' - - ---. 1 :-. s-: " Oxyde of ainc is adulterated very commonly with sulphate and carbonate of baryta and Lutcb lead, the latter previously adulterated with a substance still cheaper. Plaster of Paris. .Nitrate of silver consists precisely of four parts of this very valuable salt, and one part of nitrate of potash, (" viliainous saltpetre.) Balsam copaiba is nothing but castar oil with a dash of the true balsam j White precipitate (amiduret mer cury, &c, of kane,)ns usually made up of carefully precipitated carbonate lime, (chalk.) exactly one part and while precipitate one' part. " Hydriodate of pot ash is hydriodate potash six parts, common salt one part, and. carbonate of potash half a part.,,, Sulphate of magnesia ts glauber's salt in small arystals no attempt at mystification Tartar emetic is almost al ways sulphate of potash and tartar emetie'(the latter, ef course, by some mental process,; also considered pore) of each equal parts.1. Calomel is, (mind don't go astfay,) 1st, for the Western States of America, " carbonate of lime' nine" parts, pure' calomel' three parts ;" 2d, for the Eastern States, " pure calomel one part, carbonate of lime three parts. i ? Kenne's mineral (latterly considered an antidote to strychnine,) is red ochre, potato starch, lamp black, Prussian blue, of each according to the fancy of the druggist of pure kerm3S, none ! Lactate of iron is sugar of tnilk and sulphate-of iron of lactic, acid none. , Opium is that . drug carefully washed to get out the morphia, and made up again as good as new. Real Turkey rhubarb, much the same rhubarb exposed to spirit. Quinaand morphia fare little better. A good beginning has been' made in the petition to the. House of Commons, re specting the adulteration of milk. ' Letit be rigorously followed by Oneagainst the adulteration of medicines." ' A Parisian QuACK'V'At the i Theatre of the Vane-, ites there, is an actress.'ope of the best in Paris, who has the misfortune to be exceedingly, deplorably thin ,we might almost say, scrawney, , A few "months ago she. heard of a doctor, who it was' said had t suc ceeded in manufacturing a mineral water , which had the power of making people grow fat.' "She went to him instanter. " Doctor," said she, " what must ! ; fio to get fa t ! , " Take my. waters-". And 1 shall get fat!" . ."Immediately. .The thin actress plung ed into the doctor's baths amj drank the water early and late. .Three months 'passed away ; but she grew no fatter. At last she called on the doctor and said i "Poctort don't grow faf." ' " Wail a little while," replied the doctor. ' Will it ,be long !': "" Fifteen days at the farthest. You see that , big fat. Woman walking in the garden V When, she first camef here he was perhaps thinner than you."-"? What"! 1 may hope." ' " Fifteen days, at most," . said the 'docter. Two more months passed; the actress grew thinner and thinner. One day as she was taking, her warm mineral bath, She heard a dispute going on in 'the bathing room next td her own. t"Decidedly,doctor, said the big fat woman ahove introduced" decided ly, doctor, I don't get a bit thipner."s ' Have pa tience, Madame," said the doctor, " you see that very thin lady who sometimeswalksMn'the'-ghrdenl " Yes."- ' Well she tsan actress f mm the, Varieties, whose excessive fat forced her from the stage; she came to me, yon ee the tjssulV Before fitteen days J. premise yon shall Jbe -thinner than, she is.,,,. .4 . ikon, amrrla ihn thin actress rose from her warm bath, dressed herself, and with a heart divided by grief and Intfignalion.'silBTitly left the pouse, nopiTrg.now ever, ; to keep her'misfortunesaret,.botao Paris, secret.is aa impossibility, nd somehow 9r,oAar Jthe story jotanU u tttivA Ji'''WAdf Arao'nj'e' leaddralof the itiaqiaotrEi . ' , kj a n Whig party-now.opposing4heeeent blUa-pasteed bj9 niUL. : .nnroinff lesistsnee onHhw part f aheS SoutrWre the Hon, Thomas Jj-Woed, he ctJleaae J of 8. 8. Prentiss ia CongressJ udgaTqmrdans, hte . M.C.. and the HOn. John 1. Muion, rreBiuenioi w Senate; HonvTi Jones Stewart, rresideotwi CTectpr,! Gen. Brandon, Gen. JJuffield, Judge jWrn. E-.Har-i ' sp: KnuH n vnsnv athers. enlbra'cing tlMn-oui.ntWbleandinflniilW Aat .q :t'Mi-j5 sill,tntJ-i'ii:,'.) T !.! i-jv.'i .V'Sketehea :6rjnorthf rnrnlinn, ;5 (idY .i BsATTts'stFosb. Lincoln Udl N"J C: J::i --Hifi 9V(.t?.-33i Hi October 15, 18501 n UKJt wiH be published bv thi unJf rsiirtiPt thia .Spring; entitied as ' abovei sivin an ' accuratR wwuuvj u wu. uww:, iu Aipuaurucai or der,, the derivatibn of iu name, date of formation,', its Colonial and Revolutioharv Histonr. distinguished citizens, an accurate list of it representation - m-ocjlliuj f its x uwus, iUV- ors, Population Resources, Prod ncts, and Topography. The undersigned has for 1many years' been collecting" and condensing the material for this work. The archives of our own State have been carefully examined, and co pious extract, made from iU records, t He has procured from the. pfficesfef the Board f Trada arid Plantationi in London many valuable documents. Rsr .nil valuable works ; .have been vpurcJised frpfn abroad, .touching the ,fy nisiory ot our State, ami each Uounty, which have neyei'.seen the light. -, He hasieen kindly. aided by gen. tlemeriin different-sections by copies. of original docu menu, and faithful traditional statements, highly impor tant and interesting. ; ' , . :'s . t ;'v I..' . v.;, fcHe does hot .aspire to tie ' position of tneistonaiu but hopes from records and statistical facts to afford ma terials to other and abler hands for this pleasing and less teboribus duty This workUt is hoped", will be useful as a rbook 'of reference t the statesman and scholar, and man bf .business" 'or "'leisure.' Occasiohal extracU' have"1 been published in the Standard and other papers of this State, over the signature of ' Tacitus. '" ' ''('' 2lThe History- of "North "Carolina is yet lo be written' nie remark which one ot the1 ablest Historians of the age; (Bancroft,) has beeri i'cdm belled to make, that "so carelessly has tfiBTIistory of North Carolina been writP ten.'thaf the nam merits and end of the first GoTerritir t um nnawt,- is a reflection' upon 'us. An exnmina- tion of rbe early history or the Counties of North ?arc Iin shows, a record' of the purest patriotism and indomit able courage.: This record is -now covered by the dust of age; and unknown by rfeglect. It is a debt which'the present geeratioa owes to the past as well as the future to preserve these, momorkils ; for it often occurs-in the are controverted by tlu next; nd at a succeeding period are considered ns Ioulitlul legends, nnwortby of histoh cal felUi. i Otir Mecklcnlinra- Declaration of In&pmn, dence, in .May 1.775, tiad almost been-an illustration7 of inisiru.ru., wui-.,.,v' C i ' " A' n i "These are cfeeds which should not pass away, v And names that must not wither- (hough the earth '' Forget aer em pires - with a Tust dees v. The enslavers and he enslaved, their death and birth." ,-Tbis work, will.' e illustrated with a Msd of tho State. rom latest surreys, find including the new. Counties to thU date, and sketchps in Engravings ' of some of her oeuuuiui scenery. t it, will contain about 500 pages, and be furnished at one dollar a copy. , SuliscripUons will be received and the bookjuruished at different points ef the state. '".".'." ";-.;., r. ik6. h,..w;heeler. . ' Pv.S. Editors of the different Presses in the State are requested to copy the, above. The Press will receive in this work a sketch worthy of ifs influence and importance. Those Editors who publish" the above four successive times; and send a copy of the paper containing the same, win i entitled to receive a copy of the work as a return for such notice. J. w "W. ' -. ',.':! '. ; : s: .; tsv. i.fV:v:',,lllVlOXJIOUSE f I THE Subscriber respectfully inforins tbe Members of toe approacningegislatiire that he is prepared to furnish ten or twelve of them with lodgings and hoard, at ihe iWION, HOUSE, but a short distance from the Capitol. ... . ; , .. i -...-,-; ,"-,' t The Subscriber , will provide comfortable rooms, and good fare, at such prices as the times and market will afford. .. He pledges himself that no pains or expense, will ue sparea to render his customers comfortable. . . . Travellers are also invited to call, and transient boarders will bo taken. The Subscriber keeps a constant supply of com and fodder on hand, and will ha.ve horses, left with him, or the horses ofsuch, as may stop at his house, well taken care of.j;.. - , .'. " CJ. , The Subscriber's House is about one hundred yards from the Capitpl, and one door to the east of the Baptist inurcn. ., v 4't i . JAMES HALL, " : V 834 ts." Raleigh, Sept. 24, 1 85a BOARD TOR MEAltos. THE Subscriber would respectfully inform his friends - that he is prepared to accommodate some twenty -five or. thirty of the members of. the Legislature with Board and lodgings during .the approaching session, :.-n,i:,.t -5; .The Subscriber makes no promises .which he cannot perform. As to the character of his accommodations auu the attention he gives to the comfort of his Boarders, he refers with confidence to those who. have boarded with him during former sessions. u -,-. N- JOHN HUT6H1NS. Raleigh, Oct. 7, 1850, i 8S6 ts. . Washington Hotel. V THE Proprietor respectfully informs the Mem bers of the approaching General Assembly, that he is prepared to accommodate with comfortable lodging and good cheer '-u " f 1 - T f '-""' !:' i ''"' ,;'" " twenty or ' Tieenty-Ftve of their lYutnber.' He will spare no pains to satisfy nnd please his 'guests. He has all the peccfwsary'aCcomniouationK, and wilt .de vote his best exertions to that end. Terms as moderate as the times wilj admit. s . ; ' F. W. KING. 'Raleigh;; Oct. 1, 1850.; ' 7 ; j" ', - 836 M. fHEARTT;fi: LITCliFORD -.", :-,- Dealers In Staple siadFaucy Dry Goods.. . . HATS,CAPSs boots AND SHOES. o 5 : : Fancjr Articles,'&' &c. !: v HAVE received nearly their entire Stock of Fall and Winter Goods to which they respectfully invite the attention of theireustomers, and the public generally, and all of which are offered on the most reasonable terms. Raleigh, Oct. 23, 1850. ,uu ... -. . ..'838-;.. a- . .. V i j . . , i-. ton EXAMINATION. . !Warrentbn Female Sniina!rr.:r. ? iTHHE i Examination1 of ,he Pupils .'of this Institution I wilf take place on Thursday aud Friday the 7th and ,8th of Nove.mber ensuing. .. Concert on the evening of the 7th. 'j Friends o, the young Ladies and .the public eenerelly are invited to attend.,. ,"...' , , . ,' - ' --::'"' d. turner. Warrenton.N- C-,.Oct 23, 1850." . , 838-2t. ' IS hereby given, that application will be made to the ncit Legislature of the State of North Carolina for a Charter to Cut a Canafrom North Oliver to some point ': r..:,..k . : .. i " '. . ' , ..iQctpuer gO. -iaSO. y . n,v 639&U,: .77T .J&.tterv',': T7UBOPEAN Life and Manners, in FsmUiaf iLetters Pi to Princes, by ' Henry . ColmaaAuthorf . Xuro- pean Agriculture, end the Agricultur ef France, Bel-; .giam,H.oU8JidV4nd:Swttterknd, ois. W mo .-or jSaleayiT ,-, vnJ 4 HEWRX WSXi 7 ,i RaJeigh. Qct. C4. J850. aivi-.ir; ..'iuvh 638-r.,3 TTURNlSorth CmaAlttMUtac for Mil. This tJl day publiJbedby'! t-j ?" .b-otvift !-i.-a fit tenant atf .ix:'rmiittii& Bosk-Store.li Ralaigh, OtL I 50 li'. .1 is r, 53-4i, a , j- 1 , . a, , . .i 4Mit neceirea Y 'lilEiBJsck iatet-Gsiteiis. ssoperisrarticja, ivi! a 1 'I s: i ni ImJis One Poor Above, Richard Smri'plrf ' otnet T 7 VASTS A WIJLLJ AJIS woud respe'ctiuily in- ' one jSoof fEsu! where, thev1 wilf keep con- tahtJv nn-hanvf Tnl a-!r-- .! u,,;..n r,-; VH 1 GROCERIES &C v " '.hi!v& and indeed every thing'usually found in sioiilar estaftlishi ueota.. 3 They present the following as speciiueba of their .Stock: . : A-HlTeiU V" r.-.J . .- ,l -As ! lv Hrbcade Faencb Caslimere, i ' 1 ' -! r ---jV- " f' Embsoidered Silk and Crape, sfid Norwich Lustres, '' 'Chameleon. Turk's Silks and Poplins," pi't'r '" '.French Cashmere and Delaines,, r?i 1 ur:j V-i- ai .Chameleon, figured and blaek Alpaca,' -."' , v - 1 i. Velvet neck Kibbdns and Beltv,'.'-'5lh:-',, ' ''"J 1T 1 a. a - v -rencn woriceu colors and Van, .f t v'- ' V .- Embroidered Ribbon 4ind velvet Trimmings, i ? '''. Scalloped linbn-canabrfc Handkercbiels'aud Gloved ;'i V; Bonnets, Ribbons, and Artificials, . , . . .i'j- , Ginghams and PrinU--a large Lot, ' f ri) ii'.' tr j, French Clutks,-Cassiiaeresy andyestinga.va-. ., 1 I Beaver-cloth, Tweedsv and Kentucky Jeans, ' 1 q mf i - Red and, white rianuel, and Linsey arid Plain Shawls, V- r -Nr 1 , t,i . . . .1 Brown , and bleached Domestias Bed.tiekine--T-ihlo- cloths and Diaper. ? i v..,,t,.,i- V 1 . a . " ' ' a .Ladie's coUon, merino and silk Hose.r AUo ' Ja.lje' r line Walking: ihoes and Gatteisa ,-.' ., ; " ' . a- t - j Ari,es an4Son.:fiaa Peggod Boots, .j',th ;.. -utt' f ,palft Kip, and coarse Brogarm a good assortment, HaU and Caps f Sveryj description . V ) ' a .Cutlery, Crockery, Spadea, Shovels,. race-vhain,;' ; Java, Laguira. aud Rid" Coffee, u ; A ti, .i , Lpal', crushed, clarified and brown Sugar; in i Together with a number of other articles not enumerated. The subscribesi respectfully solicit a share of public pat ronage. ;,;Tbey will sell good largaini for. cash, or on short, time to punctual dealers. m-r. v .. JQilN. G.WILLIAMSi,4 Septahiber ,1 1 6 ,ri0. -,l ,.j .u ,833r itiij AV: G0OPS FOR 185Q. I J-.-!. ff IHBs Subscrilters are 1 now ' receiviutf their .'-FALL X AJi D WINTER SUPPUES, consisuag1. iiy part Ot. the followingi i : !' ,,!n ,1 mack uro lielijon iml tHlver Urey Silks, i r Paocy and Black Brocade Silks, j ;;: S V . Jilaqk, Fancy and. White watered dd. - -.. 3 1 : , Chameleon Kilksj- Super Cheoe Silks, . ?v. Levantines, Brocade SJermdors, ; : : . -V-i.i' rjPlain and watered. Poplins, ?-H .- vj- t-i- s n v- Lyonese. Cloths, Parameltas, .v ; .i'w.-H..m. f Silk and wool Chene Muslin Do Lanes and Cashmeres Lrnameieon l arks, ,7 --.ti nm , Englighi Prench and German Merinos, 7 ' -f . btnped, , rnnted.-i and Plain : Muslin DeLaines and . Cashmeres, Chameleon Alpacas,: . , Ribbon, Velvet, and . Hair. Bail Trimmings, .; xsiack OUK. .bace,,,.., . w v. ; . , . ,: :.; French, work Capes, Collars and Cuffs,, ,.,, .n r ,. Jackonet, Check,, Swiss, India Book, ,s; (! ', Dotted Tarlton and Nansook Muslins, j --. -..- ..- . , Bonnet, Cape, Neck, Cuff and B.eURil bona, 1, .:. Shawls and Vwites, v , , ... : Ladies and Misses Paris Embroidered Liuen Cambric ' Handkerchiefs. ;4 ,,; ,.- y,..r yA ' Real Valencia 'Thread Edging's.'- -.i V-'i,. , i,- H 'rn;i .Tapes, Bobbins, Edgings arid Insertings, dec, . v ' . . .-."' , v ' - s R- -T L'CKE R & SON, , -.Raleigh Sept 1 1, ,1850' , ;. 832. BOOKS 1 BOOKS.' BOOKS! v. V Publisher. ' Cooksel ler aud . Stat i o e r I No. 1, P4tsttkvi.lk.-St RAtKicBt.iN; C. i HA& always on hand a large -and general collection of r, i i; , . i k. :';' :, Law Medical, Theological, Classic, Voyages, Travels, . .Novels and Miscellaneous : Books. Also, a ery v !,.. extenaive assortment of -School Books, &c, - , Blank Books, ldger8. Journals, "Day Books '' . Fass Hooks Bank Books, Record Books,- X"-. -a, . .tj Blauk Checkbooks, and any other kind - ' e, , ,that may bo wanted manufactured .f ' . -' . - ,4- .-..... to order. 1 . '.r. !. --i I Together wkh a general assortment of Stationery j Particular attention given to filling all orders Complete from Booksellers; Merchants, Teachers, and private indi viduals. Aad every article in hia line sold at the foioett prices for cash or approved credit, either at wholesale or retail.':.,,,, , ,, i ,. i - 1 f. ; . All new works received as soon as published, ! '. Raleigh, August.27,, 1850. ; ,'j . i- 830 Just Oppned Two Doors AboverK. Smith's siore. v ::;. nt.a : n ir etna- : nr ,';-'' -' KALEIGH, C;,' THE Subscriber has justopened a Book "Store in leigh, two doors above Mr. Kichard Smith's Store, Where he bfTers to the public , , ;.' ;"r ',. i " Of,. almost .every deseriptiou; togetbei.with a large ccj lection of j : . : . ; j. ' w.t.J: s is " " u. ?- REIiIGIQTJ,;wOKKiS,-T. . From tho pens of eminent authors, of. the different De nominations ; also, ,,r,,'. ?i.,.iC : s ; ' ... : Stationery,.. ;r...;j ...;t;. Of excellent quality; ail of which be proposes, to sell on very reasonable terms. ' 1 "'! Any Book not on hand at present, can be ordered anoj receiyed by the Subscribec iu a few ays,.'andJie. will be j prompt tj iuini an orders trom town or country - j-'. l.-.-.i- . JOHJ? ; . JOSNV, 0 Raleigh, Sept. 12,' ISS) 33--tC SEW'STOCK OF' THE subscriber nas -just returned from i .."the Aortnern Alarfceta, wnere be basUaul tin a large and beautiful stock of articles ia f.hiav Line of business, embracing every, de scription of fine and eoarae wear.'tt'.o t.S M;.t ' His stock . for Ladies .and- Misses;" comprises every quality -of Slippers, Walking Shoes,' whole aad ItBlf Gai tert. &c, &c., and his supply for Gentlemen arid Boy's, 4Mich as will suit the taste of all.- -.-'.. r-.t ' ' i - 'a, - li:He has also laid in a large supply, of materials in hie .line, and brought on a-firstralt workman i frora the JJorAi and is tberefore-prenarcd to manufacti ? BOOTl, (SHOES, &cn-ir a stj le ansurpsssed by sny other estab Mabmenf in the City v i,'4;l SJ, U,ct:-tr. I All he asks is a triat feeling assured 4hat he Will be jsbie to give, satisfactiea -both in. quality and priced W.vt-n ' , HENRY PORTER. -VV .- South .East CorneCApitol Square", , Raleigh, Oct., 23d, 850. i5 J638 1 ' ' WILIiIAM CARTEL la ?liri ICOUX8ELLOR ANDl ATRIfEV'AT XAW, I Bounty the act of Congress passed' September, 28th .isfeo at tended to on moderate teriris' by appplvlhg to i i ST C ,7!SM -italelgri, Oct: 16,1850; , A .JrLIq ATION-will benade Aa the xt Igislatass 'lof Worth Colin4brts..sctf4nocrTiosa Murfreesborpugh Joint Stock "Buildup Company, t i h fcac-.' Kt - rj. d wvia l.'ss ja.rd &t o have -opened a Store Wn Fay etteville Street above' Richard Smith; 4, SOT.T)IE1iS'oflhe;War of Vsia.'and, those who havd served -iri'Indiaa Wars sioC 'lT90,ttheii widows or children can "have their claims ' for Land Bounry Under j 'iii.' ..' unit l-.18i4it.rt iU.i :. NEW STORE AND NEW GQOPS f ffi 'S5d .vaMa.JUJ5XJUHn.JAifcrr.:JVj-i.uiu'n; 1V Moor jutoee j&cJmixl S!tmlb Old. Stand, 1 " 'WXANdER' CREECH,5 "takes- jpt jriJe .nJ pleasure in anhouuclnj to the citizens of Raleigh? ' and the urroundfng' Country, that he' has just received !?J50!h' nd nor opened for sale and inspectiorr: ! STOCK OF GOODS selected by himself with great; care and wuh an eye single; to the wanU of friends' ahj fcnsfomers.; A stock that Will ' fa vorabTy' compare witbany stock in the State, nnd which he.is detvTrnineir to sell at such unprecedented low prices, that aH he de ires is' to gitae hhn a." ifaH 'toeneure a sale.' "Hia Iroftna were bought for sale ind cot to grace his shelvc,'and aU he asks is fo gie Kina very small advance oa Northeni prices..- "4 - 'i " -.-t.'i ;- i- .t pv-. ij- It y.00: wish' bargains, caH at bis Sfore two doors above Mr. R. Smith's" corner, and next door to Messrs.' A: B. Stiths As Go's. Aocu'on and Commission Store; ' '! -; His Stocs consists in part of the followiff j : ; ? ? "i - A large and Varied assortment ef beautiful Prints a latest Styles,. Black aim figured 4 AJpaccas.' Cash:nere; ' Plain and figuredMuslin Delaines,;Gingham,' Jackonet and plain' Cambric,' Swiss and Cook Muslin .' Bwnot: Selt,Cap and Taflity Ribbons, VervetTrimmings, Thread ' and Cotton Lace and edgings. Linen and Cambric H'k'ft; Cotton, Silk and Pongee HVfa, Plain and figured Bobi- net, a beautilul assortment ofaShswls, wry low," a Jargw " f "ried assortment bf Hosiery for Ladies.-Misses 'and I fi.r.k.t i II ' - a .... . . 1 mail is, wen seiegiea assortment oi Radios and MieseS Shoes and "Gaiters, and a great1 variety loc tediftOs to mention, such as are usually foundin similar well aelecU ed assortments. -.' 7ai.jt-A ..-!. I 'p01p' the GeVitlomon. Black French cjotha and CassimeT-es,' Fancy drtto, Tweedes, some very heavy Woollen Tweedes, Kentucky Jeans, Sattin(ts, Black and fancy Sattio Vestings," Mari no assorted; Woollen Vestingery low-.-Flannel, all wool, Bleached 1 Shirting and Sheeting,' Bleached and an Weaehed. Jeans; largo assortment of feriey Cravats, very low, a good assortment of gentlemen's Hosiery and . Gloves, Blankets uncommonly low, Silk, Moleskin, Cal. ifornia and other styles ofHsta; Cfotb, flad Silk Plus!: Caps. GenUemens Boots and: Shoes, Boys aud Negree' uo. vstmn vania) tumprailas, kc, etc,, Ufrai- ,.Do give-him a call and you will. not regret it-- , - ti ' . .... IT -cv nnT.tnt, Raleijh, QcU2361850 .Vt,v i$8 tf. KEV7 'STORE. T-HEf . Undaraigried1' most "jre'specl fully inform 5the friends and the pnblic generally ;: that thfy have a sociated themselves together, in the Tailoring and Cloth' ing fjusiness,' under the nrht of j.J. Biggs &.C6.' "Tb' have opened d A'ew Store, a few'' doors be!oW:the NoffC Carolina Bookstore, where they will be happy to see af of their old Friends' and Patrons, and pledge themscjvci to' seir cheaper than ever. ' They can ai-sfl times warran. s'gdod fitt'mg-Mt of Clothes. ' " -;- ' Call, and examine fheir fine Stock of Iteady Ma3 Clothes. Also, their Stock of tine Cloths, Ccssimerei and Vestings.1 i-.iO.iki.M v-l-X"- f .i,:si ' iTo the Members of the approaching Legislature, .they woultfsay, it shall be to their advantage to patronize tbe new firm f J. J. Bitrg or. Co. ! CaH next door to Mr, Root's J e wel i-y "8 tore. ' . '' 1 ' - ' " .: : iy-l- -j .-,4 :.:. J. J BIGGS, '.! .if-hrwi iv !? ;it SYLVESTER. SMITH. -J -v Raleigh, Oct 1t5, I860-. ; -r-. ; ; ,): S37 6t.a -a IU Ml IWtrLM VS A1U iJUS LUilLtiSt : ' ' And the Pnblic Geuerallyw ,--km HAVIKG associated With me in the Clothing rusii ne'ss, Mr. Sylvester Srfjitlf, it will henceforward be. conducted under the firm " of J;j Biggs & Cd.' 'Mn Smith has been long known, as a Merchant Tailor,' hat is lib w turning bis' attention to the Ready Made business, and it is the design of the Ne firm, to keep up a lare assortment of all kinds "jf ' . . m ! v V.J ; 1 . '''. "Heady itiade Cloth in 2: ' ' u Our Stock of Cloths, Cassimeres and VealiRgs, wHIsIeo be" kept up, a beautiful assortment of which, is nsw bainft opened, emhracingr all tfie Tatest sfy-fes.1' " ' ',' hMt. TEACH will attend to the Cutting Department, si heretofore. - ' - V'-K",- " J."jr BIGG3. t11 Fafeigh, Oct. 10, lS50r;:j ' 7 837-t. FORjTHEEALL AND WINTER TRAPE. Mr , : ; At J.r CREECH'S. ' r TUST received and opened for sale, One of the largeai Jr assortments of Staple fandj Fancy Dry Goods in thuf CityJ'co'nsisting in part of the ibllQwirig articles:' Sup. BH'k Twilled French Cloths,'" to medium qii alines Superior Black Doe Skin and Fancy Cassimers;"- " " Cashmere. Velvet and Merino Yestinm. Al!Tiinds of Fancy Tweeds, Snttennets and K. Jeans, A large assortment of Ladie's Worsted Goods, ail colors Merinoes, Thibet Clotbs,!'--'! , ..'J 'k- .iw- c-FT Cashmeres, DeLains, and Alpaocasc, : .n, ;..:: ,.-:r A large assortment of Trints and'Cingbaaw, a.- A -creat-varietw of- Shawls, from S& cents tovA7' Fine-Fashionable Boanets od Ribbon, flowers, Lacei - . 1 rr.. - -. . . - uitnn aija j rimanngs, , j rti? ;;.".. i-c at. c' .rK'-'.-j'; Fasbionabjo Hats and Caps, Coots and Bhoes, v .7' Rifiesdpoble and single baarel Quns snd Pi&lola, ,. Hardware, Cutlery and Glassware, -. r j ejkn rl paggtBfcaoa-atope. V.h a -! -!' r--if. tr ,i ao . above OoodVwete tugbt entirely for cb, an. will, be jsohl at a great deducttoa from farmer "prjees,, my motto js quick sales and amal) profit. 1 Call andys: wUl buy bargains, .,(r , i oi f-'Jf .QJLEECH., .Kalpigh SepU 17,. l&O Tjl!lJ Wholesale' and t.etafl Grocers, &c ." " Oih "Mabket St.' RALkioB, Ni C." :"' J JTpHE Sub8Cfibers"bavuig connected! themselves in bj1 JLsiness, under the .Firm of JJLFFA LQE 3c COOK take this occasion , to inform . . the public . iat tjiev,w;, keepj constantly, on band .all' articles r.ccepeary for 4J, uses, of the "Family or Farm Their-stpek etinsista 1 part of the folowBng articles : '" ' ' . Bacon and Lard. . I Iron and .Nail,. . ' Flotirf Meal and Corn,; ; Cast . German 31ia,.te Loaf criished, clarified andjCastiiigeTfae ChairiS,aa Brown ' SueiiSrs. s '" .t ' ilYeedtnar tt'a: iVceding Hoes,' Coffee, Molasses, and Salt, Sperm, 'Adahiantitie,4, nd Sole and VpwrLeafhcr.' 1 ; Powder and fchot, and LcsT - TSHow Candles Soaps, Tobacco, Snuffs, dec. Country preuce-7-particularly corn, fodder, and in Teef-hides-.will be taken at fair excftanKe- ' ' ! i'" ! ' p' Tbe above articles have been "carefully "selected tpi iKiagiii wiui casn, ana ine snosenners are uetermmeu ccl to be -undersold by any dealers in the City " -;i ".' Si-'ni iM , .if j.jQ.-. m. BUFFALOED . -sitc.i:fi-..!.T fio.-flrla ,fv ?j (jeo ROE Ti COOKE. V -April '9pfH6&'V "tt fA''"" ,' tSflri' 'H.-n. South side Old Market'Sfreet,' .fourth and 6fSr doors' East of WiHiams; ffsywottd, A; CoeDrtTg Store HOUSE'APNIGN AINTjtel '"" 4o4 ;j71iitlock &Hartiie. .k . u riHEjubscTiberi srow prepared ioMfxeue 4a ' workman-like; manner, att kiJs of .jj':-r vs :t.ii G'fazinGdinimTfati every variety .of woocT. ' Vr' l" " k i" All order left at MrsHardiQa rijwn JfdWi 1 House, will receive prompt atlentionr ' " '-' ' . Ralefffh Serif? K? IGB0 '- e33 tf. tun !'!' ' t. ' TVTJ3T1CE M .hereby given Khat ppli cation .will is V : iinade tothsjiext GBrai Assembly ,qf Korth Caf na,!fir,-tne.3SWSBgie;f anact giving nscies to Coastysetof Stokvs and FsrestbtvCiHjatjesi 1 . ' Saplemper -85.'-il8S0.sft.'a. &ta-v, w'-P; ' A3&i .iit'.t r.f . . . - : ' . '. ; -' 4 1 I. I: f.