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CHICAGO JUDGE DOUGLAS.
Xft copy from the Washington Union the follow jn(rTelejrrphic. account of the nation of the City Council of Chicago Illinois, with reference to he Fo,ritive SUto Law, together with the well-merited commendations bestowed by that paper on Judge ... i. u:- -torts n breasting the uoag.aa, r. r: z::in cut. The -a- f iai v Ann - I9nsucuf Sioriu ij Union says: dated t j k yve nave - . Bt Chicago, stat- the 25th instant, from S. J. "V'' ."I", .. ing the efforts of the c t a8gemWage of fugmve slave law, snd J of the ,ct. We a large public mee"inj .'' auhioin the interneim ""- l..Hae Doue as, of the oenaie, uu.c.- r Judge uouij . -innn-nt Bneech. Tiedicating 1SS:, coUndemning the effort, to evadeiu The triat ' j.,-the meetmsr unammmuly dis sented fromThe act of the council, and that body sub- ,.-.5n,tprt the act. Such is the force of 8eSue..j , , manfuiJy maintained. truin. ooiuiy, j-"j : ... .T j. V j "'. !., Aeaerves the highest credit for J t UBtain the law and the consul u- tion of his country. trinmnh w. see in this memorable transaction the tnurnpn f a oTRat nrinciple, which rH to im oress upon see in this case the triumph boldly and frankly and will prevail we nave so -- m Vv n our youno-eoumry . ol irutn wiich :j;o.-f Train is migmjr but it is' because, she has chain- Had jaagv uao aim f " y p.ons wormy o. - - , -,,runk from consulted me uicuues v ""-, - .v j;aEOin nrf shorn of half his moral ..,M nnthaveacnievea we ue.uCu . - . ma -s HAfl III III LUC U BOWUO0S ntoet. or had tie enieic- -r-- - half kia armnc on. a power, Never was a more triumphant . . !-t C j . " .u.-ause of truth, maintainea wunnnu- tnbute PVjUafed wUh eloquence, than in the effort M.K dSS " Si. drfit. and trying occasion. That ofengle man should, by h.s moral courage 'jM, intellectual resources, so successfully turn the 5a of opinion in a meeting of 4,000 ctt.zens-that ho ahouH, by a single speech, have effected an "en tfre revolution ol public sentiment and that he should have induced even the council of Chicago to council its nullifying resolutions-is a feather in his SJ, which any orator might desire to wear. W .e .know not whether it is a higher compliment to he eras of his talents or to the power of truth. VV ith such champions, the Union may defy every attack. Let Scan patriots but boldly speak out in the North I .k R..h. nnd all sectionalism, all ul- as wen o9 in t . , ii ..,..i;Qrv. all Hisuniomsm would vanish, traisin, an -- . .l:-u j .i.:. TT: .nnM tand noon a rock, which ana mis , , . would defy all the winds of Heaven "d all the ele- inents of Nature to snake u irom which it rests: - Chicago, Oct. 25, 1850. " To the Editor of the Union Great excitement in Chicago. The council has passed resolutions nullifying the act of Congress re lalin to the fugitive slave law, releasing the police frouTobedience, urging resistance, and denouncing! our congressmen. Last night four thousand citizens assembled, the Mayor presiding. Senator Douglas made a great and glorious speech in defence of all measures of the Compromise, and the fugitive-shue law particularly, effecting an entire revolution in public sentiment. It was resolved unanimous! J to sustain the law, and the action of the city council was repudiated. "s- HAYS." Chicago, Oct. 26, 1850. " Since Judge Douglas's "speech, the city council has rescinded the nullifying resolutions. "S. S. H." The Democratic Press. We are gratified to no tice the signs of improvement exhibited by the Dem ocratic press of this atate, both at the seat ol govern ment and elsewhere. Brother Holden is doing yeo man's service, and besides editing an able paper, pub lishes a handsome one. . Our friend Eccles, of ihe Lincoln Courier, comes out in a new dress, and makes a very handsome appearance, and the matter is well worthy of the manner. Eccles is a tramp. And then there is the Hornet's Nest at Charlotte, originally something of a Whig, and with Whig sympathies, until his honest convictions forced him into the ranks of the Democratic party. He is now on the right track, and although in somethings we do think that he goes too far, yet, for all that, he errs on the right side, and can take our right 07". W'e have already noticed the improvement in the GolJ. boro' Patriot. We think it improved both in appear ance and matter. We hope that onr friend Robincon may be amply sustained. The Warrenton News is j also a considerable improvement on the old " Repor ter;" and the Pioneer, at Elizabeth City, is a vaUia- ble accession to the Republican ranks. We have here only noticed those papers which have recently effec ted changes or improvements on their personal ap pearance." Many of our standard papers are as they were, and as such are always welcome. By the by, we have not said a word about a paper which we k think is rather neatly printed than otherwise an on pretending little sheet published in the little village of Wilmington the Wilmington Journal. We know the Editors very well, and think them reasonably good fellows and worthy of support, which, we have , . . J L. J! " I!" !ll J .1 : iiu uuuuk, a uiscerning puowc win awara to mem. Any one in North Carolina who can print a neater sheet can take our hat. Wilmington Journal. Here's a health to the Journal and its worthy Ed itors : May its Price continue to be cheerfully paid, and may it always abound with a FuUlon of the best matter. But seriously, the Journal is one of the best paper, in the State, every way, and the neatness of its- ty pographical execution almost excites ourenvy. Suc cess to it, and to the Press generally. Wilmington can boast her full share of excellent papers, from the Commercial, with its clear and vigorous articles, to the Aurora, startling us ever and anon with its bolt, of sarcasm and its flashes of genuine Southern indignation. ARRIVAL OP. THE STEAMER CANADA. Jtffain in England nd IYanct Denmark mnd the ' DucAie Cotton Firmer Breadtlufft FirmSu gar and Malasaet advanced, de., dc. ' Halifax, Oct. 23. The roval steamer Canada, arrived here at 10 o'clock this morning. She brings dates trom Liverpool to the 19th instant, and London rto the 18th, being three day. later than the advice. oy we r aciuc. one leit in mooui an oour, tor Bos ton. She made the ran to Halifax in less than nine davs. . England. The political and general new. .inee the sailing of the Pacific, j, a. regards England without interest. , . , Five new Bishoprics have been created in the An glo-catholic Church. Cardinal Wismer has receiv ed the Archbishopric in Ireland. -'-. The farming operations for the spring crop have conmencea upon an t-Aiensive scaie. - v ance. The revenue returns for the past nine moiths have been published,' and show an increase ofS9,000 francs over the same period last year. The National asserts the probability of a coosid- I- i:c c -l nA- . . ? , erjjic iiiuuiiiumiuii hi wis iaoinei taKing place. fThe President's treatment of the armv i. the sub ject ot much comment in the various journal.. The cn; ui mo nrmy -win oc wu down, and Sinner. erti measures, taken to prevent insnrbordination in the army, or any feeling to threaten the republic. 'The Republican and Orleans parties respectively nae uecoiue cuusouuaiea, wnue tne Legitimist and Bonapartist factions are dail v becoming weaker. i .-i i . 2 i Djr leiegrapn, we nave advices trom Pans to ITiursday, which state thatvitis reported that if to wards the end of the President's tonr it should be thought right- to ask the country to decide be tween a monarchy and republic, it was promised to throwoiQ obstacle jn the way of such proceeding. Denmark and thk Duchies. Nothinor new han occurred in the relative positions of the armies since the assault upon Frederichstadt. It is: confidAntlv asserted that diplomatists will be called in to adiust thedithculties with Hesse Cassel. All the wlv appointed ministers are strong adherents to the Con stitution. 1 he popular voice is said to be preattain their favor. The revolutionary feeling is increasing ujjwaras or two nunc red officers have resigned ineir commissions m tne army, which is now in a most disorganized state. According to letters from Frankfort, it is said to be the intention of the elector of Hasse Cassel to abdi cate. The Prince of the Cassel will sncced him. In the last sitting Jof the College of Prince, at oen m, i. us uduowin iormauy announced that the Prussian Government would not suffer, the Federal Assembly to meet at Frankfort. . . A Congress of Deputies of all different committees had been established, to raise funds, in support of the ocnieswig-noiBiein war. Nothing special ha. been effected, however, beyond the publication of an ad dress, and the passage of some strong resolutions. The Markets. Liverpool Cottow Market, Oc tober 19. The Circular of Messrs. Holt& Co. no tices a better feeling in the cotton market since the early part of the week, the depression thenrprevaillng naving passea away, ana with a slight yielding in prices, although the quotations current last week are reported by the committee of brokers as current this week, and the market can be said really to pre sent no new feature except at the very latest moment there was somewhat more firmness. The week's sales amonot to 30,290 bales. Tobacco continues in good demand, and prices ful ly sustained. Breadstuff's. In flour there is no change to notice. Sales are marking freely at full prices as quoted last week. There is no change to notice in wheat a fair demand. Indian Corn is steady without alteration in prices. Havre Market, Oct. 16. Cotton. Sales of thi. day 1.044 bales, at advancing rates. Sales of this week 5,500 bales. NEW YORK ELECTION. The people, of New York will vote on Tuesday next for Governor, members of Congress, and State Officers. Horatio Seymour, Hunker, is the candidate for Governor of the Democrats, and Washington Hunt, Seward ite, is the candidate of the Whigs. This election is attracting universal attention. It is des tined to exert a very great influence over the politics of the country. The Albany Register furnishes the following list of the candidates for Congress : M CONGRESSIONAL NOMINATIONS. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 2i 23 2t 2' 2G. 27 28 29 20 31 3-2 33 34 A " Woman's Rights Convention " was recently held at Worcester, Massachusetts, in which a num ber of foolish things were said and done. Women made Speeches women acted on Committees and women claimed the right to vote, and, in fact, to he men. Now, we think as much of the women as any body, and would go as far as any one to see them righted when they are wronged : but our oninion is. the Worcester Convention to the contrary notwith standing, that the usages of societv and the civilized Christian world on thi. subject, do npt stand in need of any alteration or amendment. This Convention was addressed by Abby Kelly Foster and Frederick uoogias, ana u comes in for a special share of Hor ace ureely's countenance and praise. Whatever such people approve or commend. vnnij ;j and shun as we would Sin embodied, or the Asiatic Cholera. i . Daily Register. The editor of the Raleigh Reg ister proposes to issue a daily sheet during the sua sion of the Legislature. He uvs four hundred ank. scriber. to it would enable him to print it without lOSS. ' f' Inn nnM will la Si SO , -It ----- r - - ... w p,vv, iu auvauvo iu ail uioco It will be worth the money to those who wish to be epi aauy advised of the proceedings of the Legisla ture. Merchants in particular ought to encourage an .urciiuiw oi mis sort, as it ail helps trade. Fay. CaroKnan, e f optxATioN or Warrekton. Accordinor to the of ficial statement of the " census taker," Mr. TIawkins, " population ot Warrenton is 1194, to-wit: Wblte8 . 567, Negro slaves, - .600 , Free Negroes, 27 Whig. AT Rose Obadiah Bowne James Bowen James Brooks John C Cruger Thomas McKissoek M Schoonmaker Edward P Cowles Russel Sage J L Schoolcraft John H Boyd Charles F Taber John Wells H P Alexander John W Grant Charles E Clarke O B Matterson George H.Chase Henry Bennett John Williams Vivios W Smith Edwin B Morgan H S Walibridge Wm A Sackett A M Schermerhorn J Horsford Philip Church . F S Martin Solomon G Haven A P Hascall Lorenzo Burrows Democrats. John G Floyd C S Bogardus Emanuel B Hart Henry Arcularius John Cochrane A P Stevens Gilbert Dean Wm M array Orson M Allaben I Sutherland, Jr. David L Seymour Erastus Corning 1 W Thompson Joseph Russell Thomas J Marvin Alex H Buell Preston King Willard Ives Timothy Jenkins W W Snow John J Taylor Leander Babcock Daniel T Jones Thomas Y Howe Robert Halsey James C Smith P G Buchan J S Wadsworth Reuben Robie RE Fenton F P Stevens W M Sprague Sherman B Piper.' 1194 ' Warrenton Newt. " North Carolina holds l,.e?80nic Gn,d Lodge of r .nuw session in Ralefirh commencing- n MM. SSSt7,dt1r 0f Dber next. As, business of wni it? l. m,portaDce t0 th Craft in North Carolina v rmuon to be fully represented at this session. Warrenton Newt. Cotton Prospect fob 1850. Dr. M. W. Philips, one of the best informed agriculturalists fn the South, in a letter to the New Orleans True Delta, says he has no idea that the crop of the present year will ex ceed 2,000,000 of bales. He says:' Let everv man conversant witb the growth of Cottoa take the facts as they exist, and then calcu late. A cold, wet, and of course a backward spring; mora cotton planted in May and Jane than was ever known grass equally as bad as in 1849, and more corn bought than was ever before since the settling ot the country therefore poor teams and bad cultiva tion then, no rain for the past six or seven weeks. What can cotton make, planted, say the istpt May with this drooo-ht only. four months to make end grow int I assure you there are thousands of acres' of Upland that a frost this nisrht would cut short. The bo!'. now opening are not half theU usual size. in anotheT part of bis letter, which is dated vm instant he says : I raav be m error. If I ant mistaken, I believe nine hundred and ninety-nine oit of every thousand of the planters are mistaken." . - He thinks planters should hold np, and not sell under 15 cents, which price, be thinks is demanded "7 me present .apply and demand. , New York Abolition Merchants. The Day Book is doing the South' an essential service by pub lishing the names of those wholesale Merchants in New York, whose traffio is 'chiefly with the South, w i the 0,, acquired in advancing aboiuHw doctrines in that city. The following firms are lho moUeed : Messrs. JWea fc M'Namee, Wholesale Jobbers. . ; , Warren, a do ' . ias& Allen, do - ; 5JP,Jr. . del " uat ififc-Daniel. do The Day - Book .that the first named "have become wealthv bv trading c .. , i employ largeal number of clerks, and boast of """V TTr yww." i "uswiess done in the city who ham bet It one of tba most magnificent stores, two coantryjatsJ from the profits of lava la borare both' thorough gem abolitionists support abolition ministers, and have established an abolition newspaper." - . Let Southern merchanUaBark tKee men and avpid them as th.y wotald aha pestilence. Tha Southern peopIeshoold.jiaC.be taxed to support their worst enemies in concerting mischief and desolation. ' 7 . T , THE COTTON CROP,.5: Wa copy fteni oof exchanges the following items io relation to the Cotton crop jn Tennessee Alabama, and South Carolina : - 'JX.: ' . Alabama. We learn from the North Alabamianof tne ntb inst. published at Tuscumbia, that the drouth in thatquarter has been as protracted and severe as in the Southern part-of our State. "The cotton crop, from the best information it can gather, will rail short of an average at least one-t hird in the Tennessee Valley some say one half. .The late continued dryweather has affected cotton -injuriously in some portions of the Valley, by preventing the ton balls from maturing. The same weather, however, has enabled the planters io gainer tne staple in fine order. ' There- has been several slight frosts during the past ten :days; r A letter to the Mobile Tribune, dajed Conecub, Oct. 15, says i The cotton is now nearly alt made and opening rapidly. It win be an early harvest, and planters about here begin 'o calculate with an assu rance of -certainty, the number of bales they will make this season, and ot one of ten expects more than two-thirds of an average crop, while we are sat isfied from personal observation that the yield id this section will not suffer in comparison with other parts of the State. Thus it proves almost to a mathemati cal demonstration that the crop in Alabama will be 44 short." The weather is such as to preclude the possibility of anything now maturing. Corn may be in proportion to cotton both in product and price. Tennessee. The Memphis Eagle of the 8th inst. says : We have seen several gentlemen from the country, .who inform ns that the frosts were severe and have done all the injury that frosts couH do to the cotton destroying the small bolls, and injuring more or less those not matured. The backward cot ton in bottom lands, still vigorously growing, is of course greatly injured. Had the frosts kept off two or three weeks longer, at least ten per centum more would have been made. We doubt now if but little more than a full half-crop will be realized this season." Cotton A letter dated Black Oak Grove, Harde man county, Tennessee, October 8, says : 44 At dif ferent periods of the present year I gave you the con dition and prospects of the cotton cron in this section o,f the country, (being one of-the best sections in this State for the growing of cotton.) all tending to show tne crop would be short, though when I commenced picking I found, with a favorable fall, I should make more cotton per acre than I had anticipated during the working and growing season. Since I commenced picking I found wherever the rust made its appear ance, (which was pretty general,) the cotton had ta ken the second growth, producing an over ratio of sap, and causing the bolls to tall from the diseased etalk.and shielding others from the sight; butafterall ofthi8,and since the,plantersin this section of the coun try have consoled themselves underthe insuperable misfortunes that have befallen them during the pres ent year in regard to their crop, on the morning of the 6th of this month there was a cold, heavy, killing frost, which will insure one-third shorter crops than if it bad stayed off four weeks. longer." The En or the Season. A gentleman brought os yesterday a stalk of &ea Island Cotton plucked about eight miles from the City on the other side of the Ashley. It was completely withered from frost. This, then, settles the question of the season. The cotton plant is Tailed, and whatever hopes depended on a late frost are killed with it. In a large part of this State, and perhaps of the whole cotton region, it will do no harm. The most had been already made of the crop, and the plant had nothing left which even a month of fine weather could have brought to profit. But this was not everywhere the case. But the frosts puts all on a level. Wc may now begin our estimates of the crop on definite and reliable ev idence. The case is made up.. Charleston Mercury. Fugitive Slave Law among- the old Pgritans. A writer in the Boston Courier cites the following : 44 It may interest the readers of these papers, as ajJ piece of curious antiquarian history, to know the orjjj igin of the practice of restoring fugitives from seffl vice. In the articles of confederation between the United Colonies of New Enffland namely, Massa chusetts, New Plymouth, Connecticut, New Haven, &c. made in 1643 ; and made as the preamble declares, by those who 4 all come into these parts of America with one and the same end and aim, namely, io ad vance the kingdom of our Lord Jescs Christ, and to enjoy the liberties of the gospel in purity with peace 1 there is the following provision : ' It is also agreed that if any servant ran away from his master into any confederate jurisdiction, in such case, upon certificate from one magistrate in the jurisdiction out of which the. servant fled, or upon other due proof, the said servant shall be either delivered to his mas ter, or any other that pursues and brings such certifi cate or proof. 44 Thus it appears that the rendition of fugitives from service in this country commenced more than two hundred years ago, and, what is remarkable, the mode - of proof prescribed by. the agreement of the Colonies is precisely analogous to one of the modes provided by the act of 1850; the only difference be tween them is the more elevated character of the tri bunal 4 in the jurisdiction out of which the said ser vant fled,1 before which the proof is now to be made, and the greater caution in the proceedings. I pre sume that the subjects of this compact between the Colonies were rather white servants and apprentices than negro slaves, which in 1643 were probably very few in number. It was very common in those early times, more than at present, for master mechanics to take indentored.apprentices, who, if they absconded, were ani now 'are) liable to be arrested and returned to their masters, as persons held to labor or service ia the State whence they fled' The same rule now prevails in regard to white fu gitives as was adopted by the early Puritans of New England in relation to runaways, and is applied by the law of 1850 (as it has been by the law of 1793) to fugitive slaves. A man charged with crime, and fleeing to another State, is surrendered up on the sim ple certificate of an authorized magistrate, without trial or inquiry into the reality of Jiis guilt, or any appeal to the writ of habeas corpus. His guilt is left to be ascertained in the State from which the fugitive fled. But the Northern fanatics contend for a rule for runaway blacks different from that to which white runaways are subjected, and are ready to tear the sa cred Union asunder to effect their weak and wicked purpose. National Intelligencer. Mr.- Fillmore's Neighbors. At a Whig ratifica tion meeting held in Erie county the city of Buffalo, where Mr. Fillmore resides the following resolutions were adopted : Resolved, That in the opinion of this' meeting, it is doe to the law-abiding freemen of the North that the 'Fugitive Slave Law' should be immediately repealed. Resolved, That we recognise in the action of the re cent Convention at Utica, and especially in the ap pointment by it of a pennanent State Central Com mittee, unraistakableevidence of a design to disorgan ize and dismember that party and that w will resist all such attempts from whatever source, and under what ever pretext, "to the bitter end." This one was received with applause, and unani mously adopted. When it is remembered that Mr. Fillmore ia the head of one wing of the Whig partv in New York and Mr. Seward head of the other, it speaks volumes. . Resolved, That the thanks of the Whig party of Erie county are justly due, and are hereby tendered to the Hon. Wm. H. Seward, for the signal ability and elo quence with which he has on all occasians maintained the principles of Freedom in the Senate of the Uni ted States, and for the noble manner in which he has redeemed the pledges given by the Whigs of New York to the country. ' Arrival ofParodi. Signorina Teresa Parodi, the new prima donna, said to have been a protege of Bastafhas arrived at New York in the Pacific, and is to appear in the Astor Place Opera House next woolu She is accompanied by her brother and a lady friend. : It is stated that on nnomg mat sne na. post office Information, . j X single letter means any 2" weighing over"! ounce avoid rupoi, cr leas.' r-A -letter weighing over ; lot and less than 2 is recanted as 4 Tetters. Newspaper, means a paper of 1900 square inches or less. :, : . - No P. M. can frank a letter weighing over i punce, except on onjciai Business.'' - Postage on letters ' from any o&tce in the U. S. to and from -California, oi; our Territories on the Pacific, 40 cents prepaid or not. ( Newspapers and pamphlets 3 cents each, sea postage, and the inland Postage to be added, if any. ";'. 1 -', ; " VP. M'., whose com. We're $208 or Teas for the year ending June 30, 1850, can send and receive Writ-, ten letters free, not weighing over $ cz. each on their own private nusiness. . i hey can t rank to Uaiitoroia, or any other place in the U. S. possessions, but not beyond. . ' '' ' Postage, on letters to China, &c., may be 75 cents or 45 cents. ' . , .,,,;-, Postage on regular, or transient papers 1 or lcts, and 50 per cent, commission on tbem. Total postage on papers to Great Britain 4 eeijts, 2 cents to be paid in each country;, to any place through Great Britain 4 cents, prepaid. . - . . . The postage on letters, to or from Great Britain is 24 cts., the single rate. . , The franking privilege 'travels with its possessor. A Post-master can frank, through any office he may pass in travelling, but he cannot send franked letters from his own office at the same time. . r Postmasters whose annual compensation is not over $200, may frank- names of subscribers and mon ey to newspapers. ; - " Postmasters are entitled by law to the following, commissions on the amount of letter postages received by them ineaeh quarter of the year, and in due propor tion of any fractional part of a quarter; but no Post--master can receive a larger compensation from com missions than $500 per quarter t: 40 per cent, on the first $160; 33J 44 next' 300 ; - 30 44 44 44 2,000;, 12 44 on all over 2,400 ; ' A commission of 50 per cen is alfbwed on pos tage of Newspapers, and Magazines ; also two cents is allowed for the delivery of each free letter, (ex cepting free packets ot printed matter, sucn as speeches, fire., though made up in letter iorm,; to oi ficers where the commission does not amount to $500. , ! , On letters received for distribution- at such offices as are designated for that purpose by the Postmaster General, a commission or 7 per cent, is allowed. Postmasters whose annual compensation is not over $200 may frank names of subscribers and money to editors. At offices where the mail is Tegularly to arrive be tween the hours of 9 o'clock in the evening and 5 o'clock in the morning, 50 instead of 40 per cent, is allowed on the first $100 of letter postage. Table of Postages. . ' . l-2oz!l ozl2 oi 3 oz apartments at the Union Place Hotel, a crowd gath ered aroand the front, and the. lady was obliged to appear at the window seven or eight tunes to ack nowledge the shoots of welcome. She described as tall, finely-formed, with blue eyes and black hair. Those who wight to know predict a great inomph for Parodi in this country. Phda. Bulletin, ' Tumok. "The Jacksonville Ujen.reportt the vote of twenty-one counties', in which Mr. Cabell s majority, is 413 in 1848 the same gave him 354 maj jority seven counties yet to be heard from. His re election is considered certain. , . ; Parties will probably stand in the legislature sen ate, 10 democrats, 9 -whig.; bouse 21 democrats, 19 whiirs.' If Dade elects a democrat, they will have a majority of 4 in the bouse if not parties will be tied. 5 10'. 20 30 10 20 40 60 2 2 2 2 24 48i 96: 144 1 cent. 1$ cts. Letters not over 300 miles, Letters over 300 miles, ' Dropped letters. Letters by British mails. Newspapers not over 100 miles, or within the State, for each sheet or supplement, Do. over 100 miles and out of the State, To be prepaid if not sent from the office of publication. ' j Pamphlets, Magazines, Periodi cals and all other printed mat ter, except as before and un dermentioned for each not -over I oz. 2 oz. 3 oz. 4 oz. 2J- 3 44 51 A fraction of J oz. over not to be regarded. Circulars and handbills not over single cap size and unsealed t (to be prepaid,) 3 cents. The Cunard line of steamers is under contract pay with Great Britain, for carrying mails, and all the postage except 5 cents on letters carried from the United States by that line, is received by Great Bri tain ; but the Collins' line is under contract with the United States, and all, the postage except 3 cents on letters carried out by this line, is received by the United States. . INFORMATION TO POSTMASTERS. Every Postmaster whose office yields to the Gov ernment, over $25 per quarter, is entitled to post office balances for weighing letters. Where a postmaster who is entitled to the frank ing privilege, receives letters mailed at other offices and charged with postage, he is to enter the said let ters as usual, and mark the amount of postage as "overchage" in the fourth column of "mails re ceived." When a postmaster is entitled to par for night service, he should always send a certificate of the fact, I without which it cannot be allowed. When postmasters have not the latest tabular lists of post offices, and the latest printed regulations, they should apply, for them. They cannot perform their duty understanding without them. Post bills should be sent with all transient news papers, handbills and circulars. It is not lawful for mail carriers to carry letters out of the mail, whether sealed or unsealed. United Stales Postal Guide. Carolina Female College. The first session of this institution will commence on Monday, the 6th day of January next. The following are the names of the faculty : ' Rev. A. B. Smith, President, and Professor of Mental and Moral Science. Charles H. Judson, A. M., Professor of Ancient and Modern Languages. Wm. K. Blake, A. M., Professor of Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Miss Warren, Female Assistant and Teacher of the French Language. Karle W. Petersilia, Professor of Music. Col. George D. Boggan, Steward. From our own'knowledge of -some of the officers, and from the reputation that all ot them bear, we have no hesitation in recommending the Carolina Female College to all parents as a proper place at which to give the daughters of our land the right kind of an education to enable them to fi-ll any station in life in which'it may please God to place them. The location of the College, both as it regards health and beauty, will bear a favorable comparison, with any institution of the kind in the country. It is situ ated on thetage road leading from Cheraw to Salis bury, ten miles above Wadesborqugh, near Tyson's Mineral Spring a place of resort for several years by persons in quest of health, the place, naturally beautiful, is being made more so by the erection of several fine residences. More buildings are about to be erected ; so that there can be no doubt but the neighborhood of the College will soon become one of the most desirable places in the range of our knowl edge, as well on account of health, as' for facilities for education, and for refined and elegant society. Wadesborough Jbrgus. Spain and Cuba. The International, of Madrid, gives a statement of the Spanish naval force which is intended to occupy the Havana station for the pro tection of Cuba. It is composed of the Soberano, seventy-four; the frigates Esperanza and Pcrla, of forty-two guns; and the Cortez, ot thirty-two guns ; the sloop-of-war Colon, of sixteen guns; the brigan tines Habanero, Patriots, Petayo, Nervion, and Vill aricensis, counting .together seventy-six guns; the schooners Habanera, Isabel II, and Juanitta, number ing fourteen guns ; .five luggers, carrying one carro nade each ; and five steamers, two of six guns and 350 barse power, two of five guns and 160 horse power, and one of two guns and 100 horse, power compo sing a total of twenty-three vessels and 326 guns. In addition to these there is a strong addition to the land forces already collected at Cadiz, and ready to w'1- . "' - ; -- The Crops. Accounts from Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, vary somewhat in their estimate of the deficiency of the Cotton crop. In Eastern Alabama and Western Georgia, it will fallMiort of an average, both as to Cotton and Corn, whilst (hat portion of Mississippi shipping to.lo bile wilt, rt is is said, nuke more than last year. .In other portions of Mississippi only from a half to two thirds of a crop will be made. In Louisiana and Texas .the long continued draught is mateually affect ing the yield of Cotton in certain portions oi both States, to the extent, it is stated, of one half. Telegraphed tor the Standard. '.... ..i - - - Wassito Citf, Nov. 1st, 1850, ) ,? , v - V s . Nine O'clock. A. M. s" President Fillmore4 will probably isue bis Pro! clamation for the enforcement of theFugitfve Slave Law inrBoston, and place tjnifisd States' troops at tne disposal or the autbenues. . ,. . . . ; The Governor of Pennsylvania has appointed the 12th of December as. Tbsnksgiving Day in that Stale; and the Governor of Maryland has appointed the 28 tb of yNbvembei for that State.. : , New Yoek, October 3 1st 1850. ;' A great Union Meeting was held last night in this City, and was "largely attended. George Wood pre-, sided, and, a number oT patriotic Speeches were de livered in favor of the Union and in opposition to anti-Slavery agitation, and fanatiefsrrj. . A letter was read from Daniei W ebster, strongly in favor of the Constitutions . .' , ' - . .' . New York Markets. Grain unchanged ; flour firm ; and tobacco, both leaf and manufactured, tend ing upwards, . ... ,r Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun. - - WAsatxcTON, Oct. 29, 1830. Important from Boston Determination of the Marshal, lite Law of '93 in Boston The duty of the North Course of the South, &e i ' ' ' "V Private advices from Boston render it probable that a fugitive slave riot will come off to-morrow, or some day this week, and that the law will be enforced zt all hazards, without -any interference on .tlie part of the federal executive. The marshal will summon a poue under the act and the act will be enforced. ' We shall 'see whether the Bostonians wilt countenance resistance to the law, and a practical nullification 'of the law. - Their action will give tone to public sen timent in all the Northern States on this subject.: It is with them to decide the question whether the law can be enforced or not.- Mr. Widthrop, Mr. Horace Mann, and Mr: Qnincy, and Mr. J. G. Whittier as sert' that it cannot be executed. . j. ,; Mr. Qnincy, true to his pecnliar principles, advis es resistance. " With a. view to encourage it, he as serts that no fugitive has ever been delivered up, in Massachusetts, under the act of 1793. - He is mis taken as to the fact. I could refer to a very promi nent case, occurring in the year 1819. Some slaves eloped from King George county, Virginia, and were conveyed in a vessel from Fredericksburg to Boston. They were arrested under that act, in the town of Dedham, near Boston. The agent and counsel for the claimants was the Hon. Samuel L. Southard, a Judge of New Jersey, -and afterwards Senator and six years a member of the Cabinet under the admin istrations of Moproe and J. Q. Adams. The slaves were delivered up as fugitives from labor and service, and without any mob; riot, or resistance. There were no objections to the law. in Massachu setts till after the year 1833. After that time theje were decision that slaves brought by their owners into the State and remaining there, were not fugitives. But there was never a case of a refusal to deliver up a fugitive, or of forcible resistance to the act of 1793. The first case of a refusal to deliver up a fugitive was in New York, and by Gov. Seward. A slavefrom Virginia was claimed .as a fugitive from justice and from labor, and Gov.. Seward, upon some- technical p oint, refused to surrender him, at, the demand of Gov. Gilmer, of Virginia. Congress however attempted, by another and more efficacious law, to give effect to the constitutional provision. If the new law cannot be executed, it will remain for the Southern States to decide what, measures of resentment, retaliation, or redress they shall adopt. Many men in the Southern States. have considered this question, and decided that they will not, on that account alone, consider a dissolution of the Union as necessary. They will, nevertheless, consider the conduct of Northern people as ifnjust, faithless, and unprincipled. It is to be apprehended, however, that in some re spects there will be a majority in favor of retaliatory measures measures already contemplated and even, in some cases, already resorted to. It will be re membered that the revolution was ushered in by re taiiatory legislation, by non-interconree, and non consumption laws iu Massachusetts, in Vi-ginia, and other States. Ion. WORTH CABOIDTA . .. , , Mutual Life. Insurance Company "; . HA X.RIGH, ar. ' c. - THIS Company ii now taking in reran ce on the fire of healthy persons and Slaves, at their established rates 6f premium. This being the onhr Life Insurance Company ia the State, and working under a charter suit ed to the condition and. circumstances ef 'ail, the i)i rec tors feel no hesitation in saying that it affords greater inducements tai the insurance ef lives than any other Company in Jbe country. t. ; The 5th Sec. of tfts Charter provides" That the busbsnd may insure his own life, lot the sole nse end benefit of his wife, or children, free from the claims of the repre sentatives or the husband t( any of bis creditors." ' It is conducted on the mutual plan, each person in sured becoming a member thereof, and not liable beyond me amount ot nu? premium' v; . ... .n - Policies for $100 to $5000 will be issued on the Me of a white person; and en, Slaves for two-thirds tbeir market value, for a term of frtfm one to five years, as the owner may desire. :. , , . , v . AH losses of the Company are paid within 99 days af ter proof of loss is furnished. No California risks taken. . The business of the Company is conducted under the immediate supervision of Dr. Chas. E. Johnson, President, ' Wm. p. Haywood, Vice President, - James F, Jordan, Secretary, ' Wm. H. Jones, Treasurer, -,' Pen-ill Rnithp Atliun.. Dr. Wjn. H.McKee, Examining Physician. J. fiersman, General Agent. a AW Communications on business should be addressed, post paid, to ' JAMES P. JORDAN, . Secretary. Nov. 1. 1850. i New Orleans, Oct. 27. The sales of Cotton on Saturday amounted to 2000 bales, at steady prices : Good Middling, 13. The sales of the week are, 23,000 bales. Hon. J. H. Harminson, member of Congress, died on Friday, after a lingering illness. John McDonough died of cholera on Saturday. He was a native of Baltimore, and noted for his miserly habits. His estate is estimated to be worth over ten millions of dollars, which the Picayune says has been left for the benefit of the poor of . Baltimore and New Orleans. 7 Philadelphia, October 29. .. - Jenny Lind will give several concerts here about the 20th of next month, and then proceed to Balti more and Washington. Possibly she may go to Richmond, Charleston. Havana, New Orleans, St. Louis, Cincinnati, and will probably sail for London to attend the World's Fair. New Orleans, Oct. 26. Important from Texas. The vote in Texas on the Boundary question gives a heavy, majority in fa vor of accepting the proposition. . The Rail Road Bridge across Quankey js comple ted. The Cars crossed it on Saturday night last. This Bridge was built in two months. It is a stronger and much better Bridge than the old one. The Track across it is laid with T Iron. The whole Track trom Wilmington to Weldon is now being laid with T Iron. Halifax Republican. ThS Tobacco Business. There are in operation at the present time in Richmond, fortv-th'ree Tobacco Factories, in which are employed over 2,300 hands, and which produce in manufactured tobacco fourteen millions five hundred thousand pounds annually.. . Richmond Dispatch. i The Southern Shoe Trade. The value of shoes annually sent South from New York is: estimated at 5,000,000. Boston and Philadelphia send, perhaps, as many more. The trade was never more flourish ing than during the present season.' Elective Judiciakv. The people of Pennsylva nia hare given a majority of 73,340 in favor of an elective' judiciary, and the constitution is to be amen ded accordingly.: The " Notorious " Flying Machine is to make an ascent opposite New York to-day, with CapL, Taggart on board. The announcement creates some sensation ampng the sight-seers.- Bait. Sun 30A ulL Gov. Manly has ordered an election to be held in the Countv of Johnston, on Tuesdav, the 12th day of November next, to supply the vacancy in the House-4 of Commons, occasioned by the recent death of Jas. Tomlinson, Esq the member elect. Register. , , Monster Cigar. A Cigar manufacturer in Bristol (R. I.) is exhibiting a cigar five feet long, twenty ' five inches in circumference, and weighing thirty-five pounds. ..... . NORTH CAROLINA MCTCAL INSURANCE COMPANY. UALEIGH, K. C- H. W ITT, ... tn- . r ixixj iouowing persons nave fiee.n eiecica xjitccict 1 and Officers of this Company for the present year Dr. Josiah O. Watson, Jos. G. B. Roufhae, Richard Smith, John Primrose, Henry D. Turner, S. W. W hit-inz.i-T. H. Selbv. of Raleigh ; fieo. McNeilt" FaVette- ville, Joshua G. Wright, Wilmington, Jas. EBoyt, Washington, James Sloan, Grcensborough, Wm. Bad ham, Edenton, Joshua Boner, Salem, Joseph Pool, -Elizabeth City, Michael Brown, Salisbury, Alexander Mitchell, Newbern, W. N. II. Smith, Murfreesborougb, H. B. Williams, Charlotte, John B. Barrett, Milton, and A. T. Summy.'Asbeyille. All Directors are authorized to receive applications. OFFICERS. Josiali'T). Watson 'PrifUTit. . ; ,- J.G.B. Roulbac, Vice President, Richard Smith, Treasurer, 3 J. .G. Partridge, Secrefary, ; t John H. Bryan, Attorney, . J. Hersman, Generaf Agent. S. W. Whitin. V Richard Smith, 5 Executive Committee. John Primrose, ) ' This Company is now in successful' operation, end V prepared to effect insurance 'against fire on all kinds of property, (Steam Mills and. Turpentine Distilleries ex cepted.) , All communications, in reference to insurance should be addressed to the Secretary, post paid. J. C. PARTRIDGE, Sec'y Raleigh, January 2, 1850. 793 c VALUABLE LAND r And Desirable Residence fcr Sal. i i.' a i - n w T A urn . : i on m . r m - erly the property of Blair Burwell, deceased.) eit uated on the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, d half mile South of Henderson, is offered for sale. ' More than half the tract is in br igin at growth. The remainder is in s fine state for cultivation, and is well adapted for the growing of Grain and Tobacco. On it is a new and com. modioustwo story Dwelling House, of excellent work manship, with every out house necessary, for comfort or convenience. Any person . wishing to combine the ad vantages of town with the pleasures and retirement of the country, would do well to buy.' The neighborhood is remarkable for ts health,- intelligence and refinement. Farther description is deemed unnecessary, those wishing to purchase will view (he premises.. Refer to A.R. & H. BURWELL, Henderaon.N. C. I. H. DAVIS, Stanton, Granville, N. C. November 1st. 1850. . 1 2t- FINE FRUIT TREES. . THE Proprietors of the Pomological Garden and Nurseries, Cane Creek, Chatham County, N. C , have' now ready for Transplanting, 20,000 fruit trees of large size and thrifty growth, of the finest kind of fruits known for alL seasons, from the earliest to the latest rip ening kinds; consisting of . ' . APPLES, PEACHES, PEARS, PLUMS Nectarines, Apricots, Grapes, Figs, ite. Orders should be sent to us early, that we may make Onr arrangements so deliver in good 'time. One of us will be at Raleigh, in the, early part, and, at the end of the Session, with a splendid collection of onr trees. J. & T. LINDLEY. : October 28th, 1850. ' I 3t. ATTOR.NET AKO COrS8ELLOIl 4P,UW( Raleigh, "S. C: . L' SOLDIERS of the War of 1613, and those who have served in Indian Wars since 1700, their widows or children can have their claims for Land Bounty under the act of Congress-passed September 28th, 1650, at tended to on moderate terms by apppfying to V ' ' WILLIAM J. CLARKE, Attorney at Law. Raleigh, Oct. 16, 1850 837 . T . Commissioner off Tennessee. -VTATHANIE,L J. PALMER, of Milton, hasoeen JL appointed by Governor Trousdale,' of Tennessee, Commissioner of the State of North Carolina to take the Probate of Deeds, Powers of Attorney,, and other instruments to be recorded in that Statcf Also to take Deposition's,' Affidavits, &c, to be used in the Courts pf Tennessee. ! m October 2Sth, 1850. - . 833 MOTICE.- t. "VfOTICE is hereby given that application, will be J 1 made to the ensuinif General Assembly of North Carolina, to alter and . amend the act incorporating the town of Clinton, in Sampson County. September 25, 1850. - 834 M- ReceJred by UxpreM this Day A LOT OF FINE FRENCH MERINOES, Assort ed Colors.' . .- ; : ;. , ; Also, a lot of Jenny Lind Trimmings. .; EVANS WILLIAMS. October 23. .' . - . . rJCJJjC- THE MARKETS. Petersburg, October 29. Tobacco selling at the following pricos: Ordinary lugs $8 50 to $10 50, good and fine lugs $10 SO to 912, common leaf $18 to $14, fine leaf for shipping $15 to $16 50, fine manufacturing leaf 915 to The market active, and some parcels held at higher prices. Cotton selling at 12to 12j cents, - with a good supply, and quality better than last year. Wheat 95 to I 08 cents; corn 60cents; bacon, hog found, 71 to 7 cent ; lard 9 to 9J cents; flour $5 to f7 50. . ' W-ruTt-iHOTO-r, October 30. ' About 300 barrels of Turpentine sold at $2 10 per: barrel, for yellow dip. Nothing doing in Spirite Turpentine; last sales at 26 cents per gallon. ' The river low, and but little produce of any kind arriving. " '. Ca ablest-OS, October 29. Holders of Cotton yester day became free sellers at prices refused on Saturday, and the market, in consequence, was decidedly in favor of buyers. The sales amounted to 1960 bales, at prices ranging from 12 j to 13 cents.. " ; Nsw Yobk, October 29." Holder have put Cotton up, but buyers do not meet tbem. - Tobacco firm, at full prices; com si from 71 to 72 cents per bushel; flour $4 60 to f5 ; whiskey 27 to 2Tf cents. " ---: , . . . ' ! " : "YX7"E are authorized and requested to announce Mai. WA. W. MOODY, ot Richmond County, as a candidate for the office of Principal Dopr Keeper to the House of Commons, at the.approaching Session. October 30,- 1850. - 839 pd. TTTE are reaoeatod to snnonnrw Mr.JAME Paf!S .j of Randolph County, as a Candidate for tbe,o& rice, of Principal Dooaiteeper to the. Senate of the ne4 Legislature. " October 28, 1850. .. . 833 paV- WE are requested to announce Mr.. ALBERT W. MOORE, Democrat, of Northampton, ass Can. didate for Assistant Doorkeeper to the next House of 1 tomtsans. ." ' - ".' . : Oct. 21, 1850. .-- 4 J98 4s. - E are requested to announce Mr. A.?. BETT8, of , Wake (County, sa a candidate for Assistant Doorkeeper to the Senate of the next Legislature. - Oct. 14, 1850., 837 ts. Register will please copy and charge Ar N. . . E are requested 'to annonnca Mr. JOSEPH T WARD, of Franklin Countv. as a Candidate Co Assistant Doorkeeper to the'next House of Common o North Carolina. Octobers, 1830." . ... " 634 trpd. TJTJE are requested o announce Mr. E. N. TETEE I f 803, of Northampton County,- as a CandidsW for Engrossing Clerk to the ensuing Legklatureof NorUk CaroUnsus-v w ivs-jr-THiM-M ?!-. .October 2,. 1.850. MYERS' CELEBRATED CHEWING TOBAC CO. Imported Cigars different Brians. - - --- Just Received by ; -; ' Cat- S, 1650.- -?--.. 'w-ji' .- .- 3