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The Union Meeting in New York We present below "tracts from the Speeches de livered at the great" Union Meeting, held in New York City on the 30th of Octbber last : Jamks W. Gbsabd, Esq., addressed the vast rouV titude as follows : " I came according to your invi tation, citizens of this uiy: native place, to meet yon in thousands and tens of thousands at the call of our country, to rally around the standard of the republic, and on the altar of that common country to sacrifice "all party feeling, all parly prejudice to concert such measures as may best perflate our glorious Union. Merchants, mechanics and traders of New York, your voice and yaur action Ibis night will be heard and felt throughout the length and breadth of this glorious land." It will he heard and felt in New - England ay, and upon the top of the granite' rooun- - taina of New Hampshire. It will be heard and felt all over vour glorious southern country. Your free States will hear it; and oh, your brethren of the South how you will give them aid and comfort! The honest manhood of the South will bless the citizens of New York, and their wives and childern will give you their prayers, because they, will feel that you op pose agitators, and will not war on their rights, but on those who attempt to trample on them. Cheer ing and applause. Your voice and action will be felt and heard all along your fifteen hundred miles of toramercial seaboard, and every State will leap for joy, and every mechanic and trader on the seaboard will join in the cry yon raise to-night in favor of the Union and constitution ; and, with the course of the western son, it will roll over the valleys of the wes tern waters, and will not be stopped till it has passed the Rocky mountains, and will not die till it reaches Kl Dorado, our youngest sister on the shores of the Pacific. Your voice and "action, before to-morrow's sun will have set, will be carried by steam and light ning to every village, town, and hamlet of this gio- - nous republic. JSvery mountain-top w ui near u, anu rallov mill inir in tha fTV that We Will 8tailU j VU1 V w nan jva aw j - - - r . . J .1 FT-.! by the compromises ot tne consmuuun huu me umuu;ij r.rw. vB(auil9, aa irpic,,- of this republic. Sixty years ago, my friends, the tativeof the democratic party, have the opportunity republic of this country was launched into existence with a constitution founded on compromise ; and by compromise only can it be sustained. Applause. -From that day to this the glorious republic has gone on prosperously, conquering and to conquer. Each State has preserved its1 own system of government, under the power of our glorious constitution. The rising, republic took for its emblem the selected bird f Jove the king-bird of our forest and on the - scroll suspended from the eagle's mouth the motto E Pluribus Unum" the Union, one and indivisi ble. Well the rising greatness of the country justi fied the proud emblem of the eagle; for as the eagle takes its flight heavenward in the air, with a wing that never tires and an eye that never winks, daring the very sun in the firmament, so has our Deioveo country risen higher and higher in her glorious career of national renown and natiional prosperity. Tre mendous applause.! Its feats of arts and science are rivalled by its deeds and arms ; and the great and , -good statesmen and warriors of the North and the South rivalled eaeh other, which could do the most to promote the common welfare and glory or their menu But, aside from these great national ques country ; and I say palsied be the hand which would ! tions, other questions have arisen, different from those pluck one feather from that eagle's wing, or check j where the patriots and true friends of the country its flight. Vociferous applause. We have met I have found materials upon which to ranse themselves to-night to declare our views, and to pass resolutions j in opposition, in the keen encounter of their wit and on the situation of our country to carry out and en- j their judgment, as to which was the right side. We "dorse the measures of compromise passed at the last i find such classes of men in every country. But there session of Congress. -I need not tell you that for are other classes of men who seek for political place ten long months northern abolitionists, banding with i and power, and for materials upon which to con southern ultra is is, almost put an end to the legisla- j struet parties to subserve their own private ends tion of the country. The wheels of government were j and personal exaltations. After the principles of paralyzed, and the boldest of our patriots were awed i the constitution, established from a practice of sev by their audacity. It was such. men as we have j enty years, and so well understood after the test heard from to-night applause who threw themselves j of experience has gone so far to settle our policy of in the breach to save the country; and nobly did they revenue and finance miht it not have been suppos ed their work ; and due honor will be djiie to them ed that the conntry would go on in its career of peace-to-night whig and democrats, whether from the ful prosperity ? We have had but little to disturb North or the South. By the aid of those glorious j us, or the developement of our country's power and patriots, the troubled waters were lulled, and peace j its full measure of glory. But politicians must have was once more in our land. But there were certain - employment. Upon truly great and disturbing qnes unruly spirits from the North and the South- who tions, such men as Clay, Webster, Cass, and Dick would rather rule in hell than serve in Heaven, deter-' inson easily find employment. But what employ- mined, after the compromise measures were passed, to recommence the agitation, and float on the scum that should arise. There will be three resolutions offered here this evening. One will be to do honor - to those patriots who nobly threw themselves in the . breach for the benefit of the country, regardless of their own political or personal safety. Tremendous applause three cheers. The second will be one, not of endorsement, but of condemnation of a class in the North and South who want to mar the good feeling which prevailed in Congress and throughout the land. We shall condemn no man by name, be cause our meeting is national, but you will perceive to whom allusion is made. The third is to commend .what are commonly called the Compromise bills of . Congress. There has been too much agitation ; there are too many nnruly spirits at work, and they must be laid before we can . to eastern, lands, and have peace. Cast your eyes see with what complacency j they look on this republic, falling, as they think, by its own disunion. But no the crowned heads of . Europe, will be disappointed. The voice of this night will be heard, and under the banner of the con stitution we wiil maintain our Union. Great cheer ing. . Among the compromise measures passed by the last Congress is what is called the fugitive-slave sin., any oi you Know my proiession ; a is 10 con strue and expound the law. 1 have read that bill and the bill of J793, and as 1 stand before God and man, this law is nothing but a measure to carry out the act of 1793, Which was founded on the constitu tion!' This act has been most shamefully and aboini . nably abused. The act of 1793 is still in force, and this is a. mere amendment to it, giving a trial before a commissioner, and providing a few more penalties against. those who obstruct the law. Now, where are we. in relation to the question, of slavery ? It was entailed' on us by our British ancestois. It is their misfortune, and not a crime, that it exists in the south ern Slates,. .The law of 1793 has .been acted upon for fifty-odd years ; and why is - it that -now certain people are making war against it? ' I tell you why : because certain abolitionists and political demagogues who want office have been endeavoring to make a , false issue to mislead the people. I am, therefore, here with you to put down those, demagogues. Vo ciferous cheering. 1 will do this with you. I will . join with you in the cry of the Israelites of old against those who had the lep'rosy. Let us ,cast them out, &c. Mr. Gerard then spoke of the necessities of obeying the law, and continued : I vhave two more resolutions, which will find a response in every man's voice. The resolutions declare a love of country su ; perior to the love of party ; and that we shall go for .no man who seeks to renew a sectional agitation, or the reagitation of the abolition of slavery. Ap plause. For myself, I go for my country first, for . the Union first, and for my party last. Applause. ' I stand prepared here to-night to ofTer up myself a sacrifice to shake off party shackles when ray coun try calls. Applause. I have been a whig all my ' life;-but if, that old party the old national whig , party is to be poisoned by abolition feelings, I swear then to support it no longer, if it should break into "ten -thousand fragments. Cheers.- If I stand alone,! will pluck from unworthy hands the old . whig banner, and stand or fall by it. They who -shall give countenance to abolitionism will bedesert-.-ers of whig principles not I. No, my fellow-citi zens, let us cut down these agitators as cumbcrers of , tne ground, even if the party is to be buried in their ruins. Applause. I feel that I have a right to speak here. 'I was born within three hundred yards ;of this spot. I have grown- up and am growing old in 4his glorious city -of ours. I have never asked for a vote I have never sought an office 1 have never bent my knee to party for place or power. With me the post of hont has been the private station. 1 hava never received a dollar of the. people's money. I come here not as a party man bound by party ties. My country calls : I obey thn voice of my country.' My country first, and party last. Cheers. We .T.no ,icket to offer you tor the approaching elec- ' tion. : We have met apoii the' principles of a nation al union. Oar platform is laid down; it is left for - you to decide accordingly on your candidates, if you concur in your principles. " I have nothing to expect, nothing to loek for, but your approbation. I have no other object in view no other desire than tlv an- ion. and , honor "of toy country. Tha; eyes of the country, fellow-citizens are upon you All 'good men throughout the land will bless you for this otght s glorious work. The day is propitious the sun is propitious the occasion is propitious and tour own ever-smiling faces are propitious. Don't be afraid to speak, but be bold be as bold, as bold !!. Ji.-"nd tt!?t bWnough. ; I would ask you, re yxn prepared to see that flag .track down ? No S ' -. . .... v no sj w howielded mat nag I When Patrick Hen-! ry proclaimed the revolution, in-jhe South, when' Washington .'was called to the command of our ar mies, that flag was borne in triumph through the lasr battlel" Are you prepared to desert that flag?. , No, never! Are you prepared to see jt struck down ! No !-7-pr o strike down a single star ? No ! No, my friends, no; all the stars upon it must stand, it is that make up the glorious constellation. But do you see no stripes upon it? What do they meant They mean that the stripes which we administered in achieving our liberies ware ever ready to bestow upon the enemies of our country. Shall we give up that flag? No, no! No, my friends; that flag now covers every sea,and our ships sail under it in all parts of the world. Where is that flag now, which has borne our arms so often to victory? It is now in the ice-bound regions of the north, coa tendinz for the noble prize of relievinff the lost nav. igators a glorious duty, attracting the sympalies of the world. . Will you pluck the-laurels . trom the grasp of our countrymen in the icy regions of the north pole T No, no! Mr. Uerard next adverted to the glorious victories under our national flag, from the towers of Monterey to thecif y of Mexico. With that flag let us live under the ring let us die. Cheers. Now, fellow-citizens, let us come to prac tical results. If the whig party, to which I belong, will throw overboard these abolition agitators, I will fight' for them, ' and stick by them to the last. If they will not do so, I will go over to the hall of St. Tammany, cheers, and put a buck-tail in my hat. Prolonged and enthusiastic cheering. And I will wield it for St. Tammany, and under it I will fight for the compromises of the constitution and for the Union. Three cheers "Hip, hip! huzza, huzza, huzza!" three more, which were duly given. Kir. Chas. O'Conob was nextcalledupon and said: "Fellow Citizens: It is with much pleasure, after the very just and proper observation that have been addressed to you by a gentleman at all times a member of that great political party called the whig parly it is, 1 say, with great pleasure, after his ve- I ! .i . r L ; - - s m mot OnH nPAnaV aKc ACn nnea I a mnrnoan. to declare that mere is at least one democrat prepar ed to sacrafice party associations, party friendships; party organizations, as freely as he or any other whig. Cheers. Fellow-citizens, the great charm of this meeting is, that it is a Union meeting, without regard to the party associations of any individual present, auditor or speaker. You meet to give your assent to the laws, in this the largest hall of the greatest city of the greatest republic founded in the New World. That yoor voice will be potent in its influence, no man can doubt. -That your voice, expressed in di rect terms, will be satisfactory to the friends of the the Union here and elsewhere, I doubt not. Fellow citizens, how happens it why is it that we have as- j sembled at this time? why is it that there should be so unusual thing at this time as this assemblage of the whole people, disregardful of party ties and party associations? It is because we are in the midst of a momentous era in the history of our country. From the origin of this nation, we have been divided in a great decree upon the nature and character of the institutions embraced in our system of. govern- ment do they furnish to you mere politicians but the . management for agitations upon which to ride into power? What other employment befits the arch- magician of the democratic party, or the hobby-rider of the whigs ? We find the latter mounting the hob by against a particular, society then against every man who happens to be a landlord then casting himself over to the abolitionists. We see the arch magician leading off in bending to the extreme de mands of the South ; and when the South have given all he deserved, and refused to give more, he must become the supple tool of the infamous northern ab olitionists. Great applause. It must be regarded as a most extraordinary circumstance, that, when political fends were almost terminated, it became necessary for the political tricksters of both parties to seize upon some opportunity for . disunion. It must be some extraordinary circumstance by which the erreat manager of the democrats and the srreat manager of the whigs should have mounted the same hobby and ridden it at the same hour. Their course of aetion is the same ; no man can doubt their private fraternity; no man can doubt a copartnership between them and their respective parlies. The question is. whether the great city of New York tail of either of the parties, No, no ! is tied to the or whether it will condemn them ? I say condemn them, because I believe this great city the first city of the North, has the power to condemn them. We are told that the 'fugitive slave law,- sanctioned by the Senate, ap proved - by Daniel Webster whose opinion no man ever doubted we are told that the law cannot be ex ecuted in any city of all the North, except in the city of New York. Cheers. It is admitted by the enemy that, while nearly the whole. North is faithless to the constitution, the capital city of the North is faithful to the constitution, and will confirm the law. Immense cheering. ' The truth will at last he established among our erring brethren. We are not a small society, or of slight influence; and thank God, we are not divided. Hear, hear. What law, I ask, is it calls forth the energy of this city ? We are told by the abolitionists that there is no danger here ; we are told that the Union must be preserved. Many say that if our brethren of the South shall dare to stand up for their rights when their country is almost reduced to a desert by the op eration of an unjust law, we shall arm ourselves as we,did against Britian, as we did against our neigh bor Mexico, and us we are ready to do against every foreign foe, and strike down our brethren. This is the kind of Union they would give us. - They Would command us to pass in hostile bands over the grave of Washington. 1 want no such Union. Cheers. When the day shall come if come it must that any of our neighbors ask to be separated from us, better that it should be than the bayonets oi American citi zens should be directed against the bosoms of Amer ican citizens. Applause. Mr. O'Conorthen wertt on to say that he had no personal influence or interest with the South, and that in the South he had scarcely a friend ; he deriv ed no income from it; but he would tell them why he was not willing that there should be a separation between the North' and the South. We are ail breth ren of the thirteen original States, connected by blood and the toil of seven years, which established our glorious and' united republic. Now let us dis solve this company let us lose one star and what becomes of the pride and glory of the American name? He asked them, were they prepared to draw the line between themselves and the south ? Were they prepared to cast out from the history of. their country the name of. Andrew. Jackson? Were they prepared to say that the grave of Washington is in another country- that the graves of Washington and Jackson lie indifferent countries? Were they pre pared to tell their children of that glorious document which was written by Jefferson, and that he was a native of another country ? Patrick Henry, too be longed to the South. What becomes of by far the most brilliant half? It all goes away with the her itage of our Southern brethren; for they it is that would be driven out of the republic, and we the de stroyers of its tranquility." Cheers. It is for the preservation of the American name that we should go on united, until the blue flag shalll bear a hundred stars, and each star the representative of a powertul empire. United, we go on prospering, filling up our vast country with the lovers of liberty, clinging to ourhorev ia myriads, frou Europe; they come not in million, bat he might say nations ' were knocking at otw doovvid asking xo share in the blessings and benefits, of this great republic. To carry out the hap piness of the white race, he was anxious to carry out the Union; he was not willing, on a hazardous- ex periment; to4ry if tha black man can be elevated; he j waanot wtjliag to hazard theliappinessof the white man, for whom the wide domains of this country are now spread open. Mr.D!Conor.jrthen advised: all present not to vote tor an anouiionisi, anu oectareu that he himself would rather votefor a hypocrite, who pretended not to be abolitionist,- than for a man who openly avowed hiSiself to be one. He .was prepar ed to vote for a national whig, in nreference?to any free-soil democrat. Loud cheers, and waving of hats for several minutes. - . M r. Edward Sandford also said : " It has been well said bv the gentleman who preceded me, that live erv airainst the fugitive-slave law is' nor honest, '"it is not honest ; for so long as the federal compact ex ists, and so long as we enjoy . the protection of the law, we are b' und to obey and fulfil the law; and he that, nnder pretence of a " higher law " or no law, refuses his aid to carry it into execution is guilty of downright dishonesty. Applause. i Itsgrtat ob ject is to carry but' the charter throughout the whole extent of this broad land. There is no such thing as freedom to the slave any where under the constitution of the United States, unless he is regularly manu mitted. He is as much the property of the owner as the child of the parent; and it is as much the duty of every good citizen to restore him as the runaway boy to hia father. The master has the same claim as parents have to their children, and husbands to their wives ; and if you strike down that part of the char ter which is the basis. of protection to the rights of your southern brethren, by the same blow you strike dowu your own protection. Cheers. Will you, then, stand by and see a patricidal.hand raised against the constitution ?. Cries of," Never !" Sentiments cost us nothing. Sail we act, or merely talk ? Ev- erv man lias a duty betnre turn to pertorm. now shall it be accomplished ? . Let no man suspected of infidelity to the constitution, or of countenancing ag itation, receive your votes. Thrust the firebrands of agitation out of your halls of legislation, and the lesser lights will soon " pale their ineffectual fires." Laughter.' Put the brand of proscription on the. Iree-soilers. Teach the covenant'breakers that the highest duty, next to obedience to Gud, is to perform contracts. They are expressly denounced by the Scripture itself, which is the best code of common law, as well as of morals for all just laws are foun ded on Holy Writ; and it is also ourduty todenounce them. But if the efforts of fanaticism should bring down this glorious edifice, I. 'for one, do not wish to survive the calamity. I will not willingly live be yond the ruins of my country.' I have not the sa gacity to foresee all the untold Morrors of a civil war, should foroe be the last resort to perserve the Union. But when disunion comes, it will be peaceful ; and when the bond is once severed, it can never be uni ted. Suppose one single State to separate and resolve never to be brought back: is it by the point of the sword we would drive it back ? No; such a Union would not be worth havings ' Where is the remedy? Is it in reorganization ? No ; for if we are unfaith ful to our contract, what State will form another part nership with us? What other alternative remains? Shall every State be separate and independent, and the United States be severed? What the consequences would be we have foreshadowed in the condition of South America. No; in the words of a poet of the North, let us say, now and forever, " Columbia ! Columbia ! to glory arise The queen of the world auJilic child oi the skies." Tremendous cheers. Mr. Ogden Hoffman, a distinguished Whig, spoke next. He also deprecated the idea of preserving the Union by force. Next came Mr. Brady, who said : " I am glad to see that the spirit of patriotism and compromise is abroad here, end I shall be happy to welcome my friend Gerard in Tammany Hall, with "a buck-tail in his hat." Applause. As to his principles, I know that they cannot be improved. Mr. B. next passed to the consideration of the sub ject of the compact of the States, and maintained the proposition that the Slate which was not sustained in her rights, and defended against aggressions, was justifiable in seceding. He said : I am right in say- ng that the struggle tor the establishment of this ou constitution was one ot ages; and when 1 see any one applying the torch of incendiarism to these insti tutions, I say he must be, to g.ive it the most chari table construction, insane. But when I see, as I can see, either one of two men, whom I might mention, standing behind this incendiary, groans, and cries of Van Buren or Seward," and urging him on, I think gross injustice has been done to Benedict Ar- ! nold. fCriesof " Yes.yes!"! I thought that Arnold i 1 was the worst oi traitors ; but here are two worse than he. Each party has the honor of claiming' one. Groans, and cries of denunciation against Van Bu ren and Seward. On the forehead of each of these men I would have the mark of traitor, so indelibly stamped, that none but the Creator eoutd erase it. The speaker next went on to comment on tho follow ers of the two men to whom he alluded persona who seemed to have been born out of place, and de signed for existence on some other planet than the one on which they were born men who found high er .laws to govern them than were furnished here. And, said he, who are these men so much better than we are ? They are of two classes fanatics and dem agogues; and, from their language, it appears that they were born for some other system than ours. Their sentiments, as expressed in their representative journals, remind me of some exqusite poetry which I lately read in a country newspaper. It ran somewhat as follows : " I thank my God the sun and moon Were hung so very high : If 'twere not so, I have no doubt That some presumptuous bus Would pluck them from their place in Heaven And light the world with gas." These people can see every kind of misery except that which they can relieve. They can send moral pocket-handkerchiefs to the islanders ot New Zea land, but forget or refuse to see the misery of the poor widow at home, who goes to her cold and piti ful cellar destitute of the ordinary comforts of life. We hear it said that there is no danger of disun ion that the South will vapor and threaten, but sub mit. We are told, also, that, if the Union should be dissolved, the South would be the greatest sufferer. We listen to men of intelligence who speak as if the Union were some bond of: iron which no physical power could sever. These are indeed strange thoughts, and strangely uttered. I 'Say that there is danger, very great danger, now impending over the Union, and we cannot be too zealous or too active in labor ing to avert it. If to-morrow any State should, in an authentic manner, declare tlut no law cf Congress should thenceforth be executed within its territory it it snouiu aanere to mat neciaration 1 ask you whether this Union would not be virtually dissolved ? Hear me further, ere you decide.- You may refer to the tune of nullification. - V ou may allege that South Carolina was then coerced to remain in the Union. Yon may tell me that any similar danger could, be overcome by the strong heart, steady patriotism, and iron resolution of -another Jackson. My friends, we must not hope to preserve this Union by physical torce. it it only exist in parchment, if it can only be maintained by.the bayonet, it deserves none of the praise it receives; it can accomplish little of the good for which it was designed. It must have root, and grow and strengthen in the affections of the people ; it most derive its support and its perpetuity from the happiness it produces. What kind of confederation would ours be if its members, if any of them yea, if any large number of our citizens yielded it a re luctant support, and that only from fear, and not at all from love? How are we to preserve the Union and the broth erly feeling I have mentioned. I answer, by simply keeping our bargain ; by seeing that the constitatiou and the laws made under it are strictly enforced ; in short, by being honest and just. I do not understand the South to ask more. No fair man will say that the South should be contenfwith less. 1 know thatthere are fanatics in all parts of the Union t bat I know at this moment the worst fanatics are in the North and East. A law has been passed by Congress, the de sign of which is to enable an American in his own country to obtain his property by a judicial proceed- ; qii.. i. t . .i. . i -i ing. tie ouuw asK to nave inai law executed, a. systematic effort is making to prevent it. . It is true that the general government is not responsible for the acts of the individuals engaged in, this attempt at nullification; but, at the same, that government is bound to use its whole power, at every hazard, to in sure a thorough and efficient enforcement of the law. It is idle to irive the South a mere show of redress, a. shadow without a substance. The entire foroe of the government-t-tba use of an army was threatened against South' Carolina when she sought to ifullifv. ii nuiuncationaemanoea tnat treatment at the south, it deserves none milder at the North. We should see to u tnat tne omcers. intrusted with executing the law have all the means necessary to nut down the' mobs who resist it. This must be done, or it will pass into a precedent tltat if an act of Congress beToffensive to the people of any State, they "need not formally nullify it through the legislature : they have 'only to exhibit a settled determination that it shall not be enforced, ana an that tne general government, after a very faint struggle, wilt acquiesce. If Ihis state of things occor, the whole scheme of. confed eration becomes at once a contrivance by which a certain number of slaves can oppress and trample up on the South, and yet prevent the South from mak ing any. resistance- wbatever.(-rvy - - - I am glad that, as to the fugitive slave law, your resolution is pointed and specific;; I rejoice that Mr. Webster has added the weight of hia opinion f our own belief in the constitutionality of that law. I am sorry that he is not here to-night. J he senate oi the United States furnished 4 n his course, and in that of Clay, Cass, Foote,' and Dickinson, evidence fhat amongst those who have not mingled in politics there vet abides a natriotisin wfiich the malign -influence nr nartv anirit cannot extinguish. All of US feel de lighted in doing honor to the men who, in "times of dantTAr. for (ret all , other objects l in Striving tor tne safely and welfare of the country. Keep that Sen- alii nnrp and nkir rmmtrv Itiav hona for continued M.w J' " ' 1 " - " J J I '- and increased nrosneritv : send there the furious Ta- natic, or the scheming demagogue, and the yery name of our Country will soon be a reproach. Alrea dy the foul spirit of disunion has emitted its pestilen tial breath in our Senate chamber. , Already we see there a man leagued with those pretended philanthro pists who perceive and affect to pity every sorrow ex cept that which they have the power to relieve : the tender guardians of another race, who have no heart nor sympathy for .their own. This, world is not good enough for them. They believe nothing to be right but themselves. Some of them have found fault with the Bible, with Christianity, with everything except their own admirable contrivances for universal happiness ; their first scheme of broth erly feelihg amongst all men being to turn their hands against the rights of their white fellow-countrymen. These men are harmless enough if left to themselves or pleasent association Abby Folsoms and Lucretia Motts. They never had any power or .importance until base politicians began to use them lor base pur poses. To defeat those politicians to deter others from imitating their example we must all, of every parly, determine, according to your last resolution, to support no man who is not known to be a friend of the Union.: This ia due. to ourselves to our country to posterity. We have, the best govern ment on earth, and should detest any man who di rects one sacreligious effort against it. We should leach the young American to regard him as another Arnold, and to abhor alike the treason and the trait or. If this lesson he duly imparted, our country will continue to command the respect of other nations, . We hope our country may prosper we must do all in our power to insure her prosperity. We can insure it by doing justice to our brethren of the South by requiring the articles of our national cov enant to be all observed in good laith. I sincerely hope that this enthusiastic meeting may,' and I feel that it will, exercise a mighty influence at this time for the good of our country. To all the traitors of every party it is the handwriting on the wall; to all American citizens who deserve the name, it is the political bow of promise." The election for the town of M- was close at hand. There were two candidates in the- field, whose influence was so pearly balanced that a very close contest was expected. In these circumstances every vote was of consequence ; and the friends of both candidates used the utmost exertions, to obtain votes from each other s ranks. Among the support ers of John B , the democratic candidate, was an irritable old captain, who had threatened to set the house dog on any one who might come to ask him to vote for a Whig. The morning before election, the old captain was working in his little garden, when he perceived a strange gentleman coming along the r 1 ..--.11- " Ah ! how do yon do, Captain ? Nice growing morning; peas coining up nicely, I see," said the stranger, as he slowly approached. "I beg your pardon, sir, but I really don't remem ber having the honor of vour acquaintance; may I be permitted to ask your business 1" replied the Cap tain, drawing himself up. Oh, certainly ! Iam begging votes for John B and I have come to talk with you about your vote." " I think John might have chosen a more civil mode of requesting it." "That's nothing to do with the matter, sir; I am here to ask you distinctly, wether you mean to give him your vote," said the stranger pulling frdm his pocket a small memorandum book. , Sir," said the captain, getting evidently angry, " my political opinions are well known. I have ev er supported the democratic party, and I" " I cannot allow you to shirk the question, Cap tain," said the stranger. . "Shirk, sir! What do you mean, sir?" said the Captain, reddening like a turkey cock. " 1 mean, replied the other with the utmost cool ness, to ask you once and again, will you give your vote to John or not?" " What! I suppose you have come here to bully me : to to " By no means, Captain, nut 1 must repeat my question: will you give your vote to John ? Yes or no !" said the stranger, waiting pencil iu hand, to writedown the old fellow's reply. " Sir," said the Captain, who was now in a tow ering passion, "I consider this the most ungentle manly, insulting, and altogether unwarantable " " Will ! you vote for John ?" ' "Sir, ou may tell John " "Thatjyou will vote for him?" " No ! sir, not 1 ! not I ! - I'll vote for that Whig rascal D , whom I hate, just to show John thail am not to be bullied into supporting a puppy like him. Good morning, sir, good morning !" " Good morning. Captain. Pray don't get angry ; it'sa matter of no consequence whatever," said the stranger, as he went away whistling carelessly. The old Captain kept his word. He was one of the first at the polls on the succeeding day to offer his vote. ' v " For whom did you vote ?" said a friend to him shorily after. ' " For Mr. D ," replied the yet angry Captain, looking daggers at the democratic candidate. "Thank yoii ! Captain : thank you !" cried a gen tleman among the whigs. It was the very person who had begged his vote ;the day before for John B , the democratic candidate ! The Captain per ceived in an instant, how he had been hoaxed ; -but it was. too late remedy his mistake ; and to complete his confusion and mortification, the whig candidate, to whom he had given his vote, was elected by a ma jority of one ! . ' . . Exchange paper. Tobacco Land. Professor" Johnson, in the course of lectures delivered by him a short time since before the New York State Agricultural Society, among ma ny valuable facts worthy the attention of agriculturists, stated that tobacco was a cropwhicb contained much mineral matter. Suppose, says Professor Johnson, an acre to1 yield eight hundred pounds ; theseeight hun dred pounds will contain about one hundred and sixty pounds, of mineral matter, which is carried off by the crop, and in this way the land will soon be exhausted. In four years, six hundred pounds of mineral matter would be carried off from art acre bf tobacco land.' It is the duty of the farmer to supply the mineral matter, thus specially exhausted, if he wishes to sustain the soil. Baltimore American. California. Edwin Bell, Esq., formerly editor "of the Hagerstown Torch Light, writing from San Fran cisco to a friend in Virginia, says : " I regret (should this ever reach you) that I cannot give you any .more encouragement than I shall be expected to give. " Sin cerely and frankly, 1 cannot advise you to come here. Yon may succeed, you may fail, the failures being ten to one in proportion to the successes. 'The great mass Would-be glad to go home, if they had money enough to carry hein back, v I know you well, and I have an indistinct knowledge of thingrs herel and. if you wish my advice,' will tell yon to stay where you are, and be contented with vour lot." A :i- - Prairie Salk "The Prairie due Chien Pstrint ays that they were informed, by a gentleman, who 15 years since had a tradinsr establishment onn np the Minnesota river, that rock salt was in common use among tha Sioux Indians at that iim. ...j 'VT fouod ln lar?e !anlt back in the interior of th6ir country It is not impossible that-the mines of this. article, as excellent as thmu nf now hidden terieata. de railing prairies of Minpesc I to, west of the Mississippi. .. , - SEMI-WEEKLY STANDARD. Tiy .Cqt&tliufloik an fba Union oi U State RALEIGH: SATCRDATt SOVEMBER , 150. THE TRUE UNION PARTY. 'The UnJori"p&rty ef this State, ihd'bf the South'; is that party which seeks to perpetuate the Union by maintaining the rights of the States and preserving the Constitution inviolate. The Union without the Constitution, or with the Constitution palpably vio aied."is a dead letter. ' We observe- that eertain politicians in this State, and-other portions of the Suth are setting Uvero- selves up as the peculiar friends of the Union as the " conservatives " of the South. They approve the late Compromise measures, glorify, the Union, talk Vaguely about the tights "of the States and, the danger now impending over the institution of Slave ry, and then wind up by glorifying the Union again. They say but little, if any thing, about the obliga tions resting upon the people of the free States to re spect and enforce the Fugitive Slave Law. They do not come out like men and say as North Carolina will Say that if this law is repealed, or its vitality destroyed, they will dissolve the Union. Nd they shiver in their shoes, and cheef each other by singing the old song of Union, and by looking to the free States to preserve that Union by treating us as equals and as brethren; and that too when they are leaving the impression on these very , free States, by their conduct, that they will submit to any aggression or any wrong that may be put upon them. - - i -r These gentlemen doubtless mean to do the best they can for their country, in the painful and danger ous crisis now upon us; but we are not 'looking at motives, but at acta, and the results of acts. We care not so much about what they mean, as about what they do. The Union cannot be saved by such a course as that alluded to. If, like drones, we sit down and do nothing or if, like " conservatives, we. express ourselves as gratified at whatever a Freesoil majority in Congress may enact on this subject, and oppose Southern remonstrance and action, because such a course is new and unusual if this is to be our settl ed policy, dissolution will come just as certainly as that the sun will rise to-morrow. The prevailing idea among the people of the free States is, that the South will "vanor" and threaten, but that no measure of theirs will drive- us to extreme steps. ' This idea must be changed," if the Union is to be preserved. There is lime left yet for this work, but it is nearly too late. ' Twelve months ago would have been the auspicious time; but party spirit -shed its blasting mildew over Southern action, and the South, instead of standing forward as one people, was divided in the presence of her enemies. Let every County in the South tell the free States, in language too plain to be mistaken, that the agita tion of the Slavery question must cease in Congress, and that the Fugitive Slave Law, as it stands, must be enforced to the letter. Let the free States know that this is the price of the Union that they can save or destroy it by yielding to this our reasonable, Consti tutional request, or by disregarding it. The South has shown her regard for the Union by acquiescing in the late measures of " Adjustment " ; let us now see if the North will let us alone, and give as our rights under the Fugitive Slave Law passed in pur suance of the very letter of the Constitution.1 Such a course may wake up the free States and save the Union no other, in our opinion, will. Let us adopt it. Let party spirit, when this question is concerned, die and be forgotten-' " United, we stand divided, we fall." We repeat, the true Union party of the South is the party devoted to the rights of the States and the Constitution as it is, and which would prevent disso lution by timely defensive action. This party is grow ing, not by tens or fifties, but by 'thousands and tens of thousands! A few more Boston Nullification scenes a few more Sewa'rd triumphs, and the South will be ONE in feeling, in purpose, and in action. ' Delaware. -The election in Delaware for Govern or, Representative in Congress. Legislature, &c. will take place next Tuesday.- The latter will elect a United States Senator to serve for six years after the expiration of the term of the Hon John Wales. The Whigs support P. Causey for Governor, and G. Rod ney for Congress. The opposition, Caleb Ross and G. R. Riddle. A political Temperance Ticket is al so in the field, supported by a preacher from New York, who is engaged in making stomp speeches, we observe, for the Temperance party ticket.; The Democrats are encouraged hx this third part v., as it is said, to draw off three Whigs for one Democrat f, ik. -IJ .: ti c j .i . . ry the State by the aid of this third party, and to gain a United States Senator, after the -fourth of March next. The new party must materially diminish' the Whig strength. Dr. F. Watt runs on the Temper ance Ticket for Congress. It would be difficult to tell what a political Temperance man can do ia Con gress for the local Temperance cause in Delaware. National Intelligencer. , This " political Temperance ticket " inNew Jer sey, no matter what party it may be calculated to aid. ought to be scouted and frowned down by every good citizen. Temperance- organizations have nothing to do with party polities'; and no intelligentTemperance man, who has his cause sincerely at heart, can'sanc tion any such connection between, the two as that al luded toabove. This evil, we fear, will grow. It may not be long before it is felt nearer home. ' We hope not; but. a word of caption, offered from the best motives, cannot be out of place. , But while we deprecate any connection between Temperance and party politics, we desire at the same time to see sober men elected to CofigresSj and to see men who were sent there sober, remain sober. 'Con gress, if all reports be true, needs reformation in this regard. . . , . " , . ADVANCE IN TOBACCO. V A Telegraphic despatch from Clarksville, Ten nessee, under date of November 1st,' says it is nbw settled that one-third of the' Tobacco "crop has been destroyed, and that sales are making in that region at heavy profits. ' ' " " Large sales were being made in New Orleans on the 29th ultimo, at advanced price. , . . f Accounts from London up to the 19th of October state that Tobacco has advanced ne nannv in1 "..J ... .t 1G pound two cents. ' ' ' - ' . ' We have recently conversed with a gentleman from the Tobacco region of Virginia, who says the pre, ent crop is short and greatly damaged. Our inform ation from various points in this State is to tie same effect. Asa matter of course, planter will put in a very full crop next years and judging from present appearances, they will be well remunerated for their labors. " : f " Methodist Chubch Nobtb. The Methodist Church North numbers 689,683 members, 4,129 tra velling preachers, 5.420 local preaebers, and 30 "con ferences. As compared Jwiib last year, the returns show an increase of 148 .travelling preachers,' 266 locaJ preacher, and "27,367 members. -. Jenny Lind is to sing 1n Washington City in De cember ensuing." .. A hall, to contain 3,000 persons, ia being fitted tip for the purpose. i; '' COMING UP TO THE MARK! W are gratrfied. at the manner in which the Ra. leigh Register leads off in its last issue, against the Abolitionists' and Freesoilersl It is never too late to do good.' j The Editor begins to speak out like a Southern man Indeed. We have known, all alonir that his heart was right; but "party spirit" has tampered him, and up to a recent date the commands of ,4 r1ational" Vvhigism have compelled him to measure and mince his words. The last Recrigter speaking of Boston Nullification, says ; SiWhat Whig heart, especially, has not yearned towards Massachusetts, in bygone days, for her over whelming victories and undeviating reliability ? Alas' " how have the mighty fallen."- The Siat f m,o sachusetts is now the hotbed of Fanaticism, Aboli tionism, and all the other vile; destructive thf infest our social and political organization. iroanizalinn. VVh;i political connexion with sucha, State might be endur ed, in view of the benefits that such a connexion would confer on other and unoffending States, we do hold that it is wrong and. degrading to maintain any toeiai or commercial intercourse, whatever, with those who are warring against our interests. and trampling our rights ruthlessly under foot !" , ';; Whig feelings and Democratic feelings must alike be forgotten,' when this subject is under consideration. That man whether hebea Democrat ora Whig who desires to keep- upthe war in Congress upon South ern rights, or who is opposed to the Fugitive Slave Law, or who would agitate for the purpose of repeal ing that law, or who is an willing to permit the South ern people to remain in tb quiet and undisturbed possession of their slaves thai man is a foe to the U nion of the States, and deserves the execrations of the people now and of all posterity.. . If the Register and all its Southern associates had taken a firm stand on this subject twelve months ao-o, and had " laid down the law ' to the free States then in plain language, the present crisis might have been averted, and all portions of the Union would have been now enjoying the fruits of harmony and peace. But one concession only begot another ; and our as sailants of the free States were led to believe, from Whig denunciations in the South jbf the Nashville Convention, that we were divided on this vital ques tion. 'Hence their continued aggressions and as saults hence their triumph over us at the last session of Congress, and their refusal now to obey the Fugi tive Slave Law. . ' We hope the Register will strengthen its language, and that its Editor will be prepared to act in due time not with a view to dissolve but to save the Union. So far as this question is concerned rising as it does above and beyond all party questions We are prepar ed to forget and bory the past, and to give him the right hand of fellowship as a friend to the present Union on just principles, but as an enemy to that Union whenever the Constitution which holds it to gether shall have been disregarded and palpably vio lated. ' Events crowd upon each other, and the hcuis go by winged with the decrees of Fate. What we do now, or omit to do, will tell upon succeeding ages. Who dreamed, twelve months since, that the issue this day would be the repeal or enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law ? -And who, judging by the past, can tell what the issue will be twelve months hence, if this agitation be permitted to go on ? iYou, therefore, is the time.-" The ground we occupy on this question is the true and just ground ; let us mnin laio it and defend it, happen what may. The Smith has beett on the defensive in this matter from the Jirst ; and if in the end the Union must be sacrificed, the blame and the guilt will rest forever, in characters of Egyptian blackness, upon the escutcheons of the free States. The impartial historian will give the facts in a few- words: He will say that the American Colonies achieved their independence together, by common sacrifices and common sufferings ; that they formed a Union, under a common Constitution, each Stale, being equal in rights and sovereignty ; that, after a time, these States won Territories by the same sword, or bought it with the common treasure ; that the free States deprived the slave States, under the forms of the Constitution of all share in these Ter ritories and appropriated them exclusively to them selves; that the slave States endured this in ming- led anger and sadness, "because they loved the Union jand remembered affectionately theconmon sufferings 'and trials of the war of independence; that when this Constitution was formed, all the States but one held slaves; that provision was made in that instru ment for delivering up to their owners slaves escap ing from one State to another; that a majority of the States abolished Slavery, sold off their slaves to their sister States, and got the money for then. ; that, after a time, a few was enacted by the Congress , designed to carry out the Constitution in relation to escaped slaves ; and -that the free States, under these circumstances, having appropriated all llie Territory I to themselves, refused to enforce this law encoura- eu Slaves to escape irom meir masters aenaea, to escape from jeered, and insulted the slave Stales and thus forced them to 'dissolve the existing Union and take new steps with a view to their continued independence and safety. Shall all this be written ? ' The answer is with the people of the free States. Let .them de cide wisely for themselves and their posterity. NEW YORK ELECTION-' ' The only intelligence we have from the New York elections is gathered from the Baltimore Sun of Wed nesday last ; and the returns in that paper are confu sed and unsatisfactory. We expect a Telegraphic des patch, giving the latest news, and which,-if it be received in time, our readers will find under our, regular Telegraphic head. :J . r i. The Sun slates that the Whig candidate for May or in New York City,- has been elected by 5,000 majority ; and the Whigs of the City have elected a majority of the Assemblymen, and the Democrats a majority of Assistant Aldermen. . E." B. Hart, Dem ocrat, and Hubart Haws,' George Briggs, and James Brooks, Whigs, ar elected to Congress. The vote for Governor in Newi York City is not given. Albany County has given about 200 majority for the Whig candidate for Governor; and Schoolcraft, Whig is said to he elected to Congress from the Al bany District, over Efestas Corning, Democrat. - The returns, meagre as they are, look as if the Whigs had triumphed. ' We shall know in a day or so A Whig President threatened Texas -with the ar my and navy, because she claimed the boundary with which, as an independent Republic she was annexed to this Union; and Whig presses are now in doubt as to whether the same ' President will enforce the Fugitive Slave Law, passed In accordance with the plain letter of the Constitution. ? JVhen will Mr. Fillmore act? Has his Massaachusetts Marshal per formed h is d u ty ? And if not, is he not to be removed ? Boston Nullification is a very different article from South Carolina or Georgia Nullification ; and as to Texas, a simple claim on her part to her ancient boundaries, and a peaceable attempt,' to organize Counties within what she considers her own territo ry, is met with: Executive denunciation and threats of the swordv-. Truly, have we fallan-on strange and -evil timet. ' '; "" " ' ' ' ' Col. Samuel Young, of BaUston, New-York, for merly" of the State Senate, and afterward Secretary: of State of New York, died suddenly e6aturdey night, in the 72d year bf his age. He was Jhe fath er of the public school 'system in that Stale. . . '1 n f .