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DINNER TO MR.. ASHE.; The dirgier given to the Hon. W.. S, Asl.e came off last Friday evening It held on the third floor of the large brick building occupied by Mr. Neff, which contain the largest room m tn45" More than three hundred persons sal down to am ner. and the attendance was much larger. . William A. Wright. Esq., was appointed Presi dent, and Dr. James P. McKee, Vice President. After a reasonable time comsumed m discussing the eatables, it was concluded to discuss the affairs of the nation. So Mr. Ashe was called to his feel by a complimentary toast, and entertained and instructed the meeting with one of his sensible, Pn,c.,,c1 speeches, consisting mainly of a clear recital of Uie actings and doinsrs of the late Congress, nteniwr with felicitous allusions and illustrations, tie wa applauded frequently during the progress of ru Jude Strange was then called on. This ITntle man is too well known to the Stale and to the L nion a, a ready and polished orator, to alio w any commenda tions from us. It is sufficient to say that he was fuHy equal to his reputation. The following Metier in a reply to one from us requeuing a condensed sketch of his remarks for publication will exhibit the r .i... .mmm which he delivered. iVilmington, H. I. Toole Sir: I shonld be most happy. 10 oblige you in this or any other matter, but I am en- firely unable to do r v lAinnoraneous temporaneous suggested by the occurrences or the occasion, and nave leu no uisun " - j -memory. The toast which I was called upon to re pond to, was, 'The Union under the American Constitution an intesliruable blessing ; under an ar bitrary construction of that constitution an incalcula ble evil.' This toast may be called the wj0"n of the democratic party, and it was with much difficul ty that I restrained myself from showing how just the sentiment was and bow completely it embodied in a few words the whole democratic creed. But 1 felt that all things considered, that would be scarcely ricrht, and instead of doing that I branched out up on the advantages that the Union had afforded to the States of the confederacy to all the world and the rest of mankind and that North Carolina herself had derived less advantage from it than any other civilized portion of the globe. That North Carolina had within her more of the elements of independence than any other State, and more resources to make herself strong and wealthy ; that the Union while it hA nrpupnip.d her from elaborating- these had yielded C . . i a .: cma mi mv Kckr nn pntiivalenL in the distribution by the General ?..... on nf u'nalih unit honors: that upon the UVCllllllllit v " . . , whnln dhn had less to lose bv the dissolution of the 1 Union than any other State ; that the southern Slates, j at the difference they caused in the comfort of the both mas tere and slaves, might be the happiest un- j passengers. We are convinced that, as soon as the der the sun ; that the southern slave was certainly j invention becomes generally known, it will be consid among the happiest of earthly beings, and that there ered indispensable on all our rail roads. Such, also, was a mutual affection and confidence between the w-e learn, is the opinion of many practical men, and master and his slave seldom to be found elsewhere, aj others who have witnessed the working of the and they were always disposed to maintain and com- j dusters. Mr. Goodyear, we learn, has taken measures fort one another; that this happy state of things was . to secure patents here and in Europe, and we hope disturbed by the officious intermeddling of Ken who i ne niay reap a rich reward for his ingenuity, knew not what they did, and whoas Satan had enter- jV'ew York Express. ed Paradise and destroyed the happiness of its first j ' inhabitants, had marred the happiness which oilier- j n arncm axo Jmcs Heth. We have always con wise the southern masters and slaves might both nave , siderwj our Mln caizen 0f ,i,e Museum a man of enjoyed ; that it was by no means certain that a dis- deo(led Benill9 . and now tjlat he has placed us nn olution of the Union would relieve us from the curse ; j jeroblia-ations we shall never forget, we feel inclined that the power of mischief in those who were troub- ; , . t down nQW ald h an iaa1SnCtt of hj3 caim ling us arose from their proximity and commercial inter-. to hat ,-ltje course with us rather than from our political relations to j h bu a frw g 8;ncei ,hat Joice Heth depaTt. one another, and that a dissolution of our commercial , fid thjs jf fu of g and hono and went to intercourse with them would probably be a much -. iut the innUinerable throng of servants that waited more effectual remedy than a dissolution of our po- j lhe n;ustrious Father of our conntry. poor litical relations; that 1 would recommend the opening j Joice who was sajd to be gome one hundred anj of a direct trade with Lurop. and our adversaries ; hinr o,d wa9 a gmoke dried wench of 90me would be soon brought to their senses and gladly , seFen,T found b ,ravelling Yankee in a hut consent that we might have as many slaves as we ; -n t!ie-intPrlor of Virginia, as auiltless of all knowl- pieasea. I I would have said much more had I not been un- willing to monopolize me auenuono. u cuu.P.n7. ; I would have taken the grounds aiierwara u. en oy , - eJ yankee colne across her whilst selling his Col. Anderson that we ought to insist upon the en- , jn9 'After much por!ua8,on a feW doars and more forcementof the Fugitive &lave Bill, and ir that was . whiskey she affreJd to be ,ifled into a spdan-bed, and nullified or repealed to pronounce at once that the , molnU?J on an waon, was carried off. to make Confederacy was inadequate to the purposes for j lf)e . She looked for all the world like a Whin tt had been formed, and no farther attempt . , monkey At y(,ar9 rheumatism and to- ought to be made to maintain it. I am where I al- : bao had abstracU(d al hJerJ jl)ioe3. nnd left her to ways have been, to maintain the Union under the . a nce a8 near , hundred and fifty as any other constitution ; but believing that it would soon become No gooner hd she iyed lhanJBarnum 8eil. the most insufferable system of tyrrany without the : ed h d . & fc f ghow restrainU of that Constitution, I should be for each r . . . . , State beinff remitted to ber original independence. j . T ,e 8cene ,was inimitable. Lying on a bed-stead, " I am yours very truly, . ! mcely trapped out with dimity and fine blankets, and RO. STRANGE. j placed in the middle of a large saloon for convenience After the applause of Judge Stranges's speech bad i of access and air, she was plied with small and com subsided, Doncao K. McRae, Esq., of Raleigh, , forttng drinks and a pipe, whilst a well-smoked and was vociferously called fur, and rose. We have not "ntidiluvian bill of sale from one of the Costis fam ine slightest memorandum of his speech, but it was du,y certified by Dicky Riker, was hung opon np to the hub on ihe subject of Southern Rights and ; the wall. .... Independence, and was enthusiastically received.! e was usually remarkably, tractable, having re He concluded with the following sentiment: eeived her religions education from a shrewd lawyer " North Carolina Our rightful Sovereign. We ; out of briefs at the time of her advent, and perfectly are citizens ot the Union as we are her citizens, and I cognizant of the power of whiskey and tobacco in to her we owe the highest homage of our "hearts, and i producing compliance with the wishes of a legal ad the best stremrth of our arms." j v'ser. She always ottered her pions exclamations in Several other gentlemen also spoke, but we bad i an ejaculatory manner, repeating a few short phrases, left, and ean therefore give no account of their addres- ! always the same, in a very edifying way, and reserv es j ing all answers to any general questions, unless the Great credit is doe :o our host, Mr.Thally, of the words whiskey or tobacco fell upon her ear, when Washington House, for preparing so elegant and , 8he would generally give an expressive grunt of as large an entertainment at such brief notice. j 8em; Since the above was in type a friend has handed ' . 0nfi AJ however, a Yankee friend, who was cog us the following toasts accompanied by the names of ! nizant of the whole scheme, observing her with a the speakers who responded to them : I less steam on than was desirable to keep her in The Han. W. S. Jlshe. His watchful care over , training, asked her in presence of her keeper, if she the interests of his constituents entitles him to our ! remembered Massa George, meaning her alleged il gratitude his deep devotion to sourthern rights and ! lustrions owner. A ray of anger shot from the old southern honor, commands our respect and ensures ! woman's hitherto closed eyes, as she replied. "No! our hearty support. I debil take 'em all ; don't know notin bout him ! Dey Mr. Ashe responded. ! make me say dat all the time: gimme drink !" The The Union. Under the American Consiitution an ! ,adies stared, and Joice speedily got her drink, with intestimable blessing ; under an arbitrary construe- a soothing reproof for her impiety, tion of that constitution an incalculable evil. the funie3t part of the business was when the Judge Strange responded. ! old wench died. Instead of finishing the process of The Citizens of the Nurth. Our friends and breth- ! embalming so happily begun by the whiskey and Ten if they wish: ourenemies only, if they will have j tobacco, and sleeping her in a solution of corrosive it go. muriate, and hanging her op alongside of her iner- t). K. McRae responded. j maid, in a corner of the Museum to dry, where she North Carolina. In May, 1776, she declared her ! would have bepn a permanent investment till the day independence of the British Crown ; she is ready ! of judgment, she was given up to the philosophers now to maintain her rights, and defend ber honor. TJ?, P0.9,1 R10rtem George Davis responded. The Magnus Apollo of surgery at that time, went The Fugitive Slave Bill. Good faith in the execu- t0 the museum, duly heralded in the papers, with all tion of its provisions is Indispensa le to the preset- , h students, and what other verdant gentleman be vat ion of the Union. could collect, and held a great pow wow over the old Joshua G. Wright responded. wench. We did not enjoy the honor of being pres- Internai'Improvemenla in North Carolina. Indis- ent, but were informed that "the coronary and femo pensable in the present crisis ; may thevdraw togeth- i ral arteries were ossified," and fully established her er the hearts of her people, and connect them as with j Ereat aRe- Indeed, her anatomy would have gtven nOOKS Ot Steel. I .. G. J. McRee responded. c Col. Anderson spoke afterwards, and we learn from all quarters that his sentiments were as just as bis manner was graceful. Wil. Aurora. Raleigh and Greenvillk Plank Road. We learn from the Washington Whig that the money has been subscribed to build the proposed plank road from Raleigh to Greenville. It was first proposed to carry it through Greenville to Washington ; but the people of Greenville subscribed $19,000, with the guarantee of as much more if necessary, provided the road should stop at Greenville. . Prom Raleigh to Greenville is about 75 miles; thence to Washington only about 20 miles. - So that both places being on the (Tar) river, there will be, we suppose, steamboat communication daily between Greenville and Washington. The Whig says the riv er is navigable that far at all seasons of the year, or may be so at a very trifling expense. - We are truly rejoiced that the people of Pitt and Beaufort have resolved to build that important, work. We feel confident that it will open to them, a new life, and perhaps be only the beginning, of their pros perity, , " Pray that a like spirit may animate every Court House town and every county in the State. 'trwi Fay. Carolinian. Two carrier pigeons, let loose by Sir John Ross, one of the seekers for Sir John Franklin, have arrived at Ayr, Scotland and made way to their former dove coat. One bore the mutilated and illegible remains v tter; it had, apparently been shot at, havino- j orwll -P' 11 18 "PPosed that they had flewn above j fooo mile Sir John took Wauch Direons withO mm. - . . -. manur, IlNuf act0r,rs: The niHl. .i Virginia is growing so ra pidly that a convention nf ? M.anr.. t th.ir. . .Asiw and important Isvkntiox Rail Road Cart without' Dual. .All our readers, who have ever trav- el led on a railroad bsve experienced the great annoy' ance and distress, occasioned by the immense quanti- ties of dust which insinuates itself Into every crock and -crevice in a rail-ear, almost chouking the occo.. pants to death, to-say nothing of damage dooe to' , clothing. Tbis inconvenience was partly remedied by the ponderous sprinklers which have been adop ted on some of our roads, but we have now to announce a new invention, so simple that we only wonder no one ever found it out before, and so efficient, that the v -passengers can travel in a rail-car with as much com fort in the dustiest day in July as they can in the frostiest day in January. The invention to which we refer lias been made and patented bv our ingenious fellow-citizen, Mr. Nelson Goodyear, and may be brief ly described as follows : t- ? On the roof of the car a number of ventilators are 1 arranged, so as to allow the air to pass freely into the car when it is in motion. ..The mouths of these ven tilators are covered with a fine wire cloth, through which the air circulates freely, but which effectually stops all cinders and other dirt. In each window of the car is placed a sash of blinds, constructed of plates ofglasa four inches wide. Tbesejblinds are so arranged that they are ail moved by n connecting rod, in the same manner as ordinary window slats are opened or shut. The air, coming through the ventilators, passes with a gentle current out of the blinds,, or " car dusters' as they are called, the outward current thus formed, effectually preVenting a particle of dust into the car, and the outside current, formed by the motion of the car, carrying the dust to the rear. This is the whole operation. The advantages afforded by the use of his invention are manifold, though we can mantion but a few of them here. In the first place, it disposes of the dust, a most intolerable nuisance to rail road cars ; second ly, the frames being permanent, it prevents the pass engers from palling their heads and arms out of the windows, thus lessening the chances of accident; third, the sash being filled with plates of glass, the view is not at all obstructed ; fourth the blinds are shut or opened hy means of the connecting rod ; fifth, there is a ureal saving of expenses to the rail road corporations, as it does away with the necessity for the ponderous sprinkling machines ; sixth, indepen dent of repelling the dust, it is a delightful mode of ventilating the cars; seventh, the dusters, by stifling the noise caused by the motion of the cars, render conversation much easier and more agreeable than at present.- Mr. Goodvear has attached these dusters to one of the Hudson river rail road cars, in which w'e took trip to Peekskill yesterday, and which astonished us ei!j;e of aslungton, as she was of her own wonder- i ful age and power of coining money. She would have eradlia,!v drled up into a ,,,, had not the " . " Cc"uu mat, joaio. What a spectacle it must have been ! We are a great people, and there is but one Barnum. Scalpel. Republicanism and Abolitionism. The Repub licans of the North, it is a well known fact, are not so nearly identified with, and allied to, the Abolition ists of the North, as are the Federalists. As a body, and as a party, they oppose the wicked and nefarious designs of the abolitionists of the North, affording them no "aid and comfort " by word, deed or act, as do the Federalists of the North : (we mean as a bo dy or as a party.) We are proud to see , that the Republicans of the South as a body and as a parly from the highest to the humblest member, are sound opon the Slavery question opposed to every effort on the part of the Abolitionists to meddle with the rights of the South. In them there is " no variableness or shadow of chan ging." Firm they are willing to face the music, and let the North know at once, what she may de pend on. The Union, though dear to them, and cherished by them, 4ias no charms when stripped of everything that is lovely. The republicans, as a bo dy and as a party, do not rejoice at the passage of the late peace measures of Congress in them the North gained all she asked for the South gained nothing. The Fugitive Slave Bill was a small bait thrown out to catch minnows. The Constitution protected us in the right of property, and we had the right to go and claim a Fugitive Slave under the Constitution wherever we might find him. We have but little more now. Republicans of the Sooth ! stand united as you are, and present one bold rt root and you- will put down Abolitionism in spite of the efforts of the Federalists of the North, to keep it up together with the aid of their Southern allies the Feds. Fear not the frowns of Federalists at home; or abroad.1 Be he true friends of the. South ever jeady to protect yoor property against Northern, aggressions,. ? It is .main ly to the Republican-party that tbe South riB look withjjonficlepce.. .et not thaj confidence be .haken. :i natyax jnepuoitcan. K'- Rejection of Hobace Mask-. The Whig Con vention for the eighth Congressional District met at Dedham, : Mass., oa Thursday1, aud , nominated as their' candidate for Congress, Samuel H.rlWalley, Esq tt partizan of Mr. Webster's, thereby supersed ing tbe claims of the Hon. Horace Mann, the pres-1 ent representative from tnai oistriet, . l he. conven tion issued sn address and adopted a series of resolu tions on tbe occasion. Some of the reasons assigned why Mr. Welley is preferred to Mr. Mann, are strik ing, and claim consideration. -On the question of slavery,-the address proceeds gravely to state that Mr. Mann "can represent our wishes and feelings as. well as another,', so far as ai vote goes ; but as we do not believe there is a Whig in this district who is not earnestly opposed to the extension, of slavery, it would be difficult to select a person who would not represent us in that aiattter, so far as voting goes quite as well as Mr. Mann." y The address goes on to state that Mr. Mann " etands out ns a confessed - abolitionist,-whose spee ches and writings have made him obnoxious to the whole South." It then assigns the, following con clusive reasons why r the present incumbent should be thrown overboard. . , ? v . r. , , " As a matter of policy, and to gain our owiteuds, whiob is the wisest course -We wish to repeal, or at least so to modify the Fugitive Slave Law as to in-'. sert in it the right ot trial by jury; and without meaning the slighest disrespect to our Representa tive, we say-that his advocacy of such a measure would not influence a vote in favor of it, while it would serve to inflame Southern minds, and produce a more bitter and determined opposition ; and it is easy to conceive that the same course, pursued in a spirit of conciliation, by one who bas not rendered himself thus obnoxious, may be attended with a very different result." - - .y : So much for the address. But a series of resolu tions were reported by a committee and unanimously adoDted bv the Convention! One of them extols I President Fillmore for permitting " tbe passage of a law xofiicfi tn many of its provisions, is repugiiani his own feeling because, he eould prevent it only by that arbitrary exercise of the veto power which in other cases we have so often and so justly condemn ed." Another denounces the fugitive slave law, "as unjust and eruel as it now stands, and therefore highly obnoxious to the people of the free States; we trust that it will be speedily so amended as to secure to all persons arrested under it the right of trial by ju ry." But while it remains a law on the Statute book, they say they have no right to oner forcible opposition to it. But the following resolution, so highly complimen tary to the Southern Whig.party, is worthy of special attention. We copy it entire : Resolved, That we most cordially agree with those National Whigs of the South who believe slavery tc be a double curse a curse, equally to the freeman and to the slave; that we remember with pride and pleasure, their hearty co-operation with us in our earnest endeavors to prevent the extension of this great evil, by resisting the annexation of Texas ? that we hope to see the time when their own fair land shall be relieved from this incubus upon its pros perity, and that to that end we shall ever be.ready to follow where they will lead. We were not aware before that the whig party of and if such be their conviction, they must feel under peculiar obligations to their Northern allies in stand ing "ever ready to follow where they will lead," when they commence the great work of amelioration in relieving their " own fair land of this double curse." Such are the precious confessions of the National Whig or Webster party in Massachusetts. What is the difference in fact between the doctrines they avow and the principles as professed by Horace Mannt The only difference that we can perceive is, that Mr. Mann is a "confessed abolitionist," and the National Whig party, from motives of policy while they hypocritically deny the name, act upon the same principles. But notwithstanding the rejection ot Mr. Mann by i the Convention, it is said he will be ultimately elec j ted.' Half of the Whigs will go for him at any rate. I nominated or not nominated. Norfolk Jtrgus. i , . ! TFrom the Cleveland Plaindealer.l ; j Great Row onMtrmnn Island Strang, the Prophet , in Imprisonment -ativoo in Commotion. Mackinac, Oct. S6, 1850. We had occasion on j account of the wind to run into Beaver Harbor, where j is situated the city of Nauvoo. On going ashore, I ; learned that a ereat row bad taken place, and that j Adams the prophet's or king's adviser, had to flee for Ins lite. Adams had a warrant issued, and James ! Stran?. the prophet, was arrested. Several have- to ' eruard their dwellings with muskets, for fear the proph et and his subjects will come on them in the night I and slay them, as he threatened to do so in tne cnurcn (about two weeks aso " Any one," said he " who dares to disoby my laws, shall leave the Island with out a boat, or be a head shorter it he stays.' ms laws, he savs. areciven to him by God, ami that they I are supreme : that the laws of the U. States are of I no account if they conflict with his "higher law." He practises upon these principles, and lanes irom the " Uentiles, as he calls all sucu wno ao not so knowledge his faith, whatever his wants may demand A few nights since his party entered ,a Gentile store and took away fourteen barrels ot pork, and iur. uen tile could not help himself. Another Gentile had his orooertv burned. owin- to the violation of the " hitrb er law." bitt'the prophet told him thisevent had been revealed to him, and he knew the judgment of the Lord was to come upon htm. - It appears the dimcul ty arose from a revelation to Strang, that a certain woman was to be his spirtnal wife; but tbe consent of ail parties could not be obtained, and consequent lv this "anointed of the Lord " waxed wroth. Adams left, taking with him the theatrical curtains and fixtures from the church, d went to Mackinac, where he is going to play " tragedy." Mackinac, Oct. 27. Great excitement here this morning. Strang has been brought here under arrest, and is to be tried at half past 10 o'clock. P. S. Trial just over. Strang sentenced to six months imprisonment in the county jail.' A rescue by the Mormons will be attemp.ed no use. Dirrct Trade. It is a matter of great surprise to us that, considering the many arguments which have been directed to this subject, so little action has taken place. Is it not remarkable that a country pro ducing a staple for which there is aiwaysa demand ; which invariably commands a good price, should make a halt way house to market, and pay agents there, one-sixth of the value of that produce, and one-sixth of the value of the commodities received in' exchange; when it is in its power to cut off tbose expenses merely by sbeaking the word 1 Tbis is the true condition of the South. Charleston had once the importing trade. Why should she not have it now? No irrevocable laws of commerce have foreed it from her ; but the mere fact of capital beirr largely invested in shipping and other mercantile affairs in New York. It is true, it takes some time to withdraw the money invested in stocks and plant ing, and drive it to a new channel. But this most be done if the people of the Sooth would not con titiue their commercial vassalage' to Northern cities.' The leading error of our capitalists is, that they have placed too ranch money in planting and stocks, and too little in shipping and. the other incidents of com merce. It is our intention to continue our articles on this subject with the view of rousing public attention to the facts which bear upon it. ! r ::""' - ' Charleston 1 Nevs. Street Assault. ' A highly censurable attack was made on James G.. Rennet, Esq., editor of the Her ald, this morning. He was walking in Broadway about 10 o'clock, accompanied by his wife, when he was attacked by John Graham Esq., with a cowhide. Mrs. Bennet immediately fainted away and fell to the pavement, but was taken to a store by some -of the occupants. A. captain of-tbe police interfered, but was felted to the ground by a blow frm Mike Walsh. ' Several other persons became involved, and 'n tbe conflict which ensued, Mr, Bennet and his antagonist were thrown to the ground,, and a violent strife for the mastery took place.. A reinforcement of the po lice soon arrived, when hostilities were terminated. Both 'the combatants were -roughly handled. The outrage is rendered ferocious, by the fact that Mrs. Bennet was with her husband when it, was made, j way, near Whjte street. , . ,, , ,r Mr. Graham" was the defeated candidate for District Attorney at the late election, and the attacks published in the Herald, since his nomination for that office. f probably provoked the- asaaelt, - ,-,.., , . 3 . r s S ! - ,f ' Nmi.Y' Jour. of Commereet i SEMI-WfcEKLY STANDARD. 7 Tbm citatlcm. Hud le Vsttmm t Ukk. States ; ': : They 'mast be preserve. . .v ,v . --. - - . r, r -mn-n hw.-j.wjw RAIiElGH; If V SATURDAY, NOYGilIBEB'16, 1850. THE RESULT IN NEW YORK.. . tt is now -pretty; vireU-. settled that vWasbingtoai Hunt, the Whig candidate, has been elected Govern or of New- YorkI ' The Congressional delegation is about equally divided ; but the Whigs have carried the Legislature, thus securing a Whig Senator in place of Mr. Dickinson,? f I The election of Washington Hunt is a triumph of Sewardism, andwill have a tendency to increase ra ther than diminish the torrent of anti-slavery agita tion. He was supported by both wings of the party, but it was" clear; during lhe; wboleedntesf, tha was the peculiar favorite of Greely and the Seward. ites. In bis letter accepting th nomination ot tne Syracuse Convention he said : " ' : ; :. " . " " In surveying the measures of Congreslconnect A with tha alaverv nnestion.' we should rejoice in the Drohihition of the slave trade ia the District of Columbia. I hail this as a great measure of patriot, ism and humanity. It removes from the capital fa traffic which shocked the sentiments of the people, and brought reproach upon our national character. -I shoufd be wanting in eandor if I omitted -to say that I deplore the passage of the Fugitive slave law, in its present form. Recognising to the fullest ex tent the constitutional obligatiop which it is intended t enforce. I reoret the features of this bill, which nr calculated, not to arrest agitation, but to. make it more intense and universal. -It could not have been well considered and needs essential modifications. The summary operation of its provisions conflicts with all our notions of personal right and security, derived from the common law, and recognized by ev ery free constitution." u V' ' In the election of Mr. Hunt New York has, there fore, spoken out against the Fugitive Slave Law. He "deplores" its passage, and denounces it as in " conflict with all" his " notions of personal right and security, derived from the common law, and recog nized by every free constitution." Thus itis that the Empire State puts her negative upon the only law of tbe series of " Compromise measures" adopted at the late session, which was designed for 'Southern benefit; and we have no doubt that most if not all her members of Congress will ' vote for its essential modification or repeal. The. Union Meeting in the City perhaps effected some good for justice and the Constitution ; but even there, after all the expressions which were indulged in against fanaticism and Sew wardism, Mr. Seymour, the Democratic candidate, only obtained some thousand majori'y. Mr. Brooks, of the Express, who has recently ta ken strong grounds in his paper for the Constitutional rights of the Southern people, has, it is true, been re elected ; but he did not vote on the Fugitive Slave bill, and he distinctly declared in an Editorial, pend ing the election, that be could not have voted for it if he had been in his seat. Like the President, and a good many others at the North, he talks very well ; but when the time for decided action is required be is generally among the missing. : -) The following are the Resolutions on the Slavery question, adopted by the Democratic Convention of New York which nominated Mr. Seymour" for Gov ernor : " Resolved, That the Democratic party of New York are proud to avow their fraternity with and devotion to the great principles of the Democratic Party of the Union, as declared by the National Democratic Con ventions held at Baltimore in 1840, 1844, and 1848; and they look forward in hope and confidence to the complete triumph of that party in 1852. Resolved, That we congratulate the Country upon, the recent settlement by Congress of tbe questions which have unhappily divided the people of these States. - Resolved. That devoted to the principles and form of our confederation, ever mindful of the blessings it has secured to ourselves and to mankind, and regard ing the citizens of all sections of our country as members of a common brotherhood, we cherish the Union of the States as the ark of our political cove nant ; and that we deprecate all sectional agitations, at the North or South, calculated to impair its sacred obligations, or to threaten its prosperity. " The election of Mr. Seymour, undr all these cir cumstances, was decidedly preferred by the South; and his defeat must contribute in no small degree, to weaken still more that feeling of faith in Southern boeomsin the good or just intentions of ihe Northern people. Upon the whole, we consider the result in New York as against the South, and as calculated to increase agitation and imperil the Union still further and deeper. "This fanaticism," in the prophetic language of Mr. Calhoun, " will go to its end." What will that and be 1 '." It is evident, also, that the Democrats were not united as they should have been in this election. The vote is considerably behind, and it falls off most in the " Barhburning" Districts. This shows that these men the Barnburners " are not to be relied up on under any circumstances. Many of them pre tended to be satisfied with the nominations and cor dial in their support of them, while at the same time they were leagued with the enemy and playing into the hands of Seward. If the Southern people expect the Fugitive Slave Slave Law to stand, and if they are determined, as we know they are, to insist for the future upon all their lights, they must unite to a man in compelling Northern ' politicians io disregard 'party until justice is done them. Some of our politicians are talking of" conservatism ! and of "'Union parties. " They forget or overlook the fact that those are the best Union men here who insist upon their rights, and that a love of, the Union must first be .revived and cultivated among (tie Northern people. ' They are the people to stand by the Union now, and to be " con servative " in. their purposes and views. Will they. 0 it 1 The recent elections, we are pained to say, do not furnish any satisfactory evidence that they will ; but time, which tries all things, must determine. The Country Year-Book." Our thanks are due to Mr. Turner for a handsome copy of "The Coun try Year-Book ; or the field, the forest, and the fire side, by William Howitt." We have read this work with much pleasure. Mr. Howitt paints with Na ture's own pencil;, but aside from his fine descriptive powers, as exhibited in this book, there is an eleva tion of tone and sentiment about it, which should commend it to all seekers after purity and excellence in literature. The work may be obtained at Mr. Turner's Book store, s Death or Mr. Meredith.. The Rev. Thomas Meredith, Editor of the Biblical Recorder, expired at his residence near this City, on Wednesday evening ast. He had been in bad health for some months past." 'The deceased was 2' superiorwritef, and an able and useful Minister of the Gospel."" His death will be deeply lamented by a large circle of attached frends. . " " ' . ""' Thawksoitwo Dt1. Thursday last was duly Ob served in this Cityji in pursuance of the recommen-' Nation of fhcr- Goveuior,s a day of Thanksgiving tna fraise. Uusiness was suspended tn 511 portions f the City, and religious services were performed in fj? Bpwcopaliao and Presbyterian Churches. W'e presume the day was similarly obseryed thrpughpnt the State generally. '? i - , j . ' v . MESSRS TENABLE AND M1LER. f ai r. enaDie, me representative in uongress jrom- bold and able advocacy of Southern rights, and lias .Won for himstjlf not only the confidence of tits con stitaents. but a reputation throughout the country of which any man might well be proud. " No man has shown himself a better friend of tbe Constitution and ' the Union than he has, while at the same time he has fceeot sjmong the fortsmost f" bos gallant spirits of the Senate and House, who have contended so firmW. so constantlv. and ao eloquently, fronft the first, for tbe interests of their section and tbe equal rights of the States. Time and again, as the timid I gave back and temporizers quailed, has bis clarion . voice been beawi sounding above the din and tumult .jjof oppo&ingfactiooSfc.plead.ing fortUs ?Union,,.a(. ought to he, and for the . Constitution as our fathers made it; and though at one time it was considered by even some of bis best friends, tht he was too far in front and too determined in Biaiutaining bis positions, yet time has shown that they were io error and that he was right. .When, fourteen, months ago, be took the ground that the best course which could then be' adopted by tbe South, .was to cut off all In tercourse with the North and thus (each the feelings of our assailants through their pocket-nerves, how was he denounced by Whig orators and Whig presses as an "agitator" as a' fomenter of discord and strife,' and as almost a " traitor" to the Union of tbe States !. And yet now We find these same orators and' presses, with few exceptions, on Jit ground, advising the very course which they so bitterly condemned in Uim ! Tbis .is a compliment to his sagacity which , is the - more valuable, because of the source from which it comes and the manner in which it has been paid ; and it may be that a sense of these facts operates, in no small degree, in keeping alive among these orators and presses those feelings of hostility towards him which were engendered at the period mentioned. They dislike bim because his sagacity baffles them; and they denounce him because they stand rebuked before the people by his boldness, energy, and con stancy. . ' ' ' We learn that Mr. Venable addressed a portion of bis constituents at Oxford, during the late Term of Granville County Court; and thathe was replied to by Henry W. Miller, Esq., of this City. ,We learn also, from the Register, that' a Committee of eigh teencitizens of Granville have asked Mr. Miller for a copy ot bis Speech, and be has promised to furnish it. The Correspondence on the subject bas been published in the Register. These gentlemen tell Mr. Miller that they " feel a deep and abiding inter est in the preservation of our glorious Union," and are " anxious that no effort shall be spared to quell the turbulent elements of political discord, and sup press ultraism and fanaticism, and' to produce in the South a firm, decided, and unflinching adherence to the Compromise Acts " ; and Mr. Miller, in his re ply, says he is for those Acts, and that be shall " al ways' feel proud to be an humble co-laborer with them and other patriotic men, no matter to what party they belong, in the cause of our glorious Union .and its Constitution." . - . . ; , " .' - Mr. Miller then, and these gentlemen who agree with him, are the peculiar friends of the Union ; and Mr. Venable is . ultra" and, "fanatical," and his course is hostile to the Union. This is the plain English of the whole matter. . Now, we recognize the right of no man or set of men to set themselves op as better friends of the Constitution than those who, like Mr. Yenable, have struggled to preserve it from violation and destruction and who, failing "in this, ' would turn from its wreck and from the" foul traitors who have trampled it down, to the adoption of new plans for future security. " Ultraists " are men, ac cording to our understanding of the 'term, who make extreme demands. Has 'Mr. Venable done this? Has he, at any time, asked more than the Sooth was entitled to, or than the Constitution gave her ? Is he to be comfronted byj Whig champions and de nounced because of Jiis devotion to the Constitution and tbe rights of his constituents I ' But what a time .did - these gentlemen and their orator select for their glorification over these Com promise Acts " ! At the very moment when the only measure in the whole series calculated to benefit the South, was disregarded, reviled, and openly disobey ed in .Boston and throughout most of the New Eng land States at this moment, when citizens of slave holding States who had gone North for the purpose of availing themselves of the provisions of this law, and of thus exercising their plain Constitutional rights, are hunted like felons and driven back-with insult and injury at this moment, do these gentle men come forward to " produce " in Southern, minds a " decided adherence " to this so-called Compromise to assail those who thought it their duty to oppose it and to laud the authors of this plan of " peace "! We hear no denunciations of the fanatics no manly """" "idt uiuov cease weir assaults upon us, and that the leading politicians of the free States must make them do it, as the price of continued union; but a lecture is read, in the shape of an epis tle to the orator, on " ultraism and fanaticism "and no one can tell, either from the language or tone of the epistle, whether this lecture is intended for North ern or Southern men. It is proper that these gentle men and their orator should.be reminded that Ay are not the only friends of the Constitution and the Union in North Carolina ; and that, if they would preserve this Union and shield this Constitution from palpable violation, they roust cease their attacks on such champions of both as Mr. Venable, and unite as one man, without respect to party divisions or dis tinctions, in arresting the tide of fanaticism which their boasted measures of "Compromise" have not as yet cheeked, and which threatens, unless encoun tered boldly and at once, to oversweep and overwhelm us all. Tbis is no time for disputes among ourselves; or for tbe achievement of oratorical triumphs by one Southern man over another. Let us reserve our am munition and the .fire of our flints for tbe common foe. Instead of disparaging' Mr. Venable's efforts, and endeavoring to embarrass and hamper him, let these gentlemen, as true-hearted Southern patriots, cheer him by their approbation kwhen he speaks, and bid him God speed io his noble work.' If be is zeal ous and ardent, let them remember that it isor them be is laboring ; and that if, .in their piniori, be errs from too much zeal, be errs on, the side, of , right and bis country. , Better be. too ardent in good cause, than reluctant to face wrong, or- eold . in defence of justice. ." - .--'- . tf .'.i Tbe Register exults over 'the supposed "discom fiture "of Mr. Venable eh Ibis occasion calls him, with an elegance peculiar to that paper, " Father Abranlf"rn,,oonce him a reckless agitator -J-says that " Miner op'o Saunders 'was but cireum tance to Miller upoa Venable "and winds, up by expressing its admiration,' for the hundredth time, of 8 jn?r'?i l "J?leniii powers of effective oratory " s4n all this :two , objects, are' particuJariyJ prominent. ne is, the advancement of party by the prostration rsrjable'; and the other is, a desire to. make a gTea man ofMr. Miller. There is' a dearth of great men " in Whigdom'at present. It is impor tant that some' one should be cried up to tnepropej' J dimensions, in order that the places of such men as j . ','' - ' . -' V j Messrs Graham and Badger may be suonlieH L one .10 whom uispersed, or assembled Whicdom m look as to a oracle, and whose words, wheq " a cri sis ca be malnofactured, are W be taken'as the m rations;, of M$e;. lair- and the prophets'; Hence these extravagant laudations of Mr. Miller' when ever he opens his mouth ; and hence these stereotyped phrases about splendid powers," thrilling ap l9'',.a"d1 ."?IlweePin5 Reclamation," when evert7nUecorirse of events, or fn response to a call, that gentloman, addresses the people,, whether ia Jolinston, Franklin, Granville or Wake. Now the Re gister and the "wise men" of Wbigdom for whom it speaks, might have all this their own way, so far as we are concerned, if they could bring themselves to do simple justice to their ad versariesat the same time; but when they odd to these absurd compliments ridi' cule for such statesmen as Mr. Venable, and abuse of their opponents,, it becomes our duty to throw back the curtain and exhibit things as tney are. Mr. Miller js a hard Student; and a man .of respectable talents He is a plain, narrative'; effective speaker ; but to say that he possesses " splendid powers ' as aH orator, is to render him ridiculous. He is endow ed wjth a slowjbut improvable intellect ; and time and study have added, as tbey will continue to add, to his mental stock. The Register says he is a " splen. did " oratdr ; but he "neither thrills like Prentiss nor dazzles like Clay noir thunders in strong logic like Webster nor rolls, like Cass, a rich stream of wis. dom and eloquence on listening assemblages. These erf." splendid orators. Will the Register insist on comparing Mr. Miller with such standards? ' How unkind ! The Register must give the gentleman time, if it expects to make a "great man " out of him, or even to place him in Mr. Graham's or Mr. Badger's shoes. But we have no wish to dwell upon these points. As a friend of Mr. Venable, we are satisfied that he was neither met or overmatched on this occasion. He stands in need of no extravagant eulogies orhigHt sounding commendations. His attainments are well known, and speak for themselves ; and his reputation is not likely, to be injured by any course which the Whig leaders or the Raleigh Register may see prop er to adopt towards him. PUBLIC ADVERTISING, PRINTING, &c. - We copy the following remarke, on the subject of advertising lands for sale for taxes and property un der execution, from the last Lincoln Courier: " We have received a copy of a Memorial to the next Legislature,' requesting an alteration of the law re quiring property sold under an execution for taxes, 16 be published in the Raleigh papers, and also sug gesting the passage of an act requiring all property sold nnder execution, when over the value of thirty dollars, to be advertised in some paper printed in or near the County where such property is to be sold. When the law first referred to was passed, there were but few papers in the State those of Raleigh hav ing the most general circulation. Since that time, presses are being established in every neighborhood ; and propetry can certainly be advertised to better ad vantage in the home papers, where such can be seen by tbe many who read their County, and who do not take peihaps either it or the Raleigh papers. We have a goodly(,Bumber of signatures to the memorial, which meets with the most decided appro bation of all to .whom it has .been presented. We have no doubt of the passage of snch a law, but shall fill up our sheet within the proper time, and forward it to our legislators." ' : ; . .. We concur with the Courier and the Press of the State generally, that the law ought to be altered in these Tespects. The law requiring notices of sales of lands for taxes by Sheriffs, to be published in tbe State Gazette, or some other newspaper in the City of Raleitrh." was passed in the the year 1796, at a lime, as the Courier correctly observes, when there were ftut few papers published in the State. We see no reason why the law should not be so altered as to authorize the Sheriff to publish in bis County paper; and if there be no paper printed in his County, then in some paper which, in his opinion, has the most general cirsulation in his County.' We approve also of the proposition in relation to advertising 'property sold nnder execution by the Sheriffs. This is due both to creditor and debtor, and such a law, we believe, exists in nearly all the States. We are also of the opinion that the contract system which now prevails, in regard to the printing of tbe Laws and Journals, and for tbe two Houses during the session, should be abolished This system has been sufficiently tried. - It has worked badly, both for the State and the Printer; and the longer it is continued tbe more Objectionable will it probably be come. If the State expects to have its printing neat ly and correctly executed, the State must pay at least as fair prices as individuals do. It would be quite easy to frame a law fixing the prices by the em and the token, and allowing a certain ascertained amount for folding and binding the paper used in all cases, to weigh so much (say twenty or twenty-two pounds to the ream, single, medium,) and the type to be of a certain quality..,. But. we do not' propose to dwell upon this latter point at present. r We may take it up in some future number,' and present our views more at length upon the subject. . Tbe Salisbury Watchman contains some verses " written in opposition to 'I want a Wife,' by a Bachelor "which verses were never conceived or composed in that Town. They may have been " written "off either from the printed lines or from memory. , The' verses are quite pretty. They are from the pen of an English writer. We saw them some eight or ten years ago, circulating in the news papers. , t If the author had ' " written " in favor of a W ife, we should not have exposed bim ; but to write " tn opposition, " to .that blessing, and 'cabbage" his verses at that, is too had.' Our pen would have made blunders and crooked marks foe weeks, if we bad hesi tated under such, circumstances r - - 7- ... Mr. Pobbik'o'Addbessc' We have-received and read with much pleasure the "Address delivered be fore the Literary Societies of the University of North Carolina, in June last, by Hon.' James C. Dobbin. This Address is chaste in style, and contains excel lent thoughts and sentiments."Though prepared ne cessarily tn the. midstof pressing business engage ments, it fully sustains the author's reputation as a fiWwriter and a man of letters. We shall publish extracts from it in .some future number. .V ; ' Death or Dal Noscum 'The last Norfolk Argus S8js T; " We regret to learn from a letter received in 4hts place yesterday evening, of t the death of Dr. James Nocum, cne of the oldest and most eminent physicians in North Caroliua. , He . died at bis resi dence in -, Edentou on Saturday evening . last ; and though he had attained to the age of upwards of three score years and ten, still, up to within a few days of his death, he was as active and rigorous in the prosecution of his profession, as at the earliest period of his medical career ' : ; V? l , - J -! 'h:j!j r. ' iS ;-- -i - ' -'' ' :- ' -ExTRAftwrVARy SFsro. ' The --Victoria Gazette says that tbe express train 6n tbe Utica and Syracuse railroad, with the engine "Lightning'1 for its motive power,1 recently made 13 milesMn fourteen minutes, and, that one day last week the same train came through frpm ( Syracuseltd Utica, .' fifty-three miles, including three stops,! one fibur and thirty minutes.