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North Carolina standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1850-1852, November 16, 1850, Image 2

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The dirgier given to the Hon. W.. S, Asl.e came
off last Friday evening It held on the third
floor of the large brick building occupied by Mr.
Neff, which contain the largest room m tn45"
More than three hundred persons sal down to am
ner. and the attendance was much larger. .
William A. Wright. Esq., was appointed Presi
dent, and Dr. James P. McKee, Vice President.
After a reasonable time comsumed m discussing the
eatables, it was concluded to discuss the affairs of the
nation. So Mr. Ashe was called to his feel by a
complimentary toast, and entertained and instructed
the meeting with one of his sensible, Pn,c.,,c1
speeches, consisting mainly of a clear recital of Uie
actings and doinsrs of the late Congress, nteniwr
with felicitous allusions and illustrations, tie wa
applauded frequently during the progress of ru
Jude Strange was then called on. This ITntle
man is too well known to the Stale and to the L nion
a, a ready and polished orator, to alio w any commenda
tions from us. It is sufficient to say that he was
fuHy equal to his reputation. The following Metier
in a reply to one from us requeuing a condensed
sketch of his remarks for publication will exhibit the
r .i... .mmm which he delivered.
H. I. Toole Sir:
I shonld be
most happy. 10
oblige you in this or any other matter, but I am en-
firely unable to do
r v lAinnoraneous
temporaneous suggested by the occurrences or
the occasion, and nave leu no uisun " - j
-memory. The toast which I was called upon to re
pond to, was, 'The Union under the American
Constitution an intesliruable blessing ; under an ar
bitrary construction of that constitution an incalcula
ble evil.' This toast may be called the wj0"n
of the democratic party, and it was with much difficul
ty that I restrained myself from showing how just the
sentiment was and bow completely it embodied in
a few words the whole democratic creed. But 1
felt that all things considered, that would be scarcely
ricrht, and instead of doing that I branched out up
on the advantages that the Union had afforded to
the States of the confederacy to all the world and
the rest of mankind and that North Carolina herself
had derived less advantage from it than any other
civilized portion of the globe. That North Carolina
had within her more of the elements of independence
than any other State, and more resources to make
herself strong and wealthy ; that the Union while it
hA nrpupnip.d her from elaborating- these had yielded
C . . i a .: cma mi mv
Kckr nn pntiivalenL in the distribution by the General
?..... on nf u'nalih unit honors: that upon the
UVCllllllllit v " . . ,
whnln dhn had less to lose bv the dissolution of the 1
Union than any other State ; that the southern Slates, j at the difference they caused in the comfort of the
both mas tere and slaves, might be the happiest un- j passengers. We are convinced that, as soon as the
der the sun ; that the southern slave was certainly j invention becomes generally known, it will be consid
among the happiest of earthly beings, and that there ered indispensable on all our rail roads. Such, also,
was a mutual affection and confidence between the w-e learn, is the opinion of many practical men, and
master and his slave seldom to be found elsewhere, aj others who have witnessed the working of the
and they were always disposed to maintain and com- j dusters. Mr. Goodyear, we learn, has taken measures
fort one another; that this happy state of things was . to secure patents here and in Europe, and we hope
disturbed by the officious intermeddling of Ken who i ne niay reap a rich reward for his ingenuity,
knew not what they did, and whoas Satan had enter- jV'ew York Express.
ed Paradise and destroyed the happiness of its first j '
inhabitants, had marred the happiness which oilier- j n arncm axo Jmcs Heth. We have always con
wise the southern masters and slaves might both nave , siderwj our Mln caizen 0f ,i,e Museum a man of
enjoyed ; that it was by no means certain that a dis- deo(led Benill9 . and now tjlat he has placed us nn
olution of the Union would relieve us from the curse ; j jeroblia-ations we shall never forget, we feel inclined
that the power of mischief in those who were troub- ; , . t down nQW ald h an iaa1SnCtt of hj3 caim
ling us arose from their proximity and commercial inter-. to hat ,-ltje
course with us rather than from our political relations to j h bu a frw g 8;ncei ,hat Joice Heth depaTt.
one another, and that a dissolution of our commercial , fid thjs jf fu of g and hono and went to
intercourse with them would probably be a much -. iut the innUinerable throng of servants that waited
more effectual remedy than a dissolution of our po- j lhe n;ustrious Father of our conntry. poor
litical relations; that 1 would recommend the opening j Joice who was sajd to be gome one hundred anj
of a direct trade with Lurop. and our adversaries ; hinr o,d wa9 a gmoke dried wench of 90me
would be soon brought to their senses and gladly , seFen,T found b ,ravelling Yankee in a hut
consent that we might have as many slaves as we ; -n t!ie-intPrlor of Virginia, as auiltless of all knowl-
pieasea. I
I would have said much more had I not been un-
willing to monopolize me auenuono. u cuu.P.n7. ;
I would have taken the grounds aiierwara u. en oy , - eJ yankee colne across her whilst selling his
Col. Anderson that we ought to insist upon the en- , jn9 'After much por!ua8,on a feW doars and more
forcementof the Fugitive &lave Bill, and ir that was . whiskey she affreJd to be ,ifled into a spdan-bed, and
nullified or repealed to pronounce at once that the , molnU?J on an waon, was carried off. to make
Confederacy was inadequate to the purposes for j lf)e . She looked for all the world like a
Whin tt had been formed, and no farther attempt . , monkey At y(,ar9 rheumatism and to-
ought to be made to maintain it. I am where I al- : bao had abstracU(d al hJerJ jl)ioe3. nnd left her to
ways have been, to maintain the Union under the . a nce a8 near , hundred and fifty as any other
constitution ; but believing that it would soon become No gooner hd she iyed lhanJBarnum 8eil.
the most insufferable system of tyrrany without the : ed h d . & fc f ghow
restrainU of that Constitution, I should be for each r . . . . ,
State beinff remitted to ber original independence. j . T ,e 8cene ,was inimitable. Lying on a bed-stead,
" I am yours very truly, . ! mcely trapped out with dimity and fine blankets, and
RO. STRANGE. j placed in the middle of a large saloon for convenience
After the applause of Judge Stranges's speech bad i of access and air, she was plied with small and com
subsided, Doncao K. McRae, Esq., of Raleigh, , forttng drinks and a pipe, whilst a well-smoked and
was vociferously called fur, and rose. We have not "ntidiluvian bill of sale from one of the Costis fam
ine slightest memorandum of his speech, but it was du,y certified by Dicky Riker, was hung opon
np to the hub on ihe subject of Southern Rights and ; the wall. ....
Independence, and was enthusiastically received.! e was usually remarkably, tractable, having re
He concluded with the following sentiment: eeived her religions education from a shrewd lawyer
" North Carolina Our rightful Sovereign. We ; out of briefs at the time of her advent, and perfectly
are citizens ot the Union as we are her citizens, and I cognizant of the power of whiskey and tobacco in
to her we owe the highest homage of our "hearts, and i producing compliance with the wishes of a legal ad
the best stremrth of our arms." j v'ser. She always ottered her pions exclamations in
Several other gentlemen also spoke, but we bad i an ejaculatory manner, repeating a few short phrases,
left, and ean therefore give no account of their addres- ! always the same, in a very edifying way, and reserv
es j ing all answers to any general questions, unless the
Great credit is doe :o our host, Mr.Thally, of the words whiskey or tobacco fell upon her ear, when
Washington House, for preparing so elegant and , 8he would generally give an expressive grunt of as
large an entertainment at such brief notice. j 8em;
Since the above was in type a friend has handed ' . 0nfi AJ however, a Yankee friend, who was cog
us the following toasts accompanied by the names of ! nizant of the whole scheme, observing her with a
the speakers who responded to them : I less steam on than was desirable to keep her in
The Han. W. S. Jlshe. His watchful care over , training, asked her in presence of her keeper, if she
the interests of his constituents entitles him to our ! remembered Massa George, meaning her alleged il
gratitude his deep devotion to sourthern rights and ! lustrions owner. A ray of anger shot from the old
southern honor, commands our respect and ensures ! woman's hitherto closed eyes, as she replied. "No!
our hearty support. I debil take 'em all ; don't know notin bout him ! Dey
Mr. Ashe responded. ! make me say dat all the time: gimme drink !" The
The Union. Under the American Consiitution an ! ,adies stared, and Joice speedily got her drink, with
intestimable blessing ; under an arbitrary construe- a soothing reproof for her impiety,
tion of that constitution an incalculable evil. the funie3t part of the business was when the
Judge Strange responded. ! old wench died. Instead of finishing the process of
The Citizens of the Nurth. Our friends and breth- ! embalming so happily begun by the whiskey and
Ten if they wish: ourenemies only, if they will have j tobacco, and sleeping her in a solution of corrosive
it go. muriate, and hanging her op alongside of her iner-
t). K. McRae responded. j maid, in a corner of the Museum to dry, where she
North Carolina. In May, 1776, she declared her ! would have bepn a permanent investment till the day
independence of the British Crown ; she is ready ! of judgment, she was given up to the philosophers
now to maintain her rights, and defend ber honor. TJ?, P0.9,1 R10rtem
George Davis responded. The Magnus Apollo of surgery at that time, went
The Fugitive Slave Bill. Good faith in the execu- t0 the museum, duly heralded in the papers, with all
tion of its provisions is Indispensa le to the preset- , h students, and what other verdant gentleman be
vat ion of the Union. could collect, and held a great pow wow over the old
Joshua G. Wright responded. wench. We did not enjoy the honor of being pres-
Internai'Improvemenla in North Carolina. Indis- ent, but were informed that "the coronary and femo
pensable in the present crisis ; may thevdraw togeth- i ral arteries were ossified," and fully established her
er the hearts of her people, and connect them as with j Ereat aRe- Indeed, her anatomy would have gtven
nOOKS Ot Steel. I
.. G. J. McRee responded.
c Col. Anderson spoke afterwards, and we learn
from all quarters that his sentiments were as just as
bis manner was graceful. Wil. Aurora.
Raleigh and Greenvillk Plank Road. We learn
from the Washington Whig that the money has been
subscribed to build the proposed plank road from
Raleigh to Greenville. It was first proposed to carry
it through Greenville to Washington ; but the people
of Greenville subscribed $19,000, with the guarantee
of as much more if necessary, provided the road
should stop at Greenville.
. Prom Raleigh to Greenville is about 75 miles;
thence to Washington only about 20 miles. - So that
both places being on the (Tar) river, there will be,
we suppose, steamboat communication daily between
Greenville and Washington. The Whig says the riv
er is navigable that far at all seasons of the year, or
may be so at a very trifling expense. -
We are truly rejoiced that the people of Pitt and
Beaufort have resolved to build that important, work.
We feel confident that it will open to them, a new
life, and perhaps be only the beginning, of their pros
perity, ,
" Pray that a like spirit may animate every Court
House town and every county in the State.
'trwi Fay. Carolinian.
Two carrier pigeons, let loose by Sir John Ross,
one of the seekers for Sir John Franklin, have arrived
at Ayr, Scotland and made way to their former dove
coat. One bore the mutilated and illegible remains
v tter; it had, apparently been shot at, havino- j
orwll -P' 11 18 "PPosed that they had flewn above j
fooo mile Sir John took Wauch Direons withO
mm. - . . -.
manur, IlNuf act0r,rs: The
niHl. .i Virginia is growing so ra
pidly that a convention nf ? M.anr.. t
. .Asiw and important Isvkntiox Rail Road Cart
without' Dual. .All our readers, who have ever trav-
el led on a railroad bsve experienced the great annoy'
ance and distress, occasioned by the immense quanti-
ties of dust which insinuates itself Into every crock
and -crevice in a rail-ear, almost chouking the occo..
pants to death, to-say nothing of damage dooe to' ,
clothing. Tbis inconvenience was partly remedied
by the ponderous sprinklers which have been adop
ted on some of our roads, but we have now to announce
a new invention, so simple that we only wonder no
one ever found it out before, and so efficient, that the v -passengers
can travel in a rail-car with as much com
fort in the dustiest day in July as they can in the
frostiest day in January. The invention to which we
refer lias been made and patented bv our ingenious fellow-citizen,
Mr. Nelson Goodyear, and may be brief
ly described as follows : t- ?
On the roof of the car a number of ventilators are 1
arranged, so as to allow the air to pass freely into the
car when it is in motion. ..The mouths of these ven
tilators are covered with a fine wire cloth, through
which the air circulates freely, but which effectually
stops all cinders and other dirt. In each window of
the car is placed a sash of blinds, constructed of plates
ofglasa four inches wide. Tbesejblinds are so arranged
that they are ail moved by n connecting rod, in the
same manner as ordinary window slats are opened
or shut. The air, coming through the ventilators,
passes with a gentle current out of the blinds,, or
" car dusters' as they are called, the outward current
thus formed, effectually preVenting a particle of dust
into the car, and the outside current, formed by the
motion of the car, carrying the dust to the rear. This
is the whole operation.
The advantages afforded by the use of his invention
are manifold, though we can mantion but a few of
them here. In the first place, it disposes of the dust,
a most intolerable nuisance to rail road cars ; second
ly, the frames being permanent, it prevents the pass
engers from palling their heads and arms out of the
windows, thus lessening the chances of accident;
third, the sash being filled with plates of glass, the
view is not at all obstructed ; fourth the blinds are
shut or opened hy means of the connecting rod ; fifth,
there is a ureal saving of expenses to the rail road
corporations, as it does away with the necessity for
the ponderous sprinkling machines ; sixth, indepen
dent of repelling the dust, it is a delightful mode of
ventilating the cars; seventh, the dusters, by stifling
the noise caused by the motion of the cars, render
conversation much easier and more agreeable than at
Mr. Goodvear has attached these dusters to one of
the Hudson river rail road cars, in which w'e took
trip to Peekskill yesterday, and which astonished us
ei!j;e of aslungton, as she was of her own wonder-
i ful age and power of coining money.
She would
have eradlia,!v drled up into a ,,,, had not the
" . " Cc"uu mat, joaio.
What a spectacle it must have been ! We are a great
people, and there is but one Barnum. Scalpel.
Republicanism and Abolitionism. The Repub
licans of the North, it is a well known fact, are not
so nearly identified with, and allied to, the Abolition
ists of the North, as are the Federalists. As a body,
and as a party, they oppose the wicked and nefarious
designs of the abolitionists of the North, affording
them no "aid and comfort " by word, deed or act, as
do the Federalists of the North : (we mean as a bo
dy or as a party.)
We are proud to see , that the Republicans of the
South as a body and as a parly from the highest to
the humblest member, are sound opon the Slavery
question opposed to every effort on the part of the
Abolitionists to meddle with the rights of the South.
In them there is " no variableness or shadow of chan
ging." Firm they are willing to face the music,
and let the North know at once, what she may de
pend on. The Union, though dear to them, and
cherished by them, 4ias no charms when stripped of
everything that is lovely. The republicans, as a bo
dy and as a party, do not rejoice at the passage of
the late peace measures of Congress in them the
North gained all she asked for the South gained
nothing. The Fugitive Slave Bill was a small bait
thrown out to catch minnows. The Constitution
protected us in the right of property, and we had the
right to go and claim a Fugitive Slave under the
Constitution wherever we might find him. We have
but little more now.
Republicans of the Sooth ! stand united as you are,
and present one bold rt root and you- will put down
Abolitionism in spite of the efforts of the Federalists
of the North, to keep it up together with the aid of
their Southern allies the Feds. Fear not the
frowns of Federalists at home; or abroad.1 Be he
true friends of the. South ever jeady to protect yoor
property against Northern, aggressions,. ? It is .main
ly to the Republican-party that tbe South riB look
withjjonficlepce.. .et not thaj confidence be .haken.
:i natyax jnepuoitcan.
K'- Rejection of Hobace Mask-. The Whig Con
vention for the eighth Congressional District met at
Dedham, : Mass., oa Thursday1, aud , nominated as
their' candidate for Congress, Samuel H.rlWalley,
Esq tt partizan of Mr. Webster's, thereby supersed
ing tbe claims of the Hon. Horace Mann, the pres-1
ent representative from tnai oistriet, . l he. conven
tion issued sn address and adopted a series of resolu
tions on tbe occasion. Some of the reasons assigned
why Mr. Welley is preferred to Mr. Mann, are strik
ing, and claim consideration.
-On the question of slavery,-the address proceeds
gravely to state that Mr. Mann "can represent our
wishes and feelings as. well as another,', so far as ai
vote goes ; but as we do not believe there is a Whig
in this district who is not earnestly opposed to the
extension, of slavery, it would be difficult to select a
person who would not represent us in that aiattter,
so far as voting goes quite as well as Mr. Mann." y
The address goes on to state that Mr. Mann
" etands out ns a confessed - abolitionist,-whose spee
ches and writings have made him obnoxious to the
whole South." It then assigns the, following con
clusive reasons why r the present incumbent should
be thrown overboard. . , ? v . r. ,
, " As a matter of policy, and to gain our owiteuds,
whiob is the wisest course -We wish to repeal, or
at least so to modify the Fugitive Slave Law as to in-'.
sert in it the right ot trial by jury; and without
meaning the slighest disrespect to our Representa
tive, we say-that his advocacy of such a measure
would not influence a vote in favor of it, while it
would serve to inflame Southern minds, and produce
a more bitter and determined opposition ; and it is
easy to conceive that the same course, pursued in a
spirit of conciliation, by one who bas not rendered
himself thus obnoxious, may be attended with a very
different result." - - .y :
So much for the address. But a series of resolu
tions were reported by a committee and unanimously
adoDted bv the Convention! One of them extols
I President Fillmore for permitting " tbe passage of a
law xofiicfi tn many of its provisions, is repugiiani
his own feeling because, he eould prevent it only by
that arbitrary exercise of the veto power which in
other cases we have so often and so justly condemn
ed." Another denounces the fugitive slave law, "as
unjust and eruel as it now stands, and therefore highly
obnoxious to the people of the free States; we trust
that it will be speedily so amended as to secure to
all persons arrested under it the right of trial by ju
ry." But while it remains a law on the Statute
book, they say they have no right to oner forcible
opposition to it.
But the following resolution, so highly complimen
tary to the Southern Whig.party, is worthy of special
attention. We copy it entire :
Resolved, That we most cordially agree with those
National Whigs of the South who believe slavery
tc be a double curse a curse, equally to the freeman
and to the slave; that we remember with pride and
pleasure, their hearty co-operation with us in our
earnest endeavors to prevent the extension of this
great evil, by resisting the annexation of Texas ?
that we hope to see the time when their own fair land
shall be relieved from this incubus upon its pros
perity, and that to that end we shall ever be.ready
to follow where they will lead.
We were not aware before that the whig party of
and if such be their conviction, they must feel under
peculiar obligations to their Northern allies in stand
ing "ever ready to follow where they will lead,"
when they commence the great work of amelioration
in relieving their " own fair land of this double
Such are the precious confessions of the National
Whig or Webster party in Massachusetts. What
is the difference in fact between the doctrines they
avow and the principles as professed by Horace
Mannt The only difference that we can perceive
is, that Mr. Mann is a "confessed abolitionist," and
the National Whig party, from motives of policy
while they hypocritically deny the name, act upon
the same principles.
But notwithstanding the rejection ot Mr. Mann by
i the Convention, it is said he will be ultimately elec
j ted.' Half of the Whigs will go for him at any rate.
I nominated or not nominated. Norfolk Jtrgus.
i , .
! TFrom the Cleveland Plaindealer.l ;
j Great Row onMtrmnn Island Strang, the Prophet , in
Imprisonment -ativoo in Commotion.
Mackinac, Oct. S6, 1850. We had occasion on
j account of the wind to run into Beaver Harbor, where
j is situated the city of Nauvoo. On going ashore, I
; learned that a ereat row bad taken place, and that
j Adams the prophet's or king's adviser, had to flee for
Ins lite. Adams had a warrant issued, and James
! Stran?. the prophet, was arrested. Several have- to
' eruard their dwellings with muskets, for fear the proph
et and his subjects will come on them in the night
I and slay them, as he threatened to do so in tne cnurcn
(about two weeks aso " Any one," said he " who
dares to disoby my laws, shall leave the Island with
out a boat, or be a head shorter it he stays.' ms
laws, he savs. areciven to him by God, ami that they
I are supreme : that the laws of the U. States are of
I no account if they conflict with his "higher law."
He practises upon these principles, and lanes irom
the " Uentiles, as he calls all sucu wno ao not so
knowledge his faith, whatever his wants may demand
A few nights since his party entered ,a Gentile store
and took away fourteen barrels ot pork, and iur. uen
tile could not help himself. Another Gentile had his
orooertv burned. owin- to the violation of the " hitrb
er law." bitt'the prophet told him thisevent had been
revealed to him, and he knew the judgment of the
Lord was to come upon htm. - It appears the dimcul
ty arose from a revelation to Strang, that a certain
woman was to be his spirtnal wife; but tbe consent
of ail parties could not be obtained, and consequent
lv this "anointed of the Lord " waxed wroth.
Adams left, taking with him the theatrical curtains
and fixtures from the church, d went to Mackinac,
where he is going to play " tragedy."
Mackinac, Oct. 27.
Great excitement here this morning. Strang has
been brought here under arrest, and is to be tried at
half past 10 o'clock.
P. S. Trial just over. Strang sentenced to six
months imprisonment in the county jail.' A rescue
by the Mormons will be attemp.ed no use.
Dirrct Trade. It is a matter of great surprise
to us that, considering the many arguments which
have been directed to this subject, so little action has
taken place. Is it not remarkable that a country pro
ducing a staple for which there is aiwaysa demand ;
which invariably commands a good price, should
make a halt way house to market, and pay agents
there, one-sixth of the value of that produce, and
one-sixth of the value of the commodities received
in' exchange; when it is in its power to cut off
tbose expenses merely by sbeaking the word 1 Tbis
is the true condition of the South. Charleston had
once the importing trade. Why should she not have
it now? No irrevocable laws of commerce have
foreed it from her ; but the mere fact of capital beirr
largely invested in shipping and other mercantile
affairs in New York. It is true, it takes some time
to withdraw the money invested in stocks and plant
ing, and drive it to a new channel. But this most
be done if the people of the Sooth would not con
titiue their commercial vassalage' to Northern cities.'
The leading error of our capitalists is, that they have
placed too ranch money in planting and stocks, and
too little in shipping and. the other incidents of com
merce. It is our intention to continue our articles on
this subject with the view of rousing public attention
to the facts which bear upon it.
! r ::""' - ' Charleston 1 Nevs.
Street Assault. ' A highly censurable attack was
made on James G.. Rennet, Esq., editor of the Her
ald, this morning. He was walking in Broadway
about 10 o'clock, accompanied by his wife, when he
was attacked by John Graham Esq., with a cowhide.
Mrs. Bennet immediately fainted away and fell to the
pavement, but was taken to a store by some -of the
occupants. A. captain of-tbe police interfered, but
was felted to the ground by a blow frm Mike Walsh.
' Several other persons became involved, and 'n tbe
conflict which ensued, Mr, Bennet and his antagonist
were thrown to the ground,, and a violent strife for
the mastery took place.. A reinforcement of the po
lice soon arrived, when hostilities were terminated.
Both 'the combatants were -roughly handled. The
outrage is rendered ferocious, by the fact that Mrs.
Bennet was with her husband when it, was made, j
way, near Whjte street. , . ,, , ,r
Mr. Graham" was the defeated candidate for District
Attorney at the late election, and the attacks published
in the Herald, since his nomination for that office.
f probably provoked the- asaaelt, - ,-,.., , . 3 . r s
S ! - ,f ' Nmi.Y' Jour. of Commereet i
citatlcm. Hud le Vsttmm t Ukk. States
; ': : They 'mast be preserve. . .v ,v
. --. - - . r, r -mn-n hw.-j.wjw
. tt is now -pretty; vireU-. settled that vWasbingtoai
Hunt, the Whig candidate, has been elected Govern
or of New- YorkI ' The Congressional delegation is
about equally divided ; but the Whigs have carried
the Legislature, thus securing a Whig Senator in
place of Mr. Dickinson,? f I
The election of Washington Hunt is a triumph of
Sewardism, andwill have a tendency to increase ra
ther than diminish the torrent of anti-slavery agita
tion. He was supported by both wings of the party,
but it was" clear; during lhe; wboleedntesf, tha
was the peculiar favorite of Greely and the Seward.
ites. In bis letter accepting th nomination ot tne
Syracuse Convention he said : " ' : ; :. " . "
" In surveying the measures of Congreslconnect
A with tha alaverv nnestion.' we should rejoice in
the Drohihition of the slave trade ia the District of
Columbia. I hail this as a great measure of patriot,
ism and humanity. It removes from the capital fa
traffic which shocked the sentiments of the people,
and brought reproach upon our national character. -I
shoufd be wanting in eandor if I omitted -to say
that I deplore the passage of the Fugitive slave law,
in its present form. Recognising to the fullest ex
tent the constitutional obligatiop which it is intended
t enforce. I reoret the features of this bill, which
nr calculated, not to arrest agitation, but to. make it
more intense and universal. -It could not have been
well considered and needs essential modifications.
The summary operation of its provisions conflicts
with all our notions of personal right and security,
derived from the common law, and recognized by ev
ery free constitution." u V' '
In the election of Mr. Hunt New York has, there
fore, spoken out against the Fugitive Slave Law.
He "deplores" its passage, and denounces it as in
" conflict with all" his " notions of personal right and
security, derived from the common law, and recog
nized by every free constitution." Thus itis that the
Empire State puts her negative upon the only law
of tbe series of " Compromise measures" adopted at
the late session, which was designed for 'Southern
benefit; and we have no doubt that most if not all
her members of Congress will ' vote for its essential
modification or repeal. The. Union Meeting in the
City perhaps effected some good for justice and the
Constitution ; but even there, after all the expressions
which were indulged in against fanaticism and Sew
wardism, Mr. Seymour, the Democratic candidate,
only obtained some thousand majori'y.
Mr. Brooks, of the Express, who has recently ta
ken strong grounds in his paper for the Constitutional
rights of the Southern people, has, it is true, been re
elected ; but he did not vote on the Fugitive Slave
bill, and he distinctly declared in an Editorial, pend
ing the election, that be could not have voted for it if
he had been in his seat. Like the President, and a
good many others at the North, he talks very well ;
but when the time for decided action is required be is
generally among the missing. : -)
The following are the Resolutions on the Slavery
question, adopted by the Democratic Convention of
New York which nominated Mr. Seymour" for Gov
ernor :
" Resolved, That the Democratic party of New York
are proud to avow their fraternity with and devotion
to the great principles of the Democratic Party of the
Union, as declared by the National Democratic Con
ventions held at Baltimore in 1840, 1844, and 1848;
and they look forward in hope and confidence to the
complete triumph of that party in 1852.
Resolved, That we congratulate the Country upon,
the recent settlement by Congress of tbe questions
which have unhappily divided the people of these
States. -
Resolved. That devoted to the principles and form
of our confederation, ever mindful of the blessings it
has secured to ourselves and to mankind, and regard
ing the citizens of all sections of our country as
members of a common brotherhood, we cherish the
Union of the States as the ark of our political cove
nant ; and that we deprecate all sectional agitations,
at the North or South, calculated to impair its sacred
obligations, or to threaten its prosperity. "
The election of Mr. Seymour, undr all these cir
cumstances, was decidedly preferred by the South;
and his defeat must contribute in no small degree, to
weaken still more that feeling of faith in Southern
boeomsin the good or just intentions of ihe Northern
people. Upon the whole, we consider the result in
New York as against the South, and as calculated to
increase agitation and imperil the Union still further
and deeper. "This fanaticism," in the prophetic
language of Mr. Calhoun, " will go to its end." What
will that and be 1 '."
It is evident, also, that the Democrats were not
united as they should have been in this election. The
vote is considerably behind, and it falls off most in
the " Barhburning" Districts. This shows that these
men the Barnburners " are not to be relied up
on under any circumstances. Many of them pre
tended to be satisfied with the nominations and cor
dial in their support of them, while at the same time
they were leagued with the enemy and playing into
the hands of Seward.
If the Southern people expect the Fugitive Slave
Slave Law to stand, and if they are determined, as
we know they are, to insist for the future upon all
their lights, they must unite to a man in compelling
Northern ' politicians io disregard 'party until justice
is done them. Some of our politicians are talking
of" conservatism ! and of "'Union parties. " They
forget or overlook the fact that those are the best
Union men here who insist upon their rights, and
that a love of, the Union must first be .revived and
cultivated among (tie Northern people. ' They are the
people to stand by the Union now, and to be " con
servative " in. their purposes and views. Will they.
0 it 1 The recent elections, we are pained to say,
do not furnish any satisfactory evidence that they
will ; but time, which tries all things, must determine.
The Country Year-Book." Our thanks are due
to Mr. Turner for a handsome copy of "The Coun
try Year-Book ; or the field, the forest, and the fire
side, by William Howitt." We have read this work
with much pleasure. Mr. Howitt paints with Na
ture's own pencil;, but aside from his fine descriptive
powers, as exhibited in this book, there is an eleva
tion of tone and sentiment about it, which should
commend it to all seekers after purity and excellence
in literature. The work may be obtained at Mr.
Turner's Book store, s
Death or Mr. Meredith.. The Rev. Thomas
Meredith, Editor of the Biblical Recorder, expired at
his residence near this City, on Wednesday evening
ast. He had been in bad health for some months
past." 'The deceased was 2' superiorwritef, and an
able and useful Minister of the Gospel."" His death
will be deeply lamented by a large circle of attached
frends. . " " ' . ""'
Thawksoitwo Dt1. Thursday last was duly Ob
served in this Cityji in pursuance of the recommen-'
Nation of fhcr- Goveuior,s a day of Thanksgiving
tna fraise. Uusiness was suspended tn 511 portions
f the City, and religious services were performed in
fj? Bpwcopaliao and Presbyterian Churches. W'e
presume the day was similarly obseryed thrpughpnt
the State generally. '? i - , j . '
f ai r. enaDie, me representative in uongress jrom-
bold and able advocacy of Southern rights, and lias
.Won for himstjlf not only the confidence of tits con
stitaents. but a reputation throughout the country of
which any man might well be proud. " No man has
shown himself a better friend of tbe Constitution and
' the Union than he has, while at the same time he has
fceeot sjmong the fortsmost f" bos gallant spirits of
the Senate and House, who have contended so
firmW. so constantlv. and ao eloquently, fronft the
first, for tbe interests of their section and tbe equal
rights of the States. Time and again, as the timid
I gave back and temporizers quailed, has bis clarion
. voice been beawi sounding above the din and tumult
.jjof oppo&ingfactiooSfc.plead.ing fortUs ?Union,,.a(.
ought to he, and for the . Constitution as our fathers
made it; and though at one time it was considered
by even some of bis best friends, tht he was too
far in front and too determined in Biaiutaining bis
positions, yet time has shown that they were io error
and that he was right. .When, fourteen, months ago,
be took the ground that the best course which could
then be' adopted by tbe South, .was to cut off all In
tercourse with the North and thus (each the feelings
of our assailants through their pocket-nerves, how was
he denounced by Whig orators and Whig presses as
an "agitator" as a' fomenter of discord and strife,'
and as almost a " traitor" to the Union of tbe States !.
And yet now We find these same orators and' presses,
with few exceptions, on Jit ground, advising the very
course which they so bitterly condemned in Uim !
Tbis .is a compliment to his sagacity which , is the
- more valuable, because of the source from which it
comes and the manner in which it has been paid ; and
it may be that a sense of these facts operates, in no
small degree, in keeping alive among these orators
and presses those feelings of hostility towards him
which were engendered at the period mentioned.
They dislike bim because his sagacity baffles them;
and they denounce him because they stand rebuked
before the people by his boldness, energy, and con
stancy. . ' ' '
We learn that Mr. Venable addressed a portion of
bis constituents at Oxford, during the late Term of
Granville County Court; and thathe was replied to
by Henry W. Miller, Esq., of this City. ,We learn
also, from the Register, that' a Committee of eigh
teencitizens of Granville have asked Mr. Miller for
a copy ot bis Speech, and be has promised to furnish
it. The Correspondence on the subject bas been
published in the Register. These gentlemen tell
Mr. Miller that they " feel a deep and abiding inter
est in the preservation of our glorious Union," and
are " anxious that no effort shall be spared to quell
the turbulent elements of political discord, and sup
press ultraism and fanaticism, and' to produce in the
South a firm, decided, and unflinching adherence to
the Compromise Acts " ; and Mr. Miller, in his re
ply, says he is for those Acts, and that be shall " al
ways' feel proud to be an humble co-laborer with
them and other patriotic men, no matter to what
party they belong, in the cause of our glorious Union
.and its Constitution." . - . . ; , " .'
- Mr. Miller then, and these gentlemen who agree
with him, are the peculiar friends of the Union ; and
Mr. Venable is . ultra" and, "fanatical," and his
course is hostile to the Union. This is the plain
English of the whole matter. . Now, we recognize
the right of no man or set of men to set themselves op
as better friends of the Constitution than those who,
like Mr. Yenable, have struggled to preserve it from
violation and destruction and who, failing "in this, '
would turn from its wreck and from the" foul traitors
who have trampled it down, to the adoption of new
plans for future security. " Ultraists " are men, ac
cording to our understanding of the 'term, who make
extreme demands. Has 'Mr. Venable done this?
Has he, at any time, asked more than the Sooth was
entitled to, or than the Constitution gave her ? Is
he to be comfronted byj Whig champions and de
nounced because of Jiis devotion to the Constitution
and tbe rights of his constituents I '
But what a time .did - these gentlemen and their
orator select for their glorification over these Com
promise Acts " ! At the very moment when the only
measure in the whole series calculated to benefit the
South, was disregarded, reviled, and openly disobey
ed in .Boston and throughout most of the New Eng
land States at this moment, when citizens of slave
holding States who had gone North for the purpose
of availing themselves of the provisions of this law,
and of thus exercising their plain Constitutional
rights, are hunted like felons and driven back-with
insult and injury at this moment, do these gentle
men come forward to " produce " in Southern, minds
a " decided adherence " to this so-called Compromise
to assail those who thought it their duty to oppose
it and to laud the authors of this plan of " peace "!
We hear no denunciations of the fanatics no manly
"""" "idt uiuov cease weir assaults upon
us, and that the leading politicians of the free States
must make them do it, as the price of continued
union; but a lecture is read, in the shape of an epis
tle to the orator, on " ultraism and fanaticism "and
no one can tell, either from the language or tone of
the epistle, whether this lecture is intended for North
ern or Southern men. It is proper that these gentle
men and their orator should.be reminded that Ay
are not the only friends of the Constitution and the
Union in North Carolina ; and that, if they would
preserve this Union and shield this Constitution from
palpable violation, they roust cease their attacks on
such champions of both as Mr. Venable, and unite
as one man, without respect to party divisions or dis
tinctions, in arresting the tide of fanaticism which
their boasted measures of "Compromise" have not
as yet cheeked, and which threatens, unless encoun
tered boldly and at once, to oversweep and overwhelm
us all. Tbis is no time for disputes among ourselves;
or for tbe achievement of oratorical triumphs by one
Southern man over another. Let us reserve our am
munition and the .fire of our flints for tbe common
foe. Instead of disparaging' Mr. Venable's efforts,
and endeavoring to embarrass and hamper him, let
these gentlemen, as true-hearted Southern patriots,
cheer him by their approbation kwhen he speaks, and
bid him God speed io his noble work.' If be is zeal
ous and ardent, let them remember that it isor them
be is laboring ; and that if, .in their piniori, be errs
from too much zeal, be errs on, the side, of , right and
bis country. , Better be. too ardent in good cause,
than reluctant to face wrong, or- eold . in defence of
justice. ." - .--'- . tf .'.i
Tbe Register exults over 'the supposed "discom
fiture "of Mr. Venable eh Ibis occasion calls him,
with an elegance peculiar to that paper, " Father
Abranlf"rn,,oonce him a reckless agitator -J-says
that " Miner op'o Saunders 'was but cireum
tance to Miller upoa Venable "and winds, up by
expressing its admiration,' for the hundredth time, of
8 jn?r'?i l "J?leniii powers of effective oratory "
s4n all this :two , objects, are' particuJariyJ prominent.
ne is, the advancement of party by the prostration
rsrjable'; and the other is, a desire to. make a
gTea man ofMr. Miller. There is' a dearth of
great men " in Whigdom'at present. It is impor
tant that some' one should be cried up to tnepropej' J
dimensions, in order that the places of such men as j
. ','' - ' . -'
j Messrs Graham and Badger may be suonlieH L
one .10 whom uispersed, or assembled Whicdom m
look as to a oracle, and whose words, wheq " a cri
sis ca be malnofactured, are W be taken'as the m
rations;, of M$e;. lair- and the prophets'; Hence
these extravagant laudations of Mr. Miller' when
ever he opens his mouth ; and hence these stereotyped
phrases about splendid powers," thrilling ap
l9'',.a"d1 ."?IlweePin5 Reclamation," when
evert7nUecorirse of events, or fn response to a call,
that gentloman, addresses the people,, whether ia
Jolinston, Franklin, Granville or Wake. Now the Re
gister and the "wise men" of Wbigdom for whom it
speaks, might have all this their own way, so far as
we are concerned, if they could bring themselves to
do simple justice to their ad versariesat the same time;
but when they odd to these absurd compliments ridi'
cule for such statesmen as Mr. Venable, and abuse
of their opponents,, it becomes our duty to throw
back the curtain and exhibit things as tney are. Mr.
Miller js a hard Student; and a man .of respectable
talents He is a plain, narrative'; effective speaker ;
but to say that he possesses " splendid powers ' as
aH orator, is to render him ridiculous. He is endow
ed wjth a slowjbut improvable intellect ; and time and
study have added, as tbey will continue to add, to
his mental stock. The Register says he is a " splen.
did " oratdr ; but he "neither thrills like Prentiss nor
dazzles like Clay noir thunders in strong logic like
Webster nor rolls, like Cass, a rich stream of wis.
dom and eloquence on listening assemblages. These
erf." splendid orators. Will the Register insist on
comparing Mr. Miller with such standards? ' How
unkind ! The Register must give the gentleman time,
if it expects to make a "great man " out of him, or
even to place him in Mr. Graham's or Mr. Badger's
But we have no wish to dwell upon these points.
As a friend of Mr. Venable, we are satisfied that he
was neither met or overmatched on this occasion.
He stands in need of no extravagant eulogies orhigHt
sounding commendations. His attainments are well
known, and speak for themselves ; and his reputation
is not likely, to be injured by any course which the
Whig leaders or the Raleigh Register may see prop
er to adopt towards him.
- We copy the following remarke, on the subject of
advertising lands for sale for taxes and property un
der execution, from the last Lincoln Courier:
" We have received a copy of a Memorial to the next
Legislature,' requesting an alteration of the law re
quiring property sold under an execution for taxes,
16 be published in the Raleigh papers, and also sug
gesting the passage of an act requiring all property
sold nnder execution, when over the value of thirty
dollars, to be advertised in some paper printed in or
near the County where such property is to be sold.
When the law first referred to was passed, there were
but few papers in the State those of Raleigh hav
ing the most general circulation. Since that time,
presses are being established in every neighborhood ;
and propetry can certainly be advertised to better ad
vantage in the home papers, where such can be seen
by tbe many who read their County, and who do not
take peihaps either it or the Raleigh papers.
We have a goodly(,Bumber of signatures to the
memorial, which meets with the most decided appro
bation of all to .whom it has .been presented. We
have no doubt of the passage of snch a law, but shall
fill up our sheet within the proper time, and forward
it to our legislators." ' : ; . ..
We concur with the Courier and the Press of the
State generally, that the law ought to be altered in
these Tespects. The law requiring notices of sales
of lands for taxes by Sheriffs, to be published in tbe
State Gazette, or some other newspaper in the City
of Raleitrh." was passed in the the year 1796, at a
lime, as the Courier correctly observes, when there
were ftut few papers published in the State. We see
no reason why the law should not be so altered as to
authorize the Sheriff to publish in bis County paper;
and if there be no paper printed in his County, then
in some paper which, in his opinion, has the most
general cirsulation in his County.'
We approve also of the proposition in relation to
advertising 'property sold nnder execution by the
Sheriffs. This is due both to creditor and debtor, and
such a law, we believe, exists in nearly all the States.
We are also of the opinion that the contract system
which now prevails, in regard to the printing of tbe
Laws and Journals, and for tbe two Houses during
the session, should be abolished This system has
been sufficiently tried. - It has worked badly, both
for the State and the Printer; and the longer it is
continued tbe more Objectionable will it probably be
come. If the State expects to have its printing neat
ly and correctly executed, the State must pay at least
as fair prices as individuals do. It would be quite
easy to frame a law fixing the prices by the em and
the token, and allowing a certain ascertained amount
for folding and binding the paper used in all cases,
to weigh so much (say twenty or twenty-two pounds
to the ream, single, medium,) and the type to be of
a certain quality..,. But. we do not' propose to dwell
upon this latter point at present. r We may take it up
in some future number,' and present our views more
at length upon the subject. .
Tbe Salisbury Watchman contains some verses
" written in opposition to 'I want a Wife,' by a
Bachelor "which verses were never conceived or
composed in that Town. They may have been
" written "off either from the printed lines or from
memory. , The' verses are quite pretty. They are
from the pen of an English writer. We saw them
some eight or ten years ago, circulating in the news
papers. , t
If the author had ' " written " in favor of a W ife,
we should not have exposed bim ; but to write " tn
opposition, " to .that blessing, and 'cabbage" his
verses at that, is too had.' Our pen would have made
blunders and crooked marks foe weeks, if we bad hesi
tated under such, circumstances r - - 7- ...
Mr. Pobbik'o'Addbessc' We have-received and
read with much pleasure the "Address delivered be
fore the Literary Societies of the University of North
Carolina, in June last, by Hon.' James C. Dobbin.
This Address is chaste in style, and contains excel
lent thoughts and sentiments."Though prepared ne
cessarily tn the. midstof pressing business engage
ments, it fully sustains the author's reputation as a
fiWwriter and a man of letters. We shall publish
extracts from it in .some future number.
.V ; '
Death or Dal Noscum 'The last Norfolk Argus
S8js T; " We regret to learn from a letter received in
4hts place yesterday evening, of t the death of Dr.
James Nocum, cne of the oldest and most eminent
physicians in North Caroliua. , He . died at bis resi
dence in -, Edentou on Saturday evening . last ; and
though he had attained to the age of upwards of three
score years and ten, still, up to within a few days
of his death, he was as active and rigorous in the
prosecution of his profession, as at the earliest period
of his medical career ' : ; V? l , - J -!
'h:j!j r. ' iS ;-- -i - ' -'' ' :- '
-ExTRAftwrVARy SFsro. ' The --Victoria Gazette
says that tbe express train 6n tbe Utica and Syracuse
railroad, with the engine "Lightning'1 for its motive
power,1 recently made 13 milesMn fourteen minutes,
and, that one day last week the same train came
through frpm ( Syracuseltd Utica, .' fifty-three miles,
including three stops,! one fibur and thirty minutes.

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