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Tb CoNSTlTTTION AND THI OLD THIRTEEN STATES.
The National Constitution, formed by the Convention of 1787, provided that it should not go into operation until it had been adopted by ; nine States acting in their sovereign capacity, and only those States should be bound by its provisions, that had signified their acceptance of it. The adjournment of the National Philadelohia. was followed by Con ventions in each State to consider the expediency of adopting it, and after two or three years ueuoeraiion, it was finally acceded to bv the whole of the thirteen ninnies that had leasroed together in the war of In dependence. Each State considered the question for itself and bv itself, and. sninfluenced by the action of other States, adopted it as the paramount law of that State. The whole 01 me constitution was adop ted, without any reservation whatever. The provi sion truarantvine the surrender of fugitive slaves was riot the least important provision of this Constitution, and. with the rest of it, received the sanction of eve ry one of the States. Such was the agreement made between the States in 1787, and sactioned by them two or three years thereafter. Let us see how the old thirteen States now stand affected by the Consti tution particularly to the provision concerning fugi tive slaves. - . We shall take the final vote in the House of Rep resentatives on the fugitive slave bill as a test of pub lie sentiment. The members of the House are the immediate representatives of the people, and their ac tion may be fairly considered as the will of their re spective constituents. The fugitive slave bill we view as nothing more than an affirmation of the Constitution nothing more than an embodiment of the provisions concerning fugitive slaves, and per con sequence., a vote on the bill was a vote on the Consti tution itself. . How stand the old thirteen 7 1 he six States at the Smith were unanimous in its favor, viz : Georgia, South' Carolina. North Carolina. Vir ginia, Maryland, and Delaware. The vote of the re maining seven is represented in the following table, both the number for and against the bill, and also the number not voting States. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. For. Against. Not voting. 2 1 1 1 5 5 0 8 0 0 3 1 ' 1 22 11 11 3 4 10 10 Of these seven States New Hampshire is the only one, giving an actual majority of her representatives voting, in favor of the bill, just half of her delegation supporting it; New Jersey is equally divided as ap pears from the votes actually given; while Massachu setts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, ISew York, and t, isew vorK, ana Pennsylvania 5 States, are most decidedly opposed . J- . . ... . .J i 1 to it. It appears then that the Constitution is sus tained and reaffirmed by only eight of the old thirteen. If then, the sentiments of the Northern people, at the time the Constitution was formed, had been the same as now, it could never have gone into force the ap proval of nine States not being obtained. Such is the change that has taken place in public senti ment. The Constitution, which received the unani mous sanction of the old thirteen, can hardly, at this day, rally to its support a majority of those States, Buena tact ia. is upon ine ears oi ine . overs oi .ne Union with crushing weight; yeut is a fact establish- , eaoeyonaaiicavii. i ne uonsutuiion no longer ac- therefore a nullity. The day bas arrived when nub- ) lie sentiment in that quarter commands the Constitu tion to be violated ; and violated it has been. Is it longer safe for the South to remain in the Union 1 Are the guaranties of the Constitution worth any thing f The recent transactions in Boston give an answer to these questions, which has sunk deep into the hearts ef the citizens of the South. jYru. Rep. Cotton Baooino. A new article. The M ississip pian contains the subjoined notice of a new article of bagging made from the moss growing so extensively in the forests and swamps of the South and Southwest. ' We have examined an article of cotton bagging made of moss taken from the trees in our woods, and while we shall refrain from expressing our opinion of its merits not having seen it tried with the hooks it gives us pleasure to say that its appearance indi cates strength and durability, and we think it well worthy of the attention of our planters. We desire to see it fairly tested. "The experiment of manufacturing this new bag ging originated with Maj. Mosely, the Superintendent of the Penitentiary. Some years ago, he attempted its manufacture with his cotton machinery, and he was so well satisfied with the result that he sent a large quantity of moss to Kentucky, where it was manufactured into bagging with more suitable ma chinery. A portion of it has been received and is now in the store of Messrs. F earn & Putman, where although the heaviest article it may be bought at a price similar to the Kentucky. 44 We learn that should the bagging be successful, it may be made at a lower rate than the Kentucky bagging. Having an inexhaustible quantity in oar woods, a demand for it, would bring the price of the raw article down to three cts. per pound. Five cents more would cover the cost of manufacture, and the article might be furnished at eight cents per yard. It would also be in the power of the planter to nian nfacture his own bagging. We think the subject is one 'Well worthy the attention of the Legislature. The sale of bagging in our own Stale alone, will this year amount to throe hundred and twenty thousand dollars. It is easy to see that if this new article becomes a good substitute, owinsr to its cheap price, that the whole of this large amount of money will be employ ed in our own State for the direct and permanent ben fit of our planters, mechanics and manufacturers. Nothing has tended so much to cripple the power is ouuui ana sirengmen Hie hands of her North irn aBoailsint ita J.i i tion of the Southern ores, and th. ; h 7f I " ciliationand comnromi, urhi.h i, i... ! hold out while the march of agression xs mMrfi1. on. The only stand made in defence of Southern rights i and which extorted even a show of compro mise from the Northern assailants, has been made by the slandered "agitators," exposed to a fire in front from the North, and to a fire in the rear from its southern sympathisers. Not content with refusing to co-operate with the Spartan majority of the South ern delegation, who in the face of obloquy and slan der breasted the torrent of sectional and partisan fa naticismnot satisfied with remaining passive, some ot the Southern compromisers have sterneously en devored to class the Free-soilers and the 44 Ultras " together, as equally dangerous and destructive thus giving the most effectual aid and comfort to the ene- Southern Press. Extraordinary Invention. The New York Cor respondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer has the fol lowing: 1 fviiTV m,ch,5ne ,0ay whi, if I an not mis taken, is destined to create a revolution in the prepa ration of sugar. In my presence, some two hundred weight of sugar, of the dirtiest character, imaginable, and as black as soot, was nUtA ;n ;, --a .- ' minutes by my watch it came out white, dry and per- fectly clean svrcci, nnowintr nothinrr F mv AllTh.";Cann0t Pvy e description of it. lai r liL P'VV8'.1 !he 8U i8 Ptinto hoi- tr nJerK,,neiuW,thLwire c,0,h whih "'l'es at the rate of about three hundred times a minute and afw making ,bou, fifteen hundred revolutions, the tion cleans it. The machine was first applied to drying clothes, but it i. admirably soiled Rlarify! rtew Jfork Light Guard," one of the "crack" mil Ur, companies of our city, uder commandTf cTpt Vincent, are making extensive arrangements o v' s U Liverpool, London and Paris, in June next They Ontt,8 1,00 8tron "nk and file?' One of Collins' magnificent steamers U Zv brmUnt13 andback- 1 furtherance of ih fs brilliant desio-n. ;r j . mm t.r;n;-. j jU turmera oriiiiant desio-n. wa m inc.nj .l . honorary ,r, "k' Z, "a one of one of the v-- " corps nas signified his wil. linemen tn li.k..l.. Ac nnr. . . " . w"' Iingness to subscribe $5,000 tow.rdf-V" ... expenses at.endant upon the jaunt. This is a splen hSlSitl? Tya?e " Eu'Pe in times is but a kee Vnt. , g and and France wouId b ee a: Yan- ewticroi" B Sj'i'V r,d th? ( the auto from the new w'rldP and tW1?kle M 8ucb " John G l."" : :"' ' ''"iew York Sun. biirfor 'hi:,tE'Tha" ben "tested and , held to New York Herala Jae.9 Gordoa Bennett, of the '7rTMR. BO EL, OF MICHIGAC"" We cordially approve the compliment, which oar correspondent pays to this 'accomplished and inde pendent representative. We-sympathize with the just indignation which he expresses. It is a vulgar mind only which couia descend to such a mode of testifying sn opposition to any man : it is the blind eat fanaticism which could apply it to a man like Mr. Buel. The time is coming when the country will do him full justice: Wash. Union. A Faithful Representative. IIU Reward. . It is no slight regret to the democratic party and to every Union man, that the Hon. Alexander W.Buel the honest and independent representative from the 1st congressional district of Michigan is defeated for the '32d Congress. Fanaticism defeated him this, coupled with the untruth that the fugitive-slave law suspended the habeas corpus. During the last session of Congress no member1 was more untiring in efforts to secure the passage of the peace measures ; and among these he also voted for the " fugitive alave law." ' He voted for that measure honestly, believing as many others did that not only was it a measure constitutionally due to the South, but that it would prove potential in effecting the grand object of a compromise between the South and the North. His high-toned course his rue constitutional course has been repudiated by a majority of his constituen cy ; and the following will show the height to which malignity towards him was manifested. Let the South look at this sacrifice of Mr. Buel, and say whether there is in the North no virtuous adherence to the constitution" as it is." Air. Buel has proved there is. With regard- to the result of the election in Michigan, I have only to say, so far 'as Mr. Buel is concerned, that 44 Truth crushed to earth will rise again ; ." and he will. Like the phoenix, he will hereafter rise from this defeat, and like the slumbering giant, ere 'long rouse !rom his recumbent position, and over come all the vile machinations of his enemies and the abolition traitors of the constitution. Washington, Nov. 13, 1850. From the-Detroit Free Press, October 30. Shameful abolition octrage Hon. A. W. Bu el burnt in effigy, we lenrn tnai on inursuay evening, after the departure of Mr. Buel from Jones- ville, he was burnt in etfigy by the abolition suppor ters of Mr. Penniman. A more shameful outrage was never perpetrated. Those who differ politically with Mr. Buel have ever entertained for him the highest personal respect and confidence. The char acter of no man in this community stands higher. As a representative in Congress, he has certainly acquired a position and reputation of which any man I ,. ... " , :J: might well be proud. An outrage so intamous will. ? conuueni, le ln Renew. ...u.gni.n o. lull nnrtio, tn thlo rilctrif.,. and cvmtA In rin.u.'t pr. eriion8 the friends of the Union and - ... ...... . . ... . . .. of its gallant and eloquent defender, ed, it will be with the around him. Whenever Mr. Buel is burn constitution of his country Kedistrictikg the State. In our opinion it is the duty of the next Legislature to repeal the law en acted by the Whig Legislature of 1846 '7, laying off! the Congressional districts of the State, and to restore ha(, a majoritv jn lhe Legi8at,ue, and it became theirdllly to district the State according to the new ionment . th ,,jd jvj ,Q them8eIvpg they did so, giving to five districts and the Whigs four making the divis ion as equal as it was possible to be made. In 1846 the Whigs, having a majority in the Legislature, re pealed the law of 1842-3,and established the pres ent law givingthemselves six members of Congress and the Democrats three. Could anything be more unjust than this, even if the Whigs had a ma jority of a thousand or two in the State? The ob ject of the W higs was a political one ; to secure of fice for a greater number of their politicians, and the vote of the State for a Whig President, in case the election was thrown into the House of Representa tives in 1848. These were their real objects. But the reasons given for the alteration of the districts were, that the Democratic Legislature of 1842 3 had committed a fraud'on the People, in the manner they . had laid off the Districts. The Democrats then avowed.lheir determination to wipe off the impu tation, as soon as they possessed the power to do so. It is now the duty of the Democratic portion of the 1 Legislature to execute that determination. North j Carolina is Democratic, and no man will say that the Democratic parly is not entitled to five members of Congress. Repeal the present law, and re-enact that of 1842-'3, is expected of our Legislators. An other reason should be duly considered : the next election of President of the United States may de volve on the House of Representatives, and, it is of the utmost importance that the vote of North Caroli na shall be cast for a sound and safe Democrat. As to the question of constitutionality, there need be no hesitancy now ; the whigs settled that in 1846-7, and they cannot complain if the Democrats choose to take the advantage of a principle then established. Besides the restoration of the act of 1842-3 is de manded from those who entertain doubts as the con stitutionality of the act now in force. We say then, let the Whig act be repealad, and the original act be restored. Newbern Republican. Free Negroes. We hear but one opinion ex pressed, not only by the press of our Slate, but by every one with whom we converse, in respect to free negroes. All are unanimous in the opinion that the approaching Legislature ought to pass an act to re move them beyond the limits of the State. We ad mit that, to the Legislature, the duty may be a pain ful one. For, none will deny that, in removing this class of people from the scenes of their childhood, where they enjoyed health, plenty, and happiness, a deep and lasting wound will pierce the heart of all. But necessity, imperative necessity sternly admon- I ishes us of the expediency of such an act. And ,,,le w e here B,we " our unqualified approval, we ?nnot but regret that, the unaccountable fatuity of .orlt,e!:n Abolitionists, urges us to this conclusion The safety of our people and a proper regard for the wemre and tuture subordination of tue slave popula tion demand it at the hands of the Legislature. We know the humanity of North Carolinians, and we know that all imaginable leniency will be exer cised oy uie legislature in makingarrangements for their speedy removal. Let the North have them. And let their curses rest upon the North, because of tneir removal from a land flowing with milk and ho ney, to a land where they can scarcely procure the necessaries of life. On the heads of the Northern fanatic rests tbe responsibility. Goldsboro' Patriot. The Northern Platform for the next Cam paign. The following platform is laid down in the Hartford (Conn.) Republican. It has the endorse ment of the Free Soil press through out the North and West: 1st. Congress must prohibit slavery and establish freedom in the Territories. Notice of bills to ibis effect has been given in both Houses. 2d. Slavery must be abolished in the District of Columbia. Liong enough has it been there to disgrace the nation. Let there be an end of it. The National Governmant must be delivered from this abomination. The attempt to neutralize slavery must be fought un til it is thoroughly defeated. If this chattelism of men is a State institution, let it be driven to the States where it belongs, and there let it die. 3d. There must be no more slave States added to this Union. Not another of these sweltering bodies ot death, these nurseries of oppression, treason, bowie knife civilization, and pitch pine chivalry, must come into increase the debauchry of public sentiment in this country, and add to the Influences that transform our American democracy into a blustering sham. "No more slavo States !" Speak, write, agitate and vote with this watchword. Savannah Sews. ; Secesbion. The Fayettevill Observer learns from various private sources, that the Legislature of ? .1. r, i: : 1 1 t r . ... r r . . ouuui Carolina win seceae irom ine union at ine ensuing session, and that the feeling of that State is almost universally in favor of this movement. This would certainly be much wiser and nobler, than the course pursued by Massachusetts. She is perfectly willing to remain in the Union and enjoy all tbe blessings which it-confers. wLHe she has not the generosity .to make the slightest sacrifice even of opinion in its behalf. ' . - Goldsboro' Telegraph. Mr. Stephen Clark, "of this County, informs as that be killed a Bald Eagle, near Cedar Grove on the 5th instant, measuring 7 feet 3 inches between the points of each wing, and spanning 8 inches with his claws. . 'j ; ; r, s; . .W also learn that Mr, Samuel Smith, who re sides six or seven miles from this plaee, some time back, kUled lbs maUito the one Mr. Clark killed.,- jl "- , ' Sj ' ' " ffilsboro Democrat! i "".'' v For the North Carolina Standard. METHODIST PROTESTANT CONFERENCE. The twenty-fifth Annual Conference ef the North Carolina District, Methodist Protestant Church, con vened at Rehoboth, Granville County, N. C Nor. 8th 1850.,, .... - v . v , - r - . s The President of the past year opened the Confer ence with.religiu exercises.- On motion, C. F. Harris was appointed Secretary. The chair having pronounced the Conference as duly organized, the following list of members was made out. Ministers-Was. H. Wil , President j G. A. T. Whitaker, B. L. Hoskins, J. L. Michaux, Ira E. Norman, R. H. Jones; John Paris, 'Caswell ' Drjke, C. Allen, A. C. Harris Alson Gray, A. W. Line berry, Wm. McCoin, Josiah Southerly, C. F, Har ris, David Weasner, John Hinshaw, Alex. Robbins, Nathan Robbins, H. T. Weatherly,-W. J. Ogburn, R. R. Prather, Q. Hoi ton, J. W. Leckic, and Joseph Parker. " ' ' ' ; " ' Lay Delegates Daniel Fergus, W. J. Norman, G. J. Cherry, Dr. L. W. Batchelor, Dr.T. C. Arring ton, E. D. Drake, B. F. Harris, G. N. Hicks, Ivey Harris. Daniel Fou 8 1, Peter Julian,- Reuben Giles, F. C. Robbins, Anderson Nicholson, Jordan Rom inger. R. C. Rankin, Col. Gravner Marsh, Thomas H. Pegram, Paris Chipman, Hugh Little, R. C Beeson, Thomas Templeton and E. D. Elliott, ;;; f The followingr Committees were appointed: 1. On Statistics. 2. On filling the pulpit during Con ference. 3. To assist the Conference Steward. 4. On Election Law. 5. To examine the journal of the last Conference for unfinished- business.' 6. Publishing Committee. ' 7.- Stationing Committee, fl. Obituaries. 9. On Finance. 10. On Orders and Itinerancy. II. Sppcial Committees. , . Statistical Report. , ' Itinerant Ministers and Preachers 31 , ITnstationed " " 22 Numbers in Society . 4657 Total, 4710. Increase this year, 573. Wm. H. Wills, re-elected President. Report of the Stationing Committee. Wilmington Station J. L. Michaux, Supinten dent, B. L. Hoskins, Assistant. Favetteville Station C. F. Harris, sup. Albemarle. Circuit In E. Norman, sup. One to be supplied. Roanoke CircuitA. W. Lineberry. sup. Hahfax Circuillno. F. Speight, sup. Granville Circuit G, A. T. Whitaker, sup. C Drake aqd A. C. Harris, assistants. Orange Circuit Alson Gray, sup. C. L. Cooley, assistant. Randolph Circu.it John Paris, sop. Guilford Circuit Joseph Parker, sup. A. Robbins, N. Robbins, H. T. Weatherly arid K. R. Prather, assistants. Davidson Circuit John Hinshaw, sup. J. Soth erly, assistant. Yadkin Circuit W. J. Ogburn, sup. One to be supplied. Mnckville Circuit D. Weasner, sup. Q. Holton, assistant. Cleave land Circuit Sup. to be supplied, J. Koone, assistant. McDowell Mission Sup. to be supplied, Read Cochran, assistant. Halifax Circuit and Favetteville Station formed this year. Resolutions op Conference. Resolved, That in the view of some efforts that are being made under the specious name of Wesleyan Methodism, to introduce and enforce the doctrine of Abolition of Slavery in this State, by the agency of certain men, who have dared to assume the name of Christian Ministers, it is the duty of all the ministers and preachers of this Conference, to show their un qualified disapprobation of all such efforts and min isters, by standing entirely aloof from all such asso ciations, and not to assist or participate in any of their mischievous and wicked and lawless efforts to subvert the order, peace and prosperity of the citizens of our State. Resolved furthermore,' That those evil and arch agents in this mischief, MeBride, Crooks and Bacon, should not be permitted to assume any part of anv religious service performed in any of our chapels or preaching places. Whereas, it is publicly known that certain minis ters, calling themselves true Wesleyan Methodists, have been convicted of intermeddling with the insti tution of Slavery in our State, and have- fomented 8lrife and discord, both in a social and religious point of view, and have brought much odium on the Chris tian name; and furthermore, as persons at a distance from the scene of these transactions may not be fully aware that the ministers above mentioned are not of our own order, ' Resolved. That the political papers in our State, friendly to truth and justice, be requested to announce that the authors of these disturbances are not Meth odist Protestants, but true Wesleyan Methodists, (so called) from the State of Ohio." The free and Representative Government of the United States is said to be experimental it has stood the shock of scores of years. Our Church combines Republican Government and Armenian doctrines the first in America to blend these two great principles. Our almost unparalleled success evinces that the public mind appreciates our position. The next Annual Conference will convene at Bethel, on Haw River, in Guilford County, on Fri day before the 2nd Sunday in November, 10 o'clock, A. M., 1851. C. F. HARRISS, SecVw. Nov. 14th, 1850. Correspondence of the Pennsylvanian. , New York, Nov. 10, 1850. The biter does sometimes get bitien. ' Abolitionism sometimes gets humbugged, but never so beautifully as in a case which came to iny knowledge to-day. During tbe great excitement a few days since, grow ing out of the execution of the Fugitive Slave law, at lhe East, a loafing vagabond of a negro, who has been a well known dock loafer about our docks for some years past, took a journey to Union Village, in , this State on some business connected with the do nothing society, of which Sambo is a most industrious member. The abolitionists, there asked him if he was a fugitive slave 1 Cuffe, to carry on a joke, (for the fellow is a practical joker) replied in the affirma tive, wnereupon iney treated him very kindly, raised j iuuucj iui nun, goic nun guuu uinners, some very excellent clothing, and, with letters from brother this, to somebody that, sent him on his way from town to town, every where receiving the same attention as at Union Village. At last having reached Whitehall, Sambo thought he would come back to New York, and resuming his dock-loafing again, having made money and comfortables enough in the Fugitive Slave " businesss," to make him tolerably independent du ring the winter. He tells the story of his adventures, with great gusto, and particularly the distinguished attentions paid him by tho 44 big folks." He spent several days at the house of Ex-Governor Slade, of Vermont. Barn now advises his fellow loafers, and the free blacks generally to go into 44 de business, and make 'em fortune." The cream of the joke in this case, is to be found in the fact, that the fellow was never South of Mason's and Dixon's line in his life ! He was born at Saratoga, in this State in 1820, lived a while in Pennsylvania, and latterly in this city, but never in a slave State. ' The " documents " given him by some of the abolition gentry he fell in with are exceedingly rich. . Hon. A. W. Yenable. We learn from a private source that Mr. Yenable appeared before his constit uents on Tuesday of last week, in Oxford, Granville County. And in the evening he addressed the peor pie of that place in his able and easy manner, and was replied to by Henry W. Miller, Esq., of Ra leigh. Our informant says that Mr. Vehable's speech was one among the best speeches he ever had the pleasure of hearing that be literally used up" Mr. Miller on every position to which he was forced to retreat. We are not at all surprised at this, for we are well aware of the fact, that Mr. Yenable is both able and willing to handle any man that the 44 Raleigh Clique" can afford to send, if it be Gov. Manly himself.; . ... , , We expect Mr. Yenable will be here during oar next CourU m V; " Uilbboroy Democrat. Cotton. Tnomas Affleck, of Mississippi, and a man of note in the agricultural world, writes the N. O. Picayune, that, in bis opinion, it is exceedingly doubtful whether the crop of this year will equal that of last, and -that if planters will throw their crops into market steadily and in moderate quantities, and limit their factors to J5 cents for .middlings, their cotton will command that Drice iust One Tmj , 14 mi? tv ws , I.-Ki .3 i M w rHf SEMI-WEEKLY STANDARD. The CBsUtKtlois and. Ike TJmtott of Uu States ; " They aiiut bt PrirTd. " ; , RALEIGH: 1VElITESDAY, WOVEOTBEJtt 0, 18SO. STANDARD FOR THE SESSION. The Standard will be furnished daring the session of the Legislature on the following terms, per copy : Semi-Weekly, 1J ; - 75 cento. Weekly, J . 50 Members of the Legislature, who may subscribe for copies,' can have them packed up and sent off from the office with' our regular Mails. ; K ' " LEGISLATURE OF NORTH CAROLINA. ' The Legislature of this State assembled in this City on Monday last, at 12 o'clock, M.' The mem bers of tbe Senate were sworn in by .William Thomp son, Esq., and those of the Commons by Charles B. Root, Esq. Justices, for Wake County. , -;f . , In, the Senate, Col. Bower, of Ashe, nominated for Speaker the Hon. Weldon N. Edwards, of Warren; and Mr. Gilmer, of Guilford, nominated Col. Joy ner, of Halifax, for the same post. The vote was as follows:-'" For Mr. Edwards Messrs. Barrow, Berry, Bunt ing, Bower, Cameron, Canady, G. W. Caldwell,' Clark, Collins, Courts, Drake, Herring, Hester, Har- grave, - none, j ones, mcimuan, iixon, nogers. Sherrod, Speight, Thomas, 1 hompson, W ooten, Wat son, and Williamson 26. For Col. Jotner Messrs. Barringer, Bynum, Bond, I . K. Uaidwell, uavidson. Inborn, Unst, uu mer, Kelly, Lane, Lillington, M alloy, Pender, Rich' ardson, Sessoms, Willey, and Wood fin 17. Mr. Edwards having received a majority of the votes cast, was declared duly elected ; and was con ducted to the Chair by Messrs. Bower and Gilmer, whence he returned his acknowledgments as follows : Senators: For this kind and distinguished mark of your confidence and favor, I pray you to accept my sincere ana nearly tnaniis. i snail ever cherish it among the fondest recollections of my life as a much valued testimonial of the good opinion of Sena tors with many of whom it has been my good for tune heretofore to co-operate in the public service, This distinction is the more gratifying and the more highly appreciated because of the peculiar circum stances under which it has been bestowed. Were there no other considerations, this alone would be with me a sufficient inducement to bring to ine aiscnarge oi me dunes ot the chair all of n delity, impartiality and ability I may be able to com' mand sparing neither pains or industry to acquit myself of its high responsibilities, in a manner cor responding with the favorable expectations, and suit able to the dignity and high character of this branch of the Legislature. lhe task I have assumed. Senators, at your bid ding, at all times arduous and difficult, even to the experienced officer, cannot fail to be specially so to me since it is the first time it has been made mv duty to undertake it. Its accomplishment, lam fully sensible, depends mainly on yourselves ; and I in dulge the gratifying assurance, that I shall not be disappointed when 1 invoke in advance, as I now do. your kind and cordial co-operation. liisyour rightand you rs only, gentlemen, to prescribe nlns !ita ivKiaIi a ? I iwip rial I kan ttn nd o lio I I Ik a mrwm. . rules by which all our deliberations shall be regula tated ; it shall be my nnceasing effort to execute and enforce them with the strictest fidelity and impartial ity. It is also your right to affix limits to the authority of the Chair. They shall be most implicitly observ ed. And I beg Senators to remember that the Chair can exercise no discretionary or dispensing powers. and the individual whom you have iiow honored desires to pos&ess neither, execept so far as it may be deemed indispensably necessary to the proper dis charge of our common duties, especially do 1 de sire and hope, that I may, in no instance, evince want of proper and equa1 respect for each and every member of the Senate or of our regard fo the high interests committed to us or of deep and solid devo tion to the lasting welfare of each and every portion of our beloved Slate. The Senate then proceeded to the election of Prin cipal Clerk. Air. Courts, ot Kockingham, nomina ted for that office the Hon. John Hill, of Stokes; and Mr. Woodfin, of Buncombe, nominated Henry W Miller, Esq., of Wake. The following is the vote For Mr. Hill Mr. Speaker, Barrow, Bower, Berry, Bunting, Clark, Cameron, Canady, Collins, i;. VV . Caldwell, Courts. Drake, Margrave, Hoke. Hester, Herring, Jones, McMillan, Nixon, Rogers, Speight, Sherrod, Thomas, Thompson, Watson, W ooten, and Williamson 27. For Mr. Miller Messrs. Barringer, Bynum, Bond, 1. H. Caldwell, Davidson, Inborn, Urist, Oil mer, Kelly, Lane, Lillington, Malloy, Pender, Rich ardson, sessom8, Willey, and Woodfin 17 Mr. Hill was duly elected, and took his seat. The Senate then proceeded to vote for Assistant Clerk. Mr. Drake nominated Gen. George E. B. Singeltary, of Nash ; and Mr. Bond nominated H. W. H us ted, Esq., of Wake. The vote is as follows : For Gen. Singeltary. Mr. Speaker, Barrow, Bower. Berry, Bunting, Clark, Cameron, Canady, Collins, G. W. Caldwell, Courts, Drake, Hargrave, Hoke, Hester, Herring, Jones, McMillan, Nixon, Kogers, opeight, sherrod, 1 nomas. 1 hompson, Wat son, Woolen, and Williamson -27. For Mr. Hcsted. Messrs. Barringer, Bond, T. R. Caldwell, Davidson, inborn, Grist, Gilmer, Kel ly. Lane, Lillington, Malloy, Pender, Richardson, bessoms, W Hley, and Wood tine 16. Mr. Bynum voted for Mr. A.W. Burton General Singeltary was duly elected, and took his seat. The Senate then voted for Principal Doorkeeper. Mr. Cameron nominated James Page, of Randolph ; and Mr. Bynum nominated Green Hill. The vote is as follows : For Mr. Page. Mr. Speaker, Barrow, Bower, Berry, Bunting, Clark, Cameron, Canady, Collins, G. W. Caldwell, Courts, Drake, Hargrave, Hoke, Hester, Fleming, Jones, Lane, McMillan, Nixon, Rogers, Speight, Sherrod, Tnomas, Thompson, Watson, W ooten, and Williamson 28. For Mr. Hill. Messrs Bynum, Bond, T. R. Caldwell, Davidson, Eborn, Grist, Gilmer, Kelly, Lillington, Malloy, Pender, Richardson, Sessoms, Willey, and Woodfin 15. Mr Page was declared duly elected. The Senate th-n voted for Assistant Doorkeeper. Mr. Courts nominated Patrick McGowan, of Wake, for that office. The vote is as follows : For Mr. McGowan. Mr Speaker, Barrow, Bow er, Berry, Bunting, Bond, Clark, Cameron, Canady, Collins, G W Caldwell, Courts, Davidson, Drake, Eborn, Grist, Gilmer, Hargrave, Hoke, Hester, Her ring, Jones, Kelly, Lillington, McMillan, Malloy, Nixon, Rogers, Richardson, Speight, Sherrod, Thomas, Thompson, Willey, Woolen, Watson, Wil liamson, and Woodfin 38. For Mr McGurdt. Messrs. Bynum, T R Cald well, Pender, Sessoms 4. Mr. McGowan was declared duly elected. On motion of Mr. Speight, the Senate adjourned until to-morrow morning 10 o'clock. i In the House of Commons, the first business in order, after the usual baths had been administered,) being the election of Speaker, the , Hon. James C. Dobbin, of Cumberland, was nominated for that post by Hon. R. M. Saunders, of Wake; aud the Hon. Kenneth Ray ner, of Hertford, was nominated by Mr. Barnes, of Northampton. Under the saperinten dance of Mr. Leach, of Davidson, and Mr. Sanders, of Johnston, the House proceeded to vote as follows : For Mr. Dobbin. Messrs. Sharp, McDowell, Avery, S. P. Hill, Johnston,' Holland, Bond, Jarvis, Pegram,- Stevenson, ' Colten, Thigpen, Bridgers, J. Barnes,' Kelly, Martin, Pope, Love, SaonderSon, Stowe, L. B. Sanders, A.J. Leach, Rankin, Rein hardt, Sherrill, Sutton, Mizell, Harrison, Williams, S. J. Person, Taylor;? VV. Hill Powers Fonvills, Durham, C. Jones, Patterson. Wilsoru Winstead. MeNeiU Baffin, H. McNeil, Katlum, Montcrom- r, DickersorvJWarshsp, Flynt,-Cockerhsm, 'Mc - "N. i t?T.ZL o ii s,-- " f" Z '" , rt AivHf a uMMwaw, a. owBUiii. jLoiimib uuninn. Flemming, Sherard, Brogden, S wanner, Clantoo,Ma- tni oo. t ' For Ml Rayner .Messrs. Dunlap, Dargan, Me-, Millan, Stubbs, Tripp, Winston, Cherry, J. Hi Hill, ,Walton,-: Erwin, Shinpock, Scott, Hackney, Barco, Pigott, Brasier, Jerkins, Maulisbyj j. M. Leach, A. G. Foster, Douthet, Wiggins, Bogle, D. F. Caldwell, Parham, McKay, Amis, Adams, Campbell, Wiley, Davidson. Siler, Eure, Russell, D. A. Barnes, Far mer, Blow, Steele, Thornburgh, Webb, Sloan, Mc Cleese, Foard, Locke, A. H. Caldwell, Av M. Eos ter, J. Hayes, Drake, G. W. Hayes 49. " ' , Mr. Dobbin voted for Mr. .Cad. Jones, Jr. " Mr Dobbin having received a majority of th6 i whole, number of votes given, was declared dulv elected Speaker, and was conducted to the chair by Messrs R M Saunders and D A Barnes- . On taking the chair the Speaker delivered tbe following Address: Gentlemen op the House op Commons : I can not permit this occasion to pass without' tendering ray profound acknowledgments for the. honor you have just bestowed in electing me to a position hith erto adorned by our most eminent citizens. t Nor can 1 withhold the expression of sincere diffidence in as suming a task, the proper execution of which . requires much legislative experience and much Parliamentary learning.' - I rely on your generous-indulgence, and feel as sured that I do not in vain invoke your earnest co operation in every effort to preserve the order and to sustain the dignity of the House. . ; , . , Experience admonishes many of yon observation has, perhaps, admonished yon all, that nothing is so well calculated to promote the despatch of business in a deliberative body, as a rigid enforcement of the rules of order, and a strict observance of the rules of decorum. . We have convened, gentlemen, at a peculiarly in teresting period in the history of our State and our country. Events of momentous magnitude are passing around us. Questions involving property, and peace, and Constitutional rights, seem now to be assuming a practical character. The minds of our wisest men are filled with fearful apprehensions and gloomy forebodings. The people of North Carolina look now with the most intense concern to the action of their Representatives. Oor Legislative bearing now may seriously affect the character of opr State. Let us with scrupulous fidelity preserve her honor with calm determination maintain her rights. In renewing the expression of thanks for this flat: tering testimonial of your partiality, allow me to as sure you that in attempting to discharge the trust I shall know no feelings but those of the strictest im partiality no party but our common constituents no locality but our common State. ' Mr Steele sabmitted the following Resolution : Resolved, That Perrin Busbee, of Wake, 'ba ap pointed Principal, and James K Dodge, of Surry, Assistant Clerk of the House of Commons. Mr Wilson moved to amend the resolution by stri ing out the name of James - R Dodge, and inserting that of Thomas B Bailey ; whereupon, Mr Avery moved the indefinite postponement of the resolution. The question was determined in the follows : negative . as Yeas. Messrs McDowell, Avery, Stevenson, Pe gram, Kelly, Mathis, Thigpen, J. Barnes, Saunder son, A. J. Leach, Linn B. Sanders, Reinhardt, Sher all, Stowe, Sutton, Mizell, Williams, Harrison, S. J. Person, Taylor, W. Hill, Powers, Fonville, Dur ham, fatterson, Dickerson, Kallum, Ruffin, Marshall, Waugh, Fiynt, Sheek.Cockerham, Newsom, Rollins, Eaton, Thornton, Brogden, Gordon. 39. , Nays. Messrs. Dunlap, Dargan, McMilian,Tripp, Stubbs, Winston. Cherry, J. H. Hill, Sharp, Erwin, Walton, Scott, Shinpock, Barco, Pigott, Johnston, S. P. Hill, Hackney, Brazier, Cotten, G. W. Hayes, Bond, Holland, Maultsby, Jerkins, Jarvis, J. M. Leach, A. G. Foster, Douthit, Bridgers, Martin, Eure, Wiggins, Parham, Amis, D. F. Caldwell, Wiley, Adams. Pope, Love, Rayner, Campbell, Bo gle, McKay, Rankin, Siler, Davidson, Russell, Far mer, D. A. Barnes, Jones, Montgomery, Steele, Wilson, Winstead, Blow, Thornburgh, W. McNeill, N. McNeill, Foard, Sloan, Webb, Herring, Boykin, A. H. Caldwell, Locke, McLean, McCleese, S wan ner, Sherard, A. M. Foster, Flemming, J Hayes, R M Saunders, Clan ton, Drake. 76. Mr J M Leach moved a division of the question ; the question of striking out the name of Mr Dodge being first in order was carried in the affirmative by the following vote: . Yeas Messrs McDowell. Sham. Johnston. S P Hill, Bond, Holland, ' Stevenson, Pegram, Jarvis, Kelly, Mathis, Thigpen, J Barnes, Bridgers, Martin. Love, Sannderson, A J Leach, L- B Sanders, Rein hardt, Rankin, Sherrill, Stowe, Sutton, Mizell, Wil liams, Harrison, S J Person, Taylor, W Hill, Pow ers, Fonville, Jones, Durham, Patterson, Montgome ry. Wilson, Winstead, Dickerson, N McNeill. W mXTll I.' II.. D..dC (1 r . . .. kiv.,cih, ixiiiuui, uuuin, n erring, ooyxin, Marshall waugn, riyni, sneex, Cockerham, McLean. New. som Koitins, .haton. Sswanner, Sherard, Broaden, r lemming, K M Saunders 59. Nays Messrs Dunlap, Dargan, McMillan, Tripp, Stubbs, Winston, Cherry, J H Hill, Erwin, Avery Walton, Scott, Shinpock, Barco, Pimm. Hacknev. Brazier, Cotten, G W Hayes, Maultsby, Jerkins, J xn ieacn, a x rosier, Doutbit, Eure, Wiggins, Par nam, Amis, L) t Caldwell, Wiley, Adams, Pope, v.iiiijucii, oogie, wcrvay, oner, Davidson, Russell, Farmer, D Barnes. BIow.Thornburg, Steele, Ford, A H Caldwell, Sloan, Webb, Locke, McCleese, Gordon, A M Foster, J Hayes, Clanton, Drake 55. bothe House agreed to strike out. The question recurring on tbe insertion of the name of Thomas B Bailey, it was carried in the affirmative as follows : cY "T;M,e8 8 - McDowell, Sharpe, Avery, Johnson, . f. Hill, Bond. Holland. .Sivn,nn P-.n Jarvis, Kelly, Mathis, Thigpen, J. Barnes, Bridsrers! Martin, cove, baunderson, A. J. Leach, L. B. San- aens, nemnarai, nankin, Sherrill, Stowe, Sutton, Mizell, Williams. Harrison. S. J. P.ron tv-i ' W" j11' Powe' Fonville, Jones, Durham, Patter! "lumEomery, rv ii son, w instead, Blow, Dicker son, W. McNeill, N. McNeill, Kallum, Ruffin, Her ring, Boykin, Marshall, Waugh, Flynt, Sheek.Cock- ciuaui.mcwan, newsom, Kollins, Eaton, Thornton, Swanner, Sherard, Brogden, Gordon, Fleming, R. M. Saunders, 63. . . Nays Messrs. Donlap, Dargan, McMillan, Stubbs, Trtpp, W inston, Cherry, J. H. Hill. Erwin, Walton, Scott, Shinpock, Barco, Pigott, Hackney, Brazier, Gotten, G. VV. Hayes, Maultsby .Jerkins, J. M. Leach, A G Foster, Doothett, Eure, W'iggins, Parham, Amis, D. F. Caldwell, Wiley, Adams, Pope,Rayner, Bocle, McKay, Siler, Davidson, Farmer, D Barnes, Thorn burgh, Steele, Foard, A H Caldwell, Sloan, Webb, Locke, McCleese. A M Foster, J Hayes, Clanton, Drake 50. Perrin Busbee, Esq. of Wake, and Thomas B. Bai ley, Esq. of Orange, were therefore declared dnly elected Principal and Assistant Clerks to the House of Commons. : On motion of Mr. Jones, the House adjourned to meet to-morrow at 10 o'clock. i . In the Commons, yesterday, Mr. Bryson, of Hay--wood County, was elected Principal Doorkeeper, and Mr. Webster, of Chatham, Assistant. : ; ' Messrs. Leach and Sherard were appointed a Joint Committee on the part of the House to wait on the Governor, and inform, him of its organization. ? ' In the Senate, Messrs. Gilmer and Cameron were appointed on this Joint Committee.' ,The Committee reported that tbe Governor would send in his Mes sage to-day at 12 o'clock. The two Houses then adjourned. ! ' " f The Hon. David S. Reid, Governor elect of North Carolina, arrived in this city on Friday evening last, and took lodgings at Yarbrough'sHoose. Gov. Reid is in fine health and spirits, and is receiving the hearty congratulations of his numerous friends. We under stand he expects to remain in the city a week or two, but will probably visit 'his- home in Rockingham be fore his Inauguration which will take'place on'the 1st day of January ensuing. '-- 'f 7 J j We have received an able -sketch of, the recent discussion ia Oxford between Messrs. Yenable and. Miller, which shall appear on Saturday next, , V Vs. j FIRST DAY OF TJIE SESSION -, . JT democrats bave much reason to b Broud ftr their first day's work in the way of organizing the two Houses. ?;," .:'''' .. i" V ' The Speakers of the two Houses Messrs Ed wards andv Dobbiivere gentlemen whose talents would grace any deliberative body. .Their past ex perience and the high reputation which belongs to both, is a sore pledge that they will acquit themselves well in the honorable and "responsible stations to which they have been called. ' . , , ' The Clerks of the two Houses are admirably q0ali. fied for their duties. The Hon John Hill, of Stokes, and Gen. Singeltary, of Nash,, are the Clerks of ihB' oenaie; ana remn Busbee, Esq. of Wake, and Thomas B. Bailey, Esq. of Orange, are Clerks of the House. ' . The two Houses have thus been organized the first day of the session; and we are happy to state that the organization is thoroughly Democratic, and is the result f the most harmonious acUon amon our friends- ' ' . . , - : ; - v " The Governor's Message will be sent in tinlay (Wednesday.) A day or so of the present week will necessarily be occupied in reading the Govern or's Message, in? the election of an Engrossing Clerk, and the appointment of Committees ; after which tha' two Houses will proceed to the work before them. To the Republicans of the State we would say all is well your interests art in the hands of sound and safe men. We anticipate a brief session, bat a val uable one in its results to the people of the State. THE ABOLITION TRIUMPH. The Raleigh Register says it has no " disposition , tcuuau: me course or Washington Hunt," but at the same time calls attention to some remarks from the New York Sunday Times, in which it is stated that Mr. Hunt was not exactly the choice of the Abolitionists." And the same paper says that Mr Hnnt"is not opposed to the Fugitive Slave Law." If Mr. Hunt was not - exactly" the choice of the Abo litionists, he was much more closely allied to them than Mr. Seymour ; for they supported him cordially and heartily. We know that Greely and Thurlow Weed went for him with their whole souls; and they are generally regarded as pretty sound Aboli tionists. If Mr. Hunt " is not opposed to the fniti..i... law," how does it happen that he denounced it in his letter of acceptance as in "conflict with all" his no tions ot personal rightand security, derived from the common law, and recognised by every free Consti tution"! How does the Register understand that? Why did not that paper publish this, together with the M remarks" of the Sunday Times T Tbe truth is, the triumph of Washington Hunt is an Abolition triumph ; and it is proper and right that the Southern people should know the fact. New York is now arrayed against the fugiUve-sIave law, and Seward is the first roan in popularity among her people. These are facts. HON. T. L. CL1NGM AN. We learn that Mr. Clingman's recent Speeches before his constituents of the Mountain District, have produced the finest results for the cause of the Con stitution and Southern rights. He has been received at all points with much cordiality by his old friends, and he has made many new ones recently, by his firm and manly conduct in resisting the aggressions of the Freesoilers and fanatics. We learn that he is much stronger in his District now than he has ever been before ; and that the bittei and unjust manner in which he bas been assailed by the Raleigh Register and a few Federal orators who are anxious to supplant him, has added in no small degree to his influence and popularity. Wherever you meet an old Federalist in the Moun tain District, there you will find a Submissionist and an anti-Clingman man ; while on the other hand all the Republican Whigs are standing by bim and are sound upon the Slavery Question. So far as this question is concerned, Mr. Clingman has right and justice on his side; and with the talents he possesses as a popular debater, he has nothing to fear. He. must continue to bear down every Submissionist who encounters him or crosses his path. We learn also that Mr. Clingman occupies the true ground upon the Tariff question. He is unwilling to . give bounties to those who are assailing our dearest interests and plotting the destruction of the Union. NASHVILLE CONVENTION. On the 12th instant new Delegates from the follow ing States appeared in their seats : Georgia 7 Mis sissippi 9 Florida 3 South Carolina 2. Resolutions were presented by Mr. Clay of Ala bama, and Mr. Dupont of Florida The Alabama document is said to be of a strong and decided char acter. It recommends a general Southern Convention to take measures of redress. The Resolutions were referred, and the Convention adjourned till next day. The following States are represented : Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi. Georgia, South Carolina, Vir ginia, and Florida. There are about sixty Delegates in attendance.' DELAWARE ELECTION. yf Mr. Ross, Democrat, has been elected Governor of Delaware by a small majority some of the papers say by only fifteen votes. . Other accounts give him thirty-six majority. . Mr. Riddle, Democrat, bas been elected to Con gress by 120 majority ; and the Democrats have a large majority of the Legislature on joint ballot.' Avery heavy vote was polled' - The Legislature, it is believed, will elect James A. Bayard to the Senate ia plaee of Mr. Wales, Whig. Where was Mr. Clayton 1 v We very cheerfully publish to-day, by request, the proceedings of the "twenty-fifth Annual Conference of the , Methodist Protestant Church, convened at Rehoboth, Granville, County," on the 8th instant. The Conference, it -will be seen, has taken high ground on the Slavery question. MeBride, Crooks, and Bacon are censured in the severest terms : and the Conference has expressly declared that such men shall not perform religious services in any of their chapels or places of public preaching. ' Mississippi. This (the 18th) will be a memorable day in Mississippi. Three great Meetings are to be held in the City of Jackson namely, the extra ses sion of the Legislature, convened by Governor Quit man; a Union Meeting, to be addressed by Senator Foote; and a Southern Right's, Meeting, , to be ad dressed by Senator Jefferson Davis. ; J ... Col. R. M. Johnson has taken bit, seat as a member of the Kentucky Legislature, bat is still suffering, it is said, from the effects of a protracted illness, from which little has been entertained of his recovery. Foottiv Slaves at the North. A pamphlet published at1 Washington, estimates the number of Slaves 'who have escaped! from the South in the last forty years, at 61,424, or 1,500 annually, and the total loss $27,730,800.' '. ' ''..; .'..'!'. .';7!.5".' . fj..' ' .. r' Messrs. Ashe and Clingman, members of Congress 1 are at, piesent in the City. :t ;;;' v1 " '" " "' ' "'