Tb CoNSTlTTTION AND THI OLD THIRTEEN STATES.
The National Constitution, formed by the Convention
of 1787, provided that it should not go into operation
until it had been adopted by ; nine States acting in
their sovereign capacity, and only those States should
be bound by its provisions, that had signified their
acceptance of it. The adjournment of the National
Philadelohia. was followed by Con
ventions in each State to consider the expediency of
adopting it, and after two or three years ueuoeraiion,
it was finally acceded to bv the whole of the thirteen
ninnies that had leasroed together in the war of In
dependence. Each State considered the question for
itself and bv itself, and. sninfluenced by the action
of other States, adopted it as the paramount law of
that State. The whole 01 me constitution was adop
ted, without any reservation whatever. The provi
sion truarantvine the surrender of fugitive slaves was
riot the least important provision of this Constitution,
and. with the rest of it, received the sanction of eve
ry one of the States. Such was the agreement made
between the States in 1787, and sactioned by them
two or three years thereafter. Let us see how the
old thirteen States now stand affected by the Consti
tution particularly to the provision concerning fugi
tive slaves. - .
We shall take the final vote in the House of Rep
resentatives on the fugitive slave bill as a test of pub
lie sentiment. The members of the House are the
immediate representatives of the people, and their ac
tion may be fairly considered as the will of their re
spective constituents. The fugitive slave bill we
view as nothing more than an affirmation of the
Constitution nothing more than an embodiment of
the provisions concerning fugitive slaves, and per con
sequence., a vote on the bill was a vote on the Consti
tution itself. . How stand the old thirteen 7 1 he six
States at the Smith were unanimous in its favor,
viz : Georgia, South' Carolina. North Carolina. Vir
ginia, Maryland, and Delaware. The vote of the re
maining seven is represented in the following table,
both the number for and against the bill, and also the
number not voting
For. Against. Not voting.
2 1 1
1 5 5
0 8 0
0 3 1 '
1 22 11
4 10 10
Of these seven States New Hampshire is the only
one, giving an actual majority of her representatives
voting, in favor of the bill, just half of her delegation
supporting it; New Jersey is equally divided as ap
pears from the votes actually given; while Massachu
setts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, ISew York, and
t, isew vorK, ana
Pennsylvania 5 States, are most decidedly opposed
. J- . . ... . .J i 1
to it. It appears then that the Constitution is sus
tained and reaffirmed by only eight of the old thirteen.
If then, the sentiments of the Northern people, at the
time the Constitution was formed, had been the same
as now, it could never have gone into force the ap
proval of nine States not being obtained. Such
is the change that has taken place in public senti
ment. The Constitution, which received the unani
mous sanction of the old thirteen, can hardly, at this
day, rally to its support a majority of those States,
Buena tact ia. is upon ine ears oi ine . overs oi .ne
Union with crushing weight; yeut is a fact establish- ,
eaoeyonaaiicavii. i ne uonsutuiion no longer ac-
therefore a nullity. The day bas arrived when nub- )
lie sentiment in that quarter commands the Constitu
tion to be violated ; and violated it has been. Is it
longer safe for the South to remain in the Union 1
Are the guaranties of the Constitution worth any
thing f The recent transactions in Boston give an
answer to these questions, which has sunk deep into
the hearts ef the citizens of the South. jYru. Rep.
Cotton Baooino. A new article. The M ississip
pian contains the subjoined notice of a new article of
bagging made from the moss growing so extensively
in the forests and swamps of the South and Southwest.
' We have examined an article of cotton bagging
made of moss taken from the trees in our woods, and
while we shall refrain from expressing our opinion of
its merits not having seen it tried with the hooks
it gives us pleasure to say that its appearance indi
cates strength and durability, and we think it well
worthy of the attention of our planters. We desire
to see it fairly tested.
"The experiment of manufacturing this new bag
ging originated with Maj. Mosely, the Superintendent
of the Penitentiary. Some years ago, he attempted
its manufacture with his cotton machinery, and he
was so well satisfied with the result that he sent a
large quantity of moss to Kentucky, where it was
manufactured into bagging with more suitable ma
chinery. A portion of it has been received and is
now in the store of Messrs. F earn & Putman, where
although the heaviest article it may be bought at a
price similar to the Kentucky.
44 We learn that should the bagging be successful,
it may be made at a lower rate than the Kentucky
bagging. Having an inexhaustible quantity in oar
woods, a demand for it, would bring the price of the
raw article down to three cts. per pound. Five cents
more would cover the cost of manufacture, and the
article might be furnished at eight cents per yard.
It would also be in the power of the planter to nian
nfacture his own bagging. We think the subject is
one 'Well worthy the attention of the Legislature. The
sale of bagging in our own Stale alone, will this year
amount to throe hundred and twenty thousand dollars.
It is easy to see that if this new article becomes a
good substitute, owinsr to its cheap price, that the
whole of this large amount of money will be employ
ed in our own State for the direct and permanent ben
fit of our planters, mechanics and manufacturers.
Nothing has tended so much to cripple the power
is ouuui ana sirengmen Hie hands of her North
irn aBoailsint ita J.i i
tion of the Southern ores, and th. ; h 7f I "
ciliationand comnromi, urhi.h i, i... !
hold out while the march of agression xs mMrfi1.
on. The only stand made in defence of Southern
rights i and which extorted even a show of compro
mise from the Northern assailants, has been made by
the slandered "agitators," exposed to a fire in front
from the North, and to a fire in the rear from its
southern sympathisers. Not content with refusing
to co-operate with the Spartan majority of the South
ern delegation, who in the face of obloquy and slan
der breasted the torrent of sectional and partisan fa
naticismnot satisfied with remaining passive, some
ot the Southern compromisers have sterneously en
devored to class the Free-soilers and the 44 Ultras "
together, as equally dangerous and destructive thus
giving the most effectual aid and comfort to the ene-
Extraordinary Invention. The New York Cor
respondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer has the fol
fviiTV m,ch,5ne ,0ay whi, if I an not mis
taken, is destined to create a revolution in the prepa
ration of sugar. In my presence, some two hundred
weight of sugar, of the dirtiest character, imaginable,
and as black as soot, was nUtA ;n ;, --a .- '
minutes by my watch it came out white, dry and per-
svrcci, nnowintr nothinrr F mv
AllTh.";Cann0t Pvy e description of it.
lai r liL P'VV8'.1 !he 8U i8 Ptinto hoi-
tr nJerK,,neiuW,thLwire c,0,h whih "'l'es at
the rate of about three hundred times a minute and
afw making ,bou, fifteen hundred revolutions, the
tion cleans it. The machine was first applied to
drying clothes, but it i. admirably soiled Rlarify!
rtew Jfork Light Guard," one of the "crack" mil
Ur, companies of our city, uder commandTf cTpt
Vincent, are making extensive arrangements o v' s U
Liverpool, London and Paris, in June next They
Ontt,8 1,00 8tron "nk and file?'
One of Collins' magnificent steamers U Zv
brmUnt13 andback- 1 furtherance of ih fs
brilliant desio-n. ;r j . mm
t.r;n;-. j jU turmera
oriiiiant desio-n. wa m inc.nj .l .
honorary ,r, "k' Z, "a one of
one of the
v-- " corps nas signified his wil.
linemen tn li.k..l.. Ac nnr. . . " . w"'
Iingness to subscribe $5,000 tow.rdf-V" ...
expenses at.endant upon the jaunt. This is a splen
hSlSitl? Tya?e " Eu'Pe in times is but a
kee Vnt. , g and and France wouId b ee a: Yan-
ewticroi" B Sj'i'V r,d th? ( the auto
from the new w'rldP and tW1?kle M 8ucb "
John G l."" : :"' ' ''"iew York Sun.
biirfor 'hi:,tE'Tha" ben "tested and , held to
New York Herala Jae.9 Gordoa Bennett, of the
'7rTMR. BO EL, OF MICHIGAC""
We cordially approve the compliment, which oar
correspondent pays to this 'accomplished and inde
pendent representative. We-sympathize with the
just indignation which he expresses. It is a vulgar
mind only which couia descend to such a mode of
testifying sn opposition to any man : it is the blind
eat fanaticism which could apply it to a man like Mr.
Buel. The time is coming when the country will do
him full justice: Wash. Union.
A Faithful Representative. IIU Reward.
. It is no slight regret to the democratic party and to
every Union man, that the Hon. Alexander W.Buel
the honest and independent representative from the
1st congressional district of Michigan is defeated
for the '32d Congress. Fanaticism defeated him
this, coupled with the untruth that the fugitive-slave
law suspended the habeas corpus. During the last
session of Congress no member1 was more untiring
in efforts to secure the passage of the peace measures ;
and among these he also voted for the " fugitive
alave law." ' He voted for that measure honestly,
believing as many others did that not only was it
a measure constitutionally due to the South, but that
it would prove potential in effecting the grand object
of a compromise between the South and the North.
His high-toned course his rue constitutional course
has been repudiated by a majority of his constituen
cy ; and the following will show the height to which
malignity towards him was manifested.
Let the South look at this sacrifice of Mr. Buel,
and say whether there is in the North no virtuous
adherence to the constitution" as it is." Air. Buel
has proved there is. With regard- to the result of
the election in Michigan, I have only to say, so far
'as Mr. Buel is concerned, that
44 Truth crushed to earth will rise again ; ."
and he will. Like the phoenix, he will hereafter
rise from this defeat, and like the slumbering giant,
ere 'long rouse !rom his recumbent position, and over
come all the vile machinations of his enemies and
the abolition traitors of the constitution.
Washington, Nov. 13, 1850.
From the-Detroit Free Press, October 30.
Shameful abolition octrage Hon. A. W. Bu
el burnt in effigy, we lenrn tnai on inursuay
evening, after the departure of Mr. Buel from Jones-
ville, he was burnt in etfigy by the abolition suppor
ters of Mr. Penniman. A more shameful outrage
was never perpetrated. Those who differ politically
with Mr. Buel have ever entertained for him the
highest personal respect and confidence. The char
acter of no man in this community stands higher.
As a representative in Congress, he has certainly
acquired a position and reputation of which any man
I ,. ... " , :J:
might well be proud. An outrage so intamous will.
? conuueni, le ln Renew. ...u.gni.n o.
lull nnrtio, tn thlo rilctrif.,. and cvmtA In rin.u.'t pr.
eriion8 the friends of the Union and
- ... ...... . . ... . . ..
of its gallant
and eloquent defender,
ed, it will be with the
Whenever Mr. Buel is burn
constitution of his country
Kedistrictikg the State. In our opinion it is
the duty of the next Legislature to repeal the law en
acted by the Whig Legislature of 1846 '7, laying off!
the Congressional districts of the State, and to restore
ha(, a majoritv jn lhe Legi8at,ue, and it became
theirdllly to district the State according to the new
ionment . th ,,jd jvj ,Q them8eIvpg
they did so, giving to
five districts and the Whigs four making the divis
ion as equal as it was possible to be made. In 1846
the Whigs, having a majority in the Legislature, re
pealed the law of 1842-3,and established the pres
ent law givingthemselves six members of Congress
and the Democrats three. Could anything be
more unjust than this, even if the Whigs had a ma
jority of a thousand or two in the State? The ob
ject of the W higs was a political one ; to secure of
fice for a greater number of their politicians, and the
vote of the State for a Whig President, in case the
election was thrown into the House of Representa
tives in 1848. These were their real objects. But
the reasons given for the alteration of the districts
were, that the Democratic Legislature of 1842 3
had committed a fraud'on the People, in the manner
they . had laid off the Districts. The Democrats
then avowed.lheir determination to wipe off the impu
tation, as soon as they possessed the power to do so.
It is now the duty of the Democratic portion of the 1
Legislature to execute that determination. North j
Carolina is Democratic, and no man will say that
the Democratic parly is not entitled to five members
of Congress. Repeal the present law, and re-enact
that of 1842-'3, is expected of our Legislators. An
other reason should be duly considered : the next
election of President of the United States may de
volve on the House of Representatives, and, it is of
the utmost importance that the vote of North Caroli
na shall be cast for a sound and safe Democrat. As
to the question of constitutionality, there need be no
hesitancy now ; the whigs settled that in 1846-7,
and they cannot complain if the Democrats choose
to take the advantage of a principle then established.
Besides the restoration of the act of 1842-3 is de
manded from those who entertain doubts as the con
stitutionality of the act now in force. We say then,
let the Whig act be repealad, and the original act be
restored. Newbern Republican.
Free Negroes. We hear but one opinion ex
pressed, not only by the press of our Slate, but by
every one with whom we converse, in respect to free
negroes. All are unanimous in the opinion that the
approaching Legislature ought to pass an act to re
move them beyond the limits of the State. We ad
mit that, to the Legislature, the duty may be a pain
ful one. For, none will deny that, in removing this
class of people from the scenes of their childhood,
where they enjoyed health, plenty, and happiness,
a deep and lasting wound will pierce the heart of all.
But necessity, imperative necessity sternly admon-
I ishes us of the expediency of such an act. And
,,,le w e here B,we " our unqualified approval, we
?nnot but regret that, the unaccountable fatuity of
.orlt,e!:n Abolitionists, urges us to this conclusion
The safety of our people and a proper regard for the
wemre and tuture subordination of tue slave popula
tion demand it at the hands of the Legislature.
We know the humanity of North Carolinians, and
we know that all imaginable leniency will be exer
cised oy uie legislature in makingarrangements for
their speedy removal. Let the North have them.
And let their curses rest upon the North, because of
tneir removal from a land flowing with milk and ho
ney, to a land where they can scarcely procure the
necessaries of life. On the heads of the Northern
fanatic rests tbe responsibility. Goldsboro' Patriot.
The Northern Platform for the next Cam
paign. The following platform is laid down in the
Hartford (Conn.) Republican. It has the endorse
ment of the Free Soil press through out the North and
1st. Congress must prohibit slavery and establish
freedom in the Territories. Notice of bills to ibis
effect has been given in both Houses.
2d. Slavery must be abolished in the District of
Columbia. Liong enough has it been there to disgrace
the nation. Let there be an end of it. The National
Governmant must be delivered from this abomination.
The attempt to neutralize slavery must be fought un
til it is thoroughly defeated. If this chattelism of
men is a State institution, let it be driven to the States
where it belongs, and there let it die.
3d. There must be no more slave States added to
this Union. Not another of these sweltering bodies
ot death, these nurseries of oppression, treason, bowie
knife civilization, and pitch pine chivalry, must come
into increase the debauchry of public sentiment in
this country, and add to the Influences that transform
our American democracy into a blustering sham. "No
more slavo States !" Speak, write, agitate and vote
with this watchword. Savannah Sews. ;
Secesbion. The Fayettevill Observer learns
from various private sources, that the Legislature of
? .1. r, i: : 1 1 t r . ... r r . .
ouuui Carolina win seceae irom ine union at ine
ensuing session, and that the feeling of that State is
almost universally in favor of this movement. This
would certainly be much wiser and nobler, than the
course pursued by Massachusetts. She is perfectly
willing to remain in the Union and enjoy all tbe
blessings which it-confers. wLHe she has not the
generosity .to make the slightest sacrifice even of
opinion in its behalf. ' . - Goldsboro' Telegraph.
Mr. Stephen Clark, "of this County, informs as
that be killed a Bald Eagle, near Cedar Grove on
the 5th instant, measuring 7 feet 3 inches between
the points of each wing, and spanning 8 inches with
his claws. . 'j ; ; r, s;
. .W also learn that Mr, Samuel Smith, who re
sides six or seven miles from this plaee, some time
back, kUled lbs maUito the one Mr. Clark killed.,-
jl "- , ' Sj ' ' " ffilsboro Democrat! i
"".'' v For the North Carolina Standard.
METHODIST PROTESTANT CONFERENCE.
The twenty-fifth Annual Conference ef the North
Carolina District, Methodist Protestant Church, con
vened at Rehoboth, Granville County, N. C Nor.
8th 1850.,, .... - v . v , - r - .
s The President of the past year opened the Confer
ence with.religiu exercises.- On motion, C. F.
Harris was appointed Secretary. The chair having
pronounced the Conference as duly organized, the
following list of members was made out.
Ministers-Was. H. Wil , President j G. A. T.
Whitaker, B. L. Hoskins, J. L. Michaux, Ira E.
Norman, R. H. Jones; John Paris, 'Caswell ' Drjke,
C. Allen, A. C. Harris Alson Gray, A. W. Line
berry, Wm. McCoin, Josiah Southerly, C. F, Har
ris, David Weasner, John Hinshaw, Alex. Robbins,
Nathan Robbins, H. T. Weatherly,-W. J. Ogburn,
R. R. Prather, Q. Hoi ton, J. W. Leckic, and Joseph
Parker. " ' ' ' ; " '
Lay Delegates Daniel Fergus, W. J. Norman,
G. J. Cherry, Dr. L. W. Batchelor, Dr.T. C. Arring
ton, E. D. Drake, B. F. Harris, G. N. Hicks, Ivey
Harris. Daniel Fou 8 1, Peter Julian,- Reuben Giles,
F. C. Robbins, Anderson Nicholson, Jordan Rom
inger. R. C. Rankin, Col. Gravner Marsh, Thomas
H. Pegram, Paris Chipman, Hugh Little, R. C
Beeson, Thomas Templeton and E. D. Elliott, ;;; f
The followingr Committees were appointed: 1.
On Statistics. 2. On filling the pulpit during Con
ference. 3. To assist the Conference Steward. 4.
On Election Law. 5. To examine the journal of
the last Conference for unfinished- business.' 6.
Publishing Committee. ' 7.- Stationing Committee,
fl. Obituaries. 9. On Finance. 10. On Orders and
Itinerancy. II. Sppcial Committees. ,
. Statistical Report. ,
' Itinerant Ministers and Preachers 31 ,
ITnstationed " " 22
Numbers in Society . 4657
Increase this year, 573.
Wm. H. Wills, re-elected President.
Report of the Stationing Committee.
Wilmington Station J. L. Michaux, Supinten
dent, B. L. Hoskins, Assistant.
Favetteville Station C. F. Harris, sup.
Albemarle. Circuit In E. Norman, sup. One to be
Roanoke CircuitA. W. Lineberry. sup.
Hahfax Circuillno. F. Speight, sup.
Granville Circuit G, A. T. Whitaker, sup. C
Drake aqd A. C. Harris, assistants.
Orange Circuit Alson Gray, sup. C. L. Cooley,
Randolph Circu.it John Paris, sop.
Guilford Circuit Joseph Parker, sup. A. Robbins,
N. Robbins, H. T. Weatherly arid K. R. Prather,
Davidson Circuit John Hinshaw, sup. J. Soth
Yadkin Circuit W. J. Ogburn, sup. One to be
Mnckville Circuit D. Weasner, sup. Q. Holton,
Cleave land Circuit Sup. to be supplied, J. Koone,
McDowell Mission Sup. to be supplied, Read
Halifax Circuit and Favetteville Station formed
Resolutions op Conference.
Resolved, That in the view of some efforts that are
being made under the specious name of Wesleyan
Methodism, to introduce and enforce the doctrine of
Abolition of Slavery in this State, by the agency of
certain men, who have dared to assume the name of
Christian Ministers, it is the duty of all the ministers
and preachers of this Conference, to show their un
qualified disapprobation of all such efforts and min
isters, by standing entirely aloof from all such asso
ciations, and not to assist or participate in any of
their mischievous and wicked and lawless efforts to
subvert the order, peace and prosperity of the citizens
of our State.
Resolved furthermore,' That those evil and arch
agents in this mischief, MeBride, Crooks and Bacon,
should not be permitted to assume any part of anv
religious service performed in any of our chapels or
Whereas, it is publicly known that certain minis
ters, calling themselves true Wesleyan Methodists,
have been convicted of intermeddling with the insti
tution of Slavery in our State, and have- fomented
8lrife and discord, both in a social and religious point
of view, and have brought much odium on the Chris
tian name; and furthermore, as persons at a distance
from the scene of these transactions may not be fully
aware that the ministers above mentioned are not of
our own order, '
Resolved. That the political papers in our State,
friendly to truth and justice, be requested to announce
that the authors of these disturbances are not Meth
odist Protestants, but true Wesleyan Methodists, (so
called) from the State of Ohio."
The free and Representative Government of the
United States is said to be experimental it has
stood the shock of scores of years.
Our Church combines Republican Government and
Armenian doctrines the first in America to blend
these two great principles. Our almost unparalleled
success evinces that the public mind appreciates our
The next Annual Conference will convene at
Bethel, on Haw River, in Guilford County, on Fri
day before the 2nd Sunday in November, 10 o'clock,
A. M., 1851. C. F. HARRISS, SecVw.
Nov. 14th, 1850.
Correspondence of the Pennsylvanian. ,
New York, Nov. 10, 1850.
The biter does sometimes get bitien. ' Abolitionism
sometimes gets humbugged, but never so beautifully
as in a case which came to iny knowledge to-day.
During tbe great excitement a few days since, grow
ing out of the execution of the Fugitive Slave law,
at lhe East, a loafing vagabond of a negro, who has
been a well known dock loafer about our docks for
some years past, took a journey to Union Village, in
, this State on some business connected with the do
nothing society, of which Sambo is a most industrious
member. The abolitionists, there asked him if he
was a fugitive slave 1 Cuffe, to carry on a joke, (for
the fellow is a practical joker) replied in the affirma
tive, wnereupon iney treated him very kindly, raised j
iuuucj iui nun, goic nun guuu uinners, some very
excellent clothing, and, with letters from brother this,
to somebody that, sent him on his way from town to
town, every where receiving the same attention as at
Union Village. At last having reached Whitehall,
Sambo thought he would come back to New York,
and resuming his dock-loafing again, having made
money and comfortables enough in the Fugitive Slave
" businesss," to make him tolerably independent du
ring the winter. He tells the story of his adventures,
with great gusto, and particularly the distinguished
attentions paid him by tho 44 big folks." He spent
several days at the house of Ex-Governor Slade, of
Vermont. Barn now advises his fellow loafers, and
the free blacks generally to go into 44 de business, and
make 'em fortune." The cream of the joke in this
case, is to be found in the fact, that the fellow was
never South of Mason's and Dixon's line in his life !
He was born at Saratoga, in this State in 1820, lived
a while in Pennsylvania, and latterly in this city, but
never in a slave State. ' The " documents " given him
by some of the abolition gentry he fell in with are
exceedingly rich. .
Hon. A. W. Yenable. We learn from a private
source that Mr. Yenable appeared before his constit
uents on Tuesday of last week, in Oxford, Granville
County. And in the evening he addressed the peor
pie of that place in his able and easy manner, and
was replied to by Henry W. Miller, Esq., of Ra
leigh. Our informant says that Mr. Vehable's speech
was one among the best speeches he ever had the
pleasure of hearing that be literally used up" Mr.
Miller on every position to which he was forced to
retreat. We are not at all surprised at this, for we
are well aware of the fact, that Mr. Yenable is both
able and willing to handle any man that the 44 Raleigh
Clique" can afford to send, if it be Gov. Manly
himself.; . ... , ,
We expect Mr. Yenable will be here during oar
next CourU m V; " Uilbboroy Democrat.
Cotton. Tnomas Affleck, of Mississippi, and a
man of note in the agricultural world, writes the N.
O. Picayune, that, in bis opinion, it is exceedingly
doubtful whether the crop of this year will equal that
of last, and -that if planters will throw their crops into
market steadily and in moderate quantities, and limit
their factors to J5 cents for .middlings, their cotton
will command that Drice iust
Tmj , 14 mi? tv ws ,
I.-Ki .3 i M
The CBsUtKtlois and. Ike TJmtott of Uu States
; " They aiiut bt PrirTd. " ; ,
1VElITESDAY, WOVEOTBEJtt 0, 18SO.
STANDARD FOR THE SESSION.
The Standard will be furnished daring the session
of the Legislature on the following terms, per copy :
Semi-Weekly, 1J ; - 75 cento.
Weekly, J . 50
Members of the Legislature, who may subscribe
for copies,' can have them packed up and sent off from
the office with' our regular Mails. ; K ' "
LEGISLATURE OF NORTH CAROLINA. '
The Legislature of this State assembled in this
City on Monday last, at 12 o'clock, M.' The mem
bers of tbe Senate were sworn in by .William Thomp
son, Esq., and those of the Commons by Charles B.
Root, Esq. Justices, for Wake County. , -;f .
, In, the Senate, Col. Bower, of Ashe, nominated for
Speaker the Hon. Weldon N. Edwards, of Warren;
and Mr. Gilmer, of Guilford, nominated Col. Joy ner,
of Halifax, for the same post. The vote was as
For Mr. Edwards Messrs. Barrow, Berry, Bunt
ing, Bower, Cameron, Canady, G. W. Caldwell,'
Clark, Collins, Courts, Drake, Herring, Hester, Har-
grave, - none, j ones, mcimuan, iixon, nogers.
Sherrod, Speight, Thomas, 1 hompson, W ooten, Wat
son, and Williamson 26.
For Col. Jotner Messrs. Barringer, Bynum,
Bond, I . K. Uaidwell, uavidson. Inborn, Unst, uu
mer, Kelly, Lane, Lillington, M alloy, Pender, Rich'
ardson, Sessoms, Willey, and Wood fin 17.
Mr. Edwards having received a majority of the
votes cast, was declared duly elected ; and was con
ducted to the Chair by Messrs. Bower and Gilmer,
whence he returned his acknowledgments as follows :
Senators: For this kind and distinguished mark
of your confidence and favor, I pray you to accept
my sincere ana nearly tnaniis. i snail ever cherish
it among the fondest recollections of my life as a
much valued testimonial of the good opinion of Sena
tors with many of whom it has been my good for
tune heretofore to co-operate in the public service,
This distinction is the more gratifying and the more
highly appreciated because of the peculiar circum
stances under which it has been bestowed.
Were there no other considerations, this alone
would be with me a sufficient inducement to bring
to ine aiscnarge oi me dunes ot the chair all of n
delity, impartiality and ability I may be able to com'
mand sparing neither pains or industry to acquit
myself of its high responsibilities, in a manner cor
responding with the favorable expectations, and suit
able to the dignity and high character of this branch
of the Legislature.
lhe task I have assumed. Senators, at your bid
ding, at all times arduous and difficult, even to the
experienced officer, cannot fail to be specially so to
me since it is the first time it has been made mv
duty to undertake it. Its accomplishment, lam fully
sensible, depends mainly on yourselves ; and I in
dulge the gratifying assurance, that I shall not be
disappointed when 1 invoke in advance, as I now do.
your kind and cordial co-operation.
liisyour rightand you rs only, gentlemen, to prescribe
nlns !ita ivKiaIi a ? I iwip rial I kan ttn nd o lio I I Ik a mrwm. .
rules by which all our deliberations shall be regula
tated ; it shall be my nnceasing effort to execute and
enforce them with the strictest fidelity and impartial
ity. It is also your right to affix limits to the authority
of the Chair. They shall be most implicitly observ
ed. And I beg Senators to remember that the Chair
can exercise no discretionary or dispensing powers.
and the individual whom you have iiow honored
desires to pos&ess neither, execept so far as it may be
deemed indispensably necessary to the proper dis
charge of our common duties, especially do 1 de
sire and hope, that I may, in no instance, evince
want of proper and equa1 respect for each and every
member of the Senate or of our regard fo the high
interests committed to us or of deep and solid devo
tion to the lasting welfare of each and every portion
of our beloved Slate.
The Senate then proceeded to the election of Prin
cipal Clerk. Air. Courts, ot Kockingham, nomina
ted for that office the Hon. John Hill, of Stokes; and
Mr. Woodfin, of Buncombe, nominated Henry W
Miller, Esq., of Wake. The following is the vote
For Mr. Hill Mr. Speaker, Barrow, Bower,
Berry, Bunting, Clark, Cameron, Canady, Collins,
i;. VV . Caldwell, Courts. Drake, Margrave, Hoke.
Hester, Herring, Jones, McMillan, Nixon, Rogers,
Speight, Sherrod, Thomas, Thompson, Watson,
W ooten, and Williamson 27.
For Mr. Miller Messrs. Barringer, Bynum,
Bond, 1. H. Caldwell, Davidson, Inborn, Urist, Oil
mer, Kelly, Lane, Lillington, Malloy, Pender, Rich
ardson, sessom8, Willey, and Woodfin 17
Mr. Hill was duly elected, and took his seat. The
Senate then proceeded to vote for Assistant Clerk.
Mr. Drake nominated Gen. George E. B. Singeltary,
of Nash ; and Mr. Bond nominated H. W. H us ted,
Esq., of Wake. The vote is as follows :
For Gen. Singeltary. Mr. Speaker, Barrow,
Bower. Berry, Bunting, Clark, Cameron, Canady,
Collins, G. W. Caldwell, Courts, Drake, Hargrave,
Hoke, Hester, Herring, Jones, McMillan, Nixon,
Kogers, opeight, sherrod, 1 nomas. 1 hompson, Wat
son, Woolen, and Williamson -27.
For Mr. Hcsted. Messrs. Barringer, Bond, T.
R. Caldwell, Davidson, inborn, Grist, Gilmer, Kel
ly. Lane, Lillington, Malloy, Pender, Richardson,
bessoms, W Hley, and Wood tine 16.
Mr. Bynum voted for Mr. A.W. Burton
General Singeltary was duly elected, and took his
The Senate then voted for Principal Doorkeeper.
Mr. Cameron nominated James Page, of Randolph ;
and Mr. Bynum nominated Green Hill.
is as follows :
For Mr. Page. Mr. Speaker, Barrow, Bower,
Berry, Bunting, Clark, Cameron, Canady, Collins,
G. W. Caldwell, Courts, Drake, Hargrave, Hoke,
Hester, Fleming, Jones, Lane, McMillan, Nixon,
Rogers, Speight, Sherrod, Tnomas, Thompson,
Watson, W ooten, and Williamson 28.
For Mr. Hill. Messrs Bynum, Bond, T. R.
Caldwell, Davidson, Eborn, Grist, Gilmer, Kelly,
Lillington, Malloy, Pender, Richardson, Sessoms,
Willey, and Woodfin 15.
Mr Page was declared duly elected.
The Senate th-n voted for Assistant Doorkeeper.
Mr. Courts nominated Patrick McGowan, of Wake,
for that office. The vote is as follows :
For Mr. McGowan. Mr Speaker, Barrow, Bow
er, Berry, Bunting, Bond, Clark, Cameron, Canady,
Collins, G W Caldwell, Courts, Davidson, Drake,
Eborn, Grist, Gilmer, Hargrave, Hoke, Hester, Her
ring, Jones, Kelly, Lillington, McMillan, Malloy,
Nixon, Rogers, Richardson, Speight, Sherrod,
Thomas, Thompson, Willey, Woolen, Watson, Wil
liamson, and Woodfin 38.
For Mr McGurdt. Messrs. Bynum, T R Cald
well, Pender, Sessoms 4.
Mr. McGowan was declared duly elected.
On motion of Mr. Speight, the Senate adjourned
until to-morrow morning 10 o'clock. i
In the House of Commons, the first business in
order, after the usual baths had been administered,)
being the election of Speaker, the , Hon. James C.
Dobbin, of Cumberland, was nominated for that post
by Hon. R. M. Saunders, of Wake; aud the Hon.
Kenneth Ray ner, of Hertford, was nominated by Mr.
Barnes, of Northampton. Under the saperinten
dance of Mr. Leach, of Davidson, and Mr. Sanders,
of Johnston, the House proceeded to vote as follows :
For Mr. Dobbin. Messrs. Sharp, McDowell,
Avery, S. P. Hill, Johnston,' Holland, Bond, Jarvis,
Pegram,- Stevenson, ' Colten, Thigpen, Bridgers, J.
Barnes,' Kelly, Martin, Pope, Love, SaonderSon,
Stowe, L. B. Sanders, A.J. Leach, Rankin, Rein
hardt, Sherrill, Sutton, Mizell, Harrison, Williams,
S. J. Person, Taylor;? VV. Hill Powers Fonvills,
Durham, C. Jones, Patterson. Wilsoru Winstead.
MeNeiU Baffin, H. McNeil, Katlum, Montcrom-
r, DickersorvJWarshsp, Flynt,-Cockerhsm, 'Mc -
i t?T.ZL o ii s,-- " f" Z '" ,
rt AivHf a uMMwaw, a. owBUiii. jLoiimib uuninn.
Flemming, Sherard, Brogden, S wanner, Clantoo,Ma-
' For Ml Rayner .Messrs. Dunlap, Dargan, Me-,
Millan, Stubbs, Tripp, Winston, Cherry, J. Hi Hill,
,Walton,-: Erwin, Shinpock, Scott, Hackney, Barco,
Pigott, Brasier, Jerkins, Maulisbyj j. M. Leach, A.
G. Foster, Douthet, Wiggins, Bogle, D. F. Caldwell,
Parham, McKay, Amis, Adams, Campbell, Wiley,
Davidson. Siler, Eure, Russell, D. A. Barnes, Far
mer, Blow, Steele, Thornburgh, Webb, Sloan, Mc
Cleese, Foard, Locke, A. H. Caldwell, Av M. Eos
ter, J. Hayes, Drake, G. W. Hayes 49. " '
, Mr. Dobbin voted for Mr. .Cad. Jones, Jr. "
Mr Dobbin having received a majority of th6
i whole, number of votes given, was declared dulv
elected Speaker, and was conducted to the chair by
Messrs R M Saunders and D A Barnes- . On taking
the chair the Speaker delivered tbe following Address:
Gentlemen op the House op Commons : I can
not permit this occasion to pass without' tendering
ray profound acknowledgments for the. honor you
have just bestowed in electing me to a position hith
erto adorned by our most eminent citizens. t Nor can
1 withhold the expression of sincere diffidence in as
suming a task, the proper execution of which . requires
much legislative experience and much Parliamentary
I rely on your generous-indulgence, and feel as
sured that I do not in vain invoke your earnest co
operation in every effort to preserve the order and to
sustain the dignity of the House. . ; , .
, Experience admonishes many of yon observation
has, perhaps, admonished yon all, that nothing is so
well calculated to promote the despatch of business
in a deliberative body, as a rigid enforcement of the
rules of order, and a strict observance of the rules of
. We have convened, gentlemen, at a peculiarly in
teresting period in the history of our State and
our country. Events of momentous magnitude are
passing around us. Questions involving property,
and peace, and Constitutional rights, seem now to be
assuming a practical character. The minds of our
wisest men are filled with fearful apprehensions and
gloomy forebodings. The people of North Carolina
look now with the most intense concern to the action
of their Representatives. Oor Legislative bearing
now may seriously affect the character of opr State.
Let us with scrupulous fidelity preserve her honor
with calm determination maintain her rights.
In renewing the expression of thanks for this flat:
tering testimonial of your partiality, allow me to as
sure you that in attempting to discharge the trust I
shall know no feelings but those of the strictest im
partiality no party but our common constituents
no locality but our common State. '
Mr Steele sabmitted the following Resolution :
Resolved, That Perrin Busbee, of Wake, 'ba ap
pointed Principal, and James K Dodge, of Surry,
Assistant Clerk of the House of Commons.
Mr Wilson moved to amend the resolution by stri
ing out the name of James - R Dodge, and inserting
that of Thomas B Bailey ; whereupon, Mr Avery
moved the indefinite postponement of the resolution.
The question was determined in the
negative . as
Yeas. Messrs McDowell, Avery, Stevenson, Pe
gram, Kelly, Mathis, Thigpen, J. Barnes, Saunder
son, A. J. Leach, Linn B. Sanders, Reinhardt, Sher
all, Stowe, Sutton, Mizell, Williams, Harrison, S.
J. Person, Taylor, W. Hill, Powers, Fonville, Dur
ham, fatterson, Dickerson, Kallum, Ruffin, Marshall,
Waugh, Fiynt, Sheek.Cockerham, Newsom, Rollins,
Eaton, Thornton, Brogden, Gordon. 39. ,
Nays. Messrs. Dunlap, Dargan, McMilian,Tripp,
Stubbs, Winston. Cherry, J. H. Hill, Sharp, Erwin,
Walton, Scott, Shinpock, Barco, Pigott, Johnston,
S. P. Hill, Hackney, Brazier, Cotten, G. W. Hayes,
Bond, Holland, Maultsby, Jerkins, Jarvis, J. M.
Leach, A. G. Foster, Douthit, Bridgers, Martin,
Eure, Wiggins, Parham, Amis, D. F. Caldwell,
Wiley, Adams. Pope, Love, Rayner, Campbell, Bo
gle, McKay, Rankin, Siler, Davidson, Russell, Far
mer, D. A. Barnes, Jones, Montgomery, Steele,
Wilson, Winstead, Blow, Thornburgh, W. McNeill,
N. McNeill, Foard, Sloan, Webb, Herring, Boykin,
A. H. Caldwell, Locke, McLean, McCleese, S wan
ner, Sherard, A. M. Foster, Flemming, J Hayes, R
M Saunders, Clan ton, Drake. 76.
Mr J M Leach moved a division of the question ;
the question of striking out the name of Mr Dodge
being first in order was carried in the affirmative by
the following vote: .
Yeas Messrs McDowell. Sham. Johnston. S P
Hill, Bond, Holland, ' Stevenson, Pegram, Jarvis,
Kelly, Mathis, Thigpen, J Barnes, Bridgers, Martin.
Love, Sannderson, A J Leach, L- B Sanders, Rein
hardt, Rankin, Sherrill, Stowe, Sutton, Mizell, Wil
liams, Harrison, S J Person, Taylor, W Hill, Pow
ers, Fonville, Jones, Durham, Patterson, Montgome
ry. Wilson, Winstead, Dickerson, N McNeill. W
mXTll I.' II.. D..dC (1 r . . ..
kiv.,cih, ixiiiuui, uuuin, n erring, ooyxin, Marshall
waugn, riyni, sneex, Cockerham, McLean. New.
som Koitins, .haton. Sswanner, Sherard, Broaden,
r lemming, K M Saunders 59.
Nays Messrs Dunlap, Dargan, McMillan, Tripp,
Stubbs, Winston, Cherry, J H Hill, Erwin, Avery
Walton, Scott, Shinpock, Barco, Pimm. Hacknev.
Brazier, Cotten, G W Hayes, Maultsby, Jerkins, J
xn ieacn, a x rosier, Doutbit, Eure, Wiggins, Par
nam, Amis, L) t Caldwell, Wiley, Adams, Pope,
v.iiiijucii, oogie, wcrvay, oner, Davidson,
Russell, Farmer, D Barnes. BIow.Thornburg, Steele,
Ford, A H Caldwell, Sloan, Webb, Locke, McCleese,
Gordon, A M Foster, J Hayes, Clanton, Drake 55.
bothe House agreed to strike out. The question
recurring on tbe insertion of the name of Thomas B
Bailey, it was carried in the affirmative as follows :
cY "T;M,e8 8 - McDowell, Sharpe, Avery, Johnson,
. f. Hill, Bond. Holland. .Sivn,nn P-.n
Jarvis, Kelly, Mathis, Thigpen, J. Barnes, Bridsrers!
Martin, cove, baunderson, A. J. Leach, L. B. San-
aens, nemnarai, nankin, Sherrill, Stowe, Sutton,
Mizell, Williams. Harrison. S. J. P.ron tv-i '
W" j11' Powe' Fonville, Jones, Durham, Patter!
"lumEomery, rv ii son, w instead, Blow, Dicker
son, W. McNeill, N. McNeill, Kallum, Ruffin, Her
ring, Boykin, Marshall, Waugh, Flynt, Sheek.Cock-
ciuaui.mcwan, newsom, Kollins, Eaton, Thornton,
Swanner, Sherard, Brogden, Gordon, Fleming, R.
M. Saunders, 63. . .
Nays Messrs. Donlap, Dargan, McMillan, Stubbs,
Trtpp, W inston, Cherry, J. H. Hill. Erwin, Walton,
Scott, Shinpock, Barco, Pigott, Hackney, Brazier,
Gotten, G. VV. Hayes, Maultsby .Jerkins, J. M. Leach,
A G Foster, Doothett, Eure, W'iggins, Parham, Amis,
D. F. Caldwell, Wiley, Adams, Pope,Rayner, Bocle,
McKay, Siler, Davidson, Farmer, D Barnes, Thorn
burgh, Steele, Foard, A H Caldwell, Sloan, Webb,
Locke, McCleese. A M Foster, J Hayes, Clanton,
Perrin Busbee, Esq. of Wake, and Thomas B. Bai
ley, Esq. of Orange, were therefore declared dnly
elected Principal and Assistant Clerks to the House
of Commons. :
On motion of Mr. Jones, the House adjourned to
meet to-morrow at 10 o'clock. i
. In the Commons, yesterday, Mr. Bryson, of Hay--wood
County, was elected Principal Doorkeeper,
and Mr. Webster, of Chatham, Assistant. : ; '
Messrs. Leach and Sherard were appointed a Joint
Committee on the part of the House to wait on the
Governor, and inform, him of its organization. ?
' In the Senate, Messrs. Gilmer and Cameron were
appointed on this Joint Committee.' ,The Committee
reported that tbe Governor would send in his Mes
sage to-day at 12 o'clock.
The two Houses then adjourned. ! ' " f
The Hon. David S. Reid, Governor elect of North
Carolina, arrived in this city on Friday evening last,
and took lodgings at Yarbrough'sHoose. Gov. Reid
is in fine health and spirits, and is receiving the hearty
congratulations of his numerous friends. We under
stand he expects to remain in the city a week or two,
but will probably visit 'his- home in Rockingham be
fore his Inauguration which will take'place on'the
1st day of January ensuing. '-- 'f 7 J
j We have received an able -sketch of, the recent
discussion ia Oxford between Messrs. Yenable and.
Miller, which shall appear on Saturday next, , V
j FIRST DAY OF TJIE SESSION -,
. JT democrats bave much
reason to b Broud ftr
their first day's work in the way of organizing the
two Houses. ?;," .:'''' .. i" V '
The Speakers of the two Houses Messrs Ed
wards andv Dobbiivere gentlemen whose talents
would grace any deliberative body. .Their past ex
perience and the high reputation which belongs to
both, is a sore pledge that they will acquit themselves
well in the honorable and "responsible stations to
which they have been called. ' . , ,
' The Clerks of the two Houses are admirably q0ali.
fied for their duties. The Hon John Hill, of Stokes,
and Gen. Singeltary, of Nash,, are the Clerks of ihB'
oenaie; ana remn Busbee, Esq. of Wake, and
Thomas B. Bailey, Esq. of Orange, are Clerks of the
House. ' .
The two Houses have thus been organized the first
day of the session; and we are happy to state that
the organization is thoroughly Democratic, and is the
result f the most harmonious acUon amon our
friends- ' ' . . , - : ; - v "
The Governor's Message will be sent in tinlay
(Wednesday.) A day or so of the present week
will necessarily be occupied in reading the Govern
or's Message, in? the election of an Engrossing Clerk,
and the appointment of Committees ; after which tha'
two Houses will proceed to the work before them.
To the Republicans of the State we would say all
is well your interests art in the hands of sound and
safe men. We anticipate a brief session, bat a val
uable one in its results to the people of the State.
THE ABOLITION TRIUMPH.
The Raleigh Register says it has no " disposition
, tcuuau: me course or Washington Hunt," but
at the same time calls attention to some remarks from
the New York Sunday Times, in which it is stated
that Mr. Hunt was not exactly the choice of the
Abolitionists." And the same paper says that Mr
Hnnt"is not opposed to the Fugitive Slave Law." If
Mr. Hunt was not - exactly" the choice of the Abo
litionists, he was much more closely allied to them
than Mr. Seymour ; for they supported him cordially
and heartily. We know that Greely and Thurlow
Weed went for him with their whole souls; and
they are generally regarded as pretty sound Aboli
tionists. If Mr. Hunt " is not opposed to the fniti..i...
law," how does it happen that he denounced it in his
letter of acceptance as in "conflict with all" his no
tions ot personal rightand security, derived from the
common law, and recognised by every free Consti
tution"! How does the Register understand that?
Why did not that paper publish this, together with
the M remarks" of the Sunday Times T
Tbe truth is, the triumph of Washington Hunt is
an Abolition triumph ; and it is proper and right that
the Southern people should know the fact. New
York is now arrayed against the fugiUve-sIave law,
and Seward is the first roan in popularity among her
people. These are facts.
HON. T. L. CL1NGM AN.
We learn that Mr. Clingman's recent Speeches
before his constituents of the Mountain District, have
produced the finest results for the cause of the Con
stitution and Southern rights. He has been received
at all points with much cordiality by his old friends,
and he has made many new ones recently, by his firm
and manly conduct in resisting the aggressions of the
Freesoilers and fanatics. We learn that he is much
stronger in his District now than he has ever been
before ; and that the bittei and unjust manner in which
he bas been assailed by the Raleigh Register and a
few Federal orators who are anxious to supplant him,
has added in no small degree to his influence and
Wherever you meet an old Federalist in the Moun
tain District, there you will find a Submissionist and
an anti-Clingman man ; while on the other hand all
the Republican Whigs are standing by bim and are
sound upon the Slavery Question. So far as this
question is concerned, Mr. Clingman has right and
justice on his side; and with the talents he possesses
as a popular debater, he has nothing to fear. He.
must continue to bear down every Submissionist who
encounters him or crosses his path.
We learn also that Mr. Clingman occupies the true
ground upon the Tariff question. He is unwilling to .
give bounties to those who are assailing our dearest
interests and plotting the destruction of the Union.
On the 12th instant new Delegates from the follow
ing States appeared in their seats : Georgia 7 Mis
sissippi 9 Florida 3 South Carolina 2.
Resolutions were presented by Mr. Clay of Ala
bama, and Mr. Dupont of Florida The Alabama
document is said to be of a strong and decided char
acter. It recommends a general Southern Convention
to take measures of redress. The Resolutions were
referred, and the Convention adjourned till next day.
The following States are represented : Tennessee,
Alabama, Mississippi. Georgia, South Carolina, Vir
ginia, and Florida. There are about sixty Delegates
DELAWARE ELECTION. yf
Mr. Ross, Democrat, has been elected Governor of
Delaware by a small majority some of the papers
say by only fifteen votes. . Other accounts give him
thirty-six majority. .
Mr. Riddle, Democrat, bas been elected to Con
gress by 120 majority ; and the Democrats have a large
majority of the Legislature on joint ballot.' Avery
heavy vote was polled' -
The Legislature, it is believed, will elect James A.
Bayard to the Senate ia plaee of Mr. Wales, Whig.
Where was Mr. Clayton 1 v
We very cheerfully publish to-day, by request, the
proceedings of the "twenty-fifth Annual Conference
of the , Methodist Protestant Church, convened at
Rehoboth, Granville, County," on the 8th instant.
The Conference, it -will be seen, has taken high
ground on the Slavery question. MeBride, Crooks,
and Bacon are censured in the severest terms : and
the Conference has expressly declared that such men
shall not perform religious services in any of their
chapels or places of public preaching. '
Mississippi. This (the 18th) will be a memorable
day in Mississippi. Three great Meetings are to be
held in the City of Jackson namely, the extra ses
sion of the Legislature, convened by Governor Quit
man; a Union Meeting, to be addressed by Senator
Foote; and a Southern Right's, Meeting, , to be ad
dressed by Senator Jefferson Davis. ; J ...
Col. R. M. Johnson has taken bit, seat as a member
of the Kentucky Legislature, bat is still suffering, it
is said, from the effects of a protracted illness, from
which little has been entertained of his recovery.
Foottiv Slaves at the North. A pamphlet
published at1 Washington, estimates the number of
Slaves 'who have escaped! from the South in the last
forty years, at 61,424, or 1,500 annually, and the total
loss $27,730,800.' '. ' ''..; .'..'!'. .';7!.5".' . fj..' ' .. r'
Messrs. Ashe and Clingman, members of Congress
1 are at, piesent in the City. :t ;;;' v1 " '" " "' ' "'
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