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North Carolina standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1850-1852, December 04, 1850, Image 3

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Constitution and t
he Union ot
They mnst be Preserve
In order to make room for a synopsis of the Presi
dent's Message, we are compelled to omit the pro
ceedings of Monday last. We shall bring them fully
tin in our next.
In the Senate, on Monday, Mr. Thomas, from the
Committee on Internal Improvements, reported the
bill and accompanying memorial concerning the Wil
mington and Manchester Rail Road Company, and
recommended the passage of said bill. It was laid
on the table and ordered to be printed. A bill, intro
duced by!Mr. Woodfin, to change the mode of dis
tributing the School Fund from the federal to the
white basis, was referred, on motion of Mr. Shepard,
by a vote of 34 to 13, to the Committee on Educa
tion and the Literary Fund.
In the Commons, on Monday, a number of Bills,
Resolutions and Memorials were presented, the cap
tions of which will appear in our regular proceedings.
Mr. Dargan presented strong Resolutions on the
Slavery question, and with reference especially to the
furtive-slave law ; which was refered to the Commit
tee on negro Slavery. Mr. Leach, of Davidson, also
introduced a pointed Resolution on this subject, which
was read and sent to the same Committee.
Mr. Fleming introduced a bill proposing to submit
to the people, "at the election in August next, the
question of " Convention " or " no Convention " to
amend the Constitution. Mr. McLean moved to re
fer this bill to the Committee on amendments to the
Constitution, on which motion an able and animated
debate took place, in which Messrs. McLean, Flem
ing, Stevenson, Avery, Rayner. Foster of Davidson,
Ruffin, Jones, Walton, Erwin, Blow, Hill of Cas
well, Caldwell of Guilford, Leach of Davidson,
Cherry, and Brogden participated. Mr. McLean's
motion prevailed by a vote of 70 to 45. Our Repor
ter will give a sketch of this debate in our next.
The following gentlemen 'were announced as the
joint Committee on the state of the Deaf and Dumb
Institution in this City. On the part of the Senate,
Messrs. Washington, Cameron, and Watson; on the
part of the House, Messrs. Avery, Hill of New Han- .'
ver, Montgomery, Jerkins and MauUsby.
The Committee on Slavery has not yet reported.
A Report, we learn, may be expected at an early day.
We also understand that a Report will soon be made
by the Committee on amendments to the Constitution.
Tl,0 inm HnniPi nr nrnr fairlv at work. The
people are looking with deep anxiety to their pro- j "J ,ts Phraseology, and the powers it convey, to the
ceedings, and we trust they may be such, in every General Government are few and specifically enumer
respect, as will advance the interests and protect the ated exeePl as t0 lhe "ordinate power of using ne
honor of the State I ce8sarv and ProPer means for carrying into effect those
I enumerated.
MR. BROWNE'S PAINTINGS. ; 7. All the rights and powers not thus expressly
The Paintings of Mr. Browne, who is now in this j delegated, were "reserved to the States respectively,
City, will compare favorably with those of any artist ! or 1o tne people."
in the country. Indeed, we do not know that Mr. j These are the terms, briefly stated, on which North
Sully himself, the great master of the art on this Con- j Carolina, as one of the States, came into the Union
tinent, has produced finer or more faithful likenesses j declaring as her Iredells, Spaights, Davies,and others
than Mr. Browne. J did, that the Federal Government should not exercise
We spoke some time since of the portraits to be ! any authority but such as could be justified under
seen in Mr. Browne's exhibiting room, which were j 8ome power expressly granted by the Constitution;
taken in Mexico, including Gen. Taylor, Col. Bliss, : and that she, with the other States, retained every
MaJ. Matisfield, and others. The likeness of Gen. ! power, jurisdiction, and right, notby theConstitutiOn
Taylor, is said to be exceedingly taithful. j delegated to Congress. She regarded the General
Mr. "Browne has added to his collection the portrait , Government all the States regarded it as a com
of Dr. Josiah O. Watson, of Johnston County, and j mon agent as their creature, charged with spe
that of James B. Shepard, Esq. of this City, which
was taken at the solicitation of Dr. Watson. Both
of these are admirable likenesses. Mr. Browne is
also engaged upon a portrait of Gov. Reid. This will
be finished the latter part of this month, when the
Governor returns to the City. The rough sketch,
which Mr. Browne kindly showed us, gives promise
of an excellent likeness. We have heretofore men
tioned the likenesses, in Mr. B's room, of Gen. Saun
ders, Gov. Graham, Gov. Manly, Mr. Peace, and
others of oar citizens. The portraits of the Governors,
we learn, are being taken at the request of James ;
Johnston, Esq. of Chowan, who designs to preserve
them in his family as memorials of the State's history.
Mr. Browne is richly deserving of all the success
which crowns his labors.
The Register of Nov. 23rd says, " These gentle
men " (speaking of Messrs. Joyner and Rayner)
by suffering their friends to run them for Speakers,
in their respective Houses, when they knew that they
were only set up to be knocked down, furnishes but
another illustration of their disinterested services in
the cause of Constitutional liberty."
We acknowledge and deplore our dullness of ap
prehension, but, for the life of us, we cannot see the
point in the above paragraph from the Register. How
did these gentlemen ' illustrate their disinterested
services in the cause of constitutional liberty " by
suffering their friends to run them for speakers in
their respective Houses Warrenton News.
We should have spoken sooner on this point, but
like the News, our " apprehension " is so " dull "
that we failed to get " the hang of it." It may mean
a great deal more than it passes for we hope it does ;
but how a gentleman can " illustrat" his devotion
to " the cause of Constitutional liberty " by " suffer
ing" lug friends to run him for the honorable post of
Speaker, is more than we can find out or even guess
at. We wish some one would tell us what it means.
The following is the Joint Select Committee of the
two Houses upon so much of the Governor's Mes
sage as relates to debts due for Cherokee lands, to
Cherokee lands, and to the Turnpike Road :
Senate branch. Messrs. William H. Thomas,
Chairman ; Col. George Bower, Lewis Bond, and
N. W. Woodfin.
House branch. George W. Hayes, Samuel Flem
ing, U. W. Swanner, A. B. McMillan, and William
L. Mizell.
In our paper of the 27th of last month we published
the Committee on Internal Improvements of the Sen
ate erroneously. That Committee is as follows:
Messrs. Thomas, Joyner, Gilmer, Canada j, Nixon,
Rogers, and Lane. ,
We find i impossible to supply back numbers of
our paper. Those who desire them, and who have
subscribed for the session, will have the difference
made up to them after the session.
We are constantly cheered by accessions to our
list. We received forty additional subscribers by our
last Western Mail ; and since the commencement of
the present session we have added more than four
hundred to our Weekly and Semi-Weekly lists.
Manchester Road. Gen. Harlee, the President
of the Wilmington and Manchester Rail Road, deliv
ed a most interesting and able address in the Com
mons Hall, on Saturday evening last, on Internal Im
plements and especially with reference to the ad
vntageg which must result from the completion of
" Manchester Road. The General wag listened to
'w.nach attention by the large audience of Mem
oers and citizens in attendance. . -
Jenny Lind will sing in Baltimore, on the 19th pf
t!us man it.
The present General Assembly have raised a Joint
Committee of eighteen on federal relations; and our
readers have seen, . from the published proceedings,
that a number of Resolutions touching the condition
of the Sonth have been referred to this Committee.
It is admitted on all hands, as it is plain to all
minds, that the slaveholding States have not only
much ground for complaint on account of the late act
admitting California, but much cause for concern and
apprehension as to what may be the future policy of
the Government in relation to their slave property.
Especially and emphatically have jhey the strongest
cause for dissatisfaction at the wide-spread and mad
with which all attempts have been met at
the North to execute the law for the recovery of fu
gitive slaves ; and in addition to this, the prospect is,
judging from every sign in the free States, that the
roost strenuous efforts will be made at the present
session of Congress to repeal this law.
It is natural, in this state of things, that men of
all parties here should be fully awakened to the ne
cessity of some steps to assert and maintain their
rights ; and that the Representatives of the people of
North Carolina should, at an early day, declare what
these rights are. Profitable at all times, it is especial
ly so in such an emergency, to revert to the Consti
tutional elements of the Government ; and to under
stand and agree upon, if possible, the nature and ex
tent of our political rights as one of the States of the
We have not space for analysis or speculation on
this subject, nor is it necessary. Our aim is merely to
lay down some plain propositions, which we regard
as demonstrable by testimony abounding almost to
superfluity :
1. That after the Revolution each State had its
own separate government, organized and practically
understood ; and was, to all intents and purposes,
2. Under the old Articles of Confederation each
State retained its entire freedom and sovereignty, and
every power not expressly delegated to the United
States in Congress assembled.
3. The powers of the Confederation being found in
sufficient for the payment of the public debt, the
management of our foreign relations, and the regula
tion of commerce, the present Union was formed for
the purpose mainly of effecting these objects.
4. The States adopted the Federal Constitution in
J -: : J i ... .
as Pweo. communiues-eacn one
hnvinrr sn fnnal vmro UifK nil tKa root I rrUonnAt!A
i - r
of PP"ia',on . . . , ,
a. i ne oiaies, in ..ieir respective local conventions,
subsequently ratified it ; North Carolina and Rhode
Island being the last to do so.
6. The Constitution which was thus formed is nlain
cific and enumerated trusts, to be exercised for the
common welfare of the whole. In all her reserved
powers her sovereignty is still as full as when she de
cla red her independence on the heights of Mecklen-
burg; and as such she is entitled to claim the allegi
ance of her citizens.
We have heard the idea recently expressed that a
State has" no right to secede from the Union that
there is no help from oppression except by revolution ,
in other words, that the States are the creatures and
! dependents of the Federal Government, and of course
subject to its physical coercion. Such an assump
tion, we humbly submit, is unsupported by any tes
timony derived from the Constitution itself, or fiom
any single circumstance attending its formation or
adoption. It is, moreover, at war with all regular
ideas of free republican government, and of the un
doubted independence of the States, as that indepen
dence has been practically displayed in their separate
organizations since 1787. We hold that as no State
could originally have been forced into the Union, none
can be forced to remain in, or rather be prevented from
going out. Heaven forbid that such an extreme re
sort should be presented to us as the only alternative
against aggressions upon our rights ! We trust it
may not, but the bare probability of the contingency
should nerve oar public men to look the danger bold
ly in the face. Let them declare that while we ac
quiesce' in the late action of Congress on the Slave
ry question, we are at the same time determined that
agitation shall cease, and that the fugitive-slave law
shall be enforced in its letter and spirit ; and that if
the free States do not yield to this, our reasonable and
Constitutional request, we will leave them, and leave
them forever.
This is no time to dispute about terms. If gentle
men do not like the word secede, and if we cannot
consent to use the word revolution, let dissolution be
the substitute for either or both. The people under
stand that, and they will demand it if the fugitive
slave law be repealed, or if these wicked assaults upon
the rights of the slave States be continued in the
halls of the common Congress.
The Boston Post contains an extended account of
the Union Meeting recently held in that City. Fan
euil Hall was immensely crowded. Able and elo
quent Speeches were delivered, and Resolutions of a
general character adopted. The Resolutions pledge
the people of Boston to put down opposition to the
enforcement of the laws, and it is stated that " all
laws " passed by Congress are binding upon all.
They also take ground against the continued agitation
of the Slavery question ; but the fugitive-slave law
is not mentioned, in so many words, in the Resolu
tions !
We are glad to see Boston moving at last in this
matter, and we hope good may come of it. But
Hughes and Knight were they not hunted like felons
through that City, and held to bail for merely demand
ing their property And did they get it! No, and
they never will. Still Mr. Fillmore approves the con
duct of the cowardly Marshal, and promises that the
law shall be enforced !
Mississippi. We learn from the Charleston Mer
cury of Saturday last, that the House of Representa
tives of Mississippi have passed the Resolutions dis
approving the course of Senator Foote, by a majority
of 14.
Gov. Quitman has transmitted a message to the
Legislature, advising the immediate organiiation of
the militia. -
The Episcopal Convention for the State of New
York has adjourned tine die, without being able to
elect a Bishop.
The President's Annual Message was communica
ted to Congress on Monday.' - Under an arrangement
by the Postmaster General bywhich copies of this I
. j. . ... j " .. .
vwuiuent were aiHinouiea .among tne rosimas
ters, to " be handed out as soon as they were Tel
egraphically informed of its delivery in the House,
we received from Mr.Postmaster White, of this City,'
a copy on Monday last at about three o'clock. This
document would make some seven columns in our
paper, and it is therefore impossible that we should
give it at length to-day. We shall present, however,
the main points.
The President speaks of the measures of " Com
promise "approves them as a wholebut does not
specifically mention the fugitive slave law. He says
generally, in the commencement of his Message :
" The Government of the United States is a limited
Government. It is confined to the exercise of pow
ers expressly granted, and such others as may be
necessary for carrying those powers into effect; and
it is at all times an especial duty to guard against
any infringement on the just rights of the States.
Over the objects and subjects intrusted to Congress,
its legislative authority is supreme. But here that
authority ceases, and . every citizen who truly loves
the Constitution, and desires the continuance of its
existence and its blessings, will resolutely and firm
ly resist anv interference in those domestic affairs,
which the Constitution has clearly and unequivocal
ly left to the exclusive authority of the States. And
every such citizen will also deprecate useless irrita
tion among the several members of the Union, and
all reproach and crimination tending to alienate one
portion of the country from another. The beauty ot
our system of Government consists, and its safety
and durability must consist, in avoiding mutual col
lisions, and encroachments, and in the regular separ
ate action of all, while each is revolving in its own
distinct orbit.
The Constitution has made it the duty of the Pres
ident to take care that the laws be faithfully executed.
In a government like ours, in which all laws are
passed by a majority of the representatives of the
people, and these representatives are chosen for such
short periods, that any injurious or obnoxious law
can very soon be repealed, it would appeal unlikely
that any great numbers should be found ready to resist
the execution of the laws. But it must be borne in
mind that the country is extensive ; that there may be
local interests or prejudices Tendering a law odious in
one part, which is not so in another; and that the
thoughtless and inconsiderate, misled by their pass
ions, or their imaginations, may be induced madlv to
resist such laws as they disapprove. Such persons j than to have endured the torturing anxiety of an an
should recollect that, without law, there can be no real onialous struggle, the consequences of which are be-
p radical liberty ; that, when law is trampled under
foot, tyranny rules, whether it appears in the form of
a military despotism or of popular violence. The
law is the only sure protection of the weak, and the
only efficient restraint upon the strong. When impar
tially and faithfully administered, none is beneath its
protection and none above its control. Yon, gentle
men, and the country may be assured, that to the ut
most ot my ability, and to the extent of the power
vested in me, I shall at all times, and in all places,
take care that the laws be faithfully executed. In the
discharge of this duty, solemnly imposed upon me by
the Constitution, and by my oath of office, I shall
shrink from no responsibility, and shall endeavor to
meet events as they arise, with firmness, as well as
with prudence add discretion."
The President thus speaks of the Compromise'
measures of the last session:
" The act passed at your last session, making cer
tain propositions to Texas for settling the disputed
boundary between that State and the Territory of
New Mexico, was, immediately on its passage, trans
mitted by express to the Governor of Texas, to be
laid by him before the General Assembly for its agree-
ment thereto. Its receipt was duly acknowledged
1 - rr- : I ' 1 . i : I .
uui no omcrai miormauon nas yei Deen receiveu oi
the action of the General Assembly thereon; it may,
however, be very soon expected, as, by the terms of
the propositions submitted, they were to have been
acted upon, on or before the first day of the present
It was hardly to have been expected that the se
ries of measures passed at your last session, with
the view of healing the sectional differences which
had sprung from the slavery and territorial quetions,
should at once have realized their beneficent purpose.
All mutual concession in the nature of a compromise
must necessarily be unwelcome to men of extreme
opinions. And though without such concessions our
Constitution could not have been formed, and cannot
be permanently sustained, yet we have seen them
made the subject of bitter controversy in both sections
of the Republic. It required many months of dis
cussion and deliberation to secure the concurrence
of a majority of Congress in their favor. It would
be strange if they had been received with immediate
approbation by people and States, prejudiced and
heated by the exciting controversies of their repre
sentatives. I believe those measures to have been
required by the circumstances and condition of the
country. I believe they were necessary to allay as
perities and animosities that were rapidly alienating
one section of the country from another, and destroy
ing those fraternal sentiments which are the strongest
supports to the constitution. They were adopted in j
the spirit of conciliation, and for the purpose of con
ciliation. I believe that a great majority of our fellow-citizens
sympathize in that spirit, and that pur
pose, and in the main approve, and are prepared, in
all respects, to sustain these enactments.
I cannot doubt that the American people, bound
together by kindred blood and common traditions,
still cherish a paramount regard for the Union of their
fathers; and that they are ready to rebuke any attempt
to violate its integrity, to disturb the compromises
on which it is based, or to resist the laws which have
been enacted under its authority.
The series of measures to which I have alluded
are regarded by me as a settlement, in principle and
substance a final settlement, of the dangerous and
exciting subjects which they embraced. Most of
these subjects, indeed, are beyond your reach, as the
legislation which disposed of them was, in its char
acter, final and irrevocable. It may be presumed from
the opposition which they all encountered that none
of those measures was free from imperfections, but
in their mutual dependence and connexion they form
ed a system of compromise, the most conciliatory,
and best for the entire country, that could be obtain
ed from conflicting sectional interests and opinions.
, For this reason I recommend your adherence to the
adjustment established by those measures, until time
and exerience shall demonstrate the necessity of fur
ther legislation to guard against evasion or abuse."
This is all he says'on the Slavery question. The
other portions of the Message are devoted to Foreign
relations to the Tariff and Internal Improvement
questions to tho Indian tribes to California to
the Army and Navy and Post Office Department, &c.
&c. Speaking of the public debt and revenue, the
President says :
" The total receipts into the Treasury, for the yepr
ending 30th June last, were forty-seven millions four
hundred and twenty-one thousand seven hundred and
forty-eiMit dollars and ninety cents, ($47,421,748 90.)
The "total expenditures during the same period
were forty-three million two thousand one hundred
and sixty-eight dollars and ninety cents, ($43,002,
168 0.)
The public debt has been reduced, since the last
annual report from the Treasury Department, four
hundred and ninety-five thousand two hundred and
seventy-six dollars and seventy-nine cents, ($495,
276 79.")
The President ad vocates not a "high" Tariff
but a steady and permanent one, with specific instead
of ad valorem duties. He also recommends a system
of Internal Improvements by Congress.
The above embraces, we believe, the leading and
important points in this document. We have neither
time nor space for comment to-day.
Passed Midshipman David Coleman, of Buncombe,
N. C. late Acting1 Master. United States Ship Ports
mouth, returned to the United States as passenger in
United States Ship John Adams.
The John Adams arrived in Hampton Roads on the
27th alt., 42 days from Port Praya. William B. Muse,
of Edenton, N. C. is a 2nd Lieutenant aboard the
John Adams, and has also returned in her.
Telegraphed br? the; Standard.
- T, ' - , i' '
Washington, December 3, 1850.
After the reading of the President's Message yester
day ..both Houses .adjourned till 12 o'clock to-day.
i be Message is highly spoken of here, v ,
. - i
New York," December 3d, 1850.
Sales of 1300 bales of Cotton at former prices. .No
new features to notice, but the demand for the article
Isfair. ,:.'.,:';.; -: ? 1
The Steamboat Antoinette, Douglas, burst her boi
ler on the Alabama river on Tuesday. Fifty-three
passengers wounded aand missing fifty-one unin
jured. ..
The Message of. Gov. Seabrook was delivered to
the Legislature of South Carolina on the 2Cth ultimo.
It is an able and eloquent document, and while it is
firm and determined, it is conservative in its tone.
On motion of Mr. Memminger, the Legislature have
resolved, in pursuance of Gov. Seabrook's recommen
dation, to appoint Friday, the 6th, as a day of Fasting
and Prayer.
We make the following extracts from Gov. Sea
brook's Message :
"While I. rejoice, in the conviction that a large
number of individuals at the North do entertain con
servative opinions on the matter of slave property,
and whose voice is occasionally heard in the uproar
of the waters of strife, yet overawed by the impetu
osity of the torrent which is perhaps destined to over
whelm the land, they involuntarily shrink from the
task of attempting to stay its progress. The instan
ces are rare in which, where the effort has been made,
deprivation of office, or other mark of displeasure and
rebuke, did not quickly follow. This of itself, if
proof were needed, proclaims the deep-seated ness and
all-pervading character of the disease which affects
the body politic of that extensive and populous region
For about one-third of her political existence, South
Carolina has presented an almost uninterrupted scene of
disquietude and excitement, under the provocation of
contumelies and threats, poured from a thousand
tongues, and in forms the most offensive. During
that period, it may with truth be affirmed, that the
public mind has not for a year been free from the most
painful solicitude. Peace indeed has long fled from
our borders, and discontent and alarm are everywhere
present. .Better, far better, it would have been, for
i the South to ensrasre in deadlv conflict with the North.
; yond the ken of human prescience. An open war is
limited by the causes which produce it, but the fur
ther continuance of such a war, political, religious
and social as has been waged by one party against
the other, and in which a strictly defensive attitude
has unwaveringly been preserved by the weaker,
would falsify and dishonor, the history of the Anglo
Saxon race. Whatever may be said by the demagogue
and the fanatic, it is our pride and high privilege to
declare, that the unexampled forbearance of the South
j is referable solely to its unaffected devotion to the
1 compact of 1789, and the principles of constitutional
I liberty.
! Our present distressed and agitated condition has
. not arisen solely from the recent aggressive measures
of the Federal Government. These effected by illi
cit, and wily combinations, having destroyed forever
the balance of power between the two sections, the
equality of the States, and the equality of right in the
people of the States, constitute the crowning evi
dence of the fixed determination of a dominant ma
jority to consummate its perfidious purpose of seizing
by a law of its own enactment, the entire inheritance
of a common ancestry. The startling truth at length
( stands openly revealed, that the last hope of arresting
,ho career of infatuated rulers is rrone. forever. ThS
I . . o
final act of the drama is over, and when the curtain
which screens the future from the eye of the patriot
i shaj be jifledt it may b?j ,nat the Palmetto banner
w;ii be seen amono- other standards. wavino- over a
i triumphant people,"united in institutions, and in de-
termination to maintain with fidelity their new rela
tions with their co-sovereigns and the nations of the
world. But should it please the All-wise Disposer
of events in His inscrutable Providence to assign us
the condition of the British Islands of the West, and
to rivet the chains with which we are manacled, the
people of South Carolina will, at least, be comforted
with the assurance, thai while ignorant of their des
tiny, they were not unmindful of the duty they owed
to themselves, their descendants, and their country.
Does hope still linger in your bosoms that the dark
cloud which envelopes the political horizon will yet
be dispelled 1 That the enemy will forego his pre
meditated design of ieducing your honored Common
wealth to colonial vassalage1 To these questions a
satisfactory answer will be found in the melancholy
experience of the past the overwshadowiug influ
ence of the General Government, insured by the
permanent ascendency of the sectional party which
of fanaticism, the renewed and augmented agitation
of the slavery question, and the recent practical veiifi
calion of our fears that, at the North, the provisions
of the Constitution in behalf of Southern rights can
not be enforced without the shedding of blood.' If,
to that section which now has the control of every
department of the government, the preservation of
the Confederacy is indispensable to the completion
of its work of desecration and ruin, to us its dissolu
tion, as a compact between thirty-one States, is nec
essary to our social and political quiet, and the safety
of our institutions. Ordained " to establish justice,
insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common
defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the
blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity"
in relation to each and all of these 'essential objects,
the Bond of Union having been deliberately mutila
ted by a majority of the contracting parties, the mi
nority have no longer any security for life, liberty and
The time, then, has arrived to resume the exercise
of the powers of self-protection, which, in the hour
of unsuspecting confidence, we surrendered to foreign
hands. We must re-organise our political system on
some surer and safer basis. There is no power, mo
ral or physical, that can prevent it. The event is indis
solnbly linked with its cause, and fixed as destiny.
In the admonitory language of our lacnented statesman,
" the worst Calamity that could befall us would be to
lose our independence, and to-sink down into a state
of acknowledged inferiority, depending for security
on forbearance, and not-on our capacity and disposi
tion to defend ourselves."
I have not attempted to discuss the question of se
cession. The right by a State to withdraw from the
Union, results from the nature and principles of the
Constitutional compact, to which the States are so
vereign parties. While adhering faithfully to the
remedy of joint State action for redress of common
grievances, I beseech you to remember, that no con
juncture of events ought to induce, us to abandon the
right of deciding ultimately on our own destiny.
In recommending, as I now do, that South Caroli
na should interpose her sovereignty in order to pro
tect her citizens, and that by co-operation with her
aggrieved sister States, she may be enabled to aid in
averting the doom which impends over the civil insti
tutions of the South, it is fit and proper that as a
Commonwealth, we should, at an early day, to ba
designated by you, implore the God of our fathers for
the pardon of our manifold transgressions, and invoke
his protection and guidance in this our day of trouble
and affliction, that he would graciously' vouchsafe to
enlighten the minds of our Federal rulers, the North
and its citizens, and direct them in the way of truth,
of reason and of justice, and preserve a once happy
political family from the unspeakable horrors of civil
strife." :(
John H. Leary, an intelligent Farmer and Fish
erman of this County, recently ordered two thousand
dollars' worth of Rope from Boston, but on reading
the accounts of the proceedings in the Crafts case,'
he immediately countermanded the order, and has
determined to bestow his patron ere on the Merchants
of Norfolk, and other Southern Cities. . "
Edenton Bulletin.
The United States House of Representatives is
composed of Representatives from each State, in the
ratio of one to every 70,680 of the population. The
present number of members is two h ndred and thir
ty one. The eompensatien of the members is 83, and
that of the Speaker $16 per day during the session,
and $8 for every twenty miles' travel in going and
returning. -
' rr the North Carolina Standard.
Be firm, be bold, be strongs U true, '
And dare to stand alone; ' . ,
' Strive for the right, what'er ye do, ' .
Though helpers there be none.
Nay--bend not to the swelling surge ' '
Of popular sneer and wrong ; .
' .Twill bear thee on to ruin's verge, V
With current wild and strong.
'- ' :
Stand for the right! though falsehood rail.
And proud lips coldly sneer, " - - ,
" A poisoned arrow cannot wound ' '
A conscience pure and clear.
Stand for the right! and with clean hands, -
Exalt the truth on high ;
Thou'lt find warm sympathizing hearta
Among the passers ly. '
Men who have teen, and thought, and felt, - '
Yet could not boldly dare .
The battle's brunt, but by thy side .
Will every danger share. ... -
Stand for the right ! proclaim it loud, .
Thou'lt find an answering tone
In honest hearts, and thou no more -
Be doomed to stand atone ! '
Baltimore, November 28.
Senator Downs has been received at New Orleans
with great honors. A salute of 100 guns was fired.
The election of Gen. Arista as President of Mexi
co is confirmed.
From Texas we learn that Gen. Rusk, in an ad
dress at San Augustine, declared the passage of the
Ten Million Bill to be a Southern triumph.
There is a great emigration to Texas ; about 500
per week have arrived at Galveston, and it is es
timated that 25,500 have arrived during the present
season, many bringing large numbers of slaves.
The vote on the Boundary Bill averages about 4 in.
favor to 1 against, in 17 counties out of 20.
Washington, November 28.
The President's Message is in the hands of the
printer. It is to be expressed South as far Charles
ton and Augusta, and West to Buffalo, and probably
to Cincinnati. It leaves here to-morrow instead of
Col. Benton speaks confidently of his re-election
to the Senate.
It is not true that the President has ordered the
arrest of Quitman, or taken any action whatever as to
Hogs ! Hogs ! ! Several droves of hogs have pass
ed through this place. Drovers are asking $5 per
hundred pounds, gross ; but we have not heard of any
selling. As usual they will drive down into South
Carolina and take less than they ask here. We hope
there is not much drove pork needed in this section
this season. Jhith. Banner.
The Nashville Convention consisted, exclusive of
Tennessee, ot forty-five members, viz : One from
Virginia; eleven from Georgia; five from Alabama ;
four from Florida ; eight from Mississippi ; and six
teen from South Carolina. Tennessee, the dissent
ing Stale, had fourteen members.
Arkansas Legislature. This body organized
on the 4th instant, in the House, by electing Major
T. B. Flourney, (Dem.) .Speaker; in the Senate, Jno.
II. Hampton, (Dem.) President. Gov. Roane's mes
sage is ultra on slavery.
The fine painting known as Pomorede's Panorama
of the Upper Mississippi, was destroyed by fire in
Newark, Tuesday morning. It was insured for $G,
000 in St. Louis.
At Rocky Mount, Edgecombe county, recently, by the
Rev. J. B. Cheshire, Mr. Charles G. Bonner of Beaufort
county, to Miss Caroline Gray, daughter of Etbcldred
Gray, deceased. '
In Hillsborough, on the 30th instby Wm.H. Brown,
Esq., Asa N. Davis, to Miss Mary E. Warrex, daughter
of Air. Charles Warren, both of Hillsborough.
In Alamance county, on Thursday eveniug the 14th
inst., by G. M. Lea, Esq., Mr. Wm. W. Pickett to Miss
Martha J. Hurdle, daughter of Josiah Hurdle, Esq.
On Wednesday evening 30th October", by Rev. R. I.
Dcvin, Mr. H. Y. Alden, of Wake, to Miss Susan Ann,
daughter of David Overby of Granville.
By the same, on the 3uth inst., Mr. Fielding Harris to
Miss Mary J., daughter of Mr. John Barnelt, all of Gran
ville. 3313233,
In Brarkettown, McDowell county, on the morning of
the 16th iiifL, in the ?3d year of her age, Mrs. Nancy
Mitchell, consort of Mr. Thomas Mitchell, to whom she
had been united for a period of CS years. She expressed
in her last moments entire resignation to her Maker's
will. .
u And we are glad that she has lived thus long,
' And glad that she has gone to her reward,
Nor deem that kindly nature did her wrong,
Thus soft to disengage the vital cord ;
When her weak frame grew palsied, and her oyo
Dim with the mists of age, it was the time to die."
WiiMUOTOJ, November 30. Sales of turpentine at
. S3 35 for dip, and $1 40 for hard, per barrel ; tar $1 40
per barrel no sales of rosin to report. A sale of spirits
turpentine at 30 cents per gallon. Flour from $5 to $8.
and home-made scarce ; corn 67 cents per bushel ; feath
ers 35 cents; molasses 22 to 23 cents ; bacon from 5 to
1 1 according to quality ; sugar from 6 to Sj cents.
Fatettkvillb. November 30. Cotton 12 to 12icts.,
and steady ; corn 82 to 92 cents ; flour $5 25 to $6 ;
manufactured tobabco 20 to 40. cents per pound ; flax
seed per bushel, $1 20 to $1 25 ; whiskey 35 to 40 cts.
Pktehsburc, November 30. Tobacco at from 8 50
to $20. according to quality; wheat, prime, at 100 to 109
cents; some small sales of new corn at 60 cents; bacon,
hog round, at7j to 8 cents; flour from $5 to $7 SO.
Nbw Orleans, November 27. Co'ton in good de
mand to-day, and middlings at 13 cents. 5,000 bales
sold. Rice, sales of 100 tierces, prime, at 4. .
Charleston. November 30." Received during tho
part week 17,897 bales of cotton. The following are tha
prices: Middling 12 j to I2J good middling 13 mid
dling fair 13J fair 13$ fully fair I3g cents.
Nsw Yokk, Novcmler 29. The Telegraphic des
patch of the Washington Republic of Saturday last says :
" Cotton has declined one quarter of a cent to-day, and
flour has fallen 12J cents.'' 1
WE most respctfully inform our friends and the
Citizens of Raleigh, and the County of Wake,
that we have fitted up a splendid ,
Ten Pin Alley;
where young and old can enjoy the healthful exercise
of taking a hand at the game of Ten Pins, or where they
can enjoy the Smack of Satisfaction over a fine plate of
OYSTERS, or a plate of Beef Steak, or a Bottle of
Burgundy, or any of tbc choice Wines or Liquors they
keep on hand for the special accommodation of their
They will endeavor to render those comfotable that
will favor them with their patronage.
Raleigh, December, 4th, 1850. 10
JLauipM, Lsinips.
I HAVE just received a large Stock of Lamps, for
Burning Fluid and Phosgene Gas. Some of which
were bought at auction and wilt be sold very low. - Call
aoort if you want bargains at
V PESCUD'S Drug Store.
" November 27. 0 s-
Tobacco and Sessire.
THE Members of the Legislature and others who
want superior Cigarci Shaking and Chewing To
bacco, are requested to try the supplvjnsf received by
Raleigh. November 27, 1850. . . . "8 tt -,.
4 iMt of Thomaitewn l.imc, just recei-
ived and tor sale by - K. I L't'KEK 6c SON.
Raleigh, Nov. 30, ii'ii.
The Caswell Fe'
Mia. Kxtm E. Hat loos,. Assistant On
Ornamental Branches,'
Mat. E. "B. Gould. Tcaeher
rrtHE SllYie.i-tRar' mwatTtnir tnnM.lf.f U T1 7
X - . , UUM,t. ui lira wfl JVI1U Vv
healthiness of this situation, baa undertaken to estab
lish a Femulc Seminary, which, in addition to meeting
the wants of this vicinity, shall merit patronage from
abroad. He has, accordingly, spared nepaina in procur
ing an assistant, possessing the highest qaalrficatiena.
Miss Kellogg, (who has recently irrrived,) received hev
education at some of the best institutions in the country,
and has bce highly successful as Teacher. . Testimo
nials of the moat commendable character can be exhib
ited from gentlemen of the first respectability.
Tha course of studies will now embrace all the bran
ches solid and ornamental,, usuatlv taueht in Female
cteniinanes of the highest class. Thorooghneas is the
leading feature in the plan of instruction. The govern
ment is strict, but gentte and conciliatory. Tor rapid
progress and superior attainments in Music, Drawing,
Painting and Embroidery, it ia believed that this School
now offers very unusual facilities, f
The subscriber will devote one half of his time to tfci'a
chool, his connection with the Dan River Institute atill
continuing. t -
Board, including washing, from. $8 to $7 per month.
Pupils are required to board in farailiea approved by the
Principal. . rv 1 ,
The next session will commence on the 6th of January'.
Early attention ia requested aa far as practicable. Charge
will he made from the time of entering to the close of
the session, and no deduction made for absence except
for protracted eickness. v
Titus Pen ArasiA T. n Xf.- .
------- - -- i v .. V . . 1 , i'Mt.l J (11 .
Tuition, according to studies pursued from 8 to $15
..-:- r: r.i. ...... v .
jriu.src, i riuno wnn sinonntri inrce lessons mr.
week, with an extended series of vocal el-
crcises, lor cultivating tne voice alter the
most annrovnd K
20 00
Drawing, Painting in water colors, stvlogra-
i - . - ; ,
pint, iHuiiw-iiromauc, rainnng ana Em
bioidery, each - - . -' '
French, - . - . . . - .
8 00
November 25, 1850. s 844Stwl
Raleigh Register insert three timea and forward account.
r nm tt- tv
(Hillsborough Street,)
REV. BENNET T. ELAKE, Principal.
Ma. W. C. DovB, A. M., Professor of Mathematics
and Ancient Languages.
KAttt W.' Petehsilii, Professor of Music,
Mas. Leer M. Petkrsilia, Teacher of Drawing and
TWENTY-FIVE Young Ladica can be accommo
X dated with board in the family of the Principal.
These will receive all the attention, and enjoy all the
comforts of a private family. ,
The course of study, ia well digested, thorough and
extensive. The entire expense to a pupil will be cover
ed by the payment of One Hundred Dollars in advance,
for a session of five months. This will include Board
and Tuition, with Music, French, Latin, Greek, Mathe
matics, Drawing and Painting.
Taken separately, the charges will be aa follows:
oard per session of five months, SS0 00
Tuition in the Classical Department, 20 00
Tuition in the English Department. 15 00
Music on Piano or Guitar, 20 00
Drawing and Painting, 10 00
Painting in oil Colours, 15 00
French, , 10 00
The Pupils will be regularly instructed in Vocal Mu
sic, without further charge.
The Annual Examination of the Pupils of this Insti
tntion will take place on Wednesday and Thursday, tbe
4th and 5th of December ensuing.
The Session for 1851 begins 6th January, 1851.
B. T. BLAKE, Principal.
Raleigh, Nov. 8, 1850. 4 tf.
South Lowell Male Academy,
THE present session of this Institution will close on
the 20th of December; and the next session will
coinmence on Thursday, January 2nd. Students are
earnestly requested to be present at tho commencement
of the session.
The School continues under the superintendence of
the Rev. James A. Dean, M. A., as Principal, and Mr.
B. F. Larabee, B. A. as Associate. The Academy build
ing ia new, and is so constructed as to accommodate three
or even four Teachers. It is hoped that the friends' of'
the institution will rally around it, and furnish a suffi
cient number of students to test its capability. "
Three objects will constantly be kept in view :
1st. To promote thorough scholarship. 2nd. To secure
the students from the contamination of vice, and to in
still into their minds moral and religious principles. 3d.
I'o cultivate a taste for general knowledge. Io" pains
will be spared to obtain all these ends. - -
South Lowell Academy is a " Preparatory School " of
Randolph Macon College ; bnt the course of instruction
is such as to prepare for any College in the country ; and
it is equally adapted to such as do not intend to pursue
a Collegiate course. - ,
Expenses as heretofore, viz: Tuition $10 00 $12-
50, and $15 00. Board in the best families, $25 00
per session. -
South Lowell is in Orange county. North Carolina.
38 miles west of Henderson, and about the same dis-
dance North-west of Raleigh.
D. C. PARRISH, Sec. Ex. Com.
November 23, 1850. 844 4 1.
r THE Rev. Professor Morcan has etahlihi1 at SaTia-
l lury, North Carolina.
of the highest grade. The success of his system in
Edgcworth during rive years, is known to most compe
tent judges in Virginia, North and South Carolina. It
is believed that no similar institution has made such am
ple provision for the comfort and succeaa of Vmm l.,.
dies, at such moderate expense to the pupil. - The yetor
will close in June. All information will be sent to ap
plicants. The whole expense far one year of 1 6 months end
ing in June is from $130 to 200.
November 30, 1850. 10
THE Spring term of this Institution will open on
Tuesday the first day of January, 1851.
Terms per Session of five months, (payable in advance.')
Board and English Tuition, - $'60 00
Music on Piano or Guitar,; 20 00 .
Usef Instrument, 3 00
Latin and French, each, 10 00
Incidental Expenses, i 00
MRS. J. J. FINCH, Principal.
Nov. 30, 1850. g44 4t w.
rrtHE Trustee of the Forestville Female Acsemy
X riah to employ a Gentleman and his Wife to faCe
charge of their School, commencing about the 2nd or
3rd Monday in January. If they cannot get a man and
hia wife, they would employ a young lady-
Testimonials as to character and qualifications will be
required. Addresa the eubecriber at Forestville Wake
county, N. C. J. S. PURIFY, See.
Nov. 28, 1850. 10 tf.
Register publish till forbid. -
: : . NOTICE. .
A . PPLIC ATION will be made to the present Lcgia
X Yjature for aa act to incorporate a Cotton and Wool
Manufactory at the Falls, of Neiise River, in Wake
Coonty. - t
Nov. 30, 1850. ' 10 It
Bank, of the State of ilprth Carolina.
THE Annual Meeting of -the Stockholders of thie
Bank will be held on the first Monday in January
next, at their Banking House in this City.
Raleigh, Nov. SO, 1850. 10 td.
' By Adam's Express.
ANOTHER aMppTy of article Jbr the LadW or
Gentlemen's Toilet, consisting of Foreign and Po
rn eat ic Perfumery, Soaps, Brushes and Cosmetics, just
on hand and for sale by ' P. F. PESCUD.
November 21. 9 .
m m

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