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.mi ine Uo f Tfce They innst a Pretrrr r must a PrMW RALEIGH: WED!fEDAY. DECg"188'11' I80. "SKETCHES OF NORTH CAROLINA--;" Our readers will find f. our Senate proceedings of Friday, interesting ReP0Tt J H WiiwtA , Chairman of the Library Committee, .i.riMi to the forthcoming work of Col. Wheeler, and the spplication of that gentleman to be allowed ,t, Me of t& State Library. ... r, Wo hav had occasion, in previous swisibet, to ppeak of this work of CoL Wheeler. We have go doubt it will oe W0TI1J v uie omre, imi every North Carotiaian who takes aa interest in the State's history; will procure a copy of it. We are indebled to Col. Wheeler for aepy it,- lotter which we eive below, from Gov. Tryon. account -of the battle of the Alamance- tnis leerwas forwarded by Gov. Tryon to the Office of .1.- of Trade and Plantations in Lofldoo, uom whence it was procured through the iumeatality of Mr- Baeccoft, late our Minister at tkat 19th Mag, 1771. $ ... . . .i.. t.nniaess t scsforoi vour r .i.u3 :. fc nlessed God to aa Mnjesty 8 u-.u -"--"kh sign.i victory ever the Kegu arms in thw Prevmce D asn"' r USfLS- befo.e 12 o'cleck. en Thursday, the . 71" -,51 to the westw.nl of Great Ala- 15th infant, , . ,. rruynlrh to mance River, n tne rwi icw"5 Tk, kiss af eur Army, knwd, vouaded aod missing, amounted to alaut sixty men. We hid but one officer killed, and .no dangerously W Thelcfion was twa hour. Bat a about half an haur the enemy took to tree fighting, aarf .ch annoyed the men wha stood at the gtsns, which obliged me to cease the arttftery r a short tkne.and advance the first liae t. farce the rebels from thecr cowing- This suc ceeded. And we p-rsued them a aa.le teyond Uiwr camp, and to many of thr harses and the UtUe pro visida sad ammunition they left behead them. Thissuocess I hape will lead aooa perfect restora tion of peace in this country ; though had they succeeded, nothing but desolation and ravage would have spread itself-rer die country, the Regulators having determi ned to cut off this army had they succeeded. The inclosed declaration of the twops will testify to liis Majesty the obligations I lay smder to them for their steaflv, resorate, aal spirited behaviour. Some royal mark of favor I tras will be extended to the loyahy that has beea distfaffsished by his Majesty a faithful subjects within the Proace. The particalar detail of this expedition I shall trans rait ta lay before his Majesty as soon as I have setUed the country i peace ; hoping that the advantages now gained ever a set of desperate and cruel enemies may meet with his Majesty's approbation, and finally termi nate ia grviag a stability to this constitution which it has hitherte beea a stranger to. The Army -under my command amounted, officers in cluded, to upwards of eleven hundred ; that of the rebels ta two thousand. The two field pieces from General Gage were of infi nite service to us. I am, dec &c" WM. TRYON. P. S. Gcaeral WaddeJ, with two hundred and fifty men, was obliged, on the t9th instant, about two miles Eastward of the Yadkin, to retreat to Salisbury ; the Re gulators surrounding his forces and threatening to cut them an piaces if they offered to advance to join the Army .vnder my command. I shall march tomorrow to the Westward, and in a week expect to join the General. " GEORGE S. STEVENSON, ESQ. The Raleigh Correspondent of the North State Whig pretends to be horror-stricken at the idea that Whig Solicitors should be turned out and Democrats put in. Iiiw long has it been since the Whig leaders ceased to prefer their own men for Judges and Soli eitors? Ot wieaidid they cease todo so 1 Or when will they. Never. There is this difference, howev er, and thw goes to their honesty .- They declare, be fore elections, that they will know no partythat they will not turn out nor proscribe a man because he happens to be a Democrat; but after the elections, they go right to work and violate their promises just as if they had never made them. The Democrats, on the contrary, boldly and openly hold to the. doc trine, and the correct dectrine, that the party in pow er is entitled to select its own agents to carry oat its principles. They say this before elections, and, like men who keep their faith, they practice it after elections. That is the difference. This 'Correspondent of the Whig, in saying that George S. Stevenson is 44 totally unfit for the omce,, of Solicitor, lies by wholesale, and he knows it. Mr. Stevenson is known to be a sound lawyer for a man of his age ; and his attainments are conceded even by the Whigs here, to be of the most respecta ble character. He is admirably qualified, in every respect, for the post to which he has been elevated. He ilias nothing to fear from either the assaults of the Whig, or its anonymous Correspondents. He goes forward in the discharge of his duties, looking with calm scorn upon the ravings of that sheet and the contemptible scribblers whose writings dis grace its columns. MESSRS. DICKINSON. AND SWANNER. it is not our purpose to defend these genllemerr against the ill-natured and vulgar assaults of the North &tate Whig, ihey need no such defence. A simple statement of what the Editor of that paper says of them, is sufficient. Not having voted daring the present session in such a way as to suit Dituock, that Editor says that Mr; S wanner is " a fool," and Mr. Dickinson 44 a scoundrel.'''' Is that a Whig ar gument! It is one of Dimock's -but he is only tolerated, we believe, in the Whig ranks. These gentlemen are in fact complimented by these epithets from Diroock. Decent people would rather have his curses than ha praise. One of Mr. Stanly's tools, he has been taught to hale every man who stands up for Southern rights; and though he black guards Messrs. Swanner and Dickinson to-dav. ac cording to his own bad impulses or aa the result of orders, yet he would praise them to-morrow, if Stanly only said the word. Such an Editor is a disgrace to the profession ; and those .who encourage and 44 set him on " in his career of snarling, cursing, and snap ping, are no better than he is. MR. SHEPARD'S SPEECH. We shall publish Mr. Sliepard's Speech in our next Semi-Weekly and Weekly, and shall print off aev eral thousand copies ot it in pamphlet form. We 1 . shall print it in pamphlet form at the request of a number of friends, who wish to obtain copies for dis tribution.- .- ' This Spppch ought to be in the hands of. every1 cit- zen in the Stale. , " Copies of this Speech tnay be obtained at the Stan dard office, at $1 50 per hundred copies. , " The Elizabeth City Old North State, Whig, ex presses its 44 dissent 4o the language and bearing ' Portion of Mr. Shepard's Resolutions j while the loneer. Democratic, printed at the same placed says u'eHy " hreaihethe right spirit, and.the Editor gives en his cordial, hearty, and enthusiastic support." lJHln ll,'at lhe Mason of this State at their toloJ)n?ul.Con,mun,Ui,llon n thi Ci,J determined ,,,R,f Collet at Oxford, in Granville County.' I i . THH 'ROCKINGHAM" MEETING. We give pfece todaJ to the i proceedings of a" Jtfeet lag held in Wentworthon the 37th viumo, mmm- J Tu- Rn1ntian AnntaA nvnress the most ardent hnt for tha Uninnnprore and laud .the i catted " compromise "and declare in substance that. immny event the members -of " here to the Union,' with " their lives, thetortane. aod their sacied honor. to the .Unions she b shown th.s attachlnent.at all Umes, infield and ineooncii H prr oat their treasure like water, and theu blocj a. fteelv, to preserve and defend the Union, according or with that Constitution .nullified' and immoled under foot, is a stranger to her and an enemy VVe will go as far as any one in praising the Union as it ought to be, and we would saqnnne as much in opinion or in leeung, as any man living, io upiiold and perpetuate it ; but sacrifices thus tar have only emboldened our assailants, and laudations of the Union in this quarter have only served to render the Abolition appetite more ravenous and unappeasable We yield they take, and then demand more ! We ask them for justice they reply by referring us to the injustice and the sin" of Slavery ! We give them the whole, of California, the abolition of the slave-trade in the District of Columbia, and over six ty millions of Texan territory for a consideration ; and they promise ns, in return, to enforce a plain provision of the Constitution in relation to our escaped slaves, and permit us, mainly by our own vote, to pass a law for this purpose through Congress. ' We stand to our part of the contract they break theirs ! They violate the law and the Constitution; and when we ask them for our rights, or talk of dissolving the partnership and taking care of ourselves as best we may, they denounce us as agitators and as traitors ! These are plain, unvarnished facts. Will any one dispute them? We cannot save the Union by praising it. That is a work to be' performed by the Northern people. They Are the assailants, and we the assailed. They began this war upon us, and it was unprovoked. ' We had not injured them in person, property, or reputa tion. We have lauded the Union, and in its name we have implored them to pause and let us alone, un til patience has ceased to be a virtue. We must now stand up as one man for our rights, and say to them 44 thus far, and no farther." They say it is a 44 glo rious" Union, and we respond again and again that it is ; but with these professions still warm upon their lips, they march deliberately forward to violate and nullify the very Constitution which created it and holds it together ! What, under such circumstances, mustwe do Must we still praise the Union, and beg ? We invite the particular attention of the people of Rockingham to the 4th Resolution, in the following words: Retohed, That any attempt on the part of the Northern people, to repeal the law commonly known as the fugitive-slave law, will be regarded by us as a demonstration of implacable hostility to the South ern institution of domestic Slavery ; and as patriots and Southerners we solemnly pledge ourselves to ad here most steadfastly to the Union the fugitive-slave law, and all other measures of adjustment, with our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor. '- Whatever may be said of the other Resolutions, we have no idea that this Resolution will receive the endorsement of one citizen in fifty of that patriotic j County. It surrenders every thing." It says to the free States, if you attempt to repeal what the Consti- j tution gives us in so many words, we will regard you as 44 implacably hostile " towards 44 domestic Slave- j ry " ; but we nevertheless 44 pledge ourselves to ad here most steadfastly to the Union, &c., with our j lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor !" These Resolutions were drawn up by .Mr. John Kerr. They are just like him. He is an unsafe leader even in ordinary times, but in a crisis like this he is totally unreliable. He is a handsome but rath er rambling declaimer a respectable lawyer, and a clever man personally ; but he lacks the nerve and the sagacity for these portentous and stormy times. f ever stern language and a jealous regard for reserv ed rights were demanded of the people of this State, they are demanded now. Sentimentality and nicely turned phrases will only invite the blow against the Union and against ourselves, which we are all so anxious to avert. Timidity, in tne midst ot sucn a crisis, 44 betrays like treason." Aa the Raleigh Register and Star affect not to un derstand our position on the Slavery question, we take this occasion to define it again, in the plainest language we can use. We cannot approve the recent compromise" as a whole. We believe it has in flicted a great wrong upon the South and upon the principles which hold this Union together; but as it is a law of the land, and aa we love and cherish the Union in its true spirit, and desire its continuance, we are prepared to acquiesce in this 44 compromise, pro vided the fugitive-slave law be enforced. All we now ask of the free States is EF" to cease the agita tion of the Slavery question in Congress, and to carry oat the fugitive-slave law in its letter and spirit. 1 Let them do this, and we march on together ; let them refuse, and we DISSOLVE! This is strong lan guage ; bat we have weighed it, and we have given utterance to it with deliberation and solemnity. Here we stand. If this Confederation of States roua per ish if their common flag, radianfwitli achievements as immortal as the stars that cluster on it must be torn and trampled in the conflict- and if brothers must be converted into deadly foes over the very graves of their fathers, who won these liberties the Ruler of Nations, who judges justly, and all posteri ty upon this Continent, will hold the slavenoldmg States guiltless of the awful and inexpiable crime. We learn that our esteemed fellowcitizen, Duncan K. McRae, Esq. has determined to remove from this place and take up his residence permanently - in Wil mington. This is rendered indispensable by his health the climate of Wilmington being milder and better suited to his physical condition than that of , this re gion. We regret the necessity which obliges him to leavA iiu-. Ha urill narrv with him the rACinects and good wishes of all : and in receiving him into her so-i ciety and into the circle of her enlightened citizens,. Wilmington will number one more able lawyer andl accomplished gentleman. . .. , lj . Mississippi. In the Mississippi Legislature a bill has been introduce! to regulate the taxes hereafter te be levied on the sales of merchandize within the State of Mississippi, and Tor other purposes. f The bill provides that upon the sales' of all goods, wares and merchandise, the growth or manufacture ef any one of the non-alaveholding States, or imported into the United States hrough any one of the ports of the nonslaveholding Stales, there shall be paid a tax of twenty-pe per centum upon the amount so sold, in addition to the amount now paid under the exist ing laws. ...j.,,; ,.f-t Texas. JTbe Legislature of Texas assembled on' the 18th ultimo. "The boundary billies passed, by Congress at its -last session, was accepted by,, both branches, there being only one. dissenting voice iu the Senate and five iff the House. V". STATE FINANCES. , e-.Py thd following statement from the Report ' of Mr Comptroller Collins exhibiting-the receipts . uLuuracnsBw or -wiis s late tor the -fiscal year "le- ""uce n nana ist iyovember, 1849, J , S39.238 04 onu. aoiu, 4y, ;; , , f ( . JJB 0Q0 .00 dehd," Bank of Cape Fear,) Internal Impnt Fund, Cherokee Bonds, 582 00 1 uusresi on w timington and Kaleigb K. K. Bonds, W1 . i?ublicTai received from Sherifia,. , i-.. . 'Win. B. March, Sh'ff of Davie, additional 3,000 00 141,610 02 return, . ? Attorney's Licenses, . Dank Tax, Bank of the State, 75 :.;: , 580 00 8,243 25 455 75 2,389 00 . 950 00 , 562 50 475 00 137 16 u Wilmington, . " v 44 Caps Fear,. Fayettevilfe, r.,. ... "-Newbern,. ,. .. . lluneombe Turnpike Comp'y,. Divid. Commissioners of Wrecks, Carteret co. $219,006 47 9,166 77 Balance due Pub. Treas'r, ; . $228,173 24 ' " RacAPiTtrtATioiv or DuarassxiaTS. I'micipal on Raleigh & Gaston Rail Road Bonds, . ; j . Interest on Raleigh dc Gaston Rail Road Bonds,' - i s," ,'' udictary, - -'1 . .- .'..--,. t !ape Fear dc Deep River Nav. Company, ; 1 'rincipal on State Loan, . . : litcreston. do 1 lternal Improvement Fund, ' Veights and Measures, f tate Librarian, 1 ost Office, l ublie Printing, . . . 1 ensioners, ' - ' . 1 rotate Capitol, Salisbury & Western Turnpike Road,' v: '. Interest on State Bonds, 1 ayetteville & Western Pl'k R'd (stock,) Interest on Fayette ville & Western ..Plank Road Bonds, t , r , ... I 'xecutive Department, . '. ;, 1 reasury . Department, , . . ,' ( S tale Department, 4. omptrollcr'a Department,' ' iidjutant General's Department, Superintendent Public Buildings, 33,000 00 37,654 00 30,748 26 20,000 00 21,148 00 4,569 02 47 50 50 00 450 00 255 39 842 23 330 00 52 80 7,675 00 12,077 19 40,000 00 14478 2,300 00 2,000 00 ' 800 00 1,000 00 200 00 260 00 175 75 148 15 169 20 6,567 63 245 40 1,313 40 1,212 00 1,219 81 317 73 liovernor a House, tate Library, , C ouncil of State, Lunatic Asylum, Senatorial Elections, 'herifk for settling Tax, I overnor's Election, ' ( ontingencies, Stationery, " $228,173 20" ' The taxes of all sorts for 1849 are as follows i J.and tax $3-2,734 59 town property tax $3,664 96 poll tax $35,011 78 Lunatic Asylum tax $19,- 68 33 interest tax $25,135 69 dividend and prof i! tax $1,613 70 salaries and fees $1,522 80 stud 3 srse tax $1,943 30 gate tax $181 42 store tax 111,103 92 pedlar tax $3,014 58 tavern tax $3, 311 92 artificial curiosity tax $1,536 90 billiard ible tax $1,128 lineal descent $1408 19 negro sader's tax $317 20 foreign carriages $319 60 il rover's tax $1,052 80 boiling alley tax $94. CENSUS RETURNS. We have been favored by Col. LiTTLt, U. S. Mar 11'ial, with the following additional returns: Henderson Co. Total Populn, 1850, ' ' 7404 44 . 1840, ' 5129 Increase, Chowan Co. Total Poptu'n, 1850, t...' : 1840, Increase, ' Pxbquimons Co. Total Popul'n, 1850, 44 v 1840, ' .1 .. Decrease, Greene Co. Total Popul'n, 1850, ; 44 1840, Increase, Washington Co. Total Popul'n, 1850, .-,, 1840, Increase, Robeson Co. Total Popul'n, 1850, 44 1840, Increase, Person Co. Total Popul'n, 1850, . 1840, t. ' Increase, . Haywood Co. Total Popnln'n, 1850, 44 1840, Increase, Columbus Co. Total Popul'n, 1850, ' .- . s fi " 1840, ' . Increase,' , , Guilford Co. Total Populn, 1850 44 1840, :--. - , -, . . Increase,. Martin Co. Total Popul'n, 1850, ... 1840, ; Increase, 2,275 6752 6693 59 7328 7346 18 6801 C595 206 5708 4525 1183 12,825 10,370 2,455 10,791 9,790 1,001 7054 4975 2079 4 5908 3911 1997 19,698 19,175 ' 523 8329 ' 7637 692 ' MUSICAL CRADLE. Mr. L. F. Whitaker, of this place, has invented a . .ielf-s winging musical cradle," and has taken ineas r res to secure a patent for the same. An engraving, with a description of this cradle, appears in a late 1 ember of the Scientific American. : "The cradle," says the American, 44 with this improvement, is like ' th9 pendulum of a clock : it answers all the purposes cf one,, iu combination with a spring and gearing, t keep the cradle swinging for a number of hours, anl to play some tunes at the same time, like those of a musical box." The American adds that 44 this is a very neat and useful invention, and should meet with 'general favor." ' , . This cradle must be greatly superior to the " baby jumper." That affords only ors kind of music ahat of the little one itself ; but this gives at the same time a delightful swinging motion, and musie with 44 -riaiions." Of course every fond mother Who can af- foid it,'will have a 44 musical cradle." 1 We wish the ingenious inventor the most abundant success in disposing of bi cradies. : ' Fatettetillb and Raleigh Plank Road. We ' lou'ra that the people of Cumberland bave subscribed i f4S,000 to this .enterprise, and that $30,000 more vill' be sofficient to complete the subscriptions. Dr. IG. McRae, ;of'FayetteTille who is now in this Oily, will receive subscription to the enterprise; and f it is confidently expected that he will receive s hand cme amount at once, from the farmers and business -nea'or'Wike." The troth ia Wake ought to make up the $30,000 without the slightest hesitation. '..' This is an enterprise set onoot, by individuals, and Itiended x6 be carried out bj individuals. "The State --'Ii-ii nothing to do wijh itf ,; J, GOV. MANLY-rTHE; SCHOOL FUND. vSeTeral 0 -th5.B,e;B Whig papers have had their ejea openeti oy me Ute Messaze of Gov. Manly, t f The Edenton jBuIletin savsr - -f-4- - -.'a .- ... n er tn Bead r Commori Schools our readers win nnd the question of the distribuliort of the Fund discussed, to which we refer them for the Governor'f views. "They uill find thai the distrust ftU in the East pending the laid election as to his views on that sul jea proves melt founded. He reedmmends the distri- ouuon to oe made in proportion to the number of white people, and not as heretofore in proportion to Federal popalatioD-a measure, Vhich if adopted bytheEeg islature, would ! 'result in, great inj'ury to the East." .v TbeWedoi,Iej?ld'says; ' , J-V? . ;44 W e ha ve made no comments on the Message of his Excellency Gov.. Manly but we mast take occasion to enterour Solemn DrotARt sxrainat tha nnrtinnot thin document which recommends the distribution of the School fund aCCOrdin? to tha white and nnt tha feder. al population, as at present.' We defended him against tne charge of being in favour of any such doctrine last summer, and used our every exertion to convince lhe public that the charge was false and that Gov, Manly was right and sound on this subject. It be comes now our unpleasant duty to ask the Governor's paraon ior au mat we said in his favor on this auhiect having totally misrepresented him and to state that, had we believed at the time, that he would rec ommend any such thing to the present Legislature, jve laauia not nave supported him. ' The Old North State says : ' 44 The position which Gov. Manlv has taken in his Annual Message to the Legislature upon the distribu tion of the school fund, entirely reconciles us to his defeat. Had he expressed himself in favor of a change of the basis from the federal to the white population K-r.. .1 1 .. .. r.' uciuib ujo eiecuun, we snouia, ior one, most uncere moniously have repudiated him. We do so now. as well as the doctrine which he advocates. ' It appears, then, from W hig sources, that Eastern Whigs were grossly and deliberately deceived, in-tbe late campaign, as to Gov.-Manly's views on this ques tion. But we can tell these Editors that Gov. Manly went much further than this: He advocated the abo lition of the federal basis of representation in the Legislature a measure which, it carried cut at this time, would not only give encouragement' to our as sailants in the Free States, but would completely over shadow Eastern influences in the publio councils. And we can tell these Editors furthermore,' and all others whom it may concern, that the Whig papers of this City with Gov, Manly, and certain Whig leaders in the present Legislature, whose white-basis Speeches and Reports are published and praised in these papers, are committed at this moment to a Con vention, the object'of which is to unsettle the pres ent basis of representation, and to establish it, not according to population and taxation, but with refer ence to whito population ! ' There is a game going on here a parly game, with the view of breaking down Western Democrats and of building up the fortanes of certain' Whig leaders, by white-basis overtures to the West i and if the 'Editors from whom we have quoted, and the people generally, will watch the Leg islative proceedings and the Whig prints of this City with a little more attention," they will see this game as clearly as we do. ;" Unless we are greatly mistaken, our cotemporaries of the Herald, the B nlletin, and the Old NorthState, are to destined be still more grossly deceived with- ; in the next two years. It does not become us to lecture these Editors, or to advise them as to their course; but one thing we may say to them, and that is, that they owe it to their readers and to Eastern interests to be wide awake hereafter on these questions, and to watch their leaders here and farther West, with 44 Argus eyes."'' ': - ' '' NULLIFICATION IN VERMONT. TbejLegisJaldre of Vermont, at its recent session, passed a law directly nullifying the provisions of the fugitive-slave law. 'We gather the facts as follows from the Springfield Republican and the New York Journal of Commerce: ; : ,44 Fugitiyk-slatk law-in Vermont. The legis lature of Vermont, at its late, session, passed a taw with special reference to giving those 4 inhabitants of that State arrested as fugitive slaves, giving them habeas corpus, and of every possible legal defence. It devolves upon the circuit judges of the several ju dicial courts the power of. issuing this writ, hereto fore vested In the judges of the .Supreme Court, and makes it the duly of the State's attorneys in the sev eral counties to apply to either class of judges or courts, in case the arrest of any inhabitant as a fugi tive slave occurs, when lhe judge OrcOurt applied to shall issue the writ of habeas corpus, returnable to the supreme or county court when in session, or to any judge of either court during vacation. If, under this writ, issued during the vacation by any judge, the person arrested and imprisoned as a fugitive be not discharged, he is entitled to an appeal to' the next term of the county court by furnishing proper bail. The court to which an . appeal is made, or to which the writ was originally made returnable, is directed, upon the application of either party interested, to al low a trial by jury of all the facts at issue between the parties. The law makes it the special duty of the States attorneys . in the several counties to use every lawful means to procure the acquittal of every person arrested and claimed within their districts as a fugitive slave, and instructs all judicial and execu tive officers, who shall know or have reason to believe that such an arrest is intended to give immediate no tice thereof to the attorney in their county, that he may timely take the measures that devolve upon him for securing the rights of the party arrested." - x Springfield ( Mass. J Republican. 44 As we understand the case, this law of the leg islature of Verment is directly contrary to the deci sion of the Supreme Court of the United States, and in effect a nullification of the recent act of Congress. While other States which have passed unconstitution al laws on the subject are about to repeal them,' Ver mont seems disposed to commence the race anew. Section sixth of th law of Congress authorizes the judge or commissioner to determine 'the case in a summary manner, and also provides that .'the certificate in this and the first section mentioned shall be con clusive of the right of the person or persons in whose favxr granted to remove such fugitive to the State or Territory from which he escaped, and shall prevent all molestation of such person or persons by any pro cess issued by any court, judge; , magistrate, or other person whatsoever.'1 The legislature of Vermont, it would seem, claims the right to embarrass the execu tion of the law at every step of its progress to take the process out of the hands of the tribunals appoint ed by the United States, and bring it before; State : courts, allowing the privilege of appeal,, and so ren dering the execution of the law next to impossible. To all such proceedings the penalties specified in section seventh apply, and. we trust they will be en-; forced 4 aj. every hazard.! " - a i. . ' Journal qf Commerce. The above requires no comment. It speaks. for it self. The free States are rending this Union asunder deliberately and with eyes wide open. f Vermont has virtually put herself outof the Confederation. What will Mr. Fillmore do, now,.? - .VVjll be still deem it prudent to talk generally about executing the law 1 ' We call upon our Legislature to pass some non-in tercourse measure without delay. . A dangerous dis ease calls for a violent remedy. .. Suab. a measure may; do good may H Vert impending' .dissolauon. , It iav worth the' trial. And in any. such measure let thet tax on VermOni'jprod actions amount to a prohibition. We wish, tile, Legislature possessed the Constitution al righLto annex, fine apdjmpnsoninent to tue selling- of any of'her fabrics in this State.': - f ,,?--! . 'itih ,.r. . :.-ri' t . .B. Craven, Esq.one of the. Editors if the Ever greena Jitecary periodical of ovicb merit published at Asbborongh, in litis Stale is. at present in this City, for the purpose of soliciting subscriptions. VVe commend Mr. C; and his-enterprise to the-kindest reception at the' hands of -all who feel any interest in the elevation of the standard of our Statd literature. Now is the; time to encourage such laudable efforts Mr. X is making to that end. Eegtster. I; .. THEpENTRALi JiAlLROAD. . . ' - We pblisb below-bT equest'-of . -friend nd subscriber, a letter originally intended for the eye'of member orwe-legislature. Out colambtfafecpeni as we have ofte? 'stated ,to view- and ' refiecUons ot aliorts on the subjecVof loternaf Improvemenu; -nd we" are responsible ot eourseJof poUjjng ut -what proceeds from onr Own pea.- , jT -y$ i . tt hi letter, instead 6f being ; sent td the1 person' to whom i was addressed Jis'thus made publio. in our colnmna. by the writer, at the request of soine of bis . .friends' whe wished it to take that coarse, ao that it ' might be'generally-read.:1' If is as follows x - - -i . j o's.--"'.'..-..,. Wsxdon, 'N.."C'tlecr.i,vi850. Dear Sir: 1 claim, the privilege Of addressing you on a subject in which feel, much interest. In doin? so. T j- 1 II .. n . a disclaim bji expectation qi innuencin? vour course, if it has been detemined upon. Although the attempt to repeal the Charter of the North Carolina Rail Road was defeated by an over whelming majority, I learn it is contemplated to effect indirectltf that which a large majority cf its oppo nents even could not force their nerves to accomplish directly the defeat of the, enterprise. Now, I should like to know the difference in point of justice or mo .rality. I once beard of a Quaker whose very nice . scruples of .conscience, woulld not allow him to kill . an unoffending dog with his. own hands, yet who felt i perfectly justified in procuring it to be done by rais ing the cry of 44 mad dog I mad dog ! '. . ' And can members of the Legislature, who think it wrong to repeal a charter, find no misgivings when they make -the most deadly attack upon, chartered rights, by adopting resolutions, the. inevitable tendency of which will be 10 destroy confidence on the part of those who . are. disposed to carry out the object for which the charter is given. If this Legislature 44 request the stockholders to surrender the charter" granted by the last one, what security have.the stockholders that the next Legislature will not command them to 46 sol What security have they that repudiation on the part of the State will not follow? .As sure as you livei the passage of such a resolution will not only, des troy confidence in individuals, as to the safety of . their investments, but it will discredit the character of the good old North State Like the Quaker, you will only take a more heartless course to kill your ; enemy. ; In saying 44 you " I wish to be under stood as alluding to. the Legislature not to you ia dividually. v. .. - .: . . ., , . '': , :,-..v I Another view of the matter. If by any action of the Legislature the Central Rail Road should be aban doned, can you refuse to grant a charter for the con templated Rail. Road from Danville to Charlotte 1 Virginians are ready to build that road anxious for permission to build iu The Western people are de termined to have a road they must have-, one will have one; and can you; with any pretence to justice, Tefuse the privilege of making a road for them, when you destroy the present enterprise? 1 think not. Then, if the Danville. road shall he built,' what will be the effect on the interests of North Carolina, and on works in the State, now in operation with flatter .ing prospects ? As it will open a shorter ronte through a healthy country than by the Wilmington Rail Road, r the great Southern mail and travel will be withdrawn from the latter, and its prostration effected of course. - The State owns stock inland is .responsible, for debts . on acccunt of this road to about half the. amount pro posed to be subscribed to the Central Road. The whole will be sacrificed ! Individuals (many of them vour constituents,) own an equal amount in stock. This, too., will be sacrificed 1 - And is it better that the State and some one or two hundred individuals should be made to suffer this certain loss than that the people of the State should have to pay, tor a few years, a small additional tax, to carry out the plighted - taith of the State, and build a work which will cer tainly benefit the largest portion, and may become profitable to the whole. ' - J Again; ' North Carolina owns a considerable amount in the Roanoke Navigation Company, and ' her citizens own a large amount. ' This stock is now yielding handsome dividends.- Without a charter for the proposed road from Danville to. a connection with the South Carolina Rail Road at Charlotte, the ' probability is that Richmond will, not build her road to Danville, but that she will carry it to Lynchburg. If the Legislature, bv erantine a charter invites and ' ' secures the building of the Richmond Road to Dan ville, will not the interests of the Koanoke ftaviga tien Company (and of course of the State and indi viduals in the State) be also sacrificed ? And with the destruction of the Wilmington Road, and the di version of the tipper trade from the river to the Rich mond road, -what is to become of the Petersburg - road, now in operation, and ot the Portsmouth road, - soon to be completed I in both of which your con- - stituents and a large portion Of the State. are deeply, interested?-: y: . - : . . - , . I submit these harried remarks for your considera tion. 1 believe them entitled to attention. : .. Yours Truly." Great Stat Convention upon the Fugitive Slave Bill. There is to be a State Convention at the city of Syracuse, N. Y.,"on the 7th, 8th and 9th of January next, to consider the Fngitive Slave Bill, recently enacted by Congress. ; The agitators want as many delegates sent to the proposed Convention, as there are members sent 'to the Assembly. .The N. Y, Tribune says that similar Conventions are to be held in other States, with a view of having, before the close of January, a Convention of the free States against the measure. When are we to rest from this venomous agitation? : "".-'" .' Baltimore Sun. Who are the 44 agitators " how Will the Raleigh Register or the Star be pleased to inform us? Though Congress, by its action on the Slavery question at its last session, has inflicted a great wrong on North Carolina--especiaily by the admission of California for the sole and simple reason that California had pro hibited Slavery yet she acquiesces in tba t action, out of her regard for the Union, and because she remem bers affectionately the common sufferings and trials of the war of independence. , All she was promised by that 44 compromise " was the fugitive-slave law ; and that, it appears, has" been nullified in Vermont, and a 44 great State Convention " is to. be called in . He w York., to demand its iepeal ! . And these fiends incarnate dare to meet, for such a purpose, on the 8th ' if January s If ghosts could walk the earth, Andrew Jackson's would be there, blasting them by its flash ing and prophetic eyes. He saw this day, rising dark-. Jy in the distance. - Calhoun saw it, and if Am advice had been taken' fifteen years ago. Time's iron pen would never have recorded the dissolution of this great Confederacy. : :; .' ' . But the Register and the Star, and thousands' of - Whigs for whom . .he toiled and exhausted his very life, hunted him as partizans and called him ,44 Cata line " ! They award, him justice now, ohen it it too late.'' They are now rallying for their, rights upon the very spot his footsteps made sacred years ago $ if they had stood by them then, and if the South had i .stood by him, these things had never been.j - 4. t Extract from a letter to-the Editor, dated " ' " ' Richmond Coanty, Nov. 22, 1850. .." "I suppose our Legislature is by this time fairly under way. I was glad to see your syggestion about our ridding' ourselves of the free negroes., This we . should do, and as speedily as possible.1 I think in ' a State or country., where negro slavery exists, there 1 should be no free negroes. They, are, for., the most part, a trifling set of creatures, associating and zraf v ficking with the slaves, and involving the. slaves id stealing and other bad habits. - At this time, espe- cially, it is doubly incambeot on us to rid ourselves of this class of eur population. They are no doubt the i nstramenU. used, in many cases, by ou r 44 Northern . brethren Y in enticing away .our slaves. I hope oar ', Legislature will do something in the premises." , : '' & l i ,1 ," .. n i ) ,u. ,i u in i si w. ' Extract cf a letter to the Editor, dated ' - "i Asoit County; Nov." 26VJ850.1 r. :' 44 1 am pleased to see that you take the true South - em ground on the odious 44 compromise " of the last :' Congress. " Is it not passingstrange that there is such a large number of our peoplri who shout Union, when the only pittance which we received, and 'which was 1 reluctantly cast to us, is so totally disregarded by oar Northern brethren T' - n-. , '' '. V The South-OaroliYi members of. Congress, have 'arrived ai Washinfftba, and taken their seats. If o TelegrapblcTTerralleccived to-day. 0 a eoiaj.aL M. HoLDEN.'eThattheTetsa-tidain the affairs of men which taken at iu flood leads to fortune," is none the less true when appl'edio States that the present is the "flood tide" of NonbXJarclini is the opinion of many of her patriotic ci fizens. Shall' we not 44 take it," and thus be led on to :44 fortune "cand fame I . A spirit of Internal I j 1 vement is abroad in her bor ders, which it is the c . y of all: her 'sons to deepen and cherish. I shall V t ask the Legislature to ap priate money for this object that is foreign from the present article. It is amelanehbly!act, that with but two'or three exoopobni, all the-worts of Infernal r "f " . wwiih'uiuM heretofore projected, and manv nowfo be ord Unfnrm the present Legislature are designed , itnd do carry the produce of the State to market towns' without her limits the tendency or all those ndw completed in the counties bordering on .the Virginia line, begin ning with the Dismal Swamp Canal, the Seaboard Railroad, the Raleigh and Gaston, Railroad, and con tinuing to the Tennessee line, , has been to carry oar trade to enrich and build up the market towns of Vir ginia ; and now projeota innumerable are agitated to continue this drain on our good old State for the bene fit of our aristocratic neighbors.'' While this drain continues and increases daily,' bow much better are we off on the South? The Sooth Carolina market towns are straining every nerve, and" too successfully to take the balance of tba Stat: ti, Turnpike and Greenville Railroad, will carry from ua .uv ,to.u vuiumoia .ana Vharlotte Kail- road, and the feeders they are designing to throw out will take another large portion, whila Ram. , Cheraw are casting their eyes wiahfullv for ),i u left. I can call to mind but three works m our State that will carry any produce t6 our own towns.-' The Fayetteville and. Western Plank Road, the Daan -nA Cape Fear River ImprovemenVand the Wilmington and Manchester Railroad. 'T bsliava tba"V'Hm;. - . J ,t - " w (4UII p and Manchester Road the only work ever projected u uur outie, .u&eiy m uraw irane into una state from another. ; We never shall be a State of any impor tance until a change in these things takes place, and all our efforts aro . directed to centre the . trade of our State to market towns within her limits. I was for- s cibly struck the other day (in looking over Martin's oiu collection or xaws,) with- the reasons given for establishing the' ancient town of "Cross Crebk." now Fayetteville in the year 1762; in the caption to the laws establishing that town, the following pas sage occurs, 4Aa .' wilt greatly encourage "honest -and able traders lb reside therein, by means whereof the trade of the counties of jSnson and Rowan, which at present centres in Charleston South Carolina, to the great prejudice of this province, will be drawn down to said town." . Nearly a century has nasaed the warniiftra of our ancestors pass by unheeded. South Carolina continues to draw away our trade the time has ar rived to act the bouth is waking op from her slum bers,' and seems determined to throw'- off Northern vassalage each State must act for her own interest. I propose that no charter or countenance be given by our Legislature, in all future time to any work the tciiuoiicjr ui w men is to carry produce to markets out of the State. .Are .we forever ej belong to and be divided between .States North . and South of us ? Georgia has adopted this policy long since, and she is now the 44 Empire State" of the South her sea port towns' rising up, and her'interior towns flourish ing an example worthy to be followed, and sure to produce the like results. Then, sir, I hope when schemes are presented to this Legislature favoring these Virginia and South Carolina Improvemenu, the cry will be 44 away with them," we are the represen tatives of the good Old North .State, and will have nothing to do with you. ;Act up to this principle and in a fetr years North Carolina will' be all that we can desire. - A NORTH CAROLINIAN. CORPORATION PROCEEDINGS. " . ; ' . ' Raisioh, December 6, 1850. . At a regular meeting of the Intendant and .Board of Commissioners, held this evening Present : ,Wm. D. Haywood, Intendant, S. W. .Whiting, Silaa Burns, John Primrose, E. B. Freeman, T. Bi Fentress and E. Smith. On motion, Mr. Colburn'a account of $6 69 for fur nishing stone to make Culverts, was allowed. - The City Guard, Messrs. Johnson, Utley, Blake and Overby, were re-appointed for one month, to be under the direction of the Intendant of Police.. - v : . . , Mr. Whiting, from the Committee appointed at si for mer meeting, to draft a Bill to amend the City Charter, reported the same, which being read and. approved, he was requested to have it presented to the Legislature for iu action.-' V : -,. - , f , : , On motion, the committee for that purpose appointed, were instructed to make a contract for laying down three atone walks across Fayetteville, and two across Morgan streets, agreeably to the plan submitted to the meeting. On motion, Mr. Murray, the collector of City Taxes, was directed to proceed forfbwitby and collect the balance due on the Tax fist for the year 1850, sd as to be ready to settle with the Treasurer at the next regular meeting of this Board, to be held on Friday the 3d January, 1851. By order, B. B, SMITH, Clerk. On the 5th of September, 1 850, at the residence of her parents on St. Louis Bay, Mississippi, Rosabel Whitfield,- eldest daughter of Charity H. and William A. Whitfield, in the 8th year of her age'- ': ''""" J " ' But although, of ao tender an age, ber character was singularly and beautifully remarkable. Preferring the pleasures of the mind to those of the body, loving her books mere than toys, and her Bible above all books honoring her parents, ad especially- reverencing her Heavenly Parents, she was frequently pointed oat to children aa an example worthy of imitation. Having a heart overflowing with affection a manner sweet and prepossessing a disposition ministering to the' want of others by every means in her power a kind word and a gentle look for every one all . who knew her loved her. ..May Heaven sustain her well nigh feeart broken parents in their affliction ! Apart from that aid, the chief solace left them is the reflection that her little soul now rests with Him to whom in prayer her last words were uttered, and that her littla voice now forma a part of the Heavenly choir. : . .n -.. Com. ' In Warrcnton, on Friday evening last, afters short ill ness, Mrs. Matilba Bsaxdt, consort of Mr. lohn F. Brandtjeavipg an affectionate husband, two small children and a numerous circle of friends to mourn their irrepara ble loas. "",,v' -:v! ' ..Hews. , FEMALEi 8CHOOLV ' ' ; HILLSBOROUGH, N.. C, . ; . ... ' in ! Vs.t THE winter sessidti of Mr. & Mrs. Burwtll's School for young Ladies- wuM begin on Thursday, 9th of . Board and Tuition, -r, ' Music on Piano or Guitar, Use of Instrument for practice, 67 50 -20 00 . 5 00 '10 00 10 00 6 00 Drawing, - French, , 'r . ' -' IUn,'; . V l,-''.'-Washing per session, Lf- Hr' . 5 00 , When two or more pupils come from the'aame finr.il the .charge for washing will be $2 50 for each. .As th-i number of pupila ia limited, persons deairoua of securing places must make early -application For circulars con taining all .necessary information, address Rev. R, Bur well, Hillsborough N, C,.t. . s. t v, -7 ? J)ec 11.1850.; .. i ; . nu k 12 w4t. . The Raleigh Register, Wilmington Chronicle, Fay etteville; Observer, and Newbcrhian, will insert once week or tour weeks. - , . ... i- " . .:-!-.. ' . . If an Hirer Institute, v.c t u - YajrcsrrviiijeV N. C. J. . THE Spring scasion of this School will commence on Tuesday, the 7th of January - ' - . -Board in the village and vicinity,' from $8 to $7 per month. - i .1 . AJ C. LINDSAY - " 'i. ':"i.-':-c .. ,: ' Teacher ef Languages, B. GOV ul), ' ; .' 'Teacher ojf Mathematics. '; .- . is 3. December 1 1, j 850. "VrTICB ' hereby given, that 'application "will be JL 1 made to the General Assembly of North Carolina, now in session; for the passage of au Act to empower and authorise James A. Tunnel!,, late Sheriff, olJohnston County, to. collect Taxes due. in said County . lor the years 1846, 47. and .'4g. . 5 December 4 1 850 . ? ? . . J l-w4t Gelatfue for making -Telly. .1 s" FRESH snpply of supertdr Gelatine last received X and for sale by t -- V. r P.' PESCUD. December.' 5 , 10 .rr v-(Hevi f.