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it.t-.1?,. - V '.. n-renev was employed put tne j . :, in operation. He thought:; K'wouiu . , - . ilie. putt oi mesial.""'" .. - eopj ww- ..Jiuu in .he system at this Ume. illt just beginning UMinderstaml . u- f , ri;, nf ?ent of a general topcni, oM) leah be .1 .... it nrovr not to be a g - .us? ';'"v" " , . I 1 I A imtut tar . - . Mr. W, went on to J u bolt? , n?taXe8. North Carolina were "Sdnl,.rery closely, and he thought ,t f7TnreaSB taxation.,. He very measure not lovMn coUter to this J,a (ra.ned h,8J..I'ht ,he s Iary ,f ,he superin teel g. t ! , wilhout levying any new tax. lendantmiffh .- Schoo, Fund, The chair- or wij.h . f superintendanis ineaeh county man " - . ... nn oil mnnvva naa&inir man ... nn-pri 24 DPr ecu. J - i - " through his hands, ine iaiiut whihu1.1 Twasiirer. are very small, and would w ho acts as . ' ,n .tava in the Tear. In some counties " A.. uis fr his sprviues as much a , nmnncM rtn iwrfuce the naV ol SIH per year. . -. Chairman to 1 Per cent on all monies painjT through his hands, except in those counties, about fire , nu er, on the This would oe a saTing . P. . - - - xvhole sun, appropriate! to the "Wr" .Schools tlimufruoHi uib o r. 'irman of u I... cIliM.ni rpniimp ration to the lMiniwo rfcTBUrf 'Sutendents, and leZ irtl,at thev Mild be willin2 to Pe"or "L ': latoistributes about for that percentaje. I no $100,WU annuany ; inecou.. fp tI-make ,;p the K1?re; oneiLnVlrJS'Hesaiddiat . - n . . i .flfioa maouT sajary ot t.,e qui,e sufficient to EivO the fund was small, but it w.i i ..,ri;fii, Huca- every child in North.C.io .n--s- th- tion; it wou of the fund was a in every ' 'or of Us economical management ; :7rar "lins t. secure such econom K! InlSicnU he thought, was to appoint a gen- elnr was the consUnt change of text b0 A w hook put into the .hand Jo, . Wd all mvstery to htm. uy co-.- ----- . sion. a child makes little or no proKrc The cost KnnL-K ia immense, it to the communuy , niv4..rihe would be the duty o tne 8"l,c: "' " t be nossi what books should be used. It mi?! it not I be po ssi hie to use the same books throughout the .State, but Sr.!!. might be used throuut any one county- A uniform system of text boots, even it ii he indifferent, is belter than none at all. Mr W. Z i would be duty of the tapenuteo den io receive returns from every county tn the State, sS that the ofSPnen,SmaCoCf5 fnr all the moneys they received, l'lie sum of (J5, oJo l now inV hands of the Chairmen ot the Board, besides an indefinite amount in the hands of SS Chairmen. The bill under cons.dera .on makes it the duty of the superintendent to u.sti.ute suits against these persons, and provides for stnet ac countability hereafter. He said that it had been objected that a superin tendent could not go into every county of the State in a year. He thought there was no necessity for coins' into wore than one-third of the counties in each year. The bill made it the duty of the supennten dent to submit a report biennially. . r Mr VV. went into a brief history of common school education in North Carolina, and explained the causes that had retarded the progress of education. VV ltatn the Jast ten years a very great improvement had been wade. He believed that there ware 40,000 children now at school throughout the State. - He concluded by an appeal to the Legislature to go forward and perfect this system. The professional men of the State are well educated, but the education of the far mnrs, mechanics and miners was very deficient. Mr. Walton offered an amendment which was adop ted, providing that tfie salary of th superintendent should not be paid until he had received a certificate statirto- that the duties oi his office had been performed. Mrffiuffin said the labors of the Chairmen of the Board of Superintendents are very smalL, and instead of occupying ten days, hardly took moretaan ten hours in a year.. Toe compensation of 1 percent was quite sufficient. He suggested that the portion ot the act of Jast session, authorizing each county to appoint a county superintendent should be repealed. Mr. Saunders, of Wake, expressed himself under deep obligations to the genteman from Guilford for his able remarks on the subject under 'consideration. It showed what a man could do when he directed his at tention to one subject and studied it carefully. He had paid but little attention to it himself, and he returned thanks to the gentleman from Guilford for the infor mation he had laid before him. He was satisfied that a superintendent of the common Schools should be appointed. Mr. S. made some remarks relating to the use. of the School fund by some of the Chairmen of the Boards. He said it was a trust land, and whatever profits were made from it, belonged to that fund, and not to the individual who had it in posses sion. If the Chairmen had speculated with the mon ey in their hands, they could lie compelled to disgorge ibe profits of the'specitlation. ; Mr. Erwin moved an amendment,' that toe school fond hereafter shall be distributed according' to the number of white children between the ages of are and eighteen vears. i' ' , . - Mr. Barnes, of Northampton, begged the gentleman from Buucoiube to withdraw his amendment. He hoped that he would bring it up at some other time, and not attach it to this bill. 7. Mr. Grvvin said he had introduced the amendment with no idea of withdrawing it. If it prevailed he was willing to sustain the bill. If the school fund was not divided so as to do the greatest good to the greatest number, he thought the appointment of a Superintendent would do little good towards perfect ing the system. . . Mr. Fleinin? said he was an advocate of the white basis but he should vote against the amendment of the gentleman from Buncombe at tlus time, because it would embarrass (be bill. He was prepared to vote for the basis of distribution proposed by the amend ment, when it was presented as a distinct proposition ou its own merits. He should oppose all amendments calculated to embarrass the bill. Mr. Leach of Davidson said he should vote against the amendment although in favor of the principle. He nas anxious that the bill should pass. ' Mr. Krwin could not pereeive bow his amendment would clog the bill. The bill was designed to reme dy defects ia the common School system, and dte present basis oi distribution he thought, was the very first defect that should be remedied. Mr. Cherry remarked that a bill to carry out the object proposed by the amendment was already before .lit) House, and be thought it would be best logo in to the discussion when that was taken up. Mr. Avery moved to lay the bill on the table, prom oting to all it up whenever the gentleman from Guit-to-j desired it. Not agreed to. Mr. Taylor made some characteristic remarks against the amendment, and in favor of reducing the salary to tlMO.. - . ..; " . Mr. Dargan lioed that the gentleman from Bun combe .would witlulraw his amendment.. He Could uui sit by quieiJy and see this attack made on slave ltoperty. , " . Mr. Jones moved an adjournment, which was car ried, and tbe House adjourned to Monday. SENATE. o Z Monday. December 17, 1850. Tiie Senate met according to adjournment, r , KefoT jtro.h Committees. ' " - Mr. Court from tbe' committee ou Propositions fd (irievaoees, tefeied against the memorial pray- "S ir tiie euaaneipaUon ot Lewis v iluams, a slave "wt eoucujwd in. . -. , . Mr. JJowe-, I'rom the committee - on Finance,r to nom was referred a memorial in relation to granting "-"uses to retailers of spirituous liquors, reported ad 'e'ly thereon, and asked to be disclrarged Uom its oawdtraticu. , Agreed to. , , -r , V, ?: " Uuxs, UxSChCTlOffS, &C. ' ' ; ;Hr. Kelly piesented the memorial of sundry eiti n t iiobeson County against 'laying otf a new ; uf tae name 0 .VVtiberspoon. Iteterred. U1K, late Sheriff of Miaies County : late Sheriff of Kiates CountV. ileferred.- Rmi.' T1" tntroduced a ' bill to make a road from Matauiuskeet Lake,' through the to briuir theui tuto market and m U,we wail,iiiie' -The billand accompany eaiiuiT!.1"?'31 WM referred ,to the fomHiitteu on lidu- M the Literary Fund. - ' ,wn'ot'(n,ll, " "'"rixing tbe citizens of the t'wu. nJ',,Mon to elect com missionaries for s-.yd werred to ronuuituje on the Judiciary. The bill . Scod Ksuimko. , i w incorporate the Ringgold Guards the 1 t 1 1 1 in lAAnrnnn T 1 1 t n k i .nil ith v d. ... ..,, , iMIMn'. in the Uwp of ' ,i, i.ni-t. ;MnmniA. Windbor. remans Acad rademy th hill to incorporate franklinsville Acad iy and th bUI to amend the act incorporating lue ..... ..e vv-.i.Si.;,-.- rr tho second Ume and em tiv passed. i mh.- ksn ikh th actor last session in- coi rporatiriij Antioeli Acadny-uMinc9rpo !H,l Sprin.r Tent, No, 263 of tho order. of Recta- ft 1V Mil- W lW"ll . , .. . V' IMM OIIIIU" fill, i., - . . bites-and The bill to repeal the act of last sws.od, j- r.. rtrt of a system of internal on-providing- for the support oj ' J al literary and scie-ntinc miii.VJ. cond timeand nassed. The bill relating; to nulls was i .. j .: and reiectea I'll Knnata W8 MWOiK' "J ..-- lat er hody hS psed .he bill authorizmg the Seaboard j n Kail Road Company to issue bmds, wlrndm-tt, and ..kin X Concurrence of U,e Senate in said amendments. Concurred in. : , The Senate next proceeded to the consideration of the special order, oein mo nnvmuuiii aim nepani before the Senate on the subject ot Slavery. Mr. Haughtontook the floor and spoke at some length on the nature of the federal government and against the rtoht of secession. He took the ground, ho we v- . ( 1 .liIimbI-iba lout n a anHnnlnJ Br, tliat If ,c lUni'coitt'w law nao icjicaicu. Of essentially modified, the people of this State aught to resist or rebel ; .and he said that in such an event he would go as far as any man in maintaining the riohts of the State. He was understood to oppose the minority and to advocate the majority Report on Slavery. Me ras opposed to taxing articles the pro duce of free States, because this tax would fall on our own people, and might divide us here at home ; he preferred total non-interconrse to this policy. His plan would be, to inform the free State 1, .by solemn legislative resolve, that we will vote (hem no more Tariffs for protection so long as they continue the ag itation of the Slavery question. " We presume Mr. Haughton will write out his Speech at length for publication. . After he had concluded VI r. . Gilmer obtained the floor, when on motion of Mr. Washington, the Senate adjourned until Tuesday 11 o'clock. ; HOUSE OF COMMONS. PCTITIONS AND MEMORIALS. Mr. Person of Northampton, presented a memorial asking a repeal of the act of 1846 '7 redistrietion- the State of North Carolina, which was referred tj the committee on the- Judiciary. Mr. VV. McNeill a memorial from citizens of Lum- berton, praying that the Legislature will not incorpor ate that town, which was referred to the committee on Private Bills. "" , Bills akb Resolotions. Mr. Poole offered a bill relating to the jurisdiction ot the Justices of the Peace of Pasquotank ; referred to the committee on t'rivate Bills. -v Mr. Montgomery, a bill to incorporate Use town of uraham tn the county of Alamance ; referred to the committee on Private Bills. V ' Mr. Brogden offered. a series of resolattons relat ing to repudiation, &c., -which will be given ia (he next number of the btandardw Reports .from Committees. Mr. Rayoer, from the committee on Internal Im provements, reported favorably on the bill to incor porate the Granville Plank Road Company, and on l ine bill to incorporate(ihe txarysburg and Ueoaeeehee Plank Koad (Company, which were read the second time. An amendment was adopted to each btli lim iting tbe profits to twenty five per cent. Also in favor of .the will to amend the Charter of the Yancey ville and McDowell turnpike company, which, after amendment, passed its seeood reading. Mr. Leach of Davidson, from the same committee, reported back a memorial from citizens of Forsythe county, praying an alteration in the Charter of a turnpike running to the Virginia line ia Ashe county, with a but to carry out tbe wishes ot the petitioners, which was read the first time. Mr. Wilson, from the committee on Private Bills. reported in favor of the passage of the following bills : A bill to incorporate Fayetteville Division, No. 2, S. of T. ; a bill to incorporate Logan Lodge, No. 121, Ancient York Masons, Jamestown; a bill to incorporate Muchuena Lode, No. SO, I. O. O. t., Warreniou; and a bill to appoint Commissioners for tbe town of Wentworth; which passed their second reading. Also asked that the committee be discharged from the farther consideration of tbe bill to improve Upper Little River ta the County of Cumberland, and mo ved its reference to the committee on Internal Im provements, which was agreed to. Mr. Caldwell trona the same committee, reported in favor of the passage of tbe bill to incorporate Ocean VV ave Division, N o. 60, e. ol 1 ., V astungtoo, waicti was read the second time. Mr. Williams, of Mecklenburg, from the eouunit- tee on the Library, reported a bill to repeal the act of 1848-9, relating to Scientific and Literary ex changes, which passed its first reading. Mr. Person, ot Moore, from the coiuiwiUeeoa f 1- nance, reported against me 0111 imroaueea oy Air. Sanders, of Johnston, defining the revenue act of 1848-9, which report was concurred in. Also, against the passage of the bill to impose a tax on capital in vested tn slavetrading sail vessels, cue, wuteu out was laid on the table.. Also, against the bill repeal ing the tax on ho and horse drovers. Mr. Person gave the reasons which had induced the committee to recommend the rejection of the bill. Mr. Dargan spoke at considerable length in favor of the bill. Pendins its consideration, Uie hour of 12 arrived, and the special order of the day was then ta ken up, being the resolutions on slavery reported iroui the majority of the committee on that subject. After some discussion the special order was postponed un til Monday, s week from this day. A message was received from his Excellency, tbe Governor, transiniitinir the report of the Presideutand Directors of the Cape Fear and Deep river Naviga tion Company. Also, a message cowinunieatiug Uie report of . Moylan Fox, relating to the Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road, both of which weie sent to the Senate with a proposition to print. Tbe first unfinished business was then taken up, being the report from Uie committee on amending the Constitution, with the amendment to the bill oiiered by Mr. Rayoer and Mr.. Foster. On motion, its con sideration was postponed, and the bill to appoint a general superintendent of the common Schools taken up. The question was on the amendment proposed by Mr. Erwin to distribute the school fund according to the number of white children. ' Mr. Dargan opposed the amendment, and the bill; Mr. Willey replied, Mr. Erwin and Mr. Webb sustained the amendment at length. Mr. Avery offered the following amendment: " That so much of Uie act passed in the year 1840-'41.' which provides that the school fund shall be distributed among the several Counties in this State according to frderar population be, and the same is hereby repealed, and thai herealter the proceeds of toe fund set apart for purposes of education in this Slate, and known or designated as the school fund, be dis tributed among the several Counties in this State ac cording to the free white population in each county ; and that the Literary Board shall determine the num ber of tree white inhabitants in each county by refer ence to the census returns made next before the timo appointed for each seini-ariuual disuibutii-n of said lu lid," . : ; . . -,.v Mr. Erwin said that this amendment was in sub stance the same as the one offered by himself, and he therefore withdrew his own. Mr. Avery desired to address the House on thi amendment, but a general wish being expressed to take the vot. li truva u.-av. The question was then taken on the amendment of 31 r. Avery, and lost yeas 38, nays 77, a follows : Ybas Mcusrs. Adams', Avery, Bogle, Caldwell of R., Caldwell of On Campbell, Cockerham, Doathit, Drake, Erwin, Farmer, fleminir. Flvnt. Foard. Foster of D., r oster of W.. Gordon, Hayes of Cherokee, . Hayes of Oleavewuu, 1-ocke, Lov, Marshall, McKoy, McLean, McMillan. Person of M., Russell, ticett, Sbarye, Sheek;, Shinpock, Siler, Sloan, btowe, Thornburgb, Walton, Waugh and Webb 3g. . - .: :, ;. Nam. Messrs. Amis, Barco, Barnes of Northamp ton, Barnes of EdgccomW, Blow,' Bond, Boy kin, Bra zicr Bridges, Brogden, Cherry, planum. Cotton, Dur itjii. Dsidson, Dickinson, Uunl;,.. lS,,rlmm. Eaton. Euro, Fonville, Hackney, fcarruoh. Herring, Hill of Brunswick, Hill of New Hanover, Hill of Caswell, Jar- vis',' Jerkins, Johnston, Jones, Ksllum, Kelly, Leach of Johnston, Martin, Mstnts, McDowell, Met; lecs, yv. Mc Neill) N. McNeill, Mizell, Montgomery, Nowsom, Par- ham, ratterson, Pegram, .Person of Northampton, Pig' ott,-Poole. Pope, Powers, Rankio, Rayner, Iteinhardtt, Rollins, Knffio, Sanders ot Johnston, Saunders of Wake, Bauideron, Shcrsrd. SlierriH, Simmons, Steele.Steven son. Stulil), Sutton, tfwanurr. 7'sytor, Thigpon, Thorn ton. Tripp, WmziuMr Wilhaaw of Grecn Williams ef Mseklenbur, Wilwon, WiimteaJ, Winston 77. ..... . . tr t . f .1 ' V. i.W tha hill '-'rKii. . J. r"B'P"" ne oiii mdefinilefy. 1 w . mo,,on prevailed Yeas 78, Nay, 38, as. fot r 11 i, ier, urmgers, Broxden. . : CaldweU ,of ' Rowan.iCamrdHJll,sCockerh.m, lWo Dickinson. Tlnntk r , ri.v -r. . 8 . . u.iuai, unvn,,i,nnii1 f armer Hcming lynt, Foard. ;Fon ville, Foster of Davidson poster of Wilkes Gor.lon. Harri-on, Hayes of Clcvel.nd Hen ng, Jarvw, Johnsto,n, Jones, Kallum, Kelly, Leach of Johnston Locke, I ove. Marshall, Martin, M.tbis, Mo Lean. McCleese, N. McNeill, W. McNeill. MizelL kiwi nonx, Parham, Patterson, Pegram, Person of Moore. Pope 1 owcrs, Rankiu, Reinhardt, Rollins, Sanders of J0I1.1J ton, Saunderson, Scott, Sharp, Sheek, Sherrill, Shcrard, Shinpock, Sunmons, Sloan, Stevenson. Stowe,- Sutton w l1"e,Tr ylT' T1i.iSPen' Thornton, Walton, Waugh, Webb Williams of Grcene,s Williams of Mecklenburg and Wilson 78. '?-' ; - v - . . , 5 , Nats -Messrs. Amis Barnes of Northampton, Blow. Bogle, Caldwell of Guilford, Cherry, Clanton. Cotton, Davidson, Drake, Dunlap. Eure, Hackney, Hayes of lhnrnkpn Mill f Ti : l. u-h . J .., : "' " ,, "-iw..ikV.ziiii 01 mew nanovcr, Will of Caswell, Jerkins, Leach of Davidson, McDowell Ma Ii in, W H III.. 1 n I ...v.j, inoiHumn, ftiontgomcry, I'erson of Nortliamp ton,f igott, Poole, Rayner, RufRn, Russell. Saunders of WakevStler, Steele, Stub! Thornburg, Tripp, Wile v. -WinsteaiL, and Winston 38. ,. 7' The House then adjourned.' . ' ; ' REPORT OF THE MINORITY ! '':-0t the Committee bn SUverv. submitter! to th"T..: ,; islature of North Carolina, on Wednesday the I ,11th instant. . ... , '. . The minority of the committee, to whom was re-; ferred sundry resolutions upon the subject of negro1 slavery and federal relations, in addition to the reso-i lotions agreed ou by the committee, ask leave to re- port to the Legislature additional resolutions, to which they request their assent : The minority believe that the time has arrived when it becomes a matter of imperious necessity, both for the salvation of the Union, and the correct adminis tration of the General Government, that the States should ascertain distinctly whether they have any rights, or whether the tenth section of the amend ments to the Constitution meant nothing, and should be considered as meaning nothing. It cannot be denied, that since the establishment of the Constitution of the United States, there has ex isted two parties in the country, one contending, that said Constitution delegated only certain enumerated and defineo powers, ar.d that all the powers, incident to sovereignty, which were not therein granted, were reserved to the States respectively ; the other party contending that the Government created by that in strument was a oonsolidated Government, with no limits to its power out its sovereign will and pleas ure. Although in the career of ambition, and strife of sectional interests, these great landmarks of party may have been forgotten for a time, or partially ob literated, still, in the opinion of the undersigned, they cannot be overlooked, without great danger to the people, and a final overthrow of our republican system of Government. To the neglect or forget fulness of the limited character of our Government, are solely to be attributed our present difficulties and dangers. When j regard the vast extent of the American Union, reaching from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, embracing in its wide domain individu : ala of every habit and nation, and every variety of - interest, it requires very little political sagacity to foresee, that if we acquiesce in the doctrine that the Government at Washington is all powerful, and that the States have no rights, we will very soon erect an - imperial tyranny under the form and outward show of a Republic. Let us regard for a moment what would be the condition of the slaveholding States ; : under a consolidated Government! ' A consolidated Government must always respond s to the wishes of a majority.of the aggregate mass of fi the whole people of the United States. And can we , doubt what that wish is now, or shortly will be, upon the subject ofislavery ? If we do, we must - shntoor eyes to the numerous signs which are visi- ble in every part of the political horizon. It is said, " .Congress will never interfere with slavery within the - .bounds of a State ! Even suppose we could have the ' most undoubted assurance of ihis fact, there are means of annoyance and destruction of this institution wilh out venturing within the limits of a State, which an all powerful and consolidated Government can easily put into operation. The individual right of resist ance to tyranny, or revolution, was certainly not all . - that was meant by our complicated theory of Gov ernment; if it was, a great deal of useless labor was taken to express a right we enjoy in common with the poorest slave, or the humblest worm which is trod upon the mere robber's right "That they should take who have the power, And .11 should keep who ran." It would be an humble boast of our experiment in the science of Government to admit, that it meant nothing more than this. ' The wise men who framedonr Government, were not only lovers of liberty, but they established cer tain checks and balances with a hope of preserving , and perpetuating that liherty, and among the chief and most efficient of these, were the rights reserved to the States, in their .organized communities as political powers. The true question then for us to decide is this, does the State of North Carolina, as an organ ized political community, possess the right to secede or withdraw from the Union, in case the General Gov ernment wilfully omits or refuses to fulfil her consti tional obligations, or in order to protect her citizens against an unconstitutional or oppressive act ot the -General Government; and for the purpose of making that protection effectual, can she command the undi vided allegiince of all the inhabitants within her territory1 Unless the people of the State possess this right, and have not surrendered it by the Constitution of the United States, it is sheer folly to talk of their re served rights they have none, and the sooner it is known, the better it will be for all parties concerned. This right was undoubtedly intended by the iramers t of our theory of Government as the great safety valve ot the Union ktne only means by wnicn it could be . preserved, and prevented from rushing, upon one f- hand, into consolidation, to the destruction of our lib--erty; and upon the other, into insurrections and do mestic violence, destructive of alt order. It is said by many, who admit the right to exist, that it is imprudent novo to assert it. The minority cannot perceive any imprudence in asserting it; but nn the contrary, they believe, that its distinct and unequivocal avowal, will do more to settle, our diffi culties, and awaken, the wnoie xortn to tne danger she is bringing upon the Union, than all the resolu tions of resistance and rebellion we can pass. The majority tt ihe people of a State will never consent to withdraw from the -Union, except upon the most solemn deliberation, and the fullest couviction, that such a step is the only resource left them to protect their rights from intolerable tyranny and oppression. . Among the few subjects which could possibly in ducea Stale to withdraw from the Union, negro Slavery stands preeminent. This institution forms the snb . stratum of southern society. It is so intimately con- f nected with our social and domestic relations, that its destruction, or material injury,. would not only fro- "' duce universal poverty, but overthrow States. '1 his vast institution is unknown to a majority of tbe States f tin. Union, and is reffarded with hostility by a ma- r; iority of the people of those States; certainly then, if any question can ever arise, ui nimitrcm iimKiiiiuuti 10 call into action any reserved powers, which-may exists for the preservation of the Union and protection of the people, this question is one. 7 - v ,- Th minority believe it is a grievous error and a bitter sarcasm against the honor.and justice ol the ,rl of the U uited States, to assert, that the oxer- . ciseofthis power would Tjecessarily destroy onr. Union.' The Constitution ol the United States makes ..rni.uir.ns for its amendment; should any one, State r determine to withdraw from Ihe Union, before taking hat step, she would doubtless inform the rest of the - States, and the world, of the reasons which had in duced herio take so solemn and important a position; Wnnt1 it not then be the interest, lis welt as the dnty. 0f the other Stales, so to amend the Constitution ot - the United States, a to qissipaiw an uacn icars, nno . MntAvit the rfonirer which had forced the withdrawing State from the Union.! We are continually atnend l,ier State Constitutions ; why is it we eabnoi amend - tuZ Constitution f the United Stalest vis that the on! instrument of- the"kind which is so perfect that it eannot be amended Let the constant agitation and discussion of its powers answer the question, - Upon this slavery question alone, jwhy should not ; the Constituiion be 0 amended, as to calm the fears of tb Sooiherh people, and place it beyond a doubt, that Congress never would,' in any manner, attempt io interfere with it, nor deny to theaontbern States je" rights jits equal members f the confederacy? No doubt, a state, previous to withdrawing from the Union, would propose to the other States such amend ments to the Constitution a sh might tldnk her safety required,, and it would be for the other States 10 oeciua woeUier such amendments were unjust or couiu noi oe assented to . . '- - . . ; Bat certainly it ia unworthy of American; wisdom uU jicriencs 10 eay, this constitution cannot oe amended, or that we cannot trust the justice and iair ness of our country men with the task of amending iU The non-slaveholdinw States certainly, could not ob ject to settle this question forever, and place it foralt luiure ume oeyond the reach of. political agitation, unless they intend hereafter, when mijrht makes riffbt. to avail themselves of a doubtful or contested power for some injurious purposes. , - ; ... ..'. , Should tiie State of North Carolina admit that she has no right under any circumstances, to, withdraw from the Union, but must rely for her protection upon what has been called her natural rights,- and resort to rebellion or insurrection, she releases thereby her own citizens from all allegiance to obey hercora- manas; lor, 11 sne has parted with all her sovereign ty, she has no claim to obedience in such an emer gency.. She may raise the standard of revolt,' and collect around her banner all the disaffected and dis contented, but in doing so she admits she is guilty of treason, and all who follow her fortunes may share the fate of traitors. In all civil conflicts "the king's name is a tower of strength," and the soldier is doubly armed, who believes that his cause is not only just, out niwiui. The right to withdraw from the Union, as a last appeal to the justice and forbearance of the( other ciaies, the minority believe is not only indispensable for the safety of the States, but is in strict conformi ty Avith our theory and form of government, and was so understood and meant by its framers ; else, why was the tenth amendment attached to the Constitu tion, which expressly reserves to the States all pow ers not granted 1 This amendment was attached to the Constitution at the instance of those States which. by their acts of ratification, .expressly required it, and among them none were more urgent than Massachu setts. That State ratified the Constitution with this proviso. "That it be explicitly declared, that ail powers not expressly delegated by the aforesaid Con stitution, are reserved to ihe several States to be by them exercised.'''' .What these reserved powers were, or how they wete to be exercised, the minority cannot apprehend, if the ultimate right herein insisted on, is denied or abandoned. -.- : The minority will not insult the understandings of the members of the Legislature, by an argument to convince them, that the right herein contended for is very dissimilar from nullification, nor cau it be confounded with that doctrine, except by individuals who are witling to deceive the people to aid their selfish and sinister purposes. In conclusion, the minority, for fear of misappre hension,, heg leave to state, thatt they propose the loiiowing resolutions, with no view ot advocating or urging disunion ; on Ihe contrary, they yield to , none in their, sincere attachment to the Union of the Stales. They believe the Constitution of the United States, honestly .and Tairly admit istered, the greatest triumph of human intellect and virtue, but that in order 10 insure the object for which it was ordain ed, it should be administered with the same justice and forbearance towards the weaker members of the confederacy, with which it was established. When, however, it ceases to pursue the glorious objects of its institution, and is seized upon by a dominant ma jority to insult and oppress a smaller portion of the confederacy, the only refuge from intolerable tyranny and oppression will be found under the banner of ihe several States'. With the view, therefore, of asserting the rights of the Slates, and convincing the world, that the peo ple of North Carolina do not deny a primary alle giance to their native State, but as an ultimate resort. will rally around her banner in the hour of trial and danger, as the ark of their salvation, the minority pro pose the lullowing Resolutions, and ask their adop tion : Resolution. Rcsolced, That the Constitution of the United States is a-coinpact between sovereign and independent States, and all powers not therein delegated are reserved to the States respectively that among the attributes of sover eignty retained by the several States, is that of watching over the operations of the General Government, and pro tecting her citizens from unconstitutional abuse on the one hand, and securing to them, 011 tho other, a strict fulfilment or tho obligations imposed by the Constitution upon the General Government. ResolceJ, That the people of North Carolina, as an organized political community, have the right Io secede or withdraw from the Union, whenever a. majority of the people, in convention assembled, shall decide a with drawal necessary to protect their property or persons from unconstitutional and oppressive legislation by the Gen eral Government, or whenever, by the failure of the Gen eral Government to fulfil her Constitutional obligations, the people of the State may deem such a step necessary, in order to secure the enjoyment of the rights, privileges and protection guarantied to them ly the Constitution 01 uie umccu Dimes; aim in sucu an emergency, a ma- jority of the people of North Carolina, acting through the j iirfmni,.il n lit hiril ia rtf th. &t:lt. tsrflllM ltA ntillfrl tn ! the sole and undivided allegiance of all her. citizens. Respectfully submitted. HENRY T. CLARK; WM. B. SHEPA11D, . G. W. CALDWELL, W. W. AVERY, SAM'L. J. PERSON, SAM'L. N. STOWE, MARCUS ERWIN, ' W. J. BLOW, -. Joint Committee. ARRIVAL OF STEAMER AMERICA. The steamer America, fro:n Liverpool, arrived at Halifax on Wednesday morning. She brings Liver pool dates to 30tli November. Brown & Shipley's circular reports a depressed cotton market, and will decline i to for Orleans 7i, for Mobile 7& for Uplands 8, Middling 71 a j. The Havre cotton market on the 28th November was dull, and sales were small. The Liverpool corn market also was dull. Sales of Baltimore and Philadelphia flour at 23s. Cd. Indian corn slightly advanced. Provisions dull. , . . There is a greatly increased agitation in England and Scotland in regard to the anti-Popery movement, The Daily News asserts that the Attorney General is preparing a bill to make penal the holding of Eng lish titles by the Catholic clergy. Lord Beaumont, a Catholic nobleman, has taken the field against the measures of the Pope, and maintains that his appoint ment of English bishopricks is derogatory to the Crown, and at variance with the constitution. Immense meetings 'denounced the aggressive poli cy of the country, and in some cases have led to se rious riots, especially at Berkinhead, where a meeting was attended with the wildest riots since the days of the Reform Bill. The magistracy . and police were compelled to flee before the mob, , ". . .,. -A li.ghtful colliery explosion occurred at. 11a 11 tax, (England) loss of life unknown, but supposed very great. The latest news from Germany is in no re spect more pacific, nor are affairs less critical and complicated than for two weeks previoua to the sail ing of the America. -'-M ';." '- -y, '; Jackson, Mississippi, November 30, 1850. Mississippi Legislature Adjournment. The bill calling a State Convention, to be held on the sec ond Monday of November next, and directing the members to be. chosen at the election on the , first Monday in September, passed the Senate by a vote of 23 yeas against 9 nays, and the House by a vote of 54 to 40. Alsuppleniental. bill giving the Governor power to call the Convention togethei at an earlier day, in the event of certain proceedings by Congress, was introduced and passed in the Senate, but was lost in the House, under the rule requiring resolutions to lie over one day. 1 ; , . ' i Both houses adjourned tine die this evening, at nine o clock. - ' -v- '''.-..', '" ' ; Another Great Flood is ,th Dak. , On Sat urday last Da-n River rose .to a height seldom ever before witnessed- it lacked but five or six feet equal ing the great fresh in August last, when. 'the "water rose 37 feet above common tide. The tow grounds on the Dan wen completely submerged, and tho back water from the Kivet reached to the sills ot Country line Bridge at thi place. " Fortunately tbe flood did little or no damage the crops on the low- ground had been gathered and housed at a proper distance from tbe river and, onfortunately, tho flood in August left no Bridges on the Dan to " stand the hazard of the die." Mittnn CAroniete. SESHWEEKLYTANDAP Tie Conl iloa 4 tk, TJaon of bc Statra, RALEIGH: WEDJrESDAY. DECKMBER ISSOl . J THE? LEGISLATURE., , -t We refer to our columns to-day for full reports of the Legislative proceedings from Wednesday last, up to Monday evening inclusive, a i OurWeekly paper of this date contains jhe proceedings front. Tuesday the '-. lOlh to Monday the " 16th; together with Mr. Shep. ard's Speech ori Slavery, :' ' .. " ' 'V i It will be seen that lhejuesrion of Constitutional Amendments was before the House on Friday last, It wilLprobably come up again during this week. We hope the friends of Equal Suffrage will promply vote down these propositions for a Convention. The peo ple' have not called for a Convention nor do they de sire one. " The amendments sought can be- attained by Legislative action; and jf they rare not, leading XVAfg wiil be responsible for the failure. Let that Je remembered. " . " ' '' " , - , It will -also be seen that Resolutions have been submitted in the Senate and House, by Col. Joyner and Gen. Saunders, having for their object the im provement of the Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road. On Saturday the bill establishing a Bank in Wash ington, Beaufort County, passed the Senate after some debate, by a vote, of 29 to 17. In the House, on the same day, the bill introduced by Mr. Wiley, to appoint a Superintendant of Common Schools for the State was considered,' and that gentleman ad dressed the House in its support in an able and inte resting manner. On Monday, after some debate, and ' after the two Houses had voted down the proposition to divi de the School. Fund accordingto white popu lation . by a large majority, the bill itself was indefi nitely posponed by a vole of 78 to 38.- In the Senate, on Monday, tho Resolutions on Slavery came up as the special order. Mf. Haughton spoke at some length on the subject, and Mr. Gilmer has the floor for Tuesday. We understand the House has postponed the consideration of the Slaver' ques- j tion until Monday next. The whole una tier is now before the two Houses. We. hope the Senate will act this week, and that next week the House will " follow the example of tlia'.body. Wa repeat, again - and again, in the name of the people, that action is the word. , THE REGISTER AND GEN. SAUNDERS. The Register, as an Internal Improvement paper, has certainly pursued a strange course towards Gen. Saunders. Up to the time that gentleman became a candidate in this County, that paper did him justice ori this subject; but as soon as his party' called him .into their service, the Register changed its policy and substituted misrepresentation and attempted ridi cule for candor and fair dealing. That paper' thus left the inference on the Blinds of its' readers that it attached more importance to party triumphs than to the advancement of the Internal Improvement cause; and this inference, from all that we can learn, has settled into a permanent conviction with many mem bers even of the Register's own party. The Editor of the Register, judging by his recent conrsp, appears to have been somewhat chafed and stung by the remarks of Gen. Saunders, in relation to that paper, a few days since in his Speech on Mr. Bridges' Resolutions. We are not surprised at this. The Editor was no doubt conscious that he had done that gentleman gross injustice, and he felt his re marks; -but it is proper that he should be informed that(Gen. Saunders did not refer to him personally, hut to his paper, and to those malignant (Whig) spi rits who have been stimulating him in his course to wards that gentleman. We have no wish to enter into any controversy as between that paper and Gen. Saunders. That gentleman, we are confident, desires no controversy with that paper, On this or ai.y other subjeet. Ho has a right, however, to expect simple and strict justice ; arid so far as we are concerned, we shall see to it that he gets it. That is all his friends ask or desire for him. . His merits, of them selves, are great enough. His fame belongs to the State, and it will brighten while partizan nttarts upon his character and motives will be forgotten. . THE CENTRAL RAIL ROAD. '? We learn that at the late meeting of the Directors of the North Carolina Rail Road Company, held in this City, no final conclusion was arrived at in relation to ttie location of the Road. The estimates and surveys, we are informed, were not fully made up, and no final action could, therefore, be had in this respect.. We presume that the route will be determined on at an early day, after which arrangements will of course be made, without delay, for putting the. Road under contract.' '' , ,' We learn that Maj. Gwynn, the Chief. Engineer, who was in attendance, gave it as his opinon form ed after an examination of the whole line, and after mature consideration that the three millions provided in the charter, will be fully sufficient to construct the work. : : - " '-. -:v " ' '' - JSSUTH CAROLINA. Gen. J. H. Means has been elected by tbe Legis lature Governor of South Carolina. The vote stood, Means 88, Pickens 67, scattering 5. . - In the Senate, on the 13:h instant, a bilf appropri ating $300,000 for military purposes, was passe 1, and sent to tbe House of Representatives by a unanimous .vote. . . ,': '" - -.: ' -. '- ', ' On the same day, in the House, Speeshes were' de livered on the Slavery question by -Messrs. Ayer, Torre, Scab roe k, Harrison, and Lawtoo.' fV- Y V - The debate upon the Slavery question would, it was thought, terminate on the 14th. Gex. Saomder's Speech. : We expect to lay be fore our readers, at an early day, the remarks of Gen. Saunders, written out by .himself, on the Resolutions of Mr. Bridges in relation to the Central Rail Road. His engagement have been so pressing, of (ate, that lie has had no opportunity thus tar to prepare them for the press. - ;v. We hope other gentlemen who participated in this ' debate will 'tite out their remarks. ' We will pub ; iish them with pleasure, as we can find room tor them. We published in our last the majority Report of t the Cooimittee d Slavery, sobmuted by Gen. Saun ders, sod also' Resolution, on Savery; offered by Messrs. Hill and Rayner..' , . '. We publish to-day ihe minority Report of the Com mittee, submitted in the Senate by Mr. Clark, and in tbe House by Mr. Avery, to which wo. in viiethe at tention of our readers.- r . s. ' ' r. ;: The proeeediflgs of the Soalhero Rights Meeting iu Chowan shall appear iaoar next. The Resolutions are strong and to the point. They have been raid be fore the Letrisfaturei ' 1 k' " K ' V We shall commence i serfes of numbers in our next issue, on he Slavery question, addressed to tlie Legislature, over the signature of "Pedee. 'Other comma nica lions on wiAniuniiuwu, vn iiiiii,biiiiii II a r- jn ni ,M 9, ci ranjij a day as possible. - -No- Telegraph Ic hinpcU toay. CONGRESS baa trinsacjlifd no business of gener al importance during ;th past jveek. The Slavery question has not beon touched in debafjp, .since 'the violent Speech of Mr, Giddinga on the proposition to refer the Presidents; Message. V Horace Greely, speaking for Seward and, the Freesoilera generally, has advised a uispension of operations form time; bat (he snake is scorched--not killed." Horace says nothing can be gained at this time by agitation? and that if it be kept tip the "cotton lords" may dissolve! He begins to find, that the Southern people are io earnest.-. : , v- . .' .These " agitators V. are only, however, "biding their tirae.We.mayexpect them soon to renew their infamous work. It is important, therefore, that tho Southern States should at once apeak out and" oV Jtne their poMition. . " CORPORATION PROCEEDINGS. t Raikisr, December 13th, 1850. At .called meeting of the Iutendant and Commission-' ,crs held this evening, a full Board being present, yis: W. D. Haywood, Intendant, E. B. Freeman, S. W. Whitiog. J- Primrose, T. R. Fentress, S. Burns and E. Smith. Commissioners. ' A communication from the President and Directors of the North Carolina Rail Road Company Itcingluid before the Board, asking permission to run the Road through tbe streets of the City ; upon due consideration threre of it was unanimously f , Resolved, That the North Carolina Rail Road Com- pany be, and they" are hereby permitted to locate the ' Road upon either Harget or Lane Street, through the City, or otherwise through its Corporate limits.'upon tbe following conditions? That tho Road shall he graded as nearly as possible on a level with the Street through which it passes, and tbe Company shall bo subject to such rules . and regulations as the City Authorities may prescribe concerning the passage of Trains through lbs City, and make and keep in repair good and sufficient ; crossings at all intersecting streets. ' ' -v ; ' 'r By order," ;B. B. SMITH; Clerl:, , V THE MARKETS. , ' FATETTXV11.I.S, December 14. Bacon 10 cents ; cot ton 12 to lag cents, and somewhat" unsettled after ths America's news j corn 82 to92 cents : fodder 80 to- S 1 ' per hundred ; lard 8 cents ; mWufaclured tobacco 20 to 4(1 cents ; wool 13 to 16 cents per pound ; coffee l.t to 14 cents ; flour $5 25 to $6 ; tallow 8 to 9 rents. ' Pktkosbumo. Deccmlier 13. Tobacco at from $8 50 to 830, according to quality ; ''cotton 1 2 to J2 cents ; wheat 100 to 100 cts;corn 60 cents; bacon, hog round. Scents. " ' - Chari.i:ston. December' 14. Sales of 1400 bales on yesterday, establishing 12j cents for fair. Corn 75 eta. ; flour, Baltimore brands, $5 2-.to $5 50. . Sayahwah, (Ga) December 12. There was a mod crate demand yesterday for. Cotton, and the sales amoun. ted to 652, at the following particulars: 41 at 12; 12 at 12$ ; 384 at 12 j ; 52 at 12, and 163 bales at 13 ct Macox. (Ga-,) Deccmlc. 1 1. Cotton, The market is rather . inactive, and ssles arc generally made from 12$ to I3t very little selling over that price. . ;-. In Lenoir County on the 6th instant, by Willis Pip. ' .in, Esqr., Mr. Abram N. Armanio of Newliern. to Miss . kVinfield, daughter of the late Thomas Rouse, Eq. On the ,28th of November last, hy the Rev. John F. Ellington. Mr. Daniel B. Ingram to Miss Indiana Bridg et, all of Johnson.' - ; . In Edgconibe .county recently, Mr. Joseph Barnes, of Nadi county, to Miss Elizabeth, Exum, daughter of ' John Exuin, ilec'd. . " f: " '? Jn Tarborough, on the 5th instant,- ty Rev. j. B. Cheshire, Kcv. Dr. Draiic. of Wilmington, tiv Mrs. Ca ro'tne. JIargravc, daughter of Tlico, Parker, dee'd. ;, . . L0UISBU11G FEMALL- SEMINAKY. . . .' ' .A. H. RAY, ) . D . . J. A; RAY, I Principal. , Miss E. W. Custis, Instructress on Piano anil Vocal' Music' Miss R. S. Fairaii. Instructress 011 Guitar, and in Vocal Music, Drawing, Painting, Galisthenics, dec. Other assistance as it may be needed. . , . . THE Spring Session of ISM, (tho !7th under the present Principals.) will commence on Monday the Gib of January. The Trustees arc highly gratified to be able to announce to the public, that ; hereafter llie en tire and undivided attention of loth thcHFrincipnls will he demoted to the. interests of this Institution Mr. Ray having relinquished a ' profitable and successful Male '--8choot, in order to add his personal efforts to those of the former very efficient corps of Teachers, in making this all that a good Female Institution ought to he. - . The Board recommend, with very grcatconlidcnec.'tbe sLouisburg Female Seminary to the patronage of the public, . For cheapness, soundness of instruction, impar tiality and fidelity in teaching, high-toned moral cod re- ligious influences, and strictness in regulating the expen ditures of pupils, this institution wilicoinpore successful ly with any in the State. In point of benl'h. tbe Board give it as their delilierate opinioli that this Village is not surpassed by any location in the Ceutral portion of the State; and in support of this opinion tbey rosy add that among the largo' number of pupils from the Eastern, port of the State, there has not been a dDath' in the eight years tiiat the Academies have1 been under the - govern ment of the present Principals? and there haVc been, tor . " several years, very few cases 'requiring the attention - of a Physician; and they understand, from the. most rclw able sources, that, for the last four years, Medical bills among the pupils have been nearly unknown ; ' .nd throughout the community there has been utmost unin terrupted good health. ' .. "j ' A Circular, prepared by the Principal, setting torth in detail the government, course of studies, text looks prices, dec. will be issued soon, and , sent on application to all' who may feel interested in th rninutije of the School Economy which will be observed' and ' practised here. . . By order of' the' Board, ' ' T-K-THOMAS, Sec'y. Louisburg. Dec 13, I850. y " ' ' 8c 3t' ' Somcrville Feninle Institute, AT LEASBURU, CXSWELL, N. C. flHE next session . of . this School will he opened 1 the first, Wednesday in January, on the first day of tbe month. . The course of studies is extensive and abayt the same as in our femalo Colleges.'' Probably tber is no community iu Which a- scliool, could .bet located far tbe training of youth, that exerts so little of unfavorable influence and affords greater facilities for torming virtuous principles and correct habits of Kfo : A philosnvhirai and chemical apparatus sufficient to illustrate most of the principles in these sciences, is connected with the chool. There is also a library of well selected books 4 jvbich the young ladies have access, and they ore encouraged to spend their time "not devoted .To'. study in . reading useful hook. - ' ' . j r' ,' Terms per Session, nf Five Mont Its. " - Board in my own as wsll as in most of tbe families in tbe village and neighborhood, at $6 per month. 1 .' v . Tuition in : English, according to sdvancemeat, from $10 to $15. - ':-'. ' . : . M usic, including the use of the instrument, -' . $20 Drawing and painting,' each, r '. - - - v .';. .-. 5 French, Latin and li reeky yj" ' '" ' 3 Needle worU, free of charge. " - t," . v' --. , SOLOMON LEA, "Vrirteipal. Leasburg, December 7th, 1850. ' - 46 4t. jLrOUISBURG MALE ACADEMY, ' FRANKLIN COUNTY, N. C; " ; . 4 TffWl E Spring Session W 1851, will commence 00 "J M. Monday Ihe 6th of Janusyy. The location posses pes ihe advanti; of health and excellent Society. 'Theo subscriber is well know to the public, having, foi several yea r; had charge of a large and flourishing School at lidwsy.. Thorongh and systematic instruc.ipn will be given upon all subjects usually taoght io Academies of the highest trade. Ktodenb desiring it, will be prepar ed for an advanced eiass m College. All reasonable l- " forts shall. be madVlo elevate both tbe inielecloal and moral character !' tbe Students. , -. . ?. , - ' Tuition in Ihe Classical and nigber Eng. . and Mathematical Branches, 1 $15 per Session. Common Enelish branches, , 10 ' " Board with the Pnwcipal. .' 8 " month.' - .-.;' T. M. JONES, A.VM., Principal. - December 18, 1850. y:; - ; ?' 14 3t.r ' i"w " XegislatiTe Ifotfcc. -v : ' A" PPLICATION will be made to the Legislature of . . A North Carolina, now in session, for the passage of w ntborizing iCalviit J. Rogers, bite KheriU of that CSPSCitT. lJ(caaber 17, 1850." IS it it -r" ' ... .-tV