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North Carolina standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1850-1852, December 21, 1850, Image 3

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4 Vmfm mt t. St...
, t0 0ur columns to-day, for the proceed.
ngs on' Legislature f" Wednesday to Thors-
d enaed for tbe mo8t part on Wed"
1 . -i-i...rC9v. in considering the Resolutions
r w, Woodfin. in favor 01 an ei.ens.on .
Lh' Carolina Rail B.
favor of at extension of the
-jfin nnoke in
favor of his Resolutions on Wed-
Yvouu"" i
TUnnulnv Mr. Washington took the
ana on j -.Me
in Speech of considerable length.
Tu'eCornmons, on Wednesday, Mess,.. Avery
. waiton spoke at some length, on the qoestion of
Constitutional Reform. This discussion is noticed
nother Place in today's paper. In the Hoose,
'D Thursday, the question of Constitutional Reform
n op 'hen Mr Barnes of Northampton spoke
C3T "th on the subject. He was followed, in the
81 - a by Gen. Saunders, who advocated the
rndments by leRislative action, and not by a
Convention; and Mr. Rayner then proceeded to de
t . labored argument on the question gener-
Mr. Rayner advocated his bill calling a Con
8 y'. 1 Convention to do nothing, as we under-
. . but establish Equal Suffrage, if the people
, itand opposed Constitutional amendments by
Mr. Rayner evidently argued
legislative action.
. i.i s.iffraae. thoueh he disclaimed any
asatnsi r.4" ... .
Mention of doing so. He is no doubt opposed to it ;
and this fact will be taken for granted, unless he
should come out in lavor of it, in so many words.
On Thursday Daniel W. Courts, Esq. of the Coun
,v of Rockingham, was elected Public Treasurer, on
the second ballot. This is an excellent appointment.
We have no doubt that Mr. Courts will discharge
the duties of this important and responsible office in
such a manner as to give satisfaction to the whole
people of the State.
We refer to our regular proceedings for the vote,
and for the names of those members who were absent
on the occasion.
A few minutes before the House of Commons
x Mr Flpminir. of Yanev. rose in
cominenceu uiwS, j'
Ins place and nominated for the office of Treasurer
the Hon. U. V . uaiowen, """"
alter, Mr. Fleming wtuiurew mr. v..uc. u..c,
b cause, as he stated, to press It would he to embarrass
some of his personal friends on the floor ; tnd about
t ie same time Mr. Stowe rose and stated that Mr.
Caldwell's name had been put in nomination without
his knowledge or authority. This we knew, and
this every one who knows Green VV. Caldwell,
knew also; but Mr. Stowe's statement was neverthe
less proper at the time, as it was a public vindication
of Mr. Caldwell, made on the spot. Mr. Fleming,
however, voted for Mr. Caldwell on both ballots.
We can regard this movement, by Mr. Fleming, in
no other light than that of an attempt to cripple and
disorganize the Democratic party at a time when its
nominee needed every vote he could obtain; and as
calculated, so far as it might have effect, to embar- '
rass his election. We have deemed it our duty to
put the Democracy of Yancy in possession of the
facts, and to leave it to them to say whether they I
.:. c.i . ... l i. . I
are saiistieu ur iiii nun buuii cuuuuui uii mo pan ui
their Representative. It is idle to. make party nomi
nations, unless we adhere to them. The Democratic
ftifile have no dislikes nor prejudices in connection
with appointments to office. All they ask is, that
sound Democrats and capable men be appointed ; and
what they ask what they have willed in this respect,
they expect to see carried out by their Representatives.
The Slavery question will come up in both Houses
on Monday next, as the special order.
Mr. Avery, of Burke, delivered a very able Speech
in the Commons on Wednesday last, on the question
of Constitutional amendments. He took the ground
and maintained it, that these Constitutional amend
ments should be effected by legislative action, and
not by a Convention. He stated that he had occu
pied this ground before his constituents, and they had J
sustained him in it: and he said his constituents , 01
would be astonished when they heard that a Conven-
tionwas demanded by the West. The West, in his
opinion, made no such demand. He believed the
people there to be in favor of the present compro.nis-
e of the Constitution ; he did not think they were !
anxious to disturb them. He had been elected in a '
Whig County, with the fact well known that he was
in favor of the present basis of representation in the
, auu , was aetermmea w stand ny this .
Mr. Walton, Mr. Avery's Whig colleague, replied
to him. He was understood to say, that in taking
ground for a Convention his object was to effect a i
change in the basis of representation ! A very ani-
mated discussion took place between these gentlemen,
in which Mr. Walton came off, as a matter of course,
"second best."
We are glad to learn that Mr. Avery will write out
his remarks for publication. We shall publish them,
nh pleasure, at an early day. We wish the people
of the State, of both parties, to see for themselves
the manly and noble stand which he maintains on
tins question of the basis.
Mr. Rayner, Whig from the Ejst goes for a lim
ited Conventionand Mr. Foster, Whig from the West
advocates an unlimited Convention ! This strikes
us as a very pretty arrangement, provided it should
not be seen through, by the people, and understood.
Is Mr. Rayner's County for a Convention 7 Do the
People of Hertford County desire a Convention of
y$ort? How many voters in that County will
!lp a ""emorial praying the call of a Convention 1
We pause for a reply.
Washington Monumekt. The Hon. John II.
ryan and George W. Mordecai, Esq. of this City,
nVe been
appointed by the Board of Managers at
mgton, Agents to recetve contributions to the
lllngton Monumpnt. I.nt Ihnao who hava not
already contributed to this noble and patriotic trork,
do o at once. But we feel that this is a duty to
which it is needless to urge North Carolinians. We
"ave no doubt they will promptly respord to the call,
; .; ,Udl wortn Carolina will be found to have con
futed hjrfull share towards erecting Ibis monu
ment to the father of his country." : -. t
Contributions may be left at the State Bank.
Thb Deaf and Dumb. We learn that the Princi
pal of the institution for the Deaf and Dumb in this
J, will give an exhibition of the progress and al
iments of his pupil,, i the Commons Hall,, on
onda, evening next. This exhibition will be one
deeP interest, and we have no doubt tbe Hall will
b crowded on the occasion.
w ' ' " !
iol. 'PSre, lu learn that there wsaa great freshet
Pon "noke Sunday the 8th instant, and that
neariTf 1,88 done. -- The river was
not quite as high as it was In' August last.
In his late Report to the Legislature, as President
of the Literary Board, Gov. Manly travels out of his
way to make aotne statements and suggestions in de
lation to the Institution lor the Deaf and Dumb.
Among other things, he says; 1 ' , '"' '"' :
." The Report of the Superintendent to this Board,
shows that he had under his charge for the year end
ing May 15, 1850, eighteen deaf mutes who are
beneficiaries of the State." :
The Governor then goes on to refer to the fact that
no provision has been thus far made In this Institu
tion for the education of the blind, and in view of
this, and of the supposed number of deaf mute popils,
he tells the' Legislature that " while this state of
things continues, the annual appropriation of $5,000
ought to be curtailed. " Gov. Manly ia mistaken in
his statement in relation to the number of pupils in
the Institution in May, 1850. The Report of the Su
perintendent to the Literary Board, to which he refers,
contained only the names of those pupils whose
Counties had failed to pay for them as required by
law."' The number of these, as tbe Governor states,
was eighteen; bul this is no criterion by which to
form an idea of the number of beneficiaries in attend
ance. The number of pupils, at the time mentioned
in the Report of the Superintendent, was twenty-two
and of these twenty ;were beneficiaries of the State,
in whole or in part. We refer to the Report of the
President and Directors of the Institution submitted to
the present Legislature, as containing a statement of
the number of pupils at present in the Institution, as
well as for other matters of interest connected with
its operations. "' '' -' 7 i ' : ; ,- , 4-.-:
So much for one mistake of the Governor now
for the next. In the financial portion of the Report
there is an item charged to the Institution of 5,000
the amount appropriated by act of Assembly for the
purpose of meeting the bond of the Superintendent,
given to the contractors. This amount was to come
from the unexpended balance of the annual appropria
tion, and should not, therefore, be made a separate
charge, as it is made by the Governor.
So much for that mistake now . for the next.
Speaking of the buildings and of the contract made
with the Messrs. Cosby for their erection, the Gov
ernor says, " the sum of $1,500, part of the contract
price, has been withheld from the contractors, until
this question whether the contract has been com
plied with, shall be satisfactorily adjusted. Now,
the Literary Board have retained 91,500, as stated
by Gov. Manly, and the Board of Directors of the
Institution have withheld 1,000, out of the $5,000
above spoken of making in all two thousand five
iundred doUart withheld, instead of one thousand
five hundred, as stated by the Governor.
We have said that Gov. Manly has travelled ont of
h:8 way to make some of these statements and sug
gestions in relation to the Institution for the Deaf
and Dumb. The last Legislature took the man
agement of this Institution out of the hands of the
Literary Board, and vested it in a Board of Directors,
who were empowered generally and specially to su
perintend and control it. It is to be presumed, in
the absence of proof to the contrary, that they know
their duties that they will perform those duties to
the best of their judgment and that, if the annual
appropriation for the Institution should be found to
be too much, they will recommend to the Legislature
a reduction of it, Am Governor of the Stale, a recom-
;mendation by Gov. Manly that the appropriation be
curtailed, would have been in place; but we cannot
perceive that, at President of the Literary Board, he
hasany more authority to offer suggestions and recom
mendations in this regard, than the Board of Direc
i tors of the Institution spoken of, would have to offer
j their advice in relation to the Literary Fund or to Cono
I mon Schools. But Gov. Manly appears to be pecnli-
j arly unfortunate in every public movement he a.akes
Instead of putting his white-basis recommendation
in relation to the distribution of the School Fund,
I in his annual Message, as Governor of the State, he
ought to have held that up and inserted it in this Re
port as President of the Literary Board ; while the
' proper place for most of his statements and sugges
tions in this Report, in connection with the Deaf and
Dumb Institution, would have been his annual Mes-
sage. But the uovernor, being aelernunea to put
bis white-basis proposition in, yielded in all probabil
ity to the necessity of the case in embodying it in
his annual Message for he knew that the members
lne oara wouia sancwon no sucn propo-
8ilioD in lheir RePort-
ln maStinT thee remarks we are actuated by no
disposition to annoy Gov. Manly, or to do him injus-
tice- We haT. u2nt on,T to correcl his miabtte'
u,ent nd to forth the lac,8 8 they exi8t before
the Legislature and the public.
A Conyention of friend8 0f industr, was hld
... Citw on Wedne8da- and Thursday last. Gov.
Morehead in tbe Chair.
We learn that an " Industrial Association was
formed, with a President, five Vice Presidents, and
two Secretaries. The Association determined to hold
a Fair in this City, in October, 1851, and a coramit-
ttee was appointed to make arrangements for it. Ar
ticles of all sorts, the results of industry, will be ex
hibited on the occasion, and premiums, we presume,
will be awarded. ..
An address will be delivered on the occasion.
We shall publish the proceedings of this Conven
tion as soon as they come to hand.
In the Senate on Tuesday last, Mr. Foote presett
ed tbe Resolutions of the Legislature of Mississippi,
condemnatory of his conduct on the Compromise
bills, and declaring that the interests of the State are,
in the opinion of the Legislature, nsafe in his keep
ing. .
No other matter of general interest transpired. The
death of Mr. Ilarmanson, of Louisiana, was an
nounced, and the Senate adjourned. t
" In the House, on the same day, the death of Mr.
Ilarmanson was announced, and eulogies delivered
by Messrs. Morse and Bailey. . '
The House then adjourned. ,
We learn from the last Charleston Mercury, that
the Senate of South Carolina have passed the bill
calling a State Convention on the first Monday of
December next, by the very decisive vote of 37 to 6.
"Thia is like action," says that paper, "and we
seem to breathe more free. "
This bill was made tbe special order in the House
for the 17th instant. '
The bill reported by the committee on Federal Re
lations, providing for the appointment of Deputies to
a Southern Congress has been indefinitely postponed
in the House, by ayes 60, noes 57.
Gov. Means was inaugurated on the 16th instant.
The Washington Union, speaking of the position
of North Carolina on the Slavery question, and of
l!e majority Resolution submitted by Gen. Saun
ders, ssys : M These Resolutions, - there is reason to
believe, will be passed. "They are in the tree spirit,
and assume the most correct and patriotic grounds."
. Old Joe Sweeney has come to town."
On the 13th instant, the Vermont law nullifying!
the fugitive-slave law, was laid before the Georgia
j Convention. On the same day Mr. Jenkins, Chair
man of the Committee on Federal Relations, i made
' the following report : ' tivU.s
j v. That we hold the American Union secondary in
importance only to the rights and principles it was de
signed to perpetuate. Past asssociations, our present
position and future prospects will bind us to it as long
. as it continues the safeguard of those rights and prin-
. ciples. .,,.......!...;.. -; ,
.- ; That in this spirit, Georgia maturely considered 'the
action of Congress, embracing a series of measures
the admission of California into the Union the or
ganization of the Territorial Governments, for Utah
and. New Mexico the establishment of the bounda
ry between the latter State and Texas the. suppres
sion of the Slave Trade in the District of Columbia
ii the extradition of fugitive slaves anJ tbe connec
. Uon with thecn of the reception . of a proposition to
exclude slavery in the Mexican territories, and to
abolish slavery in the District of Columbia ; and
whilst it does not wholly prove, it will abide by
them as a permanent adjustment of the sectional con
troversy. " ' ' " '.:.'.;! .
Georgia, in the judgment of this Convention,. will
and ought to resist, as a last resort, to the disruption of
every tie which binds her to the Union, any future
act of Congress abolishing slavery in places within
the slaveholding States, the erection of forts, maga
zines, arsenals, dock-yards, navy-yards, &c. or any
act suppressing the slave trade between slaveholding
States, or any refusal to admit as a State any territory
hereafter applying, because of the existence of slave
. ry therein, or any act prohibiting the introduction of
slaves into the Territories ot Utah and New Mexico,
or any act repealing or materially modifying the laws
now in force for the recovery of all fugitive slaves.
-i That it is the deliberate opinion of this Conven
tion, that upon the faithful execution of the fugitive
slave bill by the proper authorities, depends the pre
servation of our much loved Union."
.' The above is the substance of tbe Report, as we
find it telegraphed to the newspapers.
We copy from a late number of the Newbernian,
the following statement of the imports of Newbern,
embracing the year ending October, 1850 ; : '
6,000 barrels of Flour,
3,000 barrels of Lime, -.
3.100 barrels of Pork,
2,000 barrels of WhUkey, ' '
37,000 pea nds of BuUer,
35,000 pounds of Cheese,
50,000 pounds of Bacon,
100,000. pounds of Hay,
40,000 pounds of Tobacco,
40,000 pounds of Lard,
37.500 pounds of Cotton Yarn, '
4,000 bushels of Potatoes,
500 barrels of Apples,
1235 Kegs of Nails,
$25,000 worth Domestic Goods,
78 Tons of Iron,
27,000 pounds Hollow Ware.
This is exclusive of woollen goods, a large amount
of which, says that paper, are imported annually. -
Jenny Lind gave her first Concert in Washington
City on the night of the 16lh instant. She was to
sing in Richmond, last night, whence she goes to
Charleston. The Washington correspondent of the
Baltimore Sun says of her Washington Concert:
"Of Jenny Lind's reception it is enough tossy that
she made the same impression here as elsewhere, and
her second concert will be even more crowded and
successful than the first." ; -
All the "dignitaries of the land " were present at
this Concert, including the President, Gen. Scott, Mr.
Clay, and Mr. King, &c. &c. The money taken in
amounted to over $10,000. On Monday Jenny visi
ted Washington's tomb at Mount Vernon; and Tues
day evening she visited President Fillmore, at the
' White House, by special invitation. ;
Father Ritchie " went to hear her sing, and is in
ecstacies as the result of it. Jenny Lind is, indeed,
a woman among millions of women. The world has
never seen her equal as a songstress, while at the
same time her amiability of disposition and benevo
lence are on the tongues of all.
The last Wilmington Commercial, a Whig paper,
contains the following notice of Mr. Shepard's late
Speech on the Slavery question :
"Though very much crowded for room, we have
felt it our duty to present the Speech of Mr.Shepard.
on the subject of Resolutions now before the Legis
lature of our State. We do this because we think
the Resolutions come as near the sentiments of a
majority of the people of North Carolina, as any that
will be produced and because it advances good ar
guments in refutation to doctrine proposed by a dis
tinguished citizen ot our State, which doctrine if once
admitted by the South, would forever e'ute the diseua-
tion of Southern Rightt and render the preservation of
lite Union entirely nopeiet. n ine principles aavancru
by Mr. Badger are correct, there are but two positions,
which sovereign States can occupy, vix : tubmiuion
or rebellion ." "
We com men 1 the above to the particular attention
of Messrs. Gilmer, Haughton, WoodSn, and the Ral
eigh Register.
A negro man, Ihe property of Joseph A. Bitting,
Esq., of Surry County, left his master some year "or
two since, and had been going at large in Surry and
Ashe Counties, defying the law, and committing dep
redations of all sorts. Some time since he shot a
citizen of Ashe CapU Black with the view of ob
taining bis gun ; and so general and dangerous had
his operations become, that it was necessary to call
out three Gimpanic of the Ashe County militia to take
him. ,;!. '.,,'
They went in se.irch of him, found him, and as he
refused to surrender, he was shot in the leg by one of
the militia-men, Mr. Lewis W. Bryant. He has been
committed to prison, to await his trial for bis numer
ous ciimes. ' '' - ' ' '
Richmond and Danvillc Road. The stockhold
ers of the Richmond and Danville Rail Road Com
pany assembled in Richmond on the 11th instant.
Among other matters'considered, was that of a con
nection of said Road with North Carolina. Mr. N.
J. Palmer, of Milton, submittedTa series of Resolutions
for a branch Road to that town; and tbe following
Resolution was adopted:
"Resolved, That W. P. Tunstall, President of the
Road, and Hon. Calvin Graves, of North Carolina,
be appointed to apply, in a respectful manner, to the
Legislature of North Carolina for the right of way to
connect tho Richmond and Danville Railroad with the
Central Railroad of that State."
Mr. David Chalmers, of Halifax, was appointed
alternate to either of those gentlemen, who might be
unable to attend to the commission; and the Board of
Directors were authorized to pay theii expenses- ,
We learn that W. W. Avery, Esq. of Burke Coun
ty, has been invited to address the two Literary So-;
cietiea of our University at the annual, Commence
ment, in June next. Mr. Avery has accepted the in
vitation. . 's .' "
Mr. John Kane has sent us a bottle of Scuppernong
wine, the vintage of our old friend Col. J. T. C. Wiatt,
of this County! We hsve tried it, and, according to
our taste, it is uite good. It has the flavor of the
Scuppernong in peculiar degree. . . r
This wine is for sale at Mr. Kane's. , . 'Jl-
Our thanks are due to the Hon. William S. Ashe,
for a copy of the Patent Office .Report. ".' ' 7
. For the North Carolina Standard.
Gextlkmer: It is iwuther from an exhibition of
vanity or a want of confidence in ycr intelligence
or patriotism that we now address yon. Far from it.
As to the first; the very signature which we assume
secures us from each an nnworUiv imputation ; and ,
as to the Second 'we know many of you personally,
and the most by reputation, and we intend something
more than a bare compliment when We say that a
more intelligent and patriotic body has seldom conve
ned. Notwithstanding this, we should be nncandid,
(and we hope we will not be offensive) were we to
4j -that we have some misgivings as to your course
upon an all important subject which early attracted
your attention. You "will at once understand me as
alluding to slavery; and to the means which you are
called 'upon 'to ''employ 'in' order to : avert 'that : war
which Noithern fanaticism1 seems resolved to wage.
At the very." threshold allow us respectfully and
with all proper deference to say, that there are four
suggestions that naturahy present themselves to every
Southern man, , , First, what is the object of this end
less and barrassirig agitation ? Have they (the Free
soilers,) the means of accomplishing their purpose ?
What would be the consequences to the South, were
they to succeed?- And lastly, has the South the
means of defence in their own hands t '
: To the first interrogatory there can be but one an
swer. They propose universal emancipation as their
ultimate object, and Congressional legislation as the I
means to attain it. .They propose, and have already
gone far in its accomplishment, to surround the slave
States by a cordon of free States, so as to so 'impair
'their value, so circumscribe their spread as to produce
that very state of things alluded to and openly avow
ed in the Hulls of . Congress, as shall cause the
"evil to fester, ulcerate and gangrene in our midst."
Tney do not propose to attack the citadel by storm,
but by the straightened limitations which numbers
can impose, they expect to lake it by stratagem. In
plain words they propose by denying you your rights,
the proper alimnnt which the Constitution affords, to
starve you into measures.
Second. Have thev tlie means of accomplishing
this object 1 They have not, if (as we will not sus
pect.) you are true to yourselves. Should you, how
ever, either lie passive and content yourselves with
a Itttle Congressional " pap" and occasionally sing
hosannas to the Union, and do nolhmg more, or should
you, (which in its effect, will be the same thing) suffer
yourselves to become alienated in feeling by your
tormer party divisions, you will but hasten the com
mon catastrophe and prove recreant to the trust which
a frenerou8 constituency h ss confided to your hands.
If then any thing like party .ha6 already mixed itself
with your deliberations, discard it irom you as you
would a viper from your bosoms.' : If a community
of feeling cannot, produce the strangling of this mon-
&lt?r. Call lf Jrwur aiu a vuiuuiuiiiij v uw.:w, a.iu
if Herculean strength is not imparted surKcienily po
tent not only for this but for any, though they be the
closing scenes oi trie drama.
There are some dangers so serious in their conse
quences, that it would be manifestly impolitic and
suicidal in the extreme to allow the in to gain strength
while you are viewing them through the perspective.
They must be met more than half way they must
be looked in the f;ice, or in the language of an emi
nent man "the odds will be against you, 'that you
fall asleep in watching its approach." Yes, there are
cnestions (of which this is one) that yon must affirm
au unlimited control over, or your very refusal for
tifies and encouraces those who assail you ; lor they
construe your silence either into a cowardly tiiue-ser-
vliltr iiiniully or inio a aiuu ui uuuai iuvi.ii j,
which furthers their purposes equally well.
But let us proceed. V hat would be the conse
quences were they to succeed 1 A response to this
need not occiidv our time: the history of St. Domin
go is replete with instruction, and it may be well if
we profit thereby. . - .
We co lie now to the last suggestion, which is by
far the most important in the series, for in it is found
the panoply of your defence. Yes, we with defer
ence affirm that we have the means of prevention in
our own hands, although the carrying them out may
and will invoke a loss to all. This loss, however, is
not the question. -The ine question is that although
it may be great, is it not infinitely less than the con
summation of the purposes of fanaticism ?. That this
is so you can htve.no doubt. What then are the
means in your possession for self defence 1 They may
be classed as follows: Means preventive and contin
gent, and means unqualified and absolute. The first
consists in the Tariff of duties alrendy before you,
and other stringent legislation proposed ; the latter in
the right of secession." A lew words upon each,
and the siihject shall be dismissed. PEUEE.
The Sttr, Register, and Times will please publish.
The citizens of Chowan County, pursuant to pre
vious notice, assembled at the Court House in Eden
ton on Monday the 2d instant, when Dr. Thoinns D.
Warren was called to the Chair, John H. Leary and
Joshua Skinner appointed Vice Presidents, and W.
A. Littlejohn and Thomas 11. Leary, Jr., appointed
The Chairman having explained the object of the
meeting, H. W. Collins, Esq., made an address on
the slavery issue, and moved the appointment of a
Committee of five, to draft resolutions expressive of
the sentiments of the meeting, whereupon the Chair
appointed Ihe following gentlemen to constitute that
Committee: Hugh VY. Collins, Aiexanuer uixon,
Thos. W. Hudgins, Lucius J. Johnson and T. C.
The Committee after a short consultation, reques
ted leave to report to an adjourned meeting on Friday
the 6th inst., which being granted, the meeting ad
journed to that day. i
Friday, Dec. 6th.
In consequence of the session of . the Superior
Court the meeting was potponed until the next day.
Satcbdat, Dec, 7th.
The meeting was called to order by the President,
and H. W. Collins, Chairman of the Committee,
presented the following preamble and resolutions.
On motion of James Norconi, Esq., . the vote w::s
taken on the Resolutions singly, and they were unan
imously adopted.
Whereas, tbe efforts of the non-slaveholding
States have for some years past been unceasingly di
rected to the restriction of slavery, and to the destruc
tion of slave labor to the exclusion of Southern men
Irom the enjoyment of territory acquired by the com
mon blood and treasure of the whole nation, and which
belongs equally to the citizens of all the States, to
the abuse ol Southern men, and Southern institutions.
Therefore, Resolved, That deploring the unhappy
controversy now pending between the Northern and
Southern States anxious that that controversy should
be brought to a speedy and an ainbable adjustment,
and believing that union and concert on the part of
the South, and a full and fair expression of their rights,
and of the wrongs which they suffer, constitute at this
crisis, the best, if not the only means of awakening
our Northern brethren to a sense of the injustice they
are doing us, and thereby of staying their hands we,
Whigs and Democrats : ssemhled, approve of every
means of collecting the general sense of the Southern
States upon the subject, and giving it full expression.
2d. Resolved, That, looking with pride to the fact
that the original Southern Stales made'" the cause of
Boston the cause -of' all," and that in all our wars
with foreign powers, the South has stood, by; our
whole country in the hour - of her utmost need,, we
deem it beneath theiaroe of ber sons to make verbal
protestations of patriotism and "love of, Union,"
and regard with contempt all charges ot disunion de
signed or intended merely to deter the Southern States
from assembling as our fathers of the Revolution as
sembled, to express theirgrievances. i i ,
3d. Resolved That the Constitution provides that
persons " held to sen ice or labor in one State, under
tbe laws thereof, escaping into another, shall be de
livered ap on claim ot the party to whom soch service
or labor may be due,' that it is the duty of Congress
to provide means whereby this constitutional provi
sion may be carried into effect ; that this duty has been
discharged in conformity to fundamental law, and that
the provision;! of said law are obligatory upon, and
should receive the support of the whole nation.
4th. Resolved, That the Abolition mobs and riots
in the. northern cities, .for preventing tbe execution of
tbe Fugitive Slave Law, and their Abolition Con
ventions, and ; the continual agitation ot the slavery
issue, will, if persisted in, lead to the total alienation
of one section of the. Union from the other ;tbat we
respectfully warn our Northern brethren that an at
tempt to repeal, or failare to enforce the Fegitive
Slave Law will enite the South in determined oppo
sition, end hostility to that section of the Union ; and
that ihe repeal of. that law, or its modification in any
material particular, will result inevitably In a dissolu
tion of the Union., . , ... T -; . .
5th. Resoltted, That the Legislature be requested to
... use all constitutional power vested in it to tax -all
northern goods and wares Froiight to this Stale 'Tor
sale, and that our Representative and Senator ate re
r quested to support measures to thai effect.' '
6th. Resolved, That' the. citizens throughout the
' State, and especially the Merchants and Farmers be
urged to co-operate with ns in our efforts to throw off
our dependence on the North, by givinr preference
"to southern bottoms in all cases of shipping, by en-
couraging the direct importation of foreign goods into
Southern ports, and by giving their aid and support
.' to Southern industry and manufactures. . ,.. c .
7th. Hesulved,'.l hat as a 'contingency may arise
when the arms or the Slate may be required in de-
fence of her rights, the Legislature be requested to
make immediate investigatibn into the condition of
our military 'stores, to supply all deficiencies therein,
biiu iu jidtasucu acin in n irrfiico lo our niltllia as Will
result in a thorough and etncient organization of the
same. . ' '
On motion of H. W. Collins, Eq., (he Secretaries
were requested to transmit to our Representative and
Senator at Raleigh a copy of the proceedings, with
the Resolutions, with tbe request th.it they lay them
before their respective bodies, and also that they be
published in the "Albemarle bulletin," and the pa
pers throughout the State be requested to copy. !
,THOS. D. WA VLRKS,'' Jf resident.
t Joshua SiUNNER,
.' ' - John H. Leas y,
Vice Presidents.
W. A. Littlejohn,
T. H. Lcabv, Ja. :
Resolutions, submitted to the House of Commons,
by Mr. Brogden, of Wayne, on the 16th Decem
ber, 1850.
W HBRCAS,' An untarnished reputation, based upon
strict integrity and a rigid adherence to good faith in
all our public transactions, is not only of inestimable
importance, but indispensably necessary to the well
being, prosperity, and happiness of our common
country : and whereas, we have hitherto preserved
inviolate our plighted faith, and cherished with en
thusiasm our unblemished honor, regarding it as a pre
cious heritage from noble sires, earned by the toil, pur
chased by the blood, and endeared to us by the suf
ferings ot the patriots of the revolution : and where
as, it is not only highly dishonorable, but directly
conflicting with every principle of justice and moral
ity, for any State, nation or people to repudiate or dis
own obligations contracted In good laith and with
mutual concurrence, because such contracting power
is not legally responsible, or such obligation may not
be legally enforced : and whereas, in a portion of
our Union, doctrines have been promulgated lending
to degrade the National honor, destroy the National
credit, and debase the National character, unjustly
involving in a common- odium the other portions of
this Union, and causing our name to be a by-word
and reproach throughout the civilized world : and
whereas, in the absence of any authoritative decla
ration, a betiel may prevail that these odious doctrines
meet with a silent assent, if not general approbation,
throughout our Confederation, thereby ' tarnishing
by implication, our country's fair fame, and rendering
it not only expedient, but highly necessary and pro
per, that the voice of the people, in their prim iry
assemblies and in their Legislative halls, should be
universally, fully, and unequivocally expressed:
1. Resolved, Ry the General Assembly of the State
of North Carolina, That we heartily deprecate, in
dignantly repel, and utterly condemn the doctrine of
repudiation ot orate debts; and desire now, and for
all time, distinctly and unequivocally, lo declare that
North Carolina not only disavows any and ill partic
ipation in such sentiments, but will not suffer the
nigral sense of her people to be outraged by their
avowal in any part ol our Union, by any portion of
its citizens, without an expression ot tier open,
thorough, and decided condemnation.
2. Resolved, That we should be recreant to every
virtuous principle and honest impulse, and faithless
to all moral obligation, did we hesitate to take a firm
and unwavering stand, and exert the utmost energies
of our State and people in vindication of the probi
ty and the untarnished reputation transmitted by our
fathers, which form the ground-work of that just
' pride and veneration with which their honored names
are associated, and a broad basis of national integri
ty, which all should delight to emulate and defend.
3. Resolvid, That public credit is one of the vital
principles and a mainspring of national prosperity,
and iudissolubly associated as it is, with an unim
peachable character for strict honesty, must be great
ly impaired, if not utterly destroyed, by any disre
gard of this indispensable requisite in the formation
of national, as well as of individual gcod character.
4. Resolved, That the same laws of retributive
justice govern nations as individuals, and that no
country or people can swerve with impunity from the
6lraignt-forward path ot uprightness and integrity ;
when the quick sense of honor becomes blunted, and
the sliaine of merited reproach is unfell or unheeded,
the public morals will deteriorate, and public virtue
decline, and, in their downward course, bear with
them national respectability and national worth, and,
finally, 'whelm the work and pride of ages in irretrie
vable ruin.
5. Resolved, That it is our earnest hope and belief
that the doctrine of repudiation will never obtain
any permanent foothold on the soil of our Union;
and we are proud to assert that our people are and
ever have been firm in their adherence to all the max-
. ims of prubity, unwavering in their acknowetlgement
of all the exactions of good faith, honorable in the
discharge of all obligations which mutual contracts
impose or the conventional usages of society imply,
and proudly sensitive to the aspersion of national dis
grace. 6. Resolved, That considerations, above and dis
tinct from party, reaching far beyond our day and
generation, and intiinatnly affecting, as we sacredly
believe, the future character, varied interests, and
periuanent'prosperiiy of our beljved country, solemn
ly impel us to speak fearlessly and unhesitatingly
on this subject; and, in a spirit of patriotism, which
-should look beyond State limits, we reprobate all
violations of good faiih, and we declare our firm and
united determination to preserve untarnished the
honor and reputation of our common cjuntry.
Extract from a letter lo the Editor, dated
Richmond County, December 10. .
"Your course upon the all-absorbing question of
Slavery, so firr as 1 have the means of information,
meets with a hearty response from both Whigs and
Democrats. All unite in saying that if the poor
' boon" which was attempted to be secured by the
: "adjustment" is not carried out to the letter, tnat
secession in the only remedy. " Nothing short of this
declaration from the Legislature will satisfy the pub
lic mind, and nothing short of this will open the eyes
of those whom we wish still to regard as friends.
"Can there possibly be a question raised that a
State has not the right to secede V7 If so we would
simply call the attention of those who deny it, to the
proceedings of the Conventions of Virginia, New
York and Rhode Island, at the time of the ratifica
tion of, the federal Constitution. Such were the mis
givings of those States, that they would not accede
to it except on the express condition that the powers
thereby delegated might be resumed by the States at
the pleasure of the people. ' ln the langauge of Vir
ginia, " whensoever the Same shall be perverted-to
their injury or oppression." . With this distinct un
derstanding they were received into the Confederacy,
and ns it inured to tbeiu it inures to all.
" Party spirit should be merged on this question.
Its agitation can be productive of no present good,
but is potent of much mischief." . . .. ,
Extract from a letter to the Editor, dated
Rakdolph County, December 11.
f read with much pleasure the very able and pat
riotic letter of the Hon. James Buchanan, addressed
to the " Union Meeting" in Philadelphia. . This let
ter doe honor lo his bead and heart. If I mistake
not, be judges correctly as 'to Southern men abid
; ing the late "adjustment" by Congress, provided the
agitation of the slavery question ceases and the fugi
i tive-slave law is executed in its letter and spirit; but
' if not, this glorious Union is gone, and gone forever!
For my own parti am devotedly attached to the Union,
' and if necessary would freely sacrifice my life's blood
on iu altar ; but honor and liberty are still dearer to
me than the JUn'ion. What Southern man does not
feel tanboonded indignation when he see the only
boon: given lo the South in the late compromise, -treated
as a nullity by Northern tnenl ' .. .
l am delighted at your flattering prospects with
jour Weekly and Semi-Weekly Standard. - Your
' paper la ofiered at eaelr tow- rates now tbat no one
who wishes lo read can refuse to subscribe for it. "
-XfcLouisburg.oa tb 3d instant, b.tbe RevMr. Rid
ley, of the Episcopal Church, DeWitt C. Stone, Esq., to
Miss Mary M.. second daughter of Richard Ff Yaxbrough,
Eng. of that plwcv. , ,,t -''r' '.',. .
f i -1 1 : ' 3313533. -
At bis residence, iu Wake County. on the 9?h instant,
the Rev. William Dupree, of the Dab list Churcb, after
i long and painful illness. ' The deceased was a good citi
zen, a faithful Minister of the Gospel, and abouet man.
He Wat witlnlv Innvn hnvintr nrahl in M.n.' rAnn
ties f be Stale for a number of years; ami his death
w" occasion sincere sorrow in many bosoms. ' He died
n fai,h h bad so often commended to others, and ia
fuU assurance of a blissful immortality. ;
la Newbern, on the Sth instant, Mr. Robert lfT,
("Su 90
Iu Warreoton on the 9th instant, Mr-Edward J. Ma
cau, in bis 36th year. Also,. in - Warren, on the lOtb
instant. Mi1. Simmons Soatherland, aged about 50 years,
-" ln Granville, on tho 29th November, Mr. Robrt Jones, "
Sr. in the 86th year of his agv.'-
i' Important to -
Tip HE Undersigned would respectfully inform those
M. endued in the Milling Business in N. C, that he
keeps constantly on hand, and will supply at tbe sluwtesl
notice, that almost invaluable article . '. i -: .
The on'y Machine ofthe k i nrl that has stood the test and
eiven satisfaction to the public. Ir has surplan'ed every
S aiut Machine jet i ff.red in the State, more or less of
which h been taken down to make room tor it. . The
pobiic need Tear no imp isition, as there are now no me 28
Machines running in N C; and I wish to offer no other '
reference!) than the gentlemen who are .using them,
whose expectations have been more than realized in
their perfoicianre. It not only thoroughly cleanses lb
Wheat of smut, but also purifies it of all oilier substances,
almost lo perfection. It lakes up but 4 feet equate irv
the Mill, and requires but little power. : II is warranted
fr five years against breaking or wearing oot, and also
to retain its cleaning qualities for that time. :
There are a number of these Machines through which
100,000 bushels ot Wheat Have been cleaned, and they
have never been not of order one day.-.
There was awarded to it Ihe Premium at tbe Maryland
State Fair, and a Premium with a Silver Medal, at the
Fail of the Maryland Institute, at Baltimore, last Fall.
' Address the Subscriber at South Lowell Mills.O anga
county, N.C. .- JNO. A. Mc V1ANNEN.
December 21, 1S50. 15 IT.
Register, Fayeltevilte Observer, Argus, and VI i lion
Chronicle, ropy S weeks and tin ward accounts to the
subscriber, f- '"
State of North Carolina. Warreu county.
The Petition of Henry Harris, and of Virginia A- Wright,
Minerva H. Wright, William D. Wright, Drury S.
Wright, Lucy B. W right and Henry A. Wright, inl'ants
under twenty-one years of age, by their next friend
Anderson Wright, vs. Eliza Davis, Mary Aycock and
Augustus Aycock, children of Henry Aycock dee'd.,
Sally Aycock. Mary Aycock, Martha Ann Aycock-.' Ann
Maria Aycock and Frances Aycock, children of Clatborn
Aycock dee'd., Sally Aycock, and Samuel Aycock Pe
tition in Warren Court of Equity, for a Sale of Land for
the purpose or Partition.
AFFIDAVIT ! having been made before rne by
Henry Harris, one of the Petitioners in the above
cause, that Augustus Aycock and Samuel Aycock, two
ofthe above defendants, are non-residents of this State,
publication is hereby made according to act of Assem
bly, for six weeks, notifying tha said Augustus Aycock
and Simui'l Aycock of the filing of said Petihon, and
thut they be and appear at the next term nf oursaid Court
o! Kqnify, to be held for the County of Warren, at the
Court House in Warreoron, on the third Monday after the
fiurth Monday in Mirch next, then and there to plead,
answer or demur to the sait petition, otherwise the
same will be takeu pro confess and beard ex parte
to them..
Witness, Charles M Cook, Clerk and Master of our
said Court of Equity, at office the third Monday after the
fourth Monday in September. A. P., 1830.
C. VI. COOK, C M. E.
December 21. (Pr. adv. 3 62.) 847 w6r.
New York Abolition Merchants.
AVING been . informed that a report originating
with a Newspaper published in this city, to the ef-
feet that we are Abolitionists and supporters of papers
advocating abolition doctrines, &c, has been put ia cir
culation in the Southern States, we deem it proper to
state that said report ia ufery false and without foun
dation. '.' - I '1;" . -. . . i,
Neither member of oar 'firm has any leaning towards
or sympathy with abolitionism or its advocates, and never
had ; but on tbe contrary are staunch supiorters of Ihe
Constitution and laws of the country, and opposed to any
re-opentng of or ' further agitation upon the subject of
Slavery. ' '.
We respectfully request nil pn pcrs which have given
currency to said report to do ua the justice and favor to
retract and contradict the same.
(Late Dennis, Portland,' & Co,) ;
30 Broadway.'
New York, Nov. 13, 1 850. ' 15 It.
, Loubiu!! and Router Extracts
For the H a.idkkrcim kv.
Heliotrope, '"
West End,
Jassamin, - '
Rose Citronella,
Italian Flowers,
Booqoe't DeCarolite, '
Jockey Club, '
Vervaine, ( .
Li'.y, .
- i Palchonly,
Jenny Lind, - - - ' ;
Jube Rose,
r . Honey Suckle.
Also, Farina Cologne, fine Toilet and Shaving Soaps.
Toilet Balls, and a large Siock of Dressing Combs,
Hair Tooth, and Nail brushes which will be sold low at
the Drug Store of
19th, 1850. 15
MISS JULIA PEACE informs her friends end the
citizens that she intends opening- a 8choo! on the
1st of January, in which will be taught tbe usual branch.
es of an English Education. If there are those in the
country who would wish to send their children, ber Moth
er can accommodate them with board. Particular atten
tion will be paid to tbe manners, and improvement of
the children committed to ber charge. Terms the same
as tbe other Schools. '
Raleigh Dec 16, 1850. 847 '
The Kaleigh Star will please .copy three times, sikl
send account to this office.
Oxford Female Academy.
IH Regular exercises of this institution will lie re
sumed on Monday the 12th day of January nest.
Terms per Session of Jive months
. Board, including fuel, lights, washing, dec. $ 4S 00
. Tuition in tbe English branches, '- .. . 15 CO
' French or Latin, --.- - ' ' ' : 6 C9
Music on the Piano with use of instrument, 20 CO
8AML. I. YEN ABLE, Principal. ;
Oxford, Dec.' 15, 1850. . ' 847 ttw..
THIS Institution will again open on Wednesday, Jan
uary 8, 1850. Particular attention will be given to
the French Language, Book keeping. Surveying, Levell
ing end other branches of a practical character. .
Raleigh, Dec. 16, 1850.' 15 5c
,: A Printer Wanted.
rt0 take charge of the Christian Sun to be printed in
J the City of Raleigh. Liberal wages will bs paid to
one who is competent to the task. None others need
spply. ; - w ..... , H. B. HAYES. ,
December 17, 1850.- , . 647
-I Wines and Brandies.
; ' Scotch Ale and loudon Porter,
OT Superior quality, selected for Medical porposes
constantl v on hand and for sal at the Drug State of
December 19. ' ' - 16
lYeait Powders, ! r.
TRY a Box if you want good Buckwheat and Eattcr
Calces, tor sale at the Drug Store ot ''- '
December 1. 185& ' 18
trmte iTlnc for Cooking. -.
JIIST received and for Sale fcy -''.i .
December 19,1350..; ., j''. . I
.v.,.; v.- , V.- tri ;: r . .... ' ,s';';
' -'''. i !;.. . ii&
is i
Is .
It 1
5 8
i I
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