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North Carolina standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1850-1852, December 25, 1850, Image 3

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sFm-WEEKLY STAIVjPARD.
. -. - . r the Statrat
" RALEIGH:
THE LEGISLATURE.
iVe-klv- to-day contain the proceeding
I islatiire from FriJay to Monday inclusive
0f ihe l-eekly he proceedings from Tuesday the
.TAlondny ihe 23d, inclusive.
11 VsflBie, on Friday last, no business of gen-
,n 7st was transacted. In the Senate, on Sat
ra' '"'Te bill for the relief of the Wilmington and
tri ' ! wr Railroad Company was taken up, eonsid
Manelu'se rt was soon after rc-eonsidered,
"'rejected. J" the Senate, Monday,
and a"al"ransac,ion of the usual morning business,
after ir.n's Resolutions in relation to the exten
Mf' r,h. North Carina Kail Road east and west.
S'0n for consideration, when Mr. Cameron spoke
Cime,"n o hem, and was followed by Mr. Kelly
r ti, of sows remarks heretofore n.ado by
inexplana B,num, who spoke at eoiae lenjth
hi,n,a nJ?the Solution..
beseen,by the prongs of that day that
J Monday Daniel W. Co-rts, Esq. of Rockingham,
, plect resigned his seat as Senator, his res-
froiu anJ afwr the 181 day rf
Jtl C-nmons, M Friday, the ouestion of Con
- .- n,l Reform being ader constderattoa, Mr.
Z ei ,,is in fT 7 u;u1
r niton and a-ainst the bill providing for hqual
. Hifcuiion" was continued by Messrs. Erwin,
J:rSla, Ruflln, Mi.e.1, and Ca.dweU.
C McLean, Ktiffin, and Miiell took strong
Soihft-rof EI by lalive en-
agc men., and against a Convention. We are proud
"f-d. champions of ound pnnc.ples as these gen
tlemen have shown themselves to be t this debate.
Mr Rayner was met by .a or the other of them at
every l.oin. and his batteries most effectually silenc
ed by the hot shot they poured into tkeu., from tne
commencetaenttothe termination of the contest. We
W they will write out their remarks for pubiicaUon.
A number of the members having left, to spend the
Christmas Holidays with their families, it is under
stood that no question of importance will he scted
upon during the present week. The Slavery question
ad the question of Kqual SuiTrae Jiave Loth been
postponed till ext week.
THE VOTE FOR TREASURER.
The Register psblishes and endorses some stric
tures overie signature of "Blue Ridge " upon
Messrs. Avery, Gordoa, Sharpe, Cotten, and Thom
as, of V.ie present Legislature, for voting for Mr.
Courts for Treasurer. The writer says that if these
five gentlemen, representing Whig Counties, had
voted for Maj. Hinton instead of Mr. Courts, he
would have received 82, the exact rniinber neces
sary t a choice." Granted; but suppose Messrs.
Davidson and Maiiltsliy, Whigs, from Demscralic
Counties, had voted at lite same time, according to
tlie Register's rule, for Mr. Courts ? aad suppose the
three members Irom Halifax, which County gave a j
majority for Col. Reid, had also voted for Mr. Oourt j
instead of Maj. Hinton, what would have become f
the Registers " exact " number of 82 for the latter
gentleman! Would not Mr- Courls wave beaten
him, even tinder tix-se circumstances, two rotes !
Mr. Courts had been before a candidate ior State
Treasurer on two occa-sions once in 1S36, when the
Democrats had a wnjoriiy, and again in 1833, when
the Wbitrs had sway. In 183G he received a majo
rity oj Whigs and Democrats, and was elected on
the first ballot such Whigs as Graham of Orange.
Gales of Wake, Morehead of Guilford, Carson of
Rutherford, Gilliam of Granville, and McCLANA
HAN of CHATHAM, voting for faint. In 183.3,
when the Whigs had a large majority, he received
on his re-election every vole in the Assembly but five.,
which of course included all parties of that body. In
addition to this, in 1838, the Committee of Finance
of the Legislature, appointed by Whin Speakers, alter
examining Mr. Courts' accounts, made a Report,
which was printed by order of that body, in which
they said they could not close their Repert " with
out expressing their gratification at tie able, honest,
and business-like manner " in voh'ch he had discharg
ed the duties if his nffice. The next year Mr. Courts
resigned, and went as United States Consul to Ma
tiinzas. These arc facts matters of history whir'n neith
er the Register nor " Blue Ridge" can meet. Aud
yet the Register calls upon the Whigs of Burke,
V ilkes. Buncombe, Chatham, Cherokee, Macon
and Haywood, to censure their Representatives in
tlie present Legislature for doing the very thing, in
regard to the tame office and Ike samt man, which was
done in 183G by such Whigs as Graham, Morehead,
Gilliam, and .McClanahan, and which, in 183S, was
as good as unanimously endorsed by both the great
parties of the State ! Comment upon such facts is
needless. They speak for themselves.
HOLIDAY.
In order that the hands in our office may have the
privilege of participating in the Christmas Holidays,
no paper will he issued from this office on Saturday
next. This is the first time we have omitted an is
sue since we took charge of this paper, in 1813.
We know our readers will excuse us, especially as
no matters of interest will be tip for discussion or fi
nal action in the Legislature, during the present
week.
Our Weekly and Semi-Weekly wiH appear again,
as a matter of course, on Wednesday next.
Virginia. Gov. Floyd, of "Virginia, has sent in a
fecial message to the Legislature of that State, in
which he takes strong grounds upon the Slavery
question, and advises a Convention ot all the Stales,
to be held at Baltimore in Mav next, to make a final
settlement of the whole question. This proposition
does not appear, thus hr, lo meet wilh much fjvor.
Mr. Shepard's Speech. We have on hand seve
ral hundred copies of Mr. Shepard's Speech, which
may be obtained on application. Wi printed four
thousand copies. Tim friends of the Union and of
Southern rights owe it to their cause to give thia
Speech a wide circulation.
William C. Doub, Esq., has been associated with
Mr. Lemay and Son, as an Editor of the Raleigh Star,
we give Mr. Doul, )e rjght j- of reowsnipf and
wish him a pleasant and successful career in his
new vocation.
Gov. Reid arrived in this City on Monday evening
'ast and took rooms at the Yarbrongh House. He
, 1,0 inaugurated on Wednesday next, the 1st
iay or January.
ban 6 tr'a-' -f k"nez and others, engaged in the Co
expedition, commenced at New Orleans on the
m" instant. -
i CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS.
1 he Kaleigh Register is opposed to Constitu
tional amendments by legislative action, and. is evi
dently in favor of a Convention, if the people desire
it. Is there any evidence that the people desire a
Convention? If so, where is it t His one County
even called for it! The Register says : .
"For ouraelf, we maintain the position we have
a iwaya assumed. Let all questions, whatever, in
volving an alteration of the Constitution, be submit
ted to the rightful sovereigns. If they decide that
change is desirable, ma are uniting to call a Conven
tion, to make one alteration mr many alterations, be it
to! No man dare dispate their authority."
That is the language of the Register. Now let us
ee the purjx6e for which a Convention is desired. In
the same number of die Register from which the above
extract is made, we find reported the following r&J
marKs oi air. crwinoi Uuncoir.be, delivered in the
Commons ori Salorday last :
Mr. Erwin continued ki" remarks in favor of an
unlimited Convention, and submitted some statistics
showing the inequality of representation in the Sen
ate it prjsent, between the east and west that some
Senatorial Districts in the west have double, and in
some cases, treble the population, and pay twice as
much tax as some in Ike east. He concluded by sta
ting that he was for submitting the question first to
the people to say whether they desired any change in
the constitution, and if -they do, then to call anunlim-
The Register says if tfce people want a Convention,
" to make one alteration, or many alterations, be it so ,"
Mr. Lrvin argues against the present basis of repre
sentation, and then, like the Register, he is for sub
mitting "all questions wkatever to the rightful sov
ereigns," and if they decide in favor of a change, his
next step would be an umlimiled Convention " !
W"hat is the difference between the Register and Mr.
Erwin i We confess wo are unable to perceive any.
Mr. Rayner w for a limited Convention, and we
suppose he will vote for his bill in the House; but
he declared, a tew days since in the Commons, that
if his proposition should go before the people, he
would vote against it ml tke polls. What is this but
trifling with the Howe and the people 1 He intro
duces a till, the sole object of which is to establish
Equal Suffrage by means of a Convention, provided
the people will cali a Convention. He presses this
bill on the House, declaring at the same time that he
considers Equal Suffrage-deceptive and illusory in its
character, and distinctly announcing it as his opinion
that the mere ceremony of voting, or an equality at
the polls, is of but little moment compared wilh po
litical powoer as tclelded bjr representation in the Legis
lature, lie votes far hi 011 in the House, stating
at the same time thai vf it should pass he will vote
against it at the poll I What is this but a repetition
of Gov. Manly's argument that Equal Suffrage is un
substantial, and that Eual Suffrage really consists
i giving more power to the West? What is it but
an attack covert, we admit an the basis of repre
sentation? Under tke ciicuui stances, and with this announce
ment by Mr. Rayner that he is prepared to repudiate
his own treasure at the polls, the members of the
House owe it to themselves, as a matter self-respect
alone, to vole down his bill. We hope they will do
it unanimously.
We have no disposition to repeat the arguments
against a Convention and in favor of legislative en
actment on tliis subject. They have been already1
presented on the floor of the House, in a much better
and stronger manner than we could present them, by
those cttarapions of truth and of popular rights, Saun
ders, McLean, Ruffin, Avery, and Mizell. But we
call putiic attention to the fict, that the Standard is
Ihe ooly paper at the seal l government which stands
up boldly ior the federal basis of the Commons and
the taxation basis of tin- Sen ite ; and that the Whig
(ajers of this City are operating against the present
basis, and making, for party objects, while-basis over
ture to tie West. We charged this on these papers
some weeks since, and they did not deny it. We
now call upon them, in the presence of the people,
to shtno their hands. Are they for or against the pres
ent basis of representation 1 And if an unlimited
Convention should be callej, would they oppose by ar
gument any change in this basis? Let the people of
the State and especially those of the East look for
the answers cf these papers to these questions, and
profit by them.
SOUTH CAROLINA.
The Hon. R. Barnwell Rhett has been elected to
the Senate of the United States by the Legislature of
Sooth Carolina, to sncced Mr. Calhoun. On the
fourth ballot he received 97 votes. His competitors
were Gov. Hammond and Mr. Barnwell. Mr. Rhett
is understood to be in favor of secession as a matter
of choice.
Bills have passpd the Legislature, by large majori
ties, providing for a State Convention and for Dele
gales to a Southern Conjrress. The Delegates to the
Slate Convention are to be elected in February, and
those to the Southern Congress next October. The
State Convention is to be held some lime during the
ensuing year, and the Southern Congress, it is stated,
is toasseinble at Montgomery (Ala.) on the 2d of Jan
uary, 1852. -
We have before ns the Inaugural Address of the
new Governor (Means) of South Carolina. He de
nounces the Federal Government as having utterly
failed in the objects of its creation declares that
South Carolina has ever been true to the Union, as
our fathers formed it" hut to this Union wilh tyrants
and plunderers we owe no allegiance; for it we have
no love, under it we will not live, unless we are re
creant to all we have heretofore held dear or sacred
to our honor, our interest, the bright example of a
gallant ancestry '"V0 the br'gllt and glr"ou8
destiny which aw aVw The Governor is for dis
solution as a matter oTxflJicc, and now i but he says
that, though " impatient at delay," yet as-South Car
olina has gone into consultation with her sisters oi
the South, "good faith demands that we should wait
the result of the measure suggested by the Nash
ville Convention."
The following gentlemen were chosen by the Leg
islature on the second ballot, Deputies to the South-
rt r r'Kovoo Piikorl W. Itjrn-
ern uongress-. uans"u . - - v
well. John P. Richardson, and Wade Hampton.
Pork. One Drove of hogs numbering 300 and the
principal part of another drove (numher unKnown,;
have, been disposed of in this market, within the past
t SIR. W saw a small lot of fine country
pork sold on Tuesday last at 54 75, and another lot
at 4to ou. uur market is noi uwiv ..rr..-
no hogs in market. Milton Chronicle.
Pork has been selling here, recently, at 6 per hun
dred. Ii will not fall much, if any, below thalfigue,
while it may go above it., . We learn that it is com
manding $7 in Granville.
Small Pox. This loathsome and dangerous dis
ease, we regret to stale, is said to be prevailing ex
tensively in portions of this State, west of this.
Precautionary measures to prevent its spread, have
been adopted by the authorities of Salisbury, Char
lolte, and I Concord.
Ohio. The Legislajure of Ohio, now in Session,
have laid upon the table, by a vote f 38 to 33, Re
solutions reported from the committee on Federal Re
lations, instructing their Senators in Congress tourge
the repeal of the fugitive-slave law.
VERMONT AND PENNSYLVANIA.
. The Pennsylvanian, edited by (hat sterling patriot
John W. Forney, -. denounces , the recent nullifying
act of Vermont in relation to fugitive slaves, in the
, most unsparing terms. ;. He shows that Vermont has
perpetrated treason towards the Union, and that eve
u ry, member of her- Legislature who..oted Tor that
law, perjured himself, v-i - ' ' - - -i
. 'It is stated that .this Vermont' !iv was passed by
surprise, at the close of the session, when a large
number of the members had left for their homes. We
hope this will turn out to be so ; but the best evidence
of this fact will be the repeaj. of the Jaw by the next
Legislature. In the meantime, however, most of the
Venn out papers are silent on the subject, and no
meetings of the people have been'called to disapprove
the law. Under this law, if a slave shpuld escape
to Vermont, his master could not take the first step even
to recover him, though Congress has passed a law in
accordance with the Constitution, intended express
ly to aid him in reclaiming his properly ! If Texas
or South Carolina had nullified. Federal troops would
have been marching at this moment, under orders from
President Fillmore, to enforce the law ; but Vermont
nullifies, and inaction and silence are the words at
Washington. Does no', this prove that this is a Free
soil government? . '
If the people of Vermont desire to go out of the
Union, we would do nothing to keep them in. , Ver
mont is a sovereign, and has a right to withdraw
from the Union without molestation or hindrance
from the Federal arm ; but she has no right to nul
lify a law of Congress passed in pursuance of the
plain provisions of the Constitution, and to remain
at the same time in the Union, enjoying its protection
and privileges.
Pennsylvania, it will be remembered, passed a law
in 1847, at a time when the Whigs had control, de
nying the use of her prison to the Federal officers en
gaged in enforcing the fugitive slave law of '98.
This act was pnssed by a Whig Legislature, and at
the last session a bill repealing it was passed through
one branch but failed in the other, owing to the op
position of the Whig Governor, Johnston, and certain
Whig Senators. "Now," says the Pennsylvanian,
"an aroused and almost united public opinion de
mands its unconditional repeal ; and we have no doubt
it will be repealed, at the session of the Legislature
commencing in January next." So much for Penn
sylvania and Vermont the former a Democratic
State, and the latter the Whig " star that never sets."
We quote the following from the Pennsylva man's
article on this subject, for the especial benefit of the
Raleigh Register and certain "conservative" Whigs,
who have been in the habit of denouncing Southern j
right's men as "agitators," "tiltraists" and "dis
unionists." Mr. Forney says :
'We drew, at the beginning of this 'ai tide, aj
short portrait of the ecu liar characters of the fanat- j
ics ot the xNortli. Is it wonderlul ttiat with such ex
hibitions as this of Vermont, there should be violent
and ultra men al the South 1 Would it not be worse
than injustice, if an attempt were now made to as
similate the extreme Southern men wilh the fanatics
of the free States the fanatics who glory in the in
famy just enacted in the Slate alluded to? Such
has been a fashionable course of proceeding on the
part of certain tender-footed politicians. Forrefus
iiif; to make this comparison, we have been denounced
with vehement and protracted calumnies. But time
at last makes all things even ; and now there are few
who do not acknowledge the wide and wonderful dif- I
It-i.-M-.ce between the agitators and the fanatics of the j
free States, and the ultra Southern men. Vermont I
has given a new evidence of the grievous wrong J
which a coward fanaticism has perpetrated upon the!
patriotic South ; and we hope those who enacted the j
wrong, will be held up to tne scorn ci me wnoie
country, until they repent their war upon the Con
stitution they swore to maintain and defend."
Here is a paper a Democratic paper printed in a
free State, doing that justice to Southern men which
is denied them by the Raleigh Register, a paper
printed in their midst!
YARDROUGH'S HOUSE.
The Hornet's Nest of the 7th December under the
head of " Notes from Raleigh." lias the following:
Yabbrouuh's Hotel. This will be a fine estab
lishment when completed. It will be indeed the finest
in appearance in the Southern cout try. It will front
on the Main Street some 140 feet, present a beautiful
fronton the Italian modern style of architecture, hav
ing the centre portion to consist of three colonades,
answering to the three stories of the building ; and
above these an arcade which will rise above the rest,
'towering into he heavens, nparly. if not quite, as
high as the dome of the Capitol.
Tlie Messrs. Cosby are the architects and builders,
and will add to their reputation (already widespread)
by this work. While o.n the subject of building, it
may not be amiss to mention, that the Messrs. Cos
by are erecting for themselves the handsomest private
- residence we have ever seen. It will be on an en
tirely new style, and in its internal arrangements and
exteriorappearar.ee will harmoniously blend the beau
tiful with ihe convenient." .
The Standard. The circulation of the " Stan
dard " is rapidly increasing, and 1 suppose it may bo
safely set down now as the largest in the State. Did j
you ever see Holden ? If you never did, I can tell ;
-you, that except Raboteau and present company, he
is the u Iie8t editor at present in Raleigh. But he
wields a powerful pen, and is one of the host politi
cal tactitians I ever saw in Editor's harness. And
he js not half so u ly when animated, and interest
ing" you with a conversation, instructive and pleasant.
The first Power Press has been brought to the Slate
by the Editor of the "Standard." Tell Ihe friends
of the " Hornet's Nest" to spur up so that we caii
have a power-t'al press in Charlotte. IJorneCs Nest.
We owe Badger " several " for that. By the way,
we are not so " ugly " as Blair, nor so handsome as
Gulick or Gales; but we beg our friends to bear in
mind that we are just as handsome as " circumstances
will permit." .
: We are glad to know that 'the Hornet's Nest is
also increasing in circulation. It is a good literary pa
per; and in addition to this, the Editor's gallant de
fence of Southern rights entitles hi:n to the support
of every Southern man.
IMPORTANT.
Mr. Freaner, the Correspondent of the New Or
leans Picayune, writing from California to that paper,
says :
"Thequestion in the next election for United Statea
Senator from California will be the broad one North
and South, and although there is a strong probability
that the Whigs have a majority on joint ballot, if
there is any Northern man elected, it will be Colonel
John B. Weller. He has a great many strong perso
nal friends in both parties, and upon this important
and exciting question he is liberal and , conservative
in his views. As an evidence of the strength of the
Southern and Western men, they have defeated every
man in Ihe country who has avowed himself an Aboli
tionist. . ... ,
Durinv the coming session of our Legislature there
is a strong probability that a law will be passed call
ing a new convention to adopt a new constitution.
-The .Western and Southern men appear to hang to
gether, and if they continue to do no, California, in
Tess than two years, will be a slave Stale. So you
will see, if I am not more mistaken than ever 1 was
in my life, that while our admission inlo the Union
, brings us joy and fair promises on one hand, it sends
- us an internal fend on theother that will be contested
' with fierceness and energy by both parties." -
A Union Meeting was recently held at Bath, Maine,
and another is called at New Haven, Connecticut.
Many of the Northern people appear , to be, waking
op and coming right. It is high timi. The preser
vation of this Union depends on their efforts and their
course. '-'
SECESSION:
The Raleigh Register has. been arguing,' for some
time past, against the right of secession and in favor
of consolidation.: That paper regards the States as
so many Countiis dependent on the Federal centre.
and that centre as supreme and sovereign over all
This is worse than Federalism it is consolidation
refined and distilled. We observe thnt the National
Intelligencer has copied the Register's articles and
endorsed them. This is in character. Both these
papers arearrayed against the sovereignty of the
States, and what one says upon this subject may be
taken for granted, in nine cases out of ten, as the
language of the other.
We have no hesitation in saying that the Register
does not represent in this matter even a considerable
portion of its own party. Several of the Whig prints
of the State have already taken the Register to task
on this subject, and among them' the. Wilmington
Commercial and Milton Chronicle. The Chronicle
says : '
"The Raleigh Register is entertaining its readers
with laconic aud able discourses on the right of a
Slate to secede from the Union. Do we understand
the Register as denying a State the opiiouury right of
secession? If so, we dis3ent from its opinion. The
States came into the Union by a voluntary act, aud,
we maintain, by a voluntary act they can go oui of
it. It is not presumable that a Slate will exercise
litis right without a good cause and in exercising it !
revolution a conflict with arms between the Slate
and the Federal Government is by no means a ue-;
cessary result. It can be made revolution, we grant.
But when the Federal army is arrayed against her,
what becomes of that clause of the constitution which i
bind i the Federal Government to "guarantee to each
Stale a Republican form of Government?" And how
can you' whip her into this Union? How will you j
proceed to make a State elect members to Congress
&c? If a Slate has uot the right
to secede, and secede peaceably, then we live under a
consolidated Government. Why, a political compact
or Union, Hi principle, is not materially diUerent Irom
an ecclesiastical compact, and sure we hare seen the
Southern Church secede troui tlie Northern, and se
cede without revolution. But while we concede the
right of a Slate to secede, we oppose the act unless
it be done under extreme grievances when all hope
of justice from ihe oppressor has fled."
But the Wilmington Commercial "knocks the
props " from under the Register after this fashion :
" Hard VVohds. Our friend of the Raleigh Reg
ister uses very hard words about the doctrine of se
cession, coupling il with treason, &c. This proves
nothing ami may be passed without comment.
But tlie most dangerous aspect in which the doc
trine appears to the view of the Ri-gisler, is in the
supposition thai South Carolina will secede, if North
Carolina acknowledges the right, aud thai we will be
dragged after her inlo the vorlex ol revolution. Slop
a little. The right to secede is grounded ou the iaw-
ess acts oi congress ana me tree oiaies, oy w uicii
the Constitution is annulled. No one contends that
a State has a right to secede without cause. If North
Carolina thinks South Carolina has sufficient cause
for secession, she ought to follow without being
" dragged " into her lead. If that or any other Stale
secedes without cause, there is no danger that other
States wilt adopt the s.tiiie course al any rale, they
will act very foolishly if they do. There is more
danger of a civil war at the bontli from a denial of
this right, as connected wilh Stale sovereignly, than
from any other cause :M present known. Some poli
ticians seem to hope to preserve the Union by assu
ring the South thai they cannot help themselves that
there is no remedy for any evils indicted upon them ;
by other sections; that they are " tenants by the cour-
tesy " as it were, in every thing pertaining to life, j
liberty and property that is, all depends on the kind :
feelings, liberal views, and amiable sensibilities of'.
Northern politicians and fanatics. But this is not )
the way to preserve the Union. Let our Congress '
and the tree States learn, thai when they pass uu in- i
suit and inflict a wrong, it is done to indignant sov- j
ereignties uot dependent communities, bound toobey '
aud to suffer " in ait cases whatsoever. " !
Instead of taking us to task for our views on this !
question, let the Reguter now turn its attention tj its !
own friends of the Commercial and Chronicle. We j
have no fears as to the result of a discussion between I
those papers and the Register on this subject. ;
CENSUS RETURNS. I
Montgomery County, Total pop., 1850,
" " " " 1840,
Increase,
Rockingham County, Total pop., 1850,
" " " " 1840,
Increase,
Moore County, Total pop., 1850,
" " " " 1840,
Increase,
Davidson County, Total pop. 1850,
" " " " 1810,
Increr.se,
Hyde County, Total pop., 1850,
" " " " i 1810,
Increase, ' ' ; . :
Sampson County, Total pop., 1850,
" . t 1810,
Increase,
Rowan County, Total pop., 1850, -"
" " " 1840.
Increase,
Slanly County, Total pop., 1850,
" ".i . " " 1810, .
Increase, .
Surry County, Total pop., 1850',
" " " 1840,
Increase,
Bertie County, Total pop., 1850,
" " " 1840,
Increase, " ' '
Cumberland County, Total pop., 1850,
' . .. ... ., " " 1840,
6,902 '
5,609
i
1,293 i
14,454
13,443
1,01
9,340 !
7.983
1,352
15,511
14,606
90 5
7,6-21
6,458
1,163
14.502
12,157
2,315
13,859
12,109
1,750
6,949
5,171
l,77tS
18,446
15,079
3,367
13,202
12,175
1,027
20,611
15,284
- Increase, . - . ,-
5,327
. Position or Affairs at Raleigh. Tho miserable
deception which the whig presses and leaders at Ral
eigh are practising, is perfectly plain. They see that
some of the members from the western part of the State
are determined, if the question is opened at all, to have
it done by convention ; and in convention, the west
will demand the distribution of the school fund, and
also tiie basis of representation, on white population
instead of the mixed. -The democratic party and the
eastern members, wish to avoid the opening of this
question, because it is pregnant with bitter sectional
difficulties at nil times, and would be peculiarly la
mentable at this time. . Those who are really favora
ble to amendment wish to do it in the mode pointed
out by tho Constitution, while those (the whig press
es and leaders aforesaid) who wish no-amendment,
insist on a convention (to which they know the other
party will not agree.) And thus they expect to pre
vent any amendment. :
This we believe to be the true state of affairs.
- Fayelteoitle Carolinian.
' The Carolinian has hit the nail right on the head.
This is the positioijf affairs here. .The people will
hold these " leader! " to a fearful reckoning. ' ;
jt), : ..
It will be seen, t reference to the advertisement
in another colurnfi 'iat the Caldwell Institute, in
Hillsborough, has V discontinued, and that Dr;
Wilson, the late Piestdjnt,and Mr. Graves, Professor,
of Mathematics, propose openings School in that place.
MECHANIC'S MEETING. ;
- The Fayetteville Carolinian contains the proceed
ings of, a meeting of tha Mechanics of that place,
called to ." take into consideration .the growing evil
of free negro competition in the mechanical arts",
; at which Mr. 'J. G. Dunn presidedv and Mr. W. J.
Yates acted as Secretary. ' The committee appoint
ed at a previous meeting submitted the following re---
port, which wa unanimously adopted : ;
' " That we recommend to the" Mechanics of North
.' Carolina to memorialize the Legislature of the State
to make it incumbent upon the County Coons lo re-
quire every free negro in the State to register' his or
her name, and lay a tax upon each one for the nnr.
pose of aiding the emigration of so;h free negroes as
will emigrate to some other Slate, or to some other
country ; and to require that all children ot free neg
roes, 3 years old, born after Jan'y 1st, 1851, shall be
hound out to some responsible while person for niuety
nine years.
We further recommend the mechanics to pray the
Legislature not to passany more special acts emanci
pating slaves.
That we further recommend them to pray the Legis
lature to seriously consider the propriety e4 furnish
ing aid to such free negroes as desire to emigrate to
Liberia, or some other country, and have not the
means to do so.
We further recommend them to represent that the
' tax on real estate is far more onerous lhan the tax on
merchandize. For instance, two men have a capital
of $14,000 each the one invests it in real estate
and he has to pay a tax of $70 ; theother invests his
, $14,000 in meichandiso, and only pays $16 tax. We
irteretore believe that the . Legislature ought. to tax
all merchants in North Carolina, say 209 per centovi
er the present tax, who sell, merchandize the manu
facture of other States.
That we recommend to the citizens of Fa3-ette-ville
to inemoralize the Magistrate of Police and
Commissioners to enforce the town Ordinance in re
gard to free negroes."
Messrs. Joseph Arey, Duncan McNeill, James
Sunday, J. W. Clarke, VV. H. Bayne. and G. W.
Rose were appointed a Committee to draft a memo
rial to the Legislature on the subject and procure
signatures; and a committee of fifty was appointed
to see thai the laws now in existence, and those that
may be passed hereafter, in relation to free negroes,
are strictly enforced..
The LeaisLATUitE Amendments to the Consti
tution. We are pleased to notice, on the part of the
Legislature of North Carolina, a disposition to effect
a definite change in the Constitution of tho State,
which has been discussed and is undoubtedly called
lor by the people. We mean lhi abolishing the
landed qualification for electors of Senators in the
State Legislature ; and n6t to hurry forward others
jpon which a sufficient time and opportunity have
not yet been afforded for the form ition ol an enlight
ened public opinim. For our own part, we are op
posed to a convention. Thers is a mode provided by
the Constitution for effecting any and every desired
change, without the torinoil and sectional feelings
incident to a convention. And another thing should
hu borne in mind. In case the whole fabric of the
Constitution should be submitted to the action of an
unlimited convenlion; many changes might de made
which would not be in accordance with the wishes
of a majority of the people, and yet be accepted, be
cause combined with some others of undoubted bene
fit, and one could not bri taken without the other. But
in the mode prescribed by the second clause of the first
section of the fourth article of theConstitution.no
- such conventional log-rolling could occur. Each
proposed change would be passed in a separate bill,
and separately submitted to the people, so that the
real popular will could be ascertained upon each sep
arate measure, free from all other irrelevant issues.
We believe tiiat the great majority of the democratic
parly in this State are in favor of the amendments
proposed in the resolutions of the Democratic State
Convention, but opposed to urging forward any,
wilhi'ut due timu fur reflection, and unwilling to
awake sectional jealousy by calling a Convention.
We have no idea that a Stale Convenlion will he
called, or that any amendment lo the Constitution ran
he passed hy the constitutional majority, (three-fifihs,)
with the exception of 41 Equal Suffrage," and pos
sibly, but not probably, the election of Judges by ll
people. IVilmingtun Journal.
Later From California. The steamer Cherokee-,
from Chagres, arrived at New fifork on Friday last.
She brings three hundred and sixty passengers aftd.
abnut a million and a half of gold.
The dates from California are to the 15th ultimo.
Tho " Pacific News "says that nothing has occured
since the previous accounts to mar the progress of
California. The Cholera has made rapid strides in
some localities, consigning many to their graves.
The number of deaths in S in Francisco is stated at
one hundred r.n.l thirty-five, and at Sacrampnto city
at one thousand. The scourge, however, is abating,
and the deaths in either city at last accounts were
averaging from eight to ten per day. It had not spread
rapidly at the mines. Governor Burnett has issued a
proclamation for thanksgiving on the 13th November.
San Francisco has been visited wilh another fire,
which destroyed the Gayle hotel, the Galena house
and some twelve other buildings adjoining. The to
tal loss is estimated at $35,000.
In Rockingham Oouity, on Thursday evening last, ly
the Rev. Elias Dodsori, the Hon. David S. Ruin, Oov
. crnor elect ofNorlh Carolin.i, to Miss Hesbiett W.,
daughter of the Hon. Thomas Settle. .
In this City, on Wednesday evening last, by the Rev..
R. T. Hcflin, William C. Doub, Esq. to Miss Laura
Aim. daughter of the Rev. B. T. Blake.
In SjlUhury, on tbo 16th instant, Dr. Edward W.
Brown to MUs Jane C McConnaughey.
In Grcenslioroujh, on the Utli instant, Dr. Thomas
J.. Patrick to Miss Laura A. Crump..
. In Way no County, on the 5th inst., by James R. Par
ker, Esq. Mr. Henry Bizzell to Miss Ann Beat.
Of Pleurisy, in this city, on the 4th in -stint, John P.
Jordan, of Burtie county, N. C. It may afford some
gratification to his distant relatives to know that though
ha died in a strange land, the deceased received during
his illness every attention which friendship could bestow.
Tullahasfei Floridian.
TIIE MARKKTS.
Wiimimstot, December 20. Com 7D cents per
bushel ; bacon 7 to 10 according to quality ; flour North
ern. $6 to $3: lime $1 per barrel; molasses 21 to 23
cents per gallon, and the market bare.- The Journal says t
of Naval Stores : ' " r 1
Naval Stouks Our report of thitiday week left i
the Turpentine market rather unsettled, and rather an j
the downward tendency, closing on that day at $2 10 1
for the soft article. The market, however, revived a j
shade on the following day, and ealcshave been quite ;
uniform ever since until this morning, when another ad
vance of 5 cents was obtained by sellers. The sales to-day I
have been made to distillers. . . We quote sales of the j
' wee!: ended to-day ot about 4bUU barrels, at $2 15 a
20 for soft, and $1 20 a 1 25 per bbl. for hard, closing j
- at highest prices, and wilh considerable animation. Tar
arrives slowly ; 700 bbls. sold at -f'l 15 a $1 25, clo
sing at $1 17 per bbl. Rosin Some few transaction"
in No. I Rosin at 91 75 for a common article, and some
500 or 600 bbls. No. 3 at 80 a 95 cents, closing at these
prices. - Spirits Turpentine This market is in an on
settled state. A small lot has been sold at 30 eents per
gallon, and other small lots at 25 a SC cents per gallon.
, Holders firm at highest prices, with considerable stock
-on hand. " "
CtriTTEVini, December 21. Bacon 9 to 10 cents;
cotton 10 to III cents; flour $0 25 to $6; corn 82 to
03 cents ; fodder 80 to $ 1 per hundred. ...
PE-raasacao, December 20. " Tohazcoat from 8 50
to $23, according to quality ; cotton Z 1 j to 11$ ceaU;
corn at 60 cents ; bacon, hog round, 0 cents. ',
. - - , ; i sunt r, sunf f.
I- HAVE received a further supply of that superior
Snuff which gave -such general satisfaction a few
months ago. : , . P F. PESCUD.
f- December 4. - ' 10
.Blank. Warrants
EOR Sale at the Standard office, printed on fine white
paper. . Also. Deeds for Land! Job Printing of all
sorta executed with neatness and despatch and on fair
forms. . ;
. May 1st, 1850. ; : S08 tt
HEAD QUARTERS FOR PRIZES.
: ; a, seiaxnEariES. & ee.; ; ;
Lottery and Exchange Brokers.
No. 13, Light Street, Baltimore, Md.
BRILLIANT Luck with Correspondents. Nos. 12,
69, 74, whole ticket $24,000 sold to correspon
dent. Nos. 28, 43, 54, $10,000 sold in a package of
quarters. 20, 27, .67, $15,000 sold to a citixen of Balti
more, wkb a great many, good prixes too nemereus to
mention in thts advertisement. Very good for DcemBer.
We intend to do better in January 1851. We call altea
tion to the following " - ;
Drillluut $cbemes Jo'rJfanuary 1851
, Orders should be. forwarded early to secure a chance
in these truly Grand Lotteries. .
'"" ' ' For the benefit of tie
SUSQUEHANNA CANAL,
Outlet Lock al Tide Water, and other purposes.
v. - Class 6,
To be drawn in the city of Baltimore, Maryland, on
Wednesday, January 8, 185L
P. MORRIS ib Co., Manager. '
. SPLENDID SCHEME.
1 prize of 35,000 Dollars is $35,000
1 prize of 17,500 Dollars is 17,500
1 prize of 7,500 Dollars is 7,500
I prize of 3.G78J Dollars- is 3,678J
20 prizes of 7,50 Dollars are 15,000
20 prizes of 400 . Dollars are 8,000
'20 prizes of 300 Dollars are 6,000
;,i 100 prizes of 5200 Dollars are 20.000
, , 200 prizes of J50 Dollars are 30,000
75 No. Lottery, 14 Drawn Ballots.
-Tickets $10. Shaies in proportion.
; C.-rtiuVate Packages of Wholes, $IS0 (0
; Certificate Packages of Halves, 65 t 0
Certificate Packages of QuaitJrs, 32 50
December 25, 1850. 16 It.
MAJiE ACADEMY,
Wjtrrfntjni, Warren t'cu tly, JYorth Carol, na.
TEACHERS:. ,
Department of Languages, K. A. EZELL, A. M.
Department of Matltenxatics, D. It. WALLACE, A. R'
rpH E TWKNTV-TH1RU SESSION will c mmence
I on Ihe loth day of.Jjnuary, 1851.
t he Principal lakes great pleasure in informing the
Publ c that ihe Mathematical Department hs been, at
Ihe cost ol great labour aud expense, placed upon an ex
alted and permanent basis. Mr. Wallace whose servi
ces have been secured tor that division of the School,
was graJuated with the first distinction at Coil' ge, and
has since had chars;eoi ihe Grcanvdle Academy, which,
as Principal, he conducted vMlh entire success and uni
versal approbation. His ttslimoniaU from the most em
inent Scholars ol Ihe State evince a high oidei ol Schol
arship and a high rank as an Instructor.
In the Warrenton Accdemy, boys ace prepaid tho
roughly for the advanced clas es ol any College in ihe
Union or for the varied duties cPuselul life.. The s.ricl
esl attention is given lo Hie moral as well 33 inleljectua I
improvement oi tho Students, and the course ol instruc -tioii,
wbild it inwwe a high order ofScholarshin, is de
signed todevelope- and strengthan the faculties of the
mind.
TERMS.
ftoaid lor the Session nt' rive mot ths, f 60 00
Fuel and Light in- the tuom, 5 00
Tuition lur the Languages and Mathemaiies, 17 50
do in ihe English braucbef, J2 60
Fuel ii, the Scho.il-room, , 1 t)0
F01 ihe character or the Institution, Members ol Ihe
Legislature ari referred lo Ihe Representatives of War
ren, all of whom are Trustees of the Academy, ar-lio
Ihe Members from Northampton.
R. A. EZELL, Principal.
December 16, 1850. . 847 4vv.
MUSIS "STORE!
HAVING returned from tha Northern cities, after
making the most careful and choice selection in his
line, the subscriber is bow poepared to offer to the public
a splendid assartnicntpf Musical Merchandise, embracing
M-trsic , ,
a large and general assortment of the most papnlar and
fashioftiihlc. New Music constantly received from New
York, Philadelphia and Baltimore, and any piece not
found iu his catalogue ran lie procured in a week.
1'iAnos
froiA the best manufactories of New York, Phihtdelpbia
and Baltimore; and sujierior iu work raansbip and tone
to any ever before offered in thia or adjacent States for
the same prices. ,
SerapUincs and Acct rdians, Viol r.s, Viclouccllcs
aud Ciuitar?.
A. large-and elegant assortment of the best Italian
Strings. Persons wishing to purch-i&e, cither by the
single string or bundle, will find it to their advantage to
call before purchasing elsewhere.
Schools snd Seminaries supplied with Music, Instruc
tion Hooks, Strings, Music paper, & on the most reason -aide
terui3. Also,
Brass Band hntrumtvt:,
Blank Books for Bands, and Band Instruction Books ; in
short, every thing in ih Music Department commonly
sought for u nil desired. "
Call one door North of the Citv Hall. Fayetteville
Street. . K. W." PETERSiLIA.
Raleigh, December 25. , .16
State of North. Carolina, A asu count.
Courl of Pieas and Quarter Sesions, N,.v. Term, 1850.
Zidnck Peacock and wife Ebza C i Martha A. Wfn
borne and Ishy Jane Wiuborne, r. Josiah Winborne,
Ex'r of David Winborne, dee'd. Mary IVi.iborne, David
Winhorne, James Wiuborne, pavid PizzrM and wife
Melany, William Winboine, Jairatt. W iliiams and wile
Nancy. John L. Winbnrne, Rhody Winborns, Adm'nix
of Ivey J. Wiuborne, William Renifrnw and wiic M-nv,
Joel J). Hiifh and n-ile GaMey, William il. Wiribi.mV.
Mahala Winboine, Scleta Winboriie. Appy Winborno,
Luguinna Wiuborne Petition for Settlement.
rjSllilS Pi lition coming on lo be heard, afid ilappcar
Ja.in.jlo ihe satisfaction of the Court that the Dflcnd
ants, James Winbottw, DaVicI Bizzell and wile Melanv,
William Wiiihorne. Jarratt Williams ami wife Nancv,
are n.in-residenls or this Stale-, il la Iherofnre ordered by
the Court that advertisement be maite iik tha N. (j.
Standard for six week xucce.aively, iiolil ing the said
Defendant to be and appear at the next term of our
Court ot Pleas and Quarter Sessions, to bo hel l liir the
County ol'Nah, at the Conn House in Nashville, on tho
second Monday ofFebruary next, to an-wer or demur to
said Petition, otherwise judgmeaf pro eonfesto n ill be
granted, &r. r; ,i. . ...... ., -,
Witness, Jno. W. Bryant, Clerk ol our said Coml at
t &ze the 3d Monday in Novwmber A. D. 1850,
JNO. V. BRYANT, C. C. C.
December 25. ., Pr. Adv. $5 62J..f lfi-6t.
Classical and Mathematical School,
HILLSBOROUGH, N.; U, '
THE exercises of Ihe Caldwell Infinite bavins; bern
discontinued, the snhgrribera will open a School n
-ihe 14th Jannary 1831, in the boi'din latel Vucri by that,
institution, umler their own control and direction.
The course of instruction will be such a lo prepare
young roan thoroughly tot the Sophomore Clasa ia Coll
ege, or, when a College course is not intended, for th,
business transactions of life.
The strictest attention will be given to the moral de
portment of the students ; and it long experience ialhe
education of youth be a ground of confidence to those
who may p's'ronia the School, we promise to dm that
experience to, promote the' best interests of these who
mav bo comHUiltadi to our charge. , .' '"
I rrms. in tha Classiea) a ad Mathematical depart
rnvaU,20,and in English 19 a session, in. advance.
' ALEXANDER WILSON,
RALPH H. GRAVES.
, J Hillsborough, December 19th, J850, 16 4t
TBCgTECS ; SAIE.' "'
BY virtue of a Deed in Trust to tpa jnade- kY 8avet
Newland, dee'd, for certain purpose (hareta expreasi
cd, I shall, on the lBtb day of January nail, proved to
sell at public vendue, at Matthis" Grose Roada in, Chat
ham County, Twelve Horses aud two Hack and Ha,
ti ess, being the slock of the. Stage Un?- .heretofore rrj
from Raleigh to Salisbury ly aa! flfewland, , .: j.
Terms of the sale, caab. -. ' - ; j-
i v . WM. M. ROSSEK, Wrvl
December 21, 1650. ; ; - l&w3w.
Sugrur fioiHW Syr up,
VERY nice article jusl at hand at the Drog SMote
of WILLIAMS. HAIIVOOD, fc CO.
December IS. '- -"'- '",-": 18-
A Printer Wanfc4,
TO tako charge of the Christian 8au to. be printed in
the- City of Raleigh-- -Liberal wages will be paid lo
one who is competent to. tho task. None others need
apply. ; . , , H. B. HAYES.
December 17, 1830, ' " i S47
Cclatino for making Jelly,
a FRES H supply of superior Gelatine just Veeived
and for sale 'jy
F. PESCUD.
December 4,
10

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