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, rtrivtl-1Ck! HP A STATE.
Mr, Webster, in a letter lately written J Ainu Jt clared, in reference to the movement . lira, that " secession could not be accomplished but by war. From the position occupied by M r. V eb ster.it is presumed he speaks the, seniftnehts and licy of Mr. Fillmore's Government, aud his letter iuiy be regarded as a declaration of war, advance, against South Carolina, in case she should chooSeo exercise the right which she possesses, of peaceably retiring from the Union. The question is thus pre Aoted,ha the. United -States Government the fight to inake a wr Pn seceding State! We shall , , - th1 commit the presumption of arguing a constitution-lr- Jar question with the " great expounder ; we intend 0lV to produce authority. Mr. Webster is great a- " thority, but as great as it is, it is hardly equal to that of the framers of the Constitution. They, it is pre j sumed, knew the Constitution better than Mr. Web ' ster. The following extracts from the Madison pa ders,an authentic record of the proceedings of the -" Convention which framed the Constitution, show that the authors of the Constitution never contem plated the use of force against a Slate, and that they expressly refused to confer that power upon the Gov v .-rnment. , The following was a clause in one of the - resolutions submitted to the Convention by Mr. Ran- Atrk rf Virflrinia 'Resolved, That the National Legislature ought to j b)e candidate for their suffrages at the approaching be empowered to call forth the force of the Union election in August next; ard it is further recommen ' : . i .1.. it.:.. f;i; i fulfil its j.j ih.ir hmihrvn of the several Counties coniDO- duties under the articles thereof." against Bui uiciuuoi w uio ii i 11 luwiiiv hw When this clause came op for consideration, 44 Mr. Madison observed that the more he reflected On the use of force, the more he doubted he practi cability, the justice, and the efficiency of it when ap plied to the people collectively, and not individually. . A Union of the States, containing such an ingredient, " seemed to provide for its own destruction. I he use " of force against a State would look more like a dec- laration of war than an infliction of punishment, and ' would probably be considered by the party attacked, as a dissolution of all previous compacts by which . it miffht be bound. He hoped such a system would ' be framed as might render this resource unnecessary. and moved that clause be postpones This motion I was agreed to, no one dissenting So the clause was postponed and never afterwards i taken up. or at least it was not inserted in the uon- stitution, so "that the conclusion is irresistible, that I Mr. Madison's suggestion was adopted by the Con- j vention, and that such a system was framed as with- i held from the Government the power to use force against a State. This conclusion is strengthened, I it possible, by the action of the Convention upon i Mr. Patterson's plan of a Constitution, subsequently submitted. That contained the following provision : " " Resolved, That if any State should oppose the carrying into execution the acts of the United States the Federal Executive shall be authorized to call forth the power of the confederated States, or so much thereof as may be necessary to enforce and compel obedience to such acts." , Mr. Patterson's plan was rejected ; and it was ob- I jected to in debate, chiefly because it comprised the ! above provision. Col. Mason said " He was struck with horror at the prospect ot recurring to mis expe- dient. ( the use of force against a State. J l,ol. nam ilion. in reference to such a provision, observed :t "How can force be exerted on the States collective- j . ly, . It is impossible. It amounts to a war between .the parties.' . Thus did the framers of the Constitution expressly and repeatedly repudiate the idea of employing force ; against a State. How then can this power now be j claimed Can it be given in the Constitution in spite . ;if lh exnrpiu determination of its framers not to I r . - m" 1 i give it ! The Union was plainly intended by its au- ! thors to be a Union of voluntary consent. 1 hey lett 11 up tiio outies w ucciuv cavil iui iucii iic.net mcj t would enter the Union in the first instance, and by j ... j :j i. i- :.ir.i .1. refusing to grant tne power to compel mem to re- , main in it, they in effect said to the States remain in ' the Union as long as you please, but if you get tired ; of it depart in peace." But it is now discovered that ; ours is a Union of force, not of consent ; a Union te be j held together not by a sense of common interest, g!o-. ry and happiness, but by the terrors of the sword. Let J such views prevail : let the doctrine that a State may j be rightfully coerced by the Federa) sword be once i carried into effect, and you erect the government ofj ' the Union into an absolute tyranny; you degrade the I States, to a condition of abject vassalage ; you estab- Ksh a precedent that will invite aggressions upon the ngnis 01 uie oiaies, ana in ute ena sweep away every . voeti fro nf tlipir anvprpitrnfv. T'lie Kmillt ciiMiat I v ' cannot permit such a precedent, unless she is blind, ' fatally blind to her own interest and safety. The hostility of the .Northern people to the insti tution of slavery, connecled-with the fact that they have now the control of the General Government in all its departments, loudly proclaims Ihe danger to r the South of arming that Government with the pow er to coerce a State. The course of time, and indeed no great time, will give an immense preponderance ''- to the Northern section, already in the majority, and reduce the South to a despised minority, while'in the meantime, the sentiment of hostility to slavery in the stronger section, will beeome more violent and un governable. . Under such circumstances, the only '-possible security to the institution of slavery would be the right and power of the Southern States to se- s- -".-rr- - "t, - - .. .-j ..j , ,, r,m fL rf: u .. . i . . . , . , . naratp imm Imp lininn. Kii t'lL'a n7.jtr that m.ht ,nH ii-ij ,uij ,u : .u ii -Ti. tions at the South where fresh, delicious fish might yield the power to hold them in the Union, as with a ', ... ... r ... r,t-iV.. .k.i.fi... i . . i . . . . i daily grace the table. We give Irom the Working tha aioritr m Mid obedience to whatever laws p - an extract fi8hBcu)ture, ad commend iT1600"1 iil consideraUon of all having the means of do wih" h:,7 !LVhe.?eBM,11w"n?,f 8 aver: ing likewise : . W,M 8U,na ,a 7 . a,,a ifciuit. .lie uuieiu ueoi ill siBunmf si nnwr inaisnnn. I er or later will be turned to her destruction. We can not believe that the South will, herself, nut into the hnnHa nf ho , ...... . . . to?he h Jrl ' fl r ?8Ub .to the heart. Rome Ga.) Southerner. Things in Pennstltani. The operation of the Pennsylvania law of 1847, entitled "an act to pre vent kidnapping, p.-' serve the public peace, prevent riots," &c, has beeii, by refusing the use of the State jails to the claimants of fugitives and prohibiting the assistance of State officers, to create commotions and riots. Moreover, it is pronounced by the Democratic papers of that State lo be " unconstitutional, disgrace ful, unneighborly, and calculated to exasperate and weaken the attachment of onr Southern fellow-citizens to the Union." In another column we give an abstract of the debate in the Pennsylvania Senate, with the vote repealing the single section which pro tubus the use of the State prisons for the safe-keep-' Ing of the fugitive slaves. This is favorable action, as far as it goes. That the whole of the unjust sec tions were not repealed, is owing to the unanimous . vote, in the negative, of the Whig members who con stitute the majority of the Pennsylvania Senate. The Harrisburg " Key-Stone" (Democratic) says that in January a large majority of the Legislature were in favor ot repealing the whole law of 1840 but that the change of action has been "wrought by execu tive interference, to screen Gov. Johnston from the responsibility of signing or vetoing the repealing bill, s He will be the Whig nominee for re-election, and the votes of the small squad of abolitionists must be secured at any price. The consequences of continu ing opon our statute bock the insulting slave law of 47, weigh as nothing in the scale, in comparison with the importance of retaining a few fanatics under his banner. It remains to be seen whether this unscru ' pulous renegade, by thus showing his willingness to coalesce with disunionists and traitors, has not as sumed a weight of responsibility that will not only overwhelm him with defeat and disgrace, but the par ty to whom he has deserted and who submit to his dictation." Richmond Enquirer. hth t TIZ CM.PRO'- The joint resolutions SoiET hl HU8e of "Pentatives, in structing the Senators in Congress to endeavor to modifica". or amendment of the : tKVZilZll.' mi .n" acted up- i J." :'' l ' m ,eu hereof, a new set of ,co","""" "'""iwa in that body which are worse than the first The first of themes amended passed the Senate by a vote of 19 to 10, and the houseby arete of 52 to 10. The second passed Se t Senate by 21 to 8, apd the House by 41 21 So Ohio, hy its Legislature, has decided by a strons vote rSa?-8" " - v ua beaic,y Petition Acs TMruw.pt New.York City, has petitioned the Le -"" uiseosBs a penai onense. He says ha prasueed medicine for half a century, and hTex! Sart. ""bri o? bleeding is 1r?Wm Vf We may-pot d5wn ?W,0er"a,reryb0ld berf the foe. ' DEMOCRATIC; MEETING, At a meeting of the Democrats of Wayne Coun ty, held at the ourl IIouM in Uoldtborouffh. on Tuesday the lalinau, William Thompson was called to the Chair, and William' B. . Gulicfc and William Robinson were appointed Secretaries ' ' v; The Chairman explained the object of the meeting as set forth in the public notices by which it was con vened, via : to appoint Delegate to a District Con vention, to nominate a Candidate to represent this District in the next Congress. Oa motion, the Chairman appointed a Committee of fire to report Resolutions for ihe action of the meet ingCurtis H. Brogden, Bryant H. Pate, Dr. S. A. Anilmw. VV It. fuli.lr nt YV in. Robinson. The Committee retired, and after a short period of deliberation, returned and reported tnrougn urn nair man the following preamble and resolutions, which were unanimously adopted. Wkkkeas, The time is sgain at hand when it will become the du'y of the freemen of the 8th Congress ional District of North Carolina, to select some per son to represent them in the next Congress of the United States. Be it therefore fleteW, That theDemoeracy of W syne recom mend a Convention of the party to be held at New- bern, on the day oi May next, to.seieci a suiuj geu iw - . . .. , SIPS' tn DlSmCl, IO nuili llirmuis. iuiuirui,ouu oj- point UeieSjaieS Kium MUuocu uuincimyn . : 1. . 1 1 .1 ........ I p,mW. That reposing full confidence in the wis dom and integrity of such Convention, composed of delegates directly from the people, we pledge our selves to give a united support to its nominee. Resolved, That we hold to the ancient principles of Democracy viz : A strict construction of the Con stitution a religious observance of the rights of the several States .Revenue Duties, for Revenue only Economy in appropriations, and a rigid accountability of disbursing officers. Resolved, That we consider the stability and dura tion of this Union, to depend on the successful main- finance of these principles, and we disdainfully es chew all attempts to lead oft the public mind from tnese fjrst principles of the Democratic faith, to fol- jow. any pew fangled party, however plausible the narne. Resolved, That the only Union party in the United States, is the Democratic party ; the constant effort 0f whjcn has been'to secure a faithful observance of tne 8pjrjt and letter of the Constitution, without w,ich the Union cannot be preserved Resolved. That the Chairman of this meeting be ! authorized to appoint Delegates to represent Wayne County in said Convention. The following gentle men were appointed : Black Creek. John Hays, Bunyan Barnes and Amos Horn. Davis. E. Sauls, William J. Exum, and J. V. Sherrard. Xahunta. Col. Wru. Hooks, Drew Barnes and James Hooks. BosvaeW. B. H. Barden, Thos. A. Dean and H. Yelverton. Fork. E. Coor, James Handly, B. F. Hooks, Dr. villmhr and John Cameron. Sny Creek. T. T. Hollowell, Ilinton Best, B. H palCt Thomas Edwards, Wia. T. Gardner and John Thompson. I Lewis, Giles Saulslon. Z. L. Thompson, Win Smith. W. H. Gardner and Georsx- Parkes, S.Hope. John Woolen, Council Bizzel, O. Coor an jesse Bizze!. ' r c - V n:nl-:n T V Vnw.mv Witllon. , j. uurtwijz. A. i fit iii m. m m (.vii.i:iiti " i Carraway, Dr. J. M. Davis and Lewis Whitfield. a Swama. E, Smith, Ingram Rhodes and Kinch- . -r IJritt. x. Roads. Gen. C. H. Brogden, Silas Cox, Jas. Rountree and H. Grantham. Goldsborutmh. Dr. S. A. Andrews," William T. yjortcli. Col. C. J. Nelson, Won. Robinson, S. D. Phillips, Win. B. Edinundson, Dr. J. W". Davis, F. l oaslP3t ana Ool. T. Rnffin.- 0n llIotion, he Chairman and Secretaries were added lo the list of Delegates. The usual vote of thanks were accorded to the Chairman and Secretaries; and q ,tion, the proceedings were ordered to be published in the Patriot and Republican. On motion the meeting adjourned. WM. THOMPSON Chairman. Wm. B. G i' lick, Wm. Robinson, Secretaries. I T? lT Thtfn douht V t - fJn .many, but that it is perfectly practicable, has uemonraieu, uoin a. .e orln n ouuu,. , o . have seen a small streamlet in Rassell coonly, damm- ed for inillin? numoses. and we have seen that pond , ,, , " a '.i. ' .j : " . , ii lieu wim as line un as ever si'urieu in out waicia 1. J . . trout, red-horse, jack and perch nd that without any artificial means of pettinff them there O. urcoun- i e . . -. 1 1 - . I - HO UlfCBWU UIIUKH Ul 111 lilUUIIll" OUU UUIBIII .ICVI ; ful fish ponds w.U, very small expense, to say nothing f fc rfe of be beauty and convenience of having a sheet of , b fcwinaie.. when a young lady and gen i water near. Why shall we not raise fish as well as . . , . . ' . mm... i.;u. j ,?. ... . . - : :. r tleman entered the room, lrie Irishman eyed them chickens! A gentleman in the vicinity of Saratoga, j , . ,ni . . ,, , ; iry i iuii oi sinau aiming mat uiieiu umo ! has realized a hand iioieis ui oariiova. niereaio iiunuicua in iiiama- ... .... . ' I . I r t- . i.i i l I - i aiiuouiuo iviiuii. ill i.iain moii iv. .tiw i "In the countr of Ontario. New -York, I found, - . says he, the plan of a fish pond very commonly adop ted. Its varied uses may best perhaps be learned by a uescnpuon oi two or luree wnicn i nave (The farm of Gideon Lee, which lies about West of Seneca Lake, on the second of two a description ot two or three which 1 nave visited. a mile or three ridges which run North and South, parallel to this Laka, is a large one, and lie has constructed a pond which accomplishes several purposes. On the side of a slope, covered with marshy ground, he has thrown a breastwork across to the extent of about one hundred yards. This forms a pond of from one hundred to one hundred and fifty yards square, and about nine feet deep. Some three or four springs pour their water into it. The ground be low the pond, to the extent of some six or seven acres, is nearly reclaimed, having been previously too wet to cultivate. The water of the pond is conducted off to the southern part of the hill and lower down, through an underground pipe, that throws it on several wheels which move a grist mill. The fish in this pond are chiefly trout, some sev enteen of which, according to the statement of Mr. Lee, were put in.about seventeen years ago. bince that time, at least two thousand large sized and well flavored fish have been taken from the pond, without any cost to the family. The table can, at any time, be supplied with any number ot these delicious nsn. A graxs grow 8 in the pond, through which the fish make by-ways and highways, and in which they take greatdelight. This, probably, is the means by which they cleanse their surfaces of the .secretions taking place continually. The meat of the fish is said to partake very much of the pleasant flavor of the grass. Nag's Head. This salubrious and well known summer retreat is new in the hands of Messrs. A. J. Bateman and A. Riddick, both favorably known, who are engaged in making many improvements in and about the establishment. The hotel is being enlarg ed by the adJition of forty rooms; a rail road from it to the sea shore a distance of about a mile is in course of construction ; and arrangements have been made to connect with Edenton, Plymouth and E. City by Steamboat. The Chief objection heretofore to Visiting Nag's Head has beem the difficulty of each ing it Sail Packets were the only mode of con veyance, l he long and fatiguing walk through the deep sand to reach the beach for bathing or other pur poses, wasalsoa source of much inconvenience. Both these difficulties will be obviated the coming season. The rail road is to be provided with cars drawn by horses, which will be always in readiness for the use of visitors, and a pleasant ride will be substituted for a fatiguing walk. Our pleasure-loving friends could riot select a more interesting and delightful summer resort than Nag's Head.. It is there that the wealth and beauty-of the adjacent counties, congregate, and the society is perhaps more seteat that at any other place -of the kind. The genteel visitor may rest as sured of forming ,many an agreeable acquaintance and of spending a gay and pleasant time. ' ? , . .,. . . "'Norfolk Beacon," -That Masked Battebv. Keep it before the peo ple, that (in the language of the Hon. RobU Toombs) the ery of " Union is the masked baKertr from be hind which-; the Constitution', and tbe rigVs of the South are to b assailed. , ,- . SHIFTING THK RESPONSIBILITY. . '"While attending Court, recently vinhs i adjoining county of Randolph, a friend who is fond of jokea of alt aorta, and who relates them almost as humorously at Hit Honor," gave us the following, vouching for the substantial, sublunar existence of the parties and thnlr nresent residence in thecountv aforesaid:" Brethren, Crump aud Noel were both members of the Primitive Baptist Church, and both clever, hon est men who paid their taxes and debts as the same annually accrued, with a regularity at once Christian and commendable. If, when settling day came round,' Brother Noel " was short" Brother Crump was sure to be in funds; snd on the other hand "K almost seem ed providential how, if Brother Crump fell behind," Brother Noel always had a surplus. Thus borrow ing from and lending to each other, worshiping at the same Church, and fivinir ohlv a in He apart, an inti macy gradually ripened between them ; so that at last they did net hesitate to speak in the freest and most familiar manner to each other, even in regard to their respective loibies. Now. it came to pass, that Brother Crump, during the liveliest period of the cotton season, drove into Wetumpka and disposed of his " crap of ten bales, at the very fair price of I2 cents per pound. It was more than he expected, and as the world was easy with him, he determined to invest and did actually invest a portion of the proceeds of the sale of his cotton, in a barrel of western whiskey ; paving there for, at the rate of, precisely, two poundsot middling cotton for one gallon of " ditto " whiskey. Of course it was " norated in the settlement " that old man Crump had bought a whole barrel, and after a tew weeks people began to observe mat nis nose grew redder aud his eye more moist. The idea that Brother Crump was drinking too much " diffused itself in the neighborhood,until, as one might say, it became epidemical. People talked and talked more especially " what few " of other denominations of christians dwelt thereabouts. Brother Noel was sore. troubled " at the scandal which circulated about his brother and friend, and especially regretted.the injury it brought to the "'ci ety " at Sharon. So one morning, he stepped over to Brother Crump's and found the old man in a half-doze in his little porch. " Won't you take a dram T" asked Brother Crump, as soon as he was aware of the presence of his neigh bor. 'Why, yes, I'm not agin a dram when a 'body wants it." Brother Ciump got his bottle, and the friends took a dram apiece. " DunU you think. Brother Noel," said Crump, " that sperits is a blessin'." " Y-e-s !" responded Noel ; " sperits is a blessin', but accordin to my notion, its a blessin' that some of us abuses." " Well now. Brother Noel, who do you think abu ses the blessin' 1" " Well, its hard to say but people talk don't you think vou drink too much, Brother Crump 1" "Its hard to say iis hard to say," returned Crump, Sometimes I've thought I wot a dinkin' too much then agin, I'd think may be not. What is man ! A weak worrum of the dust! What the Lord saith, ' that shall be done ? So I left it to the Lord to say j whether I was goin' too fur in sperits. I put the ; whole 'xpunsibility on him ; I prayed to him, ef 1 was drinkin too much, lo take away my appetite for sper- ts." Here Brother Noel'groaned piously, and asked !" What then, Brother Crump?" "And" replied Crump I've prayed that prayer three times, and he haw t done it ! So I'm clear F ..nn;i,;i;i. an wr ' vi mo opvuoiviiiiii wwmj The Lord's will be done !" ejaculated Noel, and 'after taking another dram he went home, thinking all ' .1 l D .1. t "-.... I 1 ...- I JL- ( Hie way, nuw vievenjr uiutuvi viuuiji nau nrcu.c resmmsibxhtv. Chambers Alabama) I rtbune. j : : j Getting into Bed with a Corpse. A few months ! since, a eon of Erin, about nine o'clock one evening, ! called at a country inn, in the western part of Penn sylvania, and demanded lodgings for the night. It j was evident from his appearance and actions that he and liquor had been quite jolly companions thoughout ' the day. The landlord was a lazy, good-naturtd soul, I and had imbibed rather freely that day himself. If 1 give you a light, and tell you where the room is, you can find Ihe place," said the landlord. Och, an' it's in ee self that can do that most illv- T'..t tl... ...n I'll ha ;, irjvtucu .tic iiLiiuiaiii The directions were given him, and also a candle. He was directed to go to a room in the second story 1 ot the stairs his light had become extinguished, and i he hld foreoUeil what ilTectioa heM tv eo. . n . : u 1 1 a .u A ray8 of IFght issuing from a room, the door of .-,. .i:nZ.. i?. ,h inH i , ., i ." ... . :.u ot tne room, ana iouna it io contain a oeu, in which , . , ... n i : lav a msm. nml n fitAnn with a small llcrntAn lamn -J - " i, : . "k J, ", . ' "I ' e. ' .lil. ; upon lu r cciiiii uiviuciiueu wj uiav auj iuiuici r , , . - . . . . . , - . , . ... . : irr u:. I I . searcn lor me room 10 which iic nu uwu uiiwmi, proxnaity to each other, and atler chatting merrily for a short time, the young man threw his arm around her waist in a cousinly manner, and imprinted a kiss upon her tempting lips. There was a witchery in it which demanded a repetition. The scene amused the Irishman vastly, and being free from selfishness, he concluded that his sleeping companion should be a participant with him in the enjoyment of the scene, and to this end he nudged him ; but his companion stirred not. He then put his hand upon him, and found that he was tightly locked in the cold embrace of death. Synonymous with this discovery he boun ded out of bed, exclaiming Murthei? murther! Howly saints ov hiven, per tect me !" He had scarcely touched the floor with his feet be fore the young lady and gentleman were making rap id strides toward the stairway, terror being depicted on their countenances. They had just reached the top of the stairs when the Irishman came dashing along as though all the fiends of Erebus were close at his heels, intent on making him their prey, and the whole three went tumbling down stairs, and it is hard to determine which ot the three reached the foot of he stairs first. The landlord stood aghast as the Irishman rushed into the bar-room, with nothing on between him and nudity but a garment vulgarly styl ed a shirt, the hair of his head standing upon end, his eye-balls ready to leap from their sockets, and he gasping for breath. It was a sight that would have made a man laugh who had worn a vinegar face from the day of his birth. Nothing eould induce him to seek a bed that night again. When the young lady and gentleman found that it was no: the corpse that had so unceremoniously bounded from the bed, they returned to the room, (they being the watchers for the night,) and, doubtless, commenced their courting at the point where it was suddenly broken off. The Nova Scotia Giant. We have seen the Giant a veritable giant, and no mistake. Angus McKaskill is but 19 years old, so it is said is now nearly eight feet high, and is still growing. He is well proportioned, intelligent looking, and, by the time he attains maturity, will be a tall one indeed. His shoes are bixteen inches long, and his cap as big around as a Hingham bucket ; everything else about him in the same proportion. The gentleman, under whose charge he is exhibited, states, what, if a fact is a very remarkable one, namely, that seven years ago, that is, when Angus was 12 years old, he was known and noted as a dwarfhe was then but three feet high, and weighed only 34 pounds. Since that time he has grown eight inches a year on an average, and has not done yet. . He now weighs 400 pounds and has strength in proportion. He offers to. lift a couple of barrels at once,, (provided he may have them for the lifting,) or to forfeit their price. His mother, however, cautioned him, when he left home, against indulging in uncommon exertions of strength for as yet, she said, " Angus is but a tender boy '." '. Exchange Paper, It is stated Ibat the Rev. Wm Warren, the ortho dox clergyman of Upton, Mass., was requested, -a few days since, to sign a petition to Congrefs.for the repeal of the Fugitive Slave Law. He took the doc ument, remarking" I shall probably be considered firo-slavery if I do not" and wrote upon it as fol ows : " Wm. Warren, if all can be done in good faith to the Constitution." The next person called upon to sign it, wrote ;" II. D.Johnson,' ' if all can be done in good faith to the. Constitution, for I wish to serve God to as not to', offend the, pevilfj ' , Th i considered a very artful dodge by tho Boston Com mon .SEMI-WEEKLY .STANDARD. - ,,, i i .. ,1 . .i..i. i -i , i .,. The Constitution and the Union of the States: . They : most bo Preserved. RALEIGH WEDNESDAY, APRIL O, 1851. EP Mr. C. W. James, No. 1, Harrisok Street, Cin cinnatti Ohio,'! our General Travelling 'Agent 'for the Western States, assisted by J. R. Smith, J. T. Dent, Jason Taylor, J. W. Armstrong, Perrin Locke, W. Ram say, Dr. Joshua tVadsworth, Alex'r R. Laws, and A. J. Smiley. Mr. Henry M. Lewis, of Montgomery, Ala., is our General Travelling Agent for the States of Alabama and Tennessee. , " ' "" " ' ; s Mr. Israel E. James, No. 182, South Tenth Street, Philadelphia, is our General Travelling Agent, assisted by Win. H. Weld, John Collins. James Deering, A. Kirk Wellington, E. A. Evans, John T. Judkins, P. Locke, Jos. Button, Geo. P. Button, and Thos. D. Nice. ' - 07" We ara aulh jrized to announce the Hon. ABRA HAM W. VENABLE, as a Candidate for re-election to Congress from the Fifth District, composed of the Counties of Granville, Person, Orange, Caswell, Ala mance, and Chatham. DEMOCRACY. The Editor of the Register desires to know what Democracy is, and what sort of a Democrat we are. We will tell him. We are a Democratic Republican of the school of '98 and '99, and our creed is embo died as follbws : x "The people, the only source of legitimate power. The absolute and lasting severance of Church and State. The freedom, sovereignty, and independence of the respective Stales. The Union, a confederacy, compact, neither a con solidation, nor a centralization. The Constitution of the Union, a special written grant of power, limited and definite. The civil, paramount to the military power. The representative lo obey the instructions of his constituents. Elections free and suffrage universal. ' No hereditary office, nor order, nor title. No taxation beyond the public wants. No national debt, if possible. No costly splendor of administration. No proscription of opinion, nor of public discus sion. No unnecessary interference with individual con duct, property, or speech. - ' No favored classes, and no monopolies. No public monies expended, except by warrant of special appropriation. ' ' - No mysteries of government inaccessible to the public eye. Public compensation for public service; salaries mjderate and pervading economy." The abov e is the creed of the party which Jefferson founded, and these principles are Jefferson's principles. They are the " sun and substance " of Democracy, so far as abstract declarations are concerned ; its fruits may be seen on all ihe pages of the history of this coun try, from the commencement of the government to the present time. The Editor of his Register says his Whigism is " opposition to Democracy." Of course, then, he is opposed to the principles of Jefferson, Madison, Jackson, and Polk, presented above. We present below the Virginia and Kentucky Re solution of 1798, the former drawn up by Mr. Madi son and the latter by Mr. Jefferson. The Virginia Resolutions are as follows : " Resolved, That the General Assembly of Virgin la doth unequivocally express a firm resolution to maintain and defend the Constitution of the United States, and the Constitution of this State, against every aggression, either foreign or domestic, and that they will support te uovernment of the United States in all measures warranted by the former. The General Assembly most solemnly declares a warm attachment to the Union of the States, to main tain which, it pledges all its powers; and that for this end, it is their duty to watch over and oppose every infraction of those principles, which constitute the only basis ot that Union, because a taitbtul ob servance of these can alone secure its existence and the public happiness. That this Assembly doth explicitly and perempto rily declare, that it views the powers of the Federal Government, as resulting from the compact to which the States are parties, as limited by the plain sense and intention of the instrument constituting that compact, as no farther valid than they are authorized by the grants enumerated in the compact ; and that in case of a deliberate, palpable and dangerous exercise of power not granted hy the said compact, the btates as parties thereto, have the right, and are in duly bound, to interpose for arresting the "progress of the evil, and maintaining in their respective limits, the authorities, rights and liberties appertaining to them. The General Assembly doth also express its deep regret, that a spirit has, in sundry instances, been manifested by the Federal Government, to enlarge its powers by forced construction of the const i tutori al charter which defines them; and that indications have appeared, of a design to introduce certain gen eral phrases, (which having been copied from the very limited grant of powers in the former articles ot confed eration, were the less liable to be so construed) so as to destroy the meaning and the effect of the particu lar enumeration which necessarily explains and lim its the general phrases; and so as to consolidate the States by degrees into one sovereignty, the obvious tendency and inevitable result of which, would be to transform the present republican system of the Unit ed States into an absolute, or at best, a mixed mon archy, i That the General Assembly doth particularly pro test against the palpable and alarming infraction of the Constitution, in the two late cases of the 44 Alien and Sedition Acts," passed at the last session of Con gress ; the first of which exercises a power nowhere delegated to the Federal .Government; and which, by uniting legislative and judicial power to those of the executive, subverts the general principles of a free Government, as well as the particular organiza tion and positive provisions of the Federal Constitu tion ; and the other of which acts exercises in like manner a power which, more than any other, ought to produce universal .alarm ; because it is levelled against the right of freely examining public charac ters and measures, and of free communication among the people thereon, which has ever been justly deem ed the only effectual guardian of every other right. That the people of this Commonwealth, having ever felt, and continuing to feel the most sincere af fection for their brethren of the other States, the truest anxiety f or "establishing and perpetuating the union of all, and the most scrupulous fidelity to that Con stitution which is the pledge of mutual friendship; the General Assembly doth solemnly appeal to the like disposition in the other States, in confidence that they will concur with this Commonwealth in declar ing, as it does hereby declare, , that the acts afore said are unconstitutional ; and that the necessary and proper measures will be taken by each, for no-operating with this State in maintaining unimpaired the authorities, rights and liberties reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people.' The Kentucky Resolutions are as follows : Resolved, That the several States composing the United States of America, are not united on the pritt ciplesqf unlimited submission to their General Govern ment, but that by compact, under the style and title of a Constitution of the United States, and of amend ments thereto, they constituted a General Government for special purposes; delegated to that Government definite powers, reserving to each State itself the residuary mass of right to their own self-government ; and that whensoever the General Government as sumes undelegated powers, its acts are unauthor itative, void, and of ne force. That to this compact each State acceded as a State, and is an integral par ty, its cotates forming as to itself the other party. That the Government created by this compact, was not made' the exclusive or final judge of the extent of power delegated to itself; since that would have made it discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers, but that, as in all other eases of compact among parties having noeotnmon judge, eaeh party has an eqoil right to judge fortslf, well of the infraction, as of the mode and measure of redress. ..ferArgi 1 1 X , . V . ' i proceeuiug,j w vuose parte or tne vonstttution of me v mieu ore, wnicn delegated to uangress a power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts' ad j excises ; to pay the debts, and provide for the com mon defence and general welfare of the United States, and to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper tor carrying into execution the power vested by the Constitution of the United States,' or SBy De- ftartment thereof, goea to the destruction of all the imita prescribed te their powers in the Constitution. That words meant by that instrument to be subsidi ary only to the execution of the limited powers, ought not to be so construed as themselves to give unlimited powers, nor a part-ad to be taken as to de stroy the whole residue of the instrument. Resolved: lastly. That the Govenor of this Com monwealth be, and he is hereby authorised and re quested, to communicate the preceding Resolutions to the Legislatures of the several States, to assure them that this Commonwealth considers anion for specified national purposes, and particularly for those specified in their late federal compact, to be friendly to the .peace, happiness and prosperity of all the States. That faithful to their compact, according to the plan intent and meaning in Which; it was under stood and acceded to by the several parties, it is sin cerely anxious for its preservation ; that it does also believe, that to take from ihe States all the powers of self-government and transfer them to a general and consolidated Government, without regard to the spe cial obligations and reservations solemnly agreed to in that compact, is not for the peace, happiness or pros perity of these States; and that, therefore, this Com monwealth is determined, as it doubts not its co-States are, not tamely to submit to undelegated, and conse quently unlimited powers, in no man or body of men on earin : . - That it wonld be a dangerous delusion, were a confi dence in the men of our choice to silence onr fears for the safety of our rights; that confidence is every where the parent of despo tism ; free government is founded in jealousy, and not in confidence, which prescribes limited Constitutions to bind down those whom they are obliged to trust with power. . In questions of power, then, let no more be heard of confidence in man, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution." These are the doctrines this is the foundation o f the Democratic party. These principles are immortal. They are so, becaose they embody as much of ab stract political tiuth as it is possible for mortal minds to attain to, in search of that truth ; and because, furth ermore, they contain the gist, the spirit, the genius, the soul of our form of government. When these principles are lost sight of, or cast aside, or trampled down, it will be time for this government to fall ; and if that time should ever come, it ought to fall. We have given, in former numbers, a brief history of Democracy and Federalism ; and we now close onr remarks by planting ourselves on the doctrines and principles of our State's Rights, Republican fore, fathers. We commend these doctrines and princi ples to the attention of the Editor of the Register. We hope he will study them, and then say if he does not approve them. But if, after mature consideration, he should disapprove them, his readers will expect to be furnished with his reasons for his opinions on the subject. At any rate, we should like to bear from him on these points. We desire to know whether he is a Republican or a Consolidatlonist. We have our opinions about it as the matter stands, but should pre fer to let the Editor speak for himself. Speak out. Mr. Gales ! Are you for or against the above doc trines 1 THE OUTLAW WILL CASE. The Outlaw Will Case was taken op in Wake Superior Court on Thursday last, and occupied the time of the Court until the adjournment, on Saturday night nt twelve o'clock. This case, as well from the amount of property at stake as the strong array of le gal talent on either aide, excited general attention ; and the Court House was crowded from the com mencement of the trial until its close. Some twenty or thirty witnesses were examined and cross-examined, and the Counsel did hot com mence their arguments antil Saturday morning. Mr. Moore spoke first in favoV of the will, and was fol lowed by Mr. G. W. Haywood on the same side. Mr. Busbee then spoke against the validity pf the will, and .Was followed by Mr. Badger on the same side; and Mr. Millerconcluded in behalf of the will. Mr. William H. Haywood, Jr. who appeared against the will with Messrs. Badger and Busbee, put the case to the Jury, stating in the outset what the de fendants expected to prove. At a late hour on Saturday night, Judge Ellis sum med op the evidence and the arguments and deliv ered his charge to the Jury. His charge was remark able for its clearness and the compact manner in which be recapitulated the evidence and arguments. The Jury then retired, and not being able to agree, at twelve o'clock on Saturday night the Judge discharg ed them. We heard all the evidence and the arguments, but we deem it our duty, under the circumstances, not to repeat them to our readers. A new trial will no doubt be had at the ensuing June Court, and any statement of the facts in the case might prejudice the public mind against one side or other. It will be seen, by reference to the order in another column, that an extra Term of the Superior Court is to be held in this place on the third Monday in June next.. There are some thirty cases on the civil docket, we understand, which were not reached at the" late Term. N We learn that Judge Ellis, npon a pplication, re duced the term of Joshua Hinton's imprisonment from eighteen to fifteen months. DEATH OF M. B. PERSON, ESQ. We regret to learn, by the last Fayetteville Caro linian, of the death of a worthy and estimable young friend in Moore County. The Carolinian says : 44 We regret to hear from Carthage of the death of Murdoch B. Person, Esq. He lingered several years with consumption. He expired on the morning of Wednesday last, 2d insu Mr. Person bad several years years ago represented ; the county of Moore in the General Assembly of North Carolina, and bad he lived, would have been one of the most popular men in that county. He was an amiable man in all the relations of life, and goes down to an untimely grave, loved and lamented by all wbo knew him. 44 Could tears retard the tyrant in his course ; Could sighs avert his dart's relentless force ; Could youth and virtue claim a short delay. Or beauty charm the spectre from his prey ; Thou still bad'st lived. " SUBMISSION. A writer in the Richmond Examiner, in view of the late action of the Virginia Legislature on the ques tion of Slavery, recommends the following Resolu tion as proper to be adopted by that body for and in behalf of that ancient Commonwealth : '' " Resolved, by the General lssemlly of Virginia, In regard to the aggressions and outrages past, pres ent, and future of the Northern States and people on the constitutional rights and vital interests of the Southern States, that" AT ALL HAZARDS. AND TO THE LAST EXTREMITY," we willub. . Jenny Lind's first Concert in St. Loois is thos an nounced in one of the Daily papers of that City: " The great event is over.' The publio pulse contin ues healthy. St. Loois sunds where it did. The Mississippi is still butting Duohan'a Island off the map. ' Jenny Lfnd has been heard. The " Night ingale's" notes hate been taken to exchange lor oer own." - -" 1 '" i- GLOOMY PROSPECTS The Baltimore Sun, it U Well known, was ad ded advocate of the late so-called adju.linen, J" its Correspondents ion", among the numbe! have never been famous for their attachment to ?iT ern iightaV. That papef and lu Correspondents ha been very sanguine, all along, of good results this adjustment, and have repeatedly predicted tne togitive-slave law would be carried out ant n. agitation on the "Slavery question would cease in ii tree states. . .But " jlon," seems at length to be takiar a different view of the matterl In one of his Ute? leiiera io me oun, aated Washington City,Apr, 8d uo says . "Mr. Webster, it is announced, will be absent tfc weeks on a visit to Marshfield, for the purpose nf crniting his health. It is said that he will attenrt his return, the great dinner at the Astor House i0 Gov. Hamilton Fish is to be present, and is ex!l,fj to show his hand. , Gov. Fish cannot escape from i necessity now imposed on him to declare himseff t or against the fugitive act. When the compS measures and the necessity of supporting them . spoken of, at the North only one thing iUlll! and that is the enforcement of the fugitive slaves The other portions of the compromise have taken l feet, and the South acquiesces in tbem on the shi condition that the constitutional obligations ofli North to surrender fugitives from labor shall h, hered to. - It haa been stated that Gov. Fish will take the on. portunity, presented at- this dinner, to avow his deu mination to maintain that law while it is on the sbi ute bosk. But such an avowal as that will noi Iz isfy the friends of the Union. There is great dool. whether the law can be faithfully executed in th. ; teriorof New York.' V - 4CU,nneiB. . The fact cannot be disguised that in Ohio, New York, Massachusetts, and Vermont, freesoilism Z now in the ascendancy; and that it is likely, unless it receive some further check, to give a tone to the db. jority of the whig party at future elections. Political free-soilism has nothim- tical free-soilism. -, The condition of no portion of the country, in reference to the presence orabsenceof slavery, can be changed by the success ofjany nan Free-soilism means, therefore, the encoura-emem of slaves to runaway, and the refusal to permit them to be arrested and restored . Upon th is one principle the free-soilers rest, and they will run a Presidential can didate upon it, as has already been indicated by the Boston Alias and other free soil organs." The above brief extract contains tacts of deep im portance to the Southern people. " The oihei por tions of the compromise," says ''Ion," have 44 taken effect, and the South acquiesces in them on the single condition that the constitutional obligations of the North to surrender fugitives from labor shall be ad hered to." Every word of this is true ; but will the Northern people 'prove true to the 44 constitutional obligations" here referred to? It is evident that 44 Ion " does not believe they will. BOARD OF TRUSTEES TO WEST POINT. The following is a list of the names of the gentle men invited to attend the examination of the Cadets in June next, at the Military Academy at West PoinU 1. Robert H. Gardiner, Esq. Maine. 2. William Dwight. Esq. Massachusetts, 3. Professor A. W. Smith. Connecticut. 4. Hon. Francis Granger, New York. 5. Gen. Geo. Cadwalader, Pennsylvania. 6. Gen. James L. Gaither, Maryland. 7. Prof. James Phillips, North Carolina. 8., Col. William P. Bowen, Georgia. 9. Anthony H. Dunlevy, Esq. Ohio. 10. Henry W.Huntington, esq., Louisiana. 11. Dr. Samuel Breck, Alabama. 13. Hon. Thomas Randall, Florida. 13. Rev. John H. Lathrop, LL. D. Wisconsin. 14. Gen. Jesse B. Brown, Iowa. 15. Hon. Jefferson Davis, Mississippi. The following appointments have been made to the Military Academy at West Point from Virginia and North Carolina. Each member of Congress, as bis turn comes, has the privilege of namin" one pupil: Virginia Conrad H. Powell, George W. H us ton, George Jackson , N. Carolina Robert C. Hill, Junius B. Wheeler, ' Alexander Faison, 9th DisL 11th 44 14th 2d 3d 7lh' COL. MOTZ. We learn, by the following article from the Lin. coin Republican, that the body of Col. Motz, who was drowned some weeks since, has been found : "Th Body of Col. Motz found. The body of Col. Andrew Motz was found, last Sunday Evening (30tb) in the South Fork of the Ca'tawba, about one mile below the place, where Clark's Creek intersects the river, and about one and ahalf miles below the bridge, over the Creek which he had to cross, to reach home. The body was found by Messrs. Hous er and Price. A jury of inquestawas held, and the verdict we give below. . - On Monday, a procession of the Mountain Lodge,. ottbel. O. of Odd-Fellows, of which Col. Motz. was a member was formed, and marched into the Vicinity of this Town, received the remains of their departed brother, and proceeded to the Episcopal Church, followed by a large concourse of relatives, and friends, and interred his body in their usual solemn manner. - 1 It was trdly gratifying, amid the tears of the rela tions and friends of the late Col. Motz, to hear that his body was found, and that his remains were placed where his affectionate relatives could visit them when ever they desire. In the death of Col. Motz, this com munity has lost an intelligent, industrious, and high ly esteemed citizen." THE PLANK ROAD. The People's Press, printed at Salem, makes the following suggestion in relation to the Fayetteville Plank Road: "We would respectfully suggest to the stockholders in the Fayetteville and Western Plank Road, lbs propriety of extending the Road to this place, in or der to afford better facilities for transportation to a community who have had as much commercial inter course with Fayetteville as any other Village and sec-, Hon of country, commanding the same amount of trade. We have no doubt it would be to the interest of the stockholders in general thus to extend the' road. .;. Fayetteville has enjoyed the benefits arising from our Northern trade, for a number of years, and should be particularly interested in this matter, taking into' consideration other schemes of Internal Improvement in this State and in Virginia which may in the courser of time, divert the channel of trade." ' Departure or the Abctic The United States mail steamship Arctic left New York at the appoin ted hour on Wednesday, . for Liverpool, with a fine list of passengers one hundred and twenty in nam-' ber. Among them are Hon. Samuel O. Goodrich, consul at Paris, and family ; Hon. Charles B. Had dock, charge des affairs . to Portugal, Rev. Dr. Chowles, of Newport, R. I., bearer oT despatches to France ; and ftey.' A, Cleveland Coxe, of St. John' Church, Hartford ; also, Hon. Geo. Wright, member of Congress for California ; General Welbridge, of New York city; Col Dn Solle, of Philadelphia; J. C. Cunningham, bearer of despatches to England,1 and Virginia commissioner to the World's Fair ; E. Harman and John Pdrdy.'of Washington. ' Many of the Arctic's passengers go out on business connected with the World's Fair, in London The ArcnotOok out 9150,000 in speoiev Franklin Superior Court ft lnf session this week, Judge Ellis presiding. . - We understand that fount" blood, of Johnston, Will' probably be tried ott a charge' of kidnapping .WethoiiU boWig to some friend for a brief account of the trial, a well as for a notic of any thing, elte of interest which Way transpir