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THE ISL4ND OF CUBA.
rhfl Queen of the Antilles" has of late years,
. -lean object of interest to the United States,
ll ,h Proclamation of President Fillmore JV
"Vested to the Washington Telegraph
Sunt of it would be interesting to .J." readers w.
r t. 1 rr the benefit of ours. 1 he
mahe , ' . " ,-rritorv. and the value of
nroximity ot v,uoa 10 . - - .u,w
P . . j .k-.nminercia advantages which
its productions, and thecom-"- o
,is prouuc io , jts annexaU0llf ha,e
our people would derive
our i cup by some of them as a prize
caused it to be regarded dj r
ana uio nu ......
which that desirable end is to
We trust, however, mat n never win
that must be won ;
is as to the manner in
t . -..,;n,f. Wetrus
be attempted by' other than honorable means ; that
neither ambition nor cupidity shall urge our citizens
to the violation of international law and good faith in
tl,e premises ; and that the distinction between the
systematic invasion of the peaceful territory of a
friendly nation, and th 3 rendering disinterested aid
to a people endeavoring by revolution to effect their
olitical emancipation, may be strictly observed.
Tuba is the largest and most important of the
West India Islands. It is situated between the seventy-fourth
and eighty-fifth degrees of longitude
est from Greenwich, and the nineteenth and twen-t'-third
degrees of north latitude. It is about seven
mired miles in length, and seventy in breadth ; and
mains together with its dependencies, 3-2,807
suuare miles being nearly equal in extent to Great
Britain It commands the entrance to the Gulf of
Mexico whence it has been called the key of the
West Indias. The climate is delightful, and very
fcpaiihv fcr which reason it is quite a resort for in-
lids Even on the top of the Grande Antilla, the
chief rane of mountains running through the mid
dle of the sanJ frotn end 10 enJ' there haa scarce,y
ever been ice, and then only a few lines thick. The
seasons are not distinguished as summer and winter,
but a the wet and the dry; though the periods at
which they begin and end are not very well denned.
The rainy season generally begins in May, but some
times in April, and occasionally not till June.
The soil of Cuba is very fertile, but, as in other
tropical countries, the people are too lazy to cultivate
it to any Teat exteut. The chief agricullural pro
ductions ae sugar, coffee, tobacco, manioc, maize,
and mosquitoes. The work on the plantations is
done almost altogether by negroes, whose condition
is far worse than that of the slaves in our country.
The whipping-post is in constant use. As an in
stance of the" great fertility of the soil, Turnbull
states, that, i.i ihe district of Sagua la Grande, a
tahalkria of land, wnicli is nearly equal 10 imriy
three acres, has been known to produce 200,000 lbs.
of the fair colored muscovado sugar of that country ;
oeinc nearly equal to four moderate sized hogsheads
per acre. What would this be iu the hands of ex-
on American flour has been, to increase smugg ling ;
for the flour is mors used throughout the country than
it was years ago, and yet less passes through the
. The trade of the United States with Cuba has al
ways been very large. In the five years ending with
1837, the relative proportion of goods imported and
exported under tne flags of Spain, England, and the
United Stales, was as follows : Spain, 43J per cent ;
England, 7i per cent; United States, 26 per cent.
Within the last few years, the interior of the coun
try has been much improved, and the means of com
munication increased by rail roads, &c. The first
railroad ever laid in the Island, running from Havana
to the most important of the sugar districts, was con
structed by Mr. Alfred Cruger, of the United States.
ENGLAND AND AMERICA.
Anions tfce several very pleasing illustrations of
of the favorable change of opinion in England in re
gard to this country, we select the following extract
from an article written, it is said, by Sir David Brew
ster, reviewing Sir Charles Lyell's second visit to
the United States :
" Accustomed to look with wonder noon the oivi.
lization of the past unblest dories of'Gree.e nrf I bave been making preparations at that place,
Rome upon mighty empires that have risen but to contemplated attack upon the Island of Cuba, and
- . . . i.i . . .1 ' t . s.i
. CUBAN EXPEDITION,
Jacksonville, Florida, an out of the way place, ap
pears to have been wisely selected on that account as
a Southern rendezvous, and the accounts would lead
to the belief that the expedition has already sailed
from there, unless intercepted by our government,
which was on the alert.
The Savannah (Ga.) News, of Monday, has the
" For several days past the city has been rife with
rumors about the expedition against Cuba, supposed
to be On foot, end the government officials have ex
hibited a great amount of zeal in their efforts to fer
ret out the actors in the business, and to preserve the
neutrality of the nation. The steamer Welaka, Capt.
Blankenship', was chartered yesterday, and sailed last
night for the south with W. H. C. Mills, Deputy U.
S. Marshal, and other officials, on board, in pursuit
'of the expedition, which, it is reported, is concentra
ted somewhere on the coast. We will not now men
tion the rumors that are current in the city."
By the following, from the Newark (N. J.) Ad
vertiser, of Wednesday evening, a part of the South
ern Expedition has probably sailed :
"We have iust received orivate intelligence from
Jacksonville, Florida, that a company of adventurers
fall the English eye has never fixed itself on the
grand phenomenon of a great nation at school. In
a region teeming with vegetable life resting upon
the subterranean treasures of civilization intersect
ed with noble rivers, whose tributary and capillary
streams carry ioou anu me into every part ot the land,
the race has established itself in uiightv cities, the
centre of manufacturing and commercial wealth, and
has entrenched itself amid noble institutions with
temples enshrined in religious toleration, with uni
versities of private bequest and public organization,
with national and unshackled schools, and with all
the resources which science, and literature, and phi
lanthropy demand from the citizen or the State. Sup
plied from the Old World with its superabundant life,
the tide has Deen carrying its multiplied population
to the West, and driving to an ocean frontier, where
civilization will at last bnd them, the savage hordes
that still usurp the fairest portions of creation. Nor
is this living floedthe destroying scourge which Pro
vidence some times lets loose upon our species : it
bears on its snowy crest the purple radience of sal
vation, oi Knowledge, and ot peace.
" But, while the frontier of civilization is thus ad
vancing with gallant strides; the fixed population of
tne American states nas Deen vieing with European
communities in the cultivation of the arts which con
tribute to domestic comfort and national aggrandize
ment. Their railroads, with all their imperfections,
supply the necessities of the traveller, and remune
rate the public spirit of their projectors. Their steam
boat establishments, whether on coast qr on river, are
unrivalled in the European States, and their telegra
phic lines, superior in cheapness and utility to ours,
have been carried for thousands of miles into regions
P)itrw are ill the island several excellent copper, m : .; i,K ,.,nj u.. .l.
III j r J. v vi mM till 1 tu iiiviui w us vuuailCU UT Ulflk
iron, and coal mines, which would be very produc- , of the most favored ler8 of lhe lobe Hf em
live if well worked. Small quantities of gold and of c0a, . kin!rdoal of coUon Zad of corn. her
regions of gold and of iron, mark out America as the
centre of civilisation as the emporium of the world's
commerce as the granary and storehouse, out of
which the kingdom of the East will be clothed and
fed, and we greatly fear as the asylum in which our
children will take refuge when the hordes of Asia
and the semi-barbarians of Eastern Europe shall again
darken and desolate the West. Though dauntless in,
her mien, and colossal in her strength, she displays
Shedding its ra-
e celestial light,
and we shall have nothing to fear from her power,
but everything to learn from her example. "
oilier l.avH also been found. Since the introduction
of bees, about sixty years ago, honey and wax have
formed important articles of trade. Manufactures have
been much neglected.
Of domestic animals, the ox, the horse, and the
pig are the most useful, and form a large part of the
wealth of the land. The oxen are so numerous that
many of them have run wild ; and they are hunted
for the sake of their hides and tallow, which are sent
. . - i . : i I .1... i. 11
to Spain. VI uomeauc .o .... .. are hw banner slar q
the most numerous; though the goose turkey, pea- diance Jet us reci ,
-.K-.k. and uiceou are well kuowu. there are many ' i.u , .u-.L ... r
line turtles on the shores of the sland, from which
the best of tortoise-shells are uiade. Fresh fish, of
various kinds, abound. Snakes and other reptiles
are not numerous, but noxious insects of all kinds
are found in large numbers.
Tim island is divided into several distinct jurisdic
tions, civil, judicial, ecclesiastical, aad military. The
civil jurisdiction consists of two provinces, with two
distinct governors, entirely independent of each oth
er; the supreme military chief the whole island,
will, the title of Captain General, being the ciril
governor of the one province only, called San Cris
tobal de la Havana ! while the other, Santiago de
Cuba, has a seperale governor, who, in affairs purely
-political or civil, is not in any way subject to the
Captain General. Besides, the island is divided in
to three military divisions, whose chiefs take their,
orders from the Captain General. At Malanzas,
Trinidad de Cuba, Puerto Principle, and Cienfuegos,
there are also officers with the title of governor naiu-
d by the Captain General, whose office is of a judi- . -f . J .
1 points of every u-.ii i u
points ot every
W?..l. 1 . ... . T
ouuuiu. little lu
ciat nature, extending to disputed
sort, civil, criminal, and military,
these are eight lieutenancies. The Captain General
has appellate jurisdicton in military matters. Iu the
cities and towns there are also municipal bodies,
called ayiinlamienlta perpetuus, or, perpetual unions ;
and in Ihe rural districts, juects jjsdaneus, or petty
judges, who are named by the local governors. These
exercise both judicial and ministerial functions. The
Captain General presides at the meetings of the Ha
vana Union consisting of twelve members. The
chief secular tribunals of Havana are, first, that of
the captain general, who has, in military matters, an
auditor of war, and in civi! disputes general asses
sors, who likewise exercise the duties of the civil
magistracy. The tribunal of the ordinary alcaldes
has also cognisance in the first instance of civil and
military disputes. The union has also a certain ju
dicial jurisdiction. There is, besides, a commercial
tribunal, whose jurisdiction extends only lo mercan
tile affairs. The judges of the island are all paid by
fees instead of salaries. The judges' fees depend on
their rank, and the number and length of their sitt
ings ; they are, therefore, remarkably sedentary !
Judicial proceedings, as on the continent of Europe,
are wholly conducied in writing; viva voce pleading
and trial by jury being alike unknown. The lawyer
is paid according to the number of pages he writes ;
long pleas are, therefore, by no means uncommon.
The suitor in a Cuban Court cannot move a step
without pay ing a fee to a judge, lawyer, clerk, inter
preter or crier.
Some attention has been paid to education by the
Government, but those under whose direction it has
been placed, have not accomplished much. In 1840
there was 99,599 free children in the island, between
the ages of five and ten, of whom only one-tenth were
sent to school.
There is no such thing as liberty of the press in
Cuba. Everything is subjected to the strictest cen
sorship. In the year 1837 there were eight newspa
pers published in Cuba, of which four were daily.
During the constitutional crisis in Spain, when the
censorship was, for a time, suspended, a number of
papers with the mostsingular names, which are some
index to the opinions and wishes of the people, weie
started at Havana; such as.The Constitutional Tail
or, 1 he Roars of an African Lion, Brilliant Strokes
of Tyranny, The Mosquito, The Fly, The W asp,
The Skiff, &c.
Authorities differ as to the population of Cuba.
According to the censes of 1847, which is, we believe
the last that has been taken, the population was
730,562. Of this number the whites amounted to
311,051, the free negroes to 57,514, and the free peo
ple ot color, not negroes, to 48,980. I he number of
slaves was 286,943, of whom 183,290 were males,
and 103,653 females. Since 1827 the population has
.greatly increased, as is shown by the amount of im
ports since then, and the constantly -increasing pro
ductions or the island. The population at present
amounts, probably, to about 1,000,000.
1 he trade of Cuba is excellent. Its situattan, the
lertmty oi us soil, and the short distance not more
wan thirty miles from any point in the interior to
rn0n? ! to Siv commercial
prosperity ; and, if the man, injurious restraints now
put upon us trade were removed, it would soon be
come one of the richest spots on earth.
co' '"'J, " er taxed by the mother
,1. Y' V1 e'f a,ter porlion of the revenues from
customs is derived from duties from imports. There
an!! ST' d.lfferen!:e mado beleen goods from Spain
nd those from other countries. Tne duty on flour
specially on that from the United sS, is verv
neavy. if from Spain and in Spanish vessels thi
S3 r d,la:' barrel but :
thTfl 't886,1 lhe dutJ aolla per barrel If
J1?:' KfW but under the natid rial flat 'thf
- J lKni to in unit a holf .
r MU.t 11.1 UfflilC. 1)111 1, It
Important and Novel Decision. Judge Bax
ter, at Warren county, Georgia, Supreme Court, has
recently given an interesting decision, relating to dy
ing declarations being taken in evidence against an
alleged murderer. The man charged with the mur
der was arraigned for trial, and the State's Counsel
appeared to introduce, as evidence, the declarations
of the deceased made in his last illness, and charg
ing the crime of the prisoner. The Counsel for the
prisoner objected to the reception of such declara
tions as legal evidence in a criminal prosecution, and
alleged in support of the exception the sixth article
of amendments to lhe Constitution of the United
States, which, it was contended, amount id to an en
tire abolition of the common law upon the point in
question. The article reads as follows :
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall en-
nd public trial, by an I in par-
district wherein the crime
shall have been committed, which district shall have
been previously ascertained by law, and to be inform
ed of the nature and cause of the accusation ; to be
confronted with the witness against him," &c.
The point was ably argued by Messrs. Toombs,
Cone and Pottle for the prisoner, and Messrs. Weems,
Solicitor Gartrell and Dawson for the Slate. The
exception was sustained, and a nolle prosequi entered,
the other testimony being, in the opinion of ti.e Stats's
counsel, insufficient to convict. Rich. Enq.
The Birth-place or Lewis Cass, Ossian E.
Dodge, the " Quail's " Correspondent of the Boston
Museum, writing from Exeter, New Hampshire, says:
" It may not be generally known that this is the
birth-place ot the eminent politician and statesman,
Lewis Cass, of Michigan. Mr. D. Gilman Lougee,
an accomplished artist, some time since, took a view
of the house (now standing ) in which Mr. Cass was
born, and sent to the honorable gentleman, accom
panied by a well-written description of the premises
and the respect, from association, which they com
manded from the citizens of the town. Mr. Cass
replied to the note, by one of the finest-written letters
that it has been our pleasure to read for a long tune
( we have read both letters) expressing his gratitude
to Mi. Lougee for the valuable present and his never
dying love for the home of his youth.
Exeter is an exceedingly beautiful place in the
summer season, and one of the finest places for a few
weeks rustication that we know or in the state.
that a steamer was expected there on the niht of the
25th, to take them on. Our correspondent has known
of their proceedings for some time past, but became
acquainted with them in such a manner that he was
not permitted to divulge the secret before. The note.
dated on the 25th, says : " I expect to see a steamer
full of them this evening. I have, seen their arms
and stores, and shall sit up all night, if necessary, to
see them off. It is a desperate game, at which none
but desperate men can play."
The Philadelphia North American says that from
rumors afloat in that city, apparently well founded,
they judge this steamer to be one which sailed from
the Chesepeake Bay recently, and was reported in
the marine department as being suspicious.
Tbe same paper of Thursday has another letter from
Jacksonville, the 25th ult., giving the following par
ticulars of the numbers enlisted, the sinews of war,
the desperate plan of operations, with the anticipated
aid of the Cubans, &c :
It is evident that there are several points of depar
ture along the Gulf Coast, at New Orleans and St.
Mary's, ant! from the St. John's river, Florida. There
are C steamers at least, and probably 2000 to 3000
men. Savannah is the head quarters of operations
on the Atlantic side. I was shown a letter from
General Gonzales, a week ago, dated at Savannah,
directing the movements of men and military stores,
but believed that it might be an attempt to divert
public attention from some other quarter.
Jt is now plain that the many evidences ot a move
ment in the States bordering the Gulf ot Mexico, in
dicate an invasion of Cuba, which will be attempted
before this reaches you. The expedition will un
doubtedly sail in the course of twenty-four or thirty
six hours. A large quantity of forage (among which
was 300 or 400 bushels of oats') was deposited here
the day before yesterday, and this morning I saw put
into the same stc rehouse, cannon, gun-carriages, rifles,
muskets, ammunition, and the furniture ot an army
equipment to a very large amount. I have never seen
so many implements ot war, except in an arsenal.
Large quantities of wood and rosin for the fuel on
board the steamers, and horses and men are collected
in this immediate vicinity, ready for embarkation. A
steamer is expected from New York to-morrow.
This expedition would appear to be much better
appointed, manned, and officered, than the one that
landed at Cardenas. General viuitinan is said to
command, and Lopez to be the second. Some here
who are pointed out as connected with the expedi
tion as officers, are said by some to be men of brave
ry and military talent. Most of the privates of whom
I have heard are men who learned the art of war in
Mexico, where they contracted the taste of blood, and
long for more. Bloodhounds and tigers are not the
onl f animals who become fierce by killing. It is a
desperate business and requires reckless, desperate
men. it in supposed that ttiey will land juuu on tne
South side of the island, supplied with field pieces
and good cavalry horses that the steamers that con
vey them will be burnt or sail immediately, leaving
the invaders no alternative but to conquer or die.
It is said that a large number of the Creole popu
lation are fully prepared to join the landing party,
and that an organized force awaits the movement in
the mountains. It is said that the Spanish population
is only one-sixteenth part of the whole; and it is
represented that the remainder desire to fight for lib
erty. I am told that $70,000 worth of jewelry, and
$150,000 in money, was sent to Gen. Lopez the oth
er day, from Havana, and that $80,000 was contrib-
luted by a rich planter, who is regarded at home as
favorable to tne government, i na agenis nere seem
to have plenty of money, and to spend it freely.
They have several ways to raise the wind. One by
the issue of bonds, to be redeemed if the expedition
is successful ; another by the sale of commissions. A
Lieutenancy was offered to s brother of Gen. Shields,
it is said, at Savannah, for $1,000, with a promise of
$10,000 worth of bonds.
The citizens here have givan the enterprise no di
rect encouragement, and no United States officer here
has the right to interfere. There is no U. S. Mar
shal here. The thing is looked noon generally as
chimerical, and until they saw these warlike prepar
ations and military stores, generally discredited it,
although a few knowing ones have known all about
it, and cautiously hinted it when necessary, in order
to make the necessary preparation. 1 he deoles and
Cubans who are here and the few who wereengaged
in the Garden's affair, talk indignantly of Spanish
tyranny, and say that the Cubans are on the very
point of revoluton, with or without help.
It seems quite certain that before to-morrow eve
ning the steamer will be here to receive tbe military
stores and embark for the war; The captain of Vhe
Mexico aud the United States. A telegra
phic despatch from Washington, under date of the
7th inst. says
A forma) complaint has been made by the Mexican
Government, in consequence of the repeated Indian
outrages on their frontier. .By the treaty with Mex
ico, the United States agreed to protect the frontier
between this country and Mexico from Indian ag
gressions. Congress, it will be remembered, at the
last session tailed to make appropriation asKeo Dy ine
War Department for this duty, and it consequently
has not been performed. Mexico now refuses to rat
ify the Tehuantepec treaty unless the provisions of
the peace treaty are carried out. Mr. Webster, pro
bably hastened his arrrval here in consequence of this
difficulty. The President may, if he deem the mat
ter of sufficient importance, order the troops to ne
paid out of the secret service fund, I suppose.
We find the following in Blackwood's last number:
A sailor was condemned for piracy. There was some
delay before taking him oat of the court, and the Judge
happened to observe the criminal, as he sat between
two policemen in the dock, taking out a piece of pig
tail, from which he cut off a quid with his knite.
" Fellow," said the Judge sternly, ' don't you know
you're condemned to death ? " " So I hear, " was the
gloomy reply. " And are yoo notawate of the ne
cessity for preparing your soul prisoner? Unless
you repent, you'll certainly go to hell ! " " Well,
m XT lvvrl i . " 1 1
wiu, ciiBwerea inn innHpmnRH. reaneciiuiiY.
be foreign, and under
dollar and a half i
la. hnu'ABA. ... f
27,1 l?Pnor to the Spanish, that.
r a foreign flag, the duty is nine
barrel. The United States flour
der.en.1, j:p r . w Spanish, that. i,w
hope I'll be able to bear it."
Tit fob Tat. A letter, received by a large ma
nufacturing establishment at Newark, N. J., from
one of its agents at Memphis, mentions what they
are now talking about in Mississippi by way of re
prisal on the Northern abolitionists. It is nothing
less than to pass a law refusing tbe North the uso
of their courts, judges and sheriffs, to collect its
debts. They say the Northerners refuse to give np
the property of the Southerners, and they will not
help them to get theirs in return. This is a "Roland
for an Oliver." and indicates something of the state
of feeling there.
Completion of The Erie Railwat. The great
Erie Railway from Hudson to Lake Erie, Stats of
New York, is now completed. Freight trains will
forthwith traverse the whole road, and regular pass
enger Trains connected with boats on Lake Erie, will
be. organized and put in operation earjy in May
Nearly nineteen years have passed since the Compa
ny was formed, the road is iust completed at a coat
of twenty millions ot dollars. .: :
soinpany is a fine military looking man, the hair on
lis face being- disposed a la California. This is a
place out of the highway of travel, there beinga mail
here but once a weok, and it mar be, therefore, that
all this letter contains has been anticipated.
It is interesting to observe how enticing and con
tagious is the war spirit. If things could remain a
few days as at present, it would seem that any num
ber of men could be enlisted in this service, which
but yesterday all pronounced wild and chimerical.
The field nieces and the muskets seem to have turn
ed the heads of some from whom more wisdom would
The 26th. ( to-morrow.l is the day that was named
ten days ago by one of the agents here, as the day
of departure, and considerable wisdom has been man
ifested with regard to management oi ine ousiueas
when it is remembered that probably from 3,0(10 lo
5.000 Dersons must have known all about it. I un
derstand, however, that GonzaleS has been threaten
ed with arrest at Savannah, where he has endeavored
to enlist men and procure money.
The preparation for the attack on the part of the
Spanish authorities is fully appreciated. They ex
pect hard fighting, but rely principally upon the re
presentations that a revolution in Cuba is ready to
take place, and only neeas a rallying point.
The New York correspondent of the Philadel
phia Inqnirer, writing on the 1st, gives the annexed
information in retrard to the expedition, communicat
ed to him specially by a gentleman who gave him
similar tacts on several previous occasions, au ut
which were verified afterwards :
It may be summed up in a few words, viz: that
this, the first day of May, was the day agreed upon
for the invasion of Cuba, that the capture of the
Cleopatra at this port, (New York) and tbe arrest of
several supposed expeditionists, was a ruse to deceive
the Government at Washington, and throw them off
the scent ; that Garibalbi is identified with the move
ment; that upwards of forty leading men left here
for Cuba a month ago, and that an attempt would cer
tainly be made to-day to effect a landing on the Cu
ban shores at an unprotected point.
The captain of the fast sailing schooner Fakir, at
Savannah, from Havana, the 24th ult., (two days af
ter the sailing of the steamship Isabel,) states that
everything was in the same stale as at the time of
the sailing of the Isabel.
Decline in Cotton. The writer of the money
column of the New York Express say :
'The inteligence by the Niagara of a further de
cline in the cotton market will not be favorably con
structed for the stock market as it will cause a
scarcity of bills of exchange and farther shipments
of specie may be looked for. W cannot bat other
wise think that cotton will recCede much farther in
price. There is every indication of it from the ap
pearance of the New Orleans and New York markets,"
DEMOCRATIC, MEETING IN JOHNSTON.
At a meeting of a portion of the citizens of John
ston County, assembled at the Court House, on Wed
nesday, the 30th instant, for the purpose of consider
ing me propriety ot holdintr a District Convention.
and also to appoint delegates to the same, A. J.
Leach, bsq. was called to the Chair, and D. C. Car
rington appointed Secretary.
When the following preamble and resolutions were
offered by H. H. Hobbs, and, after being read by tbe
oecreiarj, were unanimously adopted :.
Whereas, it is deemed expedient that the Demo
cratic party , of this Congressional District should
place before the people a candidate to represent them
in the House of Representatives of the next Congress
of the United States, be it therefore
Resolved, That this Meeting recommend the hold
ing of a Convention at Nashville, on the Slh of June
next, to nominate some suitable person to represent
us in the next Congress.
2. Resolved, that we would suggest to the Democ
racy of the several Counties of this District the ne
cessity of holding Meetings at an early day, and the
appointment of delegates to said Convention.
a. Resolved, t hat we wish not te support any man
to represent us in Congress at this particular crisis
except be be a State Right's Republican in the full-
st sense of the term ; nor unless he acknowledges
the right of the people of a sovereign State to secede
and peaceably withdraw from the Union, when that
Union becomes a curse, and when the Federal Gov
ernment claims the power to coerce and reduce 'to
abject submission an independent State having a se
4. Resolved, That the Chairman be authorized to
appoint twenty delegates to represent us in the Con
vention. The following gentlemen wjere appointed : James
H. Bryan, Joseph M. Smith, O. L. Dodd, J. W. B.
Watson, R. N. Gully, Hopson Oneal, Loverd Atkin
son. T. W. Whitley, John Smith. Jacob Barnes.
Wm. H. Joyner, Asa Barnes, N. G. Gully, Amos
Coats, H. J. Bell, E. Page, H. H. Hobbs, Wm. H.
Watson, J. O. Watson, Zachariah Hinton, Dr. A. G.
Oh motion, the Chairman and Secretary were ad
ded to the list of delegates.
The proceedings were ordered to be sent to the
Editor ot tne xortn Carolina Standard, with a re
quest that the same be published.
On motion the Meeting adjourned.
A. J. LEACH, Ch-n.
D. C. Carrington, Sec,y.
The Cuban Expedition. The rancor and venom
with which Whig Journals denounce the expedition
for the liberation of Cuba, is inexplicable to those
who do not understand the secret motives and hidden
springs of all the complicated movements and varying
professions of this party. A well wisher of the cause
of liberty might very naturally deplore the expedi
tion as being inadequate to accomplish its purpose
and fated to result in disaster, but that he should cen
sure its object and vituperate its champions, betrays
either an utter ignorance or a blinding prejudice. Ev
er 6ince the distinct organization of the Whig party,
the great body of its adherents have been found in
the Northern States; and the main portion of the par
ty has given colour and direction to its policy. The
Northern States are the promoters of a general sys
tem of internal improvements so is the Whig party.
The Northern Stats are the advocates of a protective
tariff so is the Whig party. The Northern Slates
were tbe devoted champions of a National Bank
so was the Whig party. The Northern States ars
Abolitionists so is the bulk of the Wh'g party.
The body of the party lies in the North, and the
Southern members are obedient to its volition. Now
we have the explanation of the course of the Whig
journals in reference to the Cuban expedition. The
Northern States oppose this expedition lest it should
result in the annexation ot Cuba, and the consequent
aggrandizement of the slave interest in the confedera
cy. The Southern porlion of the party catch the cue,
and echo most lustily tbe enveuoined abuse of its
Do the struggles of the oppressed Cubans merit
the sympathy and aid of the friends of who under
stand anything of lhe wrongs and freedom No man
can answer negatively oppression of the people of
Cuba. If ever the outraged liberty of the violated
rights of man's nature, cried aloud for vindication and
vengeance, the oppressed people of Cuba are entitled
to the sympathy and aid of every freeman in striking
down the tyrant cud accomplishing their emancipa
pation. But answers the confederate of despots and
the upholder of monarchy, the law of nations forbids
the inteiference ot one nation in the internal affairs
of another independent State.
Did the " law of nations " restrain the gallant La
fayette from lending his brave arm to shield the sink
ing cause of American liberty f Did the " law of
nations" smother the generous impulses of the Amer
ican youth, who marched to rescue the infant repub
lic of Texas from the iron heel of the despot ? Did
the law of nations " so wither up the noble heart
of Clay, that he could not plead with an inspired el
oquence for the oppressed people of South Ameiica3
Did the " law of nations" banish the heroic Magyar
beyond the limits of American sympathy ? And yet
the ' law of nations" forbids the American freeman
to stretch forth his arm in aid of the aspiring struggle
of a people, oppressed by a yoke more galling even
than the serfdom of Russia, and more degrading than
the depotism of Mexico a people, near us in posi
tion, identical with us in social condition, and bound
to us by the lies of a common destiny !
Peter sbnrg Democrat.
Lady Franklin, worn out with "hope deferred'1
Is at lenght seriously indisposed.- J -,''
Mr, Charles Dickens, the celebrated author, and
his faanly are at present staying at Great Malvern,
undergoing the water cure. His fathw, who for sev
eral years managed the reporting department of the
Daily News, recently died in the 06th year of his
Messrs. Kean and Keeley are reported to have ac
cepted a play from the pen of Mr. Doughs Jerrold
at a price of three thousand guineas.
2,i04,000 pearl shells has just been imported in
one vessel from Panama.
The Watchman stales that the income of the Wra-
leyan Missionary Society for 1850, 1 04,66 1 15s.
"God Save the King," Was composed in 1745.
The "Marseillaise" was composed in 1792,
The wifeof Ledru ttollin. who is an English la
dy, broughlhim, on her marriage, a fortune of 1,000-
Twenty eight of the French refugees in England,
among whom are Ledru Koliin and UHesr.luse,
have submitted an address to the hnglish peoj Is, in
winch they most solemnly deelars, that the recent
imputations against them in Parlament of plotting
against the civil powerand social tranquility ot Eng
land,' are totally false and calumnious.
James Lynch, Mayor of Gaivay in 1498, built the
choir of St. Nicholas' Church, and hanged his own
son out of the window, for killing and defrauding
strangers, without martial or common lau. This is
the origin of the term Lynch law.
A line ot packets between t ranee and Brazil, is
to be established. They will start from Nantes, and
sail for Pernanibuco, Bahia, and Rio Janerio.
M. de Lamartine has become the director of the
Pays. M. de la Gueronniere chief editor of the
Prcsse, and formerly editor of M. de Lamartiue's
paper, the Bien Publique, has transferred his ser
vices from the Presse to the Pays.
A society is about to be formed in Paris under the
patronage of -the Archbishop, the object of which is
to supply bread to the poorer classes at 25 per cent,
under the regular price.
The heiis of Louis Philippe are about to offer for
sale the gallery of modern pictures in the Palais
M. Guizot is on the point of publishing a series
of biographical sketches of men who figured in the
English revolution of 1640. The life of Ludlow
appears as the first of the series.
Fanny Elssler takes her farewell of the stage at
Vienna in the course in the present month. She in
tends retiring to her beautiful ville in the neighbor
hood of Brunn, in Moravia.
7 ' Office of the Literary Board, J
, Raleigh. April 30, .1851. i
The President and Directors of ih Literary Fund1
have resolved to distribute among the several Coun
ties in the State, the sums mentioned in the following
Schedule in part of lhe nett income of the Literary
Fund the current year, for the support of Common
Schools the sunt to be paid ut (he Treasury Depart
ment upon the application of persons properly autho
rized to receive the Bam. ' -"
In making out this Schedule the Board have taker!
the census of . 1850, as published in the newspapers,
not having been able to get, in time, a strictly official
statement of the population. Should the table prove"
many respect inaccurate, the Board will correct it id
the Fall Distribution. , ' : "
The Counties nf Maitiann and Jankdnn M refieive
their portion of the distribution front lhe Coahties
from which they were respectively formed.
DAVID S. RE1D, f
Ex officio Presl. Lit. Boitrd.
New Orleans, April 25.
Verv Interesting From Mexico. The barque
Charles Loden has arrived from Vera Cruz with Mex
ican papers to the 9th inst., from which we learn that
Congress was in session, and that a proposition had
been made in the lower house, which would proba
bly be assented to in the Senate, to continue the ses
sion till after the 15th.
Mexico appears to be in a desperate condition, and
none of her public men seem disposed to hazard their
reputations in an attempt to restore her prosperity.
Gen. Arista, who had -the management of the treasury
for a short lime, gave it up as a hopeless task.
Addresses had been issued'to the commissioners of
the different wards in the capital, to ascertain the
number of foreigners in the city, together with an
account of their nationality, character, employment,
A bill has also, been introduced to abolish the to
The Indians in Chihuahua were suing for peace.
The working of the Mexican mines was attracting
the attention of capitalists
Boston, April 30. On Saturday last two funeral
processions of unusual length, on their way to the
; Catholic Cemetery in Cambridge, nea red each other
! a little above Porter's Hotel. A rivalry immediately
set up between the drivers of the hearses to see which
should reach the gate of the cemetery first. By a jjr?at
j application of the whip a sample of fast driving de
j veloped itself, but the race was of; short duration.
I The coffin in one of the hearses was thrown out on
! the ground, and before the cortege following could
draw up it was run over by three or four hacks, and
seriously mutilated. This accident suddenly put an
1 end to the mad career of the Jehus. The body was
; restored to its proper place and the two funerals pro
.' ceeded in order. Fast driving to the grave often oc
curs In Cambridge. Phila. Sun.
Improvement in Carriages. Mr. James C. Spen
cer, of Geneva, N. Y., has invented an improvement
in carriages for which he taken measures to secure a
patent that must ultimately come to be very generally
adopted, as light carriages can be constructed by a
dopting this method at much less expense than by
anv other plan with which we are acquainted. No
reaches are used ; the body of the carriage is jointed
at the middle and has an eliptical spring just above
tto joint. Strong curved springs, secured lo the bo
dy of the carriage and supporting the same, are secu
red directly to the axles, in such a way that a turning
axis bolt unites the front part ot the carriage body,
and a like one the back to the axles, thereby allowing
Ihe front and back wheels to turn in a very small
compass 'without any intervening reach under the
seat of the carriage; and jointing of the carriage bo
dy and the eliptical spring under the same, gives the
body an easy and accommodating motion when the
wheels are passing over uneven roads. No bolsters,
&c. are einpl iyed.
Affray At The University of Virginia. We
understand the students at the University have been
thrown into a terrible excitement by a difficulty be
tween some of them and one of the Professors. It
seems that a party of them, panting for a little sport,
rode the horses of this Prolessor almost to death;
painted them white and turned them loose in the
mountains near the College. The Professor suspect
ing a student of the deed, had him arrested and sen
to jail ; but he proved his innocence and was released;
Whereupon the students became awfully exasperated.
Some others were suspected, and whilst the sheriff
was endeavoring to arrest them, he received a cut
with a bowie-knife. They were apprehended, how
ever, and sent to jail, but the students marched down
in a body and liberated them. We are informed that
the excitement against this Prolessor (of Modern
Languages) is tremendous. Petersburg Democrat.
Animal Life. We see it stated in a Cincinnati
paper, that "a scientific gentleman of that city had
succeded at various times in producing animal life
solely from the action of certain r hemical processes
on each other. The specimens of this new mode of
producing life is said to have existed twenty-four
hours. We presume that the learned " Savan" of
the west will shortly bave a speculation on foot for
producing beef and pork on a more extensive scale
and at a more rapid rate than has yet been accom
plished by tbe tardy process of nature. The price of
provisions will certainly be materially affected by the
successful application of the Doctor's theory,
fSo, thefts's been another rupture of Mount Vo
ciferous !" said Mrs. Partington, as she pat down the
paper and put up her specs. "The paper tells us all
about the burning lather running down tbe mountain,
but don't tell as how it was set fire to. . There are
many people full wicked edoagh to do ii; and per
haps it was caused by children playing with friction
matches. I wish they had sent for our fire brigade,
they would soon bate pat a stop to the raging ali
ment ; and I dare 137" Mr. Braid wood sod all on 'em
woold hava gone, tor they are what I call Teal civil 1
engineers. . Perhaps Townsend's sauce and prunella
wight prove a care for such 'ruptions. "
Montreal, April 29.
Important From Canada. Despatches from Earl
Grey to the Governor General have been published,
according to which the Imperial Government is not
opposed to a reduction of the civil list, but will rec
commend it to the British Parliament and the Gover
nor General of Canada. In return he will remove all
the troops except the garrisons at Quebec and King
ston, and will charge the Province with the expens
es of the barracks, and also with the annual presents
made to the Indians. Earl Grey does not think this
will tend to alienate the colonies from the parent
Interesting From Hayti. Boston, May 1st
I0i o'clock, P. M. The schooner October, from
Port a u Prince, with advices to April 13ih, arrived
here to-day. It was currently reported at St. Domin
go that the Chambers had refused to comply with the
demands nf the American Commissioner, or to .make
peace. Emperor Soulouque was preparing lo march
on Cape Haytien to punish the black Prince Babo,
who refused to comply with the imperial mandates!.
At the last accounts Babo was shut out from Cape
Haytier, and had but few men with him who were
willing to join in his rebellious acts.
COUNTIES. Fed. Pop. Am't. Dis.
-Alamance, 10,215 l9 90
Alexander, 5.028 301 C3
Anson, 10,783 646 9s"
Ashe, 8,547 519 88
Beaufort, 11.717 703 02
Bertie, 10,209 613 64
Bladen, - 3,033 481 03
Brunswick, J 5.115 J 357 It
Buncombe, i 2.325 739 50
Burke, 6.919 415 14
Cabarrus, - . . : - 8.668 . . 520 08
Caldwoll, , . 5,830 . , 350 16
Camden, 5,176 310 56
Carteret, . 6.828 - i 373 68
Caswell, 12,168 730 08
Catawba, 8,235 494 10
Chatham, 16.020 961 90
Chowan. 5,385 333 10
Cleveland, 9,684 .581 04
Columbus, 5.307 318 43
Craven, 12.307 738 43
Cumberland, 17,723 1,063 38
Currituck, 6.296 377 76
Cherokee, 6,708 403 48
Duplin, 11.109 666 54
Davie, 6,997' 419 88
Davidson, 14,234 854 04
Edgecombe, 13.726 823 56
Franklin, 9.510 570 6a
Forsyth, . 10,634 638 04
Gates. 5,879 412 74
Granville, 17,634 1,058 04
Gresne, 5,338 320 28
Guilford, 18,465 1,107.90"
GastAn, 7.315 438 90
Halifax. 13,012 .. 780 7S(
Haywood, 6.886 413 J
Hertford, 6.644 , 398 64
Hyde, 6,614 396 84
Henderson, 7,032 421 98
Iredell, 13,075 ; 784 50
Johnston, .11,885 , 713 10
J01.es, 3,991 , ( 239 46
Lenoir, 6,181 , 370 8f)
Lincoln, 6,937 410 2
Martin, 7,879 ; 43C 74
McDowell, 5,740 344 40
Mecklenburg, . 11,726- 703 56
Montgomery, 6,196 371 76
Moore, . 8.551 513 0G
Macon, 6.109 - 370 14
Nash, 9.034 - 548 04
New Hanover, 14,299 ' ' 8&7 94
Northampton, 10,730 643 80
Onslow, . 7.065 423 90
Orange, 15,024 901 44
Pasquotank, 7,708 463 48
Perquimdns, 6,028 361 68
Person, , 8,833 529 98
Pitt, 10,743 644 58
Randolph, , 15,066 903 90
Richmond, 7.936 476 16
Rowan, 12,317 739 0'J
Robeson, 1 11,079 664 74
Rockingham, 12,323 739 32
Rutherford, 17,793 1,067 58
Sampson, 12.228 733 6
Stokes, 8,539 513 31
Surry, 11,646 ,698 76
Stanly, 6,377 382 62
Tyrrell, 4.537 272 28
Union, 9,264 555 84
Wake, 21,147 1,268 83
Warren, 10,390 623 40
Washington, 4.770 286 30
Wilkes, 11,612 698 58
Watauga, 3,318 ' ' ' 200 88
Wayne, 1 1,479 . J C88 74
Yancy, 7,997 . . 479 83
Difficulty, Rencontre and Probably Duel.
Washington, May 1, 10 P. M. At the dinner table
to day of lhe National Hotel, a misunderstanding oc
c 11 red between Lt. Alvarado Hunter, of the navy, and
Capt. Chambourg, formely of the army, which led lo
an altereation between Chambourg and Lt. Nichol
son, of the navy, and terminated in a regular battle
with canes and fists. Nacholson got the better of
Chambourg, and a challenge will probabty be the
consequence, although it is not deterniinedWho shall
be the challenging party.
Washington, April 29.
Tbe Census. The work on the census and pop
ulation is now completed. Two clerks, Messrs Jebb
and Harrison, engaged on it, have been dismissed,
and others will be dismissed to-morrow.
University of North. Carolina.
THE Committee of Visitation of the Trustees of the
University for the year 1851, consists of
His Excellency DAVID S. KEID,
Hon. D. L. S V AIN, L. I.. D,"
President of the College.
Thomas S. Ashe, William W. Avery, Daniel M. Bar
rincer. William A. Blount, Thorns Bragg, Charles
Chalmers, George F. Davidson, William Eaton, Jr
Burgess S. Gaither, Solomon Graves, Frederick J. Hill,
James Iredell, James Mebane, Bartholomew F. Moore.
Frederick Nash, Thomas Settle, William A. Washing
ton, Nicholas L. Williams, John C. Williams, Patrick
H. Winston. ;
. The annual Commencement will be held on the first
Thursday (5lh day) of June next.
May 1st, 1551. 53
NEW SPRING GOODS,
At Reduced Prices.
J CREECH has received and daily expecting his
. Stock of elegant Dry Goods, which was selected
with great care, at reduced prices, with many new styles
that were not out the first of the season. These goods
was purchased for jiet cash, and can be sold lower than
those bought at the early part of the season, before goods
had fallen. Please call sod examine for yourselves be
fore purchasing elsewhero if you want lrgiiis.
T'vrvr? '..r y. rJ- CREECH.'
Raleigh. May 7, 1851 J " "7 53
JUST at hand from ! 'Philadelphia, Gentlemen and
.Ladies,'.. .,, ....j-' .. . .;. i -i.,;.;
Shoes, Slippers and Gaiters, ... ; :4 s-
Misses and Children's Shoe - ' . , -'Ladies
Leather Seal skin Shoes and BlippirS, , , ,
I Boys end Servants Sboev " '' " '
T. A. MITCHELL.
Raleigh, My 7, 1851. ' r M
The Standard and Star, Raleigh; the Pioneer
Elizabeth City; the Carolinian,. Fayetteville ; the
Journal, Wimington; the Press, Tarborough ; tbs
Patriot, Goldsborough ; the News, Asheville; the
Republican, Lincolnton; the Patriot, Greensborough;
the Hornet's Nest. Charlotte ; the Banner, Ruther
ford ton; the Republican, Halifax, and the Democrat,
at Graham, will insert the above twice each, and
send accounts te the office of the Literary Board.
... .c ' 53 St.
Raleigh, May O. 18SI.
Additional Supplies of Spring and
BEAUTIFUL printed and embroiJered Muslin,
Fancy colored Lawns, checked and Jaconet Muslims
Cloths, Cambrics and Irish Linens, " -
200 pieces splendid spring calicoes, at all prices,
London chinty. and curtain calicoes. '
Silk laces and ribbons for trimming fine dressei,
Laces, edgings and braids;
Fancy, silk, and glass buttons.
Fine buiT, pink and purple Ginghams,
Tweedn cassimere and Kentucky Jeans
Black Summer cloth and Alpaccau, - . ,
Navy drilling and brown linen,
Cottouate and Regetta Cassiracnt for men and boys,
Nankeen cloth. and Marsailles Vesting,
Cotton Osnaburgs and Jeans,
Ladies fine Kid and Silk Gloves and Mitts,
Gentletucns black hoskin and thread Glovs. r
Ladies and Gentlemen's fancy Silk Neck H'dVf i ana
Ladies and Gentlemen' Silk and Linen H'dVfa.
T. A. MITCHEJX
Raleigh, May 6, 1851. ; . r 63
THE MEDICAL SOCIETY .
Of the State of North Carolina
THE Second .Annual Meeting will be held in lbs
City of Raleigh on the third Wednesday ef May
next, it being the 3 1st of the month, at which tiros ths
Annual Address will be delivered by Dr. Charles E.
Johnson, of Raleigh. It is desirable that as many Conn
ties as can make it convenient to lie represented may do
se, as business of importance to. the Profession will be
brought forward for consideration. Delegates from the
County Societies, ' Associates, and Physicians generally
are notified te attend,
, ... , , WILLIAM H. McKEE, M. D. '
'."''"' . Secretary.
Raleigh, March 5G, 1850. 40
' THE FAMILY SCHOOL. ,
Mm Warren VotrnUy, JYltmr MMtleton. JPri,
HITHERTO under the charge of ths Rev.
Hooper, will be continued, after the present ses
sion, by the Subscriber, axsisted by .Mr. Thoa. C Hoop
er. The next session will commence on tbe 17th Jyly.
and the vacations will correspond lo those of ths Uui
vervity. .'-!,'.'.... :
Tx For Boys entering under 14 5
years and preparing tor College per Sea- g
siou, - A 1 , '.. - iM0 T
For others, w ;; H0J ?
i . .. . r. i J. DeB. HOOPER.
April 34th, 1851. 9H-tUw.
, . ,r' ;. y.Cod Liver OH, .-. - w
A : FRESH supply f Rush ton, Clark 4t Co's wiic
Jym believe u ke superior to any r havsseen. , juat
received and for Sale at tbe Drug Store of..,. , j , " .
' 1 v. WILLIAMS, HAYWOOD &. CO.
Raleigh, April 22, 165flv " r , . ! ; 1 .49