Newspaper Page Text
Correspondence of the Boston Transcript.
A NEW FIRE ANNIHILATOR.
N.w Yokk, Monday, Jne 9 1851.
Editor: As Una most wong"v-"--
now attracting public attention, , l prop
vour readers such a description of it, as iioy
knowledge of its
will allow. It is known a f ' An
hiiator, and .. now " success j
tended soon to submit a proposition, hat 9
allowed tc eo to sea, without a supply o these An-
hihtors on board. I mention these facts, to show
That I am talking about a thing of possibilities and
Probabilities, but of actual, permanent, practical ex-
"""Phillips's Annihilator " extinguishes fire without
the use of water. The machines are of various sizes,
depending upon the use to which they are required
to be applied. Those ordinarily used for the protec
tion of dwellings and stores, are about the size of a
coal scuttle, and weigh about twenty pounds each.
They are made of strong sheet iron, somewhat in the
form of a pail, with a strong cover, and with various
compartments inside. W ithin these several divisions
are placed a number of chemical preparations, which,
when brought into contact by a simple mechanical
contrivance, produce an immense volume of gaseous
v;ipor or steam, which rushes out from an aperature
in the cover and nllslhe room. This vapour coming
in contact with flames, instantly extinguishes it, al
though it can be breathed with perfect impunity. A
room that is filled with flame and smoke, so as to be
inaccessible under ordinary circumstances, can readi
ly be entered with one of these machines in opera-
UThe Annihilator instantly invelops itself, and the
person holding it, in an atmosphere w hich ran be
breathed, and at the same tune keeps at bay, and ex-
ii flm in the aDartment. 1 have not ex-
f-j .i k.mlral nrpnarations. or the results ot
their combination, so as to state the precise chemical
effect upon the flame in extinguishing it. But that
such is the effect, no one can doubt, who has paid
any attention to the accounts given in the English
journals. The London Times, in giving a report of
some experiments witnessed, says: " Before this ex
periment was shown. Mr. Phillips gave a sort of ex
planatory lecture, illustrated on a smaller scale. He
stated that the great advantages possessed by the gas
employed by him over water were as follows : I he
gas was evolved at a temperature of about 160 de
grees Fahrenheit, and came in contact with flame
having a temperature of about 300 degrees, and under
ed part of this heart, and not only in proportion to its
original volume, but expanded as much as a hundred
times more, each part still retaining highly absorbent
Now, water thrown into a body of flame only act
ed on the part immediately in contact with it, and al
though it might be used at, say 32 degrees Fahren
heit, much lower than the gas, yet it was found that
a very small part assumed the form of vapor in com
ing in contact with flame, and spread through
it ; the greater quantity fell down by its superior
weight, and was wasted, Mr. Phillips then showed
sn pxnpriment to Drove this. He lighted coal gas in
the hold of a model of a ship, and poured jug after
jug of water on it without any effect, but immediate
ly "the vapor was brought in contact with it the flame
The cost of such a machine as I have mentioned,
when charged, is about ten dollars ; and can be re
charged for one dollar. One such machine is abun
dantly sufficient for protection of any ordinary dwelling-house
or store. Larger machines to run on wheels,
and to which hose can be attached and used for large
fires, cost from two to three hundred dollars eacn-
The following description of a series of striking"
periments with the Annihilator by Mr. Philips, will
be read with interest. It is taken from the London
" We attended another demonstration of the pow
ers and applicability of this wonderful invention at
Milbank on Tuesday last, the spot chosen (Messrs.
Johnson's stone-yard) being especially for the conve
nience of members of the legislature and other pub
lic men. Our business in attending these experiments
frequently is to find out causes of failure, should such
occur ; but the more we see of the operation, the more
we are convinced of its unerring certainty, rendered
also more valuable by the facility with which it is ap
plied under everv conceivable circumstance which
may attend a conflagration. The first exhibition was
in a wood framed house, filled with planking and
shavings saturated with turpentine and tar; when
fiercely ignited, the flames pouring out at the win
dows and through the roof, the application of two
hand machines quenched -the fire completely in three
The second trial was on a tank twenty feet Ions
and nine feet wide, constructed of wood and filled
with gas-tar; this, the most inflammable material
known, was set fire to, and allowed toattain the great
est nossible intensilv. drivintr the snp.-lntnrs tr a dis
tance ; a steam of vapor directed from one machine
chased away the flame ; and this experiment, like the
first, was completely successful. The third, howev
er, was a more important affair, and the more partic
ularly interesting to us, as it is to the shipping inter
est, that we earnestly commend the invention. The
hold of a vessel of about 150 tons, moored off the
wharf, was filled with sugar hogsheads, turpentine
barrels, resin barrels, &c, all being filled with sha
vings, on which turpentine and rosin was plentifully
sprinkled ; the whole set a light to from below, and
the batches opened to give the fire fairer play. W hen
the combustion was complete, and the flames ascen
ded high above the decks, two men, each bearing a
No. 3 machine, by directing the nozzle of the appa
ratus to the aperture succeeded in dispelling every
trace of burning in far less time than it takes to re
cord the fact ; and as the vapor in this case descen
ded to do its extraordinary woik of annihilating the
mighty antagonistic element, it was indubitablyman
ifest to every beholder, that it might with ease and
certainty be applied under every possible contingen
cy on shipboard, both life and property being rescued
from the awful danger, all but instantaneously on the
A similar description of the above experiments is
given in the London Times, Chronicle, Post, Adver
tiser, Journal, &c., all expressing entire satisfaction
with the results witnessed.
In conclusion, 1 will glance at a few cf the advan
tages of this invention over vrater in extinguishing
hre : . '
First. It is directly at hand, and can be applied
at once, without giving any alarm. In nine cases out
often, fires when first discovered are confined to one
room, and, although the room may be so filled wiih
smoke and flames as to be entirely inaccessible with
the ordinary apparatus of water ; yet with one ot these
fire annihilators in hand, the room can be entered
with safety, and the flames at once extinguished.
The gas thrown out, envelopes the person holding
the machine, in a vapor, which is breathed readiiy"
and at the same time drives the flames away and .ex
tinguishes them. With the present tardy arrange
ment, an alarm is given, and before water from the
engines can be brought to bear upon the fire, the
whole house may be in flames.
Second. The gas or vapor when thrown into a room
permeates every part and performs its office without
being directed to any particular point. Water will
only extinguish a fire by being thrown directly upon
the ignited mass from which the flame springs. This
cannot always be accomplished. Water has no ef
fect upon a fiame. that element which snreada and
communicates the fire. Firemen know very w ell it
is useless to play upon a flame.
Third. A child of ten years can operate tha An-
.l J?r,iI t naon,y o turn a plug, give a rap
with his fist then throw it into the room on fire, and
the work is done. Water is not always at hand, and
if it were the room cannot probably be entered so as
to throw it upon the buring part. The result is an
. alarm must be given.
Fourth. The gas from the annihilator is perfectly
harmless to goods, dresses or furniture, that may be
in the rcom. It is well known that water is about as
injurious as fire.
It may well be asked, why it is that an invention
of such practical importance should be in anccessful
operation a whole year in England, before it is intro
duced into this country! "The only answer I can
imagine is, that the English patentees and monopol
ists, have hoped to advance its value and price in this
7"unvy y its increasing Kuropean reputation. If
ii -l ue,"ue' tne7 have exhibited a very selfish and
"liberal spirit towards us. Yours,
' G. Q. 'COLTON.
THE rKBSlUan l S LiCii I ,A
' We published, on Thursday, a letter from the Pres
ident of the United StatePto the Common Council of
Boston, without comment; but there are points in that
letter that require notice. We are noldisposed to be
captious about anything done or said by Mr. Fillmore,
whose generaT course is so much entitled to approba
tion, and whose patriotic efforts in the present trying
crisis has elicited such-general applause. But rel
ly, Mr. Fillmore should be more careful about Ins
cackelology," as Dr. Panglos has it, in these exci
ting times, than be has been in some parts of that
The part to which we wish to draw the attention
of our readers, is contained in the following extract,
where he speaks of the constitutional duty of the tree
' The free States
had pledged themselves by the CJonsliiuuon i w.
perfoimance of this duty The slave States have a
right to insist, and did insist, upon its performance.
There was, then, no alternative but to bieak our faith,
forteit our word of honor, and thereby trample the
Constitution of our country in the dust, and run the
hazards of a civil war; or else to admit the obligation
like honest, true hearted men, and doall in our power
to comply wiih it, still hoping and trusting that in
due lime some mode would be devised by those who
have the constitutional power to abolish slavery ,. and
who are most deeply interested in its final extinction,
to ret rid of the evil, without destroying the fairest
fabric of freedom that mortal hands have ever raised,
and in its ruins extinguishing the last hope of human
ity for self-government."
Mr. Fillmore pronounces the institution of slavery
an evil. Such an opinion expressed by him as a cit
izen, would be of but little consequence, as it would
be counterbalanced by adverse sentiment, entertained
by many southern citizens, equally intelligent, hu
mane and conscientious with himself. But he was
invited by the Common Council as President of the
United States, and as such he penned his answer.
vv An nm think it is exoedient. though it may be
lawful, for him to pronounce a fundamental principle
of the Constitution an ceil, unless in the course of of
ficial recommendations for an alteration of that instru
ment. It can be no more of an evil now, than it was
when ;he free Slates " pledged themselves" to it, in
its formation. There was nothing said then about
those who, having the constitutional power to abol
ish slavery, are now called upon to " get rid of the
evil." It is very certain that if a hint of the sort had
been given at the time of the formation of the Con
stitution, no such organic law would have ever been
We are informed that a failure to perform the duty
of sustaining the law of the compromise, would be a
breach of faiih and honor in the citizens of the free
Slates. They had a very shabby set of ancestors, if
they ent iiled upon them the duty of upholding an evil,
at the hazard of compromising their faith and honor.
It seems that the " fairest fabric of freedom that
mortal hands ever raised," and on which is hung the
" last hope of humanity," contains an evil, and a very
important one, too; for it would never have been
raised, nor at any time existed an hour without it. Is
not this queer language for a lawyer, a man of talents
and a President I We are of opinion, that if ours
is the fairest fabric of freedom ever raised by mortal
hand, and the evil embraces one half of the fabric, it
is best to let it alone, and say nothing about the evil
for it is impossible, by any alteration or change to
raise up any fabric fairer than the fairest.
It is in order and according to duty for a free Press
tospeak with freedom. It is unfortunately too much
the case that unmeasured abuse on one side and un
qualified praise on the other, characterize the press of
this country For the short time, short at the langest,
that we may be permitted to continue our part in the
affairs of this " mundane sphere," and move among
our beloved typos, &c, we will endeavor to censure
in all cases where we think we ought, but not to abuse
any; unless the exposure of a political knave may be
considered abuse. It is with regretthat we feel call
ed upon to dissent from the sentiments of political
friends, especially ; and in such case we have to pay
something in the way of feeling but to expose a
wicked politician costs us nothing; we do that for the
pleasure of the thing but such is not President
Having said thus much concerning " ourself," for
we are too prone to the failings of human nature to
forget self altogether we recur again to the letter.
We wonder if we are to conclude, from' this letter,
that Mr. Fillmore's Cabinet is a ' unit" on the sub
ject of slavery. What does Mr. Graham say about
it! Does he, too, consider slavery an evil? We
trust he is too conscientious a .'man to 6wear to support
a Constitution whose very basis is an evil. We
wonder Mr. Fillmore did not think of that before he
took the Presidential oath. We know he does not
beleive in a 4i higher law " than one which he has
called on Heaven to witness that he will support.
In another part of the letter, not quoted above, Mr.
Fillmore says to the Common Council: "Slavery,
in any form, is repugnant to your feelings and educa
tions, and the fugitive slave naturally and inevitably
excites your deepest sympathies." This ii very fine,
very complimentary, and we had liked to have said,
the President is poetical at the expense of historical
data. But it is a pity he availed himself of the poe
tical licence, and did not add, after the word sympa
thies " while your ancestors were eminently distin
guished in the deep sympathy they felt for the dol
lars accumulated in the slave trade, and highly bene
fitted by the sale cf many slaves, in former years
and permit me to add, gentlemen, that not a tew of
you are suspected cf having capital invested in that
trade at this very lime."
Though this would have come nearer the facts of
the case, it would not have been courteous so we
excuse His Excellency, it being an invitation to din
ner and especially as it was necessary to throw
some little impediment on the track of the car which
is carrying Mr. Webster into the feelings and affec
tions of the people of Massachusetts on a Presiden
To meet this matter in a more serious mood, we
would express our regret that any thing in the lan
guage of The President should give countenance to
the charge frequently made of late, that his is a Free
soil administration for it is customary for politicians
to catch at any thing that may serve party purposes.
We hope he will, hereafter, so discourse on all oc
casions, that his friends may not find it difficult to de
fend him against the charges of his enemies.
Wilmington Commercial (Whig.)
A lick. Glen. I noticed one day, in my ride to
wards home, an old worn chase, in which was seated
a young man, a fragile looking creature, with cadaver
ous cheek and hollow eyes, that glistened learlully
with each roll in the socket. The loose fold of gar
ment that hung over his form betrayed its shrunken
proportion ; his hands were childishly folded, with a
meek air upon his lap; and his posture, backward
swaying and listless indicated extreme exhaustion.
The worn old chaise stood before a marble-worker's
shop, where, fronting the door, along the smoky
building, and on all sides, white shafts, gray stones,
and brown slabs uprose, ghastly shapes yet beauti
ful, with angels and cherubs sculptured ' thereon,
some pictured with willows, some with doves, some
with graceful urns, many with sorrowful faces of
mourners bending over departed hopes, buried with
the cherished dead in the church yard.
It seemed a gloomy stopping place for one appa
rently so near his end ; and yet the serene counte
nance of the wan invalid was suffused with a glad,
almost holy expression, that softened its ghasiliness
and made its sadness morespiritaul. Day after day,
as I passed, I met him always in the same place,
either being; assisted by some friend into the old
chaise, or sitting so listless, yet so patient, waiting
the progress ot the laborers engaged with their work
By chance I met a friend who knew the invalid.
I mentioned carelessly my opinion of his apparently
hopeless case, and wondered, as any passing stran
ger would, who he was; and what drew him so fre
quently and statedly to the shop of the marble work
er. " He is a doomed man," replied my companion,
" and being fully aware that his time is short, he is
superintending the work of his own monument."
I was startled, and looked my friend fixedly in the
face. " It is a heartless whim,", 1 exclaimed impa
tiently, "a living man watching the progress of his
own tomb-stone'." . r . -
."No, not heartless" he replied, "only singular.?'
Cai,icornian3 in Fbnds. . On Thursday morning
a Wall street dealer in gold dust bought S;100,000
worth from one passenger in the Crescent City ; and
it is estimated that the passengers in that steamer
brought $2,000,000, besides what was on the manifest.
- What on Sbcs iw the Streets. A person who J
walks the streets of New York with his eys and ears
open, sees and hears many strange and dreadful
thinsrs. Beary, sickness, want, crime, wretched
ness, aid folly meet him at every turn, and if he has
a heart to feel, that heart must be often wrung to agony
by the shocking things that he encounters.
We were walking up Broadway last week during
the " rainy season." pickings our way as best we
could through the mud and wet, when we heard the
cry of an infant such a piteous wailing as made the
blood creep in our veins and caused us involuntarily
to look around to seo whence- the sound proceeded ;
then a sight met our eyes that, we trust in God they
may never know again. A woman almost naked
one of those poor creatures that famine and oppres
sion have driven from their home to an asylum in this
land of plenty. - ?
Kl.a u hmnrnrd-eved. annalii. and dirtv the very
picture of hopeless despair. . Her dress consisted of
an on old petticoat, a chemise, and a shawl scanty in
its proportions, and a mere " thing of shreds and
patches." She carried in her arms an infant just as
it came into this breathing world, entirely naked
and unwashed, its little eyes tightly closed to shut
out the light it better had never seen. We stood for
a moment riveted to the spot. We could not believe
that it was not some horrid vision, conjured up by
our imagination ; but the cries of the" poor little one
proved the dreadful reality. The woman was proceed
ing on unconscious of all that was passing around
her, her eyes fixed on vacancy, and an expression in
her face that plainly showed that hope was a thing
she knew not that her cup of human misery was
full, and that she recked not where she went or what
becjme of her.
We advanced and spoke to her. She gazed at us
with a stupid, stolid look, and made no reply. "How
old is your child !" we asked.
" About an hour," she replied.
" Where was it born !"
" Yonder sure.under them boards," she answered
and was about to continue her walk onward. The
thought of asking- for charity did not occur to her
that forlorn hope she had tried too often unsuccessful
ly, perhaps, before this grand climax of her dreadful
Hurriedly searching in oir pockets, we gave her
what nionpy we had about us a very small sum,
but a n;ine of wealth to her and told her to go and
buy food for herself and some covering for the child.
When we placed the money in her withered hand,
she gazed at it with a look of wonder for a moment,
pressed it to her face as if to convince herself that it
was reality then turning a look upon us that we shall
not soon forget, she uttered only the words " God
bless you !" not such a benediction as beggars of
her class usually give, but a deep, fervent wish that
came welling up from her poor, broken heart a fer
vent prayer tor our good and happiness, that had we
given a world to purchase it, we should not have held
She passed on her way God knows where, we
hope to a world where such misery as hers is not
The above is true, every word of it, and we ask
those rich and pampered sons and daughters of luxu
ry to stop a moment ere they deny it and say it is im
possible such things should exist here in New York.
You little know the sorrow and the wretchedness,
the dreadful want that is crushing the life out of a
thousand hearts around you on every side, or how
many you could make happy with a hundredth part
of what you squander every day.
You do not know the depth of happiness that thrills
through the heart when it hears a benediction sveh
as we received, or that, in that simple " God bless
you," there is more to stir the blood, bring the tear
into the eye and the quiver on the lip, than in all the
transitory pleasures your lives are spent in seeking.
N. Y. Day Book.
Has Mr. Cobb cone otee to the Whigs! The
Savannah Republican says :
" Finally, it is charged that Mr. Cobb and the oth
er Democrats who act with him, have gone over to
the Whigs. Now this is untrue; Mr. Cobb -is just
as much a Democrat as ever, and it would be just as
true to say the Whigs had gone over to Mr. Cobb."
Now let us see what the Washington City Repub
lic (the Whig Fillmore organ) says:
" Union Party in Georgia. We observe with
great pleasure the determination and unanimity which
pervade the people of Georgia in the organization of
the Constitutional Union party for the approaching
political campaign. Every mail brings us additional
intelligence of the zeal and interest which the move
ment excites, and there is no reason to doubt that it
will be trumplwnt by a majority of many thousands."
Here is the Union party. Now see again what
that Fillmore paper says :
07- " We apprehend that the Democratic party
cannot recover from their present distracted and par
alyzed condition seasonably for the next Presidential
election. The Whigs are in possession of the admin
istration ; and the Democratic party in their principles,
as Mr- Rhett says, have gone over to Mr. Clay and
the Whigs. This makes Whiggery strong, if nol
Hurrah for VVhiggery ! Union Democrats have
gone over to well to whom! Mr. Clay and the
Whigs ! ! !
The last sentence tells us that this makes Democ
racy oh no ! not Democracy this makes Vy'higgery
strong, if not invincible under the name of the Con
stitutional Union party. Union Democrats have been
turned over, soul and body, into the Whig ranks to
make Whiggery strong if not invincible!
The Washington Republic's idea is, that the whigs
will use these Union democrats for pack-horses, scape
goats, and, in some instances, scullions, for their
The blind is the " Constitutional Union," as if all
of us was not for the Constitutional Union. Thai's
the very.thing we have been contending for all along.
Give us'that, and every body will be satisfied. Give
South Carolina that, and no State of the confederacy
will outstrip her in devotion to the Union.
No, our people have been deceived. Many a good
and true Georgian, Whig and Democrat, will say, be
fore the election, " Thus was I drawn in, forgive me
my sin," and despite the " masked battery " and the
cry of Union " will go to the polls and vole for Mc
Donald and Southern Rights. Augusta nepublic.
BE IT REMEMBERED.
Be it remembered, and it is hereby remembered, on
account of the atrocity of the same, that General
Q iitman, a brave Southern General, just returned
from the victorious battle-fields of his country was
torn, dragged from his seat as Governor, and made to
go into a distant State, before a tribunal of the Gov
ernment, charged falsely charged with a crime he
was not guilty of. This was done at the instance of
President Fillmore, and Spain paid $25,000 of -the
prosecution fees against the gallant Quitman. He
was entirely innocent and Spain and Fillmore were
mulcted in the costs. -
General Dockery favos President Fillmore, who
entered into a foreign alliance with Spain in a mali
cious prosecution against a Southern Governor.
But again, if Mr. Fillmore, not appeased by that
onslaught upon the sovereignty of a Southern State,
wishes to turn his war-dogs loose upon South Caro
lina, General Dockery has said in the strongest lan
guage he can use, that he will vote the appliances.
- We wish these things to be remembered, as Gene
ral Dockery and B. S. Gaither are the only two men
in the Union who have voluntarily proffered to assist
the President in making further allaces on the South.
Be it remembered, that no northern abolition can
didate has gone so far in proclaiming what he would
vote to crush a Southern State, as General Dockery
has. . .
Remember these things, but not with any unkind
ness towards General Dockery, for he is a Southron,
if an errimr one, but remember them with sufficient
justice not to give him your votes in August.
rL..-l..ll. it ('- KTl
Pbsident Fillmore. The people of Petersburg
talk of inviting President Fillmore to make them a
visit.- We wish he would comply with the request,
and while in the city, would explain to his followers,
what he means by telling the Boston mob that slave
ry is an evil, and that he trusts some mode may be
devised of getting rid of the evil. Perhaps, if the
President declines the invitation, he may write a let
ter to the Common Council of Petersburg. It would
be highly instructive and amusing to contrast such a
letter with that sent to the Boston people, or the
more ancient one, despatched to the abolition Society
of Erie. .? Fillmore may traverse the country froai
New Orleans to Portland, but he will fail to manu
facture popularity enough to secure him tho Phila
delphia nomination. In the great " slaughterhouse."
he will be sacrificed, as was Clay, to the idol of mil
itary glory. Petersburg Democrat,
TheConstltnllou knd rlon if Ike States
SAX CRD AY,
A FALSE CHARGE ANSWERED.
The Raleigh Register, in one of its recent articles
on the subject of Secessionr iaysT great stress'opon
the rejection by the Senate of. North Carolina at the
late session, of a Resolution offered by Gen. Bynuin,
affirming the fact that " there is a government of the
United States,"; &c. Speaking of Ihis action of the
Senate, that paper says : '
- It w roiHi-ted bv a vole of 20 to 24,'e very' vote
in its favor being Whig, and all against it Democrat
ic. W hy was this ! It was well Known, uiai, our
inir the discussion, some had denied. the General Gov
eminent most if not alt its essential powers. This was
intended to test their sincerity. It did, and we have
the strange, the humiliating spectacle exhibited ot a
majority of the Senate of North Carolina denying by
a solemn vote that there ' is a Government of the- Uni
ted Ulales having a Constitution .'" Let it be borne
in mind that twenly-tour Democrats voted against this
Resolution and why was this I it was apparent,
Thev had voted betore for-the right of secession.
J'hey had shown their hostility to the General Gov
eminent by that vole, and the " ruling passion strong
in death " was upon them, and they haled and desired
to destroy that Government, which they were prepared
at any moment to vote had no existence :
These facts all tend to establish what we have so
often affirmed that the Democratic leaders in North
Carolina are determined on the destruction of the
. Gen. Bynum's Resolution, above referied to, was
rejected for two reasons : First, because it embodied
a truisin which to one denied and which it was there
fore useless to put forth ; and secondly, because it
was offered iijt the purpose of embarrassing the ma
jority and defeating an expression of opinion on the
The Register says the Democratic members of the
Senate evinced "hostility to the General Govern
ment" by that vote that " they hated and desired to
destroy " the General Government ; and that paper
claps the climax or falsehood by declaring that the
" Democratic leaders in North Carolina are dete min
ed on the destruction of the Union" ! We shall not
argue agaiost any such statements ; but we pronounce
them false, out and out, and a vile slander upon as
honorable, as patriotic, and as true men as the Slate
can boast of. The Editor of the Register does not be
lieve these charges himself; nor can any intelligent
man, in any part of the country, who is honest, attach
the slightest credit or consideration to them.
Bad indeed must be the cause which requires such
; charges to uphold it.
The Union has been put in peril as much by such
a course as that pursued by the Raleigh Register, as
j by any thing else. That paper has done its full share
. in producing division among the people of this Stale
'on the Slavery question ; and it seems determined to
; persevere in its evil conduct to the end. Party be
fore the South is its motto the South, if convenient,
'and it Whiggery can prosper at the same time; but
party any way and at all hazards, though the South
6hoold be overwhelmed, and the Union, as a conse
quence, be destroyed. That is the position and this
; is the policy of the Raleigh Register. Its acta con
demn it, no matter what it may say.
It does not necessar'ly follow, because ground is
to be first broken on the Central Road at Greensbo-
rough, that the work is to be begun there, any more
than at other points. The ceremony of breaking
ground is to be performed there by the Stockholders
i and officers of the Company ; and this was sugges
: ted for two reasons first, because the enterprise was
in a condition for striking not only one but many
blows and secondly, because the Annual Meeting
of the Stockholders is to be held in Greensborough
at the time designated for the ceremony. We learn
that a number of invitations have been given, and it
lis expected that a large assemblage will be present
! on the occasion.
j The understanding is, as we learn, that the con
tractors at all points are to commence work as soon
as possible., The excavations and embankments will,
therefore, be going forward from Goldsboroogh to
; Charlotte at the same time; and the agreement is
that the contracts are to be executed within twelve
months from the commencement of the work.
We understand that one of the Companies here
will go to work at once. Their force, at.first, will be
small, but they will increase it as rapidly as possible.
LATEST FROM EUROPE.
By the arrival of the Europe at Halifax we have
three days later intelligence from Europe.
The political news is dull and unimportant.
The Great Exhibition in London was still attract
ing crowds, but not so many working people as was
Trade was improving, and prices in the manufactu
ring districts, improving. The weather is genial, and
an abundant hay harvest is anticipated.
The grain crops in England are healthy but back
ward., ' . ' . ,
. The crops in Ireland are promising, and there is no
appearance of disease.
Middling quantities of cotton had advanced nearly
one-eighth. Sales of the week 47,000 bales. Bread
stuffs exhibited a continued improvement.
Ireland is fast losing its population. An immense
emigration, such as was never before known, is now
witnessed from that suffering coontriy. Most of the
emigrants come to the United States. - The late
Census shows a diminution of two millions from the
population of Ireland since 1841. 24,000, mostly
Irish, embarked from Liverpool during the month of
April. . Large numbers of Germans are also en route
from Liverpool to America.
Read the account of the discussion ( in another
column) in Richmond County, between Maj. Cald
well and Gen. Dockery.
Maj. Caldwell, we learn, is constantly gaining
strength among the Southern Rights Union men, A
vigorous effort on the part of his friends in all por
tions of the District, and his election is sure.
Gen. Quitman, we are gratified to state, has been
regularly nominated by the Democratic State Rights
party of Mississipi, as their candidate for Governor.
He will be elected.' " f
Free negroes are no longer permitted to settle in
the State of Iowa, a law to that effect having been
passed by the Legislature a. few weeks since. What
will Massachusetts say to that I
The Pennsylvania Whig Slate Convention, for the
nomination of candidates for Governor, canal com
missioner, and judges of the Supreme Court, assem
bled on Tuesday last. ' ' , ' '. ; .
It is reported in Boston that some Southerners are
there for the purpose of arresting two fugitives who
reside in Charlestown. We shall probably soon have
another Simms affair. .. .
We have recently had excellent seasons in this
region. The porp and cotton crops are doing finely.
WHERE SHALL WE GO V
All tbostr who leave home during the summer, foi
change of : climate, variety in scenery, recreation,
health ana pleasure where will they go to the pres-
entsummer!; ;i V. u -; '
. They cannot go further South with safety to health
r where then will they go ! To the,"iorth ! Go
among-those who will abuse the, very institutions
WniCIl llflTD .ra. uis 1UC41I9 IUI
and abiding where they list ; spend the money which
nas Deen ouiameu uviu uig lauui hi .wo uegru aiuung
those who do every thing to destroy the ipdustrial.capr
itat of which the negro forms the chief item !
Go North and listen to their fawning compliments,
when they tell you they detest an abolitionist, who
when you are gone, vote for the very men tbey pre-
lend to detest ' Will you build up this opposition
to your own interests ! Or will you remain in your
own State, visit the watering places among your na
tive hiHs, and contribute to the funds of those parta
king of the. benefits of your institutions with you, and
who in turn assist in sustaining them 1 '
We have no hesitancy in replying that .the man of
the proper pride and feeling will not go North.
There are around us many .watering places, com
bining all the essentials of pleasure, recreation, and
health scenery . unsurpassed, water good, climate
pleasant, and above all, hosts attentive, kind, obli
ging. What more is required .!
Water clear, cool and sparkling, verdant lawns and
sloping hills, air bearing health on every breeze, large
and airy rooms, servants such as yon have been ac
customed to at home ; and tjien in the way of amuse
ments, pic-nic-ing on some Mountain height, in view
of the grandest scenery in the Unnn, trout fishing
deer driving, &c, &c. What could oi;e desire more!
AH these are to be foond and enjoyed in the Northern
parts of South Carolina and the Western parts of Vir
ginia and North Carolina. Why go farther at more
expense of time and money, to be crowded in some
small room at a Northern ' Calcutta hole,' where yon
run every risk of being insulted, as several Southern
families were at Cape May and other places during
the last season ! W here comfort, pleasure, health nor
amusement are half soapt to be experienced as among
our own blue bills and picturesque vallies.
All the attractions that can be worth any thing to
the invalid or the votary of pleasure, are to be found
at Deaver's and the Warm Springs in Buncombe,
and at the Piedmont in Burke. The Eastern United
States affords no where scenery so ruggedly sublime,
so beautifully imposing as is to be found within a
days ride of these three places. And if you would
not go so far, you will find at the Catawba Springs,
or Wilson's, water - to impart health and vigor, and
scenery, &c, far superior to most of the Northern
Hot-houses, called watering places.
South' Carolinians might find at our ' Springs ' and
their own ' Glenn's,' Limestone' &c, sufficient in
ducements to keep them this side of Mason and
We hope the Southern people will think of these
things, and not go abroad for the mere name of the
thing. -Hornet's Nest. .
We concur with the Nest in urging all true-hearted
Southern men to cease their accustomed visits to
the Northern watering places. We shall talk with
but little effect about our rights so long as we go by
thousands voluntarily among the enemies of our in
stitutions, and lay out among them, either in busi
ness or for pleasure, the earnings of slave labor. We
have places of resort in the Southern States which
are just as pleasant and agreeable as those North. If
our citizens wish to go to the seaboard, to enjoy the
breeze, the bath, and fish, let them visit Nag's Head
We lake leave to add to the above list of Springs
in the Nest, Jones' Springs and the Shocco Springs,
in Warren County. We speak from experience when
we say that visiters to these Springs will meet with a
kind and hospitable reception, and will be entertained
in the most agreeable style.
We love the Union of these States, and would be
the last man to say cr do any thing calculated to wi
ded the breach already existing between the North
and ti e South ; but we must take care of ourselves
and live within ourselves, if the Northern people
will have it so. If they will cease their unjust at
tacks upon the institution of Slavery, and will learn
to do us justice as their equals in the Union, in their
State Legislatures and in the halls of Congress, the
old feeling of fraternal regard. will soon return, and
these States will march on together, linked as one in
all kindness of social feeling the same people, hence
forth and forever. But we cannot kiss the hand that
smites us. They have smitten and wronged us with
out provocation ; and they must be made to feel, for
their own good and for the sake of the Union itself, that
our people are as independent, as fearless, and as
proud as they are, and that the old Anglo-Saxon
blood still runs, undiminished and untainted by cow
ardice or meanness, in Southern veins.
STATE MEDICAL SOCIETY.
We copy from the proceedings of the North Car
olina State Medical Society, which have just been prin
ted at the Standard office, the Valedictory Address of
Dr. Strudwick, and the remarks of Dr. James E.
Williamson, of Caswell, on assuming the duties of
the Chair :
" Dr. Strudwick, the late President, on leaving the
Chair, delivered the following interesting and feeling
Valedictory Address : -
Gentlemen: In leaving the post assigned to me
by your kind partiality, 1 again tender to vou mv sin
cere thanks tor the houor you . have conterred upon
me. i congratulate vou mat we have hnnn snareH in
pursue, during another year, our arduous and reannn.
sible duties that we have been permitted to meet to
gether under circumstances of pleasure and encour
agement to recognise each other as personal friends
to engage in the pleasant offices of social intercourse
to interchange, with pleasure and profit, Medical
opinion. From the high chaiacter of our Annual Ad
dress, and the eminently practical turn of our discus
sions, 1 am gratified to say we have commenced an
appropriate work. This is the proper way to oromote
the best interests and true objects of our enterprize
to infuse new life into it and to bear some honorable
part :n the elevation of Medical character and the ad
vancement of Medical 6cience. For, believe me
whether we contribute our rightful share to this great
work or not, its growth is inevitable. The highest
order cf talent, with the lights from almost every de
partment of science, in the Old as well as the New
World, is enlisted in this noble scheme. Neither
the apathy of friends, the cold
justice of legislation, nor pampered quackery- and
"i usunwara course. True Medi
cal tocience wiiJ, like the majestic oak, withstand the
shock and storm of every opposit.on. It has been
beautifully compared to a star, whose light, though
now and then obscured by a passing cloud, will shine
on forever in the firmament of heaven."
During the brief existence of our Society, it has, I
think, accomplished much good. There is a perfume
of kindness and consideration in our intercourse, which
indicates a highei tone of morality jn the Profession ;
and there is a more generous, if not a more general,
interest manifested in all that concerns its honor and
Before I take my seat, permit me to "bring to your
knowledge the fact, obtained from my friend and pre
ceptor, Dr. Webb, that, in 1802, a State Medical So
ciety was organized and held its meetings in this
place ? .- . - ...
fif " Wintti Ka,e,Zh See'y.and Treasurer.
Dr. Wmstead of Oranse. Dr. Vn e v
. - o jw vi a. launiiiii
eign, Ut. Massenburfr. of kL;t, r. t,..-.
Anson, Dr. Broadhead, from the West.
it existed a few years and passed away. Let us
S 'A, ' bb' n alat aawyo0gena!
. 8,le 8arv'S member, and in his niem-
r.r t0" ? Let me l'e say, that lam
!STlibj Dr' Webb t0 Present his fitful, ac
know lodgements to the Society for electing him one
i "onortry members, and to thank our. Secretary
tor the kind manner in which he informed Lira of the
in taking my leave of you, accept the assurance of
-" "jgara my warmest wishes for your per
sonal happ;neSB anu your professional success. Car-
iry with you, gentlemen, to" your p.
..jpf action, a zeal so.diffusive and ,m ecu
of action, a zeal so.diffusive an.i fhve Sni
acter, that it shall command the aid a 'u a
oi your aieaicai tnends give Der ptrjii
J spectabilhy to oor Society, and in,!nencJ ind !?
ner " Progress and Success." I now h n Ur ka
j my place to my successor. I c. ?lfuuv .J1;
your choice has fallen upon one wiia'n e tl,.
juiguitj qiiu cuifai fcjailiy OVer your d l'h
who is so well qualified to perform th j'-00' J
-i :.t- i - . . . "IB dm;.. V
liair nnu NOUOr lO filmsc r u,.A ...i -"01ik
r " -u auva'UMo
Dr. James E. Williamson, the Presia,
, then conducted to the Chair bv fir. t elec,.
Peace, on taking which, he remarked el1 cd
I Gentlemen : I tender to the Societ"
' edgements for the honor confWrd my acknoi
to express my regret that you have not Tln hi,
dividual better qualified than I am to A fled a"
duties of the-office:; Totally unaCquain,eS
uameniary law, ana unaccustomed to min i nN
lie discussions, it is not to be expected th Til
charge the duties of the office wiih the X, ! andi-
more accustomed to such deliberations I 0n
that, bo far as I can. I will r,.;ii,r.,ii . ?ssurevon
discharge the duties assigned me, and beJ'uPa"iallJ
rem:e and ciwmAralinn r.( th . l ? ll,e IndnL
TV -r , uieiuoersof tha S
ty to aid me in the discharge of the resDon i "
ties of presiding officer of so learnpH t.lL?slb e d-
and honorable a body as the North Carolina m"!t '
Dr. Satchwell introduced the following RM,
tions, which were unanimously adopted : "
Resolved. That'the thanL-a rF tl, v.-:".
and" are hereby tendered to Dr. Strudwick, for
auu iiiipainai maimer in wnicn lie has DreiU,l
its deliberations as its President. d Cl"
Resolved, That the thanks of the Society r
Dr. McKee, our late Secretary, for the faithful !!
laborious manner in which he has performed ih. i
ties of his office. eC the
The following Resolution was introduced t n
Pittman, and unanimously adopted : '
. Resolved,, That the appropriate and very beantin
remarks of our late President be spread upon T
minutes of our proceedings." r
There are forty-five regularand nine honorary me8.
bers of the Society. The next Meeting is to be hell
in Wilmington in May, 1852, by whish time wehai,
no doubt the Society will receive considerable ace
sions to its ranks.
. THE WORLD'S FAIR.
The Richmond Enquirer contains a letter from P
S. Duncan, Esq., a distinguished citizen of Wesien
Virginia, dated London June 2d, in which thewrii
bitterly complains of the management of the United
States' department of the Exhibition. Mr. Duncai
" The exhibition, or the part of the United Stale,
has been most unfortunate in its management, aod
great d issatisf action exists among the contributors and
visitors. In the first place, the Central Commute,
in Washington, appointed, as United States' Commis.
sinner, a man by the name of Riddle, a horse aut.
tioneer of Boston a man without the first qualifia.
tion fitted for such a position. This man is the onli
known or recognized representative of the United
States in the WorWtFair the organ to communicalt
with the English Commissioners and the Savanaol
the Continent assembled here a fellow who cannot
speak a sentence of good English, or any other iomt
except that of Yankeedom; and if he has any knowl
edge of the arts or ot litsralure, we have not yet dis
covered it. The State Commissioners are not recog
nized and have no position here. Why our Minister
Mi. Lawrence, has suffered this, I do not know; kt
certainly could have ordered matters otherwise, fin
to add to the mortification, Horace Greeley, Ediia
of the Tribune, was placed by Mr. Riddle, whetha
with the approbation of our Minister or not 1 Ho not
r e .1 i r . . i
know, as foreman oi uie panel oi American Juron
This man, without the manners of a gentleman the
rankest abolitionist -the known advocate of doctrines
the most disorganizing and the most horrible and
disgusting that can be conceived by a Southern man
outranks us all ; and, as if designedly to make lite
insult more poignant, he may be seen locked arm
with a negro, attending abolitisn meetings at Exeter
Hall or some other place where these worthies as
semble, to denounce the Southern Stales and advo
cate disunion. I had become so disgusted, that 1 de
termined to withdraw from the Exhibition, and ac
cordingly went over to France, and whilst there I
met with the London Observer, of the 2Gili of Ma;,
containing an article which I cut outand send to you.
I showed it to Mr. Rives, oar Minister in Paris, and
explained to him the condition of things in London,
as I understood them. He seemed to think, that the
Americans in London, from the Southern Stales,
ought to take some action on the subject. I was de
cidedly of that opinion, and returned with the inten
tion, if I can effect it, to hold a meeting and denounce
the proceedings of the Abolitionists, English and
Americans, and to extract, if possible, from our Minu
ter, information which I am confident he can given
us, because I believe, nay I am confident, that there
exists a fixed determination on the part of the Eng
lish Government, backed by the popular bentiinenlof
the nation, and by her press, to dissolve the Ameri
Truly, those citizens of the United States who ate
in London must feel most keenly such a slate of i
things ; and it is not at all surprising that Mr. Dun
can should write strongly upon the subject. A Boston
" horse auctioneer " and Horace Greely the main and
leading representatives of the United States at the
World's Fair ! Only think of it. Mr. Duncan con
cludes his letter as follows : -
" One word more, and that by way of postscript
I have alluded to the propriety of some kind of action
on the part of the Southern visitors in London. Ve
are but few, but there are some good men and true.
ivir. Asnoel bmitli of Texas, Mr. .Lucius Liuncanoi
Louisiana, and my worthy colleague Mr. Cunning
ham of Norfolk, partake of my feelings : who there
are besides I have notyet ascertained. We have de
termined to meet and deliberate upon the course we
ought to pursue, and I may apprise you of the result.
As to Mr. Horace Greely, he informed metbatbii
paper circulated very extensively in the Southern
States. This should not be. No Southern man
should patronize such a paper." .
Greely's paper is not only patronized in the Sooth,
but his insulting language towards South Carolina
is echoed by a portion of tha Southern press !
. We publish in another column, some interesting
statements in relation to the Fire Annihilator, an hv
glrsh invention for extinguishing fire without the use
of water and almost instantaneously. A patent for
this invention, says the Baltimore Sun, was taken
out in this country about a year ago, but no step
have been taken to introduce it here. The patent
it has been suggested, prefers to wait till the repot
tior f his discovery is so fully established in Europ
as to create a gTeat eagerness for obtaining it here,
and thus enable him to dispose of it at exorbitant prf
cos; bu a friend, of the. inventor in a letter to the
Washington Union, denies this charge and saj
the delay , has been caused by the violent oppwi'10n
he has met with in England from the insurance com
panies and others, rendering a series of costly exprl"
ments necessary to secure its introduction.
If this invention should stand the test of time iw
or the investigations' of the scientific in other
if it should not. prove a feumb.ng, it will deserve to
classed among the most important and useful disco
ries of modern times. ' v ' .
O'Briin'and Mcagher. 'A fetter from VanD'
man's Land states that Smith O'Brien hs becoj
tutor lo a gentleman's family in the colony, D
Meagher is about to vary the monotony of ' c0 ,
life" by taking nnlo himself a wife, in the shaPedjl.
Miss Bennett, a fanner's daughter. , This is cr
able to both O'Brien and Meagher. 1 8hoWS .
tbey are men of good common sense.
mi f t-. . i 1 hia ISSOC
ine, Ajiovernor oi ooum iaronm - .
Proclamation,' 'directing elections to be held t
State? on the second Monday of October next for
egats to the Southern Congress.