Newspaper Page Text
w ti'i'DiuY NOTICES.
IV safe of Pomeroy a.
Iders of the Home Journal" will recogmse
readers oi , u...ranhs ;
' M acaoaintance among u.nyi. -
103 7 in fact. bt a collection of ed.tor.a.s .run.
they are, in tact, u syllabub light-
JUellent paper and Vw ritings. Jlj
which characterizes Mr. iii's & .
inS'V f lhdmMr Wn'lto. In b7s linef the prince of
jeserts. and Mr. "V in admiraby, with our
eJitors. IHs PP"r i fruit in summer ; too
jesert in winter, or basKei
k m -i-her produces satiety.
mUch of euher pro n
ur. . ..-rii.-l'o .,.m of mind. The strokes of
of Mr. r
" n.mDtibIe on every page,
He is etni-
bls Plu r . , skelciies-nJ should
ne" 1 . iisure ones, but leave the task of fill.
.1- oik-PPSSIUI I" "
nprer auoi'T "w .
I1C .... ..a rMtrrh mitiina. tn (nme mnrn
inff op his slight, duu .---
."ir i artist With a bold dash of his pen here, a
Lht stroke there, a little scribbling in this corner,
S d a little shade in that, he gives a picture, which,
3D . ,kpn for what it really is a passing sketch,
1 pronounce good, but when he deliberately sits
down in his siudio, to paint for us, our expectations
; and we turn from the canvass with disap-
impnt Though we may De swck wnn mo u.e
1 ;,irp of a bust by Garbeille, it does not
the same emotions as a aiumo uj a...a,
The first division of the book " Scenery " consists
f -i series of lively letters written for the Home
T.,rmL from different places. First we have a tonr
i...mh Yankee land, in wnjen many oi us pecu-
liariries are admirably hit off. In the same letter he
. . . ! f .Ua injl anfl m -a . L Dml ficllf.
n-iies us the statistics m
; nf Caoe Cod, gross proceeds of a single vesseJ,
miinber ol bushels ot salt usea in paca.ing, iasniou
. ... -
of the Cape school-houses, awi an analysis oi a x au-
;ee. This will serve as a specimen, coining is
oo trivial to mention, and he skips from one subject
tn another with astonishing ease, in exi coaies lei
. . TfcT . I a.
ters from different parts of New orlt, principally Ce-
scrintive of scenery. Then we Have celebrities oegin
ninr with " Old Whitey " and Gen. Taylor, and go-
;nr through the principal statesmen, authors, facts
and prima donnas, whom he met with on a visit to
Wasliingtonand elsewhere . Aslaras we can judge,nis
''fLshand blood description ot them is very ac
Last best, seems to have been his motto, for " So-
o!.iv " is decidedl v the cream of the book. His de-
i . TkT ' .
sen ptiuris and strictures on mew 10m society oic
admirable, and apply to a considerable extent to
American society generally. We certainly pride
. . 1. .nnn f n.;n..Affa I) ...... II C 1
OUTSelV eS lOO inucil oil uui am ui cuijuciic.
the true lady or gentl eman is independent of the ele.
gancies of etiquette, is no reason why'tKey should be
insensible to them. We think Mr. Willis is quite
right in accounting for the low tone of American, coin-
Dared with English society, by the fact of its being
too much in the hands of the girls and boys. Mar
ried persons, gentlemen as well as ladies, should re
member that they have social as well as domestic du
ties, and if rightly understood the two will never
clash. Would our young ladies be content to remain
school-girls, until they quit the school-room, and not
entertain beaux ot hlteen at twelve years ot age,
but enter Society guarded by the experience and
watchful friendship of a mother, they would, as wives
and mothers, prove ornaments to any circle, no mat
ter how aristocratic or intellectual, which England or
any other country can produce.
We cannot close without noticing a complimen
paid Southern gentlemen. Speaking of the appear
ance of the Opera House, during the month of Oc
tober, when New York is deserted by its own fash
ionables and filled with Western and Southern
strafigers, Mr. Willis says: "We were very much
struck, as we presume others were, who were pres
ent, at the air of superiority given to the masculine
portion of the audience, by the presence of the large
number of Southern gentlemen. The leisure to grow
to full stature, and a mind not overworked with cares
and business, certainly have much to do with th
style and bearing of a race ; and the expression o
gentlemanly superiority, ease and jouissance, which
prevailed throughout the Opera House on Wednes
day evening, was a novelty there, and one of which
we might well desire the culture and perpetuation
Death of Richard Lalor Sheil. This celebra
ted and brilliant Irish orator died at Florence on th
25th of May, of an attack of the gout in the stomach
He had lately gone to Florence in the capacity of
British Minister. He was born in Dublin in 1793
and was long associated with the late Daniel O'Con-
nell in the struggle for Catholic emancipation. I
late years he supported the English Whig party
Choleba. at St. Louis. The total mortality from
Cholera at St. Louis, for the week ending June 22d
was 149, mostly emigrants. Twenty -five death
from Cholera had occurred at Jefferson
-ciiuj, l.iuu was singing in uoston on the SJth in
stani. She was received with the utmost enthusi
T :j - - - .
public Sentiment in Boston. There have been
two trials connected with the rescue of the slav
Shadrach, in Boston, and th In fit rtno hne tpch 1 tori i
the disagreement of the iurv nine heinir for convi
tion, and three against it thus making another farce
me trial by jury, in a locality where public senti
"em nasueen so poisoned by abolition fanaticism
inai u,e laws ot the country cannot be carried- ou
e can oniy say that, m a case where the proved
-- v.caiijr ajr-dinsi me ouender where a con
VlOtlnn la Aha f- L ;j ... .
. uuc ,luul u,e evidence that it is a mere
uiocKery ot public justice to select a jury. Such re
ou.u win aisgrace the character of Boston, as Ion
as ii is evident that the laws of the country cannot
n!,i.k butt0 cIear that the abolition
spirit has stepped between the law and the facts and
u,"uo a rce or the whole matter.
New York Herald.
I,RE Goi'd,D'scovEbIe8. The Maine gold mines
VhJi t? Pr- a hurnb"S. the Bangor Mercury says
conUn?'6 18 STT ""'ement in that city now in
dnJ 1 lnCer,0t the ex,,'hition of valuable specimens
irK -.e ,anada 8ide- A ,etter ha9 been received
malin J. y fm.a ffentleman. who states that he is
& ..vjiu iwei
Vn tr ci-l. .1 ..II . A
f J, nundred men have left Ba ncror wiihirt a
j -...lieu mer
few days, and many othe
mine, in Canada, two or
ers preparing to go. At the
-'uwo iii i..nnrT!i . .. .
, . 1U or tnree thousand nersons are
' .- -"', ana a coinnanv of Knirlish trnnns
i ana a company of JSng
ne to keep the Yankees oi
XGHEa Wages. We lea
tat three thniiQon
uing the line to keep the Yankees on their own
We learn from El
who are enZJi - Jee thouand women in Madrid,
.uuiur ruhlin- .i .. . "
struck for hiJC manufacture of
ed in Urn monl ..c l
Hlu.iuiagiUt6 ui i:i"di9. nave
lir -i m. o.
my of msuraents !a .Z' e? tormed qaue an ar-
tne mnn;n.i ' . "
up barricades to impede
ord p ,,,Bua' who
were sent to bring them to
iheir labor, not wi hL.Were ?omPelled to return to
. of the great Fedn!0r?P,a,ninK bJtlery' howe-
ii used to receive ei7h ,wa"es- 1 he most su
is the nf'I? .e,'?ht tlal Per day, but two and a
The most skil-
ran5ements. x-aa mae under Jhe new ar
- iW0 ,nch . r- iiiBiiea in lengtn, and
our harbor ye8letd8'" """.mference; was Taken in
ward8. another Waa 7 ,noJnSi and shortly after
inches in length ""Kbt, measnring nine feet four
full of these 5 aVonsuol tKt harb '
Chariest n Courier.
For the Standard. ....
MAJ. . CALDWELL" AND GEN.' DOCKERY.
olden : lhmkin?.that vou wnntl hn Hp.Air-
ous 'to have a correct version - ot the Hpham hre on
Saturday, 1 now attempt to give it. - . .
cvir. aid well opened the discussion, and in a frank.
clear and able nianner,;stated the theory of the Gov
ernment as understood by biin and the State nights
party, both vvuigs and Democrats. He proclaimed
that there was no party' issue involved, but that both
and all agreed that the South had been wronged ; and
the only question presented . was, as to. the right
which the South had as organized political commu-
knilies to redress themselves. He regretted, and sin
cerely-regretted that our sister State South Carolina,
was inclined to " go off, " that ne yet hoped that bet
ter counsels would prevail, and that she would stay
t - .1 . ...UlA .U I-7....... -
ner action unm iuj wuwid uuum aa mtewise con
vinced that the North contemplated the further vio
lation of those sacred domestic rights guarantied to
them under the iederai constitution.
Then, but not until then, was he an advocate for the
interposition of the reserved rights of the States ; and
then but not until then would he proclaim to the
world that overulins necessity had called into exercise
State interposition to protect its citizens from that in
evitable oppression which they saw ahead.
Should ever that time arrive, he for one Droclaimed
from the house top, that a State as an organized po
litical community had that right. Yes, had the right
to "withdraw " from a compact which had been ex
pressly violated, and to set up for herself. And sir.
said Mr. Caldwell, I further maintain that the exer
cise of this right is not treason, Gen. Dockery's as
sertion to ine contrary notwithstanding.
To prove his position he cited and produced the
journals of the Federal Convention of that very bo
dy ot men wno maae me constitution. He- show
ed from tne journals, mat both Mr. Kandolnh and
Mr. Patterson, had each distinctly submitted a prop
osition to give me x-resiaeni ttie power " to call forth
the force ot the u nion, against any member of the
Union tailing to luinu its duty under the articles
thereof."" These are the very words. And he read
from the same journals the Speech which Mr. Madi
son made on this occasion, where he declared that no
such power ought to be given, that' the exercise of
the power would be regarded by the States " as a
declaration of war and not as an infliction of punish-
ishment ; that the Estates could never be kept to
gether by force, and he shewed that upou Mr. Madi
son's motion, this monstrous federal heresy was strick
Here, said Mr. Caldwell, I challenge what I have
stated to be disproved. The proif thus adduced had
its effect upon the audience.
Mr. Caldwell affirmed that the Sta'es which form
ed this Government were sovereign and had never
parted with their sovereignty ; that all sovereignty
rightly understood was in the people that they
had created and they could - destroy. He admit
ted that for the purposes for which the trust powers
were conhded, that it was to all intents and purposes
a government and obligatory upon the people ; that
even the Legislature ot a state, "by no enactment,
could render .a law of Congress null ; all owed it
obedience and that obedience could be enforced.
At this point he was asked by General Dock-
ery, whether, u elected io!Uongress, he would
vote the President men and money to carry out the
fugitive slave law in Vermont and lihode Island 1
Yes, said Mr. Caldwell, I will give him both men
and money to whip them, and to whip them badly.
VV here then, 1 again ask, do you get this power,
and yet deny that the Government can coerce a State
into obedience 1 -
Sir, said Mr. Caldwell, cannot you perceive that
there is an essential difference 1 I cannot, said the
General, perceive any difference.
Well, then, 1 really believe vou cannot therefore
I will tell you. Vermont or Rhode Island by this
act of theirs, have claimed the right to arrest the pro
gress of the law, and at the same time are enjoying
the benefits of other raws ; in other words, they are
willing to reap iU advantages, but are not willing to
be subjected to any of its inconveniences.
Who ever heard cf such a copartnership as that?
And just so was nullification ; they were both for
being in the government and out of the) government
at the same tune, a perfect political absurdity : bnt
such is not the case with a sovereign State when
she interposes her sovereignty and withdraws from
the Union ; she is then no longer in the government,
enjoys none of its benefits, and is therefore subject to
none of its coercion.
Cannot you perceive the difference now, sir? (asked
Mr. Caldwell.) The General seemed in reality per
fectly embarrassed and confused, and evinced from
his very looks and manner, that new lights had burst
upon his beclouded intellect. His very "firmness of
purpose" seemed for a moment to leave him, and we
did hope that his " strength of intellect " was suffi
cient to enable him to comprehend the difference but
no you might as well have attempted to have made
the General see a chiggre's eye in the sunshine. But
let the General now speak for himself, and see wheth
er in reality we have underrated his intelligence;
for what we now state is substantially true, and we
appeal to those who heard him.
The General commenced his reply ; stated that he
was taken by surprise ; that he had prepared a Speech,
supposing that Mr. Caldwell would travel'over the
same as at Mecklenburg, but at all events, he would
do the best he could.
He stated that the issue submitted was but one ;
that it rode over all former party issues; that the very
salvation of the Union depended upon the manner in
which it was settled, and that no little rested upon
this District ; that, bordering upon South Carolina, it
was a margin District, and therefore an important one,
and that the people should look well to it.
He denied that the Stales were " sovereign." ' He
stated that they never were ' sovereign," not even
under the articles of Confederation ; that North Car
olina in coming into the " Union" had patted with
her sovereignty. He slated that we owed allegiance
to the General Government and not to the States.
He was sorry that a sister State was about to with
draw ; feared she would, hoped she would not; but
if elected to Congress, he would, after trying every
other means, vote the President both men and money
to whip her back. Yes, says the General, I will, in
the last resort, send the biggest 74 gun ship in the
Nayy ; and sir, I will go further than this, 1 would
vote even to employ the force of the nation against
my own Stale, or any State who should claim to ex
ercise the right of withdrawing from this " glorious
When the General came to wind up, although he
admitted at the start that it was no party question,
yet he stated expressly that he wanted the present
parties kept alive, for the reason, (says the General,)
if we are quarrelling among ourselves we will not
be as likely to abuse the North, nor would she be so
likely to abuse the South ; but on the contrary, if we
are all united at ibe South, we will abuse them too
much, and then they will abuse the South, and this
will be most likely to destroy this " glorious Gov
ernment." Yes, gentlemen, it is a " glorious Gov
ernment." As soon as the General declared that he would vote
men and money to whip" in a sister State, and
"even his own State," you could see a general feel
ing of indignation ; for it is a doctrine that finds few
supporters in either party.
As soon as the speaking was over, you might see
the effect which Mr. Caldwell's Speech produced.
The warmest Whigs who were present and who had
always heretofore voted with the party, openly de
clared that they would not, nor could not, support
any man who was willing (even as the last resort)
to vote men and money to " whip back " even a sis
ter State, much less his own State. .
No sir, just so soon as the first Federal gun is fired
just so soon will the South rally in defence of her
sister. If she will go, in the name of Heaven let
her go. ' If aggressions cease, she will want to come
back, but by no means' let us fight her; thit is what
the Freesoil Yankees, wish, and this done, fanaticism
has accomplished all its hellish purposes. A.
Richmond County, June 23, 1851.
- The Locusts. These most singular insects are fast
leaving this region of countv. dieing- off bv mil'ions.
3nd leaving behind them as the only evidence of their
appearance tne Diignied and dying twigs of the forest
and the fruit trees. A short stroll in the country,
yesterday, disclosed to us innumerable dead branch
es, which, upon examination, were found to have
been perfo ed by the locusts, for tha purpose of
depositing the egg. which is no more to be seen un
til the period of seventeen years shall have rolled
around. Their history is a' singular one, and the
mission they are designed to perform under an AM-,
wise providence,, one of iha great mysteries of ciea
tion. . - -Bait. Sun,, ,
' L AY OF THE LAST.
A thrifty youth in Brooklyn lived,
Not many yeara ago -His
lot not altogether bliss, - ' ; '
- Nor altogether wo ; ' '.
A cobbler was this youth tjy trade,' '"
And though a low pursuit,
He was in easy circumstance, " '
' And was in love to hoot.
To lovely Sue, with eye of blue,
A fervant love he bore; ..
And as time's sluggish tide flowed past
His love but waxed the more. .
. With her he'd brave the keenest shafts
That e'er by fate was hurled ; -E'en
though his work was trampled on
By all the living world. .....
With her he'd in a desert live,
Whatever might befall;
And to obtain this maiden's love,
He'd risk his " little awl."
But ah! the rugged tide of love
Did never smoothly roll !
The lovely Sue his suit despised,
Which pained him to the sole.
Oft times he sought the lovely Sue,
To sue, and plead and beg,
With words that might move any heart,
But her's ne'er moved a peg.
' ' Yet still he struggled with his fate,
Till every hope was past ;
But sad to tell, his faithful heart
Was broken at the last.
Maryland -Tobacco Crop. " We have made dil
icrent inquiry, and from all sections of the Tobacco
growing country we find the opinion prevails that
is impossible to make any thing like an average crop
this season. In the first place there was a scarcity
of seed in this county -then the fly was more than
usually destructive to the young plants, and after they
had erown beyond the ravages of this insect, the
weather became cool and dry, with harsh winds, and
in many places the beds have failed, and are every
where fast failing. We know many large growers
who have no plants at all, and are depending on their
neighbors. For three weeks there has been no rain
in this neighborhood, and but little in any section of
the county and well judging planters say that the
prospects for planting are worse than at this time
last year. Last year's crop was a "third short of an
aveiage, and there is no hope that there will be r
greater yield this season, and it may be much less."
We learn that the Tobacco crop is in a finer condi
tion than it has been for years at the same season.
The whole crop nearly has been set out, and it has
taken a good stand.
Htpkinsville ( Ky.) Press 10th.
Go not to your doctor for every ail,: nor to your
lawyer for every quarrel : nor to your pitcher for eve
To make Water Cold for Summer. Let the
iar. pitcher, or vessel used for water be surrounded
with one or more folds of coarse cotton, to be con
stantlv wet. The evaporation of the water will car
ry off the heat from the inside, and reduce it to a
freezing point. In India and other tropical regions,
where ice cannot be procured, this is common.
Kossuth Still a Prisoner. Another company
of eighty-nine Hungarian officers and soldiers, inclu
dingGen. Messaros, lately arrived at Southampton
(Eng.) from Constantinople. They contemplate pro
ceedTng to the United States. Kossuth was last
seen bv them at Kutavah on the Cth ultimo. His
wife and child were with him, and about twenty-five
Hungarians, who are still prisoners. The Turks
promise him his liberty in September.
Poetical. A young lady whose name was May
den, having married a gentleman called Mudd, gave
rise to the following:
" Lot's wife 'tis said, in days of old,
For one rebellious halt,
Was turned, as we are plainly told,
Into a lump of salt.
The same propensity to change
Still runs in woman's blood ;
For here we see a case as strange
A Mayden turned to Mudd.
The Lowell CMass.l Courier of the 20th says :
" ir.netinor of those in favor of the new Bloomer
costume was held in Mechanics (upper) Hall last
evening. About two hundred persons were present,
about two-thirds ot whom were ladies, nrrs. oiim-
ner presided, and Miss Sears was chosen secretary.
It was voted to join the 4th ot July procession
in Bloomer costume, and arrangements were also
made relative to the presentation of a banner on the
mnrninor of that dav to engine company No. 11. A
rv-immiuee of arrangements was aUo appointed to
make arrangements for a dinner on the fourth."
- The Boston Traveller, of Saturday, says :
" We learn, from private sources, that a large par
ty is soon to be given in the city of Albany, at which
all the ladies are expected to appear in the new cos
tume. Four young ladies have appeared in Barnstable in
the new costume ; and in Andover, yesterday, seve
ral ladies in the new dress were the observed of all
A Key West paper says that the sponge which
will be gathered in that neighborhood.during this sea
son, will be worth fifty thousand dollars. A number
of French-manufacturers are said to be using the ma
terial in the making of thefinest broad cloth, by mix
inr it with. wool or with cotton. The fabric produced
bythis combination equals in lustre the finest Saxony,
and is as strong as linen.
Harvev Davton. the Cashier of the State Bank of
Mnrristoivn. N. J.. has been convicted of Perjury, at
a special term of the Circuit Court. Judge Ogden of
the Supreme uouri presiomg.
Important Inventions. Letters from England in
form us that a new mode of brick-making is threat
ening to entirely supersede the older methods. Bricks
are now made hollow, which secuies the buildings
from dampness, and, besides being much larger and
lighter, both money and labor are saved in laying them.
We may instance, also, that a certain Dr. Samuels,
of Allentown, Pa., has invented a machine to work
by steam, which will turn off 1200 well made bricks
per hour, from nn wrought.clay.
The N. Y. Merchant's Day Book does not believe
in the water cure. It says Webb of the Courier, has
been lying in damp sheets for twenty years, and is
worse now then ever.
Summary of Cotton. According to the New-Orleans
Price Current oi the 14th May," the total receipts
at all the ports up to the latest dutes, amount to 2,-j
122.930 bales, making the increase as compared with
last year 268,376 bales. The decrease in the exports
to Northern ports is 119,255 bales. The total increase
in the exports to foreign ports is 393,680 bales. The
decrease in the slock on hand and on shipboard at
New Orleans is 11,324 bales.
Madame Darusmont, or Fanny Wright, so well
known in Europe and America, for her peculiar views
on social philosophy, now resides within a few miles
of Memphis. Madam D. resides on her own farm,
and, we believe, has lor some time avoided participa
tion in the discussion of opinions of which she was
formerly so distinguished a champion.
A young, preacher who had just started in his trav
els as an itinerant, was one'evening holding forth on
the Deluge, and after describing the manner in which
Noah built the Ark, and filled it with animals of ev
erykind, by pairs, closed in a solemn tone, thus :
" You must know, my dear hearers, that it was an
arduous task for Noah and his sons to get a pair of
whales into the JrA.'' '
An Internal Improvement Toast. The follow
ing toast was given at Queenston, Upper Canada.
The author goes in for internal improvements with
his gloves otf :
" Dam your rivers blast your furnaces, sink your
coal pits, down with your railroads, and over with
your suspension bridges.'' , . , ?1.
The Mother. Sheridan wrote : ,: '. Woman gov
erns us; let us try to render them perfect. .The
more they are enlightened, so much the more we
shall be. On the cultivation of the minds of women,
depends the , wisdom f men." Napoleon said:
" The future destiny of the child U always the work
of the mother."
f Col. Benton. - It. is stated that Cor. Benton is
now engaged in preparing a history of the working
of the government from the year 1820 to the present
time, a period of 31 years. ' ;
PROGRAMME OF , FOURTH 0 F JULY.
Divine Service at Sunrise, at Presbyterian Church.
. xxational alute of 31 Guns at Daybreak. .
ORDER OF .PROCESSION.
To be formed at the Court House, at 10 o'clock,
and march In the following order to .. .
.1 the Capitol,' and enter in
S. H. ROGERS. Chief Marshal.
QUINTIN BUSBEE, ) ' t JNo. J. FoRKMAN,
VVm. H. Jones, . 1 s- Edw. Yarbrough, Jr.
Ringgold Guard 8.
Sons of Temperance and Temperance Societies.
Intendant of Police and Commissioners.
Governor and Heads of Departments.
" Judges of Supreme und Superior Courts.
Committee of Arrangements.
Orator and Reader.
0 Citizens are earnestly requested to join in the!
ORDER OF EXERCISES AT THE CAPITOL,
Hall of the House of Commons.
Music by the Raleigh Band,
led by I. I. Solomons.
Reading of the Declaration.
Oration, by Henrv W. Miller, Esq.
Salute of 13 Guns at 12 o'clock, A. M.
SION II. ROGERS,
The children of the Sabbath Schools of Raleigh,
(Episcopalian excepted.) will celebrate the Fourth
as usual. The scholars will assemble at their res
pective school rooms at a o clock I . M., and pro
ceeded to the Capitol Square, where the procession
will form and march to the Presbyterian Chnrch, at
which place an address will be delivered by Mr
f For the Standard.
OXFORD FEMALE SEMINARY.
The satisfaction we felt at the proficiency evinced
by the pupils of this institution at their late exami
nation, inspires as with a desire to bring its merits
more into public notice. The impartial manner in which
classes in Ueography, History, Philosophy, fhysiol
ogy. Chemistry, and liotany, weie examined, many
ot them, 4an hour without .intermission, evincing in
every instance a perfect understanding of the subject,
most prove to the mind of every impartial obseiver
that the worthy lutor, Mr. Samuel L. V enable, is
eminently qualified, belli by nature and education, to
discharge the duties of his vocation. 1 he conversa
tion that came off at the close of the examination
struck us as being entirely new, with which we were
very much edified, and with the epilogue delighted
The exercises were concluded with a Concert at night,
of vocal and instrumental music, which for taste.
skill, and execution could not be surpassed. This de
partment is conducted by the Lady of the Tutor,
whose mild and ladylike bearing, not only endears
her to the pupils, but makes her an object ot emu la
tion, and an ornament to her sex. Uxtord, an eleva
ted and healthy location, with a highly intelligent
and moral population, and a rivalry that will naturally
spring up between this institution and the " Baptist
Female College" will make it one ot the most de
sirable places for the education of the daughters of
Ciastern Carolina. f A1KUIN.
Telegraphed for the Baltimore Sun.
Lancaster, June 24. The Whig Convention re
assembled at 2 o'clock. The committee appointed to
report officers, reported tor president lion. John. H
lrvins, ot Washington county, with 2b vice-presi
dents and 7 secretaries. The president on taking his
seat made a brief speech eulogistic of Gov. Johnston,
and in favor of a high tariff. The Hon. Cornelius
Darrazh moved the appointment of a committee of
26 to report resolutions, which was agreed to. While
the committeo was absent, on motion of Hon. A. G.
Ogle, VVm. F. Johnston was nominated as the whirr
candidate for Governor, by acclamation, and a com
mittee appointed to invite him to attend the delibera
tions of the convention.
The committe on resolutions reported a lengthy
series, favoring a high tariff, condemning that of 1346;
speaking respectfully of tlie Compromise measures,
and declaring themselves in favor of the maintenance
of the constitution, &c. While these resolutions were
under consideration, John M. Scott, of Philadelphia,
offered an amendment, recognizing the rights ot own
ers of slaves to reclaim their property, and, by iinpli
cation, condemning the act of 1847. which prohibits
the use o; our jails tor their detention.
- A lengthy debate arose, and the amendment was
finally cut off by the previous question, which was
sustained by the vote of 71 to 48, and the resolutions
were adopted by a vote ot S3 to 27.
The Conven'ion then took a recess until 8 o'clock,
and on re-assembling proceeded to nominate candi
dates for Canal Commissioner. Some thirty promi
nent wings were placed in nomination, and about the
time they were proceeding to ballot. Governor John
ston entered and was received with tumultuous ap
The Convention then adjourned outside the build
ing, and the crowd was addressed by Gov. Johnston,
who was still speaking at 10 o clock.
Execution of John Tilghma.y. John Tilghman
who was convicted at the Fall Term of Craven Coun
ty Superior Court, of the murder of Joseph J.Tilgh
man, suffered the extreme penalty of the law, on Sat
urday lastal about 2 o clock. 1 he place of execution
was on the Western environs of the Town about half
a mile from the County j iil. A large concourse of
people, estimated at between 4 and 5000, was on the
ground, to witness the execution. 1 he prisoner seem
ed duly impressed with the solemnity ot tno scene
through which he was about to pass, but met his fate
on the whole, with as much fortitude as could have
been expected, and with resignation. He made no.
confession on the gallows, but appeared very peni
tent, and admonished the young men present to take
warning from his iate and resist all temptations to
evil deeds. He continued his admonitions and devo
tions until the scaffold dropped, and he was launched
into eternity. He had been anxious' to prepare for
his fate for some days, which he had of late looked
to as inevitable. Just before the day of his execu
tion he made what he stated to he, a full confesssion
in regard to the circumstances of the murder, which
was taken down by his counsel with a request from
him, that it should be published. It is probable that
it will he published together with his trial and in
pamphlet form.- We are not at liberty at present to
say more of this confession, than that it proves that
his conviction by the jury, and his sentence were just.
In Edgecombe county, on Thursday evening, the 10th
inst., by Rev. Blount Cooper, Dr.George C. Sugg to
Mrs. Nancv Sharpe, daughter of Turner Bynum, Esq ,
Also, on Thursday,. 12th inst., by Kev, J. a. Cheshire
Mr. Charles W. Garrett to Miss Mary Sugg, daughter of
Dr. Phesanton Sugg. - - -
In Halifax county, on 1 hursday evening last, by Rev,
J. B. Cheshire, John H. VVnitakcr, tsq.
to Miss Mary'
E. Anthony, daughter of Col. Whitmill J. Anthony.
At his residence on Cocky River in Chatham County.
N. C, on the 21st May, 18ol, John -Culberson in the
66th year of his age, a respectable and worthy, citizen
of said County.
In Warrenton, on Monday night, the 23d inst, Mr.
John B. Somervillc, aged 44 years.
' In Warren County, on the 30th of May, Mr. John
Egerton, aged 67 years.
s Attention Ringgold Guards!
7"OU are hereby notified to Parade at the Capitol
I Sauare on Friday the 4th Dit or Joir, at 9
o'clock. Armed and Equipped according to law, in Sum
mer Uniform, with thirteen rounds of Blank Cartridges.
By order of the Captain :
, J. R. UTLEV, O. S.
N. B. Attend a meeting of the Company at the City
Hall on Thursday Night the 3d ol July, at 8 o'clock!
precisely.r ' ' ; i
June 25, 1851. 66
EXCEL SI 0 R . -
Those Truly. Fortunate and Far Famed .
No. i Light St. Baltimore. Md.
(Who single purpose for ve&ra has he en t n!cmnca
the radiant smiles of the "Fickle Goddess," to their
Correspondents,) has also rendered entirelv unn.cn,
any pretext for self-laudation, for their
CUP OF" GLORY FULL.
Every section of the Union will bear witness to th
Glorious and almost Magic Luck of this fortunate house.
Correspondents all over the country have realized
Splendid Fortunes from small outlays at -
PYFER & GO'S
GREAT PRIZE AGENCY.
CONTINUES SUCCESS !
WONDERFUL DISTRIBUTION OF. PRIZES !
Paid in Prize Money during the month of June, by the
tar-tamed rYb EK & CO., to the patrons of their truly
tivery body should try their luck !
One Order to this great Prize firm may secure a tor-
Prize payments at PYFER & CO'S made in Gold
BY STATE AUTHORITY.
.Please bear in mind that Lotteries advertised bv
PYFER & CO. are legalized by the New Constitution
Brilliant Schemes for July, 1851,
Confidence Strictly Observed.
78 Nos 13 drawn
Prlreof Price of
75 Nos 15 drawn 10 30 00
78 Nos 12 drawn 5 18 00
75 JNos 12 drawn J2 45 00
7 5 of 12,000 78 Nos 13 drawn 8 30 00
8 20,000 75 Nos 12 drawn 5 18 00
9 3o,000 78 Nos 16 drawn 10 30 00
10 20,000 75 Nos 12 drawn 5 18 00
11 13,500 78 Nos 15 drawn 4 12 00
18 51,322 75 Nos 12 drawn 15 50 00
14 26,000 78 Nos 15 drawn 8 25 00
15 20,000 75 Nos 12 drawn 5 18 00
16 30,000 78 Nos 13 drawn 10 35 00
17 26.000 75 Nos 12 drawn 6 22 00
18 20,000 75 Nos 15 drawn 5 15 00
19 . 40,000 78 Nos 12 drawn 10 35 00
21 25,000 75 Nos 12 drawn 8 30 00
22 20,000 78 Nos 15 drawn 5 16 00
23 30,000 75 Nos 12 drawn . 10 35 00
24 18,000 75 Nos 14 drawn 5 16 00
25 17,500 78 Nos 12 drawn 4 16 00
26 60,000 78 Nos 20 drawn 20 100 00
28 3 of 15,000 75 Nos 1 1 drawn 8 30 00
29 17,500 78 Nos 15 drawn 5 15 00
30 33,000 75 Nos 13 drawn 10 35 00
31 18,000 78 Nos 13 drawn A 18 00
The price of Packages of Quarter Tickets only, is
The Managers Printed Drawing, endorsed by the
commissioners appointed (for this purpose) by the Gov
ernor of Maryland, are in all cases sent to our Corres
Letters always strongly and carefully scaled.
The purchasers of Packages of Tickets seldom have
more than six chances against their drawing in a Pack
age any of the Capital Prizes, and one Package may
draw four of the highest Prizes. Two-thirds of the
Prizes are sold in Packages of Tickets.
Please order a few days befouk the Lotteries draw.
All Orders punctually answered by the return mails.
.Persons at a distance from Baltimore, who wish " For
tune Buckled on their Backs," will find that it is only
necessary to enclose the price (as laid down in the above
schedule,) for a Package of Single Tickets to the Truly
f ortuaate, t ar-r amed and Old Established House of
PYFER & CO.
No. 1 , Light Street, Baltimore, Md
July 1, 1851. 67
T" WILL give the above reward for the apprehension
X. ol John Nash LSell, an Idiot who 1 believe from re
liable information to be in this County ,"as I last heard
of him at Bridges old Ferry, twelve miles below this, on
the Halifax side of the river. He is of low stature, has
black hair, heavy black beard, blue eyes,' round shoulder
ed, almost humped baeked. Hail "on when he left home
a low crown black hat, blue cloth frock coat, grey cussinct
pantaloons. If taken in this county he can be confined
in Jail so that I can g et him. As an object of pity for
humanity s sake, I hope some one will take bim up.
O. M. SMITH, Com.
(!oIumbian Grove, Lunenburg, Va,
Halifax, N. C, June 25, 1851. 68 2t.
Statof Nortli Carolina, Wake Co.
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, May Term 1851.
.RDERED, that all Petitions for altering or estab
lishing Public Roads shall be caned for hearing on
the first day of each Term, and no such rase be heard on
any other day of the Term, without a special order ap
pointing any particular case to be heard on another day
of the Term, which special order must be made at a
Term preceding that at which the case is to be beard.
Ordered, thatlhis Rule be published in the Standard
and Register. .
Attest JAMES T. MARRIOTT, Clerk.
June 27, 1851. 68 Cw.
VVTILL be received by the Undersigned until the 1st
f f of August next, for the building of a New 13 rick
Jail at Williainston in Martin County, two Stories high,
3C feet long by 24 wide, to be completed on or before
the 1st of September, 1852, according to a plan and
specifications similar to the general plan of the new Jail
in Wayne County, to be exhibited at W. J. iMlison s
Office in saiu Town.
W. J. ELLISON,
ASA BIGGS, S
WM. SLADE, )
Williainston, June 20, 1851.
Goods by Express.
T WOULD respectfully state to the Citizens of Raleigh
I and the adjacent Counties that having located an agent
at Gaston, and also made an arrangement with the rres-
idcnt of the Raleiah and Gaston Hail Rond. I shall I
hereafter be prepared to forward by Mail Train in the
most punctual manner, any articles in my line, when
they are not of too large a size to be handled inconveni- j
ently. SAM'L. H. MARK'S,
June 21, 1851. 67-
0XF0RD FEMALE COLLEGE.
THE first Session of this Institution will commence
on Monday the 2 1st of July ensuing.
It is very desirable that pupils who expect to enter the
College should be present at tbe opening of the session.
By order of the Executive Committee.
Oxford, June 23, 1851. 68 4t.
THE RA17EIGH ACADEMY.
THIS INSTITUTION will again commence on (he
Seventh of July, 1851.
Pexticular attention will be paid to the French Lan-
guage and Book Keeping.
Raleigh, June 17, 1831.
Warrenton Male Academy. ;
1HE Summer Session will commence on the first
Monday in July. The Principal is assisted by com
petent Instructors. The departure of the Senioi Class
for Colleze. which is unusually large, win leave room
for several Students. , .
Tikxs, as for the last Session. . ' . . .
R. A. EZELL, Principal.
Warrenton, June 19, 1851. 66 3w.
FEMALE CLASSICAL INSTITUTE.
Mlillsborovgh Street, jRaUigk, JS. t'. -ri"HE
Second Term of the present year will begin on
1. Monday', the 7lh of July, and end on the firstThurs-
day in December. ' For particulars address-
BENNET T. BLAKE,' Principal.
Raleigh, May ?fith,185I.
1 I arper's
J. I and for sale by
Baleigh, June 4, 1851.
Third Annual Fair of the
SOUTH CAROLINA INSTITUTE.
THE Third Annual Fair of the South. Carolina Inatf.'
tote for the promotion -of Art, Mechanical inrenuitv
and industry, wLQ be be Id !ri Charleston, South Carolina;
opening on Mosdat,' 17lh November, and continuing
uunngmc ween. , . -j
Specimens in evory branch of Mechanism, Art and
industry; also of Cotton, Rice, Sugar, Tobacco and aF -
other Agricultural Products, ia solicited, for which suila
ble premium will be awarded: . . -
1 he following special Premiums are offered .
For the six best specimens of Steel made from Spar-
tanburg or other Iron, the product of a Southern -State; .
and manfactured iuto edge Tools' of any kind A Gold!
N. B. A specimen of the Steel in Bars to be sent
with the Teols.
For the larcest duantltv of Cocoons rsiae.l on an
plantation, not less than ten bushels A Gold Madel or
For the largest quantity of Spun Silk the nroduce of
any one plantation, not less than ten pounds A Gold
muum or rtemmm oi JJiDU.
f or the best Sea Island Cotton Gin, on some new prin- -
cipie, superior to that now in general nse ; or for an
real and important improvement on the present one A
For the invention of a suitable machine for Fulveris-'
mg Ked Pepper A Gold Medal.
For the best Steam EngineJ-a Gold Me'dkf.
For the best model Steam Fire Engine A Gold Med-'
A large and commodious buildine has been selected .
for the exhibition, and every care will be paid to the re- '
ception and care of articles sent to the Fair. All Speci-
mens must be in by the 13tu ot November -
Contributors to the Fair are respectfully requested'
when they forward Specifications for Exhibition, to send -full
descriptions of the Articles, and such information isf
general as may be of use, and proper for publication,.
Address J. H. TAYLOR."
Chairman of the Committee of Correspondence.
June 16, 1851. 66 td.
PLEASANT GROVE ACADEMY,
Wafee Forest, if. c.
nMHE next session of this institution will commence'
I on the 1st Monday in July next, under the super
vision ot Mr. vv m. M. Crenshaw, late graduate of Ha i-
dolph Macon College. Mr. Crenshaw comes highly re
commended by the faculty of said institution.
Students can be prepared here for College or for the '
active pursuits of life.
1 his School may now be regarded as permanent ; and
being situated in a neighborhood distinguished for health;
and- beautiful scenery, a liberal share of patronage will
Terms fou Tuition of Five. MoJTTBS. . .
7, 10, and $15, according to advancement. No de'
duction except in cases of protracted illness. Board con- .
venient to the Academy may be obtained at $6 per month.
r or further particulars address Dr. W. Hart&ueld at
Forestville, N. C.
By order of the Trustees.
May 29, 1851. 60 tmJuiy.
PLEASANT GROVE ACADEMY,
FRANKLIN COUiNTY, N. C.
rrHE Fall Session of this Institution will commence'
i on Monday the 7th of July, under the charge of Mr.
Enwix L. Barrett, a gentleman eminently qualified "
lo instruct in all the branches taught in the best prepar
atory Schools. The Academy is situated about 200
yards from the residence of the Subscriber, known lo be
one of the most healthy locations in the State, equidi8
tant from Louisburg and Sbocco Springs. Every at'
tcntion will be paid both to the morals and literary pnr'
suits of the Students. . Board can be had with the sub
scriber and also in the families of Mr. J. J. Jones ami
Mr. Jourden. Jones, living within half a mile of the Acad
emy at $6 50 per month.
Louisburg, June 5, 1851.
WM. J. BRANCH.
CEDAR GROVE MALE ACADEMY. ,'
THE Fall Session of this School, situated eight miles
north of HilUborough, will commeuce on the 7th .
of July next, and continue for five months.
TK r m 8 .
Tuition in Latin, Greek, and the higher branches , of
Board, including Room, Bed and Bedding, Washing
and Fuel, can be had in good families in the neighbor
hood at prices varying from six .dollcrs to six and a half .
atuuents joining the School are charged with tuition
for the session, no deductions being made except in cases
of protracted illness. SAM'L. W. HUGHES.
thenar urove, m. u., June ist. ieoi. tux zwpu.
$30,000 STATE BONDS!
TREASURY OFFICE, Raleigh, N. C.
,.....-., June 24th, 1851. '
SEALED Proposals will be received at this office '
til the 26th of July next, for the purchase of thirty'
thousand dollars worth of bonds issued by the State of
North Carolina, interest at the rate of six per centum per"
annum, paynhle semi-annually and principal payable at
the end of twenty years. Issued under an Act of the
General Assembly of North Carolina at the Session of
1848-'49, entitled "An Act to incorporate the Fayette
ville and Western Plank Road Company." Persons bid
ding will endorse on their letters, Proposals for State
Sttvlca." DArVTKf. W. COURTS
Raleigh, N. C, June 24, 1851. 07 td.
H.1LEIGI1, V. ft
" HE Fall term of this institution will open on Tues
JL day, the 1st day of July next.
Though pupils are- received at all periods of the ses
sion, prompt attendance at the beginning is earnestly
recommended, as it tends much to facilitate the proper
organization of classes and a judicious arrangement of
For Circulars containing particulars address Mr. J.
r v;.,,.i, pin;i, TV c.
May 29, 1651. 870 wtd.
Mr. & Mrs. Burwell's School. .
rpiIE next Session of Mr. & Mis. Burwell's School
I will commence on Friday the, 18th of July. The
number of hoarders in mir nwn fnmilv Immiiiv limit..!
persons desiring situations will please make early appli
. Circulars containing course of study, terms, &c,cnn
be had of the Principal, Rev. Robert Burwell, Hillsbo
rough, N. C. .'--.'
June 10, 1851. 872 Iw.
American Flower Garden.
DIRECTORY, containing practical directions for the
Culture of Plants In the Flower Garden, ("reen
House, Rooms, or Parlour Windows, for every month
in the year, by Robert Buist, Nurseryman and Florist.
I tor sale at tbe N. C. Book Store bv
. U. i Ult.ViiK.
June 25, 1851. - 66
IHE Fruit, Flower, and Kitchen Garden, by Patrick
Neill. A practical 1 realise on the Cultivation of
the Grape Vine on Open Walls, to which ia added a
descriptive account of an Improved Method of Planting
and managing the roots of Grape Vines, by Clement
Hoar, r or sale by
H. D. TURNER, N. C. Bookstore
.June 25, 1851.
IV. E on hand a large supply ol Lamps for Gas or
Burning Fluid, bought at auction at a low price, and
which i wiil aell very cheap. AUo a supply
Lamp, in gooa order at 29 cent eacn. "J1 " '
want Bargains. P. Jr. ftst-uu.
Kaleigb, January 1st. 1851.
nAau ,i iff shoes.
ADDITIONAL supplies of Gentlemen's .Boots
i.t.j j o..'a aio. Ladies White and B
Kid Slipper, from the Manutactory oi j. Junes . oon.
with a great variety of Chi Mreo ".,.
HE AK 1 1 X, 11 vn. .
April 19, 185K 48
V . , ' White Wine for Cookiug. , , .
TUST Received and for sale oy
WILLIAMS, HAYWOOD & CO.
December 19, 1850.