Newspaper Page Text
Bullets irt tke Mooth. There is
East Dixfield. Oxford county, Me.
vrlio actually caught in his. mouth a ball discharged
from a musket. Me was at the name oi onugewa
ter, in the war of 1812, and while biting off the end
r a (nriridire. for the DurDcse of loading his gun,
.-a struck bv a ball, which entered the left side of
his face, knock out eight of his teeth, cut off the end
of his tongue, and passed into his throat. He raised
it, went to the hospital, staid oift the remainder of his
eiilistuoeut, and returned home with the bullet in bis
pocket. Kxchange faper.
We can relate an incident, even more strange than
this. At the siege of Monterey in 1846, and while
Gen. Worth's troops were advancing to 8,or ,n.e
small fort known as La Soldada. a man named wai
ters, an excellent soldier belonging to Capt. ten.
McOulloch' Rangers, caught a large grape shot di
rectly in his mouth. 1 1 was fully the size of ar, .hen
eggwas rough, nneven in shape, and in its course
completely carried out the-four upper front teeth of
the ranker and part of the jiw, cut off the four lower
teeth as"with a chisel, split his Tga9.!n
riedaway his palate, went inroug.no
head and striking a tendon glanced down and lodged
SfcuS sUn on-the shoufder blade, where it was
extracted by a surgeon and safely placed in the pock
et of W alter's for future reference.
So man thought the wounded ranger could live
i i ..,M.,.r nuiihor food nor water. We saw
usual in the hall of a hale secluded inn, opposite alterlvarii s. i a room in the Bishop's
Heidelburg. . i..i. which had been converted into a hospital, sitt-
rim introduction was hardly necessary you nave; . .. . ..,, . ,u-inT. for
- " . r n tr noil upnuiifc uiiiuiiu mo tn- o -
onijr i" ua o..-..s..., , . nilire 0f his terrible nun was sucn mai neuumu
ly. When wo entered, the anti-room was P' j t ,ie down without suffocating. His face was
by the parties to the first duel, and their seconds an, (Q n)ofe ha wice its ordjliarJ size, he was
GERMAN STUDENT LIFE. .
A yo -Ik the S2
own von cannoi ft--, i.ii,
S," guished by their "WSLS
nori-folios from all around them. M t we"
fhe s izn of their respective "chores " or college so
cieties small colored cap, yellow, green, white, or
red and silver, according a. the wearer is a - Swab.
!.. "Vandal" Frussian," or " W estphalian s
k Krnihpr .the nuarler from which he comes,
noweveSy noeans1 determining his college asso
nowever, oT .. , , pru931an stu-
Ss ,VHei frequently are members of
the Swabianand weBipnaiiaii " "--- ,
noSalU that upon very many faces there are , one
or mora scars that rather injure the expression of a
set of uco.nmonly handsome countenances. An it
you a.k the cause, you are told that these are the
trophies won in the duelling-room. When you are
further informed that the authorities have no control
over the students, (who are answerable to their own
faculty alone,) and that from one to three or four du
els occur daily, you can hardly help regarding a Ger
man university as a very turbulent and lawless place.
So much for " first impressions." But go with me
to view the actual combat before your judgment is
I. Throuorh the kindness of an acquain
tance I was enabled to be present at the meeting of
two rather noted comoaianis, wi.xn won. piavu as
ers were lounging about, smoking and handling me
weapons, laughing and chatting as if it were no very
serious affair. I saw the whole process of r"h'"S
The right arm was first enveloped in bandages ot
silk, then a stuffed sleeve drawn over it, so as to
cover it entirely, and at the same time to encumber
the arm so much that the due list must support it np-.l-
i fripnd. who stood by him tor the.
purpose. Then a padded leather breast guard fast-;
enmg o m , - s ",hi.fcP,, u r- 1 amputating and
rraval or sijk nite a aaiau uuw-' o , ,
j - 1
,...!. Ua nf course, his wants were only inaue
kn.iwn hv means of a piece of broken slate and pen
cil, and he was slowly applying a wet sponge to his
mouth, endeavoring to extract moisture which might
quench the fever and intolerable thirst under which
he was suffering. By his side lay young Thomas, of
Maryland, a member ot the same company, wno was
now dying. Wounded men, struck tnat alternoon
Worth's advance upon the
a constantly oeing oiraui w
Grand rlazn, were
the surgeons were
hurts of the crippled
candle light, and the
TJi ZfZT.H lonV Uffw lietdon: ! groans of those in grievous pain added new horror to
a u.s --- --- . lp-nher visor1 a scene which was at best triglittul. VYe recollect
edacap,aiso8tuffad, and w ith a i long f her yor ( f , scf jn both , b
that shielded nis lace, wa. , pronou . . . . - , r - whila.dTjncii.- u. one of the streets. He
&.".ffbta S1 I" 'egS ,,,i,d been
side stood nib second, sim niny ud amputated, that the other might be spared him on
"Ihfa," "a SnSS iS ! which to hobble through the world. Poor Thomas,
a'balkef hi It. X lithe and flexihTe blade, and a as gallant a spirit as ever lived, finally breathed his
a DasKet nut, very muo o b ht waters a fresh cup ot water, with
,en?'hffh nrinnU and to each second and every which to moisten his wounds, and then left the room
each of the principals and to each second, every , recoection3 of ha
thing was prepared. r. Jrr.hl nio-l.t will not soon be effaced from our
No combat mav last more man nueen mmuico, c-, a --
elusive of pauses for rest, and the umpire stood with
watch in hand and gave the word, " fertig,' (ready;
" Los !" (go.) All four advanced to meet each oth
er, holding their weapons 'en garde, the hilt elevated
and the point downwards, and the seconds, who are
to parry and not strike, keeping close behind their
principles. They were soon met, when a blow was
struck, both seconds interposed their blades, cried
" Hilt ! and all four marched back again. This was
repeated again and again until the time was up, and
then the two heroes were unpacked and " satisfied."
By this you see there are two men to guard, and but
one to strike, each blow and nothing but the end of
the nose, the tips of the ears, and a small portion of
"each cheek, can possibly Be hit ; every where else a
sword-proof armor defends them. But one blow is
allowed, and no ftintis permissible; indeed, the
swords can scarcely cross before the word is given to
ston. and the swords of the seconds interposed. They
run no possible risk except of an ugly scar, and of
that not mucn. i saw two uueis tougiu, in which
neither iras touched, though the second pair fought
with much spirit, and one of them was left-handed
a fact which gave him no little advautage. The prin
cipal damage was done to the weapons, two or three
of which were snapped in the course of the fight.
Regarded as duels, the student combats are absurd ;
they are nothing more than a sword exercise, attended j
with the risk of an uncomfortable and disfiguring j
scratch. They certainly offend against any moral
law no more than a foot-ball match ; and though for
bidden by the university statutes, they are perfectly j
notorious, and never interfered with. You may see j
in the print shop windows a large lithograph, repre
senting a etudent duel, with all the figures and like
nesses (and very good ones,) and to make assurance
doubly sure, the autograph fac siinilie of each is be
neath the print.
Any other combat is extremely rare, and only oc
curs when some serious quarrel is the cotise. Within
two days, however, the first meeting for " mortal
quarrel," for a year past, has taken place. The par
ties fought with sabres, and undefended by armor.
Otherwise the same regulations as to time and the
ieterposition of the seconds were observed. One of
the principals was severely if n I fatally wounded by
a cut over the head, and now lies in great dangi r.
The other fled immediately, beyond the British fron
tier. Another such will not probably occur for two
or three years, and duels with the pistol are almost
unheard of. So that, as you may see the sludei t's
lite is a tar more peaceble one than first impres
sions " would lead one to suppose. Heidelburg
Corrcxpurulenct (if the New Bedford Mercury.
Propriety of Speech. 1. Ycu should be quite
as anxious to talk with propiety as you are to think,
work, sing, paint or write according to the most cor
2. Always select words calculated to convey an
exact impression of your meaning.
3. Let your articulation be easy, clear, correct
in accent, and suited in tone and emphasis toyour dis
course. 4. Avoid a mutttering, mouthing, stuttering, dron
ing, guttural, nasal, or lisping pronunciation.
5. Lctyour speech be neither too loud nor too low;
but adjusted to the ear of your companion. To' to
prevent the necessity of any person crying " what t"
6. Avoid a loquacious propensity ; you should nev
er occupy more than your share of the time, or more
than is agreeable to others.
7. Beware of such vulgar interpolations as "you
know," You see," " I'll tell you wot."
8. Learn when to use and when to omit the aspi
rate h. This is an indispensable mark of a good ed
ucation. 9. Pay a sttict regard to the rules of a grammar
even in private conversation. If you do not under
stand these rules, learn them, whatever be your age
10. Though you should always speak pleasantly,
do dot mix your conversation with loud bursts of
11. Never indulge in uncommon words, or in Latin
anJ French phrases, but choose the best understood
terms to express your meaning.
12. Above all, let your conversation be intellectual,
grateful, chaste, discreet, edifying and profitable.
Efkct of Writers Signing their Names to
Articles for Newspapers. The correspondent at
Pans of the New York Commercial jldneri iser makes
the following remarks in a letter descriptive of French
The effect of the law requiring each newspaper
wsi'.er to sign his articles has not been what was
predicted by the press. No had consequence has
tnllowed. Greater decency of tone has been intro
duced, and the political articles are prepared with
still greater care. The necessity each journal is now
under to publish the names of men of character and
ability among its editors, and the unwiljino-ness of
such men to expose themselves to danger by impru
prodenl articles, or to discredit by fales ones, have
certain y contributed to the elevation of the press.
Several men of talent, heretofore hid in the obscurity
ot the columns of large journals, have established
theirreputations on solid bases. There is also more
Iibeity of remak allowed to individuals; beintr
personally responsible for ther articles, they enjoy
(he liberty of saying what they think in their own
way, without regard to the political direction the pro
priptere wish to give the journal.
JSach of the principal papers has from twelve to
fifteen editors, among whom the different departments
of labor are distributed. La Presse employs as regu
lar editors fifteen of the ablest writers of the capital.
These meet at a certain hour of the day, in order to
near such articles as are considered important, and
aieos the line of policy to be pursued in regard to
objects of interest. .
The above incidents occurred on the night ot the
23d and morning of the 24th September, 184C. Dur
ing the early part of the month of February follow
ing, while passing into the old St. Charles in this
city, we were accosted with a strange voice by a fine
looking man, who seemed extremely glad to see us,
although he had a most singular and unaccountable
mode of expressing himself. We recollected the eye
as one we had been familiar with, but the lower fea
tures of the face, although in no way disfigured, for
the life of us we could not make out.
" Why, don't you know me in a mumbling, half
indistinct and forced manner said the man, still shak
ing our band vigorously; " I'm Walters."
And Walters it was, in reality, looking as well and
as healthy as ever, and without showing the least
outward sign that he had ever caught a grape shot
in liis mouth. A luxuriant growth of mustachios
completely covered his upper lip, and concealed any
scar the iron missile might have made; an imperial
From the Richmond Examiner.
The most fantastic phenomena of the times, are the
clashing of Whig theories of finance with the ac
tual tesults of the commerce of the country.' Every
body remembers Mr. Abbott Lawrence's celebrated
letter of prophesies to Mr. William Rives in 1846 ;
his prediction of the inundation of the country with
foreign goods, in consequence of the tarift act of
that year, the inadequacy of the national revenues
notwithstanding: and the universal ruin that was to
overspread the land. Foreign goods in immense
quantities have come into the country, it is true: but
only in payment for unprecedentedly large exports of
agricultural produce that we have sent abroad. We
have purchased immensely, because we have sold
more than it bad ever entered the head of Mr. Law
rence that we could do. The commerce of the coun
try has been more than doubled. Unprecedented ac
tivity and energy have been thereby imparted to eve
ry branch of business, and instead of universal ruin
resulting from the tari.1 of 184C. the country has at
tained a prosperity which is alike the world's wonder
and our own amazement.
Mr. Webster calculated the cost of the Mexican
war white it was in progress : and set tt down at a
half million a minute, or five hundred millions a week,
or some other incredible sum which we do not now
recollect. The reports of the Departments show it
to have been somewhere in the neighbourhood of one
hundred millions from the beginning to the end of
the war. Mr. Webster declared also, upon official
documents before him at the time of speaking, that
the territories proposed to be taken from Mexico as
indemnity for the war, were not worth une dollar. Du
ring but the last six months, we have received Irom
California alone, a portion of those territories, up
wards of twenty millions of dollars. Mr. Webster
was out in his calculations on that point of statistics,
in a per centage, we suppose about equal to the Brit
ish debt, ay four thousand millions per cent, an in
conceivable and hopeless amount.
Shortly after the passage of the tariff act of 1846,
and the Sub-Treasury Bill, a statement went the
rounds of the Whig press, proving the utter impossibi
lity of executing the two laws at the same time. It
set down the moneys that would be paid in New
York at some twenty-five millions, and professed to
demonstrate the utter impossibility of counting out that
much gold and silver in the time required in transac
tions between importers and the Custom House. The
customs annually received at rvew x orK reacti now
i From the New Orleans Courier.
T THE UNION PARTY.
' Parties spring in all free countries from political
necessity, or they would not exist. If necessary it
is because some one or more political principles or
projectsare in dispute. They must be based upon
this to have anything more than a transient existence.
In this country there are but two, there never can be,
while the present constitution endures, but two great
parties. Minor divisions are mere modifications or
fractions of these that merge into one or the other,
from time to time, according to their respective affin
ites. These two parties are separated on many ques
tions of constitutional construction, and on almost
every question of policy, by broad and enduring lines
of demarcation. Portions of them sometimes coalesce,
tor a sectional or selfish purpose, but always at the
expense of character, with a loss of integrity ; and a
sense rf shame, as well as a never ceasing incompat
ibility, dissolves the copartnership, and they return,
sooner or later, to their old organizations.
Hence it is that, though the names of parties in
the United States have changed several times, and
we have had seceding factions professsing to be in
dependent, yet there never have been, and there prob
ably never can, be but two grand divisions. Any at
tempt to project a third party will never reach beyond
the dignity of an intrigue; a circumscribed straggle
such as we now see going on in Mississippi and
Georgia, but which the nation will never tolerate.
Suppose, for argument, that a fusion should take
place to-morrow between the two great parties of the
country. How long would it endure I 1 hey enter
tain antagonistical opinions on every question that
lias arisen, or which is likely to arise from constitu
tional construction. These questions have not been,
and cannot be permanently settled. The decisions
of Congress are merely temporary. The right of one
generation to bind another is denied. Even the ad
judications of the judiciary are often reviewed and an
nulled. Precedent here 6inks before Progress. Hence
the questions that divided parties at the beginning of
the Government, are continually liable to recur, to
break up any union of the two that may be attempted.
Take, for instance, the question of a National Bank.
It is fashionable to say that the Whigs have abandon
ed that, and now. stand on the same platform with tho
Democrats. Not so. They still affirm the constitu
tional power of Government to regulate the finances,
commerce and trade of the country by such an insti
tution, and they only hesitate to press it because for
the time it is unpopular. So with other great ques-
L.et a union take place, and this and other
SEMI -WEEKLY STANDARD.
Tk CoatlttIim rad th Union or h state:
, ..Thejr must be Preserved."
SATUBDAY. JUXIT 26, 1851.
EST" Election for Members of Congress in this
State on Thursday the 1th of Jiugust.
' ftn.li n .1 o I ! ii n o nnn Irl .nar Bnnn l Iniii.l wr it ' I 'k n n n
11 li LI uuvoitutiu n UUIU IGll OUUil UIOOUIIO I I IICOO
political unions cannot be formed, as men enter into
nearly forty millions of dollars, every cent of which
is paid down in specie : and yet nothing is heard of ; tions
those prodigious difficulties which were to overtake
1 he passage of the act of 1846 was followed by j a bond ; no covenants or stipulations can be entered
large exports of provision stuffs to Europe. The into by the multitude ; everything must be taken upon
Democratic party pointed to these immense sales ofjtfust. It can neither be a Union party with Demo
American produce as chiefly the result of the estab- cratic principles, nor a Union party with Whig prin
lishment of the free trade policy. The idea was rid- 'ciples. Both divisions would form the new organi
iculed by the other party, and the heavy exportations ( zation with the hope of carrying into it their old prin
that were making at the time were pronounced to be ! ciples; neither would surrender, or could honestly
the mere temporary result of famine and failures of surrender what they believed to be right; and hence
crops in Europe. So it was in some degree ; but how
stands the case during the last four years ? The ta
bles show a gradual augmentation of our foreign ex
ports, those ot the present fiscal year, when no fam
ine is pretended to prevail in Europe, beinr as ereat
in the aggregate as the immense exports of the great
famine year itself. The exports of wheat and flour.
for example, have been as follows during the four past
years, ending the 30th June:
Bush. Wheat. Bbls. Flour.
1848, 215,139 155,224
1849, 956,419 726,979
1850, 430,32'J 307.867
1851, 914,176 1,018,672
The protectionists are driven to the wal! on every
question they have raised. They hunt diligently for
commercial ruin in the country, but find none. It
comes not at their call. The business of the country
continues provokingly prosperous
was nothing to show that he had -ever received the
slightest injury about the face. His tongue, which
was terribly shattered, was still partially benumbed,
rendering articulation both difficult and tiresome; but
he assured us he was every day gaining more and
more the use of it, and in his own words he was soon
to he "just as good as new."
It is needless to say that we were truly rejoiced to
see him to meet one we had never expected to en
counter again in such excellent plight. Any one who
could have seen him sitting in tiiat apartment of the
Bishop's Palace, his tace swollen, and with a gravi
ty of countenance which would have been ludicrous
even to the causing of laughter had it not been for
his own precarious situation and the heart-rending
scenes around, would have been equally as much as
tonished and rejoiced as we were, on again so unex
pectedly beholding him. N. 0. Ficnyune.
f yCa"n6l practice deceit without that deliberation
Pr?8 which constitutes tfie Tery essence of vice.
A Northern Man with the Right Sort of Union
Principles. The oration of K. F. Stockton, Esq.,
U. S. Senator elect from New Jersey, at Elizabetn
town, on the 4th of July, which we have laid before
our readers, is a sample of the true spirit which, bold
ly expressed and maintained in the North, will quiet
the South and preserve the Union. Few men in his
position a Senator Irom a non-slaveholding State
a Democrat from a State nearly equally balanced in
parly politics would have the moral courage to take
the manly, just and patriotic ground which he as
sumes in defence ot the Constitution and of State
Rights. His sentiments and his language ate com
manding, to allay the Demon of Discord which threat
ens our peace and our prosperity as a people that ought
to be united, not only by the bands of compact, but
by the ties ot affection and by the trusts of mutual
confidence. Less than a stand like this, however,
could not be looked for from a man like the new Sen
ator from New Jersey ; a man of the best revolution
ary stock of the Jersey Blues; born of the purest
patriotism, that which looks to a country and a con
stitution, not to a se-t:on or a party. Bred and trained
up a hero, under the eyes and commands of heroes,
on the quarter decks of our Decaturs and Hulls; a
boy whose gallantry, not content with the glories of
the naval achievment in which he shared during the
last war, went beyond the return of peace and taught
British officers in the Mediterranean, by his single
devotion and daring, to respect " Yankees " every
where and at all times; whose chivalry caused an
order of the British Admiralty to its officers not to
meet their Brother Jonathans on the field of" honor ;"
a man whose love of our navy prompted him to de
vote the energies of an active mind and the purse of
a large private fortune to its improvement; an officer
who (as we are informed) has never drawn the first
dollar tor his pay in the service ; a man, who in the
war with Mexico, not finding an enemy's ships on
the high seas, and, impatient of Pacific blockade,
drilled sailors and marines into soldiers in the land
service, commanded a General and a Colonel in the
field, fought the batile and won the victory of San
Gabriel, and reclaimed a most important conquest
which had been lost. A man who refused the Secre
taryship of the Navy Department so long as ttere
was service for him on board ship, and who has re
tired Irom the shiy, onlp in "piping times" of gen
eral peace, to aid in the rescue of the country by his
voice and his councils and his votes, from the right
quarter, at the opportune moment, in the highest
places of civil service. Such men, in issues like the
present, are more precious to the nation than fine gold.
They are beacon lights and guardians, to whom a
grateful people will look, and whom the wise and
the good will heed and approve.
narnaln-il nnnfliola and diceancinno ttnA o eniuilit Ala
In a moral point of view such a union would be
equally pernicious. To last even through one caru-
! paign, it mnst be based on a surrender on one side,
j or on both, to a greater or less extent, of what has
' been urged, and what is believd to be right. Con
science and conviction must be given up for expe
diency, or in other words, are bargained away to ac
complish temporary objects, thus losing sight of the
maxim that lies at the base of political integrity,
' principles are elernal." The struggle becomes
one of men, one of faction, one for n.ere selfish pur
poses, instead of a fair and honest combat for certain
principles of government.
And this is the attitude in which the attempt now
making in certain quarters, to break down the old par
ties, and form a new organization, would place the
country. The Democracy will have to unite with a
political school, whose doctrines of implied powers,
and of federal concentration, and senatorial irrespon-
For instance, Mr. Meredith, the Taylor ' sibility they consider without warrant of theconstitu
Treasury at the time, in his report of , liont and destructive to a strictly defined and limited
repuoncan government. And tne wnigs would be
called on to surrender what they call their conservatism,
for a creed which they pronounceradic.il, disorganiz
ing, and with a strong tendency to agrarianism.
1 his would be the coalition of nreand water. One
party or the other must suddenly and entirely abandon
their long cherished convictions for the dangerous
heresies of the other; and this would at once throw
suspicion overall their antecedents, and deprive them
of the only solid ground-work of party public confidence
Hence every attempt to form a new party out of the
two great parties now existing will fail. Such a com
bination may be got up in a county, or even, tempor-
statement of the 5th or this month, just published arllJ 1,1 a ote. ut n " arena of the nation it is
shows that a balance remained in the Treasury on the impracticable, as the events of the last twelve months
12, instead of Mr. ahew. 1 he masses cannot be seduced from their old
sianaarus, ana tne lew leaaers mat uesen are certain
' to meet the fate of deserters.
We are equally opposed to the formation of a party
1 pledged to support the Union, at all hazards, or under
! any circumstances ; and to a party organized for the
j porpose of remodeling, seceding from, or dissolving
the Union. Either organization would be fruitful of
evil. The first would, inevitably, by rendering the
; federal government tyrannical and intolerable, bring
about the dissolution it proposes to prevent. The
second by alarming the loyalty of the country, would
RALEIGH AND GASTON- ROAD.
We learn that the meeting of the subscribers and
friend 8 to the Raleigh and Gaston Road at Henderson
on Tuesday last, was large, and that all the Counties
immediately concerned were well represented, with
the exception of Warren. Several gentlemen from
Petersburg were present.
William Boy Ian, Esq., was called to the Chair, and
Mr. L. B. Lemay appointed Secretary.
A committee was appointed to examine the sub
scription books, and report the amount of stock taken.
The committee reported about $260,000 as subscrib
ed, to which $10,000 were added by subscriptions on
the spot. .
We learn that Franklin County has subscribed up
wards of $30,090; Wake between $70,000 and
$75,000; Petersburg $100,100; Granville about
$40,000; and Warren $19,000 making about $270
000 of the $400,000 required by the Charter. War
ren and Granville Counties have not done as well as
it was expected they would do, and Warren is es
pecially behind ; but we learn that the people of these
Counties, who are so deeply interested in the success
of the enterprise, will come up to the work with re
newed zeal and will make up their full quota in due
Spirited and effective Speeches were delivered in
the meeting by Messrs. Saunders and Mordecai.
The friends of the Road appear to feel quite cer
tain that there will be no difficulty in making such
an arrangement with the Company which is to sup
ply the iron, as will ensure the additional subscrip
tion of $100,000 the Company to pay for the stock
in iron, which is indispensable to the enterprise, and
to be guaranteed some fair per cent, ipon their in
vestment. There can be no doubt, it seems to us,
that the Road will pay six per cent. it may pay
seven or eight.
We Jearn that the best spirit pervaded the meet
ing, and that the friends of the enterprise are deter
mined that it shall succeed.
The following are the receipts of the Road, in its
present dilapidated condition, foi the years ending
October 1849 and 1850 :
Year Ending October 1849
Freight, $30,171 97
Passengers, 23,490 90
Mail, 8,487 28
... un.u.. , uie estates affords the best n-n, 11
Slavery, and that an attempt by the sla k 11
States, in the last resort, to shield and presl "I
slave property, wilt end in the " abolition J?,
in the seceding States 'V If this be true tl,T '
is settled. Mr. Webster, Mr. Fillraore jTf0'
Buren, Charles Sumner, William H. Sewa I
large majority of the Northern people have 1 '
taken the position that the area of Slaverr h
be extended-that is, po more .la,holdinB , '
shall be admitted into the Union. This n
made good, will inevitably circumscribe ihlT
lion and confina it. n hv
j field of operations. - In less than fifteen
haps ,n ten the free States will increase tosu'"
extent,, that, with the sympathies and assist,
such Slates as Delaware, Kentucky, and Man??
they will be able to propose amendments to the p
stitution and pass them, making it Con.th.tioa.W
Congress to exercise jurisdiction and control
Slavery in the States; or, if this result shonld DL'
reached in this time, agitation against Slaverr .5
grow with the increase of the free States, ai ,
liminary step to its ultimate destruction bj tl,e F J"!
Government. We say thi8mttbetheendofthi
unless the slaveholding Stales should vreteni . ?!
front against these aggressions and this aeitat! T,
they yield their rights, and give back step by,,
as the Raleigh Register proposes they shall dn
I ...ill nn
on his under lip hid any appearance of a wound all ppcl thdr pas, pn&ctinBt lt seems lo ,ake 8peciaI
" .' a,m " I " y,c' pleasure in falsifying even the most trifling of their '
oecreiary ot I reasury at the time, in his report
1849, "estimated a deficit on the 1st July next (1850)
ot $6,8-28,121, and on the 1st July, 1851, of $10,-,
517,09-2 making in the whole, an estimated deficit ,
of $16,375,211 to be provided for, arising from ex- ,
penses of the war and treaty with Mexico." And
Congress, acting upon his prediction, went so far,
we believe, as to pass a law authorizing a loan to '
meet the expected deficit. What was the fact ascer- ,
tained at the arrival of these periouS 1 Mr. Corwin's .
report of last December announced that on the 1st ,
July, 1850, there was a balance in the Treasury of;1
Year Ending October 1850.
Freight, $31,654 54
Passengers, 27,950 86
Mail, 8,450 18
Disbursements for 1849, $61,176 44
" 1850, 59.337 56
o-Dui,aii instead ot .Mr. Meredith's deficit ot $6,
823,121 ; making a difference, against that officer, of
thirteen millions and a half! and the Treasurer's
1st July, 1851, of SI 1,953, G10
Meredith's deficit ot $10,547,092. making another
difference against that officer of twenty-two millions
and a half! So tar from Mr. Meredith's, new six
teen million loan being necessary to be made, there
are funds enough in hand to redeem prior debts of the
government, and the Department has advertised ac
cordingly. It is just that Mr. Walker's estimate fur
the 1st July, 1850, should be menttoned in this con
nection as illustrating the difference between tne pro
found financier and the mere political sophist. Mr.
VV alker, in his annual report of December, 1818, es
Profits for two years. $9,791 73
This is a small amount of profits a trifle, it is true,
but then the wonder is that the Road has sustained
itself at all.
It is a singular fact, as stated by Mr. Mordecai in
his remarks, that the receipts of the Road increase as
it goes down. This is shown in the difference be
tween 1819 and 1850. We learn, however, that
while the receipts from all sources for the month of
March, 1850, (one of the most favorable months in the
operations of the Road,) exceed those of March, 1849,
by some thousand dollars, those of March, 1851,
fall somewhat behind the receipts of March, 1850,
but still go beyond those of 1849.
We take it for granted that the Charter will be
complied with and the Road reconstructed. To sup
pose otherwise would be to charge the people of War
ren, Granville, franklin, and Wake to say nothing
of Petersburg with a most censurable indifference
to their prosperity and best interests.
timated that a bulanje would be in the treasury on the bl,nd ,he eJes of lhe PeoPle to he usurpations and
1st July. 1850, of 5,040,542; Mr. Meredith, as we j encroachments of government, and increase that ten
have already said, a year afterwards, and a year near- deacy to consolidation which has been observed from
er the nenod. estimated a drUrii at that .Utn nfSRr..- the very initiative of our political system. Either
828,121. The arrival of the period found a balance
of $6,604,544, substantially verifying Mr. Walker,
and completely stu'lifying the Philadelphia lawyer.
The revenues from customs for the fiscal year just
expired, amount to about $49,000,000, and the im
portations oi me country lo about -iOU,OUU,000 in
attempt would be a dangerous experiment.
We must not expect perfection under any form of
government, or exemption from draw-backs even un
der the happy and prosperous circumstances in which
our lots have been cast. But we shculd strive to
make the best of what we have. And there is no
privileges we enjoy can be safe, as under the organi
zations that now exist. The boundaries that divide
W higs an 1 Democrats are palpable. Time does not and
cannot obliterate them. They spring from the con
stitution, and while it exists they must. Whoever
succeeds in breaking down these two great parties,
must first change or break down the constitution.
This one great, absorbing, controlling party would
not do. Professing loyalty to the Union, it would
sap the constitution. Collossus-like it would stride
over the country, a political Juggernaut, crushing
men and institutions. Undents rule the Union, in
deed, might be preserved, but the constitution would
Col. Ruffin and the Democrats are called " Se
cessionists " by the Whiz editors and leaders in this
District, because they believe that a State has the
right to secede tor adequate cause. Let us see how
the same method of argumentation will affect Mr.
Stanly. He believes that Congress possesses the
rigid to pass the Wilmot Proviso; he is therefore
a Wilmot Froviso-iV. He holds that Congress noS'
sesses the right to abolish slavery in the District of
f 1 . l i. : . i .i . . i -. - . .
uviuiuvid , ne is inereiore an Aoouiion-ta( so lar as
the District is concerned. Mr. Stanly disavows that
he is in lavor of exercising either of these rights, and
his friends will deny that he is either a Provisoist
or an Abolitionist; yet there is just as good reason
for applying both names to him as that of " Seces
sionist" to Ool. Ruffin. How do Mr. Stanly's friends
like the parallel 1 Golds. Pat. and Rep.
Never look for trouble. Few people have occa
sion to do that. Yet many people are such misers of
misery, that they can never be content with what they
have, but have a melancholy pleasure in looking for
ward J f a worse time coming." The true philoso
phy of life is to look at our pleasures witk a macni
jmg glass, and at grief with, an inverted telescope.
value. During the past six months, about 'twenty j f of party under which these free institutions and
millions ot specie have bsen shipped abroad, whereat
the Whig press find fresh source of alarm. These
facts are heralded as the most convincing and appall
ing proof of approaching commercial destruction.
To the advocate of free trade, and lo every one who
will exercise his reason for one moment, they furnish
another most gratifying proof of the increasing wealth
and multiplying resources of our country. The ex
ports of specie from this country during 1850, were
very inconsiderable, while a perpetual flood was
coming in upon us from California. Since January
last the amount received from that quarter has been,
in round numbers, twenty millions of dollars. What
amount of specie came to us during the year 1850 in
the pockets of emigrants, is not necessary to be stat
ed ; but during the past six months, 100,000 of those
people have landed at New York alone, whom the
brokers there estimate to have brought along with
them at least $150 each, or $15,000,000 in the ag
gregate during the six months just passed. The Custom-house
tables exhibit an importation of specie be
sides of $2,000,000. Thus, at least thirty-seven
millions of specie have come into the country since
the first of January, while only twenty millions have
gone abroad. The banking returns of recent publi
cation exhibit the remarkable fact that these institu
tions now hold an amount of specie some twenty-five
per cent, greater that at any .former period. These
institutions have as much of specie as they desire
to keep idle in their vaults. Their paper circula
tion has increased in the same ratio. During the
last twelve months, the specie of iht banks ot the
Union increased from $45,379,345 to 953,671,133,
that is to say $8,291,788. In the same period their
paper circulation increased f.-om $131,366,526 to
$155,058,881, that is to say $23,692,055.
The mints ot the government coined in 1850, $33,
231,971, of which $3,271,783 went into bank vaults,
leaving $29,990,185 as the amount which went into
general circulation as a part of the permanent cur
rency of the country. This latter sum together with
the $23,692,055, which has been added to the paper
circulation, make an increase of fifty-three millions
and a half in the national currency in the last 12
months. Currency is a commodity that is not con
sumed. When its channels become fuli, the sur
plus becomes useless and flows - off to where it will
be of use. Is it strange, therefore, that after the
twenty-three millions of increase in the paper circu
lation, and the twenty-nine millions in 1850 and thirty-seven
millions in the first half of 1851, of increase
in the specie of the country already mentioned, twen
ty millions of the latter should be found leaving the
country ! So far from its being a source of alaim,
it indicates the fact that, henceforward, specie will be
One of the staple exports of the country. -
Much religion but no goodness. Which means much
profession and no practice much form and no faith
many good words and no good works. Such is the
" relgiori " of the hypocrite .not that of the Saviour,
Hon. Jacob Thompson. We publish in another
column the proceedings of the Southern rights con
vention held at Pontotoc, Miss., on Monday last, from
which it will be seen that Hon. Jacob Thompson has
been nominated, by acclamation, for re-election to
Congress. This intelligence will be received with
rejoicing by the friends ot State rights throughout his
district, and we indulge the hope that Mr. Thompson
will not feel himself at liberty to decline the nomina
tion. His country has peculiar claims upon him at
the present time, and now, more than ever before, are
his faithful services and long experience required in
the councils of the nation.
He has for ten years past been a representative in
Congress from the State of Mississippi, and by his
commanding talents, his unimpeachable integrity and
unswerving devotion to Democratic principles, and
to the constitutional rights of lhe South, has won a
reputation co-extensive with the confederacy, and a
place in the heart of every sincere Democrat, We
shall hail his election, of which we have not a doubt,
with unalloyed gratification as a glorious triumph of
the cause of Southern rights, and as a cheering evi
dence that the people oi his gallant State will remain
Hue to those who have been true to her through sun
shine and through storm. When the South, discard
ing her brave and trne and gallant defenders, shall
take to her bosom the confederates of the common
foe, there will be wanting no further step to complete
our degradation as a people. The election of Mr.
Thompson will, therefore, be a triumph over our ene
miesa triumph of the South, and a triumph of the
Constitution over the vandal band which in the name
of Union would sacrifice to the spirit of Northern
fanaticism its sacred guarantees. ilaily Jtppcnl.
Judge Greene C. Bronson, in reply to an invita
tion to be present at the Tammany celebration of New
York, wrote " When the several States shall learn
to mind their own business, without meddling with
the affairs of others, and shall be faithful to the con.
stitution as it is, without rejecting any part of it, the
Union 'will stand too strontr for its enemies, withmtt
and within. And when the democracy shall build
again on its old foundation, without constructing new
platforms to catch the factfons of the day, it will re-i
gain its ascendency in this State and in the nation.'
South Carolina may add some brightness to the
tail of the " Great Lion" ot Britain; she can carry
off, however, but little from this great Western light,
which now illumines the whole earth ! We should,
nevertheless, regret much to see her depart. She
would take leave of her sisters, with such bad grace!
And if she did not, in a short time, like the prodigal
son, waste her own substance, she would find some
kind friend amongst the ambitious " aristocracy " of
the earth, who would soon bring her to want and dis
grace ! m Register.
What have you got to say of Massachusetts and
Vermont 1 No officer of Massachusetts can lay hands
on a fugitive slave, with the view ot aiding his mas
ter to reclaim him, without subjecting himself to fine
and imprisonment ; and Vermont, by her late Legis
lature, deliberate nullified the fugitive-slave law pass
ed by the last Congress. Can you deny these facts 1
And yet you traduce, defame, and villify South Ca
rolina, whose people as yet have done nothing, and
maintain at the same time the most profound silence
in regard to th's offensive action of these non-slave-holding
-States ! Why is this? Is if because Mas
sachusetts and Vermont are Whig States and South
Carolina Democratic Is that the reason 1 Or is it
because you are hopelessly given over to Consolida
tion and to the commands of your leaders, right or
So far as the fugitive-slave law is concerned, these
two States are this day practically out of the Union.
The Register seems determined on civil war. That
paper denounces, abuses, and seeks, by every means
in its power, to irritate and aggravate the people of
South Carolina, and drive them oat of the Union ;
and if they should go out, the Editor would encour
age the free States in making war upon them to bring
them back. That would be civil war ; and if a
calamity so great should befall us, the eternal infamy
of the deed will rest with the free States, and those
who, in our midst, so far forget their duty and the ob
ligations of a common patriotism as to encourage
these free States in their aggressions and insults.
We invite attention to the Advertisement of the
White Sulphur Springs, Warren County, in another
column. This is one of the most pleasant of South
ern watering-places, and enjoys as it deserves a larfre
and increasing patronage. Mr. Jones, the gentle
manly proprietor, leaves nothing undone to please
and gratify those who visit these Springs.
We had an excellent rain in this place on Thurs
day evening and Thursday night last ; and judging
from the appearance of the clouds, we think it must
have been general. It was very much needed.
Meal is selling in this market at one dollar and ten
cents per bushel, and retailing from the shops at one
dollar and a quarter. , Flour is also scarce, and com-;
mands a good price.
- We learn fromj ouj Western exchanges that the
Cholera prevails! in N,ew Orleans and on the Wes
tern rivers to a considerable extent.
doom will be sealed.
These views of the Register would be ddnKrM.
at any time to the institution cf Slavery, but
especially so at a time like this. They gay toV
North, if yon will harrass ns-if you ,w confi!
Slavery to its present limits if you wipotn8
der the ban, and leave us no hope in future yearj bm
emancipation at an immense cost, or abolition amid to.
surrection and servile war if you will convert these
iair ueius oi ours into a black empire, and force oar
posterity from them to distant lands if JOo viili
what the Constitution forbids you from doing, anij
take from us the sacred rights which that instra.
ment guarantees to us if you will treat us a. !
inferiors in the Confederacy if you u-itf do these
things, and more, if you wish, voc mist do it; e
have no hope for ourselves or for the institution of
Slavery but in the very power which may be wielded
for the destruction of both ! This, we repeat, j
substance the language of the Raleigh Register; but
if we have done that paper injustice we will cheer
fully set it right.
Whigs of North Carolina, is this your doctrine!
If so, you might as well make up vour minds to lose
your slaves, for lose them you will, sooner oi later,
if such views prevail.
The true ground, in our humble judgment, is this:
Let us stand by the Constitution as it is, askino for
no amendments to it and submitting to none. Let us
demand, as an indispensable condition of our contin
uance in the Union, that Congress and the President
shall faithfully execute the fugitive-slave law; and
that Congress shall abstain, scrupulously and forever,
from discussing the question of Slavery, or from ex
ercising or claiming jurisdiction over it. Let Slave
ry spread itself, if it can, without the aid or the oppo
sition of the Federal Government; and let new States
be admitted, if their Constitutions be republican, with
out reference to this institution. In other words, let
us require that the free States shall perform their duty
nnder the Constitution, and lei Slavery alone. This
is all we ask. More we could not require, in justice
to other portions of the Confederacy; less we cannot
take, without proving ourselves unworthy of the
privileges and blessings of free government.
William H. Seward says he has Slavery just where
he wants it that the perpetuation of the Union is
essential to its ultimate extinction that the moral
opinion of tbe Northern people, acting on the insti
tution in the Southern States, will melt it away as an
iceberg dissolves before the sun ; and the Raleigh
Register holds to the opinion, and argues to establish
it, that there is no safety for the institution out of the
present Confederacy of States! Seward regards the
Union as an engine of ruin to one-half the States,
and he is steadily marching forward to the consum
mation of his purposes ; the Raleigh Register can
see no remedy for the Slites by virtue of any rights
or action of their own, and no power in the States
to protect themselves or their property as organized
political communities; but that paper yields every
outpost of State rights, prostrates itself before the ear
of Consolidation, which is, in the end, Abolition, and
begs the free States for protection and merer !
We have no wish to discuss the question of Sla
very, and we have written this article with reluctance
and only as a matter of duty. But our duty we intend
to perform, if we know how, nnder all circumstances,
no matter who may be affected by it in the public es
timation. We believe in the Constitution, in State
Rights, and in African Slavery, and we intend to stand
by them so long as the blood shall circulate in these
A CRYING EVIL.
The Richmond Times, speaking of the condition
and prospects of Virginia, says " the crying evil of
our good old State has been Federal politics; debates
about Federal relations in the Legislature and speech
es on the hustings from candidates for Federal offi
ces. We talk more about State rights than any oth
er people in the Union, and think less of Slate in
terests. We have plenty of statesmen, but a lamen
table lack of State-men. "
A portion of the above will apply with much fore
to North Carolina. Our own best interests are neg
lected in a general race after Federal offices and hon
ors every thing tenda to the building up of a splen
did government at Washington, while the Slate and
her concerns are lost sight of or forgotten. Is not
this so 1 Look at the State consider what she still
is, and what she might have been, and then answer.
If one-half tbe eloquence which has been brought
into requisition with a view to Federal honors and
offices, had been exerted in onr midst in the cause of
Common Sohoola, think yon that our system would
not have been much better than U now isl This is
only one instance out of many that we might bring
forward, if we thought proper to enlarge upon thi
How many Speeches, by the way, has Mr. Senator
Badger ever made in the cause of Common Schools
What public measure of importance and benefit to
North Carolina has he ever originated 1 And ye'
thousands of the people of this State " delight to
honor" this. gentleman, and he has been elevated by
the Legislature to the highest office the State could
bestow ! Let the people think of these things.
Is the Raleigh Times in existence!
neither seen nor heard of it for months.
' ; Ljncote Courier.
The Raleigh Times is not in existence, 1 ha
been discontinued for some time past.
"Saw Francisco. Hunt Merchant's Mag?i"e
states, the ajwoat incredible fact that the exports from
San Francisco are larger than any other city in the
United States, not excepting even New York, a0"
that in imports and tonnage it stands among the 6'sU