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they pre meltirg away tx-forc the energy of the
white race. Most of them are children of slaves old fashioned Long Island Dutch slaves -and there is every reason to believe that, had these children or descendants remained slaves,, they would nowjbe well provided for, as their parents were, by good masters ; and instead" of idle, drunken paupers, in festing our villages and putting us to a good deal of trouble and expense, they, would be hearty, ro bust, steady, quk t people, enjoying all the comforts and some of the luxuries of' life. Now, then, will you please to. tell us what these three hundred and forty negroes have gained by emancipation i "What have they gained by freedom ? Kespectfullv, yours, J- ! This communication, and the Tribune's comments upon it, called out one of the Trustees of Jamaica who expressed himself as follows : " Mv attention has been called to the second ar ticle in the Tribune on this subject. It appears to assert, or at least to imply that the wants ot the colored population are disregarded, and every pro ject for their amelioration discountenanced, liut happily this is far from being the case. 1. l'jivate individuals have contributed and la bored for their benerit. Swme years ago an esteem ed clergyman expended over one thousand dollars in sustaining a school and clothing the scholars. Shortly after, a combination of individuals formed a school, which was continued as long as children could be prevailed upon to attend. Even then, it cost more to clothe and watch the scholars, than all other contingencies combined. Sunday schools hlwlif.1 ml children and srown per- in the non-slaveholdmg ;bUt "ZZ-ZjZ are udinitted amW the whites in the regu- 915. In loou H was 10,010,11V, .-...... . , . sjxif. ' ir ,i lnrlv nrniiiizivl ( 'Imreli schools. create from -JW" - j T writer u at fault with reg!ird to the ad- uuci irom hi u . " yr"" -f- , ..' . mission of tUc coW children in the Free bchoois. oy emi'TanoJi, mu ctc . those States since 1840 unon the population only one million for cmi: favorable possible sup 1.5a irvw!i hfl Infill DUt .JU HCr CClll. I crease of whites in. th6 Southern States, on thecth- - to go, numbered m 1840 75(T, having increased increase ot populate dence of tho comfort , a people, uieru is t uigi"-' ucjji. vr. . .r 1 1 1 . r .. . . .F i u-liieli jitti'iia school. social well-being among soumeni rnaa ortuew. , - --; - . j u j rf th5s point. whites in .the proportion of 37 to 30 or 20, as ""iy COIlsolidate the several or Uoo mUhons are .H1i,. Diriets, aiid then a portion of the public money fl! i- ! .f) - a separate school for them, cred 722,656 or 29 per, cent.- The whole of this j thoy - , , ivoa w;iurf:LSi am I it we add to the numoer - .... n- . - . on nnn f.,r 1 that have been emancipated in, or : truly deplorable - ; . . . . ' From the Richmond Enquirer. The f tatistics of tiie free negro population of the United States disclose a melancholy "tate of things ,,t tV.., iuum.V IIia census ot I00O is of t nflirfallv and fullv luiblishcd,; but enough is known torevenhthe tact that tho natural in crease of the free slacks in the Lintcd States du ring theUt ten ycar3, has been either nothing at all, or a yeiy small per centage. The census of 1850 shows that their number m all the States in creased but 14,102 during the lecade, that i- to sav from 170,780 in 1840, to 184,832 in 18o0, or ?5St That many as 14,000 of this lat-. ter number have been emancipated dur.ng that pe riod in all the Soutliern States does not admit ot doubt; indeed it is quite certain that a tar larger number then this have been sctfreem those States and probably as many more escaped from them in to free Stati. It is pdain, therefore, that there has been no natural increase among these people ; but on the contrary a considerable tailing ofi in num bers Other facte upon this subject have recently come to li"-ht from other sources than the census. During the last thirty years, the number of whites in theNew England States has increased C5 per cent while the increase- of blacks from all causes has been only 61-2 per cent. During the hist two years the number of blacks in New ork State has fallen off 2,583. During the last ten years, their number in New York State and New England to gether has fallen off 402. ' Compare these facts with the increase of the oln M..wv, Af our population. The number of whites m.i.i.t t tlw Trustees have been 111- h.,beon but per cent. , -IT-" V imthintf to UnAer of that year, it we deduct r, nn1 w rrration. making the most , wen Kiiowmg mo i.u,). ryj"--; 5.. xr.v" 'lWiivr that f t wore once arousedt would result position MuH...u,j have ctJctad them The author of the article was writing at ran- '.1. .1 .!.,. !... Kvuir w f.iiar. persons :uina 4,632,040, and inlBoO o,ouo,- , u ' n vahl 1'4;116,- I1' " i . lf,r .l,ii m' for their children. In our District on anorus, rnere.ore, .-v . . . ,f fr K1U.,, nprsonil. one of and prosperous condition ot "i' l" . V, ' ltli ,.t (.rt ..,,,,1 them having no children, and the other two both hav pscaned from the slave States, who of course must form a portion of the estimate in ascertaining the na tural increase of this population, we find that increase to have been 30 jcr c-t. upon its number in 1840. "The increase of northern whites we nave The most of them are ig norant, s-unei-stitious, and in a state of abject servi tude, infinitely worse than the subjects of the hard est task-master of the South. They are slaves to their appetites and passions. And why i Not be cause of the scarcity of privileges or of assistance, A TRUSTEE." Beauties of thu Tklegiiaph. The Magnetic Telegraph is- a thing for which the newspapers pay a great deal of money, and yet it does little else 1 . 1- . 1 - A; . 1 . . . . 1 v seen to have been between 20 and 30 per cent.; a u cau me cou.ueracuo. v u fact which shows the general condition of that pop- prop.teu o, - iVC" T 0 ulation, all classes bring considered, to be not so ! received and Alcahohc ison dbur.ed good as or worse than that ot Southern slaves. To arrange these different populations of our j country, therefore, in order of their relative comfort and well-being, as indicated by the census, they , on..,l. 1 of Sntithfrn IVJilfvn -Id iiauthem Slitvps: : 3d, JSTorthern Whiles; and 4th, and last of all, 'than lead them into blunders. We know of no Free Blacls. ' j h,w' wnmon and statute, which requires a man to Whatever' fault may be found with this clissiti- pay tor falsehoods, and yet the associate press ot cation which we believe to be as true an index ; this, and other cities pay a high price tor them al ofthc actual relative condition of these classes of . ost every day. In election news, particularly, our population as can be found, there can le no these blunders of the telegraph have become so avoidin" the fact, that it speaks volumes of rebuke j common, that the results are hardly known as ear upou the fanaticism which would reduce our black jlv as th;y were formely known by the slow mail, popuhition, in the slave States, to the wretched con-! Thus in regard to the Kentucky election, it was dition of the liberated hlacks of the free States, j first announced that the "W hig candidate for Gover Thcreat fact in regard to these classes is, that ' nor was chosen then the Democratic then again while one of them is decaying as rapidly as did the ! the Whig and now it h.is settled down again on aborigines of the country in the presence of civil- the Democratic. The same authority made simi ization, tho other is enjoying a social well-Wing, and lar errors in respect to one or two numbers of Con increasing with a rapidky,"efmal if not snjierior to ; gress in the same State. The first tidings defeated that of the Northern white population. There is j Stanly in North Carolina, but the result is that he no room for scculat;on as to the causes of this di- j elected by a large majority. In Alabama, the versity of condition between these classes of blacks, j Union ticket had swept the entire State, according The black man is unfit tor civilization in any other to the first announcement ; but one after another of condition than slavery; and all schemes of philan- tne spofces oi this wheel uroppea out, and we now thropy looking to Ids improvement when emanci-: fvd two, aud prolwibly three, secessioniste chosen pated are idle. ' to C)jiigras.s. How much reliance can be iilaced on It will not do to say that the free n-uroe s con dition is the result of his degraded position in so ciety and of the prejudices of the white population against him. It is only where he is found in soci ety of whites, performing those subordinate office to which he is adapted, that he is at all respectable ; any statement blunders coming from a source so tun Boston Mail. A Woijd to Yorxt Mes. Every voung man should determine to I.kj intelligent to acquire th general knowledge which will qualify him to profit it is only while supported by the frame work ofi by the society of the well-informed, especially that white society that his condition is at all tolerable. ,' knowledge whicn will make him master ot the bu- W hen separated from this and surrounded only by : sinoss or employment he adopts. Aud for both his own caste, when living apart from the white i these purposes, whatever Iks his profession, there man m a community ot his own species, ho sinks 'are numerous opjtortunities and facilities 111 this city immediately into vice, want aud abject misery, of which he may avail himself. There is not in the whole Union an exception to be Every one has leisure hours. But how are these ioond to this tact ; and it the case of Lilnr ria seems 1 to be an exception, it is only so by reason of the unsparing exertions and profuse liberality of the American Colonization Soocicty towards that com munity. In respect to that colony, there can be no doubt that it will prove itself as it has proved it self an excellent asylum for the free blacks of the United States, and that both North and South will contribute largely to its support and its success ; but those who think that cmancipatm" tho slave and colonizing him there or any where else will el evate his moral nature, improve hi social condition and augment his happiness, will find themselves ut terly disappointed. We all know the condition of free blacks in the South. It is no bettor at the North anioni- their neighbors and protectors the abolitionists. Every day brings us new evidences of the fact. TIkkc Northern States which have recently framed new constitutions, regarding them as insupportable nu isances to society, have excluded aiiv further acces sions ot blacks mto their Wders. Northern pa- c.. v,.v!j .i.ij jnu,-u wuii iiiM.inces 01 tneir wretched depravity and destitution. The JYew York Journal of Commerce has the following no tice of a colony of these people in Long Island: It is immaterial for our present purpose to as certain the causes of the greater prevalence of vice and immorality among the free colored race at the North, than among the slaves at the South or than among the slaves of the North while slavery existed here. The fact is indisputable. And itris equally indisputable that the condition of the rcat mass of the free colored people of the North isget ting worse. Any intelligent observer who has giv en heed to the subject, knows that, as a class, the free colored population is more legr;ided, more vicious and immoral, than it was thirty or forty years ago. We have in our mind's eye, several villages in the country, where, when we were boys, the great majority of the colored free people were decent and respectable whereas now, it is notori ous that the majority are anything but decent and respectable. But not to ma'ke our declarations so general as to lose their point, and give opportuni ty ior evasion or ueniai, we will present, by way of illustration, the ease ot the. colored people of Ja maica, L. L, as described in the annexed communi cations, not long since published in the Tribune. The first is dated Jamaica, I- 'May 30th, and closes as follows : " In this town there are three hundred and forty fi-ec negroes (this number lias decreased since jmoro 1 an thr88 hundred of them are pau Sf.u, ardj- not one m ten live decently or iSrlS;lR; ?.of ten are debauched-and intemperate that their offspring die in infancy, and occupied by multitudes Franklin in his 3-outh was a mechanic. And then by his eager, iersever ing efforts to acquire perfect knowledge, he laid the foundation ujon which was built the comely, magnificent superstucture of his future fortune, Wealth, usefulness, and a world-wide fame crowned his mature years. How tew among the mechanics. or youth in other employments 111 this city appre ciate, and as laithtully nnjrove as he did, their leis ure moments for mental culture and acquisition. If any j-outh is desirous to learn how he may econo mise the time which he may call his own, and make the most ot it, tor this end, let him read the biogra phy ot the sell-made man. lie there may see how the mere frairments of time may be turned to good account. lTjon regard paid to any exam ilc like his, the multitudes who throng the drink ing saloons and grogshops, the long evening hour: wasted there, and in the haunts of pleasure, arc : sad comment. To change this pernicious course, and these vicious habits ot young men 111 this city, to guide others who may succeed and prevent their adopting this course and these habits, is an object of vital importence to the public, as well as to their individual weltare. The Poor Bov. Don't be ashamed, my lad, if you have a patch on your elbow. It speaks well for your industrious mother. For our part, we should rather see a dozen patches on your jacket, than hear one profane or vulgar word escape your nps. iNo good txy wilt shun you, because you cannot dress as well as your- companion ; and if a bad boy sometimes laughs at your aprearanee, sav nothing, my good lad, but walk on. We know many a rich and good man, who was once as poor as you. There is our next door neighbor in par ticular now one ot our wealthiest men who told us a short time since, that when a child he was glad to receive the cold potatoes from his neigh bor's table. Be good, my bov, and if you are poor you are much better off than if you were tho son of a rich man, and were addicted to bad habits. Coulpn't Grow Poor. The Lockport Comet Knows ot a man ot business m that city who once determined to ruin himself by squandering his mon ey in advertising ; but he found that the more he advertised the richer he grew, until at last he was obliged to give up in despair of ever eflecting his purpose in thk way. Locke ox Eppcatiox. Would not a Chinese who -took notice of our way of educating be apt to imagine that all ourvounsr ercntlemen were desisro- d to be teachers and professors of the dead lan guages ot foreign countries, and not to be men ot business in their own ? V'.l ' ' ' " " ' 1 From the New York Sun, AuRUst 26. j Ilaynan Concha's Death-Warrant For the Execution of the American Prisoners at Haoana, August 15A, 1851. ' -"It havin" .been decreed by the general order of the 20th of April last,' and subsequently reproduc etL what was to be the fate of the pirates who should dare to profane the soil of this island, and in view pf the declarations of the fifty individuals who have been . taken by his excellency the com-niander-general of this naval station, and placed at my disposal, which declarations establish the iden-. tv of their persons as pertaining to the horde com manded by the traitor Lopez, I have resolved, in accordance with the provisions of the royal ordi nances, general laws of the kingdom, and particu larly the royal order of the 1 2th June of the past year, issued for this particular case, that the said individuals, whoso names and designations are set forth in the following statement, suffer this day the pain of death by being shot, the executiou being committed to the Senor Teniente de Ilev, brigadier of the Plaza. "JOSE DE LA CONCHA." We have translated the above warrant for the instruction of our readers, and of the American public generally. - The Spanish Haynau does not pretend in his warrant for the massacre that the men had been placed on trial, and convicted on conclusive evidence. It would seem that the brave fellows had scorned to seek mercy by preva rications or subterfuges ; but whether they made any declaration ot their acts and intentions is a matter of great doubt. Even if they did declare their connexion with the liberating expedition, that declaration was not sufficient ground tor their sum mary and wholesale massacre. But the language of the warrant plainly shows that their execution was not in accordance with the laws and usages of civilized nations, but in accordance with a rotul or dinance of the Spanish Crow n despotic and arbi trary as tho ukase of tho llussian Czar. And this is the kind of government with which the government of the United States is so anxious to maintain " amicable relations !" u I have re sol red" says llavnau Concha. And what did he resolve ? To set at defiance all resiect for civilized law, and all respect for the government of the Uni ted States, which has shown such an anxious de sire to maiutain "friendly relations with his gov ernment, and to preserve to it its oppressed colony of Cuba. Concha will live to regret his resolve. He is ignorant of the character and spirit of the freemen of this republic. He fancied that from the conduct of the United States government he could gratify his savage thirst for revenge, his de sire tor blood, with impunity. But the government of the United States is not a desjotism which can defy and control the feelings and actions of its people according to its ileasure. It must be guided by tlie 1 O mi will of the people, or, if its opposes that will, the peo ple can set its dictatorial and despotic opposition at defiance. '"s The American people are law-abiding, and lovers of just laws, justly and firmly administered ; but whenever their government exceeds the limits of its delegated power, or attempts to form coalitions with despotism to crush a -people struggling for their rights and liberties, they will cease to yield submis sion to its usurped power and arbitrary mandates. As all power emanates from the people in this coun try, the 2eople are jealous of any usurpations which the constitution, the laws, and the sjnrit of their free institutions do not sanction. It would be well if Concha had understood these facte, and well for our present ruh rs at Washington to bear thom well in mind. In this connexion we will quote an extract from an article in the Philadelphia North American of yesterday. W c have frequently expressed, the idea which is eontiuned in the hrst part of the extract : " It has been what we may now call the misfor tune of the government of the United States to act towards all other government, and esiMK-ially the weak and minor ones, with a gentle courtesy :md torbcaraucc very seldom practised by other powerful States ; and the result has been that it has had to bear and has always been too willing to put up with slights and grievances from such weak and minor governments as never perhajs would have been ottered to other states. We have particularly erred in treatin as a gov ernment tho captaiii-geueralcy of Cuba, which is no government at all, but a colonial satrapate, whicn ought never, in any instance, to be allowed to exercise, a it does, tho power of life or death over the. citizens of a foreign State. Our courtesy is rewarded by the cold-blooded massacre of fifty of our citizens. Does any one bclieVfi that Gen. CoiicIki, or any other island Governor, would ever have dared to shoot fifty Englishmen, or fifty French men, under similar circumstances (" Sleeping Flowers. Almost all flowers sleep during the night. The marigold goes to bed with the sun, and with him rises weeping. Many plants are so sensitive that their leaves close during the passage of a cloud. The dandelion opens at five or six in the morning, and shuts at nine in the evening. The "goat-beard " wakes at three in the morning, and shuts at five or six in the afternoon. The common daisy shuts up its blossom in the eve ning and owns its 'day's eye' to meet the early lieams of the morning sun. The crocus, tulip, and many others, close their blossoms at different hours toward eveninar. The ivy leaved lettuce opens at eight in the morning, and closes forever at four in the afternoon. The night flowering cereus turns night into day. It begins to expand its magnificent sweet scented blossoms in the twilight, it is in full bloom at midnight, aud closes never to open again with the dawn of day. In a clover-field not a leaf opens until after sunrise ! So says a celebrated English author, who has devoted much time to the study of plants, and often watched them during their ouiet slumbers. Those ilante which seem to be nvake all nnrhu he styles tne pais ana owis ot the vegetable kingdom. SEMI-WEEKLY STANDAR Tbe Cantltntloa nl the of ihc Stttn "THejr must be Prewrred." RALEIGH: WEDXESD1T, September 3, 1851. ble, whether as applied to individuals or States. The only inquiry, then, is. Is the Compromise such a THE BUTCHERY AT HAVANA The last New Orleans True Delta publishes ik grievance, vis a measure upportea ty lour-nims 0.1 following letters, written by victims of San;.k 1 ai a pariv in me , , . . - ues. THE WASHINGTON UNION. ,: We are determined notto become involved, for pres ent causes, in a controversy with our friend of the Washington Union;'but a sense of justice to' our own position requires that we should submit some re marks in reply to that paper of the 2Gth ultirn The main object of our article of the 23dAugnst was to remind the Union of its apparent indifference to the late Congressional elections in thisState ; and we observed incidentally that that journal by this in difference and by its support of Compromise men in the South against those who acquiesce in the Com promise for the sake of the Union had rendered but little, if any, service to our parly in the late campaign in this State. To the first point in our article the Union makes no reply, as it leels no doubt conscious of having neglected Democratic interests in this State ; but upon the second point it responds at some length, and while it enters into a vindication of its own course, it leaves the inference, to say the least, in the minds of its readers, that the " Raleigh Stan dard " is a Secession and Disunion paper, and an rayed, with Messrs. Rhettand Cheves, of South C olina, against the Union of the States. Such an Terence, we need not remind our readers, is unfourned and unjust; and we appeal to our whole coursedn ring this unhappy "Slavery controversy, for proif of what we say We have maintainod, from the first, that the sure? if not the only way to preserve the Union, was for the people of the slaveboldisg States to stand for ward unflinchingly for their Constitutional rights. These rights had been put in peril by no act of theirs, but by the aggressions of the Freesoilers and Aboli tionists ; and while, under this view of the matter, we were as anxious as any one for the return of peace anu harmony, we could not consent to purchase even that by subscribing, as many of our Whig fellow-citizens of the South have done, to the doctrines of passive obedience and non-resistance so far as future aggressions are concerned. We honestly believe, and shall ever believe, that if the Southern people had stood up as one man for their rights, California would have been remanded to a Territorial condition, and the Missouri line would have been established from the frontiers of TexaB to the Pacific ocean, thus securing to that people some fair and reasonable par ticipation in the benefits of a country "purchased as rnUch by their blood and their treasure as by the the South one erf those grievances th South. can denounce with safety as so gross a viola tion c.f constitutional authority as to justify resistance, in the sense in which our fathers separated from Great Britain 1 Common sense answers, No! -And we must be permitted to indulge the belief that our at tempt to shield tfie democratic party from . the conse quences of such an assumption, although it has not secured us the good opinion of the Italeigh Standard, execution at potism a few hours previous to their Havana : Oit Board the Man-of-war ETspbhanz, ) 'August 16, 1S51 ( My Dear and Affectionate ixtera and Brothers ' Before 1 .die I am permitted to address niv I words in this world. ast has been responded to by the great body of our friends , dition for Cuba. We arrived, about four Imnd inn. f with satisfacticn, and with assurances, both as to the past and future, which will leave -us no cause of re gret." The Union is mistaken as to our position in con nection with the doctrine of secession. We hold, as we have uniformity held, that no State can secede without ju.il cause i that, in other words, the Consti tution must be palpably violated and the compact broken, before any State can be released. We hold, as we have uniformly held, that if this compact should be broken, the act will be an ajst of revolution on the part of the sectional majority which perpetrates it, for the simple reason that it will work a radical change in the Constitution of government; that-this sectioual majority will nevertheless, as a matter of course, hold on to the government,, and proclaim the Union as still in being ; that the only alternative left to the minority of tbe States will be to withdraw or secede from such a government, and provide new guards for heir future security ; and that, in so doing, they will go forward under the authority of sovereign States, thus released from their obligations to the compact by the act of the majority, and will not be responsi ble to the majority for their conduct, nor liable to the penalties of treason. The Union of the 22d August says, the Southern rights party affirms the Consti tutional right of a State to secede at its pleasure from the Union," &c, &c. Now so far as the Southern rights party of this State is concerned the Union is certainly mistaken. They hold no such doctrine as that of a Constitutional right" to secede they re gard this right, on the contrary, as a reserved right, to be exercised only in the last resort; but at tbe same time they maintain, with Mr. Cobb, who is endorsed by the Union, and with the Kentucky and Virginia Re solutions of '98 and '99, that " in such case " that is, in the last resort " each State is to be the judge not only of the " infractions" but " the mode and measure of redress." We beg leave to repeat, in this connection, the language of Mr. Jefferson, and to give to it our cordial assent : " Are we then to stand to'our arms 1 No. That must be the last resource, not to be thought of until much longer and greater sufferings. We must have patience and longer epdu ranee with our brethren while under delusiou give them time for reflection and experience of consequences keep ourselves in a situation to profit by the chapter of ac- ciuems ; anu separate jrom our companions f not re- numiipr. last Tfwr. ami in niwrnt an Kn... j- . - nuui irom . urn . . I moan, n It v a) ri a will h. I . T u . prisoner after an engagement, and, with fifi oil" To Father Blackney, my last profound Father Lacroix and Father D'Hau a m pose of my soul. ' ear re- mass Por J acite it am to be shot in an hour. I !ie, my dear biothers and sisters, a repenlant ' i-.i-r, having been blessed with the last rites of8"1" holy religion. Forgive me for all my follies 0r Ur life, and you, my dear and affectionate sisters n" for my soul. ' "y A .goto my dear mother and console her. ni 1 my dear child, kiss her a thousand times rnr...' 1 ' her for my sake. Kiss my brothers and all ).'. jfe i.;M.n t if..k.. Di.i . '''""dear lIIIIUIl. spect ; to lor tne repose of my My dear mother-in-law, farewell ! shot and dead by this time ! 1 : 1 u . t. j 1 -1 1 . 1 miu uciucoui iiijr oear cm id 10 yoi and alone. Good-bye H ; good-bye G nd -r 1 did my duty. Good-bye all. Your dear Son and Brother, HONORE T ACITE VI EN ft E Mr. Antonia Costa has promised to do all hp " to obtain my body. If so please have me bui with my wife. ' jr y " Havana, on Board thb Man-of-VVah j 8 o'clock a. m., August 16th. 1851 ( Stanton Co. . 1 My dear friends : About 50 nf . , . , ------ vui, vruien- den s command were taken prisoners yesterday hiv not received our sentence yet, but no doubt wn uin Y, e ocoundrel, lias de- uuuui uui an thosp I you efforts and sacrifices of the people of the other States ; volt from our rulers) only when the sole alternatives but the result was otherwise the Compromise nieas- 1 left are the dissolution of our Unionwith them, or a ures, designed to restore harmony and to perpetuate the Union, became the laws of the land, and we an nounced it as our intention to acquiesce in them for the sake of the Union, provided the free States would do the same. On the other hand, the Whigs of the South or a large majority of them approved and praised this Compromise as just and fair in it self, and began to denounce all in the South who would not d - the same ; and this, too, when it was no tations that tluee-fourths of their associates in the free States were bitterly opposed to the only feature in it which promised to be of substantial benefit to the slaveholding States, and were demanding its repeal ! silions that we have been denounced by the authors or " essential modification." The next step on the J of the Union-humbug-party in this State, as a practi part of these Whigs was an attempt to throw off their ' cal Secessionist and Disunionist ; and the Democrat oN name, and to form a Union party " on the basis ic party has been branded, for the same cause, as hos- submission to a government without limitation of nowers Between these two evils, when we must make a choice, there can be no hesitation. But in the meanwhile the States should be watchful to note every material usurpation on their rights to denounce them as they occur in the most peremptory terms to protest a gainsl them as wrongs, to which our submission shall be considered, not as acknowledgements or precedents of right, but as a temporary yielding to the lesser evtl, un lit their accumulation shall overweigh thai of separa tion." We ask the attention of the Union particularly to those portions of the above e.ctract which we have printed in italics. And it is for maintaining these po- be shot before sunset nplVHtl lis - there is n-i nhmit fill (!iittnnQ rieinrr wara all j PprtS Orleans. Lopez took nearly his command and de serted as we were attacked by some 500 or 700 of the Queen's troops the 2d day after we landed. Our own gallant. Col. Crittenden done all that any man could do but we saw we had been deceived and re treated to the sea shore with the intention of gettina off to our country if possible got three boats and got off with the intention of coasting until we fell in with an American vessel, and were taken prisoners by the steamboat Havanero. Explain to my family that I have done nothing but what was instigated by the highest motives, that I die with a clear conscience and like a man with a stout heart. I send my watch 10 you, it is for little Benny, my nephew. Good-bye, God "bless you all Truly yours, GILMAN A. COOK. of this Compromise ; and the plan was to include all iO advocates and friends as Union men, and to hold tile to the Union and bent on its destruction. rri 1 A I 1 till i I 1 lie buuor Ol ine Union iikim ennntrli in sav ....... , J up those who were opposed to 11, out wno acqutesceu tnat he is " unwilling to suppose that the Raleigh in it for the sake of the Union, as well as those who Standard, although dissatisfied with " his course, were for resistance and dissolution on account of it, desire to break up tho Democratic party because as enemies to tne union and to puuc order. Ana !a smau fraction of it, regarding the Compromise a now, we ask tne Washington Union what sacrifices 1 serious injury to the South, is anxious to make it the wcrernaaejorine unionoy mesesame zoutiern Whin.' occasion of asserting a principle which can have no Did they yield, according to their own showing, any opinion or any principle for the sake of the IJnion On the contrary, the Compromise was just what they wanted they claimed it as their measure ; the sacri- ficc of opinion and if principle mas on the otker side. other effect at this moment than to weaken the bonds of cur Union." We expect to stand in and by the Democratic party as long as the Editor does ; and if so great a calamity to the country as its destruction 'should be brought about, we shall be the last man to by those who acquiesced in it , they were the friends of ; leave the wreck or to desert its noble and salutary prin- the Union, and tney are now the men to lorm Union 'ciples. The Editor of the Upion must have perceiv- party, jit such a party De necessary, tor they have ed, by this time, that the " Republic" and most of given all the evidence that men can give ot thcirwish the Whiff orffans are usinff and have been usinir this to uphold and preserve it. And yet what credit have they received for this ? What word, even of expla nation, has the Washington Union uttered in their be half 1 The best friends of the Union of a Consli- Slavery question for party purposes ; and all we ask of the Editor is, to cease to lend his sanction, even by implication, to the Union-humbug which these organs are endeavoring to palm upon the country. lulional Union the only men, indeed, who have ; VVe regarded the so-called Compromise.though unjust made important sacrifices of opinion and of principle l 0 the South in some of its features, as a final settle for its preservation, they have been misrepresented, ! ment of the Slavery question ; and we have not nor misunderstood, and denounced false feelings and I do we now propose to disturb it. Let it stand ; let purposes have been ascribed to them, and they have j the Whigs of the free Slates be compelled torespect the been turned over to the condemnation of the present fugitive-slave lew s and let them be informed, once and A Gke.vt Max. The highest and noblest con ception of a ffreat and tjood man, is one who un- derstand s the power ot ms own soui, ana is contin ually exerting that power tor the promotion ot goou ; who cherishes a deep and solemn sense of s;icred- ness of duty, and never hesitates to discharge that . ? ! j. 1 duty, be tne consequences ever so injurious 10 ms interests ; who in matters of religion lends naught but a deaf ear to the loud voices of sects, naught but a blind eye to all party creeds, but scans the works of nature, the revelations of Scripture, and the yearnings of the human heart ; who gives all truth a welcome, however it may conflict with his pride ; who is ever ready to execute inflexible jus tice, how much soever it may affect his interest ; who rebukes all evil ".doinsr. however hirh the tranvrrcssor may stand : whose sympathies always espouse thi cause of the oppressed, the down-trod den and the injured. Consolixo Idea of Death. 44 1 congratulate vou and myself," wrote John Foster to a friend, " that life is passing awav. What a superlatively grand and consoling idea is that of death ! With out this radiant idea, this delightful morning star, indicating that the luminary of eternity is going to rise, life would, to my view, darken into mid night melancholy. Oh the expectation of living here, and living thus, always, would be indeed a prospect of overwhelming despair. But thanks to that, fatal decree that dooms us to die thanks to that Gospel which opens the vision of an endless life ; and thanks, above all, to that Saviour-friend who has promised to conduct all the faithful through the sacred trance of death into a) scene of paradise andteTerlastingidelight.1 age and of posterity by being classed with those, who, in South Carolina, appear to have determined on the suicidal act of separate secession. This Union for all, that to repeal or change that law is to dissolve the Union. Nor are we " anxious " to assert the principle of secession, whether for cause or without humbug was thus started for party purposes; and we j cause. We have only maintained, as we expect to were mortified to see Messrs. Cobb and Foote lend ing themselves to the movement, even though endors ed by the Washington Union. Under the circum stances above set forth, and which are known to be so by the Soutiiern people, it was the duty, we re spectfully submit, of the Washington Union to have adopted a neutral course, to say the least, between such men as. Cobb and McDonald ; and not to have thrown the weight of its commanding influence in the scale in fivor of this Whig cry of " Union " for party purposes. The Union says before we can justly " impeach " its " labors" in behalf of Messrs. Cobb and Foote, it is incumbent on us to show that they are " not good Democrats, and that their defeat is necessary to the successful protection of the rights of the South " and adds, " in other words, the Raleigh Standard must show that Democracy is safer in the hands of those modern lights of the South, which reflect the views of Messrs. Cheves and Rhett, than in those which warn us, as Mr. Jefferson did," &c. &c. Now might show, in reply to this, that Messrs. Cohb arfid r ooie are Dom tvmg candidates in ineir respective States, so nominated and so known, and that M Quitman and McDonald are the regularly no Democratic candidates, but that is not the state the issue. The question is, are not M Quitman and McDonald " ffood Democrats " And if so admitting that all four are " good Demo crats " with what propriety can the Washington Union interfere between friends and members of itg own party ! That is the point. The Union concludes its reply to our article of the 23d August as follows : 5 " " But we are unwilling to suppose that the Raleiffh Standard, although dissatisfied with our course, can desire to break up the democratic party because a small fraction of it, regarding the Compromise a se rious injury to the South, is anxious to make it the occasion of asserting- a principle which can have no other effect X this moment than to weaken the bonds of our Union. This principle is that of peaceable secession, with or without cause,1 at the pleasure of a a tate. - All admit that, if the grievance is intotera- blethe- right to get rid of its exists, and is inaliena- lis ranated wtay to Issr8. aiso i maintain hereatter on all proper occasions, our po sition on this question as set forth heretofore and in this article; and so far from being "anxious" on the subject, we have looked for some remedy- in the last resort with heartfelt reluctance and regret. That remedy the Union may call by any name it pleases wec& it secession from a usurping govern ment by sovereign States released from their obliga tions to the compact by the act of t licit government; and thus viewing it, we think we are planting our selves on the Resolutions of '98 and '99, on the plat form occupied by Jefferson and Jackson, on the re served rights of the States, and on the eternal princi ples of right. Nor do we seek, nor have we soHgiit, to agitate on the Slavery question. As we have al ready shown, the fate agitation was forced upon us by Whig leaders for party purposes by men who hesitate at nothing to accomplish their ends, and who are habitually careless of the rights of the States and the harmony of the people in the prosecution of their selfish designs. All we ask of the Washington Union is, to recognize the great Democratic parly of the country as the true Union jar ly, and to maintain that party as such. Strike that party from existence, and the Union could not stand twelve months. It has its faults, we admit, and many who profess to belong to it are unsound ; but its principles on this question of Slave ry, as upon all others, are the only ones which can, in our humble judgment, perpetuate the Union and send us still onward as a people in our career of great ness and glory. Here, then, we stand. We ask no new tests, and we will submit to none . from any quarter. VVe stand upon the Baltimore platform; and with a sound leader in ihenext campaign some such man as Buchanan, Douglas, Dickinson, Dallas, or Woodbury we shall count upon a triumph as bril liant as that of 1800, and certainly as important to the country now as it was then. In this noble strife, though the Editor of the Union will be far ahead of The Delta declares these letters to be genuine, and says that, for publishing them, it had been threatened by a mob. That paper appeals to the law-abiding portion of the people of New Orleans to stand by it and prevent the office from being demolished. Tranquility seems to have been generally restored in that City. The Delta says that the outrages there were not committed by the Cuban patriots now in that City from the Western States but by thieves and loafers of that place. , It appears that it was Col. Crittenden who was ex ecuted, and not Col. Clendenin, as first stated. Col. Crittenden was, we believe, Aid to Gen. Taylor at Buena Vista, and a nephew of John J. Crittenden. The True Delta is the only paper in New Orleans which is opposed to the cause of the Cuban patriots. It is said that the gallant Crittenden, when ordered to turn his back on his executioners and ' kneel, indig nantly replied that he was an American citizen and knelt only to his God, and never turned bis face from his foes. ; The Editor of the Crescent elates that he had be foie him two letters, from the slaughtered Kerr to his wife and friends in New Orleans one a copy, the other an original, the hand writing of which is 5rm and regular, thoughin a few minutes he was id meet his terrible fate. We subjoin the letters, whicli are verbatim as received, with the exception of one line, wlirah the Crescent suppresses, stating it to be of a peculiar and private nature : My Dear ficlicia. Adieu my dear wife. This is the last Jetterithut you will receive from your Victor. In one hour I shall be no more. Embrace all my friends for me. My adieu to irry sisters and brothers. Again, a last adieu. I die like a soldier. Your husband, VICTOR KERIf. August 16J1851 sixth hour of the day. My dear i 'fiends I leave yen forever I go to the other world,but with honor. I am prisoner in Ha vana, and ian hour I will have ceased to exist. My old friends think often of inc. I die worthy of the name I bear, worthy of a Creole, of a Louisianan,and as a KVr. My friends, adieu, for the last time. Your devoted friend, V 1U I U1C KtKil. August 16, 1851 GJ o'clock. Messrs. N. Larose, H. Bouligny, Leon Fazenda, W. G. Vincent, F. Arroza. The blood of these men will " cry from the groand " against their murderers. The patriots may not suc ceed just now, but the day is not distant when victo ry will perch on their banners. Spanish rule in Cu ba is doomed, and must and will bo broken sooner ot later. SEWING MACHINE. We had an opportunity, on Monday last, of exam ining one of Blodgett and Lerow's improved Rotary Sewing Machines, at Yarbrough's Hotel in this City. This machine is most ingeniously contrived and con structed, though it operates in a simple manner, and can be worked by a lad or a girl of twelve. It can be made to sew a yard per minute, or sixty yard3 per hour ; and the work is executed jnst as well as if done by hand. This machine- weighs about fifty pounds, and is kept in operation by a treddle, which is worked by the foot, leaving both hands to attend to the thread and the cloth, i. But we shall not attempt any thing like a description of it, as every body who can have an opportunity of witnessing its operations will no doubt do so. . ; . Mr. Reston, of Wilmington, is bere with tbe right to sell these machines." r He contemplates, we learn, a trip to the Western part of the State. Mr. Barr, a Tailor of Wilmington, has used one of these machines for several months past with much ad vantage and success. " ' " CUBA. ie have no further reliable intelligence of impor tance from Onhn. Thera r vaorna rnmorS in tne paers, but we do not publish them, as they are cal culated to mislead and deceive the reader. The Washington Union of Sunday last contains a Telegraphic dispatch dated New Orleans, August 28, as follows : ' . " The Steamer Pampero left Jacksonville, FJoritIa on the 21st August, loaded. with men and ammuni tion. . More news to-morrow." : Meetings of the friends of Cuban liberty have been held in nearly all our principal Cities, and men and means have been sent out from various points. e shall no doubt receive novae definite and important intelligence from the Island im, tbe coarse of fw days'. ' .. ' ' ' - . We are requested to correct art error" in the nonce published in our last, in regard io'ih'e weeing of tle next North Carolina Baptist Convention. Tbe Pre8 us in the information and ability which he will bring i idW and Directors of the Wilmington Rail Kaa to the work, yet we will not be a whit behind him in bur zeal, or in the sincerity of our aspirations for the success: of the cause. - ' r l ..... t;L-pts. anu company ae-icBu)ru. w do . aotfree tickets. as heretofore stated, to those who may go on their Road. to the Convention.