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Xfie Uiiiortihe Parties.
-L If ,... .il TT,.;vin nartv nf the SoUth COn- . ... j Uo rurvers of tne cnion. and that it is the aini'arid intdaborf SoaJJ , . -iw.t disunion. Without .Klgrnis puny n ui iug P . i no Hair l us in "v o . .i. . i . tham hs hicy w w attributing motives contrary to profession, shall endeavor to show that the Souther R.ghte and States Rights party is the Linou party and that the courle pursued, and doctrines inculcated by the other party are calculated, and well calculated, to briitf about disunion. . fc . - , wlio has taken tne hains to examine the question, that the Lnion is of vast importance to both North and boutn, out uiai the South could do better without the Wth than the North could without the South. The truth of this proposition we will not argue here, but it can be abundantly sustained is obvious to all. This being the case the North does not wish to disturb the Union. On the contrary she rightly looks up on it as the ark of her safety: The South is essen tial to her prosperity Slid no matter how bitter may be her hatred to our iiistitutfona no matter how much she may desire to do us injustice, it is not her intention to push her aggressions to that extent which will drive us to resistance by severing our political connexions with her. ... . . . 1 " Self interest is the main SPTuir to action saim The Spanish Despotism in Cuba. W -have already copied from the- New York Evening Post the description of the frightful op of the foreirrn government of Cuba It appears that the senior editor of -that journal has been upon the spot, and he therefore writes with the exactness of an eve-witness. - His account is fully confirmed as follows by the editor of the De- . "I- T 1 ' I M L L troii r reo jrress, wno enjoyeu a similar uppoiiuuii of acquiring acctirnte Information, ale says " We met Mr. Bryant in Cuba, and know how well he. imriCTRtemds the affairs of that country. The general facts he states are sufficient to astound any man. A white population not a third larger than Michigan, pays an annual tax of twejty-fock Millions of dollars. This is of itself enough to put mankind upon inquiry. Iris generally sup posed that the Cubans (the natives) are not intel ligent that the old Spaniards are the producers. This is a gross error. The Creoles are tne proau ,i i. lri, nf taxes. Thev are under a vft o C411U. Luc; iwiv. . Pungo Road. Weare happy to learn from our fellow-citizen, Gen. H, G. Spruill, who has just returned from Raleigh, where he had gone to attend a meeting of the "President and Directors of 'the Literary Fund," that the Board have determined to put under con tract, the building of the Road from Pungo River to this place, as provided by the Act of -the last General Assembly. ' - This is a work of vast importance to the Literary- Fund of North Carolina. The Swamp Lands have been vested in a corporation, called the President and Directors of the Literary Fund," and the pro ceeds arising from the Sales ate appropriated to the purposes of Common Schools. The State has ex pended a heavy amount in draining the Lands around Pungo Lake, and the main and laterSi Ca nals, sufficient to drain effectually, crne forty thous and acres, have been cut. Those lands are diffi cult of access, and this Hoad is deskrned to reduce ine cusrnco to them, and to make them more ac- Our Uf e-Time. - When' the world was created, and all the creat ures assembled to- have their life-time appointed, the ass first advanced and asked how lonjfhe had to live. . : r ' i - - tt Thirty years," replied Nature ; a will ihat be agreeable to theo !" - " Alas P answered the ass, " it is a long while ! Remember what a wearisome existence mine will be, from morning till night I shall have to bear heavy burdens, dragging corn-sacks to the mill, that others may eat bread, while I shall have no encouragement, nor be refreshed with anything hut ui J i ! rt: t.-x r .t . uiuiyb mm ii;k3. vjuve nitj vm h poraon oi mat time, i pray t" close survtillauce. and, not having any voice in the I cessiMe. The day will come when these lands will frnvommeut. are not permitted to go from one estate to another without a passport, -Taxed liot ten per cent, only, as Mr. Bryant sayi, irat really more than half their productions : titxed in gross and detail ; rtxed about three hundred dollars to comply with the law at their birth and baptism, and from three hundred to three thousand in going out of the world ; is it a wonder that they should squirm ? plied to our northern brethren. Some of our south- x ne r tuut.i y ucF j .. r . . . : ' , e i.,..io snnal nrfhts. It. is a hirrh on me for three or more nsurca lor .-.- - - - --- - ern citizens have been much censured ting the value of the Union : the Yankees are prov erbially a calculating' people, and they have long been busy in computing the precise amount of in terference with our institutions and injustice to our claims we will bear without a resort to that step which will be the last disunion. Her calcula tions are based upon public sentiment at the South ; and she will go just as far as she safely can. When, then, she is made to believe not only that the South will submit to the late Compromise measures, but that she is actually pleased with them and considers them a f;iir and equitable adjustment, may we not expect some other " compromise," some other measure which will take more from us ? ( and are not the principles avowed by this miscalled "Union "Party calculated to induce this belief! They declare not only their acquiescence in these measures, but their approval of them. Certainly this is more than the North could have expected. Her utmost hopes must have been that they would be submitted to in silence. But this Union partv sroes farther. It denoun- A. W J men to petition the government. All weapons of defence are prohibited. The colleges have been be sought for, when their value will be appreciated, and when, Irom the sales ot them, the uterary Fund will be largely increased. The General Assembly, at the session cf 1 848-'49, passed Resolutions, directing the Literary Board to contract for the building ot this Road, and the Board, after due advertisement, met in the Town of Washington, in May, 1849, for the purpose of putting the Koad under contract, but could get no bid. We desire to urge upon the citizens of this Coun ty, and of this Town, particularly, the importance abolished, their schools discouraged and prevented. Dr this work to us. We presume it I -j not been They are taxed in gross ten per cent for keeping properly weighed, or there would have been bid- tne nogs, ine cauie, ana uie pouiiry oi meiriiuuis, aers jor me contract in 1849 and again near fifty per cent, more when they send these things to market, lee is a government mon oKly, and costs six cents per pound. The very fish, which are caught in great abundance in the sea, are monopolized, aud cost the consumer thirty cents per pound. The right of marriage is pur chased from the government. Flour is taxed nine dollars and eighty-five cents duties per barrel. One dollar and fifty cents tonnage duty is' levied upon vessels carrying away produce ; and this sum is lev ied in other port charges, all of which the produ cer pays. At least thirty thousand officers are supported, not one of whom is taken from the people of the country. All are sent to them to govern them and eat out their substance. These men are rulers with full power and with hostile feelings. There are no ... A. I -l l.i .. . a? 1. x O " 1 J.T. 1 ces those who disapprove these measures as " agi- j social reunions oibnug uciweeu oFam auu iu cui- ... . .A. t i ii Anr 1 in Tirtna hiito n?ih nthor with ft torvp.Tir tators and disumomsts." it declares it is uieir se- t ; cret purpose to effect a dissolution of the Union, hatred, lhey never intermarry. There are not It is remlvto rmt them down bv argument if it can ; j ten men in Spain having any other interest in Cuba All its venom is ! t'1Jln to retain her as an object of plunder legally, spit upon its own Southern brethren, and we hear ot course c commend these facts to the editors no denunciations of northern States that have pvac- j of the buffiilo Commercial Advertiser, who have no tically nullified the plain constitutional provision sympathies for the oppressed , and no confidence m for the reclamation of fugitive slaves. Clingman, J their ability to sustain a stable government. The Ashe, DanieL Venable and other Southern men are ; intelligence and worth of a people may be dcter vm;.V n.lfiv.n-v snecies of i mined by their aggregate productions : and we say dishonesty is attributed to them ; but we listen in ; to the Advertiser that the old Spaniards in Cuba vain for the denunciation or beward, tiaie, n;ise, Giddings, Greely and other northern Free Soilers. Is this course calculated to embolden the North in her attacks upon Southern institutions ? Most as suredly it is. And is it calculated to strengthen and preserve the Union ? people have lost that " breed of noble bloods" that calculated the value of our union with Great Brit ain, that denied the divine right of kings, and that would not submit to utter degradation merely be cause attempted to be imposed by the " powers that be." If this Union party is determined to submit to any and every thing to a violated Constitution to the injustice of inequality, and to whatever rapacious Free Soilers may see fit to exact, aud all for the sake of the Union, no matter how opprcsive it may be, then it is rightly named it is indeed a Union party. Of the motives of this party we have said no thing. It is sufficient for us to show the tendency of its principles. The North has the power to pass what laws she may see fit. Judging from her past course we have but little to hope from her sense of justice for the future. If we make no resistance Ave may expect to be trampled upon. Let us now examine the doctrines of the South ern Rights party. Do we say we are in favor of disunion ? do we preach the doctrine of resistance to wnat nas oaen done j nave we untuned tne nas i are the Chatham-street men of New York Catalan Jews, who go oat under the wing of the government as adventurers to make money. Let us now disclose another fact connected with ' the government at Havana. The lady of the late Not unless the Southern ! captain-general, for pin-money, had the control for profit of nearly one hundred thousand dollars. There are other equally dignified perquisites be longing to the Queen mother, Christina, whose hus band was lucky in being a well-built, good-looking sergeant in the Spanish army, now revelling in the affections of Christina and in the property of a dukedom. The people of Cuba support the prof ligacy of the present court at Madrid, with the It is admitted by alL that a considerable portion of the Pungo country, now claimed to belong to Beaufort County, actually belongs to Washington County ; and, simultaneously with the Act for ma king the Road, another Act was passed, directing the line .to be run between Beaufort and Washing ton Counties. Commissioners haye been appointed by both Counties, to run the line Redding Lewis Myers, and Richard Reddick, Esqrs., on the part of lieautort, and Charles Latham and John IS. Ches- son, Esqrs., on the part of Washington, selections which could not have been bettered in either coun ty, as they are all thorough business men, who will have what they do well done, and in whom the people of both counties have the utmost confidence. We have not laid claim to this portion of Beau fort, though we have long known our lights, because we could not claim those people without having our Court llouse accessible to them ; and should the Pungo and Pantego settlements be found in this county, it would be manifestly wrong to make those people serve on our Juries, and pay taxes to our SherilF, and corns under the jurisdiction of our Courts, when they, in order to attend our Courts, and our Sheriff in order to execute processes on them, would have to prss through Beaufort county, a distauce of some forty miles, which would have to be done unless this Road were made. The Road then, is a work of importance to every citizen of Washington county. It is also a work of great value to the Town of Plymouth. By constructing this lioad, we draw all the trade of the Pungo country here. Our Merchants would supply all their Goods, Groceries, fca, and purchase all their produce. It would be to the interest of those people to come here and trade they would buy Goods cheaper, as they would take the advantage of the competition among the Merchants, whereas they now trade at small country stores, where there is no competition, and where prices are higher : and for the same reason, their produce would be sold to our Merchants. The trade which this Road would bring to our Town, Nature Was moved with compassion, and present ed him with but eighteen years. The ass went away comforted, and the dog was the next to come forward. - - " How long dost thou . require, to live 4" asked Nature ; " thirty years were too many for the ass, but wilt thou be content with them ?" " Is it thy will that I should ?" replied" the dog. " Think "how much I shall have to run about; my feet will not last for so long a time ; and when I shall have lost my voice for barking, and my teeth for biting, what else shall I be fit for But to lie in the corner and growl ?" Nature thought he was right, and gave him twelve years. The ape then approached. " Thou wilt, doubtless, willingly live the thirty years," said iNature ; "thou wilt not have to labor as the ass and the dog. Life will be more pleas- ant to tn.ee." Ah, no !" cried he, " so it may seem to others. but it will not be ! Should puddinsrs ever rain down, I shall have no spoon ! I shall play merry tricks, and excite laughter by my grimaces, and then be rewarded with a sour apple. How often sorrow lies concealed behind a jest ! I shall not be able to endure thirty years." JNature was gracious and he received but ten. At last came man, healthy and strong, and asked the measure of his days. " Will thirty years content thee V " How short a time !" exclaimed man : " when I shall have built my house, and kindle a fire on my hearth when the trees I shall have planted are about to bloom and bear fruit and when life shall seem to me most desirable, I shall die. Oh, Na ture, grant me a longer period ?" " Thou shalt have the eighteen years of the ass besides." ""That is not yet enough," replied man. " Take likewise the twelve years of the dog." " It is not yet enough," reiterated man, give me more." " I give thee, then, the ten years of the ape ; in vain wilt thou crave more." Man departed unsatisfied. Thus man lives seventy years. The first thirty are his human years, and pass swiftly by. He is then healthy and happy he labors cheerfully and rejoices in his existence. Ihe eighteen years ot the ass come next, and burden upon burden is heape upon him ; he carries the corn that is to feed oth ers : blows and kicks are the wages of his faithful service. 1 he twelve years ot the dog follow, and he loses Us teeth, and lies in a corner and growls. When these are gone, the ape's ten years form the conclusion. Then man, weak and silly, becomes the sport 01 children. Translated from the German. iuiinlj (Cnroliiw tnnuiivri. Th4 Cbntitntion Mat the Unlaa ot the Statrct . Titer rattat be' Preserved. RALJilGH, SATTJBDAY, September 13, 1851. Notice to Subscribers. . The subscriptions of many of our patrons will expire about the first of October and November next ; and we take occasion to remind them of the fact, so that they may renew according1 to the advance terms, should they choose to do ' so. We invite the attention of all our subscribers to our terms, published on the first page of our Weekly and Semi-Weekly ; and we hope those in arrears will at once transmit the money by Mail, and thus save us the commissions (SO per cent.) which We have to pay for collecting. Receipts in all cases will be sent,' showing the time paid for. :, ' may bo safelv estimated at from five to ten thous- 1 1 .1 - n . i.l y . i oung auu nauuaoma uen. oerrena, tne prince uc and dollars per annum. facto, who comes in for a share of the benefits and The construction of pleasures but none of the responsibilities of royalty, lucre is tne januia musire, which has called down such a shower of loyal favor at Havana, and a strain of praise and defence from a very small portion of the American press, disgraceful and re volting to the commjn sentiments of our people." No one doubts that the government of the Uni ted States should take proper and legal precautions to secure the due execution of its neutrality laws while our country is at peace with Spain. In so far as the late prolonged and repeated absences of the President and his cabinet from the seat of ov- of revolution and declared our intention to sever ; ernmcnt may have prevented, or embarrassed, or our connexion with the North ? Not at ail. We delayed the discharge of this duty by the Exeeu say we will submit to the Compromise measures, j ve u tne country, they undoubtedly furnish most but that we do not approve them. We say they grave and melancholy cause of complaint, which were wrong, but not such a wrong as to justity e people will not fail duly to consider. Espe rebellion, because imposed upon us in part by jcially will this be the caio, and the attitude of the tiuuiiuisiiciiiuu m- preseiitcu in a ngnt at once most Southern men 'men of our own section. Our chief offence, then, is, that we will not laud with our Bps what our conscience disapproves. It is not sufficient that we say we submit; but it is " trea son" because we will not say we approve or else be silent Is silence concerning a wrong received a principle of Republicanism ? If we think a law bad have we not a right to an expression of opin ion concerning it ? and shall we be denounced as "agitators," " disunionists ," and " traitors1'' became we express that opinion against it ? That is the very highest pitch of unlimited despotism. . We say we submit to the past, but we make no pledges of submission to the future. We take our stand and tell the North she must do us justice, or we will act for ourselves without her. We tell her we love the Union and that Constitution formed by our forefathers ; but that the former has no such fascinating apell as to bind us to it when the latter is disregarded. Is this calculated to encourage her in her aggressions ? By no means. Is it ciucula isd to weaken such a Union as is desirable a Union of equality ? On the contrary it strength ens it. The North knows too well the value of the Union to commit any act which it is evident will destroy it. If she ever commits such an act it yill be by being misled by this Union party into the belief that she can do so without danger to the Union. The Southern Rights party will not mis lead her, and that is the true Union party of a true Union. A Union of oppression is not desira ble, and a Union without the Constitution mast be one of oppression. W e regret the result of many of the recent elec tions in the Southern States, in which the self aty led Union party have triumphed, because we believe those triumphs are calculated to mislead the North and to encourage her in a course which will place the South in a position where abject deo-ra-i?tion disunn wiU 1x5 the only alternative. The people love the Union, and they were told .that it was is danger that the Southern Rights party , was endeavoring to dissolve it because of their dissatisfaction with the late Compromise. They had not time and opportunity to look deeper than the surface, aud hence the defeat of many Southern Rights candidates. Now they will look J n , 1 a1 . . . . ueeper, renect more, ana view uie suoject in all its bearings ; and but a short time will elapse ere they see the tendency of the doctrines of that party which has taken the magic name of Union under which to . gain an inglorious and short-lived tri- Mimph. God grant that it may not a fatal one to our beloved Union ! Mountain Banner. "World Widk "and Womjj -Good. - The Lord's 1 Paye is the most diffused production in the world, - being familiar to persons of fifty-three languages, including the Cherokee, in America, and the Grcbo, on the coast of Africa. c ty-T Tr,i.ri-7T 1 r" ' . - 10 murn over a debased and ruined child. ; Thou- a "t JZaTTL TIT r ..c waits w Go i sands hav . al once never q any unfortunate and most humiliating-, when it shall fully appear to the country that the indiscreet vio lence of the President's proclamation after needless ly abandoning beforehand to summary aud savage massacre, as outlaws, numbers of our citizens, guilty, a? against the United States, only of a statutory inisdemeanor has been followed up by orders and instructions, issued entirely without warrant of law, to our public naval force to act on the high seas, of Cuba, as a part of the police of the Spanish despotism, and so to seize and capture any Ameri can vessel which may fall under the suspicion of ! carrying aid or sympathy to the revolutionists of that Island. Fit and proper as it is that our neutrality laws shouhl be faithfully executed, it is nothing less than discreditable to the American . name that the ad ministration should thus transcend or strain their provisions to take sides with Spain, in places be yond American jurisdiction, in order to rivet the chains of an odious bondage on our Cuban neigh bors of the American continent. Let the result of the expedition of Lopez, and indeed of the whole Cuban revolutionory movement, both now and hereafter, be what, in the course of Providence, it may, the -ople of this country will repudiate and denounce any administration which shall thus ex ceed its rightful powers, and so aid the arm or sym pathize in the cause of the oppressor. It will be no justification or excuse for President Fillmore and his advisers, for now overpassing in this direction the legal limits of their authority, that they were not at their post of duty at the hour when that duty, within their jurisdiction, could have been rightfully and effectually performed. Washington Union. The discovery of the Saratoga Springs was made only fifty-nine years since, though it is probable that the Indians knew of their virtues. John Tay lor Gilmore, some time Governor of New Hamp shire but then a member of Congress, while shoot ing in. the neighborhood, in the summer of 1792, saw the effervescent water gushing from the cliff of a rock, and the spring almost immediately after wards became famous. Evening Post. How to Ruin a Sox. Who has not heard of Dean Swift's sarcastic advice to a servant ? The following are just and good counsels to parents who wish to rear 4ip a reprobate son : 1. Let him have his own wayv . 2. Allow him free use of money. - 3. Suffer him to roam where he pleases on the Sabbath. ( 4. Give him full access to wicked companions. 5. Call him to no account for his evenings. 6. Furnish him with no stated employment. - Pursue cither of these ways, and you will expe rience a most marvellous deliverance, or will have this Road would result in bringing a large amount of travel through our Town, all the trade of Tyrrell and Hyde counties would be drawn here. When these reclaimed lands, on Pungo Lake, shall have been put under cultivation and we are sure in' process of time they will bo cultivated Ply month will become the home of the proprietors. Its accessibility, having regular steam navigation North, and a line of Stages South its pleasant location, its fine water, general good health, well patronized Schools, and growing and prosper ous condition, will make it sought as the residence of persons cultivating these lands. Every Mer chant, every Hotel keeper, every shop keeper, Me chanic, our Doctors and Lawyers, and indeed ev ery citizen of our Town, has a dccp.interest in this work, as every one will be either directly or indi rectly benefited by the construction of this Road. And now, we desire to impress upon our people the importance, nay, absolute necessity, of atten ding the sale, and not permitting it to go off as it did in 1849, 4 without a bid.' Should the present effort prove a failure, it may nay, will be a fatal one ; tor we cannot ass the Legislature tor anotner Act, when we show so little interest in the work as to suffer two efforts, made by the proper authorities, to pass, without any corresponding effort on the part of those interested. We again urge upon the citizens of this Count', and of this Town particularly, to Ikj awake to their interests, and to make good use of this, it may be j the last, golden opportunity of accomplishing this very important work. Jrlymouth, e realized the sad result, and have cone mourning to the grave. Villager. Sea Sickness. At a late meeting of the British Association, a paper was read by Mr. J. Atkinson, " On sea-sickness, and a new remedy for its preven tion," from which we make the following extract : " Let a person on shipboard, when a vessel is bounding over the waves, seat himself, and take hold of a tunibler nearly filled with water or other liquid ; and at the same time make an effort to prevent the liquid from running over, by keeping the mouth of the glass horizontal or nearly so. When doing this, from the motion of the vessel, his hand and arm will seem to be drawn into different positions, as if the glass wereattracted by a powerful magnet. Continu ing his efforts to keep the mouth of the glass horizon tal, let him allow his hand, arm and body to go through the various movements as those observed in sawing, planing, pumping, throwing a quoit, fcc, which they will be impelled without fatigue, almost irresistibly to perform ; and he will find that this has the effect of preventing the giddiness and nausea that the rolling and tossing of the vessels have a tendency to produce in inexperienced voy ages. If the person is suffering from sickness at the com mencement of Iiis experiment, as soon as he-grasps the glass of liquid in his hand, and suffers his arm to take its course aud go . through the movements alluded to, he feels as if he were performing them of h's own free will, and the nausea abates imme diately, and very soon ceases entirely, and does not return so long as ho suffers his arm and body to assume the postures into which they seem to be drawn. Should he, however, resist the free course of his hand, he instantly feels a thrill of pain of a peculiarly stunning kind shoot through his head, and experiences a sense of dizziness and returning nausea. From this last circumstance the author of the paper infers it as jrobable that the stomach is primarily affected through the cerebral mass, rather than through a disturbance of the thoracic and ab dominal viscera ; and t he is of opinion that the method of preventing sea sickness just described (which lie has found by experience to be effectual) depends on the curious fact that the involuntary , motion communicated to the body by the rolling and tossing of the vessel, are by the means he adopts, apparently converted into voluntary." den. Taylor never Surrenders. " Crittenden, who was recently shot in Havana, is a nephew of John J. Crittenden, U. S. Attorney. He was at first supposed to be his son. The son is now consul at Liverpool. It was he who, in the Mexican war, carried the message of his comman der to Santa Anna, " Gen. Taylor never surrenders." We take the above from the Mobile Herald with the view of correcting an error widely prevalent, that Gen. Taylor himself it was who uttered the sentiment there attributed to him, and also to settle a question as to its authenticity, raised by a writer of the press of this city, who has, again and again, through the columns of the sheet he writes for, said it was an invention of his own, drawn from his im agination " to embellish an extra." As to its authenticity we have the assurance of CoL Crittenden himself, the bare mention of which is sufficient to remove any doubt that may exist from the declaration of a newspaper romancer, who boasts of having published to the world an untruth It was during the Mexican war, whilst enjoying the hospitality 01 Uol. Unttenden s tent, that we in duced him to relate to us which he did with the reluctance of a modesty which is a distinguishing trait in his character the manner in which Santa Anna became to be answered, and it was thus : Ho was a volunteer aid on the staff of Gen. Tav, lor at Buena Vista. On the afternoon of the 22d- before the battle opened, or shortly after we do not recollect exactly which the Colonel was sent to the enemy by Gen. Taylor with a written answer to a demand to surrender. He was conducted to and through the camp blindfolded, until in the presence of Santa Anna, when the bandage was re moved and the despatch delivered. Having heard its contents through an interpre ter, the Mexican chief addressed Crittenden, and asked : " Is Gen. Taylor mad ? Look at my army, sir ! When you return inform him of my strength, and he must surrender." The interview took place on an eminence com manding a view for miles in every direction. Around them was a staff gorgeously equipped, and, numer ically, a little army of itself. Twenty-five thousand men cavaliy, infantry and artillery were on the plain below. In the far distance was the American force, not over four thousand effective men, with out a single heavy gun. " The sight," said Col. Crittenden, speaking to us, " was imposing ; the tremendous disparity of force was discouraging, and I own I had misgivings as to the result of the im-, pending conflict; but I knew the stuff our men was made of, and, determined that Santa Anna's trick of array should have no effect, apparent to him, I said : " Gen. Taylor never surrenders." This is the history of the celebrated reply. Its publication can in no wise detract from the re nown of the departed bero to whom it has been accredited, and is but simple justice to a gallant gentleman who loved and revered him. New Orleans True Delta. Honest. The editor of the New York Express, a member of Congress from New York, who is of ten referred to by his " Union" brethren in the South, speaking of the threats indulged at "the North to repeal the fugitive law, says : " We do not believe that after the South has practically lost five measures of the compromise that they will let the north repeal the sixth, the only one that gives them anything at all, and that one too solemnly guaranteed by the Constitution." The newer the country the more hospitable the people are. Where houses are as far apart as coun ties, a stranger is as welcome as a newspaper, and is commonly used as one. The, moment he ar rives, he is " put to press," and what is more, kept there till all the news that has happened for the last six months is thoroughly squeezed out of him, and bottled up tor nitre use. A man that tell a good murder story, could travel from one end of Indiana to another, without it costing him.the first red cent. '. Almost every man wastes part of his life in attempts to display qualities which he does not possess, and to ' gam' applause which he cannot keep. ; CUBA. We announced in our last the complete failure of the expedition under Gsn. Lopez, and his execution at Havana. The news since then is quite full, but not so satisfactory in detail as we could wish. The substance of the matter appears to be, however, that Lopez sailed with about 480 men ; that he landed about forty miles from Havana, and fought his first battle on the 13th August ; that Crittenden's com mand, with the baggage, was left in the rear, and bo- came fatally separated from the main body ; that sev eral battles took place afterwards ; . that Crittenden and his men were captured and executed ; and that, finally, Lopez with some 200 men, was surprised while breakfasting and his forces dispersed. The forces thus dispersed, wandered about until they were hunted down by bluod-hounds, or other wise captured ; and Lopez was taken by him self, having been betrayed by a Creole, it is said, while sleeping. It appears, further, that the Creoles did not join the standard of the patriots, as it was expected they would do; and they were thus left, in a strange country, to contend single handed with thousands of Spanish troops. It is also stated, but whether on good authority or not we can not say, that the Captain-General of Cuba was well advised as to the movements of the patriots at New Orleans; that he knew of the sailing of the Pampero in advance, and had employed persons in Cuba to open a correspondence with Lopez, under the guise of patriots, who promised him assistance, but who of course not only refused to unite with him. but aid ed in crippling and betraying him to his foes. The last Washington Republic contains what pur ports to be an account of the Lopez expedition, as narrated by his followers, which was received at the Navy Department on the 8th instant, in a despatch from Commodore Piatt, of the sloop-of-war Albany, who was permitted by the Captain-General to visit the captured patriots in prison at Havana. We give extracts from this despatch as follows : the reason of his subordinate, n.K .. who had been confined thereon the ivreviou..'.11'058 came too late to be provided for on that m. eninE that they would have their allowance atTn?" b'u stated that the others' had been provided for. " H totheorder. , v ,or accordi. It may be proper to add that the nrisono ed tobeJia wd health, and by noPmean9 reduced as their exposure and hardships wonun,Ucl1 to warrant. They eve appeared to be cheerfm may have been the effect of their relief from a tion of far greater anxiety and suffering exn! COnii" during their wanderings upon the island. The whole number of prisoners, including ti yet brought to Havana, is officially stated in k S?tl01 one hundred and thirty." J 10 be aboni The Republic, after giving these extracts, jfo the President directed copies to be sent to an miuiDier, me limner o enforce an arm e leadi alcho. an o 1 . r made to that government, now sin ,uJf . alreadr expedition has been ut ofT, to deal meroir.-n f lh his deluded followers, who were enticed i , '4 . , - - . ' "tic eiiucea inlniU vasion under the belief that the people of "h r "cjo 'ij 111 a suw ui revolution and A j siBtance to establish a renubliKm trn.I." 81re1 a- ff..i. l,5-k uj :. - j-"uineni . of facts which, had it existed, could not hive i ?te ineir conuuci, euner in me View of our own . or of the law of nations, but the expectation gives them a strong claim to pardon." w Gen. Lopez may have been and no doubt was d ceived as to the assistance which he received f the people of Cuba ; but we hold it to be certain i he acted honestly in the matter, for he has sealed" declarations of attachment to liberty with his bW He could have offered no higher evidence than T ' of the sincerity of his motives and intentions. Th people of Cuba have labored for years un(Jerl Uv.... ucpvuoui. j. us are permitted the ose of fire-arms beyond horseman's pistols they are watch! ed incessantly by government spies they have no representation, and no right of petition worthy of the name they are taxed forty per cent, on Wb export, and imports they are, in other words, slaves to Spanish despotism in every sense ; and under these circumstances they well knew, if thej joined Lopei and failed, confiscation of property and death would be the consequence. No doubt they sympathized with him in his efforts, and many of them were sin. cerely desirous that he should succeed; but thev could not be certain destitute as they were of arms and of the means of war of success, and they were therefore unwilling to put themselves in peril by flocking to his standard. We must confess that we can perceive but little ground to hope for Cuban in dependence at present. We fear the pear is not vet ripe. "Who would be free I hcmselves must strike the blow." "JZxlracl from a despatch to the Navy Department from Commander Charles T. Platt, Commanding United Stales ship A Ibavy, dated flavana, Septem ber 1. The followers cf Lopez having been entirely dis persed, and a number of prisoners reported as brought to tliis place on the 27th ultimo, I addressed a letter to the Captain General requesting permission to hold an interview with any Americans who might be a- mong them. 1 his permission was readily accorded in a reply, which is enclosed. The interview was postponed until the morning of the 30th, the prison ers having in the mean time been transferred to the castle of the " Punta," and some accessions having been made to their number. The commandant of the castle imtormed me that the whole number of pris oners was fifty-seven, of whom about thirty or thirty- five were Americans, as we learned from themselves This officer was present throughout the interview Another gentleman, who was introduced as inspector of prisons, came in during its continuance, and re mained until its clo3e. The prisoners were heavily ironed, were clad in a prison uniform, and had their hair closely cot. lhey were confined in an arched gallery, to which access was had through two grated doors, the inner one being entiiely of iron. In the little ante-room between the two doors lay the gar ments worn by the prisoners at the time of their con finement. The information obtained was given in the presence of the entire party by the officers, and being uncon tradicted by any of them, may be regarded as the tes timony of the whole. 1 bey stated that the expedition sailed from New Orleans in the steamer " Pampero." They were not sure of the exact number composing it, but thought it was four hundred and eighty-seven ; that it certain ly did not amount to five hundred. Before landing in Cuba they anchored near Key West, where they remained several hours, and were visited by some citizens of that place. They landed in Cuba about two o'clock of ihe morning of the 12th August. Their first fight took place on the 13th. From that period they had lost all recollection of dates. They had five engagements, but could not tell how many of thsir number had been killed. They were armed with condemned muskets had no rifles ; but many individuals had revolvers and knives. They brought with them eighty thousand cartridges, and captured many more after landing. Thev had no artillerv. Soon after landing they found they had been deceived, and became anxious to return home. They had been informed, before sailing, that fourteen towns were in possession of the "patriots," (to use their own lan guage,) and that the whole island was in a state of revolution, iney suppose mat the ni'y men cap tured with Colonel Crittenden were endeavoring to mane ineir escape, iney so inter trom the tact that they were all dispirited by the reception they met with, and disgusted, as they said, with the " lies and deception" practised towards them. The country people generally fled at their approach, and none joined them. Worn out with hunger and fatigue, the men composing this body threw away their arms a week or ten days previously they could not dis tinctly remember when. I ney had not at that time heard of the offer of life to such as would give" them selves up, but their intention was to throw themselves upon the mercy of the Spanish government. They did not come in all together, bet in small parties, and at different times. They had subsisted chiefly upon fruit, and the last meat that some of them had eaten was a portion of -their general's horse. There was no lack of ammunition when they threw away their arms, though much of what they brought had been damaged by rain. Lieutenant Grider stated that he carried a musket, though an officer, and that he had twenty-eight rounds of cartridges in his box when he threw it away. On being told that General Lopez was taken pris oner, a cry o joy and exultation ran through the crowd. t ney stMea mat lopez was chief to the expedition. Colonel Dowseman was second in command, and was killed on the 13th. Colonel Wm. Scott Havnes. of Tennessee, was another leader. According to their best belief h was still in the mountains. Colonel Crittenden bad been an officer of ih Uni ted States army during the war with Mexico. A Hungarian named Prarrav. who atH an Ail in. tant General, was mortally wounded on the 13th. It is matter of regret that so imperfect a narrative has been obtained from these unfortunate men. In the exeitemennt of the moment, manv would sneak at once ; and to some questions it was difficult to iret satisfactory answer, on account of ihn Aacmrness of all to give it. - -?.:... - At the request of the commandant of the castle, the prisoners were asked if they had had the benefit of medical attendance since their confinement.' They replied that thev had. Thev were also asked if thev had been provided with two meals a day, and wheth er they had bread and coffee for breakfast. Some said that they had ; but others replied that they had no coffee. The commandant immediately inn aired THE DAILY JOURNAL. vve have received the first number of the Daily Wilmington Journal, by Messrs. Fulton & Price. It is quite a neat issue, and is filled with news, miscellaneous reading, valuable statistics, &c. Pros pectus in our next. Wilmington is not only the largest town in the State, but is celebrated for the energy and enterprise of its citizens ; and we should think their subscrip tions alone ought to go far towards sustaining a Daily. But this enterprise on the part of the Editors of (he Journal, appeals to business men generally, and we hope it will be responded to liberally. The newspapers of North Carolina have improved very materially during the last five or six years, both in their appearance and tone. The condition of the newspaper Press, among a free people, is a hue in dex to their condition in almost every respects and it is as much the interest of the people as it is of the Editors themselves to sustain the Press and continue to improve it. We wish the " Daily Journal " much success. K A LEIGH AND GASTON ROAD. Yesterday was the day appointed for the meeting of the stockholders of this Road at Warrenton, with the view of closing the subscriptions and organizing the Company. We have no doubt the meeting was a fi ll one, and we think it more than probable that the Company was organized. The Board of Internal Improvements met in this City on Monday Jast present, His Excellency Gov. fieid, and Thos. Bragg and Calvin Graves, Esquires. We learn that Weldon N. Edwards, Esq., of War ren, was appointed to represent the State's interest m the meeting of the stockholders of the Gaston Road to be held yesterday ; and that Maj. W. W. Vass.of Raleigh, John S. Eaton, Esrj., of Granville, and John King, Esq., of Franklin, were appointed Directors for the State in said Company. These are excellent appointments. The gold tkom California. The New York Tribune of Thursday week last says : " The passen gers by the Prometheus report that the Oregon, for Panama, had $1,800,000, on her freight list. The aggregate by the three boats, including the amount in passengers' hands, is probably over two and a ball millions. The reception of such an amount must strengthen the improved feeling in Wall street, if th shipments the next week are not beyond what trt anticipated. The accounts from California in regard to the produce of gold are very favorable, and there appears no reason to doubt that during the remainder of the year we shall receive an unexampled amount of gold." MISSISSIPPI. An election was held in Mississippi on the 1st in for delegates to a State Convention, to announce the voice of that State on the subject of Slavery Freesoil aggressions. The Union Deiegates, as they are called, are said to have generally succeeded. The Washington Union of Tuesday last contain a telegraphic despatch, dated Canton, (Miss-) Sept 6, which states that " Gen. Quitman has abandoned the field, and is no longer a candidate for Governor- This requires confirmation. The Baltimore Sun has a telegraphic despatch fro"1 Charleston of September 8th, to the effect that tk Steamer Pampero arrived at Jacksonville, Fla..0' the 18th ultimo, for the troops for Cuba who b been waiting there for the last three months. 0j hundred volunteers were expected to embark on w night of the 2d instant. Gen. Gonzales, it is stated, denies having thing to do with the late expedition. The following new Post offices have been ew lished in North Carolina : Chronicle, Lincoln, Monday, P. M.; New Hill, Wake, B. M. Bro. P. M. ; Swan Pond, Wilkes, W. W. Hampton- r M. Thompson's Store, Guilford, has been di"11' tinned. . Thomas Ritchii:, the late. Editor of the WashiC j . rr a i: k;n .n-.:,r1 a Candida'8 the office of Governor of Virginia. In a letter h published, he sajs, " J ootid not be the GoverP 1 taould, and J would not if J could." Vf!'" ifter81 . . ... iL. sleDt Jobll Minor liOUS, x-sq. ine man . . . r l rr, t MAmnMhl. Mnnainn. ana a headed " bim has been nominated for Con6 J,i. by the Whigs of the Richmond District. Joh" ' nor will be beaten. .