The correspondence between the .Baron Klext,
Adrian Ambassador, and the Turkish gojU
on the subject of Kossuth's liberation by Turkey
Ls been published. We copy the more important
nas . . a 11R.rian letter, which is dat-
paragraphs ot the first Austrian i
ed July 29, 1851 :
The Sublime Porte, under all manner of pretexts,
ineouu nosition on an interpretation of the
and taking up " P nQt faeen assented to by tbe im
BSree.nen , ""c" . nn ,.ntTnr to lake accoant of
roBnves no lonjrer to taKe accouni
penal cao. , . , . in tne mo8t
meenSa. . ril?.hteolJS
held the riffhteous and well-
soem n man..-. --- - onrse. Tt
auj... "--I"' i-llf.
. . . i;LAt0 1t"icsiith anil
orists in its intention to set ai n;
Fs dangerous ccrnpanions at the very moment wnei
f.' ? ,-i MaiBBiv has souffht to give to his sov
ereWn neighbor new proofs of his wish to maintain
I ood understanding with him, in the nomination of
Count Kecnoerg to p" -'"5" -
On all these grounds, and in consideration that the
Sublime Porte has proceeded so far as to commence
the execution oi us oesign oi nueiauuy jwoou.Hoii
his companions at Kutayah, the undersigned feels
compelled to protest against the liberation of Kossuth
and the other detenus of the aforementioned city.
vt, ..nJprsiorned reueats his declaration which he
mok occasion to make on the 17lh of February of
this year, namely, that the departure of any ot the
detained persons from Kutayah, without the previ
ously obtained acquiescence of the imperial Austrian
Government, will be regarded as a beach of the a
greement concluded between Austria and Turkey
upon the subject of their detention, as an event which
most draw alter it the destruction of that good under
standing which has hitherto existed between tbe two
It is impossible thai the Sublime Porta can shut
its eyes to ihe fact that by such, a misapprehension
of its duties (as well as of the dictates of a wise
policy,) surh a flagrant repudiation of its own assur
ance, such complete obliviousness of all the proofs
of real friendship evinced by the imperial govern
ment, which fill the annals of its history, tbe most
painful necessities will be imposed on this Court,
arisino-out of its doubts of the sincerity of the in
tentions of the Sublime Porte, while finally such a
proceeding as that now complained of will com
pletely justify Austria, in presence of impending
questions, to consider nothing but her own interest
in her relations with the Turkish empire."
To this Ali Pacha, Turkish Minister for Foreign
Affairs, replied, on the 18th August, in a firm and
dignified tone, maintaining that there was no reason
for longer detaining Kossuth, and concluding thus :
"Conscious, therefore, that in no particular has it
been wanting to its engagements, the government of
his majesty, the Sultan, does not surrender the hope
that, alter a candid reconsideration of the facts, and a
just appreciation of what must obviously be the de
sire of the Sublime Porte, to put an end to a situa
tion fraught with difficulties and dangers, the Impe
rial Cabinet will attain to the conviction That the
Sultan cannot depart from the resolution he has
The reply to this was brief and pointed, holding
the Turkish government responsible for the conse
quences of Kossuth's liberation.
Tuesday next, the 30th inst., is the day set apart
for the Temperance Celebration in this City. The
following i:i the order of exercises for the occasion :
The Subordinate Divisions will meet at Temper
ance Hall at half past 9 o'clock, A. M., and form a
procession, Divisions taking precedence according to
No. of Charter, with music in front. At 10 o'clock
the Procession will be joined by the members of the
Grand Division, and then move up Fayetteville street
to the Capitol square, entering at the Southern gate.
Addresses will here be delivered by Professor
Hewlett, Dr. Wm. A. Shaw, and others.
After the Speaking, the Procession will again be
formed, and passing round the Northern side of Cap
itol square, will proceed np Hillsborough street to
the .Masonic Hall, where the members of the Grand
Division will retire from the procession. The Sub
ordinate Divisions will continue their march to Tem
perance Hall, where they will be dismissed.
Professor Hewlett will speak in the forenoon, and
Dr. Shaw and others in the afternoon.
AH members of the Order are fraternally invited to
unite in the exercises of the day ; and the Public
generally to attend the Public Speaking in the Cap
itol Square. The high reputation of the Speakers
for their eloquence and ability, justifies us in promi
sing all who may favor us with their presence, an in
Should the weather be unfavorable for out-door ex
ercises, it is expected that the Presbyterian Church
can be procured for the occasion.
Spirit of the Jlge.
We are requested by the Grand Scribe to state,
that in a part of the edition of yesterday's Spirit of
the Age, a mistake occurred in an editorial, concern
ing the meeting of the Grand Division. It should
have been, for that body to meet on Tuesday, the
28'h, instead of "Tuesday, the 30th inst."
We are also requested to say, that a called session
of the Grand Division will be held on Monday night,
ihe 27th, for the purpose of initiating the Represen
tative elect to the G. D. All members of tbe G. D.
will please meet on that evening at 7 o'clock, at the
Masonic Hall. Ed. Standard.
The last Charleston Mercury contains the Vote
(nearly in full) for members to a Southern Congress
In the first District the vote is, Wallace, secession,
3,302 ; Vernon, secession, 3,262; Dawkins, co-operation,
4,085 ; Rainey, co-operation, 4,019.
in the second District the vote is, Young, seces
sion, 1,485; Simpson, secession, 1,452; Orr, co-op
eration, 3,162; Irby, co-operation, 3,181.
In the third District the vote is, Barnes, secession,
M07; Owens, secession, 2,294 ; Preston, co-opera'
"011,2,979; Chesnut, co-operation, 3,015.
In the fourth District the vote is, Wilson, seces
sion, -,387; Dozier, secession, 2,366; Dudley, co
operation, 4,035 ; Zimmerman, co-operation, 4,041.
In the fifth District the vote is. Pickens, secession.
2473 ; Nance, secession, 2,460 ; Wardlaw, co-oper-
awon, d,369; Sumner, co-operation, 3,306.
In the sixth District the vote is, Aehe, secession,
1)394 ; Palmer, secession, 1,395 ; Aiken, co-opera-t'on,
2,824 ; Porter, co-operation, 2,824.
me seventh District the vote is, Rhett, seces-
BIn, -i,782 ; Duncan, secesion, 2,795 ; Patterson co
deration, 1,767 ; Lawfon, co-operation, 1,755.
The Immediate secessionists, it will be seen, have
ramed only one District the seventh.
AppleT0H'8 Mechanic's Maoazine and Engineer
journal for October has come to
titi matter of much interest
to all our
e nonce an article " on the various kinds of Eng
fwbfioal for generating steam. " The investigation
a8ads by order of the English government under
6 BPfrinleodence of Beche and Play fair. We
oaM Hk.e to ee our government pattern after so
P'ietrorthy an example. The bituminous coals of
te and Cbaham Coanlie are said to combine
f roperties for steam purposes than any coals
l'os W i Publishe1 at 'a'6" dollars year by Ju-w-
Adams, 200 Broadway, New York.
A-HERICAN Aouioni-TOBIST. for fWnhari
18 te hand.
Vt7a n .1 . fl ..r a
ehasin i.- l mcie ooion intends pur-
willt m0Mby and calling it the "Plow." He
Ane arnmanv a mooth furrow of instruction into the
wan fanner', mind at the low pric of balf a
ig no Sine Mr. Skinner's death, there
head f1 PObIic more oniTera,,J Place at the
Solon ' 8jP'cuItral writers in this coqntry than Mr.
bv S 90n' The " Plow " will be published
4"cem8 ryea,152 PuUn Y' "
The Whig State Convention which assembled
Montpelier on Thursday, as we learn bv Teleirranh
appointed 'the following delegates to the National
Whig convention : Justin S. Morrill, Harry Brad
ley, delegates at large ; Isaao J. Wright, Charles
Coolidge, William Nash, Hezekiah H. Reed, from
The convention also passed resolutions declaring
mat me mfco ui Vermont entertain no preferences
as to men that would not be cheerfully yielded for
for tbe good of the W big cause.
The Vermont Whigs are Abolitionists. They are
opposed to the fugitive-slave law their Governor
has just spoken out, in his annual Message, for
"higher law" than the Constitution-and they are
this day, en masse, the deadly enemies of Slavery,
and of Southern prosperity, which is based on Slar
ery. The Whigs of Vermont, by a law of their Le
gislature, have nullified the fugitive-slave law ; and
there is no prospect, at present, that they will repeal
this nullifying law and return to their duty. And
-yet these are the allies of the North Carolina Whig
leaders ! yermont W higs are to be conciliated, and
induced, if possible, to vote for Fillmore and Gra
Ihese Vermont W bigs, it seems, care but little
about " men " they go for principles; and they will
very "cheerfully yield" their preferences " for the
good of the .cause ' that is, in order to effect
Whig triumph, they will unite, heatt and hand, with
the Whig leaders of the South. What say these
Southern Whig leaders 1 Will they go with these
Vermont Whigs I Certainly they will. They would
rather have tbe Vermortters 'go with them for Fill
more and Graham ; but " if the mountain will not
come to Mahomet, Mahomet will so to the moun
tain. " Mark the prediction.
We copy the following from the last Fayetteville
Observer. Mr. McNabb, thus cruelly murdered, was
a Baptist Minister, and well known. throughout the
" Shocking Mcrder. The Rev. Robert McNabb.
of Carthage Moore County, N. C, was cruelly mur
dered on .Friday night last, in his own yard. .We
learn veroaiiy, that a neighbor sat with him till 9 o'
clock in the evening, after which Mr. McNabb took
his pipe and went into the garden to smoke before
retiring for the night. He did not return, and- his
body was not found till the following morning at 10
o'clock, when, by following up the marks of blood
troin the srarden, it was discovered in the woods,
some 250 yards distant, horribly gashed, the head
nearly severed from the body, with deep wounds in
the side. Three of his own negroes were arrested,
of whom two men are now in jail, without any pos
itive testimony against them ; but. some suspicious
circumstances, such as that a long knife and some
clothing known to belong to one of them, cannot be
found. It is supposed that the object ot the murder
was robbery, as Mr. McNabb was known to have
had about $100 in bis pocket, which has not been
For the Standard.
PLANK ROAD MEETING.
In obedience 10 previous notice, a Plank Road
meeting was held at T. & J. Jone's Still, Johnston
Connty, on Friday 17th October, 1851. On mo
tion ot A. J. Leach, Esq., the meeting was organiz
ed by calling J no. McLean to the chair and Z. Jones
and i). H. Tomlinson Secretaries ; when Mr. Leach
arose and explained the object of the meeting in a
few brief remarks. In conclusion he introduced to
the meeting Davis McNeal, Esq., of Cumberland
County; when Mr. McNeal arose and addressed
the meeting at some length, giving a full detail of
Plank Roads. Mr. A. A. McKethan, of Fayetteville,
was called for. Mr. McKethan responded, also giv
ing a full account of building flank Roads and the
The meeting then adjourned to meet again at Leach
ville. JNO. McLEAN, CA'n.
Z. Jones, .
B. H. Tomlin8on,
Leachville, Saturday, Oct. 18, 1851.
. Met according to adjournment, when on motion of
A. J. Leach, Esq., the meeting was again organized
by calling Dr. J. T. Leacb to the chair and Z. Jones
and M. W. Kennyon requested to act as Secretaries.
The Chairman explained the cbject of the meeting in
a few eloquent remarks ; when Mr. McNeal was
again called for. He spoke at some length, going
fully into the subject. The meeting was then ad
dressed by Mr. McKethan, Dr. Leach, D. J. Mc
Allister, of Cumberland, A. J. Leach, and Jno. Mc
Lean. Much good feeling was manifested. Mr.
McNeal again arose and assured the meetinsr that the
Road would be built to the County line of Cumber
land. The Chairman then responded, and said that
he wished his Cumberland and fayetteville friends
to understand that if it was it would and should be
built to this place, Leachville.
The meeting then adjourned.
J. T. LEACH, C&'n.
Z. Jones. ) c ,
M. W. KennYon, j e'-
Mr. Toombs' opinion or the Whig Party North
By the late election in Georgia, (says the Fayette
ville Carolinian,) Mr. Toombs, who is regarded as
the ablest Whig leader in the South, has again been
chosen to a seat in Congress. As his prominent po
sition gives to his opinions great weight with his par
ty, and as the southern people will be called upon
ere long to decide which of the great parties they
shall co-operate with in the Presidential contest, we
invoke for the benefit of our whig triends the optn
ion of this prominent whig politician concerning the
XNorthern branch of his party, in his letter ot ac
ceptance of the nomination to Congress, by his par
ty, he holds the following language :
" The anti-slavery sentiment is yet a dangerons
and formidable element in American politics. Its
acknowledged exponent is the free-soil party ; but it
is also virulent and dangerous both in tbe wnig ana
Democratic party at the North. 'The Whig party
has succumbed to it, and it controls the organization
of that party in every non-slaveholding State in the
Union. It is thoroughly denationalized and section
alized and will never make another national con
test.'" "Alii the Principles and all the Offices !"
The whig party, according to the special organ of the
administration, is very strong, because it has' all the
principle! and all the offices " We suggest that it
would be a little stronger it it nan, just now, a iew
of the States! As it is. however, it must confine its
brag almost exclusively to Vermont at one end of the
Union, and Honda at tne otner. inen, as 10 prin
ciples, if it has them, it certainly had none to speak
of when its last National convention met in 1040.
As to tAe offices these, we grant, the whigs have
got. But they got them by false pretences by an open
and shameless falsification of the no-party pledges
which they, by a cheat, persuaded a brave old soldier
to give, and then forced him to break as soon as they
were given !
I his is rather a sum capital tor a great party :
Increased Receipts or the W. & R. U. R.
Company. We learn from a reliable source, that the
receipts of this Road for the year ending 1st October,
1891, have exceeded those ot last year by V37,zz2 74.
This increase of receipts has been derived from the
actual income of the road, viz way and through (rav
el, steamboat and railroad freight.
Washington Items. The President of the Uni
ted States has appointed Hon. Jddge Sharkie, of
Mississippi, to succeed Mr. Owen as Consul at Ha
vana, and that gentleman has accepted the appoint
ment. Judge Sharkie was President of (be first
Nashville Convention, and, opposing secession re
fused to act with lam sseond Convention.-
It is"rorqored (hat there will be some -changes
shortly In Pennsylraoia-wprobably the collector, Sur
veror, and other prominent office8, Batt. San. ,
California Senator. Col. John B, Weller. late
of Ohio, it is considered pretty certain, will be the
California U. SP Senator, in plape of Col, FroJJ?f!
For tbe Standard.
ine i,ir or Algernon Sidney, vrilh Sketches if
some of hit Cotempor aries and extracts from 'his Cor
respondence and Political Writings. By G. Van
oantvoord. For sale by Pomerot.
Among the numerous discoveries, we had almost
nam inventions, or the present day, not the least re
markable are those which historians and essayists aro
da''y making, respecting those characters in history
who have rendered themselves famous by their good
or bad qualities or actions. The readers of Hume are
constantly astounded by some new work which over
throws all their preconceived ideas. Mary, Queen
of Scots, and Oliver Cromwell, have, we believe,
more than any other historical characters, vibrated be-
l"e imamous and tbe injured, the military des
pot and the patriot. Both seem, however, to be. at
last finding their proper level, while new and more
perplexing contradictions daily arise. Bloody Mary
is elevated, by Miss Strickland, into a kind-hearted
suffering saint ; the victims of Smithfield, we are
told, suffered without hei consent, almost without
ner Enowiedge. Philip ever stands ready, like the
scape-goat, to bear her sins into the wilderness, and
we are expected, in admiration of her duty and affec
tion as a wife, to fonret her faili
James the Second, whom we have always been
taught to considers narrow-minded bigot, implacable
in enmity and faithless in friendship, is painted by
her aa a mild, just, tender-hearted king, who sought
only to protect his religion from persecution, and
never USed his DOWer to force Ha ohaervarmoa nn oth
ers who differed from him. But of all historians and
essayists, Mr. Macauley certainly excels in present
ing heroes and cages to as in a new and often strik
ing light ; he is ever ready, if needful, to rend the
veil of sanctity which envelopes the saint, or to
prove the devil not so black as he is painted. We
rise from the perusal of his essay on Machiavelli.
convinced, notwithstanding his Prince and Discourses
on Livy, that " be was a man whose public conduct
was upright and honorable, whese views of morality,
where they differed from those of the persons around
him, seem to have differed for the better, and whose
only fault was, that having adopted some of the max
ims then generally received, be arranged tl em more
luminously, and. expressed them more forcibly, than
any other writer." Warren Hastings, in his mas
terly hand8,'becomes as interesting to us as a hero of
romance, and despite the scathing eloquence of Burke,
the cutting sarcasm of Sheridan, and " his own
faults, which were neither few nor small " stands
forth on the page of history an innocent and perse
cuted man. In both instances, it is true, we see at
a glance that it is the handling of the subject, not the
characters of the men, which produces the impres
sion. They seem pore, not from the innate purity of
their souls, but by comparison with minds infinitely
more corrupt. 1 bis is not the case, however, with
those characters whom, in his History of England.
he has placed in a different light from that in which
they have been heretofore viewed. Many of them
will compare well with the most incorruptible patri
ots whom the world has ever produced, and in this
class we do not hesitate to place Algernon Sidncf,
on whose fair fame, together witn that of John Hamp
den, the grandson of the great leader of the long Par
liament, he has, to say the least, cast a slur. We
can readily understand why Clarendon and Hume
should have wished to place the Republicans of the
age of the two Charles' and James, not only in an
odious, but also a ridiculous light. Clarendon held
a place under government at the time he wrote his
history ; it was therefore his interest to flatter the
King by abusing the Roundheads. Home, an avow
ed lover of monarchy, followed his example too often
to be considered an impartial historian. Sir Walter
Scott, in many of his admirable novels, heightened
the ridicule, while he bat slightly increased our re
spect for their sterling virtues. Being principally
Presbyterians and Independents, they presented, in
the many peculiarities of their life, dress, and conver
sation, points of ridicule which bis inimitable wit and
graphic powers could not pass by. The Cavaliers,
on the contrary, were the very stuff for bis heroes.
A young and handsome prince, deprived of his here
ditary rights, an outlaw in his own kingdom, and
obliged, with a few faithful friends, to hide in trees,
caves, and the secret recesses of old castles, interests
the reader by their romantic and perilous situation,
reckless daring, and mutual attachment, even though
he knows them to have been, in power, tyrants and
oppressors far more than Cromwell's staid, sober, un
bending Ironsides, with their superfluity of cant and
hypocrisy. There is something in the deep devo
tion ot the crack-brained Wilcrake to his royal mas
ter, as desciibed by Sir Walter, far more touching
than the manly steady adherence of Mark Everard to
Cromwell, and the cause he had espoused from an
ardent love of liberty. To this, in the novelist, we
eannot object ; his object is amusement: bat we look
for something more from the historian. Mr. Macau
ley has himself, in an essay in the Edinburgh Re
view, admirably described a good historian, and with
his usual happy facility of comparison calls history
"a province in the debatable land of literature, lying
between two hostile powers, Reason and the Imagin
ation, between whom it should be equally shared, in
stead of falling under the sole and absolute dominion
of either."- Whether his own history comes op to
tke high standard be has himself set up, we leave to
better judges than ourselves to decide, only express
ing oar regret at meeting on its fascinating pages
such passages as the following. Speaking of Wil
liam Lord Russell, he says, " His principles and his
fortune alike raised him above all temptations of a
sordid kind; but there is too much reason to believe
that some of his associates were less scrupulous. It
would be unjust to impute to them the extreme wick
edness of taking bribes to injure their country. On
the contrary, they meant to serve her; but it is im
possible to deny that they were mean and indelicate
enough to let a foreign prince pay them for serving
her. Among those who cannot be acquitted of this
degrading charge, was one man, who is popularly
considered as the personification of public spirit, and
who, in spite of some great moral and intellectual
faults, has a just claim to be called a bero, a philoso
pher, and a patriot. It is impossible to see, without
pain, such a name in the list of pensioners ot f ranee;
vet it is some consolation to reflect, that in our time
a public man would be thought lest to all sense of
duty and ot shame, who would not spurn trom mm a
temptation which conquered the virtue and tne priae
of Algernon Sidney." This is the only aspersion
which the enemies of Sidney have ever cast upon his
fair fame. Ani what is their authority for it! The
unsupported wo.-d of Barillon, the profligate minister
of Louis Ji.lV. ai the court 01 unaries 11., wno men
tions, in the accounts drawn up for his master's eye,
the payment of a thousand guineas to Col. Sidney.
It is to prove Mr. Macauley mistaken in supposing
Sidney capable of being corrupted by French gold,
that the life of him now before us was written. The
author shows, we think, very satisfactorily, that it
was obviously Barillon s interest to make Louis Alv .
believe that the money intrusted to him was spent.
as was intended, in bribing the leading men of Eng
land to advance the interests of France, but he very
justly remarks, " that all the money of which Baril
lon pretended to give an account actually passea oui
of his hands, is not at all probable, judging from his
sudden acquisition of wealth, as well as from his
known character for intrigue and double-dealing."
We cannot but agree with him in thinking Barillon
more capable of deceiving Louis, than Sidney of be
coming his pensioner, it snouia also oe oorne in
mind that, " besides other writers ot jess note, liOra
John Russell, ' one of the most eminent living Brit
ish statesmen in his life of his noble ancestor, Lord
William Russell, who suffered death in the same
cause as Sidney, after a full examination of the dis
honorable charge, pronounces it a calumny, it was
first published by Sir John Dairy mple, in bis mem
oirs, a book which, if we are not mistaken, has ner
enjoyed any gieat reputation for accuracy. The bio
grapher of Sidney tells us in a note, that Lord John
0 r ! 1 . c l: 1.
was anxious, wnne collecting materials tur iii work,
to examine the records of France Containing1 the pri
vate correspondence of Barillon, but his request to the
French Government to be allowed to do so was1 re
fused I " the Count de Caraman, its minister in Lon
don, assuring him that it was entirely contrary to the
regulations of the office." We must therefore Con
clude that what was denied to Lord John was not
granted tJ Mr. Macauley, and his sole authority (ot
a charge so abhorrent to our ideas of Sidney's char
acter, are the copies of these despatches published by
Dalrymple, whose accuracy nas oeen aouDteo.
The life and actions of Algernon Sidney are too
familiar to the general reader to need any comment
from our pen. Mr. Van Santvpord gives us but little
new information respecting him. His sketches of
his contemporaries, among which we will only mention-
those of Milton, Bradshaw, Fairfax, Vane, St.
John, and freton, add greatly to (he interest of (he
work, which is written in a graceful, pleasing style,
and is free from that spirit of bitterness which marks
Dixon's life of Penn. Though he very decidedly
differs from Mr. Macauley, his style of doing so is
geimeinaniy and dignified. With the calm consci
ousness of troth he states his facts and draws his
deductions, without railing at the " animus of the last
A7 k ; l 0 .........
"in loiory. or pronouncing it filled with "capr
cious likes and dislikes, novelties and exaggerations."
W e do not hesitate to pronounce both biographies
vaiuauic aaauions to our literature. It is a task wor
thy the sons of tbe greatest republic of the world, to
aeienu me memory or those noble spirits who first
sought to elevate (he people by civil and religious
liberty, and we are glad to see another American, like
a fcnigiu-errant of old, come forth armed with his
proof to battle in their cause. Mr. Macauley has
awakened in our country a spirit of investigation on
wis suojeci, wnicn will not remain idle: we already
owe to him not only his interesting history but a bi
ography of William Penn and Alger non Sidney.
From the A she ville News.
WESTERN TURNPIKE ROAD.
Mr. Editor : Yon will confer a favor on the wri
ter, and all lovers of (ruth, by giving (bis communi
cation a place in (he columns of your paper.
The design of (he writer is (o preven( misrepresen
tation going abroad concerning the sales of the Wes
tern Turnpike Road, as the sales have been made by
tne Agem 01 ine&tate. 1 see the editor of (he Ashe-
ville Messenger heads an article in his naDer Wes
tern Turnpike Frauds." and in the article blows both
cold and hot. Isuddosa he heard thunder, but could
not tell from what quarter it came. To understand
exactly what he means, except by the caption of his
article, will require a man of more sagacity than the
editor or any of his coadjutors in this matter. He
says a most shameful and disreputable course has
been pursued bv a portion of the citizens west of
Franklin, In combining and agreeing to bid into each
other's hands at the letting out of the Road ; and that
the lots were put up and knocked down in short or
der at the most enormous and unreasonable prices.
And, further, he states that it was thought that no
man from a distance would be permitted to bid in
Cherokee at all. He may have thought so, but I
suppose he is all the man who did, for I was a Hose
observer of the whole transaction, and I don't think
there was any such idea entertained bv anv one.
The Road was lotted off pretty much in quarter and
nan miie tots. 1 he sales were opened at y or 10
o'clock in the morning from three to five hundred
persons in attendance, some from Georgia, some from
Haywood and Burke counties, and a great many from
niacon most of the leading men from Franklin be
ing present from the Georgia line to tbe end of the
sal es. Pretty much all referred to as being from a
distance, were bidders, and after some of them had
bid off lots they concluded thev had hard bargains.
and gave them up to others at the same prices. Arid
some of them stated that they would not make roads
at any such prices.' With a few exceptions, they
were such lota as passed through farm yards and
corn fields, where much fencing was to re-set.
I was with the Agent of (he State in letting out
this Road I saw no combination nor heard of any
from any source whatever, and I call on any man to
say, with truth, the contrary. The sales were from
three to seven miles per day, and often took until
dark, and bond and good security taken by the Agent
for the faithful performance of tbe work. Does (he
editor of the Messenger think that the Agent of (he
State would stand by and see combinations formed
and frauds practised upon the State? If the editor
had known the character of the Agent he would not
have insinuated what he did, for a more honorable
and faithful Agent could not have been selected.
If (he editor heard what he staled in his paper, he
has been wrongly informed. The sales of Bridges
on this Road at this time amount to some nine thou
The letting out and making of this road is a credit
to the State, and will secure immense advantage lo
(he (ravelling public. To say (he least of it, Chero
kee county will become connected with the balance
of the State more directly, and the citizens of this
county desire to see the road completed to Asheville
as good as it is made in this county. Instead of com
bining to shorten the Road, we have and will give
our aid to carry it through the &ute.
If the Messenger should hear it thander again, he
would do well (o look if (here are any clouds, befoie
he raises (be alarm. J he sales will go on in a few
days again, and if (he gentleman can't come over
bimselt, he had better send some of his friends to wit
ness tbe same. and then he will have the facts before
him. CHEROKEE OBSERVER.
Cherokee co., N. C, 1851.
Telegraphed for the Washington Union.
New York, Oct. 21. Fancy stocks are active-
sales of Canton at 64 ; United States 6 s, 1867, 116
Flour is steady sales of 3000 bbls. at 3 81 a $3 874
for Slate, and 4 a 94 25 for southern. Rye floor,
$3 31. Corn meal, 3 31 a $3 37. Wheat is un
changed sales of 2,500 bushels Genesee at 94 cents
Sales of 5,000 bushels mixed corn at 55 a 56 cents.
Rye, 70 cents. Oats, 40 cents. Provisions are dull
and much depressed. Groceries are firm. Porto Ri
co sugar, 4i a 6 cents. Rio coffee, 7 $ a 8. Cotton
is firm sales' of 400 bales. Whisky, 21 a 214
The steamer Florida, from Savannah, and ship
Charming, from Canton, have arrived.
Later from Mexico.
New Orleans, October 20. By an arrival here,
we have advices from northern Mexico to the 10th.
Gen. Caravajal is reported to be within ten miles of
Matamoros. He was expecting to make an attack
on the 17th inst. His army had largely increased.
The fortresses and various defences at Matamoros
had been greatly strengthened. Much excitement
Much interest, it is said, is manifested in
the Diplomatic circles at Washington with regard to
the expected arrival ot a special Minister trom spain,
to demand satisfaction for what is called the Cuban
outrage. Spain can have any quantity of satisfac
tion she wants, of a certain character.
Appointments of Bishop Ives.
October 18. St. Luke's day," in the neighborhood of
Rawlev Gallowav, Esq. Rockingham county.
Next day, 18th Sunday after Trinity, Church of
26. lath Sunday alter 1 nmty, St. Mary s unapel
1 and 2 November, All Saints, and 2l'tn Sunday after
Trinity, St. Matthew's church, Hillsborough.
9. 21st Sunday after Trinity, Chapel of the Gross,
23. 23d Sunday alter Trinity, SL Stephen s church,
26. St. James church, Granville county.
30. Advent Sunday, St. Johns church, WiIIiarnsboro'
7th December, 2d Sunday in Advent, Emanuel ch
14. 3d Sunday in Advent, Louisburg.
21. 4th Sunday in Advent, the church of Holy Inno
Raleigh, Oct. 7, 1851. '
Notice is Hereby Given,
THAT a Dividend of three dollars per share on the
Capital Stock of the Wilmington and Raleigh Rail
Road Company, fully paid in, will be made to Share
holders, or their legal representatives, on and after the
15th day of November next. By order.
JAMES S. UKEEN, Secy.
October 31, 1851. 102 15N.
Warrenton female Seminary.
THE Examination of the Pupils of this Institution,
will take place on the 5th and 6th of November
ensuing. I he fi lends of the x oung Ladies and the pub
lic generally are requested to attend. Concert on the
evening of the 5th. DANIEL TURNER,
- ' Principal. '
October 24, 1851. 102 2tw.
FOR sale, Wholesale and Retail.Jat tbe N. C. Book
Store .... .
Turner's North Carolina Almanac,
For sale by
October 24, 1851.
LOST Or Mislaid, a note on John W. Cosby, for fif
ty dollars, dated 4th July, 1851 I forewarn all per
sons from trading for said note, or Cosby from paying
tbe same to any person except myself.
J. D. POWELL.
October SI, 1851. 102 2 1.
Brilliant Chance for Speculators.
PYFER & CO.
THE FAR-FAMED AND OLD ESTABLISHED
EXCHANGE AND LOTTERY BROKERS,
No. risnt St., Baltimore, Md.
Whose bright and leinoB fame (of thirty-three yearn
"UMioing; nas traversed from the unfruitful country of
i10 Esquimaux to the liquifying region of the
k 7U8 H"doo, and monthly exhibit to the world
the aale and prompt payment in -
GOLD AJTD SILVEE.
A gaTaxy of Hrilliaat Prizes, ranging from $1000 to
$50,000, (bat far excel the achievements of any Lottery
Agent in the AMERICAN UNION, now present to
(he citizens of (be United States a Droaramme of urw.
called Schemes to be drawn in the Citv of Hnltuw.n
Md., in November, 1851.
Rich and Splendid Prizes!
ALL SOXD AND PAID1
B7 PIT PER & CO.
$35,000, Whole Ticket, sent to a club in N. Carolina.
$25,000, Half Ticket, sent to Tennessee.
$20,000, Quarter Ticket, sent lo Virginia.
$15,000, Quarter Ticket, sent to South Carolina.
$10,000, Quarter Ticket, sent to Georgia
6,000, Whole Tickets was sold to South Carolina.
4,000, Half Tickets was sold to Ohio.
8,000, Package of Quarter Ticket sold to chib in
Uf All communications answered by return mail.
ISP Bank Drafts payable at sight in Gold, remitted
promptly to any part of (he United States for prizes sold
by PYFER & CO.
13 One order to Pyfer 4- Co. will realize a Splendid
You have only to enclose the amount you wish
to invest in letter strongly sealed and direct to
PYFER & CO.
No. 1 Light St. Baltimore, Md.
Brilliant Schemes for November, 1851.
Confidence Strictly Observed.
75 Nos 13 drawn
Price of Price of
5 of 12,500
5 of 20,000
M0 $35 00
78 Nos 13 drawn 8 - 30 00
75 Nos 12 drawn 5 18 00
78 Nos 16 drawn 10 30 00
75 Nos 12 drawn 5 18 00
75 Nos 12 drawn 5 18 00
78 Nos 13 drawn 12 40 00 1
75 Nos 14 drawn - 8 25 00
78 Nos 13 drawn 5 18 00
78 Nos 12 drawn 5 18 09
78 Nos 12 drawn 4 15 00
75 Nos 15 drawn 15 45 00
78 Nos 12 drawn 10 35 00
75 Nos 13 drawn 5 17 00
7S Nos 13 drawn 10 35 50
75 Nos .15 drawn 5 15 00
78 Not 13 drawn 5 18 00
75 Nos 12 drawn 10 35 00
78 Nos 15 drawn 8 25 00
75 Nos 12 drawn 5 18 00
75 Nos 15 drawn 10 35 00
78 Nos 13 drawn 5 18 00
75 Nos 14 drawn 4 13 00
78 Nos 12 drawn 20 75 00
The price of Packages of Quarter Tickets only, is
The Managers Printed Drawing, endorsed by the
commissioners appointed (for this purpose) by the Gov
ernor of Maryland, are in all cases sent to our Cones
Letters always strongly and carefully sealed.
The purchasers of Packages of Tickets seldom have
more than six chances against their drawing in a Pack
age any of the Capital Prizes, and one Package may
draw four of the highest Prize 8. Two-thirds of the
Prizes are sold in Packages of Tickets.
Please order a few days upon the Lotteries draw.
All Orders punctually answered by the return mails.
Persons at a distance from Baltimore, who wish " For
tune Buckled on their Backs," will find that it is only
necessary to enclose the price (as laid down in the above
schedule,) for a Package of Single Tickets to the Truly
Fortunate, Far-Famed and Old Established House of
PYFER & CO.
No. 1 Light St., Baltimore, Md.
Or, Box 524, Baltimore Post Office.
November 1, 1851. 102
FJIIjJL STOCK, 1851.
THE attention of my friends and Dealers, gener
ally, is invited to my assortment of
Foreign and Domestic Jtlcdictnes, Paints, Oils,
Perfumery, Dye Stuffs, Sc.,
which, as tegards quality and variety, is unsurpassed by
any house in North Carolina.
My Stock having been selected with great care and
purchased on tbe most favorable terms from
. Importers and Manufacturers,
enables me to render satisfaction to all who need artieles
in my line.
I take this occasion to again tender my thanks for the
very liberal support hitherto extended to me, and by con
tinued assiduity, and unremitted attention to the wants
of my friends, I hope to continue to merit the favorable
opinion so generally entertained for my Establishment.
I continue to keep a supply of the Purest Wines, and
London Dock Brandy, bought expressly for Medical pur
poses, and a large assortment of the choicest brands of
Cigars Smoking and Chewing 1 obacco.
P. F. PESCUD,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist.
Raleigh, Oct. 20th. 1851 102
THE LAST FASHIONS !
Call at J. J. Bigrg's Clothing Store.
AND examine bis new Fall and Winter Goods, con
sisting of a very superior lot of CLOTHS, Cassa-
meres and Vestings, selected by himself in New York
and Philadelphia, from tbe latest importations, embrac
ing all the new styles, and suitable for all occasions.
Also an extensive supply of
suitable for Fall and Winter, some of which are very fine.
He also has a fine article of Dress Hat, well as a gen
eral supply of Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, such as
Dress and Under Shirts of all kinds, Half Hose, Sus
penders, White and colored Kid Gloves, Pocket Hand
kerchiefs and Cravats in great varieties, Dressing-gowns,
&c All of which will be sold on reasonable terms.
He warrants a first rate fitting garment to all who
may patronize him, and respectfully solicits a trial.
A small lot of Military trimmings just received.
Call at No 10, Fayetteville Street,
J. J. BIGGS.
Raleigh, Oct. 22d, 1851. 102 4w.
Star,' and Biblical Recorder insert 4 weeks.
A LITTLE BETTER YET!
Call and Examine for Yourselves ! !
THE Subscriber has just received, direct from the
North, a supply of the best quality of Curled Hair,
which will enable him lo tnanulaclure a superior qual
ity of Hair Mattresses.
He would respect tully intorm the Public that he can
furnish them with the bkst articles in his line, as
cheap as they can be bought in New York. Persons
from (he neighboring villages and counties, who have
heretofore sent North, can provide themselves with as
good an article of work, and at as low a price, by send
ing. ineir oraers 10 me.
Also, constantly on hand, the much improved
SHUCK and COTTON MATTRESSES, and at the
lowest prices. Also, Solas, Lounges, end Easy Chairs,
manufactured in various si vies. Also, repaiiing and le
novating old Hair Mattresses, &c, done at the shortest
All orders thankfully received and promptly attended
to. Ware Room on Fayetteville street, two doors above
the Yabbropoh House.
J. HENRY HARRISS,
Upholsterer and Mattress Maker.
Raleigh, October 24, 1851. 102
JACKS and JENNIES, some 16 in number, of every
age, will be sold by the' undersigned to the highest
bidder, on a credit of 9 months, at th late residence of
Samuel S. Downey, deceased, in Granville County, to
gether with the perishable property of every kind, on
Thursday, tbe 13th day of November next. ' '
The sale to continue day by day, until completed.
Bond with approved security required.
JOHN A. DOWNEY, Executor.
October 6th, 1851. -i : 98 tl3No. '
fipHE American Miller and Millwright's Assistant,
JL bv Win. C. Hushes. Illustrated with nil, nrvi..
IChinery.&c. in I vol. 12uio. $f, Just received and
for sale by W.'L. POMEROY.
Raleigh, Oct. 20, 1851. 66
By Sit Excellency, DAVID S. IlEID. Governor
of the State of North Carolina.
WHEREAS, it has been made to appear to me that
JAMES R. LEWIS, charged with the crime of
negro stealing;, has broken tbe jaif of Granvill County,
and fled probably bey end the limits of this Slate. ,
Now to tbe end tbat (he said James R.Lewis be
brought to trial for mid offence, I do hereby Issue this
my Proclamation, offering a reward ef two hundred dol
lars for the apprehension and delivery of tbe said James
R. Lewie to (he Sheriff of the said county of Granville.
The said James R. Lewis is described to be about 6
feet 7 or 8 inches high, twenty-five years old, thin vis
ace, long sharp- chin, erect in stature, fair complexion;
but has some swarthy spots on bis face, eyes blueish n4
Given tnider nry band and the Great Seaf
$W- of the State of North Carolina, at the
JSSfcRiSr of Raleigh, this 16th day ef October, .
; the City
DAVID S. REIDl
By the Governor,
TltOXJS SlTTtB, Jir.
., a rtvuic accraary.
Kalcigh, Oct. 16, 1851.
By His Excellency DAVID S. EEID, Governor
of tke State of North Carolina,'
IN pursuance of a Resolution passed by the Genetaf
Assembly at the Session of l848-9, 1 do by this, my
Proclamation, set apart Thursday, the 27th of Novem
ber next to be observed throughout the State as a day of
solemn and public TiriXsiriVixo ; and I do earnestly
recommend tbat all secular employments be suspended
during the day ; that Ministers of (be Gospel of the re
spective denominations assemble their congregations for
public worship, that the people of tbe State may, with
united hearts and voices, render thanks to Almighty Got)
for past blessir-x, a ad supplicate a! continuation of bis
care and kindness towards us as a People1, ae a State,?
as a Republic.
Uiven under my hand, and the Greal
- Seal of the State, at tbe Executive Office
SEAL. J in the City of Raleigh, this the 15th day
S of October, A. D. 1851, and tbe 76 the
DAVID 8, REID.
By tbe Governor,
- Thomas 3kttis, Jr., Private Secretary:
Raleigh, Oct. 15th, 1851. 101
MARBLE WORK & IRON RAILINGS.
XOX3C3ST Sa?XtTJ'J?XX;3iXLS & SOTT,
No. 36 ITXarket-Strcet, Philadelphia,
Furnish all kinds of JUarble UTork,
MANTELS, MONUMENTS, TOMBS, &C,
At the most reasobable rates, and. work w ranted eqaal
to any house in the Union.
ItXQ 33.33 &
Corner of Broad 4k Coates Streets
ALL KINDS OF LEON BAILINGS,
Ijr Enclosures, Balconies, Verandahs, and any
1W.VCP MRO.Y U'WBA",
On the most reasonable terms. Orders attended to with
September 27, 1851. 94 6m
PLANK KOJLD NOTICE.
AT a regular meeting of the Directors ef tbe Green
ville and Raleigh Plsnk Road Company, beld a(
their office in Greenville on Thursday the 9th day of
October, 1851, it was
Resolved, Tbat Books of subscription be Opened by
the commissioners first appointed under their Charter,
for the purpose of increasing the capital stock of said
Company, and that tbe subscribers pay in a sura equal
to that called in and paid by the original stockholders.
ALFRED MOYE, Pres't.
By Goolb Hott, See'y.
Oct. 15, 1851. 101 4t.
Grand Lodge of North Carolina
THE Annual Communication of this Masosic Bout
will be holden in this Citv, on Monday evening the
1st of December next, at 7 o'clock, and will continue its
sittings until all the business which may be brought be
fore it shall be disposed of. Officers of tbe respective
Lodges are requested to attend in person, or cause pro
per delegates to be appointed, in pursuance of the Consti
tution and general regulations of tbe Grand Lodge.
WILLIAM T. BAIN,
Raleigh, Oct. 17th. 1851. , 101
THE Copartnership heretofore existingunJer the firm
of OLIVER & PROCTER was dissolved on tbe
6th instant by mutual consent. All persons having
claims against tbe firm will present them tu either of the
partners for liquidation, and those indebted are earnestly
requested to make immediate payment, as longer indul
gence cannot be given. Mr. Oliver having made ar
rangements to leave here by the 1st of December next,
the business will in future be conducted by I8AAC
PROCTER, (he having purchased out Mr. Oliver's en
tire interest,; at the Old Stand, sign of the R. R. R. R.,
Fayetteville Street, Raleigh, N. C.
THOMAS M. OLIVER,
Raleigh, Oct. l4th, 1851. 100 tt.
Hsad QiriRTEm, 35th Hcrimikt, ,
N. C. MiriTiA, Raleigh, October A, 1851.
mHE Officers and Soldiers of said Regiment will pa-
I rade on Hillsborough Street, at ten o'clock, on tbe
25th October instant, for Regimental Review, armed and
equipped as the law directs.
Tbe Commissioned and non-Commissioned Officers
will parade for drill discipline, tbe day previous, at elev
en o clock, in the Uld Baptist Urove.
By Command of
Col. W. H. H. TUCKER.
Raleigh, Oct. 4, 1851. 97 td.
Attention Ringgold Guards I
PARADE at tbe Capitol Square on Saturday,
the 25th day of October, at 9J o'clock, A. M.,
armed and equipped according to law, in winter
uniform, and for inspection of arms and accoutrements.
By order of tne Captain,
JOHN R. UTLEY, O. 8.
N. B. Attend a meeting of your Company at the
City Hall on Friday night, the 24th of October, at T
October 8lh, 1S5I, 8 3t
TT) ANA WAY from the snbacnlier a yellow boy named
K, SAMPSON DEW, about nineteen years old, had
on when he left a green coat and blue pantaloons. Said
boy was hound to me until be attains the age of 21 vears.
I hereby forwarn all persons from harboring or employ
ing said boy. I will give tbe above reward for his deliv
ery to mo, or $5 for his confinement in Jail so that I can
get him. ALFRED MITCHELL, alias BOOTS.
Raleigh, October 20th, 1851. ,101
BY Enoch Powell, D. D., Prof, in the Theological
Seminary, Bangor, Maine.
For sale by
H. D. TURNER.
October 16, 1851... 100
New Humorous Work
mHE Widow Rocby's Husband, and other Alabama.
I Tales, by the author of Simon Suggs.
For sale by
Raleigh, Oct. 13th, 1851.
W. L. POMEROY.
A KXannal of Roman Antiquities,
FROM the most recent German Works, with a de
scription of the City ot Rome. fee. By Charles
Anthoo, LL D. With numerous Illustrations- For sale
Sv K. U. 1 UK.XtK.
Raleieh. Fept 27. 1851. j
PLAIN, Changeable Figured and Cbeni aPrasols, va
rlons colors Green and Black, Cotton and Silk Um
brellas. Also, Chinese and other Fans. For sale by ;,
. t - , J. BROWN, x i
" No. 9, Fayetteville S
Ralcigb, April 28, 1851. '51
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