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From the Buffaloe Courier, Oct. 4.
C0LOREELP0PULAT1ON of the north ,r.i vui... j:i-., .nonv r-nrioas facts in i..: .j it, i j nf this country. We reiauuu in me kuivicu uuuuio . - ,. , kneW that With a tew honorable exceptions--.il the r i , Valise they are exceptions. l. Dianr.p3 atraitist which the id- dividual, hare struggled are such as wol'e f eouraged most men of any race the colored I PW ion o( the free States li In degraded condition, iii. oKiofl. to be found in the purlieus of our S".wi .F.iiib.ro iif., rh"i" .t!sr ed with their easy subservience, give inc.. ence over whites! Although many of them must have b.7n accustomed in earTy life to agricultural pur BuiU, we know of no instance where any colored man has successfully attained, through rugged labor, the independence and dignity of a prosperous farmer, although he may sometimes be seen often creating a disreputable neighborhood by licentious and lazy habits, a mile or two from a large city, chopping wood by the cord, or living in a shanty, and halfcul tivatintr, in an indolent and dirty manner, some four or five acres of land, from which he obtains about half the crops that would be yielded under the com mon system of farming. We write with feelings of commiseration not with any desire to find fault but it is matter of no mriot' that this DODulation. degraded itself and de- orading others, as it now exists, furnishes a large proportion ot criminals, and has barred the progress Of political OlSCUSSIOn OUUUltl auujtrv.o, ujr ; ting itself the absorbing topic between the North and the South. We do not charge the latter as a fault, but it is a fact. And when we turn to the cen sns, we find statistics going far beyond any thing that ; nr;nr that the Northern Mates are not a fit home for the Colored population. New Ensland has been generally looked tpon as I., i l r n,nr.ia tn tha emancipated slave, it IS lilt? IdllU V. IIVUIIDW - I probab'e that there his relative position has been less j.r.r,iinir. and more svmnathv and kindness have been extended to him, than in any other part of the Union. But even there, where it may be supposed that his social condition was most favorable, his race has not increased as in other States, wheie its happi est condition is that of slavery. We fino that the increase of the whites in New England, within the last thirty years, has been 1, 066,284, or 65 per cent, upon the number existing in 1820, though the con stant migration to the V estern States has not been fully counterbalanced by the number of foreign im migrants introduced. During the same period the increase of blacks has been 1,350. or only 6J per cent., notwithstanding the constant influx of fugitives. Since the previous census of 1840, the number has absolutely decreased. It would seem that climate has a material influence in these results upon a population springing from a tropical country, and, in its aboriginal state, frequently inhabiting regions where the white man cannot live. We find that the greatest falling off is in New Hamp shire, where, of all other Stales, most has been done for their safety and present protection, and where no attempt has thus far been made to pursue a runaway; yet, even there, the decrease is about two-fifths ot the whole. In Vermont and Connecticut it ia also visible.and the increase in Massacbusets is only 105. The following table shows the number of colored persons in each of those Stales, at the periods to which it refers: 1550. 1840. 1S30. 1S20. 1790. i Maine, 1,313 1,355 N. Hampshire, 477 537 Vermont. 710 730 Massachusetts, 8,773 8,663 Rhode Island, 3,543 3,233 Connecticut, 7,415 8,105 . , oq" - v j i 1,1. i 3.JUJ COT SSI 7,019 3,553 8,07 7S3 913 6,740 3.503 8,003 srri DDI , ; - ; 2-2,231 2-2,633 31,364 30.6SI Including the then Province of Maine. 1KCBEASC Or COLORED PCRSOXS IX OTW XSSLAXO. From 1820 to 1830 4 S3 From 1830 to 1810 1,263 1,751 to 1850 102 Decrease from 1840 Net increase in 30 years 1,350 or 6 per cent. WBITK POPUbATION IX TBI 61M1 STATE. 1850. 1840. 381,031 500,438 317,354 284,036 312,756 291,218 985,498 729.030 114,012 105,587 363,189 3)1,85G 1830. 1820. 398,260 297,240 268.721 343,236 Maine N. Hampshire Vermont Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut 279,776 603.359 93,621 289,603 231,846 516,419 79,413 267,181 2,704,729 2,212,165 1,933,330 1'633,435 INCREASE OF WHITES IX NEW ENGLAND. From 1820 to 1830 294.905 From 1830 to 1840 278,825 From 1840 to 1850 492,564 Total inc. of whites in 30 years 1,066,294 In tins State the decrease of the colored people during the last ten years has been 2.533, and in In diana 2,068; and, not to trouble our readers with sta tistics in detail, ilie increase of the colored ponula- uon oi an ine non-siavenoioing states except Cali fornia, has been 13,173 in the last ten years, whilst toe wnues nave increased 3,r9l,38I. Enough has surely been said to show that the northern States are not a desirable home for the col ored man, and that if he wishes well to his own peo ple, or would leave his children where they are like ly to enjoy long life and the usual rewards of a vir tuous existence, he musj seek other regions we be lieve we might say, also, climates more congenial to the physical conformation of a race adapted to the tropics. We see no hope for him here. His warm est professed friends here maintain the same system of social exclusion as his cooler advisers. He is treated like a dog, which js allowed to feed, but wo be to it if it presumes, lo eat at the same table with its master. Nothing can be hoped for her from a slow process of amalgamation. The nearer they approach towards the whites in color, the more do they separate from those of a darker hue, and the more easily do they become the prey of dissolute whites, to so irrai an extent as to favor the theory of their total extinction. But if anythtng need be added in support of our views, we turn again to the census, referring to its disclosures relative to the idiocy and insanity of the race in the Norland its comparative exemption in the Sooth or the slave States. There we find that in Maine, every fomteenth colored person is an idiot or lunatic. In Ohio there are just ten colored persons who are idiots or lunatics, where there is one in Ken tucky. And in Louisiana, where a large majority of the population is colored, and four-fifths ol them are V ere 18 but one of lhe8e unfortunates to 4, 300 who are sane; in Massachusetts, one in 43: Connecticut 1, 185.; N York. 1 in 257; PennsyU ET 'v25f,VMa7land'.1 in l'0i Virginia, 1 in 1,309 ; North Carolina, 1 in 2,440 ; Ohio, 1 in 105 ; Kentucky, 1 ,n 1,053. This is certainly a very cu rious calculation, and indicates that diseases of the thelf,lre?m0re,rare.,l,nonS the sles than among the free of the colored race. Profligacy and menial unhappiness, together with perhaps the influence of the ilimate, are dot blless the cause of this fearful disclosure. We shall soon agarn refer to the subject, and attempt to show that nnTlgn ,0V? " ,ufficient. a" as we believe the SSJ Prdc.l,cable. oe for this sad exception to hu JhZ,aapl"ne88 ln ,h,e .States. For this state ol iHT'.-erjr ne. f u' wh0 are the aoperior race inn.!, f rePon8,'Iity. if we do not by all means in our power attempt to put an end to it. Pomegranate Cotton. We were handed a spec rr". Srown on the plantation ofPMr. j -j j - ' lnis w,8t"c. which shows a decided superiority over the common Cotton. One and mostly with five lock'sTr poda. '25 Effi ami mostly wun n ve locks or pods. Two open or the same were shown to us by Mr. Thomas ' lor of this District, having five pods, which lo like they might contain almost a third more tha s Tay looked .M....jr rem uuu oou wuu me same number of o T. L .. ... . man an r , tAurcntrnllc Herald, A Yankee who went over to the mother ,n.,- some time ago, and who was asked, oncoming back, how he liked Great Britain : "Well," said he, Enr! well euUi.V!ry nie coun,rT exceedirgly fertile, because th Z.t """"'"It waK alier breakfast, afnf'w.K'.ll S lhat-1 w" always - .""S- From the Wilmington Journal. EDUCATION No. 5. Ma. Editob: As the office of teaching i of the t,;,rhat imnortanee to our avstem of Common choois, i tMi' tn make nr views of its Qualifications and tntie the aubiect of this article. There is ac opin inn MTha nrevailinr that it matters but little what may be the qualifications of teachers employed in out Common Schools t so as they can read write, and cvDher to the rule of three," is considered all sufficient for teaching small children. This opinion arrnnnnna in nnint of fact, and iniurioDS tO the t9k tin a nf ftiifaf inn itself. If there should be any discrimination in the qualification of teachers, the best, in my opinion, should come first, ah BaiH in a former article unon the oualification of moth ers, and the lasting impressions made by them upon the minds and character of children, apply equally to tka A n Mod and roannne ih'iiitioa nf teachers, when the child shall be loosened from maternal m.ucuu., ... placed under their care and attention. The child He is here placed to ainiiira iho A rat rtri np in ls of science, as his mother nvA him thn first lessons in morality and ethics. If, fhon ih, i.h should be himself deficient in the rudiments of those studies, a knowledge of which he is attempting to impart, what incalculable injury i wrought uoonlthe mind of the pupil, when so sus- .ni;M nf receiving wrong impressions. Often at ..,nh r, ncra mere iniurv is done to the young mind than voars of pood discipline can remove. If the rudiments of the science should not be propeny J o . . . taught the young mind watched and nurtured, and its several nowers expanded and directed aright, it matters not what subsequent course of instruction may be pursued, the mind will ever feel the perni cious effects of such training. Carelessness to-day becomes habit to-morrow, and who haa not striven almost in vain to rid himself of such habits acquired in early schooling T Who has not heard, with mor tification, on visiting our Common School Houses, the montonous, singing, droning tone of voice in which the younger scholars are allowed to tead 1 No care taken to learn them even simple rules of empha sis, inflection or punctuation. If you desire strength, proportion, and beauty in architecture, is not the skill of the mechanic as necessary in the foundation as the upper structure 1 Is it not preferable that this should be first laid by the hand of a skillful work man, that it may be built upon, than to compel the after mechanic to build to its ill-contrived parts, or tear it down and commence anew ! Just so in lay ing the foundation of our education, with this differ encein mechanism new materiais can be obtained, but with the mind the same material has to be dis jointed and remodelled, which is by far more difficult than to rear it from the beginning. What teacher has not found it more difficult to free a child from such habits acquired in early schooling than to have imparled in the beginning a proper knowledge of his studies? Just so also in self-culture, or what is termed self-made men. Fortuitous circumstances lay the foundation, and solitary and unaided efforts complete the work. To teach is the highest doty that one intelligent creature can perform to another upon the grounds of sympathy, humanity, mod common interest. It is not aloue necessary that a teacher snouidre menial ly competent ; other qualifications are as necessary to a full discbarge ot bis duties. Cold, isolated, scientific truths are of little value unless under the guidance of warm sympathies and generous impul ses. To be a good teacher, says an able writer, re quire a whole ma Hear visious, vann sympathies. noble passions, and lofty purposes ; the whole mind . I 1 1. M . u-. ami heart, and soal aad body alt, ia short, that goes to box as t&e totality ami utentT ot a nu and a f getKletatan saId be -., .-.i r,. .k ! erery part el tbe work : and th less he smells of the 1 close, ert&e office, ee th watpst, ec tie school of aavtaMa&, tatteea, tu Reaves, iu sauuv, ana no- auauj tlbe won isatz-acSxnm will be his instruction. A teacaw s&314 sami bexe hes pap lis as at once tibe sxaject aui th object f" all th feeliogs and fac slues tsat eaber iato xb. tdea of mahood. He should be to titem a breathing reretauoa of humanity, in the iceogaitioa of whicfc thej are themselves to grow up iato oKfl. He shosld possess such elements of char acter as will enable him to ran upon the mind and heart of his pupils and strive rather to Use hi: 'earn ing as a means of Imparting himself, than himself as a means of imparting his knowledge. Then he will not only be able to act vcilhia the mind of the schol ar and develope it, but at the same time secure his respect, love, and admiration. Unless this point be gained, but little benefit will result from his labors. In the next place a teacher should be clothed with authority to enforce his commands. Many parents exercise a mistaken affection for their offspring by complaining against tha exercise of authority by teachers. In this democratic age it is thought a wise maxim, 44 that the best government is that which governs least." This will do for politi cal communities, but will not answer for the govern ment of children. We should trust to the prudence and discretion of the teacher not to abuse this au thority, and none ought to be employed unless you can have this confidence in them. Much injury of ten results from iu In my opinion a child should never be striped unless for a manifest dereliction of duty. Mild persuasion, that appeals to the heart, the pride, anil self-love of children, should first be exhausted. The habit of whipping children for not knowing their tetson I think very injurious. I have myself been often frightened out of a well-known lesion through fear of a flogging. But when stub borness or unwillingness to obey orders is exhibited by the child, then an ounce of hickory is worth a pound of logic. It is remarked by Dr. Chase, a distinguished lin guist in one of our Northern Universities, that al though he can read with ease every other book in the latin language, he cannot read Virgil, because when he studied that book he was placed under a cross, morose teacher, who whipped him clear ihro' it. in snort," to close cn this branch of the sub ject, " we can never tiuly learn from a teacher till we obey him ; we can never truly obey him till we revere him ; we can never truly revere him till we recognize his superiority ; and if that recognition cannot be awakened in our minds it must be awa kened in our bodies. If we both obey and revere, we are his freemen; if we obey without revering, we are slaves to him ; if we neither obey nor revere, we are slaves to the devil." The Wisiawe of our State, impressed with the importance of procuring tne services of good teachers in ou r Com mon Schools, passed a law requiring the Superintendants to ap point a Committee of Examination, whose duty is to examine into the 44 qualifications, both moral and mental," of applicants for school teaching in the sev eral counties, providing that no one shall be so em ployed unless he can produce a 44 certificate of his good moral character, and sufficient mental qualifi cations as such teacher." The bumble writer of this article claims to be the author of that amend ment to our school laws, as the 314th page of the jour nals of the Legislature, at the session of 18467, will show. I am glad to find that this law, in some counties, has been caried out in the spirit in which if was in tended, and has done much good in raising the stan dard of education. In this county, without intend ing to disparage the services of our committee, 1 must be allowed to say that a sufficiently rigid ex amination has not i.nall cases been instituted. Men, both morally and mentally incompetent, produce their certificate of proper qualification. But of this I shall not complain. But there is another thing of which I, as a father, a citizen, and Southerner, have a risht to complain. With us this is peculiarly an age of ooumern rights, southern teeling, and, 1 may say. Southern education. We have too many imported teachers, to the manifest neglect of own native born sons. How can we hope to stay the aggressive spir it of the North, and protect our own institutions if our children are to be placed for instruction under such teachers as are alien'ed from us in feeling, in sentiment, and education. But I include not all of our Northern teachers in this category ; some are wiih us in sentiment, and are well qualified in other respects. But I have been compelled to make these remarks from the fact of hearing of a certain teacher who, having been employed in this county for seve ral sessions, but now ensconced in the bosom of his own native North, writes back that he would not again visit North Carolina for five hundred dollars, ao offensive to him was the institution ot slavery. LONG CREEK. August Uth, 1851. , Sknatok Dodolas visited the Mechanics' Fair at Baltimore yesterday, and is to deliver an address to the members of the Maryland Agricultural Society to-day. General Scott waa also amongst the visitors ye,e'daJ- Republic of lyiday. GOLDSBOROUGH, N. C. As an evidence of the flourishing condition of our village, we point to the various advertisements of oor citizens. Wnicn appear in our uiuuim. iuo new paper is a certain index of the village, town, or city in which it la published, since it constitutes a map showing the extent and variety of the occupations of - - rn i . I r . . I the Citizens. iiKing mis principle lor granieu, Goldsborough cannot be beaten by any village in the State, as our own and the columns of our contempo rary clearly indicate. Uut it was our intention in writing this article, not so much to eulogize our vil la ere as to call attention to the advertisements of Messrs. Phillips, Lougeb, Strousk and Bonmkr Of the dualities of Mr. Phillips, as a skillful, faith' ful, and efficient workman, we need not speak, since thev are already sufficiently known. Messrs. L.oo gee, Strouse. and Bonner, are new comers, having been attracted hither by the rising importance of the place. The two gentlemen last named have a fine assortment of Dry Goods, which may be purchased upon favorable terms. Mr. lougee s Store, besides the more substantial and useful articles in his line, is replete with Yankee notions, such as flutes dis guised as walking canes, &c. &e., welt calculated to interest the curious and fanciful. Goldsborough Ttltgraph. Union Triumph. If Whie papers can beucredited, the election of Caskie. is a death-blow to the Union. Incessantly did they assert that the issue involved in the Metropolitan District, was the perpetuity or ine dissolution of the Union, and that the defeat of Botts would be the triumph of Secession. Well, Botts is defeated, routed, utterly overwhelmed. Hence, ac cording to Federal papers, the Union is in imminent jeoparuy. i ruiy is ii biuuihk iu ma nucu - i i : . : : . u hear these self constituted guardians ot tne corned eracy boast of their devotion to the Union and their ability to save it from locofoco destruction. With but four Whig Governors, in an insignificant minor ity in Congress, composing not more than one tenth of the people of the country, these grandiloquent pol iticians have yet assumed to themselves the exclusive z : . l tt : ru iVkU responsioiiiiy oi protecting me uuiu.i. iue ""'X party headed by John Minor Botts gallantly propping up the crumbling foundations of the Union, is the funniest and most ridiculous suggestion of the times. The truth is, the election of John S. Caskie, is the most signal victory yet achieved in the cause ot the Union. He planted himself upon the Constitution, and thence discharged the thunders of his eloquence agdinst federalism, consolidation, abolition, and their rank representiiive, John Minor Botts. Caskie con tended for the independence of tne oouth, tne rights of the States and the trne integrity of the Union. Botts battled with Johnston of Pennsylvania, for the destruction of the Constitution, the annihilation of the sovereignty of the States, the subjugation of the South, and the unchecked sway of rampant free-sot !- ism. The gallant Caskie gloriously sustained by the Democracy, achieved a triumph for the South, for the Constitution and for the Union. Botts, the blustering deraasrosrue. the champion ot Wilmot nrovisoism the John P. Hale of the South was in dignantly scorned and rejected by the people, and he and his abolition associates rebuked by a crushing defeat. Yesterday John Minor Botts made his exit from the arena of politics. For years past he has been the common butt of the ring, cuffed and kicked with equ al energy by friend and by foe. lie has re ceived his quietus at last. He will be dropped now by his party, like a thing tainted. He will sinK into obscurity, and hencerorih, bis name will be found chronicled only in the register of the turf 44 Unweptunhonored and unsung How different the prospective career of Ji career of JohnS. Cas- kle ! With ta'enta infinitely beyond the cunning of . . i i - - . i - t - i i me political zamesier, ana wun a weigui oi vuarac ter, which no mere adventurer can dare pretend to, his brilliant and unsullied career will reflect equal honor upon his native State and upon his own extra' ordinary abilities. In Congress, he will be no less true than eloquent, and no less eloquent than the most gilted, in the delence ul the Union, the sovereignty of Virginia, and the dignity and the rights of the South. Felerwurg Democrat, SuRoicAt Operations. W see It stated, in a re cent number of the Milton Chronicle, that the ope ration of Lithotomy, or extracting stone from the bladder, has been successfully performed at Roxbo rough, by Doctors Jordan aad Williamson; and the rapid convalscenceof the patient is sufficient evidence that the operation was as skillfully psrformed as it could have been any where at the Noith. The editor of the Chronicle expresses a very proper desire that the people of the South should know that these difficult surgical operations can be skillfully and successfully performed at home, and therefore that there is no necessity for th Mr goinz North, at great expense and trouble, for surgical operations even of the most critical character. This notice in the Chronicle suggests to us the propriety of stating, that the operation of Lithoto my has been four times performed by Dr. Strudwick of this place, each time successfully. The last case is a gentleman from below Raleigh, who is now here, rapidly recovering. Dr. Strudwick has also been very successful in re storing sight to the blind by operations for Cataract. A case of this kind is now under treatment in this place. The subject is a gentleman from Wake, and the operation is likely to be perfectly successful. In various operations for Cancers, as they affect both male and female, we understand Dr. S. has met with a success rarely equalled either North or South. The notices are made vto bono publico, and without any consultation with Dr. S. We deem it due to the public that cases of skillful surgery should be made known, when performed by native physicians, that suffering humanity may be relieved in many cases, when applications for relief could not be made to distant operators, and that even those who nave tho means may be saved unnecessary expense. Hillsborough Recorder. Tac Printer. A printer is the most curious thing alive. He may have a bank and coins and not be worth a cent have small caps and have neither wife nor children. Others may run fast but he gets along the swiftest by setting fast. He may be making impressions without eloquence ; may use the lye with out offending, and be telling the truth. While others cannot stand when they set, he can set standing, .and even do bl'lh "awe time use furniture and yet f have no dwelling may make and put away pi, and never see a pie much less eat it during his life be a human being and a rat at the same time may press a great deal and not ask a favor may handle a shoot ing iron, and know nothing about a cannon, gun or pistol ; he may move the lever that moves the world, and yet be as far from moving the globe as a hog with his nose under a mole hill spread sheets without be ing a housewife he may lay his form on a bed, and yet be obliged to sleep on the floor and he may use the t without shedding blood, and from the earth may handle the he may be of a rolling disposi tion, and yet never desire to travel he may have a sheep's foot, and not be deformed never be without a case and know nothing of law or physic be aivays correcting his errors, and growing worse every day have em without ever having the arms of a lass around him have his form lockedup, and at the same time be free from jail, watch house, or any other con finement. How is this! Western Etiquette. The Chicago Democrat says, that the Yankee traveller who saw the live Hoosier, haa again written to his mother, telling her his experience as follows: 44 Western people are death on etiquette. You can't tell a man here he lies without fighting. A few days ago a man was telling two of his neighbors in my hearing a pretty large story. Says I 44 Stranger that's a whopper." 44 Says he. Lay there, stranger." And in the twinkling of an eye, I found myself ln the ditch, a perfect quadruped. Upon another occasion, said 1 to a man i never saw before, as a woman passed 44 That is't a specimen of your western women, is it 1" Says he, 44 Yon are afraid of the fever and ague, ain't you 1" Very much," says I. Well, replied he, 44 that lady is my wife.and if you dont apologise in two minutes by the honor of a gen tleman, I swear that these two pistols" which he held cocked in his hands, 44 shall cure you of that disorder entirely. So don't fear stranger !" So I knelt down and apologised. I admire this western country very much but darn me if I can stand so much etiqaette it always takes me unawares. THE STANDARD: Tat Craatltmtien and she TJnlen mt tbe 8 latest TJejr Mut be Preserved. " ' RALEIGH WJE1KTESDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1851. Glorious Triumph In Virginia. Tho people of Virginia voted on Thursday last for members of Congress, and for and against the new Constitution. The result is a glorious triumph for the cause of Republicanism and the Constitution one of those old-fashioned triumphs, which one had a'rifhtto expect from Virginia, whose people are as true now as they were in the days of Jefferson and Madison, to the rights of the States and the Union of the States. j The Enquirer of the 25th says: . 44 As Tar as we have heard, we are also satisfied of the election of Messrs. Millson. Bocock. Thompson and Powell and of Messrs. Bayly, Meade, HoIIaday, Edmund son. McMullen. and Letcher, to whom there is no opposition. We have thus secured eleven out of the fifteen members from Virginia. If the whig papers be correct in their theory there is an awful amount of 44disunioni8m" in Virginia. They themselves must see in what a ridiculous attitude they have placed themselves.' That paper adds. " we have confident hopes of carrying all the other four but the London District, although we do not.exaetly understand the position of affairs in the Kanawha District." But fellow-citizens, readers, 44 friends, countrymen and lovers," the best thing remains to be told Botts has been beaten ! The Enquirer thus announces the fact : 44 Glorious Victort. It is with feelings of pe culiar pleasure that we this morning announce the election of John S. Caskie to the next Congress of the United States over John M. Botts. 1 hough we have not yet heard from the whole district, the returns published below tell a tale which cannot be mistak en. uiorious unesterneia iioa mess ner:i responas heartily to our appeal of Tuesday, and, in her majori ty for Caskie, more than balances Kichmond city the Gibraltar of whierererv ! Henrico, which gener ally gives a whig majority of one hundred and fifty, now gives to Caskie a majority of at least sixty or seventy, and to Haxall, our county candidate, be tween seventy and eighty majority. The polls are kept open at the court house let our friends see to it that she 44 take no step backwards." Old Hanover, so far as heard from, has done well, and has doubtless given at least seventy-five majority to Caskie. Louisa and Goochland (always strongly democratic,) and Powhatan, 'where we expect a majority, are yet to hear from. The result may, therefore, be set down as certain that we have gained an unprecedented vic tory. At the close of the polls, Mr. Caskie appeared be fore the large crowd in attendance, and addressed them briefly, but modestly and touchingly, from the stepts of the court-house. He thanked them for the flattering confidence they had reposed in him. He said he felt no unkindness towards the bulk of the wlii? party that had cast their votes against him : and he closed by remarking that, should he be sent to Congress, he should faithfully practise upon the motto which he had held through the canvass the motto of 44 The Constitution of the United States the Union of the States and the Risht of the Slates." Mr. Botts was called for by hia friends, but did not appear. For the last few days (it being too late to appeal to other districts) we have concentrated our attention upon this, the metropolitan district. It was with us a labor of love love for the man, for his principles, far his devotion to the rights of the States and to the Union. We have freely scanned public men and measures, but have foreborne, as we always do, from personalities. The result of yesterday richly rewards us for the cordial labor we have bestowed. We re joice in the success of our noble candidate, as it is a triumph of the sacred principles ot the constitution and the permanent safety of the Union over tho most monstrous consolidation doctrines, which, if carried into practice, most surely and speediiy bring about disunion. In Mr. Caskie we love the friend and the man; but we still more admire the boldness, frank ness, firmness, dignity, and loAy bearing with which he avowed his principles met every issue shrank from no duty' The Examiner says Botts was called for, and after an awful pause, Botts not appearing, it was duly pro claimed, Botts has absquatulated" ! Botts John Minor Botts the 44 immortal " Botts the Stanly of Virginia the 44 head him or die" Botts the Botts, has been " steam-tugged," defeated, used up, exter minated ! Botts falls, and the pillars of the Uuion where are they 1 Just where they were it was only Botts that dissolved the Union is as strong aye, stronger than ever. Bolts' policy and views would des troy it, but Caskie's will save it. From all accounts, Caskie is a glorious fellow. He is one' ot the 44 Spar tan Band " of Richmond, and we expect to see him take, at once, a high position in the House. Any District in the United States might well be pro-id of having, in succession, such Representatives as Sed- don and Caskie. The people of Virginia have accepted their new Constitution by an immense majority. On the 8th of December next another election will be held, when a Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, an Attorney-General, and members of Assembly will be chosen. Senator W. H Seward, it is stated, became bail for some of the Syracuse mob, who were bound over to appear before the Federal Court at Buffalo. This man Seward, it seems, not only pledged himself for tha neraAnal snnearance of these law-breakers in Court, but he invited them, together with a parcel of women (44 Bloomers ") dres5Cd n men's clothes, td hia tinnsn in Anhnrn. nrhpra ha fpnatnd them n the H.W ... WW.W " " best style. And yet Seward is a Senator of the Uni ted States from one of the first States of the Union, and his influence is this day stronger'in bis State than that of any other man ! Is there no way in which the traitor can be reached 1 On Saturday last, the 35th Regiment of Militia, commanded by Col. W. H. H. Tucker, mustered in this place. Col. Tucker was in the field, assisted by Lieut.-Colonel Yarbrough, Maj Holder, and Adj. Barbara. The officers acquitted themselves well. The Ringgolds were out, under Capt. Stuart. We are glad to learn that efforts are being made to increase this fine Company, and we hope they may be suc cessful. Wbigiam, as expounded by the leaders, is in a bad way about, this time. It has been disgruntled in Ohio, gloriously defeated in Pennsylvania, and swamped in Virginia. Its latest and most decided triumph is in Vermont. How long will it take the Whig leaders to 14 save the Union," with but four Governors out of the thirty-one, and with decided minorities in both Houses of Congress ? The Editor of the Raleigh Register were listening for a 44 loud shout for the Union from the Old Do minion." Have they heard it? If so, wbat do they think of it t Can it be possible that Virginia ths 44 mother of States "has elected twelve or fourteen 44 Disunionists " to Congress ! The Editor ought to look into these things. A Convention of persons friendly to the project of opening NagVHead, will be held at Elisabeth City on Friday next, the 31st inst. THE "NORTH CAROLINA READER." 3Ve have received a copy of the 44 North .Carolina Reader, containing a history and description of North Carolina,7 selections in prose and verse, historical and chronological tales, and a variety of miscellaneous information and statistics" "by Calvin H.Wiley Esn. : We auote the following Notice " of the i . work by the author himself, as embodying in a few words the best statement of the design and object of his labors: 44 Noticc. The peculiar situation of North Caro lina renders necessary peculiar remedies. Hence this, the first number of the North Carolina Read cr is different, in plan and execution, from modern Readers generally; and is intended exclusively for North Carolina, to be used in families and in schools, Its object is to sow in the young minds of North Carolina the seeds of a true, healthy,' and vigorous ZVorth Carolina spirit; and that it may effect its end it is designed for universal use in the State, to go, with the Bible and the Almanac, into every home 1 he other numbers of the series will be intended ex clusively for schools ; and the author promises that nis series ot school-books shall be, as a whole, cheap er than any other series in the United States, and as complete, while be hopes, though, he will not prom i8e, that his system will be as well adapted to the enas in view. He has laid in a library of Headers. an oi which win be carefully consulted. 1 be follow ing extract of a letter to the author, from a distin guished and patriotic son of North Carolina, disclos es the plan and indicates the necessity of the present wont : 44 The design of your Reader must, I think, win for it the favourable regard of all true North Caroli mans. Something of the kind has long been need ed, to set before our youth an easv and correct stan dard by wlicb to learn to appreciate the worth of their .V.I I 1 . .i a j. ameriana to excue in inein pride ot country, and to emboe their minds with the great truth that that country is entitled to their best exertions in her be half. We are too much in the habit of looking abroad ior objects ot admiration ; and where they are found there also will the affections take hold. Providence has been as kind to us as to any other people His bounties have been scattered in our midst with as much munificence as elsewhere; and thev need only that culture necessary to secure their appropriation to man's use, to elevate our good old State to that rank and consequence which her intellectual and phvs' icai resources snouid long since have given her. Should it be your happy lot to reform the habit al luded to, and to awaken in our land a proper sense of inese truths, all praise and abundant reward will be your due. WiSLLION XM. EDWARDS." July 2d, 1851." We have examined this work with some attention and it affords us pleasure to say, that in our judgment the author has entitled himself to the 44 praise and abundant reward " alluded to in the above letter of Mr. Edwards. The44 North Carolina Reader" is emphatically a North Carolina book. It teems with reminiscences of our fatherland; its facts, its appeals to patriotism, its descriptions of localities and scene ry, its delineations of the noble virtues of our peo ple, its rapid but glowing sketches of the history and resources or me ataie, and tne selections in prose and verse which it contains, must commend it to the public approbation and secure for it a general cir culation, especially among the rising generation with in our borders. It is scarcely necessary that we should go into a particular description of the contents of this work, as we take it for granted that it will be generally sought for and read ; but we may give extracts from it here after, as our space will permit. The gratifying reception given to Col. Wheeler's Sketches ot he State, and the demand which is des tined to spring up for this work by Mr. Wiley, will show that our people take a deep interest in every thing designed lo revive recollections of our ances tors ana tneir glorious deeds; and that they are keenly alive to all efforts which are made to develop the mind of the State, and to establish a literature, which, both in its tone and in the subjects of which it treats, shall be peculiarly our own. Mr. Wiley has labored for years in this cause; and we trust the fa vorable reception which will be given to the 44 North Carolina Reader " may encourage him to still further effoits to be useful in his day and generation. We learn, from the title-page, that, the 44 North Carolina Reader" will be for sale by Agents, Mer chants, and Booksellers in all the Counties of the State. Who are the friends of the Union f Register. Not those who ally themselves, for party purposes. with the Abolition Whigs of Massachusetts and Ver mont; not those who can perceive no good results for the Union in the election of Bigler over the infa mous Abolitionist, Johnston, of Pennsylvania ; not those who, professing to regard the fugitive-slave law as the bond of the Union, yet support for office such Whigs as Vinton and Winthrop, who voted a gainst it, and at the same time hush up and conceal, as far as they are able, the Abolition doctrines of the Whig Governor of Vermont; not those who approve and laud Heniy Clay's recent consolidation letter; not those who, professing to regard the "compromise" as a final settlement of the Slavery question, still per sist in agitating the question for party effect, nnd in attributing- positions and sentiments to their political opponents which they never occupied or maintained. The true friends of the Union are those who go for the Constitution in its purity who would have it construed strictly and administered impartially, as it was by those illustrious patriots Jefferson, Madison, Jackson, and Polk who advocate the rights of the States and the rights of the United Stales and who, scorningand spurning all alliances with Abolitionists and Freesoilers, are content to go before the people on tbe merits of their doctrines and principles, and are willing to uC defeated rather than psnder to isms or desert the good old Republican platform. The Editor of the Register are 44 friends of the Whig party. Their eyes are fixed upon 44the spoils "; and the Union is in danger with them only so long as their ascendency as party men is threatened. Give them, with their party friends, a lease of the offi ces and patronage of the Federal Government for about ten years, and you would hear but little from them, during that period, about the Union of the States. Save the Whig party, and, in their judg ment, you save the Union. Gov. Reid has appointed, by and with the advice and consent of Ex-Gov. Marcy, of New York, Prof. Ebenezer Emmons, of the same State, Geological, Mineralogical, Botanical and Agricultural Surveyor of North Carolina. Milton Chronicle. It is hardly worth while ta notice such slang as the above; but we suppose we may as well say, that the Editor of the Chronicle, M by and with the advice and consent " of his Satanic Majesty, has perpetra ted a falsehood. The above is a specimen of the fairness with which Gov. Reid is treated by a portion of the Whig press of this State. They dislike him because he is a De mocrat ; and their party feelings are so strong that they will find fault with him, no matter what he may do. .' The Hillsborough Recorder, though it has a more dignified manner than the Chronicle can assume of manifesting its opposition W the Governor's action, right or wrong. Is also one of this tribe, as its last issue shows; ' Cease, vipers, you bite a file. " Senator Douglas delivered the Agricaltu ral Address at the late Fair in Baltimore, in place of Mr. Webster who could not attend. WHIG PROFESSIONS. We copy the following true and excellent r from the Louisville Democrat. , They suit thi r about as well as they do Kentucky Hie PaorsssioNs. Why charge dis the Whig party, when they profess "so mucnh0IBoP to the Union 1 This was a question Du" , 'Wlr other day, and to which we can give , eive reply. It is not the object of the m, Conc' Whig party, or of any other party, to WZS? of the stroy the Union; but it is the tendency i their policy. They manifests greaf ."if1 f Union, and we don't question the since?; J0, great mass of them ; but professions ar , , . ' of cioos test, fcome years ago, the Whir8 a" 44 sound currency" as zealously as they for mo uoion. vrnen we look mtr. ih ... w i u secure a sound currency, it waa ft.-j ' "'l)osed ".cans creation of a National Bank. That was ih ,h make a rotten, not a sound currency aJ to The same Whig party are still for protecting i lean industry. So they say, and repeal il we inquire how, we have proposed a nr.' Wlea 1 hat is not the way to protect Am.,: . . riff. but to tax it, to enhance the profits of "!,U8I7, Whigs are always for a s.ric, accoama C'r Th he officers, and also for economy in nnhi - of Pub- wk?- ThJ! on,y roean8 ,hat UottW W hig confidence, may manage to fill hi.! gh ,n of the proceeds of old claims' ; and by thi 6,8 0ut and others, the expenses of the Federal r P0Ce8, are run up to upwards ol fifty millinn. . eriune The Whigs frofess to beo ed agitation, and denounce all memkn f S'aTe7 But the Whig candidate for f?Jl f sece'on. over the State demagtuuoGa0boeu,0L,raT?!led a trvino- tn n.ab- s.. 7 .? .about secession. a th. nom,r. .jj. - migni the SiT.. ZoelZSSe trafr?! yI -policy of the Whigs in the Southern St!t i ?T same sort we mean the formation of a IT '8 f ,he This party must at once charL its L" par' Verv nnfiir r.rik. hl? create a disunion t-l?7'r " " Vn,Ss 18 'o w; j --, j uoes not exist, .h m DOt' ,l'"efore. at the professions of the Whig parly, but the character of the policv nro. posed and advocated. The Whig nanv I F ? States will not pledge lh.o pardy. The le causes of diaatiarun..nnn . ' .. W higs don't promise to aid in removinc We nmr nl nn nlnJ.. c . " Whigs don't promise to aid i J. " "J" 10 h"- . . vhiw incsKcausna -.uiii legisiiuon, to restrict the i iongresB, ana avoid I . , r " w ui ail nartial macii mo nnii'af nf M maVA Dunn n J 111 . - v F1Cugo wouia oe to abandon all whiggery. Still the Whigs keep up a great clamor about the Union. Let them behave themselves, and not dis turb the Union. It is onlv Whir nnt;no k . . rT . j --. j ii.i lias en dangered the Union heretofore; Whig measures onlv inreaien us perpetuity now." MURDER OF MR. McNABB. The last Fayetteville Carolinian contains the fnl. lowing details of the murder of Mr. McNabb. m. tioBed in our last : 44 In Carthaffe. Moore rnnntir. nn T?r.rl, :k. u. n , . r. J , " nun, lliuill, ine . insi., the Rev. R. McNabb fw hft Ifpnt A Unlal in the village) was most horribly butchered by two of his own negro men. Alfred and John. W lMrn th following particulars from a genlleman familiar wun ine auair : It appears that about 10 o'clock. P. M.. Mr. Mk. Nabb walked out into his garden, and when about twenty-five steps from the house was attacked by the negro Alfred, who felled him to the ground, striking him vith a heavy bludgeon. After repeating the blows on the head and other portions of the bod v. Alfred threw him over tbe garden fence, where John received him and stabbed hun in the right side. The two then dragged him about twenty yards and cut his throat. The assassins went back lo the house. and after the inmates had retired and everything was quiet, they returned to the body and carried it about two hundred yards, and left it in the woods. The above is the confession of the negroes, and when ask ed the cause for committing the deed, they could give none, but stated that a black woman, also the prop erty of Mr. McNabb, persuaded and urged them to take the life of their master. Mr. McNabb had $220 in his pocket, which was taken by the negroes and secreted in a crib, where it was found. The murderers also stated that they dug a grave two months ago, for the purpose of putting the body n, but from some cause unknown they dirt not Dury iu" VERMONT. Resolutions were introduced in the House of Rep resentatives of Vermont, on the 23d instant, assert ing the correctness of the views hitherto expressed by the Vermont Legislature on the subject of Slavery, and refusing to assist in any way the extension of the slaveholding power. By the way, the South has not asked Vermont to do any such thing. The Resolu tions also urge on Congress the abolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia, and maintain that the writ of habeas corpus and trial by jury, cannot be de nied. They also instruct the Senators and Represen tatives to act according to the spirit of these resolves. After some little debate, the Resolutions were laid upon the table. They will no doubt be adopted. We have the late Message of the Abolition Whig Governor of Vermont in full, and shall lay some ex tracts from it before our readers in our next. We shall do this from no wish to excite the public mitdi or to keep alive the agitation on this question, but from a sense of duty to oor readers, as we believe they are entitled to be fully informed as to tbe senti ments and views of the leading men and people of the free States. JUDGE ELLIS. The Greensborough Patriot, noticing the proceed ings of the late Superior Court of Guilford, pays tbe following high and no doubt deserved compliment to Jude Ellis: t We deem this occasion 1 flffipef orte Id etpreM the high estimate w.'.h we think our community-' disposed to piece upon Mr. Eliii ? Jo.K.e;han",y devotion to his duties, his promptness, ana u.. of demeanor, as well as his learning and ability, io the discbarge of his high offion, command the pop0 lar respect. His appointment furnishes another, among the many eminent instances, in our country, where mere political and party predilections are wrapped in oblivion beneath the pure robe of ermine. Newspa per compliments to judges or lo preachers are gener ally in bad taste ; but in this instance pur humble tribute to a comparatively young citizen, who makes it the study of his life to adorn a great and pore of fice, and to elevate the character and improve the corr dition of this Stale, cannot be considered out ofplace. View or Asheville. We are indebted to Mr. Edney, Editor of the Asheville Messenger, (ot ' handsome lithographic view of Aebeville, twelve by twenty inches in sire. By addressing Mr. Edney, one of these lithographs may be procured free of P0 tage, for f8 ; or for 93 60 the same may be had ele gantly colored. ' " We invite the attention of Railroad Contraeior the advertisement in our paper to-day, of bids on the line of the Central Rail Road. It will be seen, also by advertisement, that an instalment of ten rrce"! has been called for, to be paid on or before the 8tn January next. -: - President f tflmore has issued a Proclamation, ! Warning all person, .-aim engaging in "P6"1"0 . gotten up for the purpos 6f Invading Mexico. Tn ?. all we enough, it we tfannot help MK fift-aW. i ttoftoQlamaUo, boar.' than at any thinj else