Newspaper Page Text
FROM THE2 TERRITORY OF UTAH.
Extract of a Utter from a judicial officer of the gov
ernment, at Great , Salt Lake City, dated September
SO, 1851. , ' , .
1 shall leave for the States on the 1st October; and
most gladly will I go, for I am sick and tired of this
place of the fanaticism of the people, followed by
their violence of feeling towards the . Gentiles, as
they style all persons not belonging to their church.
I have had a feeling and personal proof of their fa
natical intolerance within the last few days. J .will
give you a brief view of the circumsiances and the
As soon after ray arrival here as my illness would
permit. I heard from Judge B. and Mr. Secretary H.
accounts of the intolerent.sentiments of the communi
ty toward the Government officers and the government
itself, which filled me with surprise. I learned that
not only were the officers sent here treated with cold
ness and disrespect, but that the government of the
United States, on all pubiic occasions, whether fes-
. tive or religious, was denounced in the most disres
pectful terms, and often with invectives of great bit
terness. I will mention a few instances. The 24th
July is the anniversary of the arrival of the Mormons
in this valley. It was on that day of this year that
they assembled to commemorate that interesting event.
Tke orator of the day on that occasion spoke bitterly
of the course of the United State toward the church
of " Latter Day Saints," in biking a battalion of their
men from them for the war with Mexico, while on
the banks of the Missouri river, in their flight from
the mob of Nauvoo. He said the government of the
"United States had devised the 'most wanton, cruel,
and dastardly means for the accomplishment of their
ruin, overthrow, and utter extermination.
His excellency Gov. Young on the same occasion
denounced, in the most sacrilegious terms, the mem
ory of the illustrious and lamented general and Pre
sident of the United States, who has lately gone to
the grave, and over whose. tomb a nation's tears have
scarcely ceased to flow. He exclaimed, " Zachary
Taylor it dead and gone to hell, and I ant glad of it .'"
and his sentiments were echoed by a loud amen from
all parts of the assembly. Then, rising, in the ex
cess of his passion, to his tip-toes, he vociferated,
44 1 prophesy, in the name of Jesus Christ, by thepow
er of the Priesthood that is upon me, that any other
President of the United Slates viho shall lift his finger
, against this people will die an untimely death and go
to hell!" This kind of feeling I found pervading
the whole community in some individuals more
marked than in others. '
You may remember that I was authorized by the
managers of the Washington National Monument
Society to say to the people of the Territory of Utah
that they would be pleased to receive from them a
block of marble, or other stone, to be deposited in
the monument "as an offering at the shrine of palrU
otism." I accordingly called upon Governor Young,
and apprized him of the trust committed to my hands,
and expressed a desire to addrsss the people npon
-the subject, when assembled in their greatest num
ber. He replied that on the following Monday the
very best opportunity would be presented. Monday
came, and I found myself at their Bowery, in the
midst of at least three thousand people. I was res
pectfully and honorably introduced by ' hisexcellen'
cy " to the vast assemblage,! made a speech, though
so feeble that I could scarcely stand, and staggered
in my debility several times on the platform.
I spoke for two hours, during which time I was
favored with the unwavering attention of my audi
ence. Having made some remarks in reference to
the judiciary, I presented the subject of the National
Monument, and, incidentally thereto, (as the Mormons
supposed,) I expressed my opinions in a full, free,
. unreserved, yet respectful and dignified manner, in
regard to the defection of the people here from the
government of the United Slate 3. I endeavored to
show tbe injustice of their feelings towards the gov
ernment, and alluded boldly and feelingly to the sac
rilegious remarks of Gov. Young toward the memo
ry of the lamented Taylor. I defended, as well as
my feeble powers would allow, the name and charac
ter of the departed hero from the unjust aspersions
cast upon them, and remarked that, in the latter part
of the assailant's bitter exclamation that he " was
glad that Gen, Taylor was in hell," he did not exhib
' it a Christian spirit, and that if the author did not ear
lier repent of the cruel declaration, he would perform
that task with keen remorse upon his dying pillow, I
then alluded to my nativity to my citizenship to
my love of country to my duty to defend my coun
try from unjust aspersions wherever I met them and
trusted that, when I failed to defend her, my tongue
then employed in tier advocacy and praise might
cung to the roof of my mouth, and that my arm.
ever ready to be raised in her defence, might fall
palsied at my side. I then told the audience if they
could not otter a block of marble in a feeling of full
fellowship with the people of the United States, as
brethren and fellow citizens, they had better not offer
it all, but leave it unquarned in the bosom of its na
At the close of my speech, the governor arose, and
denounced me and the government in the most brutal
and unmeasured terms.
The ferment created by his remarks was truly fear
ful. It seemed as if the people (I mean a large por
tion of them) were ready to spring upon ftie like hy
enas, and destroy me. The governor, while speak
ing, said that some persoms might get their hair pull-
ed, or their throats cut on that occasion. His manner
was boisterous, passionateinfuriated in the extreme;
and if he had not been afraid of final vengeance, he
would have pointed his finger at me, and I should,
in an instant, have been a dead man. Ever since
then the community has been in state of intense ex
citement, and murmurs of personal violence and
assassination towards me have been. freely uttered by
the populace. How it will end I don't know. I
have just learned that I have been denounced, togeth
er with the government and officers, in the Bowery
again to-day, by Governor Young. I hope I shal!
get off safely God only knows. I am in the power
of a desperate set. I, however, feel no great fear.
So much for defending my country.
1 expect all the officers of the Terrirory at least
Chief JustieeB., Secretary Harris, and Captain Day,
Indian agent will return with me, to return here no
more- " Wash. Union.
What ark thc Whigs going to do ? The whigs
are in a bad way. In Ohio and Pennsylvania, where
they relied upon General Scott, they have been terri
ily swamped. In Virginia, where they hung out the
oanneroi ruimore ana tne Union, they are defeated.
horse, foot, dragoons, artillery and baggage wagons.
In New York, where they mixed up Scott, Fillmore,
Seward and Webster, Union and disunion, the Con
stitution and the higher law, and the canals, all to
gether, they have lost ground, and noihing saves them
from utter destruction but the cana's. And in this
city, where they endorsed the fugitive slave law, they
are entirely too late to come to tea in the tea-room.
There is yet a solitary chance in Massachusetts the
last chance; forif Massachusetts, en the 10th- of No--
vemoer, tails to stand np to Mr. VVebster, the case is
oui time s up; and Scott. Fillmore and Webster
me mo the hero of Mexico, the expounder of the
constitution, and the executor of the fugitive-slave
law will be laid up to dry ; and in their last extrem
ity they and the whig party may yet be compelled to
turn tn Manrir f w I i
w ucj nave naa nothing but
bad luck since they betrayed and deserted him. Now
it. is. the eleventh hour yea, it is half-past eleven;
uuauu ub may save mem on a union platform.
New York Herald.
The speech of the, Hon. Robert J, Walker, in Lon-
nnn. nnnn nna t" ,ViA Ht.i:. : i r -
, -r-.. .no iuunu uecasiuuo wnen JYOSSUlh
was present and propounded the new line of policy
which he hopes to introduce, seems to have been all
mat tne most true-hearted and high-toned spirit of
.uc.it,u repuoucani8m could distate; and it evident
ij leu upon no unwilling ears. " We heard," says
the London News of the 30th ultimo, that gray
haired American shadowing forth by his eloquence
. rwic " auiance ol two great and kin
dred nations; and while his voice glowed with inspi
ration, it faltered too with the tenderness of affection
ate and reverential feeling. It (Mr. Walker's) was
the most remarkable speech we have heard for many
years. Kossuth himself could not surpass it in depth
of meaning or power of expression, or in that raie
train of political eloquence which comprises all that
is practical in the statesman with all that is noble in
the man of feeling and philosophy." This is high
praise and valuable, coming from the source it does,
and Mr. Walker deserves well cf his country for giv
ing such noble utterance to the sentiments of young
and free America in the time-honoreJ halls of the
fatherland. . ' . Washington Union,
Daniel Webster, it is sard, is to visit New Orleans '
Estates or Rich Men. John McDonogh, Joseph
fowler, Jr., and Cornelius Paulding. . Last year was
signalized by the dath of three of the wealthiest cit
izens of New Orleans, who were remarkable for their
great parsimony and their unparalleled success in ac
cumulating money. Thev were John McDonoh,
Joseph Fowler, Jr., and Cornelius Paulding. Not
withstanding their meagre and unsocial mode of life,
these gentlemen lived to a good old age. Their lives
were passed without pleasure or enjoyment of any
kind, save the dry, unsubstantial and unsatisfactory
pleasure of laying up money, and the New Orleans
Delta thus relates the result :
"The three citizens referred to all accumulated
their property in New Orleans. Their lives illus
trate the immense advantages enjoyed here for the
rapid accumulation of fortunes. They were, for the
o-reater part of their lives, engaged in no trade or
business, but their wealth was the natural accretion
of originally small but judieious investments, a
comparison of the valurs of the estates of the three
may not be uninteresting to our reauers.
The estate of John McDonogh, consisting chiefly
of -landed nroDertv whose prospective value, owing
to the judgment displayed in its location, is immense
is at present appraised at -$2,493,949 15. This
amount is greatly less than the estimate usually placed
A - lf.n...nf.nmnortff. Thifl e Ya CT n-eraUOn
was caused by the immense superficial extent of his
oroDertv. portions of which he did not calculate to be
subject to cultivation before fifty years.
If Mr. McDonogh 8 estate was exaggeraiea, uic re
verse was the case in regard to that ol Mr. josepn
Fowler, Jr., who had managed to conceal his immense
possessions to such a degree, that for several years
before his death he was taxed at one half the amount
which his estate has had to pay since his property
was inventoried. Few persons valued his posses
sions at more than $400,000 ; but Mr. Fowler had
not the penchant of Mr. McDonogh for unproductive
landed oronertv. He preferred good mortgage paper
bills receivable merchantable paper, etc., and his
real estate, which is considerable, was ot a very val
uable and productiveeharacter.
The following is a statement of the inventory of
Mr. Fowler's estate:
Moveables, $ 60 5
Appraised value of bank and other
stocks, 79,860 0C
Soldiers' warrants, 12.210 00
Mississippi Union Bank stock, 562 00
Real estate, 328,900 00
Good bills receivable, 804,682 00
Good book accounts, 21,340 00
Personal effects, 179 80
Book debts. 35,864 00
Total good assets,
There are but few debts due by this estate. The
personal effects cf Mr. Fowler, compared with his
other assets, exhibit the same wonderful contrast as
in the schedule of John McDonogh. All his perso
nal and moveable effects including books, clothing,
a pair of old pistols valued at Sl,a glyster pipe, a
box of razors, sundry old trunks, desks, one picture
representing two heads, etc., amount to $240, whilst
his bills receivable are $804,682. Could we peep
into the circumstances of the makers of these notes,
what a prodigious contrast would be seen between
the value of their moveables and of those of their
Mr. Joseph Fowler was a gentleman of great sa
gacity and intelligence, and during his life was known
to do not a few kind and liberal acts to those he fan
cied, but parsimony was his dominant passion. He
believed that wealth could be more rapidly accumula
ted by economy than by successful speculation. One
of the witnesses in the administration of his succes
sion, Dr. Rushlon, illustrates this pecularity of his
character, by saying that whilst Mr. Fowler would
not go a hundred yards to make $100,000, he would
walk a mile to save a dime. Here is developed the
true secret of money-getting; to cut down one's ex
penses, and save every penny, rather than embark in
The commissions on Mr. Fowler's estate, at 2j'per
cent., ainonnl to the handsome sum of $22,803 40
to each of his executors. Here is a pretty fortune in
itself. One ot the executors is our estimable fellow
citizen Wilhelmus Bogert, Esq. .
Mr. Cornelius Paulding commenced life in this city
as a jeweler. He judiciously invested his profits in
real estate, which advanced rapidly in value. Mr.
Paulding.'though like Messrs. Fowler and McDon
agh, a bachelor, and very parsimonious in his habits,
was not so indifferent as many persons imagined, to
the comforts of life. This may be seen from the fact
that at the time of his death, the furniture in the
house which he occupied alone, was valued at $4,
406 12. Nor was his table unsupplied with substan
tial viands, though he would be employed for hours,
in the market, driving hard bargains with the butch
ers. The total value of Mr. Paulding's succession,
which consists chiefly of real estate, is $580,020.
By the death of these three citizens, the amount of
$4,360,460, during the past year, has been thrown in
to our courts to be distributed. The diffusion of this
amount, through legal costs, lawyers' fees, executors'
commissions, &c, may be of some advantage. The
estates of Fowler and Paulding present no difficul
ties calculated to produce much litigation; but that
of McDonough affords an endless field of legal con
troversy, difficulty and costs."
The Dead Sea and the Salt Lakp. Mr. Ro
bert J. Graves, M. D., has communicated to the Edin
burgh Philosophical Journal a very interesting article
on the causes why the waters ot the Dead Sea are
destitute of fish and other marine animals. The Dead
I Sea contains no living thing within its fatal bound?
nes ; yet this salt sea, so. famous in historv. is sun
plied with water from fresh-water rivers which abound
in fish and vegetables. The surface of the Dead Sea
is 1,800 feet below the level of the Mediterranean,
is 1,000 feet deep, 60 miles long and 9 broad. It re
ceives all the wateis of the Sea of Galilee. A cor
rect chart ot the old lake was never given to the
world until the expedition under Lieutenant Lynch
surveyed it. The full credit of this important fact is
given to our country by Mr. Graves. It had been
stated by Dr. Robinson and Mr. Warburton that the
shores of the Dead Sea were non-volcanic, but the
expedition brought home specimens of lava and sco
ria, thus refuting former accounts.
There is another sea in the world just like the
Dead Sea of Sodom: this is the Great Salt Lake of
the Mormon country, discovered and explored by
Lieutenant Fremont. 1 his lake contains no livinor
thing within its bosom, and it also receives the fresh
waters ot ljake Ulan.
The waters of the Dpad Sea of Jordan contain twen
to-four percent, of saline matter, consisting of chlo
rides of potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, iron,
manganese, with bromide of magnesium. This sa
liipe imprecation accounts for the absence of all vege
table and animal life. The waters of the great Ameri
can dau Lake are nearly ot the same com position
and present similar phenomena to that of the Sea of
Hints to Pianists. Have your pianoforte tuned
at least four times a year by an experienced tuner. If
you allow it to go too long without tuning, it usually
becomes flat, and troubles a tuner to get it to stay at
concert pitch, especially in the country. Never place
the instrument against the outside wall, or in a cold,
damp room, particularly in a country house. There
is no greater enemy to a piano-forte than damp. Close
the instrument immediately 'after you practice; by
leaving it open dust fixes on the sound-board, and
corrodes the movements ; and if in a damp room the
strings must rust. Should the piano-forte stand near,
or opposite a window, guard, if possible, against its
being opened, especially, on a wet, damp day. When
the sun is on the window, close the blinds. Avoid
putting metallic or other articles on, or in the piano
forte ; such things frequently cause unpleasant vi
brations, and sometimes injure the instrument. The
more equal the temperature of the room, and the less
the soft pedal is used, the better the piano will stand
in tune. '
The person who leased the right to sell refresh
ments in the Crystal Palace, is said to have realized
the snug little bit of pocket money, of $500,000 by
the operation. Encouraged, probably, by the pros
perity of this venture, a new speculator offers S25.-
000 for the right to pick up such lost articles as fell
through the crevices of the floor upon the ground be
neath. The planks, it will be remembered, were left
with a space between them, and, doubtless, some val
uable waifs sunk into the abyss. , Several who have
lost matters of considerable value, will station agents
on me grounu, wnen tne ooaras are removed, to re
J claim them.
For the Standard.
METHODIST PROTEST A N T CONFERENCE.
Extracts of the Minutes of the 26ihJAnnual Confer
ence of the North Carolina District Methodist
Protestant Church, composed on the representative
principle, of one lay delegate for each of its iljner
ant ministers; held at Bethel, on Haw River,
Guilford County, N. C. on the 7th and 12th days
of November, 1851. .' , -
Members or Conference.
Min sters Ira E. Norman, A. W. Lineberry, K.
H. Jones, John F. Speight, Wm. H. Wills, G. A.
T. Whitaker, .Caswell Drake, A. I. Harris, Aison
Gray, C. L. Oooley, John Paris, Joseph farKer, k.
R. Prather, Alexander Robbins, H. T. Weatherly,
Nathan Robbins, John Hinshaw, J. Snotherly, Win.
J. Oo-burn, David Weasner, Q. Holton, J. VV. Ree
kie, Jo. Gilbreath, James Deans, C. jr. Harris, jonn
L. Michaux. and B. L. Hoskins. Lay Delegates
Wm. J. Norman, M. T. Whitaker, James P. Speight,
Dr. L. W. Batchelor, John Faulcan, E. D. Drake,
Caleb Watkins, Geo. N. Hicks, John McPherson,
Daniel Foust, Peter Julian, W. W. B rower, Samuel
Bristow, A. A. Sharp, John H-'York, Elafn Gaiiher,
Peter Peeler, Joseph H. Dunn, T. F. Gause, and L.
Ministers received this Conference Andrew Pic
kens, T. C. Hays. OJained T. C. Hays, John
Gordon and Thomas Fryes. Deacons--W. J. Og-
burn, A. W. Lineberry, JMders.
Preachers under the stationary authority, k. n..
Michaux, Joseph H. Kennat, Ambrose Roach, R.
Cochran, J. Kobn.
Unstationed Ministers, six. Preachers, thirteen.
Conference was opened by reading a' portion of the
word of God, and prayer, by Bro. B. L. Hoskins,
E. D. Drake was elected Conference Steward.
Within the bounds of the District there are twelve
circuits and two stations, which are supplied minis
terially as follows :
John F. Speight, President.
Albemarle Ira E. NormanT Sup. An Assistant
to be supplied. ' ' "
Roanoke B. L. Hoskins, sup. Richard H; Jones.
Halifax G. A. T. Whitaker, sup.
Granville Sup. to be supplied. Caswell Drake,
N. C. Harris.
Orange Alson Gray, sup. C. L. Cooley, Thos.
C. Hays. .
Randolph Sup. to be supplied. Nath. Robbins.
Guilford A. W. Lineberry, sup. A. Robbins,
H. T. Weatherly. R. R. Prather.
Davidson John Hinshaw. One to be supplied.
Yadkin Joseph Parker, sup. DaVid Weasner.
Mocksville Q. Holton, sup. An assistant to be
Cleaveland James Deans, sup. Ried Cochran.
. Buncombe, including McDowel mission A. Pick
ens, sup. A. Roach.
Fayelteville Station C. F. Harris.
Wilmington J. L. Michaux.
J. W. Leckie, W. J. Oaburn, J. W. Kinnutt, R.
R. Michaux, in the hands or the President.
W. H. Wills, John Paris, Jo. Gilbreath, and Jno.
Koon, left without appointment at their request.
Josiah Snotherly,QNii8 request) and William
McCoin, traosferriito ttte unstationed list.
Standing District'Comraittee Caswell Drake, A.
C. Harris,C. Allen, Ministers. Dr. John Arring
ton, Thomas D. Wright, and B. C. Cook, Laymen.
The following resolutions were adopted. First in
regard to Education.
"Resolved, That the activity and zeal manifested by
the trustees of Madison College, ( at Unionslown,
Penn.) in behalf ot that institution, meet with the
hearty approbation of this Conference.
Resolved, That in view of the educational interests
of the Methodist Protestant Church, we cordially rec
commend said Collage to the patronage and encour
agement of our membership and friends in the N. C.
Whereas, we 'learn that brother J. S. Swift, of
Halifax County.'in this State, is desirous of promot
ing female education by erecting an Academy at or
near his own residence; and whereas, we conceive
every effort to educate and train the youthful mind
to be entitled to our best wishes and most hearty co
operation, and having the fullest confidence in the
integrity and necessary qualifications of Bro. Swift;
Therefore Resolved, That we heartily approve of the
enterprise, and commend it to the friendly notice and
patronage of the Church ; and
tiesolved further, l hat we will attord any assis
tance in our power and properly within our province
as a Conference, in conformity with the wishes of
Bro. Swift, when we shall have learned them.
Whereas, We learn that there is a Male. Academy
Elba, near Brinkleyville, under the supervision in
part of Bro. W. H. Wills, well calculated to afford
educational advantages to young men: Therefore Re
solved, that we commend it to the patronage of our
friends and the Church.
Resolved, That seven Trustees be appointed by
. i r i i il I . I : I i
.-.i . .u i j : ...;.u ika r
nrnnor titla tt Ino Inrtrl in nf.nrf1flniA Willi InA 1111 A At
discipline and the laws of the Slate, solicit donations, ; a"d crowns were handled like playthings ; but pledg
and superintend the erection of a suitable building j es and promises were given, the masses relapsed
for a Seminary of learning, .to be located two and a jnt0 apparent tranquility, and " order" was restored.
known as " Pleasant Grove Seminary, " under the
patronage and control of the N. C. Annual Confer-
ence, M. P. Church.
Whereupon, Q. Holton, Thomas rryes,
bins, Thomas W. biddon, James mormon, Hiiam
Gaither, and David Weaver were appointed.
Resolved, That the next session of this Annual
Conference will be held at Fayetteville, commenc
ing on Friday before the second Sunday in Novem
ber, 1852, at 10 o'clock, A. M.
Resolved, That our thanks are due and are hereoy
tendered to the brethren and friends ot this neighbor-
hood for their kindness mi attention to the members
A. C. HARRIS, See'y.
California. Mr. Silas E. Burrows thus writes
from San Francisco to the New York Journal of
" The recent State election has given the Demo
cratic party control of California, and the State will
be divided, in my opinion this winter, the Southern
becoming a slave State. The value of our pos
sessions on the Pacific is incalculably great, in the
march of greatness of our noble nation ; and the at
tachments of the inhabitants to the ties they have
left at home, are strong as 1 have ever known ; but
still their wishes and interests must be consulted, or
they will set up for themselves."
Mr. Burrows, says the Charleston Mercury, is well
known'.as a wealthy New York merchant, who, for
the love of adventure has engaged in all sorts of hair
brained enterprises. The last we heard of him before,
was that he was in a whaling expedition beyond
Behrring's Strait, and in uncomfortable proximity to
the North Pole, where he and his conlereres were in
close prospect of being turned into icicles. He had
his usual luck in getting out of the scrape, and has
since refreshed his love of novelty with a study of
the land of gold. He rs,xwe suppose, a very impar
tial observer, and writes as above, in reference to a
subject we have before remarked upon. There ap
pears no doubt this matter of the division of Califor
nia with reference to the formation of a slave State
in the South, is serious, and that it will form the ba
sis of the next Congressional emeule.
We are informed that a letter has just been receiv
ed from a native Virginian, now a member of the
Legislature of California, which expresses the confi
dent opinion that the Legislature will, at its next ses
sion, adopt a resolution 'submitting to a vote of the
people the question whether California will or will
not introduce the system of slavery. The same let
ter avows a belief that the people of California will
decide in favor of the introduction of slavery, as
most economical and useful for the working of the
mines, &c. ohould tne people of California agree to
the introduction of slavery, we have no fear of a Con
gressional excitement on the subject. With a Dem
ocratic Congress, and (we have no doubt) a Demo
cratic Administration, we cannot believe that so mon
strous a proposition as the exclusion of a State be
cause her peopfe preferred slavery, can for one mo
ment succeed. Should the event transpire, and should
the Northern majority refuse the admission of a slave
State under the circumstances, the whole South will
be aroused to a due sense of the outrage, and there
will be but one opinion as to the necessity of aban
doning so burdensome and insulting a confederacy.
Ma. Avery's Address. At the request of many
who were anxious to see this Address, we have pub
lished it this week, to the exclusion of. much, other
matter. . .The space could not have been better filled.
Would that the spirit of the Address animated everv
citizen of our beloved State ! How soon would North
Carolina blossom as the rose ! . Jlshevillc News,
Tbe Censtittitlon and tbe Union oT tbe Statesi
-. Titer mast be Preferred!.
WEDNESDAY, JTOTJEMBJER 26, 1851.
The Illustrated London News of the 1st instant
contains engravings of the landing of Kossuth at
Southampton, of his reception by the Mayor, the
assemblage at the Banquet, &c, together with the
Speeches delivered to and by the great Hungarian.
The News thus speaks of Kossuth : ' , ,
The demonstrations of the English people, in fa
vor of thecaiseof Hungarian independence are still
continued, and promise to become both remarkable
and important. M. Kossuth iff growing in favour.
The' ill-judging journalists whoostentaneousIyJoast
ed of expressing the public sentiment, when .they
classed the Hungarian patriot along with the Red
Rannhlimns and Communists of the Parisan earre-
fours, have tardily seen their mistake, and, although
they continue to carp anu cavn ai ;w. ausauui, mj
have lowered their tone, preparatory, it is to be sup
posed, to that complete adhesion to the Hungarian
cause which they conceive to the more popular course.
M. Ko3seth himself is rapidly justifying by his
speeches, the enthusiasm which his name has excited,
and proving himself the possessor of talents as
great as his patriotism. He has caught the English
manner in landing on the English shore ; and, avoid
ing the dangerous topics ir.to which, in a moment of
not unnatural irritation and disappointment, he suffer
ed himself to be betrayed when he lay on shipboard
before Marseilles, he has addressed himself to the
English understanding as well as to the English
heart, in words of eloquence and power, yet of calm
ness and reason, which will carry consternation to
the councils of Prince Sch wartzenberg. His Speech
at Winchester is the most forcible and most elabor
ate he has yet made, and is alike a vindication of him
self and ot his country, clear, positive, and convinc
ing. It will be carried by means of the English
press to every corner of Europe, in spite of the cen
sorship of Austria and Italy to prevent its dissemina
tion ; and, inconjunction'with the opinions expressed
throughout England upon the subject, will, if we may
use a homely English proverb in illustration, drive
a nail "into the coffin of Austrian oppression, and
teach the Emperor that not even the potent armies of
Russia can effectually support him, if the public
feeling of Europe and of his owa dominions is alike
Kossuth, as our readers have been imformed, has had
a most imposing reception :n London, where he has
addressed the people of alt classes, the workingmen
included. The Address of the Mayor and Aldermen
to him was most flattering; and hi3 response evinced
a wonderful knowledge of that City and of the hab
its and feelings of the English people.
This public reception of Kossuth, is a new feature
in the history of London. That mighty City is not
accustomed thus to pay homage, through her consti
tuted authorities, to the great men of the world ; and
this compliment to Kossuth is, therefore, as remark
able in itself as it must have been gratifying to
him and his friends. London has spoken to him
with her myriad tongues, and her voice " is as the
sou n & of many waters " in approval of his patriotic
efforts for his country.
Kossuth has recently spoken in England, on French
and Italian affairs. He has displayed an excellent
discrimination and a sound judgment in his allusions
to - those countries ; but the burden of all his efforts
is, non-intervention in the affairs of nations. This is
all he asks for Hungary. He is confident that, if
Russia could be kept out of the struggle, his country
could establish her independence. He declares that
the Hnngariaha have become disgusted with kingly
rule, from the perfidy of the House of Hapsburg, and
that he is in favor of a Republic of the Hungarians.
af,fir the mode, of the United SW(,S,
The opinion seems to be gaining.ground that Eu
rope is destined soon to great convulsions. The pres
ent condition of France promises any thing but re
pose and order. Hungary will be ready at the first
tap of the drum, and Kossuth will be there, to "ride
on the whirlwind and direct the storm. " The next
struggle will, in all probability, be decisive. The
people learned much of their power in the last
Those pledges have been broken, and the people are
i beginning to realize that the promises of Kings are
false and worthless. We trnst in God that the hour
is at hand for the final stroggle between .absolutism
and constitutional liberty in Europe ; and that, what
ever may be the result in France and Italy, Hungary
may come forth independent of the House of Haps
burg. Her people have shown, in their recent efforts
for freedom, that they possess the intelligence and
the courage to manage their own affairs ; and all they
.ask, in order to gain their liberties, is non-interven-
tlon and " fair play, What can be more reasonable
Kossuth may be expected at New York in a few
days. We predict for him a reception in this coun
try which will cast even London in the shade. He
will of course visit Washington during the winter,
and thousands from all parts of the country will
throng there to 'see him and shake him by the hand
He comes, it is stated, not with the view of remain
ing, but for the purpose of tendering his thanks in
person to the government and people of the United
States, for the deep interest they have taken in the
struggles of his native land. A thousand welcomes
to the gallant chief, the accomplished orator, and no
ble patriot !
Geological Survey. The Greensborough Patri
ot thus speaks of the appoiutment of Prof. Emmons
to conduct the survey of the State : " From the best
lights before us, we believe that the appointment is
more wisely conferred upon Prof. Emmons, of New
rYork, than it would have been upon any. resident of
the Stale. We know of no scientific man in the State
who has his hand in in this business. The duties to
be performed are of most important consequence to
our State, and we want and ought to have the test
practical talent and experience that can be procured any
where, it such cannot be procured within the State,
it is the duty of the appointing power to look out of
it. " . .
One of the Washington Correspondents of the
Baltimore Sun says Mr. Fillmore has withdrawn, for
the present, from the Presidential canvass. What
will the North Carolina Federal leaders do now
Will they go for Scott, Seward's right hand man 1
Or for Clay, an avowed emancipationist! Or for Web
ster, who says it is unconstitrtional to admit a slave
holding State t Speak out, gentlemen.
Gen. Joseph Lane has been honored with a public
reception at the capital of Indiana. The Address of
Gov. WTright on the occasion was appropriate and.
eloquent, and was responded to in handsome and im
pressive terms by the old hero and statesman. A
splendid dinner was served up, and at night a ball
was given, which was graced by the beauty and fash
ion of Indianapolis.
The Fire Annihilator, it is stated, was tried at Cin
cinnati on the 19th,-on a building erected for the pur
pose, and failed. We wish they would hurry up"
an article that will do.
ACQUITTAL OF MR. AERY.
It affords us great pleasure to announce to bur read
ers the triumphant acquittal of Mr. Avery, by a Jurjr
ot his country. .....'
.He was put on his trial, for the killing of Samuel
Flemming, in Burke Superior Court, Judge Battle
presiding, on Friday the 14th, and on Saturday, the
15th, the Jury, after about ten minutes' consultation
returned a verdict of Not Guilty. . -
The verdict was received with tears of rejoicing by
the vast assemblage in attendance.
It appears that tbe provocation given by Flemming
was even greater than at first supposed. He follow
ed Mr. Avery up at McDowell Court, called upon
him to retract some expressions which he had used
as an Attorney in the discharge of his duty,,. and,
Mr. Avery refusing, he then asked him if he would
fight him. ThisMr. Avery declined doing, saying
that he desire.Lno difficulty with him, and that he
was a man oj peace. Flemming then drew a cow
hid&Bdrfe?ruck him several times in rapid succession.
and in the struggle, though Mr. Avery knocked his
antagonist down twice, he was severely bruised by a
rock in the hand of Flemming. '
- It also appears that Flemming boasted of having
cowhided Mr. Avery, and that he was proclaiming
him a coward and a disgraced man but a few mo.
ments before fie was shot down.
We learn that the scene at the trial was of the
most thrilling character. The Jury, who had been
selected from the bone and sinew of the County,
were deeply affected ; some minutes elapsed after they
retired, before a word was spoken by any of them,
and then, after the verdict had been agreed upon.
they returned into Court laboring under the strongest
emotions. Judge Battle, we learn, bore himself
through thia trying case with becoming; firmness and
The Rutherfordton Banner gives the following ac
count of the trial and acquittal of Mr. Avery:
" As we anticipated, we have the pleasure of an
nouncing Mr. Avery's acquittal. His trial commenc
ed on Friday, and terminated about 1 o'clock on Sat
urday. John Wood fin, Esq., of Asheville, conduct
ed the prosecution on the part of the State, and did
his duty, we learn, in a manner which reflects much
credit upon him presenting the case in its legal
bearing with boldness and ability, and closing his
eyes to all extraneous influences. Mr. Avery was
ably defended by N. W. Woodfin, of Asheville, T.
R. Caldwell, of Mbrganton, and Gen. Bynum, of
this place. The speeches of all three of these gen
tlemen are spoken of as among the ablest ever deliv
ered in our courts of justice. .The Jury was compos
ed of highly intelligent and honorable men, and were
not out more than ten minutes before they agreed
upon their verdict.
There probably never was a case tried in this coun
try the decision of which caused more universal sat
isfaction ; and we may say, gratification. We learn
that there was but one sentiment among the assem
bled mass of spectators on the rendition of the verdict
that of undisguised joy.
Mr. Avery himself was cheerful during tbe pro
gress of the trial far more so than he had been from
the time of his rencontre with Flemming, at Mai ion,
op to the time he shot him. Indeed be felt a relief
from the stigma which had been pu' upon him that
bucyed him up and made him feel alt the pride of
vindicated honor and avenged insult. From the time
of the fight at Marion he seemed depressed, his coun
tenance was haggard ; and we heard Judge Battle
express the opinion that his depression of mind would
have caused either death or insarity in a month's
more time so deeply did the insult offered prey up
on his proud spirit, literally crushing him to death,
and reducing him to the sad necessity of shedding
the blood of a fellow being in vindication of bis hon
or, and for the preservation of his own life or intellect.
Placed in this position who would not have acted as
he has ! That it was a terrible necessity, we grant ;
but we believe the deed is justified in the sight of
both God and n.an. The necessity alone is to be
deplored the deed causes no unpleasant reflections.
We undeistand lhat Mr. Avery says he formed the
determination to do what he did, immediately after
the rencontre at Marion ; that he resolved to pick his
opportunity, and do it without risking his own life,
not considering his antagonist entitled to be put upon
an equality with him. The insult offered was too
degrading in its nature, too far beneath the dignity
of a gentleman to entitle him who offered it to be
treated as a gentleman ; and in this we believe he
Of the -deceased we have no desire to speak ; but
we may safely say that no man has ever fallen as he
did with less public sympathy. He has atoned for
his rashness, and others may profit by his example
A moment's reflection must have convined him that
his life was forfeited to outraged honor ; but he paus
ed not in his career, and died, emphatically, 41 as
We fully endorse the fallowing view of the mat
ter, taken by the Banner:
"It is a deplorable affair, but one lhat we believe
is justified by the circumstances. It may be possi
ble to imagine a state of society where such a resort
would be unnecessary to vindicate one s honor and
wash out the 6tigma of degradation ; but that society
does not at present exist. Public sentiment makes
the law or moulds it to itself; and whiie it attaches a
stigma to the character of the man who will tamely
submit to a cowhiding, so will it justify him in wip-
n" out the stain in the blood of the aggressor. 1 o
a man who nS3 nroper views of self respect and is
governeu oy a nign principle uunyi, mo , CJ. ....
is dearer to him than his life : and in our Southern
land there is no degradation so low, no stigma so de
basing as submitting to the lash of a cowhide. No
man of honor no man who has the principle lhat eve
ry man ought to have will submit to such degrada
The character of Mr. Avery, as a lawyer, as a pub
lie man, as a private citizen, was at stake. Public
sentiment had been in a state of feveiish excitement
ever since the rencontre at McDowell court, anxious
yet dreading to hear the final issue, flemming has
paid the penalty of his rashness, dearly it may be;
but we do not see how he could have hoped to cancel
the debt at a less, exacting price. A man may bear
the fist of another, or his cane; or any weapon ex
cept a cowhide, for to no other does such a 6tigmaat
tach as to that.
We deplore the shedding of blood and regret its
necessity in any case; but in the present instance we
look for a verdict of acquittal from the jury. But be
that verdict what it may, Mr. Avery now stands high
er in the public estimation than he did before the com
mittal ot the deed."
Wisconsin. ' The official majority for FarwelT, the
Abolition Whig candidate for. Governor ot Wiscon
sin, is only 600. The bargain between this man and
the Abolitionists was complete, but, after all, his ma
jority is contemptible. The Democracy of Wiscon
sin will make short work of him the first opportunity.
Jenny Lind gave a Concert in Harrisborg on the
17th, in a Methodist Church. The price of tickets
ranged from $2 to $4, and the receipts were about
$3,000. It strikes us that Jenny is making her notes
The Wilmington Journal of Thursday last says
It is with pleasure we are enabled to quote sales of
Cotton in our market, though as yet they are light;
yet we hope the transactions will gradually increase.
We learn that there are several buyers in market.
and that a sale of a lot took place this morning at 7i
cents per pound, cash. "
The Spire of the First Presbyterian . Church in
Cincinnati is to be carried to an elevation of 279 feet,
higher than any other in the United States. The top
is to be an immense hand, pointing upwards.
A Webster Mass Meeting, it is said, will be
called in the New York Park, in a few days, in or
der, to second the. movement of his Boston friends,
who desire to bring him prominently forward for the
AND THF Phi
We have now hpf u" ...?AIL 0AD
eial and the Fayetteville Observe r of g'n Co":
the Wilmington Herald of t "dav fi8lerdaJ. aw
necessary to add that they 3 l 18 almost
them contain article,
tha Stats ,;! : pon tha '
in thectlon of Pr Is IITZ $
reply briefly and calmly to suchlo S
ticles as we think come within urV nf 'hei
hope in our remarks to avoid the eZ ' and e
our town contemporaries have fallen-lth J,"'0, h'ch
vonng to stir up prejudice against anold anS "",ej
able citizen, or to awaken feelings of 1 I, -,re,Pect.
tween those who are at present friends ,,M
.u lko ? 8ecret of r desire ihat'.u
shouhfoe no longer connected, as a stoAh mS,'
any corporation, than the circumstances r .Su
might seen, to render such connexion i Lt 'heca
Ule anamment of the ohiPei r1 lnJ
the corporation was chartered ; but wtiil bic4
remains a partner in such
......, ciiuucu ,o a iree eTerr.iK f . " c.
..,. I- - -...muii. s. .
as such. It could not snrplw h,.. eS rirti.
ed by the Legislature in giving the Stai! !nten,Plat-
vote in the election of President in thnfc-l."fifi
nnH RMloi.rk R;uj .u.......L ine Wi n,: "
wC,8 itauruau, wiai such a vote "'ffwn
oe cast in ratification of the decrees of ,7 "nP'J to
of the stockholders. If such a
u . . . --Mie ..
:n a nrm;-.i-. ""yoni
.k- v.. L . . "'ranch .....
Km, ii wuuiu amount 10 a virina ::r io nh.
Yet to such an absurd coni-i, 1- en of
-w " ouaura coi
til A 4 Sill PC A A I AM iv Z
.. , , w..iK contemporaries bri
I our whiff contemnr,r,rio Lr ,un vonto
they attack as a fault a dereliction of du? n9'
tion of the State's proxy in votinr fnr . Il,eac
Uen. McKae. The refusal to ratify tC 7 mn
majority, is the only fault, for wp kiT aecreeof th
tion whatever has teen made to Mr C ? obJec-
gentleman who received the vote of n,c Hue" 'e
law is to be so i-nnitr.ioH , .1.. c. 7 ola'e. lftU
a mere dead letter, it might as well th tobe
at once. We roisrht sav thin ; '?.0e ahlished
mic oiaip'c ... -
which we will not at present, h .... cmexia
raise no party issue upon the ,na,,er , J1' t3
less it be forced upon us. U so ,l "'nntun.
will not rest noon our ahnnM..-' ' rf8Pn8ihiUi,
: we . .
been made, a different result mio-'ht h?. kCh is8lle
Our contemporary of the Heald w. Seen
appointment of Mr. Fennell, as Sr..
der No. 1. We must confess th.i V. V' Ib,n-
apprehension, his own virulence '. " 1 ' '"m"ble
No 1, but A No. 1, i the blnnder line n'y
But, upon the devoted heaH i.r u;. '
court, Esq., are the full vials of their ,L
out. What private griefs they have ,,1 "M
but if, upon reflection, the editor
ashamed of the followino- " Denot
b ij.k 'T i-'-S'"!'". we
knowledge thai w "k " J. "'1 "' "e "" ac
" . - , ry much
" Wa ivleh kl.n n nn .
I iiicasmn ineeiinrj in i
Chamber of the Road. SiniJ !. 1 " ? Uuncl1
... , a '""lieu a e mm
nvun.on with the gentlemen he helped to disnl 2
but who retain their seats in spite of th " '
of the supreme author.lv. hSl L.
Olltlng in nninclii.
lo these pleasures in .. ' ..:
leave him." ' " r-"i".uve we will
Could any thins be conceived in ,
any thing more calculated, so far as its m&,enZ " T
to promote the unpleasant feelings which it co,fiem
olates with a.ioK A;.ln. f r . toillem-
r . -"I. picmuie remaps it nav
be news to the Herald, although it is none to the oeif
tlenien referred to-Messrs. Hall and DcRotts
be informed that Mr. Bettenconrt Hi.i ,.i k..i.
displace them, and that his appointment as a director
was lis own aDnouncement. We fully endorse ihB
high character accorded to Dr. DeRosset and E. P.
Hall, Esq., although we have
"crook the pregnant hinges of the knee that ihrift
may iohow lawuing, nor to think so meanlj af
these gentlemen as to believe that they could sanction
the course adopted towards Mr. Betiencourt, or sym
pathise in the feeling by which the Herald and Com
mercial seem to be actuated aeainst him. VVp ki
convinced lhat Messrs. Hall, DeRosset. and Bpiinn.
court will meet together in the discharo-e af iheir of-
uciiii UUUB8 as nignminoea and honorable gentlemen,
who have confidence in each other's Kctiiudeand
integrity, and treat each other accordingly.
But the Commercial says that " Mr. titttencourt
has, to the best of the .knowledge and belief of
sundry citizens here, for many long years, day by
day, month by month, and year Hy year, placed him
self in a hostile position towards this road." The
Commercial ought to be better informed upon these
matters than we can be, but it seems to us that it
goes rather too far, totally forgetting that a ceriain
committee, consisting of W. A. Wright, M. London,
P. K. Dickinson, Alex. McKae, and VV. U. fiction
court, attendsd the Legislature of l84B-'9, as a com
mittee on behalf of the Road when the mortgage bill
was under consideration. We ail know that that
bill or resolution, we forget which, by giving lift new
mortgage a priority over that held by the State, ena
bled the oad to get new iron, and that its subsequent
prosperity, if not its existence, depended upon this.
We do not know the amount of influence which Mr.
Bettencourt exercised or possessed in the mailer, but
he certainly took a strong interest for the road alike
most in mentous crisis ol its history.
We have desired most sincerely to avoid any con
troversy in this matter. We have attacked no one
we wish to attack no one. We are willing to believe
that our contemporaries will, upon refleelion, seethe
necessity of adopting a similar course in a case in
volving so many personal and local considerations.
The Commercial has made certain demands of the
Standard. That paper is fully aole to take its own
part, and as we have already exceeded the limits we
had proposed for ourselves, we close for the present,
we hope finally, upon this subject.
We have nothing to add to the remarks of ihe
Journal, and we are not disposed to reply to the
Commercial and Herald.
It appears to be impossible to please or satisfy cer
tain Whig Editors. With lhem,party iseverj thing.
The Slate's proxy in the Fayetteville Plank Road
voted for a Whig for President, for which he received
no credit from the Whig Editors ; and now, when the
State's proxy in another work votes for a Democrat for
President, he is censured, and the Board of Internal
Improvement?, including the Governor, are taken to
task and their action condemned. TbeCorernor i
haidly ever be able to say or do any thing. whl ' l
meet the approbation of such partizansaa the Editors
of the Commercial and Herald.
KOSSUTH AND THE LONDON TIMES.
The London Correspondent of the Boston Vos
asserts that the London Times establishment -
well paid'in Austrian gold for its illiberal at i
Kossuth. The house of Rosthchild, which holds
deep interest in Austrian bonds, has, it c
furnished the Times with funds in wgi
on condition that the Times will wrlK a, Jeii3t
Itissupposedthatthe Times has realitea
$50,000 out of this job. iBitriaw
The Kosthchilds and Baring, w no u
rr. -th nrna 0D AHS-
promises topay, know that as ivou... 6 '..-
tria goes down; and hence these enorw .
the influence of the great patriot, vain .
Kossuth is superior to both Austrian dj"
t. i i .-j u iU KeH
that the Editors of the United 6WB ......
Kossuth to a public dinner, to be given ton
ex-Editor by the profession, as a tesUinfn ife3
high appreciation of his talents and of hw
in the cause of human liberty. The sugg'
most appropriate one, and we shoufd be g
see it carried out.
The Syracuse Traitors. The Graui JarJ
Buffaloe, it is stated, have found true
twenty-five of the persons Charged with panic F
irr the Svrannse outrage. The warrants had not,
ever, been executed. It is one thing to find tro
another to oonvict, and still.another to punufi'
shall see what cornea of it.
. . . . k,. !wpn perfor"1
Johnson' CD reopie w -
ins here to large crowds. The clown jw ,
"some" in his way. The horses are we
m Unf a aC4u
and in fine condition, and tne penormers no
ted themselves in handsome style.