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CULTIVATION OF COTTON.
. . j l- i in mi ton shoold be Land inienaea .ono I"-"- t0f4Tlow ' bedded p ra';i'""!'"'T.t;h; h. .1.. frpoaes W hulwrise land lo settle .Immediately under the tap root, ine prbuguiTtg should4, be Owe' . 4loht, as deeply ;s tl natu will admit, and in the most I dwe ilh hf : best, turning re and depth f thesnjl . . . .r,r Hl-i. 4- inoroiiuii inaitim - o If pec ial: areshculd be taken, to e no .a..n n n " , It ine son ? ii. - w fwo horse ploughing, io a ur,.. " . ... i thl of. the soil, and ease to tli teem, n""J ' ferable ; this secures a more thorougn f ; r - ti. a ii.iiii ri (l m nil vr niiu .rreater ami ireer nrnewa... " t- - - i to the roost sub-soil, in either wet or y u ... . Tha rowi should be laid oil i ; A pood plan on stubble, corn, or iau" f 7 .4iaunsftsuuiMe m j-- --s- , to our m ties during the same perioa. oo uiai, msieaa and a half reel to ait feet o n Eo ; m land an, d fo or lo ibaouptrv f.BRreiey th was more five feet on upland, or even f 8 " V " ich shou Id ' specie in Iheou'rhry, lj many mlinbns. at the end is thin. Stubble land to f o In cotton ( I. ch siunm j j beginning. Can any $bajH always folloaf:cprfc,? Sroalt ".r ' - uS th prdct of oor gold mfnes fesa a do- . should be brokwi or bedded up . erj j , manufacture than the product of our'iron or winter, to allow time for. grass seeds. " , leHd vt roarmin . or eM ,he froit of domestic in rot. and the frost to disintegrate l,,f "n" c' in I dnstr lliart a b,e of cottori go.nls or a bo of shoes t cotton, i o lay ofT the rows von a w l - f I j eavillg lhe country as th fluctuationa of torn enlarge the fi.rro wh . rtojjl. 7hn merce demand 1 Well" at an, rate, say the Protec- the grass weeds or stalls inlo the "r"T ' 80il lionists, , it had not Uen for the gold discoveries, list wo fnrrows of a two horse P'''fh uPon JJ0 ! .trade .Tariff. woo W have ruined os. So of vegetable matter leaving the f b . 1 .( d KHU r'PII trash out ofheWayj oeiore pi"11""' , f,r nmu. ,io chopping out. ana P' " " -lr . A knllr manure lure .w - - t,j u . n;n koL'mrr wind should ruo , the land to- Ilea i io v . gether and fon a crust upon-lhe- bed,, a one horse harrow vn ovef lhe bed will palverUe the crost and put the land in good tilth. CMton should ber plant ed from the Bfleenth of March to the 10th of April, f-land warrants, beed sliould be well savedahd if kept over one year for planting. wiir ensure a belter stand and more vigorous puuna, as the imperfect seed perish by keeping over. T hey should be sown at the rate of 'one and a halt to two bushels to the acre; in direct proportion t the uidih f the rows, (narrow ones requiring more seed) and the stiffness of the soil ; the latter case demanding also more seed. Seed on light land uiay be-epvered with a board, w ith a notch in it, attached to a scooter stock. But atift lands should always he eove red with a harrow or two small scooter furrows. The ridge, in the latter case, over the seed, .Jo.be scraped oil with a board with a notch in it, as soon as the seed cracks the ground in germinating. The -board: is " useful in scraping orl the first coat of grass, the: first lonahinT of cotton should begin when the third leal appears on.the young plant, and he done with a sw eep, Mississippi scraper, or some similar implement ; as m mm. -a r InRHmled bv this process and the plant nn mnts are lacerated bv this process and the I . suffers no check in growth ; chopping should begin in from four to seven days ofter running round, ami to be done with hoes of as nearly etjual size as pos .:lu oi ..! i.uincr mnre iinifuriii 111 conseiiueiice. From one to four staFks should be left . in a stand a i o.,,l tiio iliaiunpp lietween stands u-iverned u.. .k i iko ? tlw.iiirh ihirk nlantinir in moderation on all soils sav ' stx feet by eighteen j vor of the existing 'lanff untTl now, and so has pre incheson bottom land, and ujiirfeetby Iwelve inches j vented its evi! tendencies from being perceived. But on good upland will be found the most productive- now the mask is to come-off. Now the deformity of in an average of years. The second ploughing should ! the monster is to he revealed. Well, we shall see. be done with a sweep next to the boitom, with a ' Hitherto the present Tariff has falsified all the rre- ..u h,J ni m iho. nlani. to dirt the vouiiff cot- ! dictions of the Protectionists, and it will doubtless , tho halnnce of the row ploughed out with a turning plough to keep Op the ni-d. The sliind should then be -thinned to one-slalk in a place on strong land, but from two to four may be left on being iliiimed ,' to supply, limbs by stalks; all subsequent plow- incr in ordinary seasons should be done with the sweep, with the moniu oaru io Keep up um neu. But in laying by, one or two furrows should be run with a turning plough to drain off the surplus wa'er from heavy rains; bottoms should be ploughed every twenty days, and boed immmliaiely.. lo keep it con stantly growing, the earth light and pervious to . the sun, air"and dew 8. In veiy wet seasons, recourse; may be had to turning ploughs with benefit, provided they do not peRetTale deeply near the plant; for this checks the plant if it turns off dry by breaking the roots, and causes it to shed, and forces it too much . in orowth if rain follows speedily. It is doubtful whether topping cotton is beneficial in the average . of vearssoute times doinz well and in others failing" in nearly simialr circumstances. j Picking should begin as soon as a hand cangath- er fifty pounds in a day, as the oil is soon evaporated , by the sun, wind and rain, and a laige per cent of weight is thereby lost. In full crop years, cotton-' . .. . should be picked as free from leal as is consistent with good work. But in short crop : seasons, '.too much pains should not be taken with the leaf, as the difference in number of pounds will greatly over-balance that of loss of price per pound, and discrimina tion does not prevail in the marker to any extent com parable with that of the large crop years. Planting seed should be saved froiii the second picking in gen eral, and from cotton picked from mid-day till night, or that seemed well Tor the purpose. All other cot ton should never be sunned unless wet by rain, but packed in close bulk from four to eight weeks,' to allow it to heat, care being taken not to allow it to heat 'too much, and the oil from the seed to diffuse through the lint, imparting'to it the tiiige so admired by buyers and manufacturers.. Ginning should be carefully done at a moderate speed. Packing should never be done in vry dry or windy weather, but al ways in damp and moderately rainy days, ds it packs -belter, weighs,heavier, from the absorption from the air and retention of thp oil latent in the lint. The bagg'ng "shoold always be put -on loosely to allow for the 8welliii!j of the bale, and completely envelope the cotton. The ropes should he put on tightly, to prevent undue expansion of the hale, and tye ?t least six in number. Soil if the Stulh. What Railroads are Doing. It is but a few. years since the. idea would haYeDeen booted at by Eastern Capitalists, had they been asked to invest in Railroads in our Western States. The M Michigan ' ventrat was the pioneer in drawing eastern capita- lose their seent in .hunting over its heaths. The lists', attentiot, Westward., Ibhcingtbe nataraliroate : worka of Homer. Virgil, Cicero, and Milton, abound or connecting, link binding the .Atlantic cities with : with many, beautiful allusions in reference to Sicily, the Mississippi, a few were found hazardous enough ! The shape of Sicily is that of a triangle, and on this to embark in the enterprise. Says the Buffalo Court- account has been called Trinacria ; it is full of moan 'r:"" , ' T.: ! tains and valleys and fertilizing streams. Intheear- ' The-read tWn, extending to Kalmazoo, was pur- j ly ages, lb Sicilians assidiously cultivated poetry, chased from the State, and immediately a new zeal ; sculpture and painting. Fibricius gives a list of sev was instilled into it. It was the first Western cor- ! entj Sicilians who have been celebrated in antiquity poratiew to bring' its bonds- into -market, and now the ! for learning and genius ; there are still able and gift system, lias become universal for permanent inves- d men scattered over the island, but they are silent int. The bonds of Ibis Company' now command , and in the shade." The absolute character of t.hegov 108 the highest quoted at the Stock Board, and the ' eminent and the arbitrary censorship of the press stock I M, with dividend. By the report of the Treasu- ! prevent them from being either seen or known their rer just made, the earnings of the road it appears, i works are seldom, if ever pnbliaued and their voices amount to$46l;3G4 80 to December 1 u After nav- 'are unheard. . .V .-.. . - V n:g a uiviuenu 01 ii percent amounting ip V404.13H. I t I - I t" -1 f ' . . .... - ine Knrpius on nana win oe. -fU7,b,HU. he nett receipts 1bt;theasC six months were S385.Q51.07 against t5SS,3.0y,o5 in the same period in 1850. This gain has Tieen entirely in passrpers and rniscellaue ou8 receipts, produce having been held back ny farm ers, owing loj the low.price.s Mir inunt cmiie forward ia .thaapriag, ' .Thefe" is at ih pregeHt. lime" more produce iru Ute boaseat Western farHters than vaC auy-,prevwas season. for yeers.i jTlie crops were good last summer," snd but .a e urn 1 1 amount Ihis been- dis posed of. at east os Tar as" Michigan, Indiana,' Illinois, and.-Wisconsin are concerned, and these States are art more or .less tributary to jhis roag.. Tb"e 'vrWoU cost oVtfie'roail .is V(,D29.768"; in the last year it bas Paid jts expenses and. a. dividend of 14 percent, besides relaiiuiig 57,22,70 on hand for coiUingyncies. -The local business of the road alone witTpay' 8 "to 10 per cent per aunuin. With thecom pleiKmof Ue Jwat Yetein-Cnada roal, and (he B.raaWord riNieclionT 4here can be no reason wlii the slock wrll flBt pay beuer (lian any road in the West.'- Orttlie opening of navigation, the. road will he ia ronning 6fder direct from Detroit to Chicago and a more efficienjjy jnanaged and better equipped road cannot be. found-in f-Uni6n."- Indeed it mav V Piuwixir Fashions.' A Paris letter writer says that a new iyte of dressing. Uairi i,a-vogue there with the ladies." Tlie hair, is npf curled, nor greased. WftVnY4i(miatfim -noris it siifloothbul frizzled and' crwseu-, a te nn-:'.Tnie ladies also wear ' a kind" "of ; vesr, iTe b genueinan's Waistcoat,. w itn a small coat and litfle cravat, juStJik: a' gefitlgjrian's. Gloves urn ffflfft " u ""''i ""'h nt Hiidrrsaril kid-V Ti wsTi-tofDsJw-to tb fej,BSade bT tuei eidrSl More jpwoj r ana a protusionlof .Mnv " - - w in eVBTV rMntel nnlicma rl All, mml 9 Ian' ronn4 I aels and figures like the above srteak 'vor.una ;u I ,tr.n!i.i. . k.,.i,..li.n.i , rrgaro.wiw.nft..n.Hn)i. l his is a great career of improvement. Railways and telegraphic ctry .andwe afe greatTeopM: ... linest wm.hltreafter pierce the sJlitudes of Oriintal . A. l uvvil I'liuu) f tM w SIIU tfTI sm I HC "Id Utl THE TARIFF OF 1846. The ! pai Tart aragraph of Gov. Hunt's Message reiatiig tai the 13. H iejadmirahle Keeping wjiu me nepy" -raiarv nf th Treasury on ibe same, sob. ofthe Secreta Both these Gjirionaries appear ,IW think that the jeci ry w.,,. 1 bIS r some. . 1 1 i I 4 ainiuca lh-n rao o m : - anil ihonJd beWpealed, a . 1 I... m mt nA Gov. Hunt (lllier SVSlPin OI IllUKUn imiuuutcui -j speak 8 of an "enormous balance of trade against the cou ntjjl and.iiecBeiaxv. JUQtttin Miipiwa inn '"" thing, though his own figures show that the exports of ,,,,,,,,., ha ve exceeded the imports about $2,000,000. O h..t ''20.000.000 of the exports consisted of - " - e So did $5,000,000 of the imports. More- ,. . ..Tnoried was the product ot oarown . Jisnaceo' bv the product ar-tafrwiunWieB, and was less bv manLnuUm . 9iinlli,i we obiert to so much of this pro- Europe, all been broken the hanks of the country Would have " If it had pot been for that famine, and aajn Jf ,,ad t been for ie 2oId discoveries, the imports would have been much less than they actu ally were. Mr. Corwin wishes l.ongress to inter pose and regulate these matters ; but we can tell him that they , are already regulated by a power much stronger than Congress, and much less liable to err. The nataral.laws of trade-o-the relations between supply and demand will, if left alone, regulate all these things in the veiy best manner. Should it happen that we import too moch in any given period, the slate of our exchanges will soon reveal the fact, and the sell'-interest of importers will restrain 4hem. vv. UUi a chartered regulator of domestic ex- changes and currency the United States Bank andl ihere. were many intelligent men who honestly be lieved that such an institution was indispensable to the heatbfulnes of both. But the Bank has been dead some fifteen years, and the condition both of the currency and the exchanges is notoriously better than it was during the life of the monster. One would suppose that the country would profit by . this teach ing. And indeed, it has profited. But the protec tionists are not ihe country. They are a minority of the whole people, and n.ust be content to let the ma jority govern. It is amusing to see how the Hon. Secretary labors to explain away or parry the force of facts which he is obliged to communicate. In 184!)-'50 the crop of coituri was so small that the price was enormously high. In 1850 '51 the crop was large, and ihe prices still high. 1 he crop or the present year, he tells us, has exceeded that 6f last i year, and will therefore, he calculates, produce much j less money. Iii short, every thing has worked in fa do so hereafter. When it first became a law. so hereaiier. vv nen u nrsi oecame a law, the Protectionists said it would yield a very inadequate revenue. But instead of this, it hns yieided a reve ire immensely greater than the Tariff of 1842 ; a revenue which has carried the nation through an "ex pensive war with comparatively little borrowing, and will soon extinguish the debt entirely. And sd of other predictions. But we have not time lo partic ularise. be plan of the Hon. Secretary that last year s t cotton crop sold for less money in the foreign market than it was invoiced here, shows at least that he was ; iiarn pusneo, io mane out case, tie uouot me case, truth of the remark when applied to the cron as a' wuoie, out ii ine ocrcrciarY ia msposeu io go neninu his own Custom house valuations, he ought in all fairness to do it in regard to other articles, as weil as cotton. The result would be, a large addition to the i. . I . I . c? . 7. I : t . - ,1 value, over and above the Custom menu For, we beg to assure the House appraise Ilon. Secretary mat our mercnams aru-siiip-masiers uo not generally work at a loss, but at a profit. Asa general remark, they get more for their commodities on the other sidn than they cost here, alter adding freight and charges, And it is with this enhanced price of their own arti- .1 1 I IT I . I . cles, that they purchase foreign goods in the foreign markets. So that the Secretary s jlea will on the whole operate against himself. He tells us further, that the value ef breadstuff's ex ported last year, was ony $21,953. G53, (winch is less than a third of what wasx ported in the famine year,) but he forgets to state that this $21,948,653 is jJ4.000,000 more than was exported in any one year under the Tariff of 1842, and $5,000,000 more than the annual average under that Tariff. Xew York Journal of Commerce. Sicily. This is the largest and most remarkable island in the Mediterranean, and measures 755 miles in circumference. The ancients denominated it the " Island of the Sun" and the laud of Cycions. The Greek poets, on account of its extraordinary beauty and fertility, styled it the Garden of HesDerides." The number of houses upon the island is estimated at' 2GS,120, and the population at 1,787,771. The mass of the people are poor. and without education It is subject to the King of Naples, who governs it iy a Viceroy. The government is very exacting and . oppressive, and affords scarcely any encouragement to agriculture, manufacture or. commerce. Sicily has j almays beer distinguished for the remarkable luxuri . ance of its soil, and even in its present im perfect state . of cultivation one good crop, says Brydone, would be sufficient to maintain the island seven years. In the snrinir the flowers are fragrant bevond descriniinn. aud the air is so loaded with their perfume tliatdogs aNo paper is issued iu Sicily, excepts price currenU and the only authorized journal in circulation, is thnt entitled "Journal of lb two Sicilies," published at Naples, under the ofijeia! sanction of Ihe Kins. In suite .of, wars, earthquakes,. lyranay an4. super sition the "natural beauty of,, the T island is still the same ; but the people are not happy , because they are without freedoui, without whiQii, the richest blessings of nature are of little value. .... ,. A Railroad in Africa. One of the most inte rest.iiig facts, in relation to the onward courseof things which characterize the present age is, that the Vice roy of Egypt has sanctioned the projeol of a railroad' from Alexandia. to the Isthmus oi Sues&r by the way of Cairo, li is said that the Viceroy is able at-any time to place a. p and red thousand Arabs at woik on the proposed route, and, as be is a very enterprising monarch, it is supposed that he will not suffer the improvement to languish. . The spirit pf progress was never so active as' it is' at present.' ftvery nation in Europe is exhibiting striking evidences bf Ahis fact. Kvei the .Sultan pf Turkey-has roused r himself roar the long dream m which his goverruuent has indulged, and is now busily engaged to introducing reforms Irom other nations in Kuropel lhe hoary old des- despotism, and open up highways lor the exchange of the products of' mind as well as of manufactures and agricultuxeJ.il f'-' ilitneH'Mirvazine. . .. - - - ' - ' ' '.- i T 1 r ':" . we have never, know tfve tide ot emu rat ion through' this, section, ofvcoujitry, as is now going- forward to Txas.: .Tbemigjraateesne.nostiy -from the north ern part of this Siarte and hm northern nf .western' Couutiea f AlabaMa - We regret to state that a num- Iv si t .-- . . . a . :A i . I er pi -our county people, many or. tliein of our most 2r -f ,pV;MvAIWt. aen1trijvef,jandj : t , ... - ... - i Minds co. '( Alissi j Gittlti. ..li .itZ .0 .VI THE VANITY OF RICHES. la the following, oar frienLTracy, of ibe JHuseum, seems to have Ml uon fhappy vein Thl style is felicitous, end In many Mrts would do credit to Nal, thaauthoref (he Charcoal" sketches' The phifoso, admitsvurdW the iirtWlne8M,er-dipli.yed, pnj og weaiin -ejnu us eryeyment, is a suDjnci but of a deeper attention than is generally bestowed upon it. , Mr FurjrnQnn, thn nnlaA kihnlani- li. nf lha rilh. icund visage we mean was standing in Washing ton street the other day .leaning gainst ait owniag' post to rest himself after the fatigue incident upon visiting and chatting with a number of "publicans and. sinners, when-he fell into the following train of efl.ctiona- - f . i t . - 4 VYbaj ia the iiaaaf-ixlaap-rick-l-, Jn particular. what's the use of getting rich 1 My wife, she says to me every time L gel to work on a job' Jim, wny donT you tr td Jay op a litle inoney ?' .says she. Arkf then I try ti 'drstiiinlo he mind4 trie evils of riches. There was poor Mr. Astor, worked hard to 'eamulate property, and when he had piled up' A lot of it be was pestered to death to take keer of it. Then there was poor rich Mr: McDonogh, in Louisiana, nigh- about starved himself, and only had one suit of poor clothes, for the sake of bnyin all the land that lined hint. T reckon Pre et and drunk about ten times as much good stuff as Mr. "MsDonogh did in his life, with all his property: I live kinder inde pendent like. Nobrdy asks me to endorse notes or go bail lor anybody. Io tenth cousins come to my house visum, expect in to live like fightin cocks at my expense. Nobody asks me to subscribes thoos - and dollars for Koshshoot. Nobody asks me for. money lor party purposes, in fact, I get treated at other people's expenses every lection. . And now what's the use in my workingand scrub - bin around vear in and vear out iust to cumulate a few hundred thousand dollars! My wife would like to navfl me ao u i Know, so inai sue mia-iii ureas in 1 so that alie might uress in silks ;. but,caliker is good enough for any 4woman. j 1 enjoy myseJf just as well as if I was rich. Can't I see all the pretty picters they put up in the win- , dows, around i nere ior noinin i . Ana aw .mem waicn- es and rings the other side of that plate glass. I can enjoy as well as if I owned 'em. 1 have new pat- terns put out for me to look at almost every day, and I don't have to worry nights about their geltin stole. x i . . a . i our ricn men go to a great expense ana mucn irousie to "keep their coaches and great lazy fellows to drive them, but when I want. to ride,up the South End, or to almost any other part of the city; I just beeons with my finger, and a four horse team and coach haul up to the curb stone and I jump in and am off only a fourpeoce to pay. No, no! You don't' catch Jim Ferguson beia one-of jjie " Kich. Men of Massachu setts," no how ! They ain't good members of soci ety, I hey ain't. Cause why ! They buy their liquor by the demijohn and drink it at home, and, there ain't no ptibffe spirif about that. ' That'tfori't help land lords' and saloon keepers to "pay "rent don't fielp along the 'eliirrery "of society. It's" liable to raise a breeae in the family circle, as I know by experience, for if I carry home even a pint bottle, Mrs. F. raises a liiifm nidi a iuosi inKrs uiy nair uu. 11 i iuiiuw the example of the .rich men I should lead a pretty life with Mrs. F. In fact rich. men is a humbug, and inoney is a humbug, so I guess I'll carry this quarter to some grocery arid invest it wrier thieves can't break through arid steal it. As long as I carry it about I'm liable to have my pocket's picked, but when I've drunk it up nobody can cheat me out of it that's a fact." ' And Mr. Fergnson, being fully-impressed with the vanity of riches, spent his last quarter at the neatest grocery. Tiie Great Russian Railway. The Great Rail way Irom St. Petersburg to Moscow, recently opened. is in nearly a straight line, and four hundred miles in length. The track is double, of five feet gauge, and some of the bridges are elevated above the water from 125 to 175 feet. The bridges are of wood, on Howe's principle, and were built by R. O. Williams, ol Con- necticut. Major hisller, of the Western Kailroad, went to Kussui in 1843, and was engineer of the work until his death. Then Major Brown, of the New York and Erie Railroad, became engineer in chief, and finished lhe Russian Road. The entire cost is stated at $25,000,000. , . The locomotives have also the stamp "of American genius. They were built by Harrison, Wipans & East wick, from drawings by Major Whistler, and arc outside cylinder reverse engines, and are' intend ed for burning wood. They are 162 in number, - of which 42 are for passengers, and 120 for freight trains. The passenger cars are built upon the American plan, and are 56 feet long by 9& broad. " The two imperial carriages are very magnificent, being 81 feet long by 10 broad, and 7 feet high, and supported on 16 wheels on the Bogie principle. These carriages .have spacious apartments, furnished for the Emperor and Empress separately, in the most approved and luxurious manner. They are filled up with beds, and a kitchen car attached, with larder, wine cellar, ice house, &c. The road is to be run in 15 hours. It used to take the diligence 75 hours, and 11 days with freight. Boats by rivers and canals between the two cities make the trip in from 35 lo 60 days, and1 frozen up half of the time at that. Nicholas- has caught a good deal of the progressive spirit of the age, and a railway from St. Petersburg to Warsaw, 79G miles long, is now strongly talked of as a probable under taking. - The National Democrat " resists the alliance with England,-and asks : 44 In what country, and where on the pages of his tory have we ever seen that England would have used her fleets or cannons in the defence of right, or a sa cred principle 1 All her expeditions and conquests have been marked by violence and robbery. She held the dice at the table of kings, in 1815, w hen a few powers, her subsidized accomplices, parcelled out among themselves kingdoms, like so much plunder, and people, like so many flocks of sheep, having, no regard to nationality, race, affinity, or social or na tional relation., ,She styles herself the Protector of nations.' Yet she has poisoned the inhabitants pf Ihe Celestial Empire, and annually murders thousands bf 'the people of India. She holds Ireland in chains, and you cannot find a nation cn the face of the globe that will bear witness to the honor of England, nor scarce find a coast, an isle, or a harbor, that Ehe has not disquieted, burnt or. ravaged She never formed a friendly alliance, one springing from the heart, or existing in a fraternal relation. England has no sis ters among the nations of lhe earth. She has vess els and subjects by millions ; but friends she has none. Will such a government give free institutions to na tions for whose benefit she pretends to interfere ! Can we form an alliance3 With' Such a nation ' for any spur pose whatevef I Mostcertaiilybt ! " T- Pretty Good. The 44 own correspondent" bf the DublinvWarde.r proffers the following as an excuse for the dullness' of his last weekly, communication . Bedad.'I had a. botherin' .bout of it last, nigh imagininVl was at rhadiggms in Austbralia, and pelf in away in sarcht dhry lodgins, with a pillow case full b goold dust over my showldher, whin, as I consaived, some , o' the. Abheyridgenies thought to rob me before my faee ; so what did. I do, only "toolt my lawful wife be the band of the night-cap, and af tre wards be the hair of the head and threw her about the. room, supposin all the time that 'twas a common robber I was rough-hand linV Well you never heard a finer cry at a funeral in the-counthry when 'twas the fashion to screech at 'era than the dacent woman setup at bein' treated in sich a manner. She was sura it. was some sort o' burglary that was.on foot till she' distinguished.' niy voice rightly ca! I'm beri Hack savage, and brdherfn' her on pain o' death, to taKe ner nanu uu n" . , Recipe for Making Beer. To. make the best beer in the world, take one .pint, of, corn .and boil it until it -is a little soft, add to it one pint of molasses and one gallon of water? shaker them well together and so it by the fire, and in twenty-Tour hours' the beer is excellent.' .. When all the beer in the jug is used, jost add more molasses and water The same corn will answer for six month, and the beer will be fit for use in twelve hours by keeping the jug which containsit warm. In the absence of Molasses, sugar or honey will answer its, place., rthis way, Vhe whole ingredients used ftf rtia t ififc gal lobn of beet will tot cost exceeding four cents, and,it is better and Wore' VhbleSome .than. cider.' .V ' ' 1'. .t.: A.ii''s'.iir,U. A -J .. .. . .rtoJ Forgone customer who.eoos.ulta. toe signs e.yer pe door - f phiees of busiesr-one hundreo;:pbtain di- feJ t, Jf 2vboards. p..w.. - - 4 a v . . i T . ' I I fl -.a OS I i' Jf yl 2$, 1S52. DISTRICT CONVENTIONS. orriegdg'ornWr,'ftepablieaa and -Patwotr J and Carolinian aredlscJissifig the practicability of District Conventions to appoint Delegates to Balti more; and the suggestion nas been made in view of the difficqlly, tin account the extent of coumry ;t , .r.,..,v..-...Tf., emoraceu witnin our uisincis, oi assemDiinz vnese rrgaTe8'To(r7eSrale Districts .should, make these ap- hooies mat me weic poinnents . , v ; . - , , ; : . -v . r , j This, It strikes us, "is a matter entirely with the ! Districts. Thejr are entifled' tb the Delegates, and j they may appoint them fn any mode they may diem t proper. The preferable plan, undoubtedly, is to ap ! point by District Conventions assembled for the pur ' pose i and this plan was generally observed four years 'ago. ' It would not be difficult, it seems to us, to get , Conventions in the central and Eastern portions of ' the State, where the population is heavy and the par ' ty strong; but in some of ihe Western Districts it , may be, on account especially of the wide extent of country which these Districts embrace The better p!an in OHr opinion, would be to go forward with the : . ' . , . . - , , . , j District Conventions, leaving it lo the people of the ? Districts to appoint by Conventions held among . themselves, or to refer the matter to the State Con vention ; and should tt turn out, when the latter Con vention assembles? that any of the Districts have failed to act, it would be an easy matter for the State Delegates from counties composing such Districts to meet together and appoint. We hope to see North Carolina fully represented in the Baltimore. Convention. She will vote, in all probability, for the nominee of that body ; and it is, therefore, her right and her duly to exert the fullest influence to which she may be entitled, In making" the selection. SUPREME COURT. The following cases have been argued before this ! tribunal since our last: Friday, January 23. . Washington vt. Humphreys, from Guilford sub mitted by Kerr for plaintiff and Miller for defendant. Faucett vs. Adams, from Orange argi ed by Nor wood and J. Hi L'ryta (or plaintiff and Miller for de fendant. : " Holmes vs. Hawes, in Equity from New Hanover argued by W. H. Haywood for plaintiff and Iredell for defendant. Dean rs. King, from Guilford argued by Kerr for plaintiff and Miller for defendant. McGibbony vs. Miles, (two cases) from Guilford argued by Kerr for plaintiff and Miller for defen dant. v Stanly rs. Hendricks, from Guilford argued by Miller for plaintiff. Richardson es. Strong, from Granville argued by J. H. Bryan for defendant. j Hampton r. Brown, from Davidson argued by j Miller for defendant. . Johnson et. Farlow, irom Randolph argued by ..... . . " r , uverman tu. uoDie, irom itanuoipu argueu.oy Miller for defendant. ' Saturday, January 24. Marlines. Amos, from Stokes submitted by Mil ler for plaintiff and Morehead for defendant, -i. Phillips rs. Allen, from Rockingham submitted by Morehead for plaintiff and Miller for defendant. Mbye vs. May, two cases, one at Law and the oth er in Equity, from Pill argued by Donnell and Moore for plaintiff, and Biggs for defendant. Clark vs. Hoyt, io Equity from Martin argued by Moore and Biggs for plaintiff and Donnell for de fendant. JUDGES BY THE PEOPLE. The Legislature of Georgia has passed a bill by the necessary, two. thirds vote,, giving lhe election' of Judges of the Superior Courts to the people. The following are the most prominent provisions of lb bill: . . . . J 44 The people ol each judicial circuit are to elect a judge on the 1st Monday -in October. 1853, and every four years thereafter. The Coweta, Macon. Blue Ridge, and Southwestern circuits hold their. first election in October, 1835, and every four years suc cessively. No one can vote for a judge who has not resided in his circuit one year, and in bis county six months prior to the election ; and then is restricted in voting to the county in which he resides. .No one can be elected judge who has not lived ten years in the State, three years in his circuit, and been a prac tising attorney for five years prior to his election.'' The mode prescribed for altering or amending the Constitution of Georgia, is tike that prescribed in this State, with the exception that there the amend ment must be approved, in ihejirst instance, by a two thirds vote, and is not required to be submitted to the people, at any time, for approval or. rejection. In this State, a three-fifths vote is first required, and then a two-thirds vote, and then an approval by the people, at the polls, before the amendment can take effect. In Geo'gia, as in this State, the bill is required to be published six months previous to .the next elec tion for. members of the General Assembly. The Constitution of Georgia is not, therefore, as well guarded as ours is against innovation and hasty changes, for in this State the proposed amendment must be submitted to the people, while there the peo ple are not thus consulted. The people of Georgia, of all parties, are now engaged in making important changes in their fundamental law, by legislative en actmentthe Constitutional plan for them and for us, but which has been so bittetly denounced by certain politicians, . .,- ' "J" i ' . --) ' ' ; : . ? SMUT AND SCREENING MACHINE. . . Mr. John A. McManln of Orange County, has sent lis a specimen of wheat which has been, run through his Smut and Screening Machine; -and anoth er specimen of wheat before it was subjected to this operation. We have no doubt it is the same wheat for Mr. McManen is a man of truth but to look at the (wo parcels, side by side, you would at once conclude that they were entirely different. The one is full of smut and cheat, and has quite a dingy ap pearance1; and the other is composed of pure grain, and is free from both smut and cheat. . We have no doubt, from the specimen before us, that "these . Machines 44 Young's . improved patent Smut' and Screening Machines"- are performing well, arid bringing into' use a good deal, of wheat which, would otherwise prove a clear loss to the farmer - ;' :' '-"We' invite attention to Mr. McManen's advertise ment,' which we have been publishing for some time past. . Specimens; of the wheat above spoken of may be seert at this office. j The Hon. R. M. T-sHsnJerbas been re-elected to the United States' Senate tot six years, by the Legis- WftftV 'dfi Vftginia? sre. uttm m Ifj.iiii 1 Thetbefrnonietor1 was S3 degrees below zero, at loWntTJef, Vt.'on'trie 16th instaijW KOSSUTH. The-illustrious Htrngamn was raceiyed with d is tinguisbed Jionors at jlarnsburg, Pa., ion the 16th instant. We make ihe followtDS extracts from "his Speech online occasion i aai an iiurrible aon of my pebple, withont any pretension to whatever glory at all. And still I have accomplished great things, so that two emperors had to-CPwsprre.--wttrrall-tlie"forceT)fL their lyrarmyyto-taara arresi ror a moment, what it was my duty to do, and what I hope yet to accomplish, if God and America be with me. Applause. And do you know whence I have drawn the inspiration of my life ? From my people-, gentlemen ; that is the source of my feelings and of my thoughts. thii.ks.l feel as my-peopl JZl hA P"!" that heart which Applause. And when oppression came upon and adversities "weighed heavily unon us. and the ii i ... . . ! loudest men became silent and the boldest stopped in their course, and the most resolute faltered, and the wisest looked around for advice then I let them stop, and falter, and look, and wept to lhe people in Hun gary's mountains and on Hungary's plains, and told them, " Brethren, wisdom is vain ; 1 come to you to (now from your instinct, when the wisdom of the wise is at a loss, what toad vise ; such and such is the case.. God will be with us, because our cause is just. Shall we defend oarselves, or shall we yield to oppression 1" And the people answered me . Cursed be he who yields : we will not yield. Plant your tri-color standard, and lead as on we will fol low, and fight, and die, bat never will we yield !" Applause. , And so we went on, and the unnamed demi-gods n me peopie rougut line herpes, and died with a - j mi'e on their lips ; and tyranny trembled and purple seat of despotism quaked. Applause.1 . 1 hen came Russia and treason ; and I am an exile emu bumiiir in irucivu wmi ueaTj cudins. That is my story, and that Is all I can tell for the past. Bui we are not broken, and once more I will lead on my people, and my people will follow me in the high face of heaven to fight over the battle for freedom once more. . Great applause. But we would have fair play, and we would have something more sharp than our nails to fight with for fatherland and humanity There is my cause. You want no lecture on thif subject. You know it by heart ; It is there in your heait, written with Durntng letters God himself who made you free. Applause. . yon generous by makin"- I have only to say, God bless you, people of Har risburg. Your sympathy is a bright ray of conso lation cast into my country's gloomy night. Re member me for my people's sake. It is worthy of your brotherly love. And let me hope that you will leave this Hall with this resolution.: We will help that man for his country's sake : we are happy because we are tree: we will help his people to be come free as we are, because we love our neighbor as our Saviour taught us to love." , , Kossuth then urged upon the citizens the formation of associations of the friends of Hungary, and conclu ded as follows : " That is my hope. I will remember yon as long as I live, and will teach my - people to include your name in its daily prayer to God. The Lord bless you and your country forever. Remember our suf ferings ;be conscious of your country's honor, and speak and act as becomes a sovereign people. And remember the poor exiled Hungarian, who, from the i very heart of his heart; bids you farewell, asking you I with the confidence of a brother, overwhelmed with i sufferings and with cares, to form associations of : friends of Hungary, and your names will be recorded ': in the very heart of my people from generation to i generation ; your names will be recorded in the gol- j den hook of the annals of' Hungarian independence. : and of the freedom of all nations. God bless you !' ! "Great applause, and three cheers for Hungarian in- ! tervention.1 GEORGIA. Tlie following Resolutions have been introduced into the House of Representatives of Georgia : 44 Whereas, the stability and permanence of the Government depends open a faithful adherence to the true principles of the Constitution. And whereas, the great principles of constitutional equality can on ly be fully subserved and carried out, by the choice of a Chief Magistrate w!m possesses, and is willing to sustain enlightened and liberal views in the admin istration of the Government; national in their charac ter, embracing equally within its policy and measures, the great confederacy of the American States, so as to avoid sectional issues, calculated in their tendency to disturb the harmony of the Union. And, whereas, the Hon. James Buchanan, of Penn., has exhibited a spirit of disinterested patriotism, and has, in his i pat Wiory shown himself to be an able and enlight Be ii therefore Resolved by the-Senate and House Representatives of the Stale of Georgia, that we recom mend James Buchanan as a candidate for the next Presidency, worthy of the suffrages of the American people. Resolved further , That we recommend William R. King, of Alabama, as a candidate for Vice President." . These Resolutions, it is said, were coldly received at first; but a change, says the Macori Telegraph', seems to have come over the members since, and 44 our last accounts from Milledgeville inform us that Democracy is all the rage there and every body is rushing into its temple." The Telegraph proclaims the 44 great Constitutional Union party " stone-dead in Georgia. We do not know the fate of the Resolutions. LOUIS NAPOLEON. The latest arrival from Europe brings intelligence that Louis Napoleon, who has just been elected Pre sident or Dictator of France for ten years, is not con tent with that, but is making preparations for assum ing the imperial purple. - The people of France have at length bhown that they, are incapable of self-government.. Napoleon is but the instrument of the spirit of despotism, for if he had not clutched the reins bf absolute rule, the probability, yea, the cer tainty is that some other man would have done it at an early day. . It is but natural that he should have pursued the course he has ; the people of France are to blame fur the present state of things, more than he. It is their fault that Constitutional liberty has been struck down, and all ' power .vested in one man, for they were able to prevent it, but, from various causes, were unwilling. . Let them hog their chains events have shown thai they are worthy to wear them. .. . CAMERON ON SPECIAL TERMS. : Cameron of the Wadesborough Argus, is 44 dead out , against Special Courts.. .Hear what he about the late Special Term fqr this County :. 44 The Special Term of Wake Superior Court, held last week, was adjourned on Wednesday, without the transaction of any business whatever. This we re gard as another argument in favor of the discontinu ance of a system that we always abominated. Spe cial Terms are a nusiance that ought to be abated. They always come at a time when no person is ready to attend them ; and consequently little or no business is done. ' And what can be more. irksome to a .mem ber of the Bar after coming home from his circuit, ja ded and worn -down by his labors, abraded to the very bone, than te have to pack his traps and set out to- Special Term 1 The watermelon he had his eye on is gone, the peaches have disappeared, the cider is duronk up, when he gets back end all in conse quence bf a Special Term. Down with them say. we ab imo pectore. ' : ' v -- - The last Fayefleville Carolinian copies our arUole containing the suggestion that .the Democratic State Convelitionaswmbl'e In tliistjfty on tne 13th day, of May, and adds : 44 After consulting with our derioi cratie friends in this vicinity, we find they unite with ihe Standard in the'bpinion that this.wpud probably b as soitabU a time as any whieh could be selectedr We hope that the Democracy throughout the' Staa PROGRESS OF THP The Ntew York,Courjr and Enquirer int , Stattstics of the steam m; .LH. f lntroI uces . . mat port wiik interesting remarks, from which wp . lows: 5 y. ,,,c'lliai fol. s Fifty years t a''"inte'rcotirne amnn was conducted upon the same geneS natins which had iroverni im. fc'erai pn . s bttfont In Iniljln. i 6 .ln lin.l.. , troduced no new elemVnu. "Tn X" W little had been added which did I noTpTrV T aC stamp of commerce at its infancy ; and 1 ke of . cut of a sail the shane r hi. 1 .eTe in .k. a uepuriure irom esiaolished j . , . . such a ii "t teil llsnrra ,Mlnoa. a thin distrust, and treated as a danfferon rafde,li,k bfe-H ! tnTX'i as mecuanical a fetters of itrnorance. and oi,ii.i ,u ,SSole, eilt9. llno .! . Hi. us, I P"8e ye are. ne longer hemmed in hv P . r"- ins nnniM. a, i r . i n . i . . . . -".mi no.. out the land ------ J riKUUiae Sin .. ISe SlnlL-.., 'In a paper before us; the Postmaster r Philadelphia, writes .to his T) .4...: . , -mj ai Umnn u.nuK ludrroniiBinenis i nave entered inin T' from one city will reach Hi. mk.. : weeks, which is a saving of several dar .; I,lrfe - in now. the distance is nerfornif rl in nntv tliA HictanMA ib . r. i . J t"Il(! fen to and ..uu.o. nujui me jrear loan, ine Whistle nf .i11 locomotive was heaid. Now our canals and i fitsl if united, would circumnavigate the o0be T d' ago. the first telegraphic pole was erected tv'!eJrs we witness at this hour? Wires stretcV ldo continent to continent, and cannwii l "nS f'oiii manipulation an intelli?ible. RnniiUi.?- 1 the East with the West Europe with a shores of the Pacific with the shores of tho 4't!le equal wonderment. Its mission is loin n" V0'113 the but what vhata profound page do we already nn, i Ure' the 3rd day of October. 1807. .hA"" uPn! On - ' for the Hudson river trade was launched Steam.. the earliest practicable attempt in tlie Uoii.a J The steamer Comet, launched at Gl ' . ,a,e- Hi . four years after, and intended fonh." ' .w"". the Clyde, was the first nractical ation,. . ''l0.n of - - mvimii . At the elose of 1819, that coun try had ntm 146 steam vessels; while, in the United Si,."1 i.m England. 1- to the same -period,' there had been builtSfinn . . , ... ucttii oumz, classes, including our foreign steamers. Tli of the Ocean, between New York, prior to 1811 " a three month's nprfnrmanop V .t.- ' a three month s performance. toy i nun ien uays. rven with steam Ule. "'1' uln new wneans to riltsburg (t V Q lvhih la nntv narfnrnnail -r " S lin to Hnlvtioaif i n TR3n n-lr. f:. . ti . rrotn Dub- ed her appliances as next to perfect, eight hours , consumed, which now requires but threeand aqo ter. And such, in the brief space ol iony-five ?'" has been the progress f this indispensable at The first steamship which crossed the Atlantic, the Sims, from Liverpool, arriving in our harbor on the 23d of April, 1838, and shortly after, onthesam. day, the Great Western, from Bristol, both msels making the passage in little less time than would at present be required by one of our fastest clipnP,s This was the origin of the steam mail service beiw.g the United States and Great Britian, which has be. come an element in our maritime progress of such conspquence. " LATEST FROM EUROPE. New York, Jan. 21. The steamship Artie has arrived, with dates from Liverpool to t he 7th inst. Middling qualities of Cotton had advanced M in the Liverpool market; Flour had advanced It per bbl ; Wheal 3d per bushel, and Corn slightlj iniiiuvru. 1 mi ' . ... trance. i ne government organ denies theotatj. ment that congratulatory letters had been recemd from Iho Emperor Nicholas of Russia, by Presided Napoleon. A large number of suspected persons had been arrested and sent to Cayene. The statue of Liberty had been removed from the Chamber of Deputies. Tranquility reigned throughout the country. and the funds were buoyant. The new Constitution it was expected would be proclaimed on the 8th inst. Several American ships laden with cotton, which had touched at English ports, were admitted into the French' por8 duty free. Attempted Assassination op Napoleon. Louis Napoleon has been fired upon by a sentry on duty. The bullet, however, missed its mark, and the sentry has been court-martialed and shot. : - The ambitious ends of Louis Napoleon are begin ning to develope themselves. He is to be styled Emperor of France at an early day. Coins are nov being struck by the Government with this inscription: 44 Louis Napoleon, Emperor." It is said, however, that the crowned heads of Eu rope have notified Napoleon that they are prepared to enforce that article of the treaty at Vienna, which forbids any descendant of the Emperor Napoleon, from succeeding to the imperial title. Austria. The Emperor of Austria has formally abrogated the old constitution, and was about pro- of ! daimino- a new one more in consonance vrith his views. Spain. The resignation of Lord Palmerstonliad been received at Madrid with marked satisfaction. The leading English papers ascribe the4 noble Lord's' resignation to a difference of opinion between himselt and other members of ' the Cabinet relative to the for eign policy of the country. The English money market continues firm; Con sols are quoted al 97$, and American Stocks were in fair requests at former rates. PASS HIM ROUND. We clip the following from the last Norfolk Arjrw. This is certainly the most enthusiastic and devoted traveller on record. H e deserves to be passed roond: 44 A'Pekseverins Tray eller. A je nllenun from New Orleans arrived in the cars at Richmond Sunday evening, en route North. Learning that the Poto mac was one mass of ice, he next morning took tbi train for Port Walthall, in hopes of reaching tlie steamer Autrusla. - which connects with the bay boats to Baltimore. Finding that the Augusta, off ing to the "cold obstruction," was inaccessible," went to Petersburg, procured a ticket, and proceeded to Weldon, where he met the Seaboard and Kwnou train for this place, arriving here on Wednesday. To his great dismay, however, he found the naviga tion of the bay frozen up. Nothing daunted at w evsnt, yesterday morning he took the back track Charleston, determined to go on board the sleal!f'r which sails directjfrom.that port to New York. lf"e failed in this attempt, he was resolved to take pass age in the Isabel to Havana, and proceed in to.the point of his destination. Upon beingasked wnj he was so liferent to attain the end of bis journey, "e replied that he had started to see the famous dansutu, Lola Montex, and that he would tin it ai ail ijo" and to the last extremity. We wish deliverance." him a happj New Law . Book. The Washington RPbl,e notices the 44 SynopticalTndex to the laws and trea ties of the United States, from March 4, 1789, March 3,1851," lately pubjished under the direct Of the Secretary of State by autboriiy of Congress This, says the Republic, is a most useful fohvnft and to some extent may supersede the necessity the codification of the statutes recommended President Fillmore. . - The work was printed in Boston, and is saidl 9 a remarkably handsome specimen of typography- Ten men and four boys are employed by Mclniy" & Co.. Hartford, in the manufacture of percuss'0" caps, 100,000 being manufactured per day. The cop per from which they are made is first rolled very d""' in a powerful rolling-mill, and afterwards cut o1' narrow strips, and pressed into a machine, IC punches. out pieces, of the required shape and and passes them under a die, which stamps ibeBU to caps, at the rate of 5000 per hour. i iii . - : ' Sfimts awjo Seoars. The Secretary of the Trea sury V Report shows the curious fact that, in.the esi year, 50-51, the amount of imports of Brandy 'were - ' ' Other Spirits,1- l 46C.O0O tTI u;-,;.i lr. 2.590,000 YVhilsJgof Segars alone theVe" ware $2,521,0" 7