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- for -the Standard." "
AT SOUTHERN REFORMS. " An lint." wad 18 m V m . ,e Constitution of jsoria -- RA.VDO.tf SHOTS REUS. Act t amend tli well be made aware in the out- . .... -, - , article., tnougu ol a mere parly dogma. DncY i" Amerii is 'progressive-progress- ire Ift .he east ohjeci '" ""r" I defi- . t u. oi.noorl. in its application io propagandists r the Greyly wing f h 'J n Whig School. It is progressive .n he goo I old ... .. " . t.i ni the word, rTogres- WalKer ana " " 4 !.t thnt hold on to ine gpou k nroved to be noruu u - 1 to the ive in that it ;0und-U,;t approves what a correct judgment pro rndce.liegiL and just. -1 what a cannon, pru dence and masterly sagacity , . wnai tuiiiir.iv.. what is full of error in incept.on, and which proves .pernicious in execution. which mvlpu 01 made the eminent ue i."" - " " our institutions, christen ni - , ,7 1, this feature or these leature, . i--7- d;;ppiri rf 7 in the United States. mIde Pthe eminent De IVcquev.lle h rev iain liia crreal worst " found no such democracy in the i, n ria presented as a j- j ,--, tie in hw . -it: . n,onimnirn. l,itorr of Athens, norm more " ... . Hpnunnc. as a Democracy uj The nro.'ressof their democracy wa ma. . ... backward commencing below uie aemocrau.. el and going blindly up Hie hin ioibo of cenUaliaaY.onand finally ruin.. Our. commenced on the level, and its continued mission , 1. to re.nove 4l inequalities in the beginning overlooked, or v, .11U1 have by Us enemies been accumulated upon the sur- faThe progress! venuss of our Democracy, avoiding the abuVof Pr'l- It never demonstrates itseii ny rar mm -- . ' . I...S i um nations upon the viai0Q nor 11 v iiviuiii o Bculeva etirps to ia iimi u.vf. -- .,.7-i. " u f.,ll our democracy, which u ..u...j s'vards. It adopts liberal and enlightened mca to patriotic and popular ends. The consequence f CM nr.d its endeavois go together. It is this spirit m consisting with the theory ol our government, causes the party enlisted under US banner to be so ofien tri- XTHERLBfTS-TIISTORY. We are indebted to the author for a copy of the above work. ' ' . Wo took occasion to notice ihe ptospectus for this work, in which we .aid "his work has cost Ihe Author years of labor, and, from his known capabili ty for the undertaking. It must prove highly interest ing to every North Carolinian." - - -- ' The actual work, now before us, more than Tulhls our most sanguine anticipations. It is handsomely got op, in octavo form, two volumes bound tn one. The first volume contains a concise history of the State from 1594 to 1851, embraced in 133 pages, em belished with a plate showing the first landing or the English on the shores of the United Slates, which was in North Carolina ; and the second volorne, of 480 paorps, contains an account of the origin, date of formation, popolation, atatistics, urd biographical sketches of the distinguished citizens in each and evrry county in that State; this volume lealsoembel ished with several beautiful plates. . . This work is a most valuable contribution to the literature of the age. We are proud of the record, and proud that the author is a citizen of our county. Not only have the papers of .our own State, but lead ing journals abroad have noti. ed this wrk in terms oAhe highest eulogy. The following extracts have been taken at random from the numerous compliments bestowed upon it : This work places North Carolina on htgi grounds." Ptnnsyleaman. The author appears to have examined with much zeal, industry, and commendable care, every author and authority of her history from that date (1581) to the present. His materials have beenrich and amnio, and he has made good nse of them." ISaltutial Intelligencer. " The author has been engaged in collecting infor mation for those sketches for the last ten years. Ve know that he has applied himself with unwearied in dustry and unflagging zeal. II contains a mass of f.icts which ought to be known to every son of the Slate. Every reading man will procure a copy, study it, and imbue the minds of his children with the knowledge it contains, and the patriotic spirit that pervades it." iVr. C. S'anJarJ. DaSIBL WeBSTBR ASD THK : SotJTHB R?TWhIGS. . . We believe that the Hon. uaniei weoster is a tavur ite candidate for the Presidency of -the' Southern Whigs generally. To all ihia we have no sort of objection, if their taste inclines thai way ; but we may be bold enough to ask them whether he secured any hold apon their affections by a declaration he made in his Buffalo speech of May, 185t; and which reads thus : " If the South wish any concession from me, Ihey Won't get it i not a hair breadth if it. r If they tome to my house fur it, they will n I find it, and the dour wili be shut f I concede nothing." If they answer in the negative, then we humbly ssk them if he excited their admiration by. declara tions, in the same speech, to the following effect i ; Gentlemen, I contend, and have always contend ed, that after the adoption of the Constitution, any measure of the Government calculated to bring more slave territory into the United States, was beyond the power of the Consaituiion, and against its pro visions. That is my opinion, and it always has been my opinion. It was inconsistent, or thought to be so, in Jefferson's time, to at'ach Louisiana to the United Slates. A treaty with France was made for that puropose. But Jefferson's opinion of that move ment was, that an alteration of the Constitution was necessary to enable it to be done. In consequence ol considerations which I need not now recur to, that opinion was abandoned, and Louisiana was ad mitted by law, without any provision or alteration in the Constitution. At that time. 1 was too young to hold any office, or take any share in the political af fairs of the country. Louisiana was admitted .as a tlave State, and became entitled to her representation in Congress on the principle of a mixed basis. Flor ida was afterwards admitted. Then, too, I was out of Congress; I had been in it once; but I had noth ing to do with the Florida treaty, or the ad nission of r londa. My opinion remains unchanged, that it was not within the original scope or design of the Con stitution to admit new States out of foreign territory ; and that for one I would never consent; and no mat ter what may be said at the Syracuse convention, or at any other assemblage of insane persons, I never would consent, and never have consented, that there should be one fool f slave territory, beyond what the old thirteen Slates had at the time of the formation I ol the Union. Never, never. The man can't show THE STANDARD. ..-.--- "T II I .1 1 -1. .. nnniiinnf n records and esiaoiisnes. ine eiauora.c nnaiigcunrui its parts, the minuteness 01 its aeians, any n eusiui.- i Uhing variety of incidents it presents must have. Raleigh Register. The soul of this progressivenpss is the spirit which revives .and animates democracy alter n '7"P"" i indeed, cost him an inconceivable amount of labour detent, it is me laiem i.riuu...0 ... , 1 which gives new life to the Phoenix, which erelong ; regard, arises theretrom. 11 was un p .,.,; , 0m ir(ll,i:,ffn. to notice this le that was manifested by our present wormy v."' ! , c . : - " - : . : ci. ri n t V Magistrate when m ,...... . j j"::',,. ' f most Valuable ia htm 1 nnnnpncR 111 111c it . in the iutice and wisdom ted. encouraged him after one r..,ii( him in a euliseatient 'n. .r...m ;n ihaKtnt Consnttiiionatiahrvinz ine 1 work IIIVICIVIIU . . 1 w - - - , - w as well as my rich neighbors to vole for Senator, lias vctitude of his intentions. ! then said it would prove one of ine most yaiuauie of the policy lie advoca- i works to the citizens of the State ever published, ne defeat, and cheered and j The xciua! work verifies this pledge. Theehap vjctory. i ter on our county, (Rowan. )ia worth the price of Ihe For ourselves, we confess our gratification at the . face tQ me anj say he c;ln prove that I ever de- mannerln which Col. Wheeler has accomplished his parted from that doctrine. He woold sneak away, undertaking, which, when we consider the immense anj slink awa or hjre a mercenary Press, that he numberof valuable, and hitherto unknown lacts 11 ( injaht cr out wj,at an apostate from liberty Daniel a nn1 esinhl i hs. the elaborate arrangement 01 .-..i,,.,. u.. L.mo ri ..,mV,i.9n) t.ora 1 It knows himself to be a hypocrite and a falsifier. But, gentlemen, I was in public life when the proposition to annex Texas to the United States was brought forward. You know the revolution in Texas which divided that country from Mexico, occurred in the year 1835 or '36. I saw then, and I don't know that 1 1L,. hP elective reform s.i-9ied itself ! valuable work, having seen it in manuscript. V e j, required any particular foresight, that it would bo Magistrate w hen ine eacuve iriuiu. ?. ., nf i!, most va uab e tl.o ni il.inrr m hrmir Tkm. whiih was de. signed to be a slaveholding State, into this Union. I did not wait. I sought an occasion to proclaim my utter aversion to any such measure, and I determined to resist it with all my strength to the last. Now, We might add, if we never felt proud of our cut- y gentlemen, it is not for your edification, I am sure, zenship before, we might now boast." t that I now revive what I have belore spoken in the Salisbury IVulchman. pretence ol this assembly. I was in this city in the " We cannot express our gratification at the pleas- i year 1837, and long before I left New York on that ure afforded , by the perusal of ' Wheeler's Hislo- j excursion, in the course of which I went to the South yet it is too broad a principle for pr.riy mere party : ry o(- n0nt Carolina.' Yes, perusal, tor so intense- land returned here, my tnends in mew orK were itation, party advocacy, parly success or party gia- . y interested did we become in merely glancing over j Kina enougn to oner me a 1 puonc cinneras a testimony tulalions. The reader will perceive I am anxious to j,3 parres, at first, that it was scarcely out of our ! of their public regard. 1 went out of. my way, on keep clear of party references, and not to invest these hands until we had gone through the greater portion j that occasion, for the purpose of showing what I an remarks with any thing like partizm prpjudice. Gov. 1 of the work. ticipated in the attempt to annex Texas as a slave Reid was not indebted to party scheming, party ad- ye fotlid many passages that we would be glad 1 territory, and said it should be opposed by me to the vice nor to party ambition for the suggestions relative ; t0 c.jpy. Bat as every North Carolinian will, of i last extremity." to the change in the qualification of voters lor Sena- COurse, procure a copy, this would be superfluous. j We have heretofore given a part of this extract to tors. Bein a tnte Democrat he was alone indebted j ye have learned more of the history of our na- our readers, but as it was then ii.correctly prinieJ, to democratic instincts lor nis interest on mr mirs- llve ?smie ny ine perusal 01 mis wors man we ever ; we uwm iupci i uianc a tuucci ictuiu ui u un lion. The beautv, truth and justice 01 me cnange touched the hearts ol those of his own party and the hear is and consciences of the true Democrats among ; The thanks of the State are eminently due the the Whiffs; and the result was his triumphant elec- ;aut,or. Spirit of the Age. and features of Democracy thai ninirrfMivd sntrlt written upon it in language which all can understand ; and which made the oflice-pampered myrmidons of WKi.nrv irmhl tn tr.ins ate and interpret. Ann Illy r v I W 1 v knew before, and are prouder than everof our beloved ! for future use, if necessary. If we mistake not, the .' old mother. ! Whis of the South regard Thomas Corwin as a lion by a deraocritic not party majority, in tins j State. ! The Governor must have been thrilled with name- less feelings ol pride and pleasure, when he put his : official signature to the Act with the above caption. ! Political destruction had been the prophetic visian j held up before him by the enemies to him and popu- j l.r rights, for his daring to ferret out a constitutional ; evil and proposing an efficient remedy. But his tri-j nmphant election, his nattering selection oy ine peo- . ' 1 1- . : Ilpinnrralic neonifl Ol iorin t.arouna 10 Every family outiht to have, with a Bible and an Almanac, a copy ot the work. To the aspirants for the next Legislature this work will prove a valuable vade mecuut and greatly facili tate their Legislative labors." Graham Democrat. Other notices, equally complimentary, from the press, and from distinguished literary characters, might be collated ; but we have only room for but the following extract, taken from a letter shown tn us tuttous prophecy. 1 When Gov. Jeid was elected, the State had cause JjTri - j by a friend, and addressed to the author by a distin- forlhas the happy and stanlingulfilment of the gra- ity, allow me to thank you for the result of your pa- . - - : j s I -1. . - C . r.. , . ...i.Jf;o . ,. h:.,. . nn "ni, nerseveHng inuusiry. ureal is mo ueui 01 grii- l. j: i... i.j .,f.,i i,i , . bit-Atf '' itude due ycu from the citizens of your own Slate, !. 1 I I I .. r. .1 ;n i-t rwv u no ra f m 1 lOT ItSeil IlaU UetMl lUCtCBBIIII III ornu crat. elected upon a pure democratic question : lion above the ordinary issues of litis or that party hateful abolitionist compared with Webster, and yet the former, in his aneech advoeatinv the admission . . i . of California, declared his readiness to vote for her iadmission with slavery tolerated in her constitution, I as soon as he would without it. But Mr. Webster ! says he never has and never would consent " that ; there should be one foot of slave territory beyond what the old thirteen Slates, at the formation of the ; Union," added to our country. And yet Southern ; Whigs talk of him as their first choice for President. ; What, then, shall we hear from the nextl 1 We will hereafter exhibit Mr. Webster in a new ; dress in this same speech, and, by his testimony, convict such men as Gov. Johnston, of Pennsylvania, Horace Greely, of New York, with their thousand allies, of treason to their country. Baltimore Jlrgus. thus rescuing from oblivion a vast amount of local Gkand Enterprise. We sec it stated that the a ques- ' l"stry. ch as the general Historian is prone to over- , oenaie 01 ueorgia nas passed a dim chartering a ran- It. is desired that the reader remember that it is here Wished to be impressed that Ui? reform, by "Which it is proposed to give every one the right to vote for State Senators, has not originated in any party cacus. is not the behest of any party cabal, is not the dictum of any officious party leader. Bein? Our humble tribute, after such praise, is unneces- bove party iuelf. Governor Reid, in his advocacy, ary. e close una article by expressing me mgn -Tose superior to party. The liberal min.lrd of the gratification we feel at the position thal"0.d Lin WhtTS came out of the ranks Jwhich held them in coin, with her daughters, Catawba and Gaston, oc--bondaae to error and wrong. Seeing, what it has j cupies in this work. . been here attempted to explain, ihey voted for Gov. The name of Lincoln is associated w ith that of the Reid : and now Ihe success of the popular measure ; P"" soldier. General Benjamin Lincoln, whose depends upon these same voters holding together and i eventful life, from his cradle to his grave, has been voting accordingly upon the proposed change in the I cm1 by Col. heeler with accuracy and truth. Constitution T The Association of the r ree-holders, in 175 ad- Virginia has just set theOld North a glorious ex- . vee lhe Jnny of the British rule, is preserv ample. There, in changes similar to the one we pro- ! and, Spcond only to the Mecklenburg Declara pose only more radical. Whig and Democrat emul.i- "rn. I he Battle of Ramsour s Mill, June, 1 9, ted each other in the energy, argument and influence ; wl"ch wou,d eoan ,,ave En yh the things beyonJ brought to bear in favor of the needed modifications. ! ,he flood, is here preserved, as it came from the pen Shall we close our eyes to our necessities, and turn ' of tl,e late 9en' Jo8PPh Grabam ;.and, " ro.ul of ,he with indifference from the appealing voice of an ap- ' British, under lord Cornwall, in 1781, is traced work. With the exceptionof Harper s ramily Bible, j via the town of U lay ton, through the Kaburnf Gap, 1 know of no 6ucli instance ;-while it is gratilying to and thence to Anderson Court House. If this char you as showing a proper appreciation of your labors, ! ter should become a law, it will open to the capita it is highly commendable to the citizens of your pat- j lists of South Carolina One of the most magnificent riotic State. " ! enterprises that ever enlisted their attention. The posite and brilliant example 1 No ! For Democracy is progressive. Doplin, Jan. 26. CLIO. BrAtmrui. Figure. The following very beauti ful illustration was given by a Divine in Chelsea, on Sunday, December, C8th : Two painters were employed to frescoe the walls of a magnificent cathedral ; both stood on a rude scaffolding constructed for the purpose, some forty feet from the floor. One of them was so intent upon his work that he became wholly absorbed, and in admiration stood off from the picture, gazing at it with intense delight. Forgetting where he was, he moved backwards slowly, surveying critically the work of his pencil, until he had nenred the very edge of the plank upon which he stood. At ibis critical moment, his companion turned sud denly, and, almost frozen with horror, beheld his im minent peril ; another .insta:it, and the enthusiast 1 woald be precipitated upon the pavement beneath : it he spoke to him. it was certain death If he held his peace, death was equally certain. Suddenly he regained his presence of mind, and seizing a wet brush, flung it against the wall, spattering the beau tiful picture with unsightly blotches of coloring. The painter flew forward, and turned upon his friend with fierce imprecations, but startled at his ghastly face, ho listened to the recital of danger, and looked shud dcringly over the dread space below, and with tears of gratitude blessed tho hand that saved him. Bo, said the preacher, we sometimes get absorbed in looking upon the pictures of this world, and in contemplating them, step backwards, unconscious of eur peril, when the Almighty dashes out the beauti ful images, and we spring- forward to lament their destruction into the out-stretched arms of mercy, and art saved. ttm . " aistcoat. tie wore a flashy waistcoat on the night when first we met, with famous pair of whiskers and of imperial jet. His air had all the haughtiness, his voice the manly tone. -or. gentleman wu.iu muusiina dollars, all bis . WD I MW hi,n bul mnient. Jet methinks I see i i bio now, with a very flashy waistcoat and a beaver - on bis brow. And once again I saw that brow no seat beaver was there, but a shocking bad tin was bis bat, and malted was his hair. He wore a brick witbia bis hat, the change was all complete, and he was flanked by constables, who marched him op th.air.ot. I him but a moment, yet methinks I bp him now, charged by these worthy officers with kick ing p a row. - A gentleman speaking of Cincinnati, says its most ppropriats name would be the Taw-burg ol America. Yes," replied another, " I think it will be the i9-rpoli9 of the United States.' JVew fork Picayune. from authentic sources j The lives of Gen. Graham, the Brevard family, I the Forney family, Hon. Robert H. Burton, Col. Michael Hoke, Hon. James Graham, and the Kev. Robert Hall Morrison, are given with truth and jus tice. The list of her members, from 1774 to 1852, invaluahls as a reference. We commend to all, and refer to the advertisement of the delivery agents for this Judicial District, in this day's paper. Lincolnlon Republican. Maxims for Young Men. Keep good company or none. Never be idle. If your hands cannot be usefully employed, attend to the cultivation of your mind. Always speak the truth. Make few prom ises. Live up to your engagements. Keep your own secrets, if yon have any. When you speak to a person, look him in the face. Good company and good conversation are the 'very sinews of virtue. Good character is above all things else. Your char acter cannot be essentially injured except by your own acts. If any one speaks evil of you, let your life be so that none will believe him. Drink-no kind of intoxicating liquors. Ever live, misfortune ex cepted, within your income. When you retire to bed, think over what you have been doing during the day. Make no haste to be rich if you would prosper. Small and steady gains give competency with tranquility of niinJ. Never play at any kind of game of chance. Avoid temptation, through fear you may not withstand it. . Earn money before you spend it. Never run in debt, unless you see a way to get out again. Never borrow if you can possibly avoid it. Do not marry until you are able to support a wife. Never speak evil of any one. Keep yourself innocent, if you would be happy. Save when you are young to spend when you are old. Read over the above maxims at least once a week, and adopt the maxims and exam ples of mercantile n.orality inculcated and exhibited from time to time in the pases of the Merchants' Mag azine, and success will crown your efforts in the bat tle of life. There is a woman in New Hampshire, possessing great physical strength, who does all the heavy work of the farm. Her husband yields her implicit obedi ence, under penalty of being placed across his wife's knee and treated as a disobedient child. She has been known to raise a barrel of cider from the ground and drink from the bung ! Boston Journal. We give the above as an item of news. We hope that the Legislature will engage that woman to "car ry oui' me Maine JL.iqnor Law. IHE Queen or Spun. It ia atntort that Ono.n Isabella is so delighted at becoming a mother, that she has announced her intention of increasing her family, ad has forbidden her subjects to take the ""-""""J oain 01 allegiance to the first princess. iio nnptt to 1 resent the sution with a son shoru object is to extend the western end of the Road from the North Carolina line to Knoxville, or some point on the Hiwassd Railroad, thus connecting Charles ton directly by Railroad with tre Great Tennessee State Road, which is now in course of construction, from Knoxville, up the valley of the Nolachuka, to Abirgdon and Lynchburg, Virginia. This connec tion will put the great valley of Western Virginia, a large portion of North Carolina, all of East Tennes see, and an important portion of Kentucky and Geor gia in direct and uninterrupted Railroad intercourse with the City of Charleston, by a route more practi cable and more direct by some hundred miles, proba bly, than any other heretofore contemplated. It is, therefore, one of the greatest and most important pro jects of the age, not only to the States embraced in the foregoing programme, but to the entire Southern country and if consummated, of which there can be no doubt, if the way is once opened up by liberal charters from the several States interested, will do more to promote the social, commercial, and political interests of the South than has been done by itsquan dain rulers in the fourth of a century. It will origi nate, strengthen, and perpetuate the bonds ol South ern union furnish the means of their confederatad and national independence, and contribute to rend asuuder the iron chain with which we are bound to the car of the Northern Juggernaut, and which is rap idly crashing the life's blood from our Southern body politic. Truly it is a great work one that should stimulate the enterprise and enlist the sepport of eve ry patriot in the South, no matter where he resides. Mote on. If you are ever to be anything, you must make a beginning, and you must make it your self. The-world is too practical to help drones, and push them along, when there is a busy hive of work- ers, who, it anyming, live 100 last. 1 on must 1111 up your own feet, and if you have clogs on, which clat ter about your heels, tney win soon ae worn on and left behind on the dusty pathway. Mark out the line which you prefer, let truth be the object glass hon esty the surveying chain and eminence the level ... a . ll l.i with which you lay out your neia ; ana inus prepared with prudence on one arm and preservance on the oth er, you need fear no obstacle. Do not be afraid to take the first step, it will bring you so much nearer the second. But if your first step break down try again. It will be surer and safer, by trial. Besides, if you never move, you will never know your own power. A man standing still and declaring his ina bility to walk, without making an effort, would be a general laughing-stock and so, morally is the man in our opinion, who will not test his own moral and intellectual power, and, then gravely assures us that he has " no genius," or " no talent." A man with seeing eyes keeping them shut, and complaining that he cannot see, is the trumpeter of his own inability. Raleigh Times. This paper has made its appear ance again, looking quite clean and fresh after its long nap. R. I. Wtnwb is the publisher and C. C. Kaboteau the editor. By the bye, the re-appearance of the Times has reminded us that there was a great " Convention " excitement about a year ago, which fact the people had nearly forgotten, We laughed rirht out when we saw the Times still bestriding its old hobby, kicking and spurring with all its might. It won't go, Charley, and there's no use whipping. Mountain Banner. Grass Seed Extraordinary. It is stated in the Bangor Courier that at some of the distilleries in Massachusetts the people are packing small casks of liquor in large casks, some in hay, some in chaff and some in seeds, and marked Ho different places in Mains as grass seed." HALTS I GH, N. C WEDNESDAY, FEBBVART 4, 152. THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. It is well known that, in 1842, the Democrats were in power in the Legislature' of this State ; and that the duty of re-arranging the Congressional Dis tricts devolved upon the Legislature which assem bled during that year. This duty was performed, and, according to usage and custom it was expected, by all conservative and fair-minded citizens, that the Districts, thus laid off, would stand for ten years. But not so. The Whig leaders became so hungry for the spoils " that they overleaped both usage and custom, and set every consideration in favor of con servatism and permanent legislation at defiance, by repealing the act of 1843, and by substituting in its place an act designed and expressly framed with the view if securing to themselves two-thirds of the Dis tricts. This they did at Ihe session of 1846-'47 ; and their main argument in favor of this action was, that they had the majority in the State, and were, there fore, entitled to a majority of Ihe members. This is history. Claiming to be, of all pattiss, the conser vative party, and professing above all other men to hold in the highest respect the lime-honored usages of the State, they nevertheless went forward in the perpetration of an act which had no other principle to sustain it than the mere accidental majority of num bers. The result was that they got most of the seats in Congress, but public opinion was stifled. Well, the Democrats came into power again in 1850. They were sustained by a popular majority of over two thousand, and they had both branches of the Legisla ture; and what course did they adopt 1 They found the law of 1842 repealed, and the Raynennander of 1846 in operation, and they felt, upon a survey of the en tire field, that their right to repeal this Raynennander and restore the first act, was belter than that of their opponents to repeal the original law ; but they pre ferred the repose of the public mind and the ascenden cy of conservative doctrines to their own interests as a party, and so they permitted the Raynermander to stand. This, too, is history. Read ittandthen say which party has most regard for law, order, and those conservative principles which lie at the founda tion of our Republican system. But there is one point connected with this subject which we desire to bring distinctly before the public mind. It is this : The Whig leaders claim, as a fix ed principle, that the party which has the popular majority is entitled to a majority of the members of Congress. Well, the Democrats have the popular majority now, and they had it at the last session. And now, was it not the duty of these leaders, at the last session, according to their own doctrine, to come forward and offer to the Democrats a change in the Districts, so as to give the latter a majority of the members 1 Were they not bound, as consistent and honest men, to make this tender? It will not do to say the Democrats might not or would not have ac cepted it the point is, v. ere not these leaders, accord ing to their own principle of action, and from the regard they profess to have for the popular majority, bound to make the offer ? That is the point; and we now call upon the Raleigh Register, in the presence of the people, to meet it and dispose of it. CONGRESS. We present, in another column, a synopsis of the proceedings of this body on Wednesday and Thurs day last, which is as far as our dates extend by reg ular course of Mail. No very important business has been disposed of thus far, and we deem it useless to crowd our columns with the proceedings in detail. .Our readers will no doubt prefer, as we do, to have the kernel without the hull. We shall continue to furnish a regular synopsis similar to that alluded to, but shall also give all important votes and such de bates as may be of interest to our readers. The House has been engaged, for some days past, in rather a warm debate on the proposition of the Committee on Public Printing, to give the printing' of the Census documents to Messrs. Donelson and Armstrong of the Washington Union. The proposi tion is to give these gentlemen the work, to be exe cuted on reasonable terms, and the printing to be su perintended by the Secretary of the Interior. Mr. Venable, of this State, spoke on the 26th January in opposition to this proposition. His remarks shall appear soon. The proposition above referred to, in relation to the Census printing, was finally referred to the Commit tee of the whole on the State of the Union; and we may now expect that it will be fully discussed before final action is had upon it. THE SPOILS." The Raleigh Register appeals to its party ib this State to unite, organize, and rally, with the view of carrying the ensuing Legislature, so as to ensure to the Whig leaders the control in the Congressional and Senatorial Districts for the next ten and twenty years. Not one word is said about principles, but power is the object, "without a why or a wherefore." Will that paper now come forward and give some reasons why the Whigs ought to be restored to power in North Carolina Will it condescend, for once at least, to discard fancy sketches and mere de clamation, and furnish its readers with something in the shape of argument? Why does the Register de sire that the Whig leaders should obtain control in the next Assembly 1 What, in short, is the Register in favor of? What is it up to, politically ? DEMOCRATIC MEETINGS. We published in our last Semi-weekly, and give to-day in our Weekly, the proceedings of a Demo cratic Meeting held in Catawba ; and we also pub lish to-day the proceedings of our Doplin friends. The true spirit is making itself felt and heard. We trust our friends, in all quarters, will come up to the work with an energy and zeal worthy of their noble cause. We have right on our side, and the people are with us; and we have, therefore, nothing to fear but apathy and indifference among ourselves. The Democrats of Duplin, it will be seen, omitted to appoint Delegates to the State Convention ; but we .have no doubt they will attend to the matter in due time. We have been requested to call the attention of the farmers of Wake County to the importance of forming an Agricultural Society. The advantages of such a Society are self-evident, and it is therefore unnecessary to submit aiguments upon the subject. We hope our farming friends will take the matter into consideration, and act at the ensuing February Court. It has been suggested that a meeting be called on Monday of Court, for the purpose of or ganizing a Society, We trust the meeting may be well attended. The last Newbernian contains a letter from the Hon. William H. Washington, in which that gentle man declines having his name brought before the Whig Convention in connection with the office of GovHr. . ' THE TRIUMPHS OF DEMOCRACY. We commend the following, from the r'enuuylva nian, to the particular attention of the Editor of the Raleigh Register : " Where are the Whigs ijt the Ascendant? There are lliirty-one Slates and four Territories In this Union. -And yet, in all this vast sisterhood of con federations this family of Republics this world of Freedom, of Progress, and of Equality the Whig principles, like the dove of Noah's ark, has barely a place on which to rest the sole of its foot. It has entire control of but one State in this broad Union. This is the Slate ol Vermont the citadel of Free Soilism, the very Gibraltar of sectionalism, where the loes of the Constitution seem to have made a last stand against the conquering legiens of the Na tional Democracy ! What a contrast! How- this spectacle rebukes the past policy of the Whigs! How it propares the future for the victories of De mocracy ! From ocean to ocean, the defeat of the Whig prin ciples has almost been an extermination. In many of the old Whig fortresses the Whigs have managed to retain partial power by denying their most cher ished doctrine. In others they have escaped the wreck by sheltering themselves upon the Democratic platform. Maine has rejected them in the far extreme of the East ; Oregon has expelled them in the far extreme of the West New York, on the Atlantic, after dallying with them foryears, rises against them just as the intelligence of their discomfiture in Cali fornia, on the Pacific, reaches our ears. Massachu setts and Maryland, Michigan and Minnesota, Indiana and Illinois, New Jersey and New Hampshire, Mis sissippi and Missouri, North Carolina and South Carolina, Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania, Tennes see and Kentucky all have declared for the Democ racy in the State or in their Congressional elections by great and conclusive majorities. And may we not add that after the Union victories of the South, no Southern Whig can vote for a Northern candidate for President ? History will record this as a mirac ulous instance of political unanimity; and millions will hail it as the sign and seal of the renewed pat riotism of the people, and the invincibility of our constitutional Union ! Here, then, upon this threshhold, let a united De mocracy which has blessed this whole hemisphere with good government, and extinguished the fires of that dangerous discontent which threatened to plunge us into irretrievable Anarchy upon this, the broad, national and auspicious threshold of 1852, let us take our stand. It will be our own folly and our own shame it we do not march from it to an une qualled conquest over the principles of our oppo nents." The foregoing is as true as it is eloquent. By the way, we published some weeks since a table, showing the names and the politics of the Governors of the different Slates, and we thought we might see it in the Register as an item of news; but the Editor, it seems, has not as yet progressed that far in his newspaper reading. We believe there are as many as four Whig Governors, out of the thirty-one, in the United States; and this fact ap pears in this table. The Editor might as well publish it; and if he desires to do so, we will send him a copy. It may have escaped his observation. SINGULAR tdi.i The M. E. Conference of Alabama held . anniversary at Mobile o Saturday ,1 . 2(n' Binhop Andrew presiding The , h inst., cMt!, u,;r,; , !- there any thmg against him?" bei L ''n' "h persons responded, entering the followin S"era! er complaints: 1st. Having attended I' 0lh Ball in Mobi.e on their last anniversary - L m .en,f Jhn Wes,ey' and of A Method. ,n a disrespectful manner i h . 3d. That reports were in circulation tl,ath NpUi ing was not orthodox; 4th. That he did nize the right of the. Church t . not nil Discharge of the Christiana Prisoners. The bills preferred against the Christiana prisoners for murder and riot were returned this morning by the Grand Jury, " no bills," and all .the prisoners were discharged by John- L. Thompson, Esq., District Attorney. This is one of the most disgraceful results that we nave ever had to record. A grand jury, presumed to be sworn to do their duty, refuse to take any step to punish the perpetrators of one of the most daring and notorious outrages ever committed. Fuyetteville Observer. This is just the result we have been predicting and looking for all along. It may now be taken for j granted that, in the free States, no punishment will follow resistance to the fugitive-slave law. As it is, a fugitive is secured now ar.d then, and delivered to his owner; but if Mr. Webster's bill, giving trial by jury t( the fugitive in the free States, had passed, not one would have been delivered up. SCOTT AND JONES. The Whig Convention of Maine, which assembled on the 27th, adopted a Resolution recommending the holding of the Whig National Convention at Phila delphia on the 17th of June next ; and also express ed a preference for Gen. Scotl and James C. Jones( of Tennessee, for the Presidency and Vice Presi dency. We predicted, some time since, that the next nom ination of the Whigs for the Presidency and Vice Presidency, would he gunpowder and fun ,- and it must be confessed, we think, by the most determined Fill more men, that things are lending that way. In connection wilh the foregoing we ask leave most respectfully to put the following question to the Ra leigh Register: When will Mr. Fillmore begin his race for the Presidency, and where t Mr. Graham ? THE DUEL. The duel between the Editors of the Richmond Examiner and Whig Messrs. Daniel and Johnson after the exchange of one shot on each side, was honorably adjusted " in the presence of another Editor and quite a numberof distinguished gentlemen, " well capable, " says the Correspondent of the Bal timore Sun, " of judging in honors' cause. " Good ! So we have another " adjustment, " and nobody hurt. The duel was fought on the farm of F. P. Blair, near Washington City; and the parlies, after the fun was over, shook hands, and then, by invitation of Mr. Blair, went to his house and were entertained by him in his usual hospitable manner. De Bow's Review is now established upon a good foundation, having a circulation of over three thou sand. We want a more highly educated class of merchants; and we believe De Bow's Review is cal culated to impart just such instruction as our mer chants ought to have. Each number is devoted to internal improvements, commerce, manufactures, ag riculture, and contains literary matter and a portrait of some distinguished person, with a biography. This excellent Review is published at New Or leans, at $5 per annum. SUPERIOR COURTS. The Judges of the Superior Courts will ride the ensuing Spring circuits in the following order : 1. Edenton, 2. Newbern, 3. Raleigh, 4. Hillsborough, 5. Wilmington, 6. Salisbury, 7. Morganton, Judge Battle, Judge Settle, Judge Dick, Judge Caldwell, Judge Ellis, Judge Bailey, Judge Manly. Five of the most remarkable women of this age, or perOps any other, are at present in the United Stateseach one representing different countries of Europe, to wit: Madame Kossuth, from Hungary Jenny Lind, from Sweden Parodi, from Italy Catharine Hayes, from Ireland and the celebrated Countess of Landsfeldt, from Spain, better known as Lola Montez. James Montgomery, the poet, a Sheffield (Eng.) paper says, has read the notices of hi death, in the American papers, with their accompany fng eulogies, wilh much satisfaction, and, what is more, read them without the aid of glasses. The helpless poor of Lancaster, Pa., it is stated, are every winter provided with fuel, from a perpetual fund, some time since famished by the Hon. James Buchanan. v" viuoa-iirniiiiin r r. T rv m ... I . . ..ciuurrshin f. vertiser publishes the folio intr hrir',. n". M'sspeech in vindication of himself Ar...,"' f . . " m Mr. M. withdrew, and som 'erhis e time beinir cussion, the question, " shall his .i. Ind's- was decided in the affirmative by a vp i tity: 3 ry larl " It has been the custom of the youtxr pass V' majo. iii. r.,r . . 1. . "y men nr ... jrdij io ceieorate iew Yh ' ""1 peanng in masquerade costume, pandit,, .? baP with flambeaux, then proceeding t0 a " ,1,e streeu for the purpose to receive their friends u hTu Se!ec,fil specialty invited. All classes of persor , b tin r ihpan in vita I irma or. n n . t . 1 . . . " "uenii. . ine regular ministers. 1 was nnnn . "'y'Wir.o these companies, and.after some hesiiaiion A , ne of to become their guest ; that hesitation dioZa?' a fear of giving offence to some memh! f'0111 Church. These scruples were laid aside i assured that custom warranted ihe stei vv consists the wrong ? Was it in o-oino-t'o ih herei 1. had been al the-'Alhambra frequently" bpf e rooin 1 the slightest imputation. In there hpin .Willlout music present? Is it ihen a crime tr 1,?. an(1 of In looking upon men and tUi D 10 nn. . . . ...vii 1 j 1 r 1 1 . -"lines 5 sic ? had done this before in the streets every mv venerable Prpniflinir KIM-- .:.l J. -my venerable had gone dow I le Presiding Elder, u-hk kJ. Dn.e doe it n the street, been jostled bv.U? I' had dinged into his ears vulgar jests and ? "d r r mora Ih III 110ns wimoui sunt : had waited an hn... r.ffprv 1 j ...miner of h witness the passing paseanl, Conference then in the cilv. I nr,.. on the side-walks; and if the entire hdvhaTiP' here, including yourself, sir, you would all ha k at some pains to witness the nrni.e;n. i. .teen cilor um.iId l,;...: Li . . "IS lCl COQ. 10 a weli-lighted, well-warmed room. ."arrou J ladies and gentlemen, where good breeding Wa, rale, to see what was to be seen. Dm, h aSa Call it party, soiree, receptiim eihr is ,pproa ?J ' as Ihe other. What s in a name ? A ro8e b other name would smell as sweet." s 1 But you ask me, why was I there ? I answer accept the courtesy of these young gentlemen, ma r of whom, as 1 supposed, were attendants upon ministry; to see what this thing was. as I iUt J. accustomed to express an opinion, mucii less lofe nounce a thing without due information. I wasiheie gathering materials for my last sermon, in which tha lestiveeve wasalluded to, and iheaeyoonj iPn ,Vfre exhorted to spend the money thus appropriated totbe establishment of a city library, and in its lialls Evens' their Inends, a kind and fit reception. Then "should their anniversaries well accord with the spirit of it, evening. These, sir, are the grounds upon which! attended the Strikers's Ball. Now, sir, in relation to mv ministerial course, 1 come to speak of those brethren, who, with iichim ears, have been willing to receive any report, when' er true or false, concerning me, whom, as a broifc, they were bound to support and defend until I wsi proven guilty, land say lo them that I am as true :y steadfast in the faith as any of them. Allow ut however, by way of premise, lo make some general remarks upon the office of Christianity to the varices ages ot history. While Christianity is integrally the same, becassi ui no iiiuniir iuiiwss, it uas a maniiestaiion accor dant with every development of man. Theearlvara could not exhaust it the latest limes shall notfullr fathom it. In man's nature there is immense provis ions for man's growth in Christianity, which is to complement. There is an answering provision suhti to his expansion. To the various periods of history, as it would seem, have been appropriated different fields of ChrisiM truth and effort. To the first three centuries of the Church were assigned the evidences and docirino of the Gospel, and hence the literature of that period assumes the apologetic and dog.natic form. The fathers applied 'themselves lo its defence ajjainstihe assaults of mythology, philosophy and iliensophj. Bt-sides this, it was their province, especiallyii the Western Churches, to give a scientific staipinen: of its doctrines ; hence, all oursynibolisniRandcrenii are derived from that period. The Greek ('buret stands for us to-day as the exponent of that prioi. for it is emphatically the Church of dogmas an! dogmatisms. New exigencies demand new apjw cations of Chri-tianity the Church of Rome cam forth to meet and make them. Nobly did it don work. Christianity was lobe presented as an au thority, and a law worthy of man's honii.ge audi obe dience. These are the fundamental ideas ol lift Church. To establish these in the human consent has been its mission. To that Church are wechit' ly indebted for what we have of the moral and so cial aspects of Christianity. But new limes caK with them, and new wants men longed for soirii thing more than doctrines, precepts ami the law; bi nature demanded peace the peace of God. The Reformation came, and its office waslik velope the great fact of justiiificali jn hy faith. Tw was the voice that filled its trump and sent itsp1 ing tones throughout the world. To unfnld and emplify this truth was the office of the 1 6th, h and 18th Christian centuries. But is this all 0: Christianity ? No. It has a loftier message k man's soul ; it is the announcement of the true r vine life, the life of God in the soul. The iniM Christianity in those latter ages is ReconciliaW By it the seed of Iuimanuel, God with us, is procreated and perpetuated. By it a lii?hr orders' Christian character, a larger piety, a nobler hunian'tj is to grow up in our poor earth. The records W bear upon this truth are to be found chiefly in" gospels. Christianity for us consists not in the ter or doctrine of law or of morals, but in the hie ihe divine spirit. It is not formal and prospecii . but spiritual and divine. The mission of the puiph then, is not to preach theology that was the pt ince of an earlier time but spirituality and IN me discriminate. By theology I mean the elW1. -j statement of Christian truth ; such as you find ' Paul's Epistle to the Romans, or in moderns of Divinity. By the preaching of life, I discourses of our Lord as are found in the V,aff' lists, especially in John's record. If y" f ,. about writing to a Church to edify them in the you could not find a better mode than Paul 8 epistle. But if when you were about addressinja P, ent congregation, your thoughts were to aseume - e i!l...i.i . , oprv Ulll" iuiiii, 1 auuuiu aj your situuu " " --"J nate. Much more appropriate would be hediscou of our Redeemer himself. In view of these uu then, sir, 1 have said, and do say, " that the p ing of theology is the bane of the Church anj curse of the. pulpit." Furthermore, I 8ay Wesley's Sermons are not the models of . - . . n; nitv Vs. i .uis century, as iuciu ana cogn ,,j,ed lures for young preachers, they are of "'""j ' jj excellence. Again, I do deny the right ot J Choich, or any other, lo make that a test ot w membership, which is not required by we God. Claafl mtinra Bland in this categ,rJ' ,. while thai rule is in the discipline, 1, in common .. ..... jr.. n. ...h um 0" every niemoer 01 ine metnoaist vuuivi ---to obey it." Foote's majority in" Mississippi, as promulp lhn loorielatura nf that State, ia nnlv nine fll'ltl' ninety-nine. This odd combination of "'. think, must embody an omen. There is 80IDe 't occult in U. W here's Amos Kendall, the oothsV r ; ni ;;, 1 a-i rri. knia nnie slanJ' in for Foote 29.358. for Davis 28.359. There is siderable number of living " fire-eaters," die!i Alabama. The Democratic State onTe""'l Alabama have nominated the Hon. VY. the Preshleney R. K6 the1'"' nr. T7-:..:.. Wk; kwr nlected Iff 1UI. wot.ja.,,..., ...5, - - fj ted States' Senate, by the Legislature ot in the place of Mr. Downs, Democrat 1