- for -the Standard." "
AT SOUTHERN REFORMS.
m V m .
,e Constitution of jsoria --
Act t amend tli
well be made aware in the out-
. .... -, - , article., tnougu
ol a mere parly dogma.
DncY i" Amerii is 'progressive-progress-
ire Ift .he east ohjeci '" ""r" I defi-
. t u. oi.noorl. in its application
io propagandists r the Greyly wing f h 'J
n Whig School. It is progressive .n he goo I old
... .. " . t.i ni the word, rTogres-
WalKer ana " " 4 !.t thnt
hold on to ine gpou
k nroved to be noruu u -
ive in that it
;0und-U,;t approves what a correct judgment pro
rndce.liegiL and just. -1 what a cannon, pru
dence and masterly sagacity , .
what is full of error in incept.on, and which proves
.pernicious in execution.
made the eminent ue i."" - " "
our institutions, christen ni - , ,7
1, this feature or these leature, . i--7-
d;;ppiri rf 7 in the United States.
mIde Pthe eminent De IVcquev.lle h rev
iain liia crreal worst "
found no such democracy in the
ria presented as a
j- j ,--, tie
in hw . -it: . n,onimnirn.
l,itorr of Athens, norm more "
... . Hpnunnc.
as a Democracy uj
The nro.'ressof their democracy wa ma. . ...
backward commencing below uie aemocrau..
el and going blindly up Hie hin ioibo
of cenUaliaaY.onand finally ruin.. Our. commenced
on the level, and its continued mission , 1. to re.nove
4l inequalities in the beginning overlooked, or v, .11U1
have by Us enemies been accumulated upon the sur-
faThe progress! venuss of our Democracy, avoiding
the abuVof Pr'l-
It never demonstrates itseii ny rar mm --
. ' . I...S i um nations upon the
viai0Q nor 11 v iiviuiii o
ia iimi u.vf. -- .,.7-i. " u f.,ll
our democracy, which u ..u...j
s'vards. It adopts liberal and enlightened mca
to patriotic and popular ends. The consequence
f CM nr.d its endeavois go together. It is
this spirit m
consisting with the theory ol our government, causes
the party enlisted under US banner to be so ofien tri-
We are indebted to the author for a copy of the
above work. ' ' .
Wo took occasion to notice ihe ptospectus for this
work, in which we .aid "his work has cost Ihe
Author years of labor, and, from his known capabili
ty for the undertaking. It must prove highly interest
ing to every North Carolinian." - - -- '
The actual work, now before us, more than Tulhls
our most sanguine anticipations. It is handsomely
got op, in octavo form, two volumes bound tn one.
The first volume contains a concise history of the
State from 1594 to 1851, embraced in 133 pages, em
belished with a plate showing the first landing or the
English on the shores of the United Slates, which
was in North Carolina ; and the second volorne, of
480 paorps, contains an account of the origin, date of
formation, popolation, atatistics, urd biographical
sketches of the distinguished citizens in each and
evrry county in that State; this volume lealsoembel
ished with several beautiful plates. . .
This work is a most valuable contribution to the
literature of the age. We are proud of the record,
and proud that the author is a citizen of our county.
Not only have the papers of .our own State, but lead
ing journals abroad have noti. ed this wrk in terms
oAhe highest eulogy. The following extracts have
been taken at random from the numerous compliments
bestowed upon it :
This work places North Carolina on htgi
The author appears to have examined with much
zeal, industry, and commendable care, every author
and authority of her history from that date (1581)
to the present. His materials have beenrich and
amnio, and he has made good nse of them."
" The author has been engaged in collecting infor
mation for those sketches for the last ten years. Ve
know that he has applied himself with unwearied in
dustry and unflagging zeal.
II contains a mass of f.icts which ought to be
known to every son of the Slate. Every reading
man will procure a copy, study it, and imbue the
minds of his children with the knowledge it contains,
and the patriotic spirit that pervades it."
iVr. C. S'anJarJ.
DaSIBL WeBSTBR ASD THK : SotJTHB R?TWhIGS.
We believe that the Hon. uaniei weoster is a tavur
ite candidate for the Presidency of -the' Southern
Whigs generally. To all ihia we have no sort of
objection, if their taste inclines thai way ; but we
may be bold enough to ask them whether he secured
any hold apon their affections by a declaration he
made in his Buffalo speech of May, 185t; and which
reads thus :
" If the South wish any concession from me, Ihey
Won't get it i not a hair breadth if it. r If they tome
to my house fur it, they will n I find it, and the dour
wili be shut f I concede nothing."
If they answer in the negative, then we humbly
ssk them if he excited their admiration by. declara
tions, in the same speech, to the following effect i ;
Gentlemen, I contend, and have always contend
ed, that after the adoption of the Constitution, any
measure of the Government calculated to bring more
slave territory into the United States, was beyond
the power of the Consaituiion, and against its pro
visions. That is my opinion, and it always has been
my opinion. It was inconsistent, or thought to be
so, in Jefferson's time, to at'ach Louisiana to the
United Slates. A treaty with France was made for
that puropose. But Jefferson's opinion of that move
ment was, that an alteration of the Constitution was
necessary to enable it to be done. In consequence
ol considerations which I need not now recur to,
that opinion was abandoned, and Louisiana was ad
mitted by law, without any provision or alteration in
the Constitution. At that time. 1 was too young to
hold any office, or take any share in the political af
fairs of the country. Louisiana was admitted .as a
tlave State, and became entitled to her representation
in Congress on the principle of a mixed basis. Flor
ida was afterwards admitted. Then, too, I was out
of Congress; I had been in it once; but I had noth
ing to do with the Florida treaty, or the ad nission of
r londa. My opinion remains unchanged, that it was
not within the original scope or design of the Con
stitution to admit new States out of foreign territory ;
and that for one I would never consent; and no mat
ter what may be said at the Syracuse convention, or
at any other assemblage of insane persons, I never
would consent, and never have consented, that there
should be one fool f slave territory, beyond what the
old thirteen Slates had at the time of the formation
I ol the Union. Never, never. The man can't show
II I .1 1 -1. .. nnniiinnf n
records and esiaoiisnes. ine eiauora.c nnaiigcunrui
its parts, the minuteness 01 its aeians, any n eusiui.-
i Uhing variety of incidents it presents
The soul of this progressivenpss is the spirit which
revives .and animates democracy alter n '7"P"" i indeed, cost him an inconceivable amount of labour
detent, it is me laiem i.riuu...0 ... , 1
which gives new life to the Phoenix, which erelong ; regard,
arises theretrom. 11 was un p .,.,; , 0m ir(ll,i:,ffn. to notice this
le that was manifested by our present wormy v."' ! , c . : - " - : . : ci. ri n t V
Magistrate when m ,...... . j j"::',,. ' f most Valuable
ia htm 1 nnnnpncR 111 111c it .
in the iutice and wisdom
ted. encouraged him after one
r..,ii( him in a euliseatient
'n. .r...m ;n ihaKtnt Consnttiiionatiahrvinz ine 1 work
IIIVICIVIIU . . 1 w - - - , - w
as well as my rich neighbors to vole for Senator, lias
vctitude of his intentions. ! then said it would prove one of ine most yaiuauie
of the policy lie advoca- i works to the citizens of the State ever published,
ne defeat, and cheered and j The xciua! work verifies this pledge. Theehap
vjctory. i ter on our county, (Rowan. )ia worth the price of Ihe
For ourselves, we confess our gratification at the . face tQ me anj say he c;ln prove that I ever de-
mannerln which Col. Wheeler has accomplished his parted from that doctrine. He woold sneak away,
undertaking, which, when we consider the immense anj slink awa or hjre a mercenary Press, that he
numberof valuable, and hitherto unknown lacts 11 ( injaht cr out wj,at an apostate from liberty Daniel
a nn1 esinhl i hs. the elaborate arrangement 01 .-..i,,.,. u.. L.mo ri ..,mV,i.9n) t.ora 1 It
knows himself to be a hypocrite and a falsifier. But,
gentlemen, I was in public life when the proposition
to annex Texas to the United States was brought
forward. You know the revolution in Texas which
divided that country from Mexico, occurred in the
year 1835 or '36. I saw then, and I don't know that
1 1L,. hP elective reform s.i-9ied itself ! valuable work, having seen it in manuscript. V e j, required any particular foresight, that it would bo
Magistrate w hen ine eacuve iriuiu. ?. ., nf i!, most va uab e tl.o ni il.inrr m hrmir Tkm. whiih was de.
signed to be a slaveholding State, into this Union. I
did not wait. I sought an occasion to proclaim my
utter aversion to any such measure, and I determined
to resist it with all my strength to the last. Now,
We might add, if we never felt proud of our cut- y gentlemen, it is not for your edification, I am sure,
zenship before, we might now boast." t that I now revive what I have belore spoken in the
Salisbury IVulchman. pretence ol this assembly. I was in this city in the
" We cannot express our gratification at the pleas- i year 1837, and long before I left New York on that
ure afforded , by the perusal of ' Wheeler's Hislo- j excursion, in the course of which I went to the South
yet it is too broad a principle for pr.riy mere party : ry o(- n0nt Carolina.' Yes, perusal, tor so intense- land returned here, my tnends in mew orK were
itation, party advocacy, parly success or party gia- . y interested did we become in merely glancing over j Kina enougn to oner me a 1 puonc cinneras a testimony
tulalions. The reader will perceive I am anxious to j,3 parres, at first, that it was scarcely out of our ! of their public regard. 1 went out of. my way, on
keep clear of party references, and not to invest these hands until we had gone through the greater portion j that occasion, for the purpose of showing what I an
remarks with any thing like partizm prpjudice. Gov. 1 of the work. ticipated in the attempt to annex Texas as a slave
Reid was not indebted to party scheming, party ad- ye fotlid many passages that we would be glad 1 territory, and said it should be opposed by me to the
vice nor to party ambition for the suggestions relative ; t0 c.jpy. Bat as every North Carolinian will, of i last extremity."
to the change in the qualification of voters lor Sena- COurse, procure a copy, this would be superfluous. j We have heretofore given a part of this extract to
tors. Bein a tnte Democrat he was alone indebted j ye have learned more of the history of our na- our readers, but as it was then ii.correctly prinieJ,
to democratic instincts lor nis interest on mr mirs- llve ?smie ny ine perusal 01 mis wors man we ever ; we uwm iupci i uianc a tuucci ictuiu ui u un
lion. The beautv, truth and justice 01 me cnange
touched the hearts ol those of his own party and the
hear is and consciences of the true Democrats among ; The thanks of the State are eminently due the
the Whiffs; and the result was his triumphant elec- ;aut,or. Spirit of the Age.
and features of Democracy
thai ninirrfMivd sntrlt
written upon it in language which all can understand ;
and which made the oflice-pampered myrmidons of
WKi.nrv irmhl tn tr.ins ate and interpret. Ann
Illy r v I W 1 v
knew before, and are prouder than everof our beloved ! for future use, if necessary. If we mistake not, the
.' old mother. ! Whis of the South regard Thomas Corwin as a
lion by a deraocritic not party majority, in tins j
The Governor must have been thrilled with name-
less feelings ol pride and pleasure, when he put his :
official signature to the Act with the above caption. !
Political destruction had been the prophetic visian j
held up before him by the enemies to him and popu- j
l.r rights, for his daring to ferret out a constitutional ;
evil and proposing an efficient remedy. But his tri-j
nmphant election, his nattering selection oy ine peo-
. ' 1 1- . :
Ilpinnrralic neonifl Ol iorin t.arouna 10
Every family outiht to have, with a Bible and an
Almanac, a copy ot the work.
To the aspirants for the next Legislature this work
will prove a valuable vade mecuut and greatly facili
tate their Legislative labors."
Other notices, equally complimentary, from the
press, and from distinguished literary characters,
might be collated ; but we have only room for but
the following extract, taken from a letter shown tn us
tuttous prophecy. 1
When Gov. Jeid was elected, the State had cause
JjTri - j by a friend, and addressed to the author by a distin-
forlhas the happy and stanlingulfilment of the gra-
ity, allow me to thank you for the result of your pa-
. - - : j s I -1. . - C .
r.. , . ...i.Jf;o . ,. h:.,. . nn "ni, nerseveHng inuusiry. ureal is mo ueui 01 grii-
l. j: i... i.j .,f.,i i,i , . bit-Atf '' itude due ycu from the citizens of your own Slate,
!. 1 I I I .. r. .1 ;n i-t rwv u no ra f m 1 lOT
ItSeil IlaU UetMl lUCtCBBIIII III ornu
crat. elected upon a pure democratic question :
lion above the ordinary issues of litis or that party
hateful abolitionist compared with Webster, and yet
the former, in his aneech advoeatinv the admission
. . i .
of California, declared his readiness to vote for her
iadmission with slavery tolerated in her constitution,
I as soon as he would without it. But Mr. Webster
! says he never has and never would consent " that
; there should be one foot of slave territory beyond
what the old thirteen Slates, at the formation of the
; Union," added to our country. And yet Southern
; Whigs talk of him as their first choice for President.
; What, then, shall we hear from the nextl
1 We will hereafter exhibit Mr. Webster in a new
; dress in this same speech, and, by his testimony,
convict such men as Gov. Johnston, of Pennsylvania,
Horace Greely, of New York, with their thousand
allies, of treason to their country.
thus rescuing from oblivion a vast amount of local Gkand Enterprise. We sec it stated that the
a ques- ' l"stry. ch as the general Historian is prone to over- , oenaie 01 ueorgia nas passed a dim chartering a ran-
It. is desired that the reader remember that it is
here Wished to be impressed that Ui? reform, by
"Which it is proposed to give every one the right to
vote for State Senators, has not originated in any
party cacus. is not the behest of any party cabal, is
not the dictum of any officious party leader. Bein?
humble tribute, after such praise, is unneces-
bove party iuelf. Governor Reid, in his advocacy, ary. e close una article by expressing me mgn
-Tose superior to party. The liberal min.lrd of the gratification we feel at the position thal"0.d Lin
WhtTS came out of the ranks Jwhich held them in coin, with her daughters, Catawba and Gaston, oc--bondaae
to error and wrong. Seeing, what it has j cupies in this work. .
been here attempted to explain, ihey voted for Gov. The name of Lincoln is associated w ith that of the
Reid : and now Ihe success of the popular measure ; P"" soldier. General Benjamin Lincoln, whose
depends upon these same voters holding together and i eventful life, from his cradle to his grave, has been
voting accordingly upon the proposed change in the I cm1 by Col. heeler with accuracy and truth.
Constitution T The Association of the r ree-holders, in 175 ad-
Virginia has just set theOld North a glorious ex- . vee lhe Jnny of the British rule, is preserv
ample. There, in changes similar to the one we pro- ! and, Spcond only to the Mecklenburg Declara
pose only more radical. Whig and Democrat emul.i- "rn. I he Battle of Ramsour s Mill, June, 1 9,
ted each other in the energy, argument and influence ; wl"ch wou,d eoan ,,ave En yh the things beyonJ
brought to bear in favor of the needed modifications. ! ,he flood, is here preserved, as it came from the pen
Shall we close our eyes to our necessities, and turn ' of tl,e late 9en' Jo8PPh Grabam ;.and, " ro.ul of ,he
with indifference from the appealing voice of an ap- ' British, under lord Cornwall, in 1781, is traced
work. With the exceptionof Harper s ramily Bible, j via the town of U lay ton, through the Kaburnf Gap,
1 know of no 6ucli instance ;-while it is gratilying to and thence to Anderson Court House. If this char
you as showing a proper appreciation of your labors, ! ter should become a law, it will open to the capita
it is highly commendable to the citizens of your pat- j lists of South Carolina One of the most magnificent
riotic State. " ! enterprises that ever enlisted their attention. The
posite and brilliant example 1
No ! For Democracy is progressive.
Doplin, Jan. 26.
BrAtmrui. Figure. The following very beauti
ful illustration was given by a Divine in Chelsea,
on Sunday, December, C8th :
Two painters were employed to frescoe the walls
of a magnificent cathedral ; both stood on a rude
scaffolding constructed for the purpose, some forty
feet from the floor. One of them was so intent upon
his work that he became wholly absorbed, and in
admiration stood off from the picture, gazing at it
with intense delight. Forgetting where he was, he
moved backwards slowly, surveying critically the
work of his pencil, until he had nenred the very edge
of the plank upon which he stood.
At ibis critical moment, his companion turned sud
denly, and, almost frozen with horror, beheld his im
minent peril ; another .insta:it, and the enthusiast 1
woald be precipitated upon the pavement beneath :
it he spoke to him. it was certain death If he held
his peace, death was equally certain. Suddenly he
regained his presence of mind, and seizing a wet
brush, flung it against the wall, spattering the beau
tiful picture with unsightly blotches of coloring. The
painter flew forward, and turned upon his friend with
fierce imprecations, but startled at his ghastly face,
ho listened to the recital of danger, and looked shud
dcringly over the dread space below, and with tears
of gratitude blessed tho hand that saved him.
Bo, said the preacher, we sometimes get absorbed
in looking upon the pictures of this world, and in
contemplating them, step backwards, unconscious of
eur peril, when the Almighty dashes out the beauti
ful images, and we spring- forward to lament their
destruction into the out-stretched arms of mercy,
and art saved.
ttm . " aistcoat. tie wore a
flashy waistcoat on the night when first we met, with
famous pair of whiskers and of imperial jet. His
air had all the haughtiness, his voice the manly tone.
-or. gentleman wu.iu muusiina dollars, all bis
. WD I MW hi,n bul mnient. Jet methinks I see i
i bio now, with a very flashy waistcoat and a beaver
- on bis brow. And once again I saw that brow no
seat beaver was there, but a shocking bad tin was
bis bat, and malted was his hair. He wore a brick
witbia bis hat, the change was all complete, and he
was flanked by constables, who marched him op
th.air.ot. I him but a moment, yet methinks I bp
him now, charged by these worthy officers with kick
ing p a row. -
A gentleman speaking of Cincinnati, says its most
ppropriats name would be the Taw-burg ol America.
Yes," replied another, " I think it will be the
i9-rpoli9 of the United States.'
JVew fork Picayune.
from authentic sources
j The lives of Gen. Graham, the Brevard family,
I the Forney family, Hon. Robert H. Burton, Col.
Michael Hoke, Hon. James Graham, and the Kev.
Robert Hall Morrison, are given with truth and jus
tice. The list of her members, from 1774 to 1852,
invaluahls as a reference.
We commend to all, and refer to the advertisement
of the delivery agents for this Judicial District, in
this day's paper. Lincolnlon Republican.
Maxims for Young Men. Keep good company
or none. Never be idle. If your hands cannot be
usefully employed, attend to the cultivation of your
mind. Always speak the truth. Make few prom
ises. Live up to your engagements. Keep your
own secrets, if yon have any. When you speak to
a person, look him in the face. Good company and
good conversation are the 'very sinews of virtue.
Good character is above all things else. Your char
acter cannot be essentially injured except by your
own acts. If any one speaks evil of you, let your
life be so that none will believe him. Drink-no kind
of intoxicating liquors. Ever live, misfortune ex
cepted, within your income. When you retire to bed,
think over what you have been doing during the day.
Make no haste to be rich if you would prosper. Small
and steady gains give competency with tranquility of
niinJ. Never play at any kind of game of chance.
Avoid temptation, through fear you may not withstand
it. . Earn money before you spend it. Never run in
debt, unless you see a way to get out again. Never
borrow if you can possibly avoid it. Do not marry
until you are able to support a wife. Never speak
evil of any one. Keep yourself innocent, if you
would be happy. Save when you are young to spend
when you are old. Read over the above maxims at
least once a week, and adopt the maxims and exam
ples of mercantile n.orality inculcated and exhibited
from time to time in the pases of the Merchants' Mag
azine, and success will crown your efforts in the bat
tle of life.
There is a woman in New Hampshire, possessing
great physical strength, who does all the heavy work
of the farm. Her husband yields her implicit obedi
ence, under penalty of being placed across his wife's
knee and treated as a disobedient child. She has
been known to raise a barrel of cider from the ground
and drink from the bung ! Boston Journal.
We give the above as an item of news. We hope
that the Legislature will engage that woman to "car
ry oui' me Maine JL.iqnor Law.
IHE Queen or Spun. It ia atntort that Ono.n
Isabella is so delighted at becoming a mother, that
she has announced her intention of increasing her
family, ad has forbidden her subjects to take the
""-""""J oain 01 allegiance to the first princess.
iio nnptt to 1 resent the sution with a son shoru
object is to extend the western end of the Road from
the North Carolina line to Knoxville, or some point
on the Hiwassd Railroad, thus connecting Charles
ton directly by Railroad with tre Great Tennessee
State Road, which is now in course of construction,
from Knoxville, up the valley of the Nolachuka, to
Abirgdon and Lynchburg, Virginia. This connec
tion will put the great valley of Western Virginia, a
large portion of North Carolina, all of East Tennes
see, and an important portion of Kentucky and Geor
gia in direct and uninterrupted Railroad intercourse
with the City of Charleston, by a route more practi
cable and more direct by some hundred miles, proba
bly, than any other heretofore contemplated. It is,
therefore, one of the greatest and most important pro
jects of the age, not only to the States embraced in
the foregoing programme, but to the entire Southern
country and if consummated, of which there can be
no doubt, if the way is once opened up by liberal
charters from the several States interested, will do
more to promote the social, commercial, and political
interests of the South than has been done by itsquan
dain rulers in the fourth of a century. It will origi
nate, strengthen, and perpetuate the bonds ol South
ern union furnish the means of their confederatad
and national independence, and contribute to rend
asuuder the iron chain with which we are bound to
the car of the Northern Juggernaut, and which is rap
idly crashing the life's blood from our Southern body
politic. Truly it is a great work one that should
stimulate the enterprise and enlist the sepport of eve
ry patriot in the South, no matter where he resides.
Mote on. If you are ever to be anything, you
must make a beginning, and you must make it your
self. The-world is too practical to help drones, and
push them along, when there is a busy hive of work-
ers, who, it anyming, live 100 last. 1 on must 1111 up
your own feet, and if you have clogs on, which clat
ter about your heels, tney win soon ae worn on and
left behind on the dusty pathway. Mark out the line
which you prefer, let truth be the object glass hon
esty the surveying chain and eminence the level
... a . ll l.i
with which you lay out your neia ; ana inus prepared
with prudence on one arm and preservance on the oth
er, you need fear no obstacle. Do not be afraid to
take the first step, it will bring you so much nearer
the second. But if your first step break down try
again. It will be surer and safer, by trial. Besides,
if you never move, you will never know your own
power. A man standing still and declaring his ina
bility to walk, without making an effort, would be a
general laughing-stock and so, morally is the man
in our opinion, who will not test his own moral and
intellectual power, and, then gravely assures us that
he has " no genius," or " no talent." A man with
seeing eyes keeping them shut, and complaining that
he cannot see, is the trumpeter of his own inability.
Raleigh Times. This paper has made its appear
ance again, looking quite clean and fresh after its
long nap. R. I. Wtnwb is the publisher and C. C.
Kaboteau the editor. By the bye, the re-appearance
of the Times has reminded us that there was a great
" Convention " excitement about a year ago, which
fact the people had nearly forgotten, We laughed
rirht out when we saw the Times still bestriding
its old hobby, kicking and spurring with all its
might. It won't go, Charley, and there's no use
whipping. Mountain Banner.
Grass Seed Extraordinary. It is stated in the
Bangor Courier that at some of the distilleries in
Massachusetts the people are packing small casks of
liquor in large casks, some in hay, some in chaff and
some in seeds, and marked Ho different places in
Mains as grass seed."
HALTS I GH, N. C
WEDNESDAY, FEBBVART 4, 152.
THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS.
It is well known that, in 1842, the Democrats
were in power in the Legislature' of this State ; and
that the duty of re-arranging the Congressional Dis
tricts devolved upon the Legislature which assem
bled during that year. This duty was performed, and,
according to usage and custom it was expected, by
all conservative and fair-minded citizens, that the
Districts, thus laid off, would stand for ten years.
But not so. The Whig leaders became so hungry
for the spoils " that they overleaped both usage and
custom, and set every consideration in favor of con
servatism and permanent legislation at defiance, by
repealing the act of 1843, and by substituting in its
place an act designed and expressly framed with the
view if securing to themselves two-thirds of the Dis
tricts. This they did at Ihe session of 1846-'47 ; and
their main argument in favor of this action was, that
they had the majority in the State, and were, there
fore, entitled to a majority of Ihe members. This is
history. Claiming to be, of all pattiss, the conser
vative party, and professing above all other men to
hold in the highest respect the lime-honored usages
of the State, they nevertheless went forward in the
perpetration of an act which had no other principle
to sustain it than the mere accidental majority of num
bers. The result was that they got most of the seats
in Congress, but public opinion was stifled. Well,
the Democrats came into power again in 1850. They
were sustained by a popular majority of over two
thousand, and they had both branches of the Legisla
ture; and what course did they adopt 1 They found the
law of 1842 repealed, and the Raynennander of 1846
in operation, and they felt, upon a survey of the en
tire field, that their right to repeal this Raynennander
and restore the first act, was belter than that of their
opponents to repeal the original law ; but they pre
ferred the repose of the public mind and the ascenden
cy of conservative doctrines to their own interests as
a party, and so they permitted the Raynermander to
stand. This, too, is history. Read ittandthen say
which party has most regard for law, order, and
those conservative principles which lie at the founda
tion of our Republican system.
But there is one point connected with this subject
which we desire to bring distinctly before the public
mind. It is this : The Whig leaders claim, as a fix
ed principle, that the party which has the popular
majority is entitled to a majority of the members of
Congress. Well, the Democrats have the popular
majority now, and they had it at the last session.
And now, was it not the duty of these leaders, at the
last session, according to their own doctrine, to come
forward and offer to the Democrats a change in the
Districts, so as to give the latter a majority of the
members 1 Were they not bound, as consistent and
honest men, to make this tender? It will not do to
say the Democrats might not or would not have ac
cepted it the point is, v. ere not these leaders, accord
ing to their own principle of action, and from the
regard they profess to have for the popular majority,
bound to make the offer ? That is the point; and we
now call upon the Raleigh Register, in the presence
of the people, to meet it and dispose of it.
We present, in another column, a synopsis of the
proceedings of this body on Wednesday and Thurs
day last, which is as far as our dates extend by reg
ular course of Mail. No very important business
has been disposed of thus far, and we deem it useless
to crowd our columns with the proceedings in detail.
.Our readers will no doubt prefer, as we do, to have
the kernel without the hull. We shall continue to
furnish a regular synopsis similar to that alluded to,
but shall also give all important votes and such de
bates as may be of interest to our readers.
The House has been engaged, for some days past,
in rather a warm debate on the proposition of the
Committee on Public Printing, to give the printing'
of the Census documents to Messrs. Donelson and
Armstrong of the Washington Union. The proposi
tion is to give these gentlemen the work, to be exe
cuted on reasonable terms, and the printing to be su
perintended by the Secretary of the Interior. Mr.
Venable, of this State, spoke on the 26th January in
opposition to this proposition. His remarks shall
The proposition above referred to, in relation to the
Census printing, was finally referred to the Commit
tee of the whole on the State of the Union; and we
may now expect that it will be fully discussed before
final action is had upon it.
The Raleigh Register appeals to its party ib this
State to unite, organize, and rally, with the view of
carrying the ensuing Legislature, so as to ensure to
the Whig leaders the control in the Congressional
and Senatorial Districts for the next ten and twenty
years. Not one word is said about principles, but
power is the object, "without a why or a wherefore."
Will that paper now come forward and give
some reasons why the Whigs ought to be restored to
power in North Carolina Will it condescend, for
once at least, to discard fancy sketches and mere de
clamation, and furnish its readers with something in
the shape of argument? Why does the Register de
sire that the Whig leaders should obtain control in
the next Assembly 1
What, in short, is the Register in favor of? What
is it up to, politically ?
We published in our last Semi-weekly, and give
to-day in our Weekly, the proceedings of a Demo
cratic Meeting held in Catawba ; and we also pub
lish to-day the proceedings of our Doplin friends.
The true spirit is making itself felt and heard. We
trust our friends, in all quarters, will come up to the
work with an energy and zeal worthy of their noble
cause. We have right on our side, and the people
are with us; and we have, therefore, nothing to fear
but apathy and indifference among ourselves.
The Democrats of Duplin, it will be seen, omitted
to appoint Delegates to the State Convention ; but we
.have no doubt they will attend to the matter in due
We have been requested to call the attention of
the farmers of Wake County to the importance of
forming an Agricultural Society. The advantages of
such a Society are self-evident, and it is therefore
unnecessary to submit aiguments upon the subject.
We hope our farming friends will take the matter
into consideration, and act at the ensuing February
Court. It has been suggested that a meeting be
called on Monday of Court, for the purpose of or
ganizing a Society, We trust the meeting may be
The last Newbernian contains a letter from the
Hon. William H. Washington, in which that gentle
man declines having his name brought before the
Whig Convention in connection with the office of
GovHr. . '
THE TRIUMPHS OF DEMOCRACY.
We commend the following, from the r'enuuylva
nian, to the particular attention of the Editor of the
Raleigh Register :
" Where are the Whigs ijt the Ascendant?
There are lliirty-one Slates and four Territories In this
Union. -And yet, in all this vast sisterhood of con
federations this family of Republics this world of
Freedom, of Progress, and of Equality the Whig
principles, like the dove of Noah's ark, has barely a
place on which to rest the sole of its foot. It has
entire control of but one State in this broad Union.
This is the Slate ol Vermont the citadel of Free
Soilism, the very Gibraltar of sectionalism, where
the loes of the Constitution seem to have made a
last stand against the conquering legiens of the Na
tional Democracy ! What a contrast! How- this
spectacle rebukes the past policy of the Whigs!
How it propares the future for the victories of De
From ocean to ocean, the defeat of the Whig prin
ciples has almost been an extermination. In many
of the old Whig fortresses the Whigs have managed
to retain partial power by denying their most cher
ished doctrine. In others they have escaped the
wreck by sheltering themselves upon the Democratic
platform. Maine has rejected them in the far extreme
of the East ; Oregon has expelled them in the far
extreme of the West New York, on the Atlantic,
after dallying with them foryears, rises against them
just as the intelligence of their discomfiture in Cali
fornia, on the Pacific, reaches our ears. Massachu
setts and Maryland, Michigan and Minnesota, Indiana
and Illinois, New Jersey and New Hampshire, Mis
sissippi and Missouri, North Carolina and South
Carolina, Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania, Tennes
see and Kentucky all have declared for the Democ
racy in the State or in their Congressional elections
by great and conclusive majorities. And may we
not add that after the Union victories of the South,
no Southern Whig can vote for a Northern candidate
for President ? History will record this as a mirac
ulous instance of political unanimity; and millions
will hail it as the sign and seal of the renewed pat
riotism of the people, and the invincibility of our
constitutional Union !
Here, then, upon this threshhold, let a united De
mocracy which has blessed this whole hemisphere
with good government, and extinguished the fires of
that dangerous discontent which threatened to plunge
us into irretrievable Anarchy upon this, the broad,
national and auspicious threshold of 1852, let us
take our stand. It will be our own folly and our
own shame it we do not march from it to an une
qualled conquest over the principles of our oppo
nents." The foregoing is as true as it is eloquent.
By the way, we published some weeks since a
table, showing the names and the politics of the
Governors of the different Slates, and we thought
we might see it in the Register as an item of news;
but the Editor, it seems, has not as yet progressed
that far in his newspaper reading. We believe there
are as many as four Whig Governors, out of the
thirty-one, in the United States; and this fact ap
pears in this table. The Editor might as well
publish it; and if he desires to do so, we will send
him a copy. It may have escaped his observation.
The M. E. Conference of Alabama held .
anniversary at Mobile o Saturday ,1 . 2(n'
Binhop Andrew presiding The , h inst.,
cMt!, u,;r,; , !-
there any thmg against him?" bei L ''n' "h
persons responded, entering the followin S"era!
er complaints: 1st. Having attended I' 0lh
Ball in Mobi.e on their last anniversary - L
m .en,f Jhn Wes,ey' and of A
Method. ,n a disrespectful manner i h .
3d. That reports were in circulation tl,ath NpUi
ing was not orthodox; 4th. That he did
nize the right of the. Church t . not
Discharge of the Christiana Prisoners. The
bills preferred against the Christiana prisoners for
murder and riot were returned this morning by the
Grand Jury, " no bills," and all .the prisoners were
discharged by John- L. Thompson, Esq., District
This is one of the most disgraceful results that
we nave ever had to record. A grand jury, presumed
to be sworn to do their duty, refuse to take any step
to punish the perpetrators of one of the most daring
and notorious outrages ever committed.
This is just the result we have been predicting
and looking for all along. It may now be taken for j
granted that, in the free States, no punishment will
follow resistance to the fugitive-slave law. As it is,
a fugitive is secured now ar.d then, and delivered to
his owner; but if Mr. Webster's bill, giving trial
by jury t( the fugitive in the free States, had passed,
not one would have been delivered up.
SCOTT AND JONES.
The Whig Convention of Maine, which assembled
on the 27th, adopted a Resolution recommending the
holding of the Whig National Convention at Phila
delphia on the 17th of June next ; and also express
ed a preference for Gen. Scotl and James C. Jones(
of Tennessee, for the Presidency and Vice Presi
dency. We predicted, some time since, that the next nom
ination of the Whigs for the Presidency and Vice
Presidency, would he gunpowder and fun ,- and it must
be confessed, we think, by the most determined Fill
more men, that things are lending that way.
In connection wilh the foregoing we ask leave most
respectfully to put the following question to the Ra
leigh Register: When will Mr. Fillmore begin his
race for the Presidency, and where t Mr. Graham ?
The duel between the Editors of the Richmond
Examiner and Whig Messrs. Daniel and Johnson
after the exchange of one shot on each side, was
honorably adjusted " in the presence of another
Editor and quite a numberof distinguished gentlemen,
" well capable, " says the Correspondent of the Bal
timore Sun, " of judging in honors' cause. " Good !
So we have another " adjustment, " and nobody hurt.
The duel was fought on the farm of F. P. Blair,
near Washington City; and the parlies, after the fun
was over, shook hands, and then, by invitation of
Mr. Blair, went to his house and were entertained by
him in his usual hospitable manner.
De Bow's Review is now established upon a good
foundation, having a circulation of over three thou
sand. We want a more highly educated class of
merchants; and we believe De Bow's Review is cal
culated to impart just such instruction as our mer
chants ought to have. Each number is devoted to
internal improvements, commerce, manufactures, ag
riculture, and contains literary matter and a portrait
of some distinguished person, with a biography.
This excellent Review is published at New Or
leans, at $5 per annum.
The Judges of the Superior Courts will ride the
ensuing Spring circuits in the following order :
Five of the most remarkable women of this age,
or perOps any other, are at present in the United
Stateseach one representing different countries of
Europe, to wit: Madame Kossuth, from Hungary
Jenny Lind, from Sweden Parodi, from Italy
Catharine Hayes, from Ireland and the celebrated
Countess of Landsfeldt, from Spain, better known
as Lola Montez.
James Montgomery, the poet, a Sheffield (Eng.)
paper says, has read the notices of hi death, in the
American papers, with their accompany fng eulogies,
wilh much satisfaction, and, what is more, read them
without the aid of glasses.
The helpless poor of Lancaster, Pa., it is stated,
are every winter provided with fuel, from a perpetual
fund, some time since famished by the Hon. James
v" viuoa-iirniiiiin r r. T rv m ... I .
. ..ciuurrshin f.
vertiser publishes the folio intr hrir',. n".
M'sspeech in vindication of himself Ar...,"' f
. . " m
Mr. M. withdrew, and som
e time beinir
cussion, the question, " shall his .i. Ind's-
was decided in the affirmative by a vp i
tity: 3 ry larl
" It has been the custom of the youtxr
iii. r.,r . . 1. . "y men nr ...
jrdij io ceieorate iew Yh ' ""1
peanng in masquerade costume, pandit,, .? baP
with flambeaux, then proceeding t0 a " ,1,e streeu
for the purpose to receive their friends u hTu Se!ec,fil
specialty invited. All classes of persor , b
ihpan in vita I irma or. n n . t .
1 . . . " "uenii. .
ine regular ministers. 1 was nnnn . "'y'Wir.o
these companies, and.after some hesiiaiion A , ne of
to become their guest ; that hesitation dioZa?'
a fear of giving offence to some memh! f'0111
Church. These scruples were laid aside i
assured that custom warranted ihe stei vv
consists the wrong ? Was it in o-oino-t'o ih herei
1. had been al the-'Alhambra frequently" bpf e rooin 1
the slightest imputation. In there hpin .Willlout
music present? Is it ihen a crime tr 1,?. an(1 of
In looking upon men and tUi D 10 nn.
. . . ...vii 1 j 1 r 1 1 .
had done this before in the streets every
mv venerable Prpniflinir KIM-- .:.l J.
had gone dow
le Presiding Elder, u-hk kJ. Dn.e doe it
n the street, been jostled bv.U? I'
had dinged into his ears vulgar jests and ? "d
r r mora Ih
110ns wimoui sunt : had waited an hn...
j ...miner of h
witness the passing paseanl,
Conference then in the cilv. I nr,..
on the side-walks; and if the entire hdvhaTiP'
here, including yourself, sir, you would all ha k
at some pains to witness the nrni.e;n. i. .teen
cilor um.iId l,;...: Li . . "IS lCl
10 a weli-lighted, well-warmed room. ."arrou J
ladies and gentlemen, where good breeding Wa,
rale, to see what was to be seen. Dm, h aSa
Call it party, soiree, receptiim eihr is ,pproa ?J '
as Ihe other. What s in a name ? A ro8e b
other name would smell as sweet." s 1
But you ask me, why was I there ? I answer
accept the courtesy of these young gentlemen, ma r
of whom, as 1 supposed, were attendants upon
ministry; to see what this thing was. as I iUt J.
accustomed to express an opinion, mucii less lofe
nounce a thing without due information. I wasiheie
gathering materials for my last sermon, in which tha
lestiveeve wasalluded to, and iheaeyoonj iPn ,Vfre
exhorted to spend the money thus appropriated totbe
establishment of a city library, and in its lialls Evens'
their Inends, a kind and fit reception. Then "should
their anniversaries well accord with the spirit of it,
evening. These, sir, are the grounds upon which!
attended the Strikers's Ball.
Now, sir, in relation to mv ministerial course, 1
come to speak of those brethren, who, with iichim
ears, have been willing to receive any report, when'
er true or false, concerning me, whom, as a broifc,
they were bound to support and defend until I wsi
proven guilty, land say lo them that I am as true :y
steadfast in the faith as any of them. Allow ut
however, by way of premise, lo make some general
remarks upon the office of Christianity to the varices
ages ot history.
While Christianity is integrally the same, becassi
ui no iiiuniir iuiiwss, it uas a maniiestaiion accor
dant with every development of man. Theearlvara
could not exhaust it the latest limes shall notfullr
fathom it. In man's nature there is immense provis
ions for man's growth in Christianity, which is to
complement. There is an answering provision suhti
to his expansion.
To the various periods of history, as it would seem,
have been appropriated different fields of ChrisiM
truth and effort. To the first three centuries of the
Church were assigned the evidences and docirino
of the Gospel, and hence the literature of that period
assumes the apologetic and dog.natic form. The
fathers applied 'themselves lo its defence ajjainstihe
assaults of mythology, philosophy and iliensophj.
Bt-sides this, it was their province, especiallyii
the Western Churches, to give a scientific staipinen:
of its doctrines ; hence, all oursynibolisniRandcrenii
are derived from that period. The Greek ('buret
stands for us to-day as the exponent of that prioi.
for it is emphatically the Church of dogmas an!
dogmatisms. New exigencies demand new apjw
cations of Chri-tianity the Church of Rome cam
forth to meet and make them. Nobly did it don
work. Christianity was lobe presented as an au
thority, and a law worthy of man's honii.ge audi obe
dience. These are the fundamental ideas ol lift
Church. To establish these in the human consent
has been its mission. To that Church are wechit'
ly indebted for what we have of the moral and so
cial aspects of Christianity. But new limes caK
with them, and new wants men longed for soirii
thing more than doctrines, precepts ami the law; bi
nature demanded peace the peace of God.
The Reformation came, and its office waslik
velope the great fact of justiiificali jn hy faith. Tw
was the voice that filled its trump and sent itsp1
ing tones throughout the world. To unfnld and
emplify this truth was the office of the 1 6th, h
and 18th Christian centuries. But is this all 0:
Christianity ? No. It has a loftier message k
man's soul ; it is the announcement of the true r
vine life, the life of God in the soul. The iniM
Christianity in those latter ages is ReconciliaW
By it the seed of Iuimanuel, God with us, is
procreated and perpetuated. By it a lii?hr orders'
Christian character, a larger piety, a nobler hunian'tj
is to grow up in our poor earth. The records W
bear upon this truth are to be found chiefly in"
gospels. Christianity for us consists not in the
ter or doctrine of law or of morals, but in the hie
ihe divine spirit. It is not formal and prospecii .
but spiritual and divine. The mission of the puiph
then, is not to preach theology that was the pt
ince of an earlier time but spirituality and IN
me discriminate. By theology I mean the elW1. -j
statement of Christian truth ; such as you find '
Paul's Epistle to the Romans, or in moderns
of Divinity. By the preaching of life, I
discourses of our Lord as are found in the V,aff'
lists, especially in John's record. If y" f ,.
about writing to a Church to edify them in the
you could not find a better mode than Paul 8
epistle. But if when you were about addressinja P,
ent congregation, your thoughts were to aseume -
e i!l...i.i . , oprv Ulll"
iuiiii, 1 auuuiu aj your situuu " " --"J
nate. Much more appropriate would be hediscou
of our Redeemer himself. In view of these uu
then, sir, 1 have said, and do say, " that the p
ing of theology is the bane of the Church anj
curse of the. pulpit." Furthermore, I 8ay
Wesley's Sermons are not the models of .
- . . n; nitv Vs.
i .uis century, as iuciu ana cogn ,,j,ed
lures for young preachers, they are of "'""j ' jj
excellence. Again, I do deny the right ot J
Choich, or any other, lo make that a test ot w
membership, which is not required by we
God. Claafl mtinra Bland in this categ,rJ' ,.
while thai rule is in the discipline, 1, in common
.. ..... jr.. n. ...h um 0"
every niemoer 01 ine metnoaist vuuivi ---to
Foote's majority in" Mississippi, as promulp
lhn loorielatura nf that State, ia nnlv nine fll'ltl'
ninety-nine. This odd combination of "'.
think, must embody an omen. There is 80IDe 't
occult in U. W here's Amos Kendall, the oothsV
r ; ni ;;, 1 a-i rri. knia nnie slanJ' in
for Foote 29.358. for Davis 28.359. There is
siderable number of living " fire-eaters," die!i
Alabama. The Democratic State onTe""'l
Alabama have nominated the Hon. VY.
nr. T7-:..:.. Wk; kwr nlected Iff
1UI. wot.ja.,,..., ...5, - - fj
ted States' Senate, by the Legislature ot
in the place of Mr. Downs, Democrat
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