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Democratic Meeting In Lincoln. 1 pursuance of P'iS! ing of lb. 'J ove on Saturday .he County, was held iniinr Gen. Daniel 2011. ins.., and "PH'gS Secretary. the ' hat nt". -e following persons were appointed the Chair..a . resolutions for the action of .he a viz - A? P. Cansler, Jno. F. Leonhardt, 'ctZTcoln, Es.y Rhyne, and David Williams, EX" Committee having retired a short time. during u .hne the maeiing wi.s addressed in a brief bu Wn icR nine tuo , uanner by Major i. i. o,au, .... -"-J" ind calling on me forcible ma of Free Suffrage, a organic . ,,iroutrh their uiee reiuriiB.i uuu c--.- -- - Leonhardt, the following pream- A.nr , for the purpose u. ----- nted in me oiain wv... -- - -s Candidate for Governor, and a t-andi- anil a SO. lor me pur iuae The.Comm Chairman, John F. ble and resolutions; " r Old Whereas, a Convention of the Democracy oi Uiu , :" Ar-'!-iil .o he held in L.ncolnton, on Xjincuui, i i'r the I2th of to be represe to nominate i aaie mrri, ,.,, ., ,uA tlimra Democratic iK Kei io -r - pubHcans of Catawba, Lincoln, and Gaston ; there- Rtsolved. That .he Chairman of this meeting ap point ten Delegates, from each Capl's Company in the 1st Baliallion.to a.iend a Convention in Lincoln ton, to co-opera.e with our Republican friends in the Eastern part of the County, and with the deletes from Catawba and Gaston in .he harmonious nomi nation of a ticket, and also to adopt the nereswry measures to have us represented in the Convention before mentioned. 2nd, linked. That, having witnessed the progress and termination of the high handed frauds, by which Federalism gained a temporary ascendency, under th assumed name of Whig-having seen, with con cern, the corrupt peculations upon the Ireasury of .he people, by .he Galphins.and other fraudulent claim antshaving seen it demonstrated that bederahsm. Whirism. free soilism. Abolitionism, higher-lawis.n, a .Tn Janfrorniia iinu. are combined in an et- auu on 3. Revived, That we earnestly press upon the at .eniion of the representatives the opening of the Ca tawba riverrby individual enterprise, as important to the welfare and happiness of thousands, and the con veyance to market of produce, now locked out by its remote position. , . . 4. Resolved, That we hail with pleasure the bright nrosp-c.s of our Republican principles in the nation, and their ultimate triumph in the fall elections ; that, whether the choice of -the party fall upon .Buehanan. Douglas, Cass, or any other true and tried patriot, we will support, with heart and hand, the nomination at the Ballot-Bvx. 5. Resolved, That the course of the Hon. David &. R kid, as Governor of the Slate, meets our cordial ap proval. His conduct has been such as to disarm the cavilling of his political opponents, and increase. the admiration of his friends. His devoted advocacy or the .rreat republican principle of Equal Suffrage, and its triumphant success, have marked the age in which he lives, and will redound to all time, as a brilliant evidence of his statesmanship and political sagacity. Lincoln." with Gaston and Catwba, stand ready and willing to rcll uu for him .he same triumphant ma jority of thirteen hundred,, with two years interest thereon, as he received in his former election. 6. Resolved, That it is the duty of every Demo oral " to stand by the republican presses of the State ; and that the course of the Standard, at Raleigh, and Republican at Lincolnton, meets or cordial approval, and should be sustained. ... 7. Resolved, That a further reform is demanded by ih piogressive spirit of the age ; that an elective Ju .liciary by the people, is not only sanctioned by the example of New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and oiher States, but our preset system for life is a relic of feudal aristocracy, and should be abolished in North Carolina. 8. Resolved, That the Chairman of this meeting appoint five delegates from each Captain's Company in this Butlalion (the eastern) to attend at Lincolnton on Monday of our Superior Court, the 12th of April next, and urge the choice of candidates who will ad vocate and carry out the principles of the foregoing rtanln linns. Having been amended, and the question put by the I Chair, the above Preamble and Resolutions were unanimously adopted. ! It was then resolved that the proceedings of this hv the President and Secretary . . . . j . i. ...... ! i i.i:u..j ;.. , 1.. P.rn ii Koniih man and Ka-i fort to consouaaie me uciiiiu",.,..- . , . , ". t, j . Republican constitution, we feel more devoted than ; letjxli Standard. . , ever to the great republican principles of the Demo- accordance with the 8th resolution, he Chair cratiJ , party, as so often reiterated by our National appointed the following delegates to attend the Conventions, and taught by Jefferson and Madison, Convention at Lincolnton. and illustrated by their successors of the same school Copt. Udder man. Company. r A. B. Laney Hen--Munro"; Jackson, and Polk. I ry Asbury, Osborne Monday. John Brown, Solomon 3rd. Resolved, That the contentions of the Federal j Rudisil. . Dresses of this Stale, in reference to a " Convention' Capl. f-orney's Company. Isaac Low e, J.'H. Mc fo amend the Constitution, some advocating ani o.h- Call, W. W. Monday, Macon Shelton, J. F. Good ersopposinMt, are only so many subterfuges to evade, son. ., r , the question, raise new issues, and thus finally defeat I Capl. Norwood's Company. -r- rhomari Rozzel, d eo. " Equal Suffrage" altogether. ! Kincaid, J. Milton Rankin, Richd. L. Burch. H. 4th, Resolved", That " Equal Suffrage," in the man- j L. Wilson, ner proposed by our patriotic governor, David S. , The meeting then adjourned. u trim republican measure ; and that we cor-; I.J. 1 HUM I SUiN, CA rn. diallv invite all republicans in the State, by whatever ' John Brown, Sec'y. Vynl. liciii ituMi " " - j . r . was then'called upon to give his views; whereupon he renlied that he would not make a speech ; but that l"""V i. - . r . ... j -r .u- r .k r.i. n..n!,J That, in the present emerirencv. me , he most uearutv approveu oi mo uucBruui"s u. .c re-election of our talen.ed. firm, and invincible Gov- meeting, having for their main object the harmony of ernor, the Hon. David S. Keid, with a Uemocranc , the party. He also siaieo. mai a majority oi ine e majority in the Legislature, will be a sure guaiantee mocratic voters of Gaston County did not desire to of the successful progress of the desired reform ; and ; derange the party, by setting up any claim ; but that that therefore, we pledge ourselves to use all fair and , they preferred the organization under which we gained honorable means to promote his re-election, and to ' So signal a triumph two years ago. He also paid a sustain him with a Democratic Legislature. : merited compliment to our late members, and said 6lh, Resolved, That the ability, fidelity, and repub- that a majority of his fellow citizens of Gaston would lican zeal, with which our ' Old Lincoln" members very cheerfully support again such of them as are discharged their duties in .lie last Legislature, er title willing to serve another term. them to our continued confidence and admiration ; and ( that such services give them a claim to our regard, : Democratic fleeting in Caswell, which we should manifest, by honoring such of them . meeting of the Democratic party in Yancey ville. as are willing to serve us again, wun anomer term in , on ,ne 3otn f March was organized by "ailing Gen. nrt names thev mav be called, to unite with us in the ensuing campaign, upon which, perhaps, this great equality of privilege depends. . ft 7 'lU , t ln flu. urucu i kin rill anttmritv to fill anv vacancies that! may occur in their numbers. 2. Resolved, Thatapproving.of the manner in which Got. Rbid Las discharged- the duties of his office, we heartily commend him to the State Convention ashe injr the most suitable person to run as our candidate at the approachiRg elecyon. 3. Resolved, That the unwavering integrity, hones ty and distinguished ability manifested by James Buchanan of Pennsylvania, in the many important posts to which he has been called, has satisfied us that he is eminently qualified to fill the highest office on earth ; and we unhesitatingly declare him to be our first choice for President of the United States. 4. Resolved, That we would feel highly gratified at having the name of our friend and neighbor, Hon. Robert Strange, placed on the Democratic ticket as a candidate for Vice President; and from a long and intimate acquaintance, we cheerfully recommend him to our Democratic brethren throughout the Union as possessing all the requisites for that distinguished of fice. 5. Resolved, That in the commencement of the ap proach ing political campaign, we re-affirm our ad herence to the doctrines of. the Democratic party ; a revenue tariff a proper exercise of the veto power to restrain hasty. and inconsiderate legislation -the In dependent Treasury for the safe keeping and disburse ment of the public moneys a strict construction of the constitution, and an economical administration of the government. G. Resolved, That we regard trie effort now being made to induce the. people to believe that the self styled Union Party" is the peculiar friend and guardian of the Union, as but another attempt to de ceive and fasten upon the country the odious.doctrines of Federalism ; We are unwilling to admit that there is any party more devoted to the Union than the Democratic par ty. There is none so able to perpetua.e it. Robert Strange, Jr., Esq., being called on, enter tained the meeting with an able and interesting ad dress. David Reid, Esq., being called on, addressed the meeting briefly, promising at some future period, to give his views more in detail. In accordance with the first resolution, the chair man appointed the following gentlemen delegates to the Raleigh Convention, being two from each Cap tain's district, viz : 1st. District. Wm. D. McNeill, Elisha Pierce. 2nd. Joseph R. Kemp, Gen. James J. McKay. 3rd. Thos. D. McDowell, Robeson Council. 4th. J. R. Corbett, Enoch Hawes. 5th. Geo. W. Bannerman, Samuel Anders. 6lh. David B. Mel vin, James Hall. 7th. Matthew Young, Chas. T. Davis. 8th. Jas. Robeson, Jr., John S. Willis. 9ih. John A. MoDowett, F. F. Cummihg. . And the following gentlemen to the District Con vention: 1st. District. Thomas M. Kelly, James Brown, Jr. 2nd. John H. Clark, James I. Kemp. 3rd. K. K. Council, Henry B. Jones. 4th. James Al len, Benjamin Evans, Sr. 5th. Calvin J. Dickson, Patrick Cromartie, Jr. 6th. Love McDaniel, V. A. Melvin. 7th. John Si kes, James Melvin. 8th. Thos. J. Robeson, John T. Council. 9th. James M. While, James Childs. Resolved, That the Editors of the Journal, Caroli nian, and Standard, be requested to publish-the pro ceedings of this meeting. On motion of James Robeson, Jr., the meeting ad journed. JOHN C. WOOTEN.CWr. James I. McRee, &c'y. THJSTANDAIIP. RALEIGH, N. 0. "WJEJDWJESDA, APRIL 7, 1852. STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS. Born of humble parents, he was at an early age bound apprentice to a cabinet-maker. But indulging the aspirations of a great soul, he spurned the lowly circumstances by which he was surrounded, and fix ing his eye upon the brightest honors of life, nobly achieved them THE ELECTORAL DISTRICTS. Our readers are aware that the question has been raised, whether the States will vote in the ensuing Presidential election under the apportionment cf 1840 or 1850. This question has engaged the attention of the United State's Senate, and the following Report has been 6ubmiHad,on the subject, by the Judiciary Committee of that body : 'The Constitution provides that "Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the Stale may he entitled in the Congress." The act -of Congress of March 1st, 1792, passed before any election of President had been held under a new ap portionment, gives a construction to this clause of the Constitution in these words : "Which electors (of President and Vice President) shall be equal to the number of Senators and Representatives to which the several States may hy law he. entitled at the time when the President and Vice President' thus to be chosen should come into office." The hew appor tionment under the first census took effect from and after the 3d of March, 1793, (act,of I4th April, 1792.) Accordingly, in 1792, in 1812, and in 1832, the Stales cave a number of electoral votes for President and Vice Preside nt equal to the"number of their Senators and Representatives respectively from and after the 3d of March, 1793, the 3d of March 1813, and the 3d of March, 1833 ; and the act of 1850 having a similar proviso to that of 1792, so it must he in the next election next fall ; that is, the States will vote under the new and not under' the old apportion ment.'' Under these circumstances the Committee were of the opinion that no further legislation on the subject was neeessary. and reported the following resolu tion, which was adopted : "Resolved, That the number of electoral votes to which each State shall be entitled in the election of President and Vice President of the United States in 1852, shall he equal to the number of Senators and Representatives to which each of said States will be found entitled by the apportionment under the en umeration of 1850, as provided by the act "for ta king the seventh and subsequent censuses," approv ed May 23, 1850." The opinion has almost universally prevailed until recently, that the State would vote under the appor tionment of 1840 ; and that clause in the Constitution which provides that the numbei of Electors shall be " equal to the whole number of Senators and Repre sentatives to which the States may be entitled in the Congress, " was relied upon as a sure foundation, as was thought, for this opinion. It was considered that the expression "in the Congress " was to be construed as meaning ' in the Congress " already in existence, and not a future Congress. But the act of 1792. it appears, was entirely overlooked. No one called jto mind that act, or the elections in accordance there with, 1792, 1812, and 1832, until this Report was j submitted by the Senate's Committee and adopted by that body. By the Constitution of the United States, article first, section second. North Carolina was entitled to five members of the House of Representatives, and would, therefore, have cast seven voles for President that capacity. 'Thos. W. Graves to the Chair, and appointing Eli- 7th, Resolved That, inasmuch as the ticket, formed . jan Withers and A. Slade, Secretaries. ith the Senator taken from Lincoln, and the Com- ( Qn ,oUon the Chair ac moners from the other two Counties, proved invinci ble at the last election, we respectfully ask our sister Counties, for the sake of harmony andf. lie success ol our cause,' to again award to Lincoln the Senator; and we make this reasonable request with confidence, not only to do justice to merit, but in view of the fact that Lincoln, always forbearing, has had but one rep- j resentative in the Legislature for many years. 8th, Resolved, That, should the Convention, con- i Vn fllUUUlI 111,3 VIIOII appuimcu a wi u. v, ...ice c -insisting ol Samuel i . mil, i nomas j. iceia ana Nathaniel .J. Pal. ner, to draft resolutions to be sub mitted to the meeting; who reported through their Chairman, !Mr. Hill, the (following resolutions, and their adoption was urged by him in a few earnest remarks: j JVhrreas, We, the Democrats of Caswell, desire ous of cooperating with our party throught the State i in cpriirp i united effort in the suDDort of the candi- trary to our notions of justice and expediency, aware date3 for the ogce 0f President and Vice President, the Senator to another County, then, from the high ! anj Governor ; stand this end of the County has heretofore taken in j Rieolvej That we approve of the proposiiion to every thing pertaining to the support of the true prin- , ,)0j a Stale Convention of the Democratic party at ciples of he old Republican party, we deem it but a ; Raeirh, on the 13th of May next, to nominate a can matter oft Tight that a Commoner should be taken i dljate for the office of Governor of the State ; and from among our fellow citizens west of the South fork. ' thal he Chairman of this Meeting be authorized to 9th, Resolved, 1 hat we instruct our delegates to aDDOint ten delesates to represent the Democracy of Caswell in said Convention. Resolved, That the able and distinguished manner in which the -Hon. David S. Reid has conducted ' 1 1 flT.:c " f fil.la ontitlau It t m 1 n f, a a n A .1 n aa 11113 UliailV Ul UiULD I...U ...C WIIIIUCIltD i .: i r j .I.... I anil cuiiiiuueu oupjiui. ui iub pcupic, auu .uat ujiun i liia 'rp.fl(tptirtn Hpnpnils thn riip.p.prs nf the iinmilnr they prepare these proceedings for publication in the , rj h3 which he ha9 heretofore so ably and fearlessly i, i : DAn..ui...n ........ .. 1.. .... - - - Carolina llcjJuuntan, anu ccij ivciiiutiauu ajjci ''advocated. i Resolved, That we approve of a meeting of the de mocrats of this Dibtnct, to be held at Hillsborough, on the 29ih of April next, for the purpose of select ' ing one or more persons to represent said district in the Baltimore Convention nominate a candidate for Sheriff, and we recommend as our first choice, and request our- brethren of the eastern part of the County to support our nomination. 10th, Resolved, That the4hanksof this meeting be tendered to the President and Secretary ; and that the State that can make it convenient to do so. The Chairman, in accordance with the first resolu tion, appointed the following persons as delegates to the Convention to beheld in Lincolnton, on Monday the 12th of April, to wit Plonk's Company, M. Carpenter, J. M. Newson, j Rfaj, That we regard the Hon. Stephen A A. P. Cansler, H. Cansler, Capt. P. Plonk, Wm. J Hoke, Lawson Kistler, Wallace M. Reinhardt, David Crouse, Robert Williamson. Hautt's Company. Jonas Carpenter, Joseph Hous er, George Coon. Abs'in. Wood, Daniel Hoke, Law son Hill, Esly Rhyue, Capt. Hauss, J. F. Leonhart, John Hoover. Lulx's Company. Joseph Stamey, Peter Seapaugh, John H. Wood, John Seagle, Solomon Rhodes, Wm. Roderwick, Jonas Rhyue, Major Hull, J. A. Roberts, Jonathan Carpenter. Beam's Company. John Glenn, Jacob Beam. G. VV. Hull, Joshua Stamey, Jr., Peter Bess, David Williams, Peter Baxter. Blackburn's Company. Jacob Killian. Henry Hoke, Abrj'm. Brown, James Summerow, David Seagle, William McCaslin, Jonas Rudisill, Henry Shrum, Capt. Robert Blackburn, Andrew Killian. On motion the Chairman and Secretary were added to the above number from their respective Companies. DANIEL SEAGLE, Chairman. Ambrose Costner, Secretary, Y n Un l11 aIaiii n Km riAirav rt urnssl an1 1 m tm- m t of water for other men, but as easy Would it be to 1'" ",c ul" . c u'u extinguish the light of the sun or bridle the winds, stitution in time, and did not, consequently, vote in as to check the 6trong determined man of genius in j that election. The first President, George Wasli- his upward course. If there be one thing on earth ! jngton, was inaugurated the 30th April, 1789; the that uiatifies1 an American heart, it is to see the child i r . - .l c . . . ; i.. ,;, : act of Congress for taking the first census was pass- and a stout heart, manfully, successfully, struggle for j ed lhe lsl of March, 1790 ; and the act for apportion- the heights ol tame. 1 here is a moral sublimity in this, that affects the mind more than the most impos ing work of nature. Such has been the career of Judge Douglas, A poor boy, at eighteen, he emigrated from Ver mont to Illinois, where he commenced the practice of law. At twenty-six he was made Judge of the ing Representatives among the States was passed the 14th April, 1792, which act declared the ratio to be 33,000 (or each member; and then lollowed the act of March 1st, 1792, which provided that the numb er of electors should be " equal to the number of Senators and Representatives to which the States Democratic fleeting at Deattie's Ford. Agreeably to public notice, a number of highly respectable republicans of the eastern portion of Lin coln County assembled at Beanies' Ford, on Satur day, the 20ih ins.., for the purpose of appointing delegates to the Democratic Conventiin, to convene at Lincolnton, on the 12th of April. On motion of H. L. Wilson, Thomas. J. Thomp son was called to the Chair, and John . Brown ap pointed Secretary. Mr. Wilson then offered the following preamble and resolutions, which, having been read and amend ed, were unanimously adopted : Whereas, it has been recommended by our sister counties, Catawba and Gaston, to hold a Convention, composed of Delegates from these counties and Lin coln, to assemble at Lincolnton, on Monday, the 12th proximo, for the purpose of selecting delegates for a District Convention, to appoint a delegate to the Na tional Convention, and also delegates to the State Convention at Raleigh, on Thursday the 13th of May next, and to nominate candidates for the Senate and House of Commons from this District; and whereas, our fellow citizens in the Western section of Lincoln county have called a meeting for this purpose, and a meeting has been called for the Eastern section, to meet this day, at this place, therefore, 1. Resolved, That we have abiding confidence in the prudence and wisdom of the C is to assemble at Lincolnton; that by it all conflict of claims or opinions win be reconciled, and that we will present an undivided front in the hour of trial .which will defeat all opposition and ensure vicinrv 2. Resolved, That the next Legislature is one of great importance to me otaie at large; not only will m U. S. Senator have to be elected in place of M r Mangum, but the Congressional Districts are to be arranged under the last ratio : but its imDOrtanrA ia n(Te immediate to the counties of Lincoln, Gaston, Ca'aw.ha, since the representation in the General is io oe arranged tor the next twenty years x Miciciure, oeuooves us to select our most capable ana aoie men, without rszard to prejudice, or partial. i Douglas, of Illinois, uy reason of his wisdom and ' patriotism, the firmness with which he has perform ' ed his duties to all sections of the Union, eminently I qualified to fill the high and responsible office of I President of the United States; and while we have 'confidence in the Baltimore Convention, and will 'cheertully support its nominee, yet we would earn estly recommend the Hon. Stephen A. Dougias to that body as our hrst choice tor fresident. Resolved, That the distinguished ability with which the Hon. William R. King, of Alabama, has dis charged his duties to the nation has won for him in his native State of North Carolina, the enviable rep utation of a good man and a great statesman t we would therefore recommend him as our first choice tor the office of Vice President. Resolved, That the Chatrman appoint ten delegates to represent this county in the District Convention, to be held at Hillsborough. These resolutions being submitted to the meeting, were unanimously adopted. Robert P. Dick, of Guilford, being loudlv called for, addressed the meeting in strains of great ability and stirring eloquence, interrupted only by trequeni and enthusiastic applause. The Chairman appointed the following persons to the State Convention : George Williamson, Richard Jones, Wm. A. Nunally, Samuel P. Hill, Nathaniel J. Palmer, Col. E. P. Jones, Franklin Warren,' Dr. John Wilson, John B. Barrett, Gen. James K. Lea. And the following to the District Convention : Dr. William Brown, Maj. John A. Graves, Gen. Will. Lea, Dr. Stanfield, Maj. Hiram Lockett, Elijah K. Withers! Thomas Bigelow, David Burch, George Deshong and Nathan Oakley. On motion, ordered that a copy'of the proceedings of this meeting be sent to the Raleigh Standard and Millon Chronicle, with the request to publish the same. Un motion the Meeting sojourned. THOMAS W. GRAVES, Chr'n. Elijah K. Withers, Y t.fm ) supreme oouri oi .ne o.aie. w un.n a comparatively i may be entitled at the tune when the President and short time he was elected to the lower house of Con-j .,..,... . jjress, subsequently elevated to the Senate, and now, J-reuaetu mus io ut cnusen, snouia come into y just in the meridian of life, he stands nrominent for fiee. " In the second election, held in 1792, this Slate nomination for the highest olhce in the Kepublic. gave twelve voles for George Washington for Presi Where is there another whose rise has been so rapid den, and ,weIve for Ge " clhllon for Vice Presi and brilliant How strikingly, too, does this illus- , . . . , , , trate the workings of our institutions 1 He is not the dent 5 8 lhal sfcf must ,,aTe voted ln accordance recipient of Court favor, nor the titled son of nobility, w'lh the act of 1792, and not on the basis assigned who succeeded to office as to an inheritance, but the her in the first article and second section of the Con strong man that has won his way to honorable posi- , 8lltution. So agaifl under the cen8us of 1800 she lion, by the force of his own powers. W here is the i .. , . , " " . , ,, ,. father, in lhe broad extent of our country, who would j wa8 twelve members in the House, and in not look up to him with proud satisfaction, and point j the election of 1804 she gave fourteen votes for Mr. him out to his children as an example of what can be : Jefferson. Again, in the election of 1812, she gave done by talent and energy ! And what model can j fifteen Totes for Mr Madison, showing that she voted the young aspirant desire, more deserving Imitation I ... ric., " , ,. Judge Douglas' career has been one of substantial !under lhe census of 1610, immediately preceding, merit, as welTas exceeding brilliancy. It is no glass 1 She voted again in 1832 under the census immedi house that he has built to himself, but a structure of a.ely preceding; and the same thing will occur as to polished and massive marble, that will last longer aj Uie Stales, fas it has heretofore regularly occur than a day. Since he first entered Congress, his 1 . . . -course has been that of an honest, far-sighted states- ! d) ,n 1852 18'2' 1892' and so on ""definitely, man. Rising superior to sectional influences and do- ' From the election for the seventh term, commencing meslic factions, he has taken a liberal view of the in- 4th of March, 1813, down to the election for the terests of the entire country. The chart of his politi- j fourteenth term, commencing 4th of March, 1841, cal life has been lhe Constitution. As a statesman ! .j r,.i; - . r. i . i" . u . he has never recognized any "higher law" than is ; Norlh CaroI"a as fifteen electoral votes; but in there laid down. Upon its strict observance he has '1,e elections of 1844 and 1848, of Polk and Taylor, ever believed depended deliverance from existing ills ' she cast but eleven votes, having lost, by the census and protection against their recurrence. I of 1840j four members of the House. Especially has his wisdom and fidelity to the com-i D . . , . , ..... o. . '. ,:,,! k moifi,t oai, it may be asked, why should the States vote, promises of the Constitution, been manliest on the j J slavery question. For many years his position on every twenty years, under the census immediately that exciting subject has been most aeciaeo. ne did : preceding i vv e answer, as tallows : lhe Consti not wait for the. storm to gather and discharge its j tutjon was framed in 1787 the first President was furv. before he awoke to a sense of danger. But when i , ... ,QO . . , , ., j . the cloud first made its appearance he foresaw and j elJCled " 1788-inaugurated In April, 1789 ; and the nredicted the consequences. And very different would second election took place in 1792. In the mean- have been the position of the South had his warnings ! lime the census of 1790 had been ordered and taken, u m i rTn r An finfll lllliu ur j-tiiiri tr A - ity or location. Around such we should rally, for our welfare and that of our children demand it. A. Slade, Democratic Meeting in Bladen. A portion of the democrats of Bladen county, as sembled in the Court House in Elizabethtown. on Monday evening, the 29th day of March, 1852. 1 he meeting was organized by appointing John C. Woolen Chairman, and James 1. McRee Secretary. On'motion of Thomas D. McDowell, a committee of five was appointed 'by the Chairman, to prepare reso lutions for the consideration of the meeting : Where upon, the Chairman appointed the following persons, viz : Thos. D. McDowell, Jas. Robeson Jr., John A. McDowell, John H. Clark, and Jarnes M. Woolen. After the committee had retiied, the meeting' was addressed by the following gentlemen : F. George, Esq., of Columbus, and C. C Wright, Esq. of Cum berland county. The following resolutions having been reported by Thos. D. McDowell, were unanimously adopted, viz : Whereas, We concur in the propriety of holding a oiaie uonvenuon in me city oi uaieign, on the 13th day of May, and a District Convention in the Town of Wilmington, on the 23d April. 1. Resolved, That the Chairman appoint two Dele gates from each Captain's District, to represent Bla- -aen county in said Conventions ; and that the Dele been filled every Southerner's heart, at the mention of the Union, than it now awaKens. io sense oi violated contracts .would have embittered our feelings, for the encroachments of the past were forgotten. No dis trust of the future would have disturbed our quietude; for we had confidence in existing compromises. But while at times we may be disposed to indulge unkind thoughts and feelings towards our northern brethren, let us nol forget those of this number who have stood up and in our cause done battle. Aye! even after many in our own ranks had proven traitorous. Let the pncornpromlsing foe be detested, and the traitor branded with infamy, but to him who gallantly strug gles in our defence, let the highest meed of praise be awarded. At present, Judge Douglas stands nrominent among the aspirants to the'1 Presidency. If he be nominated by the Democratic party, we believe that he will be elected by a majority wholly unprecedented. We look upon him as possessing, in an eminent degree, those elements of character that win upon public fa vor. He is yet young; and with a temperament ar dent, chivalrous, and energetic, possesses strong com mon sense, to which every obstacle must yield. He sprung from the masses, and his heartthrobs in sym pathy with every pulsation of theirs ; and should the proclamation, go. forth, that he is the choice of the Democratic National Convention, but one sentiment will pervade the hosts of Democracy, and that will be approval. Should Gen. Scott be the Whig nominee, (which we look upon as a foregone conclusion,) the young men of our country, and the laboring classes, will flock to the standard of the man who was once the apprentice boy, but who by toil opened his way to distinction, with an enthusiasm far different from that which will animate the admirers of an aristocrat, how ever great may be his military renown. And then will ring out, from every workshop, the same spirit stirring cry that fired the soul of the Scotch High lander in past times, and nerved his arm to deeds of prowess "A Douglas! a Douglas!" Danville (Va.) Republican. To Cure a Sorc Conscience. Go to a printer whom you owe rub an eagle in his hand till it sticks. The effe:t on yourself will be most cheering, and on him " astonishing." Boston Post. and it was deemed proper that the second term should commence with members of the House apportioned in accordance with the hast enumeration. A census was directed to be taken every ten years, so that " Representatives and direct taxes" might 4 be ap portioned among the several States according to their respective numbers " ; but then the Presidential term was four years, and it was necessary that this con flict in periods of time should be reconciled and ad justed. There are five Presidential terms every twenty years, and two enumerations of inhabitants within the same period. Thus in 1792, 1796, and 1800 the States voted under the census of 1790; in 1804 and 1808 they voted under the census of 1800; in 1812, 1816, and 1820 they voted under the census of 1810; and in 1824 and 1828 they voted under the census of .1820 ; in 1832, 1836, and 1840 they voted under the census of 1830; in 1844 and 1848 they voted under the census of 1840, and, according to the same rule they will vote in 1852, 1856, and 1860 under the census of 1850; in 1864 and 1868 under the census of 1860 ; and in 1872, 1876, and 1880 under the census of 1870, and so on as long as this difference shall exist between the period of the cen sus and that bf the Presidential term. Were it oth wise, the following would be the result: For exam ple, the States would have voted in 1792, 1796, and 1800 under the census of 1790 in 1804, 1808, and 1812 under that of 1800 in 1816, 1820, and 1824 undsr that of 1810; and so an arrangement became indispensable, by which the States should vote thrice under one census and twice under another these five votings making just twenty years, and fixinv the j elections under the enumerations immediately preced ing, in 1792, 1812, 1832, 1852, 1872, 1892, &c. Under the last census North Carolina will lose one member of the .House, and consequently one Electo ral vote; and it seems to be probable that the Eleo ral Districts will have to be changed previous to the next election, which is to take'place'on Tuesday, the 2nd of November. The Assembly of this State, which alone has the power to make this change, will not meet, in due course, until the third Monday ot November; and it would appear, therefore, indis pensable that that body should bo convened at an earlier period than usual. The number of votes to which the State will be entitled could not have been known to the last Assembly, to Gov. Manly when ho delivered his message to that body, or to Gov. Reid when he came into office, or afterwards during the period lhe Assembly was in Session; and indeed that functionary has not yet been informed of ficially of the number, by the Department at Wash ington. Other States, however, are preparing to act under the census of 1850. The two parties in Penn sylvania are claiming the additional Elector to which that State will be entitled ; and the following Reso lutions on the subject were adopted by the late Dem ocratic Convention of Virginia, with the expectation that the Whig Convention would take a similar view of the subject : Resolved, That under the law of 1792, and the construction placed on it by all the departments of the government. State and federal, for sixty years, and the unofficial reiurns of the late census, as known to this committee, the S.ate ot Virginia will not be entitled to more than 15 electors in the next presidential elec tion. Resolved, That should the law of 1792 be so amend ed, or the official returns of the census so vary from those now before us, as to entitle the State to 17 elec tors, the central committee be authorized and required to appoint two electors for the State at large." If it should be found indispensable to call an extra session of our Assembly, or to convene that body at an earlier period than usual, we have no doubt the Governor will in due - time submit the matter to the Council of State, and that properaction will be taken. Up to 1836 we had annual sessions of the Legis lature ; and therefore no extra session would have been necessary from 1812 to 1840, provided there had been a change in the number of the Stale's Electoral votes, for the plain reason that the Assembly, meeting so frequently, could have foreseen the change, as we now foresee it, and acted accordingly. It is provided hy the amended Constitution, article first, sections first and third, that the Senatorial Dis tricts shall be laid off and the members of the Com mons apportioned, at the first session of tlie Assembly after the year 1841, " and afterwards, at its first session, after the year 1851," and then every twenty year6 thereafter, &c. If. the old Assembly should be con vened, would it not, therefore, be incumbent upon that body thus to lay off and apportion? How, Indeed, could the Constitutional inj unction be avoided 1 And if so, whs the old or present Assembly elected with this view To this question there can be but one an swer it was not; but the next Assembly will be chosen with reference to this as well as other duties. Again, will not the term of service of members of the present Legislature expire .the 1st of August, when new members shall have been chosen t If so, it would be necessary, if the old Assembly should be con vened, to convene it before the August election 1 Would it nol, then, be advisable to convene the new Assembly 1 And if so, might not that body be called together at such time as would'enable it to take every necessary step in relation to the Electoral Districts, and then go forward and conclude the business of the session 1 Might not the called session run into the regular session, and thus save lhe expense of mileage? The Assembly, it strikes us, might be convened some time in September s-y lhe 3d or 4th Monday ; and all the business, (including the Electoral Districts) which should come regularly before it, might be dis patched, and the members might return to their homes before Christmas. We have no doubt that Gov. Reid will give to the whole subject the fullest consideration ; and we re peal our assurance to the people of the State, that if he should find a called session indispensable, he will submit the matter to the Council, who, in conjunction with himself, will take such action as may be deemed advisable and proper. VISITORS TO WEST POINT. We learn from the Repnblic that the President has appointed the following gentlemen visitors to the Military Academy for 1852 : 1. New Hampshire Hon. Joel Eastman. 2. Rhode Island Prof. Alexander Caswell. 3. Vermont Hon. Port us Baxter. 4. New Jersey A. B. Jackson. 5. Delaware Joseph P. Comegays. 6. Virginia Hon. Wm. L. Goggin. 7. South Carolina Col. M. C. Hammond. 8. Kentucky N. Wolf. 9. Tennessee Gen. Lucius J. Polk. 10. Indiana rRev. C. Miller. 11. Illinois Rev. J. T. Worthington. 12. Missouri Willis L. Williams. 13. Michigan William A. Howard. 14. Arkansas Terence Farelly. 15. Texas Gen. Memucan Hunt. 16. California Henry S. Dexter." AMERICAM s'p.tc a i . " i is i ins! A short time pa.t we published some ' ,. lative to the number of .oldier. su r 1 different States to the revolution- Z the Commercial Review riBa . . . ' "eBw, 1 ,i . " "v,uo laoics oi this, and other subjects of equal interest I " codv. Bot which ... 1. The number of soldiers furnished k , .can States during ti e revolution, and 1 thJ tlle W of each State in 1790 and 1847. he C, 2. Principal battles of the revolutr6n ,h dT V8:. ad losses' e': , continental money issupH . 1 8lie . he war, and the estimated cost in . sjpSu? 1. REVOLUTIONARY states " New Hampshire. 12,497 i n fi9, mass, i incrng Me.) 07,097 475 057 Rhode Island, 5,968 Connecticut, 31,959 New York, 17,781 New Jersey, 10,726 Pennsylvania, 25,678 j Delaware, 2.386 j Maryland, 13,912 i Virginia, 26,678 t North Carolina, 7,263 j South Carolina, 6,417 j Georgia. . 2,589 238.141 340,l-o 181,139 434.373 59,098 319.728 748,308 393.751 249,073 82,548 2. Total, Where fought. I Lexington, Hi; iSS 4 8.00o ':'0.ooo C05,00( .000 231,971 a.82n.Q rr BATTLES OF THE INVOLUTION. When fought, A nr. -"r " ' 1 Bunker Hill.Jun Jtmer Com. Lo.. 84 "rr: 7 . J f latbush, Aug. '76 Putnam 200 W. Plains, Oct. 76 Washt'n 3oo Trenton, Dec. '76 Washt'n 9 Princeton, Jan. '77 Washt'n loo Bennington, Aug.'77 Stark 100 r 1 ; tit M7i.., uiauujniui.,uci II dsn I niOO Saratoga, Oct. '77 Gates 350 Monmouth, Jun. '78 Washt'n 230 O 1 l A A.... ro J..li:.. Lum- Im. L,0tte 1051 !j0We 400 "d,,' 1000 fiwi 400 V,aun 600 S0We 500 ""SS'e 600 Chilton .m.. At., isiaiiu, uj. jo ouiuvan 5511 U; u Rri., Pb Mo. 'TO Al... f'gutt 0(1, Stoney P't., July.'79 Wayne 100 YZl ,16 Camden. Aug '8 1 Gates 7M c Cowpens, Jan. '81 Morgan 70 Ta m 5 Guilford, Mar. '81 Greene 400 rn , m Eu.Springs,Sep. '81 Greene 555 SieT ,,I3 The surrender of Cornwall! at York.?,. n ber, 1781, closed the war; prisoners 7,073 l0' 5,752 British taken prisoners. 3. CONTINENTAL MONET. Amount issued in 1775 . e 0n i . 1?77 9 8,000.000 " , - all to July. 1799 - 1 he whole expenses of the war, estimated in ,7 cie, amounted to $135,193,703. COTTON STATISTICS. We have compiled from the New York Shin ' List and Price Current, of the 11th September t"f following statement, showing the crop ot CoitVil the several Stales for the year ending 31st Amv 1850 Lnusiania Alabama Florida Texas -Georgia -South Carolina North Carolina Virginia 1850. 781,886 350.952 181,344 31.263 344,635 384,265 11,861 11,509 2,096,715 1.093.797 518,701, 20U,IG 2m: 331,372 458.117 10.011 17,551) 2,72S.5'J6 631.881 250,9:18 Total crop - - -Decrease from last year -Decrease from year before Thi Past, the Present and the Future. Of the cotton trade, f.om the London Economist, August 24, 1850. " It is calculated that upwards of 4,000, ti J j ., us branches." American cotton crop: 1835- 6 1,367,225 1812-3 2.378.875 1836- 7 1,422,930 1843-4 2.030,409 1837- 8 1,801,497 1844-5 2.394.503 1838- 9 1.360.532 1845-6 2.100.537 1S39-40 2,177,835 184G-7 1.778.01! 1840- 1 - 1,632,945 1847-3 2.347.634 1841- 2 1.684,211 1848-9 2,728.506 Average 1,635,596 Average 2,251,315 GEORGIA. The Democratic State Convention of Georgia as sembled at Milledgeville on lhe 1st instant. Forty five Counties were represented by 112 Delegates. A committee of four from each . Judicial District was appointed to report matter for the action of the Con vention ; and on the 2d they made their report, re-af firming the Baltimore platform, and recommending .the appointment of forty Delegates from that State to the National Convention. No preference was expressed, fbr any Presidential candidate, though it was thought the Convention was largely in favor of Mr. Buchanan. John Kerr, Esq., has been nominated for Governor by the Caswell Whigs. He appeared before the meeting, and in the course of his remarks, 44 begged to defer saying whether he would or would not ac cept the nomination for Governor, until the meeting of the Slate Convention." Is Mr. Kerr for or against the present basis! Can the Milton Chronicle in form us ? The Irsh American copies from the Weekly Free man's Journal, Dublin, of the 20th March, the report that orders have actually been issued by the British government, or shortly will be, directing the imme diate release of the Irish exiles, subject to the condi tion that they are not to return to any portion of the British islands. Gleason's Pictorial. We have recived this paper for the week ending April 3d. Itis a large sheet, filled with; interesting matter and illustrated with handsome and well-executed engravings. Price $2 per annum. Address F. Gleason, Boston. Two new Postoffices hare been established in this State for the week ending the 27th March, as follows : Kinnie's Creek, Cumberland, Daniel Cutts, P. M. ; and Morton's Store, Alamance, B. F. Morton, P. M. The State r. Dowd. In the case of the Staters. Dowd, in Wake Superior Court, mentioned in our last, the Jury could not agree, and were accordingly discharged on Friday. Otto and Jenny Lind Goldschmidt will sail for Eu rope, in the steamer Atlantic, in May next ; but pre vious to her departure, it is said, they will give three concerts in New York. They will take place on the last of April. Average crop of the la6l seven years exceeds lint the prior 615,719 bales, and lhe crop of the last jut double that of the first and the crop ol 184S-9 wa : more than I84C-7 by fifty per cent. Aveiajre cunauiiipiion in ureal xjiiijiii ui .tmi-nuu cotton the first 7 years. 1,153,219 Ulti The 2d period of 7 years 1,449.395 baits Largest consumption, 1849, 1 ,636,603 baits. HENRY A. WISE. The Editcr of the Petersburg Democrat, ink ing an account of the recent Virginia Democratic Convention, thus describes Henry A. Wise: '"Beyond all approach Mr. Wise stood the mas spirit of the Convention. His influence was mure potential and his .eloquence more stiring and trans porting, than that of any other member. No ma-' how turbulent and noisy the body miglil be, t- sound of his deep and passionate voice, and their pea ranee of his thin and worn body, were the sii! of an instant hush and an eager expectation. Tke utmost anxiety was manifested to catch every m. that fell from his lips. When he begins, Itis us ance is slow, solemn and distinct, but as lie pro gresses, his feelings are warmed into a glow of en thusia'sm, and his thoughts rush onward in a torreni of burning vehemence. His delivery is at fust meas ured and formal ; but when he becomes heated, bu enunciation and action are thrilling and electric Every word and every thought is made to tell up the audience with the greatest possible effect, b) t utterance at once passionate, earnest and einpMi Mr. Wise seldom attempts any connected chain fc argumentation, but he refutes an adversary ', sudden thrust of ingenuity or wit, or sarcasm, it he bears along the mind of the hearer upon me i rent of his impetuous and resistless declamation. We suspect he is incapable of patient analysis elaborate synthesis. His mind seiies upon0", elusion and then defends it with the ir'10' Richard, and the dexterity and brilliancy ot ladin. His imagination is not remarkable lor r , nor his fancy for sprightliness ; and wear?" . bewildered and borne away by any lofty "'j heaven-approaching eloquence, nor delighted J succession of bright, sparkling and original inoa His diction is characterized less by P'rlsl dli. elegance than by copiousness and force, still cover in his style manifest marks of sc''.ola ' heJ complishmenta and literary culture, aud his sp abound in allusions that indicate a various" profound acquaintance with books. After a 1 ever, the true secret of Mr. W ise's power J' r. er, is to be sought in the peculiarties or his jsna ament. The enthusiasm, the magnetise " f ture, is the source of his eloquence, "..j. consists not in force of thought or splenJ r t natinn nr heantv of diction, but in the deep . ' , the eie-"- ness, tne impassionea venemenco ardor of his nature. Home for Aged Ladies. This Institution, loo ted in 10ta street near 2d Av., N. Y. deserres tention of the benevolent. It is well worths vis is conducted on the following excellent plan: " By the payment of $50. by herself or any of for her benefit, any respectable indigent w 60 years of age or upward may secure tne a efi(iJ of this Asylum for life. During the lasty elr ladies, of ages ranging from 60 to IOO ' yar ' t joyed the comforts of this quiet and hapJci0ir.e AH their reasonable wants of food, fire an have been supplied. In sickness mey ' nursing and a good physician, and in dea juri'i table burial. On each Sabbath, and at tune the week, they have enjoyed religious 1 in from ministers of the different denominaii sides the 85 inmates of the Asylum, the a fs,i has had 85 out-door pensioners, to and clothing have been supplied, as tnecj. ded, or the slate 01 me treasury au.."--- . . r, .rail bT A bill has been introduced into 0,,K' .-is Fayette MeM alien, giving to members oi a salary of $1500 a year, instead 01 i 1 lowance of $8 a day.