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Tuk t Comet of I 856. The following intefest-
. .Jnjr details-re spotting llie expected
Vto make it annearance about the rear 1856 s
. given by M.-Rfcuinet, an emiuent French'astrotio-
iaer, and member of the Academy of Sciences, in
an article recently copied in the Courier desEtats
-, Unis. i- We will avail ourselves of a translation of
-'if which we find in the Boston Traveller.' -
This comet is one of which histomms make meu
v tion. Its period of revolution is about three liun
" dred years. It ' was seen . in the years 104, 392,
683, 975, 1264, and. the last time in 1556. . ' As
tronomers agreed in predicting its return in 1848;
" but' it failed to appear manque au rendez-vous,
- according to "the expressiou of M. Unbind and
. continues to shine still, unseen by us. Already the.
observatories - begin to be alarmed for the fate of
their beautiful wandering, star. Sir John llershel
: himself" had put a crape upon his telescope, when
. j a learned calculator of Aliddlebourge, M. Beruine,
re-assarcd the astronomical world of the continued
existence of the venerable and magnificent comet.
... Disquited, as all the other astronomers were, by
the non arrival of the comet at the expected time,
Mr. rBorame, aided by the preparatory labors of
I 3dhv Hind, with a patience truly Dutch, has revised
I all the calculations and estimated all the actions of
: all the ; planets upon the comet for three hundred
years of revolution. The result of this patient la
bor gives the arrival of the comet in August, 18-
58, with an uncertainty of two years, more or less;
so that from 1856 to 1860 we may expect the
great comet, which was the cause of the abdica
tion of the Emperor "Charles V., in 1556.
It is known that, partaking of the general sup
'erstition, which interprets the appearance of a co
met, a the forerunner of some fatal event, Charles
V.'" believed that this comet addressed its menaces
' particularly to him as holding the first rank among
sovereigns. The great and once wise, but now
. wearied and shattered monarch, had been for
..'some time the victim of cruel reverses. There were
threatening indications in the political, if not in the
. -physical horizon, of h still greater tempest to come.
He. was left to cry in despair. "Fortune abandons
old men. " The appearance of the blazin jr star
- seemed to him an admonition from heaven that he
must cease to bo a sovereign, if he would avoid a
fatality from which one without authority might
be spared. It is known that the Emperor surviv
, ed his abdication but a little more than two years.
. "Another comet which passed near us in 1835,
and which has appeared twenty-five times since
'. the year 18 before the Christian era, has been as-
sociated by the superstitious with many important
. events which have occurred near the periods of its
In 1066 William the Conquerer landed in Eng
;' land at the head of a numerous army about the
time that the comet appeared which now bears the
; name of Halley's comet. The circumstance was :
regarded by the English as a prognostic ot the j tion 0f ti,;s wo,k, and urged in strong language
victory of the Normans." It infused universal ter- j tie necessity of striving to effect their conversion,
ror into the minds of the people ; and contributed j ijr gprjng opposed "the resolution, being cou
not a little towards the submission of the country vinced t,at efforts to make converts among the
' after the battle of Hastings, as it had served to dis
courage the soldiers of Harold before the combat.
The comet is represented upon the famous tapestry
..of'Bayenx, executed by Queene Matilda, the wife
i of the Conquerer. The sama comet, in 1450,
threw terror among the Turks under command of
Mahomet 11, and into the ranks of the Christians
"during the terrible battle of Belgrade, in which
forty thousand Mussulmans perished. The comet
is described by historians of the time as "immense,
terrible, of enormous length, carrying in its train a
tail .which covered two celestial signs (60 deg.)
1 and producing uuiversal terror. " J udging from
this portrait, comets have singularly degenerated
in our day. It will be remembered, however, that
in 1811 there appeared a comet which inspired
: some superstitious fears. Since that epoch science
'bas noted nearly eijrhtv comets, which with few
exceptions were visible only with the aid of the
-i ' i7-.-.i ... i i.-j i - ,
telescope, nepier, wneu asfci-u now many tuiucw
he thooglit there were in the heavens, answered,
As many as there are fish in the sea."
Thanks to the progress of astronomical science,
these singular stars are no longer objects of terror.
The theories of Newton, Halley, and their succes
sors, have completely destroyed the imaginajy em
pire of comets. As respects their physical nature,
it was for a long time believed they were compos
ed of a compact ceutre, surrounded by a luminous
atmosphere. On this subject the opinion of M.
Rabinet, who must be regarded as good authority
on snch questions, is as follows : " Comets cannot
exercise any material influence upon our globe ; and
the -earth should it traverse a comet in its entire
b eadth, would perceive it no more than if it should
cross a cloud a hundred thousand millions of times
lighter than our atmosphere, and which could no
more make its way through our air than the slight
est puff of an ordinary bellows could make its way
through an anvil." It would ba difficult to find a
comparison more reassuring.
A Good Education. Parents generally are
desirous of securing for their children what they
calTa -"-good education." This is a commenda
ble man ifesfation of parental affection. It still
would be more so however, if the motives urging
them to provide a good "id ucation for their children
were somewhat mo- elevated than they usually
are.'--. A good cdjcation is too generally sought
after merely -r chiefly Its astepping-stoue to wealth
or rank, or resepectability in the world. There are
considerations rendering a good education desir-i-le,
of a much higher and more commendable
nature than this. Need we name them f For the
present we will leave them to be presented by the
conscience and good sense of our readers, while we
proceed to say that which we intended to say.
It is this. Parents in desiring a good education
for their children, too commonly indulge a very
narrow and inadequate conception of what consti
tutes a really valuable or good education, and also
of what influences a child must be brought under
to secure it. Do not too many regard a school, a
teacher well versed in the usual branches and apt
to teach, with approved text-books, about all that
is necjsjary in order to secure the good education
which they contemplate for their children ? It is
too? generally and too much forcotten. that everv
- conversation which they hear from the lips of their
parents, and every action of their lives, which man
ifest either a low or lofty character, either worthy
or unworthy principles; as a part of the education,
good or bad, f their children. Ia it tint inn own-
erally forgotten that every word and every deed of
the companions and associates of our children has
something td do in making their education either
good or bad ? It is not too generally forgotten
that the temper, the taste, the habits of their pa
rents, and indeed of all with whom they come in
contact have a powerful influence in making the
Umt education of children either good or bad, ac
cording as these are of a happy or unhappy char
acter. , Let our children see their parents and all
whom their parents receive to their intimacy, liv
ing for high, noble, heaven approved ends and ob
jects such-appearing plainly in all conversation
and conduct as the ruling purpose of life and
they will fAe be receiving what constitutes the
most essential part of what may truly be called a
good education. 4rf Home JGnt. .
tends lot S?,th ? W Jones., Smith pre,
S, ''IS t n tim- and replies, hesitatingly :
- vLn h?e th advantage of rae. v , -
., A-ri It"-.
. .FPESBlTEniAx . General Assembit, Old
School. ,The Philadelphia Bulletin" says this is
the largeKt'asseinbly of thi-denornination whicli
hasJever been held, there being nearly 300 mem
bers i n. attendance, including a ' delegate frotn the
East Indies, one from Africa and one from Califor-
nia. V. . ' ' '.. ', , -. :
, On Wednesday the committee pu bills and over
tures read a memorial from the Presbytery of Bal
timore, on the sulject of ministers who reside with
out the bounds f their respective Presbyteries.
The committee refer the memorialists to the action
of former General Assemblies upon the subject
The action of the committee was approved.
The Sydney Presbytery asked information as to
the propriety of admitting to the communion table
persons who do not subscribe to the doctrines and
principles of the Presbyterian charch. The com
mittee on bills and overtures recommended that
the matter be left in a great measure to the discre
tion of thedffferent sessions the committee being
of opinion that jersons who join in the commu
nion practically subscribe to the general belief of
the church. N The report was approved.
' The committee on bills and overtures offered a
series of resolutions respecting the frequent dese
cration of the Sabbath, and protesting against the
abuse of the day by publio conveyance on rail
roads, fcc. The resolutions were unanimously a
dopted. A report was made in favor of the establishment
of a first class Theological Seminary in the West.
Dr. C. C. Jones, the Secretary of the Board of
Domestic Missions, gave a history of the rise, pro
gress, and objects of the domestic missions of the
church. The operations of the Board have been
upon the most extensive scale. Five hundred and
fifteen missionaries have been in service during the
past year, Receipts of the year $81,000, and ex
penses $67,000. During the year a debt of $5,000
was paid, and now the Board is free from debt,
with a surplus of 17,000 in the treasury. The
average salaries of the domestic missionaries are
1372, a sum deemed entirely too small.
The committee on African Colonization made a
report, in -which they urge colonization, and de
clare that the elements of prosperity are so strong
in Liberia, -that in a hundred years it will be the
second power upon the face of the earth. The U
S. Government is recommended to recognize the
independence of the Republic of Liberia, with a
view to securing the commercial advantages arising
from the recognition. The report was accepted.
The committee on the proposed church at Wash
ington offered a report approving the enterprise
and recommending the appointment of an aientto
look to the interests of the new chureh. The re
port was received.
A resolution was offered relative to the conver
sion of the Jews, which assumed that the truth of
the scripture is involved in the successful prosecu-
Jews at present were useless. Dr. Baird, on the
contrary ,thought the efforts had been crowned with
success. Dr. Breekenridge said he took much in
terest in the welfare of this ancient people.
The subject was finally recommitted.
The report of the directors of the Union Theo
logical Seminary, at Prince Edward, Va , stating
j the institution to be in a flourishing condition, was
adopted, as was also the report from the Western
Seminary at Allegheny City, Pa. Of the Theolog
ical Seminary at Princeton, it was stated, in a re
jort, that $20,000 of the scholarship fund had
been lost by the failure of certain investments, and
it was recommended that the interest of the re
maining portion of tha fund should be divided
equally simong all she scholarships. This, after
debate, was recommitted to the committee on fi
nance. The Piiesbyteriaj? General Assembly (Old
School.) On Thursday the record of the Synod
of North Carolina was reported correct and recei
ved. A report was made by the committee on
education recommending. amoni other things,
high schools for colored people, under the control
of the Synods, and the setting aprrt of the last
Thursday of February next as a day of special
prayer for the increased efficiency of the theologi
cal seminaries. The report was placed on the doc
ket ; after which the Rev. Dr. Revel, Moderator of
YA aldensian Synod, was introduced and addressed
the assembly in French, which was interpreted by
Rev. Dr. Musgrave, formerly of Baltimore, Sec
retary of the Board of publication, read the report
of the Board, showing the finances to be in good
condition. The sales during the year amounted to
$72,746, 35. Donations tbr colportage and dis
tribution during the same period, $13,911. The
report is adverse to the establishment of a printing
office and bindery.
The assembly next unanimously determined to
establish a first class theological seminary jn the
IV est. Dr. Wood advocated its location at New
Albany, Indiana. The discussion was continued
by Dr. R. J. Rrcckeuridge, and no vote was taken.
Jedediaii Sees ihe Twixs. After dickering
some time with the longlegged door keener, Jede
diah Homespun up and spent a quarter to see the
Siamese Twins. Looking at the curious pair for
some time, Jed busted
" IIow long you fellers been in that are kind of
" F orty-two years," was Eng's reply.
44 Du tell ! Gittiu kind 'o used to it, I calculate,
ain't you ?"
u We ought to be," said they.
44 Yes, 1 vow you ought. You fellers Vlong to
the same church 'spect you do !"
44 Yes, indeed," said Chang.
44 Want to know ! Well, 1 svan,yeou air hitch
ed queer," said Jed, minutely examining the liga
ture. One of yeou fellers dies, 'tother feller '11 in
be in a pucker, I reckon."
44 Would be bad," said Chang.
44 Don't drink nothiu', I guess ever go in to
44 Sometimes," said they.
After gazing at them a few minutes in silence,
Jed again busts
44 Look here, 'spose one on yeou fellers got into
a scrape, and was about to be put in jail, how'd
you manage that 1"
44 Oh r says Eng, 44 1 go Chang's bail V
44 Oh, yes, could do that, by hokey !"
And Jedediah, having exhausted his cross ex
amination, went ofi whistling, giving a fresh lot of
examiners room to put the Twins through a course
of similar sprouts.
Kossuth. The English newspapers are pub
lishing Kossuthjs speeches again, lie was recent
ly presented with a copy of Shakspeare, paid for
by , subscriptions of one penny each, by twenty
thousand English workmen, and in the course of
his remarks said that he had made six hundred
speeches, in England aud America, since his re
lease from captivity. :
; Straight Railroads. Too little attention has
been paid in most of the railroads of more recent
oi.Bj-iKuon to tne curves. These are mtich too
frequent and tod abrupt for safety, , Something is
--.-v. .u u.B ursi. cosr, ana otten m the grade,
freqnent curves ; fcut, iff the long run, the strtiitr
... MjyaM .me petter.
r. 'i U r
ci'TP"-Trom. t' New Orleans Crescent." ' DEMOCR ATI G. DISTRICT CONVENTION.'
v - r THETCO UN TRY NEWSPAPER.""' A Convention of ilie Democracy of the first Con
vThe editor of a city journal is necessarily compelled" gressioftal District was held at.GalesviKe on Sator
lo look oyer papers from other cities "before any . oth-. day, 17th ' May. ; a ; - . - ' ' " : ;'"' ""
ers" He has lo eaier in a daily: issue to the tastes, ! On motion of J. T. Granberry, Esq.i W.Slallings,
fancy, or cariosity (call it what you p' ease) of those - Eq., was elected President of ihe Convention, and
to whom city life is chi fly familiar. In all " its roar, j Dr. R. Dillard and W,'A. Ferguson, Secretaries.. '
bustle and multiplied variety of incidents ; to whom j The President .requested L. D. Starke, Esq., to
fearful murders, immense rehberies, large specula-; explain the objects of the Convention. In response
lions, Iivelj spectacles, and things of a similar char- to tiie call, Mr. Starke stated the objfct to be these
acter are alone interesting'. The city paper is the : lection of a suitable candidate for Congress lobe
reperory of a thousand and one items, not the least ,
interesting of which are to be found in the local col
umn or columns.
We must confess that we not onfrequently turn
from it to pick up some country paper, and feel re
freshed in the perusal. The ordinary city reader
might not appreciate it, but we do. It has hot, it is
true, a large assortment of original items; in fact,
such an item is a rare and highly-prized thinft. A
murder, robbery, assault, or thunder-storm, a dwell
ing burnt, a pig-style or sheep-fold or stable entered
and feloniously despoiled, a hay-rick, cotton-gin, or
sugar-mill burnt, a tavern ball, a cross-roads gather
ing, a barbacue, an election of board of police, mag
istrate, &c, are all curiously wonderful incidents, to
set forth which properly, immense head ngs of big
caps, little caps, heavy italic, are used as freely
as the limited supply in the cases will admit of. VV e
have often seen in the country papers captions which
occupied more spr.ee than the article they so magni
ficently ushered into the notice of the reader.
A big pumpkin, a mammoth watermellon, an over
grown peach or potato, a good day's picking of cot
ton, an unusual number of bolls on a stalk, a tall
sugar cane, are also matters in which the, genuine
country editor hugely delights, and on which he ex
And the varieties of style in which his paper ap
pears ; one week, on a whole sheet, the next on a
single sheet ; one week, on a brownish yellow paper,
the next on jhe best of white paper, and always with
big and little pe in the most familiar and sociable
VVe 8 peak, of course, of the genuine country paper,
not of its fashionable cousin, which, issued in the
neighborhood ot some large town or city, or on the
borders of some railroad or navigable stream, dresses
itself up finely and puts on pretentious airs. VVe
speak of the country paper which has none of these
advantages of location, of the paper published in some
little inland village, at whicli county-court or police
board day is a stirring event, the arrival of the 6tage
an exciting incident, the little tavern general head
quarters of gossip, &c.
And your country editor is, withal, a right clever,
sociable fellow. He keeps nothing back from his
readers; he is on intimate and friendly terms with
them. If his devil runs away, he announce the fact
and blows the devil up. If his solitary jour prin
ter tnkes i lively holiday, he announces this fact,
claims their compassion, and apologises for ' this
week's slender amount of matter." If he presents
only half a sheet, he pathetically explains that, he
sent an order by " the wagon," " a long, long time
ago." but that, somehow orother, the paper has failed
lo arrive, butwill certainly arrive, next week. He
sets his own type, handles his roller, works the press,
writes his editorials, keeps his book, (he never has
books,') and answers questions generally, besides
sometimes splitting his own wood, nursing the ba
by, and carrying water. All these facts he duly lays
before his readers in every week's regular issu9.
Regularly, too, he has pathetic duns for heartless
ly delinquent patrons, and offers to take pay in ail
kinds of queer articles wood, potatoes, corn, &c.
He has his eloquent thanks, too, for presents of large
pumpkins, ears of corn, peaches, hams, hominy, and
an occasional bottle of something anti-temperance.
He is the embodiment of all news, and with the cler
gyman, doctor, tavern-keeper, magistrates, one of the
five great men of the village. His advertisements
are set up like handbills, and their queer mixture cf
every conceivable commodity draws from him glow
He is, withal, a right good felloTr, and whenever
his face illuminates our sanctum we alwavs gladly
lay down our pen, sure of a pleasant halt hour of
lively, sociable chat. He is not like a city editor,
fagged out in a daily treadmill of journalism ; and
not uufreqnenlly his editorials have a genial fresh
ness, a sparkling vivacity, a clearness of common
sense, an originality of thought, and a quickness of
conception, which the wearied and worn city editor
might well envy. Though an oracle in his neigh
borhood, he is not proud or surly, but patient, good
humored, chatty, fresh as the pure air he inhales tar
from the dusty, smoky city. He talks what he
thinks, and in his own way. Ho has his holidays,
loo, and from them he goes bak to his work, and
sends forth many a royal idea in the indifferent garb
his aper is compelled to wear.
Short Lessons in Natural Histokv. Ants have
Ants in the East Indies are horticulturists they
mike mushrooms, upon which they feed theiryoung.
The whiteant maintains a regular Army of soldiers.
Rees live under a monarchy.
Beavers are architects, builders and wood-cutters
they cut down trees, and erect dams and houses.
Dees are geometricians their cells are so con
structed, as with the least quantity of material to
have the largest spaugs; and least possible loss ot in
terstice. Dears, herons and otters aro fishermen.
Birds are musicians whole tribes are musical.
Heavers, in their communities, present as with a
model of republicanism.
Caterpillars are silk-spinners.
Dogs, wolves and jackals, and many other animals,
Elephants exhibited an aristocracy of elders.
Indian antelopes furnish an example of patriarchi
The ant-lion is a geometrician the trap he sets for
insects is constructed on exact mathematical princi
1 he marmot is a civil engineer he builds houses
and constructs drains lo keep them dry.
I he mole is a meteorologist.
The mine-killer Is an ari'-hemelician. So also is
the cow, the wild turkey, and some other birds.
The monkey is a rope-dancer. Man is not his equal
The nautilus is a navigator he raises and lowers
his sails, and casts anchor at pleasure.
The electrical eel, the 'ray and torpedo, are electri
cians and shocking animals.
1 he prima is a tailor-bird he sows leaves togeth
er to make his nest.
Sheep, in a wild 6tate, are, under a military chief
The squirrel is a ferryman with a piece of bark
for a ship, and his tail for a sail, he crosses the stream.
Wasps are paper-makers.
Wild horses have their leaders, which they are said
A Happf World. This is a happy world who
says to the contrary is a fool or something v rse.
There is everything to make us happy. The land,
sea and sky contribute to our enjoyment. The man
who has a good heart sees pleasure where a bad per
son beholds nothing but gloom. The secret, then,
in being happy and enjoying this glorious world,
is to possess a virtuous heart. Who is the most
chesrful and contented man in your neighborhood !
The man who is the most honored and possesses the
greatest riches ! No it is he who has nothing but
a kind and good heart. Nothing ruffles his temper
or disturbs his repose. The morning sky, the even
ing cloud, rolling waters, the blooming landscape,
the teeming forests and fields of snow give him
pleasure others never dream of. It is he whose
mind is 4 led from nature up to nature's God,' and
every day thai he lives is as contented and happy as
it is possible for man lo be. Depend upon it, toe
worlJ is a beautiful one, and contains u thousand
sources of enjoyment, which tbey can only 'see and
teei wnose nearts are pure ana whose lives corres
pond to the word of truth. 1 -
Escape or Another of thb Irish Patriots.
The Catholic Mirror has received information that
Patrick O'Donohue, another of the Irish exiles,
has escaped from Van Deiman's Land, and from the
clutches of Governor Denison and the. English Gov
ernment. It is thought he left in one of the Ameri
can ships trading to Australia, and will arrive in one
of ths American por's on the Atlantic side, in the
course of a short ,time.V7' The Mirror, which savs
Llio uena o Hum a UUU. BO.Uruo, aUUS
possesion of vcrv important information .Kto " k"
ecWliut refrains' from publishing It. 'nl.L?"! niups, ine sub.com.n.uee, -who reported a
-l.inli. nam-rI.- f-r.- l..--';r .'7'. .
. the news. t- - - , ...-v,: ... ,.r " " o-" 4""'. "l,w,uor. w." ieci sucn a man to represent
V.. . v- . - !..-. w:' - r v 3 .w f--.;---t- -' 1 yfhein in the national councils: Salisbury Banner
run ny the Uemocintic party of this District.
On motion of Mr. "Starke, it was agreed that in
voting for a nominee, each county be allowed to cast
as many votes as she was entitled to Delegates in
the House of Commons.
The roll of counties being called, the following
were found to be represented :
Currituck A. Perkins, J. S. Dey. f
Camden George W. Gordon, VV. Prilchard and
T. E. Riddick.
Pasquotank L. D.Starke, E. M. Stanton, George
A. Williams, Dr. J. B. Godwin and L.J. Jo.'inson.
Perquimans J. T. Cranberry, J. C. Skinner, T.
Wilson, Sol. Eason, John P. Jordan and L. Billups.
Chowan Dr. R. Dillard and J. C. Badham.
Gates -W. Stallings, R. H. Ballard. C. E. Ballard.
J. C. Ccsten, L. Riddick, Dr. Joseph Parker, Jas.
Costen, John l' Parker, J. B. Langston, R. Gatlin,
Jno. Willey, B. Saunders, Simon Walters, W. H.
Manning, David Parker and W. H. Harrell.
Bertie W. A. Ferguson.
Martin A. S. Mooring.
On motion it was resolved that all Democrats pres
ent from any of the counties in the District be enti
tled lo take seats and act in the deliberations of the
On motion of J. T. Granberry, Esq., a committee
of two from each county represented was appointed
to present the name of a suitable candidate for Con
gress. Committee : J.T, Granberry, Thos. Wilson,
A. Perkins, J. S. Dey, Thos. K. Biddick, W. Pritch
ard, Geo. A. Williams, E. M. Stanton, Dr. Dillard,
J. C. Badham, R. Galling, R. H. Ballard, VV. A.
Ferguson and A. S. Mooring.
Alter a brief retirement the Committee returned
and reported through their Chairman the name of
Dr. Henry M. Shaw, of Currituck Conuty, as a suit
able candidate. This nomination was enthusiasti
cally and unanimously confirmed.
On motion of Mr. Mooring, of Martin, a commit
tee of one from each county represented was appoint
ed tod rait and report resolutions expressive of the
sense of the Convention. Committee: A. S. Moor
ing, A. Perkins, Geo. Gordon, L. D. Starke, J. C
Skinner, Dr. R. Dillard, W. A. Ferguson and John
During the retirement of the Committee a motion
was adopted appointing a committee of three Dr.
Ballard, T. Wilson and E. M. Stanton to wait upon
J. P. Jordan, Esq., and invite him to. address the
Convention. They soon returned wilt Mr. Jordan,
who delivered an able, eloquent and patriotic address,
happy in conception and admirable in delivery.
At the conclusion of his address, the committee
on Resolutions submitted the following report, which
was unanimously adopted :
Whereas, The lime is rapidly approaching when
the suffrages of this, the first Congressionrl District
of North Carolina, will be called upon to cast their
votes for a suitable person to represent them in the
next Congress of the United States; and whereas,
we have an unshaken faith in the great principles of
the Democratic party those cherished principles
whicli have given to our country its present proud
position among the nations of the earth, and which
have been so triumphantly vindicated by the Ameri
can people in the late Presidential election ; therefore,
Heaolvtd, 1 hat we reiterate our confidence inr and ;
devotion lo, the principles of the Democratic prty 1
as handed down lo us by the fathers of our political I
faith, and practised upon by successive Democratic j
liciolved. That the public lands are the common
property of the United States, and should be sacredly :
devoted lo the payment of the national debt and de
fraying the ordinary expenses of the Federal Gov
ernment. Resolved, That experience has vindicated, and many
of its former opponents been compelled to acknowl
edge, the justiceand expediency of the revenue prin
ciple as opposed lo that of protection in levying du
ties upon imports.
Resolved, That we approve the present Democratic
Resolved, That we are opposed to a general system
of Internal Improvements by the General Government
for local purposes : but the opening of an Inlet at
or near Nag's Head in this Slate is an improvement
national in its character, and said work ought to be
accomplished by the General Government al the ear
liest practicable period.
Resolved, That in Dr. H. M. Shaw, our nominee
for Congress, we recognize a standard-bearer worthy
of our party and our cause, and that we pledge to him
our most cordial, hearty and enthusiastic support.
On motion, Ihe following gentlemen vveretappoint
ei a committee to inform Dr. Shaw of his nomina
tion : A. S. Mooring, R. Galling, Dr. C. E. Ballard,
Dr. Dillard, J. T. Granberry, L. D. Starke, George
Gordon, A. Perkins, W. A. Ferguson.
On motion of J. T. Granberry, Esq., the thanks
of the Convention were returned lo the President
and Secretaries of the Convention .for the efficient
and dignified manner in which they discharged their
Resolved, That the proceedings of this Convention I
be 'published in the Democratic Pioneer, Roanoke
Republican, and Raleigh Standard.
On motion the Convention adjourned sine die.
VV. STALLINGS, President.
R. Dillard, )
W. A. Ferguson, S
Learning the Currency in a Small Wav. Of
all the close dealers among us the Dutchman live on
the least, and shave the closest. It is astonishing
how soon they learn our currency. A good thing
occurred, however, a few days since, with the keep
er of a small Lager Bier " saloon, in this neighbor
hood, who undertook to teach his assistant a thick
headed sprout of" Faderland," the difference between
" five pence " and " six pence."
"See, John, de piece in it de voraens ish de five
pence, and piece midout the vomans ish de six
" Yah !" said John, with a dull twinkle of intelli
gence. A wag of a loafer, who everheard the lecture, im
mediately conceived the idea of a' saw " and "lar
ger bier " gratis, for that day at least. Procuring a
three cent piece, he watched the departure of the
" boss," and going up to John, he called for a mug
of " bier," throwing down the coin, and looking as
if he X pec ted his change. John, who remembered
his recent lesson, look up the piece, and muttered lo
" Miloutde vomons 'tish von sixpence," he hand
ed over three coppers change.
How often the aforesaid was drank that day, we
know not; it depended upon his thirst and the num
ber of times he could exchange three coppers for three
cent pieces ;but when the boss' came home at night,
he number of small coin astonished him.
' Vat Uh dese, John ; you take so many 1"
" Six-pence," replied John with a peculiarly sat
Six-pence ! Dunden and blitzen ! You take all
dese for sixpence! Who from!"
44 De man mit peard like KoBsulh ; he dhring all
day mit himself."
" Der teufel ! You give him change every time I"
Y-a-r !" said John, with a vacant stare.
" Der teufel catch de Yankees," was all the aston
ished Dutchman ceuld say.
Surry District. George D. Boyd, Esq., is the
Democratic candidate for Congress in the Surry Dis
trict, in opposition to Col. Pcryear. Mr. B. is a
sterling Democrat and will no doubt rally the full
strength of his party. The Whig- majority in thai
district is not so great as to render the election of a
Democrat hopeless indeed Gov. Reid carried the
district last August, and we see no reason why Mr.
B. should not do the same. Let every Democrat do
his duty and we believe all will be right.
We are acquainted with Col. P. as one of the im
mortal. 16 " revolutionists" in ihe last Legislature
who were in favor of adjourning without re-districting
the State' at all, and when an adjournment would
have left the government of the Stole in chaotia
condition; ana mis, too, after he had pledged him
I ' " , 1 ua7 ?,an a&reea .uPon V. Mes.ro. A ve-
" C IWpe II
iai no portion ot ihe nemiU r
" . . Correspondence of the Standard "" .
1'To the Editor. ' hf the'-'-Siar. dor A Dear Sir The
candidates for Congress in this, the 6th District, met
in Rock ford on the lOih inst. being Tuesday of Surry
County -Conrt.v' A large number of the voters of
Surry and Yadkin! were present. ; " '-.. '
Mr. Puryear opened the discussion by stating that
he was a Whig, had always been a Whig, and ex
pected to die a Whig ; that upon the old issues he
had advocated the Whig policy, and that the longer
he lived the more firmly was he convinced of the
soundness and correctness of Whig principles. He
then proceeded to discuss the question of the Public
Lande, and chaiged, substantially, that the Democrats
are the enemies of North Carolina and the othei old
States, that they are engaged in squandering the
Public Lands among the new States, and are alto
gether unworthy of representing the Old North
State in the next Congress, but that he was the man,
the particular and intimate friend of the Old Slate
and (he dear covovcon people, and wanted to go lo
Congress to secure for them an equal distribution cf
the Lands, or their proceeds he did not care which.
He blamed tbe Democratic parly in the last Legisla
ture for not electing a Senator when (as he said) they
had it in their power to do so. He, with several
other Whigs, voted for Gen. Saunders, and all that
was necessary was for the Democratic party to come
over to him and elect the General.
Let us pause a moment, Mr. EJitor, apd determine
what ought to be done with the Democratic party for
not dropping their caucus nominee and going over to
the ever-to-be-remembered and never-to-he-forgotten
Col. Puryear. Are you not a little surprised to hear
that the Colonel has become the eulogist of Gen.
Saunders ? Well, Sir, he is dead in love with him
owing to his land notions. His effort on thai point
was a perfect failure, for there was not an intelligent
man in the-house who belived that Col. Puryear was
sincere in his support of Gen. Saunders. We all
believe that if the boay of the Democrats had gone
over to Gen. Saunders Col. Puryear and his other
Whig supporters would have dropped him instantly.
Mr. Boyd then took the stand and announced him
self as the Democratic candidate. He said he did
so reluctantly, because there were other Den.oerats
in the District who he would prefer to see occupying
the honorable and responsible post of standard-bearer
in the contest, but he was induced lo come forward
by the urgent solicitations ot Democrats from every
part of the District that he was then at their ser
vice, and designed visiting every County in the Dis
trict, and discussing the public questions to as many
people as he could possibly see between now and
the election. My opponent, said Mr. Boyd, has told
you that he was a Whig upon all the old issues. Let
me understand him. Does he mean to say that he
is in favor of a United States' Bank ? V ill he an
swer me, yes or nol Here Col. Puryear rose and
spoke for a quailer of an hour about banking in gen
eral. The Stale bank system had succeeded very
well, but he was not prepared lo cay that the country
would not have been better off if they had continued
the United Stites' Bank. Everybody was amused
at his efforts to keep from committing himself to any
points, and his disposition to deal in general declama
tion. But George D. Boyd was not the man to be
put off in that way lie remarked that he knew no
more about the gentlemans position than he did be
fore, and asked him if he wou'.d introduce a hill in
the next Congress, or vote tor one, lo establish a
United Slates' iJ.ink, if he should be elected. Col.
Puryear said he would not. Mr. Boyd asked him if
he was in favor ol disturbing the present arrangement
of the Tariff by increasing ihe duties on foreign im
ports. Here the Colonel spoke about ten minutes,
about protection lo our manufactures, &c, but would
not say that ho would vote to disturb the present
Tariff. He seemed lo have forgotten that most of
the YY hijs in tiie Legislature of 1850 '51 voted for
Erwin's resolutions, and thereby formally abandoned
their old doctrine. Mr. Boyd then remarked that,
notwithstanding his declaration in favor of all the
old issues, upon being questioned he seemed un
willing to disturb the present Democratic measures
upon which the Government is now administered,
and which the whole country have approved, aud
submitted it to the people to say if it were not better
to send a man to Congress who would acquiesce
with the President in carrying out these measures in
good faith than to send a' violent politician who would
do everything in his power to annoy and perplex the
Administration by a factious 'opposition to any meas
ure whatever, provided it was of Democratic origin.
With regard to the Public Lands Mr. Boyd placed
himself upon the Baltimore platform, and contended
that the position of the great Democratic parly upon
that subject-was defined in their resolutions adopted
last June. Thzt If Ihe Whigs, as a party, had a ly
position upon that question he would like to know it.
Where was their position defined 1 There was not
one word to be found on that subject in their last
platform. Why were they silent! Because there
were two bills before Congress at the time their plat
form was constructed one, Bennett's bill, popular
in the old Stales, Ihe other, the Homestead bill, pop
ular in the new Slates so that if they adopted the
principle of either they were obliged to lose the
support of the friends of the other, and consequently
tbey Jorgol to say one word about this great question,
in order that Col. Puryear and others might contend
for one thing here and their Western brelheren for
decidedly different, and yet all be good Scott Whigs.
He contended that if a distribution should ie made,
and North Qarolina should receive a large sum as her
share, still it woulJ be nothing more than putting in
with one hand and taking out with the other, for, said,
he, these proceeds have been applied to defray the
expenses of the general government; now, if she
should give them away, it would be absolutely ne
cessary to raise the same amount in some other way,
and how would that be done! Why, of eourae, by
increasing the duties on foreign imports, and as
North Carolina is a consuming State her taxes in
that way would amount to a great deal more than
she would receive by a distribution. Should ihey
distribute the lands the general government would
no longer be bound to protect them, and North Car
olina could not do so conveniently, as her share
might be more than a thousand miles distant, and
how could we prevent the States in which they lie
from taxing them, and in a few years selling them
As to being an enemy of North Carolina, Mr.
Boyd said he would appeal lo the reeord to see who
had been her friend when friends were needed. He
said when ihe Mexican war- was declared I was
too old lo go, the country would nol have me,
but, Sir, I voted for an appropriation by our Leg
islature of ten thousand dollars to equip our reg
iment and defray their expenses oat of the Stale.
Col. Pu'year. we all recollect, would not vote the
appropriation without the infamous and traitorous
preamble he voted against every attempt to strike
out or amend thet preamble. He also voted against
giving the election of officers to the regiment, which
I hope will nol be forgotten on the first Thursday in
1 have given you a full account of tbe discussion,
which was closed by some humorous hits, leaving
me auaience in me oesi or numors.
Our candidate bore himself manfully, and made a
very favorable impression. - He warmed up the
Democrats, and will get the vote of every one who
heard him. If Democrats will only do their duty he
will carry the District. This is deb&leable ground
let us work then till the day of election, and success
will crown our efforts. Yours. &c.,
Rockford, May 14th, 1853.
Pkrvumbs. Professor Playfair, in a late lecture
before the Society f Arts, stated that some of the
most delicate perfumes exhibited at tbe Crystal Pal
ace were not, as formerly, distilled from flowers, but
generally from the most disgusting substances. A
peculiarly foetid oil is formed in making brandy and
whiskey. This oil being distilled with sulphuric
acid, and the acetate of potash, gives the oil of pears.
The oil of apples is made from the same oil by dis
tillation with eulphuricacid and bichromate of potash.
The oil of pine apple is obtained from a product of
the action of putrid cheese on sugar, or by makings
soap Willi butter; and distilling it . with alcohol - and
sulphuric acid, and is now largely used in England
in the making of pine apple ale. .. Oil of grape and o,
cogniac, used to impart the flavor of . French coo-nao
to British brandy,' fa little, less than fusel oil.iThe
artificial oil ol bitter almonds, now so largely em
plcyd in perfuming Boap and .flavoring confectionary
is prepareJ by ib j action of vitrolic acid on the Aetid
oils of ga tar. Many a fair forehead is damped with
eau de mil lefleur (water of a thonsand flowers) with
out knowing that its essential-ingredient is derived
iioui.-tiic arainage oi cow-houses.;. V .v-.V-tv r
,., "; ; HYMN OF iVATURE. r . -
" . 4. J' W. O FliBODXr.
, God of the earth's extended plains! "
The dark green fields contented tte: l ; '
1 he mountains rise like holy towers, - '. ' " .
j . -Where man might commuue with the sk
L. ; The tall cliff challenges the storm ' . '
"-' That lowers Upon the vale below,
. "yne shaded fountains send their streams.
With joyous music in their flow.
God oft tfie dark,-and heavy. deep! .
The wives lie sleeping on the sands, "
Till the fierce trumpet of the storm
Hath summoned up their thundering l,ana,
: Then the white sails are dashed like foam
Or hurry, trembling, o'er the seas, -
Till, calmed by Thee, the sinking gale '
Serenely breathes, depart in peace.-
God of the forest's solemn shade! ' '
. The grandeur of the lonely tree ' -That
wrestles singly with the gale, '
Lifbi up admiring eyes to Thee :
But more majestic far tbey etund,
When, fide by side, their ranks they form
To'wavo on Jiigh their plume s cf green '
And flight their battles with the storm,
God of the light and viewless air t
Where summer breezes sweetly flows .
Or, gathering in their angry mights
The fierce aud wintry tempests blow
All from the evening's plaintive 8ih
That hardly lifts the drooping flower
To the wild whirlwind's midnight cry-1
Breathe forth the language of thy power
God of the fair and open sky 9
Howjgloriously above us springs1
The tented dome of heavenly blue,
Suspended on tbe rainbow's rings !'
Each brilliant star tbet sparkles throuclj
Each grided cloud that wanders free"
In evening's parple radieuce, gives
The beanty of its praise to Thee.
God of tbe rolling orbs above I ' .
Thy name is written clearly bright
Ia ihe warm day's unvarying blaze,
Or evening's golden shower of light
For every fire that fronts the sun.
And every spark that walks alone
Around the utmost. verge of Heaven,
Was kindled at thy burning throne.
God cf the world ! the hour must come.
And nature's 8clf to dust return ;
Her crumbling altars must decay,
Her incense fires shall cease to burn !
But still her grand and lovely scenes
Have made man's warmest praises flow;
For hearts grow holier as they trace
The liea nly of the world below
MONEY! M O IV El! !
Whereas, for a period of twenty years we have dili
gently studied how we might best ameliorate the pecu
niary condition of the Human Family, and deserve the
applaudits of mankind. We are. how happy almost lie
yond the power of expression, to imparl the joyous in.
telligence that the hour has come when weeau proclaim
to the JValions of tbe earth, the completion of our ex
tended lab ors in the announcement that we have fouuJ
out at last the process hy which riches may he, easily ac
quired, and a most evtraordinaiy fact is, that we give lo
the world, gratis, the offspring of these wearisome re
searches, which consumed nearly a quarter of arenturv
in gestation, asking ourselves fur revealing' this "open
sesame" nothing but the delightful assurance that man
kind will be at last convinced ' of the practicability of
garnering a golden harvest through the medium of " ,
PYFEII & CO.,
The Truly Fortunate and Fur-Famed Lottery
No. 1, Light St., Baltimore, Md.
.Let not a few frowns of Fortune cast vou down :
She were not Fortune if she ' did not frown
Those who in patience bear her scorns awhile
Are those on whom, at last, she most will smile.
MOST GLORIOUS; S17COEBS!
PRFER & CO. sold and paid last ' month a
Mountain of' Prizes
Evsrt Diiwisg tklls a Cmesrixo Taik!
-"" The most successful method to draw a Prize it
to Purchase a Package !,. The experience of every day
strengthens this declaration. . -
"No such word as Fail," at Pyfer d Co's.
0O Forward your Orders without delay !
Splendid Schemes for June, 1853.
The Certificate Prices of packages of quarter tick
ets only, are given below: '
No. of Price of v
78 Nos 13 drawn $10
' 30 00
' 18 00
. SO 00
75 Nos :
15 drawn .
N .5. ,
- 4 ;..
14 drawn -
1 1 drawn
12 drawn -
12 drawn '
12 drawn', 5
12 drawn ' '10
13 drawn 8
13 drawn i b
12 drawn' 10
1 3 drawn ; ; ? . 5
14 drawn V -.. 4..
12 drawn ; 30
13 drawn 8
12 drawn 5
13 drawn 10
15 drawn".- 'l 5
t Drawings forwarded to CorreBnoiiJcnui bv tbo
first mails alter the lotteries are drawn.
Correspondents will please order a few daysbefor
the lotteries are drawn. . .. J,
There is a large per centage in favor of thoxe purchas
ers who order by the Package, and the chances of drawing
four of the largest Prizes in the Scheme, aie thereby -cured.
We advise the purchase of Pjckagesof Ticket
in every instance. - .
; 13T Bank Drafts or Certificates of Deposits payable
in Gold at sight, will be promptly remitted to those Cor
respondents who draw prizes at PYFER & CO'S.
. Remember A Packag of Tickets, cau draw
vowRof the most splendid prizes in a scheme.
EF" In order to secure a Fortune, and the cash imme
diately after the result is known, ihe readers of the pa
per have only lor remit cash Drafts or prize tickeU, 1
the Old Establibhed, far famed and truly fortunate Ex-
buaiigB auu xjouery .Brokers, . ; -
?io 1, tight Street, Baltimore Md.
May 30. 1853.
NeV -Hid r.-llliniinlln Ton-clrr.
WE" are receiving our 'new "supply of Walche
Chains. Seals. Revs' irBinn Rr..Eimn. Fin
ger Rings. &c PAI.MF.ll'& RAMSEY'
Kaleigh, May 24, 1853. 53
; - Just Opened, ';
OME very fine Bracelette and full setts of Bread
rins, .bar lungs, something new. i -
1 v; - PALMER & RAMSEY-
May 34, 1853. ' ' -"" " " ; ' 54
; A Fresli Siinolv of
BROWN, clarified, crushed aud pulverized Suy-rs,
Rio, Laguyra and Java Coffee, ' v-
- Beef Tongues and Dried Beef, ' v .
Soda and Water, Butter and Sugar Crackers,
1 '" v'.-. " ..; ALSO, "" - -"'.''
A CASKS Scotch Ale, and London .Brow a Stout,
-f x'f i '.' Port Wine, a superior article.
t 1 Claret Wine, St. Julien. "
Received at - :; F. MAHLERS & CO.
Bank of the Jate of Iortb Carolit
. . - j r v KAiEieR, may. o""
RESOLVED that the Branch of this Bank, at
bethCity, le discontinued, from and after ...
day of June, IS 54'. ' ' ..-.. -..g i-c ,''':;-''-i ."!:'?; "
" By order of the Board of Directory.' .'-- -"':'iv
? -v --""-.'-' v. . c. DEW '
May";i3;.r853,-Vi i'-r 1