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THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH, TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 4889,
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 1SML
Vol 43, So. SJS.-Entered at Pittsburg Post
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riTTSBURG, TUESDAY. JAN. 8. 1SS9.
THE H0NB0E DOCTRINE ENLARGED.
The secret session was reported to yester
day, in order to permit the Senate to debate
a resolution, which was finally passed, de
claring the objection of the United States
to the assumption bv any foreign Govern
ment of tbe control of the Panama Canal.
This will doubtless meet the approval of
most citizens of the United States, who care
anything about the matter; but its discre
tion may be questioned.
It goes further than the Monroe doctrine,
which was a protest against the restoration
to the Bourbons of the revolted Spanish
American republics; and which was re
peated in the opposition of the United
States to the mushroom empircjof Maximil
ian. To extend this doctrine so as to antag
onize works of peaceful character under
control of foreign Governments may be a
proper assertion of the "America for Ameri
cans" doctrine; but, before declaring that
tbe second naval power of the world shall
not build the Tanama Canal, the United
States should be in a position not only to
provide an acceptable substitute, but to
back up its words if that naval power should
take it into its head to build the canal
whether we permit it or not.
In other words before wc parade before
the powers of Europe with a chip on our
shoulder we should be sure that we will not
have to adopt the tactics of the crawfish if
the chip should be knocked off. Something
of that sort took place with Germany anent
the Samoa tquabble. Perhaps there may
bean idea that we will keep things equal
by going through the same operation with
France, but the policy of persistent back
downs is doubtful.
The doctrine of the resolution is all right;
but it is little more than common good
sense to reserve our warning of all foreign
powers away from this hemisphere until we
are able to make them stay away.
BOTH SIDES WBONG.
The close approach to a collision between
the Knights of Labor and the secessionists
from the order, over the possession of
Knights of Labor Hall, was one which re
veals the bitterness of the factional quarrel
and which might have been avoided by
courtesy and liberality on either side. In
fact, the course of both parties appears to
have been inspired rather by the desire to
quarrel than anything else. It can hardly
be regarded as exactly within the limits of
propriety for a secessionist from the orderto
claim the use of the order's own property
for the furtherance of his crusade
against it; and, on the, other hand, the will
ingness to give free speech and a fair hear
ing might have prompted the Knights to let
Mr. Barry say what he had to say in their
hall. The quarrel cannot fail to detract
from the public respect lor both the new or
old order, or for tbe immediate participants
ALLEGHENY'S CHAETEE PUZZLE.
The agitation over Allegheny City's new
charter has taken on a new phase from the
announcement made yesterday that the
legal adviser of the Northside municipality
has drafted an act which will permit Alle
gheny to go on until 1900 withont going up
into the second-class or back with the third
class. This has naturally provoked some
expressions of surprise at such a change
from the view previously announced, that
Allegheny's only alternative was to go into
either the second-class with Pittsburg, or
the third with a nnmber of smaller cities.
That is not the only adverse criticism that
could be made.
The difficulty with the last classification
being that it was special legislation, how
are we to place a bill which confessedly ex
empts that city from the operation of the
general classification? It would be hard
for the lay mind to imagine any measure
affecting municipal government that would
be" more clearly special legislation than the
one which is proposed. At the present rate
of progress it would appear that before long
Allegheny will get into a sea of doubt from
which its only rescue will be to consolidate
Nevertheless the legal authorities of Alle
gheny being of the opinion that they can
stave off the eviLday until 1900, it looks
very much as if the experiment will be tried.
GLASS IK HER OWN HOUSE.
Miss Mary Anderson has given her views
on the stage and the production of fashion
able stars, in the last issue of the Xorth
American Review. She says seme very sen
sible and timely things, and not the least of
them sounds rather singular coming from
To most of those who move from the private
mansion to the stage, acting seems an easy ac
complishment and theatrical triumphs appear
the simple rewards of trivial labors. Thus
your society amateur, witn her few lessons and
IiCr parlor graces which are by no means
Etage graces starts serenely in at the top, ex
pectincto see herself instantly recognized as a
dramatic artist. Sometimes she finds in noto
riety a balm for tho abrasion of her expecta
Lions. The hit is a fair one at the present method
of producing dramatic stars; and it is not
the less fair on account of the fact that the
heroic Mary was the first of the list to step
directly from private life and to claim the
fame of a great actress. Just as Minerva
sprang into the world in full armor, did
Miss Anderson leap into stage life with-the
full panoply of a tragic star and tackle all
tbe greatest roles from Juliet and Meg Mer
rilies down to Partlienia. The further pe
culiarity of the awkward but impressive,
Angular but majestic young woman who
strode out from the wings and made her
claim on histrionic fame fourteen years ago,
is that 'she has established the claim.
It is no more than fair to recognize that
Miss Anderson had given her private life to
dramatic study and that she commenced
public acting at an age which permitted her
to gain by the instruction and development I
of real stage life. There is therefore a vital J
B. of real stage life. There is therefore a vital J The .report that .-General Harrison has J
distinction between her career and that of
the ambitious ladies who seek wealth and
fame on the notoriety of their private lives
and the attractions of their millinery.
The difference between the actresa who
makes her art the end and aim of her efforts
and those who use their amateurishness as a
means of exploiting their personal noloriety
is marked. But nevertheless, Miss Ander
son might remember that, in the matter of
starting in at the top, her own house has
considerable glass in it.
THE NATURAL GAS DECISION.
The decision of the State Supreme Court
revcrsinc the ruling of Judge White in the
natural gas cases and dissolving the tempo
rary injunction against raising the rates
charged in Allegheny, seems to put the
boot decidedly on the other leg in the con
test between the companies and the con
sumers. The peculiarity of the position lies in the
fact that the public is yet in the dark as to
whether they ars entirely without a remedy
against excessive charges or whether the
remedy pursued in these cases was errone
ous. The Supreme Court may have held
that the proper remedy would be a suit to
recover exorbitant charges; or its ruling may
be for an injunction against the combina
tion of competing companies; or itsmembers
may have been divided between these views
and the opinion that consumers have no
remedy except to return to other fuel. But
which of these opinions prevails in the ul
timate tribunal the public is not informed,
ifitistrue that no opinion is filed. All
that the public yet knows is that the Su
preme Court holds the remedy of fixing rates
by injunction, to be improper.
On the presumption that in the case of
public corporations as another ruling of
the same tribunal declares the gas companies
to be there must be some check on exces
ive charges, the decision need not necessar
ily be destructive of the public desire for
protection. Regulation by injunction is so
novel and in many respects so question
able a resort, that while believing there
must be a check somewhere, the denial of
that method to the pnblic may be accepted
with resignation; and the public will still
be at liberty to seek other remedies.
The immediate effect, however, of the de
cision is to relegate the control of the charges
for gas to the companies; and unless they
have experienced a change of heart in the
past few months, we are likely to see the
advanced scale put into operation. The
people will remember, however and will be
likely to take care that the gas companies
do not forget that if charges are pushed too
high, the snpply of coal in the immediate
vicinity is cheap and abundant. Unless
the supply of gas is so decreased as to make
it a luxury, the interests of the companies
should keep the price of gas at a reasonable
rate. It it has so diminished, the establish
ment ot high prices for a luxury is perhaps
no more than proper.
But on that point the only proper testis that
of competition. The people have it still
within their power to place the fuel gas
business under the thorough rule of compe
tition and they should learn by experience
the wisdom of doing so with all their
A WALL FBOM DENVER.
It appears that the tyrannical minions of
the law are making the sensation-lovers of
Denver feel the iron heel of despotism. A
woman is in jail there for killing her hus
band, and word is telegraphed from the Col
orado capital that she is kept in a cell, and
no one but her attorneys and the jail attend
ants are allowed to see her. "Many ladies
of the city have called bringing fruits and
flowers," but they- are Ruthlessly turned
away and the unfortunate young woman is
obliged "to sit alone in solitary confine
ment," to quote one correspondent's tragic
This is terrible; and is calculated to make
the Denver people of the class that flock to
the cells of murderers cry out: "Is this a
land of liberty or a despotism that we live
under?" It may have been known'before,
that even in countries that pretend to be
free, young women who indulge in the dis
sipation of killing their husbands are locked
up and compelled to spend their time
"alone in solitary confinement;" but when
the sweet liberty to indulge in the un
healthy craving of looking at a murderess is
forbidden, and even the offering of fruits
and flowers at her shrine is denied to the
social sensation seekers, what is left to make
their lives worth living?
"Well, there are compensations in all
things; and if the law becomes despotic
enonch to suppress the fools and worse, who
worship murderesses and make heroes of
male assassins, the sensible part of the pub
lic will be likely to approve the infraction
of personal liberty.
The Americus Club had pretty nearly as
hard a time as West Virginia finding out
who was elected in proportion to the vote
cast. But it finally discovered that some
one was elected by the Hon. Bardwell
Slote's favorite margin.
The enthusiasm with which the Southern
papers are charging the Northern people
with race prejudice in omitting to put a col
ored man in President Harrison's Cabinet,
causes them to overlook the fact that the
Southern Presbyterian Church has refused
to unite with the Northern Presbyterian
Church rather than permit the "colored
brother in the same religions organization.
There isa great deal of pulling the mote out
of your neighbor's eye in regard to the color
The decision of the Federal Court, at
Louisville, that the Inter-State Commerce
Commissioners' findings are not final, simply
enunciates what anyone could have found
in the law by reading it when it was passed,
nearly two years ago.
Mb. Depew'6 declaration that he is not
going to make a trip to Indianapolis, would
have been regretted, if he was still wearing
his glass leg. The President-elect has been
forced to receive so many distinguished
visitors with adamantine cheek, that a genial
caller with a glass leg would have been an
The reports from the Blackfoot agency,
about the quarrels of Indian tribes indicate
that the aborigines are nearly as savage in
their feuds-as the inhabitants of the moun
tain counties of Kentucky.
That sugar refining process seems to
have been just about the same kind of fraud
as watering railroad stocks. The raw sugars
were dissolved in water and emptied down
the waste pipes, and the first part, at least,
is what has been done with the raw ma
terial of a good many corporate shares.
The prospects of a short ice crop fill tbe
ice companies and the ice cream consumers
with dismay; but there is still time for
January and February to come to their
The report that .-General Harrison
declared: "I' would rather have the d 1 in
my Cabinet than Mr. Blaine," requires the
person "who believes it to also believe that
General Harrison has not only thrown away
the padlock on his mouth, but has also
thrown away his senses with it,
Allegheny's charter question appears
to be resolving itself into a problem whether
the Northside municipality will have any
charter at all.
The stern indignation with which Mr.
Gould commands that the little Missouri
Facifiq official who cnt rates shall be sought
out and beheaded, will teach railway subor
dinates their duty. In order to obtain the
favor of the railway kings they mnst put up
rates and squeeze the public.
It is certainly getting along to the point
where the Pittsburg public will insist that
building inspectors must inspect
The appearance of the State Supreme
Court in new silk gowns is noted, and it also
appears that the decisions given from the
millinery were in favor of tbe corporations.
The public can puzzle out the relations be
tween the two phenomena for itself.
Kubenstein is reported to be in great
trouble because the Czar has ordered him to
write an opera on the railway accident in
which the autocrat was not hurt. He ought
to get through the job easily enough by
working over almost any of "Wagner's later
compositions; and after hearing it once or
twice the Czar could face railroad accidents
Ye HA Yung, of tbe Corean Legation at
Washington, is a good deal of a dandy iu his
way. He pays a great many calls at the capi
tal and seems to enjoy himself, although he
does not know a word of Jinglisb,
Colonel Damoht has written a letter as
serting that President Cleveland will not live
in Orange, N. J. There is a growing suspicion
that Lamont has not yet decided where tbe
Clevelands will reside in the future.
Mlle. Schultze, the young lady who has
set Paris discussing the question of tho
equality and rights of women, by her masterly
thesis on "Tbe Female Doctor in the Nine
teenth Century," read before a jury of French
medical men, is a Russian. She is described as
exceedingly clover, and is only 2L
The gold and silver plate which belongs to
the Duke of Cumberland weighs some 12 tons,
and the jewels are valued at 100,000. Tho
Duke's hereditary casket includes tbe famous
pearls of Queen Charlotte (worth 150,000),
which caused nearly 20 years' litigation between
the Queen and the King of Hanover.
Lord Wolseley's illness Is of old standing.
He contracted it in the Burmah War of 1S5L
Lord Wolseley has done a deal of his hardest
work at times of great physical suffering. In
the Crimean War he lost one eye through tbe
bursting of a shelL He suffered severely from
inflammation of the other in the Nile cam
paign. The health of the Prince of Wales is giving
occasion to some anxiety to his friends. Its
outward and visible sign is an excess of irrita
bility which is rather.trying, the more so be
cause his entonrage have not been acclimatized
to such a temperature. The Prince has not
spared his constitution, and nature seldom
neglectB to take her revenge.
Mrs. Cleveland is engaged in translating
a French 'novel into English. This work she
has undertaken merely as a means of amusement
and with no thought of having her translation
published. She reads French with perfect ease
and her English style is flexible and graphic.
She has received offers from various publishers
who are anxious to obtain tbe outcome of her
labors, but up to the present time she has re
fused to make any bargain tor the production
of her first literary achievement.
H. Rider Haggard has become a vegeta
rian. He found by experiment that he conld
work longer and to better effect on a meatless
diet than when he indulged freely in beef and
mutton. He has become a convert to the
theory that the imagination becomes more act
ive when the body abstains from animal nour
ishment, Cereals, garden vegetables, etc, now
form the basis of Hagcard's diet, but his liter
ary serials do not show any great improvement
from this change of habit on his part.
HARD TO FIND AN EQUAL.
A Powerful Factor In the Prosperity and
Progress of tbe Community.
From the WllkesbarreKecord.
The western part of our State is holding its
own bravely, notwithstanding its disadvantage
of distance from the great centers of American
civilization. When we consider this western
country, its enterprising people and its brilliant
newspapers, it is bard to determine which is
cause and which effect. A paper such as its
leading journal The Pittsburg Dispatch,
must necessarily be a powerful factor in the
prosperity and progress of the community.
Between Philadelphia and Chicago it would be
hard to find the equal of this sturdy, aggressive
and eminently modern paper. Its issue on New
Year's Day was pleasing and seasonable. The
holiday illustration on the first page represents
a stalwart son ot toil in mechanic's garb blow
ing a great bubble from the material furnished
by the overflowing bowl of capital. The great
crystal sphere is resplendent with glowing pic
tures of what the new Year has in store for
prosperous Pittsburg. If naif the enterprises
thus prophesied are successful it will be be
cause supported cy such aids as The Dis
patch. 0NLI LOOKING AFTER NEWS.
A Newspaper Correspondent Mixed Up in
tbe Samoan Affair.
Bait Francisco, January 7. It is believed
here that the Mr. Klein, who is mentioned in
the dispatch from Berlin as having led the
party of Mataafa's adherents in the attack
upon tho German sailors in Samoa, is J. C.
Klein, who left this city for Samoa three
months ago as a newspaper correspondent.
Mr. Klein was engaged in newspaper work for
a nnmber of years in Chicago and San Fran
cisco. The opinion is published here that if K.ein
was present during the natives' attack rpon
German sailors, he was there only in the dis-
cnargo ot nis amies as a newspaper co-re
sponaent, aau was not taxing any part in
AGAINST THE COMMISSION.
A Kentucky Judge Limits the Power of the
Louisville, January 7. Federal Circuit
Judge Jackson this morning overthrew a de
cision of the Inter-State Commerce Commis
sion. He holds that the commission can only
arbitrate differences, and has no right or power
to enforce its decisions.
Contrary to the commission he decides that
the Louisville and Nashville Railroad cannot
be forced to handle stock from the Kentucky
and Indiana stockyards on terms ratably the
same as it now handles for the Bourbon stock
yards, but may fix for itself the conditions
under which it will receive freight.
Tbe niabdl and Tobacco.
From the New York World.!
It is reported that OsmanDigna has been
appropriating and annexing tbe wives of his
followers around Handonb because these mas
culine warriors chewed tobacco, in contraven
tion of tbe rnles laid down by tbe MahdL
In some countries an inexorable law of this
kind might lead to an extra consumption of
From tne Detroit Free Press.l
All the money Captain Kidd ever buried on
the shores of the United States did not amount
to $20,000, while hundreds of thousands have
been expended in searches. It's human nature
to want to find anything, even if no more than a
drygoods box filled with rubies and emeralds.
Something for Anslomnnlaca.
From tbe Chicago Inter-Ocean. J
Invitations for teas have recently been seen in
London printed on post cards, a device whictf
certainly saves time and trouble. This is a dis
count on dignity that even Anglomanlacs can
hardly afford to follow.
TAB PITTSBURG STAGE,
Booth nnd Barrett in Julius Ctcsar at the
Grand Opera Home.
It is probaDly not too much to say that a more
artistic production of a Shakespearean drama
than that presented last night at the Grand
Opera House was never seen in Pitts
burg. For once a company's managers
have done what they promised brought
here "carloads of special scenery" and a
company that was not disappoint! ng, and pro
duced a great play in a manner befitting its
worth. Such fidelity to detail and strict his
torical accuracy as was observed in last
evening's production of "Julius Caesar," are so
rare In this city as to call for special comment
There was nothing in the staging of the piece'
which was not admirable. The scenery, wbilo
not magnificent, was appropriate, and the
general effect of the most pleasing character,
Mr. Booth, of course, took the role of Brutut.
He was scarcely at his best, perhaps, yet
he was Edwinv Booth, and the critic who
should attempt to point out defects
in his work would be bold indeed.
He maintained the same mastery over
his audlenco that he always does, and
people applauded, for appearance's sake,
when they felt more like weeping.
.BruiiM' oration over the dead body of Caiar
was a masterpiece. Nowhere else in the play
did Mr. Booth give freer scope to his powers.
Mr. Barrett was a flery, impetuous Catsius and
perhaps thero is no part in alibis repertoire
that fits him better. After the tent scene both
ho and Mr. Booth were called before tho cur
tain. But why was it that but two stars wero ad
vertised when tho company contains three?
That this is the case no one who was in the
Opera House last evening could fail to admit,
after witnessing the wild enthusiasm mani-
fested by all over Mr. Charles Hanford's Mare
Antony. Mr. Hanf ord may not be a star of the
first magnitude, yet his brilliancy is such that
no one will charge him withshlnlDgby reflected
light. He received moro recalls than either
Booth or Barrett, and his speech
to tbe rabble in the forum well merited the ex
traordinary tributes to his genius. His acting
was a surprise to those who bad been accus
tomed to seeing that role relegated, usually, to
a minor placo. Tbe entire company seems
capable of furnishing worthy support to the
The theater was well filled last nlghtand the
engagement bids fair to be even more success
ful in every way than that of last year.
Hold by tbo Enemy.
v'JIiara Gillette's stirring melodrama of war
tiLij8 drew a big house at the Bijou. The play
was presented at the Grand last season, and at
that time received almost the unanimous ap
proval of the press and tbe pnblic It is a
strong play, full of wit, pathos and human
nature. The dialogue is animated and tbe
dramatlo situations are so numerous that the
attention of the audience is closely held from
the time the curtain rises until It falls upon the
With a few exceptions the company is the
same that appeared here last season. Mr. Will
Preston, in the role of Thomas Henry Bean,
"special artist," gave an exhibition of cheek
and nerve that proved very taking, while Miss
Minnie Dupree. as Susan MeCrecry, was as
artless, as winsome, and withal as natural as
any childish coquette conld possibly be. These
are the principal comedy parts, and both were
admirably sustained throughout Mr. James
K. Wilson made a very handsome Colonel
Pracott and managed his part indifferently
well. Mr. William Haworth had the
most difficult character to personate that of
Lieutenant Hayne but he proved fully
equal to the task. Miss Esther Lyon as
Jlachael, the heroine, and Miss Kate Denin
Wilson as Euphemia, acquitted themselves
creditably though not brilliantly. The play as
a whole made a satisfactory impression, and
will doubtless draw crowded houses. One fea
ture in particular, which was much commented
upon when "Held by the Enemy" was seen
here before, drew forth round after ronnd of
applause last evening. This was tho perfect
imitation ot the sound made by a horses hoofs
clattering over stonex pavements a simple
mechanical achievement, doubtless, if ono
were only in the secret, and yet enough to ex
cite tne admiration or. a tneater tuu oi people.
Lights o' London.
H. B. Jacobs' "Lights o' London" Company
is giving George R. Sims' beautiful drama at
Harris' Theater this week, and if anyone is un
der the impression that it is being put on the
stage in a half-way or cheap manner, he labors
under a great mistake. The company is a
strong one, f ally equal to any in whose hands
the play ever fell, and tho scenery and proper
ties are first-class. The two large audiences of
yesterday seemed heartily to enjoy the smooth
ness with which the touching story of the play
was told. James L. Carhart, in the trying role
of Seth Greene, proeably did the most faithful
work, though in such a large company where
all do so weil, comparisons are perhaps not just
the thing. Only three more matinees of the
"Lights o London" will be given, on Wednes
day, Friday and Saturday, and with such an
extra attraction tho "Standing Boom Only"
sign will doubtless be in steady use the entire
English Folly Company.
Harry Williams' Academy was crowded last
evening and Rose Hill's company received an
enthusiastic welcome. The programme pre
sented was a most attractive one, abounding in
taking musical features, lively dances and
clever special acts. Aside from a bevy of fe
male bnrlcsqne artists the company includes
such popular favorites as Rice and Barton,
Carr and Tourgee and others equally good.
The spectacular burlesque entitled "Parisian
Revels," proved a big hit. Altogether the
show is one which can scarcely fail to give sat
isfaction to the patrons of Manager Williams'
With such attractions as Coffee, the skeleton
dude. Colonel Decker, the midget, and Mrs.
O'Brien, widow of the Irish giant, together
with the stage performance given by the
Crescent City Combination, it would have been
surprising if the Casino Musenm had not been
crowded yesterday. As a matter of fact the
audiences wero about as large as the house
could accommodate. The Casino has probably
had no better bill at any time during the
Kate Castleton comes to the Bijou next
week with her new play "A Paper Doll."
To-night "The Merchant of Venice" will be
fciven at the Grand Opera House, Mr. Booth
appearing as Shylock and Mr. Barrett as
HE ASSUMES THE OFFICE.
Jndgo IltctZEer, Whose Seat on tbe Lycom
ing Bench is Contested, Takes tbo Onth.
Special Telegram to the Dispatch.
Williamsport, January 7. Hon. John J.
Metzger was officially sworn in as President
Judge of the several courts of this county at
noon to-day and at once assumed charge of tbe
affairs of the offlce. Tho oaths were adminis
tered by Prothonntary Guinter and Register
Kins in the presence of several hundred citi
zens. Judge Metzger's first official act was the
issuing of an order of court, reappointing the
clerk and stenographer. He also gave notice
that ho would convene court next Thursday
morning. At that Jime it is expected there
will be a f nil attendance of tbe bar.
There was no expression of opinion on the
part of the contestants as to what tbe outcome
would be. Prominent attorneys say, however,
that tbe withholding of the Commission will
not embarrass the new Judge, or in anyway de
lay the administration of justice. Judge Cum
min cleared up all old business before retiring.
Different Effect of the Weather.
From the New York Tribune. J
There Is a freezing smile on the face of the
managers of winter carnivals these mild days.
And tbo man who likes a little cracked ice in
his during the dog days is filled with gloomy
forebodings. Ana aeaiers in furs have their
own opinion about the weather. And coal
dealers heave a (full-weight) sigh. But the
majority, we fancy, take kindly to
DEATHS OP A DAY.
Charles E. Downing. "
Special Telegram to the Dispatch,
ALTOOXA, January 7. -Charles E. Downing,
County lteglstcr and Kecorder, died at noon to
day from a complication of diseases. He was
elected in 1868 as a Republican, with Knight of
Labor Indorsement. ITe was born April 17,1852,
and organized the Altoona Assembly K. of L.,
which at one time had 7,000 members.
Special Tclejrram to tbe Duratcn.
SIcKekspobt, January 7. James Devenny,
Sr father of James L. Devenny, proprietor of the
Ketcs, died yesterday in the 70th year of his age.
The deceased was an old resident. He sufiered
from old age. Tho remains will be taken to
Brownsville for interment at noon to-morrow.
Hon. Jacob Burlry.
Special Telegram to the Dispatch.
Tyeone, January 7. Hon. Jacob Burley, an old
and respected citizen, died nt 4:15 this morning.
Be was an ex-member of the Legislature, being a
member of that body In 1SS8, "Tie was In his 7zd
year. c- - -
The Riao and Full of tbe Baltic From a
European Point of View Tho People
Who Set the Styles.
The- announcement that tho "dress im
prover" is being abandoned in New York will
revlvo in minds which are prone to pessimism
a fast-fading belief in tbe wisdom of woman
kind. This desirable reform Is attributed to
Mrs, Cleveland, whose good taste in matters of
dress has made Itself felt dnring tbe period she
has presided over the White House in Wash
ington. Among other reprehensible eccen
tricities in costume, she expressed disapproba
tion of the excrescence mentioned, with the.
result that the American ladies have almost
ceased to wear it. Unfortunately, Europe
takes its cue in such questions, not from New
York, but from Paris, so that it may be some
timo yet before a similar glimpse of common
sense reaches this side of the Atlantic The
influence exercised by the President's wife on
this occasion may be regarded as almost tbe
first Instance In which the belle Amerlcalne
has been persuaded to accept a native model
for her imitation. Paris has hitherto been the
despot which ordered what the New World
should wear, and tho decrees of French
milliners have been the only ones religiously
obeyed. This may possibly have been dne to
tbo fact that until lately the Executive
Mansion had never bad for its head a lady wbo
was young enough to care much for such
fancies as tbe cut of a gown or the trimmin;
of a bonnet. Tbe spouses of tho different Presi
dents were, for the most part, middle-aged or
elderly matrons, wbo never aimed at setting
the fashion. Hence, the cltoycnnes of tho
Great Republic imported their costumes from
Paris. This especially was tho case during the
period of the Second Empire. In those days
the Empress Eugenie was oy universal consent
admitted to bo the leader of ton. Her taste.
or the taste of her costumers. was law. and
what she wore, all tbe world aimed at wearing
However, since 1870 there has been no recog
nized dictator of tbe same authority. In the
.European courts thero aro still many fair
princesses and radiant queens. But none of
them have aspired to fill tho placo which was
allowed, without question, to the Consort of
Napoleon in.; though, in their own immediate
dominions, thoy have, doubtless, not been
without some influence on the important ques
tion of when a new bonnet should come in, or
an old shape go out. A sort of chaos has
reigned. Every milliner has been a law unto
herself, and yet, somehow, without anybody
knowing why, certain garments have sprung
into existence, and run their course. Anions
these the dross improver the "pull back" of
the ribald American critic may be noted. In
itself it is little better than a mobile modern
ization of the antique "bustle" a localization
in-a diminutive form of the old crinoline.
which, again was only the still moro anclont
"farthingale" writ small. But why anything
so hideous was ever rescued from the limbo of
dead and departed follies it Is hard to say. Still
more interesting would it bo could the story of
their intioduotlon be traced, and the secret
power bv which they are forced on the daugh
ters of Eve brought before the gaze of a world
which knows nothing of its greatest men, and
is sometimes not very grat&ful for information
on the subject.
There is, indeed, a vague belief that to a
Leicestershire male-milliner of supreme abil
ity, who for years has fixed pis studio in Paris,
we are indebted for most of the fashions that
come, have their day and go. This, we believe
is a mistake. The famous Anglo-French dress
makersimply designs tho costumes of his clients,
after the prevailing modes without venturing
on any such risky departure as tbe invention of
a new one. Such an hcroio procedure is left tq
other hands. A princess Jor a ducheiB, or anv
actress may give currency to a certain cut of
gown, or a certain shade of material, and there
.are taiesoi impecunious memoers oi tne nam,
noblesse acting in this way as the show blocks
for enterprising Arms. But tbe dress, or the
color, or tbe cloth mnst have been con
ceived by someone. Great ladles, as a rule,
seldom Invent their own dresses. Tbey wear
simply what their milliner tells them Is do
rigeur, and the smaller people are quite willing
to accept the verdict without cavil. Time was,
before court costume was so conventional as it
now is, when on Drawing room days an apart
ment was reserved at St. James' Palace, where
the dressmakers might sit In order to obtain a
glimpse of tbe ladles on their way to the
Throne Room, and thus imbibe a little of that
technical education in their profession about
which we now hear so much.
In these days we seem to Import most of our
fashions ready made. Yet these do not all
come from Paris, and since Berlin has de
clined to recognize tbe supremacy of the
French capital, London is as often as not the
city which the Continent copies. We even dic
tate to New York, though the name of the gen
ius who first brings such absurdities as tbe
dress improver into vorue is still an impene
trable mystery. Some fashions can be traced.
For instance, it is among tbe com
monplaces of social history that tbe
notorious Isabella of Bavaria intro-,
ducea tbe custom of leaving- tho neck
and shoulders bare, in order to display the
whiteness of ber skin, and that patches wero
first worn by a French lady in order to cover a
wen on her neck. Full-bottomed wigs came in
owing to the Dauphin wearing one for the pur
pose of concealing the fact of ono of his shoul
ders being higher than tbe other, jnst as
Charles VII. ot France set all tho world in favor
of long coats, when be found it convenient to
hide his ill made legs, or as tho Duke of Anjou,
to mask a deformity on one ot his toes, biought
In tbe custom of having the shoes twice as long
as the feet In like manner, the Archduchess
Isabella of Austria, having vowed notto phange
her linen until Ostend fell, caused the dingy
fabric lonR known as L'Isabeau to be greatly
affected by the loyal ladies of the Imperial
Court. On tho other hand, yellow starch never'
again held its own after Mrs. Turner, the
poisoner, was executed in ruffs dressed with it,
and black satin took years to recover its former
cachet of respectability after Mrs. Manning
elected to make her exit from the world in a
gown of that material.
Fashion takes such flights of eccentricity
that, tbongh, of course, anyone may dress as
ehe pleases, the centle sway of a dictator
who'se example must be law often seem desira
ble. Yet, when France and after France all
Europe had a model for imitation, some of
the worst of all costumes ran their course. In
those days the crinoline was brought in and
went out, and the hideous bonnets, pointed
superiorly like a Norman window, rendered
many a face as ugly as it is possible for any
buman contrivance to make a jpretty one. Be
fore the French Revolution, Versailles carried
all before it. But even then we had some of
those amazing costumes tbat made Mr. Pepys
doubt whether the" figures he met walking in
the ealiery at Whitehall were men or women.
"which." remarkod the diarist, "was an odd
sight, and a sight that did not please me."
After the Revolution, when social anarchy,
so far as fashion prevailed, was let loose, the
costumes, though eccentric enough, were not
much worse than those held sway previously.
Good Queen Charlotte and ber daughters
scarcely made a pretense of leading the gay
world, and tbe French ladies wbo came over
were, judging from the caricatures of Gillray,
scarcely fitted for the position they assumed.
Before the final catastrophe in France a rage
for simplicity had set in. Even male dress
partook of this, and when Benjamin Franklin
was tho favorite of the French Court, stout
shoes, collarless coats, and vtorsted stockings
a la Franklin became fashionable. But, with
the new regime, the classical craze camo in,
and ladies appeared in Kensington gardens a
1'antiqup, with muslin dresses clinging to their
forms like tbe folds of the drapery on a marble
statue, though by-and-by tho unsightly fur
belows and other additions not sanctioned by
tbe archaeologist were added to this chaste
female garb. Since then, it may be admitted,
we have improved. As a rule, better taste has
prevailed, especially in male dress, and though,
now and then, the eagerness for chance has
broughtaboutsomesufllriently absurd fashions,
we were gradually drifting to the mean be
tween severo utilitarianism and absoluto silli
ness, when the dress improver set all awry.
Bloomerism, about the only original fashion
which America ever seriously attempted,
though reasonable enongh, never took with tbe
fair world anymore readily than the chiton and
the divided skirt, Bober-mlnded people would
be well content with something let's logical.and
If only the reform which begins with the aboli
tion of the steel cage tabooed by Mrs. Cleve
land goes on, it is possible tbat tbe garb of
wnmenklnd may in the end be ns sensible an
that of men, the long hat, the tall collar and
the pointed shoes notwithstanding. London
ODE- MAIL i'OUCfl.
The Jr. O. U. A. M. and tho Fine.
To thn Editor of the Dispatch:
How easy it is to be misunderstood. What
strange prejudices and vagaries take possession
of some minds. Since the published notice of
my purpose to introduce in the Legislature a
bill requiring all educational institutions, re
ceivingaidfromthcState,to display tbenational
flag during school sessions. -the measure has
been frequently commended by personal words
of approval. Upon all such occaslonslhave uni
formly spoken in warm terms of appreciation
of the patriotic work of the Jr. O. if. A. M. in
furnishing flags for so many of our public
schools, and certainly no one canhola the order
in higher esteem or more heartily appreciate
their loval devotion to the flar of thn iTnlnn
than the writer.
The object in introducing tho bill is to have
tbe State do tbe work now done by this organi
zation. It mnst be apparent that to secure
regular and uniform display, State authority
must be exercised. I seek such authority. If
the State, by sovereign mandate, should place
the flag on all of our school institutions and
thus complete this work so loyally inangnrated
by tbe named order, surely none will rejoice
more than they. When the flac flies from every
school bouse iu country and city there will re
main plenty of other work to engage the heads
and hands of the brotherhoodand all others
vho seek the best interests of our common
country and the highest good of mankind.
. , John F. Dbato.
Januaet 7, 18S0.
Presented to the Author of The Quick or
tbe Dead by Her Husband.
From the Philadelphia Press..
Mr. Chanler expected to spend Christmas in
Paris, with his bride, but be ordered made for
her in New York what is probably the most
costly pen and inkstand in tbe world. The
author of the "Quick or the Dead!" has always
used a gold pen to write her copper-plate man
uscripts with, and this has been held by a big,
heavy penholder. The oqe ordered by Mr.
Chanler is, therefore, not too heavy for her nse.
though it is made 'of gold in the likeness of a
quill, the pen not being Inserted, but forming
the end of the gold quill, just as the ordinary
one taken from the goose's wing does.
Around the stem of the pen are etched deli
cate wreaths of laurel, and the feather of the
quill is an exquisite piece of goldsmith's work,
each ray of the plume being separate and set
with the tiniest diamonds. It is not a whit
heavier than the thick old silver-handled pen
with which "Herod and Mariamne" was writ
ten, and with every movement flashes with
the brilliancy and fire of the lady's own
heroines. The inkstand has a big block for
tbe base, covered with gold, and the initials "A
R. C." forming "a monogram in diamonds on
the front, surrounded by another laurel
wreath. The inkwell itself is a small, old
fashioned gold casket, lined with glass, which
is carried by a pair of blind Cupids, whose
bows and arrow shafts are, crnsted with little
PREACHERS ON A STRIKE.
Ministers. Who Won't Pray for a Logls-
lntnre Except for 35 n Pray.
Special Telegram to tbe Dispatch.
Indianapolis, January 7. There is grave
danger that the Legislature which meets in
this city on Thursday next will bo a prayerless
body, unless it can import men from outside
towns to do the praying for it It has been
customary for the clergymen of Indianapolis
to bo requested to officiate in turn as chap
lains at the opening of the daily ses
sion of the body, These requests have
been considered as honors by the clergymen
and bave been cheerfully responded to. At'
their meeting this morning, however, the mat
ter was discussed by tbe ministers, and while
no formal action was taken, as such action
upon a requet: that has not yet been made this
year might place the ministers in an awkward
light. It was tacitly agreed that unless the
Legislature would agree to pay M a prayer the
clergymen would refuse to officiate as usual.
There were several little speeches on the
subject, and it seemed to be agreed that if a
prayer was not worth S5 it was not worth any
thing. Br. McLcod said he had officiated sev
eral times as Chaplain of the last Legislature,
ana he would say that he had never seen a
body of men wbo seemed to need praying for
more. One time he was there they were trying
to throw the presiding officer out of tho chair
while he prayed, and he thought prayers under
such circumstances dirt cheap at J3.
There is a general understanding among tho
ministers, it is said, that thore shall be no rate
cutting. They thick the Legislature ought to
settle the matter by appointing a Tegular chap
lain. THE PARIS EXHIBITION
It Will Cover an Enormous Area and Have
a Charming- Donkey Service.
from the New York Herald.
The coming exhibition will cover a far
greater area than that of 1878, inasmuch as
it will embrace not only the Trocadero and
tbe Champ de Mars, but the whole of tbe Es
plande des Invalldes. There will be a pano
rama near the iron tower showing Central and
South America as they were when Cortes and
Fizarro conquered them. There will be a nar
row gauge exhibition railway with long trains
of carriages resembling the open wains at
Bonlogne-sur-Mer, and running from 9 A. H.
tUl midnight every 10 minutes. It will have for
Its termini the bridge of the Invalldes and the
A charming service of bath chairs, drawn by
Egyptian donkeys and led by fellahs, is being
got up. The donkeys wUl be white and able to
go at a lively pace, and their keepers, who will
be dressed as if at Cairo, will run beside them.
The tariff for these vehicles has not yet been
settled-, but there will be for the railway and
the moving bridge conveyance down the
central gaUery an uniform rate of twopence
MISS TVILLAED ON D0LI3.
She Believes That Living; Are Better Than
'From the Boston Traveller. J
What Miss Wlllard has really said of dolls is
this: "I do believe that living aro better than
imitation pets, because tbey call a child out
into God's real world of wonder, cultivate tbat
curiosity which is the beginning of knowledge,
foster a fondness for tbat outdoor life which
most conduces to vigorous physical develop
ment, and warm into life every humane and
kindly sentiment I do not believe that tho
motherly instinct is dependent on the care of
dolls, for I hold that it is always and every
where the central motive power in every
woman's heart. Let any mother who would
have her daughters behave rationally abont
their dress give them Froebel's Kindergarten
gifts, and teach them to make all their plays a
means of mental development and physical
On tho Subject of the Movement for on
Toronto, Jannary7. In replytoalettersent
by the Secretary of the Toronto Branch of the
Imperial Federation League to tbe Hon.
William E. Gladstone, inquiringasto his views
on the Imperial Federation movement, Mr.
Gladstone writes: "In the prospective, the first
place is held by the great and urgent Irish
question, but I must assure you that I should
view with tbe utmost satisfaction throughout
the British Empire, tbat which in the case of
Ireland it is my daily care and interest to
obtain, a more thorough and substantial nnion
of tbe different countries and peoples paying
allegiance to Her Majesty."
REVERIES OF A FLY PHILOSOPHER.
THE CLOSE OF LEAP AB.
Leap year Is dying,
The maid is sighing.
Her lack oi courage she now doth rue;
Tbe chance is over
To catch a lover
She waited, waited,
fatal error, sweet maid, was thlnei
Leap year Is o'er, (tear.
And at the door here
But don't despair, dear,
Away throw care, dear,
There's always hope this side of Styx.
Walt another four, dear.
Or even more, dear
In your dejection,
Let this reflection
Your bosom with consolation fill:
borne who have mated
Now wish they'd waited
TUIMDCCCC; or later still!
THE OLD AND THE NEW. '
'TIs finished, said old Time. He folded up
The record of the year. What's done Is done I
What is recorded here remains unchanged
Till all shall pass away, the earth and sun;
Till then mnst this completed record lie
Within the storehouse of eternity.
The novelist may sketch a human life
And, if it please him not can make a change,
Correct his manuscript blot here and there
And add improvements as suits lancy's range.
A sinner, led through suffering to heaven,
Or let a saint by sin to hell be driven.
But here's a record that cannot be changed
Who writes his history on the page of time,
Be it as pure as angels' lives, or be '
The record of a dark career of crime.
What's written must forerermore remain;
Time's scioll, once sealed, Is opened not again.
Thus he, soliloquizing, sealed the scroll.
Wrote I8S3 In figures bold,
And In bis bosom placed tbe roll, then he,
With solemn mien, a stainless page unroUed
A stainless page. As It unrolled and fell.
Hero all will write, said be; may all write welll
THE EAOLE'S FLIGHT.
The eagle in circles aseendetb to heights
That only the lark may explore,
And cuts, as heriies Oh, strangest of lights 1
The air with a circular soar.
" Boiton Courier.
GOSSIP OF NEW YORK,
The Oldest Hackman.
IKIW TOBX BUMEATJ SFICIALS.l
New York, January 7. Hempstead; Long
Island, claims to have the oldest hackman in
the United States. His name is Nathaniel
Smith, and he has been the only regular hack
man in Hempstead for SO years. He is just 100
years old to-day, and Hempstead is having a
big time oyer it.
Determined to Die.
Joseph Jager, 42 years old, bad been ill and
unhappy in his family for neany ten years.
Early this morning he sat down fn a rocking
chairandsliothimself dead with a rifle. He held
the stock between his feet and-the muzzle in.
his mouth. He sprang the trigger with a cane.
The ball passed clean through tho top of his
head, and struck in the ceiling.
A Wolf In Sheep' Clothing".
Frederick MUler, a gray-haired, g-ay-bearded
professor of languages, has a wife and three
children. He lectures frequently n religious
subjects for the Y. M. C. A. her. He Is a
member of the Baptist Church. He is In jali
to-night became he wrote very bad letters to
Rosa Merkle, a beautiful young girl of 17
Lillian Ruuell in Tralnljr.
Lillian Russell pays littto enoutji attention
to Mr, Duff's threats of the terrible taings he
will do to her if she persists in singing for Mr.
Aronson. She says it will take a bigger man
than Mr. Duff to frighten her out of her rights.
She goes daily to rehearsal at the Casino. She
exercises for 15 minutes each morning with a
rowing machine in her room, and is then
spongeddown by her maid. Sho ia training
thus to keep down her flesh.
Used Ilor Bustle Strings for a Noose,
Mrs. Fannie Fawsett, 21 years old, was
locked up for drinking too much. She tried to
hang herself with her bustle strings. She
stuffed the bustle through the bars above a
cross-piece six feet from the floor. Sho stood
on a bench while she tied the strings tight
around her neck. Then she jumped from the
bench. A policeman cut her down.
Not Fit to Care for Children.
Madame DissDeBar cannot have her adopted
daughter. She learned from a judgs of tho
Supreme Court, to-day, that she was unfit to
care for young Diss DeBars. The children will
remain under the protection of the Society for
the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Madame
Diss DeBar is tremendously Indignant over the
whole affair, and is terribly down on the judge
who told what a low opinion he had of her and
General Dis3 DeBar" morals.
Return of Two Wanderers.
The French steamer LaNormandie. which
arrived from Havre to-day, had on board
Charles A. Dana,of the iSuiyind Ballard Smith,
of tho World.
Lewis the Light's Latest.
Theltev.Dr, Crosby's commission , for the
revision of tho excise laws received to-day this
notice from "Lewis, the Light," the reiiirjous
fanatlo who goes to church in baseball clothes.
"Now, to Commissioner Stern: Laughed at
by Crosby is not half so bad as to be laughed at
by me, Prov. t, 25, 26. Send for me wten you
want these pharasaical prohibitionists, etc, and
doubly taken down a peg or two or
the people's good.
"Lewis is the Light, the Scourge of Uod."
THIS lEAE'S APPR0PEIATI05S.
Pittsburg Gets a Big Share to Complete Its
Washington, January 7. The Sundry
Civil Appropriation bill was completed to-day
by the House Committee on appropriations. It
carries an aggregate appropriation of 422,85V
996, being S6,72L451 less than the regular and
special estimates, and 83,769,008 less than the
appropriation for tbe current fiscal ytar. A
number of limitations upon expenditures are
proposed in the bill. Following the paruirapbs
making appropriations for public buildings are
provisions forbidding the preparation or
approval by tbe Secretary of tho Treasury of
plans for pnblic buildings in advance of
appropriations for the samo or the approval of
any plan Involving a greater expenditure for
a building than the sum specified in tje act
making the appropriation. The United States
is aleo to be freed from responsibility for the
avlng of streets surrounding tbe public
ulldings; commissions are not to be pjld on
account of disbursements for such buildings,
except for moneys actually bandied by disburs
ing agents, and the Government is to be re
lieved from legal expenses connected witti the
procurement of titles to sites.
Among tbe items of appropriation are the
following: Congressional Library building.
$500,000; Home for Volunteer Soldiers. .99o,
868; construction of public buildings, $1,747,001;
surveys of public lands, 5205,000: public print
ing, $2,218,000; quarantine service, S&,000.
Appropriations are made for pnblic buildings:
To complete buildings at Bay Citv, Mich., J100,
000; Denver. S100.000; Detroit, S15aor0; Du-.uth,
iuiuu., sjo,uvu: .cvansYiue, AnaM siuu,uuu; Jack
son, Mich., $60,000; Louisville, Ky., $131,000:
Plttsburc. $250,000; Texarkana, Arkansas and
Texas, $50,000; and Vicksbnrg, Miss., $50,000.
A DEADLOCK IN BOSTON.
Both Branches of tbe City Government Fall
to Elect Officers.
Special Telegram to the Dispatch.
Boston, January 7. There is tbe tightest
kind of a deadlock in both branches of the
Boston city government over the election ot
presiding officers. Banker Hart who took the
Mayor's chair to-day, finds his little family in a
most decldedstate of rebellion. In the Board of
Aldermen Messrs. Gore and Rogers, Republi
cans, are each determined to be elected Chair
man, and the supporters of each decline to
yield. Thirty ballots were taken this after
noon, the vote on the last ballot being a tie.
The board adjourned until Wednesday after
noon, when hostilities will be resumed.
In the Common Conncil D. F. Barry, Demo
crat is seeking re-election as president, and
the Republicans have nominated H: G. Allen.
Tbe Democrats have a majority of two In tho
board, but five of their party voted for Mr.
Allen on tbe informal ballot This raised a
hubbub in the Democratic ranks, and the five
members who ref used to be bound by the cau
cus were denounced as traitors by tbe remain
der. An adjournment was ' effected until
The Philosophy of Razzlc-Dnzzle.
From the New York World.l
When grown men and experienced merchants
will Invest thousands of dollars in a so-called
scientific sugar refiner upon no more satisfac
tory warrant than afewhandfuls of saccharine
crystals dropping from a mysterious chute, is
it any wonder that the agile sawdust man de
clines to bow to civilization and that the
bunco-steerer roameth about by night and by
day seeking to impart the razzle-dazzle unto
the unsophisticated rurallst?
A LITTLE DINiNEB.
An embroidered square of linen should be
placed under the center piece.
Oystebs or clams may be served on a thick
bed of water-cress, in their shells, with ac
Little dishes of small round radishes make
pleasing bits of color. Dishes filled with salted
almonds are de rigueur.
With the salad, cheese straws should be
served, tied in a bundle with a narrow ribbon;
they may be on tfie table, if desired.
Tiie ice balls are an addition to many salads
and are made as follows: Take a piece of ice
as large as a teacuppound fine, in an old towel,
and press with the bands until perfectly round.
An attractive "fish dish" consists of medium
sized cucumbers, cat in half and carefully
scraped out and stuffed with cold boiled salmon
(fresh.or canned) mixed with mayonnaise, one
half cucumber served to each person.
Otsters may be broiled and served on an
ordinary small skewer with little bows of rib
bon tied to the "handle." Then five or six
well-Drolled oysters Impaled on the split served
on (or off) toast, and the plate is ready for the
The ice cream may be served in paper cases
covered with artificial flowers, or in individual
bricks and shapes. The cakes, if small, fanci
fully iced ones, may adorn the table in little
dishes. In the finger bowls a piece of lemon, a
pansy or a geranium leaf may float Table
A PRETTY and delicious salad is as follows:
Small tomatoes hollowed out and filled with
dressed celery, mayonnaise poured over the top
and a few capers added; the potatoes placed on
a bed of lettuce, with some iee balls inter
spersed. Chopped watercress makes a deli
cious substitute for celery.
. CUJHODS GWDENSATJ05S. .
There are nine cables connecting
Europe and America, which utilize 113,000
miles of cable.
A gentleman bearing the appropriate
name of Gum has opened a factory fortba
manufacture of chewing tobacco at Frankfort.
There is a boy in Iowa who has, lost
both hands, both feet, both ears and most of
his nose by frost bites, and as he has nothing
else to lose he is having lots of fun out doors
Tho nnmber of female doctors in the
United States is about aCOO.and here and
there is one who makes as good a living as a
seamstress. It is hard work for them to gain
Out of 12 young ladies in Green Bay
who met on tho 1st of January a year ago and
vowed never to marry, nine were married in
side of ten months and two of the others hava
breach of promise suits.
They trfed a new experiment at a church
fn Rockland last Sunday, that of sending f our
young ladies around with the contribution
boxes. It is said not a youne man in the con
gregation neglected to contnbute.
Sometimes it happens tbat quite an en.
tertainment Is arranged especially for a jury
man's beneflt. Such an instance was seen in a
Maine village the other day. It was in a horsa
case, and the entire jury bad to go out and sea
'for themselves what kind of a record tbe ani
mal conld make on the track.
Maine is a bad State in which to com
mit a crime. In most cases punishment is swift
and snre, but it is claimed that tbe conviction
and sentence of Sawyer and Campbell, at Au
gusta, beau the record. In just one week after
tbe crime was committed tbe prisoners were in
jail, sentenced to prison for life.
Jake Wilcox, of Portland, Mich., lost
a $125 horse in a peculiar manner on Friday
night last The horso was standing In a stall
in the barn and ran his bead up into tbe shuts
for some bay, and it is supposed that while in
this position he became frightened at some
thing and in jerking back bis head broke his
neck, as he was found in this condition in the
A little boy in one of the Brooklyn
(N. Y.) public schools, encouraged by his
mother's assistance, bad worked for a month
to get, tho honor medal, which was to ba
awarded on Friday last The lad was an invet
erate breaker of rules in the classroom, and he
made a trreat effort to get perfect marks. At
tbe last moment, however, he received one bad
mark, and his rival took the prize. Reporting
tbe fact to his mother, he said he did not care
particularly for tho old medal,bnt it was the en
tire waste of goodness he regretted. His
mother has abandoned further ambition for
him for the present
During the performance of one of M.
Delibes' operas at Naples a few days ago, a
startling murder was accomplished, on the
stage, and in the presence of a fashionable
audience. Tbe scene represented a battle.
The choristers, attired as soldiers, fired their
rifles at each other. Suddenly one of the
choristers fell dead. A ball had penetrated to
his heart A panic ensued. The police dis
covered that one of tho choristers' rifles had
been loaded with a ball cartridge, and that tbe
man who fired it bad threatened to kill tbe
very man who had fallen dead. The assassin
finally confessed the crime. Jealousy was the
motive of. this extraordinary murder.
A Lewiston, Me., police officer in pass
ing a dark alleyway heard a strange noise. It
was of a voice in tbe tones of supplication. The
words were undlstinguishable. It was about 2
o'clock in the moraine, and the officer drew. his
shooting Iron and his clnb and histened to the
spot As he enared it, tbe tones grew louder.
Someone was snouting in a loud voice, from
tbe back end of a hone shed. The officer was
not a little surprised to find the object of bis
search in the person of a devout soldier of the
Salvation Army, who was out in the cold and
the darkness of the darkest hour making his
petitions. The officer passed a good morning,
and asked the soldier to lower his voice a few
octaves. The soldier complied and the officer
Astudentatthelnstitute of Technology,
Boston, was ill in his room on Tremont street;
at least he thought ho was in his room, when
suddenly awakened by a blo4r on the head; bat
on looking about he found that he was in the
hallway of a strange house. He heard voices
in an adjoining room, and, rapping at the door,
was admitted to tbe room of two fellow stu
dents whom ha well knew. They hardly knew
whether the visitor was their friend, whom
they thought wag lyine: ill six houses down the
block, or his ghost. He assured them tbat he
was very much alive, but couldn't tell how be
came there, and .they clothed him and took
him to his room and began an investigation of
the mystery. They found solution. In his
sleep he had risen, opened a window, got out
on the mansard roof, which was edged by a tin
gutter and six stories from the sidewalk, made
his way along tbe perilous path past the
dormer windows of Ave houses, stopped at tbe
sixth, climbed in, and awoke when he struck
his bead against a door in tbe hall.
The other day, one of the customers in a
Lewiston, Me., drygoods store failed to get her
purchases and she appeared at the store the
next morning in a ferment "Here, Gny,"
said the proprietor, "take this lady's bundle
right homo with her." The lady preceded the
boy out of the store and walking along to the
curbing stepped into the wagon .standing there.
The boy took the blanket off the horse; un
hitched him and jumped id. At tho watering
troneh on one of the streets tbe horse seemed
to want to drink, and the clerk, said: "Shall I
give the horse a drinkT" "Yes." said the lady,
"give the old horse a drink;" and the horse
drank. Arriving at the lady's house, the clerk
lookea for the stable, and said: "What shall 1
do with the horse? Shall 1 tie him up?" "Sure."
was the reply. "I don't care wbat you do with
him. He's not my horse. Ain't he yours?" To
say tbat the boy was astounded is to tell only
half the trutlr. He was frightened. Taking a
philosophic view of it he reasoned tbat very
likely tbe police were on his track. Instead of
returnine by a direct road to the store he took
a roundabout way. In the meantime the owner
bad notified tbe police, and bad made a
thorough search for the animal only to find it
where he had left it
MEANT TO BE FUNNY.
Paterfamilias (after admonition in an
other form to Hopeful) Take datl an' get to yo
book. Fuss thing yo' know at de zamlnatlon yo
woan know je'ABC from yo' alfy bet Harper' t
A Stranger's Mistake Distinguished
Stranger (In the WestJ-Tbat Is a well-driUed
squad of soldiers.
American Oeneral Squad? Great Scott man!
That's an army ! Sew Xork Weekly.
A Celestial Example Biggs Hello,
Boggs! What are you standing out here ln,the
cold for? You seem to be fascinated by the full
Boggs Yes, I'm trying to find out how to act
under slmUar circumstances. Burlington Free
Photographer I proposed to Miss New-
rich yesterday, whUe I was taking her picture.
Intimate Friend -Were you successful?
Photographer Yes, Indeed. I received an ex
Intimate Friend You should get her to give yon
another sitting. "Two negatives make an affirma
tive." you know. America
Sudden Loss of Faith Doctor Pill (at
medical meeting) What's tbe matter wltn Dr.
l'hyslc to-night? Reappears to be la a terribly
bad humor-nothing but Impatience, Irascibility
and slurs every time the wonderful progress of
medical science Is mentioned.
Doctor Powder He has bad rheumatism for six
weeks, and all his brother physicians who were
called In only made it worse. Sew Xork Weekly.
The Man He Wanted Attorney for de
fense to man drawn as Juror Permit me to ask
you, Mr. Idunno, If you have conscientious
scruples against capital punishment?
Attorney Are you opnosed, on principle, to the '
execution of condemned criminals?
Attorney (hastily) -We'll take this man. Your, .
Honor. fjhieago Tribune. K
"Jimplecute & Co. have failed," said tha "
confidential clerk of Hardscrable Hardscrabble -to
tbe senior partner.
"Well, they don't owe us anything, do they?"1 V
asked the senior partner. '-
"No; as nearly as 1 can find out they have faUed
at their own expense."
"Bah!'" said the senior partner, in disgust,,,
"that Is not a failure at all. That Is the work of
dunderheads, sir. Do not degrade tbe wordij.
failure bv anDlrlng It to a mere unbuslness-UkeT '
smashup. lam surprised at you, Mr. Longme-
ter." I hlcago Setct.
The bootblack with a wooden chair
Thinks he's fortune's favored son;
He views with supercilious air
His fellow-craftsman who has none.
He really dors not care to know him.
And thinks the lad is quite below hira.
The man. who slaughters pigs and steers
Would not demean himself to stop
And talk, as with his wealthy peers. ,
"WJ"1 aim wbo keeps a butcher shon. .
. ,:".rr- "."-;.!" ar.
. io tcu hit or siAugaiex manyr