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THE, PITTSBURG DISPATCH, "WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1889, s "W .JUl' REFORM 1ST RULE Pees of Constables Beduced by the Count)' Controller. THOUSANDS TO BE SAYED. Tlie Eule Will Break Up a Loose Prac tice Among Witnesses, AND COMPEL OBEDIENCE BY THEM. The County Will Pay Only for Such Sub poenas as Are Answered. A TEST CASE DEVELOPED IESTEKDAI County Controller Speer has inaugurated another reform. It is in relation to the fees of constables. He expects to save the county thousands of dollars by enforcing the new rule. Heretofore the county has paid constables for every subpeeua they have served upon witnesses in cases before the aldermen. The county also has to pay all the costs in suits where the Commonwealth fails to make out a case on account of insufficient evidence. And it voy frequently happens that a case fails because witnesses do not appear at the preliminary bearings belore aldermen. There has never been a strict rule observed in regard to the attendance of witnesses at such preliminary hearings. "Writs are always served on them, but they have been using their own judgment as to whether or not they will appear. The result has been that in two or three classes of cases before aldermen few or none of the witnesses put in appearance, although their subpoena has been a costly item of ex pense to the county. For each subpoena scaled a constable receives 50 cents out of the county treasury beside his mileage. In a case where say ten witnesses naa Deen summoned, the county would thus have paid So for the mere work of notifying them of their summons. Yet not a single one of the ten persons apparently need attend the hearing if it does not suit him. A GRAND SHAKING UP. But there is going to be a grand shaking up in the luture. Controller Speer, acting under a recent decision of the Supreme Court, has decided to pay constables for only such subpoenas that are obeyed by wit nesses, for instance, if a constable sum mons six persons to testify at a hearing and only two appear, the official will receive but SI, whereas under the old rule he would get So. In that one case that would be a saving of $2 to the county. A very large amount of money is paid out every quarter by the county for these fees. It will average 15 subpoenas reported each month by every Alderman in the county. Alderman O'Brien, who was convicted of fraudulent returns, reported 50 subpoenas one month. In some other Aldermen's of fices a smaller number of subpoenas are now reported than before the O'Brien revela tions. The constables are extremely vexed by this new rule of the Controller's. They say they do their work faithfully, and should be paid for it. They serve the writs fur nished them by the magistrates. They can not do otherwise without violating their oaths. TEST CASE TESTZKDAT. This brings up the question, why can't the Aldermen and constables compel wit nesses to attend hearings? If that were done the county would not be in much dancer of losing cases, and the constables would earn just as much money as they ever did. Some Aldermen hold that they have not suffi cient authority to enforce attendance of wit nesses. But the law is against them in that They have ample power to compel witnesses to attend hearings. If they are unable to find such authority, they need simply jro into court for assistance, and they will get it. Yesterday the first instance of this kind was developed in Alderman McMasters' office. A suit lor violation of the liquor law was called for hearing. It. S. P. McCall, the county's license agent, was the prose cutor. He previously placed in the consta ble's hands the.names of six witnesses for the Commonwealth. Not one of these wit nesses appeared. The constable testified under oath that he had snbpoenaed everyone of them, naming them. It was known that he bad remained up nearly all night to see some of them. Agent McCall at once asked for an attach ment on each witness, to compel their at tendance. This will be a test case, and Alderman McMasters wUl compel the wit nesses to attend the adjourned hearing, if it is at all in the power of the county adminis tration. THE ARMSTRONG MONUMENT. Committees Appointed to Select a Design nnd a Site for It. The Executive Committee of the Thomas A. Armstrong Monumental Association met last night in the Amalgamated Association rooms, the object being to decide on a design and location for the monument Nothing definite was done, outside of the appointing of the following committees: To solicit de signs and bids, Messrs. Martin, Moore and Shields; to report suitable location, Messrs. Sturgeon, Kelly and Bitcnour. The amount of money now in the hands of the treasurer of the fund exceeds $3,000. THE! FOUND A BODY. TTrbana Authorities Want Information Aboat John Laneenn. Yesterday afternoon Chief Kirschler, of Allegheny, received a telegram from C. E. Imhoff, Coroner of TJrbana county, Ohio, asking if the body of John Lanegan was wanted in Allegheny City. There were no particulars, but it was sup posed that the body was found on the rail road track at that place. The Chief tele graphed for lurther information. Nobody by "the name of Lanegan is known to be missing from the city. NEW FREIGHT RATES. A SUsbt Advance on Everything From This CitytoTrxns. The freight rates from this city to all Texas common points have been advanced, to take effect on the 20th inst. The new rates are as follows: First class, SI 63; second, fl 42; third, $1 21; lorn th. JI C6; fifth, S5 cents. Class A, 81; 15, 82; C, 72; D. 5b; E, 5X1 cents per 100 pounds. Bottles are fourth class, window glass, iron and wire in carloads fifth class. The Election Contest Mill Undecided. The hearing in the case of an election contest for Councilman in the Thirty-fifth ward between Bcssell and Binder was con clude! yesterday before Commissioner Young, with the examination of 12 wit nesses, of whom Joseph Beckman, George Lang and John Quinn were proved not to have paid their taxes, though they voted. The verdict will be rendered in a few days. The Gronins City. In tbe completed report of the Building 'Inspector's office for December, 1888, it is shown that 136 permits were issued, of which 35 were brick buildings, 96 frame and fi ironclads. The estimated cost is $296,063. This is an increase over the report Jor De cember, 1887. The proceeds of the office for the month were $629. ANDREW JACKSOS'S DAY. The Randall Club Glories in iho General's Grand Cnrccr nnd His Victory Over the British In 1S15. The rooms of the Bandall Club, on Sixth avenue, were dressed in robes of glorious festivity last night to do honor "to the mem ory of General Jackson and the battle of New Orleans. The large number of mera- f bers of the club and their friends succeeded in enjoying the memorial exercises in a very delightful manner. It was the first time in the history of the club that the day of the patron saint of the Democratic party was passed in celebration, but upon the countenances of every member present last night it could be read that it should not be the last time if they couldhelp it. lhe clubhouse looked at its best for the occasion, and, in order to impart staying qualities into the party, Mr. Timothy O'Leary invited every one into the dining room immediately upon entering the club. Here a very inviting collation was laid out, consisting of a bill of fare which might tempi even the most fastidious of dainty Democratic palates. The collation being disposed of an adjournment was made to the assembly room of the club, and here the Hon. Morrison Foster addressed the party on the subject, "Why Should we Celebrate and Honor the Memory of Andrew Jackson and the 8th of Januarv?" The speaker gave a short historic sketch of Andrtw Jackson and his times, and he told his audience how the 8th of January was celebratad in Pittsburg 60 years ago. He related how the stanch old Democrats of that time had met in the Washington Coffee House, on the corner of Penn avenue and St. Clair street, and had a grand supper. He rend a number of the names of the gentlemen who sat down there to a sup per in 1828. The speaker closed with a grand eulogy upon General Jackson, and begged of his listeners that while they lived they should always uphold his career as one of the grandest among the American people. A vote of thanks was tendered to Mr. Foster, and the evening's programme was changed into a musical and vocal entertain ment. A full orchestra had been engaged, and general enjoyment reigned supreme until an early hour this morning. TE1IPEEAXCE FOE DRUMMERS. The T.ndies of tbo W. C. T. U., No. 2, En tertained Salesmen Lost Xisbt. Some thirty traveling salesmen gathered in the "W. C. T. TJ. rooms at 4 o'clock yes terday evening, belonging to the firm of J. P. Hines & Co., this city. The service was tendered to them by the W. C. T. TJ. No. 2, which meets in the Morehead building, cor ner of Second and Grant streets. Mrs. B. B. Jones presided and on opening the meeting called on Mrs. Huntly, of Sharpsburg, to lead in prayer. A good choir was in attendance and the music was appreciated by all. Mrs. Jones addressed the meeting in regard to the temperance question in terms peculiarly fitting to the temptations which beset traveling men. She urged that they would boldly assert for tem perance, thus exerting an influence and power for good from ocean to oocan. At the close she made an appeal for pledge signers of total abstinence and not a few responded to the request Mrs. Stratton Horner ad dressed the meeting also, and was listened to with close attention. At the close a testimonial of regard was presented to Mr. Hines. which was received with a fitting speech on the part of that gentleman. WOMEN'S TEMPERANCE MEETING. The Monthly Meeting of tbe Allegheny County Union. Mrs. H. C. Campbell presided at the monthly meeting of the Allegheny County Woman s Christian Temperance Union in the Penn building yesterday. Considera ble discussion was indulged in on the re marks of Mrs. B H. Jones, who wanted temperance literature printed in all lan guages and distributed among the coal miners. A committee was appointed to district the city for work among the various unions. Each union is to have a certain section of the city to look after. A prayer meeting will be held to-morrow afternoon at No. 534 Smithfield street. Mrs. Maier spoke on the work being done among railroad men. Many brakemen have sent in requests for Bibles, etc. Miss Martha McConuell and Mrs. B. J. Smith spoke of the good work being done in their unions. A BUCKET SH0P,BDRST. The Operator Fled, but Was Arrested Be fore Gelling Very Far, Lincoln Laugher entered bail on Tuesday night before Alderman Cassidv, on a charge of embezzlement preferred against him by G. 31. Nickel. Laugher is alleged to have opened a bucket shop in Brookville, Pa., and, during the time he operated there, to have succeeded in fleecing a number of the Brookville citi zens to the extent of 53,000. At last the town became too hot for him, and he had to fly. The case was then given into the hands of Perkins' Detective Agency, and Detect ive Donly arrested Laugherin this city. He will have a hearing before Justice Walker in Brookville on next Saturdav. COURT INFANTRY PARADE In Honor of St. Jackson's Da A Brilliant Martini Affair. Yesterday afternoon the Court Infantry parade took place with all the pride, pomp and circumstance of glorious war. The brilliant uniforms of the officeis, the gorgeous marching of the privates, would have made Coke and Blackstoce sigh with envy had they seen it Entrancing martial music enlivened the route ofthe procession. Several movements a la militaire were gracefully executed. A erand banquet at Court Infantry Cafe closed the parade and anniversary. Vive la, vive, Court Infantry! They are, every time, ready to charge and to on on with the forward movement EANKIN ON UNDERSTANDING. A Break for Liberty That Was Subse quently Broken Up. Last night between 8 and 9 o'clock Officer Madigan saw two men groaning under the burden of a considerable collection of shoes, and when he accosted them they broke for liberty like sons of freedom, as they were, up to that time One, however, was over hauled and placed in the Fourteenth ward station. He signed his name William Bankin. She Takes Folion Efleclivclj. Mrs. Louisa Mason, wife of Lee Mason, a cooper, who resides in the rear of No. 110 Forty-seventh street, committed suicide yesterday morning by taking poison. She was demented, and had often threatened to take her life. Declaring the Itcgnlnr Dividend. The regular monthly meeting of the Phil adelphia Natural Gas Company was held yesterday afternoon in the office of Mr. Charles Paine, Vice President, and the reg ular 1 per cent dividend was declared. The Son Also Arrested. Frank KoVinsky, aged 15 years, son of the Polish shoplifters, was arrested last night and wiil be held until his parents have been given a hearing. Into Other Pursuits. James B. Conners, employed by the C, B. L & P., has resigned and will go into the brokerage business with his brother. BARRY'S NEW ORDER; He Expects to Succeed Hero Despite the Efforts of M. W. Doyle. ANOTHER KEW BRANCH FORMED. Macbeth" Co. Take Steps to Avoid Trouble in the Event of a Strike. A BIG WAREHOUSE IS TO BE BUILT Tom Barry did a good day's work yester day, notwithstanding the fact that lie was barred from making a speech in Knights of Labor Hall. He organized a branch of his new order, the Brotherhood of United Labor. It was a mixed branch, several dif ferent crafts going into it, and all are mem bers of D. A. 3. Several organizers certificates were issued yesterday. They are written on a letter head bearing the motto: "Equal and exact justice to all special privileges to none." The new order bars bankers, lawyers, saloon keepers and proprietors of gambling houses. Three-fourths of every local branch must be wage workers. Mr. Barry said that the only meeting ar ranged for this week will be an open one on Saturday night, which will be held at La fayette Hall under the auspices of L. A. 1548. K. of L., attached to N. T. A. 154. This assembly is composed of ax workers, and Mr. Barry is the National Master "Workman. Mr. Barry and his confidential secretary, T. J. Wallace, were busy all day and even ing visiting members of the order who had invited them to call.. They finally drifted into the Home Hotel to rest, and a Dis patch reporter saw them there. Barry wa3 asked the question: "What do you thiuk of the method adopted by Master Workman Doyle to prevent the meeting last evening?" and he said: iie can't undeestand it. I am at a loss to understand how men can he so unmanly as to act in such a manner, or what reasons they should have to fear the truth. Mr. Doyle probably thought that if the truth were revealed to the masses, or their representatives in the district, it might jeopar dise his chances for re-election to tbe position he now, by accifient holds. The great majority of the workingmen that came to the ball last night to attend the meeting were very muck disappointed at not beine; able to hear me. They expressed their contempt for the men and organization that would practice such methods in endeavonne to bury their acts In silence, knowine that thev will not bsar'the light of investigation. I belie e that Mr. Doyle acted In accordance with instructions received from General Master Workman Powderly, as it is in keeping with his w ell-known methods. Mr. Powderly had better change the motto on his letter heads, "Heir both sides, then judge." to "Hear my side, then judge." With regard to the opinion of me given by Messrs. Denny and Campbell. I am surprised at Mr. Denny saving that I amount to nothing. I amounted to sufficient to stop his little pleas antries at the Bingham House, Philadelphia, and his loafing there at the expense of the w orking people. He was supposed to be a gen eral lecturer in the interest of the order, but was idling his time in Philadelphia. While be was loafing at the Bingham House I settled three strikes and mixed in three others. At Auburn and Medina, N. Y and New Britain, Conn. Upon my return from Connecticut he was still there, bnt he was only one of tbe many that enjoyed life at the Binebam House at poverty's expense. I insisted that he cotno Defore the board, transact his business and get out I said in the board room that if these royal loafers who are living at the Bingham House at the expense of poverty are not pre vented from so doing in the future I will ex pose them and the order if I had to do it in the public press. Powderly never raised his voice against them being Kept there, or did anything to prevent this uncalled for expenditure of labor's money. My acts have always been such as to invite tbe opposition of scabs. I never met a scab that could understand or appreciate manhood. I have never revealed any of the secrets of the Knights of Labor, and 1 do not intend to. but I have exposed the rottenness and corruption of tbe general officers, and will continue to do so until honesty is established in the labor movement ANXIOUS TO MET POWDEKLT. Powderly, they say, will likely be here be fore the end of the week. I will not evade him by any means. Nothing would please me bet ter than to meet Mr. Powderly on the stage at Lafayette Hall on Saturday night I will guar antee him a respectful bearing, and will charge him nothing for the use of the hall. I understand that money is scarce at head quarters, and I offer him the privilege of sharing the hall with me at my expense. An other gentleman offers to pay his fare if be will come. So I can see no good reason why hs should not be here on Saturday. I wonder if he will. The Brotherhood of United Labor will never become a synonym of scabbism, as has tbe Knights of Labor through their whitewashing of unfa.r people, who went foul on their trade, and the discharging of true and tried mem bers of the Knights and the employing of non union oeonlp in their places. The haadauar- ters of the Knights of Labor at Philadelphia had become a luxurious home for unfair peo ple, and Mr. Powderly is not satisfied with the employ ing of that class of people, bnt would, if monkejs could do the work, and initiate them into the order afterward. Mr. Barrv will spend the day in visiting local assemblies of the order aud will ad dress a public meeting at Beaver Falls on Thursday night He is well satisfied with the outlook here and believes that the mem bership of D. A. 3 will be materially re duced in a few weeks. When Master Workman Doyle was spoken to yesterday he said that he did not think tbatBarry's work in this vicinity would amount to anything. There are some kickers and they may listen to him, but Mr. Doyle does not believe that any of them will joiu his new order. TO DO UP THE WORKERS. Macbeth & Co. to Erect n. Wnrebonso and Put in a Stock to Last Ttvo Vears Work to be Commenced Soon. Macbeth & Co., the largest chimney man ufacturers in the world, is the first firm in this section to take steps to prevent any em barrassment on account of labor troubles next summer. There seems to be no doubt that the workers will demand an advance in wages during the summer shutdown. This demand, if it is made, will be resisted, and in order to do so the chimney men will be compelled to have a stock on hand to supply the trade until the trouble is settled. The firm of Macbeth & Co. have made, or rather, are making, provisions to supply the trade, strike or no strike. No firm in the city has any extended facilities for stocking its product that is not sold. At present wages chimneys can be made cheaper and better than ever before. In order to build up a stock to carry the firm through an ordinary strike, Macbeth & Co. have decided to erect a large warehouse. The contract for the building was let yester day, and the warehouse will be the largest in the county. It will be built at the corner of South Ninth and old Sarah streets. The dimensions of the building, according to the plans, will be 296x64 feet, and five stories high. The building will require fully 1,500,000 brick to build it. This building will be used to store all chimneys not sold between the time it is completed and the workers' strike for an ad vance in wages, if the latter should ma terialize. The proprietors of the works pro pose to have a warehouse in which they can store a two-years' supply. More men will be put to work, and every effort made to "stock up." The information given above came from a seemingly very reliable source; but when Mr. George A. Macbeth was spoken to last evening, he refused to aamit that the firm intended to erect such a warehouse for such a purpose. A COAL OPERATOR DIING. N Serious Illness of Mr. J. C. Blsher at Bis Allegheny Home. Mr. J. C. Bisher, one of the leading. coal operators of this vicinity, is dying at his home in Allegheny. His physicians do not think he will live through the week. Mr. Eisner has been in the coal business all his life, and is very well known. FOE OUR DAILY BUEAD. Permanent Organization nnd Officers of tbo Bakers' Association. A largely attended and harmonious meet ing of the Bakers' Merchant Protective As sociation was held in the Grocers' Exchange building last night. The final report of the Committee on Constitution was read and ac cepted, and the hall was rented as a per manent meeting place, and proper weights and measures to suit the public were dis cussed. The following permanent officers were elected: President John Dimling; Vico Presidents, J. Goettman, C. A. Slagle and D. F. Git; Secre tary, T. L. Pfarr; Treasurer. B. B. Ward: Di rectors, J. Dodds, P. Smith. J. Kaltcnbauser, G. Ward. C. Slagle. G.Lanz,G. Orth, O. Kon stancer and J. A. New. Lnbor Orators nt Work. Master Workman John F. Doyle, of D. A. 3, General Lecturer T. Walls and J. E. O'Shea of the Knights of Labor, went to Mansfield last night and addressed the mem bers of Labor Assemblies 7600 andG2G2 K. ofL. ' Labor Notes. A break of the squeezers in Zug's mill last night caused a shut-down of the entire pud dling department General Lecturer William Wall, of the Knights of Labor, is a candidate for Select Council in the Twenty-seventh ward. The report that H. M. Curry is to take tho place of the late D. A. Stewart as Chairman of Carnegie, Phipps Co., is denied by members of the firm. SODTHSIDERS EAISED. A Rcgnlnr Increase in Private Property Assessments Vis Incrcaso In Glass Iloascs nnd Mills. Official and final assessments on property in the Twenty-ninth ward, issued yester day, show a uniform increase, though it is especially noticeable in valuable mill prop erty, as is indicated irrthe following sample comparisons: The Iron and Glass Bank is raised $1,000 over 1SS7; Mrs. P. Shannon's lot and glasshouse is $79,650, compared to S53,190 last year; Adams & Co.'s glasshouse, $5G,979, to 517,721; George Duncan fc Sons, $53,711, to $11,323; Dojlo & Co., S37.3S0 to $2S,06S. George A. Macbeth is nearly doubled, the rise being from $16,372 in '83 to $31,000 in '89; A. M. Byers & Co., on Bingham street, $215,337 to $158,330 last year; A. Garrison Foundry Com pany, $128,108 to $109,380; H. B. Scutt & Co., lot and factory, $75,900 to $22,680 in '83; Oliver Bros. 4 Phillips, $252,103 to $132.S9i In the Thirteenth ward a regular advance is also shown, with the exceptions, as usual, in the case of large manufacturing interests: Abel, Smith & Co., on Carson street, aro ad vanced to $131,017, from $S7,011 last year; Rob inson, Rea &. Co , lot and foundry, to 3113,633, from $SS,8oO; G. T. Robinson, 11 arres and house on Coal Hill, to $10,582, from $21,776. The South Pittsburg Planing Mill Company on Mc- Kcan street is an execution, being assessed at $25,300 for 1889 to $30,361 in ltS8. There is cer tainly a most notable advance in the assessed valuation of Dllwortb, Porter & Co. It was $182,970 last year, but rises to $21S,201this sea son. Then the Oliver Wire Company, Limited, came up from S53.S3! to $76,932; William Rich ards, $10,518 to $12,150. These are the most noticeable cases, thougn the increased value of properties under 10,000 in value is quite up to the average. FATHERS OP EDUCATION. Some High School Pupils Will bo Given a Ro-Exnmiontlon. City Superintendent of Schools Luckey reported at the meeting of the Central Board last night that there were on an av erage 22,789 pupils enrolled in the schools in December. This is a gain of 1,314 over the same month of the preceding year. A resolution was passed censuring the ' principal of the South school for altering certificates at the recent High School ex ruination. The O'Hara night school will be continued another month. A resolution was offered by Dr. Staub and referred to the High School Committee. It is to the effect that all pupils who failed at the recent preliminary examination for the High School be re-examined in April; that hereafter two preliminary examina tions be held, one in December and one in April; that pupils shall not be examined in April in studies in which they made at the December examination 75 per cent; that the April examination shall be open only to purjils who failed in December. It was decided to give the pupils who failed to make CS per cent in drawing at the recent examination, but -passed in the other studies, a re-examination. Another teacher was granted the Luckey district. KON-COJIJUTTAL SIR. CARNEGIE. Tho Great Manufacturer Tlsits the City bnt Keeps Mum. Mr. Andrew Carnegie arrived in the city last evening, and will remain in Pittsburg for a few days. He said that everything was quiet in the East, and that he would not "talk Indianapolis." Mr. Carnegie said that he had not re ceived any word from Mr. Blaine for several days, and that he has not taken any parr in any Cabinet making, nor could he express any opinion as to who would be appointed. He was accompanied by Mrs. Carnegie and a party of friends. THE COMING SPRING BATTLE. The Democrats of (he City to Hold a Sleet ing and Orgnnize. The Allegheny County Democracy held a meeting last evening. Officers for the en suing year were elected. A resolution was passed requesting Chairman P. Foley, of the City Democratic Committee, to call a general meetinff for the purpose of organiz ing tne democrats lor tne city elections. Invitations for the County Democracy celebration, on February 15, "were distrib uted. Bonglit for tbe Creditors' Bcncflr. At a Sheriff's sale, held yesterday morn ing, representatives of the defunct Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank on the Southside bought the property of the Independent Glass Company lor the benefit of the credi tors ot the bank. The bank held a mortgage of $11,000 on the property. Ventilation for tbo DNpensary. The directors of the Pittsburg Free Dis pensary met yesterday afternoon in the law office of John M. Kennedy, Esq. Theques tion of ventilating the new building by the Smead system was left in the hands of the committee. Conld Not Ilnve Done it Himself. Drs. Pcrchment and McCandless yester day held a post mortem examination on the body of Albert Davis, who was murdered in the East End. They declared that the deceased could not have inflicted the wound himself. A General Fight. Mrs. Long, Annie Long and Mrs. Hig cins were arrested by Officer Thompson at No. 1220 Spririg alley yesterdav alternoon for fighting. A bottle of whisky was the cause of the quarrel. To Taxpayers. Through an error The Dispatch yester day announced that appeals would be heard from property owners of the Twenty-second ward. The notice should have read "ap peals from the Twenty-seventh ward." ERROES POINTED OUT. Allegheny's City Attorney Receives the Supreme Court Opinion ABOUT THE CLASSIFICATIONS. Why the law Governing the Korthslde is Unconstitutional. C0JI5I0N COUNCIL POSTPONES ACTION When Allegheny Common Council met in special session last night to consider the new charter proposition, Mr. "Wertheimer moved for an immediate adjournment. He did not think they knew anything more than they did the other night, and it would be dangerous to make a move until the Su preme Court had made its decision. City Attorney Elphinstone informed Council that a synopsis of the opinion of the Supreme Court had been published in the morning papers, and it showed, as he had said before, that there could be threo classes only. He expected to receive a copy of the opinion about 0 o'clock, and it would appear in the morning papers. He added that he wished it understood that he had not swerved a hair's breadth from what he said Thursday night. Thereupon Council adjourned. Sin. ELPHINSTONE SUSTAINED. Later in the evening the Citv Attorney received from Philadelphia the full text of the Supreme Court's decision. It declares the classification act of 1887. under which Allegheny has been acting, unconstitu tional, and it opposes more than three .classes. The opinion is a vindication of the position taken by Mr. Elphinstone, and in dorses the position he took in asserting that there could be but three classes of cities in Pennsylvania. The decision is put upon thebroad ground that under the spacious guide of classifica tion the act is local and special legislation, pure and simple, which without pretense of necessity opens wide the door for further legislation of the same vicious and inhibit ed character. "It is difficult if not impossible," said' Judge Stcrrctt, by wbom the decision of the Supremo Court was delivered, "to escape from that po sition. The pernicious system of special legis lation practiced for many years before 1871, had become general and deep-rooted, and the evils resulting therefrom so alarming that the peo ple determined to apply the only remedy that promised hope of any release, and the result of that determination was tha adoption of the Constitution'. One of the manifest objects of that instrument was to eradicate that species of legislation and substitute in lieu of it gen eral laws, whenever it was possible to do so." After quoting several provisions of the acts to show the lack of necessity for any further classification, Judge Sterrett an swers the argument that the question of ne cessity for classification is a legislative and not a judicial one in this way. IT IS LEGISLATIVE. "The answer to that is obvious. The people have seen fit not only to prescribe the form of enacting laws, but also, as to certain subjects, the method of legislation, by ordaining that no local or special law relating to those subjects shall be passed. Whether in any given case the Legislature has transcended its power and passed a law in conflict with that limitation is essentially a question of law, and must neces sarily be decided by the courts. To warrant the conclusion that the people intended to in vest their lawmakers with judicial power and thus make them tbe official arbiters of their own acts would require the clearest and most emphatic language to that effect. No such in tention is expressed in the Constitution, and none can be inferred from any of its provisions. That these limitations were design ed to estab lish a fixed and permanent rule cannot be doubted. But if tbo ultimate application of that rule were to rest solely on the judgment of the body on which it was intended to oper ate, nothing could be more flexible. "No such proposition can be entertained hv the courts without abandoning one o( the most important branches of jurisdiction given to them by the fundamental law. namelv. the j-power to ultimately determine whether or not a given taw is local or special and has been passed in disregard of the constitutional limi tation that has been een maced urion thnnowprnf the Legislature. It follows that the decree of the court below is correct, not only on the ground that as to the city of Wiikesbarre the act of 18S7 is not yet operative, but also on the broader ground that the act is nnconstitnttnnal and void." Classification is not expressly forbidden by the Constitution. On the contrary, it is dis tinctly recognized, for certain purposes. For example: Article 9. section 1, declares, "All taxes shall be uniform, upon the same class of subjects, within the territorial limits of tha authority levying the tax, and shall be levied and collected under general laws." Thus, by necessary implication, anthonty is given to classify property for the purpose of taxation, but by express mandate of the last clause above quoted, all taxes must be levied and collected under general and not special or local laws. During the session of the Legislature, Im mediately preceding the adoption of the pres ent Constitution, nearly 150 local or special laws were enacted for the city of Pittsburg and for other municipal divisions of theStatcaboot the same proportion. This was by no means eitcpuuuiu. Autrpernicious system oi special legislation, practiced for manvvears before, had become so general and deep-rooted,and tho evils resulting therefrom, so alarmingtbat tho people of the Commonwealth determined to apply tho only remedy that promised any hope of relief. THE CLASSIFICATION-. The act of 1S74, dividing the cities of the State into three classes, viz.: Thoe containing over ."500,000 nonulation, those containing less than 300,000 aud exceeding 100,000, and those containing less than. 100.000 and exceeding iu.uw, was iusiaineo as 10 sucli ot its provisions as have been involved in adjudicated cases be cause it was considered within the spirit, if not tho letter of the Constitution. As to the number of classes created, that act appears to have covered tho entire ground of classifica tion. It provides for all existing as well as every conceivablo prospective necessity. It is impossible to suggest any legislation that has or may thereafter become necessary for any member of either clas, that cannot, with out detriment to other membeis of same class, be made applicable to all of them. If classifi cation had stopped where the act of 1874 left it, itwotild have been well; butitdidnot. With out the slightest foundation in necessity, the number of classes was soon increased tn five, and afterward to seven; and if the vicious principle on which that was done be recognized by the courts, the number may at any time be further increased until it equals the number of cities in tbe Commonwealth. The only possible purpose of such classification is evasion of the constitutional limitation; and as such it ought to bo unhesitatingly condemned. THE BRASS ROBBERS' METHOD. They Jack Up Freight Cars nnd StonI Bear ings by Wholesale. In speaking of the methods of brass thieves, who formed a gang to steal car bear ing, General Superintendent of Transporta tion Wood said yesterday that they had broken up a similar gang in Detroit, and in Chicago, aud he would not be surprised if sucn gangs were operating nere, as they frequently miss the brass castings. In ten minutes a bearing can be stolen, by "jacking up" a car unobserved, and it may not be missed until the car has run a mile or so, as friction generally ignites the oil packing. Thieves work in between long lines of freight, and arc generally safe. The bearings weigh ten pounds each, and are worth to the railroads about 17 cents per pound. THE EAST END TEAGEDT. Mrs. Albert Davis is Hold for the Marder of Her Husband. The Coroner began his investigation yes terday morning as to the homicide of Albeit Davis, colored, who was murdered at No. 80 Frankstown avenue, at an early hour yes terday morning. It was learned that Cable W". Nicholas, Beuben Austen and Charles Palmer, were in the room beneath the one in which the shooting occured at the time of the tragedy. Testimony was given by several witnesses, including Millie White, the white child, who was asleep in the room. The inqnest will be continued to-day. Caroline Palmer, alias Caroline Davis, was held for murder. No evidence was given, however, proving that she is the guilty person. STOCK JOBBING. Newspaper Attacks on Some bf the Great Western Rallwnjs. Eailroad off cials and financial men in Pittsburg have been reading the vigorous attacks of the New York bun on railroad presidents and managers, especially of some of the great Western lines, for their stock jobbing and other transactions, which have resulted in losses to stockholders. The Sun asks the question if there is any adequate reason why the railroad managers should smash rates in December of 1887. and then restore them in December of 18S8 at a loss to stockholders of 540,000,000? But the question affects the interests of Pittsburg very little. The Dispatch in terviewed several bankers yesterday after noon. They all regarded "it as of little moment to Pittsburg whether rates were cut every few months. "It is a matter peculiar to Wall street, New York," said Mr. John Harper, Presi dent of the Bank of Pittsburg. "Ourbanks here do not hold railroad bonds or stocks. We have never observed any effect on finan cial business of this city from this rate cut ting, although I suppos'e, as the Sun says, it may bo an evil in financial circles else where. Tho Sun is a power in whatever it takes hold of; so is the Pittsburg Dis patch; but in a question like this, where a railroad manager has thousands invested in a railroad, I am afraid the greatcstpapers win oe powerless to change ms idea oi things." UNFAIR FAIE SISTERS. These Notorious Disturbers Roll an Officer In the Mud. The Fair sisters, of Allegheny, the three midgets who have probably put in as much time at the Workhouse as any rounder in the city, were arrested yesterday by Officer Moreland. Last week their brother died, and since then they have been celebrating the event in the wildest Bohemian style. The complaints from the neighbors got so numerous that the officer went to their hoube yesterday and tried to arrest them. The women are only about four and a half feet in height, but they make up in muscle. They adjourned to the street and proceeded to do business under catch-as-catch-can rules, Half of the time the officer was in the mud, and the other half they were. At length he managed to control the three of them aud sent them to the lock-up. The women are married, but do not live with their husbands. Their names are Maggie Kellar, '"Becky" Lapsley and Mary Fair. They may make another trip over the hill this morning. POOR BOARD FINANCES. The Annual Statement of the Allegheny City Directors. The annual financial report of the Alle gheny Poor Board 'shows the total expenses for the year were 855,333 49. Of this $10, 786 96 was for outside relief in the city. The balance on hand in the treasury is 5185 24. The total expense of the home for maintenance was 520,821 33. The receipts from the sale of produce, boarding inmates, etc., were $2,292 11. The average monthly number of inmates in the home was 251. The average yearly cost per capita was $98 23. The total receipts were $55,332 82. The assets of the board aggregate $339,813 79. The liabilities $30,000, being a mortgage and loan. The Westlnehonse Building Solid. A prominent official of the Philadelphia Company was reported yesterday to have stated that, in spite of the appearance of cracks in the Westinghouse building, on the corner of Penn avenue and Ninth street, and the placing of pillars to brace it, the building is as sound as a dollar. The bracing is simply put up to protect any further cracks. The building cost $418,000, and it is considered one oft the best invest ments in town. A Steamboat's Crew Surprised. When the Brownsvill epacket, Adam Jacobs, tied up at Greensboro on Sunday last, a little surprise awaited the crew. It came in the shape of an invitation to ban quet that evening. Mr. E. L. Pancost and wife, well-known restaurateurs of that place, gave the feast, and it was a fine one. The boys did ample justice to the entertain ment. A Fireman Injured. George McClelland, of engine company No. 15, teceived a severe scalp wound by being struck on the head by a brick, which fell from a chimney on the house of Mrs. J. Derry. on Eighteenth street. An alarm had been sent in from box 61 for a slight fire on the roof of the building. Stolen Goods Identified. A number of those articles found at the residence of Mrs. Kovinsky, at No. 49 Mnl berry alley, have been identified by Penn avenue shopkeepers. The goods recovered by the police are now at Inspector Mc Aleese's office. First Popnlnr Excursion of tbo Season to nshington City, Via BtfcO.IE.lt. On Thursday, Januarv 17. 1889, fare $9 round trip, tickets good for return passage 10 days. Trains leave Pittsburg 7 and ll:d0 A. si. and 1020 P. si. Pullman Parlor Cars on morning trains and Sleeping cars on night train. This will afford excursionists a fine opportunity to see Congress in session, and will also give them a chance to visit Old Point Comfort. For illustrated circulars giving full information call onoraddress E. D. Smith, Division Passenger Agent, Cor. Fifth avenue and Wood street, Pittsburg, Pa. BENCH SHOW OF DOGS. Entries Close Jananry 19. Premium list can be had at the following S laces: Davidson's gunstore, 29 Ohio st.; lax Klein, 82 Federal st,; William Littell, 79 Federal st,, Allesheny City. James Bown & Son, 603 Smithfield st.;W. S. Brown, 520 Wood st.; Louis Buple, 236 Smithfield st.: Geo. Wills, 510 Smithfield st.; Johnson's gunstore, No. 621 Smithfield st.; Howard Hartley, 400 Smithfield st,. or address C. B. Elben, Secy., P. O. Box 303, Pittsburg. Pittsburg Laborers. Pittsburg laboring men stand well to the front in labor organizations and in other schemes lor the protectionof wages. One of the most prominent of these is Accident Insurance, and on; of the leading companies in Pittsburg is the National Benefit Associa tion of Indianapolis. J. T. CUNNINGHAM, agent, 51 Lewis Block. OorJnnnnrr Dress Goods Sale. Be sure to see the French broadcloths at $1 50, $2 and $2 50 we know they are the best at these prices iu anv store. JOS. HORNE & CO.'S Penn Avenue Stores. The Qneen of Flours Is a new brand, "Bosalia," manufactured by AVhitmyre & Co., Thirty-eighth street and Allegheny "Valley Bailroad. Try it and be convinced that it is a flour of most excellent quality. An extra bargain 200 dozen linen towels at 12c apiece, regular price 20c apiece. Hugos &,Hacke. snvrsu Business nnd Dress Suits. For a good fitting suit go to Pitcairn's, 434 Wood street. ' wsu Sweeping Redactions. Extra fine kid button, hand turned ladies' shoes,fc3 50 shoes, at $2 and $2 50 per pair, fl VI RirnAn' 7Q OMn .(Mat Alia at G D. Simen's, 78 Ohio street, Alle- SIWP gheny. FiNEwatoti repairing at Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth ave. Established 1853. wrsa OIL LAMPS PREFERABLE To the Evidently Grounded Circuits That Supply Electric Lights in the Magnifi cent New Court House-Will TheyKe Wlrelt? ' Some people are inclined tothink the County Commissioners did not make any money by letting the contract for lighting the Court House with electricity to the low est bidder, though they find no fauH with the Commissioners for doing so, as it was "strictly business." ' It has all along been held by" the competitors of the United States Electric Light Company that it had taken the contract at too low a rate to allow the work to bedonc right, and these competitors, or some who at least talk as though they were their champions, the Westinghouse and Edison companies, now point to the work of the lamps in the Court House in proof of their assertions. If the work of the lamps be the best the United States Com pany can do, the detractors have certainly won their case, for half a dozen of the burners do notgivo as much illumination as one should do. Commissioners McWilliams and Mercer were spoken to yesterday regarding the mat ter, and they did not seem prepared to de liver an ex-cathedta opinion. They stated that it was possible, and they seemed to think probable, that the wires were "grounded" so that the greater part of the current was wasted, and that the trouble might be remedied. In the Various departments the opinion was expressed that the fitful kerosene lamp would be an immense improvement. The matter will be overhauled ere long, and the nature, cause and cure of the trouble in vestigated and remedied, as something must be done, or the Court House habitues will soou resemble a spectacle-bestridden school of German savants. A EISE IN PASTEL Two Drunken Men Making Merry With Donshnnts, Cakes, Etc. The air in the vicinity of Lacock street and Madison avenue was full of cakes, doughnuts, small pies, etc., about 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon. At that hour one of the drivers of Hilbert's bakery, on Spring Garden avenue, was delivering goods to some of his customers in tbe neighborhood. While stepping out of his wagon to enter a store, he met William Ealers and Bobert McKelvy, two more or less disorderly yonng men, and the latter proceeded to have fnn with the driver. One of them stepped up to him and kicked the out stretched tray in his hands. The contents of the tray were scattered about the street, greatly to the delight of a number of small boys. Officer Snyder gathered in the molesters. To Let for Business Purposes. Parties who require a power service in their business and who can see advantages in being in the most central situation in the city, should call and examine the rooms of all sizes now ready for occupants in the new Dispatch building, 75,77 and 79 Diamond street. Besides being ready of access to custom ers, tenants are supplied with every facility for the rapid and successful transaction of business. Elevator service, both passenger and freight; prompt janitor service, steam heat ing and electric lighting free; besides, splen did light and ventilation of the rooms are among the attractive features. Econonomy, as well as other great ad vantages, in renting here. Apply at Dis patch, new building, Diamond street. A New Year. With the new year try the new brand ot flour Bosalia manufactured by Whitmyre & Co., Thirty-eighth street and Allegheny Valley Bailroad, guaranteed to be the best flour in the market. Attend our sale of odd lengths of striped surahs, India silt, striped and fancy velvets, at 35c per yard. MWFSU HUGUS & HACKE. 85 Pants nnd $35 Salts To order at Pitcairn's, 434 Wood st. wsu Cash paid for old gold and silver at Hauch's, No. 295 Fifth ave. wrsu TjlROM MONTANA HEM2TA, 3r. T. 2JlS. 28, 18S3L J Messrs. Fleming Bros.- Gentlemen I have taken a great many of Dr. C. MeLane's Celebrated Liver Pills, and find them to be a wonderful pill all that you claim for them. They act like a charm in cises of biliousness, sick headache, dysentery etc. BOX851. MBa HENRY WlNKLElIAN. Cure sick headache, biliousness, liver com plaint, dyspepsia, heartburn, indigestion, mala ria, pimples on face and body, impure blood, etc, by using regularly Dr. C. MeLane's Celebrated Liver Pills prepared only by Flem ing Bros., Pittsburg, Pa. Price 25 cents. Sold by all druggists. Insist upon having the gen uine Dr. C. MeLane's Liver Pills, prepared only by Fleming Bros., Pittsburg, Pa, tbe market being toll of imitations of tho name McLane. spelled differently but of the same pronunciation. Alwaysmake sure of the words bFlemmgBros.,Pittsburg, Pa.," on thewrapper. aul-pSg-JiWK ANYLADY is well dressed in our Kid Gloves and Corsets. Of course you ought to put on some of our Woolen Un derwear to keep warm. Also a pair of our 25c All Wool Hose. Bar gains all over the house now. T. T. T. THOMPSON BROTHERS, 109 Federal Street, Allegheny. ja7MWI! ENGLISH POTTED MEATS VftiCl boars' head. Irish stusage. Glencairn cainp pic, potted game, pate diable, etc. Fresh importation. JNO. A. BENSHAW & CO.. no27-ws t Liberty and Ninth sts. T7LORIDA ORANGES-ALMERIAGBAPES, L layer and pulled figs, choice layer and bunch raisins, French prunes, Fard dates, Vos tezzi c rrants, princess and Languedoc al monds, Texas polished pecans, Grenoble walnuts: all selected new crop. JNO. A. REN SHAW & CO., Family Grocers, Liberty and Ninth sts. dell-wa NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. JQB. HDRNE R UL PENN AVENUE STORES. THE SECOND WEEK OF OUR JANUARY SALE. Enough to say that we never sold as many yards of MASKED DOWN DRESS GOODS in four day3 as we did last week. On the 50c table to-day wo offer entirely dif ferent lines of goods, thus insuring to buyers a fresh selection of equally good value all-wool dress fabrics. The styles we are selling even for 25c a yard! are equally desirable for the price, being all. wool and double width in serviceable cok orings. IN OUR SILK DEPARTMENT In addition to the bargains previously there, we this day add one case of Printed Jersej Silks, choice colorings, new styles, at 75c a yard. These fabrics have more body and weight and wfll give better service thaalow priced India Silks, and never were soldo cheaply before this sale. More and very excellent bargains are still to be found in Plushes and Fancy Brocade Vek vets this week. IN OUR CLOAK ROOMS We havo a revised list of prices this day on our entire stock of Seal Plush Garments, Short Jackets, English Walking Jackets (extra lengths), Bacques, Mantles, Modjeskas and Newmarkets. We call special attention to the full lines of superfine quality of Seal Plush Coats at $15, S35 and S25 as being simply un equaled at these prices, better In every respect than have ever been seen for the money. Also two lower grades at $15 and $20 that are very excellent value. Our special bargain in Cloth Ulsters, Ka" lans and Newmarkets include the newest ma terials, colorings and shapes, and are thorough ly well made. The "markdowns" in children's winter gar ments, 2 to 16-year sizes are general, including this entire and very large stock. OUR SAEE OF LACE CURTAINS MEANS OVER 6,000 PAIRS Of new patterns In choice goods at lowest prices ever known. It is an easy matter by buying now to save tbe price of a pair by tha purchase of two or more pairs. A visit to our curtain room will prove this to be a fact. Be. member, there are superfine curtains, parlor curtains, library curtains included in this sale, and down the scale of quality till yon come to the 75c a pair curtains. NEW STYLES, 1889. In embroideries 5c a yard to finest, matched sets, new hemstitched embroideries, new showy edges, neat baby edges, new skirtings and flouncing?, new alt overs; the largest choice; of all that's newest and at prices that for flna goods like these are lower than in any previous IN OUR FUR DEPARTMENT We havo the balance of our .stock of small furs, muffs, boas, collars, shoulder capes all marked down to close them out. Some very excellent bargains also In flna Alaska seal mantels and jackets, unsurpassed quality and richness of fur. THIS JANUARY SALE Is full of interest attaching to very low nrleeS on some goods ordinarily of much greater value. This is the case in every department. JDS. HDRNE k ED.'S PENN AVENUE STORES. ASF Ja7-Kw, -&. '-J it vi $m?